CN1963437A - Collecting method and apparatus for secretion from root system of plant in pot - Google Patents

Collecting method and apparatus for secretion from root system of plant in pot Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1963437A
CN1963437A CN 200610123460 CN200610123460A CN1963437A CN 1963437 A CN1963437 A CN 1963437A CN 200610123460 CN200610123460 CN 200610123460 CN 200610123460 A CN200610123460 A CN 200610123460A CN 1963437 A CN1963437 A CN 1963437A
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China
Prior art keywords
collecting box
root
collection
plant
secretion
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CN 200610123460
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CN100557407C (en
Inventor
沈宏
王占义
严小龙
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South China Agricultural University
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South China Agricultural University
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Abstract

This invention discloses one earth plant stem secretion collection method and device, wherein, the collection device comprises growth case and collection case with one block coated with film hole glass board and the upper and down layers of collection cases are connected to cathode and anode resin tubes through tubes. The collection method is to grow plant in the growth case earth and then to pass film into collected case with quartz and glass balls and then to process and collect plant stem secretion inside collection case.

Description

A kind of collection method of secretion from root system of plant in pot and gathering-device
Technical field
The present invention relates to the assembling sphere of secretions from plant roots, the collection method and the gathering-device of secretions from plant roots under particularly a kind of earth culture condition.
Background technology
At present, collect secretions from plant roots and generally adopt the solution collecting method, concrete operation method is: root system of plant is grown in earlier in the nutrient solution, changes over to then in the Treatment Solution, and after processing a period of time, collection and treatment solution is root exudates.Root exudates gathering-device as Chinese patent CN2581964YHE and CN1482443A design.The solution collecting method is simple to operate because of it, easy analysis, is widely adopted.Yet the root exudates that adopts the solution collecting method to obtain is difficult to the actual conditions of plant root exudation under the reflection edaphic condition.This main because: soil constituent complexity, the variation of nutrient existence form, skewness, and, most of available nutrient is adsorbed by soil colloid, can not arbitrarily spread, this shows under the earth culture condition, root system of plant suffers the actual conditions of nutrient dificiency or element toxicity to be different from hydroponics, thereby the root system secretion under soil cultivation and the hydroponics condition may be different.In addition, the solution collecting method root system secretion situation of shallow-layer root and deep layer root that is not easily distinguishable.Therefore, seek the collection method particular importance of secretions from plant roots under the earth culture condition.Work out not disturbance root growth, do not destroy rhizospheric environment, can obtain collection method and gathering-device that the different depth root system is secreted situation again, significant.Yet, also do not report about the collection method and the gathering-device of this root exudates both at home and abroad at present.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome the shortcoming that existing root exudates exists in collecting, a kind of not disturbance root system is provided, does not destroy rhizospheric environment, good reproducibility, recovery height, the collection method that can collect the secretion from root system of plant in pot of shallow-layer root and deep layer root secretion simultaneously.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of gathering-device that is used for the secretion from root system of plant in pot of above-mentioned collection method.
Purpose of the present invention realizes by following technical proposal:
A kind of collection method of secretion from root system of plant in pot, comprise the steps: that at first plant grows in the soil of growth case, because growing space restriction and action of gravity, root system of plant passes the film between growth case and the collecting box, enters the collecting box that silica sand/beaded glass potpourri is housed from the growth case; With soybean, corn is example, and after three weeks of growing, the plant root tip number has 80~90% to enter collecting box, and its weight of root system accounts for 30~40% of root system gross dry weight, and just can carry out the collection of root exudates this moment; Clean the collecting box that silica sand/beaded glass potpourri is housed with calcium liquid earlier, with treating fluid the root system that is grown in silica sand/beaded glass potpourri is handled then; After handling a period of time, again with the calcium liquid wash-out silica sand/beaded glass potpourri that is equivalent to 2 times of volumes for the treatment of fluid; Seepage flow is to pitch tube and by resin adsorption under the outflow solution; Last wash-out resin obtains secretions from plant roots.
