CN1967091A - Wind-energy compressor using wind energy to compress air - Google Patents

Wind-energy compressor using wind energy to compress air Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1967091A
CN1967091A CN 200510123435 CN200510123435A CN1967091A CN 1967091 A CN1967091 A CN 1967091A CN 200510123435 CN200510123435 CN 200510123435 CN 200510123435 A CN200510123435 A CN 200510123435A CN 1967091 A CN1967091 A CN 1967091A
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energy
compressor
wind
bench
gases
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CN 200510123435
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Chinese (zh)
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李治国
田振国
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田振国
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Abstract

It relates to a wind energy heater using wind energy compressing gases. It has a pylon bench with a fixed windwheel, a compressor joint for windwheel and compressed gases. The compressor can change mechanical energy into heat through compressing of gases. Twp pressure tanks connect with intake and outlet valves of the compressor to adjust the air pressure inside the compressor. The pylon bench is divided into top and down parts, with a middle rotating table and the top of the pylon bench also being able to rotate. It can be used for indoor heating and hot water supply.

Description

一种利用风能压缩气体的风能加热器 Wind power utilizing wind energy of the compressed gas heater

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种利用风能压缩气体做功,把风能转换为热能的风能加热器。 The present invention relates to a wind energy acting compressed gas, to convert wind energy to wind the heater.

背景技术 Background technique

目前,利用风能加热的装置主要是把风能通过风力发电机转变为电能,再利用电热器加热以提供热能。 Currently, wind energy using a heating apparatus mainly lookout by wind turbines into electricity and then heated to provide the use of electric energy. 这种加热器存在着电能转化这个中间过程,降低了风能利用的效率;同时还需要增加电能储存装置,而现有的电能储存技术成本比较高,有的还对环境存在污染。 There is such a heater intermediate the electrical energy conversion process, reducing the efficiency of wind energy; also need to increase the electrical energy storage device, and the existing technology costs relatively high energy storage, and some of the environmental contamination.

发明内容 SUMMARY

为了克服有的风能加热装置不能充分利用风能,成本较高和环境污染的不足,本发明提供了一种把风能转变为热能的压缩式风能加热器。 In order to overcome some wind heating apparatus can not fully utilize wind energy, high cost and lack of environmental pollution, the present invention provides a wind energy into compression energy of wind heaters. 该风能加热器能够充分有效地利用风能,不污染环境,且制造成本低,安装使用方便。 The wind heater can be fully effective use of wind energy, pollution of the environment, inexpensive to manufacture, easy to install.

本发明解决其技术问题所采用的技术方案如下:风能加热器包括:动力装置、传动装置、能量转化装置、集热装置。 The present invention solves the technical problem using the technical solution as follows: Wind heater comprising: a power means, transmission means, the energy conversion means, collector means. 其中动力装置包括风轮和塔架,风轮固定在塔架上,塔架分为上下两部分,中间设有圆环状转盘,塔架上部分可转动,下部分固定在地上。 Wherein the power means comprises a tower and the rotor, the rotor is fixed to the tower, the tower is divided into two parts, with the intermediate annular dial rotatable tower portion, a lower portion fixed to the floor. 传动装置包括曲轴和传动杆或者主轴,曲轴或主轴通过轴承固定在塔架顶端,曲轴或主轴直接和风轮相连。 Drive means includes a crankshaft and a transmission rod or shaft, the crank shaft and the rotor is connected directly or through a bearing fixed to the top of the tower, the crank shaft or spindle. 能量转化装置为活塞式压缩机或离心式压缩机,活塞式压缩机通过传动杆和曲轴有效连接;离心式压缩机的主轴和传动装置中的主轴一体连接;活塞式压缩机或者离心式压缩机上有排气阀和进气阀,并和压力罐有效连接。 Energy conversion means is a piston compressor or a centrifugal compressor, a piston compressor is operably linked to a crankshaft via a drive rod and; Spindle and transmission means are integrally connected to a centrifugal compressor; piston type compressor or a centrifugal compressor an intake valve and an exhaust valve, and pressure tank and linked. 集热装置为水箱或集风器,转化装置固定在水箱或集风器中。 The collector tank or to the wind-collecting device, a conversion device is fixed in the water tank or the wind-collecting vessel. 风轮通过曲轴或主轴带动活塞式压缩机或离心式压缩机,压缩气体做功,把风能转化为热能。 A crankshaft driven by the wind wheel or spindle piston compressor or a centrifugal compressor, the compressed gas acting, wind energy is converted into heat. 水箱通过水管把热水送到室内暖气装置,集风器通过风管把热风导向室内。 Hot water tanks through pipes to the indoor heating means, the wind-collecting duct through the hot air guide chamber.

