CN1958984A - Concrete complex building of steel meshwork framework, and construction procedure - Google Patents

Concrete complex building of steel meshwork framework, and construction procedure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1958984A
CN1958984A CN 200510125709 CN200510125709A CN1958984A CN 1958984 A CN1958984 A CN 1958984A CN 200510125709 CN200510125709 CN 200510125709 CN 200510125709 A CN200510125709 A CN 200510125709A CN 1958984 A CN1958984 A CN 1958984A
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China
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steel
steel frame
building
floor
concrete
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CN 200510125709
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CN100451257C (en
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朱宏宇
侯建群
陈忠范
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Chen Zhongfan (Zhejiang) Co., Ltd.
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Architectural Design and Research Institute of Tsinghua University
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Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of steel grid frame structure concrete composite building and its construction method. Said invention is characterized by that it can integrally assemble more than two floors of steel grid frame structure, and can utilize its self-body light weight, high-strength, positioning and loading construction property to integrally form concrete pouring unit and implement complete building structure including pipeline and wiring engineering. Said invention can raise construction speed and can raise construction quality.

Description

Concrete complex building of steel meshwork framework and construction method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of building and construction method thereof, relate in particular to concrete complex building of steel meshwork framework and construction method thereof.
Background technology
For a long time, the structural element of China's building mainly is reinforced concrete member, masonry panel member, hot-rolled steel section member etc.; Form of structure mainly is reinforced concrete frame structure, masonry panel steel concrete combination construction, reinforced concrete shear wall structure and steel framed structure; Though form of structure is a lot, but floor mainly adopts in-situ reinforced concrete slab, and body of wall mainly is masonry panel or prefabricated light wall plate, and building heat preservation is paste heat-preserving plate on building mainly.
Monolithic reinforced concrete structure, combination construction, work high above the ground such as need template, scaffold, build by laying bricks or stones; Steel work can only be done framework, and that anticorrosion, fire prevention, stable, rigidity are handled is complicated, difficulty is corrected in thermal deformation, joint construction is complicated; Reinforced concrete frame, steel framed structure need to cooperate in addition enclosed structure, particularly are difficult to leave masonry panel and reinforced concrete floor; The prefabricated reinforced concrete assembly structure, prefabricated, transportation, lifting difficulty, assembling structure is complicated, structural integrity is poor, almost withdraws from civilian construction.
So, build at present the house also mainly based on form work engineering, masonry project, reinforced bar engineering, touch construction of manpowers such as grey engineering, paste heat-preserving engineering and work high above the ground; Can think template, scaffold, support, safety net, bridge plate, touch ash, raggle, piece, spray paint etc., all be transitionality, auxiliary type engineering, remedial engineering, need configuration a large amount of facility, equipment and multiple construction trade, the cost that is taken place, resource consumption, in the dwelling house main structural engineering, reach (40---50) %, importantly these consume the dwelling house operational phase without any usefulness; Though various development of new techniques are very fast, little for the basic build process change of dwelling house, be difficult to avoid these consumption.
The expanded metal lath application technology mainly is used in light partition wall abroad, the architectural lay wire bearing wall also occurred in state, does not find to be used for the precedent of floor; The skeleton that is adopted generally is a lightgage steel joist, or the small-sized truss of welding or flexible support body that connects such as cage of reinforcement etc., be difficult to satisfy the above building structure requirement of strength of multilayer, can not do floor, also be difficult to do the independent structures system, the more difficult effect of playing typing by one's own efforts, locating, bear working load; If only do partition wall, self cost height, the tradition construction and does not reduce, and increases new technology again; So this body of wall is seldom used in the above dwelling house of multilayer.
Light gauge cold-formed steel shape has superior technical performance, lightweight body of wall, the roofing of itself and profiled sheet applied in any combination, substitute traditional reinforced concrete prefabricated roof panel, wallboard, be widely used in light section steel structure over nearly 10 years, for industrial construction brings once innovation.In dwelling house, mainly add cladding panel abroad and be used for low story dwelling or light-duty partition wall, its intensity, rigidity, globality, poor stability, steel are wanted zinc-plated anticorrosion and cold the connection, also need hot-rolled steel section and steel concrete; Cladding panel industrialization cost height, assembly unit difficulty, very flexible; Self be difficult to satisfy the structural requirement of the above building of multilayer, never in China's multilayer, high residential building agent structure, use;
In recent years, the manufacturing technology of external clod wash lattice configuration steel begins maturation, and is higher as a kind of intensity, weight is lighter, the better novel steel component of performance, is used for the combining structure low story dwelling abroad.
In application number is 200510002447.3 patent application, " combination type steel net frame and concrete composite block and manufacture method " disclosed, as a kind of new concrete composite component technology, do not relate to building structure and technological problems.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is that Mi fills the shortcoming and defect part in the technology of stating, in particular for avoiding using temporory structure such as common architecture template, scaffold in the construction work, also avoid the building by laying bricks or stones of construction work, reinforcing bar, touch the manpower construction and the work high above the ground of heavy complexity such as ash, and a kind of standardization, industrialization, mechanization, the higher concrete complex building of steel meshwork framework of integrated degree are provided, the construction method of this composite building also is provided simultaneously.
