CN200974980Y - Working equipment provided in one position and engineering machinery employing the same - Google Patents

Working equipment provided in one position and engineering machinery employing the same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN200974980Y
CN200974980Y CN 200520007426 CN200520007426U CN200974980Y CN 200974980 Y CN200974980 Y CN 200974980Y CN 200520007426 CN200520007426 CN 200520007426 CN 200520007426 U CN200520007426 U CN 200520007426U CN 200974980 Y CN200974980 Y CN 200974980Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
equipment
place
located
back
formula
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CN 200520007426
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
姚实现
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姚实现
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Priority to CN 200520007426 priority Critical patent/CN200974980Y/en
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Publication of CN200974980Y publication Critical patent/CN200974980Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a work device arranged in one place and a construction machinery using the work device. The utility model is formed by two or more than two work devices arranged in one place in the way of back to back, side to side, side placement, face to face, interleaving and juxtaposition, up and down, revolvably, slantways, movably by using a slewer or a turntable, a Y, an integration or a blend and other forms. The construction machinery using the work devices arranged in one place is formed by placing the work devices arranged in one place at a corresponding part of a corresponding car or a chassis or being connected with the corresponding part of the corresponding vehicle or the chassis. Compared with the prior technic, the utility model has the characteristics that the utility model does not need to change equipment and is provided with two or more than two work devices. With a plurality of manners to mount the work devices, the utility mode can adopt the various vehicles or chassises to constitute the various construction machineries. The utility model has the advantages of compact structure, multiple functions, low cost, convenient maneuvering, high efficiency, energy saving, strong applicability, which can reach the effect of one power part, one driving part, one machinery, one vehicle, one chassis, one work device, one arm, one turntable or one slewer.

Description

Be located at the equipment at a place and use its engineering machinery

Affiliated technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of equipment and engineering machinery.

Background technology

At present, its kind (kind of engineering machinery of the known equipment of being located at a place and application (enforcement, employing etc.).The product such as distortion, extension that comprises each kind, the equipment kind etc. that matches; As outside the lorry-mounted crane with vehicle engineering machinery etc.) seldom, approximately have only loader-digger and excavation thereof, loading attachment, band pushes away thing device excavator and excavation thereof, pushes away the thing device, take up weighing arm high-altitude operation vehicle and work high above the ground thereof, lifting gear, lorry-mounted crane and shipment thereof, lifting gear, band butt buster structure environmental sanitation car and shipment, butt buster structure etc. are several.It all has only two (also being two kinds) equipments, lacks two above equipment formulas.Loader-digger, structural form and loading attachment operation, shelve the form dullness and (as can not turn round, move, lack the formula etc. of shelving that to dwindle complete machine length), relatively complete machine length digging arm length, operating radius, angle of revolution are little, need be during digging operation with supporting leg, can not walk and the rear portion discharging, do not have crawler type, be not suitable for big-and-middle-sized operation, operation is convenient, flexible inadequately etc.Band pushes away thing device excavator, and complete machine length is big, and excavating gear (also is a digging arm.Shelve outside the chassis) lack the formula of shelving that can dwindle complete machine length, account for half length of complete machine, turntable can not move can't regulate counterweight and balance, walks, transports, deposits etc. restricted etc.Take up the weighing arm high-altitude operation vehicle, can not change facility, rely on the hoist engine lifting, public, lifting, the work high above the ground arm can not fold with bending etc.Band butt buster structure environmental sanitation car can not initiatively load etc.Therefore, the known kind of being located at the equipment at a place and using its engineering machinery, equipment quantity, function, compliance, the scope of application, ability to work etc. are subjected to certain limitation, can not satisfy the needs of needs of society, some operations (as operation such as multiple, complete, comprehensive, quick).

Summary of the invention

In order to overcome existing above-mentioned deficiency or the part deficiency of being located at the equipment at a place and using its engineering machinery, the utility model provides a kind of engineering machinery of being located at the equipment at a place and using it.It is not only: two or more equipments are arranged, multiple structural form is arranged, multiple form equipment and that equipment matches that is provided with is arranged, can adopt multiple chassis, can constitute various engineering machinery, and, multiple beneficial effect (in the beneficial effect and the specific embodiment, illustrating) had, help needs of society, can satisfy the needs of some operations.

The technical scheme that its technical problem that solves the utility model adopts is:

One. be located at the equipment at a place, adopt two or more equipments, be located at a place by two or more equipments and constitute, perhaps two or more equipments are set, it is characterized in that at a described place:

The above-mentioned equipment of being located at a place (): equipment can adopt: similar formula or non-similar formula; Combined type or non-combined type; One function formula, two function formulas or multi-functional formula.Can adopt: hydraulic-driven, Mechanical Driven, electronic, pneumatic or combination drive comprise above-mentioned more than one drive forms; Main body or part main body that metal or metal material are made.Can adopt: frame; Folding device, slewing equipment, lifting device, lifting appliance, mobile device, pendulous device, stretching device, conversion equipment, stir device, tilting gearing, lifting gear or above-mentioned more than one devices; Above-mentioned two or more device can make up or connect, and above-mentioned one or more devices can or be connected with other device combination.Swing arm can adopt: more than a joint, two joints or two save; Swing type, collapsible, telescopic or hybrid; Unitary construction, duplex or the box-like structure of single compound; Triangle, quadrangle, hexagon, polygon, U-shaped, circular arc, circle, ellipse, oval or mixing tee section.

Two. use the engineering machinery of the equipment be located at a place, it is characterized in that, be located at the equipment at a place, be located on the chassis or be located at its corresponding site, and/or be connected with the chassis or be connected with its appropriate section.

Above-mentioned application be located at the equipment at a place engineering machinery (): actuating element, rotary type object or part, mobile device can be set as required, also locking device can be set as required.Actuating element can be corresponding: adopt one, two or more; Be located at equipment side, forward and backward, upper and lower, outer, mixing portion, between or between upper and lower, forward and backward or mixing portion, be located at the chassis before, during and after, side, one, two, both sides or mixing portion, perhaps be located at the identical or non-same area of two or more equipments; Adopt one, more than one, a cover or cover above manipulation device or a system; The turnover part of actuating element can correspondingly be located at that it is upper and lower, forward and backward, oblique, angle, side or above-mentioned more than one positions.Dynamical system, control system, drive system, electrical system or above-mentioned more than one systems are set usually.Can adopt: width-adjustable joint formula; Chassis or walking mechanism main body or part main body that metal or metal material are made; Power set adopt motor usually.

The beneficial effects of the utility model are, need not change facility and have two or more equipments at least, conversion work device and function easily, changed single equipment is set and only depends on change the prior art that facility come translation function, also changed the existing deficiency of being located at the equipment at a place and using its engineering machinery; Can change on the basis, chassis and establish multiple equipment, the multiple facility of replaceable connection on the equipment basis constitute various engineering machinery, equipment and the multiple function of generation; So, improved the operation ability of engineering machinery, the function that has enlarged engineering machinery and the scope of application, the form that has increased engineering machinery and kind, alleviated labor intensity of operating staff, saved the time of changing facility and saved the trouble of carrying and change facility (this rescue and relief work of seizing every minute and second, and particularly important during operation such as construction at a high speed).Do not change facility not by miscellaneous equipment, get final product independent or complete multiple, complete, the operations such as the time clings on one's trail, narrow and small place of finishing.It is how dual-purpose with comprising to have reached a power section, a drive part, a machine, a car, a chassis, a frame, an equipment, facility, an arm, a turntable or single-revolution device etc., so, cost reduces, and operation is convenient, energy-efficient, of many uses.The big counterweight of long vehicle body (comprising adjustable counterweight) can effectively improve operation (as tumbling) load, strengthens operation (as turn up) power and stability.Equipment (comprising the object that it is set), can select for use various ways motion (as lifting, folding, move, rotation, action etc.), but shelve on the chassis, the position is adjustable, so compact integral structure, space utilization are fully, length can dwindle, mobility is good, the actuating element broad view is convenient to handle, help extending the parts such as arm of equipment to increase job area, also help the complete machine operation, transport, travel.Equipment can play the counterweight effect, and the adjustable balance weight joint helps assembled machine balance.Swing arm can be selected multiple shaped cross for use, and the energy weight reduction improves anti-twist ability, strengthens the property (comprise and improve transaction capabilities).Walking mechanism (as walker, track frame etc.) can select for use width (promptly taking turns a width, be with distance as wheelspan is width between crawler belt) adjustable, the stable needs that can satisfy operation, transport, travel.Can select wheeled, crawler type, walking, hybrid for use, mobility is good, applicability can satisfy the several work needs by force.Turntable can adopt: move (as vertical, shifted laterally) formula, need not extra counterweight or only can regulate counterweight and balance (or the weight of parts such as optimization complete machine disposes) with a small amount of counterweight to reach required stability; Be locked as a motionless monolithic with getting off, help equipment operation, protection turntable and complete machine and travel etc.Band shipment part (as compartments such as self-unloading, compression or self-unloading compressions) or itself and parts such as suction and pumping device or clearing apparatus, can have concurrently engineering machinery (as loader) and instruments such as transportation (as transport, agricultural or environmental sanitation vehicles) etc. function.Loading attachment can turn round, stir or counterweight, can side or unloading such as back, and operation is convenient, flexible, good stability, efficient height, is suitable for narrow and small place, helps protecting walking mechanism.Equipment can utilize operations such as the driving force of telescopic arm or mobile device etc. is shoveled dress, lifting, pushes away, scrapes, puts down, taken off, pressure, can improve impact intensity and the stressed frequency of complete machine in operation process, improves the reliability of complete machine structure; The driving member force-bearing situation is eased, and the working life of driving member is had protective effect; The engine working conditions no longer long-time high loaded process that improves helps prolonging its working life, reduces its live load and reduces the energy consumption compliance with environmental protection requirements; The tire skidding can be protected tire when effectively having avoided engineer machinery operation (as loader spading weight); Can extension line project the machinery function of use, widen the scope of application, improve operation distance, highly, strengthen compliance etc.Hydraulic pressure (comprising hydrostatic) transmission is adopted on chassis such as truck mounted, can alleviate complete machine weight and simplify chassis structure, helps energy-saving material-saving and extends using period, and improves mechanical performance (comprising maneuverability) etc. when equivalent weight.Can be super-huge, large-scale, medium-sized, small-sized, exploitativeness be applied widely by force.Overcome existing loader-digger and be limited to middle-size and small-size deficiency.In addition, also have some beneficial effects (comprising) in the specific embodiment, to illustrate with advantage, characteristics, excellent characteristics, benefit, function, effect etc.

Description of drawings

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is further specified.

Fig. 1 be back to principle, structure (principle, structure, embodiment holds concurrently) that equation is located at the equipment at a place overlook, schematic side view.

Fig. 2 principle, structure that to be side be located at the equipment at a place to, side equation are overlooked, schematic side view.

Fig. 3 be over against equation be located at the equipment at a place principle, the structure overlook, schematic side view.

Fig. 4 is that principle, the structure that staggered equation is located at the equipment at a place overlooked, schematic side view.

Fig. 5 be side by side equation be located at the equipment at a place principle, the structure overlook, schematic side view.

Fig. 6 be up and down equation principle, the structure of being located at the equipment at a place overlook, schematic side view.

Fig. 7 is that principle, the structure that the rotation equation is located at the equipment at a place overlooked, schematic side view.

Fig. 8 be tilt, collapsible, stir equation and be located at that the principle of the equipment at a place, structure are overlooked, schematic side view.

Fig. 9 is that principle, the structure that mobile equation is located at the equipment at a place overlooked, schematic side view.

Figure 10 is that principle, the structure that the lifting equation is located at the equipment at a place overlooked, schematic side view.

Figure 11 is that principle, the structure that integrated equation is located at the equipment at a place overlooked, schematic side view.

Figure 12 is that principle, the structure that " Y " equation is located at the equipment at a place overlooked, schematic side view.

Figure 13 utilizes slewing equipment or turntable equation to be located at the principle of the equipment at a place, structure schematic side view.

Figure 13 .1 be overlooking of Figure 13 and utilize slewing equipment or the turntable equation be located at the equipment at a place principle, the structure schematic side view.

Figure 14 be side to or side and hybrid side by side principle, the structure of being located at the equipment at a place overlooked, schematic side view.

Figure 15 be side by side, staggered, back to overlook with hybrid principle, the structure of being located at the equipment at a place in two, schematic side view.

Figure 16 be side to or side and integrated, hybrid principle, the structure of being located at the equipment at a place in two overlooked, schematic side view.

Figure 17 be side by side, back to the hybrid principle of being located at the equipment at a place in two, structure schematic top plan view.

Figure 18 be " Y " equation and overlook with the hybrid principle of being located at the equipment at a place, structure, schematic side view.

Figure 19 is that integrated form and integrated and hybrid principle, the structure of being located at the equipment at a place are overlooked, schematic side view.

Figure 20 be about, back to overlook with the hybrid principle of being located at the equipment at a place in two, structure, schematic side view.

Figure 21 be back to, side by side, staggered and two hair styles be located at the equipment at a place principle, construct overlook, schematic side view.

Figure 22 is a side surface configurations schematic diagram of using the 1st embodiment of engineering machinery of the equipment of being located at a place.

Figure 22 .1 is the organigram of overlooking of Figure 22.

Figure 23 is a side surface configurations schematic diagram of using the 2nd embodiment of engineering machinery of the equipment of being located at a place.

Figure 24 is the organigram of overlooking of Figure 23.

Figure 25 is a side surface configurations schematic diagram of using the 3rd embodiment of engineering machinery of the equipment of being located at a place.

Figure 26 is a side surface configurations schematic diagram of using the 4th embodiment of engineering machinery of the equipment of being located at a place.

Figure 26 .1 is the organigram of overlooking of Figure 26.

Figure 27 is a side surface configurations schematic diagram of using the 5th embodiment of engineering machinery of the equipment of being located at a place.

Figure 28 is a side surface configurations schematic diagram of using the 6th embodiment of engineering machinery of the equipment of being located at a place.

Figure 29 is a side surface configurations schematic diagram of using the 7th embodiment of engineering machinery of the equipment of being located at a place.

Figure 29 .1 is the organigram of overlooking of Figure 29.

Figure 30 is a side surface configurations schematic diagram of using the 8th embodiment of engineering machinery of the equipment of being located at a place.

Figure 31 is a side surface configurations schematic diagram of using the 9th embodiment of engineering machinery of the equipment of being located at a place.

Figure 32 is the organigram of overlooking of Figure 31.

Figure 33 is a side surface configurations schematic diagram of using the 10th embodiment of engineering machinery of the equipment of being located at a place.

Figure 34 is a side surface configurations schematic diagram of using the 11st embodiment of engineering machinery of the equipment of being located at a place.

Figure 35 is the organigram of overlooking of Figure 34.

Figure 36 is a side surface configurations schematic diagram of using the 12nd embodiment of engineering machinery of the equipment of being located at a place.

Figure 36 .1 is the organigram of overlooking of Figure 36.

Figure 37 is a side surface configurations schematic diagram of using the 13rd embodiment of engineering machinery of the equipment of being located at a place.

Figure 38 is a side surface configurations schematic diagram of using the 14th embodiment of engineering machinery of the equipment of being located at a place.

Figure 38 .1 is the organigram of overlooking of Figure 38.

Figure 39 is a side surface configurations schematic diagram of using the 15th embodiment of engineering machinery of the equipment of being located at a place.

Among above-mentioned Fig. 1 to Figure 21, on the equipment 1 or the rectangle of its end (rectangle) be facility; Equipment 1 integral body is equipment or is facility.The both sides projection that jointed shaft two ends or two fulcrum connect in the above-mentioned schematic top plan view can be non-projection in an embodiment.

Among the figure: 1. equipment (is called for short device.Be called for short equipment or device when all or each equipment is summed up, do not add thereafter or can not add Reference numeral.); 1.1. second kind of structure or adoptable another technical scheme of equipment 1; 1.1.1. car door (lid); 2. swing arm; 2.1. telescopic swing arm; 2.2. the hybrid swing arm of folding retractable; 3. facility; 4. preceding swing arm (also claiming facility arm, dipper, bucket arm) or telescopic preceding swing arm; 5. back swing arm, collapsible back swing arm or the hybrid back of folding retractable swing arm (also are called for short the back swing arm.Above back swing arm is called for short the back swing arm when summing up and does not add Reference numeral thereafter.); (illustrate that above swing arm: each is called for short swing arm, be called for short swing arm when summing up and do not add Reference numeral thereafter.) 6. frame; 6.1. swinging frame; 6.2. vertically move open frame; 6.3. fore-and-aft tilt open frame; 6.4. fore-and-aft tilt swinging frame; 6.5. stir (also being folding) open frame, its standing part (being called for short the frame standing part, standing part); 6.6. stir (also being folding) of flipover frame partly (is called for short frame and stirred part, stir part etc.); (illustrate that with upper spider: each is called for short frame, be called for short frame when summing up and do not add Reference numeral thereafter.) 7. driver's cabin or console (comprise on it or necessity such as the control system in it, manipulation device, part should be arranged; As control corresponding system or its part, the integrated instrument face plate of steering wheel, direction machine, control crank (also claiming control stick), pin manipulation device, master cock, push button, control cabinet, control panel, control handwheel, instrument board, instrument desk, LCD watch-dog, display, liquid crystal display, seat, air-conditioning etc.); 7.1. shifted laterally formula driver's cabin or console are (with top 7. driver's cabins or the included content of console.Be called for short driver's cabin or console); (illustrate, be called for short driver's cabin when above driver's cabin is summed up and do not add Reference numeral thereafter.) 8. chassis, vehicle frame, fuselage or car body; 8.1. wheeled, crawler type, walking or hybrid (comprising wheel shoe formula, wheel walking or crawler belt walking etc.) walking mechanism are called for short walking mechanism; 9. boom cylinder; 9.1. preceding boom cylinder; 9.2. back boom cylinder; 9.3. facility oil cylinder or linkage (be generally or also claim: facility oil cylinder or oil cylinder and connecting rod or connecting rod rocking arm); 9.4. swing arm angle, supporting, operation oil cylinder (also being called for short swing arm angle oil cylinder etc.); 9.5. telescopic boom cylinder; 9.6. rack inclining or stir oil cylinder, or rocker arm body (rack inclining or stir oil cylinder and rocking arm); 9.7. fork thing device gantry angle oil cylinder; 9.8. perching knife angle oil cylinder; 9.9. perching knife (or pushing away the thing device) lift cylinder or lifting appliance (also being called for short lift cylinder or lifting appliance); 9.10. car door (lid) oil cylinder: (illustrate that with upper cylinder: each is called for short oil cylinder or hydraulic cylinder, be called for short oil cylinder when summing up or hydraulic cylinder does not add Reference numeral thereafter.) 10. slewing equipment; 10.1. turntable is perhaps rotaryly got on the bus, vehicle frame, car body or fuselage (abbreviation is got on the bus, vehicle frame, car body or fuselage); 10.2. vertical or shifted laterally formula turntable or slewing equipment (being called for short turntable or slewing equipment); 10.3. fore-and-aft tilt formula slewing equipment (abbreviation slewing equipment); (illustrate: above turntable, be called for short turntable, slewing equipment when slewing equipment is summed up respectively and do not add Reference numeral thereafter) 11. telecontrol equipment tracks; 12. hydraulic leg (abbreviation supporting leg); 13. power set (motor or engine system can comprise hood), (as Hydraulic power units, control element, hydraulic oil container etc. can comprise hood for power set and hydraulic system relative assembly.Be called for short power and hydraulic means), hydraulic system relative assembly (abbreviation hydraulic means), or power set fuel tank, hydraulic oil container (also can have or power supply.Be called for short fuel tank); 14. frame locking device (being called for short lock or device); 15. turntable locking device (being called for short lock or device); 16. equipment support (supporting.Comprise forms such as hydraulically extensible, buffering.Be called for short support or supporting); 17. fork thing device door frame (comprising pallet fork); 18. track frame (also claiming walker); 19. thrust beam or pushing tow door frame (being called for short thrust beam or door frame).With top, comprise its necessity, part should be arranged.As corresponding driving part (as fluid pressure drive device, electric device etc.), hydraulic circuit, circuit, gas circuit etc.

Illustrate: above-mentioned following many words as vertically move open frame, portable turntable, stir (also being folding) open frame, shifted laterally formula driver's cabin, conversion, back change, the back turnover is folded, the back change shelve, the back turnover is foldedly shelved, tilt, stir, move, fold, stir up and down, up and down folding, on shelve, stir on the back shelve, front and back fold and shelve etc. and to wear before word includes " can " adopted or add " can " the word formula.

The specific embodiment

In Fig. 1, two or more (more than two) equipment 1 is back to (back side or other equipment 1 with the back towards.Comprise back-to-back, non-same straight line or axis relatively, back to etc.), one, two, incorgruous, co-located, dystopy, vertical, horizontal, oblique, mix to, all around, up and down or hybrid position etc. be located at a place.The back of the body comprises back, anti-etc.

In Fig. 2, two or more equipment 1 sides to (side or sidepiece facing to other equipment 1), side (settings such as equipment 1 sidepiece, side position, side direction or the side that wherein have), one, two, incorgruous, co-located, dystopy, mixing to, all around, inside and outside, up and down or hybrid position etc. be located at a place.Above-mentioned side includes side that the front or rear extended line of equipment 1 intersects to, side to, side.

In Fig. 3, two or more equipments 1 are over against (over against other equipment 1.Comprise over against just, non-same straight line or axis relatively, over against), one, two, incorgruous, dystopy, vertical, horizontal, oblique, mix to, all around, up and down or hybrid position etc. be located at a place.

In Fig. 4, two or more equipments 1 interlock and (comprise irregular.Differ as front and back or position, the left and right sides etc.), one, in the same way, co-located, dystopy, vertical, horizontal, oblique, front and back, inside and outside, up and down or hybrid position etc. be located at a place.

In Fig. 5, two or more equipments 1 side by side (side by side) as various directions, one, in the same way, co-located, dystopy, vertical, horizontal, vertical, oblique, mix to, all around, inside and outside, up and down or hybrid position etc. be located at a place.

In Fig. 6, two or more equipments (comprise upper, middle and lower etc.) about in the of 1, one, two, in the same way, co-located, dystopy, vertical, horizontal, oblique, mix to, front and back, inside and outside or hybrid position etc. and be located at a place.

In Fig. 7, rotary (comprise that change revolution, preceding commentaries on classics, back, side is changeed, tiltedly change etc. and shelve equation) equipment 1 and other equipment 1 such as (comprise rotary, non-rotating) in the same way, incorgruous, co-located, dystopy, vertical, horizontal, oblique, mix to, all around, inside and outside, up and down or hybrid position etc. be located at a place (common, rotary equipment 1 is provided with slewing equipment or turntable).

In Fig. 8, tilting, collapsible or flipover (comprise lean forward, hypsokinesis, inclination, squint, precedingly face upward, swing back, after turn over, the back is folding, bias is folded, upset, counter-rotating, rotation up and down, front and back rotation equation and shelve formula) equipment 1 and other (comprising above-mentioned form) equipment 1 in the same way, incorgruous, co-located, dystopy, vertical, horizontal, oblique, mix to, all around, inside and outside, up and down or hybrid position etc. be located at a place.Usually, tilting, collapsible or flipover equipment 1 are respectively equipped with tilting gearing, folding device or stir device.

In Fig. 9, portable equipment 1 and other (comprising movable type) equipment 1 in the same way, incorgruous, co-located, dystopy, vertical, horizontal, oblique, mix to, all around, inside and outside, up and down or hybrid position etc. be located at a place.Usually wheeled apparatus 1 is established mobile device.

In Figure 10, lifting (comprising oscilaltion, oblique lifting) formula equipment 1 and other (comprising ascending/decending etc.) equipment 1 in the same way, incorgruous, co-located, dystopy, vertical, horizontal, oblique, mix to, all around, inside and outside, up and down or hybrid position etc. be located at a place (usually, ascending/decending equipment 1 is provided with lifting gear).For example, the bottom lifting gear 1 that is equipped with the ascending/decending slewing equipment and aerial work device 1 side by side, the staggered or two first-class places that are located at.For another example, on the basis of Figure 26,26.1 illustrated embodiments, slewing equipment 10 is changed into the ascending/decending slewing equipment 10 of about telescopic built-in hydraulic lift (as hydraulic cylinder).

Above-mentioned Fig. 7,8,9,10 the form of being located at a place comprise: back to, side to, side, over against, staggered, side by side, arc, semi-circular, annular, one, two, forward direction, afterwards be located at a place to, side direction etc., two, a plurality of equipment 1 are located at a place.

In Figure 11, two or more equipments 1 integrated (comprise and utilize one or more objects), one, two, inside and outside as mechanical arm, in the same way, incorgruous, co-located, dystopy, vertical, horizontal, oblique, mix to, left, center, right or upper, middle and lower etc. and be located at a place (being called for short integrated form equipment 1).Integrated, also be combination, also claim integrated form etc., comprise binding, tie shape, hand shape, arm and hand shape, boundling, pencil, various integrated forms such as dendritic, hybrid; Above-mentioned integrated form can be selected for use again: a week, up and down, about, upper, middle and lower, left, center, right, go up about, down about, up and down, up and down in about, fold, stir, rotate, stretch, move, lifting, various forms, integrated form such as hybrid.Overlooking of integrated form equipment 1 is configured to it and overlooks in the structure a kind of among Figure 16.

In Figure 12, two or more equipments 1 " Y ", " V " or " bifurcation " formula (above-mentioned abbreviation " Y " formula, " V " formula or " bifurcation " formula) be located at a place also be one, two, in the same way, incorgruous, co-located, vertical, horizontal, oblique, mix to, all around, inside and outside or (for example utilize an object, frame) etc. be located at a place (as being hinged on one or more swinging frames), said apparatus 1 " Y ", " V " or " bifurcation " formula are located at a place, are called for short " Y " formula, " V " formula or " Y " type equipment 1.Figure 18 overlooks in the structure a kind of for it.

In Figure 13, Figure 13 .1, two or more equipments 1 on slewing equipment 10 (or turntable, perhaps rotate rotary object such as vehicle frame, car body or fuselage), be located at a place also be side by side, one, two, in the same way, incorgruous, co-located, vertical, horizontal, oblique, mix to, all around, inside and outside, up and down or utilize an object etc. to be located at a place.The bottom of above-mentioned equipment 1 also can be provided with slewing equipment 10 again.

In Figure 14, a plurality of equipment 1 sides to or side be located at a place with waiting side by side to mix, also be equipment 1 side to, incorgruous, mix to, dystopy, vertical, horizontal, oblique, mix to, all around or go up the inferior place that is located at.For example, the equipment 1 with rear portion embodiment illustrated in fig. 30 increases two kinds of equipments 1 that change into side by side.

