CN201167381Y - Apparatus for monitoring and alarming solar power supply - Google Patents

Apparatus for monitoring and alarming solar power supply Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201167381Y
CN201167381Y CN 200820002048 CN200820002048U CN201167381Y CN 201167381 Y CN201167381 Y CN 201167381Y CN 200820002048 CN200820002048 CN 200820002048 CN 200820002048 U CN200820002048 U CN 200820002048U CN 201167381 Y CN201167381 Y CN 201167381Y
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China
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solar
power
monitoring
connected
alarm device
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CN 200820002048
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Chinese (zh)
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李亮亮
李永臣
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李永臣
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Priority to CN200720091673 priority
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Priority to CN 200820002048 priority patent/CN201167381Y/en
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Publication of CN201167381Y publication Critical patent/CN201167381Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a solar power monitor and alarm device, which comprises a power supply, a monitor and alarm probe assembly E and a wired or wireless signal transmission assembly F, wherein the power supply is powered by a solar battery plate A; the positive electrode output of the solar battery plate A is connected with a storage battery B and a power input terminal of a rear-end load through a field effect transistor Q<3>; a charging signal terminal of an intelligent charge/discharge management module C controls transistor Q<3> to switch on the transistor Q<3>, so that the solar battery plate A charges the storage battery B and supplies power to the rear-end load; a power failure control terminal of the intelligent charge/discharge management module C controls the transistor Q<3> to switch off the transistor Q<3> so that the solar battery plate stops charging the storage battery B and stops supplying power to the rear-end load; and a power input terminal of the intelligent charge/discharge management module C is correspondingly connected with the storage battery through a three-terminal voltage stabilizing chip IC1. The solar power monitor and alarm device suits places with no AC power network or inconvenience in supplying power by the AC power network, and a solar power supply device provides power for monitoring and alarming, thus saving the cost for constructing the power network and greatly saving the electric energy. Additionally, the solar power monitor and alarm device has high independence, and can automatically supply power, achieve monitor or alarm and information transmission, thus obviating a lot of trouble of manual management. The solar power monitor and alarm device is very practical and greatly facilitates popularization and implementation.

Description

太阳能供电的监测、报警装置一、 技术领域:本实用新型涉及一种监控、报警装置,特别是涉及一种太阳能供电的监测、 报警装置。 Solar power monitoring, an alarm device TECHNICAL FIELD: The present invention relates to a monitor, alarm device, particularly to a solar-powered monitoring and alarm devices. 二、 背景技术s监测报警装置就像神经末梢一样,随时监控并向控制中心传递有用信号, 其作用巨大,为人们的生产、生活带来了很大贡献,如野外文物保护,高压电区安全警示与防盗,果园防范报警,路面、山林、河道水面警示报警,鱼塘防盗报警等,都离不开相应的监测报警装置。 Second, the technical background s monitoring and alarm device like nerve endings, as always monitor and control centers deliver useful signal, its huge role in bringing about a significant contribution to people's production and life, such as field conservation, high-voltage area and anti-theft security alerts, security alarm orchard, road, forest, river water warning alarm, burglar alarm and other ponds, are inseparable from the respective monitoring and alarm device. 又如油田设备的安全运行,大部分用电设备都在户外,所以在正常运行时,随时都有可能被人为偷盗破坏,天气变化的影响以及电力设备自身故障的发生, 一旦上述情况出现,尤其在夜里, 将会造成大量油井不能正常运行,从而影响原油生产。 Another example is the safe operation of oilfield equipment, most of the electrical equipment are outdoors, so in normal operation, at any time are likely to be man-made destruction of theft, failure in itself affect the occurrence of changes in the weather and electrical equipment, once this occurs, in particular, at night, it will result in a large number of wells can not operate normally, thus affecting the crude oil production. 现有的监测报警装置通常需要在交流电条件下工作,不仅耗费电能,而且需要人为时常对其进行管理, 比较麻烦,主要表现在①通常远距离传输,电源线的投资很大,②架线、底面挖沟及平整工程投资很大,③输电线维护费用高,④漏电及电量损耗严重。 Existing monitoring and alarm devices typically need to work under conditions of alternating current, not only energy consuming, but also often manage people, too much trouble, mainly in long-distance transmission ① generally large investment, power lines, ② overhead wire, flat bottom surface trenching and large investment projects, ③ power lines high maintenance costs, ④ severe leakage and power loss. 同时由于现有金属铜材暴涨,更进一步加重了现有检测报警装置的投入成本。 And because the conventional copper metal spikes, further increased the cost of prior detection alarm input device. 如果仅蓄电池供电,仍然有人工管理的麻烦。 If the only battery power, still have trouble artificial management. 