本发明的有益效果是:1.风轮通过能量转化装置把机械能直接转化为热能,取消了转化为电能再转化为热能这一中间过程,风能利用效率高。 Advantageous effects of the invention are: a wind turbine directly converted into mechanical energy by means of energy conversion of thermal energy, into electricity removed again into the middle of the process heat, wind energy utilization efficiency.

2.采用水或空气做集热材料,既降低了能量存储的成本,又不污染环境。 2. water or air as heat accumulating material, not only reduces the cost of energy storage, and no pollution.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1是采用活塞式压缩机的风能加热器的主视结构示意图图2为采用活塞式压缩机的风能加热器的左视结构示意图图3是采用离心式压缩机的风能加热器的主视结构示意图图4是采用离心式压缩机的风能加热器的左视结构示意图具体实施方式实施例1:参见图1、图2。 FIG. 1 is a front view of the piston compressor wind schematic structural diagram of the heater 2 by the piston compressor wind schematic structural view of a left heater Figure 3 is a front view of the structure of the heater wind centrifugal compressor Figure 4 is a schematic left view of the structure of a centrifugal compressor heater wind schematic DETAILED DESCRIPTION Example 1: Referring to FIG. 1, FIG. 图中:1.风轮,2.曲轴,3.连杆,4.压力罐,5.排气阀,6:.进气阀,7.水箱,8.压力罐,9.转盘,10.塔架,11.活塞,12.气缸。 FIG.:..... A wind wheel, a crankshaft 2, connecting rod 3, the pressure tank 4, the exhaust valve 5, 6 :. intake valve, the tank 7, 8 pressure tank, the turntable 9, 10.... tower, 11. piston, 12. cylinder.

风轮1和曲轴2连接在一起,曲轴2固定在塔架10上端。 The rotor 1 and the crankshaft 2 are connected together, the upper end of the tower 2 is fixed to the crankshaft 10. 活塞11通过连杆3和曲轴2连接在一起,随着曲轴2的转动在气缸12中作往复运动,压缩气缸12内的气体做功,把机械能转化为热能。 The piston 11 is connected via a connecting rod 3 and the crankshaft 2 together with the rotation of the crankshaft in the cylinder 122 is reciprocated, the compressed gas in the cylinder 12 work, the mechanical energy into heat. 热能通过气缸传导到收集热能的水箱中,水箱和室内的暖气装置或者热水储存器相连。 Heat conducted to the thermal energy collected by the air cylinder tank, the water tank and is connected to the room heating device or a hot water reservoir. 排气阀5安装在气缸12上,当气缸12中的气体的温度过高,压力太大时阀门打开,排除一定量的气体到压力罐4中,避免风轮1因为负荷过大而挺转。 Exhaust valve 5 is mounted on the cylinder 12, when the temperature of the gas in the cylinder 12 is too high, too much pressure when the valve is opened, a quantity of gas into the negative pressure tank 4, to avoid the wind turbine 1 as overload and turn quite . 进气阀6安装在气缸12上,当气缸12中的气体因为泄露而减少时,压力罐8就会把一定量的气体压入气缸12中,以补充里面的气体。 The intake valve 6 is mounted on the cylinder 12, when the gas in the cylinder 12 is reduced because of leakage, the pressure in the tank 8 will be pressed into a quantity of gas in the cylinder 12, to supplement the gas inside. 塔架10分为上下两部分,上部分可以随转盘9的转动而旋转,以调整风轮的方向,最大限度利用风能。 Tower 10 is divided into two portions, the upper portion may be rotated with the dial 9 is rotated to adjust the direction of the rotor, to maximize use of wind.

