螺杆传动安全载重停车平台技术领域本实用新型涉及一种活动平台，属于机械搬运领域，尤其是指一种用于搬运停靠汽车的螺杆传动安全载重停车平台。 Screw drive safely loaded parking platform Technical Field The present invention relates to a movable platform, it belongs to the field of mechanical handling, particularly to a screw drive safely loaded parking platform for transporting vehicles parked. 背景技术目前，大中城市的可用土地正在急剧减少，其中绝大部分用于商场、住宅等城市建设，而随着经济发展和人们生活水平的不断提高，交通车辆的数量也在不断增加。 BACKGROUND Currently, cities are being drastically reduced the land available, most of which used in shopping malls, residential and other urban construction, and with the continuous economic development and improve people's living standards, the number of transport vehicles is also increasing. 土地减少和车辆增多的直接后果就是停车位的紧缺，现有的停车场根本无法满足人们泊车的需求，这种现象在大城市尤为严重。 Reduce land and increased vehicle is a direct consequence of the shortage of parking spaces, the existing parking lot simply can not meet the needs of people parking, this phenomenon is particularly serious in big cities. 为了增加停车位， 一些停车场在规划停车位时会减小车辆之间的距离来适当增加停车位。 In order to increase parking spaces, car parks in the planning of parking spaces will reduce the distance between the vehicle to appropriately increase parking spaces. 但是，间距的减小引发的另一个问题是泊车和倒车比较困难，稍有不慎，很容易发生刮擦、碰撞事故，造成不必要的心理和经济负担。 However, another problem is caused by decreasing the spacing of parking and parking is difficult, the slightest mistake, it is prone to scratching, collision, resulting in unnecessary psychological and economic burden. 另一方面，由于建造大型地下停车场或立体停车场的投资非常大，大量建设也是无法实现的。 On the other hand, due to the investment in the construction of large underground car park or parking garage is very large, a lot of construction is impossible to achieve. 为了解决停车位紧缺的问题，现今部分停车场出现了一些汽车升降搬运装置，通过升降、平移和转动等操作，可以在原有停车场的规模上增加一倍的停车面积，很好的缓解了停车难的问题。 In order to solve the problem of shortage of parking spaces, now part of the parking lot there are some motorized transport device, by lifting, translation and rotation and other operations, can double the size of the parking area on the parking lot of the original, very good ease of parking difficult problem. 但是，这类装置却存在着自身的缺点， 就是这类装置一般是利用电机驱动链条来实现平移、升降和传动。 However, such devices but there own drawbacks, such devices is typically implemented by a motor to translate the drive chain, the lift and drive. 这种方式的一个弊端就是链条的安全性比较差，使用时大部分的力只作用在少数几个链孔上，容易使链条断裂，发生上层车辆坠落破坏和压坏下层车辆的现象，造成不必要的财产损失，甚至生命安全也存在威胁。 A disadvantage of this approach is that the safety chain is rather poor, most of the use of force only in a few holes chain, the chain is easy to break, the occurrence of a vehicle crash destroyed the upper and lower vehicle crushed phenomenon, caused no the necessary property damage, and even life-safety threat there. 另一方面，链条传动的另一个缺点是容易发生小幅度摆动或打滑，稳定性不够强。 On the other hand, another drawback of the chain transmission is prone to slipping or reduced swing, stability is not strong enough. 因此，从安全性和稳定性这两个至关重要的因素考虑，有必要对现有技术作相应改进。 Therefore, in view of these two vital factor security and stability, it is necessary to make corresponding improvements over the prior art. 发明内容本实用新型的目的在于克服现有技术中的缺点和不足，提供一种安全性佳，稳定性强，且能前后平移、上下升降和360度旋转的新型活动载重平台。 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention aims to overcome the disadvantages and deficiencies of the prior art, to provide a good security, stability, and can move forward and backward, up and down, 360 degree rotation of the activities of the new loading platforms. 为了实现上述目的，本实用新型按以下技术方案实现：一种螺杆传动安全载重停车平台，包括可滑动底座、设于底座上的立柱以及可沿立柱升降的平台，其特征在于：所述停车平台设有驱动底座滑动的第一电机驱动装置、驱动立柱旋转的第二电机驱动装置和驱动平台升降的第三电机驱动装置。 To achieve the above object, the present invention is achieved by the following technical solution: A spindle drive safely loaded parking platform, comprising a slide base, the column is provided on the base and a lifting platform along the column, wherein: the parking platform a first motor driving means of the slide base, third motor driving means to rotate the column and the second drive motor driving device of the lifting platform. 