CN200976766Y - Multi-functional stalks grinding stirring and bag packaging machine - Google Patents

Multi-functional stalks grinding stirring and bag packaging machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN200976766Y
CN200976766Y CN 200620130242 CN200620130242U CN200976766Y CN 200976766 Y CN200976766 Y CN 200976766Y CN 200620130242 CN200620130242 CN 200620130242 CN 200620130242 U CN200620130242 U CN 200620130242U CN 200976766 Y CN200976766 Y CN 200976766Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
stubble
cylinder
making
stalk
straw
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Application number
CN 200620130242
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曹明军
丁谦
曹爽
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南阳兴农生物技术开发有限公司
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Priority to CN 200620130242 priority Critical patent/CN200976766Y/en
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Publication of CN200976766Y publication Critical patent/CN200976766Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a multifunctional stubble crushing, mixing and bag filling machine, which can effectively realize the crushing, adding of dry and wet supplementary materials and bag filling of the stubble. The technical solution is that the utility model comprises a machine frame and a traveling wheel under the machine frame; a dry and a wet material bin are positioned at the left and right side on the upper part of the machine frame, and are respectively communicated with a rolling drum via a wet material pipe and a dry material pipe; a rotor axis is positioned in the rolling drum; a cutter component, a hammer piece component and kneading component are positioned on the rotor axis; a feed outlet for bag filling is positioned at the lower section of the machine body; a screen net is positioned over the feed outlet and under the rolling drum; a stubble inlet is positioned on the cutter component. With simple structure and convenient application, the utility model integrates the stubble crushing, adding of supplementary materials, mixing and bag filling, thus realizing multiple functions with high efficiency and high application value. Therefore, the utility model can be adopted as the primary processing equipment in the fields of stubble ensile virgule micro feed processing, making of construction material with stubble, making of fuel with stubble, making of organic fertilizer with stubble, making of environmental dishware with stubble, thus making great contribution to the development of the emerging ecological industry.

Description

Multifunction straw is pulverized the agitating-bagging machine

One, technical field

The utility model relate to a kind of collect crushed stalk and main materials and auxiliary materials mix stir, pack pulverizes the agitating-bagging machine for the multifunctional straw of one.

Two, background technology

China is a large agricultural country, in the time of annual production ton-grain more than 600,000,000 food, produce nearly approximately 800,000,000 tons of agricultural crop straw per year, wherein rice straw is 3.3 hundred million tons, 1.2 hundred million tons of wheat straws, 2.2 hundred million tons of corn stalk, 1.0 hundred million tons of beans and autumn coarse cereals crops straws, 1.0 hundred million tons of peanut and potato class tendrils, and with annual 1250 ten thousand tons speed steady-state growth.Be subjected to the influence of the mode of production and habits and customs, the method for rural area conventional process straw makes the stalk resource of quite a few not obtain rational exploitation and utilization.According to investigations, at present China's straw availability is about 33%, wherein most ofly belongs to undressed utilization, accounts for 2.6% through only accounting for as the feed of herbvore domestic animal after ensiling, little storage, the ammonification.Indivedual areas also only account for 12%, and from current and long-range trend, no matter exploitation straw feed product is on international market or domestic market, all exists tempting business opportunity.Directly feed livestock and field also but mostly straw utilization at present is to adopt, carry out the deep processing comprehensive utilization, restraining factors are more, realize difficulty, and input and output are disproportionate often.As aspect the straw chopping and returning, need big machinery, general peasant household purchases cannot afford, if by normal agronomy operation, every mu of ground of straw chopping and returning will increase more than 30 yuan cost, general peasant household holds and can't stand.Straw directly returning to field is lower at the northern China winter temperature, and humidity is less, is unfavorable for stalk fast rotting in soil.Behind the straw directly returning to field,, be unfavorable for the improvement of soil because the permeability of soil etc. can be damaged.Particularly burn straw in the farmland, there is the multiple microorganism that forms through breeding for many years on the top layer, rich soil, and these microorganisms are and then suffering naturally, recover very difficult, and the fertile degree in soil will be had a greatly reduced quality naturally.The peasant generally can accept now, and is that best a kind of mode was exactly also field of abdomen, and in some areas that the custom of culturing is arranged, villagers have treated as treasured to stalk, seldom see the phenomenon of crop straw burning.

