CN201248293Y - Electromechanical integral temperature control aeration-drying energy-saving device for greenhouse hothouse - Google Patents

Electromechanical integral temperature control aeration-drying energy-saving device for greenhouse hothouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201248293Y
CN201248293Y CNU200820147828XU CN200820147828U CN201248293Y CN 201248293 Y CN201248293 Y CN 201248293Y CN U200820147828X U CNU200820147828X U CN U200820147828XU CN 200820147828 U CN200820147828 U CN 200820147828U CN 201248293 Y CN201248293 Y CN 201248293Y
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greenhouse
pipe
water
valve
temperature control
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陈绍希
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陈绍希
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The utility model relates to an electromechanical integral temperature control aeration-drying energy-saving device for greenhouse hothouse, which relates to facility agriculture planting and breeding flower horticulture mechanical profession and needs to solve two problems in the prior art that firstly, the design performance of a device matched with a greenhouse hothouse is single, comprehensive effects of 5 environment factors: illumination, temperature, humidity, air environment and soil environment can not be exerted, thereby lowing planting and breeding yield and quality, and the energy consumption is high, and secondly, the ability of resisting burst natural calamity needs improving. The technical scheme for solving the problems is that a wind screen wall is arranged outside the greenhouse hothouse, a double-shaft curtain omentum electric extending and rolling machine and a direct-acting type shed membrane glass local opening device are arranged on the top, a secondary height difference natural ventilation cowl system is arranged on the wall, and a marsh gas flue gas heating assembly adsorption refrigerator, a ventilation heating dehumidifying cooling CO2 utilizing device, an electric heat pump dehumidifier, a vacuum O2 increasing soil wetting micro-perfusion device and a solar energy ground heating system are arranged inside. The electromechanical integral temperature control aeration-drying energy-saving device can be used in a mode of matching with a standardized agricultural product production single-span multi-span shed roof arc round greenhouse hothouse building in accordance with local conditions.

Description

The warm circle energy-conservation equipment of electromechanical integration temperature control aeration-drying in greenhouse
(1) technical field under
The utility model relates to the industrialized agriculture plantation and cultures the flower gardening mechanical major, the warm circle energy-conservation equipment of electromechanical integration temperature control aeration-drying in especially a kind of greenhouse.
(2) background technology
1, the matched mechanized equipment design performance of the warm circle in existing technology greenhouse is single, can not be to 5 envirment factors: the control equipment performance of illumination, temperature, humidity, air ambient, soil environment carries out comprehensive Design, just can not bring into play the comprehensive function that envirment factor is cultured flowers to plantation, reduce breeding output and quality and power consumption height.
1. girth Ji " modern greenhouse engineering " chemical industry version 03.02.P31:CO 2Influence to the crop photosynthesis effect is not isolated, plays a role but integrate with environmental conditions such as illumination and temperature ... the someone studies, and cucumber adds rich CO 2, output can improve 23~37%.(the utility model is thought: CO is executed in the isolated implementation of existing technology 2Yield-increasing technology is promoted slow reason, just is being to have ignored to integrate with environmental conditions such as illumination and temperature to play a role, and the effect instability causes).
2. cucumber among the national mechanical industry standard JB/T 10297-2001 " greenhouse heating systematic design discipline ": daytime temperature is the highest by 35, suitable 23~28 ℃, nighttime temperature is suitable 10~15, minimum 8 ℃, the dark soil temperature of 100mm is the highest by 25, minimum by 13, suitable 18~20 ℃.(the utility model is thought:---this just needs, and comprehensive Design is incubated, heats, cooling, electromechanical integration control could realize that alternating temperature is managed and implement GB, the lucky works P27 of girth: at China's greenhouse cooling is the many people of puzzlement, causes aspect of researcher's more attention).
When the lucky works P29. of 3. the same girth air humidity is excessive, will cause multiple diseases, as cucumber downy mildew and eqpidemic disease.P30. ventilation and heating if can be combined then favourable for reducing indoor air humidity.P32. only under the situation of soil compaction or overirrigation, root of the crop all usually can lack O 2Suffocate and make crop be poisoned to death.(the utility model thinks, soil moisture is excessive, and also can to influence air humidity excessive, and the lucky works of girth proposes: if can be a good method with ventilating with adding thermal, can heat, lower the temperature by ventilation drying comprehensive Design, moistening slight irrigation and ventilation increase O 2Comprehensive Design is implemented).
4. Gao Dingshi<kind of---supporting---natural pond agricultural benign cycle practical technique〉breeding technology of Chinese agriculture version 06.02.P59. sow, environmental condition is required:
A...... the nursing sow preference temperature is 18~22 ℃, and is the highest 27 ℃, minimum 13 ℃.
