CN1963403A - Measuring method of gas-liquid two-phase flow based on section measuring and apparatus thereof - Google Patents

Measuring method of gas-liquid two-phase flow based on section measuring and apparatus thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1963403A
CN1963403A CN 200610129787 CN200610129787A CN1963403A CN 1963403 A CN1963403 A CN 1963403A CN 200610129787 CN200610129787 CN 200610129787 CN 200610129787 A CN200610129787 A CN 200610129787A CN 1963403 A CN1963403 A CN 1963403A
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flow
phase
pipeline
gas
liquid
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CN 200610129787
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CN100437046C (en
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董峰
胡俊
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天津大学
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Abstract

This invention relates to gas and liquid measurement device and its method in flow measurement test technique field, wherein, the invention device is orderly set with electrical analyze imaging sensor array, pressure sensor, V shape inner tamper element and difference transducer set on flow saving elements; the tube is set with temperature sensor; the said each sensor and transducer are connected to data collection device to send data to computer. This invention also provides one measurement method for the device.

Description

Gas-liquid two-phase flow measuring method and device based on section gauge

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of gas-liquid two-phase flow measuring method and device, belong to the fluid metering technical field of measurement and test, be specifically related to process tomographic imaging technology, differential flow measuring technique and procedure parameter detection technique based on the responsive principle of electricity.

Background technology

The flow operating mode of biphase gas and liquid flow often runs in industry such as oil, chemical industry, energy source and power, metallurgy in the pipeline.The single-phase flow detection technique of maturation and measurement instrument are applied to measuring two-phase flow parameter are subjected to extensive studies, wherein, restriction device extensively applies to the measurement of two phase flow with the characteristics of himself.As, adopt the measurement of Venturi tube to vapour/water two-phase flow, adopt orifice plate to carry out the research of air/water two phase flow.Along with deepening continuously to the research of restriction device type, a kind of Novel V-shaped inner cone flow meter has appearred in twentieth century the mid-80, the notion that it is retracted to pipeline center's near axis with the fluid throttling fundamentally change into utilize coaxial be installed in ducted V-arrangement circular cone with fluid little by little throttling be retracted to the inner edge wall of pipeline, measure flow by the differential pressure of measuring before and after the V-arrangement cone.This V-arrangement inner cone flow meter is that differential pressure flowmeter has been opened brand-new one page.Through test of the research over more than 10 years and application, people understand it at large and accept it as a kind of more effective flow instrument at present.Facts have proved: utilize the interior cone flow meter of V-arrangement under shorter straight length condition, to realize more accurate more effective flow measurement to clean or dirty fluid with wideer range ratio.It will be following good direction that interior cone flow meter is applied to multiphase flow measurement.For this novel restriction device of V-arrangement inner cone can be applied in the industrial technology of China.

With traditional single-point, local measurement, develop into the measurement of multiple spot, cross-sectional distribution formula based on the process chromatographic imaging technology of the responsive principle of electricity to procedure parameter; It obtains the two-dimensional/three-dimensional distributed intelligence of pipeline or device interior two-phase/heterogeneous fluid under the situation of not destroying, disturb fluid to flow; For under industrial condition, providing a kind of means easily to the process of setting up based on thermokinetics, reaction kinetics and principle of hydrodynamics, the confirmation of device model; Can also be optimizing process equipment and Design of device, development technology, realization two-phase/heterogeneous fluid is carried, and the adjustment of reaction complex process provides information and auxiliary research means comprehensively and accurately with control.Particularly, at present, entered into the industrial applied research stage because characteristics such as it is simple in structure, response speed is fast and cost is low have obtained development faster.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of and existing gas-liquid two-phase flow measuring method, more accurate a kind of gas-liquid two-phase flow measuring method, and a kind of measurement mechanism that adopts this kind measuring method is provided.

