CN201144616Y - Energy-saving flash air system and energy-saving door or window therewith - Google Patents

Energy-saving flash air system and energy-saving door or window therewith Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN201144616Y
CN201144616Y CNU200720175281XU CN200720175281U CN201144616Y CN 201144616 Y CN201144616 Y CN 201144616Y CN U200720175281X U CNU200720175281X U CN U200720175281XU CN 200720175281 U CN200720175281 U CN 200720175281U CN 201144616 Y CN201144616 Y CN 201144616Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
room
ventilation stack
indoor
energy
Prior art date
Application number
CNU200720175281XU
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈波
Original Assignee
陈波
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 陈波 filed Critical 陈波
Priority to CNU200720175281XU priority Critical patent/CN201144616Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201144616Y publication Critical patent/CN201144616Y/en

Links

Abstract

The utility model provides an energy-saving fresh air system which is arranged on a window frame or a door frame. The system comprises a pipe fitting which is provided with at least one air heat exchanger, a first ventilation duct which is mounted in the pipe fitting for discharging the indoor air to the outside, a second ventilation duct which is mounted in the pipe fitting for inducting the outside air to the inside; an exhaust fan which is mounted in the first ventilation duct for discharging the indoor air to the outside; a suction fan which is mounted in the second ventilation duct for inducting the outside air to the inside and a controlling device which controls the operation of the exhaust fan and the suction fan. Additionally, the utility model also comprises an air purification unit; the air purification unit comprises a third ventilation duct which is provided with a sterilization unit; one end of the third ventilation duct is communicated with the first ventilation duct; the other end of the third ventilation duct is communicated with the second ventilation duct;; both end ports of the third ventilation duct are respectively provided with opening and closing mechanisms. The window or the door which is provided with the structure can realize two-way temperature preservation and ventilation in the closing state and the dynamic sterilization and purification for the indoor air positively.

