CN201183487Y - Folding type stackable railway freight carriage - Google Patents

Folding type stackable railway freight carriage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201183487Y
CN201183487Y CNU2007200982602U CN200720098260U CN201183487Y CN 201183487 Y CN201183487 Y CN 201183487Y CN U2007200982602 U CNU2007200982602 U CN U2007200982602U CN 200720098260 U CN200720098260 U CN 200720098260U CN 201183487 Y CN201183487 Y CN 201183487Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
compartment
headwall
floor
walls
carriage
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNU2007200982602U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
梁富泉
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梁富泉
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Priority to CNU2007200982602U priority Critical patent/CN201183487Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201183487Y publication Critical patent/CN201183487Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a foldaway wagon carriage which has a structure that a group of lower lateral walls are respectively arranged on a mudsill and a floor at both sides of the carriage; a group of lower end walls are respectively arranged on a front end sill, a rear end sill and a floor at both ends of the carriage; an upper lateral wall is arranged on each lower lateral wall; a group of front upper end walls and rear upper end walls are respectively arranged on the front lower end walls and the rear lower end walls; the upper lateral walls, the lower lateral walls, the upper end walls and the lower end walls are connected into a whole by a group of connecting and fixing holes and connecting hinges arranged on the upper lateral walls, the lower lateral walls, the upper end walls and the lower end walls. The carriage is in an expanded state during wagon transportation. The wall plates of the carriage are folded or disassembled during empty vehicle transportation, so the wagon carriage is in a state of minimal space occupation. As a result, a plurality of carriages can be put together conveniently, and can be fixed into an integral state by a corresponding fixing device. Consequently, a large amount of empty vehicle driving can be reduced.

