CN201177365Y - Boiler with lower and reverse combustion type hearth structure - Google Patents

Boiler with lower and reverse combustion type hearth structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201177365Y
CN201177365Y CNU2008200071721U CN200820007172U CN201177365Y CN 201177365 Y CN201177365 Y CN 201177365Y CN U2008200071721 U CNU2008200071721 U CN U2008200071721U CN 200820007172 U CN200820007172 U CN 200820007172U CN 201177365 Y CN201177365 Y CN 201177365Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
chamber
flue
boiler
downward
heating clamber
Prior art date
Application number
CNU2008200071721U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李新明
Original Assignee
李新明
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 李新明 filed Critical 李新明
Priority to CNU2008200071721U priority Critical patent/CN201177365Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201177365Y publication Critical patent/CN201177365Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a boiler with a lower combustion reverberatory burning type hearth structure, which belongs to a civil vertical type hand-fired boiler. The technical proposal has key points that the inner layer of a hearth (10) is a rectangular chamber (22), grates (12) of the hearth divide the chamber into an upper combustion chamber (8) and a lower ash storage chamber (13), and a rear wall plate (23) of the ash storage chamber (13) is provided with a chimney intake (14) communicated with a heating chamber (18). Fume produced in the combustion chamber (8) has to be filtered by the grates (12) and burning coal piled on the surfaces of the grates (12) and then enters the heating chamber (18). The boiler can retain unburned or unburnt particles floating in the flame to the combustion chamber (8) of the hearth (10) for continuous combustion, improve the quality of the fume entering the heating chamber, ensures that the fume can be quickly burnout, reduce the emitted smoke dust and smoke oil, and reduce the pollution to the environment.

