探空气球自动放球器技术领域本实用新型涉及高空气象探测设备技术领域，具体为一种计时同步、性能稳定、操作简单的探空气球自动放球器。 BACKGROUND balloons automatically puts the ball present invention relates to a high BACKGROUND meteorological equipment, particularly as a synchronization timing, stable performance, simple operation balloons automatic teeing device. 背景技术高空气象探测是我国气象基础业务工作之一，在我国气象业务工作中起着非常重要的作用。 BACKGROUND altitude weather detection is one of the basic meteorological operations, plays a very important role in China's meteorological service work. 随着气象现代化进程和电子技术的发展，我国高空气象探测主要手段：是由气象雷达跟踪升空的探空气球，接受探空气球下面拴有一根长几十米的线绳携带的探测仪器来测量高空温度、湿度、气压、风向、风速。 With the development of electronic technology and process meteorological modernization, China's major high-altitude weather detection means: by meteorological radar tracking off of balloons, sounding balloons to accept the following have tied a long string of tens of meters to carry detection equipment altitude measuring temperature, humidity, pressure, wind direction, wind speed. 目前探空气球的释放由人工操纵，当人手松开线绳、探空气球开始释放，同时雷达、计算机开始计时并进入记录处理状态。 The current release of balloons by the artificial manipulation when staffing release cord, began to release balloons, and radar, computer start time and enter the recording process state. 上述方法在实际使用过程中存在以下缺点：1、由于探空气球的释放与计算机、雷达没有任何连接，而是由人工控制，所以经常会出现放球与计算机计时不同步的现象，不仅严重影响了探测结果的准确性，而且加大了工作人员的劳动强度，降低了工作效率；2、当遇到有风天气时，探空气球会随风飘动，容易造成仪器的着地或损坏。 The above method has the following disadvantages in actual use: 1, due to the release of balloons with the computer, radar does not have any connection, but by manual control, so it often happens that the ball and put the computer timing of sync, not only seriously affect the accuracy of the detection results, and increase the labor intensity of staff, reduced the working efficiency; 2, when faced with windy weather and balloons will be fluttering in the wind, or is likely to cause significant damage to the instrument. 总之，随着气象业务对高空气象资料准确性要求的提高，从探测手段上讲，高空业务工作的各个环节大都采用了自动处理的方法，所以也就迫切要求能实现对探空气球的自动释放。 In short, with the improvement of meteorological services for meteorological data accuracy requirements altitude, speaking from the detection means, all aspects of high-altitude operations of the most used method for automated processing, so there is an urgent requirement to achieve the automatic release of balloons . 发明内容本实用新型为了解决现有探空气球的释放为人工操纵，不仅造成探空气球释放时间与计算机、雷达的计时不同步而影响气象数据的准确性，而且探空气球会随风飘动而容易造成仪器的着地或损坏等问题，提供一种探空气球自动放球器。 The present invention in order to solve the existing release balloons is manually operated, not only resulted in the release of balloons time with the computer, radar timing of sync affect the accuracy of weather data, and balloons will be fluttering in the wind and and other equipment likely to cause significant problems or damage, provide a sounding balloons automatic tee-up device. 本实用新型是釆用如下技术方案实现的：探空气球自动放球器，包括底座以及与底座连接的旋转体，旋转体内嵌固有其上缠绕有线圈的电磁铁芯，电磁铁芯上端两側固定有定位槽，定位槽内设有弹簧，弹簧另一端与连接片固定， 连接片下方固定有铁芯吸块，连接片上方固定有磁舌；旋转体上方架设有隔板， 隔板上固定有内设滑道的锁杆导膛，锁杆导膛底部以及隔板上的相应位置幵有与磁舌互相配合的定位孔，锁杆导膛前端开有凹槽，凹槽两侧壁上开有与滑道连通的通孔，锁杆导膛内设置贯穿滑道与凹槽的锁杆，锁杆下端设有与磁舌上端相互卡接的卡槽，锁杆与锁杆导膛之间设置弹簧。 Preclude the use of the present invention is implemented in the following technical solutions: balloons automatic teeing device, comprising a base and a rotating member connected to the base, rotating element embedded intrinsic electromagnetic core coil wound thereon, the upper ends of the electromagnet core fixed-side positioning groove, a spring retaining groove, the other end of the spring is fixed to the connecting plate, connecting piece is fixed to the lower absorbent core block, above the connecting plate is fixed to the armature; upper rotating body erected a separator, the separator equipped with fixed guide runner breech lock lever, lock lever guide hole bottom portion and the corresponding position on the partition plate positioning hole Jian armature cooperating with each other, the front end of the lock lever to open the guide bore with a groove, the groove side walls the runner with a through-hole communicating with, the locking bar is provided with grooves through the inner slide lock rod guide bore, the lower end of the lock lever is provided with an upper end of the armature into contact with each other card slot, the locking bar with the lock rod guide bore set between the spring. 