Described film is a poly tetrafluoroethylene.
The pH value of described calcium liquid is identical with the pH value for the treatment of fluid.The preferred 0.5mM CaCl of described calcium liquid 2Solution.
Described treating fluid is nutrient dificiency nutrient solution or element toxicity solution.Described nutrient dificiency nutrient solution can be nitrogen stress, lacks phosphorus or potassium deficiency nutrient solution.Described element toxicity solution can be aluminium poison or manganese poison solution.
The volume ratio of described silica sand and beaded glass is 1: 1~3.Described silica sand diameter is 0.5~1mm.Described beaded glass diameter is 4~5mm.
Described resin comprises the Amberlite IR-120B type (H that is contained in the resin cation pipe respectively +Form) resin cation and be contained in Dowex1 * 8 types (100-200mesh, formate form) anionic resin in the resin anion (R.A.) pipe.
A kind of gathering-device that is used for the secretion from root system of plant in pot of above-mentioned collection method comprises growth case and collecting box, is provided with a perforation glass plate 7 between growth case and the collecting box, is pasted with film 4 on the perforation glass plate 7; The bottom of growth case is provided with osculum 6; The middle part of collecting box is provided with demarcation strip 11, and collecting box is divided into upper strata collecting box 10 and lower floor's collecting box 12; The side of upper strata collecting box is provided with collection hole 21, and collection hole 21 is connected with the upper end of conduit, and the lower end of conduit is connected with pitch tube 9, and conduit is provided with valve 8; The bottom of bottom collecting box 12 is provided with collection hole, and collection hole is connected with the upper end of conduit 14, and the lower end of conduit 14 is connected with pitch tube, and conduit 14 is provided with valve; The lower end of two pitch tubes is connected with an end of two return pipes 16 respectively, and the other end of two return pipes 16 communicates with top collecting box 10, bottom collecting box 12 respectively.
The side of described growth case is a modification of right-angled triangle plate.
Described film 4 is a poly tetrafluoroethylene.
Described demarcation strip 11 is " L " shape organic glass demarcation strip.
The bottom of described bottom collecting box 12 is a funnel-form.
Be equipped with screen cloth 13 between described collection hole and the conduit.
The junction of the collection hole of described bottom collecting box and the junction of conduit, two conduits and two tree vials is respectively equipped with rubber stopper 15, in case solution is revealed.
Be respectively equipped with wireway 17 on described two return pipes 16.
The present invention compared with prior art has following advantage and effect:
(1) the present invention is applicable to the research of secretions from plant roots under the soil cultivation condition, compares with water planting, more can reflect the actual conditions of plant root exudation under the earth culture condition.Because 60~70% being grown in the soil media of root system total amount, the secretion that this method is collected are approached whole strain plant and are grown in truth in the soil.
(2) not disturbance of the present invention root growth, do not destroy rhizospheric environment, collect environment and more press close to plant self-sow situation, avoided soil liquid sampler because of indeterminate root system position, sampling blindly, the shortcoming of easy damaged root system.And this method quantity of collecting root exudates is more than the root secretion that resin molding or filter paper directly are adsorbed on the root system surface collection, is easy to check and analysis.
(3) the present invention can collect the secretion of shallow-layer root and deep layer root respectively, can carry out dynamic collection to root exudates, continuity and good reproducibility.
(4) adopt poly tetrafluoroethylene that soil and silica sand/beaded glass potpourri are separated, stoped soil particle to enter collecting box, reduce soil particle the absorption of root exudates has been fixed, increased the collecting amount of root exudates, improved the test accuracy and the recovery.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the one-piece construction synoptic diagram of apparatus of the present invention.
(1, treat measuring plants; 2, glass plate; 3, soil; 4, poly tetrafluoroethylene; 5, slot; 6, osculum; 7, perforation glass plate; 8, valve; 9, pitch tube; 10, upper strata collecting box; 11, demarcation strip; 12, lower floor's collecting box, 13, screen cloth; 14, conduit; 15, rubber stopper; 16, "T"-shaped return pipe; 17, wireway, 18: beaded glass; 19: silica sand; 20: aperture; 21: collection hole.)