For achieving the above object, the invention provides following technical scheme: a kind of concrete complex building of steel meshwork framework comprises: body of wall steel frame, floor steel frame, expanded metal lath and concrete; Described body of wall steel frame: be to be used for steel frame described composite building body of wall, that be arranged parallel to each other and fixedly form with connector by vertical lattice steel; Described floor steel frame: be used for described composite building floor, by the steel frame that the lattice steel of level is arranged parallel to each other and fixedly forms with connector, described floor steel frame comprises the roof steel frame; Described lattice steel: be to be the clod wash lattice configuration steel member of 1.0mm~4.0mm steel sheet cold forming by thickness, its cross section is C type or U type or Z type, on the web between two edges of a wing that are parallel to each other, evenly be placed with hole, the periphery of hole has the reinforcement crimping, and the reinforcement crimping between two holes constitutes U type web member; Described connector: be the rectangular accessories of steel such as the steel band be fixed into steel frame, angle steel of fitting with lattice steel; Described expanded metal lath: be that thickness is the cold worked fish scale net of galvanized steel plain sheet of 0.3mm~0.6mm, bossed on the net at fish scale, by the bar shaped rib that spacing is arranged in parallel, expanded metal lath plays the position with the bar shaped costal process and is fixed in the steel frame surface; Described expanded metal lath or rigid plastics expanded metals; Described concrete is the common building concrete;
The lower end of described body of wall steel frame lattice steel is fixed; The two ends of described floor steel frame lattice steel are separately fixed on the body of wall steel frame; Interconnect between the lattice steel of described body of wall steel frame, floor steel frame, the connector, constitute fixing steel framework;
Two sides at the body of wall steel frame of described steel framework are fixed with expanded metal lath respectively, are fixed with expanded metal lath in the bottom surface of described floor steel frame; Described expanded metal lath constitutes the face that fixedly surrounds to the bottom surface of two sides of body of wall steel frame and floor steel frame; Described steel framework and expanded metal lath constitute steel meshwork framework jointly;
Be filled with concrete in common cavity that constitutes of body of wall steel frame in described steel meshwork framework, floor steel frame and expanded metal lath and the slit, described body of wall steel frame, expanded metal lath and concrete constitute composite wall body structure, described floor steel frame, expanded metal lath and concrete constitute composite floor structure, and the common formation of described steel meshwork framework and coagulation comprises the building unit of composite wall body structure and composite floor structure;
The body of wall steel frame of described steel meshwork framework is fixed on the foundation, and the building unit with concrete constitutes is the foundation construction unit;
Described composite building is made of the foundation construction unit, or constitute by foundation construction unit and the superimposed successively building unit that is fixed on the foundation construction unit, the body of wall steel frame that its superimposed fixed form is the superstructure unit is fixed on the body of wall steel frame of substrustion unit.
As further perfect, the present invention also takes following measure:
The steel meshwork framework of described building unit has 1~3 floor slab skeleton.
The low layer composite building of 1~3 floor plated construction is arranged, constitute by the foundation construction unit.
The multilayer of floor slab structure more than 4 layers or 4 layers, high-rise composite building are arranged, constitute by foundation construction unit and the superimposed successively building unit that is fixed on the foundation construction unit.
Described composite building comprises insulation layer: the described external surface that is fixed on the expanded metal lath of a side of steel meshwork framework body of wall steel frame is fixed with warming plate, at the external surface matcoveredn of warming plate, the face that combines with expanded metal lath at warming plate compound setting course is arranged, and described expanded metal lath, warming plate constitute thermal insulating composite panel; One side, formation that described thermal insulating composite panel is fixed on described steel meshwork framework exterior wall steel frame fixedly surround face, and are embedded in the concrete surface of described building unit composite wall body structure, constitute the insulation layer of described building unit.
On the inner surface of described thermal insulating composite panel, be pasted with anti-heat-film.
Described composite building comprises constructional column, collar tie beam: corner or door and window hole both sides at described steel meshwork framework body of wall steel frame are provided with constructional column, described constructional column is fixed on the body of wall steel frame with connector, described constructional column is made of two above lattice steel and connector, or constructional column is made of steel pipe; In the fixing position of floor steel frame of the body of wall steel frame of described steel meshwork framework, the collar tie beam that is made of angle steel is arranged, described collar tie beam is horizontally fixed on the lattice steel both sides of body of wall steel frame, and the lattice steel of described floor steel frame is fixed on the collar tie beam; Described constructional column, collar tie beam and body of wall steel frame, floor steel frame one common peripheral are combined in the expanded metal lath, constitute the steel meshwork framework of constructional column and collar tie beam.
Building pipeline or reinforcing bar are arranged in described steel meshwork framework and constitute the body of wall or the floor slab structure of pre-buried building pipeline or reinforcing bar with concrete.
The expanded metal lath that is fixed on floor steel frame bottom surface is the plate with curved surface net, and the recess of described plate with curved surface net is between two parallel lattice steel and to constitute the bottom surface with concrete be the floor slab structure of curved surface.
The present invention also provides a kind of construction method of concrete complex building of steel meshwork framework simultaneously, according to following steps:
(1) preparation body of wall steel frame and floor steel frame; (2) the lattice steel lower end of body of wall steel frame is fixed, the lattice steel two ends of floor steel frame are separately fixed on the body of wall steel frame, body of wall steel frame and floor steel frame are fixed into the steel framework; (3) behind completing steps 1 or completing steps 2, fixation steel plate net on body of wall steel frame and floor steel frame; During the fixation steel plate net, on the body of wall steel frame every layer fixedly the top of floor steel frame position reserve the sprue gate, the sprue gate is located at the inboard of skin body steel frame and the one or both sides of inner wall of building body steel frame, finishes the steel meshwork framework at sprue gate and installs; (4) fluid concrete: according to from bottom to top order, with every floor slab skeleton be operating surface, from described sprue gate in lower floor has sealed the body of wall steel frame cavity of expanded metal lath fill concrete, recharge the concrete in the floor steel frame; (5) behind the concrete in lower floor's body of wall steel frame is finished in filling, the sprue gate is sealed, continued to fill the concrete of upper strata body of wall steel frame with expanded metal lath; (6) concrete is filled and is finished, and builds up described building unit;
The body of wall steel frame of described steel meshwork framework is fixed on the foundation, and the building unit with concrete constitutes is the foundation construction unit; Described composite building is made of the foundation construction unit or is made of foundation construction unit and the superimposed successively building unit that is fixed on the foundation construction unit;
When described composite building is made of foundation construction unit and the superimposed successively building unit that is fixed on the foundation construction unit, the body of wall steel frame that its superimposed fixed form is the superstructure unit is fixed on the body of wall steel frame of substrustion unit, and its concrete superimposed building course is: the body of wall lattice steel of described substrustion unit is reserved the alternate reservation joint of length more than the superiors' floor; The body of wall steel frame and the floor steel frame of preparation superstructure unit are fixed on the lattice steel of the body of wall steel frame of superstructure unit on the described reservation joint accordingly; Repeat above-mentioned steps 2-6.
