CN201069608Y - Transmission line disaster monitoring system - Google Patents

Transmission line disaster monitoring system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201069608Y
CN201069608Y CNU2007200640272U CN200720064027U CN201069608Y CN 201069608 Y CN201069608 Y CN 201069608Y CN U2007200640272 U CNU2007200640272 U CN U2007200640272U CN 200720064027 U CN200720064027 U CN 200720064027U CN 201069608 Y CN201069608 Y CN 201069608Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
embedded
electricity
sensor
data collector
server
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CNU2007200640272U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陆佳政
李波
方针
张红先
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
State Grid Hunan Electric Power Company prevents and reduces natural disasters center
Hunan Electric Power Research Institute
State Grid Hunan Electric Power Co Ltd
Original Assignee
HUNAN INSTITUTE OF POWER Co EXPERIMENT
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Priority to CNU2007200640272U priority Critical patent/CN201069608Y/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A90/00Technologies having an indirect contribution to adaptation to climate change
    • Y02A90/10Information and communication technologies [ICT] supporting adaptation to climate change, e.g. for weather forecasting or climate simulation

Abstract

The utility model provides a disaster surveillance system for power transmission lines, which is composed of a power supply device (1), a data collecting device (2), an embedded system (3) and a server system (4); wherein, the power supply system (1) is connected with the data collecting system (2) and the embedded system (3) in parallel; the embedded system (3) is electrically connected with the server system (4) and the data collecting system (2) is electrically connected with the embedded system (3) through a 485 bus. The system, by adopting a solar panel (11 to 12), can operate for 90 days without the sunlight and also can operate reliably in severe atmospheres; besides, the utility model, for solving two technical difficulties as in-situ communication and power supply, has small operating power consumption and long duration time; in addition, the utility model has abundant interfaces, which can meet all requirements of the system and also can recognize the thickness of ice coating automatically, so as to ensure the veracity for judging the thickness of the ice.

