CN1995578B - Assembled architecture outer wall and its construction method - Google Patents

Assembled architecture outer wall and its construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1995578B
CN1995578B CN 200510137201 CN200510137201A CN1995578B CN 1995578 B CN1995578 B CN 1995578B CN 200510137201 CN200510137201 CN 200510137201 CN 200510137201 A CN200510137201 A CN 200510137201A CN 1995578 B CN1995578 B CN 1995578B
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hanging
plate
board
provided
groove
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CN 200510137201
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1995578A (en
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吴俊喜
吴转琴
王亦德
翁端衡
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中国建筑材料科学研究院;中冶集团建筑研究总院;山东鸿泰建设集团有限公司
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Priority to CN 200510137201 priority Critical patent/CN1995578B/en
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Publication of CN1995578B publication Critical patent/CN1995578B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a packaged building external wall and the construction method. The packaged building external wall comprises load-bearing member and protective board set on the load-bearing member. Said load-bearing member comprises several upright poles and several hanging keys extending out are set on several upright poles. Said protective board comprises several hanging boards and hanging grooves mated with hanging keys are set at the inner side of bottom of said hanging board. Tongue and groove are set at the outside of upper of said hanging board and joint part mated with tongueand groove in lower adjacent hanging board are set at the outside of said hanging groove. The invention adapts said structure and it is provided with convenience and rapid installment, good insulation effect. Safe and protective mesh is installed and fixed between upright poles so that there is good fixing and theftproof effect.

Description

一种装配式建筑外墙及其施工方法 A method of assembling facades and building construction method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种建筑外墙及其施工方法,具体的说,涉及一种能够进行装配作业的建筑外墙,属于建筑领域。 [0001] The present invention relates to a method for the construction of exterior wall and, particularly, relates to an assembling work of building facades, the architectural art.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 目前,我国常见的几种建筑类型有:砖混结构,现浇混凝土剪力墙结构,现浇混凝土框架结构,钢结构等,其中砖混结构的应用最为广泛,历史也比较久远,但是由于保护环境及节约耕地的需要,国家已立法规定逐步淘汰并禁止使用粘土砖,因而砖混结构即将淘汰,其它几种建筑方式也因为工艺比较复杂,因此建筑施工速度慢,工期长,建筑工业化水平低。 [0002] At present, there are several common types of building: brick structure, in-situ concrete shear wall structure, in-situ concrete frame structure, steel structure, brick structure in which the application of the most widely used, the more distant history, However, due to the need to protect the environment and conserve arable land, the state has legislation to phase out and ban the use of clay brick, so masonry structure to be phased out, several other construction methods but also because the process is more complex and therefore slow construction, long construction period, construction low level of industrialization. 尤其在框架结构如混凝土框架或钢结构的情况下,很大的工期浪费在外墙的施工上, 因为外墙的施工需要先用混凝土砖垒起墙体,然后再在外墙的外表面用混凝土或水泥或瓷砖进行加固,以起到防水保温防寒的作用,这种作业方式非常麻烦,费工费时保温效果不理想,近年来,许多建筑研究机构或建筑单位纷纷采用能够工业化施工的新型墙体建筑材料, 如各种轻质保温板的使用,一定程度上加快了施工的速度,保温防寒效果更好。 Especially in the case of the frame structure such as concrete or steel frame, a lot of waste in the period of the external walls of the construction, since the construction of the external walls need to built up the wall with concrete blocks, and then in the outer surface of the concrete or facades cement or tile reinforcement, to act as a waterproof cold insulation, the way this job is very troublesome, time-consuming and labor-insulation effect is not ideal, in recent years, many research institutions buildings or building units able to have adopted the industrialized construction of new wall construction materials, such as insulation board using various light, speeds up the construction of a certain extent, better cold insulation. 但这些改进后的墙体建筑材料由于结构和材料的原因施工时仍然比较复杂,不能够更快速的安装, 而且多数应用于内墙,外墙仍然需要使用传统方法进行作业,因此施工速度慢,施工成本较高,保温效果差,达不到节能的效果。 But after the wall building materials when these improvements because of the structure and materials of construction are still relatively complex, can not be installed more quickly, and most used in interior walls, exterior walls still need to use traditional methods of operation, and therefore slow construction, higher construction costs, poor insulation effect, reach energy-saving effect.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明的目的是提供一种成本低,安装方便、快捷,保温效果好的装配式建筑外 [0003] The object of the present invention is to provide a low cost, easy installation, fast, good insulation effect of outer prefabricated building

