CN201234266Y - Wireless sensor network monitoring system for garden environment and soil information - Google Patents

Wireless sensor network monitoring system for garden environment and soil information Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201234266Y
CN201234266Y CNU2008201625772U CN200820162577U CN201234266Y CN 201234266 Y CN201234266 Y CN 201234266Y CN U2008201625772 U CNU2008201625772 U CN U2008201625772U CN 200820162577 U CN200820162577 U CN 200820162577U CN 201234266 Y CN201234266 Y CN 201234266Y
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China
Prior art keywords
wireless
node
soil
network monitoring
sensor network
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNU2008201625772U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨海清
何勇
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Zhejiang University ZJU
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Zhejiang University ZJU
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Priority to CNU2008201625772U priority Critical patent/CN201234266Y/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a network monitoring system of a wireless sensor for orchard environment and soil information, which comprises a plurality of wireless sensing nodes with the same structure and a convergent node which are connected through a multi-hop wireless communication protocol. The wireless node microprocessor of each node is respectively connected with an atmosphere temperature-humidity transducer, a soil temperature transmitter, a soil moisture sensor, a wireless transmitting module and a GPS module; and a solar energy-storage battery supplies power to the wireless node microprocessors, the wireless transmitting module and the GPS module. Each wireless sensing node takes charge of acquiring and recording the environment and soil data of the area administered by the node and sending the data to the adjacent wireless sensing node through a wireless transmission protocol; then the adjacent wireless sensing node sends the data to next wireless sensing node in a relay race manner; and the process does not stop until the wireless convergent node receives the data. The network monitoring system can replace the traditional wireless transmission modes such as GSM, GPRS, etc. or wire transmission.

