CN201125257Y - Quenching machine tool - Google Patents

Quenching machine tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201125257Y
CN201125257Y CNU2007200304661U CN200720030466U CN201125257Y CN 201125257 Y CN201125257 Y CN 201125257Y CN U2007200304661 U CNU2007200304661 U CN U2007200304661U CN 200720030466 U CN200720030466 U CN 200720030466U CN 201125257 Y CN201125257 Y CN 201125257Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
workpiece
quenching
slide plate
machine
guide rail
Prior art date
Application number
CNU2007200304661U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王旭东
石如正
Original Assignee
王旭东
石如正
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Publication date
Application filed by 王旭东, 石如正 filed Critical 王旭东
Priority to CNU2007200304661U priority Critical patent/CN201125257Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201125257Y publication Critical patent/CN201125257Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a quench machining tool which includes a machining tool body, a workpiece drive mechanism, a quench device and a numerical control box. The workpiece drive mechanism includes a workpiece lifting mechanism and a workpiece rotation mechanism, the workpiece rotation mechanism includes two straight line main guide rails and one ball screw, a main sliding block is set on the main guide rail, the ball screw connects with a nut seat, a sliding plate is fixed connected with the nut seat, the sliding plate is fixed connected with the main sliding block, two straight line assistant guide rails are fixed set on the sliding plate, an assistant sliding block is set on the assistant guide rail, the workpiece rotation mechanism includes a rotation motor on the sliding plate top, a workpiece clamping device includes a workpiece upper top seat and a workpiece down top seat, the workpiece upper top seat is fixed on the assistant sliding block, the workpiece down top seat drived connects with the rotation motor, a feed drive motor and a rotation motor electrical connect with the numerical control box, quench quality of accessory is increased greatly, and surface hardness is even.

Description

A kind of quenching machine

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of lathe, specifically, relates to a kind of a kind of quenching machine that is used for axial workpiece scanning spray quenching and disk-like accessory immersion liquid quenching.

Background technology

At present, middle and small scale enterprise generally adopts manual mode to carry out to axle class and disk-like accessory quenching the time.Relatively Duan axial workpiece just uses the multi-turn induction coil, with putting into quenching-in water after the hand-held part heating; Long axial workpiece is just with relatively more easy equipment, and the rotation of Artificial Control part and moving judge the temperature of part usually by the mode of range estimation, and then the control part enters quenching-in water; Disk-like accessory then need quench on other equipment, be difficult to finish the function that to quench and can quench to disk-like accessory axial workpiece at same equipment, owing to operate by manual type, so problem that this quenching mode exists, the one, parts quenching is of poor quality, the hardness of difference is inhomogeneous above the same part, and the hardness of different parts is inhomogeneous; The 2nd, poor stability, accidents such as scald easily take place to get an electric shock.

The quenching machine major part that larger enterprise uses now is self-control, manufacturability and reliability are relatively poor, can't realize that same lathe finish the function that axle class and disk-like accessory are quenched, be difficult to satisfy the quenching requirement, mainly show 2 points: the one, the control forms of quenching machine action mainly is divided into relay system and fluid pressure type, it is very difficult in the actions such as moving and return fast of different positions realization friction-motion speed wherein to control longaxones parts with relay system, not easy to operate, too much segmentation; Fluid pressure type exists hydraulic pressure leakage, energy consumption height, cost height, speed to be subjected to oily temperature to influence the defective of big and bearing accuracy difference.The 2nd, the olinear motion part of quenching machine generally adopts the dovetail guide structure, and for quenching machine, this structure friction resistance is big, is difficult to realize high-speed motion, and the manufacturing process complexity needs hand scraping, facing-up wedge etc., and is difficult to maintenance; The quenching machine that has does not adopt dovetail guide and adopts the pipe guide rail, and since the pipe guide rail can not do oversize, because fixing at two ends, oversize pipe can tremble during middle unsettled no fulcrum, the sliding sleeve that matches with pipe is easy to wearing and tearing, the wearing and tearing post gap increases and can't adjust, and is difficult to change.

Summary of the invention

Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is at above defective, provides that a kind of simple, safety, quenching effect are good, a kind of quenching machine that hardness is even, cost is low of the back part that quenches.