Description

Energy-saving fresh air system and energy saving window or door with this system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of energy-saving fresh air system and a kind of energy saving window or door with described energy-saving fresh air system that is arranged on building window or the door.
Background technology
Clearly room air pollution is classified as one of 10 big threats of human health in " World Health Report in 2002 " that The World Health Organization (WHO) announces.Human body has 68% disease relevant with room air pollution approximately, and room air pollution threatens the human life, improves human mortality, reduces human life expectancy nearly ten years.According to statistics, China has 11.1 ten thousand people to die from room air pollution every year approximately.In 80% the leukemia of children patient family, within 3 years, carried out finishing.The children of the annual respiratory tract infection that causes because of finishing pollution have 2,100,000 people, wherein the cause of the death of children below 10,000 years old is relevant with room air pollution more than 100, countless people is because symptoms such as room air pollution causes respiratory tract infection, headache, feels sick, allergy, distraction, decrease of memory have had a strong impact on normal work, studying and living.The report of World Health Organization's issue spells out: ubiquitous formaldehyde is strong carcinogenic substance in the indoor hardware fitting.The carcinogenic formaldehyde of people is present in the furniture of hundreds of millions families and other finishing materials, and all can be discharged into endlessly in the indoor air every day, and release period is the longest reaches 15 years.Yet indoor air pollutants also have benzene, ammonia, radon gas, second-hand-cigarette and various bacterium, germ, mould etc. to reach thousands of kinds except formaldehyde.But, consider building energy-saving, the trend of modern architecture is made sealing " box " with the house, it is hedged off from the outer world as far as possible so that reduce the loss of energy, like this, indoor contaminated air just can't be got rid of, especially in the winter of cold and the summer of sweltering heat, indoor and outdoors has just become two different relatively environment in this case, and scientist points out by research: the room air pollution degree normally the 5-10 outside the room doubly, serious reaches 100 times.
At present, the method that solves room air pollution mainly contains two kinds, one is to use equipment such as indoor air purification, this equipment mainly is by filtering, harmful substances in air reaches the purpose that purifies the air of a room in decomposition or the adsorption chamber, but because indoor air pollutants reach thousands of kinds, and the ability of the filtration of the filter in this air cleaning facility or absorption is limited, be easy to produce saturated, deposition along with pollutant, clean-up effect obviously descends, in addition, because the air of indoor pollution is along with hot air rises, therefore, pollutant generally is the upper space that is stuck in indoor 2/3rds floor heights, people's respiration range just in time is this zone, but indoor air purification equipment is generally upward placed on the table or is underground, is difficult to this regional contaminated air is effectively purified, moreover, the price of this indoor air purification equipment also is expensive, does not have popularization.The 2nd, ventilation or employing ventilation equipment are taken a breath by windowing, but, adopt this dual mode to ventilate following shortcoming is arranged: (1) can not guarantee indoor original temperature and humidity in the ventilation process, particularly the heating installation room in the winter time and the air-conditioned room in summer are all the more so; (2) heat of room air just is discharged to outside the room without exchange, has caused a large amount of energy loss, is unfavorable for energy-saving and emission-reduction; (3) cause indoor new air pollution on the contrary easily in this draft type in the big or with serious pollution city of dust; (4) ventilation equipment ubiquity energy consumption height, noise are big, and influence indoor overall appearance in back is installed.Therefore, need a kind of cheaply, overcome above-mentioned shortcoming, comprehensively solve the technical scheme of room air pollution.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of energy-saving fresh air system, this system comprises bidirectional heat preservation aeration unit and air cleaning member, described bidirectional heat preservation aeration unit can be discharged to the air of indoor pollution outside the room, simultaneously, can carry out dynamic degerming processing to room air with introducing indoor and described air cleaning member after room outer air process filtration, purification and the interchange of heat.
Another purpose of the present utility model provides a kind of energy saving window or door with described energy-saving fresh air system.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution of the utility model is as follows:
The utility model energy-saving fresh air system comprises: bidirectional heat preservation aeration unit and air cleaning member.
Described bidirectional heat preservation aeration unit may further include: the pipe fitting of being furnished with at least one air heat exchanger, being formed at being used in the described pipe fitting is discharged to first ventilation stack outside the room with room air, with be formed at being used in the described pipe fitting room outer air introduced the second indoor ventilation stack, first air inlet port of described first ventilation stack is positioned at the indoor and first gas outlet is positioned at the outside, room, second air inlet port of described second ventilation stack is positioned at the outside, room and second gas outlet is positioned at the indoor, being arranged on being used on described first ventilation stack is discharged to the exhaust fan outside the room with room air and is arranged on being used on described second ventilation stack room outer air is introduced indoor suction fan, power supply and control described exhaust fan, the control device of suction fan running.
Described air heat exchanger in the technical program comprises first air duct and the second interior air duct of outer air inlet chamber of buying a house in installments for the room air discharge adjacent but that do not communicate.
In the technical program, wherein a part of inner chamber of described first air duct and described pipe fitting and the spacer that is provided with in it have formed described first ventilation stack; Wherein another part inner chamber of described second air duct and described pipe fitting and the spacer that is provided with in it have formed described second ventilation stack, the room air that desire is discharged is entered the upstream side of described first ventilation stack earlier by described first air inlet port, enter first air duct of described air heat exchanger then, enter the downstream of first ventilation stack again, and be discharged to outside the room by described first gas outlet, desire the interior room outer air of inlet chamber enters described second ventilation stack earlier from described second air inlet port upstream side, enter second air duct of described air heat exchanger then, enter the downstream of second ventilation stack again, and introduce indoor by described second gas outlet.The room air of described air heat exchanger and the room outer air of flowing through carried out sensible heat and latent heat exchange by described air heat exchanger.
In the technical program, the material of described air heat exchanger can adopt and can conduct heat, pass wet material, as, papery or extrusion coating paper material are made, therefore, not only the exchange of heat can be carried out between the room air of the described air heat exchanger of flowing through and the room outer air, and in the exchange of carrying out heat, the exchange of moisture can be carried out, thereby guarantee air outside the indoor and room in replacement process, indoor original temperature and humidity remains unchanged substantially.In order further to improve the exchange efficiency of air heat exchanger, its structure can be taked plate-fin structure (the vertical corrugated board structures of handing over mutually), certainly, also can adopt other structure.
The described air heat exchanger of the technical program adopts can conduct heat, pass the papery or the extrusion coating paper material that wet and can adopt as the disclosed paper material of China Patent No. 97122545.1 patent specifications, also can adopt Chinese patent 93209878.9, name to be called disclosed material in the patent documentation of " dismountable fibre paper film heat is changed interchanger ", can also adopt Chinese patent ZL200520129985.4, name to be called disclosed heat transfer in " the damp and hot switch of air ", pass wet material.In addition, described air heat exchanger of the present utility model can also adopt the bamboo fibre paper material of being made by bamboo fiber to make.The bamboo fiber natural bamboo that has drawn from, the bamboo of preferred 3-5 boils into bamboo pulp through high temperature, extracts bamboo fibre then and makes bamboo fibre paper.The paper technology of its manufacturing process and common wood fibre is basic identical.Because the beam tube fiber of bamboo communicates before and after being, the left and right sides is parallel, is covered with big and small hole on the bamboo fibre cross section, height hollow, can freely absorb and transpiring moisture, therefore, its conductivity of heat, hygroscopicity, wet putting, gas permeability are all better than the fiber of any other material.Simultaneously, also have antibacterial material-" bamboo a kind of jade " of a kind of uniqueness in the bamboo, this material has natural antibiotic and deodorization functions, and therefore, described bamboo fibre paper also has antibiotic, antibacterial, anti-mite and superpower antistatic property.Like this, the air heat exchanger of being made by described bamboo fibre paper has following outstanding advantage: (1) can further improve sensible heat and the latent heat exchange efficiency between the indoor of the described air heat exchanger of flowing through and the room outer air; (2) superpower antistatic behaviour can prevent that micronic dust from adsorbing on it; (3) can carry out sterilization processing for the bacterium and the virus of adsorbing on it, make air heat exchanger have self-cleaning function, guarantee by the air quality in its inlet chamber; (4) because the speed of growth of bamboo is that all plant classes are the fastest, therefore, can reduce the manufacturing cost of air heat exchanger, the protection environment.
Though described air heat exchanger can adopt the material of above-mentioned introduction, the paper material that described air heat exchanger of the present utility model adopted includes but are not limited to above material.
In the technical program, the surface of internal cavity of described second ventilation stack can have the Surface Machining layer, and wherein, described Surface Machining layer can have degerming portion.Optical semiconductor catalyst and/or apatite can be contained in described degerming portion.Described apatite can be the apatite with photo-catalysis function.By the light of irradiation particular range of wavelengths, described semiconductor catalyst and/or apatite can be removed at least one side in airborne virus or the germ.In addition, can consider to adopt following method as the way that light is provided to this optical semiconductor catalyst: (1) is provided with light source in its vicinity; (2) can make the part of ventilation stack transparent, introduce outside the room or indoor light; (3) import outside the room or indoor light by reflecting plate etc.; Perhaps (4) are by LGP or optical fiber lead-in light etc.Therefore, the utility model not only can capture, absorption etc., can also actively remove virus removal or germ, thereby realize air-cleaning function of the present utility model.
In the technical program; can also be furnished with air filter in described second ventilation stack; this air filter can be furnished with the toilet with high density filter device (HEPA strainer etc.) and/or can be furnished with the filtration beds that contains activated carbon or active bamboo; in addition; can also be furnished with high efficiency filter film that contains bamboo fibre etc.; therefore; can prevent from effectively to send into the dust in the room outer air indoor; because dust can be attached with virus or germ etc.; so the utility model can be removed dust energetically; virus or germ etc.; in addition; the known activity bamboo charcoal has superpower absorption and filter capacity; can filter out ozone or other harmful organic molecules in the room outer air effectively, further guarantee airborne quality in the inlet chamber.Have, described air filter preferably can be dismountable, so that can clean and change again.
In the technical program, described second ventilation stack can also further be furnished with the active substance delivery device.This active substance delivery device can be set at the upstream side of the air-flow direction of described degerming portion.In addition, so-called here " active substance delivery device " can for example be glow discharge device, barrier discharge device or streamer discharge device.Have, so-called here " active material " can be for example radical type material such as high-velocity electrons, ion, ozone, hydroxyl radical free radical or its molecule that excites etc. again.
In the technical program, described active substance delivery device provides active material to described degerming portion.Therefore, utilize described degerming portion, can or have the photo-catalysis function of the apatite of photo-catalysis function by activation light semiconductor catalysts such as the high radical type materials of energy level.Like this, can quicken optical semiconductor catalyst or have the light-catalyzed reaction speed of the apatite of photo-catalysis function,
In addition, described active substance delivery device can also discharge anion in the air in inlet chamber, anion is called as human body " air vitamin ", can enter human body by human skin cell's gap, but can prevent skin aging and relieving fatigue.Simultaneously, remaining particle and harmful organic molecule in anion and the room air, for example, benzene molecular, formaldehyde molecule bumps against, make it charged, this charged particle and harmful organic molecule are easy to by the absorption of things such as wall in the room and ceiling, thereby indoor air is further purified.
In the technical program, between the inlet of the indoor and room outer air of described first, second air duct of described first and second air inlet ports and described air heat exchanger, can also be furnished with the air mass flow distributor, described air mass flow distributor can be a deflector, it also can be the flow distribution baffle that has numerous air vents, its objective is and make room air and room outer air enter described air heat exchanger equably by flow, thereby guarantee to carry out equably damp and hot exchange between the two, improve the efficient of exchange.