监测报警装置不仅要求分布细致而广泛,通常需24小时监控工作或为等候式工作方式,要消耗掉相当大的电能。 Monitoring and alarm device only requires detailed and extensive distribution, usually takes 24 hours to monitor work or wait for the type of work, to consume considerable power. 太阳能作为一种新的能源,具有无限性、可与常规电力构架匹配以及无地域应用限制等特点,成为各国政府开发无污染、可持续发展新型能源的首选。 Solar energy as a new energy, with infinity, with conventional power architecture applications matching and no geographical restrictions, etc., become the national governments to develop non-polluting, sustainable development of new energy choice. 太阳能电池可以高效率及直接将太阳能转换为电能,不对环境产生任何污染。 And high efficiency solar cell can directly convert solar energy into electrical energy, does not create any environmental pollution. 如果能用太阳能电池为监控、报警装置供电,并配接有线或无线收发装置将信号传输出去,不仅能大量节约能源,改善环境,还能大范围普及应用,尤其适用在太阳能充足的野外,为人们造福。 If the solar cell can be used to monitor, alarm power supply means, and connected with a wired or wireless transceiver transmits a signal out, not only can save a lot of energy, improve the environment, but also a wide range of universal application, particularly suitable in the field of solar sufficient for people benefit. 中国发明专利,专利号为200610090640.1 的"全天候多功能胎压计",利用太阳能极板直接为可充电池供电,可充电池为处理器供电,处理器上连接有气压传感器、温度传感器、位移传感器、电磁场传感器及显示屏等,用来监测并显示轮胎相对应的变化信息,该专利产品为直接监测并显示的装置,没有无线收发或传输装置,而且太阳能充电没有相应的充电保护电路,容易损坏蓄电池。 Chinese patent, the patent No. 200610090640.1 "all-weather tire gauge multifunctional" plate using solar energy directly rechargeable battery, rechargeable battery power the processor, the processor is connected to an air pressure sensor, a temperature sensor, a displacement sensor , electromagnetic field sensors and the like and a display screen for displaying and monitoring the corresponding change in the tire information, which is the product patent means directly monitored and displayed, or no radio transmission means, and there is no corresponding solar charging charging protection circuit, easily damaged battery. 三、实用新型内容:本实用新型是克服现有技术存在的不足,设计并制作出一种太阳能供电的监测、报警装置。 Third, SUMMARY: The present invention is to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art, to design and produce a solar-powered monitoring and alarm devices. 技术方案-一种太阳能供电的监测、报警装置,包括电源,监测报警探头组件E,有线或无线信号传输组件F,所述电源采用太阳能电池板A供电,太阳能电池板A 正极输出经场效应管Q3、防反充二极管D2与蓄电池B及后端负载的电源输入端连接,智能充放电管理模块C的充电信号端控制晶体管Q3导通,使太阳能电池板A向蓄电池B充电及后端负载供电,智能充放电管理模块C的停电控制端控制晶体管Q3截止,使太阳能电池板A停止向蓄电池B充电及停止向后端负载供电,智能充放电管理模块C的电源输入端与蓄电池对应相连。 Technical Solution - a solar-powered monitoring, alarm device, comprising a power supply, monitoring and warning probe assembly E, a wired or wireless signal transmission assembly F., The use of solar panels A power supply, solar panel A positive outputs FET Q3, diode D2 reverse charge the battery B and the power input terminal is connected to the rear end of the load, the discharge end of the charging signal intelligent charging management module C of the control transistor Q3 is turned on, the solar cell panel a rechargeable battery B and the rear load power , intelligent charging power management module discharge control terminal C of the control transistor Q3 is turned off, the solar cell panel a stop charging and stopping supplying power to the rear end load to the battery B, charging and discharging intelligent power management module C is connected to the corresponding input terminal of a battery. Q3的间断导通状态是脉冲充电状态。 Q3 discontinuous conduction state is a pulse charging state. 所述的智能充放电管理模块C为单片机单片机MCS-51系列单片机,或为PLC系列芯片,所述芯片不同输入输出管脚可能不同,但实现相同功能;或为蓄电池充放电管理芯片TS1720及外围电路,或为专用电源管理芯片ZC378及外围电路。 The charging and discharging of the intelligent management module C for the microcontroller MCU MCS-51 series microcontroller, or the PLC chips, the chips of different input and output pins may be different, but perform the same function; or as battery charge and discharge management and peripheral chip TS1720 circuit, or a dedicated power management chip and peripheral circuit ZC378. 智能充放电管理模块C的功能为控制太阳能电池板A向蓄电池B充电、蓄电池B充满电控制自停、欠电自动充电、蓄电池B温度过高自动停止充用、蓄电池B过放电保护。 Intelligent management module C discharge charge control function A solar panels to the battery B, battery B is fully charged automatic stop control, undervoltage automatic charging battery B with a high temperature auto stop charging battery B overdischarge protection. 与智能充放电管理组件C信号控制端连接有集控联动组件D,该集控联动组件D包括信号延时电路,充电控制电路,放电控制电路,过流反接保护电路。 Intelligent management component and the charge-discharge control terminal C is connected to the signal current control linkage assembly D, the centralized control linkage assembly D includes a signal delay circuit, charge control circuit, a discharge control circuit, overcurrent protection circuit. 所述延时电路为电阻R6与电容C1并联组成RC延时电路,R6—端通过三端稳压器IC1与电源连接,另一端通过电容C2接地。 The delay circuit is a resistor R6 and a capacitor C1 connected in parallel RC delay circuit, R6- end connected by a three terminal regulator IC1 and the power supply, and the other end is grounded via the capacitor C2. 所述充电控制电路,智能充放电管理模块C的充电信号端连接三级管Q2 的基极,Q2发射极接地,集电极连接场效应管Q3的栅极,Q3的漏极与太阳能电池板A正极连接,源极通过防逆二极管D2与蓄电池B正极连接,同时与监测报警探头组件E、有线或无线信号传输组件F正极连接,Q2的导通或截止控制场效应管Q3充、供电与停止。 