CN201181134Y - Cold/hot wind type solar energy absorption type air conditioner apparatus - Google Patents

Cold/hot wind type solar energy absorption type air conditioner apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201181134Y
CN201181134Y CNU2008203005219U CN200820300521U CN201181134Y CN 201181134 Y CN201181134 Y CN 201181134Y CN U2008203005219 U CNU2008203005219 U CN U2008203005219U CN 200820300521 U CN200820300521 U CN 200820300521U CN 201181134 Y CN201181134 Y CN 201181134Y
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China
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outlet
inlet
hot water
evaporator
valve
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CNU2008203005219U
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Chinese (zh)
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杨发柱
赵宗昌
马凤云
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克拉玛依市威特科技有限责任公司;大连理工大学;新疆大学
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/20Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation in buildings, dwellings or related infrastructures
    • Y02A30/27Relating to heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC] technologies
    • Y02A30/276Relating to heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC] technologies of the sorption type
    • Y02A30/277Absorption based systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/60Other technologies for heating or cooling
    • Y02B30/62Absorption based systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

The utility model relates to a solar air-conditioning device which is a cold/hot wind solar absorption-type air-conditioning device. The solar air-conditioning device comprises a heat collector, a cold/hot wind absorption-type air conditioner, a hot water tank and a cold water tower. The cold/hot wind absorption-type air conditioner comprises an absorber, a heat exchanger, a generator, a condenser and an evaporator. The water inlet of the solar heat collector communicates with the first water outlet of the hot water tank via a pipeline and a hot water-circulating water pump. The water outlet of the solar heat collector communicates with the first water inlet of the hot water tank via a pipeline. The second water outlet of the hot water tank communicates with the hot water inlet of the generator via a pipeline and a hot water pump. The solar air-conditioning device has the advantages of reasonable and compact structure, easy use and capability of cooling the air by the one-time heat-transfer. Under the condition of the same air-conditioning temperature, the evaporation temperature of the cooling medium is increased by about 4 DEG C to 5 DEG C, thereby effectively increasing the refrigerating efficiency. Under the same condition of driving the heat source, the cooling capacity is increased. The solar air-conditioning device can also provide the hot air for the heat supply in winter.

Description

冷/热风型太阳能吸收式空调装置 Cold / hot solar absorption type air conditioner

一、 技术领域 First, the technical field

本实用新型涉及太阳能空气调节装置,是一种冷/热风型太阳能吸收式空调装置。 The present invention relates to a solar air conditioner, a cold / hot solar absorption type air conditioner.

二、 背景技术 Second, the technical background

太阳能是丰富、廉价的清洁能源。 Solar energy is abundant, cheap, clean energy. 夏天太阳强烈的辐射与人们对于制冷的需求相一致。 Intense solar radiation consistent with people's demand for cooling in summer. 因此,利用太阳能替代常规的能源驱动吸收制冷机制冷,冬季利用太阳辐射进行辅助供暖, 不仅可以最大限度地利用清洁的自然资源,同时也具有重要的节能和环保作用。 Thus, the use of solar energy alternative to conventional absorption chiller driven cooling and winter heating using an auxiliary solar radiation, not only can maximize the use of clean natural resources, but also has an important role in energy conservation and environmental protection. 当前世界各国都在加紧进行太阳能空调方面的研究和技术开发工作。 Current world are stepping up research and technology development aspects of solar air conditioning. 许多国家已经建立或正在建立太阳能空调系统。 Many countries have established or are establishing solar air conditioning system. 目前,大多数太阳能吸收式空调系统,主要是由太阳能集热器、吸收制冷机、 蓄热水箱、冷却塔、空调箱和辅助加热系统所构成。 Currently, most solar absorption air conditioning system, mainly by the solar collectors, absorption chillers, heat storage tanks, cooling towers, auxiliary air conditioning and heating system tank configuration. 而现有的太阳能吸收式空调的冷媒和空气的热量传递需要经过冷媒抓冷水以及冷水抓空气两次热量传递才能实现,由于需要两次热量传递,会造成过多的温差损失,制冷效率低。 The existing solar heat absorption air conditioning refrigerant and air passing through the refrigerant needs to catch cold and cold air caught twice the heat transfer can be achieved, due to the need twice the heat transfer, the temperature difference will cause excessive loss, low cooling efficiency. 而且所采用的吸收制冷机通常是工业规模的冷水机组,结构复杂,成本高,维护不便。 And absorption chillers typically used in industrial-scale chillers, complex structure, high cost and maintenance inconvenience. 冷风的产生还需要借助于与之匹配的空调箱或风机盘管才能实现,为此系统中还要有冷水循环系统(包括冷水箱,冷水泵和空调箱或风机盘管等),这使得系统过于复杂化,不便于广大城乡居民住宅使用。 Produce cold also need the help of a matching box air conditioner or fan coil can be achieved, for which there is also cold water circulation system (including cold water tank, water pump and air-conditioning cold box or fan coil, etc.) system, which makes the system too complicated and not easy to use residential urban and rural residents.

三、 发明内容 III. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

本实用新型提供了一种冷/热风型太阳能吸收式空调装置,克服了上述现有技术之不足, 其能有效解决现有的太阳能吸收式空调制冷效率低的问题。 The present invention provides a cold / hot solar absorption type air conditioner, overcomes the inadequacies of the prior art, which can effectively solve the conventional low solar absorption air conditioning and refrigeration efficiency.

