CN1961157A - Kazi - Google Patents

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Publication number
CN1961157A
CN1961157A CN 200580017774 CN200580017774A CN1961157A CN 1961157 A CN1961157 A CN 1961157A CN 200580017774 CN200580017774 CN 200580017774 CN 200580017774 A CN200580017774 A CN 200580017774A CN 1961157 A CN1961157 A CN 1961157A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
portion
member
spaced apart
rod
gap
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CN 200580017774
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Chinese (zh)
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CN100451357C (en
Inventor
中岛武司
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百乐仕株式会社
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Priority to JP160767/2004 priority Critical
Priority to JP2004160767 priority
Priority to JP155796/2005 priority
Application filed by 百乐仕株式会社 filed Critical 百乐仕株式会社
Publication of CN1961157A publication Critical patent/CN1961157A/en
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Publication of CN100451357C publication Critical patent/CN100451357C/en

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Abstract

提供一种容易从被固定对象取下的卡子,包括:包括第一件(1)和第二件(2)的两部分,第一件具有头部(4)和杆部(5),而第二件具有凸缘部(11)和支柱部(12),其中:在第二件的凸缘部中形成开口(13),并且使第二件的支柱部分隔开成为两个分开的支柱部(16),以在其间形成与开口连通的空隙(17),并将第一件的杆部插在分隔开的支柱部(16)之间,以及,其中:在分隔开的支柱部外周面垂向以多级方式设置径向方式凸出的弹性叶片(18)。 To provide a readily removed from the clip fixed objects, comprising: a first element comprising two parts (1) and a second member (2), the first member having a head portion (4) and a shank (5), and a second member having a flange portion (11) and the strut portion (12), wherein: forming an opening (13) in the flange portion of the second member, and the strut portion of the second member into two spaced apart struts portion (16), the slot (17) communicating with the opening formed therebetween, and the first lever member is interposed between the strut portion (16) spaced apart, and wherein: the spaced apart struts an outer circumferential surface of the vertical portion in multiple stages provided an elastic blade (18) radially projecting manner. 因此,如将第一件的杆部从第二件的分隔开的支柱部之间的空隙中拉出,第一件的杆部不在第二件的分隔开的支柱部之间的空隙中。 Thus, as the stem portion of the first member drawn from the gap between the pillar portion of the second member spaced apart from, the separation gap between the pillar portion of the opening portion of the first lever member is not in the second member in. 因此,如接着在握持第一件的头部同时,将第一件连同第二件一起从被固定对象中取下,空隙使分隔开的支柱部很大程度向内挠曲,从而容易取下卡子本身。 Thus, as the same time then the first member with a second member with a first holding member in the head is removed from the fixed object, so that the void portions spaced apart struts flex inwardly to a large extent, thereby easily take under the clip itself.

Description

卡子 Kazi

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种所谓的树型卡子,在例如将车辆内装饰材料固定到车身板上时使用这种卡子。 The present invention relates to a so-called tree clip, when using such a clip, for example, the decorative material is fixed to the vehicle body panel.

背景技术 Background technique

这种类型的常规卡子(在附图中未具体例示)是用合成树脂模塑成的单件,包括头部和从头部下表面延伸的杆部,并且这样构造,使得在杆部的相对外周面上沿垂向设置多级径向延伸的弹性叶片(例如,参见专利文献1)。 This type of conventional fasteners (not specifically illustrated in the drawings) is a molding of synthetic resin into a single member, comprising a head and a shank extending from the head lower surface, and configured such that an outer circumferential surface of the rod opposite the portion of the vertically disposed along an elastic multi-stage blades (e.g., see Patent Document 1) extending radially.

在用此常规的卡子将作为车辆内装饰材料的顶装饰固定到顶盖上的情况下,将顶装饰重叠在顶盖上,以达到它们的安装孔对准的状态,并且,将杆部压进安装孔。 In the case of using a conventional clip to the top of this decorative material as the vehicle trim secured to the top cover, the top decorative overlay on the top cover, to reach the state of their mounting holes aligned, and the shaft portion is pressed into the Mounting holes. 于是,在使弹性叶片穿过安装孔的过程中,弹性叶片受到安装孔内周面的挤压并弯曲,并且,在穿到安装孔背面侧之后,弹性叶片恢复其初始状态,从而,避免杆部脱离安装孔。 Thus, the elastic blade through the mounting hole, the mounting hole of the elastic blade is pressed and curved peripheral surface, and, after the through hole of the rear mounting, an elastic blade returns to its original state, thereby avoiding the rod portion from the mounting hole. 结果,使顶装饰固定在顶盖上。 As a result, so that the top is fixed to the decorative cover.

专利文献1:JP-A-8-159125发明内容本发明所要解决的问题据此,采用常规卡子的优点在于:通过选择性地利用多级弹性叶片,有效地吸收顶装饰和顶盖的总板厚,可以以单一的动作将顶装饰固定到顶盖侧上。 Patent Document 1: advantage problem JP-A-8-159125 SUMMARY OF INVENTION Problems to be Solved Accordingly, the conventional clip that: by selectively using the multi-stage elastic blades, effectively absorbed and the total decorative cover of the top plate thick, may be in a single operation to a top side of the cover is fixed to the decorative. 然而,另一方面,在从安装孔取下卡子以解除顶装饰与顶盖固定状态的情况下,必须在相反方向很大程度弯曲多级弹性叶片的同时,用力拉出卡子。 However, on the other hand, in the case where the clip is removed from the mounting hole to release the top cover decorated with the fixed state, in the opposite direction to be bent to a large extent, while the multi-stage elastic blade, pull firmly clamp. 所以,通常不可避免地使用工具,诸如开槽螺丝刀。 Therefore, generally used is inevitably tool, such as a slotted screwdriver. 当被固定的对象由易损材料制成,如顶装饰的情况,特别地,在拉出操作中的工具使用必须十分小心。 When the case is fixed to an object made of a consumable material, such as the top decoration, in particular, the tool used in the pull-out operation must be very careful. 因此,存在的缺点在于:即使结合工具的使用,卡子本身的拉出操作非常麻烦。 Thus, the drawback is that: even if the tool is used in combination, the clamp itself cumbersome operation to pull out.

解决问题的方案提出本发明以有效地解决上述常规卡子的问题,以及,在根据本发明的第一方面,卡子包括由第一件和第二件构成的两部分,第一件具有头部和杆部,以及,第二件具有凸缘部和支柱部,其特征在于:在第二件的凸缘部中形成开口,并且使第二件的支柱部分离开成为两个分隔开的支柱部,以在其间形成与开口连通的空隙,并且将第一件的杆部插进该空隙中,以及,其中:在分隔开的支柱部的外周面上,沿垂向以多级方式设置径向凸出的弹性叶片,从而,当通过开口将第一件的杆部插进分隔开的支柱部之间的空隙时,阻止分隔开的支柱部互相接近。 Solution to Problem The present invention is proposed in order to effectively solve the above problems of the conventional clip, and, according to the first aspect of the present invention, a two-part clip comprising a first member and a second member, the first member having a head and rod portion, and a second member having a flange portion and a strut portion, wherein: an opening is formed in the flange portion of the second member, and the strut portion of the second member away from a pillar portion two spaced apart to form a gap therebetween communicating with the opening, and the first lever member is inserted into the gap, and wherein: the spaced apart portions of the outer peripheral surface of the pillar, along a vertical path in a multi-stage manner projecting the elastic blade, so that, when the gap between the strut through the opening portion of the first portion of the rod member is inserted into spaced apart, to prevent the pillar portion spaced closer to each other.

根据本发明的第二方面是基于第一方面提出的,以及,其特征在于:在形成于第二件凸缘部中的开口的内周面上,设置接合台肩,以及,在靠近于第一件的杆部末端的外周面上,设置锁紧凸出,当从分隔开的支柱部之间的空隙中拉出杆部时,使锁紧凸出与所述接合台肩不可分地接合。 According to a second aspect of the present invention is proposed based on the first aspect, and characterized in that: the inner peripheral surface of the opening formed in the second flange portion, an engagement shoulder, and, close to the first one end of the stem portion of the outer peripheral surface of the locking projection is provided, when the lever portion is pulled out from the space between the spaced apart portions of the pillar, the locking projection engages with said engagement shoulder inseparably .

根据本发明的第三方面是基于第一方面或者第二方面提出的,以及,其特征在于:在靠近于第一件杆部末端的外周面上,设置侧锁紧凸出,以及,当从分隔开的支柱部之间的空隙中拉出杆部时,使侧锁紧凸出邻接第二件凸缘部的下表面。 According to a third aspect of the present invention is based on the first aspect or the second aspect of the proposed well, wherein: the outer peripheral surface close to the end of the first lever member, the side locking projection is provided, and, when the when the gap between the strut portion spaced apart from the lever portion is pulled out, the locking projection of the side surface of the lower flange portion adjacent the second member.