掉丄回ο Shang fell back ο

[0004] 本发明的另一目的,在于提供所述装配式建筑外墙的施工方法。 [0004] Another object of the present invention is to provide a method of assembling the construction of the building facades.

[0005] 为实现上述目的,本发明提供的装配式建筑外墙,包括承重构件和设置在承重构件上的围护板,其中,所述承重构件包括若干根立柱,所述立柱上设有若干个向外伸出的挂键,所述围护板包括若干块挂板,所述挂板底部的内侧具有与挂键形状相配合的挂槽,所述挂板上部的外侧设有企口,所述挂槽的外侧具有与下部相邻挂板上设有的企口相配合的搭接部。 [0005] To achieve the above object, the present invention is fabricated building facade is provided, comprising a load bearing plate member and disposed on the load-bearing enclosure member, wherein the load bearing member comprises a plurality of pillars, said pillar has a plurality of upper a hanging outwardly projecting key, said envelope comprising a plurality of blocks siding board, the inside of the bottom plate has a hanging hanging hanging grooves mating the shape of the key, said outer plate portion is provided with a hanging tongue and groove, the outer overlap portion having a hanging groove adjacent to the lower plate is provided with hanging tongue and groove mating.

[0006] 上述装配式建筑外墙中: [0006] In the above-described prefabricated building facades:

[0007] 所述挂键具有倾斜的上表面,所述挂槽具有与挂键倾斜上表面相配合的倾斜接触面。 [0007] linked to said inclined upper surface having a key, the key hanging hanging grooves having inclined surfaces cooperating inclined contact surface. 这样结构的挂键和挂槽配合更紧密,挂板不容易脱落。 Hanging hanging grooves and keys with such a structure more closely, siding not come off easily.

[0008] 所述挂键的下表面与挂板上表面平行,呈水平设置或倾斜设置。 [0008] The lower surface of the bond with hanging hung parallel to the surface plate, disposed horizontally or inclined.

[0009] 相邻挂板搭接配合的企口和搭接部之间具有间隙,所述搭接部的底面和与其对应的企口的上表面平行,水平设置或向下倾斜设置。 [0009] linked to the adjacent plate overlapping with a gap between the tongue and groove and the overlapping portion with the upper surface and the bottom surface of the overlapping portion of the tongue and groove corresponding thereto in parallel, arranged horizontally or inclined downward is provided.

[0010] 所述立柱的内侧设有内墙板,所述内墙板包括保温材料制成的保温层。 [0010] The column is provided with inner wall panel, said interior wall panels comprising insulation made of insulation material. 可以有效的起到防寒保温作用,节能效果更好。 Can effectively play the role of cold insulation, better energy saving.

[0011 ] 所述相邻立柱之间设有安全防护网。 [0011] The safety net is provided between the adjacent column. 起到安全防盗的作用。 Anti-theft security played a role. [0012] 所述立柱、挂板、挂键内设置有加强筋,以增加墙体刚性。 [0012] The pillar, hanging board provided with a bead inside hanging keys, in order to increase the rigidity of the wall.

[0013] 所述立柱的外侧面设有滴水槽。 [0013] The outer side of the column is provided with a drip.

[0014] 所述立柱的内侧面设有用来固定立柱的紧固件。 [0014] The inner side of the column is provided with a fastener for fixing the column. 紧固件可以使立柱与框架结构之间固定连接,整个结构更安全牢固。 Fasteners can be made between the upright is fixedly connected with the frame structure, the overall structure is more secure.