In recent years, along with living standards of the people improve constantly, the demand of meat, egg, milk is rapidly increased, brought the great development of livestock breeding, the feed consumption increases, but because the expansion of urban construction, plough and reduce, serious degradation appears again in native pasture, adds the invasion and attack of various natural calamities, and the meadow area of twentieth century nineties only is 50% of the sixties, it is serious day by day that people and animals strive grain contradiction, therefore, how making full use of crops straw is the great task of agricultural development, is the fundamental policy of country.According to the interrelated data statistics, a head of cattle needs roughage 10kg every day, and a sheep needs roughage 3.3kg, China to need about 800,000,000 tons of roughage every year altogether every day.Stalk is turned waste into wealth, can effectively solve the herbvore class domestic animal of development, improve meat, milk yield, improve the agriculture output value, increase farmers' income, reduce the environmental pollution that crop straw burning brings, fire, threaten social concerns such as turnpike driving and takeoff and landing, stalk " is crossed also field of abdomen ", can activating soil, culture fertility, improve the growing environment of crop, strengthen the diseases prevention of crop, disease-resistant, drought-resistant ability improves the yield and quality of crops, be vegetables, flowers, melons and fruits etc. provide the high-quality organic manure, created good condition for the development organic farming, promoted the agricultural production benign cycle, benefited the nation and the people.

Some natural resources shortage countries as Japan, Korea S, Singapore and Middle East, all need a large amount of hays of import and feed-use grain every year, to satisfy the needs of national livestock breeding in the world.Only the Hokkaido, Japan area just needs 5,500,000 tons of roughages every year, main now shortage of leaning on the import U.S. and Australian hay to remedy roughage, and the U.S. and Australian hay price are more expensive.Some countries of Middle East, as countries such as Israel, Saudi Arabia, because traditional custom, herbvore class poultry is raised in livestock breeding exactly, and the Middle East is again desert area, and forage grass is extremely poor, also is the livestock breeding of supporting oneself by import roughage.Straw feed has the quality approximate with hay, and price is more cheap than the U.S. and Australian hay, is easy to be accepted by these countries and regions.

The domestic and international at present exploitation for stalk has been used for culturing, has brewed alcoholic beverages, extracts industries such as various chemical substances, biological composting, bio-pharmaceuticals, disposable food or beverage container, papermaking, chemical industry, packing material, straw and plastic composite material, fiber board/wood-based plate, building materials production, and the stalk development and use are in the ascendant.Therefore, how straw being processed, to be fully used, is many problems of being concerned about.

Three, utility model content

At above-mentioned situation, the purpose of the utility model just provides a kind of multifunctional straw and pulverizes the agitating-bagging machine, can effectively solve the pulverizing of stalk, add various doing, wet auxiliary material and pack problem, to satisfy biochemical microbiological fermented feed, stalk is made building materials, stalk is made fuel, stalk is made fertilizer, stalk is made the production of industries such as environment protecting tableware and is used, the technical scheme of its solution is: the road wheel that includes frame and its underpart, have dried about upper rack, the wet feed storehouse, and be connected with cylinder with the siccative pipe by the wet feed pipe respectively, turning cylinder is arranged in the cylinder, cutter assembly is housed on it, beater element and rub assembly, underpart has the pack discharging opening, the discharging opening top, there is the square-bottomed bamboo basket sieve cylinder below, at the cutter assembly place stalk charging aperture is arranged, the utility model is simple in structure, easy to use, collection crushed stalk and auxiliary material add, agitating-bagging is in one, a tractor serves several purposes, the efficient height, the wide development using value is arranged, can be used as stalk green grass or young crops/microbiological fermented feed processing, stalk is made building materials, stalk is made fuel, stalk is made fertilizer, the main process equipment of industries such as stalk making environment protecting tableware is for huge contribution is made in emerging ecological industry development.

