CN201262704Y - Wireless monitoring apparatus for dwelling house energy-saving - Google Patents

Wireless monitoring apparatus for dwelling house energy-saving Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201262704Y
CN201262704Y CNU2008200300523U CN200820030052U CN201262704Y CN 201262704 Y CN201262704 Y CN 201262704Y CN U2008200300523 U CNU2008200300523 U CN U2008200300523U CN 200820030052 U CN200820030052 U CN 200820030052U CN 201262704 Y CN201262704 Y CN 201262704Y
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China
Prior art keywords
building
management center
center module
network
wireless
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNU2008200300523U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
于军琪
李冲
吕齐
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Xian University of Architecture and Technology
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Xian University of Architecture and Technology
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Priority to CNU2008200300523U priority Critical patent/CN201262704Y/en
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Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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    • Y02B60/50

Abstract

The utility model discloses a wireless monitoring device used for energy saving of housing, comprising an upper-level management center module, a lower-level management center module, a relay station, and a building group which consists of commercial buildings, office buildings and civil buildings; the upper-level management center module is internally provided with a server and a computer group which is connected with the server; the lower-level management center module is internally provided with a database which is connected with the computer group; the building group is internally provided with a wireless sensor network which is used for collecting real-time energy consumption data of water, electricity and gas of all building points; the relay station transmits the real-time energy consumption data of water, electricity and gas of all building points by a GPRS network and stores the real-time energy consumption data in a distribution-typed measurement and control network terminal computer; the upper-level management center module accesses the lower-level management center module by Internet network communication; the building group carries out the communication with the lower-level management center module by the GPRS network of the relay station, stores the data in the database and carries out analysis, modeling and energy-saving prediction.