B relative moisture is advisable with 50~75%, and high humidity high temperature has remarkable harmful effect to pig.
C pork pig house light should be dark slightly, to guarantee having a rest and sleep favourable weightening finish.D ammonia is no more than 26mL/L, hydrogen sulphide is no more than 10mL/L.
P71. Schweineseuche, generally take heteropathy.Strengthen nursing and feeding and management simultaneously, block the house drying that should keep clean.P73. keeping pig house health, aeration-drying is that dermopathic important measures take place in prevention.
2, need to improve the ability of reply burst natural calamity
At the beginning of (1) 08 year 1 month at the beginning of-2 months the freezing natural calamity of low temperature sleet bring heavy losses for China's agricultural.08.02.13.CCTV-1 report: 2100 pigs in Lu Ping-piggery, Guangxi freeze to death." 08.02.06. Luoyang daily paper " ... heavy snow is produced to vegetables and brought major disaster since January 10 in the Yiyang County, and 2350 vegetables in day-light greenhouse are endured cold in various degree, 2600 plastic tunnels all early a stubble young plant all endure cold ....
(2) 08.06.05. " the modern newspaper in the east " hail that egg is big " is pounded " and is run 1.6 hundred million yuan in Henan.(wherein agricultural losses are 1.25 hundred million yuan), in 14: 41-17: 40 afternoon of June 3, our province some areas are attacked by strong wind, hail successively and with shower in short-term, suffer from disaster 16732 in damage house with causing the whole province 7 cities ....Because it is unexpected that this disaster is come ... trees are fractureed by strong wind and blow down, and urban district, Zhoukou City part window-glass is battered down by hail ....
(3) summary of the invention
1, the technical problems to be solved in the utility model is:
(1) the matched mechanized equipment design performance of the warm circle in existing technology greenhouse is single, can not bring into play 5 envirment factors: the comprehensive function of illumination, temperature, humidity, air ambient, soil environment, and it is high to have reduced the output of breeding and quality and power consumption.
(2) need to improve the ability of tackling the burst natural calamity.
2, the utility model technical scheme that is adopted of dealing with problems is:
The warm circle of temperature removing chamber should have anti-thunder and lightning anti-static precautions, and the biogas Ying Jing city authorities that utilize of institute agree to put on record with supplying and take off H 2The biogas that the good air pressure of S is steady, build addressing, do not build the air port in, flood, beyond the key issue such as debris flow district.The utility model comprehensive wind resistance snow ice hail and 5 envirment factors need the specification requirement of comprehensive function.The technological innovation of 9 interwovenesses of design:
(1) windbreak (available transparent or opaque material) is established in warm circle prevailing wind windward side in the greenhouse;
(2) the electronic shop of I-beam track electric block elevator twin shaft curtain nethike embrane volume machine;
(3) assembled absorption refrigerator, biogas CH 4, the CO valve-closing device that exceeds standard;
(4) ventilation heating and dehumidification cooling CO 2Utilize device;
(5) electric heat pump dehumidifier (standby);
(6) vacuum increases O 2The ground moistening micro-irrigation device;
(7) the warm circle in greenhouse solar energy ground heating system;
(8) the local window opener of the warm circle in greenhouse Direct Action Type canopy film glass;
(9) the warm circle time discrepancy in elevation gravity-flow ventilation cap system in greenhouse (gets rid of various pernicious gases, compares for common three kinds, as CO 2(heavier), NH 3(gently), H 2S (lighter) etc.
Now details are as follows with the technical program:
(1) the warm circle in a kind of greenhouse has the lightning protection anti electrostatic measure with the energy-conservation equipment of electromechanical integration temperature control aeration-drying, and its structure is: windbreak is arranged outward, and there is twin shaft curtain nethike embrane electric rolling machine on the top, in assembled absorption refrigerator, ventilation heating and dehumidification cooling CO are arranged 2Utilize device, electric heat pump dehumidifying, vacuum to increase O 2The Engel curve device is driven in ground moistening micro-irrigation device, Direct Action Type canopy film glass part, the solar energy ground heating system, order discrepancy in elevation gravity-flow ventilation cap system is arranged.
(2) the warm circle in greenhouse is outer windbreak: be located at outside the wall of prevailing wind windward side, and north wall and the warming wall combination in north of Dan Po greenhouse, windbreak is located at the outside of the warming curtain in north wall top.
(3) there is twin shaft curtain nethike embrane electric rolling machine on the warm circle in greenhouse top: 4 jiaos have channel-section steel column and basis, two-speed electric block on 2 automatically controlled synchronous 2 lifting I-beam tracks of frame is hung twin shaft heat holding curtain axle band suspension ring, twin shaft sunshade net axle band suspension ring, twin shaft canopy film axle band suspension ring.