本实用新型所述的电磁铁芯可通过导线与现有雷达控制盒内的电阻两端连接，释放探空气球时，只需按下雷达控制盒上的放球键，放球器将探空气球自动释放，携带传感器上升并进入高空，同时雷达开始探测、接收并存储由传感器输出的信号，并且计算机同时计时。 The electromagnet core according to the present invention may be connected by wire to the terminals of the resistor conventional radar control box, releasing balloons, simply press the button on the teeing radar control box, will put the ball sounding balloon automatically released, and carries the sensor into the high rise, while the radar detection start, receive and store the signals output by the sensor, and the computer clocked simultaneously. 本实用新型首次实现了探空气球的自动释放，并且首次将探空气球释放与雷达、计算机连接起来，实现了同步计时。 The utility model the first time the automatic release of balloons, and the balloons will be released for the first time to connect with radar, computer, to achieve the synchronization timing. 在有风天气，为了避免探空气球会随风飘动而使线绳缠绕，所述的底座与旋转体通过轴承活动连接，旋转体可绕底座自由旋转，电磁铁芯下方设有与旋转体固定为一体的导电旋转柱，导电旋转柱下端伸出底座且与底座活动连接， 底座上固定有其上'设有两个碳刷的碳刷架，两个碳刷通过导线与控制电路连接; 导电旋转柱末端套有与其内部导线连接的两个导电环，碳刷与导电环接触。 In windy weather, to avoid fluttering balloons will wrap the cord, the base of the rotary body via a bearing activities, the rotating body may be free to rotate about the base, is provided below the rotating body and the fixed electromagnetic core spin column integral conductive, the electrically conductive base and projecting the lower end of the rotary column is connected to the active base, which is fixed to the 'two brushes of the brush holder provided on the base, two carbon brushes are connected by wires to the control circuit; conductive there are two sets of the rotary end of the column conductive ring, the ring carbon brush in contact with the conductive inner leads connected thereto. 刮风时，旋转体及导电旋转柱会随着探空气球的飘动方向旋转，不会造成线绳缠绕，同时导电旋转柱末端固定的导电环也随之旋转，而与底座固定的碳刷架及200720101349.X说明书第3/5页碳刷静止不动，只要保证导电环与碳刷紧密接触，就使得旋转体在旋转过程中， 其内的电磁铁芯始终与雷达控制盒内的电路导通。 When the wind blows, the rotor will spin columns and the conductive float with balloons rotation direction, it will not cause wire wound while fixing the end of the conductive rotary column conductive rings also rotate therewith, and a brush holder fixed to the base 3/5 specification No. 200720101349.X and stationary carbon brushes, as long as intimate contact with the conductive ring carbon brush, makes the rotary body during rotation, always within the electromagnetic core guide and the radar control circuit box through. 本实用新型所述的旋转体与底座之间设有固定圈，实现两者之间更好的连接。 It is provided between the retainer ring of the present invention, the rotating body and the base, to achieve a better connection therebetween. 由于该自动放球器通常放置在室外，为避免光照、下雨等外界环境因素对该设备的破坏，本实用新型所述的旋转体上方设有防护罩，锁杆两端分别伸出防护罩外，可便于操作。 Since the automatic teeing typically placed outdoors, to avoid damage to light, rain and other environmental factors to the device, the upper rotary body according to the present invention is provided with the shield, the locking bar ends protrude shield In addition, it is easy to operate. 所述的锁杆导膛外壁开有限位槽，锁杆上固定有可沿限位槽滑动的限位销， 当探空气球释放后，避免锁杆在弹簧的作用力下脱离锁杆导膛。 The lock lever guide groove finite bit bore opening of the outer wall, the lock lever may be fixed to the stopper pin slides along the limiting groove when the balloons released, the lock lever from the lock to avoid the rod guide bore under the force of the spring . 与现有技术相比，采用本实用新型所述的结构设计，实现了探空气球的自动释放，当与雷达、计算机的控制电路连接时，可实现探空气球的放球时间与雷达、计算机计时的同步，大大提高了高空探测的测量精度，同时还可以减轻操作人员的工作量，提高了工作效率；而且本实用新型采用旋转体结构，通过导电环及碳架解决了探空气球在有风天气极易随风飘动而造成缠绕的问题，该自动放球器具有结构简单、设计合理、性能稳定、计时同步等优点，可广泛应用于各高空气象探测站。 