For addressing the above problem, the utility model adopts following technical scheme: a kind of quenching machine, comprise a body, Workpiece transmission device, Workpiece clamping device, quenching device and numerical control case, it is characterized in that: described Workpiece transmission device comprises work lifter structure and Workpiece Rotating mechanism, wherein the work lifter structure is included in two straight line main guide rails and ball-screw that is in transmission connection with the feeding motor that fixedly installs on the body, described main guide rail is provided with master slider, the described ball-screw nut seat that has been threaded, be fixedly connected with slide plate on the described nut seat, described slide plate is fixedlyed connected with master slider, be set with the secondary guide rail of two straight lines on the described slide plate, described secondary guide rail is provided with secondary slide block, described Workpiece Rotating mechanism comprises the rotating machine that is arranged on the slide plate top, described Workpiece clamping device comprises on the workpiece dead head under the dead head and workpiece, dead head is fixed on the secondary slide block on the workpiece, dead head and rotating machine are in transmission connection under the workpiece, described feeding motor, rotating machine is electrically connected with the numerical control case.

Below be the utility model for further improvement of these options:

Described master slider is fixed on apart from 1/3rd places, slide plate top.

Described bed body is provided with sprocket wheel, balancing weight, and described balancing weight, sprocket wheel, slide plate chain connect.

The bottom of described bed body is provided with and is used for the quenching tank of recycle-water.

Described quenching tank is provided with the sliding door that is used for picking and placeing the quenching workpiece, and described sliding door is provided with viewing window.

Described quenching tank is provided with the baffle plate that is used for preventing the hardening liquid splash.

Beneficial effect

The utility model adopts technique scheme, has the following advantages:

(1) setting of line slideway has reduced frictional coefficient, is easy to realize high-speed mobile, and not easy to wear, and main guide rail is realized the axial motion of quench part, and secondary guide rail is in order to the part of clamping different lengths.

(2) master slider is fixed on apart from 1/3rd places, slide plate top, can make lathe just can finish the quenching of long axial workpiece under the less situation of aspect ratio, has saved material, is convenient to processing, convenient transportation.

(3) process of whole quenching is carried out under the automatic control of numerical control case, precision height, quenching effective, and the hardness of the back part that quenches is even.

(4) the ball-screw life-span long, the precision height is easy to realize high-speed motion, enhances productivity.

(5) setting of quenching tank has realized whole sealings, has save civil engineering work, and is user-friendly.

(6) rotating machine is installed in the top of slide plate, away from hardening liquid, has improved security and work-ing life.

(7) setting of balancing weight has reduced the stressed of ball-screw, has improved the work-ing life of equipment.

Therefore, adopt the technical program that the quenching quality of part is improved greatly, surface hardness is even.

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is further described:

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment.

Embodiment

The 1-sprocket wheel, 2-synchronous pulley, 3-feeding motor, 4-bearing support, the 5-ball-screw, 6-balancing weight, 7-numerical control case, 8-rotating machine, the 9-synchronous pulley, 10-main guide rail, 11-transmission shaft, 12-master slider, the 13-nut seat, 14-slide plate, 15-sliding door, 17-electromagnetism water valve, the secondary guide rail of 18-, dead head on the 19-workpiece, 20-quenching tank, 21-bed body, 22-base, 23-transmission axle bed, 24-vee-pulley, 25-rotary seat, dead head under the 26-workpiece, 27-quenching workpiece, 28-induction heater, the secondary slide block of 29-, 30-viewing window, 31-electric box, the 32-vee-pulley, top under the 33-, 34-is last top

