Hydraulically buried rubbish container
The utility model relates to the rubbish container that use in a kind of city, and is particularly a kind of with the buried buried type garbage case of rubbish container, belongs to the environmental protection machinery technical field.
At present the rubbish container major part of using in the city at home is placed on outdoorly, and this rubbish container takies actv. ground usable floor area, and no matter appearance and modeling is whether attractive in appearance, all inharmonious with the development in present city, influence the appearance of the city, the weather sweltering heat in summer, also can cause the secondary pollution of rubbish container, for example, the windy day plastic bag disorderly flies everywhere, rainy day sewage overflows, mosquitos and flies is spread unchecked, and particularly arrives the fruit mature period, the secondary fermentation of useless pericarp, the foul odour that distributes causes aerial contamination.In addition, winter is owing at the bottom of the temperature, and is the easiest of the freezing rubbish that forms is toppled over difficulty in the north.
In the prior art, also have the buried buried type garbage case of rubbish container, for example, the patent No. is ZL200420065273.6 disclosed " a flush type hydraulic garbage case apparatus ", comprise loam cake, rubbish container, hydraulic control and buried foundation ditch groove, two ends at the loam cake crossbeam are respectively equipped with a left side, right support frame, support frame be located at respectively in the foundation ditch groove and and the foundation ditch cell wall between be provided with roller, on the foundation ditch groove, be provided with the garbage removing cart loading/unloading platform, this platform is made up of two blocks of platens, the bottom of platen is equipped with the supporting movement roller and is provided with the hydraulic ram of side direction, a left side, right support frame middle part is equipped with elevating ram, an elevating ram upper end and a left side, upper right support frame connects, and the lower end is fixed on the pedestal of foundation ditch groove bottom.Another patent No. is ZL200420068803.2 disclosed " buried lifting Refuse bin ", comprise a scissors elevation mechanism, its bottom places melt pit, base is equipped with on its top, reprint frame front end is hinged with base, is rubbish container on the roller of reprint top of the trellis, and hydraulic ram is contained between base and the reprint frame, oil cylinder is contained between reprint frame and the rubbish container, is provided with the vertical push pedal that is promoted by oil cylinder in the rubbish container.These two kinds of rubbish containers, though can realize complete buriedly and hermetically sealed, stroke is bigger, structure is also very complicated.Device described in the previous example, because in loading and unloading rubbish, the rubbish loading-unloading vehicle need be reached on the loading/unloading platform, want broad so require the width of foundation ditch groove, and less stable, device described in the example in back then needs to be equipped with special garbage removing cart, and upgrading cost like this will be very high.
Summary of the invention
The utility model main purpose is to address the above problem and is not enough, provides a kind of simple in structure, and cost is low, and good stability is safe and reliable, hydraulically buried rubbish container simple to operation, it can with the supporting use of existing municipal refuse carrier vehicle.
For achieving the above object, described hydraulically buried rubbish container:
Comprise loam cake, rubbish container, foundation ditch pond, electric control system and hydraulic efficiency pressure system, cover on described and be provided with the rubbish dispensing port, but also comprise a lifting table that is used to bear described rubbish container and vertical lift; Described hydraulic efficiency pressure system comprises that lifting platform oil cylinder and loam cake open and close oil cylinder; The bottom of described lifting platform oil cylinder is fixed on the base of bottom, foundation ditch pond, and its top is connected with described lifting table; The end that described loam cake opens and closes oil cylinder is fixed on the foundation ditch pond, and the other end is connected with described loam cake.
Further improvement of the utility model is that described lifting table is provided with guide piece, comprises the guide wheel that is arranged between described lifting table supported on both sides wall and the foundation ditch pond sidewall, and correspondingly is arranged on the guide rail that supplies guide wheel to roll on the sidewall in foundation ditch pond.