As further perfect, construction method of the present invention is also taked following technical measures:
The low layer composite building of 1~3 floor plated construction is arranged, be made of the foundation construction unit, this foundation construction unit has 1 to 3 floor plated construction.
The multilayer of floor slab structure more than 4 layers or 4 layers, high-rise composite building are arranged, constitute by foundation construction unit and the superimposed successively building unit that is fixed on the foundation construction unit; This foundation construction unit has 1 to 3 floor plated construction, and the superimposed successively building unit on the foundation construction unit also has 1 to 3 floor plated construction.
Progressively analyze difference and advantage that the present invention compares with technology formerly below:
What the present invention and disclosed application number were that the difference of the patent application of 200510002447.3 " combination type steel net frame and concrete composite block and manufacture method thereof " is to the present invention relates to is building structure and construction method.
The difference of the present invention and monolithic reinforced concrete structure, brick-and-concrete buildings is: the present invention does not need on-the-spot reinforcing bar, template based on artificial and work high above the ground, builds by laying bricks or stones, scaffolding work, make full use of construction steel itself, realize building operations typing, locate, bear working load; And assembly working is mainly finished on ground, and integral hoisting does not then need a large amount of work high above the ground.
The difference of the present invention and prefabricated reinforced concrete assembly structure is: the present invention is to the installation of construction steel itself, belongs to cast-in-place concrete structure, has the globality of cast-in-place concrete structure; Do not need the large-sized reinforced concrete member prefabricated, lifting, transportation, install, and avoid assembly structure structure, node construction difficulty and building cracks; And a large amount of raw-material repetition costs of transportation have been avoided;
The difference of the present invention and steel building is: steel meshwork framework of the present invention is done template, scaffold, body of wall, floor simultaneously; Be construction installation, integrate building, structure, maintenance, the multiple building function of insulation again, steel meshwork framework importantly of the present invention and concrete constitute composite building, rather than single structural element.
The difference of the present invention and expanded metal lath body of wall is: whole bodies of wall in the present invention, floor member are the main structural members of building; All body of wall directly is fixed on the foundation, and becomes architectural support structure.
The difference of the present invention and existed building lay wire wall body structure is: the present invention is the compound building system that comprises body of wall, floor of steel meshwork framework and concrete; And the architectural lay wire technology single body of wall technology that is a kind of steel concrete has only changed the job practices of reinforced concrete wall, and architectural lay wire only is a Flexible formwork assembly.
The construction steel characteristics that the present invention adopts are: implement the lattice steel of wanting zinc-plated hot rolled steel plate of steel right and wrong or flat cold-rolled sheet to make required for the present invention, the relative consumption of the expanded metal lath that galvanized sheet metal is made seldom; The construction steel of at present existing dwelling house building technology is reinforcing bar or hot-rolled steel section substantially, and reinforcing bar is difficult to finalize the design, locate, bear in the construction stage working load, hot-rolled steel section is difficult to and the compound enclosed structure that becomes of concrete, anticorrosion, the fire prevention of self, stable, rigidity problem technical finesse complexity; And external light section steel structure dwelling house mainly is the expensive zinc-plated cold-reduced sheet of 0.8mm~2.0mm with steel; It is short that the present invention has carried out getting reimbursement or compensation benefit to traditional construction steel scheme.
Suitability for industrialized production characteristics of the present invention are: structural steel is carried out suitability for industrialized production, and structural steel self can be finished building operations, not need auxiliary template, scaffolding work; And avoidance concrete prefabricated element and building material processing.
The characteristics of site operation of the present invention are: construction of the present invention only has two key steps: the Fast Installation of steel meshwork framework and concrete integrated poured; Implementation structure, maintenance, insulation, pipe engineering are integrated; When realizing suitability for industrialized production, also realize the esd ground of building operations, integrated, integration, mechanization, avoid manpower construction, work high above the ground and aided process.
Facility characteristics of the invention process are: implement the facility of wanting required for the present invention and comprise factory process facility and the on-the-spot facility of installing: wherein the factory process facility have lattice steel punching press, forming machine, the die-cut stretching-machine of expanded metal lath, connector moulding punching machine, thermal insulating composite panel labelling machine, Plasma cutting machine, butt welding machine etc., factory's facility automation; The on-the-spot facility of installing comprise: facility such as expanded metal lath cutting machine, automatic resistance spot weld, Plasma cutting machine, pneumatic nail gun, Electric portable drill, on-the-spot facility miniaturization, semi-automation; The classification of facility is less relatively, the domestic advanced level that reached.
Structure of the present invention, connection characteristics are: main joint construction of the present invention is the connection between body of wall steel frame, floor steel frame, collar tie beam, the constructional column, all be Steel Thin-Wall with Steel Thin-Wall between be connected, the connection technology that adopts mainly is automation fast, semi-automatic spot welding, and pneumatic nail gun, be used arc welding, securing member, from merit screw etc., can satisfy structural strength, it is simple to connect technology, the efficient height; And avoid being connected between the member of steel and the unlike material of concrete component and masonry; After the cast-in-situ concrete, beyond the welding that is connected steel and steel between the member, include the anchoring between steel member and the concrete;
Concrete technology characteristics of the present invention are: concrete of the present invention does not need the higher-strength grade, can make full use of building debris, as brickbat, broken concrete etc., also can adopt industrial waste such as flyash, slag etc., the aggregate required standard is lower than the standard that requires of steel concrete; The concrete pouring process characteristic is: concrete construction also separates with building pipeline, architectural construction measure fully by one's own efforts simultaneously fully, and technology is intersected clear and definite, is convenient to concentrate tissue; Concrete does not need long-time maintenance both can carry out next technology; Do not need additional maintenance can guarantee concrete quality and intensity; Do not need high-power shake to smash and to guarantee compactness; Realize 2 layers, 3 layers integrated cast simultaneously; Can not need complicated supporting facility in the self structure interior construction fully.