The measuring method of the biphase gas and liquid flow that the present invention proposes comprises the following steps:

1) utilizes electricity chromatography imaging sensor array and the data collector image data that is arranged in the pipeline, carry out data analysis, image repetition and demonstration, and extract characteristic parameter, obtain flow pattern and the void fraction α of biphase gas and liquid flow in pipeline;

2) utilize the pressure transducer that is arranged in the pipeline to obtain the pressure P of two-phase flow in pipeline;

3) utilize V-arrangement internal cone type restricting element, and obtain the differential pressure Δ P of two-phase fluid at cut-off equipment upstream and downstream pressure port place through differential pressure transmitter M

4) utilize the temperature T of two-phase fluid in the temperature sensor measurement pipeline;

5), utilize the pressure P in the pipeline, the close ρ of gas under the temperature T evaluation work condition according to The Ideal-Gas Equation G

6) demarcate the efflux coefficient C of V-arrangement internal cone type restricting element and obtain correction factor θ by experiment;

7) according to formula x = θ θ + ( 1 - α α ) ρ L ρ G Calculate mass dryness fraction, in the formula, ρ LBe fluid density, under condition of work, be approximately a steady state value;

8) according to two-phase flow mixing quality flow formula under the different flow patterns: Q M = CA 2 Δ P M ρ L 1 - β 4 [ ( 1 - x ) θ + x ρ L / ρ G ] Calculate two-phase mixing quality flow, in the formula, A is the effective actual internal area of pipeline;

9), calculate gas phase mass flow and liquid phase mass rate respectively according to two-phase mixing quality flow and mass dryness fraction x.

The present invention provides a kind of measurement mechanism that adopts the biphase gas and liquid flow of above-mentioned measuring method simultaneously: be provided with electricity chromatography imaging sensor array, pressure transducer, V-arrangement internal cone type restricting element successively on the metering pipeline, with the supporting differential pressure transmitter that is provided with of restricting element, in the metering pipeline, also be provided with temperature sensor, described each sensor, differential pressure transmitter link to each other with data collector respectively, and the data of data collector collection are transferred into computing machine.

The present invention combines based on cone flow meter realization in the process tomographic imaging technology of the responsive principle of electricity and the V-arrangement the measurement of gas/liquid two-phase flow, based on the process chromatographic imaging technology of the responsive principle of electricity with traditional single-point, local measurement to procedure parameter, develop into the measurement of multiple spot, cross-sectional distribution formula, under the situation of not destroying, disturb fluid to flow, obtain the two-dimensional/three-dimensional distributed intelligence of pipeline or device interior two-phase; And, can realize more accurate more effective flow measurement with wideer range ratio to clean or dirty fluid under the shorter straight length condition and seldom destroy under the situation that fluid flows based on the measurement technology of V-arrangement inner cone; The present invention have do not need two be separated, do not need two-phase evenly mix, have temperature, pressure compensation, measuring accuracy height, reliable, can obtain characteristics such as metrical information is many, cost is low, usable range is wide.The present invention is applicable to the measurement of gas-liquid two-phase streaming system in the industries such as oil, chemical industry, energy source and power, metallurgy.

Description of drawings

Accompanying drawing 1 is a gas-liquid two-phase flow measuring apparatus structural drawing of the present invention.

Wherein: 1-measures pipeline; 2-electricity chromatography imaging sensor array; The 3-pressure transducer; 4-V shape internal cone type restricting element; The 5-temperature sensor; 6-data collecting card one; The 7-differential pressure transmitter; 8-data collecting card two; 9 computing machines.

Accompanying drawing 2 is 30 ℃ for working temperature, and working pressure is the interior correction factor θ of 0.15386-0.18067MPa scope and the relation curve of working pressure.

Embodiment

Below the present invention is further illustrated by drawings and Examples.

The measurement mechanism of biphase gas and liquid flow has metering pipeline 1, is provided with electricity chromatography imaging sensor array 2 successively on metering pipeline 1; Pressure transducer 3; V-arrangement internal cone type restricting element 4; Temperature sensor 5; Data collecting card 1; Differential pressure transmitter 7; Data collecting card 28 and computing machine 9.

