CN201241095Y - Biodiesel emulsifying pre-reaction device - Google Patents

Biodiesel emulsifying pre-reaction device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN201241095Y
CN201241095Y CNU2008201032315U CN200820103231U CN201241095Y CN 201241095 Y CN201241095 Y CN 201241095Y CN U2008201032315 U CNU2008201032315 U CN U2008201032315U CN 200820103231 U CN200820103231 U CN 200820103231U CN 201241095 Y CN201241095 Y CN 201241095Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
reaction
biodiesel
pre
reaction solution
series
Prior art date
Application number
CNU2008201032315U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘五连
林幼芳
Original Assignee
林幼芳;刘五连
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 林幼芳;刘五连 filed Critical 林幼芳;刘五连
Priority to CNU2008201032315U priority Critical patent/CN201241095Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201241095Y publication Critical patent/CN201241095Y/en

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels
    • Y02E50/13Bio-diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P30/00Technologies relating to oil refining and petrochemical industry
    • Y02P30/20Bio-feedstock

Abstract

The utility model relates to a Bio-diesel emulsification pre-reaction device, which comprises a reaction pot and a reaction solution circulation pipeline connected with the reaction pot, a centrifugal pump is connected on the reaction solution circulation pipeline in series, and the device is characterized in that: a hydraulic cavitator is also connected on the reaction solution circulation pipeline in series. The utility model has advantages of simple structure and reasonable design, leverages the centrifugal pump to cause the reaction solution to circulate and flow in the reaction solution circulation pipeline and the reaction pot, the hydraulic cavitator is connected on the reaction solution circulation pipeline in series, so a vacuum zone is formed in the hydraulic cavitator, cavitation bubbles and severe bursting of grown cavitation bubbles are produced, thereby favoring the intensive agitation, mixing and emulsification of the reaction solution, fast expansion of the chemical reaction interface, and rapid bio-diesel synthesis under the same reaction condition, shortening the methyl esterification reaction period, and reducing the processing cost.

Description

生物柴油乳化预反应装置 Biodiesel emulsifying apparatus prereacted

技术领域: FIELD:

本实用新型涉及一种生物柴油乳化预反应装置,特别涉及一种用植物油、废弃植物油生产生物柴油工艺中的乳化预反应装置。 The present invention relates to a biodiesel emulsifying pre-reaction apparatus, and particularly relates to a vegetable oil, waste vegetable oil biodiesel production process in a pre-emulsified reaction apparatus. 背景技术: Background technique:

生物柴油是植物油或废弃植物油、甲醇在催化剂作用下发生甲酯化反应制得的,甲酯化反应不仅有温度的要求,同时也要求与水性油脂不互溶的甲醇能溶入到油脂中,而现有一般仅采用机械搅拌或高速搅拌以使二者混合乳化,该方法的乳化效果差、周期长,不利于产业化生产。 Biodiesel is vegetable oil or waste vegetable oil, the methanol in the catalyst prepared by the reaction of methyl ester, methyl reaction temperature is not only required, but also requires oil immiscible with the aqueous methanol can be dissolved into the fat, and Usually only the conventional high-speed mechanical stirring or agitation so that the two mixed emulsion, the emulsifying effect of the difference method, the cycle length, is not conducive to industrial production. 发明内容: SUMMARY:

本实用新型的目的在于提供一种生物柴油乳化预反应装置,该装置结构简单、设计合理, 有利于植物油与甲醇的充分混合乳化。 The present invention aims to provide a pre-reacted biodiesel emulsifying apparatus structure is simple, rational design, conducive to thorough mixing of emulsified vegetable oil with methanol.

本实用新型通过以下技术方案来实现: The present invention is achieved by the following technical solution:

本实用新型生物柴油乳化预反应装置,包括反应罐和与反应罐联接的反应液循环管路, 所述反应液循环管路上串联有离心泵,其特征在于:所述反应液循环管路上还串联有水力空化器。 The present invention biodiesel emulsifying pre-reaction apparatus comprises a reaction tank and a reaction tank with a recycle line coupled to the reaction solution, the reaction liquid circulation line centrifugal pumps connected in series, wherein: the reaction liquid circulation line further series there hydrodynamic cavitation device.

