CN201193757Y - Snap fastener type exterior thermal insulation stone-plastic composite board for hollow heat insulation external wall - Google Patents

Snap fastener type exterior thermal insulation stone-plastic composite board for hollow heat insulation external wall Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201193757Y
CN201193757Y CNU2008201040896U CN200820104089U CN201193757Y CN 201193757 Y CN201193757 Y CN 201193757Y CN U2008201040896 U CNU2008201040896 U CN U2008201040896U CN 200820104089 U CN200820104089 U CN 200820104089U CN 201193757 Y CN201193757 Y CN 201193757Y
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insulation
stone
plate
plastic
heat
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CNU2008201040896U
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黄志贵
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an embedded type hollow heat-insulation exterior-insulation PVC composite plate for an external wall which is characterized in that the air is utilized as a heat-insulation thermal insulation layer and the structure of the composite plate is designed in the way that a stony decoration panel and the mesh-shaped plastic bottom plate of a square framework are combined by internal plug bolts and bond. A plurality of plug bolts and a plurality of through taper square holes are embedded in the framework; an air heat-insulation chamber is arranged in the middle of the framework, a damping composite plate and an EPS thermal insulation plate are arranged at the bottom of the air heat-insulation chamber; a layer of steel plates is arranged at the bottom of the EPS thermal insulation plate. Elastic embedding buckle consisting of a tenon and a chase mortice are respectively arranged at the two sides of the framework. The stony panel is made from a natural stone. The bond refers to an epoxide resin, the plastic bottom plate is made from a thermoplastic project plastics; the hollow heat-insulation chamber consists of the damping composite plate and the plastic bottom plate. The composite plate has the advantages of light weight, high strength, thermal insulation, heat insulation, high pressure resistance, shock resistance, safe and reliable concave and convex spring embedding buckle, convenient dismantling, fast construction, being free of stuck by concrete mortar, stable and firm arrangement and being able to be repeatedly used.