实施例2:参见图3、图4。 Example 2: see FIG. 3, FIG. 4. 图中:1.风轮,2.滑片,3.压力罐,4.集风器,5风管,6.塔架,7.转盘,8.风管,9.转子,10.压力罐,11.定子,12.集热器,13.主轴。 FIG.:.... A wind turbine, the vane 2, the pressure tank 3, the wind-collecting device 4, the duct 5, 6 of the tower, the turntable 7, the duct 8, the rotor 9, a pressure tank 10..... , 11 stator, 12. collectors, 13 spindle.

风轮1和转子9通过主轴13连接在一起,主轴13两端用轴承固定在集热器12上。 The rotor 1 and the rotor 9 are connected together through the spindle 13, both ends of the bearing shaft 13 is fixed to the collector 12. 转子9偏心安装在定子11上,当转子9转动时,滑片2在离心力的作用下压在定子11的内壁上,两个相邻滑片2之间的空间在转动的过程中不断变化,压缩气体做功,把机械能转化为热能。 The rotor 9 eccentrically mounted on the stator 11 when the rotor 9 is rotated, the slider 2 is pressed against the inner wall of the stator 11 under the action of centrifugal force, the space between two adjacent vane 2 rotates in the changing process, compressed work gas, the mechanical energy into heat. 定子11把热能传导到集热器12的空气中,集热器12固定在塔架上,下面和一个漏斗形的集风器4通过风管8有效连接,风通过集风器8进入集热器12种,再通过风管5把热风导向室内或者其他用热装置。 The stator 11 is conducted to heat the air collector 12, the collector 12 is fixed on a tower, a funnel-shaped and below the concentrator 4 through the duct 8 operably linked, into the collector 8 by the wind wind-collecting device 12 species, and then hot-air guide chamber 5 by heat or other means through the duct. 定子11的上面通过进气阀和压力罐3有效连接,当定子11内的气体泄漏过多时,压力罐3就会补充一定量的气体到定子11内。 The above stator 11 through an intake valve 3 and the pressure vessel operably linked when the gas leakage in the stator 11 is too large, the pressure tank 3 will add a certain amount of gas into the stator 11. 定子11的下面通过排气阀和压力罐10有效连接,当定子11内的气体因为温度过高,压力过大时便排除一定量的气体到压力罐10中,避免风轮因负荷过大而停止。 The following operably linked to the stator 11 through an exhaust valve and a pressure tank 10, when the inner stator 11 because the gas temperature is too high, then a certain amount of negative pressure is too large when the gas pressure in the tank 10, to avoid overload due to the rotor and stop. 塔架6分为上下两部分,上部分可以随转盘7的转动而旋转,以调整风轮的方向,最大限度利用风能。 6 tower divided into two parts, the upper portion with the rotation of the turntable 7 can be rotated to adjust the direction of the rotor, to maximize use of wind.

Claims (4)

  1. 1.一种利用风能压缩气体的风能加热器,包括风轮、压缩空气做功的能量转化装置,收集热能的集热装置,风轮固定在塔架上,其特征是:能量转化装置为活塞式压缩机或离心式压缩机,该压缩机和两个压力罐有效连接,风轮和曲轴或主轴连接在一起,固定在塔架上端,能量转化装置固定在集热器中。 A wind energy using wind compressed gas heater, comprising a wind turbine, the compressed air doing work energy conversion device, collecting means for collecting thermal energy, the wind turbine tower is fixed, characterized in that: the energy conversion device is a piston compressor or centrifugal compressor, the compressor and the pressure vessel is operably linked to two, the rotor or the main shaft and the crankshaft are connected together, the upper end of the tower is fixed, the energy conversion device is fixed in the collector.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的风能加热器,其特征是:能量转化装置为压缩气体做功,把机械能转化为热能的活塞式压缩机或离心式压缩机。 2. Wind heater according to claim 1, characterized in that: means is a compressed gas energy into work, the mechanical energy into piston compressor or a centrifugal compressor heat.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的风能加热器,其特征是:包含用于调整能量转化装置中气体压力的两个压力罐,能量转化装置通过进气阀和排气阀与两个压力罐连接。 3. The wind energy heater according to claim 1, characterized in that: the energy comprising two pressure tanks for adjusting the gas pressure conversion means, connected to the energy conversion through the intake and exhaust valves and two pressure tank means .
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的风能加热器,其特征是:塔架分为上下两部分,中间通过可转动转盘连接。 4. The wind energy heater according to claim 1, characterized in that: a tower divided into two parts, the intermediate connector by a rotatable dial.
CN 200510123435 2005-11-18 2005-11-18 Wind-energy compressor using wind energy to compress air CN1967091A (en)

