CN1995627A - Hollow-cavity shuttering component for cast-in-situ concrete - Google Patents

Hollow-cavity shuttering component for cast-in-situ concrete Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1995627A
CN1995627A CN 200610164393 CN200610164393A CN1995627A CN 1995627 A CN1995627 A CN 1995627A CN 200610164393 CN200610164393 CN 200610164393 CN 200610164393 A CN200610164393 A CN 200610164393A CN 1995627 A CN1995627 A CN 1995627A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cavity former
former component
sidewall
cavity
bridging piece
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Granted
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CN 200610164393
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Chinese (zh)
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CN100577947C (en
Inventor
邱则有
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Xinjiang Yuelu superstar building materials Co., Ltd.
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邱则有
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Priority to CN 03143751 priority Critical patent/CN1289764C/en
Publication of CN1995627A publication Critical patent/CN1995627A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100577947C publication Critical patent/CN100577947C/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

Disclosed is a cast-in-situ hollow concrete shuttering member which comprises an upper board (1), the peripheral side panels (2) and a lower bottom (3), wherein the upper board (1), the peripheral side panels (2) and the lower bottom (3) enclose a polyhedral hollow shuttering member, the lower bottom (3) projects from at least one of the peripheral side panels (2) to form a cantilever slab (4), characterized in that least one of the vertical corners of the hollow shuttering members is configured to be an chamfering (5), The lower bottom (3) is longitudinal bar-shaped, at least two, three, four or more hollow shuttering members are arranged at intervals, the invention can be applied to cast-in-situ reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforcement concrete's storied-building roofings, house roofings, walls, foundation bedplates and bridges, especially for flat slabs.

Description

A kind of cast-in-place concrete hollow-cavity mould component
The application for the applying date be that August 4, application number in 2003 are 03143751.6, name is called the dividing an application of application for a patent for invention of " a kind of cast-in-place concrete hollow-cavity mould component ".
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cast-in-place concrete hollow-cavity mould component.
(2) background technology
At present, cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is to use wider floor structural form, and the lightening permanent loose tool of filling in it has various hollow sections and box, and box has hollow or solid.Is that ZL99249798.1, name are called " filling reinforced concrete fiber reinforcement type thin-wall member " utility model patent as the applicant in the patent No. of application on November 29th, 1999, it discloses a kind of thin-wall mould-shell member, comprise upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom, upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron cavity.And for example Shijiazhuang City, Hebei Province city beam army is that ZL00203695.9, name are called " combination concrete hidden rib floor structure " utility model patent in the patent No. of application on February 23rd, 2000, a kind of shuttering member is disclosed in its manual, it can be solid, also can be hollow, its profile can be made shapes such as rectangle, circle, polygon according to designing requirement.And for example the Yu Shaohua of Tianjin is that ZL93206310.1, name are called " shuttering member " utility model patent in the patent No. of application on March 20th, 1993, it also discloses a kind of thin-wall mould-shell member, it makes totally-enclosed empty stomach polyhedral structure with the sidewall and the upper and lower end, establish ribs in the die housing, and adopt GRC or magnesium chloride GRC or do not have the manufacturing of sand ﹠ ceramsite cement.The applicant is 01140106.0 in the application number of application on November 23 calendar year 2001 for another example, publication number is CN1356442, name is called " a kind of mould with cavity structure for casting reinforced concrete floor slab " application for a patent for invention, its disclosed mould with cavity structure, comprise " upper plate; sidewall on every side; go to the bottom; upper plate; sidewall on every side; going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron cavity former component, this cavity former component has in light weight, the intensity height, simple in structure, characteristics such as convenient construction and transport, simultaneously, when reality is used, going to the bottom, it is stressed to participate in, and can hang the greater weight object and in-situ deposited prefabricated bonding surface does not ftracture, in addition, this kind polyhedron cavity former component, in order to save construction formwork, go to the bottom also and can stretch out the formation bridging piece from sidewall on every side, bridging piece can be used as the stay in place formwork of the Cast-in-place concrete rib between the cavity former component, helps improving speed of application, reduces construction cost.Simultaneously, this cavity former component also has simple in structure, characteristics such as intensity is high, resistance to deformation, the anti-vibration performance is good, easy to manufacture, cost is low.But, the vertical corner of this cavity former component, the stressed more complicated of superstructure, stress is more concentrated, easily produces crack even cracking destruction.Therefore, develop a kind of novel cast-in-place concrete hollow-cavity mould component for being badly in need of.
