CN201012910Y - Adjustable water purification ecological floating bed - Google Patents

Adjustable water purification ecological floating bed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201012910Y
CN201012910Y CNU2007200479223U CN200720047922U CN201012910Y CN 201012910 Y CN201012910 Y CN 201012910Y CN U2007200479223 U CNU2007200479223 U CN U2007200479223U CN 200720047922 U CN200720047922 U CN 200720047922U CN 201012910 Y CN201012910 Y CN 201012910Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
floating bed
water
purification
floating
buoyancy aid
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Application number
CNU2007200479223U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谢丹平
江栋
李开明
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国家环境保护总局华南环境科学研究所
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Priority to CNU2007200479223U priority Critical patent/CN201012910Y/en
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Publication of CN201012910Y publication Critical patent/CN201012910Y/en

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Abstract

An adjustable ecological floating bed for water quality purification is a water quality purification device of environmental protection property, which comprises a floating body (1), a biological filter media (2), a filler frame (7) and an aquatic plant (8). The floating body (1) comprises a fixed bamboo cane (8) in series connection. A filter layer formed by the biological filter media (2) is stitched between the floating body (1) and the filler frame (7). Thickness of the filter layer is adjusted by a fastening bolt (3) connecting the bamboo bed (1) with the filler frame (7), a nut (4) and a gasket (5). In holes (9), which vertically break though the bamboo bar (6) of the floating body (1), the aquatic plant (8) comprising fortuneless margarita, green feather and votive grass with fast growth and strong durability against pollution are planted. The utility model is applicable in water purification of rivers with different pollution, depth and water flow condition as well as water purification of scenery water body. The utility model possesses characteristics of wide application, great amount of biomasses, good effects of purification, no secondary pollution, simple and delight structure.