Four, description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the utility model three-dimensional structure diagram.

Fig. 2 is a vertical view of the present utility model.

Fig. 3 is a front view of the present utility model.

Fig. 4 is a right side view of the present utility model.

Fig. 5 is the stereogram that removes drum cover of the present utility model.

Fig. 6 is the front view that removes drum cover of the present utility model.

Fig. 7 is the vertical view that removes drum cover of the present utility model.

Fig. 8 is the end view that removes drum cover of the present utility model.

Five, embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing embodiment of the present utility model is elaborated.

Provide by Fig. 1, the utility model is, include the road wheel 13 of frame 1 and its underpart, siccative storehouse 6, wet feed storehouse 5 are arranged about upper rack, and be connected with cylinder 4 with siccative pipe 7 by wet feed pipe 8 respectively, turning cylinder 2 is arranged in the cylinder, cutter assembly 10, beater element 11 are housed on it and rub assembly 12, frame lower has pack with discharging opening 9, and square-bottomed bamboo basket sieve 15 is arranged below discharging opening top, the cylinder, at the cutter assembly place stalk charging aperture 3 is arranged.

In order to guarantee result of use, on the turning cylinder 2 in the said cylinder 4 fixed disk 16 is housed, cutter assembly 10, beater element 11 and rub on the staggered interior outside that is contained in fixed disk 16 of assembly 12 (fixed disk can be for a plurality of, and what provide among Fig. 5 is 2); Said discharging opening 9 is the helical form discharging opening, on its rear portion frame main shaft 14 is housed, and on the inherent screw spindle 14 of discharging opening spiral is housed and stirs cage, is beneficial to that straw is pulverized, done, wet feed packs after puddling into feed.

Complete machine is placed on the frame 1, and frame 1 is made by channel-section steel, and the road wheel 13 of its underpart is one of an anteriomedial, both sides, rear portion each one (seeing shown in Figure 7).This machine intensity height, conveniently moving is not limited by or not the place, but both place operations, but also field work is very convenient.

In said structure, wherein: doing about body, wet feed storehouse because and cylinder be connected, when do, wet auxiliary material enters in the cylinder 4 and just fully stirs with major ingredient (stalk), be beneficial to next procedure and carry out;

The cylinder internal cause is equipped with cutter assembly 10, beater element 11 and rubs assembly 12, after entering cylinder 4, promptly shredded major ingredient (stalk) by cutter assembly 10, and by beater element 11 and rub assembly 12 and give stoking and rub with the hands carefully, be beneficial to and make feed and make other stalk product;

Frame lower is because there is the spiral discharging mouth 9 of pack usefulness, mixed main materials and auxiliary materials has certain density and just round profile after the extruding of spiral screw feeder, can pack immediately, to reduce volume, air is discharged easily in the bag, be beneficial to the activity of anaerobic bacteria, also can not reduce floor space when not doing the feed pack, be convenient to store, transport;

The square-bottomed bamboo basket sieve 15 of discharging opening 9 tops, cylinder 4 belows can have the square-bottomed bamboo basket of different size to sieve according to different demands, to make the stalk product of different size specification;

Working condition of the present utility model is, be used as power with electromotor or diesel engine etc., behind the rotating mechanism that drive turning cylinder 2 and screw spindle 14 and transport tape constitute (conventional rotating technique), straw and dried, wet auxiliary material enter in the cylinder 4 from charging aperture separately, straw is shredded by cutter assembly, and by beater element, rub assembly and give stoking and rub with the hands thin, fully mix with auxiliary dried, wet feed, mix thoroughly, after square-bottomed bamboo basket sieve filters, fall into spiral and stir the cage discharging opening, stir the cage compression discharging opening of packing into through spiral and deploy in the good feedbag for 9 times and get final product.