(3) summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of cast-in-place concrete hollow-cavity mould component, be applied to cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor after, have the mechanical property of improving superstructure, reduce stress and concentrate, prevent the characteristics such as generation in crack.
Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, comprise upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom, upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron cavity former component, go to the bottom and stretch out the formation bridging piece from least one sidewall on every side, it is characterized in that being provided with chamfering at least one vertical corner of cavity former component, go to the bottom and go to the bottom for vertical strip, at least two, three, four or more cavity former component are spaced.Like this, after cavity former component is applied to cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, because the vertical corner at cavity former component is set to chamfering, can form the reinforcing rib of Cast-in-place concrete pier or post or pier stud at chamfer site, thereby can eliminate the stress concentration phenomenon of superstructure effectively, prevent the generation in crack, and can bear bigger point load effect and do not destroy, in addition, cavity former component also has simple in structure, the intensity height, resistance to deformation, the anti-vibration performance is good, easy to manufacture, cost is low, easy construction, characteristics such as speed of application is fast, thereby reached purpose of the present invention, be applicable to the hollow building cover of cast-in-situ reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete, roof system, body of wall, sole plate and hollow bridges are used, and are particularly useful for hollow arch without beam and use.
Feature of the present invention is that also the vertical corner all around of cavity former component all is set to chamfering.Like this, when cavity former component is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete pours in the chamfering of vertical corner around the cavity former component, formed the reinforcing rib structure of shearing pier or post or pier stud, strengthen the intensity and the rigidity of the crossed node of Cast-in-place concrete rib greatly, improved the mechanical property of Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor.
Feature of the present invention is that also the lateral corner place all around of cavity former component is provided with chamfering.Like this, when cavity former component is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete pour into cavity former component around in the chamfering at lateral corner place, formed the reinforcing rib structure of superstructure Cast-in-place concrete upper plate and Cast-in-place concrete rib junction, increased substantially the mechanical property of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor.
Feature of the present invention also is described vertical chamfering and laterally orthogonal thereto each other or oblique or grade separation or ring friendship setting of chamfering.Like this, when cavity former component is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, formed vertical or horizontal reinforced pier, post or reinforcing rib, superstructure inside primary structure member has been done comprehensive reinforcement, improved the supporting capacity and the shock resistance of superstructure greatly in superstructure inside.
Feature of the present invention is that also described going to the bottom stretch out bridging piece from the adjacent both sides of sidewall on every side and constitute L shaped bridging piece, perhaps goes to the bottom and all stretch out the annular bridging piece in bridging piece formation side around sidewall on every side.Like this, when cavity former component was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, its bridging piece that stretches out can replace construction formwork, has reduced the loss of template, simultaneously, had saved the installation procedure of template, had improved efficiency of construction greatly, had reduced the integrated cost of superstructure.
Feature of the present invention also is described going to the bottom to being gone to the bottom by the template and constitute jointly superimposed of going to the bottom.Like this, earlier prefabricated one side is the hollow mould shell of opening, in its opening, be embedded template after, set the bed material slurry again on the template upper berth, maintenance removes the moulding form of going to the bottom after stipulate the length of time, promptly obtains going to the bottom being the superimposed cavity former component of template; Its template and common superimposed the going to the bottom that constitutes of going to the bottom have characteristics such as intensity is big, easy to make, can realize flowing water production, have reduced the cost of cavity former component significantly, help applying of cavity former component.