Description

A kind of wireless monitoring device that is used for residence energy saving
Technical field
The utility model belongs to a kind of automatic control technology field, relates to a kind of wireless monitoring device that is used for residence energy saving, and this device can realize that the indoor energy consumption of buildings detects and control.
Background technology
The development of society increases the quantity of buildings suddenly, so that architectural energy consumption has become three big " big power consumers " of AND ENERGY RESOURCES CONSUMPTION IN CHINA with industrial consumption energy, traffic power consumption.Reality, the extensive management and the use energy, its waste is marvellous with poor benefit.Learn according to the energy-conservation annual developmental research report of Chinese architecture (2007): 18.8% of China building energy consumption account society total energy consumption, the cities and towns house energy consumption accounts for building energy consumption 25%, and the energy consumption (illumination, household electrical appliances, air-conditioning) of cities and towns dwelling house except that heating accounts for 12% of the annual delivery of China greatly.Present dwelling house does not almost adopt any conservation measures, does not have detection, analysis, the statistics of energy consumption yet, and the research of energy-saving scheme and technical application.About the Research on energy saving of buildings, seem very necessary and important.With the people existence and the closely bound up dwelling house of living, research energy consumption and power-saving technology wherein established awareness of saving energy to the whole people, from daily life, realize at one's side from oneself energy-conservation significant.
Summary of the invention
The utility model purpose is, provide a kind of and be used to realize that indoor energy consumption detects control system, this energy consumption detects control system can carry out the Detection ﹠ Controling of energy consumption, overcomes the factor that wastes energy with infotech, the use that makes the energy to intensive, reaches the purpose of whole residence energy saving by extensive.
In order to realize above-mentioned task, the technical solution that the utility model adopts is:
A kind of wireless monitoring device that is used for residence energy saving is characterized in that, this device comprises:
One upper management center module is provided with server and the computer cluster that is connected with server in this upper management center module;
One subordinate's management center module is provided with database in this subordinate's management center module, and database is connected with computer cluster;
By the groups of building that commercial building, office building and covil construction constitute, groups of building inside is provided with wireless sensor network, is used to gather the real-time water, electricity, gas energy consumption data of each building point;
One terminal, the real-time water, electricity, gas energy consumption data by each building point of GPRS network transmission groups of building is stored in the measurement and control network terminal computer that wireless sensor network distributed of groups of building inside then;
Described upper management center module is by Internet network communication visit subordinate management center module, and groups of building are stored in the middle of the database by GPRS network and subordinate's management center module communication of terminal, and analyze, modeling and energy-conservation prediction.
Described wireless sensor network includes the wireless remote monitering platform that main control computing machine, wireless senser, telegon, gateway, routing device and sensor node constitute at least.
Compared with prior art, the utility model beneficial effect is embodied in:
1, wireless remote monitering platform
By adopting wireless senser, telegon, terminal node, gateway, wireless transfer channel and main control computing machine, can realize that building energy consumption is accurate, gather in real time that remote transmission has been set up the energy consumption data storehouse, computer controlled pipe integrated, brought into play infotech in energy-saving and cost-reducing effect.By in its wireless network transmissions, taking ZigBee and GPRS technology, can make energy consumption data carry out Network Transmission in the very first time.Fully guaranteed the accuracy of data, real-time.
2, based on up-to-date wireless sensor network network structure
The utility model has adopted closely, low complex degree, low-power consumption, low data rate, two-way wireless communication technology cheaply.Made up the indoor energy consumption wireless remote of buildings and detected control, compared with traditional wired system, system installs, and the complexity of debugging reduces greatly, and very strong specific aim and practicality are arranged.
3, cheap cost
The utility model cost will be very cheap, is easy to marketing.
4, data are directly perceived complete easy to operate
With the consumption information that collects, reach main control computer by above-mentioned wireless sensor network transmission channel, by interface friendly in the display, make this control device be convenient to operation.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is an apparatus structure synoptic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is control principle figure of the present utility model.
The embodiment that provides below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and inventor is described in further detail the utility model.
Embodiment
The wireless monitoring device that is used for residence energy saving of the present utility model, the thinking of its technical solution problem is: the distributed sensor networks that energy consumption checkout equipment (as intellectual water meter, ammeter and gas meter) is installed is set on groups of building, automatically gather with wireless remote transmission technology realization energy consumption data, and set up the energy consumption data storehouse, set up energy consumption model according to energy consumption data, prediction of energy consumption trend designs energy-conservation concrete scheme and energy-saving management system, thereby reaches purpose of energy saving.
The utility model is based on the indoor energy consumption remote detection control of buildings of wireless technology, specifically, is a kind of data acquisition control based on the wireless technology platform.As shown in Figure 1, in groups of building (comprising commerce, office, covil construction), set up wireless sensor network, be used to gather each and use the real-time water, electricity, gas energy consumption data that to put, the data of each point are transmitted by the relay station in the building, are stored in then in the distributed measurement and control network terminal computer.
This device comprises:
One upper management center module is provided with server and the computer cluster that is connected with server in this upper management center module;
One subordinate's management center module, module is provided with database in this subordinate administrative center, and database is connected with computer cluster;