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment the present invention is done further detailed description, but embodiments of the present invention are not limited thereto.
The gathering-device of secretion from root system of plant in pot comprises growth case and collecting box.The side of growth case is a modification of right-angled triangle plate, and modification of right-angled triangle plate is provided with the organic glass plate 2 that is fixed with inclination between 5, two triangular plates of a slot parallel with hypotenuse by slot.Be provided with organic perforation glass plate 7 between growth case and the collecting box, be pasted with polytetrafluoroethylene film 4 on organic perforation glass plate 7, organic perforation glass plate 7 respectively be provided with up and down two row apertures 20, above two row the aperture correspondences upper strata collecting box 10, below two row the aperture correspondences lower floor's collecting box 12.The bottom of growth case is provided with osculum 6, and redundant moisture is drained by this hole in the soil.The middle part of collecting box is provided with " L " shape organic glass demarcation strip 11, and collecting box is divided into upper strata collecting box 10 and lower floor's collecting box 12 two parts.The side of upper strata collecting box is provided with collection hole 21, and collection hole 21 is connected with the upper end of grass tube, and the lower end of grass tube is connected with pitch tube 9, and grass tube is provided with valve 8.The bottom of bottom collecting box 12 is a funnel-form, and the middle of bottom is provided with collection hole, and collection hole is connected with the upper end of grass tube 14.For preventing that silica sand or beaded glass from stopping up grass tube 14, one 100 purpose stainless steel mesh 13 is placed in the porch on collection hole, plays a part to filter and the sand control leakage.The lower end of grass tube 14 is connected with pitch tube, and grass tube 14 is provided with valve.The collection hole of described bottom collecting box and the junction of grass tube 14 also are provided with a rubber stopper 15.The junction of two grass tubes and two tree vials also is respectively equipped with rubber stopper 15.The lower end of two pitch tubes is connected with an end of two return pipes 16 respectively, and the other end of two return pipes 16 communicates with upper strata collecting box 10, lower floor's collecting box 12 respectively.Be respectively equipped with wireway 17 on described two return pipes 16.
Growth is filled with soil 3 in the case, cultivates to remain measuring plants 1.
Being filled with diameter in upper strata collecting box 10 and the lower floor's collecting box 12 is the silica sand 19 of 0.5~1mm and the beaded glass 18 of diameter 4~5mm.Adopt layering to load mode during filling, one deck silica sand, one deck beaded glass, loading highly is 10cm.Upper strata collecting box 10 is used to collect the secretion of shallow-layer root.Lower floor's collecting box 12 is used to collect the secretion of deep layer root.
To treat that at first measuring plants corn sprouting seed is in the soil of growth case, after growth a period of time, because the guiding function that growing space restriction, action of gravity and organic glass plate 2 tilt, part root system of plant is grown downwards along organic glass plate 2, pass the polytetrafluoroethylene film 4 between growth case and the collecting box, enter the upper and lower collecting box that silica sand/beaded glass potpourri is housed from the growth case, after three weeks of growing, can carry out root exudates and collect.Use the 0.5mMCaCl of identical pH value earlier with treating fluid 2Solution cleans, and circulates 5 times, when content of material is very low in the solution of outflow to be cleaned, as organic acid, when inorganic ions concentration is lower than 0.1ppm, begins to carry out nutrient dificiency or element toxicity and handles: handle as lacking phosphorus, promptly handle root system with the nutrient solution that lacks phosphorus; The aluminium poison is handled, and promptly uses the 50 μ MAlCl of pH=4.5 3The solution-treated root system.After processing a period of time (being generally 4~12 hours), the calcium liquid wash-out silica sand/beaded glass potpourri with being equivalent to 2 times of volumes for the treatment of fluid carries out the collection of root exudates.Open valve 8, treating fluid flows into yin, yang ion exchange resin pipe with action of gravity, and secretion is adsorbed by the yin, yang ion exchange resin respectively.When treating that the effluent liquid level surpasses inflatable mouth (being the position of wireway on the "T"-shaped return pipe), treating fluid is blown in the collecting box by blower pump with return pipe 16, finish once circulation, circulation is 5 times so continuously, finishes the collection (circulation primary needs 3 minutes) of a root exudates.Use 8NHCOOH solution and 1N NH at last 4OH solution is wash-out yin, yang ion exchange resin respectively, collects eluate, obtains anionic and cationic root exudates respectively.

