CN1994844A - Lifting operation method and apparatus for mounting guide rail on outer wall of architecture - Google Patents

Lifting operation method and apparatus for mounting guide rail on outer wall of architecture Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN1994844A
CN1994844A CN 200610164463 CN200610164463A CN1994844A CN 1994844 A CN1994844 A CN 1994844A CN 200610164463 CN200610164463 CN 200610164463 CN 200610164463 A CN200610164463 A CN 200610164463A CN 1994844 A CN1994844 A CN 1994844A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
guide rail
manned
jacking
power
frame
Prior art date
Application number
CN 200610164463
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
温建
Original Assignee
温建
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN200610005288 priority Critical
Priority to CN200610005288.7 priority
Application filed by 温建 filed Critical 温建
Priority to CN 200610164463 priority patent/CN1994844A/en
Publication of CN1994844A publication Critical patent/CN1994844A/en

Links

Abstract

The invention relates to a lifting method of track on the outer wall of building and relative device, as the improvement on the CN 03104669. X method, wherein the invention can reduce the mounting and maintaining consumption, to improve reliability and reduce cost. Its track and four lifters have simple structure and low cost, without occupying building space. And its lifting height is not limited by building height.

Description

Outside the building ledge is established the lifting operation method and the equipment of guide rail
Technical field the present invention relates to a kind of skyscraper emergency management and rescue and escape, perhaps the postpone method and apparatus of building outer wall lift work, exactly be a kind of in advance outside the building ledge establish guide rail, be equipped with jacking system in use department, the two carries out aggregate erection with it during operation, implements the method and the custom-designed jacking equipment of emergent lift work.
Background technology is along with skyscraper develops rapidly and the continuous increase of building height, the timely safe escape of trapped personnel when also giving emergency condition such as presence of fire in the building, and fire-fighting and rescue work has brought very big difficulty.In case generation fire in high buildings, the complexity of situation often is difficult to expect in the building, for example elevator is forced to stop transport, the stair passage may be sealed by the intensity of a fire or dense smoke, the range of aerial ladder or high pressure water is also too far behind to catch up because of limitation in height, therefore incur loss through delay fire-fighting fire extinguishing and escape danger opportunity with the rescue trapped personnel, cause people's lives and properties to suffer heavy losses, this type of accident happens occasionally and is in rising trend.
In addition, ascend a height maintenance or upkeep operation for facilities such as cloud-kissing chimney, water tower, electric power and communication shaft tower, elevated antenna and superelevation factory buildings, still prolong at present with traditional and prolong pre-buried the ascending a height of the building outer wall free-hand climbing of " climbing hand ", perhaps build the framework of temporarily ascending a height, not only the big fatigue easily of labour intensity is caused danger, and also may lead to the high-altitude falling accident because of " climbing hand " and framework come off.
A plurality of patents that relate to the emergent lifting technology field of skyscraper are now disclosed, wherein majority is the single escape apparatus that adopts methods such as buffering landing, be difficult to be suitable for the old,weak,sick and disabled and women and child crowd, can't satisfy the ascend operation requirement of fire fighter's fire-fighting fire extinguishing, be not the object that the present invention mainly studies therefore yet; CN02245294.X discloses a kind of skyscraper compound type fire fighting survival equipment, adopt the I shape fluctuating orbit of a pair of band rail groove, vertically be embedded in each through roof in floor stair window outside of building in advance, adopt lifting frame and supporting movable lifting compartment again, can come and go and transport fire-fighting and rescued personnel.But motor capstan winch, cable wire and sliding wheel need be installed in I shape track top, its cable wire falls to ground always and connects its lifting frame from roof, these jacking equipments obviously all require to be installed in advance the outer or ground of roof, wall of building, long term exposure in outdoor stand to expose to the weather drench with rain and wear out easily and corrosion.
Also have some similar solutions that jacking equipment is set for a long time on building, enumerate no longer one by one at this, have no reason to suspect the feasibility that these schemes are implemented on indivedual cases, the perhaps reasonableness of implementing in the application scenario of frequent lifting, if but on numerous skyscrapers, perhaps do not need on the building of frequent ascend operation at above-mentioned chimney of enumerating etc., a large amount of these jacking equipments of installing, the one, because the very low idle state that is in for a long time of probability of use of these equipment, overlapping investment is very unreasonable economically like this, the 2nd, cause a large amount of equipment anticorrosions, safeguard, the examination work amount, the 3rd, under emergency condition, use these equipment idle for a long time and that be under the harsh environment to carry out the manned lift operation, be difficult to guarantee its reliability requirement.
For this reason, emergent elevating method of the formerly disclosed CN03104669.X skyscraper of the applicant and device, propose to set up guide rail, be equipped with portable jacking system at external wall of high-rise building in advance in use department, avoid jacking equipment is set on building for a long time, overcome the deficiency of conventional art.But design-calculated guide rail and jacking system structure are single, and field of application is restricted.
