CN200995138Y - Cracker - Google Patents

Cracker Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN200995138Y
CN200995138Y CN 200620162102 CN200620162102U CN200995138Y CN 200995138 Y CN200995138 Y CN 200995138Y CN 200620162102 CN200620162102 CN 200620162102 CN 200620162102 U CN200620162102 U CN 200620162102U CN 200995138 Y CN200995138 Y CN 200995138Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
kettle
jacket
cracking
reactor
reaction
Prior art date
Application number
CN 200620162102
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
伊港
赵玉芳
周磊
张海磊
Original Assignee
山东东岳有机硅材料有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 山东东岳有机硅材料有限公司 filed Critical 山东东岳有机硅材料有限公司
Priority to CN 200620162102 priority Critical patent/CN200995138Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN200995138Y publication Critical patent/CN200995138Y/en

Links

Abstract

The utility model relates to a cracking kettle belonging to the technique field of the chemical industry equipment, which includes a kettle main body, an upper shell cover, a lower shell cover, a stirrer, a material inlet arranged on the cracking kettle, a gas phase outlet, a liquid phase outlet, a temperature-measuring mouth, a pressure-measuring mouth, a viewing mirror and an emptying mouth, it is provided with the following characters: a repelling board is arranged at the inner part of the kettle body, a jacket used for providing heat to the cracking kettle is arranged at the outside of the kettle body, the dimension of the cracking kettle and the proportion between the height and the diameter of the cracking kettle is enlarged; the repelling board is increased, the material is mixed more equally under the agitating and the effect of the repelling board, and the reaction is more thorough; it adopts S shaped semicanal jacket or a jacket with a spiral guide plate, and the temperature is controlled with the heat conducting oil. It not only guarantees the heat exchange area, but also makes the reaction temperature become adjustable, and makes the reaction more thoroughly. It enlarges the kettle volume and the proportion of the reasonable cracking kettle between the height and the diameter, and makes the large-scale production become feasible. The utility model has the characters of satisfying the large-scale production, thorough and stable reaction, convenient installing, managing, operating and maintaining.

Description

裂解釜 Cracking kettle

一、技术领域本实用新型涉及一种有机硅产业中水解物裂解过程中的裂解装置裂解釜,属于化工设备技术领域。 I. Technical Field The present invention relates to a cracking reactor cracker industry one silicone hydrolyzate cracking process, which belongs to technical field of chemical equipment.

二、背景技术 Second, the technical background

目前,多数有机硅厂家产能较小或慢慢扩建,但用于水裂解单元的裂解釜,容积较小,一般都小于6m3,扩产一般都用2-3个小型裂解釜并联生产,不仅增加了设备的使用场地、工艺管线、工艺控制等投资,并且也给设备的管理、操作带来比较大的难度。 Currently, most manufacturers of silicone or gradually smaller capacity expansion, but for the cleavage reactor water splitting unit volume is small, generally less than 6m3, expansion usually with 2-3 small cracking reactor in parallel production, increased only the use of space equipment, process piping, process control and other investment, and also bring large equipment difficult to manage, operate.

裂解反应是个吸热过程,需要用外部供热来满足反应所需要的热量。 The cleavage reaction is a endothermic process that requires external heat to meet the heat required for the reaction. 现有生产中,一些厂家仍使用不带搅拌的裂解釜,这种裂解釜的缺点是物料吸收热量不均匀;大部分厂家已经采用了搅拌的形式来使物料混合均匀,能够均匀的吸收热量,反应更充分。 In the conventional production, some manufacturers still use without cleavage stirred autoclave, the autoclave is cleaved disadvantage of this uneven heat absorbing materials; most manufacturers have adopted the material was stirred to form a uniform mix, it can be uniformly absorb heat, reaction more fully.

