CN200973907Y - Laryngotracheal canula capable of being cut off - Google Patents

Laryngotracheal canula capable of being cut off Download PDF

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Publication number
CN200973907Y
CN200973907Y CN 200620125924 CN200620125924U CN200973907Y CN 200973907 Y CN200973907 Y CN 200973907Y CN 200620125924 CN200620125924 CN 200620125924 CN 200620125924 U CN200620125924 U CN 200620125924U CN 200973907 Y CN200973907 Y CN 200973907Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
outer tube
plastic outer
larynx
end air
far
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 200620125924
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王秋萍
程友
李泽卿
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Individual
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Individual
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CN 200620125924 priority Critical patent/CN200973907Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN200973907Y publication Critical patent/CN200973907Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a laryngotracheal catheter that can be cut off, which is designed for current situations that catheters to keep smooth respiration of corresponding patients suffering from open cannula and laryngotracheal traumas are not provided. The utility model comprises a medical plastic outer tube (1) and a soft plastic stator connected with an upper end of the plastic outer tube and is characterized in that length of the plastic outer tube (1) is equivalent to that needed for human throat injury and also equal to that needed for high human trachea injury and V-shaped kerf (3 and 4) needed for length of lower human tracheas. In addition, a supporting spring (5) is arranged in the plastic outer tube (1) and is disconnected with corresponding positions of the V-shaped kerf (3 and 4). Besides, the plastic outer tube (1) at one end adjacent to the soft plastic stator (2) is arranged with a near-end air sac (6) and a far-end air sac (7) in sequence. The near-end air sac (6) and far-end air sac (7) are respectively connected with their own aerating sacculus (8 and 9). The utility model has the advantages of simple structure, easy operation and capacity to meet demands for ensuring smooth respiration of patients suffering from various open cannula and laryngotracheal traumas.