In the technical program, the flow of the room air by described first venting channels can be greater than the flow of the room outer air by described second venting channels, like this, contained heat and humidity just can pass to the indoor air of introducing outside the room more fully in the room air.
In the technical program, described second air inlet port and/or first air inlet port can be provided with the air filter of detachable cleaning, described filtration dress device can be a screen pack, it can also be toilet's high density filter device (HEPA strainer) etc., so that filter out dust granule in the room outer air, foreign matter etc. and filter out the dust granule that room air enters air heat exchanger, guarantee to suck the quality of room air.In addition, screen pack or directly adopt dust in the mode blocks air that numerous air vents are set or the entering of foreign matter on described pipe fitting also can be set in described first, second gas outlet.
In the technical program, described bidirectional heat preservation aeration unit further comprises sensor, when the concentration of suspension of room air reached a predefined value, described sensor sent signal to described control device, and described control device starts described exhaust fan and suction fan.
In the technical program, described bidirectional heat preservation aeration unit further comprises a damping device, and described damping device can increase humidity to introducing indoor air.
For the ease of installing and keep in repair the various component of inside, described bidirectional heat preservation aeration unit, can be provided with dismountable panel on the non-installed surface on the described pipe fitting, it is fastening that described panel and described pipe fitting can adopt the screw ways of connecting to carry out, certainly, the connection fastening means of described panel of the present utility model includes but are not limited to this mode.In addition, the utility model can also adopt other modes that the various component of inside, described bidirectional heat preservation aeration unit are installed.
In the technical program, described air cleaning member may further include: be arranged on the described pipe fitting and be furnished with the 3rd ventilation stack of degerming unit, the 3rd air inlet port of described the 3rd ventilation stack is communicated with described first ventilation stack, the 3rd gas outlet of described the 3rd ventilation stack is communicated with described second ventilation stack, with first switching mechanism that is used to open and close described the first, the 3rd ventilation stack, in addition, in the technical program, can also be furnished with second switching mechanism in described second ventilation stack.The formation member that is arranged at described the 3rd ventilation stack on the described pipe fitting preferably is detachable assembling with described pipe fitting.
In the technical program, described first switching mechanism and described second switching mechanism can link.When described first switching mechanism was opened the downstream of described second ventilation stack of described the 3rd inlet close, described second switching mechanism was closed the upstream side of described second ventilation stack.Otherwise when described first switching mechanism was closed the downstream of described second ventilation stack of described the 3rd air inlet open, described second switching mechanism was opened the upstream side of described second ventilation stack.Described first, second switching mechanism can be a baffle plate.
In the technical program, the inner wall surface of described the 3rd ventilation stack can have the Surface Machining layer, and wherein, described Surface Machining layer can have degerming portion.Optical semiconductor catalyst and/or apatite can be contained in described degerming portion.Described apatite can be the apatite with photo-catalysis function.By the light of irradiation particular range of wavelengths, described semiconductor catalyst and/or apatite can be removed at least one side in airborne virus or the germ.Therefore, described VMC of the present invention not only can capture, absorption etc., can also actively remove virus removal or germ, thereby realize air-cleaning function of the present invention.
In the technical program, the inwall of described the 3rd ventilation stack can also add one deck heat insulating material, and described degerming portion is formed on surface outside the described heat insulating material, so both can remove virus or germ energetically and can also flow through that heat is dispersed into outside the room in the room air of described the 3rd ventilation stack.
In the technical program; the described degerming unit that is provided with in described the 3rd ventilation stack can be furnished with toilet's high density filter device (HEPA strainer etc.) etc.; therefore; can remove airborne dust; because dust can be attached with virus or germ etc., so described VMC of the present invention can be removed dust, virus or germ etc. energetically, in addition; described degerming unit can be dismountable, so that can clean and change.
In the technical program, described degerming unit further has degerming portion, and wherein, optical semiconductor catalyst can be contained in described degerming portion.By the light of irradiation particular range of wavelengths, described semiconductor catalyst can be removed at least one side in airborne virus or the germ.In addition, the what is called here " semiconductor catalyst " is meant that with titanium oxide, strontium titanates, zinc oxide, tungsten oxide and iron oxide etc. be the metal oxide of representative; With C 60Deng fullerene is that the carbon of representative is optical semiconductor catalyst; Nitride, the oxynitride that forms by transition metal, apatite etc. with photo-catalysis function.In addition, can consider to adopt following method as the way that light is provided to this optical semiconductor catalyst: (1) is provided with light source in its vicinity; (2) can make the part of ventilation stack transparent, introduce outside the room or indoor light; (3) import outside the room or indoor light by reflecting plate etc.; Perhaps (4) are by LGP or optical fiber lead-in light etc.
In the technical program, described degerming portion can also comprise the adsorption section, and therefore, this VMC can remove virus removal or germ more effectively.
In the technical program, apatite can further be contained in described adsorption section, and in addition, so-called here " apatite " is to be that (wherein, A represents various metallic atoms such as Ca, Co, Ni, Cu, Al, La, Cr, Fe, Mg to Ax (BOy) zXa with the chemical formula; B represents atoms such as P, S; X represents that (OH) or the material of halogen atom (for example, F, Cl etc.) expression, its representative substances has hydroxyapatite, fluor-apatite and chlorapatite, and calcium phosphate and calcium monohydrogen phosphate etc. with hydroxyl.Wherein, use Ca 10(PO 4) 6(OH) 2The calcium hydroxy apetite of expression because of cation exchange and all generations easily of anion exchange, so have abundant adsorptivity, particularly has excellent adsorption capacity to organic matters such as protein.In addition, known calcium hydroxy apetite can suppress the propagation of these mushrooms and virus by strong absorption mould, bacterium and virus etc.
In the technical program, apatite is contained in the adsorption section.Known this apatite shows the high characterization of adsorption to virus or germ etc.This is main because apatite has electric charge, and easy and virus or germ etc. form hydrogen bond or ionic bond etc.Therefore, degerming portion viral adsorption or germ etc. securely.So, utilize this VMC, can further improve efficient except that virus removal or bacterium etc.
In the technical program, described apatite can also be the apatite with photo-catalysis function.In addition, so-called here " apatite with photo-catalysis function " is that for example the part calcium atom in the hydroxyapatite is replaced as apatite of titanium atom etc. by methods such as ion-exchanges.
Generally, use the mixture etc. of adsorbents such as zeolite and titanium dioxide as optical semiconductor catalyst always.During to organic decomposability, titanium apatite shows the decomposability higher than titanium dioxide at the titanium dioxide of measuring identical specific area and titanium apatite.But when measuring the titanium dioxide of equivalent weight and titanium apatite to organic decomposability, titanium dioxide demonstrates the capacity of decomposition higher than titanium apatite.The former little degree of particle diameter that can not make titanium apatite from manufacturing techniques available of its reason to the titanium dioxide particle diameter.That is to say, the specific area of titanium dioxide is bigger than the specific area of titanium apatite, so, when being subjected to the restriction of weight of the optical semiconductor catalyst that described degerming unit can load, only adopt titanium apatite as optical semiconductor catalyst, may go down organic capacity of decomposition.
But in the technical program, described degerming unit also contains optical semiconductor catalyst, and therefore, the optical semiconductor catalyst that particle diameters such as titanium dioxide are little enters the gap of titanium apatite, and the activity that can make photocatalysis reflection is crypto set more.In addition, because titanium apatite has replenished the low absorbability of titanium dioxide,, can remove virus or germ etc. efficiently so can realize like this, utilizing this degerming unit than titanium dioxide or the more excellent capacity of decomposition of apatite monomer.
On the other hand, known apatite is to the characterization of adsorption height of virus or germ.Therefore, consider to use apatite as adsorbent to improve the effect of described degerming portion.But, even with such apatites mixed in optical semiconductor catalyst, also only be that near virus the titanium dioxide that is adsorbed in the performance photo-catalysis function or germ etc. are had effect, and for by apatite adsorbed but near do not have titanium dioxide to exist virus or germ, these viruses or germ can not be removed.But in the technical program, apatite is the apatite with photo-catalysis function.That is to say that absorption position itself just has photo-catalysis function, like this, just can remove nearly all virus that is adsorbed or germ etc.So, utilize this degerming unit can further improve efficient except that virus removal or germ etc., guarantee the purified treatment quality that enters room air.
In the technical program, described degerming unit further is furnished with charged elements, and described charged elements can be set at the upstream side of described degerming portion.In addition, this charged elements can be so that at least one side in virus or the germ be charged.Generally, apatite has the adsorption capacity to virus or germ, this is because apatite is considered to have electric charge, the reason that can combine with formation static such as virus that has weak charge or germs, and described charged elements can make virus or germ before arriving apatite, be endowed stronger electric charge at the charged elements place, like this, charged virus or germ are when reaching apatite, adsorbed easilier by apatite, thereby improve the capture rate of described degerming unit, therefore, can further improve air purification ability of the present invention virus or germ.
In the technical program, described the 3rd ventilation stack can also further be furnished with the active substance delivery device.This active substance delivery device can be set at the upstream side of the air-flow direction of described degerming unit.In addition, so-called here " active substance delivery device " can for example be glow discharge device, barrier discharge device or streamer discharge device.Have, so-called here " active material " can be for example radical type material such as high-velocity electrons, ion, ozone, hydroxyl radical free radical or its molecule that excites etc. again.
In the technical program, described active substance delivery device provides active material to described degerming unit.Therefore, utilize this degerming unit, can or have the photo-catalysis function of the apatite of photo-catalysis function by activation light semiconductor catalysts such as the high radical type materials of energy level.Like this, can quicken optical semiconductor catalyst or have the light-catalyzed reaction speed of the apatite of photo-catalysis function, consequently, utilize described degerming unit can remove virus or germ etc. efficiently.In addition, known ozone has considerable effects such as sterilization, therefore, utilizes described degerming unit can further remove virus or germ etc. efficiently, thereby reaches the purpose of air purification of the present invention.
In the technical program,, an active material resolving cell can also be set at described second ventilation stack in order to control the injury that excessive active material that described active substance delivery device decomposed may cause human body.Active material resolving cell herein can be the active carbon of for example ozone decomposition or active bamboo filter element etc.The active material resolving cell can be set at the downstream of the air-flow direction of described degerming unit.In addition, this active material resolving cell can the degrading activity material, like this, just can guarantee the safe handling to ozone.
In addition, in the technical program, described active substance delivery device can also discharge anion in the air in inlet chamber, and negative oxygen ion is called as " the air vitamin " of human body, can enter human body by human skin cell's gap, but can prevent skin aging and relieving fatigue.Simultaneously, remaining particle and harmful organic molecule in anion and the room air, for example, benzene molecular, formaldehyde molecule bumps against, make it charged, this charged particle and harmful organic molecule are easy to by the absorption of things such as wall in the room and ceiling, thereby indoor air is further purified.
Have, in the technical program, described air cleaning member can further include a damping device again, and described damping device can be given and introduce indoor air increase humidity.
According to another technical scheme of the present utility model, a kind of energy saving window or door can comprise: comprising: window, doorframe, the switching mechanism of sash that window, Door leaf frame and glass are formed or door leaf and window or door etc., wherein, it also comprises above-mentioned energy-saving fresh air system, and described VMC further comprises above-mentioned bidirectional heat preservation aeration unit and air cleaning member.
In the technical program, described VMC further comprises air humidifying device, and described damping device increases humidity can for indoor air.
