CN201141192Y - Composite solid-wood floor plate - Google Patents

Composite solid-wood floor plate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201141192Y
CN201141192Y CNU2007200730391U CN200720073039U CN201141192Y CN 201141192 Y CN201141192 Y CN 201141192Y CN U2007200730391 U CNU2007200730391 U CN U2007200730391U CN 200720073039 U CN200720073039 U CN 200720073039U CN 201141192 Y CN201141192 Y CN 201141192Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
solid
solid wood
wooden compound
glass
Prior art date
Application number
CNU2007200730391U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曾志文
Original Assignee
曾志文
托马斯·贝特
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Application filed by 曾志文, 托马斯·贝特 filed Critical 曾志文
Priority to CNU2007200730391U priority Critical patent/CN201141192Y/en
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Publication of CN201141192Y publication Critical patent/CN201141192Y/en

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Abstract

A solid wood composite floor comprises a solid wood surface layer, a core layer and a bottom layer if necessary; the layers are closely bonded with each other. The utility model is characterized in that at least a glass fiver layer is bonded between any two layers of the floor. As at least one glass fiver layer is bonded between any two layers of the solid wood composite floor, the deformation force in all directions on the floor can be overcome so as to improve the anti-wet deformation and bending performance of the solid wood composite floor and increase the strength of the floor at the same time.

Description

A kind of solid wooden compound floor

Technical field

The utility model relates to the constructional ornamental material structure, particularly relates to solid wooden compound floor.

Background technology

Solid wooden compound floor has the natural wood sense, easily installation and maintenance, and anticorrosion protection against the tide, antibiotic and be applicable to advantage such as electric heating.Eighties of last century the 80s and 90s, solid wooden compound floor has become the main product of European market.Since entering Chinese market in recent years, annual sale is all promptly increasing progressively.

So-called solid wooden compound floor is to be that panel, solid wood bar are that sandwich layer, veneer are the grooved and tongued floor made of bottom and are that surface layer, veneer are the grooved and tongued floor that base material is made with the veneer with solid wood jigsaw or veneer.

First kind as shown in Figure 1, with the veneer is that surface layer 11, veneer are the solid wooden compound floor of sandwich layer or base material 12, also different with the different expansion rate of water absorption that cause of density of base material owing to panel, and the difference of expansion rate of water absorption in length and breadth of panel, the crooked and tile shape distortion in floor also can be produced.

Also have a kind of solid wooden compound floor, as shown in Figure 3, comprise solid wood surface layer 21, high density fiberboard sandwich layer 22 and backboard 23, wherein surface layer adopts the high-quality solid wood, and backboard adopts common solid wood etc.

As shown in Figure 3, with high-quality solid wood sawing slicing become surface plate 31, with common solid wood bar 341 horizontally-spliced one-tenth central layer 32 and base plates 33, mechanics principle according to the different cultivars material is complied with vertical, horizontal, vertical three-dimensional arrangement method with three kinds of monolithics, fasten with glue, and at high temperature be pressed into the solid wooden compound floor that plate obtains.Form because it is a sheet material crosswise lamination by different seeds, therefore overcome the shortcoming of the unidirectional same sex of wooden floor, the expand with wet and contract with dry rate is little.But because the density of material difference of each layer solid wood, cause the expansion rate of water absorption difference of interlayer, and the difference of expansion rate of water absorption in length and breadth of panel, therefore direction expand with wet and contract with dry rate difference in length and breadth also can produce floor deformation or deflection at wet environment.

No matter be the solid wooden compound floor of any type, because the material difference of each layer, the expansion rate of water absorption difference that the density difference of different materials causes, and the difference of expansion rate of water absorption in length and breadth of panel, though therefore in manufacturing process, carried out the Balance Treatment of moisture content, but under the environment for use of humidity, still can imbibition and produce the situation of floor bending or tile distortion.

