CN201259305Y - Novel biomass burning film wall organic heat carrier furnace - Google Patents

Novel biomass burning film wall organic heat carrier furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201259305Y
CN201259305Y CNU2008201851241U CN200820185124U CN201259305Y CN 201259305 Y CN201259305 Y CN 201259305Y CN U2008201851241 U CNU2008201851241 U CN U2008201851241U CN 200820185124 U CN200820185124 U CN 200820185124U CN 201259305 Y CN201259305 Y CN 201259305Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heater
fire grate
heat carrier
organic heat
furnace
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNU2008201851241U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
韩寿平
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Changzhou Union Boiler & Pressure Vessel Co Ltd
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Changzhou Union Boiler & Pressure Vessel Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Changzhou Union Boiler & Pressure Vessel Co Ltd filed Critical Changzhou Union Boiler & Pressure Vessel Co Ltd
Priority to CNU2008201851241U priority Critical patent/CN201259305Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201259305Y publication Critical patent/CN201259305Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a novel biomass-burning organic heat transfer material heater with film type walls, which belongs to a burning furnace in the field of machinery, in particular to a biomass-burning furnace which uses waste wood, wood chips, branches, barks, straws, and the like as fuel. The organic heat transfer material heater is provided with a heater body, which is provided with a burner, a heater cavity, a burnout chamber and a tail flue; wherein, heat-conducting oil tubes are arranged on the inner side of the heater body; the burner is provided with a fire grate and a feeder; the fire grate is arranged under the heater body; the feeder is correspondingly arranged over one end of the fire grate; the heater cavity is located over the other end of the fire grate; the upper side of the heater cavity is communicated with the upper side of the adjacently arranged burnout chamber; the burnout chamber is communicated with the tail flue which is provided with a convecting heated surface formed by the heat-conducting oil tubes; and a fume outlet is arranged over the top of the heater body. The utility model has the advantages of low cost, high burning efficiency, low operation and maintenance cost and long service life.