Description

Adjustable purification of water quality is biological floating bed
Technical field
The utility model belongs to a kind of environmental protection purification of water quality facility, is applicable to the purification of water quality and the ecological recovery of river and landscape lake.
Background technology
What occur the earliest is biological floating bed often just by certain fixed form planting aquatic plants on the water, utilize the absorption and the plant-microorganism cogeneration system of root system of plant to purify water, but limited because of the biomass of floating bed plant and microorganism, cause the effects of purification quality of the type floating bed limited.For improving the biomass and the decontamination effect improving of floating bed, progressively to have developed in lower floor the fixedly floating bed of 3 D elastic filler layer has been set, the formation of carrier biofilm can improve the microbes biomass of floating bed.In addition, numerous investigators are also constantly attempting the floating bed plant kind that the screening growth is fast, biomass is big, durability against pollution is strong and attractive in appearance, to improve the waterplant biomass and the effects of purification quality of unit surface floating bed.
The floating bed of having used at present, because the fixed thickness of packing layer and can not flexible, when floating bed is applied to the water body of different pollution levels, the depth of water and flow condition, can not reach the required scope of different pollution load water bodys of handling by the biomass size that the thickness of regulating the floating bed packing layer is controlled the floating bed microorganism, can not finally can influence the effects of purification quality and the normal operation of floating bed by regulating draft that floating bed packing layer thickness changes floating bed to be adapted to different depth conditions and to reduce current to the surging force that floating bed produces.
The selection of the waterplant of floating bed is the key factor that influences the floating bed effects of purification quality.At present, according to the applicable cases of reality, plantable waterplant kind is a lot of on the floating bed, but growth is fast, biomass is big, evergreen, the anti-pollution ability is strong, waterplant that be suitable for the southern climates condition is of less types.Through a large amount of applied researcies, the utility model filters out a kind of waterplant combination of suitable floating bed plantation.
In addition, floating bed on the market adopts polymer chemistry synthetic materials (as cystose, plastic plate), timber as swimming carrier and plant growing carrier more, growth along with duration of service, aging and the damage rupture of foam material can produce secondary pollution to water body, also influence the appreciation effect of floating bed, then cost is too high to use timber, and can floating bed be sunk because of bearing capacity descends after permanent the use.
Summary of the invention
The utility model is at existing in prior technology the problems referred to above, provide a kind of adjustable purification of water quality biological floating bed, this floating bed not only can manual shift biologic packing material layer thickness, enlarge its range of application, and with material environmental protection non-secondary pollution, simple and beautiful structure, effects of purification quality is good.
The technical scheme that its technical problem that solves the utility model adopts is: adjustable purification of water quality is biological floating bed mainly to be made up of buoyancy aid 1, biologic packing material 2, stuffing frame 7 and waterplant 8 etc.
Buoyancy aid 1 is to utilize holding bolt 3, nut 4, pad 5 that bamboo pole 6 series connection are fixed and made, on the bamboo pole 6 of buoyancy aid 1, clocklike be provided with and penetrate perforate 9, assurance buoyancy aid 1 can be bubbled through the water column, can be used as swim carrier and plant growing carrier, materials used is natural product, be not easy to rot and damage environmental protection, non-secondary pollution, and simple and beautiful structure.
Be connected by holding bolt 3, nut 4 and pad 5 between buoyancy aid 1 and the stuffing frame 7 that sinks under the water, and vertical stitch fixed biologically filler 2 between buoyancy aid 1 and stuffing frame 7, form packing layer, the thickness of packing layer can be regulated with holding bolt 3, nut 4 and the pad 5 of stuffing frame 7 by connecting buoyancy aid 1.Biologic packing material 2 can be elastic filler or soft-filler.
Waterplant 8 such as collocation plantation water money, green feather, Caulis Miscanthis floriduli in the perforate 9 of buoyancy aid 1, characteristics such as utilize that the growth of this several plant is fast, growth cycle length, well developed root system, durability against pollution are strong, can effectively improve biological floating bed waterplant biomass, strengthen absorption and the removal effect of floating bed water body nitrogen, phosphor contaminant.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are can make floating bed be applied to the water body of different pollution levels, the depth of water and impulsive force condition by effective adjusting floating bed packing layer thickness; Selected waterplant breed combination can improve the biomass of floating bed plant, strengthens its effects of purification quality; With the bamboo bed buoyancy aid formed by bamboo pole as swimming and planting solid support material, non-secondary pollution, simple and beautiful structure.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the biological floating bed float structure figure of adjustable purification of water quality.
Fig. 2 is the biological floating bed structural representation of adjustable purification of water quality.
In Fig. 1~2,1. buoyancy aid, 2. biologic packing material, 3. holding bolt, 4. nut, 5. pad, 6. bamboo pole, 7. stuffing frame, 8. waterplant, 9. perforate
Embodiment
Describe the utility model examples of implementation in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
In the embodiment shown in fig. 1, utilize holding bolt 3 that the bamboo pole 6 of diameter 10cm is connected into buoyancy aid 1 side by side, two ends at holding bolt 3 are fixed and are clamped with nut 4 and pad 5, prevent that buoyancy aid 1 from scattering, bamboo pole 6 with buoyancy aid 1, vertically evenly penetrate perforate every one, bore size is 5cm * 10cm, and the perforate spacing is 15~20cm.Under the water body buoyancy, buoyancy aid 1 is bubbled through the water column, and can be used as the swim carrier and the plant growing carrier of whole floating bed.The natural bamboo pole of buoyancy aid 1 main employing is a material, and is not perishable, and non-secondary pollution is simple in structure, attractive in appearance.
In the embodiment shown in Figure 2, adjustable purification of water quality biological floating bed with buoyancy aid 1 as the carrier of swimming, planting aquatic plants 8 in bamboo pole 6 perforates 9 of buoyancy aid 1, the bar of waterplant 8, leaf rely on bamboo pole 6 to support upwards growth, root system is directly grown in the water, waterplant 8 kinds are plants such as the water money of characteristics such as growth is fast through using having that screening determines, well developed root system and soil removability are strong, green feather, Caulis Miscanthis floriduli, combined grow by these plants, in the sorption of root system of plant, can effectively improve the effects of purification quality of floating bed; Under four angles of buoyancy aid 1, penetrate holding bolt 3 is installed, fixing with nut 4 and pad 5, and penetrate the fixing stuffing frame 7 that builds with the thin bamboo of diameter 1~3cm at the end of holding bolt 3, fixing with nut 4 and pad 5, biologic packing material 2 (biologic packing material can be selected soft-filler or elastic filler) two ends stitch is fixed between buoyancy aid 1 and the stuffing frame 7, form packing layer, packing layer thickness can be by regulating the holding bolt 3 that connects buoyancy aid 1 and stuffing frame 7, nut 4 and pad 5 and adjusted, can be during use according to the biomass needs, depth condition and water impact intensity are regulated the packing layer thickness of control floating bed, make floating bed can be applicable to different pollution levels, the water body of the depth of water and flow condition, the utility model control packing layer thickness is at 50~100cm.

