CN201175698Y - Electric winnower - Google Patents

Electric winnower Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201175698Y
CN201175698Y CNU2007200821668U CN200720082166U CN201175698Y CN 201175698 Y CN201175698 Y CN 201175698Y CN U2007200821668 U CNU2007200821668 U CN U2007200821668U CN 200720082166 U CN200720082166 U CN 200720082166U CN 201175698 Y CN201175698 Y CN 201175698Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
casing
volute
centimetre
box body
material baffle
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNU2007200821668U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
文仲书
袁立城
Original Assignee
文仲书
袁立城
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 文仲书, 袁立城 filed Critical 文仲书
Priority to CNU2007200821668U priority Critical patent/CN201175698Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201175698Y publication Critical patent/CN201175698Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to an electric winnowing machine. The electric winnowing machine is characterized in that a scroll case is arranged at one end of a ventilation box body, an electric motor is assembled at one side of the scroll case, air inlet openings are arranged at the both sides of the scroll case, a fan blade is arranged in the scroll case, and an electric motor speed adjusting device is arranged outside the scroll case; a feeding hopper is arranged on the box body, the feeding opening of the feeding hopper is arranged on the box body, and a feeding controller is arranged at the feeding opening; front and rear grain discharging openings are arranged at the lower part of the box body; a guiding arc-shaped faceplate is arranged inside the box body, and a material separating plate is arranged between the two grain discharging openings; an air outlet opening is arranged at the rear part of the box body, and a second material separating plate is arranged on the bottom edge of the air outlet opening; and a rack is arranged outside the box body and the scroll case. The electric winnowing machine has the advantages that the air flow running is reasonable, the utilization efficiency is high, and the electric power is saved; the cleaning effect for corns is good; the application range is wider, the structure is simple and compact, the disassembly is convenient, and the operation is simple and laborsaving.