Feature of the present invention also is described upper plate or sidewall or bridging piece are provided with the carrying part of convenient carrying on every side.The carrying part can be handle, suspension hook, suspension ring or other device.Like this, can very easily cavity former component be piled up, transport, lift and construct, reduce the work difficulty and the working strength of above-mentioned operation.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least one side of described upper plate is extended with bridging piece.Like this, when cavity former component was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the bridging piece that stretches out can form laminated floor slab with Cast-in-place concrete, had reduced the consumption of Cast-in-place concrete, had reduced the comprehensive cost of superstructure; Simultaneously, when cavity former component is applied to hollow wall, upper plate and the bridging piece of going to the bottom and stretching out, the template that all can be used as the body of wall both sides is used, and can improve efficiency of construction greatly, reduces construction cost.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom, bridging piece at least one in contain reinforce, perhaps have reinforce to expose.Reinforce is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, presstressed reinforcing steel, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, strap, the braid over braid.Like this, upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom or bridging piece in contain above-mentioned reinforce, their strength and stiffness have been improved greatly, make cavity former component cracky not in stacking, transportation, installation, work progress, even the breakage of small size is arranged, because of the connection of reinforce is arranged, need not repair yet, can continue to come into operation.If also have reinforce to expose the cavity former component outside on the cavity former component, when cavity former component is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, reinforce and Cast-in-place concrete that it exposes combine, can improve the bond stress between Cast-in-place concrete and the cavity former component greatly, optimize the performance of whole hollow building cover; Simultaneously, expose reinforce and also make things convenient for cavity former component when carrying, make handle or suspension ring or suspension hook and use.
Feature of the present invention also be have reinforce to stretch in the described sidewall and be anchored at go to the bottom or bridging piece in, go to the bottom or bridging piece in have reinforce to stretch into and be anchored in the sidewall.Like this, have reinforce to stretch into and be anchored in the sidewall to go to the bottom interior or bridging piece in, go to the bottom or bridging piece in have reinforce to stretch into and be anchored in the sidewall, thereby, improved sidewall greatly and go to the bottom between bonding strength, can effectively guarantee cavity former component in transportation, installation, work progress, sidewall and go to the bottom or bridging piece between do not ftracture, loosening, do not come off, reduced the breakage rate of cavity former component significantly.
Feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described polyhedron cavity former component is shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular.Like this, the variation of polyhedron cavity former component shape, make cavity former component be applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor after, correspondingly formed various difform cast-in-situ concrete structures, thereby make that the structure of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is more reasonable, made things convenient for design and construction unit to select for use.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described cavity former component at least one in groove, inner corner trim, pit, hole, boss module, raised line, the external corner.Like this, after cavity former component was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete poured in groove, inner corner trim, chamfering, pit, the hole, and the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that forms the part adds competent structure; The boss module that is provided with on the cavity former component, raised line, external corner can be found time the concrete that does not stress in the superstructure, further alleviate the weight of superstructure self, save the consumption of concrete, reduce the cost of superstructure.
Feature of the present invention also is described chamfering, groove, inner corner trim, raised line self or is parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually.Like this, after cavity former component is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, groove on the cavity former component, inner corner trim, chamfering, raised line self or be parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually, after building concrete, the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that has formed parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation adds competent structure, has improved the mechanical property of Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor greatly.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the enclosed cavity of described cavity former component at least one in stiffening rib, bracing boom, the reinforcing rib, perhaps there be in stiffening rib, the bracing boom at least one to expose outside the cavity former component, perhaps also have reinforce to expose on stiffening rib, the bracing boom.Like this, after cavity former component is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, stiffening rib, bracing boom, reinforcing rib that is provided with in the cavity former component or the stiffening rib that exposes, bracing boom, can form the cast-in-place and prefabricated composite construction that combines with Cast-in-place concrete, optimize the inner stress system of Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor.If also have reinforce to expose on it, then cavity former component and Cast-in-place concrete bonding is more firm, and the globality of superstructure is better.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with light material in the enclosed cavity of described cavity former component.Like this, improve the shock resistance of cavity former component greatly, reduced the breakage rate of product in the construction application process.Simultaneously, also make cavity former component have better sound insulation, heat insulation, heat-insulating property; Light material can be foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, haydite or haydite concrete etc., and the diversity of its light material kind is drawn materials when being convenient to produce nearby, helps reducing production costs.
Feature of the present invention is that also in described upper plate or the sidewall at least one is for dismountable movable part.Like this, can make things convenient for the situation of checking cavity former component inside at any time, also can perhaps, drench shower nozzle etc. simultaneously at any time at interior section or whole filling with light material of cavity former component as junction box, hydroelectric line, fire-fighting at inner other parts of installing of cavity former component.