Described loam cake is a folding structure, form by two cover plates that are hinged together, it is fixedly hinged on one side at the top in described foundation ditch pond, another side is provided with carriage, comprise the sliding wheel that is arranged on described loam cake both ends, and the slide rail for the sliding wheel slip that correspondingly is arranged on top, described foundation ditch pond dual-side.
Lifting platform oil cylinder in the described hydraulic efficiency pressure system connects with two solenoid directional control valves, and loam cake opens and closes oil cylinder and connects with two solenoid directional control valves, in described hydraulic circuit, also is serially connected with a by pass valve and an electrical motor band gear type pump.Comprise sender unit and signal receiving device in the described electric control system.
Described rubbish dispensing port is provided with at least one turnover door, also is provided with a foot lever that is connected with turnover door.
On described lifting table, be provided with and be used for the rubbish container positioning means for positioning.
Content to sum up, hydraulically buried rubbish container provided by the utility model, simple in structure, low cost of manufacture, because rubbish container is to be placed on separately on the lifting table, when the rubbish carrier vehicle is collected rubbish, only need utilize the lifting appliance on the carrier loader that rubbish container is sling, or topple over, or the rubbish container that renews all can, it can with the supporting use of existing municipal refuse carrier vehicle, more the cost of new facility reduces greatly, and the rubbish carrier vehicle does not need to reach on the lifting table, only need rest on the limit in foundation ditch pond and get final product, make that this plant area area is very little, be applicable to various places, be not subjected to the restriction of environment and geographical conditions.
The utility model is by the setting of hydraulic efficiency pressure system and electric control system, can realize unattended operation, the button that the sanitationman of responsible cleaning rubbish only need press on the remote controller can be finished whole operations, and is safe and reliable to operation, simple to operation, greatly reduce working strength of workers.In addition, also be provided with the hydraulic lock automatic safety device, the safety hazard of avoiding the sanitationman to occur because of maloperation.
Lifting table of the present utility model keeps in one plane with ground in the case of dumping rubbish, thereby can not influence ground-surface activity, also is provided with guide piece on it, keeps the balance and stability of platform when up-and-down movement.Upper cover design becomes folding structure, and last covering carriage is set, and makes loam cake operate steadily in opening-closing process, and fixing more stable behind complete opening.
The utility model is provided with turnover door on the rubbish dispensing port, and interlock is provided with foot lever, and people are when throwing in rubbish, only using foot is stepped on lever, just can open turnover door, and rubbish is thrown into rubbish container, after the input, the self-return sealing need not used manual manipulation, clean hygiene, when not using, turnover door is closed, and adds superstructure, really realized totally-enclosedly, eliminated the influence that rubbish container causes environment fully.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 the utility model deposits underground integral structure scheme drawing in;
Fig. 2 the utility model rises from ground-surface integral structure scheme drawing;
View when Fig. 3 the utility model uses;
Fig. 4 the utility model hydraulic circuit figure;
Fig. 5 the utility model telecommand partial circuit figure;
The electric operating part circuit diagram of Fig. 6 the utility model.
Extremely shown in Figure 6 as Fig. 1, loam cake 1, rubbish container 2, foundation ditch pond 3, rubbish dispensing port 4, lifting table 5, lifting platform oil cylinder 6, loam cake opens and closes oil cylinder 7, supporting walls 8, guide wheel 9, guide rail 10, sliding wheel 11, slide rail 12, turnover door 13, foot lever 14, registration device 15, arm 16,18, No. 2 solenoid directional control valves 19 of 17, No. 1 solenoid directional control valves of chain sling, 20, No. 4 solenoid directional control valves 21 of No. 3 solenoid directional control valves, electrical motor band gear type pump 22, by pass valve 23.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing and the specific embodiment the utility model is described in further detail:
Extremely shown in Figure 6 as Fig. 1, described hydraulically buried rubbish container:
Comprise loam cake 1, rubbish container 2, foundation ditch pond 3, electric control system and hydraulic efficiency pressure system.Wherein, foundation ditch pond 3 be one by job requirement in pond that below ground water mud is made.
