CN201160382Y - Sugarcane combined harvester - Google Patents

Sugarcane combined harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201160382Y
CN201160382Y CNU2007202009805U CN200720200980U CN201160382Y CN 201160382 Y CN201160382 Y CN 201160382Y CN U2007202009805 U CNU2007202009805 U CN U2007202009805U CN 200720200980 U CN200720200980 U CN 200720200980U CN 201160382 Y CN201160382 Y CN 201160382Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sugarcane
vehicle frame
taiwan
ceding
contained
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CNU2007202009805U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈特青
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangxi Yunma Taiyuan machinery manufacturing Limited by Share Ltd
Original Assignee
HANSEN MACHINERY Manufacturing Co Ltd LIUZHOU CITY
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Filing date
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Priority to CNU2007202009805U priority Critical patent/CN201160382Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201160382Y publication Critical patent/CN201160382Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a sugarcane combine harvester which relates to the technical field of the farm machinery. The combine harvester comprises a leaf stripping machine installed on a running mechanism, and a cutting table installed in front of the inlet of the leaf stripping machine; the cutting table is arranged in front of two front steering wheels of the running mechanism; the leaf stripping machine is installed under a stander between the two front steering wheels of the running mechanism; the two front steering wheels are respectively installed on a fork-shaped supporting frame; a steering vertical shaft of the fork-shaped shaft is installed on a steering column tube of the stander; the outlet of the leaf stripping machine is connected with the inlet of a band type conveyor; an engine of the combine harvester is installed at the rear part of the stander and under the band type conveyor. Compared with the prior art, the combine harvester solves the problem that the existing sugarcane harvester has poor combination of running performance and harvesting performance.