In Figure 15, a plurality of equipments 1 side by side, staggered with back to etc. mix and be located at a place, also be equipment 1 back to, two, incorgruous, dystopy, vertical, horizontal, oblique, all around or on the inferior place that is located at.For example, on the basis of Figure 22,22.1 Figure 33 Figure 34, illustrated embodiments such as 35, the equipment 1 before and after it increased respectively change into side by side and two or more staggered equipment 1.

In Figure 16, a plurality of equipment 1 sides to or side and integrated form (being the hybrid of dendritic and cluster or cluster type), be located at a place Deng mixing, also be equipment 1 two, side to, incorgruous, mix to, dystopy, vertical, horizontal, oblique, all around or go up the inferior place that is located at.For example, set up horizontal mobile hydraulic fork thing device 1 in vehicle frame 8 one sides of illustrated embodiments such as Figure 25 Figure 28.

In Figure 17, a plurality of equipments 1 side by side, back to one or two first-class mixing be located at a place, also be equipment 1 back to, two, incorgruous, dystopy, vertical, horizontal, oblique, all around or go up the inferior place that is located at.For example, on the basis with illustrated embodiments such as Figure 30 Figure 33 Figure 36,36.1 Figure 38,38.1 Figure 39, the equipment 1 of one head increased change two or more equipment 1 into.

In Figure 18, a plurality of equipments 1 " Y ", " V " or " bifurcation " formula with side by side, two, back to etc. mix and be located at a place, also be 1 one of equipments, two, in the same way, incorgruous, co-located, vertical, horizontal, oblique, mix to, all around, inside and outside or utilize an object (for example, frame) etc. to be located at a place.A kind of in its side-looking structure of Figure 12.Be located at, comprise being positioned at.

In Figure 19, a plurality of equipment is 1 integrated, side by side, back to, two, mixing such as incorgruous is located at a place, also is equipment 1 back to, two, incorgruous, dystopy, vertical, horizontal, oblique, all around or go up the inferior place that is located at.For example with illustrated embodiment rear portion vehicle frames such as Figure 25 Figure 28 8 lengthenings and corresponding (the comprising improvement) wheelbase of adjusting, to set up two or more equipment 1 side by side.

In Figure 20, a plurality of equipments about in the of 1, back to, two, mixing such as incorgruous, dystopy is located at a place.Also be equipment 1 back to, two, incorgruous, dystopy, vertical, horizontal, oblique, all around or go up the inferior place that is located at.For example, at vehicle frame 8 rear portions of Figure 26, illustrated embodiments such as 26.1 equipment 1 (as draw-gear etc.) is set.When Figure 23,24 illustrated embodiments employing clearing apparatus.

In Figure 21, a plurality of equipments 1 back to, side by side, mixing such as staggered, two, incorgruous, dystopy are located at a place.Also be equipment 1 staggered, back to, two, incorgruous, dystopy, vertical, horizontal, oblique, all around or go up the inferior place that is located at.For example, on the basis of illustrated embodiments such as Figure 33 Figure 39, its two equipment 1 all increased change above-mentioned hybrid-type two or more equipment 1 into.

Also have in addition: a plurality of equipments 1 mix side by side with up and down (as shown in figure 28) or staggered with mix (shown in Figure 29,29.1) up and down and be located at a place.A place is located in two or more equipments 1 front and back (linking to each other or non-linking to each other).For example the wheel back is provided with and pushes away the thing device before or after the front-wheel of road roller, its thrust beam rear portion and vehicle frame or vehicle wheel frame are hinged, in the perching knife lift cylinder, middle back or rear portion and vehicle frame, vehicle wheel frame or fuselage be hinged, hinged perching knife angle oil cylinder between perching knife and the thrust beam, accordingly setting up hydraulic pressure (or air pressure) part that pushes away the thing device on the car body and in driver's cabin, setting up its control section, form have pressure, push away, shovel, stand, equality multifunction road roller.And for example Figure 23, illustrated embodiments such as 24.A place is located in two or more equipments 1 inside and outside.For example, illustrated embodiments such as Figure 23,24 Figure 31,32 Figure 37.A plurality of equipment 1 arcs, the semi-circular or annular place that is located at.For example, on the basis of two or three equipments 1 of illustrated embodiment such as Figure 27 Figure 29,29.1 Figure 31,32 Figure 37, increase three kinds (as fragmentation, milling, excavation) changing arc, semi-circular or annular setting into or (as fragmentation, milling, excavation, cutting) equipment 1 more than three kinds.Two or more equipment 1 side direction are located at a place.(comprise and hang bucket crane or mechanism, bucket moves, picks up or device etc. is stirred in lifting for example to be provided with the butt buster structure at the environmental sanitation car.Bucket, comprise container, utensil or objects such as case, jar) a side (on half cab one sidecar frame) set up electric-hydraulic proportion and handle the folding arm-type hydraulic pressure clamshell equipment of three joints take back rotary device, its manipulation device is located on the front frame, also can be provided with remote control simultaneously in the driver's cabin.Equipment 1 two of shipping unit 1 and non-lifting gear, front and back, preceding and middle back, inside and outside, up and down, in the same way or back to being located at a place.For example, Figure 23, illustrated embodiments such as 24.Shipping unit 1 and other equipment 1 of two or more function are located at a place.For example, Figure 23, illustrated embodiments such as 24.Non-1 one of two or more equipments that push away thing device or non-excavating device are located at a place.For example, illustrated embodiments such as Figure 28 Figure 29,29.1 Figure 31,32 Figure 37.Two 1 one of above equipments are located at a place.For example, before or after Figure 22,22.1 illustrated embodiment chassis 8, increase when pushing away thing device 1.Illustrated embodiment such as Figure 37 and for example.One or more backs are located at a place to, side direction or the oblique formula equipment 1 of shelving with other equipment 1.For example, illustrated embodiment such as Figure 25 Figure 28 Figure 29,29.1 Figure 33 Figure 34,35 Figure 37.Two or more equipments 1 (comprise that non-two in the same way) in the same way and are located at a place.For example, illustrated embodiments such as Figure 23,24 Figure 31,32 Figure 37.A place is located on two or more middle parts, equipment 1 front, back, middle part, a left side, middle part head, the right head in middle part, the right head of left side head, (left radicals and right radicals), the right, the left side or right side, left side.For example, Figure 22,22.1 Figure 26,26.1 Figure 29, illustrated embodiments such as 29.1.Back, left, center, right or upper, middle and lower are located at a place in before two above equipments 1.For example, illustrated embodiment such as Figure 25 Figure 30 Figure 31,32 Figure 37.

Above-mentioned equipment 1, other equipment (down with) 1: can be in above-mentioned, following and existing numerous equipments (or with 1) one or more at least, can be similar or non-similar equipment 1; Above-mentioned each equipment 1 includes: adopt it, adopt its technology, have its function, combined type, a function, two functions, multi-functional equipment 1.The quantity of the above-mentioned equipment 1 of being located at a place and equipment 1 thereof, kind, form, size, length, length, angle, highly, just, ratio, spacing etc. all can select, adjust (comprising improvement) as required for use, comprises increase and decrease, change etc.As selecting for use: two, a plurality of; Single entry, the box-like structure of compound, single compound; One joint, a joint are with upper arm structure; Folding, flexible, the hybrid arm of folding retractable; Forward, non-forward, mix to the form of being located at a place etc.

Usually, the above-mentioned equipment 1 of being located at a place can be selected for use as required: activity form (comprises the form of setting.As hinged), fixed form; Other facility of replaceable connection (comprising outfit) are (as two or more function facility, has desilting, opening, trench digging, draw, shovel, grab, folder, take, pinch, sled, bore, push away, take off, scrape, draw, cut, cut, cut, saw, cut, dig, mill, flat, turn over, pine, plough, fork, hook, pincers, cut, broken, impact, lifting, aerial work (comprises height, in, the low latitude, the space, building is as detections such as bridges, Deng operation), strand, drag, draw, sweep, blow, inhale, take out, spray, spill, sieve, clap, ram, hit, pound, squeeze, roll, grind, press, compression, collect, dress, shipment, insert upright, milling, pave, smear, the facility such as facility of vibration or agitating function) formula, non-replacing connects other facility formula.Telescopic, swinging, lifting type, lift-type, movable type, collapsible, tilting, flipover, ascending/decending, form such as hybrid; Frame; Slewing equipment, turntable, lifting device, lifting appliance, mobile device, pendulous device, stretching device, conversion equipment, folding device, stir devices such as device, tilting gearing, lifting gear, mixing arrangement, turntable lock, frame lock, other device lock; Auxiliary or redundant hydraulic pipeline, circuit, electrical equipment such as illumination, equipment conversion equipment, facility replacing linkage; Etc. part.Control corresponding system, itself or its part can be located on the chassis of the engineering machinery of using it or be outer; The corresponding driving part drives (pneumatic) or mixes (as above-mentioned mixing or partially mixed) drive part as hydraulic-driven, Mechanical Driven, electronic, air pressure; Parts such as the executive component of drive part can be connected (comprise be located at or part establish thereon) with the relevant portion of equipment 1, and parts such as dynamical element, control element can be located on the chassis of the engineering machinery of using drive part or outward.

Usually, when using the above-mentioned equipment 1 of being located at a place, it is located at the corresponding site (part on corresponding chassis.As select fixing or choosing is hinged on: vehicle body, fuselage, vehicle frame, axletree, turntable, slewing equipment, support, arm, other device, mix on the position such as position, perhaps fixing the or choosing of choosing is hinged on: on the frame at above-mentioned position, on other object, frame and other object be first-class) or with the appropriate section (position on corresponding chassis.With above-mentioned corresponding site) connect.Therefore, its just can under the effect of parts such as control corresponding system and drive part (when needing, also can in the walking mechanism on chassis), shelve accordingly, activity, operation etc.

In Figure 22, Figure 22 .1 illustrated embodiment, loading attachment 1 (a figure left side) and back-to-back being hinged on the swinging frame 6.1 of excavating gear 1 (figure is right), constituting " Y " formula equipment 1, also is that change type, back are rotatable, the back commentaries on classics is collapsible, the formula of shelving is changeed in the back, equipments 1 such as shelving the formula of shelving on formula, the chassis is folded in the back turnover; " Y " formula device 1, mid-(or non-mid-) be 8 longitudinal shift type full circle swinging turntable 10.2 front portions on the chassis, for shifted laterally formula driver's cabin 7.1, turntable 10.2 is provided with power and hydraulic means 13, front and back equipment support 16 (but also heavy the and tool box of establishing etc.) thereafter on the one side turntable 10.2; Power and hydraulic means 13 also can be located on its opposite side turntable 10.2 or turntable 10.2 both sides thereafter, with reduce loading attachment 1 after shelve height (as resting on the turntable 10.2).Loading attachment 1, adopting integral body is the duplex swing arm 2 of " Y " shape, establishes two stiffening girders, its anterior hinged loading hopper 3 between the two straight principal arms in its rear portion, it is all hinged with frame 6.1 boom cylinder 9 in hinged side by side two lower ends down, on it and loading hopper (also claim scraper bowl, shovel bucket etc.Can be multi-functional loading hopper) hinged counter-rotating linkage 9.3 on 3.The back swing arm 5 of excavating gear 1, preceding swing arm 4, scraper bowl (also claiming Excavating bucket) 3, is hinged successively, respective hinge oil cylinder 9.2, oil cylinder 9.1, linkage 9.3 on it, and oil cylinder 9.2 rear portions and frame 6.1 are hinged.It also is swing arm 2.2 that back swing arm 5 adopts the folding retractable hybrid combinations: it is by two sections of front and back swing arm hinged composition, and hinged therebetween oil cylinder 9.4 is to regulate its folding angle (also can be used for operation); The leading portion swing arm, adopt telescopic boom structure (telescopic oil cylinder places or descends in the telescopic arm or up and down between the telescopic arm) up and down, (inner arm is flexible, and its front end and preceding swing arm 4 are hinged, its inner setting and the hinged oil cylinder 9.1 in preceding swing arm 4 rear portions also can to adopt interior outer arm (cover arm) telescopic structure; Outer arm and back segment swing arm are hinged, hinged therebetween oil cylinder 9.4).Excavating gear 1.1 shown in excavating gear 1 rear portion, for its second kind of structure also is another technical scheme, the difference of itself and excavating gear 1 only is: back swing arm 5 leading portion swing arms adopt on-telescopic.Frame 6.1 bottoms are provided with 180 degree hydraulic permeability reversing gears 10, can drive " Y " formula device 1 front and back and return turnback conversion loading attachment 1 and excavating gear 1.During conversion, loading attachment 1 excavating gear 1 all makes progress the lifting certain altitude earlier usually to dwindle its spacing, radius of gyration, to avoid relevant object, turns round conversion then, and excavating gear 1 turns round in driver's cabin 7.1 1 sides during revolution.Loading attachment 1 is changed backward and is rested on the fore-stock 16 (the lifting form that can adopt the vertical solution cylinder pressure to drive).Dig the same Figure of abstract of shelving with the back dress of side surface configurations schematic diagram before being converted to.Driver's cabin 7.1 (or slewing equipment 10) bottom can be provided with hydraulic pressure (as hydraulic oil cylinder driving) shifted laterally device, with drive its outside chassis 8 side shifting with reset, for enough width are reserved in the revolution conversion of " Y " formula device 1 front and back.Be provided with manipulation device (as the manipulation device of parts such as walking mechanism 8.1, two kind of device 1) in the driver's cabin 7.Turntable 10.2; adopt the hydraulic-driven form; hydraulic pressure is set moves forward and backward device; also the hydraulic swivel locking device can be set, its advantage is that mainly turntable 10.2 both can turn round operation; also can be locked as the non-rotating operation of firm integral body with getting off; be beneficial to: some operation (as push away, shovel, shovel dress, cut etc.), to get on the bus and the balance of complete machine, stable, protection turntable 10.2 and complete machine travel etc.Vehicle frame 8 can adopt various ways: X type, compound X type, staggered H type etc.Walking mechanism 8.1 can adopt various ways: two or many axletrees are wheeled, crawler type, walking or hybrid (with other embodiment) walking mechanism 8.1 etc.The chassis 8 of chassis such as wheeled or crawler hypraulic excavator, shovel loader, rotary drilling rig, open air drill rig or its form also can be adopted in chassis 8, corresponding do to increase or choosing increases improvement (comprising adjustments) such as turntable mobile device, support 16, turntable locking device 15, also can to its do other (as big or small, just, position component etc.) adjustment (comprising improvement).Chassis 8 can postposition push away the thing device, and its thrust beam is hinged with track frame 18 from the crawler belt outside, and the vehicle frame 8 between perching knife lift cylinder rear portion and two crawler belts is hinged; Also can adopt structure (the comprising connection etc.) form of the bulldozing device of wheeled, crawler hypraulic excavator.Present embodiment is provided with hydraulic system, control system.When adopting crawler type, walking or crawler belt walking mechanism 8.1, usually, at the preceding left part of driver's cabin 7 seats (as swivel chair) multi-functional walking control crank is set, right part is provided with multi-functional excavation control crank and loads control crank before the seat.Adopt wheeled or during wheel shoe formula walking mechanism 8.1, usually, before driver's cabin 7 seats steering wheel is set, right part is provided with multi-functional excavation control crank and loads control crank before seat.When being provided with when pushing away the thing device, at the multi-functional thing control crank that pushes away of the other addition of operation handle.Present embodiment is hydraulic excavating loader, Multi Role Aircraft etc.The beneficial effect of present embodiment also has: concentrate an easy operation, equipment 1 conversion was not only easy but also can counterweight, can regulate (or self-action adjusting) counterweight by moving forward and backward turntable 10.2 according to needs such as walking, operations.Shelve behind the excavating gear 1 then the driver's cabin visual field good, be convenient to walking and operation, complete machine length are dwindled, the complete machine space utilization is abundant, can select multiple walking mechanism 8.1 for use, applicability is strong etc.

In Figure 23,24 illustrated embodiments, automobile or truck mounted chassis (abbreviation chassis) 8, postmedian is provided with the compression self-discharging body and (promptly compresses self-unloading shipping work device.Be called for short the compartment) 1, an anterior side is provided with half cab 7, opposite side is provided with power and hydraulic means 13, it (also is collapsible that flipover is set between it, go up, up and down, afterwards, flipover such as on the back and front and back, collapsible, shelve formula, shelve formula on the chassis, stir the formula of shelving and fold the formula etc. of shelving) loading attachment 1.Half cab 7 is two formulas of single seat or front and back (or looking its big or small reservation number).Compartment 1, adopt high-strength steel sheet to make, handsome in appearance, cross section is the fillet square or the fillet rectangle (or for square, rectangle, smear the angle square or smear angular length square etc.) totally-enclosed form, can prevent that inner thing flies, improves durable mar proof and the deadweight of reduction complete machine etc.; Its front upper part is provided with band push-and-pull lid (door.Be called for short push-and-pull lid or sliding door) the compartment mouth that is used to adorn thing of 1.1.1, the roof sealing and fixing of compartment metastomium, anterior extend forward block from above protection driver's cabin 7, power and hydraulic means 13 left and right sides protected apron.Compartment 1, rear portion are provided with upper articulation formula back door (also claiming bonnet) 1.1.1, in establish the hydraulic pressure compressing mechanism, divide into hydraulic pressure self-unloading (lifting, lifting) mechanism, how hinged 8 pairs of rear lower and vehicle frames be hinged or.Compartment 1 also can adopt various ways, as: removable (comprise temporarily, be provided with at any time, as the container) formula of opening wide on single function, left and right sides protected apron is connected with driver's cabin 7, vehicle frame 8.Openable top, back door is the semiclosed or full self-tipping type that opens wide, totally-enclosed, semiclosed or full rear lower perk formula of opening wide, and compartment 1 front side portion is provided with butt buster structure formula, and (it can adopt prior art to comprise the form of setting; The at this moment corresponding scraper bowl 3 that dwindles compartment 1 front side portion and compartment, top mouth width and adopt suitable width), etc.Compartment 1, bottom or bottom and both sides also can be provided with heater, thing such as to be used to thaw ice and snow; At this moment, 1 bottom, compartment can be provided with gutter, becomes water and directly enter sewer, river etc. by gutter to locate with the ice dissolution in the compartment 1 that shovel is packed into.Heater can adopt various ways, as electrothermal by the present embodiment generator powered, and combustion type, fuel oil type, engine exhaust independence heated type or help hot type etc. with the mixing (comprise and combining) of above-mentioned at least a heat form.As buffering or crashproof part can be set in the needs compartment 1, play buffering or the generation effect of hitting during with objects such as be used to pack into ratchel, big metal derbies and directly do not clash into envelope.Sliding door 1.1.1, adopt tabular (as single, double or multilayer, but internal frame), on establish three roads and upwards swell the reinforcing rib or the skeleton of curved anti-drop, in if divide into two vertical sliding door oil cylinders 9.10, oil cylinder 9.10 outer ends are fixed on 1 top, compartment (or on its object); Sliding door 1.1.1 both sides are equipped with vertical wheel track or slideway mechanism, and wheel or slide block are located on the sliding door 1.1.1 usually, and track or slideway are located at 1 top, compartment.So under the effect of oil cylinder 9.10, sliding door 1.1.1 can vertically seesaw to reach and open and close the compartment mouth along track or slideway.Back door 1.1.1, periphery is a doorframe, is evagination camber plate in the doorframe, has very strong compressive strength; Its top and 1 top, compartment adopt two (or many) hinged; Each hinged back door oil cylinder 9.10 of the doorframe bossing of its middle and upper part, both sides, oil cylinder 9.10 other ends are hinged on the outer middle and upper part of envelope.So under the effect of oil cylinder 9.10, back door 1.1.1 can open and close (salable).Back door 1.1.1, the bottom also is provided with hydraulic pressure, electronic or pneumatic door lock, is provided with the back door situation display system that is communicated with driver's cabin 7 instrument boards, and opened the door light or symbol show, closes, auditory tone cues has not shut up the door carefully.Back door 1.1.1 also can adopt existing body of tipper carriage back door (lid) and switching technique thereof.The hydraulic pressure compressing mechanism mainly is made up of reinforced push pedal and hydraulic cylinder; Usually, the shape of push pedal is identical but more slightly smaller than it with the shape in cross section in the compartment 1; Push pedal is located in the compartment 1 front portion and pastes mutually with preceding railway carriage or compartment wall, its both sides respectively connect two one on the other horizontal and the other end that the is parallel to each other outside that is fixed on rear portion in the compartment 1 hydraulic cylinder that metal protection overlaps can be set.So under the effect of hydraulic cylinder, reinforced push pedal can vertical (can move back and forth) be compressed thing (as grain, earth, rubbish etc.) backward to middle part or postmedian scope in compartment 1, improve compartment 1 shipment rate.The hydraulic pressure body dumping mechanism can adopt two kinds of forms: one adopt that two rear portions and vehicle frame are 8 hinged, the hinged vertical hydraulic cylinder in front portion and 1 bottom, compartment (have can with both sides or two side lower parts); Two between the left and right sides of 1 front portion, compartment protected apron rear lower and vehicle frame 8 each hinged vertical or inclined hydraulic cylinder.But so compartment 1 front portion lifting under the effect of hydraulic cylinder, reach move after integral body recedes, self-unloading thing etc.

Load (shovel dress) device 1, adopt circular (avette, the egg type of ovum (egg).Perhaps triangle, quadrangle, hexagon, polygon, circle, ellipse, U-shaped or mix shapes such as shape) the telescopic swing arm 2.1 of one-level of single entry (or compound) structure in cross section, swing arm 2.1 inner arms front portion is two forked and hinged with shovel bucket 3, and scraper bowl 3 width can not drop on outside the mouth less than compartment mouth width dress thing; Swing arm 2.1 outer arm rear portions with stir (also being folding) open frame 6.5 to stir part 6.6 hinged, it is hinged with frame standing part 6.5 to stir part 6.6, standing part 6.5 is fixed on the vehicle frame 8; Swing arm 2.1 and stir between the part 6.6 about each hinged boom cylinder 9, swing arm 2.1 inner arms inner with scraper bowl 3 on hinged forward or reverse linkage 9.3.Stir each hinged rear portion and vehicle frame about part 6.6 rear lowers 8 hinged vertically stir oil cylinder 9.6.Loading attachment 1 front frame 8 is beneficial to its downward operation for concave configuration.Therefore, loading attachment 1 has and excavates and descend shovel dress function preferably, as will be more obvious with facility 3 reduced width excavation function.Loading attachment 1: also can adopt for example single-unit formula swing arm (as existing swing arm) of on-telescopic swing arm, collapsible swing arm such as two-segment type swing arm, the hybrid swing arm of folding retractable waits swing arm; The multiple facility 3 of replaceable connection, as excavate (as crowd shovel), grab, folder, facility 3 such as multi-functional; Also can change and be other device 1, as change be: load excavation, excavation, fragmentation, grab thing, press from both sides devices 1 such as thing, lifting, aerial work, sprinkling, brill thing, integrated form, but the swing arm flipover, can turn round butt buster structures such as swing arm flipover or reverse fold be arm-type, wait equipment 1 (swing arm can correspondingly be selected for use in the manual, prior art, swing arm such as novel).Also can adopt side-mounted as required, be about to power and change with hydraulic means 13 and be located at driver's cabin 7 next doors, bottom or part in its underpart, with one or both equipments 1 (as load, grab thing, excavation or devices such as excavation and fragmentation 1 side by side or interlock) be located at vehicle frame 8 front side portions.Swing arm also can adopt the box-like structure of compound or single compound, comprise that both sides are provided with loading attachment 1 movable arm type, as both sides is swing arm, the form that is driver's cabin 7 therebetween is (as Figure 34,35 illustrated embodiments, its driver's cabin 7 also can be mid-or be enlarged), its underpart, rear portion or front portion are the form of driver's cabin 7, usually, every limit swing arm and oil cylinder rear portion thereof are hinged on being located on the flipover frame 6.5 on the vehicle frame 8 separately, stir oil cylinder 9.6 and vehicle frame 8 hinged (more than, with above-mentioned swing arm 2.1 and frame 6.5 radial types).At this moment, power and hydraulic means 13 can adopt the multiple form that is provided with: be located at driver's cabin 7 one sides, rear portion, bottom or part and be located at its underpart; Driver's cabin 7 can change full driver's cabin type (its width adequate is in the both sides swing arm) into, and 7 of driver's cabins can corresponding employing various ways: as (just) face, rear portion, a side or two forequarters, middle part or rear portion before being located at.Compartment 1 front upper part extends the protected apron (its width adequate is in the both sides swing arm) that blocks protection driver's cabin 7 from above forward.