[0015] 所述挂板位于立柱两侧设有横向固定挂板的固定装置,所述固定装置包括挂板内表面设有的固定孔和与立柱上固定孔配合的楔子。 [0015] The hanging plate is provided with fixing means on both sides of the column fixed laterally hanging plate, said fixing means comprises a fixing hole inner surface of the hanging plate is provided and cooperating with fixing holes upright wedge. 此种结构可以有效防止挂板的横向移动,整个结构更牢固。 This structure can effectively prevent lateral movement of the hanging board, the whole structure more solid.

[0016] 所述立柱的两侧面分别设有上下贯通的凹槽。 [0016] The both side surfaces of said posts are provided with a recess vertically penetrating. 凹槽的设置减少材料的使用,成本更低。 The groove is provided to reduce the use of materials, lower cost.

[0017] 所述挂板的外表面具有艺术装饰层。 [0017] The outer surface of the siding with artistic decoration layer. 此种方案整个外墙更美观。 Such programs throughout the exterior wall more beautiful.

[0018] 所述立柱用混凝土材料或木材或石材或金属材料制成,所述挂板用混凝土材料或木材或石材或金属或菱镁板制成。 [0018] The post with wood or stone or concrete material or a metal material, the siding material made of concrete or wood or stone or metal plate or magnesium.

[0019] 本发明提供的装配式建筑外墙的施工方法,其施工步骤为: [0019] Prefabricated building facade construction method of the present invention provides that the construction steps of:

[0020] 步骤一、将立柱(1)用紧固件(8)固定在钢结构或框架结构上; [0020] Step a, the uprights (1) is fixed to the steel frame or structure with a fastener (8);

[0021] 步骤二、按照自下而上的顺序安装挂板(2),将底层挂板(2)的挂槽(21)安装在立柱(1)的挂键(3)上,然后依次安装上面相邻挂板(2),上面相邻挂板(2)挂在对应的挂键(3)上后,使其搭接部(23)与相邻下块挂板(2)的企口(22)搭接,并按照同样的方式自下而上依次安装,若干个立柱(1)之间的挂板(2)同样按照自下而上的顺序依次安装; [0021] Step II in order to hang bottom mounting plate (2), linked to the bottom plate (2) is linked to the groove (21) is mounted on the column (1) is linked to the key (3), followed by the installation the above linked to an adjacent plate (2), linked to the adjacent upper plate (2) in the corresponding hanging hanging keys (3), so that the overlapping portion (23) linked to the lower block plate (2) adjacent inro (22) overlap, and in the same manner in this order from the installation, a plurality of pillar hanging board (2) between (1), mounted successively in the order from bottom to top;

[0022] 步骤三、在立柱⑴之间安装和固定安全防护网(9)。 [0022] Step three, mounted between the uprights and the fixed ⑴ safety net (9).

[0023] 步骤四、在立柱(1)的内侧固定内墙板(7)。 [0023] Step 4 inside the column (1) fixed to wall panel (7).

[0024] 采用上述技术方案,可达以下有益效果: [0024] With the above aspect, up to the following advantages:

[0025] (1)、本发明采用上述结构和方法,将立柱用紧固件进行固定后,可以按照自下而上安装的顺序安装挂板,将挂板的挂槽安装在立柱的挂键上,然后安装上面相邻挂板,上面相邻挂板挂在对应的挂键上后,使其搭接部与相邻下块挂板的企口搭接,然后自下而上依次安装,若干个立柱之间的挂板同样按照自下而上的顺序依次安装,安装过程变得方便又快捷。 After [0025] (1), according to the present invention, the above-described configuration and method, the post secured with fasteners may be installed in the order from bottom to top siding installation, the hanging slot in the hanging board post mounted hanging keys , and then mounted thereon adjacent siding, adjacent the rear plate hanging above the corresponding hanging on hanging keys, so that the overlapping portions of the adjacent lower block lap siding tongue and groove, and then install the ascending order, hanging board post between the plurality of the same order of successively mounting bottom, the installation process becomes easy and fast.

[0026] (2)、在立柱和挂板的内侧固定保温板,因此保温效果更好。 [0026] (2), inside the fixed uprights and the insulation board hanging board, thus better insulation.