Feature of the present invention also is described upper plate, at least one in the external surface of sidewall, bridging piece is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface on every side.Like this, when cavity former component is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, because of its surface is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface, thereby prefabricated cavity former component and the adhesion stress between the Cast-in-place concrete are stronger, thereby can improve the overall performance of superstructure greatly.
Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity former component is provided with align member.Align member can be draw ring, drag hook, iron wire, feet or other device.Like this, after cavity former component is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can accurately locate cavity former component, prevent that phenomenons such as cavity former component floats, displacement from producing when building concrete, simultaneously, also can carry out spacingly, guarantee the pouring quality of superstructure effectively reinforcing bar.
Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity former component is provided with connector connected to one another between the cavity former component.Connector can be reinforcing bar, steel mesh reinforcement, steel wire, gauze wire cloth, angle steel, channel-section steel, L shaped steel, T-steel, cutting ferrule, bolt, male and female groove, socket component, indention, tongue, groove, bayonet socket, cutting ferrule, hole, embedded iron parts etc.Like this, after cavity former component is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the connector that is provided with on the cavity former component can be controlled the distance between the cavity former component effectively, reliably, the width and the height of control Cast-in-place concrete rib, the pouring quality of assurance superstructure internal construction; Simultaneously, also help cavity former component connection location each other, accelerate speed of application.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least two above cavity former components are connected as one by bridging piece, constitutes the internal-rib die cavity between the cavity former component.Like this, after cavity former component was applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, Cast-in-place concrete entered in the internal-rib die cavity, had formed the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib, had improved the mechanical property of superstructure; Simultaneously, cavity former component is connected as one by bridging piece, has constituted the hollow mould shell assembly, thereby, improved the efficiency of construction and the speed of application of superstructure greatly.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity fixed or movable support draw piece.The support draw piece can be rod member, rope, plate, muscle, silk, thin band, pier, piece etc.Like this, owing to be provided with the support draw piece, cavity former component in groups is when the carrying construction, because the support or the drawknot effect of support draw piece, significantly reduced the breakage rate of cavity former component in groups, in the time of in being applied to cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, installation speed is fast, high efficiency can improve the speed of application of superstructure greatly.
(4) description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In the accompanying drawing, 1 is upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 for going to the bottom, 4 is bridging piece, 5 is chamfering, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, it illustrates explanation.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component are on every side gone to the bottom and 3 are stretched out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, and the vertical corner of its cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component are on every side gone to the bottom and 3 stretched out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, and the vertical corner of all of its cavity former component all is set to chamfering 5.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, simultaneously, lateral corner place also is provided with chamfering 6 around it.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, simultaneously, lateral corner place also is provided with chamfering 6 around it, its vertical chamfering 5 and laterally chamfering 6 orthogonal thereto each other or oblique or grade separation setting.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, and it is gone to the bottom and 3 stretches out from two adjacent ambient side walls 2 and to constitute L shaped bridging piece.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with circular arc chamfering 5, it is described go to the bottom 3 for by template 7 with go to the bottom 3 superimposed the going to the bottom that constitute jointly, the locating piece of template 7 is arranged on the sidewall 2 around simultaneously.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, and its upper plate 1 is extended with bridging piece 4.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, its upper plate 1, on every side sidewall 2, go to the bottom 3 and bridging piece 4 in be provided with reinforce 9, simultaneously, protruding on the upper plate 1 have a reinforce 9, and diagram reinforce 9 is the metal foil band.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, and the horizontal profile of its described polyhedron cavity former component is shaped as the chamfering polygon.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, also is provided with groove 10, inner corner trim 11, pit 12, hole 13, boss module 14 and external corner 16 on other position of its cavity former component simultaneously.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, also is provided with groove 10 and raised line 15 on other position of its cavity former component simultaneously.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, be provided with stiffening rib 17, bracing boom 18 and reinforcing rib 19 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity former component simultaneously, stiffening rib 17 and bracing boom 18 have part to be exposed to outside the cavity former component, also protruding on the stiffening rib 17 that exposes have a reinforce 9, and diagram reinforce 9 is the metal foil band.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, be filled with light material 20 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity former component, diagram light material 20 is an expanded perlite.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, and its upper plate is movable dismountable fastening cover plate.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, and the surface of the relative ambient side wall 2 with two of its upper plate 1 is corrugated external surface.
Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, its cavity former component is provided with align member 21, and illustrated position member 21 is for supporting locating piece.
Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, its cavity former component is provided with and is used for connector 22 connected to one another between the cavity former component, and diagram connector 22 is the spigot-and-socket square tube.
Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, its a plurality of cavity former components are connected as one by bridging piece 4, constitute internal-rib die cavity 23 between the cavity former component.
Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, a plurality of cavity former components are connected as one by bridging piece 4, constitute internal-rib die cavity 23 between the cavity former component, be provided with support draw piece 24 in its internal-rib die cavity 23, diagram support draw piece 24 is the rigid staybolt idler arm.
(5) specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
The present invention as shown in drawings, comprise upper plate 1, on every side sidewall 2, go to the bottom 3, upper plate 1, on every side sidewall 2, going to the bottom 3 surrounds the polyhedron cavity former component, go to the bottom 3 around at least one sidewall 2 stretch out and constitute bridging piece 4, it is characterized in that being provided with chamfering 5 at least one vertical corner of cavity former component, go to the bottom and 3 be spaced for go to the bottom 3, at least two, three, four or more cavity former component of vertical strip.In the accompanying drawing, 1 is upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 for going to the bottom, 4 is bridging piece, 5 is chamfering, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, it illustrates explanation.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component are on every side gone to the bottom and 3 are stretched out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, and the vertical corner of its cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5.As shown in figure 19, go to the bottom and 3 be spaced for vertical strip 3, five cavity former components of going to the bottom.
Feature of the present invention is that also the vertical corner all around of cavity former component all is set to chamfering 5.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component are on every side gone to the bottom and 3 stretched out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, and the vertical corner of all of its cavity former component all is set to chamfering 5.
Feature of the present invention is that also the lateral corner place all around of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 6.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, simultaneously, lateral corner place also is provided with chamfering 6 around it.
Feature of the present invention also is described vertical chamfering 5 and laterally orthogonal thereto each other or oblique or grade separation or ring friendship setting of chamfering 6.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, simultaneously, lateral corner place also is provided with chamfering 6 around it, its vertical chamfering 5 and laterally chamfering 6 orthogonal thereto each other or oblique or grade separation setting.
Feature of the present invention is that also described going to the bottom 3 stretch out bridging piece 4 from the adjacent both sides of sidewall 2 on every side and constitute L shaped bridging piece, perhaps goes to the bottom 3 all to stretch out the annular bridging piece in bridging piece 4 formation sides around sidewall 2 on every side.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, and it is gone to the bottom and 3 stretches out from two adjacent ambient side walls 2 and to constitute L shaped bridging piece.
Feature of the present invention also be described go to the bottom 3 for by template 7 with go to the bottom 3 superimposed the going to the bottom that constitute jointly.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with circular arc chamfering 5, it is described go to the bottom 3 for by template 7 with go to the bottom 3 superimposed the going to the bottom that constitute jointly, the locating piece of template 7 is arranged on the sidewall 2 around simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention also is described upper plate 1 or sidewall 2 or bridging piece 4 are provided with the carrying part 8 of convenient carrying on every side.Carrying part 8 is handle, suspension hook, suspension ring or other device.As shown in Figure 6, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with circular arc chamfering 5, its bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 8 of convenient carrying, and diagram carrying part 8 is a handle.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least one side of described upper plate 1 is extended with bridging piece 4.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, and its upper plate 1 is extended with bridging piece 4.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1, on every side sidewall 2, go to the bottom 3, bridging piece 4 at least one in contain reinforce 9, perhaps have reinforce 9 to expose.Reinforce 9 is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, presstressed reinforcing steel, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, strap, the braid over braid.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, its upper plate 1, on every side sidewall 2, go to the bottom 3 and bridging piece 4 in be provided with reinforce 9, simultaneously, protruding on the upper plate 1 have a reinforce 9, and diagram reinforce 9 is the metal foil band.
