CN201168787Y - Turn-milling composite processing center - Google Patents

Turn-milling composite processing center Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201168787Y
CN201168787Y CNU2008200204600U CN200820020460U CN201168787Y CN 201168787 Y CN201168787 Y CN 201168787Y CN U2008200204600 U CNU2008200204600 U CN U2008200204600U CN 200820020460 U CN200820020460 U CN 200820020460U CN 201168787 Y CN201168787 Y CN 201168787Y
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China
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left
tool
bed
right
machine
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CNU2008200204600U
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Chinese (zh)
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林 李
韩玉臻
李春刚
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德州德隆(集团)机床有限责任公司
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Priority to CNU2008200204600U priority Critical patent/CN201168787Y/en
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Publication of CN201168787Y publication Critical patent/CN201168787Y/en

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Abstract

A turn-milling composite processing center is characterized in that the outside of a machine-tool body has a protecting cap, a left pulling-door, a right pulling-door, an operation station, a channel support, and a scrap discharger; the machine-tool body has an inner protection, wherein, the front of the inner protection has an automatic door, the upper right has a cooling pump set, the top left has a main shaft tank, the left side has a hydraulic damp, the right side has a cutter aligner; the left side of the machine-tool body is a main-shaft motor; the upper right of the machine-tool body is a hydraulic trail-seat; the upper rear of the machine-tool body is provided with a linear guide-rail pair, and a downward sliding saddle is arranged above a slide block of the linear guide-rail pair, a tool-storeroom bracket is installed at the left rear side of the downward sliding saddle, the left side above the tool-storeroom bracket has a tool-storeroom driving pair, the right side has a tool-storeroom, the front has a mechanic hand unit, and the rear has a U-shaft driving pair; a B-shaft tool turret is jointed above the sliding plate arranged on a slantways sliding saddle, an X-shaft driving pair is at the rear upper side of the slantways sliding saddle; the left of the machine-tool body has a Z1-shaft driving pair. The turn-milling composite processing center can avoid the motion fault in the cutter-installing and the cutter-changing processes of the traditional fixed tool-storeroom and considerably shorten the auxiliary time for changing cutters.