[0027] (3)、在立柱之间安装、固定安全防护网,起到良好的固定、防盗作用。 [0027] (3), mounted between the uprights, fixed safety nets, fixed play a good anti-theft effect.

[0028] (4)、外墙无须抹灰装饰,可直接刷涂料,减少施工工序,加快施工速度。 [0028] (4), without the external walls decorative plaster, paint brush can directly reduce the construction process, faster construction.

[0029] 综上所述,本发明由于减少外墙施工的工序,作业更简单,施工速度加快,并且减少了人力物力的投入,费用更低,立柱和挂板可以实现大批量生产,安装时方便快捷,本发明相比之前的外墙模式,具有显著的改进,因此具有较好的实际应用价值和社会推广意义。 [0029] In summary, since the step of reducing the external walls of the construction, operation of the present invention is simpler, faster construction and reduces the investment of manpower and resources, lower costs, and the hanging board post can achieve mass production, installation convenient, compared to the previous model the external walls of the present invention, a significant improvement, it has good practical value and significance of social promotion.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0030] 下面结合附图和实施例对本发明作进一步说明。 Drawings and embodiments of the present invention will be further described [0030] below in conjunction.

[0031] 图1是本发明实施例中立柱、挂键的结构示意图; [0031] FIG. 1 is a diagram of the embodiment of the present invention the column, a schematic view of the structure hung bond;

[0032] 图2是本发明实施例1中立柱、挂板、挂键的结构示意图; [0032] FIG. 2 is a block diagram representation of one embodiment of the present invention, the post, siding, hanging bonds;

[0033] 图3是本发明实施例2中立柱、挂板、挂键的结构示意图; [0033] FIG. 3 is a diagram of the pillar 2 embodiment of the present invention, the hanging board, a schematic diagram of the structure hung bond;

[0034] 图4是本发明实施例中挂板的结构示意图; [0034] FIG. 4 is a block schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention, hanging board;

5[0035] 图5是本发明实施例中具有紧固件和凹槽的立柱、挂板、挂键的结构示意图; 5 [0035] FIG. 5 is an embodiment having a post and a fastener embodiment of the present invention, grooves, hanging board, a schematic diagram of the structure hung bond;

[0036] 图6是本发明实施例中立柱、挂板、挂键的结构示意图; [0036] FIG. 6 is a diagram of the embodiment of the present invention, the post, siding, a schematic diagram of the structure hung bond;

[0037] 图7是本发明实施例中具有加强筋、内墙板的立柱、挂板、挂键的结构示意图; [0037] FIG. 7 is a post having an internal wall panel according to embodiments of the present invention, the reinforcing rib,, hanging board, a schematic diagram of the structure hung bond;

[0038] 图8是本发明实施例中立柱、挂板、挂键安装后的俯视状态结构示意图; [0038] FIG. 8 is a diagram of the embodiment of the present invention, the post, siding, a schematic top view of the state of the structure after installation linked bond;

[0039] 图9是本发明实施例中具有固定孔和楔子的立柱、挂板、挂键组合结构示意图。 [0039] FIG. 9 is an embodiment having a post hole and fixed cleat embodiment of the present invention, siding, a schematic structure hanging key combination.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0040] 本发明的装配式建筑外墙,包括承重构件和设置在承重构件上的围护板。 [0040] Prefabricated building facades according to the present invention, comprises a load bearing plate member and disposed on the load-bearing enclosure member.

[0041] 图1示出所述承重构件,包括多根立柱1,每一立柱1外表面上固定设有若干个向外伸出的挂键3,立柱1的外侧面设有滴水槽6,立柱1的两侧面分别设有上下贯通的凹槽11 ; [0041] FIG. 1 shows the load bearing member comprises a plurality of uprights 1, each of the outer surface of the fixed upright 1 provided with a plurality of outwardly extending outer side hanging key 3, the column 1 is provided with a gutter 6, both sides of the uprights 1 are provided with recesses 11 through the upper and lower;

[0042] 图2、图4示出所述围护板,围护板由多块挂板2组成,挂板2挂在立柱1的挂键3 上,挂板2底部的内侧具有与挂键3形状相配合的挂槽21,上部的外侧设有企口22,下部在挂槽21的外侧为与下部相邻挂板上设有的企口22相配合的搭接部23。 [0042] FIG. 2, FIG. 4 shows the containment plate, the plate envelope 2 consisting of a plurality of linked panels, hanging board post 2 hanging on hanging keys 3 1, linked to the inner bottom plate 2 has the hanging bond 3 linked to the shape of mating grooves 21, it is provided with upper lateral tongue and groove 22, the lower hanging outside the groove 21 adjacent to the lower plate 23 is provided with hanging portions overlapping tongue and groove 22 mate.