Summary of the invention the objective of the invention is on the basis of my above-mentioned application, at requirements of different users or more building lift work purposes, supplementary sum improves the design of jacking equipment, satisfying different lifting environment, reliability, real-time requirement, and actual needs such as equipment installation, maintenance, application.
A kind of outside the building ledge is established the lifting operation method of guide rail, the steps include:
A, the above-below direction that carries over the building outer wall in advance set up guide rail, and the guide rail that sets up on a plurality of buildings all adopts identical construction and specification;
B, in advance be equipped with the portable jacking system that is complementary with described guide rail in use department, this jacking system can be be respectively installed and used setting up on each building of guide rail;
C, when certain building needs lift work, the user of service carries described jacking system and reaches the spot, with its aggregate erection on described guide rail, the operation jacking system carry out lift work.
This lifting operation method can be applied to implement the emergent lift work of fire-fighting and rescue or escape, described building is high level or super high rise building, described use department is fire department or property department, described guide rail bracket is located at a side of each floor fire escape window or stair case window, its guide rail, jacking system and above-mentioned window just can be formed a temporary access road of linking up with ground when in the building fire alarm taking place, fire fighter or equipment passage are thus ascended a height and are implemented the fire-fighting fire extinguishing operation, the also in time safe evacuation of passage thus of the trapped personnel building in.
This lifting operation method also can be applied to implement ascend operations such as maintenance and maintenance, described building is a similarly superelevation facility such as chimney, water tower, electric power or communication shaft tower, elevated antenna, superelevation factory building, described guide rail is erected at the appropriate location of these facility outer walls in advance, for example be original ascending a height " climb hand " the position on and replace, when needing maintenance and upkeep operation, the user of service adopts and the jacking system of guide rail carries out ascend operation.
Comprise guide rail and jacking system for implementing the custom-designed jacking equipment of this lifting operation method, they mate mutually, and its structure is looked different buildings or different purposes with embodiment and difference to some extent.
A kind of for implementing the custom-designed guide rail 100 of step a described in this lifting operation method, be connected mutually by shaped steel such as  shaped steel or I-beam section 101, adopt stationary member 102 to connect with the outer wall of building, it is characterized in that: described shaped steel is single structure, a plane is outside when setting up, the shaped steel bottom-to-top-height is looked the maximum lift work height of building and is determined that the shaped steel lower end ground-surface height h of distance is determined by the setting height(from bottom) of jacking system.
Aforesaid guide rail is characterized in that additional tooth bar 103 on the described shaped steel, and this tooth bar is formed by many linkings, and total length and shaped steel are isometric, are installed on the outerplanar of shaped steel.
Aforesaid guide rail, it is characterized in that an additional pulley 104 and an auxiliary rope 105 on the described shaped steel, this pulley is installed in the top of shaped steel, auxiliary rope adopts rush-resisting material, be centered around in the groove of pulley, a pair of anti-decylization 106 is installed below this pulley groove, on pulley, also have a rainproof cover 107, the head joint 108 of auxiliary rope docks mutually with the afterbody joint 10 of auxiliary rope when not working.
A kind of for implementing the spring loaded jacking system of the custom-designed integrated structure of step b described in this lifting operation method, its structure is mainly by driver train 200, manned mechanism 300 and electrical source of power 800 are formed, need not add any member on the guide rail 100 that matches, it is characterized in that: described driver train is mainly by electrical motor 201, retarder 202, magnet stopper 203 is formed electrical components, by pressure spring 206, pressure handle 207 and handwheel 208 decomposition pressure parts thereof, drive wheel 204 and flower wheel 205, and the frame 209 that connects them is formed, wherein drive wheel adopts the bigger material of friction coefficient to make, with the electrical components shaft coupling, drive wheel and flower wheel lay respectively at the interior outside of guide rail, its design attitude can exchange, press member and guide groove 210 thereof, guide wheel 211 makes drive wheel, flower wheel produces the enough pressure that adheres to for guide rail, described manned mechanism is mainly by fence 301, door 302, grooved guide wheel 303 and frame 305 are formed essential structure, one side opening of fence is aimed at building entrance for example the fire escape window or the stair case window of each floor, the opposite side of fence is installed door, a door bolt 304 is installed on the door, at least one pair of grooved guide wheel is installed on the frame, two edges of its corresponding guide rail of slotting, described driver train, the frame of manned mechanism and electrical source of power interconnects when work.
Point out in passing: the structure of manned mechanism and lifting performance relevance are less, can change according to user's needs in the practical application.