Description

Transmission line disaster monitoring system
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the electrical engineering technical field, relates in particular to a kind of transmission line disaster monitoring system, is applicable to the on-line monitoring to the disasteies such as ice damage, disaster caused by a windstorm, mountain fire of harm transmission line of electricity.
Background technology
Transmission line of electricity is the important component part of electrical network because it is wide to cover the region, suffer a calamity easily, for example ice damage, disaster caused by a windstorm, damage to crops caused by thunder, wave, various disasteies such as mountain fire.In case hit by a natural calamity, will cause large area blackout to take place, with the serious threat people's production and life, bring the economic loss that causes owing to having a power failure to power grid enterprises simultaneously, even also can have influence on the normal operation of national economy.Occurring in the thunderbolt electrical network disaster that Hunan China is economized 2005 Christian eras, promptly is an example.This disaster causes 220kV transmission line of electricity tripping operation 33 times, causes electric quantity loss 4,000,000 degree, direct economic loss 2,000,000 Renminbi, indirect economic loss 1,500 ten thousand Renminbi.And the ice damage that take place the same year, unexpectedly cause Hunan Electric Grid 500kV line tripping 34 times, economic loss is bigger, up to 1.7 hundred million, so carry out the transmission line disaster monitoring, in time various disasteies in discovery and the early warning transmission line of electricity are eliminated it in bud, be to be the task of top priority, also can be the formulation measure of taking precautions against natural calamities for a long time thus reference frame is provided.Yet the disaster monitoring system of transmission line of electricity is difficult to form product always, has many difficult problems, is difficult to stable operation, on-the-spot non-transformer etc. as device.
The utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is, at the prior art situation that falls behind, promptly at the technical barrier in the above-mentioned transmission line disaster monitoring, proposing a kind of scene of can successfully solving powers, guarantee the high-reliability communication, and can overcome various inclement weathers, ensuring equipment stable operation can effectively monitor transmission line disaster monitoring system with early warning.
Technical solution of the present utility model is, above-mentioned transmission line disaster monitoring system, and referring to Fig. 1, it is made up of supply unit 1, data collector 2, embedded system 3 and server system 4.Wherein said supply unit 1 electricity in parallel connects described data collector 2 and embedded system 3.Described embedded system 3 electricity connect described server system 4.And have between described data collector 2 and the embedded system 3 one 485 buses 5 mutually electricity connect.
Above-mentioned supply unit 1 referring to Fig. 2, is made up of solar cell (11~12), solar charging controller 15 and battery pack 16.The input end of wherein said solar charging controller 15 connects described solar cell (11~12) by twin core cable (13~14) electricity in parallel, and the output terminal electricity of solar charging controller 15 connects battery pack 16.The supporting mode of this supply unit 1 employing solar panel and accumulator constitutes, and the system that can guarantee continous-stable under the situation of no sunlight moves 90 days.
Above-mentioned data collector 2, referring to Fig. 3, connect A phase leakage current sensor 22, B phase leakage current sensor 23, C phase leakage current sensor 24, Temperature Humidity Sensor 25, CO2 (carbon dioxide) sensor 26, air velocity transducer 27, wind transducer 28 and rain sensor 29 by a single-chip microcomputer 21 electricity in parallel and form.The function of this device is to realize data acquisition.Its main task is to finish the sampling work of 32 discrete datas in the one-period.
Above-mentioned embedded system 3, referring to Fig. 4, then by an embedded motherboard 31 by its interface respectively electricity connect a GPRS antenna 32 and video camera 33 is formed.This embedded system adopts the Arm chip as kernel, and have a GPRS/CDMA wireless data sending module, its main task is to realize the condition of a disaster image data acquiring and transmission, comprises that the monitor command that data and server with above-mentioned single-chip microcomputer collection send transmits.
Above-mentioned server system 4 and timer-triggered scheduler program thereof are mainly used to manage the log-on message of embedded system (when GPRS antenna 32 carries out the data transmission, must be earlier to server registration, form link thus), and the various control informations of being responsible for transmitting timer-triggered scheduler program and client.Wherein the timer-triggered scheduler program also will be responsible for realizing the automatic diagnosis of timing data collection and ice covering thickness, simultaneously the data of gathering is saved to database.
Principle of work of the present utility model is: as mentioned above, transmission line disaster monitoring system adopts solar panel (11~12) and battery pack 16 to form supply unit 1, can guarantee system's continous-stable operation 90 days under no sunlight conditions.1 pair of data harvester 2 of supply unit and embedded system 3 are powered, and assurance data collector 2 and embedded system 3 can normally be moved in the open air.Data collector 2 adopts Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system, be responsible for the data of pick-up transducers, and send data to embedded system 3 by 485 buses 5, the data that view data that embedded system 3 is gathered self and Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system send, be sent to server system 4 by GPRS network, server system 4 is responsible for receiving all data and is carried out the Web issue.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1), system can be at reliability service under the rugged environment;
2), solved local communication and power supply two big technical barriers, the operation power consumption is little, the continuous electricity time is long;