Present embodiment equipment (comprise load and each device) 1 also can adopt: with vehicle frame 8 or its relative section hinged do not establish flipover frame 6.5, fore-and-aft tilt open frame 6.3, the fore-and-aft tilt swinging frame 6.4 of stirring part 6.6.The present embodiment frame also can adopt multiple drive form: for example, motor (as hydraulic motor, motor etc.) adds gear mechanism (as reducer etc.) or wheel chain mechanism, the gear mechanism that power set 13 drive is (as gearbox, change gear mechanism etc.), the hoist engine (winch, capstan winch) that electronic, hydraulic pressure or power set 13 drive, rack piston hydraulic cylinder, the tooth bar plunger piston fluid pressure cylinder, oscillating motor, hybrid-driven (as above-mentioned two kinds of hybrid-drivens) waits drive unit to drive.At this moment, above-mentioned a kind of frame and swing arm adopt jointed shaft directly hinged, and the gear that jointed shaft one or both ends or hinged axial swing arm one or both sides (the corresponding increasing of distance in the frame) relative set is accepted above-mentioned a kind of drive unit driving force (comprises the drive chain gear.Gear diameter is generally bigger) etc. parts, perhaps hoist engine wire rope (wirerope) outer end is fixed on the swing arm middle part or upper forepart, will above-mentioned corresponding a kind of drive unit (wheel chain mechanism top or hoist engine top can be provided be equal to or higher than compartment 1 middle part height be used for gear by drive chain or the pulley by wirerope) be located on vehicle frame 8, vehicle frame 8 relative sections or the frame and and be connected (comprising combination) or wirerope is connected with above-mentioned swing arm position with the above-mentioned parts such as gear of accepting its driving force; Above-mentioned drive unit can adopt duplex; Also have; the jointed shaft of swing arm and frame or accept the parts such as gear of driving force; equipment 1 can be set stir protective device (as the geared system of the automatically continuous lock function lock pin of controllable band); so it can protect loading attachment 1 to stir before and after stopping no longer at once when gear teeth, steel chain or wirerope fracture.Like this, equipment 1 (comprising swing arm) can be under the effect of drive unit safety stir, reset, operation, shelve etc.Present embodiment equipment 1 both can be gone up forward, goes up, stir (also being to tilt to comprise hypsokinesis) on the back shelves, and also can shelve down forward.Present embodiment also can: adopt that 1 front frame 8 is provided with turntable in the compartment, driver's cabin 7, equipment (as loading, grab devices such as thing, folder thing, excavation, lifting) 1, power and hydraulic means 13 (above layout are set on the turntable, with or select for use and above-mentionedly arrange in that vehicle frame 8 is anterior) form, compartment 1 anterior backplate in the air, walking mechanism 8.1 preferably adopts hydraulic pressure. hydraulic machinery or hydraulic machine actuation techniques.Adopt road-sweeper (as sweep the road,, snow waits for bus) or its formula chassis 8, its compartment forward part selects for use above-mentioned a kind of equipment (as loading attachment or other device) 1 and the form that is provided with thereof to comprise parts such as its driver's cabin of corresponding improvement (as change into half or the driver's cabin that dwindles of both sides), compartment (as above establishing a band door compartment mouth, the preceding backplate of setting up defences), drive system, control system; Perhaps present embodiment is used road-sweeper relative section (as parts such as assembly such as dustbin gusset, dustbin, water system, brush, suction system systems), corresponding adjustment drive system, control system parts such as (comprising electrical system) instead.Set up vacuum suction and pumping device, do some improvement this moment: 1.1.1 changes into by Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder with compartment mouth push-and-pull lid, locking, the radial type seal cover that can open backward, on compartment 1 front frame (it can correspondingly extend) 8, driver's cabin 7 rear lowers or in the compartment 8 of 1 bottom vehicle frames are provided with the parts such as hydraulic vacuum suction and pumping pump that driven by power set and hydraulic pump 13 that are communicated with compartment 1 (as the top) with pipeline, the top setting is communicated with it after 1 in the compartment, and to swing up and down the left and right sides helicoid: collapsible suction and pumping cantilever and collapsible soft pipeline or telescopic suction and pumping cantilever (overlapping arm-type) and telescopic rigid tubing (bushing type); Above-mentioned suction and pumping pipeline front portion can connect the suitable length flexible pipe, and collapsible soft pipeline is driven folding by its collapsible suction and pumping cantilever, and telescopic rigid tubing drives flexible by its telescopic suction and pumping cantilever.Above-mentioned suction and pumping cantilever: fold, stretch, swing up and down, about revolution all adopt the Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder formula (about turn round and can adopt: hydraulic permeability reversing gear, the rack piston hydraulic cylinder, the tooth bar plunger piston fluid pressure cylinder, oscillating motor, etc. form), the wired or wireless remote control form that adopts is usually handled in operation and shelving etc.Corresponding employing flexible pipe, swivel coupling or revolution support etc. are communicated with form between said fixing part and the movable part.Above-mentioned compartment 1 outside can increase suitable reinforcing rib with the top, perhaps changes 1 cross section, compartment into circle, oblateness or has the shapes such as quadrangle of arc, and back door 1.1.1 is also corresponding with the push pedal of hydraulic pressure compressing mechanism to change above-mentioned shape into.Each part mentioned above can corresponding employing prior art.

Power and hydraulic means 13, also can be located on the vehicle frame between driver's cabin 7.1 and the compartment 1 (its length can correspondingly strengthen) 8, on driver's cabin 7 one sidecar framves 8, can be provided with like this (as side by side, staggered, up and down or setting such as inside and outside) two or more equipments 1.As setting gradually folding swing arm swinging hydraulic crushing from inside to outside, excavating two kinds of devices 1.Go up following equipment 1: adopt hydraulic-driven (also can adopt Mechanical Driven, electronic, air pressure to drive or combination drive), optionally establish slewing equipment, mobile device, stretching device, stir devices such as device, tilting gearing, lifting gear.Compartment 1 can be changed (as not establishing: dumping device, Der Kofferraumdeckel, employing open type compartment etc.) as required.

The optional travel switch of establishing of present embodiment electrical system, press-type, induction or sensor-type electric control gear, devices such as limiter of moment.For example, press-type, induction or sensor-type electric control gear are set, travel switch or sensor-type electric control gear are set at scraper bowl 3 or other facility 3 drive parts at said apparatus 1 and compartment 1 front upper part or protected apron rear portion; To be used for: close its power when a said apparatus 1 stirs (motion) to compartment 1 upper forepart automatically and reach softly steadily to stop and in trend compartment 1, put and unload thing, automatically reset then, realize certain automatic job; Two said apparatus 1 softly are parked in it stably automatically and shelve position (as compartment 1 front upper part).

Present embodiment be provided with hydraulic system, control system (adopt Mechanical Driven, electronic, air pressure drives or the combination drive form then is provided with the control corresponding system).The electronic probe (it is communicated with driver's cabin 7 interior electronic display systems) that operation situation such as thing was put, unloads, grabs, taken to monitoring equipment 1 is located to be provided with in 1 top, compartment etc.Diaxon (or multiaxis) wheel type traveling mechanism 8.1 is adopted on chassis 8, at this moment, corresponding job manipulation device is set in driver's cabin usually, is included in the job manipulation handle that the preceding right part of seat is provided with respective numbers.Chassis 8 also can be adopted: crawler type, walking or hybrid walking mechanism 8.1 (as be provided with between the two-wheeled crawler belt, wheel that carry out or preceding shoe trailing wheel is carried out formula walking mechanism 8.1 behind the front-wheel, wheel walking mechanism 8.1, crawler belt walking mechanism 8.1), at this moment, corresponding manipulation device is set in driver's cabin usually, is included in left part before the seat job manipulation handle that multi-functional walking (comprise advance and retreat, turn to etc.) control crank, preceding right part are provided with respective numbers is set.Present embodiment and equipment 1 thereof also can adopt wired or wireless telecontrol engineering.For example, adopt lifting gear 1, aerial work device 1, integrated form equipment 1, when grabbing equipment 1 such as thing device 1, both can in driver's cabin 7, handle, also can be in its underpart, vehicle frame 8 front portions or vehicle frame 8 front side portions are provided with manipulation device and handle, and also can adopt wired or wireless telecontrol engineering in that driver's cabin 7 is inside and outside.

So under hydraulic-driven (perhaps other relevant drive form) effect, parts such as equipment 1 can carry out activity, operation, shelve etc., to illustrating with loading attachment 1 below this.Usually, loading attachment 1 is preposition during operation, telescopic oil cylinder 9 driving scraper bowls 3 by walking mechanism 8.1 or swing arm 2.1 shovel dress forward or excavate thing, the part 66 of stirring of 2.1 while of lifting swing arm flipover frame 6.5 is upwards stirred then, drive swing arm 2.1 and also be backward stir on the back and scraper bowl 3 horizontal movements to mouth top, compartment, scraper bowl 3 tilts thing is discharged into compartment 1, automatically resets then.When thing reached a certain amount of in the compartment 1, startup compartment 1 hydraulic pressure body dumping mechanism or its interior hydraulic pressure compressing mechanism moved the East and West direction rear portion or compress.When filling or need not refill when carrying thing, swing arm 2.1 stirs scraper bowl 3 to mouth top, compartment backward and stops automatically and shelve, lock hydraulic lock (can be provided with between the protected apron of the left and right sides by Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder in case the transversal stretching metal lock pin that loading attachment 1 stirs forward), and oil cylinder 9.10 drives sliding door 1.1.1 and covers the compartment mouth.At this moment, present embodiment can be left for relevant place, earlier swing arm 2.1 be stirred down forward then, restart compartment 1 hydraulic pressure dumping device and open carriage back door 1.1.1, dump thing; Above-mentioned part resets, and so far finishes the entire job process.When stirring part 6.6 and vertically not working (stirring), present embodiment comprise loading attachment 1 can be with common or existing loader and equally action, operation of loading attachment thereof, shelve (as preposition), application etc.When embodiment adopts turntable, under its effect on it equipment 1 can turn round operation (comprise the back change with thing put into or take draw off compartment 1 etc.), driver's cabin 7 grades are also turned round together it on, have reached to make things convenient for manipulation.

Present embodiment is a transport vehicle, engineering truck, agricultural vehicle, environmental sanitation car, engineering environmental sanitation car, engineering environmental sanitation transport vehicle, MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle), engineering machinery, trip runner journey machinery (as loader, excavator, Article grabbing machine or excavation crushing engine etc.) etc.The beneficial effect of present embodiment also has, and swing arm 2.1 adopts hexagon, polygon, circle, ellipse, oval, U-shaped or mixes the shape uniform section, but weight reduction improves anti-twist ability, strengthens the property (comprise and improve transaction capabilities).Having above-mentioned equipment 1 with car, also is to have single function, two functions or multi-functional shipping unit 1 at random.Need not allocate engineering machinery, vehicle specially, both but independent completion finished seriation or general assignment, push as loading, compression, suction and pumping, cleaning, shovel and to take off, to remove taking and placing, lifting, transportation, self-unloading (as remove and take out, topple over etc.) etc., the efficient height, of many uses, mobility good.Scraper bowl 3 can be used for people's frock thing, promptly manually thing (as grain, sand, earth, rubbish etc.) is packed in it, by loading attachment 1 with the compartment 1 of packing into of things in the scraper bowl 3.When the shovel dress waits operation forward, can rely on walking mechanism 8.1 driving forces, telescopic swing arm 2.1 telescopic drive power or above-mentioned combined drive power.Can be widely used in several work such as city, rural area, harbour, factory, engineering, transportation, carrying.

In embodiment illustrated in fig. 25, the mid-full circle swinging hydraulic swivel 10.1 in automobile or truck mounted chassis (abbreviation chassis) 8 rear portions, side band chair type console 7, mid-frame 6 on the turntable 10.1, hinged integrated (also being combination) formula equipment 1 on the frame 6.Chassis 8 anterior sides are half cab 7.Integrated form equipment 1, main by the public back swing arm 5 that is hinged, preceding swing arm 4 (above-mentioned also is swing arm 2.2), telescopic lifting gear 1, upper stand 6 hinged aerial work device 1, lower framework 6 hinged 1 three kinds of equipments of excavating gear 1 of reaching on the public preceding swing arm 4 are formed.Its preceding bottom is provided with support 16.Its oil cylinder 9.2 of respective hinge, oil cylinder 9.1 on public back swing arm 5, the preceding swing arm 4, oil cylinder 9.2 rear portions and public back swing arm 5 rear portions are hinged on the frame 6 on the turntable 10.1, and frame 6 can adopt reinforced.Kind, size and the position of the equipment 1 on the integrated form equipment 1 all can change, adjust, and for example: one changes lifting gear 1 into telescopic excavating gear 1, changes excavating gear 1 into breaker 1.Two change lifting gear 1 into telescopic excavating gear 1, excavating gear 1 is changed into bore thing device 1.Three change lifting gear 1 into telescopic chain saw device 1, change aerial work device 1 into flusher 1.Four change lifting gear 1 into telescopic fork thing device 1, excavating gear 1 is changed into grab thing device 1.Five public preceding swing arm 4 one sides, both sides (as each hinged arm-type equipment 1 with excavating gear 1 form as the hydraulic pressure chain saw, grab devices such as binder, quartering hammer, cutting machine 1), upper and lower or set up one or more telescopic or collapsible equipments 1 (as saw, brill, clamp, cut, equipment 1 such as manipulator) up and down.At this moment, can corresponding adjustment said apparatus 1 and the relative section (as its structure, size, length, intensity, hydraulic system, control system etc.) of facility 3.Lifting gear 1, adopt: three joint telescopic arm structures (its outer arm is public preceding swing arm 4), built-in single cylinder add rope row synchronization telescope, and lifting hook 3 hinged, no hydraulic winches (comprise the wirerope pulley.Non-rope sheave of above-mentioned abbreviation or cable pulley type) form, its advantage does not have the trouble of rope traction when being lifting, can be accurately easy, light hoisting operation efficiently.Optional bolt hole, connector, the angle regulator devices such as (as hydraulic cylinder, slewing equipments) established in lifting hook 3 positions.Also can adopt the form of the lifting hook 3 of hydraulic winch, band pulley by the wire rope connection, promptly wirerope pulley hoist engine tackling system is called for short rope sheave or cable pulley type.The back swing arm 5 of aerial work device 1 (on the figure), preceding swing arm 4 (also can adopt single-unit arm, telescopic arm or folding retractable mixing arm etc.Embodiment illustrated in fig. 28 with), operation bucket 3 is hinged successively, respective hinge oil cylinder 9.2, oil cylinder 9.1 and operation bucket 3 auto-leveling mechanisms parts such as (or) leveling cyclinders are set on it; Oil cylinder 9.2 rear portions and public preceding swing arm 4 upper articulations.One joint swing arm 2 of excavating gear 1 (figure a left side) is hinged with scraper bowl 3, articulated linkage mechanism 9.3 on it, and swing arm 2 lower hinge boom cylinders 9, the bossing of boom cylinder 9 rear portions and public preceding swing arm 4 bottoms is hinged.Excavating gear 1 is an extended configuration among the figure, is positioned at the bottom of lifting gear 1 (also being public preceding swing arm 4 and back swing arm 5) when its folding (receipts arm).Power and hydraulic means 13 can be located at following position: chassis 8 anterior opposite sides, and on the driver's cabin 7 rear portion vehicle frames 8, on the vehicle frame 8 of driver's cabin 7 and integrated form equipment 1 bottom.Power set fuel tank (or power supply) 13 and hydraulic oil container 13 can be located at vehicle frame 8 both sides between front and back wheel.One in front and one in back two hydraulic leg same straight lines of 12, two side legs, 12 side direction or non-same straight line (its flexible distance is big) are respectively established in vehicle frame 8 both sides.As needs one cover can be set on turntable 10.1 (getting on the bus) also is exclusively used in hydraulic pressure system power set 13 (as Diesel engine) completely and simultaneously hydraulic means 13 is changed and be located at (above-mentioned two parts also play the counterweight effect) on the turntable 10.1.Or (get off and be not provided with) power and hydraulic means 13 only are set on turntable 10.1, can adopt two kinds of forms this moment: one laterally is located at turntable 101 rear portions plays the counterweight effect simultaneously, and two vertically are located at turntable 10.1 one sides; At this moment, its hydraulic drive (comprising hydrostatic transmissions) both can drive the relative section of getting on the bus, and also can drive the relative section of getting off and comprise walking mechanism 8.1.Two axletrees or many axletrees wheel type traveling mechanism 8.1 are adopted in chassis 8.Also can adopt: crawler type, walking or hybrid walking mechanism 8.1 (with other embodiment).The Crane Truck Chassis (hydraulic system, control system, platform, frame, pulpit or console etc. partly are adjusted accordingly) of band hydraulic swivel 10.1 also can be adopted in chassis 8.But establishing is heavy on the turntable 10.1, to satisfy get on the bus operation, balance needs.Present embodiment is provided with hydraulic system, control system.Be provided with digging operation, hoisting operation, aerial work (or above-mentioned other operation) actuating element (comprising the control crank of respective numbers etc.) on console 7, operating personnel handles in it to make things convenient for also to be provided with the aerial work actuating element on the operation bucket 3.During walking mechanisms 8.1 such as employing crawler type, walking or crawler belt walking, corresponding manipulation device is set in driver's cabin 7 usually, be included in the anterior or preceding left part of seat multi-functional walking (comprise advance and retreat, turn to etc.) control crank be set, also can be before seat right part the job manipulation handle of respective numbers is set.Present embodiment is that engineering (operation) cars such as lifting aerial work, excavation lifting aerial work saw cramp pincers, multifunctional engineering car etc. are sprayed, excavate in the hydraulic excavating sawing.

In Figure 26,26.1 illustrated embodiments, automobile or truck mounted chassis (abbreviation chassis) 8 postmedians are provided with fork thing device 1 lifting gear 1.Or be chassis 8 with vehicle-mounted (as automobile) crane, before lifting gear 1, on the vehicle frame 8 fork thing device 1 is set down.Also can revolution or non-swinging type fork thing device 1 is preposition, partly be connected (as the fork truck formula) with driver's cabin 7 front frame (it can correspondingly extend) 8 grades.8 front portions, chassis are full driver's cabin 7, are equipment support 16 on it, and it is thereafter power and hydraulic means 13 down; Power set fuel tank and hydraulic oil container or power supply 13 are located at vehicle frame 8 both sides between front and back wheel; Two same or non-collinear hydraulic legs 12 of side direction are respectively established in these both sides.The telescopic preceding swing arm 4 back swing arm 5 hinged composition swing arms 2.2 of lifting gear 1, respective hinge oil cylinder 9.2, oil cylinder 9.1 on it, oil cylinder 9.2 is hinged on the frame 6.1 of dividing into Full Rotary slewing equipment 10 with swing arm 5 rear portions, back, and slewing equipment 10 is mid-at vehicle frame 8 rear portions; Preceding swing arm 4 is the multi-joint telescoping formula, relative set multi-stage expansion arm oil cylinder 9.5 on it, and the hinged lifting hook 3 of its inner arm front end, lifting gear 1 adopts hydraulic pressure rope sheave (or non-rope sheave).Optional bolt hole, connector, the angle regulator devices such as (as hydraulic cylinder, slewing equipments) established in position above the lifting hook 3.Fork thing device 1, adopt existing forklift door frame (as the ascending/decending door frame, pallet fork is the upwards collapsible of hydraulic pressure or electric device driving) 17, it is hinged on 180 degree (both sides each 90 degree) revolution shifted laterally formula turntables or the slewing equipment (abbreviation turntable) 10.2, hinged oil cylinder 9.7 between itself and the turntable 10.2.Turntable 10.2 is provided with the lateral movement device, and its two-rail 11 is horizontally placed on the vehicle frame 8.During the operation of fork thing, general earlier suitable lifting lifting gear 1 is reserved enough height, forklift door frame 17 rotates to vehicle frame 8 left sides or right side under the effect of turntable 10.2, upright or tiltedly upright under the effect of oil cylinder 9.7 then, collapsible pallet fork (can simultaneously) drops to the operation desired height, opens, then under turntable 10.2 or walking mechanism 8.1 shifted laterally effects, the pallet fork side direction is advanced and is pitched the loading thing, rollback then, at this moment embodiment can loading walk, unload under the effect of walking mechanism 8.1, finishes operations such as transportation, stacking or handling goods.As needs also can be at preceding swing arm 4 upper and lower or wait up and down each hinged arm-type hydraulic work device of portion (as pallet fork, grab bucket, grab binder, excavating gear etc.Parts such as swing arm 4 back swing arms 5, hydraulic system, control system before corresponding reinforcement this moment, the adjustment).Chassis 8 adopts that two (or many) axletrees are wheeled, crawler type, walking or hybrid walking mechanism 8.1 (with other embodiment).Present embodiment is provided with hydraulic system, control system.The actuating element of lifting gear 1 (as control handwheel) is located at slewing equipment 10 outsides or vehicle frame 8 sidepieces (comprising the control crank of respective numbers etc.) usually.The actuating element of fork thing device 1 is located in the driver's cabin 7 (comprising the multifunctional operating handle) usually.During walking mechanisms 8.1 such as employing crawler type, walking or crawler belt walking, usually left part is provided with multi-functional walking (comprise advance and retreat, turn to etc.) control crank or steering wheel before driver's cabin 7 seats, and preceding right part is provided with fork thing job manipulation handle suitable number or multi-functional.Present embodiment is the Hydraulic for lifting load forklift truck, and lifting fork is grabbed and dug working vehicle, MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle) etc.The excellent characteristics of present embodiment are that how practical the compact conformation function is, changed existing crane and situations such as fork truck simple function and kind; Carryings such as suitable longer goods of bilateral fork thing such as electric pole, timber, section bar, floor; Goods is positioned at the minimizing of vehicle body one side width during carrying, helps narrow local walking, operation.

Based on last following relevant technologies a plurality of embodiment are described, promptly fork truck, loader, other engineering machinery or its form chassis back, in, behind the driver's cabin or in the power section, side or on the side setting (as vehicle frame setting behind the driver's cabin across or multiple spot is striden inverted U-shaped, the half chests type of power set, how logical U-shaped or box bearing are provided with) forward and backward, last, side or tiltedly shelve (as can driver's cabin side, back or on shelve comprise shelve on its equipment support) and time be with frame, (it can be with console to turntable.Or the following rotary device of taking back) telescopic arm, folding arm or folding retractable mixes arm-type Hydraulic for lifting load device, and (it adopts rope sheave or the multi-functional formula of non-rope sheave.Above-mentioned arm-type hydraulic pressure fork thing also can be set, grab thing, folder thing, take thing, work high above the ground or device such as multi-functional.U-shaped comprises the right angle, smears angle U-shaped etc.Type comprises shape.Shape comprises type.Above-mentioned bearing is called for short inverted U-shaped or inverted U-shaped bearing etc., but its double as hood or its part.Turntable is located on the bearing); As needs, but vehicle frame both sides relative set hydraulic leg; Parts such as manipulation, driving, control and vehicle frame and walking mechanism width, size, intensity can correspondingly be adjusted and (handled as strengthening driver's cabin, can increase to make two into, on the driver's cabin, side, back or other parts set up equipment support etc.Walking operation in two comprises that the form of actuating elements such as shelving is corresponding and selects for use or the same following; The actuating element of new work device also can: be located under the equipment, on back or fuselage or the car body, and adopt telecontrol engineering).Become hydraulic pressure fork thing mobile crane, toter, multifunction fork truck, loader etc.The beneficial effect of the foregoing description mainly contains, compact conformation, function are many, practical, changed that engineering machinery equipments such as existing crane, fork truck, loader are single, function is few, the scope of application is little, can not a power section, many usefulness such as a drive part, a machine, a car, the situation that waits.

In embodiment illustrated in fig. 27, the Full Rotary car body on 8 tops, chassis (also be get on the bus, vehicle frame, fuselage, turntable) 10.1 is anterior to be power set 13, thereafter be driver's cabin 7, hydraulic means 13 is located in the driver's cabin 7 behind the power set 13 or on the bottom car body 10.1.Loading attachment 1 (a figure left side) is prepended to power set 13 front portions and both sides, back rotatable (also being that the back is changeed collapsible with the back, shelved formula and the folding formula etc. of shelving) excavating gear 1 (scheming upper right) is placed on driver's cabin 7 rear portions, pushes away thing device 1 (figure bottom right) and is placed on 8 rear portions, chassis.Loading attachment 1 adopts two swing arms (abbreviation swing arm) 2; Swing arm 2 is provided with reinforcement between the front portion, the rear portion is hinged with power set 13 machine frame at two sides 6 respectively, the hinged loading hopper 3 of front end; Hinged pair of counter-rotating linkage 9.3 on swing arm 2 and the loading hopper 3, hinged pair of boom cylinder 9 on swing arm 2 and the frame 6; Above-mentioned overlook the structure with or substantially with Figure 29 .1 illustrated embodiment (it is for just changeing double connecting rod 9.3).Frame 6 is connected with car body 10.1 and driver's cabin 7 front baffles, and perhaps frame 6 is parts of car body 10.1 or driver's cabin 7 (as front baffle).The swinging frame 6.1 of excavating gear 1, back swing arm 5, preceding swing arm 4, scraper bowl 3 are hinged successively, respective hinge oil cylinder 9.2, oil cylinder 9.1, linkage 9.3, swing arm angle oil cylinder 9.4 on it; Frame 6.1 bottoms are provided with 360 degree or 180 degree inclination (or upright) formula slewing equipments 10.3, and slewing equipment 10.3 is located at middle part, car body 10.1 back.The state of oppositely shelving (left side excavating gear 1) and the forward condition (right side excavating gear 1) of excavating gear 1 have been showed among the figure.Push away the thrust beam 19 anterior hinged perching knives 3 of thing device 1,3 hinged oil cylinders 9.8 of thrust beam 19 and perching knife.When adopting crawler type walking mechanism 8.1, thrust beam 19 rear portions and track frame 18 are hinged, and vehicle frame (walker) 8 is hinged between perching knife (or pushing away the thing device) lifting appliance 9.9 rear portions and two crawler belts; When adopting wheel type traveling mechanism 8.1, vehicle frame 8 is hinged between thrust beam 19 rear portions and front and back wheel or between the trailing wheel of the left and right sides, and vehicle frame 8 is hinged between lifting appliance 9.9 rear portions and two trailing wheels; Push away thing device 1 and can play the supporting leg effect.Also can adopt the bulldozing device of crawler type or wheel excavator and form is set.Also can not be provided with as needs and to push away thing device 1.Chassis 8 walking mechanisms 8.1 can adopt various ways: two (or many) axletrees are wheeled, crawler type, walking or hybrid walking mechanism 8.1 (with other embodiment).When adopting wheel type traveling mechanism 8.1, power set fuel tank and hydraulic oil container 13 are located at vehicle frame 8 both sides between the front and back wheel (fuel tank 13 arranged outside steps and add its upper plane form the step that enters driver's cabin 7 together), and the petroleum pipeline of fuel tank 13 is connected with hydraulic means 13 with 10.1 the power of getting on the bus by central swivel coupling.When adopting crawler type or wheel shoe formula walking mechanism 8.1, the power set fuel tank adopts crawler dozer or the similar fuel tank form of tractor (comprising the form of setting) with hydraulic oil container 13.Present embodiment is provided with hydraulic system, control system.Usually the front portion is provided with loading operation, walking (comprise turn to, braking etc.) actuating element in driver's cabin 7, and the rear portion is provided with excavates and push away thing operation, walking actuating element.For example, when adopting crawler type, walking or crawler belt walking mechanism 8.1, at the preceding left part of driver's cabin 7 seats (as swivel chair) multi-functional walking control crank is set usually, preceding right part is provided with multi-functional loading control crank; Left part is provided with multi-functional walking control crank behind the seat, and back right part is provided with multi-functional excavation control crank and pushes away the thing control crank.Reaching two by conversion before and after the swivel chair handles.Adopt wheeled for another example or during wheel shoe formula walking mechanism 8.1, in driver's cabin 7 seats (this be a swivel chair) front portion steering wheel is set usually, preceding right part is provided with multi-functional loading and indulges handle; The seat rear portion also is provided with steering wheel, and back right part is provided with multi-functional excavation control crank and pushes away the thing control crank; Reaching two by conversion before and after the swivel chair handles.On car body 10.1 and the chassis 8 hydraulic swivel locking device 15 can be set.The outstanding advantage of present embodiment is: adopt car body 10.1 that equipment 1 is set, overcome the deficiency that existing loader-digger loading attachment can not turn round, the excavating gear angle of revolution is little, it also can be used for being provided with other equipment; To up and down with locking device 15, lock is that one is beneficial to some operations.Present embodiment is hydraulic excavating loader (not being with when pushing away thing device 1), push away thing loader-digger, Multi Role Aircraft etc.