Tested biphase gas and liquid flow enters metering pipeline 1, and electricity chromatography imaging sensor array 2 obtains the boundary survey voltage signal of representing two-phase flow cross-sectional distribution information and delivers to computing machine 9 through data collecting card 1.Pressure transducer 3 is used for detecting the two-phase flow working pressure and changes pressure signal into the standard electric signal delivers to computing machine 9 through capture card 28.Differential pressure pick-up 7 and the 4 supporting installations of V-arrangement internal cone type restricting element, differential pressure signal is transformed into the standard electric signal and sends into computing machine 9 through data acquisition system (DAS) 28.Temperature sensor 5 is used for detecting the two-phase fluid temperature and changes temperature signal into the standard electric signal delivers to computing machine 9 through capture card 28.In computing machine 9, be provided with memory module, the efflux coefficient of storage V-arrangement inner cone under different cone angles, different orifice size, different equivalent diameter ratio, different pipe diameter; According to the correction factor of the V-arrangement inner cone under different flow patterns that experimental calibration obtained, and data such as gas-liquid two-phase flow model and calculating formula thereof.Computing machine 9 is handled the signal that transmits through data collecting card 1 in real time, obtains the void fraction and the flow pattern of two-phase flow; Handle the signal that transmits through capture card 28 in real time, obtain the density of gas phase under different temperatures, the pressure duty; Select various flows to start building to do correction factor and the two-phase flow model and the calculating formula thereof of V-arrangement inner cone under the state, obtain gas-liquid two-phase flow separately respectively.

Need particularly point out the present invention and adopt cone flow meter in the V-arrangement, be since its have can be under shorter straight length condition, with wideer range ratio clean or dirty fluid is realized characteristic more accurate, more effective measurement, this characteristic is fit to the measurement of two-phase flow very much.

During two-phase flow process electricity chromatography imaging sensor array, send into the software package that data analysis, processing and image reconstruction algorithm are housed through the boundary voltage signal data that data collecting card 1 collects, again by certain algorithm, extract the parameter of two-phase flow, as void fraction and flow pattern etc., and can on screen, show the imaging results of measuring the cross section.About the two-phase flow characteristic parameter analysis of electricity chromatography imaging sensor array and system and the method for extracting, and cross-sectional image is rebuild and technique for displaying, the paper that can deliver referring to people such as Dong Feng: the 28th the 6th phase of volume of " chemical process automation and instrument " calendar year 2001 " application of Electrical Resistance Tomography in phase pipe flow is measured "; " instrument and meter for automation " 2002 the 23rd the 7th phases of volume " application of Electrical Resistance Tomography (ERT) technology in the identification two phase flow pattern "; " University Of Tianjin's journal " 2004 the 37th the 6th phases of volume " are used resistive layer and are tied to form picture commercial measurement vertical pipe gas/liquid phase seperation containing rate in two-phase stream "; " Chinese journal of scientific instrument " 2004 the 25th the 4th phases of volume " based on the vertical pipe flow pattern identification of ERT technology "; " FLOW MEASUREMENT ANDINSTRUMENTATION " 2003 the 14th volume 4-5 phases " Application of electrical resistancetomography to two-phase pipe flow parameters measurement "; And " IEEETRANSACTIONS ON INSTRUMENTATION AND MEASUREMENT " 2006 the 55th volumes the 5th phase " Two methodsfor measurement of gas-liquid flows in vertical upward pipe using dual-plane ERTsystem " etc.

The electricity chromatography imaging sensor array that present embodiment adopts, can adopt the sensor array in single cross section, also can adopt the sensor array of double sections, obtain relevant two-phase flow parameter, just adopt two-phase flow information that the sensor array of double sections obtains except flow pattern and void fraction, can also obtain the flow velocity of the discrete phase of two-phase flow.The image reconstruction algorithm that both adopt is identical.Relevant diphasic stream parameter obtains and the image repetition algorithm, the existing introduction in the paper of publishing.