3), change conventional one-piece machine system and can only realize that simple analog amount or digital data acquisition mode are advanced image data acquiring mode, and rich interface, power consumption is little, can satisfy all demands of system;
4) can discern ice covering thickness automatically, guarantee the accuracy that ice thickness is judged.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structured flowchart of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structured flowchart of supply unit;
Fig. 3 is the circuit block diagram of data collector;
Fig. 4 is the structured flowchart of embedded system.
Being denoted as in above Fig. 1~4:
The 1-supply unit,
11~12-solar cell,
13~14-twin core cable,
The 15-solar charging controller,
The 16-battery pack;
The 2-data collector,
The 21-single-chip microcomputer,
22-A phase leakage current sensor,
23-B phase leakage current sensor,
24-C phase leakage current sensor,
The 25-Temperature Humidity Sensor;
The 26-CO2 sensor,
The 27-air velocity transducer,
The 28-wind transducer,
The 29-rain sensor;
The 3-embedded system,
The embedded motherboard of 31-,
The 32-GPRS antenna,
The 33-video camera;
The 4-server system,
The 5-485 bus.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1: the transmission line disaster monitoring system of this embodiment of the utility model, as shown in Figure 1, adopt solar panel (11~12) and battery pack 16 to form supply unit 1.The MPS430 type single-chip microcomputer that data collector 2 adopts TIXs to produce is responsible for the data of pick-up transducers, and this single-chip microcomputer connects embedded system 3 by 485 buses, 5 electricity, embedded system 3 by GPRS network to server system 4.Above-mentioned MPS430 single-chip microcomputer possesses the characteristics of little power consumption, and this single-chip microcomputer carries A/D and gathers, effectively the power supply bottleneck problem in the resolution system.
Referring to Fig. 2, the product GEC-SP50A of two solar panels (11~12) employing U.S. Graham Sodd method of investing engineering corporation type power of forming supply unit 1 is the solar panel of 50W.Solar panel (11~12) is connected on the solar charging controller 15 by two twin core cables (13~14) electricity in parallel.The CF8 type charge controller that solar charging controller 15 adopts the clear big outstanding company in BeiJing, China to produce.Solar charging controller 15 is linked on battery pack 16 other ends.It is that the colloid storage battery that Chinese Hangzhou Mai Di company of 100Ah produces is formed that battery pack adopts two 12V, capacity, realizes automatic charge and discharge by the regulating and controlling effect of solar charging controller 15, for system provides reliable power supply.
Referring to Fig. 3, the A phase leakage current sensor 22 of data collector 2, B phase leakage current sensor 23 and C leakage current sensor 24 mutually all adopt the Hunan Province to converge the JS series leakage current sensor that pure Power Tech Corp. Inc. produces, after they are converted into the signal of 0~5V with leakage current signal, be linked on the MPS430 single-chip microcomputer 21, in like manner Temperature Humidity Sensor 25, CO2 sensor 26, air velocity transducer 27, wind transducer 28 and rain sensor 29 are with the humiture of correspondence, wind direction, wind speed, rainfall changes into 0~5V voltage signal or frequency signal, is linked on the MPS430 single-chip microcomputer 21.Above-mentioned CO2 sensor is that the U.S. produces T6004 type sensor, wind transducer is that Chinese Tianjin meteorologic instrument produces EL15-2D type wind transducer, air velocity transducer is that Chinese Tianjin meteorologic instrument produces EL15-1A type air velocity transducer, and rain sensor is that Chinese Tianjin meteorologic instrument produces SL2-1 type rain sensor.Such as above-mentioned MPS430 single-chip microcomputer 21 the data of collection send to the embedded motherboard 31 of embedded system 3 by 485 buses.
Referring to Fig. 4, embedded system 3 comprises embedded motherboard 31, video camera 33, and GPRS antenna 32.Video camera 33 links to each other with embedded motherboard 31 by video interface, and the GPRS antenna is electrically connected to embedded motherboard 31.Embedded motherboard adopts Arm7 series embedded chip, and video camera adopts Korea S to produce CNB-AP800 sense thermal camera.In addition, embedded motherboard 31 also links to each other by 485 buses 5 with MPS430 single-chip microcomputer 21.
Embodiment 2: the W77E58 type single-chip microcomputer that the data collector 2 of this embodiment of the utility model adopts U.S. Hua Bang company to produce is responsible for the data of pick-up transducers, and other is with embodiment 1.
The transmission line disaster monitoring system of the present utility model that consists of thus is proved to be respond well through manufacturing experimently to try out, and reaches designing requirement fully and has following characteristics:
1), the model of the present utility model system through trying out at the transmission line of electricity in Hunan Province proves, Native system can through the test of the various natural calamities such as wind-engaging, rain, snow, be stablized under rugged environment fully Reliably operation;
2), the employing of solar battery technology and GPRS technology, solved communication and a power supply difficult problem. System is at Component selection, and the aspects such as Functional Design are fully taken power consumption considerations into account, makes system's operation power consumption significantly Reduce, and the assurance battery can be kept operation more than 90 days under the no sunlight conditions;
3), the acquisition function of image scene that utilized Implementation of Embedded System, allow traditional simple pattern Plan amount or digital data acquisition mode become history. And this Interface of Embedded System is abundant, and power consumption is little, can be full The various demands of pedal system;
4), adopt the digital picture principle, realized that transmission line of electricity suffers ice damage after, to ice covering thickness Automatically identification has guaranteed ice thickness Accuracy of Judgement and automation.