Above-mentioned difference has determined advantage of the present invention: 1, manufacturing advantage: be that main raw material(s) carries out batch production production with the steel sheet, realize that a factory, a cover technology, cover facility finish the house commercial process; 2, house building advantage: with complete industrialization assembly, at the scene with cover assembling and a hoisting, work post, cover facility, finish steel mesh frame industrialization installation fast and utilize existing machinery to finish concrete construction, integrated structure, maintenance, insulation, the pipe engineering finished; 3, design administration advantage: it is integrated that realization standardized designs, realization design, produce, assemble, construct; Realize that building, structure, maintenance, pipeline are integrated; And can simplified design, management, management, receipt control program, accomplish that all are responsible for by factory; 4, save resources advantage: save temporory structure and ancillary works, special cancellation is built by laying bricks or stones and form work engineering, reduces complementary people, machine, material consumption; 5, environmental protection advantage: accomplish twice laid, resource recovery, construction environmental protection, do not repeat transportation; 6, improve efficiency of construction: the saving duration reaches down 60%; 7, improve the house performance: reinforcement globality, the insulation durability of strengthening, raising building sound-and-fire proof performance increase the building utilization rate.
The present invention is under the prerequisite of same steel using amount, make full use of the self performance of steel meshwork framework, cancellation is based on reinforcing bar, template, scaffold, the masonry project of artificial and work high above the ground, substitute simultaneously that amount is big, low, the rough prefabricated units of valency and building materials (comprise common brick, building block), strengthen building heat preservation simultaneously, reduce resource-type material usages such as cement, aggregate; Simplify field operation, replace ancillary works operation and raw materials consumption thereof, save the manpower consumption in a large number; With the house building mode of standardization, integrated, industrialization, mechanization, reach save the duration, the purpose of protection environment, energy-saving material-saving, raising building performance.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the steel meshwork framework body of wall steel frame layout schematic diagram of one embodiment of the present of invention
Fig. 2 is floor steel skeleton construction floor map among the present invention
Fig. 3 is for being body of wall steel frame elevational schematic view of the present invention
Body of wall steel frame shown in Figure 4 surrounds elevation behind the expanded metal lath
The lattice steel schematic diagram that Fig. 5 adopts for the present invention
The expanded metal lath schematic diagram that Fig. 6 adopts for the present invention
The connector schematic diagram that Fig. 7 adopts for the present invention
Fig. 8 is the I-I sectional drawing of Fig. 1, is the overall cross-sectional view in house of present embodiment
Shown in Figure 9 is the II-II amplification profile of Fig. 1, has the body of wall steel skeleton construction schematic diagram of thermal insulating composite panel for the present invention
The thermal insulating composite panel schematic diagram that Figure 10 adopts for the present invention
Shown in Figure 11 is the III-III amplification profile of Fig. 1, is body of wall steel skeleton construction schematic diagram of the present invention
Shown in Figure 12 is T type wall structure post schematic diagram among the present invention
Shown in Figure 13 is L type wall structure post schematic diagram among the present invention
Shown in Figure 14 is bent bottom surface of the present invention floor schematic diagram
As shown in the figure:
1-body of wall steel frame, 2-floor steel frame, 3-expanded metal lath, 4-concrete
5-constructional column, 6-collar tie beam, 7-warming plate, 8-thermal insulating composite panel
9-foundation, 10-lattice steel, 11-connector, 12-anti-heat-film
13-reservation joint, 14-sprue gate
Web 103-lattice steel web hole of the edge of a wing 102-lattice steel of 101-lattice steel
The reinforcement crimping of 104-lattice steel hole periphery
31-expanded metal lath fish scale net, 32-expanded metal lath bar shaped rib
The limit of opening 112-angle steel connector of 111-angle steel connector
The compound setting course of 71-warming plate topping, 72-thermal insulating composite panel
The specific embodiment
Fig. 1~shown in Figure 14 is embodiments of the invention, is a concrete complex building of steel meshwork framework that 4 floor plated constructions are arranged.Described composite building comprises: body of wall steel frame 1, floor steel frame 2, expanded metal lath 3 and concrete 4:
As Fig. 1, Fig. 3, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, shown in Figure 11: described body of wall steel frame 1: be used for as described in the steel frame composite building body of wall, that be arranged parallel to each other and fixedly form with connector 11 by vertical lattice steel 10;
As Fig. 2, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, shown in Figure 11: described floor steel frame 2: be used for as described in the composite building floor, by the steel frame that the lattice steel 10 of level is arranged parallel to each other and fixedly forms with connector 11, described floor steel frame 2 comprises the roof steel frame;
Shown in Figure 5 is the lattice steel schematic diagram: lattice steel 10 is to be the clod wash lattice configuration steel member of 1.0mm~4.0mm steel sheet cold forming by thickness, its cross section is C type or U type or Z type, on the web 102 between two edge of a wing that is parallel to each other 101, evenly be placed with hole 103, the periphery of hole 103 has the reinforcement crimping of strengthening between 104, two holes of crimping and constitutes U type web member 105; The selected lattice steel 10 of the present invention, web 102 highly be 80mm~250mm, the edge of a wing 101 width at 40mm~100mm, the width 15mm~50mm of U type web member 105, U type web member 105 heights of flange are 6mm~10mm; Its arrangement pitches each other of described lattice steel is not less than 50mm~400mm; Control rationally with steel, guaranteed strength, with concrete co-operation prerequisite under the lateral deformation of control expanded metal lath, guarantee the intensity and the distortion of described steel meshwork framework simultaneously, form enough rigidity, intensity simultaneously, reach the building fire protection index; To satisfy the above housing construction requirement of multilayer, satisfy construction typing, location and working load and construction operation requirement simultaneously, with this understanding, reach the purpose of cancelling temporory structure engineerings such as template;
Shown in Figure 7 is connector schematic diagram of the present invention: connector 11 as shown in Figure 7 is the rectangular accessories of steel such as the steel band that is fixed into steel frame, angle steel of fitting with lattice steel 10; When described connector is angle steel, on a limit 112 of angle steel, have the fixedly opening 111 of lattice steel, the thickness of angle steel is generally 2mm~3mm, and arrangement pitch is generally 600mm~1200mm, and spacing is encrypted 300mm to 450mm around collar tie beam, constructional column; A sideband of angle steel has opening, so that improve the lateral rigidity of steel frame, particularly be convenient to lattice steel assembling location, avoids the local distortion of constructing, be convenient to construction and hang, operational phase increase with concrete anchoring be connected.