根据本发明的第四方面是基于第二方面或者第三方面提出的,以及,其特征在于:在靠近于第一件杆部基端的外周面上,设置装配凸出,以及,当将杆部插进分隔开的支柱部之间的空隙中时,使装配凸出与第二件侧的接合台肩可分离地接合。 According to a fourth aspect of the present invention is based on the second aspect or the third aspect of the proposed well, comprising: an outer peripheral surface of the lever member close to the first end of the base portion, a fitting projection, and, when the rod portion when inserted into the gap portion between the struts spaced apart in the convex fitting engagement with the engagement shoulder of the second side member detachably.

根据本发明的第五方面基于第一方面提出,以及,其特征在于:当将第一件的杆部插进分隔开的支柱部之间的空隙中时,至少使杆部与各分隔开的支柱部的下端部彼此不可分地连接,同时,当从分隔开的支柱部之间的空隙中拉出杆部时,解除杆部与各分隔开的支柱部的下端部之间的连接。 According to a fifth aspect of the present invention is proposed based on the first aspect, and characterized in that: when the gap between the pillar portion of the first lever member is inserted into the spaced-apart, at least a portion of each partition rod the lower end portion of the opening portion of the strut is connected inseparably to each other, while, when the stem portion is pulled out from the space between the spaced apart portions of the strut, the strut is released between the lower portion of the rod portion of each of the spaced apart connection.

根据本发明的第六方面是基于第四方面提出的,以及,其特征在于:将位于设置第一件装配凸出的部分之下的杆部部分,形成为细径部。 According to a sixth aspect of the present invention is proposed based on the fourth aspect, and characterized in that: the shaft portion is provided is located below the projecting portion of the first fitting member, is formed as a small diameter portion.

根据本发明的第七方面是基于第一方面至第六方面提出的,以及,其特征在于:在第二件的凸缘部的下表面中,形成平行于各分隔开的支柱部的凹槽。 According to a seventh aspect of the present invention is based on the first to sixth aspects raised, and characterized in that: the lower surface of the flange portion of the second member, a concave portion is parallel to the respective struts spaced apart groove.

根据本发明的第八方面是基于第一方面提出的,以及,其特征在于:在第一件的杆部上,以对角方式连续设置一对肋壁,以使肋壁和杆部能够形成S形横截面,以及,在第二件的分隔开的支柱部上,对角方式设置一对插接部,该对插接部分别接合进入杆部侧面与各肋壁内周面之间的空隙中。 According to an eighth aspect of the present invention it is proposed based on the first aspect, and characterized in that: a first portion of the rod member, continuous wall provided with a pair of ribs diagonally, so that the rib walls can be formed and the stem portion S-shaped cross section, and a pillar portion on the second member spaced apart from, the side surface portion between the rod and the inner circumferential wall surface of each rib provided with a pair of insertion portions diagonally, the pair of insertion into the engagement portions the gap.

根据本发明的第九方面是基于第一方面提出的,以及,其特征在于:通过小桥片,使第一件的末端缘与第二件的凸缘部的开口边缘一体成型,以及,随后按压第一件的头部,以使第一件的杆部和第二件的支柱部成一体。 According to a ninth aspect of the present invention it is proposed based on the first aspect, and characterized in that: the bridge piece by the end edge of the first member and the opening edge of the flange portion of the second member is integrally formed, and then the first head portion pressing member, so that the lever portion of the first strut member and a second portion of the integral member.

根据本发明的第十方面是基于第九方面提出的,以及,其特征在于:第一件的杆部具有形成为棱柱形的中心部,并且赋予中心部两侧的每一侧以T形,杆部末端侧上的T形部分削成楔面,从而使杆部末端的余部形成为矩形横截面,通过小桥片,使第一件的杆部在矩形横截面的四个拐角处连接在第二件凸缘部的开口边缘上。 According to a tenth aspect of the present invention is proposed based on the ninth aspect, and characterized in that: a first member having a stem portion formed in a prismatic-shaped central portion, and gives the central portion of each of both sides in a T-shape, T-shaped portion on the tip side of the rod portion shaved wedge surfaces, so that the remainder of the rod end portion is formed as a rectangular cross section, by a small bridge plate, the rod portion of the first cross member at the four corners of the rectangular cross section is connected the upper opening edge of the second flange portion.

根据本发明的第十一方面是基于第二方面提出的,以及,其特征在于:第一件的杆部具有形成为棱柱形的中心部,并且赋予中心部两侧的每一侧以T形,杆部末端侧上的T形部分削成楔面,从而使杆部末端的余部形成为矩形横截面,在矩形横截面形状的部分处设置锁紧凸出。 According to an eleventh aspect of the present invention is made based on the second aspect, and characterized in that: a first member having a stem portion formed in a prismatic-shaped central portion, and gives the central portion of each of both sides in a T-shaped , T-shaped end portion on the side of the rod portion shaved wedge surfaces, so that the remainder of the rod end portion is formed as a rectangular cross-section, is provided at the portion of a rectangular cross-sectional shape of the locking projections.

根据本发明的第十二方面是基于第一方面提出的,以及,其特征在于:第一件的杆部具有棱柱形状,以及,以对角方式在其角部形成凹口,同时,使在第二件的分隔开的支柱部之间形成的空隙与杆部的横截面形状相似。 According to a twelfth aspect of the present invention is proposed based on the first aspect, and characterized in that: a first lever member having a prismatic shape, and to form a recess in its corner portions diagonally, while the first similar cross-sectional shape of the void portion formed in the rod portion spaced apart between the struts of the two.

根据本发明的第十三方面是基于第一方面至第十二方面提出的,以及,其特征在于:在第一件的头部与第二件的凸缘部之间形成空隙,以及,使头部的外径大于凸缘部的外径。 According to a thirteenth aspect of the present invention is based on the first aspect to twelfth aspects set forth and characterized in that: a gap is formed between the head of the first member and the flange portion of the second member, and the an outer diameter larger than the outer diameter of the head portion of the flange portion.

本发明的优点据此,在根据本的发明中第一方面,在固定所要固定对象的情况下,如果将第一件的杆部插进形成在第二件的分隔开的支柱部之间的空隙中,并且推进所要固定对象的安装孔中,可阻止分隔开的支柱部互相接近。 Accordingly advantages of the present invention, between the present invention in a first aspect, in the case of fixing the object to be fixed, if the lever member is inserted into the first portion is formed spaced apart in a second strut member voids, and to promote the object to be fixed in the mounting hole, the pillar portion can be prevented spaced close to each other. 所以,按照与常规情况下相同的方式,依靠设置在分隔开的支柱部外周面上的多级弹性叶片的作用,能将所要固定的对象可靠地固定。 Therefore, in the same manner as the conventional case, the role of relying disposed spaced apart elastic multi-stage blade outer peripheral surface of the pillar portion, can be reliably fixed to a fixed object.

另一方面,在从被固定对象的安装孔中取下卡子本身以解除被固定对象的固定状态时,如果从第二件分隔开的支柱部之间的空隙中拉出第一件的杆部,第一件的杆部就不再位于第二件的分隔开的支柱部之间形成的空隙中。 On the other hand, when removing the clip from the mounting hole of the fixing itself object is fixed to release the fixed state of the object, if the first rod member is pulled out from the gap between the spaced apart portions of the second strut member portion, the first portion of the rod member is no longer positioned between the pillar portion is formed a gap spaced apart from the second member. 所以,如果之后握持第一件头部的同时,将第一件与第二件一起从被固定对象中取出,通过该空隙使分隔开的支柱部很大程度上向内挠曲,因而,能以操作人员的手指施加较轻的力容易地取下卡子本身,而不需要使用工具。 So, after a while if the holding head of the first member, the first member and the second member removed together from the fixed object, by making the void portion largely spaced struts flex inwardly, thereby , a small force can be applied to the operator's finger clip itself be easily removed without the use of tools. 另外,因为实际上不需要在相反的方向上弯曲多级弹性叶片,所以,如果在取下之后重新使用该卡子,在其保持力上的降低比较小。 Further, because in fact no need to bend the elastic multi-stage blades in opposite directions, so that, if the clip reused after removal, decrease in the holding force thereof is relatively small.

在根据本发明中的第二方面,在从被固定对象的安装孔中取下卡子的情况下,如果试图从第二件的支柱部中拉出第一件的杆部,使设置在第一件杆部上的锁紧凸出,与设置在第二件开口的内周面侧的接合台肩不可分地接合,因而,能以较轻的力量将第二件与第一件一起取下。 In accordance with a second aspect of the present invention, in the case of removing the clip from the mounting hole is fixed object, if the attempt to pull out the first lever member from a portion of the second strut member, provided that the first a locking projection on the lever member, inseparably engaged with an engagement shoulder of the second side of the inner peripheral surface of the member opening, and thus, the second member can be removed together with the first member with a light force.