By above-mentioned situation as can be seen, the utility model has three charging apertures, be wet feed storehouse charging aperture, siccative storehouse charging aperture and stalk charging aperture, in crushing process, can carry out the adding and the preparation of auxiliary material simultaneously, once make qualified products, have production efficiency height, time and labour saving, uniqueness rational in infrastructure, novel, light and flexible, safe, easy to maintenance, characteristics such as adaptability is strong sturdy and durable, simple to operate.It collects the hand hay cutter of blue or green dry straw cuts → pulverizes → rub → add and do wet auxiliary material → stir → be packaged in one, has satisfied every needs of user, has played the function of a tractor serves several purposes.This machine is supporting flexibly, both available motor, and also the diesel engine of available adaptation is used as power, and drives the moving runner work on the main shaft.

This machine is applicable to that large-scale feed lot and professional raising farmer make feed processing machinery, blue or green dry straw, grass are through this machined, once advance machine and can finish whole operations of biochemistry, little storage, dress plastic sack, both help improving palatability, digestibility, grazing rate and the nutritive value of stalk, reduced labour cost again.No matter stalk is fresh and dried can process for this machinery, and bright stalk can directly add bacterium liquid → add fine fodder → pack and be used for ensiling, little storage, and dry straw or half-dried stalk also can reach the ensiling effect after adding enzyme preparation, and seasoning 3 years is never degenerated with interior.Stalk is the short fiber shape after processing, behind the silage fermentation, forage grass nutrition and palatability obviously increase.According to detecting chemical examination, 1000kg ensiling forage grass is equivalent to the nutritive value of 165kg corn, and the cattle and sheep utilization rate can reach 100%, and it is many to give milk, fast gaining.This machinery volume is little, easy to operate, power adopt farm machinery, electromotor all can, two people can operate.This machinery is of many uses, stalk can be processed the plastic bag silage of packing into after the seriation and deposit, and floor space is little, and 5 mu of maize straws only account for 15m 3What deserves to be mentioned is, straw forage is by plastic bag packaging, be convenient to the commercialization long-distance transport, this is for the exploitation forage grass resource, adjustment provincialism, seasonal forage grass surplus and deficiency, allowing straw forage move towards market, home and abroad has unusual meaning, is raiser, the desirable process equipment of feed processing enterprise.

This machine is equally applicable to the stalk enterprise that brews alcoholic beverages, straw biological composting/bio-pharmaceuticals enterprise, stalk is produced disposable food or beverage container factory, the stalk papermaking enterprise, produce the chemical enterprise of stalk extract, produce the enterprise of stalk packing material and straw and plastic composite material, the enterprise that produces straw fiber board/wood-based plate/building materials is as main production equipments, can carry out the pulverizing of main ingredient simultaneously, operations such as mixing, the production efficiency height is arranged, floor space is little, safety simple to operate, adaptability is strong etc., can improve the utilization of area rate, utilization rate of equipment and installations, it is applied the retrofit to stalk, the worker of comprehensive utilization, huge contribution is made in the agricultural production enterprise development, and huge economic and social benefit is arranged.

Claims (4)