In embodiment illustrated in fig. 28, automobile or truck mounted chassis (abbreviation chassis) 8 rear portions are provided with full circle swinging hydraulic swivel 10.1, which is provided with band chair type console 7 and frame 6, frame 6 (can adopt reinforced) goes up hinged integrated form (also being combined type) equipment 1.8 front portions, chassis are full driver's cabin 7, which is provided with equipment support 16.Power and hydraulic means 13 are located on driver's cabin 7 middle and lower parts or the rear portion vehicle frame 8.Wherein power set fuel tank (or power supply) and hydraulic oil container 13 are located at vehicle frame 8 both sides between front and back wheel.Two hydraulic leg 12, two side legs 12 side direction are respectively established one in front and one in back at same straight line or non-same linear telescopic (its flexible distance is big) in vehicle frame 8 both sides.Integrated form equipment 1, main by public back swing arm 5 that is hinged and preceding swing arm 4 (above-mentioned also is swing arm 2.2), and the excavating gear 1 that is arranged side by side about on the public preceding swing arm 4, lifting gear 1 (among the figure from the inside to the outside), upper stand 6 hinged 1 three kinds of equipments of aerial work device 1 are formed.Respective hinge oil cylinder 9.2, oil cylinder 9.1 on public back swing arm 5, the preceding swing arm 4, oil cylinder 9.2 rear portions and public back swing arm 5 rear portions and turntable 10.1 upper spiders 6 are hinged.Kind, size and the position of the equipment 1 on the integrated form equipment 1 all can change, adjust, for example: one aloft apparatus for work 1 back swing arm 5 and oil cylinder 9.2 bottoms thereof are provided with slewing equipment 10, change it into swinging breaker 1, fork thing device 1 or cutting plants device 1, two and change excavating gear 1 into the telescopic thing device 1 of grabbing.Three change lifting gear 1 into telescopic chain saw device 1, change aerial work device 1 into flusher 1.Four change lifting gear 1 into telescopic breaker 1; Aloft apparatus for work 1 back swing arm 5 and oil cylinder 9.2 bottoms thereof are provided with slewing equipment 10, change it into swinging cutter sweep 1.Five in public preceding swing arm 4 one sides, both sides, upper and lower or set up one or more hydraulic work devices (as telescopic or collapsible saw, brill, clamp, cut, manipulator, grab thing device, chain saw, grab equipments such as binder, quartering hammer, cutting machine) 1 up and down.This moment corresponding adjustment said apparatus 1 relative section (, setting up parts such as hydraulic system, control system) as strengthening parts such as swing arm 2.2, frame 6 and chassis 8.Lifting gear 1 adopts three joint telescopic arm structures (its outer arm is public preceding swing arm 4), and built-in single cylinder adds that rope row, synchronization telescope and lifting hook are 3 hinged, the form of no hydraulic winch; Its advantage does not have the trouble of rope traction when being lifting, can be accurately easy, light hoisting operation (form that yet can adopt the lifting hook 3 of hydraulic winch, band pulley to be connected by wire rope) efficiently.Optional bolt hole, connector, the angle regulator devices such as (as hydraulic cylinder, slewing equipments) established in position above the lifting hook 3.The back swing arm 5 of aerial work device 1, preceding swing arm 4, operation bucket 3 are hinged successively, respective hinge oil cylinder 9.2, oil cylinder 9.1 and parts such as operation bucket 3 auto-leveling mechanisms such as leveling cyclinder are set on it; Oil cylinder 9.2 rear portions and public preceding swing arm 4 upper articulations.Excavating gear 1 adopts a joint telescopic arm structure, and flexible by built-in Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder, its outer arm is public preceding swing arm 4, the flexible hinged facility 3 of inner arm front end, articulated linkage mechanism 9.3 in facility 3 and the flexible inner arm.Two axletrees (or many axletrees) wheel type traveling mechanism 8.1 is adopted on chassis 8; Also can adopt crawler type walking mechanism 8.1, walking mechanism 8.1, hybrid walking mechanism 8.1 (as be provided with between the two-wheeled crawler belt, wheel that carry out or preceding shoe trailing wheel is carried out formula walking mechanism 8.1 behind the front-wheel, wheel walking mechanism 8.1, crawler belt walking mechanism 8.1); Also can adopt the Crane Truck Chassis 8 (parts such as its hydraulic system, control system, platform, frame, pulpit or console can correspondingly be adjusted) of band hydraulic swivel 10.1.As needs one cover can be set on turntable 10.1 (getting on the bus) also is exclusively used in hydraulic pressure system power set (as Diesel engine) 13 completely and simultaneously hydraulic means 13 is changed and be located at (above-mentioned two parts also play the counterweight effect) on the turntable 10.1.(get off and be not provided with) power and hydraulic means 13 perhaps only are set on turntable 10.1, and can adopt two kinds of forms this moment: one laterally is located at turntable 10.1 rear portions plays the counterweight effect simultaneously, and two vertically are located at turntable 10.1 one sides; Its hydraulic pressure (comprising hydrostatic) transmission this moment can drive the relative section of getting on the bus and get off and comprise walking mechanism 8.1.Present embodiment is provided with hydraulic system, control system.Console 7 is provided with excavation, lifting, aerial work actuating element (comprising the control crank of respective numbers etc.), also is provided with the aerial work actuating element on the operation bucket 3.When adopting crawler type, walking or crawler belt walking mechanism 8.1, corresponding manipulation device is set in driver's cabin 7 usually, is included in the seat front portion multi-functional walking (comprise advance and retreat, turn to etc.) control crank is set.Present embodiment is hydraulic excavating (perhaps saw, grab folder, fragmentation or excavate cutting etc.) lifting aerial work engineering truck, multifunctional engineering car etc.

Based on Figure 25, Figure 26,26.1 or embodiment illustrated in fig. 28 in chassis 8, illustrate that a lifting aerial work car also is multifunctional engineering car embodiment.Present embodiment construction features: adopt above-mentioned a kind of chassis 8, its rear portion vehicle frame is provided with a big turntable of full circle swinging, being arranged side by side two liftables of putting frame on all about on the big turntable can the little slewing equipment of 360 degree swingings, hinged lifting gear of frame and elevating ram thereof, hinged aerial work device of frame and elevating ram thereof; Two little slewing equipments adopt inside and outside sleeve formula structure, and hydraulicefficiency elevation structure is set in it.The aerial work device adopts: built-in single cylinder adds rope row or adds chain row, synchronization telescope multi-joint telescoping arm configuration, the hinged operation bucket of front end of the flexible inner arm in the inside; Or prior art.Lifting gear adopts: built-in single cylinder adds rope row or adds chain row, synchronization telescope multi-joint telescoping arm configuration (also can adopt collapsible or the hybrid boom of folding retractable, become the form of multiple different operating device 1 as above-mentioned embodiment swing arm 2.2 and the multiple facility of the replaceable connection of front end thereof) and rope sheave or non-cable pulley type (lifting hook is articulated in flexible inner arm front end); Or prior art.Other parts (as parts such as driver's cabin, power and hydraulic means and fuel tank thereof, power supply, supporting leg, walking mechanism, operation bucket auto-leveling mechanisms and form is set) are with above-mentioned embodiment.When not working, do not put forward on the driver's cabin upper bracket side by side two equipments.Start its little slewing equipment elevating mechanism down during the work of equipment earlier, the safe altitude of not interfering with another equipment when it is risen to revolution can be used its little slewing equipment revolution operation; This moment, big turntable did not generally need work, and another equipment rests on the support.Two equipments can be used big turntable in identical or non-equidirectional while or non-while operation.Also the power set that a cover is exclusively used in hydraulic system can be set on big turntable, hydraulic means changed be located on the big turntable simultaneously; Perhaps only on big turntable (get off and be not provided with) power set and hydraulic means (above-mentioned two parts also play the counterweight effect) are set, can adopt two kinds of forms this moment: one laterally is located at big turntable rear portion plays the counterweight effect simultaneously, and two vertically are located at big turntable one side; Its hydraulic pressure (comprising hydrostatic) transmission this moment can drive the relative section of getting on the bus and get off and comprise walking mechanism.Present embodiment be provided with hydraulic system, control system (comprise devices such as stop, sensor so that two equipments remain safe distance, mutually noninterfere).The manipulation device of lifting gear (as control handwheel) is located on the vehicle frame, and the manipulation device of aerial work device (as control handwheel) is located on vehicle frame and the operation bucket; Perhaps on big turntable, lifting, aerial work console (comprising the control crank of respective numbers etc.) are set, also are provided with the aerial work actuating element on the operation bucket 3.The present embodiment major advantage also has: side-by-side equipment 1 can echo mutually, during as lifting gear lifting article, the operating personnel can control lifting operation nearby and move, connects and take the article that lifted by crane etc. in the operation bucket, so can finish the existing operation that needs hoisting operation, two kinds of engineering machinery of work high above the ground just can finish accurately, efficiently, easily; The many applied ranges of function, the fast mobility strong of speed etc.

In Figure 29,29.1 illustrated embodiments, 8 front portions, chassis are provided with power set 13, and driver's cabin 7 is set thereafter, and hydraulic means 13 is located on the vehicle frame 8 of driver's cabin 7 inside or bottom.Loading attachment 1 (a figure left side) is prepended to power set 13 front portions and both sides, back rotatable (also be back and back are changeed collapsible, shelved the formula of shelving on formula and the chassis, the folding formula etc. of shelving) excavating gear 1 (figure is right) and breaker 1 staggered (also can be side by side or movable type side by side) be placed on driver's cabin 7 rear portions, and it pushes away thing device 1 for postposition down; Two (walking, operation etc.) manipulation device before and after being provided with in the driver's cabin 7.Loading attachment 1 adopts the two swing arms (abbreviation swing arm) 2 of side-by-side, and (before the power set 13) are provided with firm (reinforcing) beam between the swing arm 2, swing arm 2 rear portions respectively with power set 13 (also being fuselage 8) machine frame at two sides 6 hinged, the hinged loading hoppers 3 of front end; Hinged boom cylinder 9 on swing arm 2 and its frame 6, the hinged linkage 9.3 that just changeing on swing arm 2 and the loading hopper 3.Frame 6 is connected or its part with driver's cabin 7 front baffles.The swinging frame 6.1 of excavating gear 1, back swing arm 5, preceding swing arm 4, scraper bowl 3 are hinged successively, respective hinge oil cylinder 9.2, oil cylinder 9.1, linkage 9.3 on it; Frame 6.1 bottoms be provided with less than, be equal to or greater than the slewing equipments 10 of 180 degree, slewing equipment 10 is located on the vehicle frame 8 of driver's cabin 7 rear portions one side extend longitudinally, prolongation vehicle frame 8 can adopt various ways: maintain static formula, the movable type that is higher than next door vehicle frame 8 of hydraulic shifter unit is set, adopts the hinged left-right swing type that is higher than next door vehicle frame 8 by Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder; Wherein portable major advantage with left-right swing type is that excavating gear 1 is movable to the vehicle frame middle part, 8 back or the outside during operation, to increase the needs of operation amplitude and mid-excavating gear 1.The frame 6.1 of breaker 1, back swing arm 5, preceding swing arm 4, quartering hammer 3 are hinged successively, respective hinge oil cylinder 9.2, oil cylinder 9.1, linkage 9.3 on it; Frame 6.1 bottoms with less than, be equal to or greater than 180 the degree slewing equipments 10 be connected, slewing equipment 10 is located at vehicle frame 8 opposite sides.When excavating gear 1, breaker 1 employing movable type, two device 1 bottoms (rear portion) respectively are provided with a flat placed type hydraulic lateral mobile device, and (it is provided with slideway, tooth bar or wheel track, adopting driving of transverse hydraulic cylinder or hydraulic motor to add gear mechanism drives), move back and forth to drive two device 1 side direction, (for example satisfy needs such as embodiment walking, operation and balance thereof, position, amplitude, angle, stream oriented device 1 moves to the middle part during walking, to keep assembled machine balance.During operation stream oriented device 1 each side direction is suitable as required moves).During non-operation, excavating gear 1 and breaker 1 (its side change shelve state shown in dotted line among Figure 29 .1) but all side commentaries on classics, preceding commentaries on classics, back commentaries on classics are shelved; Before change (also being) from changeing after one's death be shelved on the support 16 on the driver's cabin 7 form as shown in FIG., when shelving before swing arm 4 can be lifted to the height that is higher than support 16 earlier, the back commentaries on classics also is that to be shelved on support 16 also be on the driver's cabin 7 in preceding commentaries on classics again; To dwindle complete machine length, to be convenient to travel etc.Push away the thrust beam 19 anterior hinged perching knives 3 of thing device 1,3 hinged perching knife angle oil cylinders 9.8 of thrust beam 19 and perching knife.When adopting crawler type or wheel to carry out walking mechanism 8.1 such as (carrying out behind the front-wheel) formula, thrust beam 19 rear portions from crawler belt outside and track frame 18 hinged, or and two crawler belts between vehicle frame (walker) 8 hinged; Vehicle frame 8 is hinged between perching knife (or pushing away the thing device) lifting appliance 9.9 rear portions and two crawler belts.When adopting wheel type traveling mechanism 8.1, both sides, vehicle frame 8 rear portion are provided with spademan formula (breast-stroke) hydraulic leg 12, thrust beam 19 rear portions both can be outside trailing wheel and between front and back wheel vehicle frame 8 hinged, also can and two trailing wheels between vehicle frame 8 hinged, vehicle frame 8 is hinged between perching knife (or pushing away the thing device) lifting appliance 9.9 rear portions and two trailing wheels; Push away thing device 1 and can play the supporting leg effect.Push away thing device 1 and also can adopt pushing away the thing device and form being set of crawler dozer, crawler type or wheel excavator.Also can not be provided with if desired and push away thing device 1.Adopt on chassis 8: doube bridge is wheeled, crawler type or wheel shoe formula (or adopt walking, or sliding be the glide steering formula) walking mechanism 8.1 (when adopting hydraulic pressure, hydraulic machinery or hydraulic machine drive unit, drive unit is located on the vehicle frame 8 of power set 13 places or driver's cabin 7 inside or bottom usually).When adopting wheel type traveling mechanism 8.1, power set fuel tank and hydraulic oil container 13 are located at vehicle frame 8 both sides (above-mentioned fuel tank arranged outside step is formed the step that enters driver's cabin 7 with fuel tank) between the front and back wheel.When adopting crawler type or wheel shoe formula walking mechanism 8.1, the form (comprising the form of setting) of power set fuel tank and hydraulic oil container 13 employing crawler dozers or the similar fuel tank of caterpillar tractor.Present embodiment also can adopt embodiment illustrated in fig. 27 going up to be that full circle swinging car body (also being turntable) 10.1 and anterior for power set 13, rear portion are chassis 8 forms and the turntable locking device 15 of driver's cabin 7, its major advantage are operating flexibilities and the operating type selectivity is stronger, operating efficiency is more high.Present embodiment is provided with hydraulic system, control system.Front portions are provided with loading operation, walking (comprise turn to, braking etc.) actuating element in the driver's cabin 7; The rear portion is provided with excavation, fragmentation, push away thing job manipulation part also can be provided with the walking actuating element; Reaching two by conversion before and after the swivel chair handles.When adopting crawler type, walking or crawler belt walking mechanism 8.1, usually, at the preceding left part of driver's cabin 7 seats (this is a swivel chair) multi-functional walking control crank is set, preceding right part is provided with multi-functional loading control crank; Left part is provided with multi-functional walking control crank behind the seat, and back right part is provided with multi-functional excavation control crank, broken control crank, pushes away the thing control crank.Adopt wheeled or during wheel shoe formula walking mechanism 8.1, usually, in driver's cabin 7 seats (this is a swivel chair) front portion steering wheel is set, preceding right part is provided with multi-functional loading control crank; Right part is provided with multi-functional excavation control crank, broken control crank, pushes away the thing control crank behind the seat, and the seat rear portion also can be provided with steering wheel; Reaching two by conversion before and after the swivel chair handles.Present embodiment is that hydraulic excavating loads crushing engine, excavation is loaded fragmentation and pushed away thing machine, Multi Role Aircraft etc.The present embodiment beneficial effect also has, equipment 1 can forward and backward, preceding commentaries on classics, change the back, preceding folding, the back is folding is held on driver's cabin 7 tops, complete machine length is little, space utilization is abundant; Do not change facility 3 by other machinery can be independent or complete finish multiple or complete operation, can satisfy the operation in operation it is pressed for time, narrow and small place and the low cost of engineering machinery, multi-functional, high efficiency etc. are required etc.

Based on embodiment of above-mentioned relevant technologies explanation, promptly staggered or be arranged side by side above-mentioned hydraulic excavating device 1 breaker 1 at back vehicle frame (or rear wheel frame) rear portion (it can extend) of road roller or land leveller (or its formula chassis), above-mentioned a kind of device 1 perhaps is set; Or setting is provided with above-mentioned one or both devices 1 across the inverted U-shaped bearing of the four-way of power section on vehicle frame; This moment, it shelved form with above-mentioned, and perhaps adopting the back to change also is the form of shelving that preceding commentaries on classics is shelved on motor, driver's cabin or motor and driver's cabin both sides, and these both sides (on driver's cabin, fuselage, vehicle frame) is provided with the support of said apparatus 1.Front frame (or fore carriage) or itself and the hinged hydraulic pressure of forebody push away thing device (itself and the same following hydraulic pressure of the form that is provided with thereof push away the thing device) or can hinged Hydraulic Double swing arm or double telescopic formula loading attachment (itself and the same following similar loading attachment of the form that is provided with thereof.It can adopt four unification multipurpose loading hoppers, has loading, scraping, soil-shifting, level land, gripper concurrently, paves, function such as lifting.Perhaps adopt loading attachment to be located at the form of land leveller rear engine both sides, same Figure 27, Figure 29,29.1, Figure 34,35 illustrated embodiments or loader-digger).The corresponding adjustment of part such as the manipulation of road roller or land leveller (or its formula chassis), driving, control, chassis (comprising parts such as vehicle frame, walking mechanism) width, size, intensity etc. also can be adjusted as required; As the part such as manipulation, driving, control of setting up said apparatus, increase to strengthen (also can improve) driver's cabin, change two into and handle (walking, operation, shelve etc. can correspondingly select following manipulation form for use), strengthen and reinforcement vehicle frame, walking mechanism comprise the width that increases vehicle frame, wheelspan or vehicle frame and wheelspan etc.Become the excavation fragmentation and push away thing (or loading) road roller or land leveller, multifunction road roller or land leveller etc.The main beneficial effect of present embodiment is, device 1 has strengthened complete machine weight and has been beneficial to and presses the road operation, and digging operation does not need supporting leg (but above-mentioned land leveller relative set two side legs), and function is many, practical etc.

In embodiment illustrated in fig. 30, be chassis 8 with the sideboom tractor, the preposition thing device 1 (a figure left side) that pushes away, (figure is right for rearmounted excavating gear 1.Rearmounted two or more equipments also can side by side or interlock); Its power set fuel tank or power supply and hydraulic oil container also can adopt the form of crawler dozer or tractor to comprise the form of setting.Or be chassis 8 with the crawler dozer, in the one side lifting gear 1 is set, rearmounted excavating gear 1.Or be chassis 8 with the caterpillar tractor, the preposition thing device 1 that pushes away, side lifting gear 1, rearmounted excavating gear 1.Only also can adopt above-mentioned chassis 8 sidepieces and anterior, sidepiece and rear portion or anterior and rear portion be provided with equipment 1 (as side lifting gear 1 and before push away thing device 1 or after excavating gear 1.Before push away thing device 1 back excavating gear 1 etc.) form.The power on above-mentioned chassis 8 and hydraulic means 13 are located at driver's cabin 7 front portions, and hydraulic means 13 also can be located on driver's cabin 7 inside or the bottom vehicle frame 8.Lifting gear 1 by preceding swing arm 4 back swing arm 5 hinged collapsible " A " type structure elevator boom rack that constitutes and frames 6 hinged (taking back before the figure), frame 6 bottoms are fixed on the track frame 18, top is fixed on the fuselage 8, before the folding stretching, extension of swing arm 4 by itself and back hinged Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder between the swing arm 5, the inclination of back swing arm 5, uprightly drive by the hydraulic winch wire rope, preceding swing arm 4 front ends are provided with the lifting hook 3 of the band assembly pulley of hydraulic winch wire rope connection, and hydraulic winch and counterweight are located at power set 13 opposite sides (but excavating gear 1 is to opposite side semi-girder also counterweight).The swinging frame 6.1 of excavating gear 1, back swing arm 5, preceding swing arm 4, Excavating bucket (scraper bowl) 3 are hinged successively, respective hinge oil cylinder 9.2, oil cylinder 9.1, linkage 9.3 on it; Frame 6.1 places vehicle frame 8 rear portions by about 180 degree slewing equipments 10 (the shifted laterally device can be set up in its underpart, to increase the digging operation scope and to be used for the hoisting operation counterweight); Push away thrust beam 19 rear portions and track frame 18 hinged, the anterior hinged perching knives 3 of thing device 1,3 hinged pair of oil cylinders 9.8 of thrust beam 19 and perching knife; Two lift cylinders 9.9 are hinged on the power set 13 preceding both sides fuselages 8.Forward fuselage 8 and vehicle frame 8 can increase forward, serve as that welding waits operation that electric energy is provided so that the generator system that is connected with power set 13 to be set.Present embodiment is provided with hydraulic system, control system (comprising equipment 1 hydraulic system adjustment, that set up, control system).Relevant portions such as the driver's cabin 7 on chassis 8, vehicle frame 8, walking mechanism 8.1, power set 13 can correspondingly be adjusted, as increasing, strengthen, widen etc.Driver's cabin 7 changes two into and handles, and right part is set up the multi-functional thing control crank that pushes away before driver's cabin 7 seats; Left part is set up multi-functional walking control crank behind the seat, and back right part is set up multi-functional excavation control crank (setting up corresponding control crank when being provided with other equipment 1).Reaching two by conversion before and after the swivel chair handles.Present embodiment is that hydraulic pressure pushes away thing lifting (comprising swing pipe) excavator, pushes away thing lifting generating excavator, Multi Role Aircraft etc.The beneficial effect of present embodiment also has, and does not change facility 3 and can independence by other plant equipment or complete finish several work or complete operation.As the independent or complete plane earth of finishing in the pipe laying engineering that pushes away, excavate pipe alley, lifting, placement, welded pipe line, operations such as backfill level land.

In Figure 31, embodiment shown in Figure 32, back rotatable (also be back and back are changeed collapsible, shelved the formula of shelving on formula and the chassis, the folding formula etc. of shelving) sawing apparatus 1 (in the figure left side) is grabbed clamp device 1 (the figure right side) and is located at side by side or increases excavating gear 1.1 again and (scheme upper left.Can correspondingly widen chassis 8 this moment) be located at longitudinal shift type full circle swinging turntable 10.2 front portions on chassis 8 side by side, be driver's cabin 7.1 on the one side turntable 10.2.The swinging frame 6.1 of sawing apparatus 1, collapsible back swing arm 5, preceding swing arm 4, chain saw formula hydraulic saw or power saws 3 are hinged successively, respective hinge oil cylinder 9.2, oil cylinder 9.1, linkage 9.3 on it; Frame 6.1 bottoms are provided with 180 degree slewing equipments 10, and slewing equipment 10 is located on the turntable 10.2; On the preceding swing arm 4 slewing equipment 10 is set, to drive its leading portion and chain saw formula hydraulic saw or power saws 3 revolutions; Collapsible back swing arm 5 constitutes hinged swing arm angle oil cylinder 9.4 on it (back swing arm 5 also can not adopt collapsible) by the two sections arm is hinged.Grab clamp device 1 swinging frame 6.1, back swing arm 5, preceding swing arm 4, that hydraulic pressure is grabbed binder tool 3 is hinged successively, respective hinge oil cylinder 9.2, oil cylinder 9.1, linkage 9.3 on it, frame 6.1 bottoms are provided with 180 degree slewing equipments 10, and slewing equipment 10 is located on the turntable 10.2; On the back swing arm 5 slewing equipment 10 is set, to drive its previous section revolution.The swinging frame 6.1 of excavating gear 1.1, back swing arm 5, preceding swing arm 4, scraper bowl 3 are hinged successively, respective hinge oil cylinder 9.2, oil cylinder 9.1, linkage 9.3 it on, and frame 6.1 bottoms are provided with 180 and spend slewing equipments 10, and slewing equipment 10 is located on the turntable 10.2.Above-mentioned slewing equipment 10 all is provided with hydraulic lock, all leaves suitable revolution distance between the said apparatus 1.Driver's cabin 7.1 bottoms are provided with hydraulic pressure, air pressure or electronic shifted laterally device, move laterally and grab clamp device 1 back for its next door and change and shelve and before transfer to industry and reserve enough width (or equipment 1 bottom is provided with integral hydraulic, air pressure or electronic shifted laterally device) to drive it.Therefore, transferring to industry before the said apparatus 1 equal energy is shelved on the support 16 with the back commentaries on classics, when preceding commentaries on classics and back commentaries on classics, common, first shifted laterally (device 1 preceding commentaries on classics back commentaries on classics in the outside need not moved) driver's cabin 7, erect back swing arm 5, open frame 6.1 bottom slewing equipments 10 hydraulic lock, change before again or change the back, the locking hydraulic lock, arm falls, driver's cabin 7 resets, and device 1 is shelved or operation.Push away the thrust beam 19 anterior hinged perching knives 3 of thing device 1 (figure lower-left), 3 hinged perching knife angle oil cylinders 9.8 of thrust beam 19 and perching knife.When adopting wheeled, crawler type or wheel shoe formula walking mechanism 8.1, between thrust beam 19 rear portions and two-wheeled or two crawler belts vehicle frame (walker) 8 hinged (also can be outside two-wheeled and between front and back wheel vehicle frame 8 hinged, or hinged with track frame outside two crawler belts), the vehicle frame 8 between perching knife (or pushing away the thing device) lifting appliance 9.9 and two-wheeled or two crawler belts is hinged.Push away thing device 1 and can play the supporting leg effect.Also can not be provided with as needs and to push away thing device 1.Chassis 8 walking mechanisms 8.1 can adopt various ways; Two or many axletrees formula, cover belt, walking or hybrid walking mechanism 8.1 (with other embodiment); The vehicle frame 8 on chassis 8 can adopt various ways: X type, compound X type, staggered H type etc.Turntable 10.2 is provided with hydraulic pressure, air pressure or the electronic device that vertically moves forward and backward, and moves forward and backward the adjusting counterweight, satisfies balance to drive it; Turntable locking device (with other embodiment turntable locking devices 15) also can be set, fixedly to get on the bus and to get off.When adopting wheel type traveling mechanism 8.1, hydraulic leg (being used for working when change equipment 1 back) is set between 8 liang of trailing wheels of vehicle frame.Present embodiment is provided with hydraulic system, control system.Front portions are provided with walking (comprise turn to, braking etc.), operation, shelve actuating element in the driver's cabin 7; When adopting crawler type, walking or crawler belt walking mechanism 8.1, usually at the preceding left part of driver's cabin 7 seats (as swivel chair) multi-functional walking control crank is set, right part is provided with multi-functional sawmilling control crank, grabs the folder control crank, pushes away the thing control crank (when adopting excavating gear 1.1, also being provided with multi-functional excavation control crank) before the seat.Adopt wheeled or during wheel shoe formula walking mechanism 8.1, usually before driver's cabin 7 seats steering wheel is set, right part is provided with multi-functional sawmilling control crank, grabs the folder control crank, pushes away the thing control crank (also being provided with multi-functional excavation control crank when adopting excavating gear 1.1) before the seat.Present embodiment is that the hydraulic saw thing is grabbed thing, saw thing and grabbed thing and push away thing or saw thing and grab thing and excavate and to push away thing machine, forestry multipurpose machine, Multi Role Aircraft etc.The present embodiment beneficial effect also has: an easy operation, driver's cabin 7 or equipment 1 removable equipment 1 conversion and the postposition of helping; Turntable is removable help getting on the bus counterweight, balance, stable with complete machine; The chassis is first-class shelves that then complete machine length is little, the visual field good, make things convenient for 1 work of front equipment, be convenient to walking but equipment 1 can the back changes; Can turn round operation and the locking non-rotating operation of getting on or off the bus; Can select multiple walking mechanism 8.1 for use, applicability is strong etc.