在根据本发明中的第三方面,在从被固定对象的安装孔取下卡子的情况下,如果试图从第二件的支柱部拉出第一件的杆部,使锁紧凸出与接合台肩接合,而侧锁紧凸出邻接第二件凸缘部的下表面,因而,能更可靠地阻止第一件和第二件错误地分离。 In a third aspect of the present invention, in the case of removing the clip from the mounting hole is fixed to the object, if the try to pull the first member from the stem portion of the second strut member, and engaging the locking projection engaging the shoulder, the locking projection and the side surface of the lower portion adjacent the second flange, therefore, possible to more reliably prevent the first member and a second member separated from incorrectly.

在根据本发明中的第四方面,如果将第一件的杆部插进分隔开的支柱部之间的空隙中,使设置在第一件杆部上的装配凸出与设置在第二件开口的内周面侧上的接合台肩接合,因而,不存在两部件在运送和处理期间分开的可能性。 In a fourth aspect of the present invention, if the stem portion of the first member is inserted into the gap between the strut portions spaced apart in the assembly is provided with a projecting member disposed on a first portion of the second shaft engage the shoulder on the inner circumferential surface of the opening side of the engagement member, and therefore, the possibility of the two parts separate during shipping and handling is not present. 另外,因为使装配凸出与接合台肩可分离地接合,所以,不用过大的力量,就能从第二件中拉出第一件。 Further, since the projection is engaged with the assembly so that the shoulder is detachably engaged, so that no excessive force, can be pulled out of the first member from the second member.

在根据本发明中的第五方面,如果将第一件的杆部插进第二件分隔开的支柱部之间的空隙中,使杆部与分隔开的支柱部彼此连接,以使其彼此不可分。 In a fifth aspect of the present invention, if the stem portion of the first member is inserted into the gap between the strut portions spaced apart a second member, the rod portion and the support portion spaced apart to each other, such that inseparable from each other. 所以,如果将处于此状态下的卡子插入所要固定对象的安装孔,即使分隔开的支柱部16的下端缘抵触并接触安装孔的孔缘,也不存在分隔开的支柱部16的下端部反向折起且不能压进的可能性。 Therefore, if the clip is inserted in this state of the object to be fixed mounting hole, even if the pillar portion spaced apart from the lower edge of the contact hole 16 is in abutment against the edge of the mounting hole, there is no lower pillar portion 16 spaced reverse folded portion and can not be pressed into the possibilities.

在根据本发明中的第六方面,由于在设置装配凸出的部分之下的杆部的部分中形成细径部的关系,在经解除装配凸出与接合台肩之间的接合、从第二件侧拉出第一件杆部的情况下,拉出阻力在早期阶段尤其减小,因而,使拉出容易。 In a sixth aspect of the present invention, since the relationship between the small diameter portion is formed in the portion of the rod portion disposed below the fitting projecting portion, by releasing the engagement between the fitting projection and the engagement shoulder, from the case where two sides of the pull-out portion of the first rod member, in particular, pull-out resistance is reduced at an early stage, and thus the easy pull-out.

在根据本发明中的第七方面,由于第二件凸缘部的下表面具有凹槽的关系,在诸如被固定对象的总板厚较薄的情况下,很难使分隔开的支柱部中靠近凸缘部的部分向内挠曲。 In accordance with a seventh aspect of the present invention, since the second lower surface of the flange portion of the groove having a relationship, such as in the case where the total thickness is thinner fixed object, it is difficult to make pillars spaced apart portions near the inward flexure of the flange portion. 然而,此时,因为依靠凹槽使第二件的凸缘部自身挠曲,所以,能促进分隔开的支柱部的向内挠曲。 However, at this time, since the flange portion of the second groove rely itself deflection member, thus, can promote flex inwardly spaced strut portion.

在根据本发明中的第八方面,由于在第一件杆部上对角方式设置一对肋壁、以使肋壁和杆部能够形成S形横截面的关系,肋壁和杆部的壁厚可以形成得较厚,从而能达到较高的刚性。 In accordance with an eighth aspect of the present invention, since a pair of rib walls diagonally to the first lever member, so that the ribs and the stem wall portion can be formed in the relations S-shaped cross section, and the stem wall rib wall portion thicker thickness can be formed, which can achieve high rigidity. 同时,在第一件和第二件成一体的状态下,末端的形状可以形成得更尖,使得可引导性也得到改善。 Meanwhile, in the first member and a second member integral state, the shape of the tip can be formed to be sharp, so that the guide can be also improved. 另外,由于分隔开的支柱部的插接部接合进杆部侧面与肋壁内表面之间的空隙的关系,使杆部和各分隔开的支柱部的下端部连接,以使其彼此不能分开。 Further, since the insertion portion of the pillar portion spaced relation engage into the gap between the inner surface of the rib side wall portions rod, the rod portion and the lower portion of each of the spaced apart portion of the strut is connected to each other so as to It can not be separated.

在根据本发明中的第九方面,由于依靠小桥片使第一件的末端缘与第二件凸缘部的开口边缘一体成型的关系,仅仅通过向第二件的支柱部内按压第一件的头部同时切断小桥片,就能使第一件和第二件成一体,因而,使得两部件的装配操作相当容易。 In accordance with a ninth aspect of the present invention, since the relation that the sheet relying bridges the opening edge integrally formed with the second end edge of the flange portion of the first member, only by pressing the first portion of the second member into the strut member sheet while cutting off the head bridges, can make the first member and the second member is integral, so that the two parts of the fitting operation is relatively easy.

在根据本发明中的第十方面,由于依靠小桥片使第一件杆部在其末端矩形横截面的四个末端拐角处与第二件凸缘部的开口边缘连接的关系,能有效地避免第一件相对第二件倾斜或者摇动,同时使得能以较小的力量切断小桥片,因而,能更容易地进行两部件的装配操作。 In accordance with a tenth aspect of the present invention, since the first sheet member bridges rely lever portion at its end a rectangular cross-section of the four corners of the end of the relationship between the opening edge of the flange portion is connected to the second member, can be effectively prevent the first member relative to the second member to tilt or pan, while small force enables the cutting bridge piece, and therefore, can be more easily performed two parts of the assembly operation. 另外,借助于楔面的存在,即使出现切屑等,也能将第一件的杆部可靠地插进第二件侧上的空隙。 Also, by virtue of the presence of the wedge surface, even if chips and the like occurs, but also the first lever member can be reliably inserted into a space of the second side member.

在根据本发明中的第十一方面,由于在第一件中具有矩形横截面形状的杆部末端处设置锁紧凸出的关系,可以尽可能地靠近杆部末端侧的位置处设置锁紧凸出。 Locking provided at a position according to an eleventh aspect of the present invention, since the rod portion is provided at the end of a rectangular cross-sectional shape of the first locking member projecting relationship may be close to the rod end side portion as much as possible bulge. 所以,当使锁紧凸出与第二件侧上的接合台肩接合时,在第二件的分隔开的支柱部之间形成的空隙中不再存在障碍,使得分隔开的支柱部能容易地向内挠曲。 Therefore, when the locking projection is engaged with the engagement shoulder on the second member side, spaced apart voids formed in a portion of the second strut member is no longer between the obstacles, so that the strut portion spaced apart It can be easily flexed inward.

在根据本发明中的第十二方面,由于在第一件的棱柱形杆部上对角方式在角部处形成凹口,并且使得第二件侧上的空隙与杆部的横截面形状相似,在杆部的宽度方向上施加负荷的情况下,杆部的凸出端缘邻接被固定对象安装孔的孔缘,从而能避免偏移。 In the twelfth aspect of the present invention, since a notch is formed diagonally at the corners in the prismatic portion of the first rod member, and such that the gap cross-section portion of the rod member on the second side of a similar shape , a case where a load is applied in the width direction of the rod portion, the rod portions projecting edge abutting the edge of the hole to be fixed object mounting hole, the offset can be avoided. 同时,可以避免各分隔开的支柱部向杆部侧的倾倒,并且还可以避免分隔开的支柱部对安装孔孔缘的拍击。 At the same time, the strut portion can be avoided each spaced apart tilted to the side of the rod portion, and may also prevent rattling of the pillar portion spaced apart pair of mounting holes in the edge of the hole.