Description

The collapsible railroad freight car that stacks
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of folding, railroad freight car of can a plurality of compartments stacking operation.
Background technology:
Railway transportation is a kind of extremely important goods and materials transportation mode, compares with water route transportation, road transport, air transportation, and its cost is minimum; The environmental pollution minimum; Overall economic efficiency is best.The long-distance transport of the land mass freight of China is based on railway basically at present.But, heavily go light phenomenon of returning so often inevitably can produce lorry because the transportation of many mass freights such as coal, grain, timber, ore etc. has very big one-way.This has just caused the low of the waste (deadhead operation) of great transport resource and conveying efficiency.Because poor stability during the empty wagons operation, in order to prevent train operation accident, speed when so the maximum operational speed that it allowed will be lower than the normal loading of lorry transportation, and the unloaded train of shipping its in the slow running process, will be constantly for to give way at other vehicles of rail high-speed cruising, so the unit distance travelled energy consumption during its no-load run is low unlike the fully loaded vehicle of continuous operation.
Summary of the invention:
The objective of the invention is by adopting flexible combination, that can be stacked together up and down between the more piece compartment as required collapsible railroad freight car that stacks of a kind of new folding, carriage box volume capacity, overcome existing one way in the railway transportation of being discussed in the above background technology, at a slow speed, the transportation mode of poor efficiency, make the railway transportation technology of China that once big variation take place.
The objective of the invention is to reach like this: front and back headwall, side wall and the compartment top that will transport the railway freight motor car of coal, ore, grain and other items is designed to collapsible, detachable, makes the freight house structure in this compartment to make up flexibly as required.This collapsible railroad freight car that stacks, constitute by devices such as headwall, compartment side wall, unloading aperture, discharging hatch, tapered floor, compartment compartment top before and after wheel and bogie truck, compartment bottom girder, front and back end carriage, hitch, floor compartment, the compartment, its structure is: on the bottom girder and floor of both sides, compartment, divide other that side wall under a group is set.On the front and back at two ends, compartment end carriage and floor, divide other that headwall under a group is set.On following side wall, one group of unloading aperture is set to make things convenient for small-sized machine and manpower operation; Be provided with one group of connection and fixed orifice be connected pivot so that up and down side wall and up and down headwall connect into an integral body, under front and back, on the headwall, divide other that following headwall gap is set, so that the parking of hitch.On following side wall, be provided with one and go up side wall.On last side wall, be provided with one group and connect pivot and gim peg, so that the connection of side wall and fixing up and down.Under front and back, above the headwall, divide other that one group of front and back is set and go up headwall.
This folding freight house structure also can be used as funneling self-discharging carriage.The floor in this compartment connects and composes at the bottom of by a plurality of (3-5) tapered storehouse, and discharging hatch is in the bottommost of freight house.Topmost in both sides, tapered floor divides other that compartment side wall is set.Rear and front end on the tapered floor of many group (3-5) bonded assemblys divides other that compartment headwall is set.This compartment side wall, compartment headwall divide other to pass through one group and connect hinge and be connected with tapered floor, and the freight house of an opened type of formation is provided with a compartment compartment top on the top of this freight house, thereby constitute complete, an osed top shipping bin.
In shipping goods, make above-mentioned two kinds of plain types and self-discharging body be in deployed condition, the compartment in this time has maximum cargo loading space, is beneficial to the loading of institute's shipping goods.(our default this lorry did not load other goods when the goods that carries laying down was prepared to turn back to cargo loading ground, and resemble the flared self lighting type lorry that transports bulk freight that is adopted on the present railway, basically can't in its return, carry other goods), the front and back headwall of this freight compartment and the corresponding site of both sides side wall are folded or disassemble, make this freight compartment be in the state that takies minimum space, this time, the height (height that does not comprise bottom, compartment side wall) that effectively stacks of this lorry was approximately floor compartment is added the folding side wall part in compartment apart from the height of rail surface thickness.Novel coal transport trolley with opened type is an example, and its effectively piling up highly approximately between the compartment when folded state can be controlled at about 1.2 meters.Minimum width in the general standard boxcar is approximately 2.9 meters, and the width of the vehicle wheel of general lorry distance and bogie truck can be above 2 meters.We can pile up more piece compartment (2-4 joint) together under the condition of the maximum allowable height that is no more than railway transportation very easily like this, again by the corresponding anchor fitting as a whole state that is fixed.The deadweight in one joint compartment is 23.5 tons, and load-carrying is 70 tons, stacks with 4 joint compartments to be that example, total weight just in time are that himself weight is added its nominal payload.Like this, stack calculating with 4 the casees, we can accomplish heavily to go to return in the railway transportation marshalling, and 4 go 1 time.Be that we can on average whenever send the heavy haul train of 4 row standard load-carryings under the condition of one-way haul, 4 cars of regaining 1 row standard load-carrying stack heavy duty and return train.And our present many railway lines are when the many mass freights of transportation, employing be heavily to go gently to return, 1 go 1 time one-way haul mode.We will be appreciated that railway interests stipulates in the operations specification of its formulation, in single track railway, the vehiclar gap between the same service direction train must not be less than 10 minutes, and the vehiclar gap between the train of different service directions must not be less than 30 minutes.Present about railway line of about 70% is under the one-lane condition in China, and this transportation technology has huge meaning to improving conveying efficiency! We can cancel about 75% empty wagons and travel in theory; We can cancel the marshalling operation of the slower unloaded train of running velocity; We can reduce the staff the unloaded train of a row standard to the heavy haul train that has only original 1/3 to 1/4 length and make itself and other shipping even common passenger train shuffling operation.By above technical measures, we just can more perfectly solve the problem that we propose in the background technology chapters and sections.