Description

A kind of novel organic heat carrier furnace of biomass combustion membrane type wall
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the incinerator equipment in the plant equipment field, and especially relating to a kind of is the biomass combustion stove of fuel with scoot, wood chip, stalk etc.
Background technology
Residue scoot, wood chip, wood shavings, branch bar, the bark of China's timber processing, and the byproduct stalk of agricultural production etc., be very abundant biomass energy.In industries such as various wood-working factories, food, bio-fuels, need a large amount of heats to be used for heating, oven dry.By biomass combustion being used for handle scoot, the stalk that timber is processed and agricultural production produces, can be used for big capacity heating industry simultaneously, will play important effect with the energy-conservation and environmental protection of hot enterprise in a large number China's wood working industry and other demand.
At present wood working industry generally adopts adiabatic furnace chamber burning culled wood, and it exists, and combustion thermal efficiency is low, fire resisting material of furnace body is easy to crack, come off, rise problems such as furnace outage time is long; Burning is handled in the heat supply scheme of wood-working factory's scoot and agricultural stalk in the prior art, adopts organic heat carrier furnace (also claiming heat-conducting oil furnace) mode in addition.Organic heat carrier furnace is the heat that produces with the fuel combustion of conduction oil organism-absorbing matter, resupplies relevant factory and is used for heating, oven dry.The organic heat carrier furnace of existing firing biomass fuel adopts coil form more, and capacity is little, and efficient is low, can not satisfy the production heat demand.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is for defectives such as biomass fuel treatment effeciencies such as the culled wood that solves present processing wood-processing industry, bark, branch bar and stalk are low, and a kind of novel organic heat carrier furnace of biomass combustion membrane type wall is provided.
The technical scheme that realizes above-mentioned purpose is as follows:
A kind of novel organic heat carrier furnace of biomass combustion membrane type wall, has a body of heater, body of heater is provided with combustion apparatus, burner hearth, burning chamber and back-end ductwork, the inboard of body of heater is provided with heat-conducting oil pipes, combustion apparatus has fire grate and the corresponding feeding device that is arranged on one end top that is arranged on the body of heater below, the top of the other end of fire grate is a burner hearth, the top of burner hearth communicates with the top of the burning chamber of adjacent setting, burning chamber communicates with the back-end ductwork that is provided with the convection heating surface that is made of heat-conducting oil pipes, and the body of heater over top is provided with exhanst gas outlet.Exhanst gas outlet has been arranged in the body of heater top, can extract hot flue gas as required and directly sneak into cold wind to suitable temperature, is used for dry plank.
Sidewall is a membrane wall around body of heater upper furnace, burning chamber and the back-end ductwork, and it is made of the adiabator layer in the outside and inboard heat-conducting oil pipes.Arranged membrane wall around burner hearth, burning chamber and the back-end ductwork, its thermal inertia is little, opens, furnace outage time is short, and good airproof performance can avoid the combustion chamber to produce phenomenons such as furnace wall ftractures, comes off fully, prolongs greatly service life, and maintenance cost obviously reduces.
The heat-conducting oil pipes that is provided with in the heat-conducting oil pipes that constitutes convection heating surface and the membrane wall communicates.
Fire grate is that it becomes certain inclination angle with level by hydraulic drive, the shuttle fire grate of forwards, and an end of its corresponding feeding device is higher than an end of corresponding burner hearth.This kind fire grate is the forwards reciprocating fire grate, fuel can be promoted behind stove in combustion process, makes fuel constantly roll, burn.
The fire grate below is provided with air compartment one time.For burnt fuel on fire grate is carried air.
The fire grate below is provided with deslagging device.Deslagging device is used to discharge on fire grate the ashes that burning and burner hearth internal combustion fall.
The lateral buckling outside body of heater respectively in the lower furnace portion both sides above the fire grate is provided with secondary air channel in the bending place.Secondary air channel can replenish air in burner hearth further fully burn the fuel material in burner hearth.
The below of back-end ductwork is provided with ash bucket.Be used for the ashes in burning chamber and the back-end ductwork are discharged.
The body of heater top at the top of burning chamber is provided with the sanding powder burner.Be used for burning and grind the wood powder that its surface produces in the plank process with sander, the moisture of wood powder is low, calorific capacity is high, should adopt independently burner to spray in the incinerator and burn.
Feeding device also has a discharge port.Discharge port can be discharged fuel material unnecessary in the feeding device.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the quantity of heat given up that can effectively increase stove; Arranged membrane wall around burner hearth, burning chamber and the back-end ductwork, its thermal inertia is little, opens, furnace outage time is short, and good airproof performance can avoid the combustion chamber to produce phenomenons such as furnace wall ftractures, comes off fully, prolongs greatly service life, and maintenance cost obviously reduces; Adopt hydraulicdriven forwards reciprocal grate, take rational first and second air-supply arrangement setting, the biomass fuel of nearly all kind of can burning has the very wide advantage of suitability of fuel; Good to fuel granularity adaptability, can adapt to<fuel of the different shape of 300mm, the requirement of fuel crushing equipment is reduced greatly; The present invention is combined as a whole adiabatic combustion stove and conduction oil heat exchanger effectively, not only can reduce investment and occupation of land, and can improve efficiency of combustion, minimizing equipment operation maintenance cost, the service life of improving equipment.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model specific embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of sidewall of the furnace body.
Among the figure, 1 is burner hearth, and 2 is burning chamber, 3 is convection heating surface, and 4 is feeding device, and 5 is discharge port, 6 is fire grate, and 7 is an air compartment, and 8 is deslagging device, 9 is ash bucket, and 10 is secondary air channel, and 11 is exhanst gas outlet, 12 is the sanding powder burner, and 13 is adiabator layer, and 14 is back-end ductwork, 15 is heat-conducting oil pipes, and 16 is body of heater.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and operation principle in detail the specific embodiment is described in detail.