Another kind of for implementing the spring loaded jacking system of custom-designed minute body structure of step b described in this lifting operation method, its structure is mainly by trailer coupling 400, manned mechanism 300, rope arrangement 500 and electrical source of power 800 are formed, need not add any member on the guide rail 100 that matches, it is characterized in that: described trailer coupling and other mechanism are for dividing body structure, trailer coupling is except that aforesaid driver train 200, also comprise a storage battery 401, a radio remote switch 402 is connected between electrical motor and the storage battery, a pair of disc cam 403 and torque spring 404 are formed positioning element, be hinged on the left and right sides that is positioned at guide rail of symmetry on the frame, wherein the profile that contacts with guide rail of disc cam is an involute curve, torque spring is installed on the jointed shaft of disc cam, make disc cam under non-load condition, keep certain clearance with guide rail, on disc cam, also has a perforate 405, the essential structure of described manned mechanism is ditto described, described rope arrangement 500 is mainly by electrical motor 501, retarder 502, magnet stopper 503, cable wire 504, reel 505 and frame 506 are formed, the cable wire head has a pair of hook 507, be complementary described manned mechanism with perforate on the disc cam 405, the frame of rope arrangement and electrical source of power interconnects when work.
Another is for implementing the custom-designed pinion and-rack jacking system of step b described in this lifting operation method, its structure is mainly by driver train 600, manned mechanism 300 and electrical source of power 800 are formed, additional tooth bar 103 on the guide rail 100 that matches, it is characterized in that: described driver train is mainly by electrical motor, retarder, magnet stopper and a gear 604 are formed drive element, form passive element by pair of driven 605 and the frame 606 that connects them, its middle gear is installed on the output shaft of retarder, its position is corresponding with the additional tooth bar on the guide rail, the essential structure of described manned mechanism is ditto described, described driver train, the frame of manned mechanism and electrical source of power interconnects when work.
Also have a kind of for implementing the custom-designed auxiliary rope formula of step b described in this lifting operation method jacking system, its structure is mainly by driver train 700, manned mechanism 300 and electrical source of power 800 are formed, additional auxiliary rope and pulley on the guide rail 100 that matches, it is characterized in that: described driver train is mainly by electrical motor 701, retarder 702, magnet stopper 703 and rope barrel 704 are formed drive element, by electrical motor 711, retarder 712 and rope barrel 714 are formed passive element, and the frame 715 that they are installed is formed, on the rope barrel of passive element, lay in cable wire 705 before the work, its length should be greater than 2 times of lifting maximum height, the rope barrel free time of drive element, the essential structure of described manned mechanism is ditto described, also comprise at least one and cable wire 705 bonded assembly members 716, described driver train in a side of its fence, manned mechanism and electrical source of power three divide body structure.
Above-described various jacking system, it is characterized in that: described electrical source of power 800 adopts generator set, the direction switch 801 of connecting between this generator set and the electrical motor, emergent power source special or vehicle power that described electrical source of power also can adopt skyscraper to be equipped with, this power supply is connected on the above-mentioned direction switch by removal cable, and described electrical source of power, electrical motor, retarder and magnet stopper can be substituted by a fuel engines and change-speed box.
The present invention has stronger practicality through repeatedly practising with constantly perfect, and its beneficial effect is as follows:
1. owing to adopt the solution that is equipped with jacking system in use department in advance, avoided the equipment that on numerous buildings, is provided with for a long time, compared with prior art, equipment installation, anticorrosion, maintenance and examination work amount have been reduced significantly, can adapt to various abominable applied environments, improve the reliability of manned lift operation effectively.
2. owing to simplified the rail configurations of installing on the building as much as possible, on numerous buildings, set up the guide rail of same configuration and specification and realize the public of jacking system, compared with prior art, reduced the comprehensive method of investment and maintenance cost exponentially.
3. a lifting can be carried many people, satisfies the extinguishment requirement that fire fighter and equipment arrive the high building burning things which may cause a fire disaster fast, is applicable to all kinds of crowd's rapid evacuation that comprise that old children is invalid, has the dual-use function of fire-fighting fire extinguishing and rescue run.
4. equipment is installed and is not taken space in the building, and adjustable height is not limited by building height, is not subjected to the influence of complex situations such as power interruption in the building, elevator ﹠ stairs passage obstacle, can satisfy the real-time requirement of solution of emergent event.
5. jacking system is designed to different structural types, its mounting means, method of operation, load capacity, rising or falling speed etc. respectively have characteristics, can eliminate the potential hidden fire-fighting danger of skyscraper, also can satisfy the ascend operation of Architectural Equipments such as chimney, water tower, electric power and communication shaft tower, elevated antenna, superelevation factory building.
Utilize design of the present invention also may design lifting, elevator, lifting, traction or the load transfer device of other purposes or structure, thereby open up more new product and application thereof.Therefore the present invention has the pioneering and remarkable economical value of positive technology.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1. lift work signal and rail configurations figure
Fig. 2. Fig. 3. Fig. 4. the spring loaded jacking system embodiment of integrated structure