In the technical program, at least a portion of described window, doorframe or described window, Door leaf frame can be formed by the described pipe fitting of described bidirectional heat preservation aeration unit, that is to say, described window frame, doorframe or described window sash frame, Door leaf frame wherein part or all is made of described pipe fitting.
Suction fan described in the technical program, exhaust fan or the required power supply of other device can be common powers, it also can be the power supply that solar-energy photo-voltaic cell provides, glass on described sash or the door leaf can also be changed into photoelectricity plastics or photoelectric glass, the electric energy that is produced by them provides then.
In sum, the utility model has the advantages that and can realize two kinds of operational modes, first kind of operational mode be indoor and the room outer air between the bidirectional heat preservation displacement, second kind of operational mode is the single-cycle dynamic degerming purified treatment of room air.
The advantage of first kind of operational mode is mainly reflected in the following aspects: 1) under the function prerequisite that does not change ordinary window and door, realized at window or door when closing, carry out the two-way displacement of air outside indoor and the room, and in replacement process, original temperature and humidity is constant in can holding chamber, thoroughly solve indoor air pollution problems inherent, guaranteed the cleaning of room air and pure and fresh, created not only healthy but also comfortable living space; 2) since room air when discharging, air heat exchanger has carried out the redemption of heat and humidity, has therefore saved the energy, has realized energy-saving and emission-reduction; 3) the utility model can make the house introduce fresh air under the state of sealing, satisfy the needs that health of people is breathed, the diffusion of the indoor heat that having significantly reduced windows ventilates and cause, the particularly heating and the room of summer air-conditioning in the winter time, power savings advantages of the present utility model will further be embodied, simultaneously, the utility model has also been avoided windowing and has been ventilated that the auxiliary air that caused pollutes and the interference of room external noise; 4) the utility model can use solar-energy photo-voltaic cell that operation power is provided, and in addition, even if use common power, because the utility model use all is low power exhaust fan and suction fan, its energy consumption also can be ignored; 5) the utility model can be realized the low noise operation; (6) when indoor climate was dry, damping device can increase humidity for room air; (7) doors and windows that uses technical solutions of the utility model to make, simple in structure, cost is low, is easy for installation and maintenance, and does not influence indoor attractive in appearancely, has good popularization.
The advantage of second kind of operational mode is: when SARS, influenza and other epidemic disease in the society popular, start this pattern and room air can be introduced described the 3rd ventilation stack, by the described degerming unit that is arranged in described the 3rd ventilation stack room air is carried out killing efficiently the degerming purification, make that people live, the air of work, studying space is in aseptic clean state, guaranteed that further people can breathe pure air.
Other purpose of the present utility model, advantage and outstanding characteristics will be from below in conjunction with becoming more obvious the detailed description of accompanying drawing to the utility model embodiment.Because it is identical relating to the technical scheme of window of the present utility model or door, for simplicity, the utility model is in the description of drawings and embodiments, only bidirectional heat preservation aeration unit and window with this device are described, omit bidirectional heat preservation aeration unit and door with this device are described.
Description of drawings
Above-mentioned and other characteristic of the present utility model and the advantage exemplary embodiment shown in will be with reference to the accompanying drawings is described, and therefore can become more clear.
Fig. 1 is the local simplified schematic diagram that the utility model exemplary embodiment energy-saving fresh air system relates to two-way air displacement;
Fig. 2 is that the utility model exemplary embodiment energy-saving fresh air system relates to the local simplified schematic diagram that the room air degerming purifies;
Fig. 3 is a local simplified schematic diagram that changes example of the utility model exemplary embodiment energy-saving fresh air system;
Fig. 4 is the simplified schematic diagram that the utility model exemplary embodiment energy saving window relates to an energy-saving fresh air system;
Fig. 5 is the simplified schematic diagram that the utility model exemplary embodiment energy saving window relates to two energy-saving fresh air systems;
Fig. 6 is a simplified schematic diagram that changes example of the utility model exemplary embodiment energy saving window;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation sketch that the utility model exemplary embodiment relates to air heat exchanger.
In the accompanying drawings, identical label is represented identical parts, parts and structure.
The specific embodiment
Hereinafter, in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the energy saving window with energy-saving fresh air system of the utility model first to fourth exemplary embodiment is done detailed description.
Fig. 1 is the simplified schematic diagram that the utility model exemplary embodiment energy-saving fresh air system 6 relates to two-way air displacement, and in Fig. 1, energy-saving fresh air system 6 comprises bidirectional heat preservation aeration unit 600 and air cleaning member 700.
Bidirectional heat preservation aeration unit 600, comprise: the pipe fitting 60 of being furnished with at least one air heat exchanger 61, being formed at being used in the pipe fitting 60 is discharged to first ventilation stack 65 outside the room with room air PA, with be formed at being used in the pipe fitting 60 room outer air OA introduced the second indoor ventilation stack 66, is furnished with an air filter 67 in second ventilation stack 66, the first air inlet port 65a on first ventilation stack 65 is positioned at the indoor and the first gas outlet 65b is positioned at the outside, room, the second air inlet port 66a of second ventilation stack 66 is positioned at the outside, room and the second gas outlet 66b is positioned at the indoor, being arranged on being used on first ventilation stack 65 is discharged to the exhaust fan 62 outside the room with room air PA and is arranged on being used on described second ventilation stack room outer air is introduced indoor suction fan 63, be arranged on the airstrainer 64 of the second air inlet port 66a, power supply (not shown) and control exhaust fan 62, the control device (not shown) of suction fan 63 runnings.
Referring to Fig. 7, air heat exchanger 61 comprises that heat exchanger plate 611 stacks with certain interval, thereby formed second air duct 613 that first air duct 612 that the room air that is discharged to outside the room passes through and the room outer air in the suction chamber are passed through successively, first corrugated sheet 614 is placed in first air duct 612, thereby obtains the space that the permission room air passes through; Be placed in second air duct 613 with second corrugated sheet 615, thereby obtain the space that permission room outer air is passed through.First corrugated sheet 614 and second corrugated sheet, 615 formed air are square crossings by space (passage).
The extrusion coating paper material that the heat exchanger plate 611 of air heat exchanger 61 and/or first corrugated sheet 614, second corrugated sheet 615 can adopt material that can heat and moisture transfer or have an identical function is made, furtherly, can adopt bamboo fibre paper or make by the Bamboo-carbon paper that paper material mixing bamboo charcoal or active bamboo form.
The bamboo fiber natural bamboo that has drawn from, the bamboo of preferred 3-5 boils into bamboo pulp through high temperature, extracts bamboo fibre then and makes bamboo fibre paper.The paper technology of its manufacturing process and common wood fibre is basic identical, repeats no more here.Owing to be covered with big and small hole on the bamboo fibre cross section, height hollow can freely absorb also transpiring moisture, and therefore, its conductivity of heat, hygroscopicity, wet putting, gas permeability are all better than the fiber of any other material.Simultaneously, have antibacterial material-" bamboo a kind of jade " of a kind of uniqueness in the bamboo, this material has natural antibiotic and deodorization functions, and therefore, this bamboo fibre paper also has antibiotic, antibacterial, anti-mite and superpower antistatic property.Like this, the air heat exchanger of being made by bamboo fibre paper 61 has the following advantages: (1) can improve the exchange efficiency of sensible heat and latent heat greatly; (2) superpower antistatic behaviour can prevent that micronic dust from adsorbing on it; (3) can carry out sterilization processing for the bacterium and the virus of adsorbing on it, make air heat exchanger 61 have self-cleaning function, further guarantee by the air quality in its inlet chamber; (4) because the speed of growth of bamboo is that all plant classes are the fastest, therefore, can reduce the manufacturing cost of air heat exchanger 61.In addition, the beam tube fiber of known bamboo communicates before and after being, the left and right sides is parallel, therefore, has many trickle apertures fitly to be studded with along the beam tube fiber after the carbonization, makes it have good heat transfer damping effect.When containing wetly air by active bamboo, its many trickle aperture will suck moisture, and when the air of drying, it can discharge the moisture that sucks in the trickle aperture air to drying again, like this, can make air heat exchanger 61 have good damping effect.As room air PA and room outer air OA during by air heat exchanger 61, room air PA and room outer air OA will carry out sensible heat and latent heat exchange, be that air heat exchanger 61 can pass to room outer air OA with heat among indoor original air PA and humidity, thereby guarantee that indoor original temperature and humidity remains unchanged in the scavenging period.Simultaneously, because bamboo fibre or active bamboo have antibiotic, antibacterial, anti-mite and superpower anti-static function, therefore, make this air heat exchanger 61 have self-cleaning function again, prevent that various mushrooms adhere on it in the air.But the heat and moisture transfer material that air heat exchanger 61 of the present utility model is adopted comprises but is not limited only to above-mentioned material.
In order to improve the heat exchanger effectiveness of air heat exchanger 61, its structure can adopt the vertical corrugated board structures of handing over mutually (also claiming plate-fin structure) as shown in Figure 7, can also adopt as Fig. 8 air heat exchanger 61 ' shown in plate-fin structure, can certainly adopt other structure.The thickness of heat exchanger plate 611 is preferably between the 20 μ m-90 μ m, and the thickness of first corrugated sheet 614, second corrugated sheet 615 is preferably between the 0.1mm-0.5mm.
In addition, the sensible heat when flowing through air heat exchanger 61 and the heat exchanger effectiveness of latent heat in order further to improve room air PA and room outer air OA, the available ventilation cross-sectional area of first air duct 612 that can make air heat exchanger 61 is greater than the available ventilation cross-sectional area of second air duct 613, or at first air duct 612, under the identical situation of the available ventilation area of second air duct 613, make the length of the length of second air duct 613 greater than first air duct 612, like this, the pass through speed of room air PA in first air duct 612 will be faster than the flowing velocity of room outer air OA in second air duct 613, therefore, room outer air OA in the inlet chamber can absorb heat and the humidity among the room air PA more fully, improves the exchange efficiency of sensible heat and latent heat.
Have, air heat exchanger 61 putting in pipe fitting 60 can be as shown in Figure 1 again, and certainly, the utility model can also have other arrangement method.
The shape of pipe fitting 60 can be a linear pattern, also can be shaped form, can also be that linear pattern adds curved combination etc., and the cross section of its inner chamber can be square, circular or other shape.The material of pipe fitting 60 can be aluminium alloys, plastic-steel, timber or other material.
In this exemplary embodiment, wherein a part of inwall of first air duct 612 and pipe fitting 60 and the spacer 68 (comprising vertical spacer 68a and lateral isolation thing 68b) that is provided with in it have formed first ventilation stack 65; Wherein another part inwall of second air duct 613 and pipe fitting 60 and the spacer 68 (comprising vertical spacer 68a and lateral isolation thing 68b) that is provided with in it have formed second ventilation stack 66.
Can also be provided with the heat insulating material (not shown) on first ventilation stack 65 of this exemplary embodiment and the inwall of second ventilation stack 66, the inwall that is preferably in the outside, room of second ventilation stack 66 is provided with heat insulating material, can prevent the thermal loss of room outer air OA after the process interchange of heat like this.
In this exemplary embodiment, be provided with at the 65b place, first gas outlet of first ventilation stack 65 and be used for room air PA is discharged to exhaust fan 62 outside the room, be provided with at the second air inlet port 66a place of second ventilation stack 66 and be used for room outer air OA is introduced indoor suction fan 63.
Certainly, the exhaust fan 62 in the utility model and the installation site of suction fan 63 are not limited only to be installed in above-mentioned position, can also be installed in other air inlet port or gas outlet.The exhaust fan 62 and the suction fan 63 of this exemplary embodiment can adopt the small-size shaft flow fan, also can adopt small-sized centrifugal fan, can also be the fans of other form.Exhaust fan 62 of this exemplary embodiment and suction fan 63 can be according to mounting meanss as shown in Figure 1, but exhaust fan 62 of the present utility model and suction fan 63 can also be installed in the pipe fitting 60 by Hide All, can also be installed in the outside with the first air inlet port 65a and the corresponding pipe fitting 60 of the second air inlet port 66a as required.In addition, the installation site of exhaust fan 62 and suction fan 63 includes but are not limited to above-mentioned position, can also be installed in other air inlet port or gas outlet.After the startup, the air that generates respectively by exhaust fan 62 and suction fan 63 flows PA and OA (hollow arrow PA as shown in Figure 1, OA).
