CN200968053Y - Reinforced concrete detaching-free formwork - Google Patents

Reinforced concrete detaching-free formwork Download PDF

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Publication number
CN200968053Y
CN200968053Y CN 200620158892 CN200620158892U CN200968053Y CN 200968053 Y CN200968053 Y CN 200968053Y CN 200620158892 CN200620158892 CN 200620158892 CN 200620158892 U CN200620158892 U CN 200620158892U CN 200968053 Y CN200968053 Y CN 200968053Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
formwork
template
plate
concrete
steel bar
Prior art date
Application number
CN 200620158892
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
文彦
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文彦
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Priority to CN 200620158892 priority Critical patent/CN200968053Y/en
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Publication of CN200968053Y publication Critical patent/CN200968053Y/en

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Abstract

A non-dismantling reinforced concrete formwork relates to civil cast-in-place reinforced concrete formwork and is the improvement of the existing formwork. The formwork chooses light-weight material, with the use of one-time non-dismantling and stirring casting after adding water to the mixture of plant fiber and magnesia cement, the thickness of the formwork is 5 to 20 mm, the board area is 1200 multiplied by 2400 mm, 1200 multiplied by 3000 mm, the inner surface is honeycomb-shaped, the formwork is inlaid with a lacing wire for banding, and slope treatment is used for the edge of the formwork. The non-dismantling formwork also contains various stereotype slats, a cylinder-shaped plate, a square-cylinder shaped plate, a pi-shaped plate and an angle plate. In addition, an insulating material with a certain thickness can be laid on the plain formwork as necessary. The formwork has the same use method as that of the existing formwork and is fit for any concrete formwork project with different structural types, in particular to the concrete formwork project with deep foundation and high-level concrete formwork project, greatly enhancing the operational safety of the workers, shortening the main construction period by more than 50 percent, saving water and saving energy, with long life components and without the need for clearance, dressing and painting of isolation agent.

Description

The steel bar concrete non-dismantling formwork

Technical field

The utility model relates to constructional materials, particularly relates to the cast in place reinforced bar concrete form of civil engineering.

Background technology

Cast-in-situ reinforced concrete in the civil engineering at present, comprise shear wall structure, frame construction, frame structure, the concrete structure of tube structure and other class etc., its main body construction template, the wooden forms that adopt more, bamboo filament plate, large steel moulding plate, shaping tool formula combined steel formwork etc., though moulding is all better, but construction relative complex, and it is bigger to the quality influence of structural member during form removal, it is long to expend man-hour, generally needing the longest 28 days of water conservation more than 20 ℃ during temperature, water conservation time during low temperature also will prolong, and is exactly the member for form removal early, and the maintenance after the form removal also is a trouble; To this, advocate to adopt the construction of clear water concrete in recent years on the engineering, but the mounting or dismounting of template bother more, and the demoulding spacing agent that the concrete surface exists often brings difficulty to decorating, make the bonding of floated coat and concrete face not firm, formation hollowing crack; For large-scale steel form cast, its installation, dismounting must be used large-scale hanging device, and workman's operation is very dangerous, often have template to topple over the accident of causing casualties, meet the Pyatyi strong wind and must stop work, labour intensity is big during each clear template, dangerous big, and the waste of various materials is also big.

The utility model content

Based on the problems referred to above, the utility model improves template, changes from the material materials on the one hand, lightweight is selected materials, disposable use, and the aspect proposes to improve from structure in addition, improve its bond strength, make non-dismantling formwork, its purpose just is to change above-mentioned all defect.And can protect concrete structural member and inner reinforcing bar effectively; the life-span of concrete structural member is prolonged; still alternative concrete face is plastered; can improve work efficiency more than 2 times; about the reduction of erection time 50%, workman's job safety, less demanding to large lifting equipment; energy-conservation, joint material, the quality of concrete can be effectively controlled simultaneously.Also having a new effect is to have derived a kind of exterior-wall heat insulation way, and the outer insulation and the main body of exterior wall are once finished, and accomplishes and the same life-span of building.

Concrete technical scheme of the present utility model is: the materials of institute's pallet and the way of some thistle board are approximate, pulverizing the back by string (straw) mixes with magnesium cement, add water and stir the back casting, its thickness is 5~20mm, by existing template specification requirement commonly used, its plate area is 1200 * 2400mm and 1200 * 3000mm, and makes its inner surface cellular, stud with the steel wire lacing wire on the plate, edges of boards make ramp type.The technical indicator that whole template reached is: dry density is about 1200kg/m, compressive strength 10~40Mpa, flexural strength 20Mpa, the about 8kL/m of impact strength, fire endurance 4h, water absorption rate≤22%, be a kind of radiationless green sheet, check and accept, be called for short the MG template by national standard 03J113.