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US7900444B1 (en) 2008-04-09 2011-03-08 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for energy storage and recovery using compressed gas
US7958731B2 (en) 2009-01-20 2011-06-14 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for combined thermal and compressed gas energy conversion systems
US7963110B2 (en) 2009-03-12 2011-06-21 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for improving drivetrain efficiency for compressed gas energy storage
US8037678B2 (en) 2009-09-11 2011-10-18 Sustainx, Inc. Energy storage and generation systems and methods using coupled cylinder assemblies
US8046990B2 (en) 2009-06-04 2011-11-01 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for improving drivetrain efficiency for compressed gas energy storage and recovery systems
US8104274B2 (en) 2009-06-04 2012-01-31 Sustainx, Inc. Increased power in compressed-gas energy storage and recovery
US8117842B2 (en) 2009-11-03 2012-02-21 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for compressed-gas energy storage using coupled cylinder assemblies
US8171728B2 (en) 2010-04-08 2012-05-08 Sustainx, Inc. High-efficiency liquid heat exchange in compressed-gas energy storage systems
US8191362B2 (en) 2010-04-08 2012-06-05 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for reducing dead volume in compressed-gas energy storage systems
US8225606B2 (en) 2008-04-09 2012-07-24 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for energy storage and recovery using rapid isothermal gas expansion and compression
US8234863B2 (en) 2010-05-14 2012-08-07 Sustainx, Inc. Forming liquid sprays in compressed-gas energy storage systems for effective heat exchange
US8240140B2 (en) 2008-04-09 2012-08-14 Sustainx, Inc. High-efficiency energy-conversion based on fluid expansion and compression
US8240146B1 (en) 2008-06-09 2012-08-14 Sustainx, Inc. System and method for rapid isothermal gas expansion and compression for energy storage
US8250863B2 (en) 2008-04-09 2012-08-28 Sustainx, Inc. Heat exchange with compressed gas in energy-storage systems
US8448433B2 (en) 2008-04-09 2013-05-28 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for energy storage and recovery using gas expansion and compression
US8474255B2 (en) 2008-04-09 2013-07-02 Sustainx, Inc. Forming liquid sprays in compressed-gas energy storage systems for effective heat exchange
US8479505B2 (en) 2008-04-09 2013-07-09 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for reducing dead volume in compressed-gas energy storage systems
US8495872B2 (en) 2010-08-20 2013-07-30 Sustainx, Inc. Energy storage and recovery utilizing low-pressure thermal conditioning for heat exchange with high-pressure gas
US8539763B2 (en) 2011-05-17 2013-09-24 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for efficient two-phase heat transfer in compressed-air energy storage systems
US8578708B2 (en) 2010-11-30 2013-11-12 Sustainx, Inc. Fluid-flow control in energy storage and recovery systems
US8667792B2 (en) 2011-10-14 2014-03-11 Sustainx, Inc. Dead-volume management in compressed-gas energy storage and recovery systems
US8677744B2 (en) 2008-04-09 2014-03-25 SustaioX, Inc. Fluid circulation in energy storage and recovery systems
US8733095B2 (en) 2008-04-09 2014-05-27 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for efficient pumping of high-pressure fluids for energy