On loam cake 1, be provided with rubbish dispensing port 4, rubbish dispensing port 4 is provided with a turnover door 13, also be provided with a foot lever 14 that is connected with turnover door 13, people are when throwing in rubbish, only using foot is stepped on foot lever 14, just can open turnover door 13, and rubbish is thrown into rubbish container 2, need not use manual manipulation, clean hygiene.Turnover door 13 also can be arranged to bilayer, a big turnover door 13 and a little turnover door 13, foot lever 14 is connected with little turnover door 13, when throwing in the rubbish of small size, step on foot lever 14, open little turnover door 13 and get final product, when needs are thrown in big rubbish, but the turnover door 13 that manual unlocking is big, after having thrown in, the sealing of closing the door of turnover door 13 self-returns.When not using, turnover door 13 is closed, and adds superstructure, has really realized totally-enclosedly, has eliminated the influence that rubbish container causes environment fully.In addition, because employing is the structure of turnover door, make the height of rubbish dispensing port 4 to reduce greatly, only needing can not influence ground-surface activity about 10cm above ground level.
Loam cake 1 is a folding structure, form by two the cover plate 1a and the 1b that are hinged together, the another side of cover plate 1a is fixedly hinged at the top in foundation ditch pond 3, the end that loam cake opens and closes oil cylinder 7 is connected with this cover plate 1a, be provided with sliding wheel 11 on the both ends of the another side of cover plate 1b, correspondingly 3 top dual-sides are provided with two slide rails 12 that slide for sliding wheels 11 in the foundation ditch pond.When needs are opened loam cake 1, loam cake opens and closes oil cylinder 7 and stretches out, with cover plate 1a jack-up, at this moment, the sliding wheel 11 that is arranged on the cover plate 1b slides at slide rail 12, is opened fully up to loam cake 1, loam cake 1 operates steadily in opening-closing process, behind complete opening, also play the effect of support, fixing is more stable.In addition, loam cake 1 is designed to folding structure, and after loam cake 1 was opened fully, its wind area can reduce relatively, reduced windage simultaneously.
Comprise a steel structure lifting table 5 that is used to bear rubbish container 2 and makes its energy vertical lift in the inside in foundation ditch pond 3, lifting table 5 has the table shape structure of supporting walls 8 for it, between the sidewall in the supporting walls 8 of its both sides and foundation ditch pond 3, a plurality of guide wheels 9 are set, at least on one side two, the guide rail 10 that rolls for guide wheel 9 correspondingly is set on the sidewall in foundation ditch pond 3, and guide wheel 9 is the spring pressure scroll wheel.When lifting table 5 rose and descends, guide wheel 9 rolled in guide rail 10, to keep the balance and stability of lifting table 5 when moving.Simultaneously, be arranged on the supporting walls 8 of lifting table 5 belows, imbed when underground, play the effect of a support and load capacity at rubbish container 2.
Lifting table 5 keeps in one plane with ground in the case 2 of dumping rubbish, and the surface also is provided with one deck checkered plate (not shown) thereon, generally can adopt the thick diamond plate of 4mm, thereby can not influence ground-surface activity.
Also can be provided with on lifting table 5 and be used for rubbish container 2 positioning means for positioning 15, it can be 3 projection, also can be the projection of annular.
Be serially connected with an electrical motor band gear type pump 22 and a by pass valve 23 in the total loop in hydraulic circuit, be divided into two oil circuits thereafter, one for being used for the oil circuit of lifting platform, another is to be used for the oil circuit that loam cake opens and closes, the oil circuit of lifting platform connects lifting platform oil cylinder 6, also be serially connected with No. 3 solenoid directional control valves 20 and No. 4 solenoid directional control valves 21 on it, the oil circuit that loam cake opens and closes connects loam cake and opens and closes oil cylinder 7, also is serially connected with No. 1 solenoid directional control valve 18 and No. 2 solenoid directional control valves 19 on it.