Description

A kind of electric winnowing machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to the mechanical device that solid is separated with solid by air-flow, particularly is applicable to the agricultural miniature machinery of grain cleaning.
Technical background
The means that clean cereal in present rural area mainly are following several methods.The one, manual winnowing promptly by manually the grain after the threshing being kicked up, blown away foreign material by natural wind; The 2nd, utilize hoist engine to winnow, the mechanism of action is winnowed the same with craft.These two kinds of method labour intensity height, efficient is low, and occupied ground is big.Except that these two kinds of methods, the 3rd, mainly utilize manual windmill, shake handle by manpower, drive fan blade and rotate generation wind-force separation foreign material.Shortcoming is to take manually, and control is unstable, clean for several times just to go out clean grain, and efficient is low, labour intensity is big, and the fuselage heaviness, and it is rotten to ftracture easily.Though there is a spot of iron electronic pneumatic separation device to use at present, substantially be on former wooden windmill basis, to use driven by power instead, all have many shortcomings: power consumption is many, the cereal impurity-eliminating effect is undesirable, the inconvenience dismounting, lack the effective control device of air-flow or control undesirable, the shortcoming that service life is long.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome above-mentioned shortcoming and defect, and a kind of grain cleaning that is mainly used in is provided, rational in infrastructure, high efficiency, energy-conservation light electric winnowing machine.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved in that a kind of electric winnowing machine, and it has a ventilation casing, and an end of casing has a volute, the one side assembling motor of volute, both sides are driven the air port into, and the fan blade that assembles on the motor shaft is arranged in the volute, are provided with motor speed control device in the volute outside; Set up a feed hopper, its charging aperture to open on casing on the casing, the charging aperture place is provided with feed controller, this feed controller is made up of control panel, poke rod, poke rod chute, can there be scale on the chute limit, one side of this control panel and charging aperture is rotationally connected, its size is suitable with charging aperture, and poke rod is fixedlyed connected with control panel, is located at wall box; Lower box is provided with former and later two mouths of putting out cereal; At box house, the shell radian along volute is provided with the pilot arc panel, and putting out cereal at two is provided with material baffle between the mouth; The casing rear portion is an air outlet, and the air outlet base is provided with second material baffle; Casing and volute outside are provided with frame.Complete machine adopts the metal material manufacturing, and latter half, motor and volute, motor shaft and fan blade, frame and fuselage all are detachable flexible connections before feed hopper and ventilation casing, the volute.
During use, after connecting motor power, the driven by motor fan blade clockwise rotates in volute, can regulate the wind-force size by the motor speed control device that is arranged on the volute outside, cereal is all poured into from charging, cereal promptly slides into the ventilation casing along the charging control panel, driving the charging control panel by poke rod rotates on one side along charging aperture, thereby can the manual adjustment charging rate, the guiding that the air communication that fan blade produces is crossed the pilot arc panel, blow into the ventilation casing obliquely upward, meet with the cereal that slides in the ventilation casing, air-flow is blown over material baffle with not full particle lighter in the cereal and dust impurity etc., and full particle then drops out along first discharging opening, under the wind-force effect, not full particle continues to separate after material baffle with impurity etc., heavier not full cereal-granules falls along second discharging opening, and lighter impurity crosses second material baffle and be blown air outlet, thereby finishes the work.
Compare with the prior art means, the utlity model has following outstanding effect:
1, because structures such as the charging reconciled that the utility model adopts, material baffle, pilot arc panels, influence the air-flow operation, improve air-flow utilization ratio height, thereby conservation of power, generally only need 220v, the 25070W motor can satisfy use, and grain cleaning is effective, and the scope of application is more extensive, goes for various crops.
2, simple and compact for structure, be convenient to dismounting, easily manufactured, with low cost, in light weight, volume is changeable, is convenient to move and deposit.
3, simple to operate, labour intensity is extremely low.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structure cross-sectional schematic of the present utility model
Fig. 2 is the utility model blade structure schematic diagram
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of electric winnowing machine, it has a ventilation casing 1,20-30 centimetre of casing width, 15-25 centimetre of height, 40-55 centimetre of casing length, an end of casing 1 has a volute 2, diameter 35-45 centimetre, width is identical with casing, the 2 one sides assembling motor 3 of volute, motor is 220V, the interchange monophase machine of power 25-70W, the both sides of volute 2 are driven air port 4 into, the fan blade 5 that assembles on the motor shaft is arranged in the volute 2, the rectangle that is shaped as down two angles of fan blade, and totally four blades are symmetrically distributed; Be provided with motor speed control device 6 in the outside of volute 2; Set up a feed hopper 7, its charging aperture 8 to open on casing 1 on the casing, charging aperture is of a size of rectangle, long 15-25 centimetre, wide 5-10 centimetre, charging aperture 8 places are provided with feed controller, this feed controller is made up of control panel 9, poke rod 10, poke rod chute 11, can there be scale at poke rod chute edge, one side being rotationally connected of this control panel 9 and charging aperture 8, its size is suitable with charging aperture, poke rod 10 is fixedlyed connected with control panel 9, is located at the sidewall of casing 1; Casing 1 bottom is provided with former and later two mouths 12,13 of putting out cereal; Discharging opening 12 has certain distance apart from the charging aperture position; In casing 1 inside, the shell radian along volute 2 is provided with pilot arc panel 13, and putting out cereal at two is provided with material baffle 14 between the mouth; Material baffle 14 width are suitable with casing, and the top is 15-20 centimetre apart from casing top distance; Casing 1 rear portion is an air outlet 15, and the air-out base is provided with second material baffle 16; The width of second material baffle 16 is also suitable with casing, and the top is apart from 10-15 centimetre at casing top; The spacing of the material baffle 14 and second material baffle 16 is 18-25 centimetre; Casing 1 and volute 2 outsides are provided with frame 17.Complete machine adopts the metal material manufacturing, and feed hopper 7 all is detachable flexible connection with preceding latter half, the motor 3 of ventilation casing 1, volute 2 with volute 2, motor shaft and fan blade 5, frame 17 and fuselage.
During use, after connecting the power supply of motor 3, motor 3 drives fan blade 5 and rotates in volute 2, can regulate the wind-force size by the motor speed control device 6 that is arranged on volute 2 outsides, cereal is poured into from feed hopper 7, cereal promptly slides into casing 1 along charging control panel 9, slide in chute 11 by poke rod 10, driving charging control panel 9 rotates around one side of charging aperture 8, thereby can the manual adjustment charging rate, the guiding that the air communication that fan blade produces is crossed pilot arc panel 13, blow into casing 1 obliquely upward, meet with the cereal that slides in the casing 1, air-flow is blown over material baffle 14 with not full particle lighter in the cereal and dust impurity etc., full particle then drops out along first discharging opening 12, under the wind-force effect, not full particle continues to separate after material baffle 14 with impurity etc., and heavier not full cereal-granules falls along second discharging opening 13, and lighter impurity crosses second material baffle 16 and is blown air outlet, thereby finishes the work.

