CN201120734Y - Flat die granulator - Google Patents

Flat die granulator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201120734Y
CN201120734Y CNU2007201738827U CN200720173882U CN201120734Y CN 201120734 Y CN201120734 Y CN 201120734Y CN U2007201738827 U CNU2007201738827 U CN U2007201738827U CN 200720173882 U CN200720173882 U CN 200720173882U CN 201120734 Y CN201120734 Y CN 201120734Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
die
flat
comminutor
machine
roller
Prior art date
Application number
CNU2007201738827U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴德胜
秦田
刘贵明
Original Assignee
中国农业机械化科学研究院
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 中国农业机械化科学研究院 filed Critical 中国农业机械化科学研究院
Priority to CNU2007201738827U priority Critical patent/CN201120734Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201120734Y publication Critical patent/CN201120734Y/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B11/00Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses
    • B30B11/22Extrusion presses; Dies therefor
    • B30B11/228Extrusion presses; Dies therefor using pressing means, e.g. rollers moving over a perforated die plate
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B11/00Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses
    • B30B11/22Extrusion presses; Dies therefor
    • B30B11/227Means for dividing the extruded material into briquets

Abstract

The utility model discloses a flat die granulating machine. The utility model is characterized in that the flat die granulating machine comprises a machine body; a power driving device arranged on the machine body; a feeding device arranged on the top surface of the machine body; a discharging device arranged on the lateral surface of the machine body; a main axle connected with the power driving device and arranged in the machine body; a granulating part which is arranged between the feeding device and the discharging device and comprises at least one material equalizing plate, at least a group of press rollers, a cutting knife and a material scraping plate which are installed on the main axle in sequence from top to bottom; a discharging die plate arranged among the press rollers and the cutting knife and fixedly installed in the machine body. The flat die granulating machine has the advantages of high productivity, compact structure, low operating cost, simple and convenient operation and high structural strength, thereby being suitable for the molding of a great variety of raw materials with different characteristics, such as biomass fuel, fertilizer, feeding stuff and plastics.

Description

A kind of flat-die comminutor

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of flat-die comminutor that is used for biomass fuel, fertilizer, feed and solid waste etc., and it can directly be processed into particle with powder.

Background technology

For a long time, in solid granulation field, all trades and professions personage has carried out certain work at the character of the handled material of the industry.But with regard to the structure of comminutor itself, the ring mode structure applications is very general.As the ring modeling pelletizer of U.S. CPM and the SZLH type ring modeling pelletizer of domestic just prosperous exploitation.Although the product of different company is slightly different on profile and size, operation principle is all consistent.Be that powder enters and presses a grain chamber to press grain, the ring mould drives revolution by main shaft, and 2-3 the pressure roller that is installed in the ring mould do not revolve round the sun, but because of with the pressure roller friction of rotating (by the compacting material) rotation.Enter the material of pressing the grain chamber by pressure roller clamp into, extrude, and by the extrusion molding continuously of pressing mold hole, form the column feed and along with the revolution of pressing mold circle, the cutting knife that is fixed on pressing mold circle outside again is cut into granulated meal.

There is following problem in actual use in the ring modeling pelletizer:

1. raw material accommodation is little, the main processing feed that is fit to, and energy consumption height when processing biological fuel, fertilizer and solid waste, the life-span is low.

2. encircle the modeling pelletizer complex structure, manufacturing cost is higher.

3. ring mould processing and fabricating is complicated, and the use of can't reversing, and the accessory use cost is higher.

4. particle cuts off the back and is got rid of to sidewall cracky.

Summary of the invention

Technical problem to be solved in the utility model provides a kind of productivity ratio height, compact conformation, and operating cost is low, and is easy and simple to handle, is suitable for the multifunction granulating machine of various materials.

To achieve these goals, the utility model provides a kind of flat-die comminutor, it is characterized in that, comprising: body; Power Drive Unit is arranged on the described body; Feed arrangement is arranged at described body end face; Drawing mechanism is arranged at described body side; Main shaft is connected with described Power Drive Unit and is arranged in the described body; Granulation portion is arranged between described feed arrangement and the drawing mechanism, comprises at least one equal flitch that is installed in successively from top to bottom on the described main shaft, at least one group of pressure roller, cutting knife, material scraping plate; Material discharging mould is arranged between described pressure roller and the described cutting knife, and is fixedly mounted in the described body.

