CN201023453Y - Automatic controller for adjusting indoor temperature of detachable solar energy car - Google Patents

Automatic controller for adjusting indoor temperature of detachable solar energy car Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201023453Y
CN201023453Y CNU2007200700555U CN200720070055U CN201023453Y CN 201023453 Y CN201023453 Y CN 201023453Y CN U2007200700555 U CNU2007200700555 U CN U2007200700555U CN 200720070055 U CN200720070055 U CN 200720070055U CN 201023453 Y CN201023453 Y CN 201023453Y
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automatic
temperature
car
solar
power
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CNU2007200700555U
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Chinese (zh)
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孙树人
孙超图
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孙超图;孙树人
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an automatic controller for air conditioning in a detachable solar car, which comprises a solar photoelectric plate, a sealing accumulator, a back diode, a safety fuse, a plug, a socket, a diverter switch, an automatic temperature controller, a forced starting switch, a load, a standby charging plug and a circuit comprising all the components which are connected according to an accompanying diagram1. The solar photoelectric plate and the small capacity maintenance-free sealing accumulator are the main power and the vice power, and the load can be controlled through the automatic temperature controller via the automatic mode, the digital control mode or the remote control mode. An automatic air conditioning system which has the master solar photoelectric plate and the slave small capacity maintenance-free sealing accumulator can be realized without the electric supply from the car accumulator. The utility model has two functions of cooling and heating-up, the temperature in the car can be improved automatically, and the utility model has the advantages of safety, energy-saving and environmental protection.

Description

一种分体式太阳能轿车室内温度调节的自动控制器技术领域本实用新型涉及一种新能源利用与温度自动控制装置,尤其涉及一种分体式太阳能轿车室内温度调节器。 A separate-type solar car indoor temperature controller for the automatic Field The present invention relates to a novel energy utilization and automatic temperature control device, particularly to a split solar car indoor temperature regulator. 背景技术夏季在骄阳暴晒下,汽车内的温度比车外要高的多;同样在严冬,尽管车外阳光如春,但车内依旧冰冷,温度比车外还低。 BACKGROUND summer in the sun exposure, the temperature inside the car is much higher than that outside the vehicle; also in winter, although as in spring sunshine outside the car, but the car still cold, cooler than the car. 鉴于此,人们开发出了太阳能轿车室内温度调节器;利用太阳能来改善轿车内的温度。 In view of this, we developed a solar car indoor temperature regulator; to improve the temperature inside the car using solar energy. 目前市场上已存在部分太阳能光电池用于轿车室内降温产品,但其功率小,且不可以进行升温(冬季用)。 Currently on the market there is already part of the solar photovoltaic cells for car interior cool product, but its power is small, it can be carried out without heating (winter). 在产品结构与使用材质上,还有如下缺点:(1) 太阳能光电池板与电风扇采用一体化结构,占用车窗玻璃面积大, 影响视线;无法继续增大光电板的面积,因而功率不可能增大。 In the product structure and materials used, there are the following disadvantages: (1) the solar cell panel with integrated fan configuration, occupies a large area of ​​the window glass, affect the eye; not continue to increase the area of ​​the photovoltaic panels, and thus the power can not increases. 为此准备了一个利用汽车电源的点烟器插头。 We are preparing for this for a use of the car's cigarette lighter power plug. 但是当车主下车,拔走车钥匙后,车内的点烟器插孔就立刻失去电源,供降温用的风扇只能从太阳能光电板上取得。 But when the owners get off, after pulling away the car keys, the car's cigarette lighter socket immediately lose power for the cooling fan can only be obtained from the use of solar photovoltaic panel. 故此时备用的汽车点烟器插头没有实用价值。 Therefore, at this time the spare car cigarette lighter plug no practical value. 与此同时,其备用的汽车点烟器插头无保险丝,如有故障,将烧毁汽车点烟器回路的保险丝或其他电路。 At the same time, its standby car cigarette lighter plug without fuses, if a fault, the fuse will burn car cigarette lighter or other circuit loop. 对汽车电源系统的安全,是潜在的隐患。 The safety car power system, are potential pitfalls. (2) —体化的结构一旦安装在汽车玻璃上之后,就使太阳能光电板接收太阳光的能力随停车方位而变化。 (2) - once the structure of the body is mounted on a vehicle glass, causes the solar panels to receive sunlight varies with the ability of the parking position. 在背对太阳光或有异物遮挡时,光电池 When facing away from the sun or blocked and photocell