Description

车铣复合加工中心技术领域本实用新型涉及一种机械加工设备,尤其车铣复合加工中心。 Milling machining centers Technical Field The present invention relates to a machining apparatus, in particular milling machining center. 背景技术目前,国内具有复合车、铣功能的三轴联动的车削中心、四轴联动的车铣中心主要是以车削为主,由于机床刚性、刀具动力及刀具刀位数量不足,只能进行简单的钻孔、攻丝、铣槽,无法实现真正意义的车铣复合加工。 BACKGROUND At present, domestic car turning center has a complex, three-axis milling functionality of the Axis milling center mainly turning mainly due to the insufficient number of rigid machine, tool and power tool cutter location, only a simple drilling, tapping, milling, unable to realize the true meaning of the milling machining. 随着国内机械加工行业迅猛发展,航空航天、军工、汽车、水电、核电、船舶制造等行业的复杂的回转体零件主要靠精密数控车床和加工中心二次装夹加工,既增加了成本,又降低了效率,二次装夹精度也不易控制。 With the rapid development of the domestic processing industry machinery, aerospace, defense, automotive, hydropower, nuclear power, shipbuilding and other industries complex rotary part depends mainly on precision CNC lathes and machining centers secondary setup process, not only increasing the cost and reducing the efficiency, accuracy is difficult to control the second fixture. 各行业对一次装卡能够实现车削、铣削等多项加工任务,快速去除加工余量的高性能、高精度的复合机床的提出了新的要求。 Various sectors of a loaded card enables turning, milling and many other processing tasks, high-performance rapid removal allowance, high-precision machine tools composite put forward new requirements. 实用新型内容为了克服现有的加工设备的不足,本实用新型提供一种新型的五轴联动的车铣复合加工中心。 SUMMARY To overcome the deficiencies of the prior processing equipment, the present invention provides a novel five-axis milling machining centers. 这种车铣复合加工中心,通过控制X轴、Y轴、Z轴、B轴、C轴等五轴联动,能够完成任意角度的车削、铣削、钻削、镗削、磨削、攻、铰、扩、滚齿等任务,'加工空间任意几何形面。 Such milling machining centers by controlling the five-axis X-axis, Y-axis, Z-axis, B-axis, C-axis linkage, etc., can be completed at any angle of turning, milling, drilling, boring, grinding, tapping, reaming , expansion, hobbing tasks, 'any geometric surface machining space. 本实用新型解决其技术问题所采用的技术方案是:车铣复合加工中心的主要部件包括前倾45° ,后倾15°梯形斜床身部分、C轴主轴箱部分、X轴横向滑板和驱动部分、虛拟Y轴径向立柱和驱动部分、Z轴纵向滑鞍和驱动部分、B 轴刀架部分、24位自动刀库部分,机械手自动装刀装置部分,尾台及尾台驱部分、排屑和冷却部分、液压和油冷系统部分,气动系统部分,集中润滑系统部分,电气部分、机床内防护及全封闭机床外防护部分。 Aspect of the present invention to solve the technical problem is that: the main milling machining center member comprises forward 45 °, 15 ° retroversion trapezoidal inclined bed portion, C-axis spindle box section, X-axis and the transverse slide driver section, a virtual Y-axis radial uprights and a driving portion, the driving portion and the longitudinal saddle axis Z, B part holder axis, automatic tool part 24, robotic loading device section knife, and the tail end of stage drive section sets, row and a cooling part cooling system chip portion, and hydraulic oil, part of the pneumatic system, lubrication system portion, electrical parts, closed in the machine tool and an outer protective guard portion. 它是床体上前方是防护罩,其外侧是左拉门,右外侧是右拉门,在它前面是操纵站,下方是道轨支撑与排屑器,防护罩内的床体上安装了内防护,内防护前是自动门,右上方是冷却泵组,左上方是主轴箱,它的左侧是液压阻尼,右侧是对刀仪,床体左侧是主轴电机,床体的右上方是液压尾座,床体后上方安装直线导轨副,其滑块上方是下滑鞍,刀库支架安装在下滑鞍左后方,其上方左侧是是刀库驱动副,右侧是刀库,前方是机械手单元,它后面是U轴驱动副,B轴刀塔把合在斜滑鞍上的滑板上方,X轴驱动副在斜滑鞍后上方,床体左方是Z1轴驱动副。 