CN201223430Y - Multifunctional puncture needle - Google Patents

Multifunctional puncture needle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201223430Y
CN201223430Y CNU200820071034XU CN200820071034U CN201223430Y CN 201223430 Y CN201223430 Y CN 201223430Y CN U200820071034X U CNU200820071034X U CN U200820071034XU CN 200820071034 U CN200820071034 U CN 200820071034U CN 201223430 Y CN201223430 Y CN 201223430Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
needle
puncture
puncture needle
valve
way
Prior art date
Application number
CNU200820071034XU
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵建军
张永雪
陈国庆
Original Assignee
赵建军
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by 赵建军 filed Critical 赵建军
Priority to CNU200820071034XU priority Critical patent/CN201223430Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201223430Y publication Critical patent/CN201223430Y/en

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Abstract

A multifunctional puncture needle is respectively connected with a puncture needle head and a one-way control valve in a detachably moving manner through a three-way valve, so as to integrate the functions of quick one- and two-way ventilation, drainage, rinsing, drug injection and biopsy as a whole. The multifunctional puncture needle suits quick ventilation for thyrocricoid puncture, one-way ventilation for pneumothorax, liquid or gas drainage for thoracic and abdominal puncture, rinsing, drug injection, catheter arrangement, biopsy, etc., and can be used for first aid, diagnosis and etiological treatment. In addition, the multifunctional puncture needle has the advantages of simple, safe and reliable operation, convenient and practical use, and accurate puncturing, and can effectively obviate side-injury while puncturing.