本实用新型结构简单、设计合理,借助离心泵,使反应液在反应液循环管路和反应罐内循环流动,反应液循环管路上串联了水力空化器,使水力空化器内形成真空区,产生空化泡以及空化泡长大和剧烈的崩溃,有利于反应液的充分搅动混合、乳化,使化学反应界面迅速扩大,在相同的反应条件下有利于快速合成生物柴油,縮短了甲酯化反应周期,降低了加工成本。 Has simple structure, reasonable design, by means of centrifugal pumps, the reaction liquid in the reaction and the reaction liquid circulating tank circulation line, the reaction liquid circulation line, hydrodynamic cavitation is connected in series, so that hydrodynamic cavitation is formed within the vacuum region generating cavitation bubbles and cavitation bubbles grow and violent collapse, facilitate the reaction liquid is sufficiently stirred mixing, emulsification, rapid expansion interface that a chemical reaction, under the same reaction conditions favor rapid synthesis of biodiesel, shortened methyl reaction cycle, reducing processing costs. 附图说明: BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF:

图1是本实用新型的构造示意图; FIG 1 is a schematic diagram of the present novel configuration utility;

图2是本实用新型水力空化器放大构造示意图。 FIG 2 is a hydrodynamic cavitation of the present invention is an enlarged configuration diagram. 具体实施方式: Detailed ways:

本实用新型生物柴油乳化预反应装置,包括反应罐1和与反应罐联接的反应液循环管路2,反应液循环管路上串联有离心泵3,反应液循环管路上还串联有水力空化器4,水力空化器为具有进、出液口5、 6的密封罐体,密封罐体内横设有具有多个变截面通孔7的阻隔板8, 变截面通孔靠近进液口侧的截面积大于靠近出液口侧的截面积,在阻隔板靠近出液口侧形成 The present invention is pre-reacted biodiesel emulsifying apparatus 1 comprises a reaction tank and a reaction tank coupled reaction liquid circulation line 2, the reaction liquid circulation line in series with a centrifugal pump 3, the reaction liquid circulation line in series with a further hydrodynamic cavitation device 4, hydrodynamic cavitation as having inlet, a liquid outlet 5, the sealing body 6, sealing the tank is provided with a barrier plate having a plurality of cross-section of the through hole 7 becomes 8, the through-holes near the variable cross-section liquid inlet side cross-sectional area greater than the cross-sectional area near the liquid inlet side, near the outlet port side is formed in the baffle plate

真空区,使反应液产生空化泡以及空化泡长大和剧烈的崩溃,从而有利于反应液的充分搅动混合、乳化,使化学反应界面迅速扩大。 Vacuum zone, the reaction liquid to produce cavitation bubbles and cavitation bubbles grow and violent collapse, thereby facilitating agitation of the reaction solution is sufficiently mixed, emulsified, so that the chemical reaction interface rapidly.

为了方便制造变截面通孔,上述变截面通孔为锥形通孔。 Variable cross-section for ease of manufacture through hole said through hole is tapered variable cross-section through holes. 为了进一步加快反应速度,上述反应罐内设置有搅拌器9。 To further accelerate the reaction rate, the above reaction tank 9 is provided with a stirrer.

上述反应罐为搪玻璃反应罐,所述搅拌器为搪瓷搅拌器,离心泵为压力大于0.8MPa以上的高压离心泵,高压离心泵和水力空化器均由耐酸碱腐蚀的不锈钢制成。 The reaction tank is a glass-lined reactor, the agitator is enamel with a stirrer, a pressure greater than the centrifugal pump is 0.8MPa or more high-pressure pump, high pressure centrifugal pumps and control hydrodynamic cavitation by acid corrosion of stainless steel.