Screen pack 64 is set at the second air inlet port 66a place, is used to filter dust and stops that foreign matter enters, and screen pack 64 is preferably dismountable, conveniently to regularly clean or replace.In addition, also can be provided with at the first gas outlet 65b, the first air inlet port 65a place one can disassembly, cleaning the airstrainer (not shown), to stop outside the room and indoor dust enters in first ventilation stack 65 and second ventilation stack 66.Certainly, this screen pack also can be realized by with the corresponding position of the first air inlet port 65a, the first gas outlet 65b and the second gas outlet 66b numerous air vents is set on pipe fitting 60.In addition, in the utility model, the high density filter device that screen pack 64 also can use the toilet to use for example can be that HEPA strainer or ulpa filter substitute.
In this exemplary embodiment, be provided with an air filter 67 in second ventilation stack 66, this air filter 67 can be the high density filter device that the toilet uses, and for example can be HEPA strainer or ulpa filter.This toilet can capture very little dust with the high density filter device.Generally, organic molecule, virus or germ etc. are mostly attached on the micronic dust, so use this toilet can will introduce the dust the indoor air OA and remove energetically attached to the organic molecule on the dust, virus or germ outside the room with the high density filter device.In addition, because so-called fresh air is also stale in fact outside the room, wherein can contain excessive ozone and various harmful organic substances and tiny micronic dust particle, therefore, air filter 67 also can be the strainer of an active carbon or active bamboo, the known activity bamboo charcoal has superpower absorption and filter capacity, can filter out ozone or other harmful organic molecules among the room outer air OA effectively, further guarantees airborne quality in the inlet chamber.Certainly, air filter 67 of the present utility model also can be the assembly of toilet with high density filter device and active bamboo filtration beds, or the assembly of other strainer (net) and active bamboo filtration beds, can also be other filter that air purification is had remarkable effect.Have, air filter 67 is detachable easily preferably, like this, can keep in repair easily and change again.
The power supply (not shown) provides the energy for exhaust fan 62 and suction fan 63 or other device, and it can be common power supply, considers safety factor, preferably adopts low-voltage safety power supply.In addition, can also adopt the environmental protection power supply, as utilize solar-energy photo-voltaic cell to provide power for exhaust fan 62 and suction fan 63.
The control device (not shown) can be arranged on the pipe fitting 60, pipe fitting 60 outsides that also can be arranged on; Can be that line traffic control is arranged, can also be controlled in wireless.The plurality of operating modes that control device can be set exhaust fan 62 and suction fan 63 as required realizes the operation of exhaust fan 62 and suction fan 63, for example, can be provided with and make 63 operations of exhaust fan 62 and suction fan stop 1 hour after 2 hours, rerun afterwards 2 hours, so circulation is gone down.Also can set a running time, then shutdown or the like automatically.In addition, also can be the running of controlling exhaust fan 62 and suction fan 63 manually fully.
In addition, in this exemplary embodiment, on pipe fitting 60 or control device, an indoor air pollutants concentration sensor can also be set, when the pollutant levels that record room air when this sensor reach a predefined numerical value, this sensor sends signal and gives control device, and control device can be opened exhaust fan 62 automatically, suction fan 63 carries out two-way air displacement.
When room air pollution is serious or need be when indoor additional fresh air, the two-way air displacement unit 600 of this exemplary embodiment can be opened, at this moment, the control device (not shown) makes first switching mechanism (baffle plate) 75, the solid line position that second switching mechanism (baffle plate) 76 is among Fig. 1, like this, after exhaust fan 62 and suction fan 63 startups, the room air PA that desire is discharged is entered the upstream side of first ventilation stack 65 earlier by the first air inlet port 65a, enter first air duct 612 of air heat exchanger 61 then, become the downstream that PA ' enters first ventilation stack 65 again, and be discharged to outside the room (referring to Fig. 1 hollow core arrow P A by the first gas outlet 65b, the direction indication of PA '), desire the interior room outer air OA of inlet chamber enters second ventilation stack 66 earlier from the second air inlet port 66a upstream side, process is provided with after its interior air cleaning unit 67 filtration, purifications, enter second air duct 613 of air heat exchanger 61, enter the downstream of second ventilation stack 66 again, and introduce indoor (referring to Fig. 1 hollow core arrow OA by the second gas outlet 66b, the direction indication of SA).The flow through room air PA of air heat exchanger 61 and room outer air OA carries out sensible heat and latent heat exchange by air heat exchanger 61.In this process, because the air in the inlet chamber and be discharged to air outside the room in the indoor air circulation that formed, so the air PA of indoor pollution is discharged to outside the room continuously, and the air OA outside the room is introduced into indoor through generating fresh air SA behind the filtration, purification of air filter 67, again because room air PA and room outer air OA will carry out the exchange of heat and humidity at air heat exchanger 61, so in the replacement process of indoor-outdoor air, indoor original temperature and humidity remains unchanged.
Referring to Fig. 2, air cleaning member 700 mainly comprises: the 3rd ventilation stack 72 of being furnished with photocatalysis degerming unit 71, the 3rd air inlet port 73 of the 3rd ventilation stack 72 is communicated with the downstream of first ventilation stack 65, the 3rd gas outlet 74 of the 3rd ventilation stack 72 is communicated with the upstream side of second ventilation stack 66, first switching mechanism (baffle plate), 75, the first switching mechanisms (baffle plate) 75 that are used to open and close first ventilation stack 65 and the 3rd ventilation stack 72 are set at the 3rd air inlet port 73 places.Second switching mechanism (baffle plate), 76, the second switching mechanisms (baffle plate) 76 that are used to open and close second ventilation stack 66 are set at the upstream side of second ventilation stack 66.First switching mechanism (baffle plate) 75 and second switching mechanism (baffle plate) 76 can link.Certainly, second switching mechanism (baffle plate) 76 can not be provided with yet, and stops by the 3rd gas outlet 74 with the drag effect that is arranged at the air filter 67 in second ventilation stack 66 and to enter the upstream side that the SA1 that purifies air after the indoor degerming of second ventilation stack 66 returns second ventilation stack 66.In addition, photocatalysis degerming unit 71 can take off from the formation member 72a of the 3rd ventilation stack 72, with easy cleaning and maintenance.
Photocatalysis degerming unit 71 is furnished with prefilter, plasma device and optical catalyst filter.Prefilter is a strainer of removing big dust.The plasma device makes by forceful electric power lotus on the dust lane of containing in the air behind the prefilter.Optical catalyst filter load titanium apatite and visible light line style optical semiconductor catalyst, but photocatalytic filter also can a load titanium apatite.In addition, the all right load apatite visible light line style optical semiconductor catalyst of optical catalyst filter, the what is called here " apatite " is being to be that (wherein, A represents various metallic atoms such as Ca, Co, Ni, Cu, Al, La, Cr, Fe, Mg to Ax (BOy) zXa with the chemical formula; B represents atoms such as P, S; X represents that (OH) or the material of halogen atom (for example, F, C1 etc.) expression, its representative substances has hydroxyapatite, fluor-apatite and chlorapatite, and calcium phosphate and calcium monohydrogen phosphate etc. with hydroxyl.Wherein, use Ca 10(PO 4) 6(OH) 2The calcium hydroxy apetite of expression etc.Said herein titanium apatite is the apatite that has replaced the part calcium atom of calcium hydroxy apetite by methods such as ion-exchanges with titanium atom.In addition, said herein visible light line style optical semiconductor catalyst is for example anatase titanium dioxide etc. to be improved, even also can bring into play the optical semiconductor catalyst of photocatalytic activity under visible rays.
Known this titanium apatite shows the high characterization of adsorption to virus or germ etc.This is main because titanium apatite has electric charge, easy and virus or germ etc. form hydrogen bond or ionic bond etc., and contain the plasma device at the upstream side of titanium apatite, therefore, dirt, dust, virus and germ etc. are before arriving titanium apatite, in the plasma panel device, be endowed the forceful electric power lotus, so, the easier titanium apatite by the load of photocatalytic filter institute of virus or germ is adsorbed, consequently improved the efficient that captures virus or germ, so, utilize this degerming unit can further improve efficient except that virus removal or bacterium etc.
Have, titanium apatite and visible light line style optical semiconductor catalyst also can be coated on the optical catalyst filter by the fiber institute's load that forms photocatalytic filter or with it again.Also have, titanium apatite and visible light line style optical semiconductor catalyst can also be coated in the one side of photocatalytic filter, also can be coated in the two sides of photocatalytic filter.
The structure of this photocatalysis degerming unit 71 makes air successively by prefilter, plasma device, optical catalyst filter, so, prefilter in this photocatalysis degerming unit 71 is configured in the upstream side of air-flow direction, and optical catalyst filter is configured in the downstream of air-flow direction.Like this, 71 pairs of this photocatalysis degerming unit carry out degerming by the room air PA that sends into the 3rd ventilation stack 72 from first ventilation stack 65 and purify, and produce the SA1 that purifies air.Then, this SA1 that purifies air sends into second ventilation stack 66 by the 3rd gas outlet 74, sends into indoor through the second gas outlet 66b again.This photocatalysis degerming unit 71 pairing member 72a go up some and are equipped with the transparency (not shown), with outside the room or outdoor light importing photocatalysis degerming unit 71.Certainly, also can adopt uviol lamp is set in the 3rd ventilation stack 72 mode with ultraviolet light lead-in light catalysis degerming unit 71.
Variation example as this exemplary embodiment, can adopt air filter 67, for example can be HEPA strainer or ulpa filter, or the HEPA strainer adds the composition of active bamboo strainer, or independent active bamboo strainer replace photocatalysis degerming unit 71.At this moment, air filter 67 can capture very little dust, known activity bamboo charcoal strainer has superpower adsorption capacity, generally, organic molecule, virus or germ etc. are mostly attached on the micronic dust, so air filter 67 can be removed energetically with the dust among the indoor air PA with attached to the organic molecule on the dust, virus or germ.Therefore, also can make energy-saving fresh air system 6 reach purpose except that virus removal or germ.
Change example as another of this exemplary embodiment, be arranged on the prefilter of photocatalysis degerming unit 71 and the plasma device between the optical catalyst filter and can be used in and between the prefilter of photocatalysis degerming unit 71 and the optical catalyst filter glow discharge device, barrier discharge device or streamer discharge device be set and wait to substitute.Can activate the photo-catalysis function of titanium apatite and visible light line style optical semiconductor catalyst like this by the high radical type material of energy level etc.So, can quicken the photocatalyst reaction speed of titanium apatite and visible light line style optical semiconductor catalyst.In addition, be easy to generate ozone in this case, so preferably charcoal filter is set, be used for controlling airborne quantity delivered in the ozone inlet chamber, the injury that causes to prevent that excessive ozone from entering in the room air and to human body in the downstream of the air flow of optical catalyst filter.
In addition, in this exemplary embodiment, because glow discharge device, barrier discharge device or streamer discharge device discharge the active material as anion in can also the air in inlet chamber, therefore, send into indoor air and will become the pure air that contains anion, further promoted the quality of room air.
Have, in this exemplary embodiment, air cleaning member 700 can be dismountable installation with bidirectional heat preservation aeration unit 600, is detachable installation between the formation member 72a of the 3rd ventilation stack 72 and the pipe fitting 60 in the bidirectional heat preservation aeration unit 600 promptly again.
The kill performance of titanium apatite to germ and virus is described below, and its key data and experimental technique are from the experimental data of legal person's japanese food analysis center of Japanese interest group.
Titanium apatite sees the following form to the inactivation ratio of germ, virus and toxin.
Above-mentioned icon has shown that the titanium apatite that contains in the photocatalysis degerming unit 71 has the effect of airborne various bacteriums and germ being carried out sterilization processing, thereby guarantees to enter the indoor air purifying quality effectively.
If when running into popular or other reason of influenza or SARS and need carry out independent sterilization processing to room air, can open exhaust fan 62 separately, at this moment, the control device (not shown) makes first switching mechanism (baffle plate) 75, the solid line position that second switching mechanism (baffle plate) 76 is among Fig. 2, promptly first switching mechanism (baffle plate) 75 is opened the 3rd air inlet port 73, close the downstream of first ventilation stack 65, second switching mechanism (baffle plate) 76 is closed the upstream side of second ventilation stack 66, at this moment, after discharge fan 62 starts, indoor contaminated air generates air stream PA by the running of exhaust fan 62, and in air heat exchanger 61, be introduced in the 3rd ventilation stack 72 by the first air inlet port 65a, then, carry out sterilization processing by the 71 couples of room air PA in photocatalysis degerming unit that are arranged in the 3rd ventilation stack 72, the generation SA1 that purifies air, the SA1 that purifies air enters second ventilation stack 66 by the 3rd gas outlet 74, because second switching mechanism (baffle plate) 76 has stopped its flowing to second ventilation stack, 66 updrift sides, SA1 is dispensed into the downstream of second ventilation stack 66 through air heat exchanger 61 so all purify air, and send into indoor through the second gas outlet 66b, at this moment, sending into indoor air is the pure air of handling through degerming, therefore, the assurance indoor occupant can be breathed aseptic pure air, has avoided the propagation in personnel of germ and bacterium.