In embodiment shown in Figure 37, on the shifted laterally formula full circle swinging turntable 10.2 at automobile or truck mounted chassis (abbreviation chassis) 8 rear portions, (or staggered) is provided with tilting (also being BI) hydraulic pressure cutting nippers device 1, grabs clamp device 1, digs skid and put 1 in (among the figure from outside to inside) successively side by side; Again inward for band chair type console 7 (dig skid and put 1 and also can be located at turntable 10.2 one sides, console 7 be located at dig skid put 1 and grab between the clamp device 1 or between front portion or rear portion).8 front portions, chassis are driver's cabin 7, be provided with equipment support 16 and power and hydraulic means 13 thereafter, power set fuel tank and hydraulic oil container 13 are located at vehicle frame 8 both sides between front and back wheel respectively, one in front and one in back two hydraulic legs 12 are respectively established in vehicle frame 8 both sides, same straight line of both sides hydraulic leg 12 side direction or non-same linear telescopic.Support 16 can adopt integral body or three, and independently Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder is lifting up and down, shelves height to regulate equipment 1.The fore-and-aft tilt open frame 6.3 of cutting nippers device 1, back swing arm 5, preceding swing arm 4, the cutting nippers facility 3 of taking back rotary device 10 are hinged successively, respective hinge oil cylinder 9.2, oil cylinder 9.1, linkage 9.3 on it.Grab clamp device 1 frame 6.3, back swing arm 5, preceding swing arm 4, take back rotary device 10 to grab binder tool 3 hinged successively, respective hinge oil cylinder 9.2, oil cylinder 9.1, linkage 9.3 on it.Dig that 1 frame 6.3, back swing arm 5, preceding swing arm 4 are put in skid, to dig sled utensil 3 hinged successively, respective hinge oil cylinder 9.2, oil cylinder 9.1, linkage 9.3 on it; Preceding swing arm 4 is provided with slewing equipment 10; Dig sled utensil 3 is angle shape for the side digger blade 3 (functions such as it has excavation concurrently, prizes, pulls, lifts, takes off, scrapes, pushes away, draws, lifting).Above-mentioned frame 6.3, rear lower and turntable 10.2 are hinged, 10.2 each hinged one or two rack inclining oil cylinders 9.6 of rear portion and turntable, with drive chassis 6.3 and equipment 1 hypsokinesis, its advantage is: can be equipment 1 counterweight of front operation and abdicate suitable space, reserve the good working visual field for console 7 simultaneously.Be provided with the shifted laterally device between turntable 10.2 table tops and slewing equipment, its advantage is to drive turntable 10.1 shifted laterallys with the operation balance that guarantees complete machine and equipment 1 and quality etc.Usually, said apparatus 1 changes before under the effect of turntable 10.2 and is shelved on the support 16 during not operation, and this moment, each frame 6.3 did not generally recede.During operation said apparatus 1 under the effect of turntable 10.2 rotate to vehicle frame 8 sides or after the operation or the work that cooperatively interacts respectively.Also can hydraulic means 13 be changed be located at (above-mentioned two parts also play the counterweight effect) on the turntable 10.2 simultaneously in that power set 13 (as Diesel engine) that a cover is exclusively used in hydraulic system are set on the turntable 10.2 as needs.Or only (not being provided with on the vehicle frame 8) power and hydraulic means 13 being set on the turntable 10.2, can adopt two kinds of forms this moment: one laterally is located at turntable 10.2 rear portions plays the counterweight effect simultaneously, and two vertically are located at turntable 10.2 one sides; At this moment, hydraulic pressure (comprising hydrostatic) transmission can drive the relative section of getting on the bus and get off and comprises walking mechanism 8.1.Chassis 8, employing two or multiaxis wheel type traveling mechanism 8.1 also can adopt crawler type, walking or hybrid walking mechanism 8.1 (with other embodiment).The Crane Truck Chassis (parts such as hydraulic system, control system, platform, frame, pulpit or console can correspondingly be adjusted) of band hydraulic swivel 10.2 also can be adopted in chassis 8.Present embodiment is provided with hydraulic system, control system.Console 7 is provided with equipment 1 job manipulation and partly comprises control crank of respective numbers etc.When adopting crawler type, walking or crawler belt walking mechanism 8.1, left part is provided with multi-functional walking (comprise advance and retreat, turn to etc.) control crank before driver's cabin 7 seats usually.Present embodiment is that the hydraulic pressure cutting nippers is grabbed folder and dug sled machine, rescue and relief work engineering truck, MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle) etc.The present embodiment beneficial effect also has: travel speed is fast, and cross-country power is strong, and mobility is good, adopts All-terrain (ground) but load walking, operation during formula; Equipment is 1 easy and simple to handle, kind is many, function reaches matching more, collaborative and specific aim are stronger, is particularly suitable for rescue and relief work and operation it is pressed for time etc.

At Figure 33, Figure 34,35, Figure 36,36.1, Figure 38,38.1, among five embodiment shown in Figure 39 (being called for short five embodiment), having following identical construction feature: one. 8 tops, chassis are provided with and vertically move (or non-vertically moving) formula full circle swinging turntable 10.2, one side at turntable 10.2 two is equipped with driver's cabin 7 (is that digging operation or 7, one of other operation driver's cabins are loading operation or other operation driver's cabin 7); Power and hydraulic means 13 (also can be provided with parts such as reserve tank, tool box, a small amount of counterweight) are set on one or two driver's cabin 7 rear portion turntables 10.2, wherein have only the form of the position of Figure 34,35 illustrated embodiment medium powers and hydraulic means 13 and loading operation (be called for short and load) driver's cabin 7 different, promptly power and hydraulic means 13 are located at turntable 10.2 middle parts; Load driver's cabin 7 positions slightly inward, its side door postposition, its angulus posteriomedialis or two driver's cabin 7 angulus posteriomedialises are greater than 90 degree.Chassis 8 lower running mechanisms 8.1 can adopt various ways: two axletrees or many axletrees (being generally three to nine axletrees) wheel type traveling mechanism 8.1, crawler type walking mechanism 8.1, walking mechanism 8.1, hybrid walking mechanism 8.1 (for example, be provided with between the two-wheeled crawler belt, wheel that carry out or preceding shoe trailing wheel is carried out formula walking mechanism 8.1 behind the front-wheel, wheel walking mechanism 8.1, crawler belt walking mechanism 8.1).The vehicle frame 8 on chassis 8 can adopt various ways: X type, compound X type, staggered H type, mixed type etc.Two. one of turntable 10.2 (also being chassis 8) is provided with excavating gear 1 and pushes away 1, one in thing device loading attachment 1 is set; Also be one and load setting (comprising mid-, non-mid-) loading attachment 1 on driver's cabin 7 inboards or the both sides turntable 10.2, on digging operation (be called for short and excavate) driver's cabin 7 inboard turntables 10.2 (comprising mid-, non-mid-) excavating gear 1 is set, its down on vehicle frame 8 or track frame 18 and vehicle frame 8 be provided with and push away thing device (can not be provided with push away the thing device as needs) 1.So an excavating gear 1 and loading attachment 1 a shared turntable 10.2.Certainly, also can adopt the form of above-mentioned structure being improved adjustment: do not establish turntable 10.2 as loading attachment 1 bottom, loading attachment 1 is located on the vehicle frame 8; Excavating gear 1 be located at the centre of gyration that dwindled also to the displacement of one head and not on the turntable 10.1 of Tape movement device; Push away thing device 1 form constant (can not be provided with push away thing device 1 as needs) is set.Three. turntable 10.2 is provided with longitudinal moving device and turntable locking device 15; its advantage is: can drive turntable 10.2 at any time and vertically move forward and backward; to regulate counterweight, to satisfy operation and the balance needs that travel etc.; also can be at any time turntable 10.2 be locked as motionless fixedly integral body with getting off, be beneficial to loadings and waits operation, protect turntable and complete machine to travel etc.Also can not be provided with longitudinal moving device, turntable locking device 15 if desired.Four. the equipment of the same race 1 of five embodiment can exchange (relevant portion is adjusted accordingly slightly and gets final product).Excavating gear 1, loading attachment 1 (comprise its swing arm.When changing other equipment 1 into for other equipment 1 or its swing arm) adopt the form that makes full use of its space that can change complete machine length, wherein excavating gear 1 adopts various ways: the back is rotatable, also be that the back is changeed collapsible with the back, shelved formula, upward mix the formula of shelving, the folding formula of shelving before shelving formula, chassis on the chassis, it is rotatable to retread, also be retread or retread change collapsible, shelve formula, the folding formula etc. of shelving; Excavating gear 1 back swing arm 5 back segment arm tiltables also can be upright.Having only the excavating gear 1 of Figure 36,36.1 illustrated embodiments to be tilting, also is BI, tilts and hypsokinesis is collapsible, shelve formula etc.Five. excavating gear 1 one mid-(also can be non-mid-) is excavating on the driver's cabin 7 inboard turntables 10.2, and its collapsible back swing arm 5, preceding swing arm 4, scraper bowl 3 are hinged successively, respective hinge pair oil cylinders 9.2, oil cylinder 9.1, linkage 9.3 it on.Two sections swing arms form that is hinged before and after collapsible back swing arm 5 adopts, hinged single or two swing arm angle oil cylinder 9.4 between two sections swing arms.The multiple facility 3 of excavating gear 1 anterior replaceable connection.Also excavating gear 1 can be changed into other equipment (as other suitable equipment in the manual) 1, the form and the setting of its swing arm or part swing arm, the form of shelving is constant or with excavating gear 1; Part such as its drive system (as hydraulic system), control system can corresponding improvement adjustment.Six. loading attachment 1 one mid-(also can be non-mid-) (is having only the duplex loading attachment 1 of Figure 34,35 illustrated embodiments to be located on the loading driver's cabin 7 both sides turntables 10.2) on the loading driver's cabin 7 inboard turntables 10.2.The multiple facility 3 of loading attachment 1 anterior replaceable connection.Also loading attachment 1 can be changed into other equipment (as other suitable equipment in the manual) 1.For example, loading on the driver's cabin 7 inboard turntables 10.2, change establish one or more equipments 1 (as side by side or the hydraulic crushing device 1 that is crisscross arranged, grab clamp device 1 etc.); Load to change on the driver's cabin 7 both sides turntables 10.2 at Figure 34,35 illustrated embodiments and establish duplex hydraulic pressure and ram to pound to change on device 1 or the inboard turntable 10.2 and establish cutting nippers device 1 etc.At this moment, the drive system that embodiment (comprising the above-mentioned equipment of establishing 1 that changes) is relevant, control system etc. partly are adjusted accordingly, comprise excavating driver's cabin 7 and loading driver's cabin 7 interior actuating elements being adjusted accordingly, to become the above-mentioned driver's cabin 7 that changes the equipment of establishing 1.Above-mentionedly change the form of shelving that the equipment of establishing 1 can adopt excavating gear 1 and loading attachment 1, also can and need according to own characteristic (as position, size etc.), adopt forward direction, back to shelve form respectively to, side direction, oblique, mobile etc., for example, change the back, the hypsokinesis of tiltedly changeing, protract, after turn over, side commentaries on classics, inclination etc. are shelved on the driver's cabin 7, on the power set 13, on the turntable 10.2, preceding (support 16 can be strengthened or be provided with in above-mentioned position specially.Above-mentioned form excavating gear 1, loading attachment 1 are suitable equally), but this moment above-mentioned equipment 1 relative set can satisfy its operation, the device shelved etc. (as choosing establish slewing equipment, stir device, devices such as tilting gearing, mobile device).Seven. push away the thrust beam 19 anterior hinged perching knives 3 of thing device 1,3 hinged perching knife angle oil cylinders 9.8 of thrust beam 19 and perching knife.Wherein, (it mainly is made up of the hinged two or more folding driving oil cylinder in bottom master's perching knife, upper secondary perching knife 3 and rear portion thereof that is hinged thing device 1 perching knife 3 that pushes away of embodiment shown in Figure 33 for hydraulic pressure is collapsible; This oil cylinder oil pipe can be connected with hydraulic system through thrust beam 19).When adopting crawler type walking mechanism 8.1, thrust beam 19 rear portions and track frame 18 hinged or and two crawler belts between vehicle frame (walker) 8 hinged, vehicle frame 8 is hinged between perching knife (or pushing away the thing device) lifting appliance 9.9 rear portions and two crawler belts.When adopting wheel type traveling mechanism 8.1, can spademan formula hydraulic leg be set in that the vehicle frame 8 (as between two-wheeled) push away thing device 1 is not set, thrust beam 19 rear portions both can and front and back wheel between vehicle frame 8 hinged, also can and two front-wheels or two trailing wheels between vehicle frame 8 hinged, vehicle frame 8 is hinged between perching knife (or pushing away the thing device) lifting appliance 9.9 rear portions and two front-wheels or two trailing wheels; Push away thing device 1 and can play the supporting leg effect.When adopting wheel shoe formula walking mechanism 8.1, can adopt a wheeled vehicle frame 8 (but between two-wheeled) that spademan formula hydraulic leg is set, vehicle frame 8 is hinged between thrust beam 19 rear portions and front and back wheel, and the vehicle frame 8 between two front-wheels, two trailing wheels or two crawler belts is hinged, and is perhaps hinged with track frame 18; Perching knife (or pushing away the thing device) lifting appliance 9.9 rear portions corresponding with two front-wheels, that two trailing wheels or two cover interband vehicle frame 8 is hinged.Can not be provided with if desired and push away thing device 1.Pushing away thing device 1, supporting leg 12 also can adopt prior art to comprise that it is provided with form.Eight. be provided with hydraulic system, control system.When adopting crawler type, walking or crawler belt walking mechanism 8.1, usually, left part is provided with multi-functional walking control crank before loading driver's cabin 7 seats, and preceding right part is provided with multi-functional loading operation handle; Left part is provided with multi-functional walking control crank before excavating driver's cabin 7 seats, and right part is provided with multi-functional excavation control crank and pushes away the thing control crank before the seat.Adopt wheeled or during wheel shoe formula walking mechanism 8.1, usually, before loading driver's cabin 7 seats steering wheel is set, right part is provided with multi-functional loading operation handle before seat; Before excavating driver's cabin 7 seats steering wheel is set, right part is provided with multi-functional excavation control crank and pushes away the thing control crank before seat.Usually two driver's cabin 7 all can be handled walking, also can adopt the form of only handling walking at a driver's cabin 7.Nine. also can adopt the form of two turntables 10.1, promptly excavating gear 1 respectively adopts a turntable 10.1 with its driver's cabin 7, loading attachment 1 with its driver's cabin 7.Two turntables 10.1 vertically are located at 8 two, chassis, return turnback or greater than 180 degree less than 360 degree.Power and hydraulic means 13 laterally are located at the equipment 1 and driver's cabin 7 rear portions thereof of a turntable 10.1.For example can adopt get on the bus (from driver's cabin 7 rear portions) with Figure 34,35 illustrated embodiments to change two into to get on the bus the form of (turntable 10.1), this moment, the corresponding parts such as drive system, control system (comprising parts such as connecting relevant oil circuit, circuit) of adjusting got final product.Because turntable 10.1 is non-Full Rotary, both can adopt central swivel coupling to be connected so get on the bus with the oil circuit of getting on the bus, get on the bus and getting off, circuit, also can adopt turntable 10.1 middle part flexible pipe flexible cords with the form that is dynamically connected.Hydraulic pressure also can be set on another turntable 10.1 divides Hydraulic Elements such as main valve with thereon parts such as operation.When adopting wheeled and hybrid walking mechanism 8.1, can adopt articulated frame 8, can spademan formula hydraulic leg be set in that the vehicle frame 8 (as between two-wheeled) push away thing device 1 is not set, it also is on the chassis 8 on its turntable 10.1 that excavating gear 1 can be shelved (as preceding shelving, shelving after layback or the back commentaries on classics etc.).The difference of five embodiment mainly is:

In embodiment shown in Figure 33, the back swing arm 5 of excavating gear 1 (a figure left side) lower hinge fore-and-aft tilt swinging machine bavin 6.4, frame 6.4 bottoms are provided with fore-and-aft tilt formula 180 degree slewing equipments 10.3, hinged vertical rocker arm body 9.6 on slewing equipment 10.3 (or frame 6.4) rear portion and the turntable 10.2; So, slewing equipment 10.3, frame 6.4 and on excavating gear 1 can be under the effect of rocker arm body 9.6, turn forward and reset.Also have, excavating gear 1 can be given birth under the effect of slewing equipment 10.3, preceding turnback operation, and back turnback is shelved on (its corresponding construction features that have support 16 concurrently on the swinging frame 6.1 of loading attachment 1.Also can adopt and erect back swing arm 5 back segment arms, at frame 6.1 rear portions hinged can with its paste mutually also can open horizontal by the folding bracket 16 of Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder to shelve the form of bucket 3) also be on the chassis 8, driver's cabin 7 sides.When transferring to industry before the excavating gear 1, swing arm 5 leading portion arms and setting back segment arm after the common first lifting are opened slewing equipment lock (as hydraulic lock), preceding turnback, locking slewing equipment lock, the arm that falls again, are regulated the required angle of digging arm, operation; Change when shelving the back, the collapsible back of common first lifting swing arm 5 leading portion arms and setting back segment arm, open the slewing equipment lock again, back turnback, locking slewing equipment lock, start that rocker arm body 9.6 makes that back swing arm 5 back segment arms lean forward (also being self hypsokinesis), the leading portion arm is folding falls, is shelved on (as shown in the figure) on the frame 6.1, step is basic identical therewith when being shelved on the above-mentioned folding bracket 16.Swinging frame 6.1, the cross section of loading attachment 1 (figure is right) are that oval (comprises duck's egg shape.Perhaps ellipse, triangle, quadrangle, hexagon, polygon, U-shaped, circular arc or mix shape.The mixing shape that adds other shape as both sides shape) the telescopic swing arm 2.1 of two-stage, loading hopper 3 are hinged successively.Swing arm 2.1 inner arms are anterior adopt duplex both arms or multi-arm and loading hopper 3 hinged (loading attachment 1 swing arm 2 or swing arm 2.1 anterior duplex arms and the form hinged thereof as shown in Figure 23,24 Figure 36,36.1 Figure 38,38.1) with loading hopper 3. so swing arm 2.1 also is the box-like structure of single compound: swing arm 2.1 outer arms, one or two two-stage telescopic oil cylinder 9.5 of top relative set (or oil cylinder is set in inner arm add rope row or add the chain-arranged type telescoping mechanism), hinged side by side two boom cylinders 9 in bottom; Interior and 3 hinged one or two linkages 9.3 of loading hopper of swing arm 2.1 inner arms; Frame 6.1 bottoms are provided with 180 degree slewing equipments 10, and slewing equipment 10 is located on the turntable 102; So loading attachment 1 can be under the effect of slewing equipment 10, preceding turnback operation (comprising flexible operation), back turnback be shelved on the equipment support 16 also be on the chassis 8, driver's cabin 7 sides.When transferring to industry before the loading attachment 1, common first lifting swing arm 2.1 is opened the slewing equipment lock, preceding again turnback, locking slewing equipment lock (as hydraulic lock), the arm that falls, operation; Change when shelving the back, and common first lifting swing arm 2.1 is opened the slewing equipment lock, and the back turnback locks slewing equipment lock, the arm that falls, shelves (as shown in the figure) again.Loading attachment 1 also can adopt and directly stir the formula of shelving backward, and for example, Figure 23,24 illustrated embodiment loading attachments 1 or its stir form; And for example, in frame lower rack piston hydraulic cylinder, tooth bar plunger piston fluid pressure cylinder, oscillating motor (comprising cycloid hydraulic motor), hydraulic pressure (or electronic) motor are set and add gear mechanism or hydraulic cylinder and add hinged frame etc. and stir (also being to tilt) device, drive loading attachment 1 and directly stir the form of shelving backward.Present embodiment is overlooked structure with identical substantially shown in Figure 38 .1.

In Figure 34,35 illustrated embodiments, the back swing arm 5 of excavating gear (figure is right) lower hinge swinging frame 6.1. frame 6.1 bottoms are provided with the slewing equipment 10 of about 220 degree, and slewing equipment 10. is located on the turntable 10.2; So excavating gear 1 can be under the effect of slewing equipment 10, the about 220 degree operations of preceding commentaries on classics, oblique being shelved between two driver's cabin 7 of about 220 degree changeed in the back, and its front portion is shelved on the equipment support 16 that loads driver's cabin 7 next doors.When transferring to industry before the excavating gear 1, usually, swing arm 5 leading portion arms and setting back segment arm after elder generation's lifting, open slewing equipment lock (as hydraulic lock), about 220 degree of preceding commentaries on classics, locking slewing equipment lock, the arm that falls again, regulate the required angle of digging arm, operation, but loading attachment 1 lifting certain altitude this moment (as be higher than common people 1.9 meters) excavates rotating safe space to increase; Change when shelving the back, and usually, swing arm 5 leading portion arms and erect the back segment arm after the first lifting are opened the slewing equipment lock, about 220 degree are changeed in the back again, and locking slewing equipment lock, back swing arm 5 leading portion arms are folding to fall, be shelved on (as shown in the figure) on the support 16.Loading attachment 1 (a figure left side) adopts the both arms duplex, and being located at turntable 10.2 also is that 8 one both sides, chassis also are to load driver's cabin 7 both sides; Its two-shipper frame 6, the telescopic swing arm 2.1 of two one-level, loading hopper 3 are hinged successively, and two-shipper frame 6 is located at respectively and loads on the driver's cabin 7 both sides turntables 10.2; Two swing arms 2.1,6 each hinged boom cylinders 9 of outer arm bottom and its frame, each hinged linkage 9.3 in the inner arm and between the loading hopper 3 respectively is provided with an inner arm telescopic oil cylinder in the inner arm, firm beam all is set between outer arm, the inner arm.During loading attachment 1 operation, both can under the effect of walking mechanism 8.1, directly walk, shovel dress, lifting, unload, reset; Operation such as also can utilize the telescopic drive power of swing arm 2.1 to shovel dress, lifting, to unload, reset; During non-operation, the arm that contracts usually, the flexible lock of locking.It also is between two driver's cabins 7 that power set 13 are located at turntable 10.2 middle parts.Load driver's cabin 7 side doors and be positioned at this side frame 6 rear portions.

In Figure 36,36.1 illustrated embodiments, the back swing arm 5 of excavating gear 1 (a figure left side) lower hinge fore-and-aft tilt open frame 6.3, frame 6.3 rear lowers are hinged on the turntable 10.2, hinged rack inclining oil cylinder 9.6 between frame 6.3 upper backs and the turntable 10.2; So excavating gear 1 can be under the effect of oil cylinder 9.6 (and frame 6.3), receding to put leans against on the support 16 and the operation that resets forward.Hydraulic pressure, electronic or pneumatic frame locking device 14 are set on frame 6.3 front portions and the lower turntable 10.2 thereof, its by branch be located at lock ring, lock pin and hydraulic pressure thereof on frame 6.3 and the turntable 10.2, electronic or pneumatic actuating device is formed, lock pin inserts lock ring or lock ring and entangles lock pin and be about to frame 6.3 and lock with turntable 10.2.Excavating gear 1 is forward during operation, and swing arm 5 leading portion arms after the common first lifting are opened that oil cylinder 9.6 hydraulic lock, drive chassis 6.3 reset again, locked cylinder 9.6 hydraulic lock and locking device 14, the arm that falls, regulated the required angle of digging arm, operation; But loading attachment 1 lifting certain altitude this moment (as 1.9 meters) excavates rotating safe space to increase; When hypsokinesis is shelved, open oil cylinder 9.6 hydraulic lock and locking device 14 usually earlier, drive chassis 6.3 hypsokinesis are shelved on back swing arm 5 back segment arms on the support 16 again, folding back swing arm 5 leading portion arms, locked cylinder 9.6 locks (as shown in the figure).(figure is right for loading attachment 1.It mixes the formula of shelving for going up before the chassis) to vertically move open frame 6.2, the box-like structure swing arm 2 of single compound, loading hopper 3 hinged successively, respective hinge pair boom cylinders 9 it on, linkage 9.3 reverses; Frame 6.2 bottoms are provided with the hydraulic pressure longitudinal moving device, and mobile device is located at turntable 10.2 middle parts (or non-middle part).Frame 6.2 has multiple advantage: one as fixed frame; Two as moving frame; Three drive loading attachments 1 operation, after shelve and regulate above-mentioned distance, height etc.So under the effect of frame 6.2, loading attachment 1 can move forward operation, after move and shelve to dwindle complete machine length.During loading attachment 1 reach operation, open mobile device lock (as hydraulic lock), reach, locking mobile device lock, operation usually earlier; After move (as shown in the figure) when shelving, open earlier usually mobile device lock, after move, lock the mobile device lock, shelve.