在专利号为03200683.7、名称为“裂解器”的专利中,公开了在裂解釜内部增设盘管来加强供热的技术方案。 Patent No. 03200683.7, entitled "cracker" patent discloses a cracking coil inside the autoclave additional heating to enhance the technical solution. 该创新点的优点是提高了裂解釜的传热效率,但其存在诸多弊端:1、在釜内部增加盘管,减小了釜内的使用空间,相对的减小了产量;2、设备经长时间的运转后,盘管壁上容易粘结物料,既影响了盘管的供热效率,又使设备需要经常清理,影响正常生产;3、由于釜内反应是在真空状态下,且盘管内蒸汽压力过高,盘管焊接点等泄露会直接影响生产;4、由于内部盘管的存在,而去掉了挡板,使得物料混合均匀程度不够。 The advantage of this innovation is to improve the heat transfer efficiency of the cracking reactor, but there are many drawbacks: 1, the increase in the coil inside the autoclave, reduces the use of space within the reactor, the yield decreases relatively; 2, equipment has been after prolonged operation, the coil wall materials readily adhered not only affects the efficiency of the heating coil, and also allows the device requires frequent cleaning, affecting the normal production; 3, due to the reaction kettle under vacuum, and the disc inner steam pressure is too high, leakage will directly affect the coil and other production weld; 4, due to the presence of an internal coil, and removing the shutter, so that the degree of material mixing is not uniform enough.

三、发明内容 III. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

本实用新型的目的在于,克服现有技术的缺陷,提供一种可以满足大规模生产,反应充分、稳定,而且安装、管理、操作、维护方便的裂解釜。 The present invention aims to overcome the drawbacks of the prior art, to provide a large-scale production can meet, the reaction sufficiently stable, and the installation, management, operation, maintenance easy cleavage reactor.

一种裂解釜,包括釜主体、上封头、下封头、搅拌器、分布在裂解釜上的物料进口、气相出口、液相出口、测温口、测压口、视镜、放空口,其特征是在釜体内部设置挡板,在釜体外部设置为裂解釜供热的夹套,增大裂解釜的容积以及裂解釜高与直径的比例。 In a cracking reactor, comprising a vessel body, the head, the head, a stirrer, distributed over the material cracking reactor inlet, gas outlet, liquid outlet port temperature, pressure taps, mirrors, vent, characterized in that the baffle plate disposed inside the tank body, to heat cracking reactor jacket outside the reactor body, increasing the volume of the autoclave and the cleavage cleavage reactor height to diameter ratio of.

所述的挡板设置2-4片。 2-4 the baffle plate is provided.

所述的夹套为S型半管夹套或带螺旋导板型夹套。 The jacket is S-shaped half pipe jacket or a jacket with a helical guide plate.

所述的裂解釜高与直径的比例为3∶1-0.8∶1。 The cleavage ratio of the reactor height to diameter is 3:1-0.8:1.

本实用新型的工作过程是:来自水解单元的水解物经过预热后与来自触媒罐的触媒按严格比例混合后,经釜体上的物料进口进入裂解釜。 Working process of the present invention are: the hydrolyzate from the hydrolysis unit is mixed with the catalyst from the catalyst tank after preheating in strict proportion, from the material inlet in the reactor body into the cleavage reactor. 物料在搅拌及挡板的作用下,充分混合均匀进行裂解重排,得到混合环体。 Material under the effect of baffles and stirring, fully mixed cleavage rearrangement to give a mixed ring body. 气相产物经气相出口进入裂解塔进行精馏。 The product vapor rectified by gas outlet into the cracking tower. 反应生成的硅醇甲盐及少量未反应的水解物、触媒由液相口排出。 A resulting reaction siliconate salt and a small amount of unreacted was hydrolyzed, the catalyst is discharged from the liquid phase outlet. 反应所需要的热量由外部半管夹套均匀供给。 The heat required for the reaction is uniformly supplied from the external half-pipe jacket. 釜内温度及压力由测温计、测压计检测控制,且用测温计信号来控制导热油的流量及温度,以便更稳定的控制反应温度。 The autoclave temperature and pressure by a thermometer, a manometer detection control, and a thermometer and the temperature signal to control the flow of thermal oil, in order to more stably control the reaction temperature.

本实用新型的优点是:1、增加了挡板,使物料在搅拌和挡板的作用下混合更加均匀,反应更加充分。 The present invention advantages are: 1, increased the shutter, so that the material is more uniformly mixed under the effect of baffles and stirring the reaction more sufficiently.

2、采用S型半管夹套或者带螺旋导板型的夹套,保证了釜的换热面积;且通过导热油进行控温。 2, the use of S-type or a half-pipe jacket spirally jacket guide plate, to ensure that the heat transfer area of ​​the reactor; and for temperature control by heat transfer oil. 由于导热油温度便于调节,使得反应温度也变得可调化,反应更加充分。 Since the heat transfer oil is easy to adjust the temperature, so that the reaction temperature becomes tunable by reactions more fully.