本实用新型还能进一步提供热风而实现冬季供暖。 The present invention further provides hot air can be achieved winter heating.

本实用新型的技术方案是通过以下措施来实现的: 一种冷/热风型太阳能吸收式空调装置,包括太阳能集热器、冷/热风型吸收式空调机、热水储箱、凉水塔,冷/热风型吸收式空调机包括吸收器、换热器、发生器、冷凝器和蒸发器; Aspect of the present invention is achieved by the following measures:, a cold / hot air type solar absorption air conditioning apparatus, comprising a solar collector, the cold / hot air absorption-type air conditioner, hot water storage tank, cooling tower, cold / hot air absorption type air conditioner includes an absorber heat exchanger, generator, condenser and an evaporator;

太阳能集热器入水口通过管路、热水循环水泵与热水储箱第一出水口相连通,太阳能集热器出水口和管路与热水储箱第一入水口相连通; Solar collector via line inlet, the hot water circulating pump and the hot water storage tank are connected through a first outlet, and a solar collector outlet line and the hot water storage tank is connected through a first inlet;

热水储箱第二出水口通过管路、热水水泵与发生器热水入口相连通,发生器热水出口通过管路与热水储箱第二入水口相连通; Hot water storage tank through the second outlet is connected via a line, the hot water pump and a hot water inlet of the generator, the generator and the hot water outlet conduit through the hot water storage tank communicates second inlet;

吸收器稀溶液出口通过管路、溶液泵与换热器第一入口相连通,换热器第一出口通过管路与发生器入口相连通,发生器第一出口通过管路与换热器第二入口相连通,换热器第二出口通过管路与吸收器第一入口相连通; Dilute solution absorber outlet through the first inlet conduit, the pump was in communication with the heat exchanger, the heat exchanger through the first outlet conduit in communication with the inlet of the generator, the generator of the first outlet of the heat exchanger through conduit two inlet in communication, the second heat exchanger and the absorber through the outlet conduit communicating the first inlet;

凉水塔出水口通过管路、循环水泵与吸收器入水口相连通,吸收器出水口通过管路与冷凝器入水口相连通,冷凝器出水口通过管路与凉水塔入水口相连通; Cooling tower via line outlet, circulating pump and a water inlet communicating the absorber, the absorber through the outlet conduit communicating with the condenser inlet, a condenser outlet and the cooling tower through inlet conduit communicating;

发生器第二出口通过管路与冷凝器入口相连通,冷凝器出口通过管路与蒸发器入口相连通,蒸发器出口通过管路与吸收器第二入口相连通; Pass through the second outlet conduit connected to the generator and the condenser inlet, an outlet communicating via the condenser and the evaporator inlet piping, the evaporator outlet via a second inlet conduit communicating with the absorber;

在蒸发器上有进风口和出风口。 The evaporator has an air inlet and an air outlet.

下面是对上述实用新型技术方案的进一步优化或/和改进: The following is a further optimization of the above aspect of the invention and / or improvements:

上述热水储箱第二出水口可通过管路、热水水泵与蒸发器入口相连通,蒸发器出口通过管路与热水储箱第二入水口相连通。 The hot water storage tank is connected to the second outlet can pass through the inlet conduit, a hot water pump and an evaporator, the evaporator outlet conduit communicating with the hot water storage tank through the second inlet.

上述蒸发器可包括不少于一根的翅片管、蒸发器入口、蒸发器出口、风箱、风机、进风口、出风口,翅片管的一端通过蒸发器入口、管路与冷凝器出口相连通,翅片管的另一端通过蒸发器出口、管路与吸收器第二入口相连通。 The evaporator may comprise less than a finned tube, the inlet of the evaporator, the evaporator outlet, bellows, fans, air inlet, outlet, end of the fin tube through the evaporator inlet, and a condenser connected to the outlet conduit through the other end, the fin tube through the evaporator outlet, a second inlet conduit and communicating the absorber.

上述蒸发器可包括不少于一根的翅片管、蒸发器入口、蒸发器出口、风箱、风机、进风口、出风口,翅片管的一端通过蒸发器入口、管路、热水水泵与热水储箱第二出水口相连通,翅片管的另一端通过蒸发器出口和管路与热水储箱第二入水口相连通。 The evaporator may comprise less than a finned tube, the inlet of the evaporator, the evaporator outlet, bellows, fans, air inlet, outlet, end of the fin tube through the evaporator inlet piping, water pump and hot water storage tank through the second outlet is connected, the other end of the finned tube evaporator outlet communicates through the line and the hot water storage tank and a second water inlet.