In Figure 38,38.1 illustrated embodiments, the back swing arm 5 of excavating gear 1 (figure a left side) lower hinge swinging frame 6.1, frame 6.1 bottoms are provided with fore-and-aft tilt formula 180 degree slewing equipments 10.3, and slewing equipment 10.3 is located on the dedicated fixed part on the turntable 10.2; So excavating gear 1 can be under the effect of slewing equipment 10.3, preceding turnback operation, back turnback is shelved on the equipment support 16.When transferring to industry before the excavating gear 1, swing arm 5 leading portion arms after the common first lifting, open slewing equipment lock (mostly being hydraulic lock), preceding turnback, locking slewing equipment lock, the arm that falls again, regulate the required angle of digging arm, operation, this moment, but loading attachment 1 lifting certain altitude (as 1.9 meters) excavated rotating safe space to increase.Change when shelving the back, and the collapsible back of common first lifting swing arm 5 leading portion arms open that slewing equipment lock, back turnback, locking slewing equipment lock, back swing arm 5 leading portion arms are folding to fall, be shelved on (as shown in the figure) on the support 16 again.The telescopic swing arm 2.1 of the two one-levels that vertically move open frame 6.2, duplex, the loading hopper 3 of loading attachment 1 (figure is right) are hinged successively; Two swing arm 2.1 front ends all adopt the hinged form of bifurcated (being divided into both arms) and loading hopper 3, be provided with a plurality of web beams between two swing arms 21, hinged counter-rotating linkage 9.3 on each 9. pairs of inner arm of a hinged boom cylinder and the loading hopper 3 between two swing arms, 2.1 outer arms and the frame 6.2; Frame 6.2 is divided into longitudinal moving device (abbreviation mobile device), and mobile device is located at turntable 10.2 middle parts (or non-middle part).Loading attachment 1 mixes the formula of shelving for going up before the chassis.Frame 6.2 has multiple function: a fixed frame; Two moving frames; Three drive loading attachments 1 operation, after shelve and regulate above-mentioned distance, height etc.Can adopt various ways during the present embodiment operation: a mobile device is regulated frame 6.2 front and back suitable location formulas; Two walking mechanisms 8.1 drive loading attachment 1 job type; Three loading attachments, 1 telescopic arm drives the loading operation formula; Four mobile devices drive loading attachment 1 job type; Five above-mentioned two or more combination drive loading attachments 1 or scraper bowl 3 job types (go up among following other embodiment the equipment 1 that has Telescopic, vertically moves function and also can adopt above-mentioned form).Loading attachment 1 when utilizing above-mentioned Telescopic, locomotive function operation, is opened telescopic boom cylinder lock, mobile device lock (mostly being hydraulic lock) earlier usually; Adopt one, three form, after suitable location or the length, lockable telescopic boom cylinder lock, longitudinal moving device are locked before and after reaching; When shelving, open earlier usually above-mentioned lock, after move or the arm that contracts, lock above-mentioned lock, shelve (as shown in the figure).

In embodiment shown in Figure 39, the back swing arm 5 of excavating gear 1 (a figure left side) lower hinge swinging frame 6.1, frame 6.1 bottoms are provided with 180 degree slewing equipments 10, and slewing equipment 10 is located on the turntable 10.2; Under the effect of slewing equipment 10, excavating gear 1 can before the turnback operation, back turnback is shelved on the equipment support 16.When transferring to industry before the excavating gear 1, swing arm 5 leading portion arms and setting back segment arm after the common first lifting, open slewing equipment lock (as hydraulic lock), preceding turnback, locking slewing equipment lock, the arm that falls again, regulate the required angle of digging arm, operation, this moment, but loading attachment 1 lifting certain altitude (as 1.9 meters) excavated rotating safe space to increase.Change when shelving the back, and swing arm 5 leading portion arms and erect the back segment arm after the common first lifting open that slewing equipment lock, back turnback, locking slewing equipment lock, back swing arm 5 leading portion arms are folding to fall, be shelved on (as shown in the figure) on the support 16 again.(figure is right for loading attachment 1.It mixes the formula of shelving for going up before the chassis) fore-and-aft tilt open frame 6.3, the two swing arms 2 of duplex, loading hopper 3 are hinged successively, respective hinge pair boom cylinders 9, double connecting rod 9.3 on it; Hinged rack inclining oil cylinder 9.6 between frame 6.3 rear portions and the turntable 10.2; Frame 6.3 anterior turntables 10.2 are concave structure; Effect lower bearing bracket 6.3 at oil cylinder 9.6 has multiple function: one can turn forward, and drives loading attachment 1 and shovels operations such as dress, excavation forward down, downwards; Two both can be used as frame fixing or the adjustable angle joint, and the back swing arm that also can be used as loading attachment 1 cooperates with swing arm 2 and carries out composite move; Three can recede, and drive loading attachment 1 and retreat, dwindle complete machine length, go up mixing locked cylinder 9.6 hydraulic lock, chassis before and shelve etc.

Transfer to industry, the radius of gyration when the back commentaries on classics is shelved before the above-mentioned equipment 1 usually in non-driver's cabin 7 one sides, wherein excavating gear 1 also can be in driver's cabin 7 one sides (the angle oil cylinder 9.4 lower hinge point of said apparatus 1 back swing arm 5 should be higher than driver's cabin 7) with other device 1 with its swing arm characteristics.Based on the structure of above-mentioned five embodiment, do certain improvement and can constitute various embodiments again, for example; One. be not provided with and push away thing device 1 and relative sections such as hydraulic system, control system thereof.Two. excavating gear 1 and hydraulic system thereof are not set, control system comprises relative sections such as its driver's cabin 7, it is motionless or change and establish to the other end to push away thing device 1.Three. loading attachment 1 and hydraulic system thereof are not set, control system comprises relative sections such as its driver's cabin 7, it is motionless or change and establish to the other end to push away thing device 1.Four. excavating gear 1 or loading attachment 1 are not set, other equipment 1 is set in its position, its outer corresponding place is provided with relative sections such as its hydraulic system, control system.Five. excavating gear 1, loading attachment 1 are not set, and (as positions such as two, middle part, sidepieces) is provided with relative sections such as other equipment 1 and hydraulic system thereof, control system, frame on turntable 10.2.Above-mentioned five embodiment are the hydraulic excavating loading and push away thing machine, loader-digger (not establishing when pushing away thing device 1), Multi Role Aircraft etc.The beneficial effect of five embodiment also has: chassis 8 big weight are suitable, rely on own wt and regulate the big counterweight (need not extra counterweight usually or only need a small amount of counterweight) that reaches suitable, balance and stability is good, add that excavating gear 1 can precedingly change, change the back, the commentaries on classics of retreading, uprightly, hypsokinesis, lean forward and shelve etc., loading attachment 1 can precedingly change, change the back, hypsokinesis, after move, stir, folding, flexible and shelve etc., so, help being provided with big, long, super large, super long type equipment 1 and folding, the preceding commentaries on classics, change the back, the commentaries on classics of retreading, hypsokinesis, lean forward, flexible, after move etc. and to shelve, can dwindle complete machine length, make full use of the complete machine space, improve operating radius and height, the degree of depth is convenient to transportation, walking, turn to, operation etc.; Save extra duty then energy-conservation, be convenient to handle and prolong chassis 8 useful life; Can satisfy medium and small engineer operation and especially can satisfy large-scale, mega-construction project operation; Two handle the visual field fine, be convenient to handle; The deficiency that overcome that existing loader-digger only is applicable to the medium and small project operation, has only that the revolution of wheeled, excavating gear is little, can not walk during digging operation, loading attachment can not turn round, poor for applicability, front motor influences the loading operation visual field etc.; On above-mentioned technology (comprising form) basis, can change and establish multiple equipment 1; The multiple facility of replaceable connection on the basis of three kinds of groundwork devices 1; Constitute various engineering machinery, equipment 1 and produce multiple function, thus can be independent or complete finish engineer operation, reach that relative cost is low, operating cost is low, convenient, efficient, energy-conservation and practical etc.

The foregoing description also has: equipment conversion is easy, the equipment that has can also counterweight etc. beneficial effect.

Below to the foregoing description (comprising the equipment of being located at a place) and further (comprising total) explanation of some parts thereof:

Usually: equipment (comprising swing arm, facility 3 etc.) adopts symmetrical expression (consistent with the center line of facility 3 as swing arm is same straight line) or asymmetric to connect (as hinged).Two, the many or two polyhybird fulcrum articulated manner of hinged employing of part such as frame, slewing equipment, swing arm, oil cylinder, linkage, rocker arm body.Various bearing pins can adopt the special thermal treatment technology of special material, and intensity height, abrasion resistance are good.Multiple cross section can be used or select for use to swing arm also instead, as triangle, quadrangle, hexagon, polygon, U-shaped, circular arc, ellipse, oval (comprising duck's egg shape), mixing shape (adding other shape etc. as both sides shape), variable cross-section uniform section form, comprise that box-structure, box add the U type structure of side plate, closed change section rectangle box-structure etc.Telescopic arm can adopt single cylinder, twin-tub or multi-cylinder to add rope row or chain drainage technique; Add one-level rope row hose reel technology as twin-tub: the form of two-stage hydraulic cylinder band two or Synchronized Telescopic wire rope, the logical second level of oil duct cylinder is arranged in the first order telescoping cylinder, advantage is to save hose reel (or holder chain, carrier chain etc.).Can be equipped with cartridge balanced valve this moment at piston rod head, have advantages of compact and light structure, leakage of oil link few, be convenient to advantage such as layout.Also can adopt: lock-in techniques single cylinders such as IWIN-LOCK (comprising twin-tub or multi-cylinder) telescoping mechanism, arm pin and cylinder pin are all in the side; (its telescoping mechanism is provided with the cylinder pin and the arm pin of energy interlocking to single cylinder (comprising twin-tub or multi-cylinder) automatic pinning telescoping mechanism technology, and the cylinder pin is located at the arm both sides, and the arm pin is located at plane on the arm; Or the arm pin and the cylinder pin of interlocking united two into one, be arranged in the arm both sides; Or increase retraction elevator is fixed in the arm afterbody on the single cylinder basis, to improve the speed of arm retraction).The collapsible back swing arm 5 leading portion arms of preceding swing arm 4 and on-telescopic also can adopt telescopic.As flexible forms such as telescopic boom structure, interior outer arm telescopic structure up and down.Swing arm angle oil cylinder 9.4, can be connected the function that drives back swing arm 5 leading portion arm operations to have with control system with corresponding operation hydraulic system, it also can be located at swing arm 5 rear portions, back, and promptly swing arm 5 leading portion arm rear portions, back lengthening is hinged with oil cylinder 9.4 fronts, and oil cylinder 9.4 back are hinged on swing arm 5 rear portions, back.When embodiment transportation, walking, non-operation etc., equipment that it is shelved backward or swing arm also can be preposition.Equipments etc. are partly shelved mutual transfer process with operation can adopt Artificial Control, semiautomatic control, (as program) control or above-mentioned more than one control forms automatically.Equipment can adopt, uses instead, selects for use or increase; Swing (tilt, upset) or pendulous device (comprising frame) all around, said apparatus is generally rack piston hydraulic cylinder, tooth bar plunger piston fluid pressure cylinder, oscillating motor (comprising cycloid hydraulic motor), hydraulic pressure (or electronic) motor and adds gear mechanism, rack inclining oil cylinder 9.6 or rocker arm body 9.6, above-mentioned frame usually by about or swing frame all around and its drive part (said apparatus) connects and composes; The form of replaceable other facility of connection, non-replacing connects the form of other facility, single function machine tool 3, many (comprising two) function facility 3.The position that is provided with of equipment also can be used for being provided with (change and establish) other equipment.Embodiment increase and decrease, change, when adjusting equipment, parts such as its drive system, control system also can correspondingly be adjusted (comprising corresponding manipulation device of changeable such as control crank etc.) etc.The manufactured materials of embodiment (comprising the equipment of being located at a place) each several part can be identical with the manufactured materials of the similar part of prior art; For example: embodiment main body (comprising the part main body) mainly adopts metal (to comprise iron and steel, as high strength steel, unimach, Aldecor, alloy steel etc.) the material manufacturing, tire adopts rubber, hydraulic hose adopts rubber, plastics, metal (as be to be rubber or plastics in the metallic snakeskin outward, can be made into the metallic snakeskin flexible pipe) etc., control cabinet, instrument desk, instrument board etc. adopt metal sheet roof covering structure, plastic products or glass fiber reinforced plastics product etc.; Chassis 8, equipment (as swing arm) etc. can adopt high strength steel, superhigh intensity steel (as WELDOX 1100, HARDOX 500 high strength steels, DOMEX series high strength or superhigh intensity steel), Aldecor or above-mentioned more than one steel to make; Hoist crane, wheel can adopt air hardening NI-CR-MO alloys steel to make, and the gear of traveling mechanism, pulley and rope guide etc. can adopt the polymeric material manufacturing, etc.Be located at the length, width of the equipment (comprising equipment) at a place and each embodiment each several part, highly, weight, ratio, position etc., but all the root pick need be adjusted; The position of shelving and being provided with of equipment parts such as (comprising swing arm and part, facility 3 etc.), distance, angle, highly, form etc., also can do certain adjustment.Get on the bus and get off, part such as equipment and chassis 8, adopt suitable part by weight and size (comprise get off, car, chassis 8, walking mechanism 8.1 can adopt forms such as width-adjustable joint, get off, part such as car, chassis 8, vehicle frame 8 can adopt or select for use improved form, strengthen, strengthen, increase the weight of, be provided with forms such as special counterweight), to satisfy complete machine walking, operation and firm, balance thereof, needs such as stable.The tilting gearing of slewing equipment and frame also can adopt rack piston hydraulic cylinder, tooth bar plunger piston fluid pressure cylinder, oscillating motor (comprising cycloid hydraulic motor) or hydraulic pressure (or electronic) motor to add inclinations such as gear mechanism (stirring) device.Equipment support 16 can adopt: ascending/decending is shelved height to regulate equipment; Buffer-type, as be provided with padded coaming or device (, also claiming the oil gas buffer gear) as hydro pneumatic suspension or suspension.

Power set 13 adopt motors (comprising engine system) such as diesel oil, gasoline, natural gas, liquefied gas, ethanol (waiting environment-friendly fuel), electric power (comprising electric power such as solar energy, fuel cell) or mixing energy formula usually.Power set 13 and monitoring thereof, form, energy-conservation, cooling (comprise hydraulic system cooling), noise elimination noise reduction, case (hood are set.Comprise the hydraulic system hood) etc. technology, adopt corresponding prior art (also can employ new technology or through improved prior art) according to the actual needs of each embodiment.For example: the electronics sound absorber, multiple spot (as bikini) supports, two-way vibration-proof structure.Upset (as artificial, air, hydraulic pressure, upset such as electronic) formula hood, hoods such as streamlined, steel plate die mould, composite construction.Upright water-cooled four cycle six cylinder direct injection formula motors (can adopt integral one-piece crankshaft), turbocharging water-cooled four cycle Diesel engine, turbocharging water-cooled six-in-line four-cycle diesel engine, automatically controlled (comprise have electronic control injection system) motor, the motor that rotating speed is adjustable etc.When being the hydraulic pump power source, can adopt by motor: a rotating speed adjustable electric motivation, and it can adopt two kinds: 1 usefulness asynchronous machine is formed hydraulic power supply by frequency control and variable pump, and the AC servo machinery driving constant displacement pump of the high response of 2 usefulness is as power source.Two Induction Motor-Driven variable pumps are as power source, and it realizes stepless speed regulation by the volume variable, and its regulative mode has three kinds: variable pump-fixed displacement motor speed governing, constant displacement pump-variable displacement motor speed governing, variable pump-variable displacement motor speed governing.

Hydraulic system mainly contains hydraulic systems such as operation hydraulic system, auxiliary hydraulic system, vibration hydraulic system, steering hydraulic system, brakes, manipulation.Usually operation, vibration hydraulic system etc. are the working connection system.Adopt corresponding prior art (also can employ new technology or through improved prior art) according to the above-mentioned hydraulic system of the actual needs of each embodiment: for example, select permanent power and variable technology for use, minus flow control (minus flow sensing control) system, load sensing system (load sensing controlled system, automatic power distribution and hydraulic load sensing technology.Comprise that central open type load sensing system is OLSS, the load sensing system of band pressure-compensated valve, load sensing current divider LUDV system, LUDV control system etc.), the load-sensitive technology, Pressure Compensation Technology is etc. the hydraulic system of technology; Select one, the hydraulic system of two or more hydraulic pumps for use; As: the quantitative open type of single pump, permanent power and variable pump is (single, two or many main pumps), two or multi-joint cast iron gear pump open type, the double pump bivalve, the many valves of double pump or many many valves of pump open types are independently controlled, the open type of quantitative gear pump fuel feeding, the preferential all-hydraulic list of fuel feeding as required, two or many pumps, double pump double loop or many pumps multiloop divide power and variable, two or the many pumps of variable divide power control, the permanent power minus flow control of double pump, two or the multi-joint main pump intersection sensing general power control of minus flow control ratio pilot valve control, minus flow control double pump double loop or many pumps multiloop total power are regulated, minus flow control main pump variable, double pump intersects or the control of many pumps intersection minus flow, double pump double loop or the control of many pumps multiloop general power, double pump double loop or many pumps multiloop total power variable, open type double pump double loop or many pumps multiloop total power are regulated, the control of variable double pump general power, permanent power and variable pump (regulating) as the permanent power and variable of two or many main pumps, double pump intersects or many pumps intersection (as the control of the two or many pumps intersections of variable power), two or many pumps interflow, two or many pumps divide interflow and the preferential fuel feeding of steering pump, load sensing controlled swash plate axial variable displacement plunger pump, load sensing controlled duplex geared pump or variable pump, central authorities' open type load sensing controlled variable pump, the control of two or multi-joint main pump (the permanent power and variable pump of the inclined disc type axial plunger of two-in-series) intersection sensing general power, variable swash plate amount axial plunger double pump general power in parallel is regulated, the permanent power and variable of guide's negative-feedback is many pumps independent loop hydraulic system of the working connection employing two-way transmitted power of control automatically, double pump bivalve or the many valves of many pumps are independently controlled, the permanent power and variable of two many pumps of working connection transmitted power independent loop negative-feedbacks is controlled automatically, having load feedback function treble pump main pump is plunger variable pump, the enclosed that inclined disc type shaft orientation plunger variable pump and fixed displacement motor are formed, open type variable pump fixed displacement motor, (it can carry out reasonable distribution to the i.e. work of two plunger displacement pumps and a gear pump of three oil pumps to VIPPS, adopt three pumps interflow in the system, the preferential loop of swing arm, technology such as the overflow hydraulic oil effectively utilizes, make equipment operation fluent movements, operating efficiency increases substantially), adopt armstrong's patent handle and constant displacement pump fixed displacement motor or constant displacement pump variable displacement motor and with three or the four-gear block pump as the open type of power source, the power source that adopts electric-hydraulic proportion guide control is that the load sensing open type variable pump of variable piston series connection of pumps guide gear pump adds quantitative motor or variable displacement motor, adopt hydraulic pilot proportional control and four-gear block pump load sensing open type constant displacement pump variable displacement motor, etc. hydraulic system as power source.For example, turn to (mainly being that wheel turns to) hydraulic system can adopt various ways: 1 adopts the form of the flow-rate ratio of master control steering wheel machine feedback system and valve, 2 all-hydraulic load sensing steering, 3 steering hydraulic systems are the flow amplification system, 4 steering hydraulic systems adopt and preferentially turn to (shunting) flow amplifying technique, 5 steering adopt the follower link device, utilize connecting rod that the guiding valve of switching valve is controlled, etc.; Also can adopt hydraulic differential to turn to, steering cluth adds turning to of brake, etc. form.Hydraulic system can be independent, also can interconnect or partly interconnect.Hydraulic system can combine with the electronic monitoring technology and can adopt electron controls technology (Electronic Control that comprises hydraulic pump, limit load control technology, the setting technique of power mode etc.) in other words.Can adopt sensitive buttons control.Can be in system design speed stepping (friction speed gear), to be suitable for different work, different operating mode to each equipment and the different requirements of each responsiveness thereof.But extensive use highly integrated, modular valve block, to simplify pipeline, reduce the liquid group, to raise the efficiency, be easy to safeguard; Computer control module can realize the electronics location of equipment, and have memory, self-return (promptly automatically resets.As setting level automatically, excavate successively automatically etc.) the logic control function, so, can make embodiment have the characteristic of certain " intelligent robot ", to alleviate operator's manual labor, reliability and maneuverability when improving the complete machine operation.Can adopt automatically controlled variable pump, automatically controlled variable displacement motor, electro-hydraulic proportional valve etc. to form automatically controlled variable micro-tensioning system, to realize the most economical system of load sensing microcomputer Energy Saving Control.Power curve, torque curve input microcomputer with motor, pump, motor, microcomputer will carry out data according to the speed of load that plays equipment and requirement to be handled, calculate the pivot angle of engine speed, pump and motor of optimization and the opening of proportioning valve, to reach energy-efficient effect.Eliminate the possible component wear that maloperation brought by compound and logic control technology, thereby improve reliability of products.Control system also will dynamically show the usage degree of the frequent element of need changing (as cleaner etc.) and report to the police.The hydraulic system available sensors is accepted power set 13 (as diesel engine) tach signal, hydraulic pump when rotating speed descends (plunger type variable capacity pump) just increases the steering flow automatically, to keep constant turning velocity, (as maximum load, excavation or lifting operating mode time) can reduce flow when the maximum operation load, the Hydraulic Elements that slow down action, to keep the dynamic equilibrium of hydraulic system, reduce the hydraulic system thermal losses, save power.The operation hydraulic system can adopt with hydraulic pressure can (also claiming fluid power) be provided to auxiliary, walk, control, turn to, the form of brakes.The operation hydraulic system can adopt various ways, and for example: a cover hydraulic system is partly adopted in an operation one by one, and an operation part is by independently multi-way control valve control.Above-mentioned hydraulic system can be independent, also can interconnect or partly interconnect.The shared cover hydraulic system of two All Jobs part (embodiment in), the All Jobs part can also can be controlled by dependent (one or more) multi-way control valve respectively by independently multi-way control valve control.Three operations partly divide into groups (embodiment in) each divide operation part in groups with a cover hydraulic system, can be respectively control by multi-way control valve independently, also can control by dependent (one or more) multi-way control valve.Auxiliary hydraulic system, configuration one cover or a cover above fluid pressure line (comprising joint), be used to replacing, other device that connects, facility (comprise the facility that the equipment end is changed, connected, reach hand-operated tools such as Churn drill, submersible pump, Hydraulic pick, cast-cutting saw etc.) that power is provided.Usually, each embodiment hydraulic system, by corresponding connecting to form such as the Hydraulic power units of each embodiment, control element, executive component, fuel tank, auxiliary elements (in other words, it is transmission requirement according to the relevant equipment of each embodiment and mechanism, device etc., the assembly that various Hydraulic Elements are organically coupled together with pipeline), Hydraulic power units is connected with power set 13 and its mechanical energy is converted to the hydraulic pressure energy, for corresponding hydraulic actuator provides power, drive corresponding part work.Hydraulic pump is connected with power set 13 (perhaps with its flywheel), can corresponding employing axis, yielding coupling, steel spring plate, self-contained unit (as independent axes etc.), distributed power device (as transfer case, divide moving axis, central control mechanism etc.) or type of attachment such as hybrid.Get on the bus with get off, turntable (comprise rotation car body or fuselage 10.1) up and down, the hydraulic circuit of slewing equipment between up and down be connected, usually can adopt multiple type of attachment: as central swivel coupling, flexible pipe, flexible pipe adds swivel coupling, hard tube adds swivel coupling, and the flexible pipe hard tube adds swivel coupling etc.Above-mentioned, can adopt corresponding prior art (also can employ new technology or through improved prior art) equally according to the actual needs of each embodiment.The control system of hydraulic system, adopt corresponding prior art (also can employ new technology or through improved prior art) according to the actual needs of each embodiment: for example, mechanical, electric, pneumatic, hydraulic pressure manipulation forms (system) such as (formulas).The fluid pressure type control system is divided into mechanical liquid type, electric-liquid type, gas liquid type etc.Pneumatic type control system, fluid pressure type control system comprise: pneumatic servo system, Hydrauservo System (following the tracks of or servomechanism), proportion expression (proportional control) technology, pilot-operated type (guide's control) technology.For example: electricity-gas is servo (to comprise electricity-gas proportional servo, switch is servo, PWM electricity-air cock/servo etc.), pneumatic PCM, PNM, PFM, gas-liquid interlocks etc. are handled (control) technology (system), machinery, gas, liquid or electricity feedback Follow-up (tracking mode), manipulation technologies such as machinery (manually) guide proportion, hydraulic pilot is servo, electro-hydraulic servo, the electro-hydraulic servo ratio, electric-hydraulic proportion, electric-hydraulic proportion guide, liquid proportional, the electricity ratio, the electricity ratio is waitd upon manipulation technologies such as clothes, the electrohydraulic servo system of PWM control, the electronic type hydraulic proportional, the integrated control electricity of computer operation sequential system, electric proportion pilot, air pressure guide, hydraulic pilot, the pilot-operated type liquid proportional, the liquid proportional guide, automatically controlled pilot-operated type electric-hydraulic proportion, manipulation technologies such as hydraulic pilot ratio, pilot-operated type electricity ratio, decompression type (reducing valve formula) guide, pressure type (pressure generating polynomial) guide, the decompression type proportion pilot, the pressure type proportion pilot, electronic control type is (as computermatic, the computer control module formula) manipulation technology such as.Therefore can adopt finger action type manipulation device, manual part (as handle, switch etc.) promptly is installed on seat front portion or handrail, utilize it that signal (as the signal of telecommunication) is reached the pilot valve that is installed on vehicle frame 8 or the turntable etc., realize the controlled hydraulic system of free and relaxed Energy and comfort and noise, heat and the active force of hydraulic valve are transferred to outside the driver's cabin.Can adopt automatic control in the following control system, remote control, manually jointly control technology with electronics and substitute artificial input machinery, electricity, gas, hydraulic pressure signal, realization is automatic, the displacement of semiautomatic control executive component, speed etc.The hydraulic pump of an embodiment can be installed on the pump drive.The hydraulic pressure main control valve can adopt split or integral multi-way valve (multi-way control valve or reversal valve.As combination valve, stackable integral multi-way valve etc.), it is optional interflow in the body, shunting, walking straight line balance, leak locking, dipper (preceding swing arm 4) throttling, turn round the priority scheduling function, and it can be located at positions such as getting on the bus, get off or get on or off the bus as required.Fluid pressure line comprises that the auxiliary hydraulic pressure pipeline adopts firm flexible pipe, the joint of high-quality, is arranged in sight line as far as possible and is difficult for the place (as positions such as telescopic arm inside, swing arm top, vehicle frame 8 the insides) that collision is beneficial to maintenance in addition.Hydraulic oil container 13 can adopt (increasing) pressure technology that adds, and it is constant that tank pressure keeps, and also can adopt half prepressing type, improves the suction capacity of pump, and the main valve return line can be provided with repairing and the smooth operation that counterbalance valve etc. helps Fill valve.More than can adopt corresponding prior art, new technology or through improved prior art.