Description of drawings:
The present invention is described further below in conjunction with drawings and Examples:
But accompanying drawing 1 is a structural representation that is in the opened type freight compartment of superposed state.
Accompanying drawing 2 is the structural representation of the last side wall of a boxcar.
Accompanying drawing 3 be before and after one headwall be connected and the structural representation of adapter plate.
Accompanying drawing 4 is one group of operation scheme drawing that is in the compartment of superposed state.
Accompanying drawing 5 is the structural representation of a self lighting type lorry.
Accompanying drawing 6 is one group of operation scheme drawing that is in the self lighting type lorry of superposed state.
Number in the figure: wheel and bogie truck 1, compartment bottom girder 2, front and back end carriage 3, hitch 4, floor compartment 5, front and back are headwall 6 down, following headwall gap 7, following side wall 8, unloading aperture 9, connect and fixed orifice 10, connect pivot 11, last side wall 12, gim peg 13, wheel alignment and hold down groove 14, headwall 15 on the front and back, connect and adapter plate 16, tapered floor 17, discharging hatch 18, load-bearing pillar 19, connect hinge 20, compartment side wall 21, compartment headwall 22, compartment compartment top 23, air extractor vent 24, the compartment top 25 of superposed state.
The specific embodiment:
But accompanying drawing 1 is a structural representation that is in the opened type freight compartment of superposed state.It is with accompanying drawing 2, accompanying drawing 3, by connecting and fixed orifice 10, connecting being connected of pivot 11, gim peg 13 and connection and adapter plate 16, constitutes a complete collapsible freight compartment that stacks.In this freight compartment, wheel and bogie truck 1 are in the bottommost in compartment, on it compartment bottom girder 2 and front and back end carriage 3 and floor compartment 5, on the bottom girder 2 and floor 5 of both sides, compartment, divide and else side wall 8 under a group is set, on the front and back at two ends, compartment end carriage 3 and floor 5, headwall 6 under before and after being provided with, on following side wall 8, one group of unloading aperture 9 is set, connect and fixed orifice 10, connect pivot 11, under front and back on the headwall 6, divide other that following headwall gap 7 and one group are set and connect and fixed orifice 10,, be provided with one and go up side wall 12 down above the side wall 8, on last side wall 12, be provided with one group and connect pivot 11, gim peg 13, wheel alignment and hold down groove 14.Stack in a plurality of compartments under the situation of operation, if last side wall selection is demountable mode of operation, this time, it lay on the floor compartment 5, and this wheel alignment and hold down groove just in time are in the wheel place in last layer compartment.We know, the dislodging of compartment hitch is a parallel motion process and can not be and move up and down process.In the process that a plurality of compartments stack, the compartment that stacks also must hang up hitch, and the train that can guarantee levels like this has identical length and is convenient to being connected and adapter plate 16 connects into an integral body with the multilayer train that stacks.In this course, the hitch in compartment must be from bottom to top, from then preceding or from top to bottom, from the back and preceding dislodging successively and dislodging that can not great-jump-forward.In the process that this is seted out successively, this wheel alignment and hold down groove 14 are in when hanging up hitch towards the groove end of headstock one end, the position that can stop wheel to continue to move forward.Above the headwall 6, divide other that front and back are set and go up headwall 15 under front and back, on headwall on the front and back 15, be provided with one group and connect and fixed orifice 10 and gim peg 13, side wall is with being connected between the headwall promptly can be active, folding up and down up and down; Also can be fix and detouchable.When goods (as ore) that transports some big proportions or freight container, can go up side wall 12 and last headwall 15; When the goods of some lightweight of transportation, in order to improve conveying efficiency, be no more than under the condition that allows height, on side wall 8 and the following headwall 6 side wall 12 and last headwall 15 on many groups can be set down.
Accompanying drawing 4 is one group of operation scheme drawing that is in the compartment of superposed state.The imperial that is in superposed state crouches and to be placed within the lower floor compartment, and the height of following side wall 8 is for just in time to be under the bottom girder of imperial, and can select it to be in stressed or the non-stress two states when stacking.
Accompanying drawing 5 is the structural representation of a funneling tip-up lorry.Stack in the compartment the collapsible of this self lighting type, being shaped as of floor compartment 17 is tapered, discharging hatch 18 is in the bottommost of freight house, the top in 17 both sides, tapered floor, divide and else a compartment side wall 21 is set, two ends on tapered floor 17, divide and else a compartment headwall 22 is set, this compartment side wall 21, other connects compartment headwall 22 minutes hinge 20 by one group and is connected with tapered floor 17, constitute a uncovered freight house, a compartment compartment top 23 is set on the top of this freight house, because be tapered at the bottom of the railway carriage or compartment in this compartment, so when many cars stacked, the weight in last layer compartment was difficult to be evenly distributed in down on the tapered floor 17 in one deck compartment.So this compartment adopts side wall 21 and headwall 22 complete folding mode of operation, be in the wheel place in last layer compartment like this, just have the two-layer side wall that is stacked together and the together support of one deck headwall, locating on the compartment bottom girder 2 and between the wheel in last layer compartment and the bogie truck 1 simultaneously, one group of load-bearing pillar 19 is set, and this load-bearing pillar 19 runs through tapered floor 17 and the compartment on upper strata is constituted and supports.
In order to guarantee the efficient of unloading of self lighting type lorry, require tapered floor will have enough angles, so that goods is mobile.But when the angle on tapered floor strengthens, the disadvantage that can bring freight house space and collapsible space to diminish.This can reduce the cargo capacity in compartment and can stack quantity, in order to overcome this deficiency, can 5 discharging hatchs (18) be set in the bottom in the folding compartment of this self lighting type, the two groups of wheels in front and back and the bogie truck (1) of this self lighting type freight compartment is arranged between 1-2 and the 4-5 discharging hatch.
Accompanying drawing 6 is one group of operation scheme drawing that is in the self lighting type lorry of superposed state.23 these time of compartment top in each layer compartment are unified piles up 25 places, the top in the compartment.The compartment that is stacked together connects into an integral body by connection and adapter plate.