The bottom of lifting platform oil cylinder 6 is fixed on the base of 3 bottoms, foundation ditch pond, and its top is connected with the lower surface of lifting table 5, and the end that loam cake opens and closes oil cylinder 7 is fixed on the foundation ditch pond 3, and the other end is connected with loam cake 1.
Comprise sender unit and signal receiving device in the electric control system, sender unit is generally remote controller, and the sanitationman only needs the button on the remote controller, just can finish whole operations, safe and reliable to operation, simple to operation, greatly reduce working strength of workers.
In addition; also be provided with the hydraulic lock automatic safety device; hydraulic lock directly is contained on the hydraulic actuating cylinder; the invariant position that can keep hydraulic cylinder piston rod for a long time; when lifting table 5 rises to ground level; by hydraulic lock that whole hydraulic efficiency pressure system is locked, as to avoid the sanitationman to occur with the safety that guarantees total system safety hazard because of maloperation.
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing and the specific embodiment working process of the present utility model is described in detail:
Extremely shown in Figure 6 as Fig. 1, at ordinary times, rubbish container 2 is placed on the lifting table 5 in the foundation ditch pond 3, and by folding loam cake 1 sealing, loam cake 1 is provided with double-deck rubbish dispensing port 4, when throwing in small size rubbish, step on foot lever 14 with foot-operated, little turnover door 13 is opened, when throwing in large volume rubbish, with manual big turnover door 13 is opened, rubbish can enter rubbish container 2 automatically by dispensing port.
When the rubbish carrier vehicle needs roping rubbish, at first the rubbish carrier loader is moveed backward to the front in rubbish foundation ditch pond 3, rubbish carrier loader afterbody and rubbish foundation ditch pond 3 back gauges are 0.1-0.3m, take out remote controller then, press start button, start and stretch the rubbish container program, it is with actuating motor band gear type pump 22, open electromagnetic valve 18 simultaneously No. 1, loam cake opens and closes oil cylinder 7 and begins action, folding loam cake 1 is opened, when loam cake 1 open fully put in place after, No. 1 electromagnetic valve 18 quits work, and open electromagnetic valve 20 simultaneously No. 3, lifting platform oil cylinder 6 begins action automatically, promotes lifting table 5 and rises, when lifting table 5 rises to ground level, whole device will quit work, and by hydraulic lock that whole hydraulic efficiency pressure system is locked, to guarantee the safety of total system, at this moment, rubbish container 2 is raised to above position, ground.
As shown in Figure 3, the change-over valve that stretches out of opening rubbish carrier loader arm 16 makes arm 16 be able to lift by crane the angle of rubbish container 2, and the chain sling on the arm 16 17 hung on the rubbish container 2, the recovery change-over valve of opening rubbish carrier loader arm 16 is placed on rubbish container 2 on the rubbish carrier loader, and the rubbish container 2 or the new rubbish container 2 of turning relay to go up to fall on the platform 5.
At last, press the X button on the remote controller, it will open hydraulic lock automatically, open electromagnetic valve 21 simultaneously No. 4, lifting platform oil cylinder 6 begins action automatically, drives lifting table 5 and descends, behind the arrival certain position, limiting device is with actuating motor band gear type pump 22, and open electromagnetic valve 19 simultaneously No. 2, loam cake opens and closes oil cylinder 7 and begins action automatically, slowly closes the loam cake 1 on the rubbish container 2, after loam cake 1 was paved, whole hydraulic efficiency pressure system action was finished.
When reality was used, each hydraulic operating system all was provided with password, can not use mutually each other, and is more safe and reliable during use.
As mentioned above, given in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments scheme content can derive the similar techniques scheme.In every case be the content that does not break away from technical solutions of the utility model, to any simple modification, equivalent variations and modification that above embodiment did, all still belong in the scope of technical solutions of the utility model according to technical spirit of the present utility model.