CN201286066Y - Dual PWM inverter with energy capable of bidirectional flowing - Google Patents

Dual PWM inverter with energy capable of bidirectional flowing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201286066Y
CN201286066Y CNU200820152230XU CN200820152230U CN201286066Y CN 201286066 Y CN201286066 Y CN 201286066Y CN U200820152230X U CNU200820152230X U CN U200820152230XU CN 200820152230 U CN200820152230 U CN 200820152230U CN 201286066 Y CN201286066 Y CN 201286066Y
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China
Prior art keywords
energy
module
power
electric
pwm inverter
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNU200820152230XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陆融
邱继东
潘国美
张露维
张小越
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SHANGHAI ZHONGQU ELECTRIC ENERGY SAVING TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Shanghai Municipal Electric Power Co
Original Assignee
SHANGHAI ZHONGQU ELECTRIC ENERGY SAVING TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Shanghai Municipal Electric Power Co
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Priority to CNU200820152230XU priority Critical patent/CN201286066Y/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a dual-PWM inverter with bidirectional flow energy, which comprises an AC/DC module, a DC-Bus module, a DC/AC module, and a new energy sources access module, the AC/DC module, the DC/AC module and the new energy sources access module are respectively connected with the DC-Bus module. Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the characteristics of high power factor and low harmonic pollution, especially bidirectional flow energy, which is suitable for being used in solar energy parallel. By using the novel electric power electronic technology, the utility model can effectively decrease loss of the device, improve electric energy conversion efficiency of the electric-energy transformer, restrain major electric energy quality problem of the low-voltage distribution network, improve the power supply quality and riding stability of the low-voltage distribution network, and provide power satisfactory supply source, power supply stability and power supply electric energy quality for consumers.

Description

But the double PWM inverter of energy two-way flow
Technical field
The utility model relates to double PWM inverter, but relates in particular to the double PWM inverter of energy two-way flow.
Background technology
In China's Eleventh Five-Year Plan, energy savings, Renewable Energy Development makes full use of the natural resources, and becomes unalterable quota.Governments at all levels and enterprise are examined firmly, and the utilization of green energy resource has been put into very high position.So will carrying out fully, we should connect preparation.The thing followed utilizes wind energy and solar energy work with a large amount of and strong carrying out.
Solar energy resources is abundant, need not accumulating, freely uses again, and environment is not had any pollution.Solar energy is green primary energy.Made full use of the responsibility that this energy is we mankind.
Solar power generation is about to development inevitably and uses, and generating electricity by way of merging two or more grid systems is that pain in the neck is felt in electric power system most.To accomplish not have any threat to network, certainly will will will do studying in great detail each parts of solar power system.The research of solar cell device is a lot.But solar power generation is surfed the Net another visual plant inverter research seldom.We are domestic does not at present also have a good product, based on import.Because the solar power generation process is a dynamic process, the variation that reaches weather is in time changing, so be not that general inverter is adequate.Online requires to reach 95%~98% efficient with inverter.Require grid side or solar power generation side to have any fault to disconnect rapidly, to guarantee power grid security; Requirement can have the better controlled system, and in time generating situations such as Detection ﹠ Controling voltage, electric current, electric wave, meritorious, idle, high order harmonic component require the inverter outlet three-phase equilibrium to surf the Net.
China's solar energy power generating mainly is a direct current system at present, being about to the electric energy that solar cell sends charges a battery, and the direct powering load of storage battery uses more domestic solar to be direct current system with illuminator and away from the microwave station electric power system of electrical network as NORTHWEST CHINA area.But because the station electricity consumption mostly is AC load greatly, with the very difficult main power supply of the photo-voltaic power supply of direct current power power supply as the station electricity consumption.Therefore inverter just arises at the historic moment, and inverter particularly high-effect, high reliability can also finally be realized being incorporated into the power networks of solar power generation.