上述第一电机驱动装置为一平移机构，包括第一电机、齿轮传动件、以及通过齿轮传动件与第一电机连接且由第一电机驱动旋转的第一螺杆。 Said first motor drive means is a translation mechanism, including a first motor, a transmission gear member, and a connecting member through the first motor gear and driven in rotation by a first motor of the first screw. 上述第二电机驱动装置为一旋转机构，包括第二电机、齿轮传动件、以及通过齿轮传动件与第二电机连接且由第二电机驱动旋转的主转轴。 Said second means is a rotary motor drive mechanism, including a second motor, gearing member, and the connecting member and the second gear by the motor and driven by a second motor to rotate the main shaft. 上述第三电机驱动装置为一升降机构，包括第三电机、齿轮传动件、通过齿轮传动件与第三电机连接且由第三电机驱动旋转的第二螺杆、以及套设于立柱上且与第二螺杆连接连动的升降装置。 Said third drive means is a motor lift mechanism, including a third motor, a transmission gear member, and a second screw is connected by a third motor driven to rotate by the motor and the third gear member, and a sleeve disposed on the column, and the first screw lifting means connected to two interlocked. 上述第一螺杆中空且内设有一小螺杆，小螺杆螺纹与第一螺杆内壁螺纹相适应。 The first screw is hollow and features a small screw, the first screw thread of the small screw thread adapted to the inner wall. 第一螺杆在第一电机驱动下发生自身旋转的同时也和套装在其内的小螺杆发生相对转动，从而可以延长底座的前后平移距离。 Simultaneously occur at the first screw itself driven to rotate the first motor rotation and relatively small set screw occurs therein, which can extend from the front of the base pan. 上述升降装置设有与第二螺杆适应的螺孔，且通过一加强件与载重平台连接。 The elevating means is provided with a second screw holes adapted and connected by a reinforcing member and the load platform. 由于螺孔和第二螺杆连接并连动，在第二螺杆的旋转驱动下可以带动升降装置上下移动，从而驱使载重平台发生升降。 Since the screw hole and the second screw connection and interlocking, rotationally driven at a second screw can be driven up and down movement of the lifting means, thereby driving down the load platform occurs. 上述升降装置与立柱间设有滚轮。 Lifting means between said column and provided with rollers. 上述载重平台设有汽车紧固装置。 It said carrying platform is provided with fastening means cars. 汽车紧固装置的作用在于使汽车固定于载重平台上，当载重平台发生动作时确保汽车不会移动，保证汽车和相关人员 Effect is to make the car fastening means fixed to the car load platform, to ensure that cars will not move operation occurs when the load platform, to ensure personnel cars and
的安全。 Safety. 上述停车平台铺设有导轨，底座与导轨间设有滚轮装置。 The parking platform laying rails, the rail is provided between the base and the roller means. 上述活动载重平台设有手动操作和复位装置。 Loading platform with the above activities and a manually operable resetting means. 通过手动操作和复位装置， 即使停电，本实用新型仍然可以安全的使用，消除了电力的限制。 And resetting means by a manual operation, even if the power, the present invention may still be safe to use, eliminating the limited power. 本实用新型结构简单，操作方便，利用螺杆的自锁作用加强了本实用新型的安全性和稳定性，除了具备平移和升降功能，且能360度旋转，可以很好的解决泊车难的问题，同时也可应用于其它领域，适于推广使用。 It has simple structure, convenient operation, using the screw self-locking effect of the present invention enhance the safety and stability, have a translational and lifting function, and can rotate 360 degrees, can solve the difficult problem of parking also be used in other fields, it is adapted to be widely used. 为了更清晰的理解本实用新型，以下将结合附图说明阐述本实用新型的具体实施方式。 For a more clear understanding of the present invention, will be described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings illustrate the present invention in specific embodiments. 附图说明图1是本实用新型的正面视图。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a front view of the present invention. 图2是本实用新型的立体图。 FIG 2 is a perspective view of the present invention. 图3是图2中A的放大示意图。 FIG 3 is an enlarged view of A in FIG. 具体实施方式如图1〜3所示，本实用新型在地面上铺设有两根导轨2，导轨2的一端用固定板21锁定，导轨2上设有可沿导轨方向滑动的底座1，底座1通过滚轮装置5与导轨2滑接，底座1上设有立柱3。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION As shown in FIG. 1 ~ 3, the present invention is layered with two guide rails in the ground 2, one end of the rail 2 fixed lock plate 21, upper guide rail 2 is provided with guide rails slidably along the chassis 1, the chassis 1 5 by the roller device connected with the guide rail 2 the slide, the column 3 is provided on the base 1. 