Embodiment, as Fig. 1, shown in Figure 2, a kind of quenching machine, comprise bed body 21 with base 22, Workpiece transmission device, Workpiece clamping device, quenching device and numerical control case 7, electric box 31, Workpiece transmission device comprises work lifter structure and Workpiece Rotating mechanism, wherein the work lifter structure is included in two straight line main guide rails 10 and ball-screw 5 that is in transmission connection with feeding motor 3 that fixedly installs on the body 21, main guide rail 10, ball-screw 5 be arranged in parallel, main guide rail 10 is provided with the master slider 12 that can slide up and down along main guide rail 10, the upper end of ball-screw 5 is fixed on the bearing support 4, ball-screw 5 is connected with synchronous pulley 2 synchrodrive on the feeding motor 3, ball-screw 5 nut seat 13 that has been threaded, be fixedly connected with slide plate 14 on the nut seat 13, slide plate 14 is fixedlyed connected with master slider 12, master slider 12 is fixed on apart from 1/3rd places, slide plate 14 tops, be set with two secondary guide rails 18 of the straight line that be arranged in parallel on the slide plate 14, secondary guide rail 18 is provided with secondary slide block 29, Workpiece Rotating mechanism comprises the rotating machine 8 that is arranged on slide plate 14 tops, Workpiece clamping device comprises on the workpiece dead head 26 under the dead head 19 and workpiece, dead head 19 is fixed on the secondary slide block 29 on the workpiece, transmission shaft 11 is in transmission connection with the synchronous pulley 9 of rotating machine 8, the bottom of transmission shaft 11 is provided with transmission axle bed 23, the lower end of transmission shaft 11 is equipped with vee-pulley 24, vee-pulley 32 belts of dead head 26 lower ends are connected under vee-pulley 24 and the workpiece, following top 33 coaxial connections of dead head 26 under vee-pulley 32 and the workpiece, transmission axle bed 23, following dead head 26 is installed on the rotary seat 25, rotary seat 25 is fixed on the slide plate 14, be provided with two sprocket wheels 1 at the top of lathe, slide plate 14 is connected with balancing weight 6 by sprocket wheel 1 chain, be provided with in the bottom of bed body 21 and be used for the quenching tank 20 of recycle-water, quenching tank 20 is provided with the sliding door 15 that is used for picking and placeing the quenching workpiece, sliding door 15 is provided with viewing window 30, quenching device is included in electromagnetism water valve 17 and the induction heater 28 that is provided with on the body 21, electromagnetism water valve 17 is communicated with feeding motor 3 with induction heater 28 water, rotating machine 8, electromagnetism water valve 17, induction heater 28 and numerical control case 7, electric box 31 is electrically connected.

During use, the technical data of quenching workpiece 27 is input to numerical control case 7, open sliding door 15, fix dead head according to workpiece length moving sets slide block 29, depress handle utilize its elastic device quenching workpiece 27 is clamped in dead head 26 under last top 34 and the workpiece of dead head 19 on the workpiece following top 33 between, close sliding door 15, press the start button on the numerical control case 7, feeding motor 3 and rotating machine 8 turn round under the control of program, quenching workpiece 27 moves up and down and rotates, numerical control case 7 is controlled 28 pairs of quenching workpiece 27 of induction heater simultaneously and is heated, and 17 pairs of quenching workpiece 27 of control electromagnetism water valve quench.

Among the above embodiment, sliding door that is provided with on the quenching tank and viewing window also can replace with baffle plate.

Claims (6)

1, a kind of quenching machine, comprise a body (21), Workpiece transmission device, Workpiece clamping device, quenching device and numerical control case (7), it is characterized in that: described Workpiece transmission device comprises work lifter structure and Workpiece Rotating mechanism, wherein the work lifter structure is included in two straight line main guide rails (10) and ball-screw (5) that is in transmission connection with feeding motor (3) that fixedly installs on the body (21), described main guide rail (10) is provided with master slider (12), described ball-screw (5) nut seat (13) that has been threaded, be fixedly connected with slide plate (14) on the described nut seat (13), described slide plate (14) is fixedlyed connected with master slider (12), be set with the secondary guide rail (18) of two straight lines on the described slide plate (14), described secondary guide rail (18) is provided with secondary slide block (29), described Workpiece Rotating mechanism comprises the rotating machine (8) that is arranged on slide plate (14) top, described Workpiece clamping device comprises dead head (26) under dead head on the workpiece (19) and the workpiece, dead head on the workpiece (19) is fixed on the secondary slide block (29), dead head under the workpiece (26) is in transmission connection described feeding motor (3) with rotating machine (8), rotating machine (8) is electrically connected with numerical control case (7).
2, a kind of quenching machine as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described master slider (12) is fixed on apart from 1/3rd places, slide plate (14) top.
3, a kind of quenching machine as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that: described bed body (21) is provided with sprocket wheel (1), balancing weight (6), and described balancing weight (6), sprocket wheel (1), slide plate (14) chain connect.
4, a kind of quenching machine as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that: the bottom of described bed body (21) is provided with and is used for the quenching tank (20) of recycle-water.
5, a kind of quenching machine as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that: described quenching tank (20) is provided with the sliding door (15) that is used for picking and placeing the quenching workpiece, and described sliding door (15) is provided with viewing window (30).
6, a kind of quenching machine as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that: described quenching tank (20) is provided with the baffle plate that is used for preventing the hardening liquid splash.
CNU2007200304661U 2007-11-12 2007-11-12 Quenching machine tool CN201125257Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2007200304661U CN201125257Y (en) 2007-11-12 2007-11-12 Quenching machine tool