上述太阳能集热器入水口与热水储箱第一出水口相连通的管路上可有第一阀门或第二阀门或第一阀门和第二阀门;在热水储箱第二出水口与发生器热水入口相连通的管路上有第三阀门或第四阀门或第三阀门和第四阀门,在发生器热水出口与热水储箱第二入水口相连通的管路上有第五阀门;在吸收器稀溶液出口与换热器第一入口相连通的管路上有第六阀门或第七阀门或第六阀门和第七阀门;在凉水塔出水口与吸收器入水口相连通的管路上有第十一阀门或第十二阀门或第十一阀门和第十二阀门;在冷凝器出口与蒸发器入口相连通的管路上有第八阀门,在蒸发器出口与吸收器第二入口相连通的管路上有第九阀门;在热水储箱第二出水口与蒸发器入口相连通的管路上有第十三阀门,在蒸发器出口与热水储箱第二入水口相连通的管路上有第十阀门。 The solar collector and a hot water inlet tank communicating the first outlet pipeline may have a first valve or the second valve or the first and second valves; hot water storage tank and a second outlet occurs a hot water inlet is connected to the pipeline through the third valve or the third valve and the fourth valve or fourth valve, the hot water generator and the hot water outlet tank second inlet communicating with a fifth pipeline valve ; the valve has a sixth or seventh or sixth valve and the seventh valve in the first inlet valve dilute solution absorber outlet in communication with the heat exchanger piping; cooling tower at the absorber outlet and inlet tubes communicating the road to the eleventh or twelfth valve or valves eleventh and twelfth valves valves; communicating condenser outlet and the evaporator inlet piping has eight valves, in the evaporator outlet and the second inlet of the absorber pipeline communicating with a ninth valve; hot water storage tank in a second evaporator inlet and outlet communicating with a pipeline thirteenth valve, the evaporator outlet and the inlet of the second hot-water tank in communication there are a tenth valve pipeline.

上述热水储箱内可有电加热装置或在热水储箱外有燃气或油加热装置。 The hot water storage tank an electrical heating device may be a gas or oil heating means outside the hot water storage tank.

本实用新型结构合理而紧凑,使用方便,由于只要一次传热即可实现空气的冷却,在相同空调温度下,冷媒的蒸发温度可以提高4-5度左右,因此有效的提高了制冷效率,在同样驱动热源情况下,提高了产冷量。 Rational and compact in structure, easy to use, since the heat transfer can be achieved as long as a cooling air, conditioned at the same temperature, the evaporation temperature of the refrigerant can be increased by about 4-5 degrees, thus effectively improving the cooling efficiency, Also the driving source, the increased cooling capacity. 本实用新型还能进一步提供热风而实现冬季供暖。 The present invention further provides hot air can be achieved winter heating.

四、附图说明 IV BRIEF DESCRIPTION

附图l是本实用新型的主视结构示意图,附图中的编码分别为:S为太阳能集热器,T为热水储箱,CT为凉水塔,A为吸收器,HE 为换热器,G为发生器,C为冷凝器,E为蒸发器,El为翅片管,E2为风机,AH为燃气或油加热装置,P1为热水循环水泵,P2为热水水泵,P3为循环水泵,P4为溶液泵,V1为第一阀门,V2为第二阀门,V3为第三阀门,V4为第四阀门,V5为第五阀门,V6为第六阀门,V7为第七阀门,V8 为第八阀门,V9为第九阀门,V10为第十阀门,Vll为第^^一阀门,V12为第十二阀门,V13为第十三阀门,l为热水储箱第一出水口, 2为太阳能集热器入水口, 3为太阳能集热器出水口, 4 为热水储箱第一入水口, 5为热水储箱第二出水口, 6为发生器热水入口, 7为发生器热水出口, 8为热水储箱第二入水口; 9为吸收器稀溶液出口, IO为换热器第一入口, ll为换热器第一出 L is a schematic drawings of the present invention novel structural front view, respectively, encoding the drawings is: S for the solar collectors, T is the hot water storage tank, CT is a cooling tower, A is the absorber, heat exchanger HE is , G is a generator, C a condenser, E an evaporator, El is a finned tube, E2 for the fan, AH is a gas or oil heating means, P1 is a hot water circulation pump, P2 is a hot water pump, P3 is a loop pumps, P4 is the solution pump, V1 is the first valve, V2 for the second valve, V3 for the third valve, V4 for the fourth valve, V5 for the fifth valve, V6 for the sixth valve, V7 seventh valve, V8 valve eighth, ninth valve V9, V10 tenth valve, a valve Vll to the first ^^, V12 valves twelfth, thirteenth valve V13, l is a first hot water storage tank outlet, 2 is a solar collector inlet, 3 is a solar collector outlet, 4 is a first hot water storage tank water inlet, hot water storage tank 5 to the second outlet, the inlet of hot water generator 6, 7 generator hot water outlet, the hot water storage tank 8 to a second inlet; an outlet 9 absorber dilute solution, the IO is a first heat exchanger inlet, ll out a first heat exchanger , 12为发生器入口, 13为发生器第一出口, 14为换热器第二入口, 15为换热器第二出口, 16为吸收器第一入口, 17为凉水塔出水口, 18为吸收器入水口, 19为吸收器出水口,20为冷凝器入水口, 21为冷凝器出水口, 22为凉水塔入水口, 23为发生器第二出口, 24为冷凝器入口, 25为冷凝器出口, 26为蒸发器入口, 27为蒸发器出口, 28为吸收器第二入口, 29为进风口, 30为出风口, 31为电加热装置。 , An inlet 12 for the generator, the generator 13 to the first outlet, a second inlet 14 for the heat exchanger, the heat exchanger 15 to the second outlet, the first inlet 16 for the absorber, 17 is a cooling tower outlet, 18 absorber water inlet, a water outlet 19 of the absorber, condenser water inlet 20, a condenser outlet 21, water inlet 22 for the cooling tower, the generator 23 to the second outlet, the inlet 24 of the condenser 25 is condensed outlet, an evaporator inlet 26, outlet 27 of the evaporator, the absorber 28 of the second inlet, to inlet 29, outlet 30, 31 for the electric heating means.

五、具体实施方式 V. DETAILED DESCRIPTION

本实用新型不受下述实施例的限制,可根据本实用新型的技术方案与实际情况来确定具体的实施方式。 Limiting embodiment of the present invention from the following embodiments, it may be determined in accordance with specific embodiments of the present invention the technical solution with the actual situation.