3、增大了釜的体积,合理的裂解釜高与直径的比例,使大型化生产成为可行。 3, increases the volume of the autoclave, a reasonable ratio of height to diameter of the cracking reactor, so that large-scale production become possible. 经过严格的计算、调节反应转速与挡板的数据,以及温度的调控,使单釜的产量和产品的质量均得到显著的提高。 Rigorous calculations, the reaction speed adjustment data of the baffle, and temperature-controlled, so that one-pot yield and product quality are significantly improved.

本实用新型具有可以满足大规模生产,反应充分、稳定,而且安装、管理、操作、维护方便的特点。 The utility model can meet the large-scale production, the reaction adequate, stable, and the installation, management, operation, easy maintenance features have.

四、附图说明 IV BRIEF DESCRIPTION

:图1、本实用新型裂解釜结构示意简图图2、本实用新型裂解釜S型夹套示意简图图3、本实用新型裂解釜带螺旋导板型夹套示意简图其中,1、釜主体,2、上封头,3、下封头,4、搅拌器,5、挡板,6、夹套,7、物料进口,8、气相出口,9、液相出口,10、测温口,11、测压口,12、视镜,13、放空口。 : FIG. 1, the present invention is a schematic diagram of the structure of FIG cracking reactor 2, the present invention is an S type cracking reactor jacket a schematic diagram of FIG. 3, the present invention is the cleavage-type autoclave fitted with a jacket spiral guide wherein a schematic diagram of, a kettle body 2, the head 3, the head, 4 a stirrer, 5, baffle 6, a jacket 7, material inlet, 8, vapor outlet 9, the liquid outlet 10, inlet temperature , 11, pressure taps 12, mirror 13, vent.

五、具体实施方式 V. DETAILED DESCRIPTION

实施例1:本实用新型的结构如图1所示,包括釜主体、上封头、下封头、搅拌器、分布在裂解釜上的物料进口、气相出口、液相出口、测温口、测压口、视镜、放空口,其特征是在釜体内部设置挡板,在釜体外部设置为裂解釜供热的夹套,增大裂解釜的容积以及裂解釜高与直径的比例。 Example 1: the structure of the present invention shown in Figure 1, comprises a vessel body, the head, the head, a stirrer, a material inlet in the distribution of the cracking reactor, gas outlet, liquid outlet port temperature, pressure taps, mirrors, vent, wherein a baffle inside the tank body, the tank body is provided outside the heating jacket to the cleavage reactor, increase the volume and the cleavage cleavage reactor height to diameter ratio of the reactor.

所述的挡板设置2片。 The baffle plate 2 is provided.

所述的夹套为S型半管夹套。 The jacket is S-shaped half-pipe jacket.

所述的裂解釜高与直径的比例为3∶1。 The cleavage ratio of the reactor height and diameter of 3.

实施例2:本实用新型的结构与实施例1相同,不同之处在于,所述的挡板设置3片,所述的夹套为带螺旋导板型夹套,所述的裂解釜高与直径的比例为1.5∶1。 Example 2: the same as the structure of the present invention in Example 1, except that the baffle 3 is provided, the jacket is a jacket with a helical guide plate, said cleavage reactor height to diameter ratio of 1.5.

实施例3:本实用新型的结构与实施例1相同,不同之处在于,所述的挡板设置4片,所述的裂解釜高与直径的比例为0.8∶1。 Example 3: the same as the structure of the present invention in Example 1, except that the shutter 4 is provided, the ratio of the cracking reactor height to diameter is 0.8.