Description

A kind of imbedded and fastened hollow heat insulation exterior is incubated the stone plastic clad plate outward
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of external wall outer insulation composite sheet, the external wall outer insulation stone plastic clad plate that especially a kind of imbedded and fastened hollow is heat insulation.
Background technique
In recent years, China points out again and again: greatly develop housing and public buildings that use less energy and land, popularize in an all-round way and universal power-saving technology, build a resource-conserving and environment-friendly society.
" Eleventh-Five Year Plan " proposes, definite GDP (gross domestic product) annual average increase by 7.5% in, requirement cuts down the consumption of energy 20%.Calculate in view of the above, the Eleventh Five-Year Plan period, energy-conservation 2.4 hundred million tons of standard coals are answered in the whole nation, and wherein building energy conservation should reach 100,000,000 tons of standard coals.According to statistics, present nearly 2,000,000,000 m of national annual new building 2, be the highly energy-consuming building more than 80%.Existing existing building 40,000,000,000 m 2, be the highly energy-consuming building more than 95%.At present developed country's building energy conservation enters the phase III, and fractional energy savings is from 25% of beginning---30% bring up to present 60%---70%.And China unit's building area use energy consumption is 3 times of developed country, even higher.Along with the raising of living standards of the people, the ratio of China building energy consumption account whole nation total energy consumption, from 1978 10% rise to present more than 30%.Expended the very big energy, thus the work of building energy conservation to go into overdrive, very urgent.In order to realize building energy conservation target the Eleventh Five-Year Plan period, the National Development and Reform Committee and the Ministry of Construction have put into effect the rules of a lot of building energy conservation engineerings, have proposed the measures such as design standard of the strict enforcement energy-conservation 50% of newly-built residential architecture.
The External Thermal Insulation Technology for External (or being called external thermal insulation system) that is used at present buildings exterior-protected structure on the market is to adopt basically:
1, self-thermal insulation material walling system;
2, expansion polyphenyl plate thinly plastered external insulation system of outer wall;
3, adhesive powder-polystyrene granule thermal insulation mortar external thermal insulation system;
4, EPS plate cast-in-place concrete exterior wall outer heat preservation system;
5, EPS wire net frames cast-in-place concrete exterior wall outer heat preservation system;
6, mechanical fixation EPS wire net frames plate exterior wall external heat preservation system;
7, in-situ spraying hard bubble polyurethane exterior wall outer heat preservation system;
8, rock wool external thermal insulation system;
9, glue powder polyphenyl particle pastes the polyphenyl board exterior wall outer thermal insulation system;
10, thinly plastered external wall of extruded polystyrene board outer heat preservation system;
11, a chain of first exterior wall cladding of SIS heat-insulation system;
12, GKP assembling type keel thin plate external thermal insulation system;
13, EVE light thermal-insulation curtain wall plate;
Adopt above External Thermal Insulation Technology for External scheme, compare the insulation of going along with sb. to guard him at building, more than each external thermal insulation system all have the following advantages again:
1, thermal conductivity is little, insulation;
2, the protection agent structure prolongs the life-span of building;
3, the basic influence of eliminating " heat bridge ";
4, the body of wall moisture conditions is improved;
5, help room temperature and keep stable;
6, help improving the indoor thermal environment quality;
7, help improving the waterproof and the tightness of body of wall;
8, be convenient to old building and carry out reducing energy consumption;
9, can reduce the thermal insulating material consumption;
10, increase the utilization area in house;
11, Applicable scope is wider;
But on installation and structure, still exist a lot of shortcomings and hidden danger:
1, harsh to the requirement of thermal-insulation system material;
2, the weatherability of heat-insulation system and poor durability, especially rigidity and tensile strength are low;
3, the supporting difficulty of material, the ability of cracking resistance, fire prevention, waterproof, ventilative, antidetonation, Wind-Pressure Resistance;
4, workmen's technical merit is uneven, and construction is difficulty relatively, is difficult for installing, and efficient is low;
5, the phenomenon of " heat bridge " fails thoroughly to eliminate, inner easily formation cross-ventilation, frosting easily;
6, the inside and outside wall thermal insulation both sides different temperatures official post exterior wall stereochemical structure lost of life, cracking of wall surface is wayward;
7, thermal conductivity instability, most technological schemes does not reach energy-conservation 50% requirement, and the tensile strength discreteness is very big;
8, easy to crack, water-proof performance is relatively poor, does not match between the main material.After several years,, cause whole system to lose efficacy, will cause the problem that is difficult to keep in repair as if interlaminar failure taking place or peeling off.
9, because the intensity and the tensile strength of system are lower, sticking face brick has potential safety hazard.Simultaneously as the glass fibre of skeleton in the thermal insulation layer very easily by the caustic corrosion in the cement slurry, fracture strain, safety coefficient is low.