下面结合实施例及附图对本实用新型作进一步描述: The following Examples and the accompanying drawings in conjunction with embodiments of the present invention is further described as:

如附图1所示,该冷/热风型太阳能吸收式空调装置包括太阳能集热器S、冷/热风型吸收式空调机、热水储箱T、凉水塔CT,冷/热风型吸收式空调机包括吸收器A、换热器HE、发生器G、冷凝器C和蒸发器E。 As shown in Figure 1, the cold / hot solar absorption type air conditioner comprises a solar collector S, the cold / hot air absorption-type air conditioner, hot water storage tank T, cooling tower CT, cold / hot air type absorption-type air conditioner machine includes an absorber A, a heat exchanger HE, the generator G, condenser C and an evaporator E.

太阳能集热器入水口2通过管路、热水循环水泵P1与热水储箱第一出水口1相连通,太阳能集热器出水口3通过管路与热水储箱第一入水口4相连通,这样就构成了热水加热循环回路。 The solar collector 2 through the water inlet conduit, a hot water circulation pump P1 of the hot water storage tank are connected through a first outlet, a solar collector outlet conduit 3 through a first inlet connected to the hot water tank 4 pass, this constitutes the hot water circulation circuit heating.

热水储箱第二出水口5通过管路、热水水泵P2与发生器热水入口6相连通,发生器热水出口7通过管路与热水储箱第二入水口8相连通,这样就构成了冷/热风型吸收式空调机的热水回路。 Hot water storage tank 5 through the second outlet conduit, the pump P2 and the hot water generator 6 is connected through the hot water inlet, hot water outlet 7 through a line generator and a second inlet communicating hot water storage tank 8, so that constitute the hot water circuit cold / hot air absorption-type air conditioner.

吸收器稀溶液出口9通过管路、溶液泵P4与换热器第一入口10相连通,换热器第一出口1 l通过管路与发生器入口12相连通,发生器第一出口13通过管路与换热器第二入口14相连通,换热器第二出口15通过管路与吸收器第一入口16相连通,这样就构成了冷/热风型吸收式空调机的溶液回路。 Dilute solution absorber outlet 9 through the first inlet conduit, the pump P4 and the solution heat exchanger 10 is connected through the heat exchanger first outlet communicating 1 l 12 through an inlet conduit to the generator, the generator 13 through the first outlet the second inlet conduit 14 communicating with the heat exchanger, the heat exchanger through a second outlet is connected via line 1516 to the first inlet absorber, this constitutes a cold / hot air type absorber solution circuit type air conditioner.

凉水塔出水口17通过管路、循环水泵P3与吸收器入水口18相连通,吸收器出水口19通过管路与冷凝器入水口20相连通,冷凝器出水口21通过管路与凉水塔入水口22相连通,这样就构成了冷/热风型吸收式空调机的循环水回路。 Into the cooling tower 17 via line outlet, circulating pump P3 and the absorber 18 outlet in communication, the absorber outlet through line 19 to the condenser inlet 20 communicates, through the condenser outlet pipe 21 into the cooling tower communicating port 22, thus constituting the cold / hot air absorption-type air conditioner circulating water loop.

发生器第二出口23通过管路与冷凝器入口24相连通,冷凝器出口25通过管路与蒸发器入口26相连通,蒸发器出口27通过管路与吸收器第二入口28相连通,这样就构成了冷/热风型吸收式空调机的冷媒回路。 The second generator 23 via a line outlet to the condenser 2526 via line communicating with an inlet 24 connected to the evaporator through an inlet, an outlet condenser, evaporator outlet 27 through the second inlet conduit communicating with the absorber 28, so that a refrigerant circuit constitute a cold / hot air absorption-type air conditioner.

在蒸发器上有进风口29和出风口30。 The evaporator 29 has an air inlet and an air outlet 30. 在实际使用中,蒸发器的进风口29可通过风管与房间的回风口相连通,蒸发器的出风口30可通过风管与房间的送风口相连通,这样就构成了冷/热风型吸收式空调机的空气回路。 In actual use, the evaporator air inlet 29 may be communicated through the return air duct to the room, an evaporator air outlet 30 may be communicated via air outlet duct and the room, which constitutes the cold / hot air type absorption air circuit-type air conditioner.

可根据实际需要,对上述冷/热风型太阳能吸收式空调装置作进一步优化或/和改进: According to actual needs, or to further optimize the above-described cold / hot solar absorption type air conditioner as / and improvement:

如附图1所示,热水储箱第二出水口5通过管路、热水水泵P2与蒸发器入口26相连通,蒸发器出口27通过管路与热水储箱第二入水口8相连通,在实际使用中,蒸发器进风口29可通过风管与房间的回风口相连通,蒸发器出风口30可通过风管与房间的送风口相连通。 As shown in Figure 1, the hot water storage tank 5 through the second outlet pipe, the hot water pump P2 is connected to the evaporator 26 through the inlet conduit 27 is connected to the hot water storage tank through the second outlet of the evaporator inlet 8 through, in practical use, an evaporator air inlet tube 29 may be connected with the return air through the room air through the evaporator outlet 30 may be communicated through the air outlet duct and the room.