(4) assembled absorption refrigerator is arranged in the warm circle in greenhouse: casing is that grouping framework flange connects; every group is a frigorific unit; the outer two parts configuration of case in each cell operation parts branch mailbox; 1. in the case absorption refrigerator; it divides two sections; left side section is an absorption refrigeration heat-transfer pipe catch net, and biogas kiln gas manage-style one's intention as revealed in what one says cap is arranged in left case, and CH is arranged 4, CO exceed standard valve-closing device and biogas far infrared radiator, right section is an absorption refrigerant steel pipe flange container, there is desorption to give vent to anger, adsorb air inlet pipe and valve, safety valve, pressure vacuum gauge, thermometer, left upper box part have blast pipe exhaust outlet blast cap, left and right sides upper box part respectively has the gravity-flow ventilation cap, left and right sides case with about the section between separate with the aluminium foil insulating curtain, about section between the corner axle is arranged; 2. led to by right section desorption escape pipe and valve that the outer condenser of case is other cool air hose air port blast cap, condenser links to each other with evaporator with the liquid receiver expansion valve, and right section links to each other through the absorption air inlet pipe and in valve is got back to case, and evaporator is to be placed in the cold water storage cistern outside the case.
(5) ventilation heating and dehumidification cooling CO 2Utilize device: have screen pack, wind deflector, upper water box ball-cock assembly, chemical fibre siphon pipe evaporative cooling device, refrigeration tank ball-float valve dehumidifying and cooling heat exchanger and pump, biogas water heater to come hot-water heater and pump, blower fan and flexible pipe, CO 2The gas inlet switch, the tuning blowing mouth is docile and obedient preface and is communicated with.
(6) the electric heat pump dehumidifier is arranged: chemical fibre siphon pipe evaporative cooling device and fan are arranged, on the utilization of condensed water water tank is arranged, link to each other with dehumidifying condensation bucket, this bucket top is evaporator and fan, evaporator links to each other with little refrigerator with condenser respectively.
(7) there is vacuum to increase O 2Ground moistening micro-irrigation device: upper water box ball-cock assembly, water supply valve are arranged, go up the water tube hose quick plug, flexible pipe is connected with lifting rope with suspension ring with vacuum valve, vacuum seal well-bucket, well-bucket inserts band aperture flexible pipe band air hose pointed at both ends down, be connected with little vacuum seal water box through flexible pipe wheel load valve down, connecing the flexible pipe belt wheel again presses valve to be connected with the micropore flexible pipe, chemical fibre hair rope is arranged in this flexible pipe, and the flexible pipe tail has air hose.
(8) the local window opener of Direct Action Type canopy film glass is arranged: channel-section steel band baffle orifice font window-frame is arranged, and the pulley of the connecting rod head pulley spindle U-shaped support that interior and straight moving motor is connected connects, and the window-frame afterbody is connected with window top jointed shaft.
(9) greenhouse warm circle solar energy ground heating system is arranged: have height to put boiler and be communicated with last water inlet ball-cock assembly water tank bottom; boiler has air hose to be connected with pressure-bearing type solar water heater top with hot-water line; there is the heating hot-water line to be connected under the boiler with standby heat-exchanger pump filter and floor heating pipe are first; floor heating pipe is in the subsurface protective layer; its structure is: surface layer, watertight composition, heat-storing material, insulation material, watertight composition, bed course have the drain ditch to be connected with the outer biogas millpond of circle on the warm face of enclosing the land.
(10) order discrepancy in elevation gravity-flow ventilation cap system in the warm circle in greenhouse: the airduct upper end has its structure of gravity-flow ventilation cap to be: cowl is connected with support overcoat one contour cylinder stent, there are air-valve and drainpipe in the airduct lower end in the inlet scoop, and the absolute altitude of the inlet scoop of each blast cap on indoor wall has high, medium and low having nothing in common with each other.
3, adopt the beneficial effect of technique scheme to be:
(1) windbreak reduces greenhouse warm circle radiation loss, prevents that strong wind from blowing away the curtain nethike embrane from the side, behind.
(2) the electronic shop of twin shaft curtain nethike embrane volume machine is for example operated heat holding curtain and the canopy film can be pushed down by net, and wind resistance blows away, and electric operating is quick, is beneficial to reply burst hail disaster caused by a windstorm.
(3) absorption refrigeration utilizes the biogas furnace flue gas exhaust heat, CH 4, the CO fire-proof and explosion-proof safety in production of valve-closing that exceeds standard.
(4) utilize the cold water of absorption refrigeration to lower the temperature, solve the problem of " is the many people of puzzlement at China's greenhouse cooling ",, suitably utilize qualified waste gas CO with the hot cigarette heating of biogas stove " it is more favourable to add thermal ventilation drying " 2The fertilising Increasing Production and Energy Saving reduces discharging.