Above-mentioned flat-die comminutor, wherein, described Power Drive Unit is a motor.

Above-mentioned flat-die comminutor, wherein, described main shaft connects described motor by deceleration system.

Above-mentioned flat-die comminutor wherein, also is provided with roller frame on the described main shaft, described pressure roller group is installed on the described roller frame by pressure roller shaft, and described roller frame upper end also is provided with the adjusting lock nut.

Above-mentioned flat-die comminutor wherein, has several material holes on the described material discharging mould, its center also is provided with the roller die slack adjuster.

Above-mentioned flat-die comminutor wherein, also is provided with forcedlubricating system between described main shaft and the described deceleration system.

Above-mentioned flat-die comminutor, wherein, described deceleration system is a gear reduction system.

Above-mentioned flat-die comminutor, wherein, described roller die slack adjuster is a spring.

Above-mentioned flat-die comminutor, wherein, described forcedlubricating system comprises oil pump, connects the oil pipe of oil pump.

Above-mentioned flat-die comminutor, wherein, described body is the monoblock cast body.

Effect of the present utility model is, the utility model flat-die comminutor productivity ratio height, compact conformation, and operating cost is low, and is easy and simple to handle, and structural strength is big, can be suitable for the moulding of multiple different qualities raw materials such as biomass fuel, fertilizer, feed and plastics

Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the utility model is described in detail, but not as to qualification of the present utility model.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the utility model flat-die comminutor structural representation;

Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 vertical view.

Wherein, Reference numeral

1 feed arrangement, 2 main shafts

3 equal flitch 4 roller frames

5 pressure roller shaft, 6 pressure rollers

7 roller die gap regulating springs, 8 material discharging moulds

10 forced feed lubrications of 9 cutting knifes there are not pump

11 material scraping plates, 12 drawing mechanisms

13 gear reduction system, 14 motor

15 monoblock cast bodies, 16 adjusting lock nuts

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing structural principle of the present utility model and operation principle are done concrete description:

See also Fig. 1, Fig. 2 the utility model flat-die comminutor structural representation.

The utility model flat-die comminutor; comprise: body 15; be arranged at the motor 14 on the body; be arranged at the feed arrangement 1 of described body end face; be arranged at the drawing mechanism 12 of body side; be connected with motor and be arranged at main shaft 2 in the body by gear reduction system 13; between feed arrangement and drawing mechanism; be installed in the adjusting lock nut 16 on the main shaft from top to bottom successively; equally distributed three equal flitch 3; roller frame 4; cutting knife 9; material scraping plate 11; three groups of pressure rollers 5 are installed on the roller frame by pressure roller shaft; three groups of pressure rollers and three homocline Board positions interlace; material discharging mould 8 is installed between pressure roller and described cutting knife; this material discharging mould is fixed in the body; have several material holes on the material discharging mould, its center is provided with the roller die gap regulating spring.

Between main shaft and transmission system forcedlubricating system is set, this system carries lubricating oil to each bearing on the main shaft by oil pump.

The utility model arrives main shaft 2 by the wheel transmission with power transmission, and main shaft 2 drive equal flitch 3, roller frames 4 and the pressure roller group 6, cutting knife 9 and the material scraping plate 11 that are installed on the roller frame are worked.Powder is from the 1 comprehensive inflow of its top feed device, and grain products flows out rapidly from sidepiece drawing mechanism 10.Its principle is exactly extrusion modling, pressure roller revolves round the sun with main shaft on the one hand during work, the rotation owing to the friction of material between the roller roller on the other hand, make material be subjected to friction and Extrusion like this and in nib, form particle, successive motion along with pressure roller, particle constantly forms, and particle is extruded from the material discharging mould bottom continuously.When extruding the length that reaches certain, the cutting knife of template bottom cuts off particle.Export through drawing mechanism by material scraping plate at last, finish pelletization.This machine structural strength is big, can be suitable for the moulding of multiple different qualities raw materials such as biomass fuel, fertilizer, feed and plastics.

The utility model material discharging mould is that positive and negative two sides can be used mutually.

The pressure roller of forming the pressure roller group can dispose different quantity at different material.

Advantage of the present utility model is:

1. the raw material wide accommodation can be used for the moulding of various materials.