The utility model content

In order to solve the problem that the floor that exists in the prior art is easy to generate bending and tile distortion, the utility model proposes by adding glass fiber class material layer and the tight bond that one deck at least is not easy to absorb water and tensile strength is big between the layer of solid wooden compound floor and the layer counter-bending, the tile deformability on raising floor and intensity.

Solid wooden compound floor of the present utility model comprises solid wood surface layer, sandwich layer and selectable bottom, is closely to paste between layer and the layer, it is characterized in that, closely pastes layer of glass layer at least between any two-layer.

Wherein, a kind of solid wooden compound floor is that the solid wood surface layer is solid wood jigsaw or plates of solid wood, and sandwich layer is solid wood bar combination sandwich layer, and bottom is a plates of solid wood, and at this moment, the preferred glass fibers layer is pasted between surface layer and the sandwich layer, and/or between sandwich layer and the bottom.

Another kind of solid wooden compound floor is that the solid wood surface layer is a plates of solid wood, and sandwich layer is a veneer.At this moment, preferred, glass layer is pasted between surface layer and the veneer sandwich layer.Also can be between each laminate of veneer the sticking glass fibrage.

Also having a kind of is that the solid wood surface layer is a plates of solid wood, and sandwich layer is middle density or high density fiberboard, and bottom is a veneer, and at this moment, preferred, glass layer is pasted between surface layer and the sandwich layer, and/or between sandwich layer and the bottom.

In the utility model, " glass fiber " is meant the fiber that is pulled into or blown out by melten glass, several microns to tens microns approximately of diameters.Can be made into long fibre and short fiber, be called glass fiber and glass wool respectively, intensity is very high, is about 0.7 N/spy's (7 grams of force per Denier).Have good heat resistance, corrosion resistance, thermal insulation, electrical insulating property and sound absorption properties.Organdy be can be spun into, glass fabric and glass tape etc. are made into.

Used glass layer can be a glass fabric, and the thickness of preferred glass fibers cloth is below the 0.3mm, and more preferably the thickness of glass fabric is 0.02~0.05mm.

Used glass layer can also be the glass fiber mesh lattice structure that is made of glass fiber in the utility model.Grid configuration can be arbitrarily.Preferably, the glass fiber mesh lattice structure is square net structure, rectangle network or prismatic network.At this moment, the thickness of preferred glass fibers network is below the 0.3mm, and network density can be 5~150g/m 2More preferably, the thickness of fiberglass gridding is 0.02~0.05mm, and mesh-density is 20~60g/m 2

Solid wooden compound floor of the present utility model can also form the ground board connecting structure, as required as tenon spare and slotware etc.

Because the heat-resisting moisture-proof good stability of glass fiber material, has high-tensile, can significantly improve the intensity and the good character of adhesive power of material when combining with other materials, therefore, by between each layer of solid wooden compound floor, pasting layer of glass layer at least, can overcome the metamorphosis power of floor on all directions, improve the moisture resistance green deformation and the flexibility of solid wooden compound floor and increase the intensity on floor.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of solid wooden compound floor of prior art.

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of another kind of a kind of solid wooden compound floor of prior art.

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of another a kind of solid wooden compound floor of prior art.

Fig. 4 is the solid wooden compound floor structural representation according to first embodiment of the present utility model.

Fig. 5 is the solid wooden compound floor structural representation according to second embodiment of the present utility model.

Fig. 6 is the solid wooden compound floor structural representation according to the 3rd embodiment of the present utility model.

Description of reference numerals

11 solid wood surface layers

12 veneers

Each laminate of 121 veneers

14 prismatic glass fiber mesh compartments

21 toothed oak face side layers

22 medium density fibreboards

23 poplar bottoms

24 rectangle glass fiber mesh compartments

25 square glass fleece compartments

31 toothed oak face side layers

32 poplar bars combination sandwich layer

321 poplar bars

33 poplar bottoms

34 square glass fleece compartments

35 prismatic glass fiber mesh compartments

The specific embodiment

The utility model is a kind of solid wooden compound floor of the combination of assembly group mutually or the solid wooden compound floor that can paste mutually.