(5) increase O with vacuum 2The ground moistening micro-irrigation device solves water-saving irrigation and prevents that crop root usually can lack O under the situation of overirrigation 2The problem of suffocating, solar energy floor heating are suitable for and keep the temperature of green house soil environment, more help warm circle and can numerous sow raise and to the pig dermatophylaxis.08.06.18 " the modern newspaper in east " our province recently put into effect " Henan Province's agricultural product record of production management method ".......。Above comprehensive function is beneficial to this way and carries out.
(6) the local window opener of the warm circle in greenhouse roofing Direct Action Type canopy film glass helps the part and advances sunshine, is beneficial to vegetables photosynthesis and sterilization of pig house daylight and aeration-drying.Order discrepancy in elevation gravity-flow ventilation cap is beneficial to comprehensive eliminating density different various pernicious gases such as NH 3, CO 2, H 2S etc. and do not poured in down a chimney indoor by strong wind.
(7) can should warm up the supporting use of circle building with shape greenhouse, a standardization agricultural product manufacture order company list sloping arch garden because of ground causes.
(4) description of drawings
1, list of drawings
Fig. 1, windbreak position, greenhouse and 5 envirment factor equipment floor plans (is example with single sloping daylight greenhouse of heating) (taking wind direction as the leading factor with Luoyang northwester is example)
1-1 cutaway view of Fig. 2, Fig. 1
Fig. 3, assembled absorption refrigerator
The A of Fig. 4, Fig. 3 is to view
Fig. 5, ventilation heating and dehumidification cooling CO 2Utilize device
Fig. 6, electric heat pump dehumidifier (standby)
Fig. 7, vacuum increase O 2The ground moistening micro-irrigation device
Fig. 8, the local window opener of Direct Action Type canopy film glass, Fig. 9, C enlarged drawing, Figure 10, D are to view
2, each figure grade title
Fig. 1, windbreak position, greenhouse and 5 envirment factor equipment floor plans
Label 1, order discrepancy in elevation gravity-flow ventilation cap system, 2, bar is blocked in the aisle on the western windbreak, 3, western windbreak, 4, lifting rail channel-section steel column and basis, 5, two-speed electric block on automatically controlled synchronous 2 lifting I-beam tracks, 6, twin shaft heat holding curtain axle band suspension ring, 7, greenhouse Xi Qiang and window, 8, assembled absorption refrigerator, 9, ventilation heating and dehumidification cooling CO 2Utilize device, 10, the electric heat pump dehumidifier, 11, greenhouse north wall and window, 12, north wall top, greenhouse heat holding curtain windbreak, 13, north wall top weathering drainpipe, 14, vacuum increases O 2The ground moistening micro-irrigation device, 15, the north wall ladder, 16, height puts boiler, 17, go up water inlet ball-cock assembly water tank, 18, floor heating pipe, 19, twin shaft canopy film axle band suspension ring (or immobilized spindle), 20, twin shaft sunshade net axle band suspension ring, 21, biogas pipe, 22, biogas kiln gas pipe, 23, biogas stove hot-water line, 24, pressure-bearing type solar water heater, 25, canopy film, 26, the local window opener of Direct Action Type canopy film glass, 27, greenhouse Dong Qiang and window.
1-1 cutaway view of Fig. 2, Fig. 1
Label 28, air hose; 29, water heater; 30, floor heating pipe draining valve; 31, floor heating pipe protective layer (ground floor, watertight composition, heat-storing material, insulation material, waterproof material, bed course); 32, the warm face drain ditch (leading to the biogas millpond) of enclosing the land, 33, standby heat-exchanger pump filter, 34, the heating hot-water line; 35, floor heating pipe tail air hose, 36, floor heating pipe tail return pipe.1, order discrepancy in elevation gravity-flow ventilation cap system, it is cowl and support that there are gravity-flow ventilation cap, its structure in the airduct upper end, overcoat one contour garden tube, the weldering support connects, and there are air-valve and drainpipe in the airduct lower end in the inlet scoop, and the inlet scoop of each blast cap absolute altitude on the wall has high, medium and low having nothing in common with each other.(all the other label titles are seen Fig. 1)
Fig. 3, assembled absorption refrigerator front view
Label 1; biogas kiln gas manage-style one's intention as revealed in what one says cap, 2; the airduct air port blast cap that blows on, 3; blast pipe exhaust outlet blast cap; 4; 5; 6; the gravity-flow ventilation cap, 7; condenser, 8; liquid storing barrel and expansion valve; 9; evaporator; 10; cold water storage cistern (band water gauge), 11; the turnover cold water pipe, 12; the aluminium foil insulating curtain; 13; absorption refrigeration heat-transfer pipe catch net; 14; absorption refrigerant steel pipe flange container, 15; safety valve, 16; desorption escape pipe and valve; 17; absorption air inlet pipe and valve; 18; pressure vacuum gauge, 19; thermometer, 20; the corner axle; 21; (standby) biogas far infrared radiator; 22; the biogas pipe, 23; drainpipe, 24; casing.25, CH 4, the CO valve-closing device that exceeds standard. the A of Fig. 4, Fig. 3 is to view
Label 25, CO 2The gas interface switch, surplus same Fig. 3
Fig. 5, ventilation heating and dehumidification cooling CO 2Utilize device
Label 1, screen pack, 2, wind deflector, 3, the upper water box ball-cock assembly, 4, chemical fibre siphon pipe evaporative cooling device, 5, refrigeration tank ball-float valve dehumidifying and cooling heat exchanger and pump, 6, wind deflector, 7,8, the biogas water heater comes hot water heating heat exchanger and pump, 9, wind deflector fallopian tube, 10, blower fan and flexible pipe, 11, the tuning blowing mouth, 12, tuning location-plate, 13, tuning sleeve pipe, 14, the go-cart handle, 15, CO 2Inlet switch.