Fig. 5. Fig. 6. divide the spring loaded jacking system embodiment of body structure
Fig. 7. pinion and-rack jacking system embodiment
Fig. 8. Fig. 9. auxiliary rope formula jacking system embodiment
Specific embodiment the specific embodiment of the present invention, can be according to the particular case and the demand of different purposes and user and site of deployment, use method of the present invention and set up and be equipped with heteroid guide rail and jacking system, the invention discloses to implementing the custom-designed guide rail of this method and four kinds of jacking system embodiment, as follows with regard to its essential structure, working process and application characteristic division below:
1. guide rail
Fig. 1 is lift work signal and rail configurations figure, mainly illustrated a kind of emergent lift work and custom-designed guide rail 100 that skyscraper is implemented fire-fighting and rescue or escape that be used for, be connected mutually by T-steel 101, adopt stationary member 102 to connect with the outer wall of building, described shaped steel is single structure, and a plane is outside when setting up, be positioned at a side of each floor fire escape window, the shaped steel upper end exceeds roof, and its end welded limiting baffle plate is illustrated as Fig. 1 (1).
In order to mate the jacking system of different structural types, can not cannot additional any member on this guide rail; Also can be additional tooth bar 103, this tooth bar be formed by many linkings, and total length and shaped steel are isometric, are installed on the outerplanar of shaped steel; Can also be an additional pulley 104 and an auxiliary rope 105, this pulley is installed in the top of shaped steel, auxiliary rope adopts rush-resisting material, be centered around in the groove of pulley, a pair of anti-decylization 106 is installed below this pulley groove, on pulley, is also had a rainproof cover 107, the head joint 108 of auxiliary rope, pass when not working in the circular hole 110 of guide rail bottom, dock mutually with the afterbody joint 109 of auxiliary rope.The shaped steel lower end ground-surface height h of distance is determined by the setting height(from bottom) of jacking system, illustrates as Fig. 1 (2).
2. the spring loaded jacking system of integrated structure
Fig. 2. Fig. 3. Fig. 4. illustrate the spring loaded jacking system embodiment of integrated structure, its structure mainly is made up of driver train 200, manned mechanism 300 and electrical source of power 800, need not add any member on the guide rail 100 that matches, and illustrates as Fig. 2.
Described driver train is mainly by electrical motor 201, retarder 202, magnet stopper 203 is formed electrical components, by pressure spring 206, pressure handle 207 and handwheel 208 decomposition pressure parts thereof, drive wheel 204 and flower wheel 205, and the frame 209 that connects them is formed, wherein drive wheel adopts the bigger material of friction coefficient to make, with the electrical components shaft coupling, drive wheel and flower wheel lay respectively at the interior outside of guide rail, its design attitude can exchange, press member and guide groove 210 thereof, guide wheel 211 makes drive wheel, flower wheel produces the enough pressure that adheres to for guide rail.Wherein Fig. 3 (1) signal drive wheel adopts two cover electrical components symmetries to install in the inboard of guide rail, captives joint with frame, and Fig. 3 (2) signal drive wheel adopts a cover electrical components in the outside of guide rail, slides on frame by guide groove and guide wheel.
Described manned mechanism mainly forms essential structure by fence 301, door 302, grooved guide wheel 303 and frame 305, one side opening of fence is aimed at building entrance for example the fire escape window or the stair case window of each floor of skyscraper, the opposite side of fence is installed door, a door bolt 304 is installed on the door, at least one pair of grooved guide wheel is installed on the frame, two edges of its corresponding guide rail of slotting are illustrated as Fig. 4.
The working process of this device is: the frame of driver train, manned mechanism and electrical source of power interconnects, rotation hand wheel 208 makes drive wheel 204 and 205 pairs of guide rails of flower wheel 101 produce the gap, two edges of the grooved guide wheel 303 corresponding guide rails of manned mechanism, drive wheel and flower wheel are laid respectively at the interior outside of guide rail, rotation pressure handle 207 makes drive wheel and flower wheel compress guide rail, and operation direction switch 801 can carry out lift work.
The application characteristic of this device is a structure and simple to operate, is easy to carry and installs, and guide rail need not add any member, the suitable little emergent lift work of load capacity.
3. the spring loaded jacking system that divides body structure
Fig. 5. Fig. 6. signal divides the spring loaded jacking system embodiment of body structure, its structure mainly is made up of trailer coupling 400, manned mechanism 300, rope arrangement 500 and electrical source of power 800, described trailer coupling divides body structure with the back three, need not add any member on the guide rail 100 that matches, illustrate as Fig. 5.
Described trailer coupling is except that aforesaid driver train 200, also comprise a storage battery 401, a radio remote switch 402 is connected between electrical motor and the storage battery, a pair of disc cam 403 and torque spring 404 are formed positioning element, be hinged on the left and right sides that is positioned at guide rail of symmetry on the frame, wherein the profile that contacts with guide rail of disc cam is an involute curve, torque spring is installed on the jointed shaft of disc cam, make disc cam under non-load condition, keep certain clearance with guide rail, on disc cam, also has a perforate 405, the essential structure of described manned mechanism is ditto described, described rope arrangement 500 is mainly by electrical motor 501, retarder 502, magnet stopper 503, cable wire 504, reel 505 and frame 506 are formed, the cable wire head has a pair of hook 507, be complementary with perforate on the disc cam 405, illustrate as Fig. 6.