Description

Orchard environment and soil information wireless sensor network monitoring system
Technical field
The utility model relates to wireless-transmission network, especially relates to a kind of orchard environment and soil information wireless sensor network monitoring system.
Technical background
The traditional orchard fruit tree growth environment and the main dependence of obtaining of soil information are manually finished, test period is long, complicated operation, the laboratory apparatus investment is bigger, experiment reagent cost height, accuracy can not get guaranteeing, is difficult to adapt to mechanization of agriculture and automation development obtain automation to orchard information requirement.At present, the collection of orchard both domestic and external environmental information is adopted wireless modes such as GSM, GPRS mostly or is directly adopted wired mode.Though GSM, GPRS wireless mode have the advantage of wireless telecommunication, the wireless communication services expense is than higher, and can not lay great deal of nodes in the scale orchard, otherwise maintenance cost will be very high.And the disadvantage of wired mode is to connect up in the orchard and will bother very much, is impossible sometimes.
In recent years, wireless sensor network is owing to use the ISM wave band exempt from licence, exempt from wiring, low-power consumption, low data bulk, expand easily characteristics and receive much concern in the agricultural planting field.In the orchard planting district, use wireless sensor network, can layout arbitrarily, rely on solar poweredly, production process is not disturbed, just had an optimistic view of by farming engineers.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of orchard environment and soil information wireless sensor network monitoring system.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
Wireless sensing contact and an aggregation node identical by a plurality of structures form by the connection of multi-hop wireless communications protocol, and each node comprises radio node microprocessor, aerial temperature and humidity transducer, soil moisture transducer, soil moisture sensor, wireless transport module, GPS module and solar energy storage battery; The radio node microprocessor connects with aerial temperature and humidity transducer, soil moisture transducer, soil moisture sensor, wireless transport module and GPS module respectively, and the solar energy storage battery is respectively to radio node microprocessor, wireless transport module and GPS module for power supply.
Some wireless sensing nodes and a shared wireless data aggregation node.Wireless sensing node is responsible for the environment in this node institute jurisdiction territory and the collection and the record of soil information, send the data to adjacent wireless sensing node by wireless transmission protocol then, by adjacent wireless sensing node data are sent to next wireless sensing node in the mode of relay race again again, this process will proceed to wireless aggregation node always and receive till the data.
The beneficial effect that the utlity model has is:
1, compare traditional GSM and GPRS wireless transmission method, can exempt the Communications service expense, the scale of layouting is unrestricted;
2, compare wire transmission mode, can exempt from wiring, rely on solar powered and the saving electricity charge;
3, each wireless sensing node all has the GPS positioning function, makes things convenient for the statistical management of data;
4, adopt low-power scm design wireless sensing node, can prolong network lifetime to greatest extent.
5 cost performances compare that radio transmission apparatus has greater advantage on the market.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the hardware structure diagram of wireless sensing node described in the utility model.
Fig. 2 is orchard described in the utility model environment and soil information wireless sensor network monitoring system composition diagram.
Among the figure: 1. radio node microprocessor, 2. aerial temperature and humidity transducer, 3. soil moisture transducer, 4. soil moisture sensor, 5. wireless transport module, 6.GPS module, 7. solar energy storage battery, 8,9,10,11. wireless sensing nodes, 12, wireless aggregation node.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model is to be formed by the connection of multi-hop wireless communications protocol by a plurality of structures identical wireless sensing contact and an aggregation node, and each node comprises radio node microprocessor 1, aerial temperature and humidity transducer 2, soil moisture transducer 3, soil moisture sensor 4, wireless transport module 5, GPS module 6 and solar energy storage battery 7; Radio node microprocessor 1 connects with aerial temperature and humidity transducer 2, soil moisture transducer 3, soil moisture sensor 4, wireless transport module 5 and GPS module 6 respectively, and solar energy storage battery 7 is respectively to radio node microprocessor 1, wireless transport module 5 and 6 power supplies of GPS module.
As shown in Figure 2, wireless sensing contact of the utility model comprises some wireless sensing node 8-11 and a shared wireless aggregation node 12.
Described microprocessor 1 model is MSP430F149.There is the program storage of 60KB its inside, 2KB data storage, 2 USART interfaces; The external low frequency crystal oscillator of 32KHz.
Described aerial temperature and humidity transducer 2 models are HW1.
Described soil moisture transducer 3 models are LS25.
Described soil moisture sensor 4 models are DW33.
Described wireless module 5 models are PTR6000.
Described GPS module 6 models are Garman GPS25LP.
Described solar energy storage battery 7 specifications are 9V3W.
Operation principle of the present utility model is as follows:
As shown in Figure 1, 2, even dispersed placement wireless sensing node 8,9,10,11 in the orchard, aggregation node is placed on orchard information administrative center.Standoff distance is about 100 meters between the node.Wireless sensing node 8 microprocessors 1 are regularly from aerial temperature and humidity transducer 2, soil moisture transducer 3 and soil moisture sensor 4 image data, and be stored in the internal RAM, regularly read global latitude and longitude coordinates data simultaneously from GPS module 6, and gps data and sensing data be assembled into a Frame, send to adjacent wireless sensing node 9 by wireless module 5.Equally, wireless sensing node 9,10,11 is also finished local information sensing and wireless transmission according to the working method of wireless sensing node 8.Under the normal condition, the next destination node of wireless sensing node 8 is wireless sensing nodes 9; The next destination node of wireless sensing node 10 is wireless sensing nodes 11.If (exhausting etc. as cpu fault, solar energy storage battery electric power) for a certain reason causes wireless sensing node 9 not work, wireless sensing node 8 will with wireless sensing node 9 communication failure situations under, automatically other node around searching for, give wireless sensing node 10 or wireless sensing node 11 with data forwarding, and data are passed to aggregation node 12 by the forwarding of wireless sensing node 11.Pattern can make up the wireless sensor network system with redundant wireless route in view of the above, to improve the communication reliability of network.

Claims (8)