The charge control circuit, a charge signal discharge management module intelligent terminal C is connected to the base electrode of the triode Q2, Q2 emitter grounded, the collector connected to the gate of the FET Q3, Q3 and the drain of the solar cell panel A connected to the positive source via anti-reverse diode D2 connected to the positive electrode of the battery B, while monitoring alarm sensor assembly E, a wired or wireless signal transmission connected to the positive component F, Q2 is turned on or off the charge control FET Q3, and the power supply is stopped . 所述后端负载包括智能充放电管理模块C、集控联动组件D、监测报警探头组件E、有线或无线信号传输组件F。 The rear end of the charging and discharging load management module comprises a smart C, centralized control linkage assembly D, monitoring and warning probe assembly E, a wired or wireless signal transmission component F. 所述的监测报警探头组件E为报警探头,或为摄像机探头,或为联动摄像系统,或为探测传感器探头,或为环境气象探测传感器探头,或者以上的任两种组合,或为以上任三种组合,或为以上四种组合。 The alarm monitoring alarm sensor probe assembly E, the camera or sensor, or from an imaging system linkage, or a probe for the detection sensor, or is at ambient meteorological sensor probe, or any combination of two or more, three or more of any of combinations, or as a combination of the above four. 所述的报警探头为红外线报警器探头组件,或为声音报警器探头组件,或为雷达探测器探头组件,或为振动移位探测器组件。 Said alarm sensor probe assembly as infrared alarm, alarm sound or probe assembly, or radar detector probe assembly, or the vibration displacement detector assembly. 所述的摄像机探头包括普通摄像机组件,或包括红外线摄像机组件,如自动调焦距和光圈等多功能摄像机组件。 The ordinary video camera comprising a camera probe assembly, or the assembly comprising an infrared camera, such as auto focus and iris and other multi-camera assembly. 所述联动摄像系统的各组件供电输入端与智能充放电管理模块c的电源输出端连接,智能充放电管理模块c或集控联动模块的控制输入端与摄像机组或话筒连接,或与地面监测报警器连接,控制输出端与辅助照明系统连接,或与云台控制组件连接。 The imaging system of interlocking components supply input and the output of the charge-discharge intelligent power management module c is connected to the control input of the group of cameras or microphones discharge management module smart c or centralized control linkage module is connected to the ground or to monitor alarm, and controls the output of the auxiliary lighting or connected to the head control assembly. 所述的环境气象探测传感器探头的信号输出端与有线或无线信号传输模块连接,同时与显示、指示报警模块连接,可实现现场显示,环境气象监测系统主要用相应的检测探头传感器分别监测环境的烟雾、湿度、水位、有害气体等。 The environmental detection sensor meteorological probe signal output terminal and a wired or wireless signal transmission module is connected, while the display, indicating the alarm module is connected, the display may be implemented on-site, meteorological monitoring system is mainly used for detecting the respective sensors are environmental monitoring probe smog, humidity, water, and other harmful gases. 与所述智能充放电管理模块c的信号输入端连接有系统监测传感器,该系统监测传感器包括温度传感器探头。 Signal input terminal of the charge and discharge management module smart c is connected to system monitoring sensor, the monitoring sensor system includes a temperature sensor probe. 在太阳能电池板A两极间连接有防雷击瞬间放电二极管D5,其连接关系为太阳能电池板A正极连接二极管负极,太阳能电池板A负极连接二极管正极。 A solar cell panel between the two poles is connected to a spark lightning diode D5, connecting relation of the solar cell panel A cathode of the diode connected to the positive electrode, the solar cell panel A diode anode connected to the negative. 在无线信号传输组件F电源端口之间连接有防雷击瞬间放电二极管D6,其连接关系为无线信号传输组件F的正极输入端连接二极管的负极,二极管正向输入端接地。 Wireless signal transmission between the components connected to the power supply port F spark lightning diode D6, which is connected to the positive input of the relation F wireless signal transmission component connecting the cathode of the diode, the diode forward input is grounded. 有线或无线信号传输组件F为无线发射器,或为有线音视频电缆线传送, 或为光端机7、光纤传送。 Wired or wireless signal transmission component F is a wireless transmitter or a wired transmitting audio and video cables, or from Optical 7, the optical fiber transmission. 有线或无线信号传输组件F与监控室配合使用,在监控室内安装有接收装置,接收所述有线或无线信号传输组件F发来检测、报警信号有效保证系统安全工作。 Wired or wireless signal transmission component F used in conjunction with the control room, the receiving apparatus is mounted in the control chamber, receiving the wired or wireless signal transmission assembly sent F detected, an alarm signal effective system to ensure safe operation. 本实用新型的有益效果:1、本实用新型的太阳能供电的监测、报警装置,适用于无交流电网供电或交流电网供电不方便的场所,尤其是阳光充足的野外,太阳能供电装置提供对环境或设备进行监测与报警的电能。 The beneficial effects of the present invention: 1, the present invention solar-powered monitoring, alarm device, not suitable for the mains power supply or AC power supply AC inconvenient place, especially sunny field, solar power supply means for providing to the environment or power equipment monitoring and alarms. 完成远离电网的供电,省去了架电网的一切费用。 Completed away from the power grid, eliminating all costs shelf grid. 2、 本实用新型的太阳能供电的监测报警装置,能大量节约电能,为环保节能型改进新产品,非常实用。 2, the present invention solar-powered monitoring and alarm device, can save a lot of energy, improved energy-saving new product is environmentally friendly, very practical. 3、 本实用新型的太阳能供电的监测、报警装置,独立性强,自动供电并完成监测或报警以及信息的发送,省去大量人工管理的麻烦。 3, the present invention monitoring of the solar-powered alarm device independent, automatic and complete power or alarm monitoring and transmitting information, save a lot of trouble manual management. 4、 本实用新型的太阳能供电的监测、报警装置,成本较低廉,容易制造, 非常利于推广实施。 