The working process of this device is:
Install: earlier trailer coupling is installed on the guide rail, its method is ditto described, the frame of manned mechanism, rope arrangement and electrical source of power interconnects, and a pair of hook 507 of cable wire head is connected in the disc cam perforate 405 two edges of the grooved guide wheel 303 corresponding guide rails of manned mechanism.
Trailer coupling rises: remote control radio switch 402 rises trailer coupling traction cable wire in advance, operate direction switch 801 simultaneously and loosen cable wire, torque spring 404 in this process on the positioning element is not because of bearing capacity fully reverses inadequately, and the profile of disc cam does not contact with guide rail yet.
The lifting of manned mechanism: after trailer coupling arrives desired height remote control its stop, operation direction switch tension cable wire, disc cam turns round and utilizes its involute contour clamping guide rail in the positioning element, make trailer coupling be positioned stop position on the guide rail, this moment, cable wire can bearing load, and the operation direction switch can carry out lift work.
Dismounting: the equipment disassembly procedure is opposite with erection procedure.
Load was very little when the application characteristic of this device was the trailer coupling lifting, and positioning element has effectively improved the load capacity of trailer coupling, and guide rail also need not add any member, was suitable for the lift work that once mounting repeatedly comes and goes.
4. pinion and-rack jacking system
Fig. 7. the embodiment of signal pinion and-rack jacking system, its structure mainly is made up of driver train 600, manned mechanism 300 and electrical source of power 800, additional tooth bar 103 on the guide rail 100 that matches.
Described driver train is mainly formed drive element by electrical motor, retarder, magnet stopper and a gear 604, form passive element by pair of driven 605 and the frame 606 that connects them, its middle gear is installed on the output shaft of retarder, its position is corresponding with the additional tooth bar on the guide rail, and the essential structure of described manned mechanism is ditto described.
The working process of this device is: the frame of driver train, manned mechanism and electrical source of power interconnects, drive element and passive element are laid respectively at the interior outside of guide rail, gear 604 is meshed with tooth bar 103, and operation direction switch 801 can carry out lift work.
The application characteristic of this device be structure and simple to operate, equipment is easy to carry and install, and can satisfy the emergent lift work of big load.
5. auxiliary rope formula jacking system
Fig. 8. Fig. 9. signal auxiliary rope formula jacking system embodiment, its structure mainly is made up of driver train 700, manned mechanism 300 and electrical source of power 800, additional auxiliary rope and pulley on the guide rail 100 that matches.
Described driver train is mainly by electrical motor 701, retarder 702, magnet stopper 703 and rope barrel 704 are formed drive element, by electrical motor 711, retarder 712 and rope barrel 714 are formed passive element, and the frame 715 that they are installed is formed, on the rope barrel of passive element, lay in cable wire 705 before the work, its length should be greater than 2 times of lifting maximum height, the rope barrel free time of drive element, driver train is installed to the bottom of guide rail 101 during work, the essential structure of described manned mechanism is ditto described, also comprise at least one and cable wire 705 bonded assembly members 716 in a side of its fence, also has a perforate 718 of supporting manned mechanism on the guide rail, described driver train, manned mechanism and electrical source of power three divide body structure.
The working process of this device is:
Install: manned mechanism 300 is installed on guide rail, wearing pin in perforate 718 supports it, driver train is installed in the bottom of guide rail by frame 715, open the joint that auxiliary rope docks end to end, its head joint 108 is connected on the rope barrel 704 of drive element, afterbody joint 109 docks with the cable connector 706 of passive element.
Rise: start drive element earlier, auxiliary rope 105 all is wound on the rope barrel of drive element free time, continue twining a small amount of cable wire makes it can bearing load, it is firm by cable wire transom 716 manned mechanism to be connected with cable wire again, the operation drive element can make manned mechanism rise, and relies on the magnet stopper 703 of drive element to make its location when stopping, in this process, passive element electrical motor 711 is in off-position always, the passive revolution of its rope barrel.
Descend: the reversing of operation drive element, manned mechanism descends, and starts passive element simultaneously and reclaims cable wire.
Dismounting: the equipment disassembly procedure is opposite with erection procedure.
The application characteristic of this device is the installation site of driver train and electrical source of power and operates all on ground that simple structure, the load of manned mechanism is big, rising or falling speed is fast.
All can adopt corresponding falling proof device in the various embodiments described above, further improve the safety of its lift work.
Explanation about electrical source of power: the electrical source of power 800 of above each jacking system can adopt generator set, the direction switch 801 of connecting between generator set and the electrical motor, this switch preferably has speed-regulating function, operate on ground for auxiliary rope formula jacking system, the direction switch of other jacking system is installed in the manned mechanism so that operation.
Emergent power source special or vehicle power that described electrical source of power adopts skyscraper to be equipped with, and be connected to situation on the above-mentioned direction switch by removal cable, and described electrical source of power, electrical motor, retarder and magnet stopper are schemed slightly by a situation that fuel engines and change-speed box substituted.