如附图1所示,蒸发器包括不少于一根的翅片管E1、蒸发器入口26、蒸发器出口27、风箱、风机E2、进风口29、出风口30,翅片管E1的一端通过蒸发器入口26、管路与冷凝器出口25相连通,翅片管E1的另一端通过蒸发器出口27、管路与吸收器第二入口28相连通,这样就构成了冷风输送回路。 As shown in the drawings, the evaporator 1 comprises a fin tube is not less than E1, the evaporator inlet 26, outlet 27 of the evaporator, bellows, fans E2, then the air inlet 29, outlet 30, one end of the finned tube E1 through the evaporator inlet 26, conduit 25 communicates with the outlet of the condenser, the other end of the fin tube E1 through the evaporator outlet 27, a second inlet conduit communicating with the absorber 28, thus constitutes a cold transfer circuit.

如附图1所示,蒸发器包括不少于一根的翅片管E1、蒸发器入口26、蒸发器出口27、风箱、风机E2、进风口29、出风口30,翅片管E1的一端通过蒸发器入口26、管路、热水水泵P2 与热水储箱第二出水口5相连通,翅片管E1的另一端通过蒸发器出口27和管路与热水储箱第二入水口8相连通,这样就构成了热风输送回路。 As shown in the drawings, the evaporator 1 comprises a fin tube is not less than E1, the evaporator inlet 26, outlet 27 of the evaporator, bellows, fans E2, then the air inlet 29, outlet 30, one end of the finned tube E1 through the evaporator outlet 27 and the second line and the hot water storage tank through the evaporator inlet 26, communicates, and the other end of the fin tube E1 line, the hot water pump P2 and the second outlet hot water storage tank inlet 5 8 communicating, this constitutes a hot air delivery circuit.

如附图1所示,在太阳能集热器入水口2与热水储箱第一出水口1相连通的管路上有第一阀门V1或第二阀门V2或第一阀门V1和第二阀门V2;在热水储箱第二出水口5与发生器热水入口6相连通的管路上有第三阀门V3或第四阀门V4或第三阀门V3和第三阀门V4,在发生器热水出口7与热水储箱第二入水口8相连通的管路上有第五阀门V5;在吸收器稀溶液出口9与换热器第一入口IO相连通的管路上有第六阀门V6或第七阀门V7或第六阀门V6和第七阀门V7;在凉水塔出水口17与吸收器入水口18相连通的管路上有第十一阀门V11或第十二阀门V12或第十一阀门V11和第十二阀门V12;在冷凝器出口25与蒸发器入口26相连通的管路上有第八阀门V8, 在蒸发器出口27与吸收器第二入口28相连通的管路上有第九阀门V9;在热水储箱第二出水口5与蒸发器入口26相连通的管路上有第十三阀门V13,在蒸发器出口27与热 As shown in Figure 1, in the solar collector 2 and the hot water inlet tank 1 is connected through a first outlet of the pipeline with a first valve V1 or valve V2 of the second or the first valve and the second valve V2 V1 ; the second hot-water tank hot water inlet 5 and the outlet 6 communicating with a generator pipeline third valve V3 or V4 fourth valve or the third valve V3 and the third valve V4, the hot water outlet generator 7 and the hot water storage tank 8 is connected to the second inlet of the pipeline through a fifth valve V5; dilute solution at the outlet of the absorber 9 and the heat exchanger first inlet communicated IO pipeline has a sixth or seventh valves V6 valve V7 or valve sixth and seventh valves V6 V7; cooling tower outlet in the absorber 17 and the inlet 18 communicating with a pipeline to the eleventh or twelfth valve V11, or valve V12 and the eleventh valve V11 twelve valves V12; 26 communicating with a pipeline eighth valve V8 in the condenser outlet and the evaporator inlet 25, outlet 27 and a second evaporator inlet of the absorber with a ninth valve V9 28 communicating pipeline; in hot water storage tank 5 and the second outlet of the evaporator inlet piping 26 in communication with a thirteenth valve V13, the evaporator outlet 27 and the heat 储箱第二入水口8相连通的管路上有第十阀门V10。 A second tank inlet pipeline 8 communicating with a tenth valve V10.

如附图1所示,考虑到太阳能辐射的不连续性以及阴天无日照的情况下仍能正常运行系统,在热水储箱T内有电加热装置31,还可在热水储箱外设置燃气或油加热装置AH。 As shown in FIG. 1, the solar radiation is not taking into account the continuity, and the normal operation of the system still cloudy without sunlight, the electric heating means 31 in the hot water storage tank T, also outside the hot water storage tank gas or oil heating means disposed AH.

本实用新型的使用过程: The present invention use:

夏季制冷时:当太阳升起来的时候,打开第一阀门V1,启动热水循环水泵P1,再打开第二阀门V2,热水储箱T内的水通过热水储箱第一出水口1、管路和太阳能集热器入水口2进入太阳能集热器S中进行加热,通过太阳能集热器出水口3、管路和热水储箱第一入水口4进入热水储箱T中,冷热水通过不断循环,当储热水箱上部温度达到设定的温度时(65°C),打开第十一阀门Vll、第十二阀门V12,启动循环水泵P3,凉水塔CT内的循环冷却水通过凉水塔出水口17、管路和吸收器入水口18进入到吸收器内同冷媒进行热量交换,冷媒吸收热量汽化,放出热量后的冷却水通过吸收器出水口19、管路和冷凝器入水口20进入到冷凝器中,通过冷凝器出水口21、管路和凉水塔入水口22进入到凉水塔CT上部的淋水管内向下喷淋,喷淋水从填料板向下流动过程中向环境空气散发热量,使循环 When cooling in summer: When the sun rose, opening the first valve V1, the hot water circulation pump start P1, then opening the second valve V2, the water in the hot water storage tank T through the first outlet hot water storage tank 1, piping and solar collector inlet into the solar collector 2 S, heated by the solar collector outlet 3, a first line and a hot water storage tank inlet 4 into the hot water storage tank T, cooled through continuous circulation of hot water, when the temperature of the upper portion of the hot water tank reaches the set temperature (65 ° C), to open the valve Vll to the eleventh, twelfth valve V12, circulating pump P3 starts, in the cooling tower circulating cooling CT cooling tower water through the water outlet 17, and the absorber tubing 18 into the inlet 19, and the condenser heat exchanger tubing within the absorber with refrigerant, the cooling water absorbs heat of vaporization of the refrigerant, the heat released by the absorber outlet water inlet 20 into the condenser, the condenser through outlet 21, conduit 22 and into the cooling tower water inlet within the upper portion of the shower water spray cooling tower under CT, spraying water to flow down from the packing sheet process ambient air to dissipate heat, the circulation 回到凉水塔CT内的水温度降低。 Back to the water temperature in the cooling tower CT reduced.

打开第六阀门V6、第七阀门V7,启动溶液泵P4,吸收器A内的冷媒稀溴化锂溶液通过吸收器稀溶液出口9、管路和换热器第一入口IO,进入换热器中,并通过换热器第一出口ll、 管路和发生器入口12进入到发生器G中。 The sixth valve V6 is opened, a seventh valve V7, starting solution pump P4, the refrigerant dilute LiBr solution in the absorber A through dilute solution outlet absorber 9, the first inlet conduit and the IO heat exchanger, enters the heat exchanger, a first heat exchanger and through the outlet ll, the inlet conduit 12 and into the generator in the generator G. 经浓縮的溴化锂浓溶液汇集在发生器G的底部,并通过发生器第一出口13、管路和换热器第二入口14进入到换热器中,并通过换热器第二出口15 和吸收器第一入口16回到吸收器A内。 The concentrated LiBr solution is concentrated together at the bottom of the generator G, and 13, a second inlet conduit and the heat exchanger 14 enters the heat exchanger through the first outlet generator, and a second outlet 15 through the heat exchanger a first inlet 16 and the absorber back to the absorber A.

打开热水储箱T通往发生器G的第三阀门V3、第四阀门V4、第五阀门V5以及热水水泵P2, 向发生器供热水,同时关闭第十阀门VIO、第十三阀门V13。 Hot water storage tank T open third valve V3 leading to the generator G, the fourth valve V4, a fifth valve V5 and a hot water pump P2, hot water supply to the generator, while closing the valve the VIO tenth, thirteenth valve V13.

待水箱上部温度达到设定的温度时(75°C)打开第三阀门V3、第四阀门V4,启动热水水泵P2,热水储箱T内的热水通过热水储箱第二出水口5、发生器热水入口6、发生器热水出口7和热水储箱第二入水口8向发生器G提供热水。 When the upper portion of the tank until the temperature reaches the set temperature (75 ° C) opens the third valve V3, the fourth valve V4, the hot water pump start P2, hot water in the hot water storage tank T through the second outlet hot water storage tank 5, the generator 6 the hot water inlet, the hot water generator and the hot water storage tank outlet 7 of the second hot water inlet 8 to the generator G. 稀溶液通过吸收器稀溶液出口9,第六阀门V6、第七阀门V7以及溶液泵P4,通过换热器第一入口10进入换热器HE中与来自发生器G的浓溶液进行热量交换后通过换热器第一出口ll、发生器入口12进入发生器G中,进行蒸发。 Dilute solution dilute solution outlet through the absorber 9, the sixth valve V6, and a seventh valve V7 solution pump P4, enters through the inlet of the first heat exchanger 10 after heat exchanger with a heat exchanger HE concentrated solution from the generator G, a first heat exchanger through the outlet ll, the inlet 12 into the generator in the generator G, evaporated. 蒸发过程中产生的冷媒蒸汽通过发生器第二出口23,冷凝器入口24进入到冷凝器C中,冷媒凝液经冷凝器出口25,第八阀门V8,蒸发器入口26进入到蒸发器E中翅片管E1内蒸发并与管外热空气进行热量传递,导致管外热空气失去热量,由于蒸发器E的进风口29通过风管与房间的回风口相连,蒸发器E的出风口30通过风管与空调房间的送风口相连,从而达到降温目的, 实现了夏季的制冷。 Evaporated refrigerant vapor produced by the generator during a second outlet 23, a condenser inlet 24 into the condenser C, the refrigerant entering through the condensate outlet of the condenser 25, the eighth valve V8, the evaporator inlet 26 to the evaporator E the finned tube evaporator E1 and the outer heat transfer pipe with hot air, hot air results in the outer tube lose heat, since the return air inlet connected to the evaporator E through the duct 29 and the room, the evaporator E through the outlet 30 room air conditioning duct and connected to the delivery outlet, so as to achieve the purpose of cooling to achieve summer cooling. 同时冷媒在发生器蒸发过程产生的浓溶液通过发生器第一出口13、换热器第二入口14进入到换热器HE中,并通过换热器第二出口15、吸收器第一入口16进入到吸收器A中吸收来自蒸发器E的冷媒蒸汽。 In the evaporation of the refrigerant while the generator is generating a concentrated solution generator 13 through the first outlet, a second inlet 14 into the heat exchanger to the heat exchanger HE, the second heat exchanger and through the outlet 15, the first inlet of the absorber 16 into the absorber a, a refrigerant vapor from the absorbent in the evaporator E.

