CN201184093Y - Automatic closing apparatus of multifunction door and window - Google Patents

Automatic closing apparatus of multifunction door and window Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201184093Y
CN201184093Y CNU2007201300263U CN200720130026U CN201184093Y CN 201184093 Y CN201184093 Y CN 201184093Y CN U2007201300263 U CNU2007201300263 U CN U2007201300263U CN 200720130026 U CN200720130026 U CN 200720130026U CN 201184093 Y CN201184093 Y CN 201184093Y
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China
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motor
triode
control circuit
input
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNU2007201300263U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱洪龙
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朱洪龙
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Priority to CNU2007201300263U priority Critical patent/CN201184093Y/en
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Publication of CN201184093Y publication Critical patent/CN201184093Y/en
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of doors and windows, and particularly relates to a multifunctional device for automatically closing the doors and the windows. The multifunctional device comprises a motor and a transmission mechanism driven by the motor to enable the doors and the windows to move, wherein an input control circuit of the motor is connected to a light and/or wind and/or rain sensing control switch which control the switch conduction when being dark, windy or rainy, thereby connecting the input control circuit of the motor; and the motor starts to work and drives the doors and the windows to be closed through the transmission mechanism. In the technical proposal, whether the motor works depends on the weather conditions, even if no one is in the room, the device can sense the weather conditions and close the doors and the windows, thereby avoiding losses.