4, the present invention monitoring of the solar-powered alarm device, costs less expensive, easy to manufacture, is very conducive to the promotion embodiment. 四、附图说明:'图l:本实用新型的太阳能供电的监测、报警装置总流程示意图; 图2:本实用新型的太阳能供电报警联动摄像装置流程图; 图3:图2的具体电路示意图;图4:本实用新型的太阳能供电摄像装置流程图; 图5:图4的具体电路示意图; 图6:本实用新型的太阳能供电报警装置流程图; 图7:图6的具体电路示意图;图8:本实用新型的太阳能供电环境气象监测装置流程图; 图9:图8的具体电路示意图。 IV BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF: 'Figure L: monitoring the present invention solar-powered, the overall schematic flow diagram of the alarm device; FIG 2: a flowchart of an imaging apparatus according to the present linkage solar powered alarm invention; FIG. 3: FIG. 2 is a circuit diagram specifically ; Figure 4: a flowchart of a solar-powered imaging apparatus of the present invention; FIG. 5: a schematic view of a specific circuit of FIG. 4; FIG. 6: solar-powered alarm device of the present invention in a flowchart; Figure 7: a schematic view of a specific circuit of FIG. 6; FIG. 8: the solar energy power supply meteorological monitoring apparatus flowchart invention; FIG. 9: a schematic view of a specific circuit of Fig. 图中U1为智能充放电管理模块C, 1为太阳能电池板A, 2为蓄电池B, 3 为无线信号传输组件,4为自恢复保险管,5为报警器组件,6为摄像机组件,7 为光端机,8为电缆光件,9为监控报警探头,IO为恒流源,ll为LED照明系统,12为扬声器,13为云台控制组件,14为传感器模块,15为显示指示报警模块,16为工作指示灯,17为温度指示灯,18为欠电指示灯,19为热敏电阻。 Figure U1 is a smart charge and discharge management module C, 1 solar panel A, 2 for the battery B, 3 is a wireless signal transmission assembly 4 being resettable fuse, 5 alarm assembly 6 is a camera assembly, 7 optical, the optical member for the cable 8, 9 to monitor alarm sensor, a constant current source is the IO, ll LED lighting system, a speaker 12, a control assembly 13 for the head, the sensor module 14, the display 15 indicates an alarm module 16 as work light, temperature indicator 17, the indicator 18 is less power, a thermistor 19. 五、具体实施方案:实施例一:参见图l、图2、图3, 一种太阳能供电的监测、报警装置,包括太阳能电池板A、蓄电池B、智能充放电管理模块C、集控联动组件D、监测报警探头组件E、有线或无线信号传输组件F。 V. Specific embodiments: Example I: Referring to FIGS L, FIG. 2, FIG. 3, a solar-powered monitor, alarm device, including solar panels A, B of the battery, charging and discharging intelligent management module C, centralized control linkage assembly D, monitoring and warning probe assembly E, a wired or wireless signal transmission component F. 智能充放电管理模块C的充电信号端(13脚)经三极管Q2控制晶体管Q3 向蓄电池B充电及后端负载供电、停电控制端(12脚)经三极管(^控制场效应管Q3停止充电,后端负载包括智能充放电管理模块C、集控联动组件D、监测报警探头组件E、有线或无线信号传输组件F。与智能充放电管理组件C信号控制端连接有集控联动组件D,该集控联动组件D包括信号延时电路,充电控制电路,放电控制电路,过流反接保护电路。监测报警探头组件E的输出信号端连接有线或无线信号传输组件F的输入端。有线或无线信号传输组件F与监控室配合使用,在监控室内安装有接收装置,接收所述有线或无线信号传输组件F 发来检测、报警信号有效保证系统安全工作。所述的智能充放电管理模块C为单片机MCS-51单片机系列,或为PLC系列芯片,或为蓄电池B充放电管理芯片TS1720及外围电路, Charging signal terminal (pin 13) discharge management module C intelligent charging control transistor Q3 through transistor Q2 to the battery B and the rear end load, power control terminal (pin 12) by the transistor (^ stop charging control transistor Q3, the side load management module comprises a smart charging and discharging C, centralized control linkage assembly D, monitoring and warning probe assembly E, a wired or wireless signal transmission assembly F. and intelligent management component C discharge control terminal is connected to the signal current control linkage assembly D, the set D control linkage assembly includes a signal delay circuit, charge control circuit, a discharge control circuit, overcurrent protection circuit. monitoring and alarm signal output probe assembly E F input terminal connected to a wired or wireless signal transmission assembly. wired or wireless signal transport component F and with the use of the control room, control room mounted in receiving means for receiving the wired or wireless signal transmission assembly sent F detected, an alarm signal is effectively ensure safety of the system. the intelligent charging and discharging the microcontroller management module C MCS-51 microcontroller family, the PLC, or chips, or the battery B is charged and discharged TS1720 management chip and a peripheral circuit, 为专用电源管理芯片ZC378及外围电路。智能充放电管理模块C和集控联动组件D的功能为控制太阳能电池板A向蓄电池B充电、蓄电池B充满电控制自停、欠电自动充电、 蓄电池B温度过高自动停止充电、蓄电池B过放电保护。所述延时电路为电阻R6与电容Q并联组成RC延时电路,& 一端通过三端稳压器Id与电源连接,另一端通过电容C2接地。所述充电控制电路,智能充放电管理模块C的充电信号端连接三级管Q2的基极,Q2发射极接地,集电极连接场效应管Q3的栅极,Q3的漏极与太阳能电池板A正极连接,源极通过防逆二极管D2与蓄电池B正极连接,同时与监测报警探头组件E、有线或无线信号传输组件F正极连接,Q2的导通或截止控制场效应管Q3充、供电与停止,和脉冲修复充电的频率。所述的监测报警探头组件E为联动摄像系统,联动摄像系统的各组件供电输入端通过开 Function Smart discharge management module C and a current control linkage assembly D charging dedicated power management chip ZC378 and peripheral circuitry to control the solar panel A to the battery B, battery B is fully charged the control from the stop, less power automatic charging, battery B automatically stop charging temperature is too high, battery B overdischarge protection. the delay circuit is a resistor R6 connected in parallel with the capacitor Q RC delay circuit, connected by three & terminal end Id regulator power supply, and the other end is grounded via the capacitor C2 the charge control circuit, a charge signal discharge management module intelligent terminal C is connected to the base electrode of the triode Q2, Q2 emitter grounded, the collector connected to the gate of the FET Q3, Q3 and the drain of the solar cell panel a positive electrode, a source connected by the anti-reverse diode D2 connected to the positive electrode of the battery B, while monitoring alarm sensor assembly E, a wired or wireless signal transmission connected to the positive component F, Q2 is turned on or off the charge control FET Q3, power and stopped, charge pulse restoration and frequency. the alarm monitoring camera probe assembly E is a linkage system, the linkage of the components of the imaging system through open supply input 关控制的场效应管Q3与太阳能电池板A的电源输出端(正极)连接。