Fig. 6, electric heat pump dehumidifier (standby)
Label 1, chemical fibre siphon pipe evaporative cooling device and fan, 2, utilization of condensed water water tank (tap is standby), 3, chemical fibre, 4, condenser, 5, evaporator and fan, 6, dehumidifying condensation bucket, 7, little refrigerator.
Fig. 7, vacuum increase O 2The ground moistening micro-irrigation device
Label 1, upper water box ball-cock assembly, 2, suspension ring and lifting rope, 3, water supply valve, 4, go up the water tube hose quick plug, 5, vacuum valve, 6, the vacuum seal well-bucket, 7, air hose, 8, band aperture flexible pipe pointed at both ends, 9, flexible pipe wheel load valve, 10, little vacuum seal water box, 11, the micropore flexible pipe, 12, chemical fibre hair rope, 13, air hose.
Fig. 8, the local window opener of Direct Action Type canopy film glass and C enlarged drawing
Label 1, groove guiding principle band baffle orifice font window-frame, 2, connecting rod head pulley spindle U-shaped support, 3, moving motor directly, 4, Engel curve top jointed shaft.
(5) embodiment
Be illustrated below in conjunction with accompanying drawing
1, in Fig. 1 Fig. 2, the electronic shop of twin shaft curtain nethike embrane volume machine is to implement like this: go up axle bolt jail at the greenhouse top margin with twin shaft heat holding curtain axle band suspension ring (6) during the curtain of shop, hang on the suspension hook of two-speed electric block (5) on automatically controlled synchronous 2 lifting I-beam tracks at the two ends of lower shaft, staff's hand takes electric controller to walk at the arbitrary end in axle two ends, the lower shaft two ends are following before suspension ring inner edge rolling drops to the greenhouse, then lower shaft bolt jail.Inverse operation during roller shutter.Same enforcement can be layered on (6) to twin shaft sunshade net axle band suspension ring (20) and go up the effect of pressure curtain wind resistance, also can be layered on twin shaft canopy film axle band suspension ring or immobilized spindle (19) and go up the sunshade press mold.Can implement (19) canopy film shop volume when needed equally, the canopy film also will be reinforced the bolt jail with rope band.Also can make immobilized spindle.
2; in Fig. 3 Fig. 4; assembled absorption refrigerator is work like this: casing among the figure (24) is that grouping framework flange connects; every group is a refrigeration unit; among the figure 2 unit; now with regard to a cell descriptions refrigeration job: the outer two parts configuration of case in each cell operation parts branch mailbox; it in the case absorption refrigerator; it divides two sections; left side section is an absorption refrigeration heat-transfer pipe catch net (13); when the hot cigarette heating that is subjected to blowing from biogas kiln gas manage-style one's intention as revealed in what one says cap (1); transfer heat to rapidly in the right section absorption refrigerant steel pipe flange container (14), absorption refrigerant is heated and begins the desorption gasification.Through desorption escape pipe and valve (16), enter condenser (7) be subjected to blowing on airduct air port blast cap (2) cooling, when condenser (7) when internal pressure reaches condensing pressure, gas begins liquefaction and enters liquid storage cylinder and expansion valve (8), after going up fluid level indicator or electronics and show that liquid level meets from (8), stop (1) and blow hot cigarette, (13) continue to be subjected to blast pipe exhaust outlet blast cap (3) and gravity-flow ventilation cap (4), (5) natural wind cooling, (13) heat-transfer pipe is caught a cold cold importing into (14) adsorbent rapidly and is begun to adsorb refrigerant, through absorption air inlet pipe and valve (17), the expansion valve of absorption through (8) enters the refrigerant low pressure gasifying cooling by heat absorption of evaporator (9).Make the water in the cold water storage cistern band water gauge (10) ice-cold gradually.At this moment corner axle (20) makes under (14) right turn favourable to conducting heat.Work as CH 4, the CO valve-closing (25) that exceeds standard.