Description

Multi-functional puncture needle
Technical field
This utility model relates to and a kind ofly takes out medium in the human body or medium is input to the intravital apparatus of people, particularly multi-functional puncture needle, and it is applicable to the drawing liquid of liquid, pneumothorax, aerofluxus, flushing, injection, biopsy, and the quick ventilation during first aid.
Background technology
Usually, to drawing liquid, aerofluxus, flushing, the injection of liquid, pneumothorax, and the quick ventilation during first aid, still there is not the medical apparatus and instruments of integral type.At present, be used for thoracentesis clinically, the normal a kind of thoracentesis needle that adopts, it is by syringe needle and coupled rubber tube, and the syringe that is connected with rubber tube constitutes.When adopting the capable thoracentesis of this thoracentesis needle, need major and minor hands to cooperate and carry out, and syringe needle when entering the thoracic cavity entirely with the sense that falls through of operator's hands, be difficult to accurately grasp, especially when drawing liquid, often need a suction of managing, complex operation, effort.Because this puncture needle is often reused clinically, therefore need carry out repeatedly autoclaving to it, so just often make the easy deliquescing of rubber tube, it is big that tube chamber becomes, and there is the gap in the junction when causing drawing liquid between syringe nipple and the rubber tube, during application, the operator must clutch the joint with hands, simultaneously, whenever taking out a pipe hydrothorax afterwards also will be with the afterbody of a hands or a rubber tube of mosquito forceps clamping, to prevent the air admission thoracic cavity.This not only makes troubles to the operator, enters the unsafe factor in thoracic cavity but also exist outside gas, even can cause danger to the patient.And for the puncture of pneumothorax, once adopted above-mentioned thoracentesis needle to puncture, and connect a water-sealed drainage bottle at the far-end of rubber tube and carry out aerofluxus, this device troublesome poeration and obstruction easily sometimes, in addition, also have plenty of a kind of unidirectional air needle of employing, it is the tail end connection one operation fingerstall at piercing needle, and cuts an aperture in the upper end of this fingerstall.When adopting the capable thoracentesis of this puncture needle, utilize the pressure differential that produces when breathing to change, the operation fingerstall is bounced back seal pin hole, this sealing effect is often imprecise.When first aid is ventilated in thyrocricoid puncture fast, once adopted a kind of puncture needle, its pin hole is thinner relatively, and the sense technology of falling through of hands is grasped and is needed certain experience during puncture, and paracentesis depth also need accurately be held, otherwise, easy damaged adjacent tissue organ.The equal function singleness of above-mentioned all puncture needles can't be used by a pin more.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of multi-functional puncture needle, and it can overcome the deficiency of prior art, ventilation fast, drain, flushing, injection, all functions of biopsy can be combined together, can use by a pin more.
Its solution is: three-way valve is lived with the piercing needle dismountable and is connected, and living with the one-way control valve dismountable again is connected.
Piercing needle is by outer casing needle and interior setting thereof and the interior pin outstanding outer casing needle of front end, and the elastic component that is connected with interior pin constitutes.And the front end of interior pin is a flat-head shape, and the front end of outer casing needle is oblique pointed.In addition, the body of outer casing needle is provided with the centimeter scale labelling.
One-way control valve reaches the nonreturn valve core that is connected with check valve body by elastic component by check valve body and constitutes.
This utility model mainly is that three-way valve is connected with piercing needle and one-way control valve dismountable are alive respectively.It has following advantage:
(1), puncture safety, accurate, reliable.This puncture needle before puncture in spicula go out the about 2mm of outer casing needle, in the piercing process because of the effect of site of puncture tissue resistance, interior pin shrinks in outer casing needle, and the elastic component of the interior needle handle end of compression, rely on the outer casing needle inserting needle this moment, when the needle point of outer casing needle enters cavity, because tissue resistance reduces suddenly, interior pin ejects outer casing needle under the effect of elastic component, return to the preceding state of puncture, the front end of piercing needle is flat-head shape, the pair damage that is caused in the time of preventing to puncture effectively, and can clearly point out puncture needle to enter cavity.When the thyrocricoid puncture of especially being expert at is ventilated fast, the sense that falls through of hands during puncture, the inserting needle scale mark of piercing needle in addition makes that puncture is more accurate, reliable, safety.(2), puncture is convenient, workable.When carrying out the pneumothorax puncture drainage, mating reaction by three-way valve and one-way control valve, can be with the unidirectional discharge of intrathoracic pneumatosis, need not external water-sealed drainage bottle, the complicated pneumothorax puncture drainage of making over is simplified to two steps that puncture-fix, and particularly more seems easy to use when the state of emergency or condition are simple and crude.
After puncturing successfully, by regulating three-way valve, can finish single, doublely to ventilation and biopsy, can finish drawing liquid, flushing, injection etc. by syringe.When the thyrocricoid puncture of being expert at is ventilated fast, after clearly puncturing successfully, three-way valve and one-way control valve can be removed, pin in extracting out with hole diameter enlargement, is beneficial to two-way ventilation.
(3), rational in infrastructure, easy and simple to handle, easy accessibility between each parts is convenient to clean, sterilization.
In a word, this puncture needle can combine together to ventilation, drain, flushing, injection, all functions of biopsy single, double fast, be applicable to that thyrocricoid puncture ventilates fast, the pneumothorax unidirectional ventilation of puncturing, breast, abdominal paracentesis drawing liquid or bleed, flushing, injection, placement conduit, biopsy etc.It integrates first aid, diagnosis, etiological treatment, can the many usefulness of a pin, both be easy to grasp, and easy and simple to handle, safe and reliable, convenient and practical, puncture quick and precisely can be avoided the unnecessary secondary damage of puncture effectively again, can be used for medical treatment at ordinary times, can be used for first aid wartime, easy to carry.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation front view of multi-functional puncture needle.
Fig. 2 is the A-A cutaway view among Fig. 1.
The specific embodiment
Describe the specific embodiment of the present utility model in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Among Fig. 1, Fig. 2, three-way valve 3 is by the hexagon triple-valve body 11 that adopts transparent organic glass to make, and the spool 7 that is connected with this triple-valve body 11 constitutes.One end of triple-valve body 11 is threaded with the needle handle end of the outer casing needle 2 of piercing needle, and the other end is threaded with the check valve body 10 of one-way control valve.And piercing needle is by the interior pin 1 of outer casing needle 2 and interior suit thereof, and the outstanding outer casing needle 2 about 2mm of the syringe needle of interior pin 1, is connected with the back-moving spring elastic component 6 that is connected with triple-valve body 11 and constitutes at the needle handle end of interior pin 1.Outer casing needle 2 is connected as one through hot melt by rustless steel needle tubing and hexagonal transparent organic glass needle handle and makes, and have at the front end of rustless steel needle tubing and to be 30 ° of oblique needle points, begin to be provided with the centimeter scale labelling from root on the needle tubing outer wall, the depth of needle in the time of can understanding puncture at any time.Interior pin 1 is connected as one and makes through hot melt by No. 18 rustless steel needle tubings and transparent organic glass needle handle, and rustless steel needle tubing front end is a tack.And the hexagon check valve body 10 that one-way control valve is made by transparent organic glass and the nonreturn valve core 8 of interior setting thereof, nonreturn valve core 8 is connected with check valve body 10 and constitutes through back-moving spring elastic component 9.
When to the capable thoracentesis of pneumothorax, before puncture, interior pin 1 outstanding outer casing needle 2 about 2mm of piercing needle, the front end of piercing needle is a tack, pin 1 is subjected to tissue resistance and can returns in the outer casing needle 2 in the piercing process, and the back-moving spring elastic component 6 of interior pin 1 pommel of compression, the capable puncture of the oblique needle point of outer trocar 2, the hand-manipulating of needle is to cavity the time, because of tissue resistance reduces suddenly, interior pin 1 can eject outer casing needle 2 about 2mm automatically under the effect of back-moving spring elastic component 6, the piercing needle front end reverts to flat-head shape again, at this moment, the patient has a kind of sense that falls through, and prompting clearly enters in the body of thoracic cavity, expression is punctured successfully, can also understand the degree of depth of inserting needle by the scale mark on the piercing needle.After puncturing successfully, three-way valve 3 is adjusted to the position of unidirectional conduction ventilation.Under the normal condition, it in the thoracic cavity negative pressure, when pneumothorax takes place, intrathoracic pressure power increases, and often greater than the atmospheric pressure of outside, because of the effect of atmospheric pressure difference, intrathoracic gas can be opened the nonreturn valve core 8 of one-way control valve 4, unidirectional the overflowing of intrathoracic gas meeting, in the process of overflowing, along with the discharge of gas in the thoracic cavity, the pressure reduction of air pressure changes, so, nonreturn valve core 8 sets back under the effect of back-moving spring elastic component 9 automatically, and one-way control valve 4 is in closed condition, intrathoracic gas stops to overflow, and finishes a pneumothorax puncture.In addition, when adjusting three-way valve 3,, can not interrupt, not produce vortex, reduce the formation of thrombosis because spool 7 can rotate freely 360 °.
As long as after prompting is punctured successfully, can three-way valve 3 be adjusted to different relevant positions according to different diagnosis and treatment purposes.When three-way valve 3 was adjusted to quick ventilation position, feasible thyrocricoid puncture was ventilated fast, in case after the ventilation, three-way valve 3 can be separated with piercing needle with one-way control valve 4, and interior pin 1 is extracted out in outer casing needle 2, increase the ventilation aperture, increase ventilation, in order to ventilation; When three-way valve 3 is adjusted to the position of simple drawing liquid, flushing, injection etc., feasible simple drawing liquid, flushing, injection.
When needs carried out biopsy, it was that the biopsy needle of tack gets final product that interior pin 1 is replaced with front end.