Introduce content of the present utility model in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.

A kind of specific embodiment of the present utility model is an example with common multilayer composite sheet as shown in Figure 4, comprises that solid wood surface layer 11, prismatic glass fiber mesh compartment 14, veneer 12 constitute, and closely paste with glue between each layer.

Wherein, solid wood surface layer 11 is to be trimmed to the solid panels that requires specification by the log direct saw cutting, and veneer 12 is to be trimmed to the plates of solid wood 121 that requires specification by the common log direct saw cutting of multilayer, and crisscross stickup hot pressing forms, and can be multilayer.Used fiberglass gridding 14, for example its thickness is 0.02~0.05mm, mesh-density 20~60g/m 2

By gluing on veneer 12 and stick that fiberglass gridding sticks solid wood surface layer 11 again and the cure under pressure of heating forms.Used glue is conventional floor stickup glue.

According to a kind of version of this embodiment, can also between each plates of solid wood that constitutes veneer, paste one or more layers glass layer.

The wooden floor of present embodiment can also be as required, and fluting forms ground board connecting structures such as tenon spare, slotware, is used in combination by mutual assembly group; Also can not form syndeton, directly be used in combination by mutual stickup.

The another kind of specific embodiment of the present utility model as shown in Figure 5, with the three-layer composite board is example, comprise toothed oak face side layer 21, MDF medium density fibreboard sandwich layer 22, poplar bottom 23, and the rectangle glass layer 24 between surface layer 21 and sandwich layer 22, and/or the square glass fleece compartment 25 between sandwich layer 22 and bottom 23, fasten with glue between each layer.

Wherein, toothed oak face side layer 21 is to be trimmed to the toothed oak wooden boards that requires specification by toothed oak wood log direct saw cutting, and poplar bottom 23 is to be trimmed to the poplar plate that requires specification, rectangle glass layer 24 by poplar log direct saw cutting, for example its thickness is 0.02mm, and mesh-density is 30~40g/m 2Square glass fleece compartment 25, for example its thickness is 0.03mm, density is 20~60g/m 2

By gluing on the one side of medium density fibreboard sandwich layer 22 and paste rectangle glass layer 24 and surface layer 21, gluing and paste square glass fleece compartment 25 and poplar bottom 23 on another side, the cure under pressure of heating forms.Used glue is conventional floor stickup glue.

In the version of this embodiment, can be only between surface layer 21 and sandwich layer 22, perhaps sticking glass fibrage between sandwich layer 22 and bottom 23.

Solid wooden compound floor in the present embodiment can also form ground board connecting structures such as tenon spare and slotware as required, is used in combination by mutual assembly group; Also can not form syndeton, be used in combination by mutual stickup.

Another specific embodiment of the present utility model as shown in Figure 6, with the three-layer composite board is example, comprise toothed oak face side layer 31, solid wood bar combination sandwich layer 32 and board using poplar board bottom 33, and the square glass fleece compartment 34 between surface layer 31 and sandwich layer 32, prismatic glass fiber mesh compartment 35 between sandwich layer 32 and bottom 33 fastens with glue between each layer.

Wherein, toothed oak face side layer 31 is to be trimmed to the toothed oak wooden boards that requires specification by toothed oak wood log direct saw cutting, poplar bar combination sandwich layer 32 is to be trimmed to the poplar bar 321 that requires specification by poplar log direct saw cutting, be close to the poplar bar combination sandwich layer 32 that arrange to form with the crisscross same specification of surface layer in regular turn by a plurality of poplar bars, poplar bottom 33 is directly to be trimmed to the poplar plate that requires specification with sawing by the poplar log, square glass fleece compartment 34, for example thickness is 0.05mm, and density is 60~80g/m 2Prismatic glass fiber mesh compartment 35, for example thickness is 0.02mm, density is 15~40g/m 2

By gluing on poplar bottom 33 and paste prismatic glass fiber mesh compartment 35 and poplar bar combination sandwich layer 32, gluing and paste square glass fleece compartment 34 and surface layer 31 on poplar bar combination sandwich layer 32 again, the cure under pressure of heating forms.Used glue is conventional floor stickup glue.