At the external thermal insulation system of diversity on the market, we have carried out analyzing relatively, though it respectively has advantage, each scheme exists very big shortcoming and hidden danger again.It must possess following condition the external wall outer insulation composite material system of going along with sb. to guard him as the building main body:
1, high-strength light;
1, acid resistant alkali resistance to chemical attack;
2, anti-fatigue performance is good;
3, damping performance is good;
4, good heat resistance, thermal insulation is good;
5, shock resistance is good;
6, tensile strength and rigidity height;
7, fire protection flame retarding is moistureproof, water absorption rate is low;
8, construction and installation easily, material is easy to get, and is cheap etc.
Summary of the invention
It is heat insulation that the utility model aims to provide a kind of hollow quick for installation, need not the cladding external wall outer insulation stone of the imbedded and fastened plastic clad plate with concrete mortar and electric welding.
The utility model is realized by following scheme:
The stone matter facing plate of square bulk combines with interior EXPANSION ANCHOR BOLTS and tackiness agent with framework netted plastic base plate.Plastic bottom board is netted shape square, and a plurality of interior EXPANSION ANCHOR BOLTS are arranged in the framework, and a plurality of penetrating tapering square holes and many stiffening ribs; The middle part of framework is provided with the heat insulation storehouse of air, and the bottom in heat insulation storehouse is provided with damping composite sheet and stainless steel suspension member and prevents the EPS foaming insulation board of " heat bridge ", and the bottom of EPS foaming insulation board is provided with one deck Fire-proof steel plate again.The both sides of framework are provided with the elastic force buckle of being made up of tenon and tongue-and-groove.
Described stone scutum is natural marble, granite, slate, Manmade Stone, and thickness is 5mm---10mm.
The EXPANSION ANCHOR BOLTS diameter is 5mm---12mm in described.
Described tackiness agent is an epoxy resin glue, and thickness is 0.1mm---0.3mm.
Described plastic bottom board is thermoplasticity or thermosetting property engineering plastics, and thickness is 35mm---50mm.
The heat insulation storehouse of described hollow is formed for the damping composite sheet, and thickness is 15mm---25mm.
Described damping plate is an aluminum alloy damping composite sheet, and thickness is 3mm---6mm.
Described EPS foaming plate is the foamed polystyrene warming plate, and thickness is 15mm---25mm.
Described Fire-proof steel plate is a galvanized steel plain sheet, thickness 0.2mm---1mm.
The plastic bottom board that this programme adopts is by injection-compression molding of mould, uniform specification, and dimensional standard, it is good that while plastics itself have plasticity, the structure of the disposable making complexity of energy, water absorption rate is low, light weight, thermal conductivity is little, tensile strength, the characteristics that specific strength is high.Plastic bottom board is netted shape square, and there are a plurality of penetrating tapering grids and many thin type stiffening ribs in the centre, is provided with the hot storehouse of hollow air bound of a thick 15mm between tapering grid and stiffening rib bottom surface, gives expanding with heat and contract with cold and absorb water to be out of shape and staying extendable room of base plate.The stone matter panel deformation of having avoided stone matter panel difference different with plastic bottom board and water absorption rate to cause because of linear expansion coeffcient.While tapering grid and stiffening rib, the impact force that can also absorb and disperse to come from the outside.Give transportation, install and brought convenience, improved the safety reliability that building structure is used simultaneously.Be provided with a heat insulation storehouse of air in the middle of the plastic bottom board, thereby reached heat insulation effect, reduced cost again.The quick buckle of elastic force of framework both sides injection-compression molding has been realized the quick dismounting without concrete mortar and electric welding, and buckle is steadily firm, and then composite sheet can repeatedly be used and convenient for maintaining.Be provided with one deck EPS foaming insulation board and fire prevention galvanized steel plain sheet in the bottom of composite sheet, avoided " heat bridge " and fire protection flame retarding.Particularly base plate be one netted just as the time be provided with again in the engineering plastics plate of hole capital after selling all securities, the weight of composite sheet is alleviated greatly, thereby heat insulation effect is played in the heavy burden that alleviates building, has saved cost of investment.
The both sides of hollow stone plastic clad plate have tuck pointing button and recessed buckle respectively.Buckle is an elastic structure, even the effect that tuck pointing is buckled in external force during installation is combined closely steadily firmly between composite sheet and the composite sheet with recessed buckle down, and then adds that zinc-plated self threading pin connects with the structure of body of wall.Form a width of cloth firm, attractive in appearance, easy clean, a heat insulation curtain wall.
Owing to adopted technique scheme, advantage of the present utility model and effect are obvious:
1, because hollow stone plastic clad plate has only surface layer to adopt lithotome, can reduce the consumption of lithotome, save resource, reduce the cost of composite sheet, also keep the texture of natural stone texture simultaneously.
2, be that thermoplastic engineering plastic is made base plate owing to what adopt, in light weight, nonpoisonous and tasteless pollution-free, cost is low, and water absorption rate is low, can be recycled, and environmental protection, acid resistant alkali, oil resistant, corrosion-resistant, dampproof protection against insects.