Claims (9)

  1. One kind outside the building ledge establish the lifting operation method of guide rail, the steps include:
    A, the above-below direction that carries over the building outer wall in advance set up guide rail, and the guide rail that sets up on a plurality of buildings all adopts identical construction and specification;
    B, in advance be equipped with the portable jacking system that is complementary with described guide rail in use department, this jacking system can be be respectively installed and used setting up on each building of guide rail;
    C, when certain building needs lift work, the user of service carries described jacking system and reaches the spot, with its aggregate erection on described guide rail, the operation jacking system carry out lift work.
  2. 2. one kind is the custom-designed guide rail 100 of step a described in the enforcement claim 1, be connected mutually by shaped steel such as  shaped steel or I-beam section 101, adopt stationary member 102 to connect with the outer wall of building, it is characterized in that: described shaped steel is single structure, a plane is outside when setting up, the shaped steel bottom-to-top-height is looked the maximum lift work height of building and is determined that the shaped steel lower end ground-surface height h of distance is determined by the setting height(from bottom) of jacking system.
  3. 3. guide rail according to claim 2 is characterized in that additional tooth bar 103 on the described shaped steel, and this tooth bar is formed by many linkings, and total length and shaped steel are isometric, are installed on the outerplanar of shaped steel.
  4. 4. guide rail according to claim 2, it is characterized in that an additional pulley 104 and an auxiliary rope 105 on the described shaped steel, this pulley is installed in the top of shaped steel, auxiliary rope adopts rush-resisting material, be centered around in the groove of pulley, a pair of anti-decylization 106 is installed below this pulley groove, on pulley, also have a rainproof cover 107, the head joint 108 of auxiliary rope docks mutually with the afterbody joint 109 of auxiliary rope when not working.
  5. 5. one kind for implementing the spring loaded jacking system of the custom-designed integrated structure of step b described in the claim 1, its structure is mainly by driver train 200, manned mechanism 300 and electrical source of power 800 are formed, need not add any member on the guide rail 100 that matches, it is characterized in that: described driver train is mainly by electrical motor 201, retarder 202, magnet stopper 203 is formed electrical components, by pressure spring 206, pressure handle 207 and handwheel 208 decomposition pressure parts thereof, drive wheel 204 and flower wheel 205, and the frame 209 that connects them is formed, wherein drive wheel adopts the bigger material of friction coefficient to make, with the electrical components shaft coupling, drive wheel and flower wheel lay respectively at the interior outside of guide rail, its design attitude can exchange, press member and guide groove 210 thereof, guide wheel 211 makes drive wheel, flower wheel produces the enough pressure that adheres to for guide rail, described manned mechanism is mainly by fence 301, door 302, grooved guide wheel 303 and frame 305 are formed essential structure, one side opening of fence is aimed at building entrance for example the fire escape window or the stair case window of each floor, the opposite side of fence is installed door, a door bolt 304 is installed on the door, at least one pair of grooved guide wheel is installed on the frame, two edges of its corresponding guide rail of slotting, described driver train, the frame of manned mechanism and electrical source of power interconnects when work.
  6. 6. another kind of for implementing the spring loaded jacking system of custom-designed minute body structure of step b described in the claim 1, its structure is mainly by trailer coupling 400, manned mechanism 300, rope arrangement 500 and electrical source of power 800 are formed, need not add any member on the guide rail 100 that matches, it is characterized in that: described trailer coupling and other mechanism are for dividing body structure, trailer coupling is except that aforesaid driver train 200, also comprise a storage battery 401, a radio remote switch 402 is connected between electrical motor and the storage battery, a pair of disc cam 403 and torque spring 404 are formed positioning element, be hinged on the left and right sides that is positioned at guide rail of symmetry on the frame, wherein the profile that contacts with guide rail of disc cam is an involute curve, torque spring is installed on the jointed shaft of disc cam, make disc cam under non-load condition, keep certain clearance with guide rail, on disc cam, also has a perforate 405, the essential structure of described manned mechanism is ditto described, described rope arrangement 500 is mainly by electrical motor 501, retarder 502, magnet stopper 503, cable wire 504, reel 505 and frame 506 are formed, the cable wire head has a pair of hook 507, be complementary described manned mechanism with perforate on the disc cam 405, the frame of rope arrangement and electrical source of power interconnects when work.
  7. 7. another is for implementing the custom-designed pinion and-rack jacking system of step b described in the claim 1, its structure is mainly by driver train 600, manned mechanism 300 and electrical source of power 800 are formed, additional tooth bar 103 on the guide rail 100 that matches, it is characterized in that: described driver train is mainly by electrical motor, retarder, magnet stopper and a gear 604 are formed drive element, form passive element by pair of driven 605 and the frame 606 that connects them, its middle gear is installed on the output shaft of retarder, its position is corresponding with the additional tooth bar on the guide rail, the essential structure of described manned mechanism is ditto described, described driver train, the frame of manned mechanism and electrical source of power interconnects when work.
  8. 8 also have a kind of custom-designed auxiliary rope formula of step b jacking system described in the enforcement claim 1 that is, its structure is mainly by driver train 700, manned mechanism 300 and electrical source of power 800 are formed, additional auxiliary rope and pulley on the guide rail 100 that matches, it is characterized in that: described driver train is mainly by electrical motor 701, retarder 702, magnet stopper 703 and rope barrel 704 are formed drive element, by electrical motor 711, retarder 712 and rope barrel 714 are formed passive element, and the frame 715 that they are installed is formed, on the rope barrel of passive element, lay in cable wire 705 before the work, its length should be greater than 2 times of lifting maximum height, the rope barrel free time of drive element, the essential structure of described manned mechanism is ditto described, also comprise at least one and cable wire 705 bonded assembly members 716, described driver train in a side of its fence, manned mechanism and electrical source of power three divide body structure.
  9. 9. according to claim 5,6,7 or 8 described jacking systems, it is characterized in that described electrical source of power 800 adopts generator set, the direction switch 801 of connecting between this generator set and the electrical motor, emergent power source special or vehicle power that described electrical source of power also can adopt skyscraper to be equipped with, this power supply is connected on the above-mentioned direction switch by removal cable, and described electrical source of power, electrical motor, retarder and magnet stopper can be substituted by a fuel engines and change-speed box.
CN 200610164463 2006-01-06 2006-12-05 Lifting operation method and apparatus for mounting guide rail on outer wall of architecture CN1994844A (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200610005288 2006-01-06
CN200610005288.7 2006-01-06
CN 200610164463 CN1994844A (en) 2006-01-06 2006-12-05 Lifting operation method and apparatus for mounting guide rail on outer wall of architecture