In the version of this embodiment, also can be only between surface layer 31 and sandwich layer 32, perhaps sticking glass fibrage between sandwich layer 32 and bottom 33.

Solid wooden compound floor in the present embodiment can also form ground board connecting structures such as tenon spare and slotware as required, is used in combination by mutual assembly group; Also can not form syndeton, be used in combination by mutual stickup.

The form of adoptable glass fiber is not limited only to above embodiment in the utility model, and a lot of other forms can also be arranged, as circular, oval or other various regular or irregular suitable mesh shapes.

Be not particularly limited for the solid wood surface layer in the utility model, can be the seeds commonly used that are generally used for the solid wood surface layer, as comprise: Manchurian ash, birch, beech, oak, beech, maple, Chinese catalpa wood, cherry, toothed oak wood etc.

For solid wood bar combination sandwich layer in the utility model, be not particularly limited, can be the common seeds that are usually used in solid wood bar sandwich layer, as comprise: the seeds commonly used of poplar, pine, paulownia, China fir, birch etc.

Be not particularly limited with trees for bottom of the present utility model, can be the trees commonly used that are generally used for bottom, as comprise: poplar, pine, birch etc.

Solid wood plate or bar in the utility model all pass through balancing water content after by the log sawing, meet the requirements of moisture content, are 6~7% as surface layer, and bottom is 7~8%, and then pastes pressing.

Used glue is the conventional glue that Manufacture of Floor is used that is used for, and can be one pack system glue or bi-component glue, and can be virgin rubber as bi-component glue proportioning: curing compound=3: 1, the glue for preparing be coated with in 15 minutes.

The single spreading amount can be 160~280g/m 2

Heat or the curing of colding pressing after being coated with glue between layer and the layer, general moulding pressure is greater than 0.6mpa, and temperature can be 65~150 ℃ during heating cure, and be about 4 minutes hardening time; When temperature was 18~30 ℃, be 2~3 hours hardening time; Temperature is during less than 15 ℃, and be 3~5 hours hardening time.

Used glass layer in the utility model, can be not limited only to glass fiber material itself, can also be to have physical propertys such as the heat-moisture resistance same, not imbibition, high-tensile, can significantly improve intensity and other good any materials of adhesive power of material when combining with other materials with glass fiber.

Because the heat-resisting moisture-proof good stability of glass fiber, particularly the expand with wet and contract with dry rate is very low, almost can not consider.Glass fiber has the intensity and the good character of adhesive power that can significantly improve material when combining with other materials.Therefore, the utility model is by pasting the thin slice or the clathrum of layer of glass class material at least between each layer, the performance of the anti-expand with wet and contract with dry of solid wooden compound floor structure be can improve, thereby the resistance to deformation of solid wooden compound floor and the intensity on flexibility and increase floor improved.