Description

A kind of chamber structure is for firing the boiler of downward-burning type down
Technical field
The utility model relates to boiler.More particularly, be a kind of civilian vertical hand-fired boiler.
Background technology
At present, the kind of civilian hand-fired boiler is a lot, is characterized in simple in structure, and O﹠M is easy, and it provides convenience for urban and rural residents' heating or hot-water supply.But it also has weak point, and its weak point is: produce with the flue dust of discharging morely, heat exchanger effectiveness is the end of than, simultaneously, severe contamination environment.
Summary of the invention
Task to be solved in the utility model provides a kind of chamber structure for firing the boiler of downward-burning type down.Make its not only can allow coal in burner hearth fully the burning but also unburned floating in the flame or uncombusted particle can be trapped in the burner hearth, it is burnt away; Thereby improve the quality enter flue gas in the heating clamber, make flue gas after-flame rapidly in heating clamber, reduced flue dust and tobacco tar and flue dust and tobacco tar adhering on inner wall surface, improved the heat exchanger effectiveness of this equipment; Reduced pollution to environment.
The technical solution of the utility model is as follows:
A kind of chamber structure includes the flue 3 and the rectangle furnace 10 that is arranged on the flue below of cylindrical shape for firing the boiler of downward-burning type down; Its cylindrical flue 3 is a double-decker, and the bottom between its bilayer is that hot-water cavity 16, top are boiling water bag 4, and simultaneously, the internal layer of flue 3 is that the cavity that inboard wall of furnace 19 has a drum shape is a heating clamber 18; Chimney 1 was passed down through boiling water bag 4 and communicated with heating clamber 18 simultaneously at the endways chimney 1 that is provided with the drum shape in rear at the top of flue 3 while; Its rectangle furnace 10 cuts with the heating clamber 18 of columniform flue 3 and drum shape simultaneously mutually, its rectangle furnace 10 also is a double-decker, the chamber that constitutes between its bilayer communicates with the hot-water cavity 16 of flue 3 bottoms, the internal layer of its rectangle furnace 10 is a rectangular chamber 22, be provided with fire grate 12 in its chamber, its fire grate 12 is divided into the Dust Storage Room 13 of the combustion chamber 8 and the bottom on top with chamber, and its characteristics are that the squab panel 23 of Dust Storage Room 13 is provided with the flue that communicates with heating clamber 18 and advances 14.Make the flue gas of generation in its combustion chamber 8 just can enter heating clamber 18 through after fire grate 12 and the fire grate 12 surperficial coal combustion filtrations of upward piling up.
Be provided with water inlet 15 in the bottom of flue 3, top is provided with delivery port 21.Be provided with safety valve 2 in order to control boiling water bag 4 internal pressures in the place ahead at the top of its flue 3.
And,
On the surface of its inboard wall of furnace 19, can endwaysly be provided with inner wall tube 5.
Also can in its heating clamber 18, can be provided with inner bag 6, and with following junction pipe 17 and hot-water cavity 16 UNICOMs, the bottom UNICOM of using junction pipe 20 and boiling water bag 4.
Yet can make its fire grate 12 be downward-sloping setting from back to front.
At run duration, unlatching fire door 9 can add coal or replenish air in burner hearth in burner hearth; Open observation door 7 and can observe smoke combustion situations in the heating clamber 18, can inwardly replenish air-breathing as required simultaneously; Open ash door 11 and can remove the ashes of the accumulation in the Dust Storage Room 13, also can remove the flue dust that is trapped in the heating clamber 18 simultaneously by chimney intake 14.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows: owing to adopt technique scheme, unburned floating in the flame or uncombusted particle can be trapped in the burner hearth and burn away, improved the quality that enters flue gas in the heating clamber, make its after-flame rapidly, reduce the flue dust of discharging and tobacco tar and they at inboard wall of furnace with the inwall pipeline is lip-deep adheres to, improved heat exchanger effectiveness; Reduced pollution to environment; It is simple in structure.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of the 1st embodiment of the utility model
Fig. 2 is the A-A cutaway view of Fig. 1
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of the 1st embodiment of the utility model
In the drawings, 1, chimney 2, safety valve 3, flue 4, boiling water bag 5, inner wall tube 6, inner bag 7, observe door 8, combustion chamber 9, fire door 10, burner hearth 11, ash door 12, fire grate 13, Dust Storage Room 14, chimney intake 15, water inlet 16, hot-water cavity 17, down junction pipe 18, heating clamber 19, inwall 20, go up junction pipe 21, delivery port 22, chamber
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is done a nearly step explanation
Embodiment 1
In Fig. 1, Fig. 2, the 1st embodiment shown in Figure 3, a kind of chamber structure is for firing the boiler of downward-burning type down, and it has the flue 3 of cylindrical shape and is arranged on the rectangle furnace 10 of flue below; Its cylindrical flue 3 is a double-decker, and the bottom between its bilayer is that hot-water cavity 16, top are boiling water bag 4, and simultaneously, the internal layer of flue 3 is that the cavity that inboard wall of furnace 19 has a drum shape is a heating clamber 18; Chimney 1 was passed down through boiling water bag 4 and communicated with heating clamber 18 simultaneously at the endways chimney 1 that is provided with the drum shape in rear at the top of flue 3 while; Its rectangle furnace 10 cuts with the heating clamber 18 of columniform flue 3 and drum shape simultaneously mutually, its rectangle furnace 10 also is a double-decker, the chamber that constitutes between its bilayer communicates with the hot-water cavity 16 of flue 3 bottoms, the internal layer of its rectangle furnace 10 is a rectangular chamber 22, be provided with fire grate 12 in its chamber, its fire grate 12 is divided into the Dust Storage Room 13 of the combustion chamber 8 and the bottom on top with chamber, and the squab panel 23 of Dust Storage Room 13 is provided with the chimney intake 14 that communicates with heating clamber 18.Be provided with water inlet 15 in the bottom of flue 3, top is provided with delivery port 21.Be provided with safety valve 2 in order to control boiling water bag 4 internal pressures in the place ahead at the top of its flue 3.
The endways inner wall tube 5 that is provided with on the surface of its inboard wall of furnace 19.
Simultaneously, be provided with inner bag 6 in the heating clamber 18, and with following junction pipe 17 and hot-water cavity 16 UNICOMs, the bottom UNICOM of using junction pipe 20 and boiling water bag 4.Its fire grate 12 is downward-sloping setting from back to front.
At run duration, the flue gas of generation must just can enter heating clamber 18 through after fire grate 12 and the fire grate 12 surperficial coal combustion filtrations of upward piling up in its combustion chamber 8.Its flue gas be unburned floating in the flame or uncombusted particle be trapped in burner hearth 10 combustion chamber 8 in burn away, improved the quality that enters flue gas in the heating clamber, make its after-flame rapidly, reduce flue dust and tobacco tar and they at inboard wall of furnace with the inwall pipeline is lip-deep adheres to, improved heat exchanger effectiveness; Reduced pollution to environment.
At run duration, unlatching fire door 9 can add coal or replenish air in burner hearth in burner hearth; Open observation door 7 and can observe smoke combustion situations in the heating clamber 18, can inwardly replenish air-breathing as required simultaneously; Open ash door 11 and can remove the ashes of the accumulation in the Dust Storage Room 13, also can remove the flue dust that is trapped in the heating clamber 18 simultaneously by chimney intake 14.