Claims (6)

1, a kind of collection method of secretion from root system of plant in pot, it is characterized in that comprising the steps: that at first plant grows in the soil of growth case, because growing space restriction and action of gravity, root system of plant passes the film between growth case and the collecting box, enter the collecting box that silica sand/beaded glass potpourri is housed from the growth case, treat just can carry out the collection of root exudates after accumulation has root system of plant in the collecting box; With treating fluid the root system that is grown in silica sand/beaded glass potpourri is handled then, used calcium liquid wash-out silica sand/beaded glass potpourri again; Seepage flow is to pitch tube and by resin adsorption under the outflow solution; Last wash-out resin obtains secretions from plant roots.
2, the collection method of secretion from root system of plant in pot according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described film is a poly tetrafluoroethylene.
3, the collection method of secretion from root system of plant in pot according to claim 1 is characterized in that: before collecting secretions from plant roots, clean collecting box with calcium liquid earlier.
4, according to the collection method of claim 1 or 3 described secretion from root system of plant in pot, it is characterized in that: described calcium liquid is 0.5mM CaCl 2Solution.
5, the collection method of secretion from root system of plant in pot according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the volume ratio of described silica sand and beaded glass is 1: 1~3; Described silica sand diameter is 0.5~1mm, and described beaded glass diameter is 4~5mm.
6, a kind of gathering-device that is used for the secretion from root system of plant in pot of each described collection method of claim 1~5, it is characterized in that: comprise growth case and collecting box, be provided with a perforation glass plate between growth case and the collecting box, be pasted with film on the perforation glass plate; The bottom of growth case is provided with osculum; The middle part of collecting box is provided with demarcation strip, and collecting box is divided into upper strata collecting box and lower floor's collecting box; The side of upper strata collecting box is provided with collection hole, and collection hole is connected with the upper end of conduit, and the lower end of conduit is connected with pitch tube, and conduit is provided with valve; The bottom of bottom collecting box is provided with collection hole, and collection hole is connected with the upper end of conduit, and the lower end of conduit is connected with pitch tube, and conduit is provided with valve; The lower end of two pitch tubes is connected with an end of two return pipes respectively, and the other end of two return pipes communicates with top collecting box, bottom collecting box respectively.
CNB2006101234609A 2006-11-10 2006-11-10 A kind of collection method of secretion from root system of plant in pot and gathering-device Expired - Fee Related CN100557407C (en)