Claims (4)

1, a kind of electric winnowing machine, comprise a ventilation casing, one end of casing has a volute, the one side assembling motor of volute, the volute both sides are driven the air port into, the fan blade that assembles on the motor shaft is arranged in the volute, set up a feed hopper on the casing, its charging aperture is opened on casing, lower box is provided with former and later two mouths of putting out cereal, the casing rear portion is an air outlet, and casing and volute outside are provided with frame, it is characterized in that: be provided with motor speed control device in the fuselage outside, the charging aperture place is provided with feed controller, at box house, the shell radian along volute is provided with the pilot arc panel, putting out cereal at two is provided with material baffle between the mouth, the air outlet base at casing rear portion is provided with second material baffle.
2, a kind of electric winnowing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: this feed controller is made up of control panel, poke rod, poke rod chute, one side of this control panel and charging aperture is rotationally connected, its size is suitable with charging aperture, poke rod is fixedlyed connected with control panel, is located at wall box.
3, a kind of electric winnowing machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: latter half, motor and volute, motor shaft and fan blade, frame and fuselage all are detachable flexible connections before feed hopper and ventilation casing, the volute.
4, according to claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of electric winnowing machines, it is characterized in that: the casing width is 20-30 centimetre, highly be 15-25 centimetre, casing length is 40-55 centimetre, the volute diameter is 35-45 centimetre, width is identical with casing, motor is 220V, the interchange monophase machine of power 25-70W, the rectangle that is shaped as down two angles of fan blade, totally 4 blades are symmetrically distributed, charging aperture is a rectangle, length 15-25 centimetre, width 5-10 centimetre, material baffle width and casing are suitable, the top is 15-20 centimetre apart from casing top distance, the width of second material baffle is also suitable with casing, and the top is apart from 10-15 centimetre at casing top, and the spacing of the material baffle and second material baffle is 18-25 centimetre.
CNU2007200821668U 2007-11-28 2007-11-28 Electric winnower Expired - Fee Related CN201175698Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2007200821668U CN201175698Y (en) 2007-11-28 2007-11-28 Electric winnower

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2007200821668U CN201175698Y (en) 2007-11-28 2007-11-28 Electric winnower

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201175698Y true CN201175698Y (en) 2009-01-07

Family

ID=40215714

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNU2007200821668U Expired - Fee Related CN201175698Y (en) 2007-11-28 2007-11-28 Electric winnower

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201175698Y (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105214949A (en) * 2015-10-19 2016-01-06 李芝清 Paddy winnowing machine
CN106076846A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-11-09 九江市粮油机械厂(有限公司) A kind of combined cleaning device and clear miscellaneous method
CN112221975A (en) * 2020-09-23 2021-01-15 安徽省农业科学院作物研究所 Sesame multiple-layered cleaning and sorting machine

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105214949A (en) * 2015-10-19 2016-01-06 李芝清 Paddy winnowing machine
CN105214949B (en) * 2015-10-19 2017-12-22 李芝清 Paddy winnowing machine
CN106076846A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-11-09 九江市粮油机械厂(有限公司) A kind of combined cleaning device and clear miscellaneous method
CN106076846B (en) * 2016-06-17 2018-07-20 九江市粮油机械厂(有限公司) A kind of combined cleaning device and clear miscellaneous method
CN112221975A (en) * 2020-09-23 2021-01-15 安徽省农业科学院作物研究所 Sesame multiple-layered cleaning and sorting machine

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20090107

Termination date: 20091228