3, in Fig. 5, ventilation heating and dehumidification cooling CO 2Utilizing device is work like this:
A, outdoor fresh air or room air pass through filter screen (1), wind deflector (2), make air cooling-down through upper water box ball-cock assembly (3) diversion to chemical fibre siphon pipe evaporative cooling device (4) evaporation heat absorption, be blown into indoorly through blower fan and flexible pipe (10), this used at xeothermic day;
B, when weather is sultry day high humidity, use refrigeration tank ball-float valve dehumidifying and cooling heat exchanger and pump (5) instead, damp-heat air cools through the heat exchanger of (5), wet damp airborne steam is when being cooled to dew-point temperature, being condensed into the globule flows out standby, damp-heat air cools off refreshing, and the heat exchanger bottom is with back cold water, and is multiplexing by the cold water storage cistern (band water gauge) (10) of pumped back Fig. 3.
C, when day cold, can use hot water heating heat exchanger and pump (7), (8) heating clamber inner air and outer air to send hot blast, make the indoor relative humidity point be reduced to suitable degree simultaneously, backwater is recycling by pumped back biogas water heater.
D, with CO 2Gas inlet switch (15) CO among flexible pipe and Fig. 4 2Gas interface switch (25) connects, and can utilize and take off H 2CO in the qualified flue gas of S 2The gas fertilising.
4, in Fig. 6, electric heat pump dehumidifier (standby) is to work like this:
Start little refrigerator (7), condenser (4), evaporator and fan (5) are worked simultaneously, when fan air is flowed through evaporator, moisture in the humid air dehumidifying desiccation of being condensed, this air is heated when flowing through condenser (4) again and heats up 1~2 ℃, can improve the relative moisture of this air, reach the standard-required value of the warm circle in greenhouse relative moisture.The imaginary line on Fig. 6 condenser (4) left side is the removable position of (4), is in order to control the heat temperature raising amplitude; The condensed water of the dehumidifying condensation bucket (6) under the evaporator (5), the utilization of condensed water water tank (tap is standby) (2) of flowing through sucks in chemical fibre siphon evaporative cooling device and the fan (1) again, and when fan blew air flow warp (1), the water evaporates heat absorption made air cooling-down.The above-mentioned heat that utilizes condenser (4) to heat atmosphere temperature rising is that the heat that utilizes the interior working medium of evaporator (5) to absorb the fan blowing enters the heat of condensation that the interior working medium liquefaction of condenser (4) is emitted, and plays the heat pump effect.
5, in Fig. 7, vacuum increases O 2The ground moistening micro-irrigation device is work like this:
Irrigation water in the upper water box ball-cock assembly (1), through water supply valve (3) and last water tube hose quick plug (4), flexible pipe is communicated with vacuum valve (5), pours water into vacuum seal well-bucket (6) Full water closes (3), (5) stop irritating, pull out after (5) take off (6) 360 ° of suspension ring (2) counter-rotatings, again hang up (2), at this moment vacuum chamber is formed at (6) top, when the water in (6) by action of gravity during through following of band aperture flexible pipe pointed at both ends (8), simultaneously air enters and passes the water seal layer in (6) and enter cavity in the injection air hose (7), water layer is constantly increased contain O 2Amount.Turn down flexible pipe wheel load valve (9) and dwindle the flexible pipe space and increased air drag, reduced the ability of dripping, chemical fibre hair rope (12) plays the effect of retaining and air, by micropore flexible pipe (11) to soil trace band O 2Infiltration.
6, in Fig. 8,9,10, local window opener of Direct Action Type canopy film glass and C enlarged drawing are the warm circle windows in such switch greenhouse:
The period of the day from 11 p.m. to 1 a.m of windowing, start straight moving motor (3), the pulley of drivening rod head pulley spindle U-shaped support (2) slides at channel-section steel band baffle orifice font window-frame (1) inner edge rising edge, (1) the fenestrate top of afterbody jointed shaft (4), therefore (1) around (4) window that is open, motor counter-rotating action in contrast when closing window.