当光线充足时,集控联动组件D充电控制中的场效应管Q3实现正常充电、 或脉冲充电、或高频修复充电,当光线不足时,即太阳能电池板A电压不足时, 智能充放电管理模块C控制Q3关断充电,由蓄电池B直接为后端负载(智能充放电管理模块C、集控联动组件D、监测报警探头组件E、有线或无线信号传输组件F)供电。集控联动组件D的放电控制中的场效应管Q4实现蓄电池B放电到设定的电压时自动关断负载的供电,防止过放电以保护和延长蓄电池B的使用寿命。Rp是自恢复保险管。与所述智能充放电管理模块C的信号输入端连接有系统监测传感器,该系统检测传感器(热敏电阻19、电压检测传感器、电流检测传感器)检测充电时蓄电池B工作状态,当蓄电池B充满和温度传感器19超过设定值时自动停 Power output of the OFF control transistor Q3 and the solar cell panel A (positive electrode) is connected. When lit, the centralized control linkage assembly D in the charge control transistor Q3 to achieve normal charge, or charge pulse, or high frequency repair charge, when lighting is poor, i.e. less than A solar cell panel voltage, charge and discharge management of intelligent control module C charge Q3 is turned oFF, the rear end of the load (C intelligent discharge management module directly from the battery B, D centralized control linkage assembly , monitoring and warning probe assembly E, a wired or wireless signal transmission component F) power. centralized control discharge control linkage assembly D in the field-effect transistor Q4 to achieve automatic shutdown battery B power load discharge voltage is set to prevent excessive discharge to protect and extend the life of battery B is .Rp resettable fuse. charge and discharge management of the intelligent module C is connected to the signal input terminal monitoring sensor system, the system detecting sensor (a thermistor 19, a voltage detecting sensor The current detection sensor) detects the working state of the charging battery B, battery B is full and when the temperature sensor 19 exceeds a set value automatically stop 充电,当蓄电池B的电压低于蓄电池B极限值时,智能充放电模块C自动关闭输出,使Q4关断,以延长保护蓄电池B,正常工作时,智能充放电模块C的信号输出端(11引脚)控制绿色LED指示灯亮,当温度保护状态时信号输出端(10 引脚)控制黄色LED灯亮,当蓄电池B欠压时C信号输出端(9引脚)控制红色LED灯亮。 Charging, when the battery voltage of the battery B is lower than the threshold value B, the charge-discharge intelligent module C cut off the output Q4 is turned off so as to extend the protection of the battery B, during normal operation, charging and discharging intelligent signal output (11 module C pin) to control the green LED indicator light, when the temperature of protection status signal output (pin 10) controls the yellow LED lights when the battery undervoltage C B signal output terminal (pin 9) controls the red LED lights. 智能充放电模块智能充放电模块C状态检测端(8引脚)为温度传感器的接线端。 Smart module intelligent charging and discharging the charge-discharge temperature sensor module of the terminal C-state detecting terminal (pin 8). 所述的监测报警探头组件E为报警探头,或为摄像机探头,或为联动摄像系统,或为探测传感器探头,或为环境气象探测传感器探头,或者以上的任两种组合,或为以上任三种组合,或为以上四种组合。 The alarm monitoring alarm sensor probe assembly E, the camera or sensor, or from an imaging system linkage, or a probe for the detection sensor, or is at ambient meteorological sensor probe, or any combination of two or more, three or more of any of combinations, or as a combination of the above four. 所述的报警探头为红外线报警器探头组件,或为声音报警器探头组件,或为雷达探测器探头组件,或为振动移位探测器组件。 Said alarm sensor probe assembly as infrared alarm, alarm sound or probe assembly, or radar detector probe assembly, or the vibration displacement detector assembly. 所述的摄像机探头包括普通摄像机组件,或包括红外线摄像机组件,如自动调焦距和光圈等多功能摄像机组件。 The ordinary video camera comprising a camera probe assembly, or the assembly comprising an infrared camera, such as auto focus and iris and other multi-camera assembly. 所述的环境气象探测传感器探头的信号输出端与有线或无线信号传输模块连接,同时与显示、指示报警模块连接,可实现现场显示,环境气象监测系统主要用相应的检测探头传感器分别监测环境的烟雾、湿度、水位、有害气体等。 The environmental detection sensor meteorological probe signal output terminal and a wired or wireless signal transmission module is connected, while the display, indicating the alarm module is connected, the display may be implemented on-site, meteorological monitoring system is mainly used for detecting the respective sensors are environmental monitoring probe smog, humidity, water, and other harmful gases. 在太阳能电池板A两极间连接有防雷击瞬间放电二极管D5,其连接关系为太阳能电池板A正极连接二极管D5负极,太阳能电池板A负极连接二极管D5 正极。 Is connected between the poles of the solar cell panel A spark of lightning diode D5, connecting relation of the solar cell panel A cathode of diode D5 connected to the positive electrode, negative electrode connecting solar panels A cathode of the diode D5. 在无线信号传输组件F电源端口之间连接有防雷击瞬间放电二极管,其连接关系为无线信号传输组件F的正极输入端连接二极管的负极,二极管正向输入端接地。 Wireless signal transmission between the components connected to the power supply port F spark lightning diode, which is connected to the positive input of the relation F wireless signal transmission component connected to the cathode of the diode, the diode forward input is grounded. 