1, a kind of orchard environment and soil information wireless sensor network monitoring system, it is characterized in that: wireless sensing contact and an aggregation node identical by a plurality of structures form by the connection of multi-hop wireless communications protocol, and each node comprises radio node microprocessor (1), aerial temperature and humidity transducer (2), soil moisture transducer (3), soil moisture sensor (4), wireless transport module (5), GPS module (6) and solar energy storage battery (7); Radio node microprocessor (1) connects with aerial temperature and humidity transducer (2), soil moisture transducer (3), soil moisture sensor (4), wireless transport module (5) and GPS module (6) respectively, and solar energy storage battery (7) is respectively to radio node microprocessor (1), wireless transport module (5) and GPS module (6) power supply.
2, a kind of orchard environment according to claim 1 and soil information wireless sensor network monitoring system, it is characterized in that: described microprocessor (1) model is MSP430F149, there is the program storage of 60KB its inside, 2KB data storage, 2 USART interfaces; The external low frequency crystal oscillator of 32KHz.
3, a kind of orchard environment according to claim 1 and soil information wireless sensor network monitoring system is characterized in that: described aerial temperature and humidity transducer (2) model is HW1.
4, a kind of orchard environment according to claim 1 and soil information wireless sensor network monitoring system is characterized in that: described soil moisture transducer (3) model is LS25.
5, a kind of orchard environment according to claim 1 and soil information wireless sensor network monitoring system is characterized in that: described soil moisture sensor (4) model is DW33.
6, a kind of orchard environment according to claim 1 and soil information wireless sensor network monitoring system is characterized in that: described wireless module (5) model is PTR6000.
7, a kind of orchard environment according to claim 1 and soil information wireless sensor network monitoring system is characterized in that: described GPS module (6) model is Garman GPS25LP.
8, a kind of orchard environment according to claim 1 and soil information wireless sensor network monitoring system is characterized in that: described solar energy storage battery (7) specification is 9V3W.
CNU2008201625772U 2008-08-05 2008-08-05 Wireless sensor network monitoring system for garden environment and soil information Expired - Fee Related CN201234266Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101907592A (en) * 2010-07-23 2010-12-08 西南大学 Solar wireless soil moisture sensor
CN101931645A (en) * 2010-08-03 2010-12-29 天津市欧诺仪器仪表有限公司 Wireless temperature-humidity monitoring system based on Web
CN102096762A (en) * 2010-12-22 2011-06-15 江苏源普科技有限公司 Medical supervision intelligent management system based on GPRS wireless network
CN102186262A (en) * 2011-03-17 2011-09-14 浙江大学 Greenhouse strawberry garden monitoring system based on wireless sensor network
CN103210818A (en) * 2013-03-28 2013-07-24 清华大学 Intelligent soil moisture content monitoring control system based on ZigBee technology
CN103260194A (en) * 2013-05-06 2013-08-21 西安邮电大学 Wireless sensor distributary system based on cloud computing
CN103471996A (en) * 2013-09-20 2013-12-25 华东交通大学 Multifunctional rapid soil nutrient detection device based on halogen lamp combined light source
CN104297452A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-01-21 安徽农业大学 Soil moisture content data pre-processing method based on wireless sensor network
CN105137953A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-12-09 蒙焕文 Orchard monitoring system based on Zigbee technology
CN106275360A (en) * 2016-02-29 2017-01-04 上海交通大学 Near space dirigible condition monitoring system based on radio sensing network
CN111854843A (en) * 2020-07-31 2020-10-30 沈阳农业大学 Orchard environment information monitoring system and method based on Internet of things

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101907592A (en) * 2010-07-23 2010-12-08 西南大学 Solar wireless soil moisture sensor
CN101931645A (en) * 2010-08-03 2010-12-29 天津市欧诺仪器仪表有限公司 Wireless temperature-humidity monitoring system based on Web
CN102096762A (en) * 2010-12-22 2011-06-15 江苏源普科技有限公司 Medical supervision intelligent management system based on GPRS wireless network
CN102186262A (en) * 2011-03-17 2011-09-14 浙江大学 Greenhouse strawberry garden monitoring system based on wireless sensor network
CN103210818A (en) * 2013-03-28 2013-07-24 清华大学 Intelligent soil moisture content monitoring control system based on ZigBee technology
CN103260194A (en) * 2013-05-06 2013-08-21 西安邮电大学 Wireless sensor distributary system based on cloud computing
CN103260194B (en) * 2013-05-06 2016-02-17 西安邮电大学 Based on the wireless senser separate system of cloud computing
CN103471996A (en) * 2013-09-20 2013-12-25 华东交通大学 Multifunctional rapid soil nutrient detection device based on halogen lamp combined light source
CN103471996B (en) * 2013-09-20 2016-08-10 华东交通大学 Multifunction soil nutrient device for fast detecting based on Halogen light combined light source
CN104297452A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-01-21 安徽农业大学 Soil moisture content data pre-processing method based on wireless sensor network
CN105137953A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-12-09 蒙焕文 Orchard monitoring system based on Zigbee technology
CN106275360A (en) * 2016-02-29 2017-01-04 上海交通大学 Near space dirigible condition monitoring system based on radio sensing network
CN111854843A (en) * 2020-07-31 2020-10-30 沈阳农业大学 Orchard environment information monitoring system and method based on Internet of things

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Granted publication date: 20090506

Termination date: 20110805