The installation of the utility model template is basic identical with existing template with mode of occupation, support rules by the relevant concrete form of existing country and carry out the calculating of concrete member (comprising plate, wall, post, beam and basis etc.) formwork bracing system, dissimilar concrete member series mask support systems be can supportingly design, various typing battens, cylinder template, square tube template, ∏ template, angle plate etc. included.

The utility model non-dismantling formwork, can with plaster, insulation and main body carry out in the lump, can save a large amount of labours and material, comprises water, electricity and fragment data, can shorten the construction period.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the signal of MG template cross section structure;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of installing additional behind the heat insulating material;

Fig. 3 is the cylinder type template;

Fig. 4 is a square tube shape template;

Fig. 5 is a ∏ pattern plate;

Fig. 6 is an angle pattern plate;

Fig. 7 is that beam and floor are installed signal with mould.

Among the figure, 1 is substrate, and 2 is honeycomb hole, and 3 is pre-buried galvanized wire, and 4 is the limit, slope, and 5 is thermal insulation material, and 6 is bonded adhesives, and 7 is support system.

The specific embodiment

Concrete non-dismantling formwork in the utility model, it is a kind of high-strength template of environment-friendly type, stir moulding by string and magnesium cement mixing and water adding, light weight is easily adorned, total thickness is no more than 20mm, the inside is covered with honeycomb hole dark about 10mm, position difference by used member, series is made the template of difformity and specification, can once finish interior wall face during use, roofing, post, the formwork of beam and plated construction is installed, and according to the sequence of construction of architectural working drawing and construction organization design, template to the MG form work engineering is selected, the construction technology establishment, ready made arrangements such as plant requirement, generally should be earlier with special-shaped component, the door and window mouth, template scenes such as elevator shaft prepare, also can be pre-processed by factory, and then it is right to carry out the group of members such as plate-girder, according to template mechanical characteristic and template specification size, carry out supported design and installation, adopt the stupefied bracing frame of adjustable post mould bracing frame or flitch wood to carry out rest and fix.To guarantee its rigidity and stability during template assembly, stay butt joint to go up groove, carry out the examination of axis, absolute altitude etc., glue seam with special-purpose adhesive material subsequently by active section.

Can assembling reinforcement after whole template and support system are carried out and carry out cement casting; carry out maintenance for surperficial expose portion by existing job specfication; when concrete strength reaches the support of can dismantling when regulation requires; template is stayed becomes nonvolatil concrete member topping and floated coat; treat after the main body completion with the lacing hole on it with materials such as gypsum stifled floating whole and eliminate some faults in seam after, can carry out finishing operations such as interior wall Puttying, tile fixing and exterior wall swabbing, furring brick.

Now contrast accompanying drawing, be described further with regard to the processing and fabricating of template.

Substrate 1 waters mold forming by comminuted plants straw and magnesium cement mixing, wherein, the straw consumption accounts for about 30% of total amount, according to the difference of using the position, its gross thickness is in 5~20mm scope, for inner plate surface the template of cellular hole 2 arranged, and the thickness under the honeycomb hole 2 is not less than 5mm, during making, to bury system colligation galvanized wire 3 in the plate; For the template that need add thermal insulation material 4, the back degree of insulation layer is 20~40mm.Can select for use foaming polyamine fat material and highdensity extruded polystyrene plate to lay, its coefficient of thermal conductivity is at λ≤0.03W/M.K; For heat insulation formwork, equally also pre-buried lacing wire to be arranged, can adopt the plastics muscle.

The series of products of the utility model template have: various typing battens, cylindrical shape gang form, square tube shape gang form, ∏ pattern plate, finish machined plate etc., chamfered all need be done by the docking port place around these templates, difference according to combination part, with be convenient to make up the back and be connected with bonding rubber cement 5 and carry out floatingly, its chamfered has plenty of PDX, has plenty of the V-type mouth, can be made of one formula according to designing requirement to round and square closed template, its butt joint groove is only opened at the two-port place.The combination of each template is undertaken by common way, and its support system 7 or steel pipe or flitch all can.

The utility model can be fit to the concrete form engineering of any different structure type; especially to deep foundation and high-rise concrete form engineering; can greatly improve workman's operational security; technology is simple and easy to grasp; need not to carry out template cleaning, finishing and separant coating; can shorten the main body construction duration reaches more than 50%; aspect total quality; because form removal not; can make the concrete body from initial set to final set until satisfy design strength before; all be in a kind of protected state, it is early stage owing to the damage of the improper bring of form removal to member fundamentally to have stopped the concrete member.In addition, because form removal not, the thickness that has directly embodied reinforcement cover guarantees, and then guaranteed the application life of member, especially to self-compaction shear wall, light section beam, the cast of close reinforcing bar post girder connection etc., the superiority that more apparent template is exempted to tear open.