Compared with the prior art, using the construction according to the present invention, to achieve the automatic release of the balloons, when the control circuit is connected to the radar, the computer can be realized balloons discharge time balls radar, computer timing synchronization, greatly improve the measurement accuracy of the altitude detection, but also can reduce the workload of operator, improve the work efficiency; and the present invention using a rotary structure, solved by the conductive ring and the carbon skeleton of the balloons have winds problems caused by fluttering easily wound, the automatic teeing has a simple structure, reasonable design, stable performance, timing synchronization can be widely used in various high meteorological observation station. 附图说明图1为本实用新型的使用状态示意图图2为本实用新型的内部结构示意图图中：1-底座2-旋转体3-线圈4-电磁铁芯5-定位槽6-弹簧7-连接片8-铁芯吸块9-磁舌10-隔板11-滑道12-锁杆导膛13-定位孔14-凹槽15-通孔16-锁杆17-卡槽18-弹簧19-轴承20-导电旋转21-导电环22-固定圈23-防护罩24-限位槽25-限位销具体实施方式探空气球自动放球器，包括底座1以及与底座1连接的旋转体2，旋转体2 与底座1之间设有固定圈22，旋转体2内嵌固有其上缠绕有线圈3的电磁铁芯4，底座1与旋转体2通过轴承19活动连接，电磁铁芯4下方设有与旋转体2 固定为一体的导电旋转柱20，导电旋转柱20下端伸出底座1且与底座1活动连接，底座1上固定有其上设有两个碳刷的碳刷架，两个碳刷通过导线与控制电路连接；导电旋转柱20末端套有与其内部导线连接的两个导电环21，碳刷与导电环21接触；电磁铁 1 shows an internal configuration of the present invention in a schematic view of the novel use state diagram of the present utility 2: 1- base 2-3- electromagnetic core coil spring 4-6- 5- positioning slot rotator 7- 8- connecting piece armature core pull block 9- 11- 10- spacer rod guide bore locking runner 12- 13- 14- recess 15 positioning hole vias 16- 17- lock lever slot 18 spring 19 - 20 bearing conductive rotating conductive ring 21 22- 23- guard 24- fixing ring groove 25 stopper pin DETAILED limiting embodiment balloons automatic teeing comprising rotating the base body 1 and connected to the chassis 1 4, the base 1 of the rotating body 2 is connected via bearings 19 activity, electromagnetic core 2, the rotating body 22 is provided between the stationary ring 2 and the base 1, the rotating body 2 wound thereon inherent embedded coil of the electromagnet core 3 4 below the rotary column provided with the conductive rotary member 20 is integrally fixed to 2, the spin column 20 the lower end of the conductive base 1 and connected to the extended movable base 1, which is fixed on the base 1 is provided with two brushes of the brush holder, two carbon brushes are connected by wires to the control circuit; spin column conductive sleeve 20 end 21, two conductive rings in contact with the carbon brush inside thereof with the conductive wire connecting ring 21; electromagnet 4上端两侧固定有定位槽5，定位槽5内设有弹簧6，可对连接片及磁舌起到支撑、导向的作用，弹簧6另一端与连接片7固定， 连接片7下方固定有铁芯吸块8，连接片7上方固定有磁舌9;旋转体2上方架设有隔板IO，隔板10上固定有内设滑道11的锁杆导膛12，锁杆导膛12底部以及隔板10上的相应位置开有与磁舌9互相配合的定位孔13，锁杆导膛12前端开有凹槽14,凹槽14两侧壁上开有与滑道11连通的通孔15，锁杆导膛12 内设置贯穿滑道11与凹槽14的锁杆16，锁杆16下端设有与磁舌9上端相互卡接的卡槽17,锁杆16与锁杆导膛12之间设置弹簧18;旋转体2上方设有防护罩23，锁杆16两端分别伸出防护罩外；锁杆导膛12外壁开有限位槽24，锁杆16上固定有可沿限位槽24滑动的限位销25。 4 is fixed to the upper end of the positioning groove 5 on both sides, positioning channel 5 are equipped with a spring 6, may play a supporting plate and connected to the armature, the role of the guide, the other end of the spring 6 and the connection piece 7 is fixed, the connection piece 7 is fixed to the bottom withdrawing the core block 8, the upper connection piece 7 is fixed to the armature 9; upper rotary body 2 to set up the IO partition plate, is fixed to the lock 11 features a runner 12 on the spacer rod guide bore 10, locking the rod guide bore 12 at the bottom and a corresponding position on the partition plate positioning hole 10 is opened and the armature 13 9 cooperating with each other, locking the rod guide bore 12 has a recess 14 open distal end, both side walls of the recess 14 has a through hole communicating with the runner 11 15, the lock lever 12 is provided within the guide bore 11 and the through runner grooves 14 of the lock lever 16, the lower end of the lock lever 16 is provided with an upper end 9 of the armature into contact with each other card slot 17, the lock lever 16 and lock rod guide bore 12 is provided between the spring 18; the upper rotary body 2 is provided with the protective cover 23, respectively, extending outer shroud 16 ends the lock lever; lock rod guide bore 12 of the outer wall to open a limiting groove 24 is fixed along the lock lever stopper 16 the stopper pin 24 sliding groove 25. 