Control system (comprising monitoring system) generally includes the electronic monitoring and control system of engine control system (as electronic power optimization system, auto idle speed device, electron speed regulator, E-Gas control system etc.), running gear control system, operation part control system, operation slave part control system, complete machine (comprising that electric part, energy part, assisted parts grade) control system and corresponding combination thereof.Comprising comprehensively selecting technology (comprising the integrated operation of engineering machinery, intelligence control system etc.) such as computer, network communication, artificial intelligence, microelectronics, control automatically, mechanical, automatically controlled, pneumatic, fluid power hydraulic pressure, Multi-sensor Fusion for use.Control system, can adopt corresponding prior art (also can employ new technology or through improved prior art), for example: electro-hydraulic Can bus control system (also claiming the CAN data bus technology), CANBUS (control domain network bus) technology also claims data/address bus management system and LSB system data bus (comprising TM1500), pressure compensated CLSS system, the ITCS computerized control system, the fuzzy logic control system of CAT, the EPOS automatic control system, East-DriVe electric-controlled hydraulic control system, the ACS control system, built-in Con-tronic model selection system, LITRONIC control system etc.Control system can be utilized the modular software of modern digital electronic technology, hydraulic drive and control system is combined walk that anti-skidding control, power limit load are regulated, two crawler belt machinery Synchronization Control, self shifter control etc.The mode of operation selection function can be set, promptly by selecting motor set rotary speed; Also can adopt power control mode, promptly be provided with two or more power mode, select pump power, engine power is well utilized, reduce system's calorific value according to the operating mode load character.Can adopt stroke can measure the position control system of hydraulic cylinder and electro-hydraulic system formation, laser detection full-automatic control system.Can adopt the Chinesizing operation control system, its screen display operating procedure, the duty of each system of monitoring complete machine, indication driver's operation.The main effect of electronic monitoring technology has: one. and monitoring of working condition and trouble shoot, for example: before 1 engine start, system carries out self check.The operation of 2 motors; monitor when walking and operation; utilize device such as sensor to the radiator coolant face; fuel level; coolant temperature; system state of charge; the hydraulic oil temperature oil level; hydraulic oil pollution; engine oil pressure; empty filter; filter core; walking pressure; the walking low oil pressure; the high and low shift indication; brake pressure; gearbox pressure; engine oil pressure; the warm oil pressure of torque-converters oil; the pilot pressure off-load; walking is switched; the switching of getting on or off the bus; braking in a turn priority scheduling signal monitors; if problem is arranged; by fault type sound and light alarm is arranged respectively; the failure code prompting; start protection; the neutral locking; cut off power; reverse alarming; the hydraulic pressure greasy dirt is reported to the police; multistage warning and protections such as motor auto extinguishing stop-working protection; take corresponding measure or carry out maintenance with timely prompting operator, so just form the perfect safeguard protection system of a cover.3 engine throttle control systems adopt electronic monitoring, and this system can feed back to the variation of load in the electronic system and go, and regulates fuel delivery automatically, makes motor stable, and work efficiency improves, and saves fuel oil; Its compact conformation, easy to operate, reliable operation.Certainly, also can provide the hand throttle system as required.Two. control automatically, remote control, artificial and electronics jointly controls.1 control automatically is meant the automatic control system of utilizing generating laser, computer, artificial intelligence or Based Intelligent Control.For example, mechanical electronic hydraulic is interrogated integrated control technology, control able to programme and unattended technology etc.2 remote controls are meant by wired or wireless circuit (comprising network communication) device and handle.Usually, the remote control system of embodiment comprises operator controller that carries and the receiver that is installed on the embodiment, controller has Electromagnetic Radiation Generator, and receiver is connected with conversion portion on acting on embodiment transmission device actuating element (as handling machinery).The application remoting technology can be saved manpower, increases work efficiency, and improves operator's operating condition.3 artificial and electronics jointly control, and be meant that because of the operation field situation is changeable, complicated operation still can not be unable to do without artificial manipulation, but Electronic Control have played important auxiliary adjustment effect.For example, the driver can only handle a handle in the entire job process, and all the other actions all are the interlocking motions of automation.But employing manual priority principle, automatic control system is suspended running during manual control.

Rotating part is (as slewing equipment, turntable, rotary vehicle frame, car body, fuselage, frame, console etc.) control system, the front region warning device can be set, for accurate the demonstration gets on the bus job position and anti-rotation stopping mechanism overload and cause component wear, turning gear counter and torque overload alarm can be set also.For many slew gears, it is evenly stressed to handle the many slew gears of realization by pressure sensing and data.Single cylinder (perhaps two cylinders or multi-cylinder) two joint arm or the automatic extension and contraction control of single oil cylinder systems, according to telescopic arm extension and contraction control target with by means of heat transfer agents such as telescopic oil cylinder cylinder pin, telescopic arm arm pin, telescopic oil cylinder extension elongations, automatically stretch according to the logical order of setting, watch-dog can show telescopic arm length and oil cylinder position in real time.The control program logicality of control system is very strong, can carry out correcting process according to the levels of precision of heat transfer agent.The control system of lifting mechanism; be provided with three circle protectors; show the raising line pulling force and the variation length that hoists in real time; by comparison process to derricking cylinder pressure information, raising line pulling force information; microcomputer can accurately calculate weight weight, by the comparison to the information and the theoretical lifting altitude of raising line variation length, handles by data; can accurately calculate boom distortion situation, can carry out alarm to large deformation simultaneously.

Control crank adopts corresponding prior art (also can employ new technology or through improved prior art) according to the actual needs of each embodiment.For example: handles such as general-purpose type, game hand shank type, articulated type.Usually left handle is walking control crank (control is walked, turns to and braked); Right handles is job manipulation handle (controlling one or more operations).Job manipulation handle wheeled, wheel shoe formula embodiment is located on right part, right front portion or the right handrail of driver's cabin or console seat; Two is handled, and adopts two kinds of forms usually, and one is equipped with corresponding job manipulation handle in seat front and rear part same area, and the rotation seat is convertible manipulation; Two are provided with the job manipulation handle on the right handrail of seat, the rotation seat is convertible manipulation.The operating function if all need walk in two just all is provided with walking operation apparatus and comprises that steering wheel also can have relative sections such as instrument board at two.The control crank of crawler type embodiment be located at seat about on portion, left front right front portion or the left and right sides handrail, left handle is the walking control crank usually; Right handles is the job manipulation handle.The form that adopt left handle control walking, turns to and brake can not established throttle, brake pedal and shift handle, but motor 13 rotating speeds are by E-Gas and the control of rotating speed induction installation.Above-mentioned right job manipulation handle, be generally one, two or more.Therefore, when seat stearing two, right job manipulation handle can be controlled one or more operations, the conversion of its operation function pattern, can realize by manual electric switch (electric switch of stirring in the time of also can being rotated by seat perhaps is aided with manual electric switch again); For example, change two or more sets Ultronics hydraulic valve blocks (one group of valve piece is controlled a kind of operation) by stirring electric switch.At this moment, also can being provided with one, to surmount switch inconsistent with the direction of the function that allows handle and seat.Like this, just can save a plurality of handles, cab space is more spacious; It is also more comfortable that handle is installed in the operation of driver on the armrest.Also have, only need a cable to connect from control crank to ECU ECU, arrange very easy.It not only can adopt electro-hydraulic Can bus control system, also can select for use: hydraulic operation (as type pilot manipulation, hydraulic proportional pilot control) formula, air-operated control formula, electrically operated formula etc.

Turntable adopts corresponding prior art (also can employ new technology or through improved prior art), and mainly being usually increases platform (also weighting platform face), vehicle frame, car body or fuselage 8 to wait and constitute on slewing equipment.Slewing equipment (slewing equipment that comprises turntable) adopts corresponding prior art (also can employ new technology or through improved prior art) according to the actual needs of each embodiment.For example: one. rotary motor (hydraulic pressure or electric notor) drives planetary reducer and pinion and pivoting support internal tooth or external tooth gear motion formula, it can be provided with the revolution pressure-gradient control valve, multiple guard valves such as rotary motor two-way overload, two-way repairing, brake lag valve, antihunting valve; Rotary braking is the braking of wet type normally closed type pre-pressure of the spring.Two. hydraulic cylinder or pneumatic cylinder drive the pivoting support formula, and it can adopt: rack piston hydraulic cylinder or pneumatic cylinder, tooth bar plunger piston fluid pressure cylinder or pneumatic cylinder, general hydraulic cylinder, hydraulic cylinder add drive forms such as haulage chain.Three. rotary actuator (for example, oscillating motor or pneumatic cylinder, cycloid hydraulic motor or hydraulic cylinder etc.) drives the pivoting support formula.The slewing equipment of be used for equipment conversion, shelving can be provided with hydraulic lock (also can increase other locking device again), with fixing corresponding work device.Slewing equipment elevating mechanism: can adopt various ways usually: one. hydraulic motor or Motor Drive formula, for example: elevating mechanisms such as pinion and rack that motor drives or screw mechanism.Two. hydraulic cylinder or pneumatic cylinder drive-type, for example: single-acting or double acting hydraulic cylinder drive-type elevating mechanism etc.Embodiment gets on the bus and adopts corresponding prior art (also can employ new technology or through improved prior art) with the setting of getting off (as installing, being connected) form, power transmission, circuit communication etc. according to the actual needs of each embodiment.

Vertical or the shifted laterally device of turntable mainly is made up of rolling, slip, static pressure, magnetic suspension or mixed organization and drive part thereof.Said mechanism can adopt wheel track, rack-and-pinion, endless chain, wheel band, slider slideway, hydrostatic slideway and various ways such as suspension part (being motion parts originally), magnetic suspended guide and suspension part respectively.Usually, vertical or lateral fixation (as its underpart, inside, interior bottom etc.) on the turntable table top such as above-mentioned track, tooth bar, chain, band, slideway, guide rail, respective fixation such as wheel, gear, slide block, suspension part are on the slewing equipment of turntable.Drive part can corresponding employing various ways: hydraulic motor, variable-speed motor, hydraulic cylinder, pneumatic cylinder, speed changer, gear mechanism, screw mechanism (comprising screw-nut body), hydraulic cylinder, pneumatic cylinder, hydraulic motor or electric notor etc. add rope row or chain row mechanism, two-way hoist engine (winch), hydraulic machinery, hydraulic machine, mixed organization etc.The drive unit of drive part is can corresponding employing multiple: drive unit such as hydraulic pressure, machinery (comprising gear), electronic, air pressure (pneumatic) or mixing, for example, hydraulic motor, motor, hydraulic cylinder, pneumatic cylinder, machine driving (comprising gear drive) device etc., at this moment, its corresponding choosing connection or arrangement hydraulic pressure, machinery, electronic, air pressure (pneumatic) partly (as hydraulic system, pneumatic system, power supply, power set 13 etc.).Mobile devices such as the vertical or side direction of part such as driver's cabin 7.1, equipment, slewing equipment, frame adopt structure or principle identical construction same as described above.More than, get on the bus and connect the alert road of hydraulic pressure, circuit (comprising lead), gas circuit or above-mentioned two or more corresponding employings central swivel coupling, shifted laterally formula driver's cabin 7.1 bottoms etc. and can follow the form that turntable 10.2, driver's cabin 7.1 move: 1. song is stretched (stretching song) and is followed movable type, it is flexible pipe, flexible circuit conductor, can select support or guiding devices such as conveying (holder) chain, drum mechanism built for use.2. folding or scissors are followed movable type, and it is hard tube, flexible circuit conductor, employing activity between hard tube (as revolution or soft) joint; Flexible circuit conductor is located on the hard oil pipe and with it and moves; 3. stretch and follow movable type, it is telescopic hard sleeve (an interior pipe outer tube), and that hangs in the same way can bent stretch mobile flexible circuit conductor.Above-mentioned vertical or shifted laterally, adopt Artificial Control, artificial with electronics jointly controls or control automatically, for example, electronics is monitored automatically, the data message of beaming back by the lining weighing apparatus load cell that is located on turntable and/or the mobile device, automatically regulate mobile device by electronic monitoring and control system and move, to keep needed counterweight such as operation, walking, balance, stable at any time.Artificial and electronics jointly controls, and the data message that lining weighing apparatus load cell is beamed back is reflected on the control handwheel display, is moved by driver's manual adjustments mobile device.Artificial Control, how by rule of thumb and help the driver by non-electronics lining weighing apparatus check weighing instrument etc. and handle mobile device and move.Turntable locking device 15, mainly by the telescopic tapered end with holes (or latch hook, lock ring etc.) up and down that is located at turntable 10.2 (or vehicle frame 8) front and rear part or both sides, and the corresponding lock pin formations such as (or latch hook, stoppers etc.) that is located on the vehicle frame 8 (or turntable 10.2), it also can adopt the combined type that vertically is arranged in order.When lock pin and tapered end are locked (plug, hang up or block etc.); it is fixedly connected to get on or off the bus; get on the bus and to turn round and to swing up and down; restore to the original state after unblanking; its beneficial effect mainly is: can satisfy different work needs (as the preceding shovel of loading attachment 1, lockable when pushing away operation), help protecting the parts such as slewing equipment of turntable 10.2.Turntable locking device 15, quantity are determined as required, adopt hydraulic pressure, electronic or pneumatic means driving.

Wheeled, crawler type, wheel are carried out formula or walking mechanism 8.1 parts such as (comprise manipulation, walk, drive, turn to) brakings, adopt corresponding prior art, new technology or through improved prior art according to the actual needs of each embodiment.Wheel walking mechanism 8.1 mainly is made up of wheeled and walking mechanism 8.1 usually.There are stride behind the front-wheel, preceding step to cover to be provided with between trailing wheel, the two-wheeled forms such as wheel, wheel stride be staggered are set between stride, two strides.Wheel covered with the step, can walk simultaneously, also can walk respectively.Adopt the control wheel to turn to and/or both sides pedipulator speed turn to form.Crawler belt walking mechanism 8.1 mainly is made up of crawler type and walking mechanism 8.1 usually.There is behind stride behind the preceding crawler belt, the preceding stride crawler belt, two cover to be provided with between the band stride, two steps that forms such as crawler belt, crawler belt stride be staggered are set between covering.Crawler belt and stride can be walked simultaneously, also can walk respectively.Adopt the form that turns to of control both sides crawler belt and pedipulator speed.Above-mentioned walking mechanism 8.1 can adopt hydro pneumatic suspension (also claiming to hang) system.Above-mentioned walking mechanism 8.1: knuckle section can adopt corresponding prior art, new technology according to the actual needs of each embodiment or through improved prior art; Machinery, hydraulic booster, hydraulic pressure (comprise hydrostatic, static pressure differential-speed dynamic, full hydraulic etc.) or air pressure assisted steering etc.Drive part can adopt corresponding prior art, new technology according to the actual needs of each embodiment or through improved prior art: machinery, hydraulic pressure, hydraulic machinery, hydraulic machine or electric power (also claim electronic.Comprise electric machinery, power hydraulic pressure) transmission (driving) form.For example: machine driving, in slewing equipment, turntable, rotation car body or fuselage etc., the power set 13 that are provided with and get on the bus are connected central vertical power transmission shaft (comprising that central vertical shaft adds gear drive) or the gear that (or be connected with it through drive disk assembly and/or speed changer) be connected with walking mechanism 8.1 down and add mechanical driving parts such as ring gear transmission mechanism, give running gear with the transmission of power of power set 13 outputs, drive the complete machine walking.Hydraulic pressure, hydraulic machinery or hydraulic machine transmission, in slewing equipment, turntable, rotation car body or fuselage etc., central swivel coupling is set, the hydraulic pressure of getting on the bus can be passed to (also claiming fluid, hydraulic oil, hydraulic oil) executive component of getting off (as running motor, drive motor, hydraulic steering cylinder, fluid torque-converter and power-shift transmission etc.), drive the complete machine walking; Also the hydraulic pressure of getting off can be able to be passed to the executive component (as operating hydraulic cylinder, rotary motor etc.) of getting on the bus.Hydraulic drive is adopted power set 13 to drive hydraulic pump and is produced the form that fluid (as pressure oil) drives hydraulic motor or drives hydraulic motor and reducer, drives the complete machine walking.The hydraulic machinery transmission, adopt power set 13 to drive hydraulic pump and produce fluid (as pressure oil) driving hydraulic motor, power is forward and backward or front and back end output by gearbox, through the extremely relevant drive axle of power transmission shaft, perhaps the power of speed changer is divided into the form that left and right sides two-way reaches whole transmission through central transmission device, drives the complete machine walking.The hydraulic machine transmission is provided with fluid torque-converter and speed changer (as power-shift transmission) as the infinitely variable speeds element in the power transmission on chassis 8, give running gear with the transmission of power of power set 13 outputs, drives the complete machine walking.Electric Drive, adopt electric device (as motor) 13, electric device 13 to add mechanical transmission mechanism (as reducer, central authorities' transmission adds left and right sides transmission device, speed changer and power transmission shaft etc.) or electric device add hydraulic means (as pump, motor, also can have reducer) 13 form, give running gear with the transmission of power of above-mentioned power set 13 outputs, drive the complete machine walking.At this moment, utilize own power supply (as diesel engine-generator) or external power source usually.Above-mentioned comprising: front-wheel, trailing wheel, many wheels, full wheel, propons, back axle, Duo Qiao, full-bridge drive; Front-wheel, trailing wheel, many wheels, full commentaries on classics, propons, back axle, Duo Qiao, full-bridge turn to; The walking of crab shape; All-terrain (ground) formula; Etc. form.Car 8, chassis 8 or walking mechanism 8.1 can adopt width-adjustable joint technology, becoming width-adjustable joint formula, and the corresponding prior art of above-mentioned employing, new technology or through improved prior art.For example: the axletree of a walking mechanism 8.1 is a side direction telescopic sleeve pipe type sucking structure; Side direction telescopic outrigger (also claiming telescopic shaft, crawler belt axle, stride axle) formula structure is set in two vehicle frames (or vehicle frame underframe); In the vehicle frame (or vehicle frame underframe) side direction telescopic outrigger (also claiming telescopic shaft, crawler belt axle, stride axle) formula structure is set in three track frames; Above-mentioned axletree, supporting leg are usually by its Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder.With the width of regulating left and right sides running gear (as left and right wheels, about cover band or left and right sides stride leg or the inter-agency width of stride), satisfy operation and walking balance, needs such as stablize.

Supporting leg 12 (comprising parts such as manipulation, driving, flexible, leveling, safety, insurance) adopts corresponding prior art, new technology or through improved prior art, can stretch or partly stretch the supporting leg operation entirely; Also can adopt the hydraulic pressure of prior art to add jockey pulley formula supporting leg 12 (it has walking function concurrently), radial pattern supporting leg 12 (it can increase the supporting leg span).Embodiment adopts insurance, the safety device of corresponding prior art, for example: equipment stopping means (as height limiter, moved arm lifting stopping means etc.), figure dynamically shows, stepless navigation system (swing arm being located at an arbitrary position automatically) by the high efficiency smart controller, (as the two-way self-balancing system of BDSL etc.) installed in facility 3 automatic leveling (as leveling automatically such as fully loaded, zero load, unloading), automatically levelling function start or stop at any time as required, simultaneously artificial enforcement functionalities manipulation device can be set, to satisfy the different needs of operation; (comprise hydraulic lock, it can adopt one way valve etc. for hydraulic system overflow valve, safety valve.With the relevant hydraulic actuator of locking such as oil cylinder and oil circuit thereof etc., relative section is maintained static, guarantee safety such as walking, operation, non-operation.As supporting leg hydraulic lock etc.), equalizing valve, brake valve, hose fracture protective valve etc.; The special-purpose rotary braking device in hillside fields; Anti-tipping limiter of moment; Load indicator, boom luffing safety device (as equalizing valve is housed on the amplitude oil cylinder), the flexible safety device of boom, lifting property list, hoisting winding prevents bringing onto load starting, overload protection, overwinding safety gears, the anti-back of boom tilting mechanism; Electrical system is equipped with travel switch and limiter of moment (comprise full-automatic limiter of moment, overload when preventing operation significantly, guarantee that hoisting operation safety carries out), waits multiple safety device.Support 16 can be provided with press-type, induction or sensor-type electric control gear, to be used for equipment (as swing arm or facility) operation, to close its power when shelving etc. and reach softly steadily stop (as softly steadily being shelved on support 16) in good time.

Some (as adopting loading, lifting or grabbing device 1 such as thing) embodiment can be provided with the airborne electronic equipment weighing system.Embodiment can be provided with Global Positioning System (GPS).Lubricated part adopts corresponding prior art.Centralized lubricating system for example.Operation slave part, slave part adopt hydraulic-driven, electronic, the pneumatic or combination drive of also optional usefulness (electronic, the pneumatic or hybrid drive system of relative set this moment comprises device).Adopt air pressure to drive the part of (pneumatic), be provided with pneumatic shuttle, its dynamical element (as motor) is connected with the appropriate section of motor, power supply or hydraulic system and by its driving.Adopt the mechanically operated mechanical device that is provided with, mechanical device is connected by its driving with motor usually.

Electrical system is mainly graded and is formed by actuating element, power supply (as generator, battery etc.), live part, actuating section (as the ignition start system), illumination sign part (as light signal and illuminator), monitoring display part (as integrated instrument, integrated big screen LCD, warning indication mechanism etc.), alarming device (as back-up alarm etc.), hydraulic electric control system, electronic electric-control system, electric wire, electrical connector, assisted parts.Can satisfy requirements such as embodiment travels, operation.Foregoing circuit comprises auxiliary circuit, is arranged in beyond the sight line as far as possible, is difficult for collision, makes side-marker lamp when being beneficial to the place (as positions such as telescopic arm inside, equipment arm top, vehicle frame 8 the insides) of maintenance, rear directional is adjustable shutdown.Front and back headlight and indicator lamp can be installed on the driver's cabin ceiling.Can adopt the central control unit of reasonable setting, fuse box, relay be concentrated placed, conveniently overhaul and change electric elements.Can adopt forward and backward, sidepiece alarming device, as monitor head (the relative set display is to observe a rear portion situation in the driver's cabin), infrared monitor control warning device, distance detecting anticollision device, collision-prevention device (as radio signal type anticollision device, collision-prevention device),, sidepiece distance forward and backward with monitoring embodiment (comprise get on the bus etc.) unsafe factors such as (close as embodiment, object) is made timely processing, generally send signal warning (comprising voice) earlier as warning lamp, sound, then the speed of a motor vehicle is reduced, cut off power again, with embodiment braking etc.Electric devices such as employing motor, calutron, it is connected with corresponding electrical system, converts electrical energy into mechanical energy, for electronic part provides power.Electric part (comprising circuit arrangement) can adopt corresponding prior art, new technology or through improved prior art.

Driver's cabin can adopt or select for use usually: the skeleton (framework of rigidity strong security good (comprise and can shelve equipment).As the profiled-cross-section tube frame) the formula structure, tempered glass (as antiultraviolet, stickup, common, circular arc, removable, can raise, on type etc. such as turn over), integral sealing formula, non-tight formula, dust protected, Shockproof type, anti-dry sound formula; Comfortable safe ready type is (as being with safe belt; the adjustable hanging formula; the hydraulic shock-absorption formula; swinging; one; front and back two or front and back combined type; front and back up-down adjustment formula etc.) driver's chair; the emergency exit; rearview mirror; the window spray cleaner; the glass windscreen wiper; operator's article storage facility; the bottom damping device; waring and cooling air conditioning system; anti-roll protection structure and anti-junk protection structure (as built-in roll protection mechanism), Adjustable training gear (steering column), the direction of can inclining combination instrument platform (collects all gauge taps; instrument; light warning is designated as one); anti-error starting electric lock; high precision and long service life combination instrument and sensor, power control assembly, throttle foot pedal valve and throttle flexible axle etc.According to the ergonomics principle, imitative mode motor arranged direction dish (as can singlehanded control type steering wheel), control stick, pedal (as the suspension type pedal), switch etc., instrument is integrated in respectively on the direction machine that the operator conveniently sees and on the console of right side.Gas pedal and hand throttle can be coordinated type.

Therefore, each part mentioned above all can adopt or select for use corresponding prior art, new technology or through technology such as improved prior aries.

Specify: specific embodiment part has illustrated about more than 60 embodiment (comprise a part be located at the equipment embodiment at a place) altogether, if many different technologies schemes of these embodiment (it has constituted many different embodiment) are also counted, the quantity of embodiment is just more so.In addition, because the manual length is limit, also have a lot (comprising multiple) embodiment to illustrate one by one here.

The utility model (comprising manual, claims) part meaning of a word explanation (in addition, other meaning of a word illustrates in the above):

Engineering machinery also claims work mechanism, Work machine, machinery; Comprising environmental sanitation car, engineering environmental sanitation car, trip runner journey machinery etc.

Car, comprise car 8, also claim vehicle, refer to adopt wheel, crawler belt, stride (as pedipulator) or hybrid (as wheel carry out, wheel stride or crawler belt step are covered etc.) etc. walking carrying, carrying, shipment, transportation, traffic, instrument such as draw, drag, trip runner journey machinery, trailer, military, engineering (operation), multi-functional (comprising two functions), amphibious etc. (comprising panzer, tank, land and water car, empty land car etc.) such as vehicles.

The chassis comprises chassis 8, also claims running gear, part, main frame, get off etc., and be the ingredient of engineering machinery, car, power machine, walking machine.As walking certainly, non-from walking, non-walking chassis.Non-from walking the chassis, mainly form usually by vehicle frame (or car body), the part of travelling etc.; The chassis that has is also selected and is established control (as turn to, brake), part such as electric.From the walking chassis, usually mainly by vehicle frame (or car body etc.), power, transmission, travel, control, partly composition such as electric, auxiliary; It adopts or selects for use the control corresponding part usually, as complete machine, power section, running gear dispatch control system etc.; Its energy, power source part, (as fuel tank, the storage battery) that have thereon, (as external power source, wind energy, the drive part used) that have is outside it; The combination of the chassis power section that has and running part: chassis or the chassis that has also are provided with or select and establish equipment (comprising shipping unit), turntable, slewing equipment, supporting leg, above-mentioned drive part, the control part part of grading.Non-walking chassis is often referred to fixing chassis.As frame.Car, power machine (as tractor), engineering machinery (as loader, excavator, sideboom tractor, fork truck, road roller, bulldozer, land leveller etc.), ship, raft, aircraft (as aircraft), robot etc. also are or also can be the chassis.