有线或无线信号传输组件F为无线发射器,或为有线音视频电缆线传送,或为光端机7、光纤传送。 Wired or wireless signal transmission component F is a wireless transmitter or a wired transmitting audio and video cables, or from Optical 7, the optical fiber transmission. 系统工作时,由太阳能电池板A接收太阳光根据光伏电原理产生电能,经防雷二极管,再经开关场效应管Q3和防逆二极管D2接三端稳压器Id向智能充放电管理模块C供电;太阳能电池板A经光照产生的电压经P沟道智能场效应管Q3 (1RSF3010),经反逆充二极管D2向蓄电池B充电,充电方式由智能充放电模块C输出的脉冲控制,由智能充放电管理模块C的蓄电池B电压检测端(2 脚)检测到高精度分压电阻R3 、 R4的电压到达原电池电压60%时,进入修复充电程序(即高频脉冲充电),如果无电压或反接则不启动。 When the system works, is received by the solar panels A solar photovoltaic power generation principle of electricity, via a diode lightning, and then the switching transistor Q3 and the anti-reverse diode D2 connected to the three terminal regulator Id intelligent discharge management module C supply; a solar panel voltage generated by illumination through the P-channel MOSFET smart Q3 (1RSF3010), charged by a diode D2 to charge the battery inversive B, C pulse control module charging output by the intelligent charging and discharging the charge by the intelligent C discharge management module battery B voltage detection terminal (pin 2) is detected with high precision voltage dividing resistors R3, 60% of the original cell voltage reaches R4, in repair the charging process (i.e. charging pulse frequency), if no voltage or reverse is not started. 当检测蓄电池B电压充满时,由充电控制端(12脚)输出关断脉冲,停止充电,智能充放电管理模块C输出充电状态指示信号,由LED卜LED2、 LED3显示正常冲电、脉冲修复充电、充满状态。 When detecting the battery B voltage is full, the charge control terminal (12 pin) outputs the OFF pulse charging is stopped, intelligent charge and discharge management module C output state of charge indication signal, the LED Bu LED2, LED3 displays normal electrical impulse, pulse repair charge full status. 温度检测输入端(8脚),由热敏电阻NTC检测提高准确的蓄电池B实时温度,由智能充放电管理模块C供电内单片机程序对关断阀控制, 做到温度补偿的作用和限制蓄电池B'充电产生高温。 Temperature detection input terminal (pin 8), is detected by the thermistor NTC improve the accuracy of the real-time temperature of battery B, charging and discharge by the intelligent power management module C microcontroller program acting shut-off valve controlled so that the temperature compensation of the battery B and limitations 'charging high temperature. 智能充放电管理模块C的电流检测输入端(4脚)连接蓄电池B负极,蓄电池B充放电经Rs检测电流信号,由智能充放电管理模块C单片机内控制(3脚)输出,关断信号经Rg、 IC2、 D3、 IC3、 R9控制场效应管Q4关断供电电路,自恢复保险管R"乍用是防意外负载短路引发火灾等事故发生。Id为三端稳压器,提供给智能充放电管理模块C和IC2、 IC3稳定的电压。IC2、 IC3为与非门电路,在此控制Q4的关断与开通控制,即负载电源的关断与接通。时间调整由R6、 Q和智能充放电管理模块C内程序设定值决定,也可设定为长通。探头是24小时不间断供电,耗电量微弱, 探头电源直接与蓄电池B相连,不受智能充放电管理模块C和IC2、 IC3的控制。 在本实施例的电路中利用探头的优点是只有耗电微弱的报警探头直接由蓄电池B供电,持续供电,实现不间断供电工作,当探测到有入侵 Current detection input terminal intelligent charge and discharge management module C (pin 4) connected to the negative electrode of the battery B, battery B is charged and discharged by Rs detected current signal, by the smart charge and discharge management module C microcontrollers within the control (3 pin) output OFF signal Rg, IC2, D3, IC3, R9 control FET Q4 is turned off the power supply circuit, resettable fuse R "as used at first to prevent accidents such as fire load short-circuit accident caused .Id three-terminal regulator, the charge provided to the intelligence C, and discharge management module IC2, IC3 stable voltage .IC2, IC3 to NAND gate circuit, where the control is turned off and Q4 turn control, i.e. load power is turned off and turned on. time adjusted by R6, Q and smart discharge management module C determines the programmed value, may be set to the long pass. probe 24 hours uninterrupted power supply, power consumption is weak, the probe is directly connected to the battery power supply B, discharge from the intelligent management module, and C IC2, IC3 controls. advantage of using probes in the circuit of this embodiment is that only a weak power alarm sensor powered directly from the battery B, continuous power, uninterrupted power supply work, when it is detected the intrusion 标进入警戒区时, IC3直接快速使Q4导通,蓄电池B的正极接通,摄像机、高亮LED辅助照明也供电,使这些组件迅速进入工作状态,当警戒区域无活动目标延时一段时间(有R6和Q调节延时长短)后,IC2、 IC3、 D3经R9关断Q4,使后面电路在待机状态。各个组件与蓄电池电压相符,太阳能电池板A的电压应高于蓄电池电压3-10V,各组件功率、电流与蓄电池、太阳能电池匹配, 一般技术人员都可以搞懂,在此不再累述。件F的接收报警信号,其功能模式之一为直接由音视频同轴电缆8远传到监控室;功能模式之二为由光端把光纤远传到监控室;功能模式之三为由高频发射机把信号发射向空中,由监控室无线接收机接收。实施例二:参见图1、图4、图5,编号与实施例一相同,意义相同,不重述,不同的是:所述的监测报警探头组件E为摄像机探头,该摄像机探头包 Time stamp entered the alert zone, IC3 directly Q4 is turned on so fast, the positive electrode of battery B is turned on, the camera, highlight LED lighting auxiliary power supply also, so that these components quickly into operation, the warning area when the target inactivity delay period ( R6 and Q have the length of the delay adjustment) after, IC2, IC3, D3 off by R9 Q4, so that the back of the circuit in the standby state voltage matches the voltage of each battery assembly, the solar cell panel a is higher than the battery voltage should 3-10V , power components, and the battery current, solar cell match the general skill can get to know, this is no longer tired receiving fitting F of the alarm signal, one of which is a direct function mode away from the audio and video coaxial cable 8 reached the control room; functional mode of the two ends of the optical fiber by the remote to the control room; three functional modes of the signal emitted by the HF transmitter is received by the wireless receiver to monitor the air chamber according to the second embodiment: see. 1, FIG. 4, FIG. 5, a number same as the embodiment, the same meaning, are not repeated, except that: the alarm monitoring camera probe is probe assembly E, the camera probe packet 普通摄像机组件,或包括红外线摄像机组件,如自动调焦距和光圈等多功能摄像机组件。