Fig. 3 be one of the utility model exemplary embodiment VMC 6 of changing example ' simplified schematic diagram, compare with the utility model exemplary embodiment, this changes example and disposed 3 air heat exchangers 61 in pipe fitting 60, like this, by 3 grades of interchange of heat, can further improve the damp and hot exchange efficiency between room air PA and the room outer air OA, other structures are identical with exemplary embodiment with the method for operation, repeat no more here.Certainly, the utility model quantity of being arranged on the air heat exchanger 61 in the pipe fitting 60 comprises but is not limited only to 3.
The utility model energy saving window is described below.
Referring to Fig. 4, the energy saving window 5 that the utility model exemplary embodiment has energy-saving fresh air system comprises: window frame 51, window sash frame 52 and the sash of glass 53 compositions and the switching mechanism (not shown) of window etc., wherein, it also comprises at least one energy-saving fresh air system 6 (6 ') (referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 3), in this exemplary embodiment, energy saving window 5 has disposed 1 energy-saving fresh air system 6 (6 ').
In exemplary embodiment, pipe fitting 60 in the bidirectional heat preservation aeration device 600 has constituted window frame 51 upper window frames in the utility model energy saving window 5, furtherly, the window frame 51 of the utility model window 5 wherein part or all can be made of the pipe fitting in the bidirectional heat preservation aeration device 600 (600 ') 60.In order further to improve the efficient of ventilation, the utility model energy saving window 5 can also comprise a plurality of energy-saving fresh air systems 6 (6 '), that is to say, left side window frame in the window 5, or the right window frame, or following window frame, or their combination, all can constitute by the pipe fitting in the bidirectional heat preservation aeration device 600 60.Certainly, in the utility model, pipe fitting 60 also can constitute window sash frame 52 wherein part or all.In exemplary embodiment, the pipe fitting 60 that constitutes window frame 51 comprises that above-described bidirectional heat preservation aeration unit 600 (600 ') and air cleaning member 700 are provided with various devices and the component on it.
In addition, in the present embodiment, the pipe fitting 60 of bidirectional heat preservation aeration device 600 has constituted window frame 51 upper window frames, but, in the utility model, also can not be formed on window frame 51 or the window sash frame 52 in the bidirectional heat preservation aeration device 600, but be attached on other position in the window 5, such as, be installed in the inboard or the outside of window frame 51 or window sash frame 52.
In the utility model exemplary embodiment, the 26S Proteasome Structure and Function of energy-saving fresh air system 6 (6 ') with above-described be consistent, no longer be repeated in this description here.
For the ease of installing and keep in repair the various component of bidirectional heat preservation aeration device 600 inside, can be provided with dismountable panel 51a on the non-installed surface on the window frame 51 (pipe fitting 60), panel 51a and window frame 51 (pipe fitting 60) can adopt screw ways of connecting as shown in Figure 4 to carry out fastening, the mode that can also adopt panel 51a on window frame 51 (pipe fitting 60), to inlay, certainly, panel 51a of the present utility model includes but are not limited to above-mentioned these modes with the fastening means that is connected of window frame 51 (pipe fitting 60).In addition, the utility model can also adopt other modes that the various component of bidirectional heat preservation aeration device 600 inside are installed in the window frame 51 (pipe fitting 60).
In the present embodiment, first ventilation stack 65, second ventilation stack 66 can be formed at as Fig. 4, shown in window frame 51 the horizontal frame in upper end or in, but ventilation stack of the present utility model not only is confined to be formed in the horizontal frame in upper end of window frame 51, for example, can also be formed in the left side or right frame of window frame 51.In addition, can also be formed in the combination of the horizontal frame+left frame in upper end of window frame 51, or in the combination of the horizontal frame+right frame in upper end of window frame 51, or in the horizontal frame+left frame in the upper end of window frame 51+horizontal frame in lower end, or in the combination of the horizontal frame+right frame in the upper end of window frame 51+horizontal frame in lower end.In addition, can also form in the window sash frame 52, or the conversion of their above-mentioned window frame combination.
Can be provided with the heat insulating material (not shown) on first ventilation stack 65 of this exemplary embodiment and the inner chamber of second ventilation stack 66, the inner chamber that is preferably in the outside, room of second ventilation stack 66 is provided with heat insulating material, can prevent the thermal loss of room outer air OA after the process interchange of heat like this.
The material of window frame 51 can be aluminium alloys, plastic-steel, steel, wooden etc., but the utility model is not limited only to above-mentioned material.
In addition, the utility model can also be replaced by the photoelectricity plastics with the glass on the sash 53, as, the plastics photoelectric material that U.S. Konarka company produces.This photoelectricity plastics light transmission and simple glass are very nearly the same, it is to absorb the sunshine or the light of indoor light source by one deck organic semiconducting materials, produce both hole and electron, described both hole and electron is delivered to two electrodes by semi-conducting material itself and the football alkene that wherein mixes respectively, thereby transform light energy is become electric energy, and this electric energy can provide electrical source of power for exhaust fan 62 and suction fan 63 or other device.
Fig. 5 be one of the utility model exemplary embodiment change routine energy saving window 5 ', compare with the exemplary embodiments that Fig. 4 shows, this changes routine energy saving window 5 ' comprised 2 VMCs 6 (6 '), that is to say, the left and right side frame of window frame 51 constitutes by the pipe fitting in the VMC 6 (6 ') 60, like this, when higher air displacement amount of indoor needs or degerming efficient, this changes routine energy saving window 5 ' double air displacement and degerming efficient can be provided.
Fig. 6 is one of the utility model exemplary embodiment energy saving window 5 (5 ') and changes routine energy saving window 5 " simplified schematic diagram; it is in exemplary embodiments that Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 showed and change in the example; increase a damping device (not shown) again; damping device can be hidden in the window frame 51 (pipe fitting 60); when needs use; can use a connector that can eject 55, to have the water receptacle 56 that is complementary with this connector then is placed on the connector 55, connector 55 can be delivered to the water in the water receptacle 56 in the damping device, be mixed in after damping device makes water fogging and send among the indoor air SA (SA1), like this, when room air is relatively drier, can further promote indoor comfort degree by damping device.Certainly, the damping device in the utility model also can also be provided with in inherent other exemplary embodiment energy saving window 5 (5 ') only in a side setting of window frame 51.
The course of work of the utility model energy saving window is described below:
Referring to Fig. 1, when room air pollution is serious or need be when indoor additional fresh air, the utility model energy saving window 5 (5 ') can start bidirectional heat preservation air displacement pattern, at this moment, the control device (not shown) makes first switching mechanism (baffle plate) 75, the solid line position that second switching mechanism (baffle plate) 76 is among the figure, like this, after exhaust fan 62 and suction fan 63 startups, the room air PA that desire is discharged is entered the upstream side of first ventilation stack 65 earlier by the first air inlet port 65a, enter first air duct 612 of air heat exchanger 61 then, become the downstream that PA ' enters first ventilation stack 65 again, and be discharged to outside the room (referring to Fig. 1 hollow core arrow P A by the first gas outlet 65b, the direction indication of PA '), desire the interior room outer air OA of inlet chamber enters second ventilation stack 66 earlier from the second air inlet port 66a upstream side, process is provided with after its interior air cleaning unit 67 filtration, purifications, enter second air duct 613 of air heat exchanger 61, become fresh air SA, enter the downstream of second ventilation stack 66 again, and introduce indoor (referring to Fig. 1 hollow core arrow OA by the second gas outlet 66b, the direction indication of SA).The flow through room air PA of air heat exchanger 61 and room outer air OA carries out sensible heat and latent heat exchange by air heat exchanger 61.In this process, because the air in the inlet chamber and be discharged to air outside the room in the indoor air circulation that formed, so the air PA of indoor pollution is discharged to outside the room continuously, and the air OA outside the room is introduced into indoor through generating fresh air SA behind the filtration, purification of air filter 67, again because room air PA and room outer air OA will carry out the exchange of heat and humidity at air heat exchanger 61, so in the replacement process of indoor-outdoor air, indoor original temperature and humidity remains unchanged, operation by this bidirectional heat preservation aeration pattern, can be effectively with indoor all contaminations, as formaldehyde benzene, radon gas, second-hand-cigarettes etc. are discharged to outdoor, the cleaning that keeps room air, it is excessive to avoid in scavenging period indoor original temperature and humidity to change again, has also realized energy-saving and emission-reduction.
Referring to Fig. 2, if when running into popular or other reason of influenza or SARS and need carry out independent sterilization processing to room air, the utility model energy saving window 5 (5 ') can start room air single cycle sterilization mode, at this moment, the control device (not shown) makes first switching mechanism (baffle plate) 75, the solid line position that second switching mechanism (baffle plate) 76 is among the figure, promptly first switching mechanism (baffle plate) 75 is opened the 3rd air inlet port 73, close the downstream of first ventilation stack 65, second switching mechanism (baffle plate) 76 is closed the upstream side of second ventilation stack 66, at this moment, discharge fan 62 work, and suction fan 63 is not worked, after discharge fan 62 starts, indoor contaminated air generates air stream PA by the running of exhaust fan 62, and in air heat exchanger 61, be introduced in the 3rd ventilation stack 72 by the first air inlet port 65a, then, carry out sterilization processing by the 71 couples of room air PA in photocatalysis degerming unit that are arranged in the 3rd ventilation stack 72, the generation SA1 that purifies air, the SA1 that purifies air enters second ventilation stack 66 by the 3rd gas outlet 74, because second switching mechanism (baffle plate) 76 has stopped its flowing to second ventilation stack, 66 updrift sides, SA1 is dispensed into the downstream of second ventilation stack 66 through air heat exchanger 61 so all purify air, and send into indoor through the second gas outlet 66b, at this moment, sending into indoor air is the pure air of handling through degerming, therefore, the assurance indoor occupant can be breathed aseptic pure air, has avoided the propagation in personnel of germ and bacterium.
Embodiment of the present utility model can also have multiple variation example, as, change example 1, also can form machined layer on the inner chamber in the second and/or the 3rd ventilation stack, this machined layer can comprise optical semiconductor catalyst.Change 2, in the utility model, exhaust fan and suction fan also can be installed in the window frame by Hide All.The filter element that changes in example 3, the second ventilation stacks can move to the second air inlet port place, replaces the screen pack at the second air inlet port place.Change example 4, the present invention can also be provided with windproof elbow at the gas outlet and/or the air inlet port place in the outside, room, and this windproof elbow not only can hide rain but also can influence work of gas outlet and air inlet port or the like at the Shi Buhui that blows hard.
In sum, the energy saving window or the door that the utlity model has energy-saving fresh air system can be realized the air of indoor pollution is discharged to outside the room at low cost, simultaneously that the room outer air is indoor through introducing behind the filtration, purification, and, in this process, the air of indoor discharge can fully and be introduced indoor air and carry out sensible heat and latent heat exchange by air heat exchanger outside the room, guarantee that temperature and humidity indoor in scavenging period does not change.Because under this operational mode, air heat exchanger has carried out heat redemption efficiently, therefore, reduction of discharging has substantive contribution to building energy-saving.
In addition, if run into influenza or SARS is popular, the utility model can also switch to the dynamic sterilization operational mode of room air single cycle from the bidirectional heat preservation aeration pattern, this pattern can be removed various viruses, the germ in the room air energetically, be the indoor air that purification is provided, ensure people's health.Have, the utility model can also discharge anion in introducing indoor air again, and anion is called as " the air vitamin " of human body, can enter human body by human skin cell's gap, thereby prevents skin aging and can alleviate the fatigue of human body.
Have, when indoor dryness of air, the damping device on the utility model can increase humidity for room air, has further improved the indoor comfort level and the quality of air again.
Above-mentioned embodiment and advantage only are typical examples, and it can not be considered as restriction of the present utility model.Technology of the present utility model also can be applied to other similar device.Description to the utility model exemplary embodiment is the scope that is used to illustrate rather than limit claim, and to those skilled in the art, clearly, the utility model also can be made multiple changes and improvements.