具体实施时，（1)选择好安装该自动放球器的位置， 一般选择在观测站的下风方，避免探空气球施放后马上过顶，造成不必要的丢球等现象，如图1所示， 先在安装地点用水泥打一个小平台，小平台的高度根据需求而定，然后将放球器的底座通过蟝栓与平台固定。 When particular embodiments, (1) selecting an installation position of the automatic release of the ball is generally selected in the downwind stations, balloons avoid the cast immediately over the top of the ball and so unnecessary as a shown, to make a small platform with concrete at the installation site, according to the height of the small platform needs, and then put the ball's base fixing pin by Qu and internet. （2)释放探空气球前的准备工作：将充灌好的 (2) the preparatory work before the release of balloons: the filling good
气球悬挂于线绳的一端，将线绳的另一端打一结扣套在锁杆的末端并位于凹槽内，如图2所示，在没有通电的情况下，磁舌、连接片和铁芯吸块与电磁铁芯分离，磁舌穿过隔板、锁杆导膛的定位孔后，其上端与锁杆的卡槽卡接，弹簧处于受压状态，锁杆末端穿过凹槽的通孔，然后将导电旋转柱下端的碳刷通过导线与雷达控制盒内的电路连接。 At one end of the suspension wire balloon, the other end of the wire set in playing a knot and the end of the lock lever is located within the recess, as shown, in the absence of energization of the armature, and connecting the iron piece 2 wicking of blocks of the electromagnetic core, the armature passes through the separator, after positioning the guide bore hole lock lever, an upper end of the lock lever slot detent spring in a compressed state, through the grooves of the lock rod end the through hole, and the lower end of the spin column conductive brushes through a wire box radar control circuit. （3)探空气球的释放：按下雷达控制盒上的放球键，盒内的控制电路导通，自动放球器的电磁铁芯及线圈通电并产磁场， 铁芯吸块向下运动并与电磁铁芯吸合，既而与铁芯吸块固定的连接片及磁舌向下移动并最终使磁舌上端脱离锁杆的卡槽，锁杆在弹簧的反作用力下沿锁杆导膛内的滑道向后弹出，锁杆末端脱离凹槽侧壁的通孔，从而使线绳脱落，探空气球释放。 (3) release of balloons: Press the button on the teeing radar control box, the control box circuit is turned on, an automatic release of the ball and the electromagnet core and coil is energized producing a magnetic field, the downward movement of the block core pull and absorbent core together with the electromagnet, and subsequently withdrawing the core block fixed connection piece and the armature move downwardly and eventually the upper end of the armature from the card slot of the lock lever, lock lever lock lever along the guide bore in the reaction force spring the eject slide rearwardly, the locking bar out of the through hole end of the groove sidewalls, so that the wire off, releasing balloons. 在锁杆向后运动的过程中，由于锁杆上的限位销只能在锁杆导膛上的限位槽内移动，所以有效避免了锁杆在弹性力的作用下脱离锁杆导膛。 During rearward movement of the lock lever, since the locking lever can move the stopper pin slot on the lock lever stopper guide bore, the locking lever is effectively avoided from the lock rod guide bore under the action of the elastic force . 在放球器自动释放探空气球的同时，雷达开始探测、接收并存储由传感器输出的信号，并且计算机同时计时。 While teeing automatically releasing balloons, the radar detection start, receive and store the signals output by the sensor, and the computer clocked simultaneously. 由于旋转体与底座通过轴承连接，如遇到有风天气， 旋转体在随风旋转的过程中，同样能实现探空气球的自动释放，避免了线绳随风飘动而造成缠绕的问题。 As the rotor and the bearing base via the connection, in case of windy weather, the rotating body during rotation of the wind, the same can achieve automatic release balloons, to avoid the problems caused by the breeze cord wound. 本实用新型所述的自动放球器可以配合701系列、L波段雷达等二次测风雷达或其它型号的探空雷达使用，所述的雷达控制盒内的控制电路为现有公知技术。 According to the present invention can be used with automatic teeing device 701 series, L band and other secondary radar or other type radar wind sounding radars, the control circuit of the radar control box is well known in the prior art.