Description

The multifunctional door and window self closing device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to window technology field, is specifically related to a kind of multifunctional door and window self closing device.
Background technology
No matter be in family or in the office space, if weather condition is better, people generally can open door and window and have a breath of fresh air, and perhaps window are opened ventilative when family away from keyboard or office space.Yet the Changes in weather impermanence might be gone up vast clear sky at a moment, and just overcast following a moment, and this kind phenomenon is particularly common in southeastern coast; Moreover when people's return home is later,, bring potential safety hazard on the one hand if window is not closed yet, and also cause the moisture invasion on the other hand easily, bring many inconvenience for thus daily life and work.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of multifunctional door and window self closing device, its can weather change or the situation of light deepening under timely door and window is closed.
For achieving the above object, the utility model has adopted following technical scheme: a kind of multifunctional door and window self closing device, the transmission mechanism that comprises motor and by motor-driven door and window is moved, the input control circuit of motor are connected with light and/or wind and/or rain sensing control switch.
As shown from the above technical solution, described light and/or wind and/or rain sensing control switch are when the light deepening or when wind being arranged or rainwater being arranged, the gauge tap conducting, the input control circuit of motor is communicated with thus, motor starts working and drives door and window by transmission mechanism and cuts out, and whether the work of motor is controlled by weather conditions in the visible the technical program, even indoor unmanned, also can respond to weather conditions and also close the doors and windows in time, thereby avoid loss.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is circuit theory diagrams of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structure principle chart of wind sensing gauge tap.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of multifunctional door and window self closing device comprises motor M and the transmission mechanism that door and window is moved by the motor M driving, and the input control circuit of motor M is connected with light and/or wind and/or rain sensing control switch.
Described transmission mechanism can adopt chain and sprocket driving device or rack and pinion drive to realize, specifically can be with reference to prior art.
As shown in Figure 1, the nuditing wire that described rain sensing control switch 10 is arranged by two groups of broach shapes is provided with at interval and constitutes, usually the nuditing wire of these broach shapes layouts is fixed on and constitutes the rainwater dash receiver on the fritter plate body, the conductor spacing should be appropriate, insulated from each other when anhydrous to guarantee, be communicated with when water is arranged, and link to each other with the input control circuit of motor M by lead, the power input of motor M links to each other with the output control terminal of the output of control circuit and relay J.
Under the normal condition, be in off state between the nuditing wire that two groups of broach shapes of rain sensing control switch 10 are arranged, when rainwater drenches on the plate body of the nuditing wire that the fixed fingers shape is arranged, thereby the nuditing wire that two groups of broach shapes are arranged is communicated with, and then makes the input control circuit work of motor M.
As shown in Figure 1, described smooth sensing control switch comprises a light resistor R3 and a triode T4, the end of light resistor R3 links to each other with power input with the colelctor electrode of triode T4, the other end of light resistor R3 links to each other with the base stage of triode T4, three emitter stages of taking over T4 link to each other with the input control circuit of motor M, and the power input of motor M links to each other with the output control terminal of the output of control circuit and relay J.
The resistance value of light resistor R3 changes with the variation of light, and when light was strong, because light resistor R3 resistance value is bigger, light sensing circuit electric current was little, and triode T4 is in cut-off state, the not conducting of light sensing control switch; When light is more weak, such as evening or rainy weather, because light resistor R3 resistance value is less, it is big that light sensing circuit electric current becomes, and triode T4 is in running order, light sensing control switch conduction, thereby cause the relay J action, motor M gets electric operation, drives door and window and closes.
As shown in Figure 2, wind sensing gauge tap 20 comprises that one is assembled in the fan blade 22 in the rotating shaft 21, constitute movingly between rotating shaft 21 and its fixed bearing 23, the axle body that is arranged in the cavity 231 of fixed bearing 23 inside is provided with compression spring 24, the bottom end closure 25 of fixed bearing 23 is provided with two wiring terminals 26, wiring terminal 26 is arranged in the position, termination of cavity 231 of fixed bearing 23 inside and the side that separation is arranged on rotating shaft 21, and with rotating shaft 21 on the conduction ring plate 27 that is provided with cooperate and two wiring terminals 26 be in be communicated with or separate two states, simultaneously referring to Fig. 1, two wiring terminals 26 are linked to each other with the input circuit of motor M by lead, and the output control terminal line of the power input of motor M and the output of control circuit and relay J connects.