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200610164463 CN1994844A (en) 2006-01-06 2006-12-05 Lifting operation method and apparatus for mounting guide rail on outer wall of architecture

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1994844A true CN1994844A (en) 2007-07-11

Family

ID=38250069

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200610164463 CN1994844A (en) 2006-01-06 2006-12-05 Lifting operation method and apparatus for mounting guide rail on outer wall of architecture

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN1994844A (en)

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102701044A (en) * 2012-04-18 2012-10-03 林智勇 Tire traveling elevator
CN102974056A (en) * 2012-12-03 2013-03-20 刘璐 Special fire-fighting rescue device
CN103663060A (en) * 2013-12-10 2014-03-26 南阳理工学院 High-rise building fire prevention and life-saving system
CN103722034A (en) * 2013-11-17 2014-04-16 安徽科泰工贸有限责任公司 Wirelessly-controlled wire rope pulling machine
CN103935864A (en) * 2014-04-10 2014-07-23 上海三荣电梯制造有限公司 Traction type external lifting platform
CN104022763A (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-09-03 北京国网富达科技发展有限责任公司 Portable lifting appliance
WO2015081423A1 (en) * 2013-12-06 2015-06-11 Benoit Jean-François An elevator system (for silos, reservoirs, wind aeolian structures, electric towers, radio towers and frequency signals transmission towers, any other towers and any other high structures) with two emergency breaking safety device, a shock-proof system, a motorised (or engine or electric) winch and two lateral guiding tracks
CN104724644A (en) * 2015-03-30 2015-06-24 国家电网公司 Mechanical climbing device for electric tower or pole
CN105129578A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-09 梁伟联 Machine-room-less shaft-less wall-hanging elevator
CN105207091A (en) * 2015-09-18 2015-12-30 国网上海市电力公司 Hand-cranking movable type manned device for hot-line work of power equipment
CN105241647A (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-01-13 中国海洋石油总公司 Testing stand of external loads of underwater connector
CN105932910A (en) * 2016-07-06 2016-09-07 苏州库浩斯信息科技有限公司 Lifting magnetic levitation device
CN106006303A (en) * 2016-07-12 2016-10-12 天力博达科技有限公司 Indoor building construction hoist
CN107467988A (en) * 2017-09-30 2017-12-15 晏劭廷 A kind of extension picture auxiliary of adjustable limit
CN109011232A (en) * 2018-07-17 2018-12-18 王刚 A kind of escaping device for high-rise building
CN109850722A (en) * 2019-02-18 2019-06-07 王家孟 High building fire fighting rescue system
CN110255328A (en) * 2019-05-20 2019-09-20 泸州天府液压件有限公司 Skyscraper external hydraulic goes up and down fire-fighting system
CN110642131A (en) * 2019-09-28 2020-01-03 中建三局集团有限公司 Scaffold-free sectional installation construction method for super high-rise fire elevator