输出功率不足以驱动电风扇。 Output power enough to drive the electric fan. (3) —体化产品的厚度大,距乘客头部近,在轿车急转弯或强烈摇晃时有碰撞乘客头部的危险。 (3) - the thickness of the body of the product is large, the occupant's head from close, there is danger of colliding head of a passenger in the car when a sharp turn or strong shaking. (4) 当辅助密封条采用的材料为工程塑料时,不易随车窗玻璃的曲线而弯曲;不同车型车窗玻璃尺寸差异很大,裁剪困难,故辅助密封条安装困难,因而使可用于的汽车型号受限。 (4) when the material is used as auxiliary sealing plastic strip, lorry difficult to bend the glazing profile; different models of great size difference window glass, cutting difficult, so that the secondary seal difficult to install, thereby making available for car model is limited. 鉴于上述,本人已申请了实用新型专利(200620162526.0),解决了上述问题。 In view of the above, I have applied for utility model patents (200620162526.0), addresses the issue. 但是,在对实用新型专利(200620162526. O)实施中,发现对分体式太阳能轿车室内温度调节器有进一步自动化、数控化和远程监测控制的需求,其如下所述:① 能根据车内温度自动开启或关闭升降温工作。 However, in utility model patent (200620162526. O) embodiment, it is found there is a demand for further automation, numerical control and remote monitoring of the split solar car indoor temperature regulator said follows: ① The temperature inside the vehicle automatically open or closed heating and cooling work. ② 能根据车主人的意愿,按设定时间与设定的温度开启与关闭升降温工作。 ② can, according to the set time working on and off heating and cooling temperature settings according to the wishes of the owners people. 希望的延长时间多少,开启后运行时间的长短,可以通过数字化编程来预先设定。 How many want to extend the time, running the length of time after opening, it can be pre-set by the digital programming. ③ 车主人可以远距离地实时监测车内温度与远距离地控制升降温工作。 ③ owners who can remotely monitor the temperature inside the vehicle in real time and remotely control heating and cooling work. 而远距离无线控制,要方便、安全可靠、防误动。 The wireless remote control, to be convenient, safe and reliable, preventing malfunction. ④ 为充分利用太阳能,增设一个小容量免维护密封蓄电池,将太阳能光电板未向负荷供电时的多余电能存储起来;太阳能光电板是小容量免维护密封蓄电池的主要充电电源。 ④ To make full use of solar energy, the addition of a small-capacity sealed maintenance-free battery, the excess power of the solar photovoltaic panel when power is not supplied to the load stored; solar panels is sealed maintenance-free small-capacity main battery charging power supply. 这个小容量免维护密封蓄电池在太阳光弱时,帮助太阳能光电板共同向负荷供电,增强调节温度效果。 The small-capacity sealed maintenance-free batteries in weak sunlight, solar panels help to common power load, to enhance the effect of temperature regulation. ⑤ 增设备用充电插头,利用汽车点烟器作为小容量免维护密封蓄电池的备用充电电源,防止小容量免维护密封蓄电池因长期阴雨天气情况下,不能及时充电而亏电时,降低蓄电能力。 ⑤ When additional spare charging plug, the cigarette lighter as small-capacity sealed maintenance-free battery backup charging power supply, to prevent the small-capacity battery due to long-term maintenance-free sealed rainy weather conditions and can not charge the electricity loss, reduced storage capability . 备用充电插头(也称为点 Backup charging plug (also known as point

烟器插头)内必须要加装保险丝。 In the cigarette lighter plug) must be installed fuse. 减少对汽车电系统安全的威胁。 Electric cars reduce the threat to system security. 发明内容针对本人的已申报受理的实用新型专利(200620162526. 0)在自动控制方面的不足,本实用新型的目的在于提供一种分体式太阳能轿车室内温度调节的自动控制器。 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION I have accepted utility model patent declared (200620162526.0) automatic control of the deficiencies, the present invention aims to provide a split solar car indoor temperature for the automatic control. 使分体式太阳能轿车室内温度的调节更加方便实用、 安全可靠、节能与人性化。 The split solar car indoor temperature regulation is more convenient and practical, safe, reliable, energy-saving and user-friendly. 实现本实用新型发明目的的技术方案如下:如附图1所示,分体式太阳能轿车室内温度调节自动控制器,包括太阳能光电板、免维护密封蓄电池、逆止二极管、聚合物自复性保险丝、插头、插座、切换开关、自动温制器、强制启动开关、负荷(一个或多个风扇及一个或多个电热元件)、备用充电插头(内设保险丝的点烟器插头)。 