Blow to as enough strong wind-force on the fan blade 22 of wind sensing gauge tap 20, its fixed rotating shaft 21 is subjected to the responsive to axial force from fan blade 22 transmission, since between rotating shaft 21 and its fixed bearing 23 for movingly, the rotating shaft 21 that is meant movingly herein both can be stablized under the support of fixed bearing 23, rotate easily, simultaneously can allow rotating shaft 21 to move axially again in fixed bearing 23 upper edges, when doing time spent rotating shaft 21 and rotate in fixed bearing 23, moves vertically wind-force like this, the conduction ring plate 27 compression pressure springs 24 that drive on it simultaneously to be connected and to two wiring terminals, 26 1 sides near until contacting, this moments two, wiring terminal 26 was communicated with, the control circuit work of motor M, motor M are rotated by direction initialization door and window are closed.Compression spring 24 resets when calm, and two wiring terminals 26 disconnect and make the relay J coil losing electricity, and motor M is finished closing automatically of closing the doors and windows.
As shown in Figure 1, insert the input control circuit of motor M after described light and wind and the rain sensing control switch in parallel.This design scheme can be guaranteed no matter blowing and raining, or The sky is overcast, or weather becomes evening, all can guarantee closing automatically of door and window.
Described transmission mechanism also links to each other with sliding sash with disappearing screen window, and the gyration of transmission mechanism is converted to the motion that conforms to the sliding sash with disappearing screen window moving direction.Along with the development of technology, modern window common configuration has recessive screen window, after making transmission mechanism and recessive screen window linking to each other, can realize closing automatically and opening of recessive screen window, has made things convenient for people's life.
As shown in Figure 1, the input control circuit of described motor M comprises power circuit 30 and control circuit 40, a termination power circuit 30 of control circuit 40, another termination sensing control switch.
As preferred version of the present utility model, described control circuit 40 comprises triode T1, its colelctor electrode links to each other with the colelctor electrode of triode T2, link links to each other with the input of power supply by K switch 3, the base stage of triode T1 links to each other with the output of sensing control switch by resistance R 2, and its emitter stage links to each other with the base stage of triode T2; Triode T2, its emitter stage links to each other with the end of variable resistor RP2, and the other end of variable resistor RP2 links to each other with the base stage of triode T3; Triode T3, the output of the electromagnetic coil in its colelctor electrode and the relay J links to each other, and the input of electromagnetic coil links to each other the grounded emitter of triode T3 by variable resistor RP3 with the negative pole end of K switch 3;
Resistance R 1, the one end links to each other with the negative pole end of K switch 3, and the other end links to each other with the input of sensing control switch; Variable resistor RP1, the one end links to each other with the output of sensing control switch, other end ground connection; Capacitor C 1, the one end links to each other with the base stage of triode T1, other end ground connection;
Power circuit 30 comprises transformer, its anodal tap A links to each other with 1 pin input of relay J to negative pole and limit switch K1 via the positive pole of diode D1, its anodal tap C links to each other with 2 pin inputs of relay J to positive pole and limit switch K2 via the negative pole of diode D2, be connected with capacitor C2, C3 between the positive pole of the negative pole of diode D1 and diode D2 in turn, the total end of capacitor C2, C3 links to each other with the negative pole tap B of transformer;
One end of motor links to each other with the output of relay J, and the other end links to each other with the negative pole tap B of transformer.
Control circuit can have multiple implementation, below only briefly introduces operating principle of the present utility model.
When light is more weak, such as evening or rainy weather, because light resistor R3 resistance value is less, it is big that light sensing circuit electric current becomes, triode T4 is in running order, electric current passes through resistance R 1 successively from the anodal tap A of transformer, the colelctor electrode of triode T4 is to emitter stage, again via after the variable resistor RP1 dividing potential drop, by the base stage of resistance R 2 to triode T1, thereby the emitter voltage of triode T1 raises, the base voltage that also is triode T2 raises, and triode T2 enters duty, and the emitter voltage of triode T2 raises, triode T3 enters normal operating conditions thus, the relay J coil electricity, transformer is powered to motor M, with automatically closing door and window.When light was strong, such as fine weather, light resistor R3 resistance value was bigger, causes triode T4 to be in cut-off state, thereby triode T1, T2, T3 all do not work, and relay J resets, and the anodal tap C of transformer powers to motor M, and door and window is opened automatically.The peripheral circuit of transformer frequency response circuit and relay J can be referring to relevant design manual and teaching material with operating principle.
Rain sensing control switch 10 and wind sensing gauge tap 20 just himself operating principle is different with light sensing control switch, in case connection, the operating principle of its control circuit there is no difference, so repeat no more.