Shown in Figure 6 is the expanded metal lath schematic diagram that the present invention adopts, as shown in Figure 6: described expanded metal lath is that thickness is the cold worked fish scale net 31 of galvanized steel plain sheet of 0.3mm~0.6mm, bossed on the net at fish scale, by the bar shaped rib 32 that spacing is arranged in parallel, expanded metal lath is fixed in the steel frame surface with bar shaped rib 32 protruding parts; Described expanded metal lath also can be processed with hard plastic board, becomes the rigid plastics expanded metals; Shown in Fig. 9,11, expanded metal lath is fixed in the surface of steel frame 1 with bar shaped rib 32, separates gapped with the bar shaped rib between the fish scale net 31 on its top and the steel frame; The cross section of bar shaped rib is not less than 10mm * 10mm, for forming reliable concrete cover, guarantees fire prevention, and the requirement of concrete lateral pressure is satisfied in requirement for anticorrosion simultaneously; The mesh specification of fish scale net 31 be generally (3mm~5mm) * (8mm~10mm), can control the concrete infiltration, again can be fully and concrete be combined into composite cover; The width of expanded metal lath is generally 450mm~750mm, length is generally 2400mm, generally makes according to dimensions.
The concrete 4 that the present invention adopts is the common building concrete;
As Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, Figure 11, shown in Figure 12: as described in the lower end of lattice steel 10 of body of wall steel frame 1 fix; The two ends of the lattice steel 10 of described floor steel frame 2 are separately fixed on the body of wall steel frame 1; Interconnect between the lattice steel 10 of described body of wall steel frame 1, floor steel frame 2, the connector 11, constitute fixing steel framework;
Two sides at the body of wall steel frame 1 of described steel framework are fixed with expanded metal lath 3 respectively, are fixed with expanded metal lath 3 in the bottom surface of described floor steel frame 2; Described expanded metal lath constitutes the face that fixedly surrounds to the bottom surface of two sides of body of wall steel frame and floor steel frame; Described steel framework and expanded metal lath constitute steel meshwork framework jointly.
Be filled with concrete 4 in body of wall steel frame 1 in described steel meshwork framework, floor steel frame 2 and expanded metal lath 3 common cavitys that constitute and the slit, described body of wall steel frame 1, expanded metal lath 3 constitute composite wall body structure with concrete 4, described floor steel frame 2, expanded metal lath 3 constitute composite floor structure with concrete 4, and the common formation of described steel meshwork framework and coagulation comprises the building unit of composite wall body structure and composite floor structure.
The body of wall steel frame 1 of described steel meshwork framework is fixed on the foundation 9, and the building unit with concrete 4 constitutes is the foundation construction unit.
When described composite building is that described composite building was made of the foundation construction unit when low layer composite building of 1~3 floor plate was arranged.
When described composite building is multilayer or high-rise composite building, described composite building is made of foundation construction unit and the superimposed successively building unit that is fixed on the foundation construction unit, and the body of wall steel frame that its superimposed fixed form is the superstructure unit is fixed on the body of wall steel frame of substrustion unit.
As shown in Figure 4 be elevation behind the body of wall steel frame fixation steel plate net.As shown in Figure 4: at two sides difference fixation steel plate nets 3 of body of wall steel frame 1, expanded metal lath 3 constitutes the face that fixedly surrounds of body of wall steel frames; Body of wall steel frame 1 has as shown in Figure 4 also been illustrated door and window hole, will not state in this explanation more.
As Fig. 2, Fig. 9, shown in Figure 11, the bottom surface fixation steel plate net 3 of floor steel frame 2, the face that fixedly surrounds that expanded metal lath 3 constitutes floor steel frame 2 bottom surfaces.
As Fig. 8, Fig. 9, shown in Figure 11: the steel meshwork framework of building unit in the present embodiment has 2 floor slab skeletons, also can be 1 layer or 3 floor slab skeletons;
As Fig. 8, Fig. 9, shown in Figure 11: the building of supposing present embodiment is the low layer composite building that 1~3 floor plated construction is arranged, and then this building is made of the foundation construction unit.
As shown in Figure 8 be the I-I sectional drawing of Fig. 1---the architectural complex cross-section illustration of embodiment of the invention intention.As shown in Figure 8, composite building of the present invention comprises wall body structure and 4 floor plated constructions (containing roofing slab); Constitute by foundation construction unit and superimposed building unit on the foundation construction unit;
As Fig. 8, Fig. 9, shown in Figure 11: present embodiment is for there being the MULTILAYER COMPOSITE building of 4 floor plated constructions, the multilayer of floor slab structure more than 4 layers, high-rise composite building also can be arranged, constitute by foundation construction unit and the superimposed successively building unit that is fixed on the foundation construction unit; The V-V section is the foundation construction unit with the lower part, and the above part of V-V section is superimposed building unit on the foundation construction unit; The body of wall steel frame 1 of foundation construction unit is fixed on the foundation 9; There are 2 floor slab skeletons 2 to be separately fixed on the body of wall steel frame 1 of foundation construction unit; The body of wall steel frame 1 of superimposed building unit on the foundation construction unit is fixed on the body of wall of foundation construction unit, comprise steel meshwork framework and concrete 4, the body of wall steel frame 1 of steel meshwork framework is fixed on the foundation construction unit body of wall, body of wall steel frame 1, and 2 floor slab skeletons 2 (comprising the roofing slab steel frame) are arranged.