It is on the front of a guard bed which is outside the door Zola, right outer sliding door is a right side, in front of it is the manipulation station, below the support rail and the chip conveyor, mounted on the bed within the shroud within the shield, the shield is automatically front door, a cooling pump upper right, upper left headstock, a hydraulic damping to its left, right is on the knife, the bed is left a spindle motor, the right upper bed side hydraulic tailstock, mounted after the bed above the linear guide, which is above the lower saddle slider, is mounted at the rear of the magazine holder lower saddle left, which is the upper left is a sub magazine drive, is a right magazine, the front is the robot unit, it is followed by the sub-shaft drive U, B turret shaft to slide over the engagement ramp in the saddle, X-axis drive in the sub saddle upward ramp, the bed is left sub-Z1-axis driving. 车铣复合加工中心机床总体采用卧式布局形式,床身釆用高刚性的前倾45° 后倾15°斜床身结构,具有高刚性和优良的抗振性,各向导轨为特殊设计的大尺寸重载荷滚柱直线导轨副,大大提高机床响应速度,延长机床使用寿命。 Milling machining center machines generally form a horizontal layout, bed preclude the use of high rigidity after tilting 15 ° 45 ° forward slant bed structure, having a high rigidity and excellent vibration resistance, each designed to guide special large heavy duty roller linear guide, greatly improving the response speed of the machine, to extend the service life of the machine. 机床主轴具备C轴功能,主轴传动系统为交流主电机通过同步带带动主轴,提高了传动的平稳性及C轴定位精度。 It includes a C-axis spindle function, a main spindle drive system AC motor drive shaft through a timing belt, to improve the stability and positioning accuracy of the C-axis drive. 机床的B轴刀架,可沿纵向(Z轴)、横向(X 轴)、径向(Y轴)进行直线运动和B轴的摆动回转运动,B轴还可以5。 B-axis machine tool holder, can be transverse (X-axis), the radial (Y-axis) for linear movement and a swinging movement along the longitudinal axis B (Z-axis), the B-axis may be 5. 或任意角度为单位分度,具有进行旋风车铣加工的能力。 Or any angle indexing units, having the ability to cyclone milling processing. Y轴为X和U轴插补虛拟轴, 具有极好的刚性。 X and Y axis U axis interpolation virtual axis, is excellent in rigidity. 该机床具有高度的柔性加工能力,通过控制X、 Y、 Z、 B、 C 轴相互插补从而实现了空间五面加工的能力范围。 The machine is highly flexible processing capabilities, by controlling the X, Y, Z, B, C axes are interpolated in order to achieve the capability of the space of five-face machining. 机床X、 Y、 Z轴传动均为直联式,可有效地降低传递误差。 Machine X, Y, Z-axis drive are direct coupling, can effectively reduce transmission errors. 该机床在斜滑鞍后面配备一个多达24把刀位的无磨损、免维护盘式刀库,具有较宽的工艺适应性,为减少换刀时车铣主轴往返移动带来的非生产性时间浪费,换刀位置跟随车铣主轴在全纵向(Z轴)行程内任意位置换刀,并且可在加工过程中预读下个机加程序,提前准备好刀具,实行自动更换刀位,缩短加工过程中的辅助时间。 The machine is equipped with a knife up to 24-bit oblique wear-free later in the saddle, maintenance-free Wheel magazine, has a wide process adaptability, is reducing tool change spindle turning and milling back and forth movement to bring non-productive waste of time, following the exchange position milling tool change spindle arbitrary position in the whole longitudinal direction (Z-axis) travel, and may next pre-read machining program in the machining process, the tool is ready to advance the implementation of the automatic tool replacement position, shortening during processing overhead time. 本实用新型的有益效果是,机床通过前倾45°后倾15°的梯形斜床身、主轴液压阻尼和液压制动、X轴和U轴插补的虛拟Y轴,使机床在具有较高刚性和优良的抗振性;机床通过控制X、 Y、 Z、 B、 C轴相互插补从而实现了空间五面加工的能力范围。 