应用本实用新型装置后,使反应合成周期縮短一半,以一只30立方米反应罐为例,每小时耗电30KW,生产周期縮短4^6小时,每批生产20吨生物柴油节省用电100度以上,相同时间内的产量提高一倍。 After application of the present invention means that the reaction period is shortened half synthesis, the reaction to a 30 m3 tank, for example, power 30KW hour, cycle time 4 ^ 6 hours, each batch of 20 tons of biodiesel production save energy 100 above, yield within the same time doubled.

Claims (7)

1、一种生物柴油乳化预反应装置,包括反应罐和与反应罐联接的反应液循环管路,所述反应液循环管路上串联有离心泵,其特征在于:所述反应液循环管路上还串联有水力空化器。 1, biodiesel emulsifying pre-reaction apparatus comprises a reaction tank and a reaction tank with a recycle line coupled to the reaction solution, the reaction liquid circulation line centrifugal pumps connected in series, wherein: the reaction liquid circulation line further there are a series of hydrodynamic cavitation device.
2、 根据权利要求1所述的生物柴油乳化预反应装置,其特征在于:所述水力空化器为具有进、出液口的密封罐体,所述密封罐体内横设有具有多个变截面通孔的阻隔板,所述变截面通孔靠近进液口侧的截面积大于靠近出液口侧的截面积。 2, the biodiesel reactor 1, a pre-emulsion according to claim, wherein: the hydrodynamic cavitation as having inlet and sealing liquid outlet of the tank, said seal having a tank body provided with a plurality of varying cross- section of the through-hole of the baffle plate, the section of the through-hole becomes close to the liquid inlet side of the cross-sectional area larger than a sectional area near the outlet port side.
3、 根据权利要求2所述的生物柴油乳化预反应装置,其特征在于:所述变截面通孔为锥形通孔。 3, the emulsified biodiesel according to claim 2, the pre-reactor, characterized in that: said through hole is tapered variable cross-section through holes.
4、 根据权利要求1、 2或3所述的生物柴油乳化预反应装置,其特征在于:所述反应罐内设置有搅拌器。 4. The emulsified biodiesel 1, claim 2 or claim 3, wherein the pre-reactor, characterized in that: said reaction tank provided with a stirrer.
5、 •根据权利要求4所述的生物柴油乳化预反应装置,其特征在于:所述反应罐为搪玻璃反应罐,所述搅拌器为搪瓷搅拌器。 5, • biodiesel emulsion according to claim 4, wherein the pre-reaction apparatus characterized in that: said reaction vessel is a glass-lined reactor, the agitator is a blender enamel.
6、 根据权利要求5所述的生物柴油乳化预反应装置,其特征在于:所述离心泵为压力大于0.8MPa以上的高压离心泵。 6. The biodiesel of claim 5, wherein the emulsified pre-reaction apparatus characterized in that: said centrifugal pump is greater than the pressure of 0.8MPa or more high pressure centrifugal pumps.
7、 根据权利要求6所述的生物柴油乳化预反应装置,其特征在于:所述高压离心泵和水力空化器均由耐酸碱腐蚀的不锈钢制成。 7. The biodiesel of claim 6, emulsifying the pre-reaction apparatus, wherein: said high pressure centrifugal pump made of hydrodynamic cavitation and by an acid corrosion of stainless steel.
CNU2008201032315U 2008-08-01 2008-08-01 Biodiesel emulsifying pre-reaction device CN201241095Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008201032315U CN201241095Y (en) 2008-08-01 2008-08-01 Biodiesel emulsifying pre-reaction device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008201032315U CN201241095Y (en) 2008-08-01 2008-08-01 Biodiesel emulsifying pre-reaction device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201241095Y true CN201241095Y (en) 2009-05-20