OBJECT OF THE INVENTION The present invention to achieve the following technical solution: As shown in the drawings, the car indoor temperature regulation split solar automatic controller 1, including solar panels, sealed maintenance-free batteries, blocking diode, since the polymer renaturation fuse, plugs, sockets, switch, automatic temperature system, a forced start switch, load (one or more fans and one or more electric heating elements), the standby charge plug (equipped with a cigarette lighter plug fuse). 所述太阳能光电板通过逆止二极管给负荷(风扇或电热元件)供电,还可以在无负荷时,给免维护密封蓄电池进行浮充电,将太阳能以电能方式储存起来。 The solar panels to the load (fan or heating element) powered by the blocking diode, also in the absence of load, a sealed maintenance-free battery for float charging, the solar energy in a manner stored. 所述小容量免维护密封蓄电池作用在于:当阳光不足时,向负荷(一个或多个风扇及一个或多个电热元件)补充供电;而无负荷时,储存太阳能光电板产生的电能。 The small-capacity battery sealed maintenance-free action in that: when sunlight is insufficient, supplemental power to the load (one or more fans and one or more heating elements); when no load, electric energy generated by solar panels is stored. 所述切换开关功能是将温度调节器设定在降温、升温、停止三种工况。 The switch function is set in the temperature regulator cooling, heating is stopped three conditions. 所述自动温控器有3种方案如下:(l)预定温度上下限的温控开关方案,在附图1中的自动温控器就是一只选择合理技术参数(温度范围、控制误差、绝缘、接点过流能力、产品外形尺寸、安装方式)的市售温控开关产品。 The automatic temperature controller has three programs are as follows: (l) The lower limit of the predetermined temperature of the temperature-dependent switch embodiment, in the automatic thermostat 1 in the drawings is a reasonable choice technical parameters (temperature range, control error, an insulating the contact flow capacity, product dimensions, mounting) of the temperature-dependent switch commercial products. 该温控开关仅仅按照预先设定的温度上下限自动启动或自动停止温度调节功能。 The lower limit of the temperature-dependent switch is turned on or just stop the automatic temperature adjustment function according to the pre-set temperature. (2) 数字化可编程定时定温自动控制方案,根据设定的上限温度(例如40°C)和设定的时间(例如4小时后)自动地给负荷供电。 (2) Digital automatic programmable timer constant temperature control scheme, according to the set upper limit temperature (e.g. 40 ° C) and set time (e.g. 4 hours) automatically powering the load. 在设定的下限温度(例如30°C)时自动停止供电。 Automatically stops the power supply when the lower limit temperature (e.g. 30 ° C) is set. 或者在预设供电时间(例如50分钟) 到达后,自动停止供电。 Or the power supply after a preset time (e.g. 50 minutes) arrives, the power supply is automatically stopped. 也可以人为地将定时开关复位,停止给负荷供电。 May be artificially reset timer switch, to stop power supply to the load. (3) 基于GSM短信息实时温度监控方案,按照车主人的意愿,在远距离处(以收发短信息方式),实时监测车内温度并远距离实施对负荷的供电控制,实现对轿车内温度的调节。 (3) based on the GSM short message in real-time temperature monitoring scheme, in accordance with the wishes of the owner of a car, at a long distance (to send and receive SMS mode), and the remote real-time monitoring the interior temperature of the load power supply control embodiment, the inner of the car to achieve adjusting the temperature. (4) 号方案比(2)号方案更加灵活、方便,更加人性化;但成本高于(2)号方案。 (4) is more flexible than the program No. No. (2) scheme, convenient, more user-friendly; but the cost is higher than that (2) the program number. (l)号方案最简单,虽缺少人性化,但成本最低。 (L) program No. easiest, although a lack of humanity, but the lowest cost. 因而本实用新型专利提供3种方案,可制作成三种系列产品,供不同的用户选择。 Accordingly the present invention provides three kinds of programs patent, can be made into three series, for different user selection. 所述强制启动开关用于在不需升降温调节情况下,而又需排除车内烟雾而设置,另外它可以测试装置工作是否正常。 The forced start switch is used to adjust heating and cooling in case of need, but should be excluded provided the car smoke, it can test whether the device further work. 所述负荷(一个或多个风扇及一个或多个电热元件)当给负荷供电后, 就可以起到降温与升温作用。 Said load (one or more fans and one or more heating elements) when the power supply to the load, can play a role cooling and warming. 所述备用充电插头(内设保险丝的点烟器插头)是在长期阴雨天气情况下,太阳能光电板无法给小容量免维护密封蓄电池进行充电。 The spare charging plug (equipped with a cigarette lighter plug fuse) in prolonged rainy weather, solar panels can not be sealed to the small-capacity maintenance-free battery is charged. 为防止蓄电池长期亏电而使蓄电能力下降;在行车中,将备用充电插头(内设保险丝的点烟器插头)插入汽车点烟器中,利用汽车发电机电源系统对小容量免维护密封蓄电池进行充电。 Decreased long-term battery power loss is to prevent the storage capacity; in the road, the backup charge plug (equipped with a cigarette lighter plug fuse) into the car cigarette lighter, power generator system using a small car capacity maintenance seal charge the battery. 