Description

Sugarcane combine
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural machinery technological field, particularly a kind ofly can disposablely finish the cane harvester device of cutting the tip, holding up down, cut off, carry, shell leaf and collecting process.
Background technology
In the grain header and technical scheme thereof of present existing sugarcane, mostly include running gear, be contained on the running gear in order to the ceding of Taiwan of collecting and cut off sugarcane, the sugarcane that will cut off shell the stripping leaf machine of leaf, be equipped with in the front upper place of running gear be used to cut off the tender tail of sugarcane cut tip device.How to arrange between the vehicle frame of the wherein ceding of Taiwan, stripping leaf machine, engine and running gear and be connected, and the structure of running gear all can have influence on the size and the position of centre of gravity of machine, thereby can adapt to the different landform of height when influencing the walking of machine, the flexibility that turns to and sugarcane harvesting, the smooth harvesting of the sugarcane of different densities, different growing ways be can adapt to, leaf and conveying swimmingly the sugarcane under the harvesting can be shelled in good condition.The running gear of existing cane harvester mostly is that the chassis transformation of the way of using tractor even automobile forms, and this structure is difficult to adapt to the needs of cane harvester; Aspect the syndeton of the ceding of Taiwan, stripping leaf machine and running gear, in the existing technical scheme, the hanging structure of side hanging structure and abdomen is arranged.The side hanging structure is the side that the ceding of Taiwan, stripping leaf pusher side is hung on running gear, the side generally all needs additional wheel like this, this structure generally all must increase the width of machine, make that equally machine is huge, it is dumb to turn, especially very not nimble across the walking of sugarcane ridge, the very difficult needs that adapt to intricately cane planting ground.The hanging structure of abdomen is that the ceding of Taiwan and stripping leaf machine are contained under the propons of running gear, this structure need increase front-wheel, raise the propons height, make like this become machine huge heaviness, center of gravity increase, fuselage becomes big, stability reduces, front-wheel steer inconvenience and headland turn difficulty, can not adapt to the needs on intricately cane planting ground.The cane harvester that also has the hanging structure of a kind of abdomen is " sugarcane combine " (Chinese patent publication number: CN2836438Y, patent application day: on October 20th, 2005), this machine is in order to shorten vehicle body, reduce radius of turn and the ceding of Taiwan is placed under the propons between two front-wheels, also two front-wheels with machine respectively are contained on the support, and two front-wheels are that the sleeve by the steering column that is contained in this support top is connected with propons.The flexibility that machine length, raising are walked and turned to though this scheme can effectively contract, simultaneously can solve the problem of cutter with the landform lifting, but because the ceding of Taiwan is contained under the machine walking propons, be not easy to install large-scale sugarcane erection device, therefore in relatively large sugarcane combine, be difficult to solve the harvesting problem of sugarcane cross growth and sugarcane serious lodging.In a word, although the sugarcane combine development of existing whole bar harvesting mode has the history of four more than ten years, but because the structure of the setting of the structure on its chassis, each big functor and the ceding of Taiwan, stripping leaf and conveying machinery is perfect not to the utmost, make this machinery not have yet in China so far and produce in batches and use that also not seeing abroad has ripe type to be widely used in producing in the sugared big country.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of sugarcane combine, and it will solve is that the problem that performance and harvesting transportation performance can not be taken into account is simultaneously walked by existing cane harvester garage.
In order to address the above problem, this sugarcane combine includes a kind of sugarcane combine, include the ceding of Taiwan before the stripping Ye Jihe that is contained on the running gear is contained in this stripping leaf machine inlet, the described ceding of Taiwan is located at before two steering front wheels of described running gear, and by hinge axis be contained in the vehicle frame of described running gear or with parts that this vehicle frame is fixedlyed connected on, in this ceding of Taiwan wheel is housed, the described ceding of Taiwan and described vehicle frame or with parts that this vehicle frame is fixedlyed connected between hoist cylinder is housed; Described stripping leaf machine is contained under the described vehicle frame between two steering front wheels of described running gear, and these two steering front wheels are contained on the bow separately, and the kingpin of described bow is contained on the steering column tube of described vehicle frame; The outlet of described stripping leaf machine is connected with the import of a ribbon conveyer, and this ribbon conveyer organic frame and be contained in drive pulley, the driven pulley on this frame and be contained in belt conveyor on them above the belt conveyor, is equipped with the outer cover of flute profile at this; The engine of described running gear is contained under the described ribbon conveyer at described vehicle frame rear portion.
The spiral sugar cane supporter can also be equipped with in two front sides of the above-mentioned ceding of Taiwan.The sugarcane gatherer that is connected described vehicle frame back can be housed after the outlet of described ribbon conveyer, this sugarcane gatherer can be provided with a skeleton and be connected with described vehicle frame by hinge axis, between this skeleton and described vehicle frame, hoist cylinder is housed, be hinged with the side plate of two activities on the described skeleton, between these two blocks of side plates and described skeleton, be connected with hoist cylinder respectively.Preferably be provided with broach shape brush sheet on the front end delivery wheel of the disc cutterbar upper horizontal setting of the above-mentioned ceding of Taiwan, preferably also have a delivery wheel on it to be provided with broach shape brush sheet in the delivery wheel in the described stripping leaf machine.
Owing to adopted such scheme, the utility model compared with prior art has following beneficial effect:
1, the distribution of the vehicle frame of running gear, the ceding of Taiwan, stripping leaf machine, ribbon conveyer and engine be connected, can rationally reduce center of gravity is arranged on the middle part of vehicle frame, make machine have good walking performance.
2, will shell under the vehicle frame between two steering front wheels that the leaf machine is contained in running gear, and two steering front wheels are contained in setting on the steering column tube of described vehicle frame by a bow separately, can solve effectively and will shell the leaf machine and be contained under the ventral and don't the problem of rising machine center, thereby make the machine walking more steady.
3, the ceding of Taiwan is located at before two steering front wheels of described running gear, be contained in described running gear by hinge axis and be connected, and the setting that wheel and sugarcane erection device are housed in the ceding of Taiwan, not only can effectively solve the harvesting problem of sugarcane cross growth and sugarcane serious lodging, can also allow simultaneously cut off cutter everywhere deformationization fluctuate, keep cutting batch length in suitable yardstick.
4, the outlet at stripping leaf machine is connected with a ribbon conveyer, and like this can a kind of power consumption little, the convenient and reliable scheme of operation maintenance makes the sugarcane gatherer can be arranged on the back of running gear easily.
5, the sugarcane gatherer is connected with described vehicle frame by hinge axis, the folding tractor mechanisms is housed between them, and this set that hoist cylinder is housed between the ceding of Taiwan and running gear, the ceding of Taiwan and sugarcane gatherer upwards can be lifted folding like this, with the length of shortening machine, thereby make machine can conveniently turn around between ground and conveniently walk under the harvesting state.
6, be hinged with the side plate of two activities on the skeleton of sugarcane gatherer, and on these two blocks of side plates, be connected with the lifting tractor mechanisms.This structure can allow any side plate upset downwards and sugarcane inclined to the arbitrary side in the machine walking by tractor mechanisms.Thereby can solve the existing gatherer that can only fall toward an inclination, can not topple over the problem of the sugarcane in the gatherer in the time of can not being adapted to turn around to gather in.
7, be provided with broach shape brush sheet on the front end delivery wheel of the disc cutterbar upper horizontal setting of the ceding of Taiwan and in the delivery wheel in stripping leaf machine, can effectively solve after the cut-out sugarcane transmit and stripping leaf process in plugging fault takes place, thereby guarantee the normal walking and the harvesting of machine.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the left view of the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of sugarcane gatherer among Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the right view of sugarcane gatherer among Fig. 1.
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing example:
Fig. 1, shown in Figure 2, two front-wheels 5 of its running gear of this sugarcane combine are deflecting roller, front-wheel 5 is contained on the steering column tube 7 of vehicle frame 12 front ends by bow 6, vehicle frame 12 anterior lower abdomens have comparatively wide and high space in order to stripping leaf machine 9 to be installed like this, will shell the problem that leaf machine 9 is contained in the machine center that needs under the ventral to raise to solve.Stripping leaf machine 9 has many to delivery wheel, each is set delivery wheel is rotated under different speed, and in these delivery wheels, delivery wheel 8 is equipped with broach shape brush sheet on its wheel shaft, in stripping leaf process plugging fault takes place with the sugarcane that solves after cutting off.On stripping leaf machine 9 front end casings, by hinge axis 4 ceding of Taiwan 2 is housed, the drawing oil cylinder 23 that the folding ceding of Taiwan is used is housed between the ceding of Taiwan 2 and frame, profiling wheel 1 is housed in the ceding of Taiwan 2, profiling wheel 1 not only can be born a part of weight of the ceding of Taiwan 2, with the weight that reduces the ceding of Taiwan 2 adverse effect to the running gear center of gravity, can allow the ceding of Taiwan 2 move up and down on the other hand again with the landform of fluctuations, cut the height basically identical of stubble to guarantee sugarcane; The front end delivery wheel 24 that disc cutterbar 3 upper horizontal of the ceding of Taiwan 2 are provided with also is equipped with broach shape brush sheet on its wheel shaft, with the sugarcane that solves after cutting off plugging fault takes place in transport process.Exit at stripping leaf machine 9, connecting the import of a ribbon conveyer, ribbon conveyer is mainly by frame be contained in drive pulley 10, the driven pulley 20 on the frame and the outer cover 21 that is contained in the belt conveyor 11 on them and covers on the flute profile on belt conveyor 11 constitutes, this ribbon conveyer power consumption is little, operation maintenance is convenient and reliable, it will shell leaf sugarcane be transported to backward in the sugarcane gatherer that is contained in vehicle frame 12 rear ends.The sugarcane gatherer is provided with the skeleton of an activity, this skeleton is connected and composed by adjustable shelf 15, hinge axis 13 and axle 19, skeleton is connected the rear end of vehicle frame 12 by fixed support 14, skeleton is connected with fixed support 14 by its hinge axis 13, skeleton and with fixed support 14 that vehicle frame 12 is fixedlyed connected between hoist cylinder 16 is housed, the movable part of sugarcane gatherer upwards can be lifted folding like this, with the length of shortening machine, thereby make machine can conveniently turn around between ground and conveniently walk under the harvesting state.22 in engine is contained under the ribbon conveyer at vehicle frame 12 rear portions, can rationally reduce the center of gravity of machine like this, and center of gravity is arranged on the middle part of vehicle frame 12, makes machine have good walking performance.
Fig. 3, shown in Figure 4, adjustable shelf 15 is connected with axle 19 by hinge axis 13, is hinged with the side plate 18 of two activities on axle 19, also is connected with hoist cylinder 17 respectively between these two blocks of side plates 18 and adjustable shelf 15.Like this can be by selecting the not different sides that allowing the 18 downward upsets of different side plates and the sugarcane in the sugarcane gatherer is inclined and walks at machine of the hoist cylinder 17 of homonymy, thereby can solve the existing gatherer that can only fall toward an inclination, can not topple over the problem of the sugarcane in the gatherer in the time of can not being adapted to turn around to gather in.