在根据本发明中的第十三方面,由于在第一件的头部和第二件的凸缘部之间形成空隙的关系,当试图从分隔开的支柱部之间的空隙拉出第一件的杆部时,可以抬起第一件的头部,使得能非常容易地进行操作。 In the thirteenth aspect of the present invention, since the relationship between the head gap and the flange portion of the first member of the second member, when trying to pull out from the space between the first portion spaced struts a lever portion, the head portion of the first member can be lifted, so that the operation can be very easily performed.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1是例示根据本发明第一实施方式的卡子的外部透视图;图2(A)是图1中AA线的剖视图;图2(B)是图1中BB线的剖视图;图3(A)是例示第一件的正视图;图3(B)是其侧视图;图4(A)是图3(A)中CC线的剖视图;图4(B)是图3(B)中DD线的剖视图;图5(A)是例示第二件的正视图; FIG. 1 is an external perspective view of the clip of the first embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 2 (A) is a cross-sectional view of Figure 1 along the line AA; FIG. 2 (B) is a sectional view of a line BB; FIG. 3 (A ) is a diagram illustrating a first member of a front view; FIG. 3 (B) is a side view; FIG. 4 (a) in FIG. 3 a sectional view (a) of the line CC; FIG. 4 (B) is a view 3 (B) in the DD line cross-sectional view; FIG. 5 (a) is a front view illustrating a second member;

图5(B)是图5(A)中EE线的剖视图;图6是例示使第一件与第二件成一体的状态的剖视图;图7(A)是例示用卡子将顶装饰固定在顶盖上的状态的剖视图;图7(B)是图7(A)中FF线剖视图;图8是例示从第二件的空隙中拉出第一件的状态的剖视图;图9是例示根据本发明第二实施方式的卡子的外透视图;图10(A)是图9中GG线的剖视图;图10(B)是图9的HH线的剖视图;图11(A)是例示使第一件与第二件成一体的状态的剖视图;图11(B)是图11(A)中II线的剖视图;以及图12是例示一对分隔开的支柱很大程度向内挠曲的状态的剖视图。 FIG 5 (B) is a diagram 5 (A) a cross-sectional view of line EE; FIG. 6 is a sectional view illustrating that the integrated state of the first member and the second member; FIG. 7 (A) is a diagram illustrating a clip to a top decorative fixed cross-sectional view of the cap; FIG. 7 (B) are diagrams 7 (a) in the line FF cross-sectional view; FIG. 8 is a diagram illustrating a cross-sectional view illustrating a state of the first member is pulled out from the gap of the second member; and FIG. 9 is a view illustrating an outer perspective view of the clip of the second embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 10 (a) is a sectional view along line GG of FIG. 9; FIG. 10 (B) is a sectional view along line HH of FIG. 9; FIG. 11 (a) is a diagram illustrating the first and a cross-sectional view of an integral member of a second state; FIG. 11 (B) is a sectional view of FIG. 11 (a) line II; and FIG. 12 is a diagram illustrating a pair of spaced apart struts large degree of flexing inwardly a cross-sectional view of a state.

标号说明1:第一件2:第二件3:小桥片4:扩大头部4a:台阶部5:杆部5a:凹口部6:肋壁7:楔面8:锁紧凸出9:装配凸出10:细径部11:凸缘部11a:台阶部12:支柱部13:开口 Reference numeral 1: the first member 2: The second 3: bridges sheet 4: an enlarged head 4a: the stepped portion 5: rod portion 5a: notch portion 6: rib walls 7: wedge surfaces 8: locking projection 9 : fitting projection 10: small-diameter portion 11: flange portion 11a: stepped portion 12: pillar portion 13: opening

14:凹槽15:接合台肩16:分隔开的支柱部16a:凸出部16b:插接部17:空隙18:弹性叶片19:连接槽20:间隙21:侧锁紧凸出P1:顶装饰H1:安装孔P2:顶盖H2:安装孔具体实施方式在本发明中,所谓的树式卡子配置成包括第一件和第二件,并且使第一件和第二件有机地结合。 14: groove 15: engaging shoulder 16: the pillar portion 16a spaced apart: projection 16b: insertion portion 17: gap 18: the elastic blade 19: connecting groove 20: gap 21: convex side locking P1: top decoration H1: mounting hole P2: cover H2: mounting hole DETAILED DESCRIPTION in the present invention, a so-called tree-type clip configured to include a first member and a second member, and the first member and the second member combined organic . 在固定所要固定对象的情况下,随着将第一件插进第二件侧,达到第一件和第二件成一体,并且,在此状态下使用此卡子。 In the case of fixing the object to be fixed, as the first member into the second member side, reaches the first member and the second member is integral, and, using this clip in this state. 另一方面,在从被固定对象的安装孔中取下卡子以解除被固定对象固定状态的情况下,只需借助于必要的部分从第二件侧拉出第一件,使第二件的分隔开的支柱部向内挠曲,从而使得能从安装孔中将第一件与第二件一起简单地取下。 On the other hand, in the case where the clip is removed from the mounting hole of the fixing object is fixed to release the fixed state of the object, only the necessary portion by means of pulling the first member from the second member, the second member pillar portion spaced inwardly flex, so that the mounting holes in the first member from easily detached together with the second member.

第一实施方式下面,基于附图中例示的优选实施方式,对本发明进行详细描述。 First Embodiment Hereinafter, preferred embodiments based on the drawings shown embodiment, the present invention will be described in detail. 与常规的单件不同,根据第一实施方式的卡子由两部分组成,包括第一件1和第二件2。 Different from conventional one-piece, according to a first embodiment of the clip consists of two parts, comprising a first member 1 and second member 2. 特征在于:第一件1和第二件2由合成树脂一体成型,如图1所示。 Characterized in that: a first member 1 and second member 2 are integrally molded of a synthetic resin, as shown in FIG. 应当注意到,在一体成型时,这样设置排列,如图2所示,第一件1和第二件2在轴向上彼此偏移开,并且,用四个小桥片3使其彼此连接,同时,第一件1的杆部5(下文描述)的末端,与第二件2的开口13(下文描述)的边缘对齐。 It should be noted that, during integral molding, arranged such arrangement, shown in Figure 2, the first member 1 and second member 2 are offset from each other in the axial direction and, with four bridges are connected to each other so that sheet 3 while the end of the first lever member 5 (described below) 1, the opening 13 of the second member 2 (described below) is aligned with the edge. 在这种状态下,在切断小桥片3的同时,将第一件1压进第二件2,从而,能非常简单地达到第一件1和第二件2形成一体的状态。 In this state, while the cutting of the bridge plate 3, the first member 1 is pressed into the second member 2, and thus, can be formed very simply going to state a first integral member 1 and second member 2.

据此,首先,描述第一件1的结构。 Accordingly, First, the structure of the first member 1. 如图3以及图4所示,第一件1包括:盘状扩大头部4,其尺寸适合于握持;以及,棱柱形杆部5,从扩大头部4的下表面延伸。 3 and 4, the first member 1 comprises: a disk-shaped enlarged head 4, which is sized to grip; and a prismatic stem portion 5, extending from the lower surface of the enlarged head 4. 对于后述的杆部5,在角部上对角方式形成凹口部5a,使横截面形状成为以中心线作为分界线,相对宽度方向,凹口部5a左右错开布置。 The rod portion 5 to be described later, is formed on the corner portion of the recess portion 5a diagonally, so that the cross-sectional shape into a center line as the dividing line, relative to the width direction, the left and right notch portions 5a are arranged offset. 此外,一对肋壁6在轴向连续形成在两个侧面上,各肋壁6为T形,用于接合进入下述第二件2的连接槽19中。 Further, the pair of rib walls 6 are formed continuously on both sides in the axial direction, each rib wall 6 is T-shaped, for engaging into the groove of the second member 2 is connected below 19. 特别地,在杆部5的末端侧上,将各肋壁6削成楔面7,从而仅将余部分形成为矩形横截面形状,并且,使上述的小桥片3连接到矩形横截面形状的四个拐角上。 In particular, on the end side of the rod 5, each rib walls 6 shaved wedge surface 7, so that only the remaining portion is formed as a rectangular cross-sectional shape, and the sheet so that the bridge 3 is connected to the rectangular cross sectional shape on the four corners. 此外,在各小桥片3上方的外周面上,设置一对锁紧凸出8,该对锁紧凸出8与下述第二件2的接合台肩15分别不可分地接合。 Further, the outer peripheral surface of each of the upper bridge piece 3 is provided a pair of locking projections 8, the pair of locking projections 8 are inseparably engaged with the engaging member 2 of the second shoulder 15 below. 应当注意到,为了使锁紧凸出8和接合台肩15不可分地接合,将锁紧凸出8的上表面侧形成为直角结合面,而其下表面侧形成为楔面。 It should be noted that, in order to make the locking projections 15 engage the shoulder 8 and inseparably joined, the locking projection 8 is formed on the surface side of the right-angled binding surface, which is formed as a wedge surface and the lower surface side.

另外,这次,在杆部5靠近扩大头部4侧的基端,在外周面上设置一对装配凸出9,装配凸出9与下述第二件2的接合台肩15可分离地接合。 In addition, this time, the lever portion 5 close to the enlarged head 4 side of the base end of the outer peripheral surface of a pair of fitting projections 9, fitting projections 9 engage the shoulder 2 and the second member 15 detachably following engagement. 为了使装配凸出9和接合台肩15可分离地接合,装配凸出9的上下表面都形成为楔面。 In order to make fitting projections 9 engage the shoulder 15 and detachably engaged, fitting projections 9 are formed in the upper and lower surfaces of a wedge surface. 此外,当前采用这样一种结构,其中,在设置装配凸出9部分下方的杆部5部分形成为细径部10。 In addition, currently employed a structure in which the fitting projecting portion is provided below the 5 portion of the shaft portion 9 of the small-diameter portion 10 is formed.