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US8240140B2 (en) 2008-04-09 2012-08-14 Sustainx, Inc. High-efficiency energy-conversion based on fluid expansion and compression
US8763390B2 (en) 2008-04-09 2014-07-01 Sustainx, Inc. Heat exchange with compressed gas in energy-storage systems
US8733095B2 (en) 2008-04-09 2014-05-27 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for efficient pumping of high-pressure fluids for energy
US8733094B2 (en) 2008-04-09 2014-05-27 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for energy storage and recovery using rapid isothermal gas expansion and compression
US8713929B2 (en) 2008-04-09 2014-05-06 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for energy storage and recovery using compressed gas
US8677744B2 (en) 2008-04-09 2014-03-25 SustaioX, Inc. Fluid circulation in energy storage and recovery systems
US8627658B2 (en) 2008-04-09 2014-01-14 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for energy storage and recovery using rapid isothermal gas expansion and compression
US8479505B2 (en) 2008-04-09 2013-07-09 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for reducing dead volume in compressed-gas energy storage systems
US8474255B2 (en) 2008-04-09 2013-07-02 Sustainx, Inc. Forming liquid sprays in compressed-gas energy storage systems for effective heat exchange
US8448433B2 (en) 2008-04-09 2013-05-28 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for energy storage and recovery using gas expansion and compression
US8250863B2 (en) 2008-04-09 2012-08-28 Sustainx, Inc. Heat exchange with compressed gas in energy-storage systems
US8209974B2 (en) 2008-04-09 2012-07-03 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for energy storage and recovery using compressed gas
US8225606B2 (en) 2008-04-09 2012-07-24 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for energy storage and recovery using rapid isothermal gas expansion and compression
US7900444B1 (en) 2008-04-09 2011-03-08 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for energy storage and recovery using compressed gas
US8240146B1 (en) 2008-06-09 2012-08-14 Sustainx, Inc. System and method for rapid isothermal gas expansion and compression for energy storage
US8234862B2 (en) 2009-01-20 2012-08-07 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for combined thermal and compressed gas energy conversion systems
US8122718B2 (en) 2009-01-20 2012-02-28 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for combined thermal and compressed gas energy conversion systems
US7958731B2 (en) 2009-01-20 2011-06-14 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for combined thermal and compressed gas energy conversion systems
US7963110B2 (en) 2009-03-12 2011-06-21 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for improving drivetrain efficiency for compressed gas energy storage
US8046990B2 (en) 2009-06-04 2011-11-01 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for improving drivetrain efficiency for compressed gas energy storage and recovery systems
US8479502B2 (en) 2009-06-04 2013-07-09 Sustainx, Inc. Increased power in compressed-gas energy storage and recovery
US8104274B2 (en) 2009-06-04 2012-01-31 Sustainx, Inc. Increased power in compressed-gas energy storage and recovery
US8109085B2 (en) 2009-09-11 2012-02-07 Sustainx, Inc. Energy storage and generation systems and methods using coupled cylinder assemblies
US8468815B2 (en) 2009-09-11 2013-06-25 Sustainx, Inc. Energy storage and generation systems and methods using coupled cylinder assemblies
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US8117842B2 (en) 2009-11-03 2012-02-21 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for compressed-gas energy storage using coupled cylinder assemblies
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US8191362B2 (en) 2010-04-08 2012-06-05 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for reducing dead volume in compressed-gas energy storage systems
US8245508B2 (en) 2010-04-08 2012-08-21 Sustainx, Inc. Improving efficiency of liquid heat exchange in compressed-gas energy storage systems
US8234863B2 (en) 2010-05-14 2012-08-07 Sustainx, Inc. Forming liquid sprays in compressed-gas energy storage systems for effective heat exchange
US8495872B2 (en) 2010-08-20 2013-07-30 Sustainx, Inc. Energy storage and recovery utilizing low-pressure thermal conditioning for heat exchange with high-pressure gas
US8578708B2 (en) 2010-11-30 2013-11-12 Sustainx, Inc. Fluid-flow control in energy storage and recovery systems
US8539763B2 (en) 2011-05-17 2013-09-24 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for efficient two-phase heat transfer in compressed-air energy storage systems
US8806866B2 (en) 2011-05-17 2014-08-19 Sustainx, Inc. Systems and methods for efficient two-phase heat transfer in compressed-air energy storage systems
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