[0043] 挂键3具有倾斜的上表面,挂槽21具有与挂键3倾斜上表面相配合的倾斜接触面,挂键3的下表面水平设置,相应的挂板2的上表面与挂键3的下表面平行(参见图2); 相邻挂板2搭接配合的企口22和搭接部23之间具有间隙24,搭接部23的底面和与其对应的企口22的上表面与水平面平行设置; [0043] linked to key 3 has an upper surface inclined hanging grooves 21 having inclined upper surface 3 hanging keys cooperating inclined contact surface, linked to the lower surface of the key 3 arranged horizontally, linked to the corresponding upper surface of the plate 2 is linked bond 3 parallel to the lower surface (see FIG. 2); adjacent siding tongue and groove snap fit portion 2 and the lap 22 of 23 with a gap 24 between the lap portion 23 and the bottom surface of the tongue and groove corresponding thereto on surface 22 arranged parallel to the horizontal;

[0044] 将多块挂板2通过挂槽21和立柱1上的挂键3结合就可形成本发明最基本的装配式建筑外墙,参见图2、图5和图6。 [0044] The hanging board 2 through a plurality of uprights 21 and hanging hanging grooves 3 bound keys can be formed on an assembly of the present invention the basic building facades, 2, 5, and 6.

[0045] 为将本发明的装配式建筑外墙和建筑物结合,如图5所示,在立柱1的内侧面设有紧固件8,用来将立柱1固定在钢结构或框架结构上,紧固件8可以用螺栓连接或直接预制在混凝土立柱1中; [0045] The external walls of the building assembly and building of the present invention in conjunction with FIG. 5, the fastener 8 is provided in the side of the column 1, on the post to be secured in a steel frame structure or fastener 8 can be bolted directly or precast concrete column 1;

[0046] 本发明的装配式建筑外墙还可以进一步改进,如图7所示,可在立柱1的内侧设有内墙板7,内墙板7可为保温材料制成的保温层,这样本发明装配式建筑外墙同时具有防寒保温作用,节能效果更好;另,可在立柱1、挂板2内设置有加强筋41、42,以增加墙体的刚性;如图8所示,相邻立柱1之间还可设有安全防护网9,当挂板2遭致外力损坏,该安全防护网9可以作为第二道阻隔,起到安全防盗的作用;如图9所示,挂板2位于立柱1两侧设有横向固定挂板2的固定装置,固定装置包括挂板2内表面设有的固定孔31和立柱1上与固定孔配合的楔子32,可以有效防止挂板2的横向移动,整个结构更牢固。 Prefabricated building facades [0046] The present invention may be further improved, as shown in FIG. 7, may be provided on the inner side wall panels 7 of the column 1, the insulation layer 7 may be made of a wall panel for the insulation material, so Prefabricated building exterior present invention also has the effect of cold insulation, better energy saving; the other, may be the pillar 1, 2 is provided with a hanging plate reinforcing ribs 41 and 42, to increase the rigidity of the wall; 8, adjacent columns may also be provided between a safety net 9, when the hanging board 2 stricken external damage, the safety net 9 as a secondary barrier may play the role of anti-theft security; 9, linked to 1 positioned upright plate 2 is provided with fixing means on both sides of the transverse plate 2 is fixed hanging, fixing means comprises a fixing hole hanging plate 2 is provided on the inner surface of the column 31 and the fixing hole with a wedge 32 can be effectively prevented hanging board 2 lateral movement, the whole structure more solid.