监测报警探头组件E直接与蓄电池B相连,集控联动组件D的放电控制中的场效应管Q4设置为常导通状态,或直接省略,是漏极和源极端直接相连。实施例三:参见图1、图6、图7,编号与实施例一相同,意义相同,不重述,不同的是:所述的监测报警探头组件E为报警探头,该报警探头为红外线报警器探头组件,或为声音报警器探头组件,或为雷达探测器探头组件,或为振动移位探测器组件。监测报警探头组件E直接与蓄电池B相连,集控联动组件D的放电控制中的场效应管Q4设置为常导通状态,或直接省略,是漏极和源极端直接相连。 Ordinary camera assembly, including an infrared camera, or components, such as auto focus and iris and other multi-camera assembly. E monitoring and warning probe assembly is directly connected to the battery B, the discharge control centralized control linkage assembly D in the field effect transistor Q4 is set to constant conductive state, or direct omitted, drain and source terminals is directly connected to the third embodiment: Referring to FIG. 1, FIG. 6, FIG. 7, the same number and the first embodiment, the same meaning, are not repeated, except that: the monitoring said alarm sensor assembly E for alarm sensor, the alarm is an infrared sensor probe assembly alarm, alarm sound or probe assembly, or radar detector probe assembly, or the vibration displacement detector assembly. alarm monitoring probe assembly E is directly connected to the battery B, the discharge control centralized control linkage assembly D in the field effect transistor Q4 is set to normally conducting state, directly or omitted, drain and source terminals is directly connected. 实施例四:参见图l、图8、图9,编号与实施例一相同,意义相同,不重述,不同的是:所述的监测报警探头组件E为环境气象探测传感器探头,该环境气象探测传感器探头的信号输出端与有线或无线信号传输模块连接,同时与显示、指示报警模块连接,可实现现场显示,环境气象监测系统主要用相应的检测探头传感器分别监测环境的烟雾、湿度、水位、有害气体等。 Fourth Embodiment: Referring to FIGS L, FIG. 8, FIG. 9, the same numerals in Embodiment 1, the same meaning, are not repeated, except that: the monitoring and alarm probe assembly E for environmental meteorological sensor probe, the meteorological detection sensor probe signal output terminal and a wired or wireless signal transmission module is connected, while the display, indicating the alarm module is connected, may be implemented on-site display, meteorological monitoring system is mainly used smoke respective detection probe sensors are monitoring the environment, humidity, water , and other harmful gases. 监测报警探头组件E直接与蓄电池B相连,集控联动组件D的放电控制中的场效应管Q4 设置为常导通状态,或直接省略,是漏极和源极端直接相连。 Monitoring and warning probe assembly E is directly connected to the battery B, the discharge control centralized control linkage assembly D in the field effect transistor Q4 is set to normally conducting state, directly or omitted, drain and source terminals is directly connected. 检测探头可用各种传感器探头,如:需检测有无发生火灾,可用烟雾传感器和温度(红外线)传感器;若需检测液化器管道的一氧化碳等,可用气体传感器探头;若检测天气,可用湿度等传感器,若检测风速可用风速传感器;若检测水库水位高低,用水位湿度传感器;预测地震,用振动传感器(也可作为地震报警器)等等。 Probe detection probe using various sensors, such as: the need to detect the presence or absence of fire, smoke sensors can be used and temperature (IR) sensor; For liquefied carbon monoxide detector conduit, and the like, can be used a gas sensor head; detecting if weather, humidity sensors can be used when the detected wind speed the wind speed sensor can be used; if the reservoir water level detected by the humidity level sensor; earthquake prediction, vibration sensor (also available as an earthquake alarm) and the like. 传感器检测模块14检测到的信号、系统可用数码管显示、声音报警,传输给信号传输模块,可由线(也可光纤)、无线远传上位机或检测室4,也可增加一些辅助设施达到智能控制的效果。 A sensor 14 detects the signal detection module, the system can be used digital display, an audible alarm, the signal transmitted to the transmission module, by line (also optical fiber), wireless remote host computer or the detection chamber 4, also increase the number of facilities to assist the intelligent control effect.

Claims (10)

1、一种太阳能供电的监测、报警装置,包括电源,监测报警探头组件(E),有线或无线信号传输组件(F),其特征是:所述电源采用太阳能电池板(A)供电,太阳能电池板(A)正极输出经场效应管(Q3)与蓄电池(B)和后端负载的电源输入端连接,智能充放电管理模块(C)的充电信号端控制晶体管(Q3)导通,使太阳能电池板(A)向蓄电池(B)充电和后端负载供电,智能充放电管理模块(C)的停电控制端控制场效应管(Q3)截止,使太阳能电池板(A)停止向蓄电池(B)充电和停止向后端负载供电,智能充放电管理模块(C)的电源输入端经三端稳压芯片(IC1)与蓄电池对应相连。 1, a solar-powered monitor, alarm device, comprising a power supply, monitoring and warning probe assembly (E), a wired or wireless signal transmission component (F.), Characterized in that: said power supply with solar panels (A) power, solar panels (a) through the positive output FET (Q3) to the battery (B) and power supply input is connected to the rear end of the load, charging and discharging intelligent management module (C) a charge control signal terminal of the transistor (Q3) is turned on, so that solar panels (a) charging the battery (B) and the rear end of the load, the charge-discharge intelligent management module (C) is controlled from a power field-effect transistor (Q3) is turned off, the solar cell panel (a) to the battery is stopped ( B) charging and stopping the load, the rear end of the charge and discharge power intelligent input management module (C) by the three-terminal regulator chip (IC1) is connected with the corresponding battery.