Claims (6)

1, a kind of chamber structure is the following boiler of combustion downward-burning type, includes the flue (3) of cylindrical shape and is arranged on rectangle furnace (10) below the flue; Its cylindrical flue (3) is a double-decker, and the bottom between its bilayer is that hot-water cavity (16), top are boiling water bag (4), and simultaneously, the internal layer of flue (3) is that the cavity that inboard wall of furnace (19) has a drum shape is heating clamber (18); Chimney (1) was passed down through boiling water bag (4) and communicated with heating clamber (18) simultaneously at the endways chimney (1) that is provided with the drum shape in rear at the top of flue (3) while; Its rectangle furnace (10) cuts with the heating clamber (18) of columniform flue (3) and drum shape simultaneously mutually, its rectangle furnace (10) also is a double-decker, the chamber that constitutes between its bilayer communicates with the hot-water cavity (16) of flue (3) bottom, the internal layer of its rectangle furnace (10) is rectangular chamber (22), be provided with fire grate (12) in its chamber, its fire grate (12) is divided into chamber the Dust Storage Room (13) of the combustion chamber (8) and the bottom on top, it is characterized in that the squab panel (23) of Dust Storage Room (13) is provided with the chimney intake (14) that communicates with heating clamber (18).
2, a kind of chamber structure according to claim 1 is characterized in that the endways inner wall tube (5) that is provided with on the surface of inboard wall of furnace (19) for firing the boiler of downward-burning type down.
3, a kind of chamber structure according to claim 2 is for firing the boiler of downward-burning type down, it is characterized in that, in heating clamber (18), be provided with inner bag (6), and with following junction pipe (17) and hot-water cavity (16) UNICOM, the bottom UNICOM of using junction pipe (20) and boiling water bag (4).
4, be the boiler of combustion downward-burning type down according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described a kind of chamber structures, it is characterized in that, be provided with safety valve (2) in the place ahead at the top of flue (3) in order to the pressure in the control boiling water bag (4).
5, be the boiler that fires downward-burning type down according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described a kind of chamber structures, it is characterized in that fire grate (12) is downward-sloping setting from back to front.
6, be the boiler that fires downward-burning type down according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described a kind of chamber structures, it is characterized in that the bottom of flue (3) is provided with water inlet (15), top is provided with delivery port (21).
CNU2008200071721U 2008-03-04 2008-03-04 Boiler with lower and reverse combustion type hearth structure CN201177365Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008200071721U CN201177365Y (en) 2008-03-04 2008-03-04 Boiler with lower and reverse combustion type hearth structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008200071721U CN201177365Y (en) 2008-03-04 2008-03-04 Boiler with lower and reverse combustion type hearth structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201177365Y true CN201177365Y (en) 2009-01-07

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNU2008200071721U CN201177365Y (en) 2008-03-04 2008-03-04 Boiler with lower and reverse combustion type hearth structure

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102818363A (en) * 2011-06-10 2012-12-12 夏君生 Vertical efficient and energy saving (dual purpose) boiler
CN108278775A (en) * 2017-12-18 2018-07-13 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 A kind of wood residue burner
CN108302762A (en) * 2017-12-18 2018-07-20 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 A kind of Pear-Shaped wood residue burning boiler

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102818363A (en) * 2011-06-10 2012-12-12 夏君生 Vertical efficient and energy saving (dual purpose) boiler
CN108278775A (en) * 2017-12-18 2018-07-13 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 A kind of wood residue burner
CN108302762A (en) * 2017-12-18 2018-07-20 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 A kind of Pear-Shaped wood residue burning boiler

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20090107

Termination date: 20110304