[0047] 本发明另一实施方式和上述实施方式基本相同,不同之处如图3所示,挂键3具有倾斜的上表面,挂槽21具有与挂键3倾斜上表面相配合的倾斜接触面,挂键3的下表面与上表面平行设置,而对应的挂板2的上表面也与挂键3倾斜的的下表面平行;搭接部23的底面和与其对应的企口22的上表面向下倾斜设置。 [0047] The present invention further embodiment substantially the same manner as the above embodiment, except 3, linked to the key 3 has an upper inclined surface, and the catching groove 21 has an inclined upper surface 3 hanging keys cooperating inclined contact plane, parallel to the surface 3 is provided linked with the keys on the lower surface and the upper surface of the corresponding plate 2 is also linked with the inclined lower surface is parallel to hang the key 3; upper overlapping portion of the bottom surface 23 of the tongue and groove corresponding thereto and 22 downwardly inclined surface setting.

[0048] 本发明中,立柱1用混凝土材料或木材或石材或金属材料制成,挂板2用混凝土材料或木材或石材或金属或菱镁板制成;挂板2的外表面还可以设有艺术装饰层以进一步节省建筑物后期的外墙装饰。 [0048] In the present invention, the column 1 with concrete or stone or wood material or a metallic material, hanging board 2 made of wood or stone or concrete material or a sheet metal or magnesium; an outer surface of the hanging plate 2 may also be provided there are Art Deco exterior decoration layer to further save the latter part of the building.

[0049] 本发明装配式建筑外墙可采用以下步骤进行组装与施工: [0049] The present invention is prefabricated building facades construction can be assembled with the following steps:

[0050] (1)、首先将立柱1用紧固件8与建筑物的结构框架进行固定; [0050] (1), a first column 8 is fixed by fastening with a structural frame of a building;

6[0051] (2)、然后按照自下而上安装的顺序安装挂板2,将底层挂板2的挂槽21安装在立柱1的挂键3上,然后依次安装上面相邻挂板2,上面相邻挂板2挂在对应的挂键3上后,使其搭接部23与相邻下块挂板2的企口22搭接,并按照同样的方式自下而上依次安装,若干个立柱1之间的挂板2同样按照自下而上的顺序依次安装; 6 [0051] (2), a bottom-up order and then install the hanging mounting plate 2, the bottom of the groove 2 is hanging hanging board 21 is mounted on the suspension upright 3 of the key, followed by 2 mounted thereon adjacent siding , adjacent the top plate 2 is linked to the corresponding hanging on hanging the key 3, so that the overlap portion overlapping the lower block 22 linked to a bezel 23 and the adjacent plate 2, in the same manner and from bottom to top installation, a plurality of posts between the hanging board 12 mounted sequentially in the order of the same bottom;

[0052] (3)、在立柱之间安装固定安全防护网9 ; [0052] (3), fixed between the uprights safety net 9;

[0053] (4)、在立柱1的内侧固定内墙板7。 [0053] (4), fixed on the inside of the upright wall panel 7.

Claims (14)