7, in Fig. 1 Fig. 2, greenhouse warm circle solar energy ground heating system is work like this:
Use water inlet ball-cock assembly water tank (17) earlier and put boiler (16) water supply to height, make pressure-bearing type solar water heater (24) and floor heating pipe (18) all be full of water, drive air simultaneously out of, after (24) are shined upon, water is lightened by heat density, height is put and is subjected to air and floor heating pipe (18) heat absorption water density to become heavy below the boiler (16), on solar energy (24) water inlet both sides, density contrast and (24) are subjected to thermal center (-tre) and the elevation difference water column of (16) water level to form the power of Natural Circulation jointly, when this power during greater than total system resistances such as floor heating pipes, Natural Circulation work when ground heating system is opened.
8, in Fig. 1 Fig. 2, the warm circle time discrepancy in elevation gravity-flow ventilation cap system in greenhouse is work like this:
When outdoor rainwater is gone into outdoor, umbrella overcoat garden tube by outdoor wind by gravity-flow ventilation cap (1) middle and upper part umbrella hood separation panel, walk around the garden tube and form negative pressure, form nature and take out indoor gas ventilation effect, the absolute altitude of inlet scoop on indoor wall has nothing in common with each other, and plays the different pernicious gas effects of density of absorbing.

Claims (10)

1, the warm circle in a kind of greenhouse has anti-thunder and lightning anti-static precautions with the energy-conservation equipment of electromechanical integration temperature control aeration-drying, it is characterized in that: windbreak is arranged outward, and there is the electronic shop of twin shaft curtain nethike embrane volume machine on the top, in assembled absorption refrigerator, ventilation heating and dehumidification cooling CO are arranged 2Utilize device, electric heat pump dehumidifier, vacuum to increase O 2The Engel curve device is driven in ground moistening micro-irrigation device, Direct Action Type canopy film glass part, the solar energy ground heating system, order discrepancy in elevation gravity-flow ventilation cap system is arranged.
2, the warm circle energy-conservation equipment of electromechanical integration temperature control aeration-drying in greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: outside the warm circle in greenhouse windbreak is arranged, be located at outside the wall of prevailing wind windward side, north wall and the insulated wall combination of north, Dan Po greenhouse, windbreak is located at the outside of north wall top heat holding curtain.
3, the warm circle energy-conservation equipment of electromechanical integration temperature control aeration-drying in greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: there is the electronic shop of twin shaft curtain nethike embrane volume machine on warm circle top, greenhouse: 4 jiaos have channel-section steel column and basis, two-speed electric block on 2 automatically controlled synchronous 2 lifting I-beam tracks of frame is hung twin shaft heat holding curtain axle band suspension ring, twin shaft sunshade net axle band suspension ring, twin shaft canopy film axle band suspension ring.
4, the warm circle energy-conservation equipment of electromechanical integration temperature control aeration-drying in greenhouse according to claim 1; it is characterized in that: assembled absorption refrigerator is arranged in the warm circle in greenhouse: casing is that grouping framework flange connects; every group is a frigorific unit; outer two the part configurations of case in each cell operation parts branch mailbox; 1. be the absorption refrigerator in the case, it divides two sections, and left side section is an absorption refrigeration heat-transfer pipe catch net; biogas kiln gas manage-style one's intention as revealed in what one says cap is arranged in left case, CH is arranged 4, CO exceed standard valve-closing device and biogas far infrared radiation device, right section is an absorption refrigerant steel pipe flange container, there is desorption to give vent to anger, adsorb air inlet pipe and valve, safety valve, pressure vacuum gauge, thermometer, left upper box part have blast pipe exhaust outlet blast cap, left and right sides upper box part respectively has the gravity-flow ventilation cap, left and right sides case with about the section between separate with the aluminium foil insulating curtain, about section between the corner axle is arranged; 2. lead to the outer condenser of case by right section desorption escape pipe and valve, the side airduct air port blast cap that blows on, condenser links to each other with evaporator with the liquid receiver expansion valve, and right section links to each other through the absorption air inlet pipe and in valve is got back to case, and evaporator is to be placed in the cold water storage cistern outside the case.
5, the warm circle in greenhouse according to claim 1 is characterized in that: ventilation heating and dehumidification cooling CO with the energy-conservation equipment of electromechanical integration temperature control aeration-drying 2Utilize device: have screen pack, wind deflector, upper water box ball-cock assembly, chemical fibre siphon pipe evaporative cooling device, refrigeration tank ball-float valve dehumidifying and cooling heat exchanger and pump, biogas water heater to come hot-water heater and pump, blower fan and flexible pipe, CO 2The gas inlet switch, the tuning blowing mouth is docile and obedient preface and is communicated with.
6, the warm circle energy-conservation equipment of electromechanical integration temperature control aeration-drying in greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the electric heat pump dehumidifier is arranged: chemical fibre siphon pipe evaporative cooling device and fan are arranged, on the utilization of condensed water water tank is arranged, link to each other with dehumidifying condensation bucket, this bucket top is evaporator and fan, and evaporator links to each other with little refrigerator with condenser respectively.