下面,描述第二件2的结构。 Next, a description of the structure of the second member 2. 以及,如图5所示,第二件2包括:盘状凸缘部11,其小于第一件1的扩大头部4;以及圆筒状支柱部12,其从凸缘部11的下表面延伸。 And, FIG. 5, the second member 2 comprises: a disk-shaped flange portion 11, which is smaller than the enlarged head 4 of the first member 1; pillar and a cylindrical portion 12, a lower surface of the flange portion 11 from extend. 在上述的凸缘部11中,其中心处形成与下述空隙17连通的开口13,以及,在凸缘部11的下表面中,形成一对凹槽14,凹槽14平行于下述的一对分隔开的支柱部16延伸,而开口13位于凹槽14之间。 In the flange portion 11, which is formed at the center of an opening in communication with the voids 17 below 13, and the lower surface of the flange portion 11, a pair of recesses 14, grooves 14 parallel to, the following a pair of spaced apart struts extending portion 16, and an opening 13 located between the grooves 14. 同时,在开口13的相对内周面下侧上,设置接合台肩15,接合台肩15与上述第一件1的锁紧凸出8和装配凸出9分别接合。 Meanwhile, on the opposite side of the inner circumferential surface of the opening 13 is provided engaging the shoulder 15, engages the shoulder 15 of the first member and the locking projection 8 of convex fitting 9 respectively engaged. 应当注意到,这些接合台肩15的下表面形成为直角接合面。 It should be noted that the lower surface of the engaging shoulder 15 formed at a right angle engaging surface.

另外,后者支柱部12如此构造,使得支柱部12左右对称方式分离开成为两部分,以形成空隙17,空隙17与开口13连通,以及,将第一件1的杆部5插进一对分隔开的支柱部16之间的空隙17中,并且,在各分隔开的支柱部16的侧缘处,对角方式设置一对凸出部16a,凸出部16a向内凸出,并且与杆部5的凹口部5a相对。 Further, the pillar portion 12 which is configured so that the pillar portion 12 symmetrically separated right and left into two portions to form a gap 17, the gap 17 communicating with the opening 13, and the stem portion 5 of the first member 1 is inserted into one pair of the gap between the spaced-apart struts 16 in portion 17, and, at a side edge portion of each strut 16 is spaced apart, diagonally arranged pair of projecting portions 16a, 16a projecting inwardly projecting portion, and opposing the recess portion 5a of the rod 5. 所以,空隙17与除了肋壁6之外的杆部5横截面形状相似。 Therefore, the gap 17 is similar except that the lever portion 6 outside of the rib wall 5 cross-sectional shape. 此外,在各分隔开的支柱部16的外周面上,沿垂向以多级方式设置径向向上凸出的弹性叶片18,同时,在分隔开的支柱部16的内周面上,分别形成一对相似形的连接槽19,其中保持T形肋壁6。 Further, the outer peripheral surface of each pillar portion 16 spaced apart along the vertical multi-stage manner is provided an elastic blade 18 radially projecting upward, while the inner circumferential surface of the pillar portion 16 spaced apart, forming a pair of connecting grooves 19 similar shape, where the T-shaped retaining rib walls 6.

据此,在使用上述结构的卡子,将作为车辆内装饰材料的顶装饰P1固定到作为车身板的顶盖P2上的情况下,为了使一体成型的第一件1和第二件2在安装之前成为一体,首先在其成型模具内部或者外部切断小桥片3,并且,按压第一件1的扩大头部4,以将第一件1的杆部5插进形成在分隔开的支柱部16之间的空隙17中。 Accordingly, in the above-described structure of the clip, as a decorative top decorative material is fixed to the vehicle as P1 in the case where the cap body panel P2, in order to make the first member 1 are integrally formed and the second mounting member 2 before becoming integral bridge piece 3 is first cut in its inside or outside the mold, and pressing the enlarged head portion 1 a first member 4, to the first lever member 5 is inserted is formed in a spaced-apart struts the gap between the portion of 16 17. 在这种情况下,由于第一件1的杆部5在其末端矩形横截面的四个末端拐角处与第二件2的凸缘部11的开口13的边缘连接的关系,以较小的力就能切断小桥片3,而不会导致第一件1相对于第二件2倾斜或者摇动,从而可容易地进行第一件1和第二件2的装配操作。 In this case, since the end of its rectangular cross section of the first lever member 5 is a cross-sectional end of the four corners of the relationship between the opening edge 13 of the second connecting member 11 of the flange portion 2, a small force can cut off the bridge plate 3, without causing the first member 1 relative to the second member 2 is tilted or shaken, thereby easily perform assembling operation of the first member 1 and second member 2. 另外,依靠在杆部5末端处存在的楔面7,即使出现切下碎屑等的情况,碎屑等也能被楔面7吸收,从而,使得能将第一件1的杆部5可靠地插入在第二件2侧的空隙17中。 Further, rely on the presence of the wedge surface 5 'end of the stem portion 7, even if there is debris or the like is cut, the scrap and other wedge surface 7 can also be absorbed, thereby making it possible to the first lever member 5 is reliably 1 inserted into the gap 2 side of the second member 17.

另外,在第一件1和第二件2成一体的状态下,如图6所示,在设置于第一件1杆部5上的装配凸出9与设置在第二件2开口13的内周面上的接合台肩15相接合的同时,使锁紧凸出8在下端侧与对应分隔开的支柱部16的内周面保持压接触。 Further, in a state where the first integral member 1 and second member 2 as shown in FIG. 6, the assembly is provided in a projecting portion 5 of the first member 9 and a second member disposed in the opening 13 2 joining the inner peripheral surface of the shoulder 15 while engaging the inner circumferential surface of the locking projection at the lower end portion side of the strut spaced 816 corresponding to the pressure maintained in contact with. 所以,在运送或者处理期间,第一件1和第二件2都不存在脱离的可能性,并且,在棱柱形杆部5的各外周面与各分隔开的支柱部16的内周面之间,连续地形成微小的间隙20。 Therefore, during transportation or handling, the first member 1 and second member 2 there is a possibility not detached, and the inner circumferential surface of the pillar portion in the outer circumferential surface of the prismatic rod portion 5 with each spaced 16 between, a small gap 20 is formed continuously.

据此,在使第一件1和第二件2成一体的状态下,该卡子与常规的单件卡子没有区别。 Accordingly, when the first member 1 and second member 2 integral state, the conventional one-piece clip and the clip is no difference.

在达到第一件1和第二件2成一体的状态之后,使顶装饰P1重叠在顶盖P2上,以达到使其安装孔H1与H2对准的状态,并且,将支柱部12压进安装孔H1和H2中。 After reaching the first member 1 and second member 2 integral state, so that the top decorative cover superimposed on P1 P2, so as to achieve a state of mounting holes H1 and H2 aligned and the strut portion 12 is pressed into the in mounting holes H1 and H2. 然后,在将以多级方式设置于分隔开的支柱部16外周面上的弹性叶片18穿过安装孔H1和H2的过程中,弹性叶片18受到安装孔H1和H2内周面的挤压并弯曲,而且,在穿到安装孔H1和H2的背面侧之后,弹性叶片18恢复到其初始状态,从而阻止第二件2脱离安装孔H1和H2。 Then, in a multi-stage will be provided on the elastic blade 16 spaced apart from the outer peripheral surface of the pillar portion 18 passes through holes H1 and H2 during the installation, the elastic blade 18 is pressed mounting holes H1 and H2 inner circumferential surface and bent, and, after the mounting through holes H1 and H2 of the rear surface side of the elastic blade 18 returns to its original state, thereby preventing the second member 2 from the mounting hole H1 and H2. 结果,将顶装饰P1固定在顶盖P2上,如图7所示。 As a result, the top cover is fixed to the decorative P1 P2, as shown in FIG.

此外,在这种情况下,由于将第一件1的杆部5插入分隔开的支柱部16之间的空隙17,使分隔开的支柱部16彼此不再接近,因而,以与常规卡子相同的方式,能达到部件P1和P2两者的可靠且稳固的固定状态。 Further, in this case, since the first lever member 5 is inserted into a gap 16 between the strut portions 17 spaced apart from the pillar portion 16 spaced close to each other is no longer, therefore, as a conventional the same manner as the clip, to achieve reliable and stable fixing state of both parts P1 and P2. 另外,在将第二件2的支柱部12压进安装孔H1和H2时,即使分隔开的支柱部16的下端缘顶靠并且接触安装孔H1的孔缘,但由于第一件1的杆部5与第二件2的各分隔开的支柱部16彼此连接,因对应的肋壁6与连接槽19在其几乎全长上互相接合而不能彼此分开,所以,不存在分隔开的支柱部16的下端部无操作折起且不能压进安装孔H1和H2的可能性。 Further, when the pillar portion 12 of the second member 2 is pressed into the mounting holes H1 and H2, even if the lower end portion spaced apart struts 16 against the edge of the top edge of the mounting hole and the contact hole H1, but since the first member 1 each pillar portion spaced rod portion 5 and the second member 2 are connected to each other 16, they joined to each other by the rib wall 6 corresponding to the connecting grooves 19 over its entire length almost can not be separated from each other, so there is no separated the lower end portion of the pillar portion 16 and no operation can not be pressed into the possibility of folded mounting holes H1 and H2. 同时,还能有效避免杆部5与分隔开的支柱部16之间的横向偏移。 At the same time, can effectively prevent a lateral offset between the shaft portion 16 and the support portion 5 spaced apart.