  1. 一种装配式建筑外墙,包括承重构件和设置在承重构件上的围护板,其特征在于:所述承重构件包括若干根立柱(1),所述立柱(1)的两侧面分别有上下贯通的凹槽(11),且所述立柱(1)上设有若干个向外伸出的挂键(3);所述围护板包括若干块挂板(2),所述挂板(2)底部的内侧具有与挂键(3)形状相配合的挂槽(21),所述挂板(2)上部的外侧设有企口(22),所述挂槽(21)的外侧具有与下部相邻挂板上设有的企口(22)相配合的搭接部(23)。 A method of assembling building facades, comprising a load bearing member and a plate disposed on the envelope of the load-bearing member, wherein: said load bearing member comprises a plurality of vertical columns (1), said uprights (1) of upper and lower side surfaces, respectively, through recesses (11), and provided with said upright (1) linked to a plurality of outwardly projecting key (3); said plate includes a plurality of blocks enclosure hanging board (2), said hanging plate ( 2) having a bottom inner hanging keys (3) cooperating shape hanging grooves (21), the hanging board (2) is provided with an upper portion of the outer tongue and groove (22), outside of the catching groove (21) having a bezel (22) cooperating overlapping portion (23) linked with the lower plate is provided adjacent.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的装配式建筑外墙,其特征在于:所述挂键(3)具有倾斜的上表面,所述挂槽(21)具有与挂键(3)倾斜上表面相配合的倾斜接触面。 2. Prefabricated building facades according to claim 1, wherein: said hanging key (3) having an inclined upper surface, the catching groove (21) has a surface inclined to hang on a key (3) cooperating inclined contact surface.
  3. 3.如权利要求2所述的装配式建筑外墙,其特征在于:所述挂键(3)的下表面与所述挂板(2)的上表面平行,挂键(3)的下表面和所述挂板(2)的上表面水平设置或倾斜设置。 Prefabricated building facades as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the lower surface of the hanging key (3) and the hanging board (2) is parallel to the lower surface of the hanging bond (3) and hanging the upper surface of the horizontal plate (2) is provided or arranged obliquely.
  4. 4.如权利要求3所述的装配式建筑外墙,其特征在于:相邻挂板(2)搭接配合的企口(22)和搭接部(23)之间具有间隙(24),所述搭接部(23)的底面和与其对应的企口(22) 的上表面平行,水平设置或向下倾斜设置。 4. Prefabricated building facades according to claim 3, wherein: a gap of adjacent hanging plate (24) (2) overlapping tongue and groove (22) and a lap portion (23) fitting between, overlapping portion of the upper surface of the bottom surface (23) and the corresponding tongue and groove (22) parallel, arranged horizontally or inclined downward.
  5. 5.如权利要求1、2、3、4其中之一所述的装配式建筑外墙,其特征在于:所述立柱(1) 的内侧设有内墙板(7),所述内墙板(7)包括保温材料制成的保温层。 1,2,3,4 5 wherein one of the external walls of the building assembly as claimed in claim, characterized in that: (1) inner side wall panel is provided with said upright (7), said wall panel (7) comprises a thermal insulation made of insulation material.
  6. 6.如权利要求5所述的装配式建筑外墙,其特征在于:所述相邻立柱(1)之间设有安全防护网(9)。 Prefabricated external wall 5 of the building as claimed in claim 6, wherein: provided safety net (9) (1) of the adjacent columns.
  7. 7.如权利要求1、2、3、4其中之一所述的装配式建筑外墙,其特征在于:所述立柱(1)、 挂板(2)、和挂键(3)内设置有加强筋(41、42、43)。 7 wherein 1,2,3,4 fabricated building facades according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that: disposed within said upright (1), hanging board (2), and linked to the key (3) ribs (41,42,43).
  8. 8.如权利要求7所述的装配式建筑外墙,其特征在于:所述相邻立柱(1)之间设有安全防护网(9)。 Prefabricated external wall of the building as claimed in claim 7, wherein: with safety net (9) (1) of the adjacent columns.
  9. 9.如权利要求8所述的装配式建筑外墙,其特征在于:所述立柱(1)的外侧面设有滴水槽(6)。 Prefabricated external wall of the building as claimed in claim 8, wherein: (1) an outer side surface of the pillar is provided with gutters (6).
  10. 10.如权利要求9所述的装配式建筑外墙,其特征在于:所述立柱(1)的内侧面设有用来固定立柱(1)的紧固件(8)。 Prefabricated building facades as claimed in claim 9, wherein: (1) an inner side of the pillar fastener provided for fixing the column (1) to (8).
  11. 11.如权利要求10所述的装配式建筑外墙,其特征在于:所述挂板(2)位于立柱(1) 两侧设有横向固定挂板(2)的固定装置,所述固定装置包括挂板(2)内表面设有的固定孔(31)和立柱(1)上与固定孔配合的楔子(32)。 Prefabricated building facades as claimed in claim 10, wherein: said hanging plate (2) is located upright (1) on both sides with lateral fixed hanging board (2) fixing means, said fixing means It comprises a hanging plate (2) is provided with an inner surface of the fixing hole (31) and uprights (1) and the fixing wedge mating hole (32).
  12. 12.如权利要求11所述的装配式建筑外墙,其特征在于:所述立柱(1)用混凝土材料或木材或石材或金属材料制成,所述挂板(2)用混凝土材料或木材或石材或金属或菱镁板制成。 12. The assembly building facade according to claim 11, wherein: said post (1) with a wood or stone or concrete material or a metal material, the hanging board (2) with wood or concrete material made of stone or metal or magnesium or a plate.
  13. 13.如权利要求12所述的装配式建筑外墙,其特征在于:所述挂板(2)的外表面具有艺术装饰层。 13. The assembly building facade according to claim 12, wherein: an outer surface of the hanging board (2) having a layer of decorative arts.
  14. 14.权利要求10所述装配式建筑外墙的施工方法,其施工步骤为:步骤一、将立柱(1)用紧固件(8)固定在钢结构或框架结构上;步骤二、按照自下而上的顺序安装挂板(2),将底层挂板(2)的挂槽(21)安装在立柱(1)的挂键(3)上,然后依次安装上面相邻挂板(2),上面相邻挂板(2)挂在对应的挂键(3) 上后,使其搭接部(23)与相邻下块挂板(2)的企口(22)搭接,并按照同样的方式自下而上依次安装,若干个立柱(1)之间的挂板(2)同样按照自下而上的顺序依次安装;步骤三、在立柱(1)之间安装和固定安全防护网(9);步骤四、在立柱(1)的内侧固定内墙板(7)。 14. The method of construction of the exterior walls 10 fabricated claim construction steps of: Step a, the uprights (1) with a fastener (8) is fixed to the steel frame or structure; step two, since according to the on the order of the hanging mounting plate (2), linked to the bottom plate (2) hanging grooves (21) mounted on the column (1) hanging on the key (3), followed by the adjacent peg board mounted thereon (2) after hanging above the adjacent plate (2) hanging on the corresponding hanging keys (3), so that the overlapping portion (23) linked to the lower block plate (2) tongue and groove (22) overlapping with the adjacent, and in accordance with installed in the same manner from bottom to top, a plurality of pillar hanging board (2) between (1), mounted successively in the order from bottom to top; step three, the pillar between the mounting and securing safety (1) net (9); step 4 in column (1) fixed to the inner side wall panel (7).
CN 200510137201 2005-12-31 2005-12-31 Assembled architecture outer wall and its construction method CN1995578B (en)