Claims (9)

1, a kind of multifunctional door and window self closing device comprises motor M and the transmission mechanism that door and window is moved by the motor M driving, and it is characterized in that: the input control circuit of motor M is connected with light and/or wind and/or rain sensing control switch.
2, multifunctional door and window self closing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described smooth sensing control switch comprises a light resistor R3 and a triode T4, the end of light resistor R3 links to each other with power input with the colelctor electrode of triode T4, the other end of light resistor R3 links to each other with the base stage of triode T4, three emitter stages of taking over T4 link to each other with the input control circuit of motor M, and the power input of motor M links to each other with the output control terminal of the output of control circuit and relay J.
3, multifunctional door and window self closing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described rain sensing control switch (10) is by two groups of staggered forming of bare metal lead of broach shape, every group of plain conductor all links to each other with the input control circuit of motor M by lead, and the power input of motor M links to each other with the output control terminal of the output of control circuit and relay J.
4, multifunctional door and window self closing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described wind sensing gauge tap (20) comprises that one is assembled in the fan blade (22) in the rotating shaft (21), constitute movingly between rotating shaft (21) and its fixed bearing (23), the axle body that is arranged in the inner cavity (231) of fixed bearing (23) is provided with compression spring (24), the bottom end closure (25) of fixed bearing (23) is provided with two wiring terminals (26), wiring terminal (26) is arranged in the position, termination of the inner cavity (231) of fixed bearing (23) and the side that separation is arranged on rotating shaft (21), and cooperate with conduction ring plate (27) that rotating shaft (21) go up to be provided with and two wiring terminals (26) to be in be communicated with or separate two states, two wiring terminals (26) link to each other with the input control circuit of motor M by lead, and the power input of motor M links to each other with the output control terminal of the output of control circuit and relay J.
5, multifunctional door and window self closing device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the input control circuit that inserts motor M after described light and wind and the rain sensing control switch in parallel.
6, multifunctional door and window self closing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described transmission mechanism also links to each other with sliding sash with disappearing screen window, and the gyration of transmission mechanism is converted to the motion that conforms to the sliding sash with disappearing screen window moving direction.
7, according to each described multifunctional door and window self closing device of claim 1~5, it is characterized in that: the input control circuit of described motor M comprises power circuit (30) and control circuit (40), one termination power circuit (30) of control circuit (40), another termination sensing control switch.
8, multifunctional door and window self closing device according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described control circuit (40) comprises triode T1, its colelctor electrode links to each other with the colelctor electrode of triode T2, link links to each other with the input of power circuit (30) by K switch 3, the base stage of triode T1 links to each other with the output of sensing control switch by resistance R 2, and its emitter stage links to each other with the base stage of triode T2;
Triode T2, its emitter stage links to each other with the end of variable resistor RP2, and the other end of variable resistor RP2 links to each other with the base stage of triode T3;
Triode T3, the output of the electromagnetic coil in its colelctor electrode and the relay J links to each other, and the input of electromagnetic coil links to each other the grounded emitter of triode T3 by variable resistor RP3 with the negative pole end of K switch 3;
Resistance R 1, the one end links to each other with the negative pole end of K switch 3, and the other end links to each other with the input of sensing control switch; Variable resistor RP1, the one end links to each other with the output of sensing control switch, other end ground connection; Capacitor C 1, the one end links to each other with the base stage of triode T1, other end ground connection.
9, according to claim 7 or 8 described multifunctional door and window self closing devices, it is characterized in that: described power circuit (30) comprises transformer, its anodal tap A is successively via positive pole and the negative pole of diode D1, and link to each other with 1 pin input of relay J via limit switch K1, its anodal tap C is successively via negative pole and the positive pole of diode D2, and link to each other with 2 pin inputs of relay J via limit switch K2, be connected with capacitor C2 between the positive pole of the negative pole of diode D1 and diode D2 in turn, C3, capacitor C2, the total end of C3 links to each other with the negative pole tap B of transformer;
One end of motor links to each other with the output of relay J, and the other end links to each other with the negative pole tap B of transformer.
CNU2007201300263U 2007-12-28 2007-12-28 Automatic closing apparatus of multifunction door and window Expired - Fee Related CN201184093Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2007201300263U CN201184093Y (en) 2007-12-28 2007-12-28 Automatic closing apparatus of multifunction door and window

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2007201300263U CN201184093Y (en) 2007-12-28 2007-12-28 Automatic closing apparatus of multifunction door and window

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201184093Y true CN201184093Y (en) 2009-01-21

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNU2007201300263U Expired - Fee Related CN201184093Y (en) 2007-12-28 2007-12-28 Automatic closing apparatus of multifunction door and window

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CN (1) CN201184093Y (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104270079A (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-01-07 成都卓微科技有限公司 Automatic cleaning device for solar battery panel
CN104270078A (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-01-07 成都卓微科技有限公司 Cleaning device for solar battery panel
CN104328974A (en) * 2014-10-08 2015-02-04 成都川电开关厂 Rainwater sensing switch device
CN110952873A (en) * 2019-12-18 2020-04-03 潘承燕 Refrigerator is with automatic door closing device based on capacitance variation

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104328974A (en) * 2014-10-08 2015-02-04 成都川电开关厂 Rainwater sensing switch device
CN104270079A (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-01-07 成都卓微科技有限公司 Automatic cleaning device for solar battery panel
CN104270078A (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-01-07 成都卓微科技有限公司 Cleaning device for solar battery panel
CN110952873A (en) * 2019-12-18 2020-04-03 潘承燕 Refrigerator is with automatic door closing device based on capacitance variation
CN110952873B (en) * 2019-12-18 2021-08-27 宁夏迎福食品科技有限公司 Refrigerator is with automatic door closing device based on capacitance variation

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Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20090121

Termination date: 20100128