As shown in figure 10 be the organigram of thermal insulating composite panel 8.As shown in figure 10: when the composite building of present embodiment requires insulation, the composite building of present embodiment comprises insulation layer: the described external surface that is fixed on the expanded metal lath 3 of 1 one sides of steel meshwork framework body of wall steel frame is fixed with warming plate 7, at the external surface matcoveredn 71 of warming plate 7, the face that combines with expanded metal lath 3 at warming plate 7 compound setting course 72 is arranged, and described expanded metal lath, warming plate constitute thermal insulating composite panel 8; One side, formation that described thermal insulating composite panel 8 is fixed on described steel meshwork framework exterior wall steel frame 1 fixedly surround face, and are embedded in the concrete surface of described building unit composite wall body structure, constitute the insulation layer of described building unit.
As shown in figure 10: on the inner surface of described thermal insulating composite panel, be pasted with anti-heat-film, promptly on the face of the expanded metal lath bar shaped rib of thermal insulating composite panel, be pasted with anti-heat-film 12, can reduce heat radiation like this, further strengthen the building heat preservation effect.
The technical scheme of insulation of the present invention is to realize the heat insulating work batch production, realizes that simultaneously insulation, structure, maintenance engineering are integrated, when enhancing productivity, also guarantees sticking Quality; The adhesion strength of warming plate and expanded metal lath is far longer than the adhesion strength with cement screedn, and is embedded in concrete surface with expanded metal lath integral body, has very strong fastness; The surface layer protection warming plate construction stage of warming plate is not damaged, and improves the bulk strength of thermal insulating composite panel, finishes the surface layer maintenance simultaneously in manufacturing process, finishes at the drying shrinkage that front layer self is installed, and reduces top-crack; Be embedded in concrete surface at the operational phase thermal insulating composite panel, and participate in the concrete consolidation process,, make the more difficult generation in crack of insulation layer more because integrality of wall is good, and body of wall is expanded metal lath and the concrete surface layer that combines; Behind the inner stickup of thermal insulating composite panel anti-heat-film, greatly reduce thermal radiation loss, improve heat insulation effect; Also play waterproof action; Prior art when body of wall paste heat-preserving plate, need auxiliary fixing on the wall with the screw that penetrates warming plate, can the guaranteed strength requirement, this fixed form has on the one hand that heat bridge produces, the easy corrosion of screw itself on the other hand, durability is relatively poor.
For increasing the globality of whole building, as Fig. 1, Figure 12, shown in Figure 13: corner or door and window hole both sides at described steel meshwork framework body of wall steel frame are provided with constructional column 5, described constructional column 5 is fixed on the body of wall steel frame 1 with connector 11, and be enclosed in the expanded metal lath 3, described constructional column 5 is constituted or is made of steel pipe with connector 11 by two above lattice steel 10; Constitute the body of wall steel frame of constructional column with the body of wall steel frame.
As Fig. 8, Fig. 9, shown in Figure 11: the position of the fixedly floor steel frame 2 on the body of wall steel frame 1 of described steel meshwork framework, the collar tie beam 6 that is made of 4 above angle steel is arranged, be fixed on to described collar tie beam 6 levels, perforation the both sides of the lattice steel 10 of body of wall steel frame 1, the lattice steel 10 of described floor steel frame 2 is fixed on the collar tie beam 6; Described constructional column 5, collar tie beam 6 are combined in the expanded metal lath 3 with body of wall steel frame 1, floor steel frame 2 one common peripheral, constitute the steel meshwork framework of constructional column and collar tie beam.
Described collar tie beam, constructional column can greatly strengthen the globality of building structure, the effect of play the location simultaneously in installation process, fixing.
In as Fig. 8, Fig. 9, steel meshwork framework shown in Figure 11, can also be furnished with various reinforcing bars or building pipeline as required; Because steel meshwork framework inside connects, so various reinforcing bars, pipeline be any layout of aspect very, this diagram is not being represented reinforcing bar, pipe line arrangement figure in addition; Described reinforcing bar generally is arranged in the bearing or the span centre of floor, plays the effect of reinforcement.
As shown in Figure 12 and Figure 13 be node schematic diagram behind the body of wall steel frame fill concrete: the constructional column 5 that comprises body of wall steel frame 1, expanded metal lath 3, thermal insulating composite panel 8, body of wall steel frame 1 corner; Become the body of wall of constructional column steel frame 1 is arranged; Concrete is filled in body of wall steel frame 1, expanded metal lath 3, the thermal insulating composite panel 8 common cavitys that constitute, and concrete is filled in expanded metal lath 3 and the gap that lattice steel 10 is separated simultaneously;
As shown in figure 14 be the plate with curved surface net organigram of present embodiment.As shown in figure 14: the expanded metal lath 3 that is fixed on floor steel frame 2 bottom surfaces is the plate with curved surface net, and the recess of described plate with curved surface net is between two parallel lattice steel and to constitute the bottom surface with concrete be the floor of curved surface.When very big and thickness floor steel frame 2 is also very big when the span of floor slab structure, be the intensity that guarantees floor slab structure, can reduce the weight of floor slab structure self simultaneously, floor can be made the curved surface floor.