2、 根据权利要求l所述的太阳能供电的监测、报警装置,其特征是:所述的智能充放电管理模块(C)为单片机MCS-51系列单片机,或为PLC系列芯片,或为蓄电池充放电管理芯片TS1720及外围电路,或为专用电源管理芯片ZC378及外围电路。 2, according to claim l monitoring solar powered alarm device according to claim, characterized in that: the charging and discharging intelligent management module (C) for the MCS-51 series single-chip microcontroller, or the PLC chips, or as battery charge TS1720 discharge management chip and the peripheral circuit, or a dedicated power management chip and peripheral circuit ZC378.
3、 根据权利要求l所述的太阳能供电的监测、报警装置,其特征是:与智能充放电管理组件(C)信号控制端连接有集控联动组件(D),该集控联动组件(D)包括信号延时电路,充电控制电路,放电控制电路,过流反接保护电路。 3, according to claim l monitoring solar powered alarm device according to claim, characterized in that: the charging and discharging intelligent management component (C) has a control terminal connected signal centralized control linkage assembly (D), the centralized control linkage assembly (D ) includes a signal delay circuit, charge control circuit, a discharge control circuit, overcurrent protection circuit.
4、 根据权利要求3所述的太阳能供电的监测、报警装置,其特征是:所述延时电路为电阻(R6)与电容(d)并联组成RC延时电路,(R6) —端通过三端稳压器(IQ)与电源连接,另一端通过电容(C2)接地。 4. The solar powered monitoring alarm device according to claim 3, characterized in that: said delay circuit is a resistor (R6) and a capacitor (D) connected in parallel RC delay circuit, (R6) - end by three terminal regulator (IQ) connected to a power supply, and the other end is grounded via a capacitor (C2).
5、 根据权利要求3所述的太阳能供电的监测、报警装置,其特征是:所述充电控制电路,智能充放电管理模块(C)的充电信号端连接三级管(Q2)的基极,(Q2)发射极接地,集电极连接场效应管(Q3)的栅极,(Q3)的漏极与太阳能电池板(A)正极连接,源极通过防逆二极管(D2)与蓄电池(B)正极连接,同时与监测报警探头组件(E)、有线或无线信号传输组件(F)正极连接, (Q2)的导通或截止控制场效应管(Q3)充、供电与停止。 5. The solar powered monitoring alarm device according to claim 3, characterized in that: the charge control circuit, charging and discharging the smart group management module (C) is a charging signal terminal triode (Q2) of the pole, (Q2) emitter grounded, the collector connected to the gate field-effect transistor (Q3) is, (Q3) and the drain of the solar cell panel (a) connected to the positive electrode, the source electrode by reverse preventing diode (D2) to the battery (B) the positive electrode is connected, at the same time monitoring and warning probe assembly (E), a wired or wireless signal transmission component (F) connected to the positive electrode, (Q2) is turned on or off control FET (Q3) charge, and stopping power.
6、 根据权利要求l所述的太阳能供电的监测、报警装置,其特征是:所述的监测报警探头组件(E)为报警探头,或为摄像机探头,或为探测传感器探头, 或为环境气象探测传感器探头,或者以上的任两种组合,或为以上任三种组合, 或为以上四种组合。 6, according to claim l monitoring of the solar-powered alarm device claim, characterized in that: said monitoring and alarm probe assembly (E) for the alarm sensor, the camera or sensor, or a sensor to detect the probe, or from meteorological detecting sensor probe, or any combination of two or more, or four or more of any combination of three compositions, or more.
7、 根据权利要求l所述的太阳能供电的监测、报警装置,其特征是:与所述智能充放电管理模块(C)的信号输入端连接有系统监测传感器,该系统监测传感器包括温度传感器探头。 7, according to claim l monitoring of the solar-powered alarm device claim, characterized in that: the charging and discharging intelligent management module (C), a signal input terminal connected to system monitoring sensor, the monitoring sensor system comprises a temperature sensor probe .
8、 根据权利要求l所述的太阳能供电的监测、报警装置,其特征是:在太阳能电池板(A)两极间连接有防雷击瞬间放电二极管,其连接关系为太阳能电池板(A)的正极连接二极管的正极,太阳能电池板(A)的负极连接二极管的负极。 (A) of the connection between the electrodes of the solar cell panel of lightning spark diode connected relation to the solar panel (A): 8, according to claim l monitoring solar-powered alarm device according to claim, characterized in that a positive electrode connected to the diode, the diode connected to a negative electrode of a solar cell panel (a) is.
9、 根据权利要求l所述的太阳能供电的监测、报警装置,其特征是:在无线信号传输组件(F)电源端口之间连接有防雷击瞬间放电二极管,其连接关系为无线信号传输组件(F)的正极输入端连接二极管的正极,二极管负向输入端接地。 9, according to claim l monitoring solar powered alarm device according to claim, characterized in that: the wireless signal transmission between the component (F) with a power supply port connected to a spark lightning diode connected relationship wireless signal transmission assembly (F) is connected to the positive input of the diode cathode, the negative input terminal of the diode.
10、 根据权利要求1所述的太阳能供电的监测、报警装置,其特征是:有线或无线信号传输组件(F)为无线发射器,或为有线音视频电缆线传送,或为光端机、光纤传送。 10. The solar-powered monitoring alarm device according to claim 1, characterized in that: a wired or wireless signal transmission component (F) is a wireless transmitter or a wired transmitting audio and video cables, or from Optical, an optical fiber transmission .
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