Claims (1)

1. transmission line disaster monitoring system, it is characterized in that, it is made up of supply unit (1), data collector (2), embedded system (3) and server system (4), wherein said supply unit (1) electricity in parallel connects described data collector (2) and embedded system (3), described embedded system (3) electricity connects described server system (4), and have between described data collector (2) and the embedded system (3) one 485 buses (5) mutually electricity connect;
Above-mentioned supply unit (1) is made up of solar cell (11~12), solar charging controller (15) and battery pack (16), wherein said solar charging controller (15) one ends connect described solar cell (11~12) by two twin core cables (13~14) electricity in parallel in regular turn, and other end electricity connects battery pack (16);
Above-mentioned data collector (2) connects A phase leakage current sensor (22), B phase leakage current sensor (23), C phase leakage current sensor (24), Temperature Humidity Sensor (25), CO2 sensor (26), air velocity transducer (27), wind transducer (28) and rain sensor (29) by a single-chip microcomputer (21) electricity in parallel;
Above-mentioned embedded system (3) then by an embedded motherboard (31) by its interface respectively electricity connect a GPRS antenna (32) and a video camera (33) is formed.
CNU2007200640272U 2007-08-03 2007-08-03 Transmission line disaster monitoring system Expired - Lifetime CN201069608Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2007200640272U CN201069608Y (en) 2007-08-03 2007-08-03 Transmission line disaster monitoring system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2007200640272U CN201069608Y (en) 2007-08-03 2007-08-03 Transmission line disaster monitoring system

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102708646A (en) * 2012-06-01 2012-10-03 湖南省电力公司科学研究院 Satellite-monitoring-based fire alarming method for mountain power transmission line
CN101672666B (en) * 2008-09-10 2013-03-20 华东电力试验研究院有限公司 Test method for icing and deicing of transmission line and test system thereof
CN103106764A (en) * 2013-01-11 2013-05-15 广西电网公司电力科学研究院 Electric transmission line corridor fire condition detection system based on satellite remote sensing
CN103456121A (en) * 2013-09-16 2013-12-18 国家电网公司 Satellite-monitored hot spot identification method based on meteorological factor
CN103376348B (en) * 2012-04-23 2016-04-27 Ls产电株式会社 Control the method for fault current in for the system of electric power monitoring system

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101672666B (en) * 2008-09-10 2013-03-20 华东电力试验研究院有限公司 Test method for icing and deicing of transmission line and test system thereof
CN103376348B (en) * 2012-04-23 2016-04-27 Ls产电株式会社 Control the method for fault current in for the system of electric power monitoring system
CN102708646A (en) * 2012-06-01 2012-10-03 湖南省电力公司科学研究院 Satellite-monitoring-based fire alarming method for mountain power transmission line
CN103106764A (en) * 2013-01-11 2013-05-15 广西电网公司电力科学研究院 Electric transmission line corridor fire condition detection system based on satellite remote sensing
CN103456121A (en) * 2013-09-16 2013-12-18 国家电网公司 Satellite-monitored hot spot identification method based on meteorological factor

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
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ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: STATE ELECTRIC NET CROP.

Effective date: 20121012

Owner name: SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF HU'NAN ELECTRIC P

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: HUNAN INSTITUTE OF POWER COMPANY EXPERIMENT

Effective date: 20121012

TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20121012

Address after: 410007 No. 79 hydroelectric power street, east pond, Hunan, Changsha

Patentee after: Science Research Institute of Hunan Electric Power Co., Ltd.

Patentee after: State Grid Corporation of China

Address before: 410007 No. 388 North Shaoshan Road, Yuhua District, Hunan, Changsha

Patentee before: Hunan Institute of Power Company Experiment

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: STATE GRID CORPORATION OF CHINA

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: INSTITUTE OF ELECTRIC POWER SCIENCES OF STATE GRID HUNAN ELECTRIC POWER COMPANY

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Effective date of registration: 20150604

Address after: 100031 Xicheng District West Chang'an Avenue, No. 86, Beijing

Patentee after: State Grid Corporation of China

Patentee after: State Grid Hunan Electric Power Company

Patentee after: State Grid Hunan Electric Power Company prevents and reduces natural disasters center

Patentee after: Electric Power Research Institute, State Grid Hunan Electric Power Company

Address before: 410007 No. 79 hydroelectric power street, east pond, Hunan, Changsha

Patentee before: Electric Power Research Institute, State Grid Hunan Electric Power Company

Patentee before: State Grid Corporation of China

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 410007 No. 79 hydroelectric power street, east pond, Hunan, Changsha

Patentee after: Electric Power Research Institute, State Grid Hunan Electric Power Company

Patentee after: State Grid Corporation of China

Address before: 410007 No. 79 hydroelectric power street, east pond, Hunan, Changsha

Patentee before: Science Research Institute of Hunan Electric Power Co., Ltd.

Patentee before: State Grid Corporation of China

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