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2007200304661U CN201125257Y (en) 2007-11-12 2007-11-12 Quenching machine tool

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201125257Y true CN201125257Y (en) 2008-10-01

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Link
CN (1) CN201125257Y (en)

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102382953A (en) * 2011-09-30 2012-03-21 安徽明雁齿轮有限公司 Rotary lifting-type gear sleeve automatic high frequency quenching device
CN103451389A (en) * 2013-08-27 2013-12-18 安徽省合肥汽车锻件有限责任公司 Quenching device based on axle shaft sleeve
CN103667608A (en) * 2013-12-05 2014-03-26 中国第一汽车股份有限公司 Induction hardening system and induction hardening method of light vehicle turning ball head pin
CN104831030A (en) * 2015-03-23 2015-08-12 宁波霍科电器有限公司 Auto quenching device and auto quenching method
CN104831047A (en) * 2015-03-23 2015-08-12 宁波霍科电器有限公司 Rotational lifting mechanism used for quenching of shaft workpieces
CN104831032A (en) * 2015-03-23 2015-08-12 宁波霍科电器有限公司 A rotary elevating mechanism for quenching of two ends of shaft type workpieces
CN104894346A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-09-09 吉林圆方机械集团有限公司 Quenching machine tool
CN106048167A (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-10-26 耐世特凌云驱动系统(芜湖)有限公司 Internal spline quenching device
CN106755909A (en) * 2017-01-20 2017-05-31 武汉恒精电热设备有限公司 Shaft-like workpiece automates quenching machine
CN106755819A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-31 无锡明珠钢球有限公司 Large-scale high-frequency induction hardening equipment
CN110241300A (en) * 2019-07-24 2019-09-17 常熟理工学院 A kind of bearing ring heat treatment auxiliary body

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102382953A (en) * 2011-09-30 2012-03-21 安徽明雁齿轮有限公司 Rotary lifting-type gear sleeve automatic high frequency quenching device
CN103451389A (en) * 2013-08-27 2013-12-18 安徽省合肥汽车锻件有限责任公司 Quenching device based on axle shaft sleeve
CN103451389B (en) * 2013-08-27 2014-12-03 安徽省合肥汽车锻件有限责任公司 Quenching device based on axle shaft sleeve
CN103667608B (en) * 2013-12-05 2015-02-18 中国第一汽车股份有限公司 Induction hardening system and induction hardening method of light vehicle turning ball head pin
CN103667608A (en) * 2013-12-05 2014-03-26 中国第一汽车股份有限公司 Induction hardening system and induction hardening method of light vehicle turning ball head pin
CN104831032B (en) * 2015-03-23 2017-07-25 宁波霍科电器有限公司 A kind of rotary lifting mechanism to the end hardening of shaft-like workpiece two
CN104831030A (en) * 2015-03-23 2015-08-12 宁波霍科电器有限公司 Auto quenching device and auto quenching method
CN104831047A (en) * 2015-03-23 2015-08-12 宁波霍科电器有限公司 Rotational lifting mechanism used for quenching of shaft workpieces
CN104831032A (en) * 2015-03-23 2015-08-12 宁波霍科电器有限公司 A rotary elevating mechanism for quenching of two ends of shaft type workpieces
CN104894346A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-09-09 吉林圆方机械集团有限公司 Quenching machine tool
CN106048167A (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-10-26 耐世特凌云驱动系统(芜湖)有限公司 Internal spline quenching device
CN106755819A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-31 无锡明珠钢球有限公司 Large-scale high-frequency induction hardening equipment
CN106755819B (en) * 2016-12-30 2018-11-06 无锡明珠钢球有限公司 Large-scale high-frequency induction hardening equipment
CN106755909A (en) * 2017-01-20 2017-05-31 武汉恒精电热设备有限公司 Shaft-like workpiece automates quenching machine
CN106755909B (en) * 2017-01-20 2018-09-14 武汉恒精电热设备有限公司 Shaft-like workpiece automates quenching machine
CN110241300A (en) * 2019-07-24 2019-09-17 常熟理工学院 A kind of bearing ring heat treatment auxiliary body

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20081001

Termination date: 20101112

C17 Cessation of patent right