One terminal, the real-time water, electricity, gas energy consumption data by each building point of GPRS network transmission groups of building is stored in the distributed measurement and control network terminal computer then;
By GPRS network, the energy consumption data of buildings is uploaded to subordinate's management center module, be stored in the middle of the database, and analyze, modeling, energy-conservation prediction etc.
The upper management center module can be visited subordinate's management center module by the Internet network, understands the energy consumption situation.
For the indoor control of building point as shown in Figure 2, water, electricity, gas and information household appliances in the buildings, realize communicating by letter between sensor node and the embedded home gateway by the CC2430 chip interface, sensor node is responsible for monitoring the terminal device in the surrounding environment, received signal, the line data of going forward side by side is handled and is communicated by letter, its integrated sensor spare, data processing unit and communication module, and constitute network by the mode of self-organization.By means of senser elements all types of in the sensor node, can gather the consumption information of the household electrical appliances of the water, electricity, gas of interior of building and information, also can monitor the temperature, humidity, light intensity, invasion of surrounding enviroment etc. simultaneously.Embedded gateway is as a tie point of outside TCP/IP network and interior of building information network, receive the information of sensor node after, carry out protocol conversion by main process chip, realize with the TCP/IP of external network interconnectedly, and then obtain the interconnected of communication.
When carrying out Long-distance Control, the user sends GPRS remote control protocol frame to intelligent home gateway 28, intelligent home gateway 28 utilizes GPRS module 33 to receive, and obtain, resolve control signal by arm processor 29, deliver CC2430 chip 31 by SPI interface 30, with information package, use radio-frequency module 32 to send and enter ZigBee network 27 via CC2430 chip 31, use the ZigBee telegon 26 in the network, signal is sent into purpose terminal (terminal that destination address points in the protocol frame).With water (electricity, gas) table 1 is example, and the purpose terminal uses a radio-frequency module 4 of CC2430 chip 31 to obtain control information, and information is sent into one 8051 kernel 3.Afterwards, 8051 kernels 3 are resolved control signal, transmit control signal by 5 pairs of water of DAC chip (electricity, gas) table (1).Water (, gas) table 1 is gathered the use amount of family's energy consumption according to control signal, and detected consumption information is transferred to built-in 14 ADC (2) of CC2430, ADC (2) is converted into digital signal with simulating signal, pass the signal to CC2430 chip 8051 control kernels 3 again, by 4 packings of ZigBee radio-frequency module, transmit, all terminal devices adopt the ZigBee frame format, observing and controlling information is sent to ZigBee telegon 26, ZigBee telegon 26 sends information to intelligent home gateway 28 by ZigBee network 27, intelligent home gateway utilizes built-in ZigBee CC2430 radio-frequency module to receive information frame, and sending information to arm processor (29), arm processor uses GPRS module (33) that remote terminal is sent the GPRS information frame.Smart Home control module 6, gate inhibition's control module 11, illumination control module 16, door and window folding and the explosion-proof control module 21 of glass adopt same way as to finish above process.
The wireless sensor network technology that the optional usefulness of concrete enforcement is following based on the Zigbee radio network technique.
1, based on the wireless network architecture of up-to-date ZigBee technology
ZigBee is a kind of wireless network communication technique standard of just rising in recent years, and cost is low, and low in energy consumption is its prominent advantage.Its network capacity is big, and the exchanges data amount is little, and transmission rate request is not high.When communication, short between its connection, can significantly reduce the probability that communication data collides.Aspect network security, it carries out encryption to the data breath that is transmitted, and is safe.Therefore, it satisfies the requirement of family's sensor network fully.The utility model has adopted up-to-date ZigBee wireless communication technology, builds the wireless monitoring technology system based on the residence energy saving of ZigBee, and a large amount of sensor nodes uses powered battery not need to carry out wired wiring, and family wireless network is installed easily.It is very convenient to change the new demand of adaptation for oneself installation based on light, air-conditioning and the safety-protection system of the home control network of ZigBee.Mounted network node can move easily and rearrange.It is easy to add network node, and new node adds network only need ask contiguous network coordinator adding network promptly passable.
Adopt the home network of ZigBee can dispose flexibly, can control a specific equipment, also can control a plurality of separate equipment in the family with a controller for the control of equipment.A plurality of equipment can work alone and also can mutual association work finish a series of functions.
2, cheap cost
Adopt the ZigBee technology to have characteristics such as low rate, low-power consumption, low cost, and the price of ZigBee module is still in further reduction, cost of the present invention will be very cheap, is easy to marketing.
3, low-power consumption
In single chip, comprised assembly indispensable in 802.15.4 and the ZigBee compatible system, support synchronized sleep and wake up, effectively reduced power consumption, the power consumption original paper is less, only depend on accurate No. 5 batteries of two feast-brand marks with regard to sustainable work 6 months to 2 years, thereby prolonged each detector node maintenance cycle, saved corresponding man power and material.
In sum, the utility model can adopt the CC2430 chip, the CC2430 chip is a real System on Chip/SoC (SoC) CMOS solution, and this solution can improve performance and satisfy based on the application of the 2.4GHz ISM wave band of the ZigBee requirement to low cost, low-power consumption.It has comprised a high performance 2.4GHz DSSS (direct sequence spread spectrum) radio-frequency receiving-transmitting core and small and exquisite 8051 controllers efficiently of technical grade.Adopt the 0.18umCMOS explained hereafter, have very high integrated level.Current loss during work is 27mA; Under reception and sending mode, current loss is respectively less than 27mA or 25mA.The park mode of CC2430 and be transformed into the property of the ultrashort time that aggressive mode is is particularly suitable for those and requires the very long application of battery life.This chip volume miniwatt is low, and abundant I/O is provided, and has very low power consumption.Simultaneously, it has powerful developing instrument flexibly and starts guiding function, great convenience is provided for the upgrading and the maintenance of program, is fit to very much the utility model and uses.