内设保险丝能确保汽车发电机电源系统的安全。 Equipped with fuses ensure the safety of automobile generator power system. 本实用新型的效果如下:本实用新专利所采用技术手段均经过实验与试运行,均能达到自动化,数控化,或远程监测与控制轿车内温度的目的。 Effects of the present invention is as follows: The utility patent new techniques are employed after the experiment and the test run, can achieve automation, NC, or object within the remote monitoring and control of the temperature of the car. 因为除自动温控器其中的(2) (3)方案技术复杂外,其余均为常规与常见,只不过在本实用新型专利中,运用集成创新理念,对电路单元经过优化配合与电路优化连接,构成附图l所示的整体自动控制方案。 Because in addition to the automatic thermostat wherein (2) (3) Program technical complexity, the rest are conventional and common, but in the present patent disclosure, integrated use of innovative ideas, optimized circuit unit connected with the circuit optimization , constitute the overall automatic control scheme shown in FIG. l. 而整体方案中的自动温控器中的方案(2) (可编程定时定温控制自动运行方案)可以利用市场上已有产品来集成。 While the overall scheme of an automatic thermostat in Scheme (2) (constant temperature programmable timer controls the automatic operation of the program) can be used to integrate existing products on the market. 而整体方案中的自动温控器中的方案(3)(基于GSM短信息实时温度监控方案), 经过设计、选购、制作、组装、实验。 While the overall scheme in Scheme automatic thermostat (3) (based on the GSM short message in real-time temperature monitoring scheme), by design, purchase, manufacturing and assembling, the experiment. 完全达到实时监控的技术要求。 Fully meet the technical requirements of real-time monitoring. 附图说明图1分体式太阳能轿车室内温度调节的自动控制器原理图图2自动温控器方案(2)数字化可编程定时定温自动温控器原理图图3自动温控器方案(3)基于GSM短信息实时温度监控原理示意图图4基于GSM短信息实时温度监控终端框图图中标号说明l一太阳能光电板4一保险丝7—切换开关10—负荷2—密封蓄电池5_插头8—自动温控器11—备用充电插头13—可编程时间继电器14一直流固态继电器15— 嵌入式基于GSM短信息监控模块16— 固态继电器17—温度变送器3—逆止二极管6—插座9一强制启动开关12—温控开关18—感温元件具体实施方式下面结合附图进一步说明本实用新型是如何实现的: 实施例1如图1所示,分体式太阳能轿车室内温度调节的自动控制器,主要包括太阳能光电板1、密封蓄电池2 、逆止二极管3、保险丝4、切换开关7、自动温控器8、强制启动开关9、负荷1 BRIEF DESCRIPTION automatic temperature controller 2 of Figure 1 split solar car indoor temperature for the automatic control schematic in Figure (2) Digital automatic programmable thermostat 3 regularly scheduled programs automatic temperature thermostat schematic diagram (3) based on GSM short message in real-time temperature monitoring schematic FIG. 4 based on the GSM short message in real-time temperature monitoring block diagram of a terminal, reference numeral l-described solar panels 4 a switch fuse 7- 10- 2- sealed battery load 5_ automatic temperature control plug 8- is 11- 13- spare charging plug flow programmable time relay 14 has embedded a solid state relay 15 forcibly starts the monitoring module based on GSM short message solid state relay 16- 17- 6- temperature transmitter 3- blocking diode switch socket 9 12- thermostat switch 18 in conjunction with the temperature sensing element embodiment DETAILED DESCRIPTION the following drawings further illustrate the present invention is how to achieve: Example 1 FIG embodiment, split solar car indoor temperature for the automatic control shown in FIG. 1, including solar panels 1, 2 sealed batteries, blocking diode 3, a fuse 4, a switch 7, the automatic thermostat 8, the forced start switch 9, a load 0(—个或多个风扇及一个或多个电热元件)、备用充电插头ll,所述太阳能光电板1经逆止二极管3与密封蓄电池2并联,经带有插头5的弹簧导线与插座6连接,为负荷IO提供电能,无负荷时向小容量免维护密封蓄电池2充电。 0 (- one or more fans and one or more electric heating elements), the standby charge plug ll, the solar panels 12 via blocking diode in parallel with the battery 3 and the sealing, the spring wire 5 with the plug and receptacle 6 connection, the IO supply power to a load, sealing the battery 2 to charge the small-capacity maintenance no load. 所述逆止二极管3为保证太阳能光电板的安全,也减少小容量免维护密封蓄电池2的自放电。 The blocking diode 3 to ensure the safety of the solar panels, but also to reduce the small-capacity battery sealed maintenance-free self-discharge 2. 所述聚合物自复性保险丝4为装置提供安全保障。 The polymer resettable fuse 4 of the apparatus to provide security. 当故障电流超过聚合物自复性保险丝4的启动电流后,立即断开电池电源,当故障排除后, 自动恢复导通。 When the fault current exceeds renaturation polymer from the starting current fuse 4, immediately disconnect the battery power, when troubleshooting, automatic recovery is turned on. 