Claims (5)

1, a kind of multi-functional puncture needle comprises piercing needle, it is characterized in that the work of three-way valve (3) and piercing needle dismountable is connected, and living with one-way control valve (4) dismountable again is connected.
2, multi-functional puncture needle as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that piercing needle by outer casing needle (2) and interior setting thereof and interior pin (1) the outstanding outer casing needle (2) of front end, and the elastic component (6) that is connected with interior pin (1) constitutes.
3, multi-functional puncture needle as claimed in claim 2, the front end that it is characterized in that interior pin (1) is a flat-head shape, the front end of outer casing needle (2) is oblique pointed.
4, multi-functional puncture needle as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that outer casing needle (2) is provided with the centimeter scale labelling.
5, multi-functional puncture needle as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that one-way control valve (4) constitutes by check valve body (10) and by the nonreturn valve core (8) that elastic component (9) is connected with check valve body (10).
CNU200820071034XU 2008-06-10 2008-06-10 Multifunctional puncture needle CN201223430Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU200820071034XU CN201223430Y (en) 2008-06-10 2008-06-10 Multifunctional puncture needle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU200820071034XU CN201223430Y (en) 2008-06-10 2008-06-10 Multifunctional puncture needle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201223430Y true CN201223430Y (en) 2009-04-22

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNU200820071034XU CN201223430Y (en) 2008-06-10 2008-06-10 Multifunctional puncture needle

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Country Link
CN (1) CN201223430Y (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2010149586A1 (en) 2009-06-25 2010-12-29 Hans-Peter Steiner Puncture device
CN102670284A (en) * 2011-03-15 2012-09-19 浙江海洋学院 Forked puncture trocar
CN103169508A (en) * 2013-03-04 2013-06-26 四川大学华西医院 Pleura biopsy needle
CN109010962A (en) * 2018-08-28 2018-12-18 沈毅 A kind of controllable type pneumothorax Emergency Needle
CN109069737A (en) * 2016-03-28 2018-12-21 泰尔茂株式会社 The manufacturing method of medical puncture needle and puncture needle
CN111110326A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-05-08 陈加胜 Puncture needle special for cricothyroid membrane puncture

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2010149586A1 (en) 2009-06-25 2010-12-29 Hans-Peter Steiner Puncture device
CN102670284A (en) * 2011-03-15 2012-09-19 浙江海洋学院 Forked puncture trocar
CN103169508A (en) * 2013-03-04 2013-06-26 四川大学华西医院 Pleura biopsy needle
CN103169508B (en) * 2013-03-04 2014-08-27 四川大学华西医院 Pleura biopsy needle
CN109069737A (en) * 2016-03-28 2018-12-21 泰尔茂株式会社 The manufacturing method of medical puncture needle and puncture needle
CN109010962A (en) * 2018-08-28 2018-12-18 沈毅 A kind of controllable type pneumothorax Emergency Needle
CN109010962B (en) * 2018-08-28 2020-06-16 沈毅 Controllable pneumothorax first-aid needle
CN111110326A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-05-08 陈加胜 Puncture needle special for cricothyroid membrane puncture
CN111110326B (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-12-08 陈加胜 Puncture needle special for cricothyroid membrane puncture

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20090422

Termination date: 20100610

C17 Cessation of patent right