Claims (2)

1. a wireless monitoring device that is used for residence energy saving is characterized in that, this device comprises:
One upper management center module is provided with server and the computer cluster that is connected with server in this upper management center module;
One subordinate's management center module is provided with database in this subordinate's management center module, and database is connected with computer cluster;
By the groups of building that commercial building, office building and covil construction constitute, groups of building inside is provided with wireless sensor network, is used to gather the real-time water, electricity, gas energy consumption data of each building point;
One terminal, the real-time water, electricity, gas energy consumption data by each building point of GPRS network transmission groups of building is stored in the distributed measurement and control network terminal computer then;
Described upper management center module is by Internet network communication visit subordinate management center module, and groups of building are stored in the middle of the database by GPRS network and subordinate's management center module communication of terminal, and analyze, modeling and energy-conservation prediction.
2. the wireless monitoring device that is used for residence energy saving as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that described wireless sensor network includes the wireless remote monitering platform that main control computing machine, wireless senser, telegon, gateway, routing device and sensor node constitute at least.
CNU2008200300523U 2008-08-25 2008-08-25 Wireless monitoring apparatus for dwelling house energy-saving Expired - Fee Related CN201262704Y (en)

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101968651A (en) * 2010-11-03 2011-02-09 苏州科技学院 Wireless mode based building energy-conservation monitoring system
CN102118889A (en) * 2009-12-30 2011-07-06 上海东方泵业(集团)有限公司 Microcomputer service system of general packet radio service (GPRS) radio network
WO2011106916A1 (en) * 2010-03-05 2011-09-09 朗德华信(北京)自控技术有限公司 System and method for prediction and analysis of energy consumption in building based on cloud computing
CN102193528A (en) * 2010-03-05 2011-09-21 朗德华信(北京)自控技术有限公司 Cloud computing based energy management control system and method
CN102236350A (en) * 2010-04-23 2011-11-09 潘戈 Zigbee-and-mobile-technology-based building renewable energy heating system remote monitoring system and method
CN102354184A (en) * 2011-08-25 2012-02-15 南京邮电大学 Uniform intelligent management method for water, electricity and heat resources of residential area
CN102566532A (en) * 2011-11-17 2012-07-11 广州视声电子实业有限公司 KNX (Konnex) bus equipment-based control system
CN102594638A (en) * 2012-03-29 2012-07-18 中山大学 Digital home network system and method
CN103649852A (en) * 2011-05-11 2014-03-19 原子能及能源替代委员会 Method of predicting the energy consumption of a building
CN103792425A (en) * 2014-02-12 2014-05-14 南京物联传感技术有限公司 Electric parameter measurement system based on wireless network and electricity saving method
CN105404220A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-16 重庆金鑫智慧科技有限公司 Internet-of-things-based intelligent cell household appliance control system
CN105717792A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-06-29 武汉烽火富华电气有限责任公司 Building energy consumption management system and method based on Internet of things
CZ306842B6 (en) * 2012-01-24 2017-08-09 Haidy A.S. A method of monitoring and/or controlling the consumption of at least one energy or medium in a building
CN107272448A (en) * 2016-04-07 2017-10-20 隋杰礼 A kind of architectural energy saving system
CN108572562A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-09-25 长沙理工大学 A kind of smart home wisdom energy management system based on Internet of Things and QT graphical interfaces
CN109542052A (en) * 2018-09-26 2019-03-29 北京国电通网络技术有限公司 A kind of intelligent energy gateway terminal and method, electronic equipment
CN110109401A (en) * 2019-05-16 2019-08-09 华立科技股份有限公司 The method and apparatus for reducing electric energy meter reading battery power consumption