Claims (9)

1. energy-saving fresh air system, comprise, the bidirectional heat preservation aeration unit, described bidirectional heat preservation aeration unit further comprises: the pipe fitting of being furnished with at least one air heat exchanger, being formed at being used in the described pipe fitting is discharged to first ventilation stack outside the room with room air, with be formed at being used in the described pipe fitting room outer air introduced the second indoor ventilation stack, first air inlet port of described first ventilation stack is positioned at the indoor and first gas outlet is positioned at the outside, room, second air inlet port of described second ventilation stack is positioned at the outside, room and second gas outlet is positioned at the indoor, being arranged on being used on described first ventilation stack is discharged to the exhaust fan outside the room with room air and is arranged on being used on described second ventilation stack room outer air is introduced indoor suction fan, control described exhaust fan, the control device of suction fan running, and power supply, it is characterized in that it also comprises an air cleaning member.
2. by the described energy-saving fresh air system of claim 1, it is characterized in that, described air cleaning member comprises: be arranged on the described pipe fitting and be furnished with the 3rd ventilation stack of degerming unit, the 3rd air inlet port of described the 3rd ventilation stack is communicated with described first ventilation stack, the 3rd gas outlet of described the 3rd ventilation stack is communicated with described second ventilation stack and is used to open and close first switching mechanism of described the first, the 3rd ventilation stack.
3. by the described energy-saving fresh air system of claim 1, it is characterized in that being furnished with second switching mechanism in described second ventilation stack.
4. by the described energy-saving fresh air system of claim 1, it is characterized in that the surface of internal cavity of described second ventilation stack or the 3rd ventilation stack has the Surface Machining layer, described Surface Machining layer has degerming portion.
5. energy saving window or door, comprise window, doorframe, sash or door leaf and switching mechanism etc. that window, Door leaf frame and glass are formed is characterized in that, it also comprises: at least one energy-saving fresh air system, described energy-saving fresh air system further comprises: bidirectional heat preservation aeration unit and air cleaning member.
6. by described energy saving window of claim 5 or door, it is characterized in that, described bidirectional heat preservation aeration unit further comprises: the pipe fitting of being furnished with at least one air heat exchanger, being formed at being used in the described pipe fitting is discharged to first ventilation stack outside the room with room air, with be formed at being used in the described pipe fitting room outer air introduced the second indoor ventilation stack, first air inlet port of described first ventilation stack is positioned at the indoor and first gas outlet is positioned at the outside, room, second air inlet port of described second ventilation stack is positioned at the outside, room and second gas outlet is positioned at the indoor, being arranged on being used on described first ventilation stack is discharged to the exhaust fan outside the room with room air and is arranged on being used on described second ventilation stack room outer air is introduced indoor suction fan, power supply, with the described exhaust fan of control, the control device of suction fan running, described window, doorframe or described window, at least a portion of Door leaf frame is formed by described pipe fitting, described air cleaning member further comprises: be arranged on the described pipe fitting and be furnished with the 3rd ventilation stack of degerming unit, the 3rd air inlet port of described the 3rd ventilation stack is communicated with described first ventilation stack, the 3rd gas outlet of described the 3rd ventilation stack is communicated with described second ventilation stack, is used to open and close described first, first switching mechanism of the 3rd ventilation stack.
7. by described energy saving window of claim 6 or door, it is characterized in that being furnished with second switching mechanism in described second ventilation stack.
8. by described energy saving window of claim 6 or door, it is characterized in that the surface of internal cavity of described second ventilation stack or the 3rd ventilation stack has the Surface Machining layer, described Surface Machining layer has degerming portion.
9. by described energy saving window of claim 6 or door, it is characterized in that it further comprises air humidifying device.
CNU200720175281XU 2007-08-30 2007-08-30 Energy-saving flash air system and energy-saving door or window therewith CN201144616Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU200720175281XU CN201144616Y (en) 2007-08-30 2007-08-30 Energy-saving flash air system and energy-saving door or window therewith