该活动载重平台的目的在于实现前后平移、360度旋转和上下升降，因此相应设有平移机构、旋转机构和升降机构。 The purpose of this activity before and after the load platform is that translational movement, up and down and 360 degree rotation, and therefore with the corresponding translation mechanism, rotation mechanism and the lifting mechanism. 平移机构包括设于底座1内的第一电机11和由第一电机驱动旋转的第一螺杆113;第一螺杆113中空且内设有小螺杆114，小螺杆114 一端固定于固定板21上，其螺纹与第一螺杆113内壁的螺纹相适应；第一电机11转轴上固设有齿轮lll，与第一螺杆113上的螺母装置112相啮合。 A first translation mechanism includes a motor disposed in the chassis 111 and the first screw driven in rotation by a first motor 113; the first screw 113 is hollow and equipped with a small screw 114, an end of the small screw 114 is fixed on the fixing plate 21, its threaded inner wall 113 and a first screw thread adapted; lll gear fixedly disposed on the first motor shaft 11, a nut engaged with the first screw means 113,112. 第一电机ll转动， Ll first motor rotates,
驱动齿轮111和螺母装置112旋转，进一步带动第一螺杆113旋转，第一螺杆113在自身旋转的同时还和小螺杆114发生相对转动，从而推动底座1沿导轨2滑动，实现平移目的。 Means driving gear 112 rotates and the nut 111, further drive the first screw 113 is rotated, the first screw 113 rotates in its own small screws 114 and further relative rotation, the base 1 so as to promote sliding along the guide rail 2, to achieve the purpose of translation. 旋转机构包括设于底座1内的第二电机12 (带减速器）和套装在立柱3 内由第二电机12驱动旋转的主转轴，第二电机12的转轴上固设有伞齿轮，与从动轴121 —端的伞齿轮啮合，从动轴121另一端的齿轮与固定于主转轴上的齿轮122相啮合，而主转轴与立柱3是一体连接的，主转轴在第二电机12驱动下可以带动立柱3转动，从而立柱实现360度旋转。 Provided in the rotation mechanism includes a second motor 12 (reducer) in the base set in the column 1 and 3 the rotational drive of the second motor 12 by the main shaft, bevel gear is fixedly arranged on the rotary shaft of the second motor 12, and from shaft 121-- bevel gear engaging end, the other end of the driven shaft with the gear 121 fixed to the main shaft gear 122 is meshed with the column 3 and the main shaft are integrally connected, the main shaft can be driven by a second motor 12 3 is rotated to drive the column so that the column 360 degree rotation. 升降机构包括设于底座1内的第三电机13、设于立柱3上由第三电机13 驱动旋转的第二螺杆134以及套设于立柱3上与第二螺杆134连接连动的升降装置31;第三电机13的转轴固设有伞齿轮，与从动轴131 —端的伞齿轮啮合， 从动轴131另一端的齿轮与设于主转轴上的活动齿轮132啮合，该活动齿轮132 由两个平行摆放的齿轮一体连接而成，活动套设于主转轴上，可绕主转轴旋转， 活动齿轮132中的一齿轮再与第二螺杆134尾端的齿轮133相啮合，从而第三电机13的旋转可以带动第二螺杆134转动；升降装置31的一侧设有与第二螺杆134适应的螺孔，另一侧通过一加强件32与载重平台4 一体连接，该加强件32的作用在于加强稳定升降装置31和载重平台4之间的连接，升降装置31、 加强件32与立柱3之间还设有滚轮。 The lifting mechanism includes a third motor disposed in the chassis 113, the second screw 134 is provided on the column 3 is rotated by the driving motor 13 and a third sleeve disposed upright on the lifting means 3 and the second linkage 134 connecting screw 31 ; solid spindle motor 13 is provided with a third bevel gear, the driven shaft 131-- bevel gear engaging end, the other end of the shaft 131 of the driven gear 132 engaged with the free gear provided on the main shaft, the movable gear 132 by the two placed parallel gear integrally connected to each other, sleeved on the main shaft, the main shaft rotatable about a, then the gear 133 is engaged with the rear end of the second screw 134 loose gear of a gear 132, so that the third motor 13 the second screw 134 can drive rotation of the rotation; one side of the lifting device 31 is provided with a second screw hole adapted to screw 134, the other side by a reinforcing member 32 is integrally connected with the load platform 4, the action of the reinforcing member 32 in that enhance the stability of the connection between the lifting device and the load platform 431, lifting apparatus 31, the pillar reinforcement member 32 is also provided between the roller 3. 载重平台4设有汽车紧固装置，确保汽车在平台移动过程不会发生摆动。 Loading platform 4 is provided with fastening means cars, cars to ensure that the platform does not occur in the wobble movement. 