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102701044A (en) * 2012-04-18 2012-10-03 林智勇 Tire traveling elevator
CN102974056B (en) * 2012-12-03 2014-11-05 刘璐 Special fire-fighting rescue device
CN102974056A (en) * 2012-12-03 2013-03-20 刘璐 Special fire-fighting rescue device
CN103722034A (en) * 2013-11-17 2014-04-16 安徽科泰工贸有限责任公司 Wirelessly-controlled wire rope pulling machine
WO2015081423A1 (en) * 2013-12-06 2015-06-11 Benoit Jean-François An elevator system (for silos, reservoirs, wind aeolian structures, electric towers, radio towers and frequency signals transmission towers, any other towers and any other high structures) with two emergency breaking safety device, a shock-proof system, a motorised (or engine or electric) winch and two lateral guiding tracks
CN103663060A (en) * 2013-12-10 2014-03-26 南阳理工学院 High-rise building fire prevention and life-saving system
CN103935864B (en) * 2014-04-10 2016-07-06 上海三荣电梯制造有限公司 A kind of external hoistable platform of traction-type
CN103935864A (en) * 2014-04-10 2014-07-23 上海三荣电梯制造有限公司 Traction type external lifting platform
CN104022763A (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-09-03 北京国网富达科技发展有限责任公司 Portable lifting appliance
CN104724644A (en) * 2015-03-30 2015-06-24 国家电网公司 Mechanical climbing device for electric tower or pole
CN105207091B (en) * 2015-09-18 2018-10-09 国网上海市电力公司 A kind of charged electric power apparatus operation is with hand-operated moving formula manned device
CN105207091A (en) * 2015-09-18 2015-12-30 国网上海市电力公司 Hand-cranking movable type manned device for hot-line work of power equipment
CN105241647A (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-01-13 中国海洋石油总公司 Testing stand of external loads of underwater connector
CN105129578A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-09 梁伟联 Machine-room-less shaft-less wall-hanging elevator
CN105932910A (en) * 2016-07-06 2016-09-07 苏州库浩斯信息科技有限公司 Lifting magnetic levitation device
CN106006303A (en) * 2016-07-12 2016-10-12 天力博达科技有限公司 Indoor building construction hoist
CN107467988A (en) * 2017-09-30 2017-12-15 晏劭廷 A kind of extension picture auxiliary of adjustable limit
CN109011232A (en) * 2018-07-17 2018-12-18 王刚 A kind of escaping device for high-rise building
CN109850722A (en) * 2019-02-18 2019-06-07 王家孟 High building fire fighting rescue system
CN110255328A (en) * 2019-05-20 2019-09-20 泸州天府液压件有限公司 Skyscraper external hydraulic goes up and down fire-fighting system
CN110642131A (en) * 2019-09-28 2020-01-03 中建三局集团有限公司 Scaffold-free sectional installation construction method for super high-rise fire elevator

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN201261671Y (en) Tower barrel elevator
US7597175B2 (en) Reed's high-rise emergency rescue egress system
US4469198A (en) Outside rescue elevator system for high-rise buildings
CA1201693A (en) Climbing aid and safety descent device
US4865155A (en) High-rise fire fighting and rescue system
WO2012118273A2 (en) Train platform safety device
US20050087393A1 (en) High-rise fire-fighting, rescue and construction equipment
US20110250043A1 (en) Lifting systems for high-rise buildings
JP6101640B2 (en) Lifts for high-voltage power transmission towers and wind turbine towers
US5927440A (en) Mobile hoist system and method
CN104860161B (en) Intelligent and safe jacking equipment
JP6296249B2 (en) Very large elevator for building large ships and offshore plants
KR100476536B1 (en) Life saving, implement
US4018306A (en) Emergency building access apparatus
US4658934A (en) Elevating apparatus
CN201065593Y (en) Automatic open-type movable roof
CN103691072B (en) rescue system for high-rise building
CN203079478U (en) High-rise externally-arranged vehicle-mounted motorized fire rescue elevator
CN105233433B (en) The emergent saving oneself activity balcony of building
CN103362104A (en) Translational start-stop plane gate system for ship lock
CN101244320A (en) Mobile rescuing aerial ropeway
CN201474131U (en) Light automatic retractable roof
WO2013143423A1 (en) Mining elevator lapping platform suitable for flexible guide rail and mining elevator lapping method
CN101746690A (en) Accessible hydraulic lifting platform
CN105645226A (en) Household corridor suspender seat elevator

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication
C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)