Family

ID=40714389

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNU2008201032315U CN201241095Y (en) 2008-08-01 2008-08-01 Biodiesel emulsifying pre-reaction device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201241095Y (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103611481A (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-03-05 中国矿业大学 Hydrodynamic cavitation generating device
CN104128135A (en) * 2014-08-07 2014-11-05 广西众昌树脂有限公司 Pre-reactor
CN105314805A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-02-10 黑龙江省科学院高技术研究院 Device for manufacturing fuel oil from sludge, preparation method and product
CN105366904A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-03-02 黑龙江省科学院高技术研究院 Hydrodynamic cavitation reactor and reaction method
CN108580049A (en) * 2018-04-04 2018-09-28 中南大学 Microfine diaspore method for floating, closed circuit cavitation circulating treating system and floatation system
CN108855629A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-11-23 中南大学 The method for floating of microfine diaspore

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103611481A (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-03-05 中国矿业大学 Hydrodynamic cavitation generating device
CN104128135A (en) * 2014-08-07 2014-11-05 广西众昌树脂有限公司 Pre-reactor
CN104128135B (en) * 2014-08-07 2016-08-24 广西众昌树脂有限公司 Pre-reactor
CN105314805A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-02-10 黑龙江省科学院高技术研究院 Device for manufacturing fuel oil from sludge, preparation method and product
CN105366904A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-03-02 黑龙江省科学院高技术研究院 Hydrodynamic cavitation reactor and reaction method
CN108580049A (en) * 2018-04-04 2018-09-28 中南大学 Microfine diaspore method for floating, closed circuit cavitation circulating treating system and floatation system
CN108580049B (en) * 2018-04-04 2019-10-01 中南大学 Microfine diaspore method for floating, closed circuit cavitation circulating treating system and floatation system
CN108855629A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-11-23 中南大学 The method for floating of microfine diaspore
CN108855629B (en) * 2018-05-31 2019-07-05 中南大学 The method for floating of microfine diaspore

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103074131B (en) Preparation method and device of oxygen-enriched microemulsion mixed biodiesel
CN102517199A (en) Multi-cycle stirring egg-shaped anaerobic fermentation system
US5888806A (en) Tower reactors for bioconversion of lignocellulosic material
EP2142658A1 (en) Liquefaction of starch-based biomass
Maddikeri et al. Intensified synthesis of biodiesel using hydrodynamic cavitation reactors based on the interesterification of waste cooking oil
Subhedar et al. Intensification of enzymatic hydrolysis of waste newspaper using ultrasound for fermentable sugar production
Bokhari et al. Optimisation on pretreatment of rubber seed (Hevea brasiliensis) oil via esterification reaction in a hydrodynamic cavitation reactor
EP0418187B1 (en) Method and apparatus for performing a fermentation
Somnuk et al. Optimization of continuous acid-catalyzed esterification for free fatty acids reduction in mixed crude palm oil using static mixer coupled with high-intensity ultrasonic irradiation
US7754905B2 (en) Apparatus and method for producing biodiesel from fatty acid feedstock
CN202105611U (en) Heating and mixing paddle of polymerization reactor
WO2011162751A1 (en) Process for producing biodiesel through lower molecular weight alcohol-targeted cavitation
CN103468413B (en) Production method of biodiesel
Bokhari et al. Cleaner production of rubber seed oil methyl ester using a hydrodynamic cavitation: optimisation and parametric study
US9988651B2 (en) Processes for increasing bioalcohol yield from biomass
Shen et al. Improving the mixing performances of rice straw anaerobic digestion for higher biogas production by computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation
Chuah et al. Kinetic studies on waste cooking oil into biodiesel via hydrodynamic cavitation
Ameur Energy efficiency of different impellers in stirred tank reactors
US20160214880A1 (en) Method and system for continuous thermal hydrolysis with recirculation of recovered steam
Kariyama et al. Influence of mixing on anaerobic digestion efficiency in stirred tank digesters: A review
CN100358996C (en) Semi-gas-lifting type jet aeration fermentation energy-saving device
CN101096602B (en) Method for continuous synthesis of biodiesel without catalyst
US20130274527A1 (en) Method For The Dissolving And Rapid Hydrolyzing Of Lignocellulose Biomass, Device Thereof And Use Of the Same
Zhang et al. Mixing phenomena in a large-scale fermenter of starch to bio-ethanol
US20160185640A1 (en) Process and device for continuous thermal hydrolysis

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
CX01