2. granulation process need not material is carried out the modified processing of Denging.

3. simple in structure, be convenient to operating maintenance.

4. carry out centre charging by deadweight, harmonious material device 3 is shared material equally, presses the grain chamber effectively to cushion, and reduces and stops up, and is convenient to granulation.

5. template 6 is easy to processing, but positive and negative usefulness mutually, and operating cost is low.

6. body 12 monoblock casts, firmly durable.

7. is furnished with heavy thrust bearing, long service life.

8. be equipped with forcedlubricating system 8, system effectiveness height.

9. particle cuts off the back by the deadweight outflow, cracky not, granulating rate height.

In sum, the utility model can be applicable to the wider solid granulation field of product scope.Simultaneously because it is simple in structure, and energy consumption is low, adapt to widely, can be used as tradition again and encircle the renewal product of modeling pelletizer and promoted.Granulating technique is the focal issue that every profession and trade is paid close attention to always, can realize not having dust by granulation and run off, and avoids dust hazards, improves Flow of Goods and Materials character, is convenient to transportation in bulk and storage.Be used for every profession and trade, the granulation advantage is more outstanding: biomass fuel is granulated can improve efficiency of combustion; Fertilizer is granulated, and helps forming soil aggregate, improves the slow property executed of fertilizer; Feed granulating can improve feed quality, the utilization rate of feeding; But, therefore be badly in need of being suitable for the multifunction granulating machine of various materials because property of raw material varies.

Certainly; the utility model also can have other various embodiments; under the situation that does not deviate from the utility model spirit and essence thereof; those of ordinary skill in the art work as can make various corresponding changes and distortion according to the utility model, but these corresponding changes and distortion all should belong to the protection domain of the appended claim of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1, a kind of flat-die comminutor is characterized in that, comprising:
Body;
Power Drive Unit is arranged on the described body;
Feed arrangement is arranged at described body end face;
Drawing mechanism is arranged at described body side;
Main shaft is connected with described Power Drive Unit and is arranged in the described body;
Granulation portion is arranged between described feed arrangement and the drawing mechanism, comprises at least one equal flitch that is installed in successively from top to bottom on the described main shaft, at least one group of pressure roller, cutting knife, material scraping plate;
Material discharging mould is arranged between described pressure roller and the described cutting knife, and is fixedly mounted in the described body.
2, flat-die comminutor according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described Power Drive Unit is a motor.
3, flat-die comminutor according to claim 2 is characterized in that, described main shaft connects described motor by deceleration system.
4, flat-die comminutor according to claim 1 is characterized in that, also is provided with roller frame on the described main shaft, and described pressure roller group is installed on the described roller frame by pressure roller shaft, and described roller frame upper end also is provided with the adjusting lock nut.
5, flat-die comminutor according to claim 1 is characterized in that, has several material holes on the described material discharging mould, and its center also is provided with the roller die slack adjuster.
6, flat-die comminutor according to claim 3 is characterized in that, also is provided with forcedlubricating system between described main shaft and the described deceleration system.
7, according to claim 3 or 6 described flat-die comminutors, it is characterized in that described deceleration system is a gear reduction system.
8, flat-die comminutor according to claim 5 is characterized in that, described roller die slack adjuster is a spring.
9, flat-die comminutor according to claim 6 is characterized in that, described forcedlubricating system comprises oil pump, connects the oil pipe of oil pump.
10, flat-die comminutor according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described body is the monoblock cast part.
CNU2007201738827U 2007-10-30 2007-10-30 Flat die granulator CN201120734Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2007201738827U CN201120734Y (en) 2007-10-30 2007-10-30 Flat die granulator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2007201738827U CN201120734Y (en) 2007-10-30 2007-10-30 Flat die granulator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201120734Y true CN201120734Y (en) 2008-09-24