Two-phase flow is during through V-arrangement inner cone restricting element, is subjected to that the gas-liquid two-phase mixture is long-pending to influence the flow pattern difference than what change, and its flow process can be used the separated flow model of correction and describe.The woods ancestor tiger relational expression that restricting element orifice plate of setting up according to the separated flow model of revising or Qiu Liguan measure the gas/liquid two-phase flow, it is simple in structure, correction factor only with gas-liquid two-phase density than relevant, irrelevant with gas phase or liquid phase flow, can revise and demarcate according to actual measurement data.Because the measuring principle of V-arrangement inner cone is identical with other restriction devices (as orifice plate, venturi etc.),, present embodiment is generalized to cone flow meter in the V-arrangement so will being used for the woods ancestor tiger relational expression of orifice plate and Venturi meter measurement biphase gas and liquid flow flow.

Two-phase flow total flow calculating formula:

Q M = ϵCA 2 Δ P M ρ L 1 - β 4 [ ( 1 - x ) θ + x ρ L / ρ G - - - ( 1 )

In the formula, Q MBe total mass flow rate, ε is the inflatable coefficient of measured medium, and C is a V-arrangement inner cone efflux coefficient, and A is the effective actual internal area of pipeline, Δ P MFor flowing through the differential pressure that the V-arrangement inner cone produces, ρ after gas, the liquid mixing LBe fluid density, ρ GBe gas density, β is a V-arrangement inner cone equivalent diameter ratio, and x is a mass dryness fraction, and θ is a V-arrangement inner cone correction factor.

Can be obtained by experiment for efflux coefficient C and V-arrangement inner cone correction factor θ thereof, according to the separated flow model of revising, gas phase is incompressible.In the application gas phase under condition of work because the amount of change of pressure much smaller than the absolute value of working pressure, can think that gas phase is an incompressible fluid, then ε=1.Then formula (1) is converted to:

Q M = CA 2 Δ P M ρ L 1 - β 4 [ ( 1 - x ) θ + x ρ L / ρ G ] - - - ( 2 )

Efflux coefficient C and V-arrangement inner cone correction factor θ thereof all can be obtained by experimental calibration, and known mass dryness fraction x can try to achieve the mixing quality flow of biphase gas and liquid flow, can try to achieve each mass rate mutually of gas-liquid according to the mixing quality flow and the relation of separate phase flow rate again.The present embodiment committed step is as follows:

(1) demarcation of V-arrangement inner cone efflux coefficient C

Efflux coefficient C is a most important parameter in the restriction device, and the existing efflux coefficient C that studies show that is mainly relevant with pipeline condition factors such as (as the tube wall roughness) with the flow condition (comprising Reynolds number, pipe diameter etc.) of the type of restricting element, opening diameter, ways of measure pressure, fluid.The key property of efflux coefficient C is a Reynolds number when fluid during greater than critical value (being generally when entering turbulence state), and C keeps constant.

Because V-arrangement internal cone type restricting element is not the standard restriction device, so its efflux coefficient C needs to demarcate by experiment.According to the separated flow model hypothesis of revising, gas phase is an incompressible fluid, and the two-phase efflux coefficient is identical.So, demarcate with liquid and gas respectively, and compare calibration result difference degree.The two-phase calibration result that is obtained in actual the demarcation is close, and desirable its mean value is as the efflux coefficient C of V-arrangement inner cone.Determine the relevant regulations that the C value can be demarcated for efflux coefficient according to GB/T 2624 (or ISO 5167):

C = Q m 1 - β 4 π 4 d 2 2 ΔPρ - - - ( 3 )

In the formula, Q mMass rate for monophasic fluid.Δ P is that monophasic fluid flows through the differential pressure that restricting element produces; D is equivalent opening diameter; ρ is the density of monophasic fluid.