另外,由于在第一件1棱柱形杆部5的角部处对角方式形成凹口部5a,并且,在第二件2各分隔开的支柱部16的侧缘处对角方式形成凸出部16a,这样,在杆部5的宽度方向上施加负荷的情况下,杆部5的相对凸出端缘邻接安装孔H1和H2的孔缘,从而能避免偏移。 Further, since the recess portion 5a is formed diagonally at the corners of the first member 1 prismatic rod portion 5, and, at the side edges of each second member 2 spaced apart struts projecting portion 16 is formed diagonally the portion 16a, so that, when the load is applied in the width direction of the rod 5, the rod 5 opposite the projecting end edge abuts the mounting hole H1 and H2 of the edge of the hole, the offset can be avoided. 同时,可以避免各分隔开的支柱部16向杆部5侧倾倒,并且,也能避免分隔开的支柱部16相对安装孔H1和H2孔缘的击打声音。 At the same time, the strut portion can be avoided each spaced apart lever 16 is tilted to the side portions 5, and can be avoided pillar portion 16 spaced opposite mounting holes H1 and H2 hitting sound hole edge.

安装孔H1和H2中反向取下卡子本身,以解除顶装饰P1与顶盖P2固定状态,这样的情况下,如果操作人员在用手指紧握第一件1的扩大头部4的同时,从第二件2的分隔开的支柱部16之间的空隙17中拉出第一件1的杆部5,利用间隙20(各形成在杆部5与各分隔开的支柱部16之间),将第一件1的杆部5从分隔开的支柱部16之间的空隙17中逐渐拉出。 Mounting holes H1 and H2 to remove the clamp itself in reverse, to lift the top cover decorated P1 and P2 stationary state, in such a case, if the operator of the first grip member 1 is an enlarged head at the same time with the finger 4, 16 from the gap between the spaced apart portions of the second strut member 2 is pulled out of the stem portion 17 of the first member 1 to 5, by the gap 20 (the lever portion 5 are each formed with the pillar portion 16 of the respective spaced apart inter), the first lever member 5 is gradually pulled out of a gap 16 between the strut portions 17 spaced apart. 这时,如图8所示,锁紧凸出8与设置在开口13内周面上的接合台肩15不可分地接合。 In this case, as shown in FIG. 8, the locking projection 8 provided in the opening 13 engage the shoulder 15 of the circumferential surface inseparably joined. 结果,不再阻碍空隙17内分隔开的支柱部16互相接近。 As a result, no longer hinder the pillar portion spaced apart from the gaps 17 16 close to each other. 此外,由于将锁紧凸出8设置在尽可能靠近杆部5最末端侧处,所以,如所描述的,几乎已不存在阻碍。 Further, since the locking projection 8 is provided at the lower side as close to the very end of the rod 5, so that, as described, almost no obstacles exist.

应当注意到,在拉出之前,设置在第一件1的杆部5上的装配凸出9与接合台肩15相接合,如上所述。 It should be noted that, before drawn, provided on the rod portion 5 of the first member 1 and the fitting projections 9 engage the shoulder 15 engages, as described above. 然而,由于装配凸出9与接合台肩15可分离方式接合,所以,不用过大的力,就能将第一件1的杆部5从第二件2的空隙17拉出。 However, since the fitting projections 9 engage the shoulder 15 and detachably engaged, therefore, without an excessive force, the rod portion 5 can be pulled out of the first member 1 from the gap 17 of the second member 2. 同时,由于在装配凸出9下面的部分处形成细径部10,所以,在通过解除装配凸出9与接合台肩15之间的接合以从第二件2侧拉出第一件1的杆部5的情况下,拉出阻力在早期阶段显著减小,使得拉出更为容易。 Meanwhile, since the mounting projecting portion 9 is formed below the small-diameter portion 10, so that, by releasing the engagement between the fitting projection 9 engages the shoulder 15 to pull the first member from the side of the second member 1 of in the case of the rod 5, pull-out resistance is significantly reduced at an early stage, so that the pull-out easier.

据此,如果接着在继续紧握第一件1扩大头部4的同时,将第一件1连同处于锁定状态下的第二件2一起从安装孔H1和H2取下,由于空隙17,使分隔开的支柱部16很大程度上向内侧挠曲。 Accordingly, if followed by a first grip member 1 continues to expand while the head 4 of the first member 1 together with the second member 2 in the locked state is removed from the holes H1 and H2 mounted together, since the gap 17, so that spaced apart pillar portion 16 is largely flexed inwardly. 所以,即使多级弹性叶片18斜向上延伸,实际上也不需要在相反方向上弯曲多级弹性叶片18,因而,用操作人员手指施加较轻的力就能取下卡子本身,而不需要使用常规方式中的工具。 Therefore, even if the multi-level extension of the elastic blade 18 obliquely, is not actually necessary to bend the elastic multi-stage blades 18 in the opposite direction, and thus a lighter force is applied by the operator to be able to remove the finger of the clamp itself, without the need to use a conventional way of tools.

另外,在第一实施方式中,由于在第二件2凸缘部11下表面中设置凹槽14的关系,在诸如顶装饰P1和顶盖P2的总板厚相对较薄的情况下,很难使分隔开的支柱部16靠近凸缘部11的部分向内挠曲。 Further, in the first embodiment, since the relationship between the recess 14 in the surface of the second flange portion 11 of the second member, such as at the top of the decorative cap P1 and P2, the case where the total plate thickness is relatively thin, it is difficult to make pillars spaced apart portion 16 close inward flexure of the flange portion 11. 然而,此时,因为第二件2的凸缘部11本身依靠凹槽14挠曲,能有效促进分隔开的支柱部16的向内挠曲,因而,在任何情况下,可以用操作人员的手指取下卡子自身,而不用使用工具。 However, at this time, because the flange portion 11 of the second member 2 itself relies on the deflection groove 14 can effectively promote flexing inwardly spaced pillar portions 16, so that, in any case, the operator can use remove the finger clip itself, without the use of tools. 因此,即使顶装饰P1是由易损材料形成的,也不会易无操作导致顶装饰P1损坏。 Thus, even if the top decorative P1 is formed of a consumable material, it can not easily operate without a top decorative P1 cause damage.

应当注意到,在一旦从安装孔H1和H2取下卡子之后,再次使用该卡子来固定顶装饰P1和顶盖P2的情况下,预先应尽可能地使第一件1和第二件2成一体,并且如上所述将其作为整体推入安装孔H1和H2。 It should be noted that, in the case where once the mounting holes H1 and H2, after removing the clip, the clip again used to secure the top cover decorative P1 and P2 is possible, try to advance the first member 1 and second member 2 into the integrally, and as described above, as a whole it is pushed into the mounting holes H1 and H2. 但是,如果首先将第二件2单独推进安装孔H1和H2,并且随后将第一件1的杆部5推进第二件2的空隙17,就能用较小的力将具有多级弹性叶片18的第二件2支柱部12推进安装孔H1和H2中。 However, if the first member 2 of the second mounting holes H1 and separate propulsion H2, and then the first lever member 5 to advance a void 17 of the second member 2, with a small force can be an elastic blade having a multilevel 2 pillar portion 12 of the second propulsion member 18 is mounted in holes H1 and H2.

第二实施方式下面,描述根据第二实施方式的卡子。 Second Embodiment Next, a second embodiment according to the described embodiment of the clip. 根据第二实施方式的卡子与上述的第一实施方式的结构基本相同,其不同在于:首先,如图9和图10所示,省去了形成在第一件1杆部5的两个侧面上的T形肋壁6,并且,在杆部5的两个端面上对角方式在轴向上新连续形成一对肋壁6,其与棱柱形杆部5共同形成S形,在肋壁6的末端缘处凸出方式设置一对侧锁紧凸出21。 According to a second embodiment clip structure of the above embodiment and the first embodiment is substantially the same, except that it: First, as shown in FIGS. 9 and 10, are formed on both sides eliminates a portion of the first member 5 T-shaped ribs on the wall 6, and two end faces of the rod portion 5 diagonally new pair of ribs are formed continuously in the axial wall 6, with the prismatic rod 5 together form an S-shaped portion, the rib walls a protruding manner at the end edges 6 of a pair of side locking projection 21 is provided. 设置结构为,当要从第二件2的分隔开的支柱16之间的空隙17中拉出第一件1的杆部5时,使侧锁紧凸出21与形成在第二件2的凸缘部11下表面中的凹槽14相邻接,从而,更可靠地阻止杆部5离开空隙17。 Set structure, when the gap between the spaced-apart from the second member 2 is pulled out of the first strut 16 member 5 of the lever portion 171 of the side locking projection 21 formed in the second member 2 lower flange portion 11 of the recess 14 adjacent the surface, thereby more reliably preventing rod 5 away from the void portion 17.