无更换保险丝之劳。 No replacement fuse of labor. 所述自动温控器8(有三种控制方案),在满足需要温度调节的条件时, 自动温控器8导通;太阳能光电板1与小容量免维护密封蓄电池2通过自动温控器8向负荷供电,起到自动温控作用。 The automatic temperature controller 8 (there are three control scheme), when the temperature adjustment required conditions are met, the automatic thermostat 8 is turned on; solar photovoltaic panel 1 and the small-capacity battery sealed maintenance-free by an automatic temperature controller 2 to 8 load power, play the role of automatic temperature control. 所述切换开关7,当它置于降温档时,如果自动温控器8达到启动条件(设定温度与预定的时间),12V电源加到三只风扇上。 The switch 7, when it is placed on the cooling speed, if the thermostat 8 reaches the automatic start condition (a predetermined set temperature and time), power is applied to three 12V fan. 风扇高速转动, 将车内热气抽出车窗外部。 High-speed rotation of the fan, the car exterior heat extraction window. 当车内温度降低到设定下限时,自动温控器8 切断12V电源,风扇停转。 When the interior temperature is lowered to the lower limit set to automatically cut off the thermostat 8 12V power supply, the fan stops. 切换开关7置于0档时,切断电源12V(+极),负荷10断电。 When the switch 7 is set to zero speed, power off 12V (+ electrode), a load 10 is cut off. 切换开关7置于升温档时,电热元件与一只风扇通电工作,提高车内温度。 Heating switching switch gear 7 is placed, a heating element and the fan power work, improve the temperature inside the vehicle.

所述强制启动开关9手动闭合时,三只风扇转动;强制启动开关9手动断开时,三只风扇停转。 When the forced start switch 9 is closed manually, three fan rotates; 9 forced start switch is manually turned off, three fan stops. 强制启动开关9用于排出烟雾时用。 Forced start switch 9 for use when the exhale smoke. 并且还具有测试功能。 And also has a test function. 所述备用充电插头ll(内部有保险丝),主要用于长期阴雨天气,太阳能光电板1无法给小容量免维护密封蓄电池2充电;而长期亏电将有损小容量免维护密封蓄电池2的蓄电能力,縮短寿命。 The spare charging plug LL (internal fuse), is mainly used for long-term rainy weather, solar photovoltaic panel 1 can not be sealed to the small-capacity maintenance-free rechargeable battery 2; and long-term loss of electricity would be detrimental to the small-capacity sealed maintenance-free storage battery 2 electric capacity and shortened life expectancy. 将备用充电插头11插入汽车点烟器插孔中;行车中就可以给小容量免维护密封蓄电池2充电, 如同汽车发电机给汽车电瓶充电一样。 The spare charging plug 11 is inserted into the car cigarette lighter socket; traffic in a small capacity can be sealed maintenance-free rechargeable battery 2, as automobile generator to charge a car same. 为保证汽车电源系统安全,内置保险丝。 To ensure the car power system security, built-in fuse. 实施例2:自动温控器方案(2)可编程定时定温自动温控器方案。 Example 2: Automatic temperature control schemes (2) programmable timer set temperature automatic temperature control schemes. 如图2所示:可编程定时定温自动温控器是由温控开关12(常开接点) 与可编程定时继电器13和固态继电器14组合而成的可编程定时开关的常开接点串联而成。 2: programmable timer automatic thermostat set temperature is normally open contact of the thermostat switch 12 (normally open contact) and programmable timer programmable timer relay switch 13 and solid state relay 14 are combined in series . 当温度与时间均达到启动值时,两串联的接点接通温度控制电路;如实施例1中所述,使三只风扇转动。 When the temperature reached the start time value, the two series junction temperature control circuit is turned on; as described in Example 1, so that three fan rotation. 当车内温度降低到下限值时,温控开关12自动断风扇电路。 When the interior temperature is lowered to the lower limit value, the thermostat 12 automatically switches off the fan circuit. 当预定的温度调节运转时间已到, 定时开关自动断开风扇电路。 When the predetermined temperature has been adjusted to the operation time, the timing circuit switches the fan automatically disconnect. 当车主人想提前停止运行时,将定时开关复位即可。 When the owners who would like to advance to stop running, you can reset the timer switch. 本方案中用到的温控开关,可采用市售的KSD系列产品。 Temperature control switches used in the present embodiment, may be used commercially available products KSD. 其工作原理为双金属片随温度变化而弯曲,达到设定温度上限时接点导通;当温度下降时双金属片反方向弯曲,达到设定下限时,接点断开。 The working principle of the bimetal to bend with temperature changes, set temperature reaches the upper limit of conductive contacts; when the temperature decreases bimetal bending in the opposite direction, reaches the lower limit setting contacts open. 本方案中用到的可编程定时开关采用市售的数控时间继电器启动直流固态继电器,两者组合而成可编程定时开关;也可以选用合适的市售可编程定时开关。 