Vehicle frame comprises vehicle frame 8, and mainly finger also comprises vehicle frame, skeleton, big frame, car beam, crossbeam, frame, main body rack, walker etc.Travel, i.e. walking.Running gear, usually, narrow sense refers to axletree, wheel, crawler belt (as four-wheel one band, two-wheeled one band etc.), stride, wheel are carried out, and the wheel stride covers parts such as band stride.Parts such as broad sense also comprises transmission, speed change, turns to, braking, walking mechanism width adjusting.Get on the bus, be often referred to the above or turntable of turntable and with top.Get off, be often referred to the following chassis of turntable or comprise the chassis of turntable.Axletree comprises bridge (as propons, back axle, drive axle etc.), axletree, is called for short axle.Many axletrees are called for short multiaxis.

Control also is to handle.Actuating element comprises also referring to driver's cabin, console etc.Control crank also claims rocking bar, handles or control rocking bar etc.Operation is (working portion, equipment cohort etc.) partly, is often referred to be used for the operation part of (comprising standby operation); As equipment, turntable, slewing equipment, supporting leg etc.The operation slave part is often referred to the part that is used for less important work; As equipment conversion equipment, frame, mobile device, tilting gearing, lifting gear, turntable locking device, frame locking device, other device lock etc.Slave part, as fluid pressure type, pneumatic type or electrodynamic type: the hood thrust unit, stir device, driver's cabin glass lifting device, rain brush (windscreen wiper) wait part.

Hydraulic cylinder adds rope row mechanism, and promptly telescoping cylinder and wire rope (wirerope) pulley system comprises that single cylinder, twin-tub or multi-cylinder add rope row mechanism.Abbreviation hydraulic pressure (or air pressure) cylinder adds rope row or telescoping cylinder adds rope row.Hydraulic cylinder adds chain row mechanism, and promptly telescoping cylinder and endless chain or catenary system comprise that single cylinder, twin-tub or multi-cylinder add chain row mechanism.Abbreviation hydraulic pressure (or air pressure) cylinder adds chain row or telescoping cylinder adds chain row.Fluid pressure line also claims pipeline, oil circuit, oil pipe, and hydraulic tube, oil circuit or oil pipe etc. comprise its link, and (as swivel coupling, central swivel coupling is the center steering body as oil connection; Expansion joint; Connecting hose comprises arc-shaped joint, spring joint etc.) etc.Circuit comprises lead, terminal etc.; For example, swivel coupling, central swivel coupling, connecting hose (comprising arc-shaped joint, spring joint etc.) etc.

Frame, the basic part of part such as equipment normally, mainly finger can be provided with (as hinged) equipment and (comprising: facility, support or be provided with part, the drive division part of grading) object, it comprise fixed, move (comprising rotation, removable) formula, split type, integral type (comprising combined type) etc.As frame, base, support, bearing, support, supporting mass or part, parts, ring ear, hole, pivot pin, hinge, joint, pin joint or part etc. are set.It also refers to the skeleton of facility, equipment, engineering machinery, power machine etc.

Be located at a place, promptly be provided with, combination, integrated or to concentrate on a place also be together.One place together, includes or one, two, a plurality of or combined type object (object is as chassis, fuselage, car body, vehicle frame, equipment, turntable, slewing equipment, frame, arm etc.).

Be provided with, also claim to establish, put, be provided with, have etc., promptly or refer to install, connect (as fixedly connected, flexible connection etc.), put, assemble, install, place, shelve, support, in conjunction with, be provided with, have, have, adopt, use, use, utilization etc. (so above-mentioned each speech also refers to be provided with), comprise interim setting, be provided with, be provided with in short-term, use that settings, part are provided with, directly are provided with for a long time, setting indirectly (as partly come indirect setting by fixture, connector, platform, vehicle frame, fuselage, frame, support, supporting or device etc.) etc.Put, refer to be provided with, shelve etc.Shelve, also claim to put etc., comprise receipts, draw in, pack up, withdrawal, folding and unfolding, receipts are leaned on, put, shelve, keep well, draw in, folding and unfolding is good, receipts are leaned on (facility, swing arm, equipment etc. or above-mentioned more than one) etc.Connect, also claim binding, connection, connection etc.Comprise non-flexible connection, movable connection (as hinged), connection, UNICOM, connection etc.Hinged, be often referred to that hinge type connects, the bulb formula connects, articulated type connects (as the connection of the scraper bowl of existing excavating gear, loading attachment, swing arm, oil cylinder, linkage etc.The connection of loader front car and rear car etc. for another example) etc. movable (comprising rotation, revolution etc.) connect.Bulb connects, and claims also that bulb is hinged, ball pivot, oscillating bearing.

Formula, promptly form refers to (things) pattern, style, type, moulding, shape, structure, mode; Also refer to structure (as structure, device, system etc.), shelve form, box (type comprises form) refers to the box of solid, non-solid, rule or non-rule.For example, complete or half totally enclosed square tube shape, empty quadrangle in the middle of the regular or non-rule, frame type etc.Become section, promptly section variation (), section change to some extent () etc.Section also claims section, cross section, tangent plane.Lock also claims locking device.Locking, locking, locking, lock, it is equivalent in meaning.

Before, comprise forward, forward direction, preceding tiltedly, front, front, front portion, front and direction thereof etc.; As preposition, in, comprise middle level, middle part, centre and direction thereof etc.As mid-.After, comprise the back to, backward, on retread (tiltedly back, rear flank etc.), the back, afterwards down, back, back, rear portion, back and direction thereof etc.; As postposition.Side comprises side direction, sidepiece, a side, two, left and right, left side head, right head and direction thereof etc.; As side.Tiltedly, comprise oblique, preceding tiltedly, retread, a left side tiltedly, right tiltedly, tilt, face upward and direction etc.On, comprise upwards, the higher authorities, tiltedly go up (going up tiltedly), go up the back, top, top and direction etc.; As above put.Comprise downwards down,, following, bottom, following and direction etc.; As underlying.A left side comprises that side, a left side, left-hand, left side head, left part, a left side are oblique, the left side, left part, the left side, left side and direction thereof etc.The right side comprises side, the right side, dextrad, right head, right part, right oblique, the right, the right side, right side and direction thereof etc.Before, just, identical or comprise mutually.Back, the back of the body, anti-are identical or comprise mutually.Left and right, side are identical or comprise mutually.The front comprises preceding, middle front part and direction thereof etc.The back comprises back, postmedian and direction thereof etc.Left side head comprises side, a left side and direction thereof etc.Right head comprises side, the right side and direction thereof etc.One, be often referred to: one or other end, on one side or another side, a side or opposite side; As front, middle part, postmedian, right head, left part, the right, left side and direction thereof etc.Two is often referred to: one and other end, on one side and another side, a side and opposite side; As on the right of back, front, middle part, front, back, middle part, a left side, middle part head, the right head in middle part, the right head of left side head, (left radicals and right radicals), the left side, right side, left side and direction thereof (as front and back to, about to, oblique etc.) etc.Above-mentioned, include its side, sky, aerial, space, perhaps to, limit, portion, face, first-classly include, the side of can be, sky, in the air, the space; , side spaces aerial, the side of retreading, left etc. as top, the sky, top aerial, upper space, side sky, sidepiece.Portion comprises part, position, position etc.Joint also claims section.Individual, comprise kind.Comprise a kind of as one; Comprise two or more etc. more than two.Many, refer to more than two (as three, four, five etc.); Also exponential quantity is big, and is a lot of etc.; Sometimes also comprise two, as multi-functional two functions that promptly comprise.

Adopt, comprise setting, usefulness is selected for use, part employing etc.With, comprise setting, use, employing, application etc.Select for use, select establish, select fixing, select hinged, choosing increases, select add, far away in the selection etc., have, from or by following or above in the meaning of selection (as selecting one or more) the part perhaps.As select upper, middle and lower for use, from upper, middle and lower, select one or more for use exactly.Improve, adjust, comprise mutually, it includes corresponding, suitable or required change, change, increase and decrease, increases, reduces, and strengthens, weakens etc.Sum up, aim is total, sum up, gather etc.Or, perhaps, include or can comprise and/or.Comprise, comprise comprising.Corresponding, comprise correspondence, corresponding.Can, promptly can, can, can wait.For, comprise employing, be, regard, be used as, as etc.

Work (operation) device comprises equipment 1, and normally engineering machinery is carried out the parts of operation, is called for short device.The shipment part that is used for manned or shipment thing also is an equipment, i.e. shipment (also claiming the dress thing) equipment is called for short shipment or dress thing device; As common, self-unloading, compression, compression self-unloading, removable equation compartment etc.The a few thing device also is facility.Facility comprise facility 3, also claim annex etc., mainly refer to some instruments, apparatus for work etc.As scraper bowl (comprising Excavating bucket, loading hopper etc.), handgrip, grab bucket, folder, pincers, clamp, push away thing perching knife, pallet fork, cast-cutting saw, hydraulic pressure chain saw, lifting hook, quartering hammer, electric drill, auger boring device, hydraulic pressure bore, purge snow device, refuse sweeping machine, cold plane road surface machine, rammer, compact wheel etc., and hand cast-cutting saw, slag stock pump, chain saw etc.Some facility also are equipments.

Transmission promptly drives.Full circle swinging, promptly infinitely revolution is freely turned round, 360 degree revolutions.Rotation comprises rotation, revolution, swing etc. (as preceding commentaries on classics, back commentaries on classics, oblique commentaries on classics etc.).Rotary type (comprises pivotal etc.Also claim rotary, swinging, rotation, revolution etc.) object (part), also claim rotary object (part), refer to: slewing equipment, turntable, rotary objects (above-mentioned object can be driven by slewing equipment) such as rotary type vehicle frame, car body, fuselage, chassis, frame, platform, frame, seat, plate, object, device, driver's cabin, console.Turntable also claims revolving dial, panoramic table, center steering platform etc., mainly partly is made up of platform (table top), slewing equipment etc. usually.Slewing equipment and turntable comprise mutually.Folding, comprise folding, fold, bending etc.Tilt, comprise incline, tiltedly, face upward etc.Stir, comprise upset, counter-rotating, rotation, front and back rotation etc. up and down.Swing refers to wave, shakes, revolution etc.Pendulous device is as equipment oscillating oil cylinder, angling cylinders such as (comprising swing arm, facility), slewing equipment etc.Swing type equipment, swing arm or facility adopt swing type setting (as hinged) usually, and pendulous device drives.

Mechanism also claims device; Device also claims mechanism.Some mechanisms, device also are systems.Some systems also are mechanism, device.Hydraulic pressure mainly refers to hydraulic drive, hydrostatic transmissions, hydraulic power, liquid transmission, static pressure technology etc. (being called for short hydraulic pressure, hydrostatic, fluid power, liquid, static pressure respectively), above-mentionedly comprises mode complete or half, for example, and all-hydraulic, half hydraulic pressure etc.Hydraulic machinery, promptly hydraulic-machinery refers to the hydraulic machinery transmission.Hydraulic machine, promptly fluid power-machinery refers to the hydraulic machine transmission.

Claims (10)

1. equipment of being located at a place, comprise: two or more equipments are connected with a place, this connection comprises that movable connects, it is characterized in that: described two or more equipments are connected with a place as follows, this place is generally object, this object is at least chassis, fuselage, car body, vehicle frame, equipment, turntable, slewing equipment, frame or arm, above-mentioned with a place connect also be connected in a place or:
A. reversible type equipment or press the road device and other equipment;
Excavating gear and non-common double-arm loading attachment, the non-equipment that pushes away the thing device,
Loading attachment and the folding arm-type excavating gear of non-common two joints, the non-equipment that pushes away the thing device,
Rotary type, flipover, collapsible, portable, telescopic, tilting, swing type or hybrid or adopt above-mentioned a kind of hybrid loading attachment and excavating gear at least,
Can the back rotatable, retread rotatable, the back is collapsible, after shelve formula, on the formula of shelving of retreading, actuating element or side is shelved formula, tilting, swing type, greater than 180 degree rotary or telescopic boom, mix arm-type or non-folding arm-type excavating gear of common two joints and loading attachment
Rotary type, flipover, collapsible, portable, telescopic, tilting, swing type or hybrid or adopt above-mentioned a kind of hybrid equipment and the non-equipment that pushes away thing device or loading attachment at least,
But flipover, collapsible, portable, the tilting in back, swing type or hybrid or adopt above-mentioned a kind of hybrid equipment and other equipment at least,
Can after shelve formula, on the formula of shelving of retreading, chassis or side shelve formula or the mixing formula of shelving and comprise and adopt above-mentioned a kind of mixing to shelve formula equipment and other equipment at least,
But on two or more chassis, side or the mixing formula of shelving comprise and adopt above-mentioned a kind of mixing to shelve formula equipment or itself and other equipment at least,
Perhaps, be located in the power section or go up with side or be located at equipment and other equipment on hollow or time empty body,
Being connected with a place back to mode, be connected with an of place, perhaps be connected with the two at a place respectively;
B. be located at two on the whirligig equipment or have equipment and other equipment of two whirligigs,
Excavating gear, loading attachment and non-other equipment that pushes away the thing device,
The non-folding arm-type excavating gear of two joints and other equipment,
The equipment of non-excavating device and the equipment of non-loading attachment,
The equipment of shipping unit and two or more equipments or non-one or unitary construction lifting gear,
Shipping unit, clearing apparatus and loading attachment or other equipment,
At least two equipments utilize rotary type object or thereon,
Two above equipments,
Perhaps, at least two reversible type equipments,
Being connected with a place back to mode, be connected with an of place, perhaps be connected with the two at a place respectively;
C. two above equipments,
Excavating gear and non-common formula push away the equipment of thing device,
Push away the equipment of thing device and the folding arm-type excavating gear of non-common two joints, non-loading attachment,
Excavating gear, push away thing device and other equipment,
Perhaps, the equipment of non-excavating device and the non-equipment that pushes away the thing device are connected with a place with the upper and lower formula;
D. be provided with greater than 170 degree slewing equipments or be located at greater than the equipment of 170 degree on the slewing equipments,
Be provided with turntable or be located at equipment on the turntable,
Can greater than 180 the degree rotary equipment,
Can shelve the formula equipment greater than 90 degree sides,
But both sides, fold, stir, the back, anti-, turn over, tiltedly, with upwarding or inclination shelve the formula equipment,
Tiltable, after change, retread and change or the flipover equipment,
Can go up, the back, retread or collapsible equipment is gone up in the back,
Be moveable to the rear portion, the portion of retreading, upper back, top or bilateral type equipment,
Packaged type, ascending/decending or change type equipment,
Can pitch the thing equipment,
Perhaps, flexible outer single-unit common arm cable pulley type lifting gear in the non-mid-unitary construction is with other equipment;
With in the same way, mix to, co-located, hybrid position, inside and outside or up and down mode be connected with a place, be connected with a place to be same as the vertical or horizontal direction in a place, perhaps, respectively with the front and rear part at a place or about portion be connected;
E. at least two positions of equipment outside the position, front and back of an actuating element,
At least two equipments on two or more actuating elements, outside or on and outside,
At least two equipments utilize rotary type object or thereon,
Be provided with turntable or be located at least two equipments on the turntable,
Be provided with greater than 170 degree slewing equipments or be located at greater than at least two equipments of 170 degree on the slewing equipments,
The equipment of rotary type equipment and non-common double-arm loading attachment,
Can 180 degree or rotary or rotate portable equipment or be provided with slewing equipment or be located at equipment on the slewing equipment and the equipment of non-common double-arm loading attachment less than 180 degree,
Perhaps, shelve at least two equipments of formula after how before can one preceding two backs or many backs, the back two or before many, before two preceding two backs or many backs, two backs two or before many or before many,
With in the same way, mix to, co-located, hybrid position, inside and outside or up and down mode be connected with a place, be connected with a place to be same as the vertical or horizontal direction in a place, perhaps, respectively with the front and rear part at a place or about portion be connected;
F. can 90 degree or shelve the equipment of formula equipment and non-common double-arm loading attachment less than 90 degree sides,
The reversible type equipment,
The equipment of shipping unit and two or more equipments or non-one or unitary construction lifting gear,
Shipping unit, clearing apparatus and loading attachment or other equipment,
The equipment of excavating gear and non-common double-arm loading attachment,
The equipment of loading attachment and the folding arm-type excavating gear of non-common two joints,
Rotary type, flipover, collapsible, portable, telescopic, tilting, swing type or hybrid or adopt above-mentioned a kind of hybrid loading attachment and excavating gear at least,
Can the back rotatable, retread rotatable, the back is collapsible, after shelve formula, on the formula of shelving of retreading, actuating element or side is shelved formula, tilting, swing type, greater than 180 degree rotary or telescopic boom, mix arm-type or non-folding arm-type excavating gear of common two joints and loading attachment
Rotary type, flipover, collapsible, portable, telescopic, tilting, swing type or hybrid or adopt above-mentioned a kind of hybrid equipment and the non-equipment that pushes away thing device or loading attachment at least,
Perhaps, but flipover, collapsible, portable, the tilting in back, swing type or hybrid or adopt above-mentioned a kind of hybrid equipment and other equipment at least,
With in the same way, mix to, co-located, hybrid position, inside and outside or up and down mode be connected with a place, be connected with a place to be same as the vertical or horizontal direction in a place, perhaps, respectively with the front and rear part at a place or about portion be connected;
G. on the chassis or side shelve formula or the mixing formula of shelving and comprise and adopt above-mentioned a kind of mixing to shelve formula equipment and other equipment at least,
But on two or more chassis, side or the mixing formula of shelving comprise and adopt above-mentioned a kind of mixing to shelve formula equipment or itself and other equipment at least,
Be located in the power section or go up with side or be located at equipment and other equipment on hollow or time empty body,
Be located at two on the whirligig equipment or have equipment and other equipment of two whirligigs,
Excavating gear, loading attachment and other equipment,
The non-folding arm-type excavating gear of two joints and other equipment,
The equipment of non-excavating device and the equipment of non-loading attachment,
Excavating gear and non-common formula push away the equipment of thing device,
Push away the equipment of thing device and the folding arm-type excavating gear of non-common two joints,
Excavating gear, push away thing device and other equipment,
Perhaps, the equipment of non-excavating device and the non-equipment that pushes away the thing device,
With in the same way, mix to, co-located, hybrid position, inside and outside or up and down mode be connected with a place, be connected with a place to be same as the vertical or horizontal direction in a place, perhaps, respectively with the front and rear part at a place or about portion be connected;
H. the equipment of the arm-type aerial work device of the mid-unitary construction single-unit in lifting gear and non-top, the equipment of apparatus for work in the equipment of non-lifting gear and the non-NULL, perhaps, the equipment of flexible outer single-unit common arm cable pulley type lifting gear in aerial work device and the non-mid-unitary construction is integrated in place connection with the structure of about having or left and right sides mode;
At least two equipments utilize rotary type, flipover, collapsible, portable, telescopic, tilting object or are above-mentioned two or more hybrid object or thereon at least, perhaps, aerial work device, lifting gear and other equipment, with have upper, middle and lower, left, center, right, go up bottom left, go up bottom right, about go up or about down the structure of mode be integrated in a place and connect;
I. or, an equipment and two or more equipments, or two or more equipments and two or more equipments being connected with a place back to mode, or are connected with the two at a place respectively;
Excavating gear and non-common formula push away thing device equipment, push away the equipment of thing device and the folding arm-type excavating gear of non-common two joints, excavating gear pushes away thing device and other equipment, perhaps, the equipment of non-excavating device and the non-equipment that pushes away the thing device are connected with an of place;
Press the road device to be connected with the front and back or the two at a place respectively, perhaps be connected with a place with the upper and lower formula with other equipment;
Two or more equipments are connected with front, middle part or middle part, the back at a place respectively;
At least two equipments comprise rotary type equipment and other equipment with side to, side, over against or staggered mode is connected with a place or two above equipments are connected with a place side by side;
At least two equipments are connected with a place with " Y ", " V " or " bifurcation " shape or type mode;
At least two equipments are connected with a place to, oblique or side direction mode with arc, semi-circular, annular, about, back;
Two or more equipments are connected with front, middle part or middle part, the back at a place respectively;
Perhaps, two above equipments respectively with a place before, during and after or left, center, right portion be connected, perhaps above in down mode be connected with a place.
2. the equipment of being located at a place according to claim 1 is characterized in that equipment can adopt: similar formula or non-similar formula; Combined type or non-combined type; One function formula, two function formulas or multi-functional formula.
3. the equipment of being located at a place according to claim 1 is characterized in that and can adopt: hydraulic-driven, Mechanical Driven, electronic, pneumatic or combination drive comprise above-mentioned more than one drive forms; Main body or part main body that metal or metal material are made.
4. the equipment of being located at a place according to claim 1 is characterized in that and can adopt: frame; Folding device, slewing equipment, lifting device, lifting appliance, mobile device, pendulous device, stretching device, conversion equipment, stir device, tilting gearing, lifting gear or above-mentioned more than one devices; Above-mentioned two or more device can make up or connect, and above-mentioned one or more devices can or be connected with other device combination.
5. according to claim 1,2, the 3 or 4 described equipments of being located at a place, it is characterized in that swing arm can adopt: more than a joint, two joints or two save; Swing type, collapsible, telescopic or hybrid; Unitary construction, duplex or the box-like structure of single compound; Triangle, quadrangle, hexagon, polygon, U-shaped, circular arc, circle, ellipse, oval or mixing tee section.
6. an application rights requires 1,2,3, the 4 or 5 described engineering machinery of being located at the equipment at a place, comprise the chassis, it is characterized in that described chassis or its corresponding site are provided with and/or are connected with claim 1,2,3, the 4 or 5 described equipments of being located at a place; Wherein, when places that right requires 1,2,3, the 4 or 5 described equipments of being located at a place for or had or this equipment has: when the chassis comprised described chassis, fuselage or car body, this equipment was exactly or has just become described engineering machinery.
7. the engineering machinery of the equipment at a place is located in application according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, actuating element, rotary type object or part can be provided with mobile device as required, also locking device can be set as required.
8. the engineering machinery of the equipment at a place is located in application according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, actuating element can be corresponding: adopt one, two or more; Be located at equipment side, forward and backward, upper and lower, outer, mixing portion, between or between upper and lower, forward and backward or mixing portion, be located at the chassis before, during and after, side, one, two, both sides or mixing portion, perhaps be located at the identical or non-same area of two or more equipments; Adopt one, more than one, a cover or cover above manipulation device or a system; The turnover part of actuating element can correspondingly be located at that it is upper and lower, forward and backward, oblique, angle, side or above-mentioned more than one positions.
9. the engineering machinery of the equipment at a place is located in application according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, dynamical system, control system, drive system, electrical system or above-mentioned more than one systems are set usually.
10. be located at the engineering machinery of the equipment at a place according to claim 6,7,8 or 9 described application, it is characterized in that, can adopt: width-adjustable joint formula; Chassis or walking mechanism main body or part main body that metal or metal material are made; Power set adopt motor usually.
CN 200520007426 2005-03-08 2005-03-08 Working equipment provided in one position and engineering machinery employing the same CN200974980Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200520007426 CN200974980Y (en) 2005-03-08 2005-03-08 Working equipment provided in one position and engineering machinery employing the same

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200520007426 CN200974980Y (en) 2005-03-08 2005-03-08 Working equipment provided in one position and engineering machinery employing the same

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CN103669439A (en) * 2013-11-29 2014-03-26 浙江福威重工制造有限公司 Dual-use device for shoveling and bulldozing
NL1040157C2 (en) * 2013-04-12 2014-10-14 Hudson Bay Holding B V Mobile device with control system.
CN104802706A (en) * 2015-03-31 2015-07-29 徐州徐工特种工程机械有限公司 Bracket alarming device for excavating loader
CN104896941A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-09-09 宁波金田铜业(集团)股份有限公司 Multifunctional electric-furnace smelting manipulator
CN105034948A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-11-11 四川九洲电器集团有限责任公司 Warning device and vehicle
CN105626079A (en) * 2014-10-31 2016-06-01 徐州徐工铁路装备有限公司 Underground excavation machine hydraulic control system and flow distribution system
CN105649619A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-06-08 三重型装备有限公司 Multifunctional drill loader
CN106068726A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-11-09 北京首农畜牧发展有限公司 For making tractor hang converting system and the tractor of multiple facility
CN106194010A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-12-07 中煤科工集团西安研究院有限公司 Colliery rubber wheel type all-hydraulic drill
CN109531817A (en) * 2018-11-20 2019-03-29 甬港现代工程有限公司 A kind of saving construction equipment
TWI685383B (en) * 2019-02-20 2020-02-21 中聯資源股份有限公司 Mobile screening assembly

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CN105264148B (en) * 2013-04-12 2018-01-09 哈德森海湾控股有限公司 Motor device with operating system
NL1040157C2 (en) * 2013-04-12 2014-10-14 Hudson Bay Holding B V Mobile device with control system.
WO2014168469A3 (en) * 2013-04-12 2014-12-04 Hudson Bay Holding B.V. Mobile apparatus with operating system
US10246853B2 (en) 2013-04-12 2019-04-02 Hudson Bay Holding B.V. Mobile apparatus with operating system
CN105264148A (en) * 2013-04-12 2016-01-20 哈德森海湾控股有限公司 Mobile apparatus with operating system
CN103669439B (en) * 2013-11-29 2017-02-08 浙江艾克米信息科技有限公司 Dual-use device for shoveling and bulldozing
CN103669439A (en) * 2013-11-29 2014-03-26 浙江福威重工制造有限公司 Dual-use device for shoveling and bulldozing
CN105626079B (en) * 2014-10-31 2019-02-01 徐州徐工铁路装备有限公司 Tunneling machine hydraulic control system and flow distributing system
CN105626079A (en) * 2014-10-31 2016-06-01 徐州徐工铁路装备有限公司 Underground excavation machine hydraulic control system and flow distribution system
CN104802706A (en) * 2015-03-31 2015-07-29 徐州徐工特种工程机械有限公司 Bracket alarming device for excavating loader
CN104896941A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-09-09 宁波金田铜业(集团)股份有限公司 Multifunctional electric-furnace smelting manipulator
CN105034948A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-11-11 四川九洲电器集团有限责任公司 Warning device and vehicle
CN105649619A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-06-08 三重型装备有限公司 Multifunctional drill loader
CN106068726A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-11-09 北京首农畜牧发展有限公司 For making tractor hang converting system and the tractor of multiple facility
CN106194010A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-12-07 中煤科工集团西安研究院有限公司 Colliery rubber wheel type all-hydraulic drill
CN109531817A (en) * 2018-11-20 2019-03-29 甬港现代工程有限公司 A kind of saving construction equipment
TWI685383B (en) * 2019-02-20 2020-02-21 中聯資源股份有限公司 Mobile screening assembly

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