Claims (3)

1. adjustable purification of water quality is biological floating bed, form by buoyancy aid (1), biologic packing material (2), stuffing frame (7) and waterplant (8) etc., it is characterized in that the formed packing layer of stitch fixed biologically filler (2) between buoyancy aid (1) and stuffing frame (7), its thickness can be regulated with holding bolt (3), nut (4) and the pad (5) of stuffing frame (7) by connecting bamboo bed (1).
2. adjustable purification of water quality according to claim 1 is biological floating bed, it is characterized in that described buoyancy aid (1) is fixedly formed bamboo pole (6) series connection by holding bolt (3), nut (4), pad (5), penetrates perforate (9) on the bamboo pole (6).
3. adjustable purification of water quality according to claim 1 is biological floating bed, it is characterized in that middle kind of perforate (9) of described buoyancy aid (1) is implanted with waterplant, and waterplant is the combination of water money, green feather and Caulis Miscanthis floriduli.
CNU2007200479223U 2007-01-29 2007-01-29 Adjustable water purification ecological floating bed CN201012910Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2007200479223U CN201012910Y (en) 2007-01-29 2007-01-29 Adjustable water purification ecological floating bed

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2007200479223U CN201012910Y (en) 2007-01-29 2007-01-29 Adjustable water purification ecological floating bed

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201012910Y true CN201012910Y (en) 2008-01-30

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CNU2007200479223U CN201012910Y (en) 2007-01-29 2007-01-29 Adjustable water purification ecological floating bed

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101306880B (en) * 2008-07-01 2010-10-06 浙江大学 Process for harnessing eutrophication water body by interplanting plant on water
CN101643277B (en) * 2009-09-03 2011-06-15 浙江大学 Method for preparing three-dimensional floating bed used for purifying eutrophic water source
CN102101717A (en) * 2010-12-16 2011-06-22 北京市水利科学研究所 Flexible carrier biological contacting oxidation in-situ strength processing method and device for water in rivers and lakes
CN102173512A (en) * 2011-03-28 2011-09-07 河海大学 Ecological floating island device for purifying micro-polluted water bodies
CN102211821A (en) * 2011-04-20 2011-10-12 复旦大学 Ecological jellyfish device for water body treatment
CN102587319A (en) * 2012-03-10 2012-07-18 上海市农业科学院 Ecological T-shaped submerged dike for river pollution treatment
CN103319003A (en) * 2013-05-29 2013-09-25 北京市水产科学研究所 Method for water ecological-restoration by Wuta-tsai
CN103848502A (en) * 2012-12-05 2014-06-11 中国科学院城市环境研究所 Aquatic plant filter system for purifying breeding wastewater containing antibiotics
CN104496029A (en) * 2014-11-30 2015-04-08 陈伟群 Method for preparing three-dimensional floating bed for purifying eutrophication water source
CN105130002A (en) * 2015-09-18 2015-12-09 湖北文理学院 Combined ecological floating bed made of natural material
CN105152349A (en) * 2015-10-12 2015-12-16 海宁市洁源水务有限公司 Biological grid planted with hydroponic plants at upper end

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101306880B (en) * 2008-07-01 2010-10-06 浙江大学 Process for harnessing eutrophication water body by interplanting plant on water
CN101643277B (en) * 2009-09-03 2011-06-15 浙江大学 Method for preparing three-dimensional floating bed used for purifying eutrophic water source
CN102101717A (en) * 2010-12-16 2011-06-22 北京市水利科学研究所 Flexible carrier biological contacting oxidation in-situ strength processing method and device for water in rivers and lakes
CN102173512A (en) * 2011-03-28 2011-09-07 河海大学 Ecological floating island device for purifying micro-polluted water bodies
CN102211821A (en) * 2011-04-20 2011-10-12 复旦大学 Ecological jellyfish device for water body treatment
CN102587319A (en) * 2012-03-10 2012-07-18 上海市农业科学院 Ecological T-shaped submerged dike for river pollution treatment
CN103848502A (en) * 2012-12-05 2014-06-11 中国科学院城市环境研究所 Aquatic plant filter system for purifying breeding wastewater containing antibiotics
CN103848502B (en) * 2012-12-05 2016-07-06 中国科学院城市环境研究所 A kind of water plant filter bed system purified containing antibiotic breeding wastewater
CN103319003A (en) * 2013-05-29 2013-09-25 北京市水产科学研究所 Method for water ecological-restoration by Wuta-tsai
CN104496029A (en) * 2014-11-30 2015-04-08 陈伟群 Method for preparing three-dimensional floating bed for purifying eutrophication water source
CN105130002A (en) * 2015-09-18 2015-12-09 湖北文理学院 Combined ecological floating bed made of natural material
CN105152349A (en) * 2015-10-12 2015-12-16 海宁市洁源水务有限公司 Biological grid planted with hydroponic plants at upper end

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Granted publication date: 20080130