Claims (7)

1. a sugarcane combine includes the ceding of Taiwan before the stripping Ye Jihe that is contained on the running gear is contained in this stripping leaf machine inlet, it is characterized in that:
The described ceding of Taiwan is located at before two steering front wheels of described running gear, and by hinge axis be contained in the vehicle frame of described running gear or with parts that this vehicle frame is fixedlyed connected on, in this ceding of Taiwan wheel is housed, the described ceding of Taiwan and described vehicle frame or with parts that this vehicle frame is fixedlyed connected between hoist cylinder is housed;
Described stripping leaf machine is contained under the described vehicle frame between two steering front wheels of described running gear, and these two steering front wheels are contained on the bow separately, and the kingpin of described bow is contained on the steering column tube of described vehicle frame;
The outlet of described stripping leaf machine is connected with the import of a ribbon conveyer, and this ribbon conveyer organic frame and be contained in drive pulley, the driven pulley on this frame and be contained in belt conveyor on them above the belt conveyor, is equipped with the outer cover of flute profile at this;
The engine of described running gear is contained under the described ribbon conveyer at described vehicle frame rear portion.
2. sugarcane combine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the spiral sugar cane supporter is equipped with in two front sides of the described ceding of Taiwan.
3. sugarcane combine according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: the sugarcane gatherer that is connected described vehicle frame back is housed after the outlet of described ribbon conveyer.
4. sugarcane combine according to claim 3 is characterized in that: described sugarcane gatherer has a skeleton to be connected with described vehicle frame by hinge axis, between this skeleton and described vehicle frame hoist cylinder is housed; Be hinged with the side plate of two activities on the described skeleton, between these two blocks of side plates and described skeleton, be connected with hoist cylinder respectively.
5. sugarcane combine according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the front end delivery wheel of the disc cutterbar upper horizontal setting of the described ceding of Taiwan is provided with broach shape brush sheet, has at least one to which is provided with broach shape brush sheet in the delivery wheel in the described stripping leaf machine.
6. sugarcane combine according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the front end delivery wheel of the disc cutterbar upper horizontal setting of the described ceding of Taiwan is provided with broach shape brush sheet, has at least one to which is provided with broach shape brush sheet in the delivery wheel in the described stripping leaf machine.
7. sugarcane combine according to claim 4 is characterized in that: the front end delivery wheel of the disc cutterbar upper horizontal setting of the described ceding of Taiwan is provided with broach shape brush sheet, has at least one to which is provided with broach shape brush sheet in the delivery wheel in the described stripping leaf machine.
CNU2007202009805U 2007-09-03 2007-09-03 Sugarcane combined harvester Expired - Lifetime CN201160382Y (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publications (1)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102316716A (en) * 2009-01-22 2012-01-11 夏尔克冶金机械制造厂有限责任公司 Be used to gather in the crops method and the reaping machine of sugarcane
CN101755532B (en) * 2009-12-31 2012-11-28 柳州市汉森机械制造有限公司 Cane harvester
CN102812819A (en) * 2012-08-31 2012-12-12 临海市恒丰机械有限公司 Channel floating mechanism of cane harvester
CN104365277A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-02-25 中首信(贵州)现代农业装备有限公司 Section cutting type sugarcane combine harvester and channel assembly thereof
CN105359703A (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-03-02 宁波大叶园林设备有限公司 Lawn mower with artificial chassis grass-pushing anti-blockage device and grass breaking preventer pushed by back cover plate
CN105393691A (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-03-16 宁波大叶园林设备有限公司 Lawn mower with artificial grass-pushing anti-blockage device and grass chopping prevention device on rear cover plate
CN106688438A (en) * 2017-01-24 2017-05-24 朱季华 Wheel-type landform imitation header
CN112352538A (en) * 2020-10-14 2021-02-12 中国农业大学 Bidirectional sugarcane cutting and paving machine