Description

Can block the larynx endotracheal tube
Technical field
This utility model relates to medical apparatus and instruments, and being used to of using when especially a kind of trunnion, trachea wound protects the wounded to breathe unimpeded conduit, specifically a kind of larynx endotracheal tube that blocks.
Background technology
As everyone knows, open larynx, trachea wound are extremely common in war wound and calamitous damage, and seriously injured normal threat to life.Damage is early stage, can acute laryngemphraxis occur in several minutes and cause death by suffocation; Therefore, only ensure respiration when open larynx, trachea wound and unobstructedly just might further dispose its state of an illness.And employing method mostly is greatly through larynx-trachea wound and inserts breather when open larynx, trachea wound, and satisfies following the requirement simultaneously:
1, should insert the conduit of different length according to larynx-trachea wound site and damage location;
During 2, owing to larynx, trachea wound, the topography structure disturbance must be sought definite anatomic landmark, to determine to put the length and the mode of pipe;
3, when larynx, trachea wound, larynx-tracheal cartilages has fracture more, and air flue lacks respective support, and the breather of inserting should be able to definitely support respiratory tract;
4, must prevent effectively that wound blood from flowing into respiratory tract;
5, larynx, trachea wound later stage easily form laryngostenosis, therefore must carry out wound surface hemostasis of early stage throat and expansion;
6, conduit is fixing must be convenient.
According to the knowledge of the applicant, at present the conduit that uses mostly be greatly single structure, length only is equivalent to the conduit of the function singleness of low level trachea wound length, all can't satisfy above-mentioned requirements, therefore being badly in need of a kind of anatomical data with classics is design considerations, with supraclavicular fossa is fixed anatomic landmark, the blocked larynx endotracheal tube that with larynx wound, high-order trachea wound, low level trachea wound is segmentation criteria is for using, so that medical personnel are according to conduit unimpeded maintenance for the wounded breathes of wound character employing different length, to win rescue time.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to lack the present situation that makes the wounded breathe the conduit that keeps clear accordingly at existing open gas, trunnion wound, designs a kind of larynx endotracheal tube that blocks.
The technical solution of the utility model is:
A kind of larynx endotracheal tube that blocks, comprise medical plastic outer tube 1 and the soft stator 2 of moulding that links to each other with its upper end, length required when it is characterized in that the length of described plastic outer tube 1 and human body larynx wound is suitable, and respectively when being equivalent to human body high position trachea wound the Len req place and when being equivalent to human body low level trachea wound the Len req place V-type be set cut off mouthfuls 3,4, in plastic outer tube 1, be fixed with support spring 5, this support spring 5 is cutting off mouth 3 with V-type, 4 relative position places are off-state, near the soft plastic outer tube 1 of moulding stator 2 one ends proximal balloon 6 and far-end air bag 7 are being installed successively, described proximal balloon 6 and far-end air bag 7 are connected with inflating balloon 8,9 separately respectively.
Described far-end air bag 7 cuts off distance≤1.5cm of mouthfuls 4 from V-type, the distance between proximal balloon 6 and the far-end air bag 7 also≤1.5cm.
The utlity model has following advantage:
1, this utility model can be inserted the conduit of different length according to larynx-trachea wound site and damage location, has overcome the not enough difficulty of present catheter length, is applicable to the rescue requirement of all kinds of open gas, trunnion wound;
2, spring is installed in the conduit of the present utility model and supports, can protect when larynx, trachea wound, air flue obtains respective support, and the breather of inserting can definitely support respiratory tract and keep unimpeded;
3, air bag of the present utility model can prevent effectively that wound blood from flowing into respiratory tract and can carry out wound surface hemostasis of early stage throat and expansion;
6, conduit convenient fixing.
7, simple in structure, easy to use, can satisfy the respiratory smooth requirement of all kinds of open gas, trunnion wound.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model.
The specific embodiment
Following structure drawings and Examples are further described this utility model.
As shown in Figure 1.
A kind of larynx endotracheal tube that blocks, comprise medical plastic outer tube 1 and the soft stator 2 of moulding that links to each other with its upper end, length required when the length of described plastic outer tube 1 and human body larynx wound is suitable, and respectively when being equivalent to human body high position trachea wound the Len req place and when being equivalent to human body low level trachea wound the Len req place V-type be set cut off mouthfuls 3,4, in plastic outer tube 1, be fixed with support spring 5, this support spring 5 is cutting off mouth 3 with V-type, 4 relative position places are off-state, near the soft plastic outer tube 1 of moulding stator 2 one ends proximal balloon 6 and far-end air bag 7 are being installed successively, described proximal balloon 6 and far-end air bag 7 are connected with inflating balloon 8 separately respectively, 9, far-end air bag 7 cuts off distance≤1.5cm of mouthfuls 4 from V-type, the distance between proximal balloon 6 and the far-end air bag 7 also≤1.5cm.
Can determine the size of relevant portion during concrete the manufacturing according to the larynx trachea anatomical data of Chinese adult, below be the statistics anatomical data of human body:
Trachea length 10~12cm
Tracheal diameter 1.5cm
Larynx body length 4~6cm
Thyroid notch~knuckle 15~17cm
6 annulus trachealis length 3.5~4.5cm on the breastbone
Suprasternal fossa~knuckle 7~9cm
1~3cm on the intubate stop knuckle
Therefore, during specific design:
The length of plastic outer tube 1 can be 15cm and (all inserts thyroid notch~knuckle when being equivalent to the larynx wound: 15~17cm)
The length that plastic outer tube 1 to first V-arrangement cuts off mouth 3 is that 5cm (can be designated as blueness or increase blue markings when specifically making, when being equivalent to high-order trachea wound, insert after blocking this part, promptly conduit passes through without the larynx body, the blue portion that blocks is the larynx body length, larynx body length: 4~6cm)
The length 4cm that V-arrangement cuts off between the mouth 3 and 4 (can be labeled as redness or increase red-label when specifically making, when being equivalent to low level trachea wound, insert after blocking this part, be that conduit passes through without annulus trachealis on larynx body and the breastbone, truncation part is 6 annulus trachealis length sums on larynx body length and the breastbone, larynx body length: 4~6cm; 6 annulus trachealis length: 3.5~4.5cm on the breastbone.The length that V-arrangement cuts off between the mouth 3 and 4 is 6 annulus trachealis length on the breastbone)
The internal diameter of plastic outer tube 1 is 0.8cm, external diameter 1.0~1.2cm (less than person's windpipe internal diameter 1.5cm, so that place in the person's windpipe).
The length of proximal balloon 6 and far-end air bag 7 is 1.5cm; It is 1cm that the far-end air bag cuts off mouthful 4 a ground distance apart from V-arrangement; Proximal balloon 6 is 1cm apart from the distance of stator 2; Distance between two air bags is 1cm; Plastic outer tube 1 designs 2 V-arrangements altogether and cuts off mouth conveniently to block and intubate:
It is conduit epimere and red part intersection that first V-arrangement cuts off mouth 4;
It is red part and blue portion intersection that second V-arrangement cuts off mouth 3.
And outer tube hypomere truncation part when adopting the high-order trachea wound of blue expression, during because of high-order trachea wound, the intubate position is the conventional position of tracheotomy, and the state of an illness relatively may be light slightly, so the employing blue markings.
Truncation part when redness expression low level trachea wound is adopted in the outer tube stage casing, during because of low level trachea wound, the intubate position is the unconventional position of tracheotomy, and the state of an illness relatively may be heavy slightly, so adopt red-label.
The inflating balloon 9 of proximal balloon 6 should adopt red sacculus or be provided with red-label, and this is because the main purpose of proximal balloon 6 is the hemostasis of compressing throat, the anti-later stage laryngostenosis of expansion throat.Mostly be the larynx body and damage when serious and adopt, the state of an illness relatively may be heavy slightly, and be unconventional application, so can adopt red-label.
It is same as the prior art that this utility model does not relate to part.