Feature of the present invention also is have reinforce 9 to stretch into and be anchored in the described sidewall 2 go to the bottom 3 or bridging piece 4 in, go to the bottom 3 or bridging piece 4 in have reinforce 9 to stretch into and be anchored in the sidewall 2.As shown in Figure 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, its upper plate 1, on every side sidewall 2, go to the bottom 3 and bridging piece 4 in be provided with reinforce 9, simultaneously, protruding on the upper plate 1 have a reinforce 9, have reinforce 9 to stretch into and be anchored in the bridging piece 4 in its described sidewall 2, diagram reinforce 9 is thin band.
Feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described polyhedron cavity former component is shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, and the horizontal profile of its described polyhedron cavity former component is shaped as the chamfering polygon.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described cavity former component at least one in groove 10, inner corner trim 11, pit 12, hole 13, boss module (14), raised line 15, the external corner 16.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, also is provided with groove 10, inner corner trim 11, pit 12, hole 13, boss module 14 and external corner 16 on other position of its cavity former component simultaneously.Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, also is provided with groove 10 and raised line 15 on other position of its cavity former component simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention also is described chamfering 5,6, groove 10, inner corner trim 11, raised line 15 self or is parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually.As shown in figure 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, its described chamfering 5, groove 10, inner corner trim 11 self or be parallel, quadrature mutually or the grade separation setting.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the enclosed cavity of described cavity former component at least one in stiffening rib 17, bracing boom 18, the reinforcing rib 19, perhaps there be in stiffening rib 17, the bracing boom 18 at least one to expose outside the cavity former component, perhaps also have reinforce 9 to expose on stiffening rib 17, the bracing boom 18.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, be provided with stiffening rib 17, bracing boom 18 and reinforcing rib 19 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity former component simultaneously, stiffening rib 17 and bracing boom 18 have part to be exposed to outside the cavity former component, also protruding on the stiffening rib 17 that exposes have a reinforce 9, and diagram reinforce 9 is the metal foil band.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with light material 20 in the enclosed cavity of described cavity former component.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, be filled with light material 20 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity former component, diagram light material 20 is an expanded perlite.
Feature of the present invention is that also in described upper plate 1 or the sidewall 2 at least one is for dismountable movable part.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, and its upper plate is movable dismountable fastening cover plate.
Feature of the present invention also is described upper plate 1, at least one in the external surface of sidewall 2, bridging piece 4 is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface on every side.Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, and the surface of the relative ambient side wall 2 with two of its upper plate 1 is corrugated external surface.
Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity former component is provided with align member 21.Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, its cavity former component is provided with align member 21, and illustrated position member 21 is for supporting locating piece.
Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity former component is provided with connector 22 connected to one another between the cavity former component.Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, its cavity former component is provided with and is used for connector 22 connected to one another between the cavity former component, and diagram connector 22 is the spigot-and-socket square tube.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least two above cavity former components are connected as one by bridging piece 4, constitutes internal-rib die cavity 23 between the cavity former component.Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, its a plurality of cavity former components are connected as one by bridging piece 4, constitute internal-rib die cavity 23 between the cavity former component.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity 23 fixed or movable support draw piece 24.Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and go to the bottom and 3 surround and constitute the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, go to the bottom and 3 stretch out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and to constitute bridging piece 4, the vertical corner of cavity former component is provided with chamfering 5, a plurality of cavity former components are connected as one by bridging piece 4, constitute internal-rib die cavity 23 between the cavity former component, be provided with support draw piece 24 in its internal-rib die cavity 23, diagram support draw piece 24 is the rigid staybolt idler arm.
During the invention process, can adopt cement gel ramming material and fiberglass gridding cloth or gauze wire cloth, in mould, make one deck cementitious matter layer of glass grid cloth the more vertical corner with layer structure of the multilayer build-up of one deck cementitious matter be the cavity former component of the opening of chamfering 5, demoulding maintenance is to stipulating the length of time, promptly obtain the open cavity shuttering member, then, in following bottom die, make and go to the bottom 3, its slurry of 3 of going to the bottom can adopt cement mortar or cement concrete, also can place reinforces 9 such as reinforcing bar or gauze wire cloth in 3 going to the bottom, before the 3 slurry setting and hardens of going to the bottom, the opening edge of the open cavity shuttering member that makes in advance 3 is bonded to integral body with going to the bottom, the demoulding behind 3 setting and hardens of waiting to go to the bottom, maintenance are after stipulate the length of time, and promptly obtaining vertical corner is the cast-in-place concrete hollow-cavity mould component of vertical chamfering 5.

