CN201212762Y - Absorption type ice making machine using residue heat of ship diesel machine - Google Patents

Absorption type ice making machine using residue heat of ship diesel machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201212762Y
CN201212762Y CN 200820013388 CN200820013388U CN201212762Y CN 201212762 Y CN201212762 Y CN 201212762Y CN 200820013388 CN200820013388 CN 200820013388 CN 200820013388 U CN200820013388 U CN 200820013388U CN 201212762 Y CN201212762 Y CN 201212762Y
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CN
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
absorber
ice maker
ice
connected
diesel engine
Prior art date
Application number
CN 200820013388
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高洪涛
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大连海事大学
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Filing date
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/20Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation in buildings, dwellings or related infrastructures
    • Y02A30/27Relating to heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC] technologies
    • Y02A30/274Relating to heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC] technologies using waste energy, e.g. from internal combustion engine
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/60Other technologies for heating or cooling
    • Y02B30/62Absorption based systems
    • Y02B30/625Absorption based systems combined with heat or power generation [CHP], e.g. trigeneration
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing
    • Y02P60/85Food storage or conservation
    • Y02P60/855Ice production, e.g. for conservation purposes

Abstract

The utility model relates to an ice maker of an absorption type by adopting the waste heat of a marine diesel as a driving heat source, which is mainly composed of a diesel smoke exhaust converter, a regenerator of a smoke gas type, an absorber, an evaporator of an auxiliary ice maker and a condenser, wherein the regenerator of a smoke gas type is respectively connected with the absorber and the condenser, and the absorber is connected with the evaporator of an auxiliary ice maker; the diesel smoke exhaust converter is connected with a chimney or a smoke exhaust pipe of the marine diesel, and refrigerating effect provided by the evaporation of coolant is utilized through the auxiliary ice maker to prepare pumped seawater into dualistic ice. The utility model has the advantages of smaller size of the absorber, higher efficiency of heat and mass transfer, energy conservation and ice making cost decrease by adopting the seawater as a raw material.

Description

一种利用船舶柴油机余热的吸收式制冰机 Marine diesel engine utilizing the waste heat of the absorption type ice making machine

技术领域 FIELD

本实用新型涉及制冰机技术领域,特别是是一种利用船舶柴油机余热的吸收式制冰机。 The present invention relates to an ice making machine technical field, particularly marine diesel engine using a heat absorption ice maker. 背景技术 Background technique

我们知道,目前渔船鱼舱一般需要携带冰块冷藏,对冰的需求量很大,增加作业成本;另外,渔船排烟系统将烟气直接排入大气,不但对空气造成一定的污染,而且浪费能源。 We know that the current fishing fish tanks generally need to carry ice frozen in great demand on the ice, increasing operating costs; In addition, fishing will exhaust fumes directly into the atmosphere, not only cause some air pollution, and waste energy. 发明内容 SUMMARY

本实用新型的目的是提出一种利用船舶柴油机余热的吸收式制冰机,实现了能源的再利用,而且工质对的选择也满足一般渔船的工作需求。 The object of the present invention is to provide a diesel engine using a heat absorption type ice making machine of the ship, to achieve the re-use of energy, but also the choice of working fluid to meet the operational needs of the general fishing vessels.

本实用新型的技术方案是: 一种利用船舶柴油机余热的吸收式制冰机,由柴油机排烟转换器l、烟气式再生器2、吸收器3、附制冰器的蒸发器4、冷凝器5组成,烟气式再生器2分别与吸收器3和冷凝器5相连接,吸收器3和附制冰器的蒸发器4相连接,柴油机排烟转换器1与船舶柴油机烟闺或排烟管相连接,在需制冰时,将柴油机排烟导入烟气式再生器2,向烟气式再生器2提供热源后,排烟回流到柴油机排烟管或烟囱,经过烟气式再生器2出来的三氟乙醇/N-甲基吡咯垸酮溶液进入吸收器3吸收来自附制冰器的蒸发器4的冷剂三氟乙醇蒸气,烟气式再生器2蒸发出的冷剂三氟乙醇蒸气进入冷凝器5,冷凝为液体后进入附制冰器的蒸发器4,并在其中蒸发为蒸气而提供冷量,通过附制冰器的蒸发器4利用冷剂蒸发所提供的冷量,将泵入的海水制成二元冰。 Aspect of the present invention are: absorption type ice making machine utilizing waste heat of a ship diesel engine, a diesel engine exhaust converter L, the regenerator flue gas of Formula 2, an absorber 3, attached to the ice maker evaporator 4, the condensed 5 is composed of the regenerator flue gas of formula 2 and 3, respectively, and the absorber 5 is connected to the condenser, the absorber 3 and the attachment of the ice maker is connected to the evaporator 4, the converter 1 and the diesel engine exhaust marine diesel engine exhaust smoke, or Gui after the smoke tube is connected, when needed ice, the diesel engine exhaust introduced into the regenerator flue gas of formula 2, to provide heat to the regenerator flue gas of formula 2, the exhaust gas is returned to the diesel engine exhaust pipe or chimney, flue gas after regeneration 2 out of trifluoroethanol / N- methylpyrrolidin embankment 3 into the ketone solution of the absorption filter attached to the ice maker evaporator from the refrigerant vapor trifluoroethanol 4, the regenerator flue gas of formula 2 of evaporated refrigerant three 5-fluoro-ethanol vapor enters the condenser, the condensate is attached to the ice maker into the liquid after the evaporator 4, and in which the evaporated vapor to provide cooling by evaporation of the ice maker is attached by the cold refrigerant in the evaporator 4 is provided the amount of the water pumped into the prepared binary ice.