当太阳辐射不足造成储热水箱温度低于65'C时,启动电加热装置31或燃气或油加热装置AH,提高水温,以利于冷媒的蒸发,从而实现室内制冷。 When solar radiation is caused by lack of hot water storage tank temperature below 65'C, 31 means an oil or gas or electric heating means starts heating AH, raise the water temperature, in order to facilitate the evaporation of the refrigerant, thereby achieving the cooling chamber.

冬季供暖时:在太阳升起来的时候,打开第一阀门V1,启动热水循环水泵P1,再打开第二阀门V2,热水储箱内的水通过下部的热水储箱第一出水口l、管路和太阳能集热器入水口2进入太阳能集热器内进行加热,通过太阳能集热器出水口3、管路和热水储箱入水口4进入热水储箱中。 When winter heating: when the sun rises up, opening the first valve V1, the hot water circulation pump start P1, then opening the second valve V2, water, hot water storage tank of the hot water storage tank through the lower outlet of the first l , piping and solar collector 2 heats the water inlet into the solar collector, the solar collector through the outlet 3, and a hot water storage tank pipeline inlet 4 into the hot water storage tank. 当热水储箱上部的水温度达到设定的温度时(5CTC),打开第三阀门V3、第十三阀门V13,启动热水水泵P2,热水从热水储箱第二出水口5流出,经管路从蒸发器入口26流入蒸发器E内,通过蒸发器的翅片管E1内热水和管外冷空气的直接换热,达到加热空气的目的,并经蒸发器出口27、管路和第十阀门V10流回到热水储箱第二入水口8,完成一次循环, 经过不断的循环最终提高了室内的温度,达到了冬季供暖的目的。 When the water temperature of the upper portion of the hot water storage tank reaches the set temperature (5CTC), opening the third valve V3, a thirteenth valve V13, starting the hot water pump P2, hot water flows from the hot water storage tank 5 of the second outlet , via line 26 from the evaporator flows into the inlet of the evaporator E, by direct heat exchange with hot water and the outer tube of the finned tube evaporator E1 cool air, the purpose of heating the air, and by the evaporator outlet 27, conduit a tenth valve V10 and flow back to the inlet of the second hot water storage tank 8, the cycle is completed, after continuous cycle ultimately improve the room temperature, to achieve the purpose of heating in winter.

Claims (7)