Programmable timer switch used in the present embodiment using a commercially available CNC start time relay solid state relay, a combination of both programmable timer switch; can also choose suitable commercially available programmable time switch. 预先设定调温器启动的时间(如设定4小时30分后),在加计时方式下,数控时间继电器开始加计时;当延时4小时30分后,数控时间继电器13的常开接点闭合。 Thermostat start time set in advance (e.g., 4 hours and 30 minutes after setting), in addition a timed manner, plus NC relay starts counting; if the delay of 4 hours and 30 minutes, 13 NC relay normally open contact closure. 此接点驱动直流固态继电器14使固态继电器14的两输出端点导通。 The contact solid state relay driver 14 so that the output of two solid state relay 14 is turned on endpoints. 此输出端点与温控开关12的接点串联(如图2所示),使设定时间和设定温度成为"逻辑与"从而实现了定时定温地控制功能。 This output terminal in series with the thermostat switch contacts 12 (FIG. 2), the setting time and the set temperature a "logic" in order to achieve the constant temperature control of the timing function. 在减计时方式下,数控时间继电器做减计时,当时间减到O时,数控时间继电器的常开接点闭合。 Under reduced timed manner, decrements the NC relay timer, when the time is reduced to O, NC relay normally open contact closure. 可编程的数控时间继电器还可以设定此接点在闭合一设定时间后自动断开。 Programmable time relay may also be set to NC contact will disconnect automatically closed after a predetermined time. 从而控制调温器的运行时间,防止能源的浪费。 Thereby controlling the running time of the thermostat, to prevent waste of energy. 加计时与减计时可以在面板上选择。 Add and subtract timing timer may be selected on the panel. 预定时间长短在面板上相关按钮设定。 A predetermined length of time to set the buttons on the panel. 设定好以后,按start后开始自动计时。 After setting, press start to start the automatic timing. 实施例3如图3所示:监控方案中的核心是一部类似手机的嵌入式GSM短信息监控模块15。 Example 3 Figure 3: The core monitoring program is similar to a GSM cell phone short message embedded monitoring module 15. 此模块有以下功能:(1) 定时测量温度,定时将测量的温度以短信息方式发给车主人手机上。 This module has the following functions: (1) the timing of temperature measurement, the temperature measurement timing short message sent to the owner of a car phone manner. 定时长短可由车主人以手机短信方式告知GSM短信息监控模块。 Timing may be the length of the owners informed GSM mobile phone short message monitoring module SMS. 为防止误动作,通过软件编程使GSM短信息监控模块仅仅认识与接收车主人发来的手机短信,而这条手机短信息是预定的密码方式预先在车主人的手机内编写好并存储在手机的"常用短语"中。 To prevent malfunction, software programming the GSM short message monitoring module only recognize and receiving owners who sent the SMS, but this mobile phone short message is predetermined encryption system pre-written good in the owner of a car phone and stored in the phone the "common phrase" in. 密码不对,GSM短信息监控模块也不接收与认可(这简称为双认证)。 Password wrong, GSM short message monitoring module does not receive the recognition (this referred to as dual certification). 车主人一次编好这一条短语,存储在"常用短语"中,以后调用即可。 Owners who once prepared well this one phrase, stored in the "common phrases" in the future can be invoked. (2) 随时召测温度:车主人用手机发一条加密码的召测短信给GSM短信息监控模块;此模块在双认证(验证是车主人的手机号且密码正确)后,立即通过温度变送器17和感温元件18对车内温度进行数据采集,并以短信方式 (2) at any time to call the measured temperature: the owners of human hair a plus Zhao measured SMS password using a mobile phone to a GSM short message monitoring module; after this module bis authentication (verification is owner of a car phone number and the password is correct), immediately becomes the temperature feeder 17 and the temperature sensing element 18, the temperature inside the vehicle data collection, and a text message

报告车主人车内温度。 Owners who report the temperature inside the car. (3)通过发短信控制温度调节器:车主人用手机发一条加密码的开关量输出接点闭合的短信给GSM短信息监控模块;此模块在双认证(验证是车主人的手机号且密码正确)后,立即使输出接点DO闭合,进而使固态继电器16 输出端点接通,使温度调节器运行。 (3) controlling the temperature regulator by texting: owner human hair an encryption code using a mobile phone switching output contact closure message to the GSM short message monitoring module; this module bis authentication (verification is owner of a car phone number and the password is correct after), immediately DO output contact closure, thereby enabling the output terminal solid state relay 16 is turned on, the temperature regulator operation. 与此同时返回一条短信给车主人,报告执行情况。 At the same time a message is returned to the owners who report on the implementation. 当然,车主人也可以发一条开关量输出接点断开的短信,GSM 短信息监控模块就执行相反的操作,使温度调节器停止运行。 