The present invention has the advantages that, after the virtual machine using the Y-axis tilt forward 45 ° to 15 ° trapezoidal interpolation inclined bed, and hydraulic brake hydraulic damping spindle, X-axis and U-axis, so that the machine having a higher rigidity and excellent vibration resistance; machine by controlling the X, Y, Z, B, C axes are interpolated in order to achieve the capability of the space of five-face machining. 该机床配备的刀库安装在下滑鞍后部与Z轴同时进给,可以在Z 轴行程的任意位置装刀换刀,避免了传统的固定刀库的装刀换刀动作故障,并且大大缩短了换刀的辅助时间。 The machine is equipped with a tool magazine mounted on the rear portion of the lower saddle simultaneously to the Z-axis, the knife can be mounted at an arbitrary position Z axis travel of tool change, tool change operation to avoid failure loaded conventional fixed magazine, and greatly shorten auxiliary tool change time. 附图说明下面结合附图和实施例对本实用新型进一步说明。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION The present invention is further described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments pair. 图1是车铣复合加工中心的主视图。 FIG. 1 is a front view of a milling machining centers. 图2是车铣复合加工中心的AA视图。 FIG 2 is a milling machining centers AA views. 图3是车铣复合加工中心的后视图。 FIG 3 is a milling machining center a rear view. 图中l.防护罩,2.左拉门,3.右拉门,4.操纵站,5.导轨支撑,6.排屑器, 7.液压尾座,8.B轴刀架,9.自动门,IO.对刀仪,11.主轴箱,12.液压阻尼, 13.床体,l4.主轴电机,15.直线导轨副,16.zl轴驱动副,17.下滑鞍,18.刀库支架,19.刀库驱动副,20.U轴驱动副,21.刀库,22.机械手单元,23.斜滑鞍,24.X轴驱动副,25.冷却泵组,26.内防护。 FIG l. Shield, 2. Zola door 3 Right sliding door 4. Manipulating station 5. rail support, 6. chip conveyor, hydraulic tailstock 7, 8.B shaft holder 9. automatic doors, the IO. knife instrument, 11. headstock, 12 hydraulic damping, 13. bed, L4. spindle motor 15. The linear guide, 16.zl sub driving shaft, 17. the lower saddle 18. knife library holder, 19. magazine drive sub, 20.U sub driving shaft, 21. magazine, 22 the robot unit 23. saddle ramp, 24.X sub driving shaft, 25 a cooling pump, 26 protect the . 具体实施方式在图l、 2、 3中,车铣复合加工中心,它的床体(13)上前方是防护罩(1), 其外侧是左拉门(2),右外侧是右拉门(3),其前面是操纵站(4),下方是道轨支撑(5)与排屑器(6),防护罩内的床体上安装了内防护(26),内防护前是自动门(9),右上方是冷却泵组(25),左上方是主轴箱(11),它的左侧是液压阻尼(12),右侧是对刀仪(10),床体左侧是主轴电机(14),床体的右上方是液压尾座(7 ),床体后上方安装直线导轨副(15 ),其滑块上方是下滑鞍(17 ), 刀库支架(18)安装在下滑鞍左后方,其上方左侧是是刀库驱动副(19),右侧是刀库(21),前方是机械手单元(22),它后面是U轴驱动副(20), B轴刀塔(8)把合在斜滑鞍(23)上的滑板上方,X轴驱动副(24)在斜滑鞍后上方, 床体左方是Z1轴驱动副(16)。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION In FIG. L, 2, 3, the milling machining center, on the front (13) of the bed which is protective hood (1), which is Zola outer door (2), the right is a right outer sliding door (3), which is in front of the manipulation station (4), below the supporting rail (5) and the chip (6), the inner shroud bed installed on the inner shield (26), before the protective door is automatically (9), the upper right is a cooling pump (25), the upper left headstock (11), which is the left hydraulic damper (12), the right side is a knife (10), the left side of the bed spindle a motor (14), the top right of the bed is the hydraulic tailstock (7), installed above the bed after the linear guides (15), which is above the lower saddle slider (17), the magazine holder (18) mounted on the decline left rear saddle, which is the upper left side is the sub magazine drive (19), the right side is a magazine (21), in front of a robot unit (22), which is behind the U-axis drive sub (20), B-axis turret (8) engaged in the saddle on the ramp (23) above the slide plate, X-axis drive sub (24) above the rear ramp saddle, the bed is left sub-Z1-axis drive (16).