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102316716A (en) * 2009-01-22 2012-01-11 夏尔克冶金机械制造厂有限责任公司 Be used to gather in the crops method and the reaping machine of sugarcane
CN101755532B (en) * 2009-12-31 2012-11-28 柳州市汉森机械制造有限公司 Cane harvester
CN102812819A (en) * 2012-08-31 2012-12-12 临海市恒丰机械有限公司 Channel floating mechanism of cane harvester
CN102812819B (en) * 2012-08-31 2015-06-10 临海市恒丰机械有限公司 Channel floating mechanism of cane harvester
CN104365277A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-02-25 中首信(贵州)现代农业装备有限公司 Section cutting type sugarcane combine harvester and channel assembly thereof
CN105359703A (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-03-02 宁波大叶园林设备有限公司 Lawn mower with artificial chassis grass-pushing anti-blockage device and grass breaking preventer pushed by back cover plate
CN105393691A (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-03-16 宁波大叶园林设备有限公司 Lawn mower with artificial grass-pushing anti-blockage device and grass chopping prevention device on rear cover plate
CN106688438A (en) * 2017-01-24 2017-05-24 朱季华 Wheel-type landform imitation header
CN112352538A (en) * 2020-10-14 2021-02-12 中国农业大学 Bidirectional sugarcane cutting and paving machine

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: GUANGXI YUNMA HANSHENG MACHINERY MANUFACTURE CO.,

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: LIUZHOU HANSEN MACHINERY MANUFACTURE CO., LTD.

Effective date: 20120210

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20120210

Address after: The emerging industrial park the Liujiang River city Liuzhou County 545100 Lok Yip Road, the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region No. 13

Patentee after: Guangxi Yunma Hansen Machinery Manufacture Co., Ltd.

Address before: 545100 Xinxing Industrial production base of the Liujiang River County, the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Liuzhou

Patentee before: Hansen Machinery Mfg. Co., Ltd., Liuzhou City

C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee

Owner name: GUANGXI YUNMA TAIYUAN MACHINERY MANUFACTURE CO., L

Free format text: FORMER NAME: GUANGXI YUNMA HANSHENG MACHINERY MANUFACTURE CO., LTD

CP03 Change of name, title or address

Address after: The new industrial park, the Liujiang River County of Liuzhou City Hengye Road No. 7 the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region 545100

Patentee after: Guangxi Yunma Taiyuan machinery manufacturing Limited by Share Ltd

Address before: The emerging industrial park the Liujiang River city Liuzhou County 545100 Lok Yip Road, the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region No. 13

Patentee before: Guangxi Yunma Hansen Machinery Manufacture Co., Ltd.

CX01 Expiry of patent term

Granted publication date: 20081210

CX01 Expiry of patent term