(2) V-arrangement inner cone correction factor θ's determines

In V-arrangement inner cone restricting element, corresponding each working pressure point is set different gas phase flows and liquid phase flow respectively, obtains different two-phase flow proportionings, records Δ P respectively G(gas phase flows through the differential pressure of generation separately), Δ P L(liquid phase flows through the differential pressure of generation separately) and Δ P M(differential pressure that produces when flowing through simultaneously after the two-phase mixing) is organized into Ma Di (Martinelli) parameter inside With With Be horizontal ordinate, For ordinate carries out linear fit, its slope be to should the working pressure point correction factor θ under (or gas-liquid density than).

Fig. 2 is 30 ℃ for working temperature, and working pressure is the interior correction factor θ of 0.15386-0.18067MPa scope and the relation curve of working pressure.

(3) gas density ρ in the two-phase flow GDetermine

Because the gauge line channel ratio is shorter, can think the temperature unanimity of two-phase flow in the whole metering pipeline.Gas density in the time of can obtaining temperature T by The Ideal-Gas Equation:

ρ G = PT 0 ρ G 0 P 0 T - - - ( 4 )

In the formula, P 0And T 0For the pressure and temperature of standard state (1 standard atmospheric pressure, 273.15K); ρ G0Density for gas under the standard state.

(4) two-phase flow mass dryness fraction value x's determines

Obtain the flow pattern and the void fraction α of biphase gas and liquid flow according to electricity chromatography imaging sensor array and device; Can obtain pairing two-phase flow mass dryness fraction value by committed step (2) and formula (4):

x = θ θ + ( 1 - a a ) ρ L ρ G - - - ( 5 )

(5) two-phase flow mixed traffic and separate phase flow rate determines

Can obtain different flow pattern therapeutic method to keep the adverse qi flowing downward liquid two-phase mixing quality flows according to formula (2); Further can get:

Gas phase mass flow: Q G=Q MX; (6)

Liquid phase mass rate: Q L=Q M(1-x).(7)

Claims (2)

1. the measuring method of a biphase gas and liquid flow is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
1) utilizes electricity chromatography imaging sensor array and the data collector image data that is arranged in the pipeline, carry out data analysis, image repetition and demonstration, and extract characteristic parameter, obtain flow pattern and the void fraction α of biphase gas and liquid flow in pipeline;
2) utilize the pressure transducer that is arranged in the pipeline to obtain the pressure P of two-phase flow in pipeline;
3) utilize V-arrangement internal cone type restricting element, and obtain the differential pressure Δ P of two-phase fluid at cut-off equipment upstream and downstream pressure port place through differential pressure transmitter M
4) utilize the temperature T of two-phase fluid in the temperature sensor measurement pipeline;
5), utilize the pressure P in the pipeline, the close ρ of gas under the temperature T evaluation work condition according to The Ideal-Gas Equation G
6) demarcate the efflux coefficient C and the correction factor θ of V-arrangement inner cone by experiment;
7) according to formula x = θ θ + ( 1 - α α ) ρ L ρ G , calculate mass dryness fraction x; In the formula, ρ LBe fluid density, under condition of work, be approximately a steady state value.
8) according to two-phase flow mixing quality flow formula under the different flow patterns: Q M = CA 2 Δ P M ρ L 1 - β 4 [ ( 1 - x ) θ + x ρ L / ρ G ] Calculate two-phase mixing quality flow, in the formula, A is the effective actual internal area of pipeline;
9), calculate gas phase mass flow and liquid phase mass rate respectively according to two-phase mixing quality flow and mass dryness fraction x.
2. the measurement mechanism of a biphase gas and liquid flow, it is characterized in that: on the metering pipeline, be provided with electricity chromatography imaging sensor array, pressure transducer, V-arrangement internal cone type restricting element successively, with the supporting differential pressure transmitter that is provided with of restricting element, in the metering pipeline, also be provided with temperature sensor, described each sensor, differential pressure transmitter link to each other with data collector respectively, and the data of data collector collection are transferred into computing machine.
CNB2006101297877A 2006-11-30 2006-11-30 Measuring method of gas-liquid two-phase flow based on section measuring and apparatus thereof CN100437046C (en)

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