In addition, but the double PWM inverter of energy two-way flow can also be applied in Active Power Filter-APF APF (Active Power Filter), STATCOM and UPQC.The new and effective double PWM inverter that research has dynamic reactive and a harmonic wave comprehensive compensation function all has higher perspective and advanced at home and abroad, is to have broad prospect of application.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is exactly in order to overcome the defective that above-mentioned prior art exists, but a kind of double PWM inverter of energy two-way flow simple in structure is provided.
The purpose of this utility model can be achieved through the following technical solutions: but the double PWM inverter of energy two-way flow, it is characterized in that, comprise AC/DC module, DC_Bus module, DC/AC module, new forms of energy access unit, described AC/DC module, DC/AC module, new forms of energy access unit are connected with the DC_Bus module respectively.
Described AC/DC module is connected with electrical network.
Described DC/AC module is connected with user side.
Described new forms of energy access unit is connected with solar energy, wind energy or energy storage station.
But the double PWM inverter operation principle of described energy two-way flow is: new forms of energy such as solar energy, wind energy, energy storage station insert the DC_BUS module from the new forms of energy access unit, by AC/DC module and DC/AC module, can be the energy feedback grid, also can supply with user side, realize the two-way transmission of energy.
Compared with prior art, the utlity model has the two-way flow characteristic of High Power Factor and low harmonic pollution, especially energy, suit in solar grid-connected, to use; Adopt the novel electric power electric technology, can effectively reduce the device loss, improve the energy conversion efficiency of electrical energy transformer, the power quality problem that suppresses the low voltage power distribution network overwhelming majority, improve the power supply quality and the operation stability of low voltage power distribution network, for the power supply user provides satisfied power supply, power supply stability and the power supply quality of power supply.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a double PWM inverter basic structure schematic diagram of the present utility model;
But Fig. 2 is the double PWM inverter main circuit schematic diagram of the utility model solar power generation two-way flow;
But Fig. 2 is the double PWM inverter main circuit of the utility model wind power generation two-way flow.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, but the double PWM inverter of the utility model energy two-way flow, comprise AC/DC module, DC_Bus module, DC/AC module, new forms of energy access unit, described AC/DC module, DC/AC module, new forms of energy access unit are connected with the DC_Bus module respectively.Described AC/DC module is connected with electrical network.Described DC/AC module is connected with user side.Described new forms of energy access unit is connected with solar energy, wind energy or energy storage station.
But the double PWM inverter operation principle of described energy two-way flow is: new forms of energy such as solar energy, wind energy, energy storage station insert the DC_BUS module from the new forms of energy access unit, by AC/DC module and DC/AC module, can be the energy feedback grid, also can supply with user side, realize the two-way transmission of energy.
The current transformer of net side is at electrical network, but compensation harmonic, reactive power.New forms of energy such as solar energy, wind energy, energy storage station insert DC_BUS from the new forms of energy access unit, by AC/DC and DC/AC, not only can also can supply with user side to the energy feedback grid, realize the two-way transmission of energy.
The AC/DC function: power factor is 1, but compensation harmonic, reactive power does not have impact, no harmonic wave to electrical network.
The DC_Bus function: energy storage, dc voltage are stablized.As a buffering link, big electric capacity plays the effect of burning voltage as energy-storage travelling wave tube simultaneously.
DC/AC function: improve the quality of power supply, but the energy store feedback is given electrical network.
New forms of energy insert and energy storage station function:
(1) solar energy
Solar power generation is optimal new forms of energy.It is very huge to be radiated at tellurian solar energy, is radiated at tellurian solar energy in about 40 minutes, just is enough to the consumption for 1 year energy of global human.We can say that solar energy is really inexhaustible, the nexhaustible energy.And solar power generation is definitely clean, does not produce public hazards.So it is perfect energy sources that solar power generation is described as.
Obtain electric power from solar energy, need to carry out light-to-current inversion and realize by big positive electricity pond.It has following characteristics with other power supply electricity generating principles were different fully in the past:
1. do not have exhausted dangerous;
2. absolute clean (nuisanceless);
3. be not subjected to the restriction of resource distribution region;
4. can generate electricity nearby in electricity consumption place;
5. can source quality height;
6. the user is acceptant on the emotion;
7. the time of obtaining energy cost is short.