为此,省略在第二件2的分隔开的支柱部16内周面中形成的连接槽19,取代方式为,在对角方式位于第二件2的分隔开的支柱部16上的端缘处,一体方式设置一对薄壁插接部16b,各薄壁插接部16b插进杆部5的侧面与各肋壁6的内表面之间的空隙。 To this end, a connection groove formed in the peripheral surface of the pillar portion 16 spaced apart from the second member 19 2 is omitted, for the substitution pattern, the diagonal strut portion 16 is located in a manner spaced apart on the second member 2 end edge, integrally provided with a thin-walled insertion portions 16b, 16b of each thin-walled portion the plug is inserted into the gap between the inner surface of the side surface of the rod 5 and the ribs 6 of the wall. 因此,同时采用这样一种结构,其中:在将第一件1的杆部5插进第二件2的分隔开的支柱部16之间的空隙17的状态下,使杆部5与分隔开的支柱部16的下端部互相连接,使其彼此不能分开,而在第二件2的支柱部12压进安装孔H1和H2的情况下,又避免分隔开的支柱部16的下端部出现不希望的折起。 Thus, while using such a configuration, wherein: the portion of the first lever member 5 is inserted into a gap 17 between a state in the pillar portion 16 spaced apart from the second member 2, and the rod portion 5 minutes the lower end portion of the pillar portion 16 spaced interconnected, it can not be separated from each other, while in the case of the pillar portion 12 of the second member 2 is pressed into the mounting holes H1 and H2, but also to avoid the lower end portion spaced apart struts 16 Ministry undesirably fold.

其次,如图11所示,在第一件1的扩大头部4的下表面上,形成台阶部4a,并且,在第二件2的凸缘部11的上表面上,也形成与其相对的台阶部11a。 Next, as shown in FIG. 11, on the lower surface of the enlarged head portion 4 of the first member 1 to form a stepped portion 4a, and, on the upper surface of the flange portion 11 of the second member 2 is also formed opposite thereto the stepped portion 11a. 设置结构为,在第一件1和第二件2成一体的状态下,在第一件1的扩大头部4与第二件2的凸缘部11之间形成固定空隙,带来的结果是,如果操作人员在用手指握持第一件的扩大头部4时,从第二件2的分隔开的支柱部16之间的空隙17中拉出第一件1的杆部5,第一件1的扩大头部4可提升,以方便操作。 Structure disposed at a first member 1 and second member 2 integral state, a gap is formed between the flange portion fixed to the first member 4 and the enlarged head portion 1 2 of the second member 11, to bring the results of is 4:00 if the operator with an enlarged head portion of the first finger grip member from the gap between the pillar portion 16 spaced apart from the first member of the second member 2 is pulled out of the rod portion 517 of 1, the first member can be enlarged to enhance a head 4, to facilitate the operation. 应当注意到,显然,在这种情况下,扩大头部4在直径上大于凸缘部11。 It should be noted that, obviously, in this case, the enlarged head portion 11 of the flange 4 is greater than the diameter.

据此,在利用上述结构的卡子将顶装饰P1类似地固定到顶盖P2上的情况下,同样地,为了使一体成型的第一件1和第二件2成为一体,如果首先切断小桥片3,将第一件1的杆部5插进形成在第二件2的分隔开的支柱部16之间的空隙17,可以使第一件1和第二件2成为一体。 Accordingly, in the above-described structure will clip the top decorative P1 similarly to the case of the fixed roof P2, in the same manner, in order to make the first member 1 and second member 2 are integrally molded integrally, if the first sheet cutting bridge 3, the first lever member 5 is inserted into a gap between spaced-apart strut portion 16 of the second member 17 is formed of two, may be the first member 1 and second member 2 are integrated. 然而,在这种情况下,在扩大头部4和凸缘部11之间形成固定空隙,并且各插接部16b(设置在第二件2的分隔开的支柱部16端缘处)接合在第一件1杆部5的侧面与各肋壁6的内表面之间的空隙中,从而允许分隔开的支柱部16通过杆部5彼此连接,使其彼此不能分开。 However, in this case, a gap is formed between the fixed and the flange portion 4 enlarged head portion 11, and each insertion portion 16b (spaced 16 provided at the end edge portion of the second strut member 2) bonded in the gap between the inner surface of the side surface portion 5 of the first member 1 and the ribs 6 of the wall, so as to allow the pillar portion 16 spaced apart from each other by a connecting rod portion 5, so that it can not be separated from each other.

在达到第一件1和第二件2成一体的状态之后,将顶装饰P1重叠在顶盖P2上,以达到使其安装孔H1与H2对准的状态,并且,将支柱部12压进安装孔H1和H2中。 After reaching the first member 1 and second member 2 integral state, the top cover superimposed on the decorative P1 P2, so as to achieve a state of mounting holes H1 and H2 aligned and the strut portion 12 is pressed into the in mounting holes H1 and H2. 然后,在将以多级方式设置于分隔开的支柱部16外周面上的弹性叶片18穿过安装孔H1和H2的过程中,弹性叶片18受到安装孔H1和H2内周面的挤压并弯曲,而且,在穿到安装孔H1和H2的背面侧之后,弹性叶片18恢复到其初始状态,从而阻止第二件2脱离安装孔H1和H2。 Then, in a multi-stage will be provided on the elastic blade 16 spaced apart from the outer peripheral surface of the pillar portion 18 passes through holes H1 and H2 during the installation, the elastic blade 18 is pressed mounting holes H1 and H2 inner circumferential surface and bent, and, after the mounting through holes H1 and H2 of the rear surface side of the elastic blade 18 returns to its original state, thereby preventing the second member 2 from the mounting hole H1 and H2. 结果,尽管未具体图示,按照与第一实施方式相同的方式,将顶装饰P1可靠且牢固地固定在顶盖P2上。 As a result, although not specifically shown, in the same manner as the first embodiment, the top decorative P1 reliably and firmly fixed on the top cover P2.

在从安装孔H1和H2中反向取下卡子自身以解除顶装饰P1与顶盖P2固定状态的情况下,如果操作人员在用手指紧握第一件1的扩大头部4(由于存在空隙而提起来)的同时,从第二件2的分隔开的支柱部16之间的空隙17中拉出第一件1的杆部5,利用分别形成在杆部5与各分隔开的支柱部16之间的间隙20,将第一件1的杆部5从分隔开的支柱部16之间的空隙17中逐渐拉出。 In the case of the reverse to remove the clip from the mounting hole H1 and H2 in itself to release the top cover decorated P1 and P2 in the stationary state, if the operator gripping the enlarged head portion of the first member 1 with fingers 4 (due to the presence of voids and lift), while the gap between the pillar portion 16 spaced apart from the second member 2 is pulled out of the first member 17 of the rod portion 51, the use of spaced apart form each of the rod 5, respectively, the gap between the strut portion 1620, the first lever member 5 is gradually pulled out of a gap 16 between the strut portions 17 spaced apart. 这时,使一对锁紧凸出8与设置在开口13内周面上的接合台肩15不可分地接合,并且,新设置的一对侧锁紧凸出21邻接形成在凸缘部11下表面中的凹槽14。 In this case, the pair of locking projections 8 engaging opening provided in the peripheral surface 13 of the shoulder 15 of inseparably joined, and a new set of side adjacent to the locking projections 21 are formed at the flange portion 11 14 recess surface. 所以,与第一实施方式的情况相比,依靠成对的接合和成对的邻接作用,能更可靠地阻止第一件1和第二件2误操作分离。 Therefore, compared with the case of the first embodiment, it relies abutting engagement action and the pair of pairs can be more reliably prevent the first member 1 and second member 2 misoperation separated. 应当注意到,结果,按照与第一实施方式中相同的方式,空隙17内分隔开的支柱部16互相接近的阻碍不存在了。 It should be noted that the results, in the same manner as the first embodiment described above, the void portion 17 of the pillar 16 separated from each other near the obstacle does not exist.

据此,如果随后在继续握持第一件1的扩大头部4的同时,将第一件1连同处于锁定状态下的第二件2一起从安装孔H1和H2取下,由于空隙17,使分隔开的支柱部16很大程度上向内挠曲,如图12所示。 Accordingly, while continuing to grip if subsequently expanded head 4 of the first member 1 of the first member 1 is removed together with the holes H1 and H2 in the second member 2 is locked with the installation, since the gap 17, that the pillar portion 16 is largely spaced apart flex inwardly, as shown in Fig. 所以,即使多级弹性叶片18斜向上延伸,实际上也不需要在相反方向上弯曲多级弹性叶片18,因而,用操作人员手指施加较轻的力就能取下卡子自身,而不要使用常规方式中的工具。 Therefore, even if the multi-level extension of the elastic blade 18 obliquely, is not actually necessary to bend the elastic multi-stage blades 18 in the opposite direction, and thus a lighter force is applied by the operator to be able to remove the finger clip itself, instead of in a conventional manner the tool.