1, a kind of multifunctional straw is pulverized the agitating-bagging machine, include the road wheel (13) of frame (1) and its underpart, it is characterized in that, siccative storehouse (6), wet feed storehouse (5) are arranged about upper rack, and be connected with cylinder (4) with siccative pipe (7) by wet feed pipe (8) respectively, turning cylinder (2) is arranged in the cylinder, cutter assembly (10), beater element (11) are housed on it and rub assembly (12), frame lower has pack discharging opening (9), there is square-bottomed bamboo basket sieve (15) discharging opening top, cylinder below, and stalk charging aperture (3) is arranged at the cutter assembly place.
2, multifunctional straw according to claim 1 is pulverized the agitating-bagging machine, it is characterized in that, on the turning cylinder (2) in the said cylinder (4) fixed disk (16) is housed, cutter assembly (10), beater element (11) and rub that assembly (12) is staggered to be contained on the interior outside of fixed disk (16).
3, multifunctional straw according to claim 1 is pulverized the agitating-bagging machine, it is characterized in that said discharging opening (9) is the helical form discharging opening, and main shaft (14) is housed on its rear portion frame, on the inherent screw spindle of discharging opening (14) spiral is housed and stirs cage.
4, multifunctional straw according to claim 1 is pulverized the agitating-bagging machine, it is characterized in that said complete machine is placed on the frame (1), and frame (1) is made by channel-section steel, the road wheel of its underpart (13) be in the front portion to one, respectively one on both sides, rear portion.
CN 200620130242 2006-10-30 2006-10-30 Multi-functional stalks grinding stirring and bag packaging machine CN200976766Y (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103190688A (en) * 2013-04-03 2013-07-10 安徽农业大学 Novel vertical all-in-one machine for dry and wet feed smashing and mixing
CN104126856A (en) * 2014-07-28 2014-11-05 中国农业大学 Device and method for bagging segmented silage forage
CN104186130A (en) * 2014-08-01 2014-12-10 江苏大学 Hand pushing type vehicle-mounted straw chopping device
CN104226435A (en) * 2014-09-12 2014-12-24 唐强 High-stem forage grass wind-discharging type chopping device
CN104396463A (en) * 2014-11-03 2015-03-11 北京工商大学 Equipment and method for ensiling mold-pressed foaming material type green feed
CN105126965A (en) * 2015-08-26 2015-12-09 山东省农业机械科学研究院 Multifunctional semi-humidity material pulverizer
CN105149040A (en) * 2015-09-24 2015-12-16 天津佳益天成生产力促进有限公司 Manufacturing method for feed crushing and stirring device
CN105831781A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-08-10 长沙正达轻科纸业设备有限公司 Method and device for producing feed from protein mulberries
CN107319606A (en) * 2015-12-16 2017-11-07 青岛智享专利技术开发有限公司 A kind of quantitative hay cutter of livestock feed
CN108055973A (en) * 2018-01-23 2018-05-22 松桃德科农业发展有限公司 A kind of pure long straw sack filling machine used in edible fungus culturing
CN110663974A (en) * 2019-11-01 2020-01-10 浙江大学 Straw ammoniation system for fattening and weight increasing of Hu sheep in ecological breeding of Hu sheep

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103190688B (en) * 2013-04-03 2015-12-23 安徽农业大学 A kind of vertical dry moist forage crushing mixing integration machine
CN103190688A (en) * 2013-04-03 2013-07-10 安徽农业大学 Novel vertical all-in-one machine for dry and wet feed smashing and mixing
CN104126856B (en) * 2014-07-28 2016-01-20 中国农业大学 The packed device and method of a kind of pulverizing section grass silage
CN104126856A (en) * 2014-07-28 2014-11-05 中国农业大学 Device and method for bagging segmented silage forage
CN104186130A (en) * 2014-08-01 2014-12-10 江苏大学 Hand pushing type vehicle-mounted straw chopping device
CN104226435A (en) * 2014-09-12 2014-12-24 唐强 High-stem forage grass wind-discharging type chopping device
CN104396463A (en) * 2014-11-03 2015-03-11 北京工商大学 Equipment and method for ensiling mold-pressed foaming material type green feed
CN104396463B (en) * 2014-11-03 2016-04-06 北京工商大学 Moulded from foam material formula green fodder silage equipment and method
CN105126965A (en) * 2015-08-26 2015-12-09 山东省农业机械科学研究院 Multifunctional semi-humidity material pulverizer
CN105149040A (en) * 2015-09-24 2015-12-16 天津佳益天成生产力促进有限公司 Manufacturing method for feed crushing and stirring device
CN107319606A (en) * 2015-12-16 2017-11-07 青岛智享专利技术开发有限公司 A kind of quantitative hay cutter of livestock feed
CN105831781A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-08-10 长沙正达轻科纸业设备有限公司 Method and device for producing feed from protein mulberries
CN108055973A (en) * 2018-01-23 2018-05-22 松桃德科农业发展有限公司 A kind of pure long straw sack filling machine used in edible fungus culturing
CN110663974A (en) * 2019-11-01 2020-01-10 浙江大学 Straw ammoniation system for fattening and weight increasing of Hu sheep in ecological breeding of Hu sheep

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Granted publication date: 20071121