The construction method of the concrete complex building of steel meshwork framework of present embodiment, according to following steps:
(1) according to Fig. 1, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, preparation body of wall steel frame 1 shown in Figure 11, according to Fig. 2, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, preparation floor steel frame 2 shown in Figure 11;
(2) according to Fig. 1, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, shown in Figure 11, body of wall steel frame 1 is in place, and lattice steel 10 lower ends of body of wall steel frame 1 are fixed, according to Fig. 2, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, Figure 11 the lattice steel two ends of floor steel frame are separately fixed on the body of wall steel frame, body of wall steel frame and floor steel frame are fixed into the steel framework;
(3) according to Fig. 8, Fig. 9, shown in Figure 11, behind completing steps 1 or completing steps 2, fixation steel plate net 3 on body of wall steel frame 1 and floor steel frame 2; During fixation steel plate net 3, on body of wall steel frame 1, every layer fixedly the top of floor steel frame 2 positions reserve sprue gate 14, sprue gate 14 is located at the inboard of skin body steel frame and the one or both sides of inner wall of building body steel frame, finishes the steel meshwork framework at sprue gate and installs;
(4) fluid concrete in Fig. 8, Fig. 9, steel meshwork framework shown in Figure 11: be operating surface according to from bottom to top order, with every floor slab skeleton 2, from described sprue gate 14 in lower floor has sealed body of wall steel frame 1 cavity of expanded metal lath fill concrete 4, recharge the concrete 4 in the floor steel frame 2;
(5) behind the concrete in lower floor's body of wall steel frame is finished in filling, with sprue gate 14 sealings, continue to fill the concrete of upper strata body of wall steel frame with expanded metal lath;
(6) concrete is filled and is finished, and builds up described building unit.
The body of wall steel frame 1 of described steel meshwork framework is fixed on the foundation 9, and the building unit with concrete 4 constitutes is the foundation construction unit.
When described composite building is that described composite building was made of the foundation construction unit when low layer composite building of 1~3 floor plated construction was arranged.
When described composite building is that described composite building was made of foundation construction unit and the superimposed successively building unit that is fixed on the foundation construction unit when multilayer of floor slab structure more than 4 layers or 4 layers or high-rise composite building were arranged.
Present embodiment is for there being the MULTILAYER COMPOSITE building of 4 floor plated constructions, by the foundation construction unit that comprises 2 floor plated constructions with comprise that the superimposed building unit on the foundation construction unit of 2 floor plated constructions constitutes.
When described composite building is made of foundation construction unit and the superimposed successively building unit that is fixed on the foundation construction unit, the body of wall steel frame 1 that its superimposed fixed form is the superstructure unit is fixed on the body of wall steel frame 1 of substrustion unit, and its concrete superimposed building course is: the body of wall lattice steel 10 of described substrustion unit is reserved the alternate reservation joint 13 of length more than the superiors' floor; The body of wall steel frame 1 and the floor steel frame 2 of preparation superstructure unit are fixed on the lattice steel 10 of the body of wall steel frame 1 of superstructure unit on the described reservation joint 13 accordingly; Repeat above-mentioned steps 2-6.
, be made of the foundation construction unit for the low layer composite building of 1~3 floor plated construction is arranged as this building, this foundation construction unit has 1 to 3 floor plated construction.
As shown in Figure 8: this building is made of foundation construction unit and the superimposed successively building unit that is fixed on the foundation construction unit for the multilayer of floor slab structure more than 4 layers or 4 layers, high-rise composite building to be arranged; This foundation construction unit has 1 to 3 floor plated construction, and the superimposed successively building unit on the foundation construction unit also has 1 to 3 floor plated construction.
Present embodiment is made of foundation construction unit and superimposed building unit on the foundation construction unit, and there are 2 floor plated constructions the foundation construction unit; Superimposed building unit on the foundation construction unit also has 2 floor plated constructions.
The construction method of the insulation layer of present embodiment is according to following steps: (1) is outside sealing before the expanded metal lath 3 of body of wall steel frame 1, at the back side of the bar shaped rib 32 of described expanded metal lath 3 fixedly warming plate 7, at the external surface bonding topping 71 of warming plate 7, make warming plate and expanded metal lath be combined into thermal insulating composite panel 8; (2) or at the back side of the bar shaped rib 32 of described expanded metal lath 3 fixedly warming plate 7, paste anti-heat-film 12 in 32 in bar shaped rib, make expanded metal lath 3, warming plate 7, anti-heat-film 12 constitute anti-heat-film thermal insulating composite panel 8; (3) behind the fill concrete 4, make thermal insulating composite panel or have the anti-heat-film thermal insulating composite panel to be fixed on a described building unit concrete surface of wall body structure outward with surrounding, become the insulation layer of described building unit.
In steel concrete and masonry technology, the non-structural element of housing construction such as balcony fence, awning, cornice, gutter, the protruding frame of the window that wafts, the roofing skylight, exterior wall moulding lines etc., it is the difficult problem of building operations always, expend a large amount of templates, artificial and duration, this technology can conveniently address the above problem, lattice steel can be neatly and the body of wall steel frame, floor steel frame overall package becomes various structures and moulding, become balcony fence, awning, cornice, gutter, the protruding frame of the window that wafts, the roofing skylight, various building ancillary facilities such as exterior wall moulding lines, and can finish on ground, with body of wall, the integral hoisting of floor steel frame is in place.
The assembling of body of wall steel frame, floor steel frame: can be with structure facility overall package such as wall structure post, collar tie beam, doorframe and window frame mouth, lintels; Can the real abdomen doorframe and window frame of prefabricated abnormal shape mouth, the door and window location and installation accurately, firmly guarantees the sealing of warming plate and doorframe and window frame mouth simultaneously, blocks cold bridge; In assembling during steel frame, generally with collar tie beam, constructional column as normal control wire, the assembling accurate positioning forms the bight control line simultaneously in the bight, straight, the restriction bight top-crack of the fixing and room stitch of more convenient expanded metal lath; The ancillary facility of member self comprises collar tie beam, constructional column, skylight, cornices, gutter, awning etc. can integral manufacturings, and can be further on ground with pipe line arrangement in steel frame, necessary expanded metal lath is pre-fixed;
About hoisting and locating: because the weight of steel frame is generally per 50 square metres of members is about 500kg~1000kg, general crane both can have been realized the large stretch of Pin of one-tenth lifting, stride floor integral hoisting etc. as 2 layers of body of wall integral hoisting, two, make the crane high efficiency lift, when finishing the steel meshwork framework installation fast, the integrated ancillary facility, building pipeline finished installed, and greatly reduces high-altitude complex work amount.Accomplish the work high above the ground esd ground, the Ground Operation three-dimensional, lifting operation is integrated.