3, modular structure, easy construction, easy to operate, construction quality is easy to control, short construction period, efficient height.
4, adopt assembled on site construction composite insulating board, the slit pointing thermal insulating material between plate and the plate is also handled with sealing compound, and stress relief is abundant, effectively controls the crack.
5, the heat insulation bin device of hollow is arranged on the warming plate, light weight, cheap, thermal conductivity is little.It directly has the ornamental stone face, and large size is installed, and appearance has natural texture and facade effect.
6, no heat bridge, good heat insulating.The exterior trim surface layer in use can craze and transfiguration, and heat insulation effect can be kept many decades.
7, the compound of thermal insulating material and exterior finish stone panel produces for the batch production precast units, and quality is good, efficient height, good reliability.
8, the exterior trim surface layer is a stone panel, have anti-marquis, wear-resisting, anti-delineation, resistance to chemical attack, easy to clean, fire prevention is not fired, moisture proof, heat insulation, deformation rate is low, appearance is natural, simple and honest, magnificent.
9, dry operation, constructional rubbish is few, adapts to the needs of Building technology development.
10, easily detain readily removablely, do not need concrete mortar, also do not need on-the-spot electric welding, only need the embedding of phase interfix to get final product.Fast 20 times of installations than above-mentioned several external thermal insulation systems, plug and play, do not need the maintenance.Dismounting freely, and is easy to maintenance, saves human and material resources in a large number, helps enlarging promoting and use.
11, sound-absorbing, quiet, insulation, heat insulation, radiationless, pollution-free, flexible good, resistance to compression, bending resistance, excellent in cushion effect, concavo-convex elastic force interlocking buckle is safe and reliable.
12, the technology for applying that presses of Cai Yonging is bonding firm.
13, cost is low, and material is easy to get, the cost performance height.
14, prevent the outer dewfall of facing plate, frosting, indoor heat insulating stable performance.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1. be the utility model external wall outer insulation hollow stone plastic clad plate structural representation.
Fig. 2. be the bottom plate structure schematic representation of external wall outer insulation hollow stone plastic clad plate.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is further described, be beneficial to better understand the utility model.
As shown in Figure 1. 3. 1. the heat-insulating stone molded composite sheet of imbedded and fastened hollow be made up of with base plate the facing plate, and 1. the facing plate is stone matter facing plate (granite, marble, slate, Manmade Stone), is designed to square bulk, is generally rectangular, and its thickness is 5mm---10mm.Stone matter facing flaggy 1. below a compound layer thickness be 35---3. the thermoplastic engineering plastic plate of 50mm is bottom, and 3. 1. decorating layer be 2. the two to be pasted together by the epoxy glue adhesion coating with bottom.Adhesive is squeezed in the base plate grid tapering square hole (11) 3., and dry back forms up-small and down-big taper side's blob of viscose, has played the effect of riveted joint strong bonded.Plastic bottom board 3. the side be respectively equipped with the tuck pointing button 5. with recessed buckle 6., be used for the installation splicing between piece and the piece.6. 5. the tuck pointing button combine with recessed buckle under the effect of pressure outside closely during installation, just the stone plastic clad plate can be stitched together by buckle when 6. 5. the tuck pointing button closely cooperate with recessed buckle, the surface layer connection that makes every block of stone mould between the composite veneer is smooth, and balance is firm, overall appearance.Because the base plate of this stone plastic clad plate adopts high-intensity thermoplastic engineering plastic, and is not yielding, in light weight, the compressive strength height, linear expansion coeffcient is little, and good toughness and impact strength are arranged.During installation without concrete mortar or electric welding, environmental protection and energy saving.Can fast install simultaneously, easy construction is simple, efficient is high, has saved a large amount of manpower and materials, also can install and remove repeatedly simultaneously, has brought very big convenience for maintenance from now on.
As shown in Figure 2, plastic bottom board be provided with in the middle of 3. the heat insulation storehouse of air 7. with glass damping thermal baffle 8., the heat insulation storehouse of air 7. with 8. bonding of glass damping thermal baffle, just become the heat insulation storehouse of hollow of a sealing.Like this, utilize the little principle of dry air thermal conductivity, reached the low effect of heat insulation of quality high price.
For make the technical program thoroughly eliminate " heat bridge " and fire prevention, fire-retardant, moistureproof, every wet performance.Increased the EPS adiabator layer 9. with the galvanized steel flaggy 10..Eliminated the heat that 4. imports into from interior EXPANSION ANCHOR BOLTS up hill and dale and reached fire protection flame retarding, the wet technical standard of anti-tidal rip.Simultaneously,, dewfall, the frosting of stone matter facing flaggy have been prevented, the more effective constructure body structure of having protected, the life-span of prolongation building owing to adopted the structure of the heat insulation clad of sealed type hollow.