Claims (4)

1.一种裂解釜,包括釜主体、上封头、下封头、搅拌器、分布在裂解釜上的物料进口、气相出口、液相出口、测温口、测压口、视镜、放空口,其特征在于,在釜体内部设置挡板,在釜体外部设置为裂解釜供热的夹套,增大裂解釜的容积以及裂解釜高与直径的比例。 A cracking reactor, comprising a vessel body, the head, the head, a stirrer, distributed over the material cracking reactor inlet, gas outlet, liquid outlet port temperature, pressure taps, mirrors, venting port, wherein the baffle is provided inside the reactor body, the reactor body is provided outside the reactor heating jacket cleavage, cleavage of the autoclave to increase the volume and the ratio of reactor height to diameter cleavage of.
2.如权利要求1所述的裂解釜,其特征在于,所述的挡板设置2-4片。 The cracking reactor as claimed in claim 1, wherein said baffle plate 2-4 is provided.
3.如权利要求1所述的裂解釜,其特征在于,所述的夹套为S型半管夹套或带螺旋导板型夹套。 3. The cleavage vessel according to claim 1, wherein said jacket is a S-shaped half pipe jacket or a jacket with a helical guide plate.
4.如权利要求1所述的裂解釜,其特征在于,所述的裂解釜高与直径的比例为3∶1-0.8∶1。 4. cleavage vessel according to claim 1, wherein the ratio of the cracking reactor height to diameter is 3:1-0.8:1.
CN 200620162102 2006-12-12 2006-12-12 Cracker CN200995138Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200620162102 CN200995138Y (en) 2006-12-12 2006-12-12 Cracker

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200620162102 CN200995138Y (en) 2006-12-12 2006-12-12 Cracker

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN200995138Y true CN200995138Y (en) 2007-12-26

Family

ID=38993557

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200620162102 CN200995138Y (en) 2006-12-12 2006-12-12 Cracker

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN200995138Y (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103816846A (en) * 2014-02-26 2014-05-28 山东富达装饰工程有限公司 Production system for anti-pollution chemical coating on surface of metal in water
CN104815605A (en) * 2015-04-14 2015-08-05 中国化学赛鼎宁波工程有限公司 Siloxane pyrolysis integrated reaction system
CN106621448A (en) * 2015-11-01 2017-05-10 江苏景泰石油化工装备有限公司 Highly-efficient jacketed heating leaching tank

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103816846A (en) * 2014-02-26 2014-05-28 山东富达装饰工程有限公司 Production system for anti-pollution chemical coating on surface of metal in water
CN103816846B (en) * 2014-02-26 2015-03-18 山东富达装饰工程有限公司 Production system for anti-pollution chemical coating on surface of metal in water
CN104815605A (en) * 2015-04-14 2015-08-05 中国化学赛鼎宁波工程有限公司 Siloxane pyrolysis integrated reaction system
CN104815605B (en) * 2015-04-14 2016-06-29 中国化学赛鼎宁波工程有限公司 Siloxanes cracking integrated reaction system
CN106621448A (en) * 2015-11-01 2017-05-10 江苏景泰石油化工装备有限公司 Highly-efficient jacketed heating leaching tank

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN101450300A (en) Continuous current micro-reactor and preparation method and use thereof
US3968090A (en) Method for removing heat of polymerization
CN101721956B (en) Isothermal low temperature shift reactor co
CN2562864Y (en) Polymerization still
CN102679591A (en) Water tank (with nozzle pipe) of solar water heater
CN201482481U (en) Self-suction exhaust type stirring reactor
CN2494698Y (en) Fluid bed reactor
CN101954266A (en) Chemical reaction equipment and application thereof in chemical reaction
CN2790575Y (en) Horizontal allkylation reactor
CN101474582A (en) Equipment for cooling and stripping regenerated catalyst
CN100551925C (en) Technique for synthesizing aluminum triethyl
CN2833484Y (en) Heat exchanger for reaction still
CN2925597Y (en) Multifunctional light-catalysed reactor
CN1424381A (en) Devices for continuously producing chlorinated paraffin
CN201750992U (en) Multi-functional integrated apparatus for ester exchange reactions
CN102120162B (en) Combined type reactor for high-temperature high-voltage hydro-thermal treatment and treating method thereof
CN101734703A (en) Device and method for preparing high-purity nano polyaluminium chloride with high efficiency, energy saving and environmental protection
CN100554378C (en) Pre-esterification reactor for gasified methanol
CN1616443A (en) Process and device for producing furol by two step continuous low pressure high temperature dynamic hydrolysis method
CN101318121A (en) Reaction tank for producing flocculating agent
US9095836B2 (en) Multiphase catalytic tower-type impinging-stream reactor
CN201969551U (en) Separation kettle for producing T acid
CN201940224U (en) Cyclic heating device of polymerization reactor
CN201664610U (en) Stirring tank
CN202116468U (en) Device for producing methyl acetoacetate continuously

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model