Weak point is:
1. Zhao She Energy distribution density is little, promptly will take huge area;
The same four seasons of the energy of Huo Deing, reach and rain or shine wait meteorological condition relevant round the clock.
But generally speaking, one flaw cannot mar the jade, and as new forms of energy, solar energy has very big advantage, therefore is subjected to the attention of countries in the world.
Make solar power generation really reach realistic scale, the one, improve the solar photoelectric conversion efficiency and reduce its cost, the 2nd, realize that solar power generation is with present grid network.
(2) sodium-sulphur battery
Sodium-sulphur battery be U.S.'s Ford (ford) company in 1967 Invention Announce at first, the history about 40 years just so far.Battery normally is made up of several parts such as positive pole, negative pole, electrolyte, barrier film and shells.General conventional secondary cell such as lead-acid battery, ickel-cadmium cell etc. all are to be made of solid electrode and liquid electrolyte, sodium-sulphur battery then in contrast, it is made up of fused solution electrode and solid electrolyte, the active material that constitutes its negative pole is a motlten metal sodium, anodal active material is sulphur and sodium polysulfide fused salt, because sulphur is insulator, so sulphur generally is to be filled in the charcoal or graphite felt of porous of conduction, what solid electrolyte was held concurrently barrier film is the ceramic material that a kind of special conduction sodium ion is called as al2o3, and shell is then generally used stainless steel and other metal materials.
Sodium-sulphur battery has many characteristic parts: one is specific energy (being effective electric flux that battery unit mass or unit volume are had) height.Its theoretical specific energy is 760wh/kg, and reality is 3-4 times of lead-acid battery greater than 100wh/kg; Another is electric current, high power discharge greatly.Its discharge current density generally can reach 200-300ma/cm2, and instantaneous time can be emitted its self-energy of 3 times; Another is the efficiency for charge-discharge height.Owing to adopt solid electrolyte, so do not adopt the sort of self discharge and the side reaction of liquid electrolytic electrolitc secondary cell usually, charging and discharging currents efficient almost 100%.Certainly, all things invariably divide into two, and sodium-sulphur battery also has weak point, and its working temperature is at 300-350 ℃, so, need certain heat tracing when battery operated.But adopt high performance vacuum thermal insulation technology, can address this problem effectively.
After sodium-sulphur battery occurred as a newcomer in the mechanism of new electrochemical power sources family, many in the world countries were subjected to paying attention to greatly and development.Because sodium-sulphur battery has a series of tempting characteristics of high-energy battery, so many at the beginning countries just are devoted to develop its electrokinetic cell as used for electric vehicle at first one after another, many challenging achievements had also once been obtained, but As time goes on show, sodium-sulphur battery (as electric automobile) service condition under mobile occasion is relatively harsher, no matter from the aspects such as safety of using available space, battery itself certain limitation is arranged all.So, give priority to sodium-sulphur battery abroad and use, and more and more show its superiority as (as the power station energy storage) under the stationary applica-tions at the end of the eighties and the beginning of the nineties.Develop sodium-sulphur battery cooperatively as energy-storage battery as Tokyo Electric Power (tepco) and ngk company, its application target aiming power station load leveling (promptly plays the effect of peak clipping Pinggu, the electricity that night is unnecessary is stored in the battery, from battery, discharge again during peak of power consumption to daytime), the ups emergency power supply and moment offset supply etc., and the implementation phase beginning to enter commercialization in 2002, built up the energy storage sodium-sulphur battery device of maximum-norm (8mw) in the world, by in October, 2005 statistics, produce the sodium-sulphur battery amount of batteries per year and surpassed 100mw, begin simultaneously to overseas output.
(3) capacitor
(supercapacitor ultracapacitor), is double electric layer capacitor (ElectricalDoule-Layer Capacitor), gold electric capacity, farad capacitor again to ultracapacitor, comes energy storage by the polarization electrolyte.It is a kind of electrochemical element, but in the process of its energy storage chemical reaction does not take place, and this thermal energy storage process is reversible, also just because of can repeated charge hundreds thousand of times of this ultracapacitor.