Body of heater 16 is provided with combustion apparatus, burner hearth 1, burning chamber 2 and back-end ductwork 14, and body of heater 16 upper furnaces 1, burning chamber 2 are membrane wall with the sidewall all around of back-end ductwork 14, and it is made of the adiabator layer 13 in the outside and inboard heat-conducting oil pipes 15.Combustion apparatus has fire grate 6 and the corresponding feeding device 4 that is arranged on one end top that is arranged on body of heater 1 below, and feeding device 4 also has the discharge port 5 that fuel material unnecessary in the feeding device can be discharged.Fire grate 6 is that it becomes certain inclination angle with level by hydraulic drive, the shuttle fire grate of forwards, and an end of its corresponding feeding device 4 is higher than an end of corresponding burner hearth 1.Fire grate 6 belows are provided with air compartment 7 one time, for burnt fuel on fire grate is carried air.The below of the air compartment 7 in fire grate 6 belows is provided with deslagging device 8, and deslagging device is used to discharge on fire grate the ashes that burning and burner hearth internal combustion fall.The top of the other end of fire grate 6 is a burner hearth 1, the top of burner hearth 1 communicates with the top of the burning chamber of adjacent setting 2, burning chamber 2 communicates with the back-end ductwork 14 that is provided with the convection heating surface 3 that is made of heat-conducting oil pipes 15, and body of heater 16 over top are provided with exhanst gas outlet 11.The heat-conducting oil pipes that is provided with in the heat-conducting oil pipes that constitutes convection heating surface and the membrane wall communicates.
Both sides, burner hearth 1 bottom above fire grate 6 are lateral buckling outside body of heater respectively, is provided with secondary air channel 10 in the bending place.Secondary air channel can replenish air in burner hearth further fully burn the fuel material in burner hearth.
The below of back-end ductwork 14 is provided with the ash bucket 9 that is used for the ashes discharge in burning chamber 2 and the back-end ductwork 14.
Body of heater 16 tops at the top of burning chamber 2 are provided with sanding powder burner 12, are used for burning grinding the wood powder that its surface produces in the plank process with sander, and the moisture of wood powder is low, calorific capacity is high, should adopt independently burner to spray in the incinerator and burn.
Below sketch operation principle:
Adopting hydraulicdriven forwards reciprocal grate is combustion apparatus, and fuel such as scoot, stalk fall on the grate surface through feeding device 4, push away in stove by hydraulic push rod, one time wind passes grate surface from an air compartment 7, with the fuel mix on the fire grate, for fuel combustion provides air.Secondary wind sprays into burner hearth from secondary air channel 10, for fuel combustion in time replenishes required air.The fuel after-combustion of catching fire on grate surface, and under the promotion of forwards reciprocal grate 6, rolling behind stove burns away, and until burning, discharge by deslagging device 8 outputs at lime-ash rear portion under the burner hearth, delivers to the slag field.
On the limit of feeding device, be arranged in juxtaposition discharge port, the unnecessary fuel row who enters can have been unloaded out.
Biomass fuel on grate surface the burning of fighting, the volatile matter that produces, tiny particle burn away in burner hearth, and acutely burning under the combustion-supporting effect of secondary wind in secondary air channel, burnt in the place to furnace outlet, flue gas enters burning chamber through furnace outlet, combustible remaining in the flue gas can be burnt, again through turning through 180 degree, enter back-end ductwork, flow through and be arranged in convection heating surface in the back-end ductwork, flue gas has obtained sufficient cooling, flows out organic heat carrier furnace from exhanst gas outlet again, enters other drying plant.
Outside all membrane wall heating surfaces, all be laid with adiabator layer, be used for the insulation of heating surface, can reduce radiation loss, and protection operation maintenance personnel avoid scalding.At the burning chamber top, arranged the sanding powder burner, the sanding wood powder can be sprayed into burning chamber's burning.
At burner hearth, around burning chamber and the back-end ductwork chamber, all arranged the membrane wall heating surface, flow in the heat-conducting oil pipes of organic heat carrier (being conduction oil) in the membrane wall heating surface, flue gas flows outside the membrane wall heating surface, flue gas and conduction oil carry out heat exchange by membrane wall, flue gas is emitted heat in cooling procedure, and conduction oil absorbs heat in heating process, and its temperature is raise, conduction oil is after its temperature reaches designing requirement, deliver to the heat transmission equipment that needs and carry out heat exchange, after emitting heat its temperature is reduced, send back to again and continue heating in the membrane wall organic heat carrier furnace, circulation so again and again, the heat that makes biomass fuel combustion produce is exported effectively, utilize.
Below be the use-case of the utility model embodiment:
Design power is 25MW, in the biomass fuel (mixtures such as wood shavings, wood sawdust, bark, sanding powder, branch bar) that adopts: phosphorus content 24.90%, hydrogen content 2.90%, oxygen content 18.50%, nitrogen content 0.10%, sulfur content 0.10%, dust burdening 3.50%, contain moisture 50.00%, low heat value: Q=8374kj/kg.
Start to adopt the light oil furnace igniting, also the fuel of appropriate amount can be layered on the grate surface, adopt artificial torch directly to light fuel on the fire grate.A wind is combustion-supporting following below fire grate, fuel rapid the burning of fighting, acutely burning under the secondary wind action, flameholding rear hearth outlet cigarette temperature reaches 800 ~ 950 ℃, flows through burning chamber again, cigarette temperature drop to 650 ~ 700 ℃, flow through the afterbody convection heating surface again, this moment, flue-gas temperature dropped to about 350 ℃, after flowing out from exhanst gas outlet, sent into drying equipment again and continued cooling.
Conduction oil enters from the afterbody convection heating surface, inlet temperature is 210 ~ 220 ℃, flowing through, temperature rises to 225 ~ 235 ℃ behind the afterbody convection heating surface, flow through around the back-end ductwork again, around the burning chamber and the membrane wall heating surface around the burner hearth, heat absorption back temperature rises to 245 ~ 255 ℃ (maximum temperature can reach 320 ℃), the output body of heater is sent into the heat-exchange apparatus heat supply again.The conduction oil import and export temperature difference of organic heat carrier furnace is about 35 ℃, and the conduction oil internal circulating load during rated load is 1170m 3/ h.