本实用新型所达到的有益效果是,利用船舶柴油机余热,提高了能源利用率,在节能的同时带来了一定环保效果。 The present invention achieved the advantages that the use of marine diesel engine waste heat, improve energy efficiency, while saving energy brought certain environmental effects. 使用海水作为制冰原料,使用余 Using sea water as ice-making raw material, the use of more than

热作为驱动能源,降低了制冰成本。 As a driving heat energy, reducing the cost of the ice. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

下面结合附图和具体实施方式对本实用新型进一步说明。 The following further illustrate the present invention in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments pair. 图1为本实用新型的结构示意图 1 is a schematic structural diagram of invention

图中:1、柴油机排烟转换器,2、烟气式再生器,3、吸收器,4、附制冰器的蒸发器,5、冷凝器。 In FIG: 1, diesel engine exhaust converter 2, the regenerator flue gas type, 3, absorber, 4, attached to the ice maker evaporator 5, a condenser. 具体实施方式 detailed description

参见附图,本实用新型利用船舶柴油机排气作为驱动热源,采用TFE/NMP 做为工质对的制冰机。 Referring to the drawings, the present invention is the use of marine diesel engine exhaust gas as a drive source, using TFE / NMP as working pair ice machine. 主要由柴油机排烟转换器l、烟气式再生器2、吸收器3、 附制冰器的蒸发器4、冷凝器5组成。 Mainly by the diesel engine exhaust converter L, the regenerator flue gas of Formula 2, an absorber 3, the ice maker attached to an evaporator 4, a condenser 5 composition. 烟气式再生器2分别与吸收器3和冷凝器5相连接,吸收器3和附制冰器的蒸发器4相连接,柴油机排烟转换器l与船舶柴油机烟囱或排烟管相连接,采用三氟乙醇/N-甲基吡咯烷酮工质对,此工质对工作压力低、COP值高并且热化学稳定性好。 The regenerator flue gas of Formula 2 and 3, respectively, and the absorber 5 is connected to the condenser, the absorber 3 and the attachment of the ice maker is connected to the evaporator 4, and the diesel engine exhaust converters l marine diesel engine is connected to the exhaust pipe or chimney, using trifluoroethanol / N- methylpyrrolidone to the working fluid, the working fluid of the working pressure is low, a high COP value and good thermal chemical stability. 使用海水作为冰源,内部制冰器为螺旋运动,在制冰的同时,将冰送出去鱼舱。 Using sea water as a source of ice, the ice maker of the internal spiral motion while making ice, the ice will send out the fish tank.

Claims (1)

  1. 1、一种利用船舶柴油机余热的吸收式制冰机,其特征在于,由柴油机排烟转换器(1)、烟气式再生器(2)、吸收器(3)、附制冰器的蒸发器(4)、冷凝器(5)组成,烟气式再生器(2)分别与吸收器(3)和冷凝器(5)相连接,吸收器(3)和附制冰器的蒸发器(4)相连接,柴油机排烟转换器(1)与船舶柴油机烟囱或排烟管相连接。 1, utilizing the absorption type ice making machine ship diesel engine exhaust, wherein the diesel engine exhaust converter (1), the regenerator flue gas of formula (2), an absorber (3), attached to the ice maker evaporated (4), a condenser (5), with the regenerator flue gas of formula (2) are connected to the absorber (3) and a condenser (5), the absorber (3) attached to the ice maker and an evaporator ( 4) connected to diesel engine exhaust converter (1) and the marine diesel engine is connected to a chimney or exhaust pipe.
CN 200820013388 2008-06-06 2008-06-06 Absorption type ice making machine using residue heat of ship diesel machine CN201212762Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200820013388 CN201212762Y (en) 2008-06-06 2008-06-06 Absorption type ice making machine using residue heat of ship diesel machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200820013388 CN201212762Y (en) 2008-06-06 2008-06-06 Absorption type ice making machine using residue heat of ship diesel machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201212762Y true CN201212762Y (en) 2009-03-25

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200820013388 CN201212762Y (en) 2008-06-06 2008-06-06 Absorption type ice making machine using residue heat of ship diesel machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201212762Y (en)

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