Ultracapacitor can be regarded as being suspended in the porous electrode plate of two reactionless activity in the electrolyte, on pole plate, power up, positive plate attracts the anion in the electrolyte, negative plate attracts cation, in fact form two capacitive accumulation layers, the separated cation of opening is near negative plate, and anion is near positive plate.
Ultracapacitor is a kind of brand-new capacitor that is based upon on the interfacial electric double layer theoretical foundation that roentgen Helmholtz proposes.As everyone knows, the excess charges of opposite in sign can appear in the surface of metal electrode and the liquid level both sides of inserting in the electrolyte solution, thereby makes alternate generation potential difference.So, if in electrolyte, insert two electrodes simultaneously, and apply a voltage betwixt less than the electrolyte solution decomposition voltage, at this moment in the electrolyte just, anion can be rapidly to two polar motions under effect of electric field, and form charge layer closely on the surface of two top electrodes respectively, it is electric double layer, its formed electric double layer is similar with the polarization charge that dielectric in the traditional capacitor produces under electric field action, thereby generation capacity effect, electric double layer is similar to plate condenser closely, but,, thereby have the capacity bigger than ordinary capacitor because the distance between charge layer gap ratio ordinary capacitor charge layer is more much smaller closely.
It is bigger that double electric layer capacitor and aluminium electrolytic capacitor are compared internal resistance, therefore, can under non-loaded resistance situation, directly charge, if the situation of overvoltage charging, double electric layer capacitor will be opened a way and unlikely damage device, and these characteristics are different with the over-voltage breakdown of aluminium electrolytic capacitor.Simultaneously, double electric layer capacitor is compared with rechargeable battery, can carry out not current-limiting charge, so electric double layer capacitance not only has the characteristic of electric capacity, also has battery behavior simultaneously, is a kind of novel specific components between battery and electric capacity.
But be illustrated in figure 2 as the double PWM inverter main circuit of solar power generation two-way flow.As seen from the figure, net side DC/AC inverter, load side DC/AC inverter.Solar storage battery by net side DC/AC inverter, feeds back to a some net side with electric flux through boosting.After solar storage battery boosts, also can be by load side DC/AC inverter control load.Can adopt constant voltage and frequency ratio control, vector control or direct torque control mode in the control of inverter, to satisfy different load control requirements.This double PWM inverter not only can be realized High Power Factor and sine-shaped rectification, and can realize the two-way transmission of energy.
Simultaneously, asynchronous motor is according to the difference of load type, and its direction of rotation is different with torque direction.When the torque direction of asynchronous machine is consistent with direction of rotation is motor-operated running state, is regeneration running status generating state when opposite.Go at regenerative braking must when operation when asynchronous machine, and regenerated energy at first is stored in the energy storage power capacitor, direct voltage is raise, because the energy that the energy that the common mechanical system inertia is put aside can be stored than capacitor is big.When dc voltage was higher than the mains side voltage peak, two PWM system can realize the DC/AC inversion to mains side, and electric energy is fed back to electrical network.
When load is in the back electromotive force running status, back electromotive force will cause the fluctuation of service of other power consumption equipments on the electrical network, and diagram double PWM inverter main circuit can compensation harmonic electric current and reactive power, make that other power consumption equipments can stable operation on the electrical network.
But be illustrated in figure 3 as the double PWM inverter main circuit of wind power generation two-way flow.As seen from the figure, net side DC/AC inverter, load side DC/AC inverter.Wind power generation is earlier by the AC/DC rectification, afterwards through S2 boost, the S1 step-down, by net side DC/AC inverter, electric flux is fed back to a net side.Wind power generation is earlier by the AC/DC rectification, afterwards through S2 boost, the S1 step-down, also can be by load side DC/AC inverter control load.Can adopt constant voltage and frequency ratio control, vector control or direct torque control mode in the control of inverter, to satisfy different load control requirements.This double PWM inverter not only can be realized High Power Factor and sine-shaped rectification, and can realize the two-way transmission of energy.