Of course, the owner who can also send a disconnect switch output contacts SMS, GSM short message to the monitoring module performs the reverse operation, the temperature controller stopped. 图3中的温度变送器17为GSM短信息监控模块的模拟量输入口提供0〜5V的温度量信号。 Analog temperature transmitter in FIG. 317 is a GSM short message monitoring module providing a temperature input signal 0~5V amount of. 感温元件18可以是热电阻,如Cu50、 PtlOO等图3中的固态继电器16是为扩大GSM短信息监控模块的开关量输出接点的容量,以适应大功率电路的需求。 Temperature sensing element 18 may be a heat resistance, such as solid state relays 3 Cu50, PtlOO other output 16 is to expand the capacity of the switch contacts GSM short message monitoring module, to meet the needs of the power circuits. 实施例4图4中的CPU选用低功耗8位单片机AT89C4051具有如下主要特性:(1) 内部带4KB可编程闪速存储器;(2) 寿命为1000次擦/写循环;(3) 数据保留时间为10年;(4) 工作电压范围为2.7—6V;(5) 全静态工作频率为0—24MHz;(6) 两级程序存储器锁定;(7) 128*8位;内部RAM;(8) 15条可编程I/0总线;(9) 2个16位定时/计数器;(10) 5个两级中断源;(11) 可编程全双工串行UART通道;(12) 直接对LED驱动输出;(13) 片内精确的模拟比较器;(14) 低功耗的休眠和掉电模式。 CPU Example 4 FIG. 4 selected low-power 8-bit microcontroller AT89C4051 has the following main characteristics: (1) 4KB with internal programmable flash memory; (2) 1000 life of erase / write cycles; (3) Data Retention of 10 years; (4) operating voltage range of 2.7-6V; (5) all static operating frequency 0-24MHz; (6) two locking program memory; (7) 128 * 8; internal RAM; (8 ) 15 programmable I / 0 bus; (9) 2 16-bit timer / counter; (10) 5 two interrupt sources; (11) full-duplex serial UART channel programmable; (12) directly on the LED driver output; (13) sheet precision analog comparator; (14) and a low-power sleep mode, power-down.

图4中的A/D专为采集车内的温度等模拟量用的,选用ADS7822 ,这是TI公司推出的一种低功耗芯片,12位,单通道,串行接口,最大采样频率75K;功耗为:〔电压二3V 电流=0.02Ma〕。 FIG 4 A / D designed for the acquisition of analog temperature used in vehicle, the choice ADS7822, TI introduced which is a low power chip, 12-bit, single-channel, serial interface, the maximum sampling frequency 75K ; power dissipation is: [3V voltage across current = 0.02Ma]. 图4中的GSM无线数传芯片组是利用短信息SMS(Short Message Service)实现数据传送的核心器件。 FIG 4 GSM wireless data transmission device is the core chip set data transmission using a short message SMS (Short Message Service). 对GSM无线数传芯片组的要求是能够发送短信即可,固采用市场上易购、价低的Siemens公司的TC35i图4中的实时时钟对短时间计时可采用单片机CPU完成,但如果要记录长时间,采用单片机CPU会使整个系统效率降低,而且一旦单片机复位必须重新设定时间,这就很麻烦。 GSM wireless data transmission requirements of the chipset to be able to send text messages, using solid easily available on the market, real-time clock 4 is the lowest of the Siemens Corporation of FIG TC35i short clocking microcontroller CPU can be completed, but if you want to record for a long time, the use of single-chip CPU will reduce the efficiency of the entire system, and once reset the microcontroller must reset the time, which is very troublesome. 本系统采用DALLAS公司专用计时芯片DS1302,可实时输出秒、分、时、日、月和年,可最多记100年,采用正常供电源和电池供电热备,保证计时永不中断,以串行方式与CPU 通讯,向CPU提供实时时间。 The system uses a dedicated timing chip DALLAS, the DS1302 can be output in real time second, minute, hour, day, month and year, may be up to 100 years in mind, using the normal power supply source and hot backup battery, to ensure never interrupt timer, a serial way communication with the CPU, providing real-time to the CPU. 图4中的RS-232标准串行通信口用于与计算机串口连接,主要用于对监控模块进行参数设置和状态监视,正常工作时不用。 RS-232 standard serial communication port in FIG. 4 for serial connection with the computer, mainly used for monitoring module for parameter setting and status monitoring, not during normal operation. 图4中的EEPR0M存储器EEPROM主要用来存储系统参数和采集的数据。 FIG 4 EEPR0M EEPROM memory is mainly used to store system parameters and data acquisition. AT24C256是ATMEL公司发布的低电压串行通讯EEPROM芯片,操作电压可选择5. 0 V(VCC = 4. 5V to 5. 5V)或2. 7V (VCC = 2. 7V to 5. 5V)或2. 5V (VCC = 2. 5V to 5. 5V) 或1.8V (VCC = 1.8V to 3.6V)四种等级,可擦写寿命100, 000次,数据至少可保存40年,以页的方式存储,采用串行的方式与CPU进行动态数据交换。 AT24C256 ATMEL Corporation released a low voltage EEPROM chip serial communication, operating voltage select 5. 0 V (VCC = 4. 5V to 5. 5V) or 2. 7V (VCC = 2. 7V to 5. 5V) or 2 . 5V (VCC = 2. 5V to 5. 5V) or 1.8V (VCC = 1.8V to 3.6V) level of four kinds, can Endurance 100, 000, data stored for at least 40 years, so as to store the page , in a serial manner using dynamic data exchange with the CPU.