Claims (10)

1, a kind of cast-in-place concrete hollow-cavity mould component, comprise upper plate (1), sidewall (2), go to the bottom (3) on every side, upper plate (1), sidewall (2), go to the bottom (3) surround the polyhedron cavity former component on every side, (3) sidewall (2) around at least one of going to the bottom stretches out and constitutes bridging piece (4), it is characterized in that being provided with chamfering (5) at least one vertical corner of cavity former component, go to the bottom (3) go to the bottom (3) for vertical strip, at least two, three, four or more cavity former component are spaced.
2, a kind of cast-in-place concrete hollow-cavity mould component according to claim 1 is characterized in that the vertical corner all around of cavity former component all is set to chamfering (5).
3, a kind of cast-in-place concrete hollow-cavity mould component according to claim 1 is characterized in that the lateral corner place all around of cavity former component is provided with chamfering (6).
4, a kind of cast-in-place concrete hollow-cavity mould component according to claim 3 is characterized in that described vertical chamfering (5) and laterally orthogonal thereto each other or oblique or grade separation or ring friendship setting of chamfering (6).
5, a kind of cast-in-place concrete hollow-cavity mould component according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described going to the bottom (3) stretch out bridging piece (4) from the adjacent both sides of sidewall (2) on every side and constitute L shaped bridging piece, perhaps go to the bottom (3) all stretch out the annular bridging piece in bridging piece (4) formation side around sidewall (2) on every side.
6, a kind of cast-in-place concrete hollow-cavity mould component according to claim 1 is characterized in that superimposed go to the bottom of described going to the bottom (3) for being made of jointly template (7) and go to the bottom (3); Perhaps upper plate (1) or sidewall (2) or bridging piece (4) are provided with the carrying part (8) of convenient carrying on every side; Perhaps at least one side of upper plate (1) is extended with bridging piece (4).
7, a kind of cast-in-place concrete hollow-cavity mould component according to claim 1 is characterized in that described upper plate (1), contains reinforce (9) at least one of sidewall (2), go to the bottom (3), bridging piece (4) on every side, perhaps has reinforce (9) to expose; Perhaps have reinforce (9) to stretch into and be anchored in the sidewall (2) to go to the bottom (3) or bridging piece (4) in, go to the bottom (3) or bridging piece (4) in have reinforce (9) to stretch into and be anchored in the sidewall (2).
8,, it is characterized in that the horizontal profile of described polyhedron cavity former component is shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular according to the described a kind of cast-in-place concrete hollow-cavity mould component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7; Perhaps also be provided with at least one in groove (10), inner corner trim (11), pit (12), hole (13), boss module (14), raised line (15), the external corner (16) on the cavity former component; Perhaps chamfering (5,6), groove (10), inner corner trim (11), raised line (15) self or be parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually.
9, according to the described a kind of cast-in-place concrete hollow-cavity mould component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7, it is characterized in that being provided with in the enclosed cavity of described cavity former component at least one in stiffening rib (17), bracing boom (18), the reinforcing rib (19), perhaps have in stiffening rib (17), the bracing boom (18) at least one to expose outside the cavity former component, perhaps stiffening rib (17), bracing boom (18) are gone up and are also had reinforce (9) to expose; Perhaps be provided with light material (20) in the enclosed cavity of cavity former component; Perhaps at least one in upper plate (1) or the sidewall (2) is dismountable movable part; Perhaps upper plate (1), at least one in the external surface of sidewall (2), bridging piece (4) is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface on every side.
10,, it is characterized in that described cavity former component is provided with align member (21) according to the described a kind of cast-in-place concrete hollow-cavity mould component of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7; Perhaps cavity former component is provided with connector connected to one another (22) between the cavity former component; Perhaps at least two above cavity former components are connected as one by bridging piece (4), constitute internal-rib die cavity (23) between the cavity former component; Perhaps be provided with fixed or movable support draw piece (24) in the internal-rib die cavity (23).