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102118889A (en) * 2009-12-30 2011-07-06 上海东方泵业(集团)有限公司 Microcomputer service system of general packet radio service (GPRS) radio network
WO2011106916A1 (en) * 2010-03-05 2011-09-09 朗德华信(北京)自控技术有限公司 System and method for prediction and analysis of energy consumption in building based on cloud computing
CN102194018A (en) * 2010-03-05 2011-09-21 朗德华信(北京)自控技术有限公司 System and method for predictive analysis of energy consumption of building based on cloud computing
CN102193528A (en) * 2010-03-05 2011-09-21 朗德华信(北京)自控技术有限公司 Cloud computing based energy management control system and method
CN102194018B (en) * 2010-03-05 2014-03-12 朗德华信(北京)自控技术有限公司 System and method for predictive analysis of energy consumption of building based on cloud computing
CN102236350A (en) * 2010-04-23 2011-11-09 潘戈 Zigbee-and-mobile-technology-based building renewable energy heating system remote monitoring system and method
CN101968651B (en) * 2010-11-03 2012-09-19 苏州科技学院 Wireless mode based building energy-conservation monitoring system
CN101968651A (en) * 2010-11-03 2011-02-09 苏州科技学院 Wireless mode based building energy-conservation monitoring system
US9507333B2 (en) 2011-05-11 2016-11-29 Commissariat A L'energie Atomique Et Aux Energies Alternatives Method of predicting the energy consumption of a building
CN103649852A (en) * 2011-05-11 2014-03-19 原子能及能源替代委员会 Method of predicting the energy consumption of a building
CN102354184A (en) * 2011-08-25 2012-02-15 南京邮电大学 Uniform intelligent management method for water, electricity and heat resources of residential area
CN102566532A (en) * 2011-11-17 2012-07-11 广州视声电子实业有限公司 KNX (Konnex) bus equipment-based control system
CZ306842B6 (en) * 2012-01-24 2017-08-09 Haidy A.S. A method of monitoring and/or controlling the consumption of at least one energy or medium in a building
CN102594638A (en) * 2012-03-29 2012-07-18 中山大学 Digital home network system and method
CN103792425A (en) * 2014-02-12 2014-05-14 南京物联传感技术有限公司 Electric parameter measurement system based on wireless network and electricity saving method
CN105404220A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-16 重庆金鑫智慧科技有限公司 Internet-of-things-based intelligent cell household appliance control system
CN105717792A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-06-29 武汉烽火富华电气有限责任公司 Building energy consumption management system and method based on Internet of things
CN105717792B (en) * 2015-12-23 2019-09-13 武汉烽火富华电气有限责任公司 A kind of building energy consumption management system and method based on Internet of Things
CN107272448A (en) * 2016-04-07 2017-10-20 隋杰礼 A kind of architectural energy saving system
CN108572562A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-09-25 长沙理工大学 A kind of smart home wisdom energy management system based on Internet of Things and QT graphical interfaces
CN109542052A (en) * 2018-09-26 2019-03-29 北京国电通网络技术有限公司 A kind of intelligent energy gateway terminal and method, electronic equipment
CN110109401A (en) * 2019-05-16 2019-08-09 华立科技股份有限公司 The method and apparatus for reducing electric energy meter reading battery power consumption

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