Family

ID=40007956

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNU2007201738827U CN201120734Y (en) 2007-10-30 2007-10-30 Flat die granulator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201120734Y (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101961926A (en) * 2010-09-30 2011-02-02 浙江圣普新能源科技有限公司 Biomass fuel forming machine
CN103785327A (en) * 2014-02-13 2014-05-14 无锡新利环保生物科技有限公司 Pelletizer
WO2014107913A1 (en) * 2013-01-11 2014-07-17 Cai Jingpeng Pulverized coal granulation method and apparatus thereof for lignite
CN104907000A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-09-16 张家口市宏兴机械有限责任公司 Flat-die granulator
CN105688747A (en) * 2016-02-18 2016-06-22 柳州东侯生物能源科技有限公司 Biomass briquette forming machine
CN106582958A (en) * 2016-12-22 2017-04-26 江苏金梧实业股份有限公司 Biomass energy fuel pelleter
CN106939932A (en) * 2017-05-16 2017-07-11 江苏金梧实业股份有限公司 A kind of vertical granulator monoblock type transmission base
CN109094091A (en) * 2018-07-16 2018-12-28 翁赛华 A kind of agricultural cotton stalk tablet press of small continuous
CN109676829A (en) * 2019-02-19 2019-04-26 上海拜恩机械制造有限公司 A kind of recycling purification prilling of refrigerator polyurethane
CN110239137A (en) * 2019-05-24 2019-09-17 合肥鸿强冶金科技有限公司 A kind of high efficiency stalk briquette structure

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101961926A (en) * 2010-09-30 2011-02-02 浙江圣普新能源科技有限公司 Biomass fuel forming machine
WO2014107913A1 (en) * 2013-01-11 2014-07-17 Cai Jingpeng Pulverized coal granulation method and apparatus thereof for lignite
CN103785327A (en) * 2014-02-13 2014-05-14 无锡新利环保生物科技有限公司 Pelletizer
CN104907000A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-09-16 张家口市宏兴机械有限责任公司 Flat-die granulator
CN105688747A (en) * 2016-02-18 2016-06-22 柳州东侯生物能源科技有限公司 Biomass briquette forming machine
CN106582958A (en) * 2016-12-22 2017-04-26 江苏金梧实业股份有限公司 Biomass energy fuel pelleter
CN106939932A (en) * 2017-05-16 2017-07-11 江苏金梧实业股份有限公司 A kind of vertical granulator monoblock type transmission base
CN109094091A (en) * 2018-07-16 2018-12-28 翁赛华 A kind of agricultural cotton stalk tablet press of small continuous
CN109676829A (en) * 2019-02-19 2019-04-26 上海拜恩机械制造有限公司 A kind of recycling purification prilling of refrigerator polyurethane
CN110239137A (en) * 2019-05-24 2019-09-17 合肥鸿强冶金科技有限公司 A kind of high efficiency stalk briquette structure

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Assignee: Xiandai Agricultural Equipment Science and Technology Co., Ltd

Assignor: Chiese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences

Contract fulfillment period: 2008.9.29 to 2013.12.31 contract change

Contract record no.: 2008110000130

Denomination of invention: Flat die granulator

Granted publication date: 20080924

License type: Exclusive license

Record date: 20081121

Assignee: Xiandai Agricultural Equipment Science and Technology Co., Ltd

Assignor: Chiese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences

Contract fulfillment period: 2008.9.29 to 2013.12.31

Contract record no.: 2008110000130

Denomination of utility model: Flat die granulator

Granted publication date: 20080924

License type: Exclusive license

Record date: 20081121

LIC Patent licence contract for exploitation submitted for record

Free format text: EXCLUSIVE LICENSE; TIME LIMIT OF IMPLEMENTING CONTACT: 2008.9.29 TO 2013.12.31; CHANGE OF CONTRACT

Name of requester: XIANDAI AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT SCIENCE AND TECHNOL

Effective date: 20081121

ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: XIANDAI AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT SCIENCE AND TECHNOL

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: CHINESE ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION

Effective date: 20120611

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20120611

Address after: 100083 Beijing city Chaoyang District Deshengmen North Beach No. 1

Patentee after: Xiandai Agricultural Equipment Science and Technology Co., Ltd

Address before: 100083, North Beach, Desheng Gate, Beijing, Chaoyang District

Patentee before: Chiese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences

Effective date of registration: 20120611

Address after: 100083 Beijing city Chaoyang District Deshengmen North Beach No. 1

Patentee after: Xiandai Agricultural Equipment Science and Technology Co., Ltd

Address before: 100083, North Beach, Desheng Gate, Beijing, Chaoyang District

Patentee before: Chiese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20080924

Termination date: 20161030

Granted publication date: 20080924

Termination date: 20161030