本实用新型还设有手动操作和复位装置，可在停电状态下仍然安全的进行各种操作；同时，设有由行程开关、传感器和PLC等自动控制元器件组成的电子电路，可以控制平移、升降和旋转的组合动作。 The present invention and further provided with manually operable resetting means can be made in various operations still safe state power; simultaneously, an electronic circuit is provided by the stroke and other switches, sensors and PLC control components of the composition, can control pan, and the combined action of the rotation of the lift. 本活动载重平台的动作原理和过程如下：1、 当需要平移时，启动第一电机ll，齿轮lll随第一电机ll旋转，驱动螺母装置112旋转，带动第一螺杆113和小螺杆114相对转动，从而推动底座1沿导轨方向平移，而当第一电机11停止运转时，因第一螺杆113和小螺杆114的自锁作用使整个设备锁定在所设的有效行程的任意位置上。 Activities and operation principle of the present process, loading platforms are as follows: 1, when the required translation, ll start the first motor, a first gear with the motor ll lll rotation, the drive nut 112 in turn, rotates a first small screw 113 and the screw 114 is rotated relative to , thus promoting the translation of the base 1 along the track direction, when the first motor 11 is stopped, due to the self-locking effect of the first screw 113 and the screw 114 is small so that the whole device is locked at an arbitrary position of the effective stroke of the set on. 2、 当需要旋转时，启动第二电机12，从动轴121将第二电机12的旋转传动至主转轴的齿轮122上，由于齿轮122、主转轴和立柱3三者是固定连接的，因此齿轮122转动可以带动主转轴和立柱3进行360度正、反方向旋转。 2, when the need to rotate, to start a second motor 12, the driven shaft 121 to the rotation transmission shaft 12 to the main gear 122 of the second motor, since the gear 122, the main shaft 3 and the three pillar is fixedly connected, so gear 122 drives the main shaft rotation may be 360 degrees and the uprights 3 positive and negative direction of rotation. 当第二电机12停止转动时，因减速器蜗轮蜗杆的自锁作用将立柱3锁定在360 度转动范围的任意位置上。 When the second motor 12 stops rotating due to the self-locking worm gear reducer acting to upright 3 is locked in any position on the 360-degree range of rotation. 3、 当需要升降时，启动第三电机13，从动轴131将第三电机13的旋转传动至设于主转轴上的活动齿轮132，活动齿轮132绕主转轴旋转同时将传动传至齿轮133，驱动第二螺杆134转动，从而带动升降装置31和载重平台4 上下升降。 3, the lift when required, to start the third motor 13, the rotation of the driven shaft 131 to drive the third motor 13 is provided on the main shaft free gear 132, the movable gear 132 while rotating around the main shaft is transmitted to the drive gear 133 , driving the second screw 134 is rotated, the lifting device 31 so as to drive the platform 4 and the load up and down. 当第三电机13停止转动时，因第二螺杆134的自锁作用将载重平台4锁定在所设的有效行程的任意位置上。 When the third motor 13 stops rotating due to the self-locking action of the second screw 134 to lock the load platform 4 at an arbitrary position of the effective stroke of the set on. 本实用新型可以设置于两车位之间的空隙上，当地面车位停满车时，如果需要再停靠其它车辆，只要启动该设备，将底座平移至车位入口，转动载重平台与行车路线平行，降下载重平台，然后车辆开上载重平台，锁定汽车紧固装置，再将载重平台上升至适当高度，转动载重平台与下层车位平行即可，从而可以在原有停车场的规模上增加一倍的停车数量，既节约地方和成本，又安全可靠，同时操作简单。 The present invention may be provided on the gap between the two spaces, the ground is parked car parking, if the need to stop other vehicles, as long as the device is started, the base pan to spaces inlet, rotation of the load platform and parallel to the driving direction, reduction Download heavy platform, and then drove the vehicle, loading platforms, car lock fastening device, and then rise to the proper height, loading platforms, loading platforms rotation parallel to the underlying parking, which can double parking in the parking lot of the original scale the number of both local and cost saving, safe and reliable, and easy to operate. 本实用新型并不局限于上述实施方式，如果对本实用新型的各种改动或变型不脱离本实用新型的精神和范围，倘若这些改动和变型属于本实用新型的权利要求和等同技术范围之内，则本实用新型也意图涵盖这些改动和变型。 The present invention is not limited to the above embodiment, if the new variety of the present invention modifications or variations without departing from the present invention's spirit and scope, the inner if these modifications and variations belong to the present invention claims and equivalents range, the present invention is also intended to cover these modifications and variations.