Claims (6)

1, a kind of steel bar concrete non-dismantling formwork, pulverize back and magnesium cement by string (straw), add water and mix back stirring casting, it is characterized in that: the inner surface of plate is cellular, stud with the steel wire lacing wire on the plate, four limits of plate are done the slope and are handled, and thickness of slab is 5~20mm, and the plate area is 1200 * 2400mm and 1200 * 3000mm.
2, steel bar concrete non-dismantling formwork according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described template includes various typing battens, surrounding bevel.
3, steel bar concrete non-dismantling formwork according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described template also includes the cylinder template, comprises combinatorial cylinders template and one-body molded template, each equal bevel in docking port place.
4, steel bar concrete non-dismantling formwork according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described template also includes the square tube template, comprises combination square tube template and one-body molded template, each equal bevel in docking port place.
5, steel bar concrete non-dismantling formwork according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described template also includes ∏ type gang form and angle type gang form, each equal bevel in docking port place.
6, steel bar concrete non-dismantling formwork according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be equipped with insulation layer on template, its thickness is generally 20~40mm, selects foaming polyamine fat material and high density extruded polystyrene plate for use.
CN 200620158892 2006-11-10 2006-11-10 Reinforced concrete detaching-free formwork CN200968053Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200620158892 CN200968053Y (en) 2006-11-10 2006-11-10 Reinforced concrete detaching-free formwork

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200620158892 CN200968053Y (en) 2006-11-10 2006-11-10 Reinforced concrete detaching-free formwork

Publications (1)

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CN200968053Y true CN200968053Y (en) 2007-10-31

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102322144A (en) * 2011-06-22 2012-01-18 赵之昆 Straw wall body-based frame column/beam template-less construction technology
CN102433987A (en) * 2011-12-31 2012-05-02 江苏华伟佳建材科技有限公司 Method for same-body pouring of thermal insulation stay-in-place mould
CN102720352A (en) * 2012-05-21 2012-10-10 浙江大学 Two-way keel embedded type assembled anti-cracking anti-seepage permanent formwork
CN103835440A (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-06-04 北京工业大学 Wire-mesh-coated cement mortar plate-concrete combined bearing rectangular column and preparation method thereof
CN103835439A (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-06-04 北京工业大学 Wire-mesh-coated cement mortar plate-concrete combined bearing T-shaped column and preparation method thereof
CN103850394A (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-06-11 北京工业大学 Wrapped steel wire mesh cement mortar plate and concrete combined cross-shaped bearing column and manufacturing method thereof
CN103850393A (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-06-11 北京工业大学 Wrapped steel wire mesh cement mortar plate and concrete combined L-shaped bearing column and manufacturing method thereof
CN103883042A (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-06-25 北京工业大学 Externally-coated steel wire gauze mortar plate foamed concrete line-shaped energy-saving bearing wall and manufacturing method
CN103883041A (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-06-25 北京工业大学 Externally-coated steel wire gauze mortar plate foamed concrete Z-shaped energy-saving bearing wall and manufacturing method
CN103938767A (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-07-23 北京工业大学 Trough type energy-saving bearing wall externally wrapped by steel wire mesh mortar plates and foamed concrete
CN103938797A (en) * 2014-04-04 2014-07-23 北京工业大学 Heat-preserving recycled concrete rectangular column with dismantling-free high performance cement mortar mold plate and manufacturing method
CN103967212A (en) * 2014-04-12 2014-08-06 北京工业大学 Combined concrete bearing cross column encased by steel wire mesh cement mortar plates and manufacturing method of combined concrete bearing cross column
CN103967211A (en) * 2014-04-12 2014-08-06 北京工业大学 Dismantling-free high-performance cement mortar template heat preservation regenerative concrete T-shaped column and construction method thereof
CN104018602A (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-09-03 北京工业大学 Foamed concrete I-shaped energy-saving load bearing wall with externally covered steel wire mesh mortar boards and manufacturing method of load bearing wall
CN104032895A (en) * 2014-04-12 2014-09-10 北京工业大学 Disassembly-free high-performance cement mortar template heat-preservation recycled concrete L-shaped column and manufacturing method
CN104612395A (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-05-13 晟通科技集团有限公司 Aluminum alloy formwork device for outer wall heat preservation
CN110284635A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-09-27 赵东 A kind of high strength fibre screw cement plate exempts from demoulding technology