The TMS320F2812DSP chip that the core control element of double PWM inverter adopts company of Texas Instruments (TI) to produce.This chip not only has the high-speed computation function of normal signal processor, and peripheral hardware in the abundant in addition sheet, as general purpose timer, pulse-width modulation PWM circuit, catcher, photoelectric encoder interface, A/D converter, serial communication interface, house dog etc., be made as DSP inside and outside these sheets and be applied to Motor Control convenience is provided.Especially it has two task managers, and totally 12 road PWM output just is being used on 12 switching tubes controlling two PWM inversion systems.
The 6MBP20RH060 Intelligent Power Module (IPM) that six unit IGBT power switch components select for use company of Fuji to produce.This module is advanced mixing integrated power device, is made of the igbt chip of high-speed low-power-consumption, preferred gate-drive and protective circuit.Compare with other power models, IPM can make that the hardware circuit of system is simple, reliability is high and shorten the development time of system.The IPM peripheral circuit that IGBT is required all is integrated in the module, so it is very simple with being connected of DSP.
Because IPM is strict to driving voltage and signal interference, for preventing that IPM from damaging and misoperation, therefore can not have directly between DSP and the IPM to be electrically connected, can adopt U.S. Agilent company to aim at the isolating device of the high-speed photoelectric coupler HCPL4504 of IPM constant power designs as input signal.
Export available general photoelectrical coupler for fault-signal, as PC817 or TPL521 as isolating device.
But for improving power factor and making the energy two-way flow, employing can realize the control circuit of power factor correction.At present, generally the control mode of Cai Yonging is to make outer shroud with Voltage Feedback, two closed loop tandem structures of ring in doing with current feedback, and wherein voltage feedback signal is used to control the output voltage of rectifier, and current inner loop then realizes the control of rectifier net side unity power factor.

Claims (4)

1. but the double PWM inverter of energy two-way flow is characterized in that, comprises AC/DC module, DC_Bus module, DC/AC module, new forms of energy access unit, and described AC/DC module, DC/AC module, new forms of energy access unit are connected with the DC_Bus module respectively.
2. but the double PWM inverter of energy two-way flow according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described AC/DC module is connected with electrical network.
3. but the double PWM inverter of energy two-way flow according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described DC/AC module is connected with user side.
4. but the double PWM inverter of energy two-way flow according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described new forms of energy access unit is connected with solar energy, wind energy or energy storage station.
CNU200820152230XU 2008-08-21 2008-08-21 Dual PWM inverter with energy capable of bidirectional flowing Expired - Fee Related CN201286066Y (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102215012A (en) * 2011-06-07 2011-10-12 天宝电子(惠州)有限公司 Bidirectional transformation system of solar energy and electric energy
CN102223136A (en) * 2010-04-15 2011-10-19 冬雷 Non-energy-storing motor-driven system for complementary power supply of wind power generation and electrical network
WO2011140841A1 (en) * 2010-05-14 2011-11-17 珠海兴业新能源科技有限公司 Conjugate multi-directional inversion power supply
CN102823123A (en) * 2010-01-25 2012-12-12 吉尼瓦洁净技术公司 Methods and apparatus for power factor correction and reduction of distortion in and noise in a power supply delivery network

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102823123A (en) * 2010-01-25 2012-12-12 吉尼瓦洁净技术公司 Methods and apparatus for power factor correction and reduction of distortion in and noise in a power supply delivery network
CN102223136A (en) * 2010-04-15 2011-10-19 冬雷 Non-energy-storing motor-driven system for complementary power supply of wind power generation and electrical network
WO2011140841A1 (en) * 2010-05-14 2011-11-17 珠海兴业新能源科技有限公司 Conjugate multi-directional inversion power supply
CN102215012A (en) * 2011-06-07 2011-10-12 天宝电子(惠州)有限公司 Bidirectional transformation system of solar energy and electric energy

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20090805

Termination date: 20110821