CN200610164393A 2003-08-04 2003-08-04 Hollow-cavity shuttering component for cast-in-situ concrete Expired - Fee Related CN100577947C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 03143751 CN1289764C (en) 2003-08-04 2003-08-04 Cast-in-place concrete hollow-cavity shuttering member

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CN1995627A true CN1995627A (en) 2007-07-11
CN100577947C CN100577947C (en) 2010-01-06

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CNB2006101643916A Expired - Fee Related CN100516401C (en) 2003-08-04 2003-08-04 Cavity form constructural member for cast-in-place concrete
CN200610164393A Expired - Fee Related CN100577947C (en) 2003-08-04 2003-08-04 Hollow-cavity shuttering component for cast-in-situ concrete
CN 03143751 Expired - Fee Related CN1289764C (en) 2003-08-04 2003-08-04 Cast-in-place concrete hollow-cavity shuttering member
CNB2006101691799A Expired - Fee Related CN100476110C (en) 2003-08-04 2003-08-04 Cavity formwork component for cast-in-situ concrete
CNB2006101691820A Expired - Fee Related CN100501049C (en) 2003-08-04 2003-08-04 Cavity formwork component for cast-in-situ concrete
CN200610164392A Expired - Fee Related CN100588796C (en) 2003-08-04 2003-08-04 A kind of cast-in-place concrete hollow-cavity mould component
CNB2006101691816A Expired - Fee Related CN100476111C (en) 2003-08-04 2003-08-04 Cavity formwork component for cast-in-situ concrete
CN2006101691801A Expired - Fee Related CN101024998B (en) 2003-08-04 2003-08-04 Hollow-cavity mould shell member for cast-in-situ concrete
CN200610164394A Expired - Fee Related CN100588800C (en) 2003-08-04 2003-08-04 Hollow-cavity shuttering component for cast-in-situ concrete

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CN 03143751 Expired - Fee Related CN1289764C (en) 2003-08-04 2003-08-04 Cast-in-place concrete hollow-cavity shuttering member
CNB2006101691799A Expired - Fee Related CN100476110C (en) 2003-08-04 2003-08-04 Cavity formwork component for cast-in-situ concrete
CNB2006101691820A Expired - Fee Related CN100501049C (en) 2003-08-04 2003-08-04 Cavity formwork component for cast-in-situ concrete
CN200610164392A Expired - Fee Related CN100588796C (en) 2003-08-04 2003-08-04 A kind of cast-in-place concrete hollow-cavity mould component
CNB2006101691816A Expired - Fee Related CN100476111C (en) 2003-08-04 2003-08-04 Cavity formwork component for cast-in-situ concrete
CN2006101691801A Expired - Fee Related CN101024998B (en) 2003-08-04 2003-08-04 Hollow-cavity mould shell member for cast-in-situ concrete
CN200610164394A Expired - Fee Related CN100588800C (en) 2003-08-04 2003-08-04 Hollow-cavity shuttering component for cast-in-situ concrete

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IT961414B (en) * 1972-07-13 1973-12-10 Tinaro Rag Domenico Modular construction element in procompressed reinforced concrete for the construction of load-bearing structures, masonry works and the like
DE2633526A1 (en) * 1976-07-26 1978-02-02 Keller Kg Filigranbau Ribbed ceiling slab fibre-glass concrete trough shaped form unit - has peripheral outward flange providing rigidity without profiling and facilitating stacking
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Publication number Publication date
CN1990987A (en) 2007-07-04
CN100588796C (en) 2010-02-10
CN101024998B (en) 2010-12-15
CN1580441A (en) 2005-02-16
CN1990988A (en) 2007-07-04
CN100501049C (en) 2009-06-17
CN100476111C (en) 2009-04-08
CN101024998A (en) 2007-08-29
CN1990986A (en) 2007-07-04
CN100588800C (en) 2010-02-10
CN100476110C (en) 2009-04-08
CN1995584A (en) 2007-07-11
CN100516401C (en) 2009-07-22
CN1975009A (en) 2007-06-06
CN1995628A (en) 2007-07-11
CN100577947C (en) 2010-01-06
CN1289764C (en) 2006-12-13

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