Claims (4)

1, a kind of larynx endotracheal tube that blocks, comprise medical plastic outer tube (1) and the soft stator (2) of moulding that links to each other with its upper end, length required when it is characterized in that the length of described plastic outer tube (1) and human body larynx wound is suitable, and respectively when being equivalent to human body high position trachea wound the Len req place and when being equivalent to human body low level trachea wound the Len req place V-type be set cut off mouthfuls (3,4), in plastic outer tube (1), be fixed with support spring (5), this support spring (5) is cutting off mouth (3 with V-type, 4) the relative position place is off-state, near the soft plastic outer tube (1) of moulding stator (2) one ends proximal balloon (6) and far-end air bag (7) are being installed successively, described proximal balloon (6) and far-end air bag (7) are connected with inflating balloon (8,9) separately respectively.
2, the larynx endotracheal tube that blocks according to claim 1 is characterized in that described far-end air bag (7) cuts off the distance≤1.5cm of mouthful (4) from V-type, the distance between proximal balloon (6) and the far-end air bag (7) also≤1.5cm.
3, the larynx endotracheal tube that blocks according to claim 1, it is characterized in that cutting off mouth (3 in V-type, the pipeline section of the plastic outer tube 4) (1) is for redness or be provided with red-label, and the pipeline section that cuts off between mouthful (3) and plastic outer tube (1) end in V-type is blue or is provided with blue markings.
4, the larynx endotracheal tube that blocks according to claim 1 is characterized in that the described inflating balloon (9) that links to each other with proximal balloon (6) is red sacculus or is marked with red-label.
CN 200620125924 2006-12-04 2006-12-04 Laryngotracheal canula capable of being cut off Expired - Fee Related CN200973907Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200620125924 CN200973907Y (en) 2006-12-04 2006-12-04 Laryngotracheal canula capable of being cut off

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200620125924 CN200973907Y (en) 2006-12-04 2006-12-04 Laryngotracheal canula capable of being cut off

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN200973907Y true CN200973907Y (en) 2007-11-14

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200620125924 Expired - Fee Related CN200973907Y (en) 2006-12-04 2006-12-04 Laryngotracheal canula capable of being cut off

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102764476A (en) * 2010-07-09 2012-11-07 同济大学 Ostomy system
CN107929922A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-04-20 王守峰 Disposable two-chamber larynx conduit

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102764476A (en) * 2010-07-09 2012-11-07 同济大学 Ostomy system
CN107929922A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-04-20 王守峰 Disposable two-chamber larynx conduit

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20071114

Termination date: 20100104