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US8938926B2 (en) 2007-11-15 2015-01-27 Worthington Armstrong Venture Wall liner
CA2651493C (en) 2008-03-12 2013-03-26 Worthington Armstrong Venture Wall liner
CH702578A1 (en) * 2010-01-18 2011-07-29 Flumroc Ag Insulation.
CN102235042A (en) * 2010-04-26 2011-11-09 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Wall-body structure and constructing method thereof
CN101956436B (en) * 2010-10-27 2012-04-18 汉尔姆(杭州)家具有限公司 Office partitions
CN102127949A (en) * 2010-12-30 2011-07-20 长治市漳山粉煤灰高新开发有限公司 Prefabricated building outer wall concrete hanging column and wall
CN102995852B (en) * 2011-09-14 2017-02-15 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Wall-body hanging plate and wall-body structure
CN102505821A (en) * 2011-10-11 2012-06-20 应孝华 Revetment and mounting method thereof
CN103362234A (en) * 2012-04-06 2013-10-23 李向东 Construction method of filler wall
CN104712078A (en) * 2013-12-12 2015-06-17 谷玉花 Integrated self-heat-preservation composite outer wall
CN103835467A (en) * 2014-02-12 2014-06-04 苏州金螳螂建筑装饰股份有限公司 Glass clamping groove type quick installing structure
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GB2019469A (en) 1978-04-13 1979-10-31 Fonderia Elettrica Alluminio Prefabricated Building Panel Structure
CN87210558U (en) 1987-09-18 1988-09-14 锦州市菱镁制品厂 Magnesite conorete moving house
CN2104899U (en) 1991-10-20 1992-05-20 孙杰 Building finalized form made of compound material
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