Though abovely the utility model has been carried out comparatively detailed explanation by several embodiment, be not limited only to these embodiment, more other embodiment can also be arranged under the prerequisite that does not break away from design of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a solid wooden compound floor comprises solid wood surface layer and sandwich layer, closely pastes between layer and the layer, it is characterized in that, closely pastes layer of glass layer at least between any two-layer.
2. solid wooden compound floor according to claim 1 is characterized in that, also comprises bottom.
3. solid wooden compound floor according to claim 2 is characterized in that, the solid wood surface layer is solid wood jigsaw or plates of solid wood, sandwich layer is spliced for the solid wood bar, bottom is a plates of solid wood, and glass fiber is placed between surface layer and the sandwich layer, and/or between sandwich layer and the bottom.
4. solid wooden compound floor according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the solid wood surface layer is a plates of solid wood, and sandwich layer is a veneer, and glass fiber is placed between surface layer and the sandwich layer.
5. solid wooden compound floor according to claim 4 is characterized in that, glass fiber is placed between each layer that constitutes veneer.
6. solid wooden compound floor according to claim 2 is characterized in that, the solid wood surface layer is a plates of solid wood, and sandwich layer is middle density or high density fiberboard, and bottom is a veneer, and described glass fiber is placed between surface layer and the sandwich layer, and/or between sandwich layer and the bottom.
7. according to each described solid wooden compound floor in the claim 1~6, it is characterized in that described glass layer is the network that glass fabric, glass fiber constitute.
8. solid wooden compound floor according to claim 7 is characterized in that, described glass layer is square net structure, rectangle network or prismatic network.
9. solid wooden compound floor according to claim 7 is characterized in that, the thickness of described fiberglass gridding is below the 0.3mm, and mesh-density is 5~150g/m 2
10. solid wooden compound floor according to claim 9 is characterized in that, the thickness of described fiberglass gridding is 0.02~0.05mm, and mesh-density is 20~60g/m 2
CNU2007200730391U 2007-07-27 2007-07-27 Composite solid-wood floor plate CN201141192Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2007200730391U CN201141192Y (en) 2007-07-27 2007-07-27 Composite solid-wood floor plate

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201141192Y true CN201141192Y (en) 2008-10-29

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103171003A (en) * 2013-04-01 2013-06-26 浙江联洋复合材料有限公司 Bamboo surface composite sheet and manufacturing method thereof
CN103302709A (en) * 2013-05-31 2013-09-18 中南林业科技大学 Method for manufacturing wooden beam slab
WO2014086046A1 (en) * 2012-12-03 2014-06-12 三林合板(南通)有限公司 Two-layer wood-structure floor
CN105525735A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-04-27 苏州市强森木业有限公司 Environment-friendly nontoxic plastic floorboard
CN105781061A (en) * 2014-12-16 2016-07-20 湖南邦弗特新材料技术有限公司 Novel environment-friendly waterproof wood sandwich floor
CN105835428A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-08-10 无锡南理工科技发展有限公司 Cedarwood splice plate
CN106393379A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 南宁帝旺村木业有限公司 Environment-friendly composite floor for container
CN106393295A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 南宁帝旺村木业有限公司 Strengthened composite floor for container

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2014086046A1 (en) * 2012-12-03 2014-06-12 三林合板(南通)有限公司 Two-layer wood-structure floor
CN103171003A (en) * 2013-04-01 2013-06-26 浙江联洋复合材料有限公司 Bamboo surface composite sheet and manufacturing method thereof
CN103171003B (en) * 2013-04-01 2015-03-11 浙江联洋新材料股份有限公司 Bamboo surface composite sheet and manufacturing method thereof
CN103302709A (en) * 2013-05-31 2013-09-18 中南林业科技大学 Method for manufacturing wooden beam slab
CN103302709B (en) * 2013-05-31 2015-09-09 中南林业科技大学 A kind of method that wooden beam slab manufactures
CN105781061A (en) * 2014-12-16 2016-07-20 湖南邦弗特新材料技术有限公司 Novel environment-friendly waterproof wood sandwich floor
CN105525735A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-04-27 苏州市强森木业有限公司 Environment-friendly nontoxic plastic floorboard
CN105835428A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-08-10 无锡南理工科技发展有限公司 Cedarwood splice plate
CN106393379A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 南宁帝旺村木业有限公司 Environment-friendly composite floor for container
CN106393295A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 南宁帝旺村木业有限公司 Strengthened composite floor for container

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GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20081029

Termination date: 20100727