1、一种冷/热风型太阳能吸收式空调装置,其特征在于包括太阳能集热器、冷/热风型吸收式空调机、热水储箱、凉水塔,冷/热风型吸收式空调机包括吸收器、换热器、发生器、冷凝器和蒸发器; 太阳能集热器入水口通过管路、热水循环水泵与热水储箱第一出水口相连通,太阳能集热器出水口通过管路与热水储箱第一入水口相连通; 热水储箱第二出水口通过管路、热水水泵与发生器热水入口相连通,发生器热水出口通过管路与热水储箱第二入水口相连通; 吸收器稀溶液出口通过管路、溶液泵与换热器第一入口相连通,换热器第一出口通过管路与发生器入口相连通,发生器第一出口通过管路与换热器第二入口相连通,换热器第二出口通过管路与吸收器第一入口相连通; 凉水塔出水口通过管路、循环水泵与吸收器入水口相连通,吸收器出水口通过管 A cold / hot air type solar absorption air conditioning apparatus, comprising a solar collector, the cold / hot air absorption-type air conditioner, hot water storage tank, the cooling tower, the cold / hot air absorption type air conditioner comprises an absorbent , a heat exchanger, a generator, a condenser and an evaporator; solar collector via line inlet, the hot water circulating pump and the hot water storage tank are connected through a first outlet, a solar collector through the outlet conduit and a first hot water storage tank inlet communicated; hot water storage tank through the second outlet conduit, the pump and the hot water through the hot water inlet connected to the generator, the generator and the hot water through the outlet conduit of the hot water storage tank two inlet communicating; dilute solution absorber outlet through the first inlet conduit, the pump was in communication with the heat exchanger, the heat exchanger through the first outlet conduit in communication with the inlet of the generator, the generator through the first outlet pipe and a second heat exchanger inlet passage communicates, via the first outlet of the heat exchanger a second inlet conduit communicating with the absorber; cooling tower outlet water inlet via line, circulating pump communicating with the absorber, the absorber through the outlet pipe 与冷凝器入水口相连通,冷凝器出水口通过管路与凉水塔入水口相连通; 发生器第二出口通过管路与冷凝器入口相连通,冷凝器出口通过管路与蒸发器入口相连通,蒸发器出口通过管路与吸收器第二入口相连通; 在蒸发器上有进风口和出风口。 A water inlet communicating with the condenser, the condenser and the outlet conduit through the cold water inlet communicating column; the second outlet communicates via a line generator and the condenser inlet, an outlet communicating via the condenser and the evaporator inlet piping , evaporator outlet via a second inlet conduit communicating with the absorber; the evaporator intake and outlet.
2、根据权利要求l所述的冷/热风型太阳能吸收式空调装置,其特征在于热水储箱第二出水口通过管路、热水水泵与蒸发器入口相连通,蒸发器出口通过管路与热水储箱第二入水口相连通。 2, according to claim cold / hot l of the solar absorption air conditioning apparatus, characterized in that the hot water storage tank through the second outlet pipe, the hot water pump inlet communicating with the evaporator claim evaporator through the outlet conduit hot water storage tank and a second inlet communicated.
3、根据权利要求l所述的冷/热风型太阳能吸收式空调装置,其特征在于蒸发器包括不少于一根的翅片管、蒸发器入口、蒸发器出口、风箱、风机、进风口、 出风口,翅片管的一端通过蒸发器入口、管路与冷凝器出口相连通,翅片管的另一端通过蒸发器出口、管路与吸收器第二入口相连通。 3, according to claim cold / hot l solar absorption air conditioning apparatus according to claim, characterized in that the evaporator comprises no less than a fin-tube evaporator inlet, an evaporator outlet, bellows, fans, air inlet, outlet, one end of the fin tube through the evaporator inlet and the condenser outlet communicating pipe, the other end of the fin tube through the second inlet of the evaporator outlet conduit communicating with the absorber.
4、根据权利要求2所述的冷/热风型太阳能吸收式空调装置,其特征在于蒸发器包括不少于一根的翅片管、蒸发器入口、蒸发器出口、风箱、风机、进风口、出风口,翅片管的一端通过蒸发器入口、管路、热水水泵与热水储箱第二出水口相连通,翅片管的另一端通过蒸发器出口和管路与热水储箱第二入水口相连通。 4, according to claim cold / hot solar absorber of the air conditioning apparatus 2, characterized in that the evaporator comprises no less than a fin-tube evaporator inlet, an evaporator outlet, bellows, fans, air inlet, outlet, one end of the fin tube through the evaporator inlet piping, water pump and the hot water storage tank are connected through a second outlet, the other end of the fin tube through the evaporator outlet and the first line and the hot water storage tank two water inlet communicating.
5、根据权利要求l或2或3或4所述的冷/热风型太阳能吸收式空调装置,其特征在于太阳能集热器入水口与热水储箱第一出水口相连通的管路上有第一阀门或第二阀门或第一阀门和第二阀门;在热水储箱第二出水口与发生器热水入口相连通的管路上有第三阀门或第四阀门或第三阀门和第四阀门,在发生器热水出口与热水储箱第二入水口相连通的管路上有第五阀门;在吸收器稀溶液出口与换热器第一入口相连通的管路上有第六阀门或第七阀门或第六阀门和第七阀门;在凉水塔出水口与吸收器入水口相连通的管路上有第十一阀门或第十二阀门或第十一阀门和第十二阀门;在冷凝器出口与蒸发器入口相连通的管路上有第八阀门,在蒸发器出口与吸收器第二入口相连通的管路上有第九阀门;在热水储箱第二出水口与蒸发器入口相连通的管路上有第十三阀门,在 5, according to claim l cold / hot solar absorption type air conditioner or 2 or 3 or claim 4, characterized in that the solar collector has a first water inlet and the hot water storage tank through the first outlet pipeline is connected a valve or a first or second valve and second valves; third or fourth valve or the third valve and a fourth valve in the hot water storage tank and a second outlet connected to the generator through the hot water inlet pipeline valve, the hot water generator and the hot water outlet tank communicating the second inlet pipeline a fifth valve; inlet at a first absorber heat exchanger dilute solution outlet communicating with a pipeline or sixth valve seventh or sixth valve and the seventh valve valve; in the cooling tower outlet and the absorber inlet in communication with a pipeline to the eleventh or twelfth valve or valves eleventh and twelfth valves valve; condensation an evaporator inlet and outlet communicating with a pipeline eighth valve, the second inlet of the evaporator and the absorber outlet communicating with a pipeline ninth valve; hot water storage tank is connected to the second outlet and the evaporator inlet the thirteenth through the pipeline with a valve, in 发器出口与热水储 Hair outlet and the hot water storage
6、根据权利要求l或2或3或4所述的冷/热风型太阳能吸收式空调装置,其特征在于热水储箱内有电加热装置或在热水储箱外有燃气或油加热装置。 6, according to claim l cold / hot air type solar or 2 or 3 or 4, wherein the absorption-type air conditioner, characterized in that the hot water storage tank an electrical heating device or outside the hot water storage tank with a gas or oil heating means .
7、根据权利要求5所述的冷/热风型太阳能吸收式空调装置,其特征在于热水储箱内有电加热装置或在热水储箱外有燃气或油加热装置。 7, according to claim cold / hot solar absorber 5 of the air conditioning apparatus, characterized in that the hot water storage tank an electrical heating device or outside the hot water storage tank with a gas or oil heating means.
CNU2008203005219U 2008-04-08 2008-04-08 Cold/hot wind type solar energy absorption type air conditioner apparatus CN201181134Y (en)

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CNU2008203005219U CN201181134Y (en) 2008-04-08 2008-04-08 Cold/hot wind type solar energy absorption type air conditioner apparatus

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102778071A (en) * 2011-05-13 2012-11-14 日立空调·家用电器株式会社 Sunlight head utilized steam absorption chiller and sunlight heat utilization system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102778071A (en) * 2011-05-13 2012-11-14 日立空调·家用电器株式会社 Sunlight head utilized steam absorption chiller and sunlight heat utilization system
CN102778071B (en) * 2011-05-13 2014-10-15 日立空调·家用电器株式会社 Sunlight head utilized steam absorption chiller and sunlight heat utilization system

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