工业适用性与常规的整件卡子不同,根据本发明的卡子配置成包括两部分,包括第一件和第二件,并且这样使用第一件和第二件,以使其能相对彼此拉出及插入地成一体。 Industrial Applicability and different conventional whole clip, comprising two parts configured to clip in accordance with the present invention, comprising a first member and a second member, and the use of such a first member and a second member, so that it can pull out relative to each other and the integral insert. 所以,根据本发明的卡子,非常适合用于的情况是:在诸如将车辆内装饰材料固定到车身板上时,出现解除其固定状态要求的情况。 Therefore, according to the clip of the present invention is well suited for the situation: when the vehicle is fixed to the decorative material such as a body panel, lifting occurs in the case of fixed status request.

Claims (13)

1.一种卡子,包括:包括第一件和第二件的两部分,所述第一件具有头部和杆部,以及,所述第二件具有凸缘部和支柱部,其特征在于:在所述第二件的凸缘部中形成开口,并且使所述第二件的支柱部分隔开成为两个分隔开的支柱部,以在其间形成与所述开口连通的空隙,并且将所述第一件的杆部插进该空隙中,以及,在所述分隔开的支柱部的外周面上,沿垂向以多级方式设置径向凸出的弹性叶片,从而,当通过所述开口将所述第一件的杆部插进所述分隔开的支柱部之间的所述空隙时,阻止所述分隔开的支柱部互相接近。 A clip, comprising: a first member comprising two portions and a second member, said first member having a head and a shank, and a second member having a flange portion and a strut portion, wherein : opening formed in the flange portion of the second member, and the second portion of the strut member is a pillar portion spaced from the two spaced apart to form a gap therebetween communicating with the opening, and the first portion of the rod member is inserted into the gap, and, the outer peripheral surface of the pillar portion spaced, vertically disposed along an elastic blade radially projecting multistage manner, so that, when through the opening of the gap between the pillar portion of the rod member inserted into said first portion spaced apart, to prevent the pillar portion spaced apart closer to each other.
2.根据权利要求1所述的卡子,其特征在于:在形成于所述第二件的凸缘部中的所述开口的内周面上,设置接合台肩,以及,在靠近于所述第一件的杆部末端的外周面上,设置锁紧凸出,当从所述分隔开的支柱部之间的空隙中拉出所述杆部时,使所述锁紧凸出与所述接合台肩不可分地接合。 2. The clip according to claim 1, wherein: the inner peripheral surface of the flange portion formed in the second member in the opening, an engagement shoulder, and, close to the the first end of the stem portion of the outer peripheral surface of the locking projection is provided, when the lever portion is pulled out from the gap between the strut portions in spaced apart, so that the locking projections and the said engaging shoulder inseparably joined.
3.根据权利要求1或者权利要求2所述的卡子,其特征在于:在靠近于所述第一件杆部末端的外周面上,设置侧锁紧凸出,以及,当从所述分隔开的支柱部之间的空隙中拉出所述杆部时,使所述侧锁紧凸出邻接所述第二件的凸缘部的下表面。 The clip according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that claim: when the partition from the outer peripheral surface close to the rod end of the first portion of the member, the side locking projection is provided, and, when the gap between the pillar portion of the rod is pulled out of the opening portion, the side locking projection abuts the lower surface of the flange portion of the second member.
4.根据权利要求2或者权利要求3所述的卡子,其特征在于:在靠近于所述第一件杆部的基端的外周面上,设置装配凸出,以及,当将所述杆部插进所述分隔开的支柱部之间的空隙中时,使所述装配凸出与所述第二件侧上的接合台肩可分离地接合。 4. A clip according to claim 2 or claim 3, characterized in that claim: close to the outer peripheral surface of said base member first end portion of the shaft, a fitting projection, and, when the rod portion is inserted the intake gap between the strut portions in spaced apart, so that the fitting projection is engaged with the engagement shoulder on the second member side detachably.
5.根据权利要求1所述的卡子,其特征在于:当将所述第一件的杆部插进所述分隔开的支柱部之间的空隙中时,至少使所述杆部与各所述分隔开的支柱部的下端部彼此不可分地连接,同时,当从所述分隔开的支柱部之间的所述空隙中拉出所述杆部时,解除所述杆部与各所述分隔开的支柱部的下端部之间的连接。 5. The clip according to claim 1, wherein: when the gap between the pillar portion of the stem portion is inserted into said first member in spaced apart, at least the portion of each rod when the lower portion of the pillar portion spaced inseparably connected to one another, while, when the gap between the strut portion spaced apart from the lever portion is pulled out, releasing the shank of each the connection between the lower end portion of the partition pillar portions apart.
6.根据权利要求4所述的卡子,其特征在于:将位于设置所述第一件装配凸出的部分下方的所述杆部的部分,形成为细径部。 6. The clip as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the portion of the rod portion located below the mounting projecting portion of the first member is provided, formed as a small diameter portion.
7.根据权利要求1至权利要求6中任一项权利要求所述的卡子,其特征在于:在所述第二件的凸缘部的下表面中,形成平行于各所述分隔开的支柱部的凹槽。 The lower surface of the flange portion of the second member is formed in parallel to each of said spaced apart: 7. The clip according to any preceding claim in claim 6, wherein according to claim 1 claim strut groove portion.
8.根据权利要求1所述的卡子,其特征在于:在所述第一件的杆部上,以对角方式连续设置一对肋壁,以使所述肋壁和所述杆部能够形成S形横截面,以及,在所述第二件的分隔开的支柱部上,对角方式设置一对插接部,该一对插接部分别接合进入所述杆部侧面与各所述肋壁内周面之间的空隙中。 8. The clip according to claim 1, wherein: said stem portion in a first member, a continuous wall provided with a pair of ribs diagonally, so that the shaft portion and the rib walls can be formed S-shaped cross section, and, on the post portion spaced from the second member, a pair of diagonally insertion portion, the pair of insertion into said engaging portions of each side surface portion of said stem the gap between the inner circumferential surface of the rib walls.
9.根据权利要求1所述的卡子,其特征在于:通过小桥片,使所述第一件的末端缘与所述第二件凸缘部的开口边缘一体成型,以及,随后按压所述第一件的头部,以使所述第一件的杆部和所述第二件的支柱部成一体。 9. The clip according to claim 1, wherein: the bridge piece by the opening edge of the second end edge of said flange portion of the first member is integrally formed, and then pressing the the first head portion so that the first lever member and a strut portion of said second integral member.
10.根据权利要求9所述的卡子,其特征在于:所述第一件的杆部具有形成为棱柱形的中心部,并且赋予所述中心部两侧的每一侧以T形,所述杆部末端侧上的T形部分削成楔面,从而使所述杆部末端的余部形成为矩形横截面,通过小桥片,使所述第一件的杆部在所述矩形横截面的四个拐角处连接在所述第二件凸缘部的开口边缘上。 10. The clip according to claim 9, wherein: said first member having a stem portion formed in a prismatic-shaped central portion, and gives each of both sides to the central T-shaped portion, said T-shaped portion on the tip side of the rod portion shaved wedge surfaces, so that the remainder of the rod tip portion is formed as a rectangular cross section, by a small bridge plate, said rod portion of the first member of rectangular cross section connected to the four corners of the opening edge of the second flange portion.
11.根据权利要求2所述的卡子,其特征在于:所述第一件的杆部具有形成为棱柱形的中心部,并且赋予所述中心部两侧的每一侧以T形,所述杆部末端侧上的T形部分削成楔面,从而使所述杆部末端的余部形成为矩形横截面,在所述矩形横截面形状部分处设置所述锁紧凸出。 11. The clip of claim 2, wherein: said first member having a stem portion formed in a prismatic-shaped central portion, and gives each of both sides to the central T-shaped portion, said T-shaped portion on the tip side of the rod portion shaved wedge surfaces, so that the remainder of the rod tip portion is formed as a rectangular cross-section, the cross-sectional shape of the locking protruding portion is provided in the rectangle.
12.根据权利要求1所述的卡子,其特征在于:所述第一件的杆部具有棱柱形状,以及,对角方式在其角部形成凹口,同时,使在所述第二件的分隔开的支柱部之间形成的所述空隙与所述杆部的横截面形状相似。 12. The clip according to claim 1, wherein: said lever member having a first prism shape, and a recess is formed diagonally in the corner portion thereof, while the second partial element in the similar cross section of the gap with the rod between the strut portion formed in the shape of portions spaced apart.
13.根据权利要求1至权利要求12中任一项权利要求所述的卡子,其特征在于:在所述第一件的头部与所述第二件的凸缘部之间形成空隙,以及,使所述头部的外径大于所述凸缘部的外径。 According to claim 1 to claim clip according to any preceding claim in claim 12, wherein: a gap is formed between the flange portion of the second member and the head of the first member, and the outer diameter larger than the outer diameter of the head portion of the flange portion.
CN 200580017774 2004-05-31 2005-05-31 Clip CN100451357C (en)

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