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN102087173A (en) * 2010-11-05 2011-06-08 浙江大学 Root box test device used for rhizosphere microzone study
CN102175487A (en) * 2011-01-11 2011-09-07 南京大学 In-situ collection device for plant root secretions and application thereof
CN102589923A (en) * 2012-02-10 2012-07-18 浙江大学 Plant 13CO2 mark cultivation-root exudate collection integration device
CN102607892A (en) * 2012-02-24 2012-07-25 中国科学院亚热带农业生态研究所 Method and device for collecting and measuring leakage water of large-scale rice field undisturbed soil column
CN103776662A (en) * 2014-01-22 2014-05-07 福建农林大学 Collecting device and method of root exudates from xerophyte
CN104006988A (en) * 2014-05-26 2014-08-27 上海大学 Conical surface percolation type device and method for collecting root exudates of soil cultivation plants
CN104115689A (en) * 2014-07-04 2014-10-29 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 Live crop root compartment cultivation device and using method
CN104236947A (en) * 2014-09-10 2014-12-24 云南农业大学 Collection device for root exudates and using method of collection device
CN105115780A (en) * 2015-08-24 2015-12-02 成都中医药大学 Plant rhizosphere soil and rhizosphere exudate collecting device and method
CN105842014A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-08-10 四川农业大学 Simple soil seepage water collection device
CN105973632A (en) * 2016-05-05 2016-09-28 中国农业科学院烟草研究所 Plant root secreta generation and collection device and collection method thereof
CN106053135A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-10-26 中国科学院成都生物研究所 A grassland herbal plant root exudate in-situ collecting method
CN107976330A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-05-01 东北师范大学 The collection device in situ and method of secretion from root system of plant in pot and rhizosphere soil
CN110672351A (en) * 2019-11-08 2020-01-10 华南农业大学 Device and method for collecting root exudates of gramineous plants

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Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102087173A (en) * 2010-11-05 2011-06-08 浙江大学 Root box test device used for rhizosphere microzone study
CN102175487A (en) * 2011-01-11 2011-09-07 南京大学 In-situ collection device for plant root secretions and application thereof
CN102175487B (en) * 2011-01-11 2013-01-02 南京大学 In-situ collection device for plant root secretions and application thereof
CN102589923A (en) * 2012-02-10 2012-07-18 浙江大学 Plant 13CO2 mark cultivation-root exudate collection integration device
CN102607892A (en) * 2012-02-24 2012-07-25 中国科学院亚热带农业生态研究所 Method and device for collecting and measuring leakage water of large-scale rice field undisturbed soil column
CN102607892B (en) * 2012-02-24 2013-05-01 中国科学院亚热带农业生态研究所 Method and device for collecting and measuring leakage water of large-scale rice field undisturbed soil column
CN103776662A (en) * 2014-01-22 2014-05-07 福建农林大学 Collecting device and method of root exudates from xerophyte
CN103776662B (en) * 2014-01-22 2016-01-27 福建农林大学 A kind of xerophyte root exudates gathering-device and collection method thereof
CN104006988A (en) * 2014-05-26 2014-08-27 上海大学 Conical surface percolation type device and method for collecting root exudates of soil cultivation plants
CN104115689A (en) * 2014-07-04 2014-10-29 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 Live crop root compartment cultivation device and using method
CN104115689B (en) * 2014-07-04 2015-12-09 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 A kind of live body crop root locellus culture apparatus and using method
CN104236947A (en) * 2014-09-10 2014-12-24 云南农业大学 Collection device for root exudates and using method of collection device
CN105115780B (en) * 2015-08-24 2018-09-28 成都中医药大学 Plant rhizosphere soil and root rhizosphere secreta collection device and collection method
CN105115780A (en) * 2015-08-24 2015-12-02 成都中医药大学 Plant rhizosphere soil and rhizosphere exudate collecting device and method
CN105973632A (en) * 2016-05-05 2016-09-28 中国农业科学院烟草研究所 Plant root secreta generation and collection device and collection method thereof
CN105973632B (en) * 2016-05-05 2019-01-25 中国农业科学院烟草研究所 Secretions from plant roots generation and collection device and its collection method
CN106053135A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-10-26 中国科学院成都生物研究所 A grassland herbal plant root exudate in-situ collecting method
CN105842014A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-08-10 四川农业大学 Simple soil seepage water collection device
CN107976330A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-05-01 东北师范大学 The collection device in situ and method of secretion from root system of plant in pot and rhizosphere soil
CN110672351A (en) * 2019-11-08 2020-01-10 华南农业大学 Device and method for collecting root exudates of gramineous plants

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