Claims (5)

1. an imbedded and fastened hollow heat insulation exterior is incubated the stone plastic clad plate outward, it is characterized in that: the stone matter panel (1) of square configuration combines with EXPANSION ANCHOR BOLTS (4) and tackiness agent (2) with framework netted plastic base plate (3); Plastic bottom board (3) is netted shape square, and the framework surface layer is penetrating tapering square hole (11), and the centre is provided with the heat insulation storehouse of hollow (7), and both sides are provided with the elastic force buckle of being made up of tenon (5) and tongue-and-groove (6).
2. stone plastic clad plate as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described stone matter panel (1) is natural marble, granite, slate or Manmade Stone, thickness 5mm---10mm.
3. stone plastic clad plate as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described plastic bottom board (3) is for being provided with the thermoplastic engineering plastic in the heat insulation storehouse of air, and thickness is 35mm---50mm.
4. stone plastic clad plate as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described plastic bottom board (3), be the quadra reticular structure, and be embedded with a plurality of EXPANSION ANCHOR BOLTS and a plurality of penetrating tapering square hole in the frame.
5. stone plastic clad plate as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the concavo-convex elastic force buckle (5) (6) of the buckle of described plastic bottom board (3) both sides for being made up of tenon and tongue-and-groove, thickness is 8mm---12mm.
CNU2008201040896U 2008-02-18 2008-02-18 Snap fastener type exterior thermal insulation stone-plastic composite board for hollow heat insulation external wall Expired - Lifetime CN201193757Y (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008201040896U CN201193757Y (en) 2008-02-18 2008-02-18 Snap fastener type exterior thermal insulation stone-plastic composite board for hollow heat insulation external wall

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102943554A (en) * 2012-10-10 2013-02-27 上海轩睿金属有限公司 Plate for wall decoration and construction method thereof
CN103528219A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-01-22 黄志贵 Solar power generation and heat storage device
CN106369226A (en) * 2016-11-27 2017-02-01 中国电建集团河南工程公司 Small-caliber-pipeline intensive type heat preservation device and method
CN108517982A (en) * 2018-06-12 2018-09-11 河南省伟德抗震住宅技术有限公司 A kind of composite construction self heat insulation wall
CN108775094A (en) * 2018-07-12 2018-11-09 苏州市明珠新建材有限公司 A kind of composite construction self heat insulation wall

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102943554A (en) * 2012-10-10 2013-02-27 上海轩睿金属有限公司 Plate for wall decoration and construction method thereof
CN103528219A (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-01-22 黄志贵 Solar power generation and heat storage device
CN103528219B (en) * 2013-10-25 2016-01-13 黄志贵 Solar electrical energy generation regenerative apparatus
CN106369226A (en) * 2016-11-27 2017-02-01 中国电建集团河南工程公司 Small-caliber-pipeline intensive type heat preservation device and method
CN108517982A (en) * 2018-06-12 2018-09-11 河南省伟德抗震住宅技术有限公司 A kind of composite construction self heat insulation wall
CN108775094A (en) * 2018-07-12 2018-11-09 苏州市明珠新建材有限公司 A kind of composite construction self heat insulation wall

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Granted publication date: 20090211

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