Claims (4)

1、一种车铣复合加工中心,由防护罩、左拉门、右拉门、操纵站、导轨支撑、排屑器、液压尾座、B轴刀架、自动门、对刀仪、主轴箱、液压阻尼、床体、主轴电机、直线导轨副、z1轴驱动副、下滑鞍、刀库支架、刀库驱动副、U轴驱动副、刀库、机械手单元、斜滑鞍、X轴驱动副、冷却泵组、内防护组成,其特征是:它的床体(13)上前方是防护罩(1),下方是道轨支撑(5)与排屑器(6),防护罩内的床体上安装了内防护(26),内防护前是自动门(9),右上方是冷却泵组(25),左上方是主轴箱(11),它的左侧是液压阻尼(12),右侧是对刀仪(10),床体左侧是主轴电机(14),床体的右上方是液压尾座(7),床体后上方安装直线导轨副(15),其滑块上方是下滑鞍(17),刀库支架(18)安装在下滑鞍左后方,其上方左侧是是刀库驱动副(19),右侧是刀库(21),前方是机械手单元(22),它后面 A milling machining center, a shield, Zola doors, sliding doors and right, manipulating station, rail support, chip conveyor, hydraulic tailstock, B axis saddles, automatic doors, on the knife headstock , hydraulic damping, a bed, a spindle motor, linear guide, z1 axis drive sub, the lower saddle, the magazine holder, magazine drive sub, U-axis drive sub, the magazine, the robot unit, ramp saddle, X-axis drive sub cooling pump, the protective composition, characterized in that: its bed (13) is the front shield (1), below the supporting rail (5) and the chip (6), the inner shield bed within the shield (26) mounted on the body, the automatic door is the front shield (9), the upper right is a cooling pump (25), the upper left headstock (11), which is the left hydraulic damper (12), right side is on the knife (10), the left side of the bed is a spindle motor (14), the top right of the bed is the hydraulic tailstock (7), the linear guide mounting bed (15) above, which is above the slider is lower saddle (17), the magazine holder (18) is mounted at the rear left lower saddle, which is the upper left is a magazine drive sub (19), the right side is a magazine (21), in front of the robotic units (22) it behind 是U轴驱动副(20),B轴刀塔(8)把合在斜滑鞍(23)上的滑板上方,X轴驱动副(24)在斜滑鞍后上方,床体左方是Z1轴驱动副(16)。 U-axis drive sub (20), B turret axis (8) to slide over the engagement ramp on the saddle (23), X-axis drive sub (24) above the rear ramp saddle, left the bed Z1 is sub driving shaft (16).
2、 根据权利要求l所述的车铣复合加工中心,其特征是:防护罩的左外侧是左拉门(2)。 2, milling machining center as claimed in claim l, characterized in that: the shield is a left lateral Zola door (2).
3、 根据权利要求l所述的车铣复合加工中心,其特征是:防护罩的右外恻是右拉门(3)。 3, milling machining center as claimed in claim l, characterized in that: sad right outer shield is a right side sliding door (3).
4、 根据权利要求l或3所述的车铣复合加工中心,其特征是:右拉门的前面是搡纵站(4)。 4, according to claim l or milling machining center of claim 3, wherein: the sliding door is in front of the right longitudinal shoving station (4).
CNU2008200204600U 2008-04-09 2008-04-09 Turn-milling composite processing center CN201168787Y (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102407445A (en) * 2011-07-28 2012-04-11 冯文波 Multifunctional numerical control combined machine tool for machining shaft parts
CN102513551A (en) * 2011-12-30 2012-06-27 常州市科邦精密数控机械有限公司 High-speed high-precision numerical-control horizontal lathe
CN102756134A (en) * 2011-04-25 2012-10-31 大连意美机械有限公司 Semi-closed type numerical control vertical lathe of square ram
CN102825463A (en) * 2012-09-17 2012-12-19 长沙金岭机床有限责任公司 Numerical control turning and milling composite machine tool
CN102922372A (en) * 2012-10-10 2013-02-13 南通太和机械集团有限公司 Numerical control multifunctional compound machine tool
CN103212988A (en) * 2013-04-07 2013-07-24 长春理工大学 Microminiature reconfigurable combined processing machine tool
CN104477787A (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-04-01 常州克迈特数控科技有限公司 Convenient maintenance machining center
CN104526007A (en) * 2014-12-10 2015-04-22 芜湖市万华塑料制品有限公司 Processing equipment of easy cleaning die for insulation end plate
CN104625148A (en) * 2014-12-10 2015-05-20 芜湖市万华塑料制品有限公司 Mold machining device for insulating end plate

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102756134A (en) * 2011-04-25 2012-10-31 大连意美机械有限公司 Semi-closed type numerical control vertical lathe of square ram
CN102407445A (en) * 2011-07-28 2012-04-11 冯文波 Multifunctional numerical control combined machine tool for machining shaft parts
CN102407445B (en) * 2011-07-28 2013-09-11 冯文波 Multifunctional numerical control combined machine tool for machining shaft parts
CN102513551A (en) * 2011-12-30 2012-06-27 常州市科邦精密数控机械有限公司 High-speed high-precision numerical-control horizontal lathe
CN102825463A (en) * 2012-09-17 2012-12-19 长沙金岭机床有限责任公司 Numerical control turning and milling composite machine tool
CN102922372A (en) * 2012-10-10 2013-02-13 南通太和机械集团有限公司 Numerical control multifunctional compound machine tool
CN103212988A (en) * 2013-04-07 2013-07-24 长春理工大学 Microminiature reconfigurable combined processing machine tool
CN103212988B (en) * 2013-04-07 2016-01-20 长春理工大学 Microminiature restructural composite processing machine tool
CN104477787A (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-04-01 常州克迈特数控科技有限公司 Convenient maintenance machining center
CN104526007A (en) * 2014-12-10 2015-04-22 芜湖市万华塑料制品有限公司 Processing equipment of easy cleaning die for insulation end plate
CN104625148A (en) * 2014-12-10 2015-05-20 芜湖市万华塑料制品有限公司 Mold machining device for insulating end plate
CN104625148B (en) * 2014-12-10 2018-03-16 芜湖市万华塑料制品有限公司 Insulating end plate equipments machining die

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