Claims (10)

1, a kind of novel organic heat carrier furnace of biomass combustion membrane type wall, has a body of heater, body of heater is provided with combustion apparatus, burner hearth, burning chamber and back-end ductwork, it is characterized in that: the inboard of body of heater is provided with heat-conducting oil pipes, combustion apparatus has fire grate and the corresponding feeding device that is arranged on one end top that is arranged on the body of heater below, the top of the other end of fire grate is a burner hearth, the top of burner hearth communicates with the top of the burning chamber of adjacent setting, burning chamber communicates with the back-end ductwork that is provided with the convection heating surface that is made of heat-conducting oil pipes, and the body of heater over top is provided with exhanst gas outlet.
2, a kind of novel organic heat carrier furnace of biomass combustion membrane type wall according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: sidewall is a membrane wall around body of heater upper furnace, burning chamber and the back-end ductwork, and it is made of the adiabator layer in the outside and inboard heat-conducting oil pipes.
3, a kind of novel organic heat carrier furnace of biomass combustion membrane type wall according to claim 2 is characterized in that: the heat-conducting oil pipes that is provided with in the heat-conducting oil pipes that constitutes convection heating surface and the membrane wall communicates.
4, a kind of novel organic heat carrier furnace of biomass combustion membrane type wall according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: fire grate is by hydraulic drive, the shuttle fire grate of forwards, it becomes certain inclination angle with level, an end of its corresponding feeding device is higher than an end of corresponding burner hearth.
5, a kind of novel organic heat carrier furnace of biomass combustion membrane type wall according to claim 4 is characterized in that: the fire grate below is provided with air compartment one time.
6, a kind of novel organic heat carrier furnace of biomass combustion membrane type wall according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the fire grate below is provided with deslagging device.
7, a kind of novel organic heat carrier furnace of biomass combustion membrane type wall according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the lateral buckling outside body of heater respectively in the lower furnace portion both sides above the fire grate is provided with secondary air channel in the bending place.
8, a kind of novel organic heat carrier furnace of biomass combustion membrane type wall according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the below of back-end ductwork is provided with ash bucket.
9, a kind of novel organic heat carrier furnace of biomass combustion membrane type wall according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the body of heater top at the top of burning chamber is provided with the sanding powder burner.
10, a kind of novel organic heat carrier furnace of biomass combustion membrane type wall according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: feeding device also has a discharge port.
CNU2008201851241U 2008-08-22 2008-08-22 Novel biomass burning film wall organic heat carrier furnace Expired - Fee Related CN201259305Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008201851241U CN201259305Y (en) 2008-08-22 2008-08-22 Novel biomass burning film wall organic heat carrier furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008201851241U CN201259305Y (en) 2008-08-22 2008-08-22 Novel biomass burning film wall organic heat carrier furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201259305Y true CN201259305Y (en) 2009-06-17

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNU2008201851241U Expired - Fee Related CN201259305Y (en) 2008-08-22 2008-08-22 Novel biomass burning film wall organic heat carrier furnace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110906318A (en) * 2019-12-06 2020-03-24 湖南省农友机械集团有限公司 Rice husk combustion furnace

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110906318A (en) * 2019-12-06 2020-03-24 湖南省农友机械集团有限公司 Rice husk combustion furnace

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Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20090617

Termination date: 20160822