7, the warm circle in greenhouse according to claim 1 is characterized in that: have vacuum to increase O with the energy-conservation equipment of electromechanical integration temperature control aeration-drying 2Ground moistening micro-irrigation device: upper water box ball-cock assembly, water supply valve are arranged, go up the water tube hose quick plug, flexible pipe is connected with lifting rope with suspension ring with vacuum valve, vacuum seal well-bucket, well-bucket inserts band aperture flexible pipe band air hose pointed at both ends down, be connected with little vacuum seal water box through flexible pipe wheel load valve down, connecing the flexible pipe belt wheel again presses valve to be connected with the micropore flexible pipe, chemical fibre hair rope is arranged in this flexible pipe, and the flexible pipe tail has air hose.
8, the warm circle energy-conservation equipment of electromechanical integration temperature control aeration-drying in greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the local window opener of Direct Action Type canopy film glass is arranged: channel-section steel band baffle orifice font window-frame is arranged, the pulley of the connecting rod head pulley spindle U-shaped support that interior and straight moving motor is connected connects, and the window-frame afterbody is connected with window top jointed shaft.
9; the warm circle energy-conservation equipment of electromechanical integration temperature control aeration-drying in greenhouse according to claim 1; it is characterized in that: greenhouse warm circle solar energy ground heating system is arranged: have height to put boiler and be communicated with last water inlet ball-cock assembly water tank bottom; boiler has air hose to link to each other with pressure-bearing type solar water heater top with hot-water line; there is the heating hot-water line to be connected under the boiler with standby heat-exchanger pump filter and floor heating pipe are first; floor heating pipe tail air hose is put boiler with height and is linked to each other; return pipe is connected with the solar water heater inlet mouth; floor heating pipe is in the subsurface protective layer; its structure is: ground floor; watertight composition; heat-storing material; insulation material; watertight composition; bed course has the drain ditch to be connected with the outer biogas millpond of circle on the warm face of enclosing the land.
10, the warm circle energy-conservation equipment of electromechanical integration temperature control aeration-drying in greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: order discrepancy in elevation gravity-flow ventilation cap system in the warm circle in greenhouse: the airduct upper end has its structure of gravity-flow ventilation cap to be: cowl is connected with support overcoat one contour garden tube stent, there are air-valve and drainpipe in the airduct lower end in the inlet scoop, and the absolute altitude of the inlet scoop of each blast cap on indoor wall has high, medium and low having nothing in common with each other.
CNU200820147828XU 2008-06-26 2008-06-26 Electromechanical integral temperature control aeration-drying energy-saving device for greenhouse hothouse Expired - Fee Related CN201248293Y (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102696430A (en) * 2012-05-31 2012-10-03 北京农业智能装备技术研究中心 Groove-type solar greenhouse and method for constructing same
CN105532331A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-05-04 重庆亘宇园林景观工程有限公司 Garden anti-exposure sunshade net
CN107047141A (en) * 2017-06-12 2017-08-18 兰州交通大学 One kind stores heat release, dehumidifying, ventilation and antibacterial type heliogreenhouse regulator control system
CN107182635A (en) * 2017-06-12 2017-09-22 兰州交通大学 A kind of heliogreenhouse dehumidifying and ventilation system
CN107711486A (en) * 2017-09-29 2018-02-23 湖州吴兴升浪生态农业有限公司 A kind of vegetable cultivation culture experiment device
CN107820899A (en) * 2017-10-10 2018-03-23 邱逸奎 A kind of double-deck canopy of rain-proof

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102696430A (en) * 2012-05-31 2012-10-03 北京农业智能装备技术研究中心 Groove-type solar greenhouse and method for constructing same
CN102696430B (en) * 2012-05-31 2014-07-30 北京农业智能装备技术研究中心 Groove-type solar greenhouse and method for constructing same
CN105532331A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-05-04 重庆亘宇园林景观工程有限公司 Garden anti-exposure sunshade net
CN107047141A (en) * 2017-06-12 2017-08-18 兰州交通大学 One kind stores heat release, dehumidifying, ventilation and antibacterial type heliogreenhouse regulator control system
CN107182635A (en) * 2017-06-12 2017-09-22 兰州交通大学 A kind of heliogreenhouse dehumidifying and ventilation system
CN107711486A (en) * 2017-09-29 2018-02-23 湖州吴兴升浪生态农业有限公司 A kind of vegetable cultivation culture experiment device
CN107820899A (en) * 2017-10-10 2018-03-23 邱逸奎 A kind of double-deck canopy of rain-proof

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