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102322144A (en) * 2011-06-22 2012-01-18 赵之昆 Straw wall body-based frame column/beam template-less construction technology
CN102433987A (en) * 2011-12-31 2012-05-02 江苏华伟佳建材科技有限公司 Method for same-body pouring of thermal insulation stay-in-place mould
CN102720352B (en) * 2012-05-21 2014-09-10 浙江大学 Two-way keel embedded type assembled anti-cracking anti-seepage permanent formwork
CN102720352A (en) * 2012-05-21 2012-10-10 浙江大学 Two-way keel embedded type assembled anti-cracking anti-seepage permanent formwork
CN103883042A (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-06-25 北京工业大学 Externally-coated steel wire gauze mortar plate foamed concrete line-shaped energy-saving bearing wall and manufacturing method
CN103850394A (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-06-11 北京工业大学 Wrapped steel wire mesh cement mortar plate and concrete combined cross-shaped bearing column and manufacturing method thereof
CN103850393A (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-06-11 北京工业大学 Wrapped steel wire mesh cement mortar plate and concrete combined L-shaped bearing column and manufacturing method thereof
CN103835439A (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-06-04 北京工业大学 Wire-mesh-coated cement mortar plate-concrete combined bearing T-shaped column and preparation method thereof
CN103883041A (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-06-25 北京工业大学 Externally-coated steel wire gauze mortar plate foamed concrete Z-shaped energy-saving bearing wall and manufacturing method
CN103938767A (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-07-23 北京工业大学 Trough type energy-saving bearing wall externally wrapped by steel wire mesh mortar plates and foamed concrete
CN103835440A (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-06-04 北京工业大学 Wire-mesh-coated cement mortar plate-concrete combined bearing rectangular column and preparation method thereof
CN103938767B (en) * 2014-03-21 2017-02-22 北京工业大学 Trough type energy-saving bearing wall externally wrapped by steel wire mesh mortar plates and foamed concrete
CN104018602A (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-09-03 北京工业大学 Foamed concrete I-shaped energy-saving load bearing wall with externally covered steel wire mesh mortar boards and manufacturing method of load bearing wall
CN103938797B (en) * 2014-04-04 2017-01-18 北京工业大学 Heat-preserving recycled concrete rectangular column with dismantling-free high performance cement mortar mold plate and manufacturing method
CN103938797A (en) * 2014-04-04 2014-07-23 北京工业大学 Heat-preserving recycled concrete rectangular column with dismantling-free high performance cement mortar mold plate and manufacturing method
CN104032895A (en) * 2014-04-12 2014-09-10 北京工业大学 Disassembly-free high-performance cement mortar template heat-preservation recycled concrete L-shaped column and manufacturing method
CN103967211A (en) * 2014-04-12 2014-08-06 北京工业大学 Dismantling-free high-performance cement mortar template heat preservation regenerative concrete T-shaped column and construction method thereof
CN103967212A (en) * 2014-04-12 2014-08-06 北京工业大学 Combined concrete bearing cross column encased by steel wire mesh cement mortar plates and manufacturing method of combined concrete bearing cross column
CN104612395A (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-05-13 晟通科技集团有限公司 Aluminum alloy formwork device for outer wall heat preservation
CN104612395B (en) * 2015-01-28 2017-01-18 晟通科技集团有限公司 Aluminum alloy formwork device for outer wall heat preservation
CN110284635A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-09-27 赵东 A kind of high strength fibre screw cement plate exempts from demoulding technology

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
COR Change of bibliographic data

Free format text: CORRECT: ADDRESS; FROM: 010010 INNER MONGOLIA LIYUAN TRANSFER, NO.31, XING'AN SOUTH ROAD, HOHHOT, INNER MONGOLIA AUTONOMOUS REGION TO: 010050 NO.473, HAILAR EAST ROAD, XINCHENG DISTRICT, HOHHOT CITY, INNER MONGOLIA

ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: INNER MONGOLIA GIANT CHINA GROUP DAHUA CONSTRUCTIO

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: WEN YAN

Effective date: 20100413

TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20100413

Address after: 010050, No. 473 East Hailar Road, Xincheng District, Inner Mongolia, Hohhot

Patentee after: Inner Mongolia Juhua Group, Dahua Construction Installation Co., Ltd.

Address before: Hohhot City, Xingan road 010010 No. 31 the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Inner Mongolia Liyuan group.

Patentee before: Wen Yan

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
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Granted publication date: 20071031

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Addressee: Inner Mongolia Juhua Group, Dahua Construction Installation Co., Ltd.

Document name: Notification of Expiration of Patent Right Duration