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU200720175281XU CN201144616Y (en) 2007-08-30 2007-08-30 Energy-saving flash air system and energy-saving door or window therewith

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201144616Y true CN201144616Y (en) 2008-11-05

Family

ID=40081490

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNU200720175281XU CN201144616Y (en) 2007-08-30 2007-08-30 Energy-saving flash air system and energy-saving door or window therewith

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201144616Y (en)

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103438540A (en) * 2013-09-18 2013-12-11 河南科技大学 Indoor temperature and humidity regulation method
CN104456748A (en) * 2014-10-22 2015-03-25 浙江瑞明节能科技股份有限公司 Indoor-side air passage structure of building door window
CN105003977A (en) * 2014-11-10 2015-10-28 贺红宇 Ultrathin air purifying device and air purifying device combined with door for installation
CN106193951A (en) * 2016-08-08 2016-12-07 苏州见真物联科技有限公司 A kind of Smart Home integrated protection door
CN106285395A (en) * 2016-08-02 2017-01-04 苏州见真物联科技有限公司 A kind of Smart Home ventilation ventilation integrated door window frame structure
CN106522780A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-03-22 西安交通大学 Ventilating window with haze prevention and noise reduction functions
CN106642505A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-05-10 安徽家德利门业有限公司 Thermochromic energy-saving and dehumidifying ventilation door
CN106765729A (en) * 2017-02-04 2017-05-31 魏汝涵 A kind of environmentally friendly window with fresh air and air purifier
CN107091044A (en) * 2017-05-04 2017-08-25 苏州鼎威新能源有限公司 A kind of solar air purification window
CN104235995B (en) * 2013-06-13 2018-05-08 海尔集团公司 A kind of air refreshing device
WO2020103177A1 (en) * 2018-11-19 2020-05-28 蔡炜杰 Intelligent air circulation filtering window for closed space
CN111663731A (en) * 2020-06-19 2020-09-15 深圳市建筑装饰(集团)有限公司 Air purification decorative board for architectural decoration
CN112554763A (en) * 2021-02-19 2021-03-26 湖南机电职业技术学院 Multifunctional protective window

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104235995B (en) * 2013-06-13 2018-05-08 海尔集团公司 A kind of air refreshing device
CN103438540A (en) * 2013-09-18 2013-12-11 河南科技大学 Indoor temperature and humidity regulation method
CN103438540B (en) * 2013-09-18 2016-06-15 河南科技大学 A kind of indoor temperature and humidity control method
CN104456748A (en) * 2014-10-22 2015-03-25 浙江瑞明节能科技股份有限公司 Indoor-side air passage structure of building door window
CN104456748B (en) * 2014-10-22 2017-06-06 浙江瑞明节能科技股份有限公司 A kind of indoor air channel structure of building doors and windows
CN105003977A (en) * 2014-11-10 2015-10-28 贺红宇 Ultrathin air purifying device and air purifying device combined with door for installation
CN106285395A (en) * 2016-08-02 2017-01-04 苏州见真物联科技有限公司 A kind of Smart Home ventilation ventilation integrated door window frame structure
CN106193951A (en) * 2016-08-08 2016-12-07 苏州见真物联科技有限公司 A kind of Smart Home integrated protection door
CN106193951B (en) * 2016-08-08 2018-05-22 苏州见真物联科技有限公司 A kind of smart home integrated protection door
CN106642505A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-05-10 安徽家德利门业有限公司 Thermochromic energy-saving and dehumidifying ventilation door
CN106522780A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-03-22 西安交通大学 Ventilating window with haze prevention and noise reduction functions
CN106765729A (en) * 2017-02-04 2017-05-31 魏汝涵 A kind of environmentally friendly window with fresh air and air purifier
CN107091044A (en) * 2017-05-04 2017-08-25 苏州鼎威新能源有限公司 A kind of solar air purification window
WO2020103177A1 (en) * 2018-11-19 2020-05-28 蔡炜杰 Intelligent air circulation filtering window for closed space
CN111663731A (en) * 2020-06-19 2020-09-15 深圳市建筑装饰(集团)有限公司 Air purification decorative board for architectural decoration
CN112554763A (en) * 2021-02-19 2021-03-26 湖南机电职业技术学院 Multifunctional protective window
CN112554763B (en) * 2021-02-19 2021-05-11 湖南机电职业技术学院 Multifunctional protective window

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US7591867B2 (en) Ventilation system
JP3649241B1 (en) Air cleaning member and air conditioner
CN201599882U (en) Air purification fresh air blower
CN100441966C (en) Vertical light catalytic air purifier
CN100356114C (en) Combination air purifier and air ventilator
CN204254768U (en) Cabinet type nanometer air circulating purifier
JP4008905B2 (en) Ventilation air cleaner
CN103982949B (en) The dual-purpose new wind air cleaner of anti-PM2.5 with ozone removal device
CN100370187C (en) Ventilation system
US7497771B2 (en) Ventilating system
CN2747497Y (en) Vertical photocatalysed air purifier
EP2029183B1 (en) Apparatus for treating, purifying and reconditioning air in enclosed environments with human presence
Yu et al. Review of research on air-conditioning systems and indoor air quality control for human health
CN102679472B (en) Environment control system
CN201149344Y (en) Air purifying humidifier
CN203442979U (en) Air purifier
CN201020062Y (en) Air purifier
CN201363833Y (en) Centralized air processor
US7591720B2 (en) Ventilating system
CN204757149U (en) Indoor air purifier
KR102101374B1 (en) Multifunctional air purifying device that removes indoor pollution by using pyrolysis
CN2572267Y (en) Luxurious split cabinet type air conditioner
CN100498091C (en) Ventilation system
CN203586411U (en) Domestic air purifier capable of replacing air
CN204786754U (en) Air conditioner with filtration function

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Assignee: Beijing Fulei Industrial Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Chen Bo

Contract record no.: 2010110000046

Denomination of utility model: Energy-saving flash air system and energy-saving door or window therewith

Granted publication date: 20081105

License type: Exclusive License

Record date: 20100429

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20081105

Termination date: 20140830