Claims (4)

1、一种分体式太阳能轿车室内温度调节的自动控制器,包括太阳能光电板、密封蓄电池、逆止二极管、保险丝、插头、插座、切换开关、自动温控器、强制启动开关、负荷、备用充电插头,其特征在于:以太阳能电池板给负荷供电同时还对密封蓄电池浮充电,将多余电能存储备用;太阳光线弱时,密封蓄电池向负荷供电,补偿太阳能电池板供电能力不足;因而自动化温度调节系统不需要由汽车蓄电池供电。 1, a separate-type solar car indoor temperature for the automatic control, including solar panels, sealed batteries, blocking diode, fuse, plugs, sockets, switch, automatic temperature control, a forced start switch, load, backup charge plug, wherein: the solar panel to power loads while also sealing the battery float charge, the excess energy is stored for later use; when the sunlight is weak, sealing the battery to the load power, compensate for the lack of solar panels power supply capability; therefore automatic temperature control the system does not need to be powered by a car battery.
2、 根据权利要求1所述的分体式太阳能轿车室内温度调节的自动控制器,其特征在于:自动温控器可以分别采用如下自动控制技术方案:(1) 预定温度上限、下限的温控开关方案;(2) 数字化可编程定时定温自动控制方案;(3) 基于GSM短信息实时温度监控方案。 2, according to a split solar car indoor temperature controller for the automatic according to claim, wherein: the automatic thermostat may each automatic control technology scheme is as follows: temperature-dependent switch (1) a predetermined upper temperature limit, the lower limit program; (2) programmable digital timer automatic constant temperature control scheme; (3) GSM short message in real-time temperature monitoring scheme.
3、 根据权利要求1所述的一种分体式太阳能轿车室内温度调节的自动控制器,其特征在于:以太阳能光电池板为主电源,以密封蓄电池为辅助电源,两者通过逆止二极管与保险丝之后并联;而密封蓄电池向负荷供电是经过保险丝。 3, a separate-type according to a solar car indoor temperature controller for the automatic according to claim, wherein: the solar cell panel main power, auxiliary power to seal the battery, both through blocking diode and a fuse after parallel; sealed storage battery to the load is powered through the fuse.
4、 根据权利要求1所述的一种分体式太阳能轿车室内温度调节的自动控制器,其特征在于:备用充电插头,利用车辆行进中的汽车发电机为电源,通过汽车点烟器插孔给密封蓄电池进行充电。 4, according to claim 1. A split solar car indoor temperature for the automatic control, characterized in that: the spare charging plug, with the vehicle traveling in the car for the power generator, through the car cigarette lighter socket to sealing charge the battery.
CNU2007200700555U 2007-05-22 2007-05-22 Automatic controller for adjusting indoor temperature of detachable solar energy car CN201023453Y (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101890917A (en) * 2009-05-21 2010-11-24 通用汽车环球科技运作公司 System and method for heating and cooling a vehicle
CN101893296A (en) * 2009-05-22 2010-11-24 富士电机系统株式会社 Accurate temperature adjusting system and control device thereof
CN103042899A (en) * 2012-12-18 2013-04-17 河海大学常州校区 Remote-controlled interior refrigerating system
CN104723839A (en) * 2015-04-08 2015-06-24 南通理工学院 Automatic control cooling device inside car
CN107332050A (en) * 2017-06-29 2017-11-07 昆山特酷信息科技有限公司 A kind of computer with anti-lost cigar lighter

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101890917A (en) * 2009-05-21 2010-11-24 通用汽车环球科技运作公司 System and method for heating and cooling a vehicle
CN101893296A (en) * 2009-05-22 2010-11-24 富士电机系统株式会社 Accurate temperature adjusting system and control device thereof
CN101893296B (en) * 2009-05-22 2013-07-03 富士电机株式会社 Accurate temperature adjusting system and control device thereof
CN103042899A (en) * 2012-12-18 2013-04-17 河海大学常州校区 Remote-controlled interior refrigerating system
CN104723839A (en) * 2015-04-08 2015-06-24 南通理工学院 Automatic control cooling device inside car
CN107332050A (en) * 2017-06-29 2017-11-07 昆山特酷信息科技有限公司 A kind of computer with anti-lost cigar lighter

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