Claims (3)

1, a kind of carriage box volume capacity is the collapsible railroad freight car that stacks of flexible combination as required, by wheel and bogie truck, the compartment bottom girder, the front and back end carriage, hitch, floor compartment, headwall before and after the compartment, the compartment side wall, unloading aperture, discharging hatch, tapered floor, device such as compartment compartment top constitutes, it is characterized in that: on the bottom girder (2) and floor (5) of both sides, compartment, divide and else side wall under a group (8) is set, on the front and back at two ends, compartment end carriages (8) and floor (5), headwall (6) under before and after being provided with, on following side wall (8), one group of unloading aperture (9) is set, connect and fixed orifice (10), connect pivot (11), on the headwall under front and back (6), dividing other that following headwall gap (7) and one group are set connects and fixed orifice (10), down above the side wall (8), be provided with one and go up side wall (12), on last side wall (12), be provided with one group and connect pivot (11), gim peg (13), wheel alignment and hold down groove (14), above the headwall under front and back (6), divide other that front and back are set and go up headwall (15), on headwall on the front and back (15), be provided with one group and connect and fixed orifice (10) and gim peg (13); Stack the compartment when being self lighting type when this is collapsible, being shaped as of floor compartment is tapered, discharging hatch (18) is in the bottommost of freight house, the top in both sides, tapered floor (17), divide and else a compartment side wall (21) is set, two ends in tapered floor (17), divide and else a compartment headwall (22) is set, this compartment side wall (21), compartment headwall (22) divides other to pass through one group of connection hinge (20) and is connected with tapered floor (17), constitute a uncovered freight house, on the top of this freight house a compartment compartment top (23) is set, this load-bearing pillar of one group of load-bearing pillar (19) (19) is set on compartment bottom girder (2) runs through tapered floor (17).
2, the collapsible railroad freight car that stacks according to claim 1 is characterized in that: following side wall (8) and last side wall (12), being connected between headwall (6) and the last headwall (15) promptly can be active, folding down; Also can be fix and detouchable, on following side wall (8) and following headwall (6), many groups can be set and go up side walls (12) and last headwalls (15).
3, the collapsible railroad freight car that stacks according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: 5 discharging hatchs (18) are set in the bottom in the collapsible compartment of self lighting type, the two groups of wheels in front and back and the bogie truck (1) of this self lighting type freight compartment is arranged between 1-2 and the 4-5 discharging hatch.
CNU2007200982602U 2007-12-03 2007-12-03 Folding type stackable railway freight carriage Expired - Fee Related CN201183487Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2007200982602U CN201183487Y (en) 2007-12-03 2007-12-03 Folding type stackable railway freight carriage

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2007200982602U CN201183487Y (en) 2007-12-03 2007-12-03 Folding type stackable railway freight carriage

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201183487Y true CN201183487Y (en) 2009-01-21

Family

ID=40271224

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNU2007200982602U Expired - Fee Related CN201183487Y (en) 2007-12-03 2007-12-03 Folding type stackable railway freight carriage

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201183487Y (en)

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20090121

Termination date: 20101203

C17 Cessation of patent right