This patent relates to other facility such as the parts such as door and window, stair of building and does not do more descriptions.

Claims (9)

1, a kind of concrete complex building of steel meshwork framework comprises: body of wall steel frame, floor steel frame, expanded metal lath and concrete; Described body of wall steel frame: be to be used for steel frame described composite building body of wall, that be arranged parallel to each other and fixedly form with connector by vertical lattice steel; Described floor steel frame: be used for described composite building floor, by the steel frame that the lattice steel of level is arranged parallel to each other and fixedly forms with connector, described floor steel frame comprises the roof steel frame; Described lattice steel: be to be the clod wash lattice configuration steel member of 1.0mm~4.0mm steel sheet cold forming by thickness, its cross section is C type or U type or Z type, on the web between two edges of a wing that are parallel to each other, evenly be placed with hole, the periphery of hole has the reinforcement crimping, and the reinforcement crimping between two holes constitutes U type web member; Described connector: be the rectangular accessories of steel such as the steel band be fixed into steel frame, angle steel of fitting with lattice steel; Described expanded metal lath: be that thickness is the cold worked fish scale net of galvanized steel plain sheet of 0.3mm~0.6mm, bossed on the net at fish scale, by the bar shaped rib that spacing is arranged in parallel, expanded metal lath plays the position with the bar shaped costal process and is fixed in the steel frame surface; Described expanded metal lath or rigid plastics expanded metals; Described concrete is the common building concrete;
It is characterized in that: the lower end of described body of wall steel frame lattice steel is fixed; The two ends of described floor steel frame lattice steel are separately fixed on the body of wall steel frame; Interconnect between the lattice steel of described body of wall steel frame, floor steel frame, the connector, constitute fixing steel framework;
Two sides at the body of wall steel frame of described steel framework are fixed with expanded metal lath respectively, are fixed with expanded metal lath in the bottom surface of described floor steel frame; Described expanded metal lath constitutes the face that fixedly surrounds to the bottom surface of two sides of body of wall steel frame and floor steel frame; Described steel framework and expanded metal lath constitute steel meshwork framework jointly;
Be filled with concrete in common cavity that constitutes of body of wall steel frame in described steel meshwork framework, floor steel frame and expanded metal lath and the slit, described body of wall steel frame, expanded metal lath and concrete constitute composite wall body structure, described floor steel frame, expanded metal lath and concrete constitute composite floor structure, and the common formation of described steel meshwork framework and coagulation comprises the building unit of composite wall body structure and composite floor structure;
The body of wall steel frame of described steel meshwork framework is fixed on the foundation, and the building unit with concrete constitutes is the foundation construction unit;
Described composite building is made of the foundation construction unit, or constitute by foundation construction unit and the superimposed successively building unit that is fixed on the foundation construction unit, the body of wall steel frame that its superimposed fixed form is the superstructure unit is fixed on the body of wall steel frame of substrustion unit.
2, concrete complex building of steel meshwork framework as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the steel meshwork framework of described building unit has 1~3 floor slab skeleton.
3, concrete complex building of steel meshwork framework as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the low layer composite building of 1~3 floor plated construction is arranged, be made of the foundation construction unit.
4, concrete complex building of steel meshwork framework as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the multilayer of floor slab structure more than 4 layers or 4 layers, high-rise composite building are arranged, be made of foundation construction unit and the superimposed successively building unit that is fixed on the foundation construction unit.
5, concrete complex building of steel meshwork framework as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that described composite building comprises insulation layer: the described external surface that is fixed on the expanded metal lath of a side of steel meshwork framework body of wall steel frame is fixed with warming plate, at the external surface matcoveredn of warming plate, the face that combines with expanded metal lath at warming plate compound setting course is arranged, and described expanded metal lath, warming plate constitute thermal insulating composite panel; One side, formation that described thermal insulating composite panel is fixed on described steel meshwork framework exterior wall steel frame fixedly surround face, and are embedded in the concrete surface of described building unit composite wall body structure, constitute the insulation layer of described building unit.
6, concrete complex building of steel meshwork framework as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: be pasted with anti-heat-film on the inner surface of described thermal insulating composite panel.
7, concrete complex building of steel meshwork framework as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that described composite building comprises constructional column, collar tie beam: corner or door and window hole both sides at described steel meshwork framework body of wall steel frame are provided with constructional column, described constructional column is fixed on the body of wall steel frame with connector, described constructional column is made of two above lattice steel and connector, or constructional column is made of steel pipe; In the fixing position of floor steel frame of the body of wall steel frame of described steel meshwork framework, the collar tie beam that is made of angle steel is arranged, described collar tie beam is horizontally fixed on the lattice steel both sides of body of wall steel frame, and the lattice steel of described floor steel frame is fixed on the collar tie beam; Described constructional column, collar tie beam and body of wall steel frame, floor steel frame one common peripheral are combined in the expanded metal lath, constitute the steel meshwork framework of constructional column and collar tie beam.
8, concrete complex building of steel meshwork framework as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: building pipeline or reinforcing bar are arranged in described steel meshwork framework and constitute the body of wall or the floor slab structure of pre-buried building pipeline or reinforcing bar with concrete.
9, concrete complex building of steel meshwork framework as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the expanded metal lath that is fixed on floor steel frame bottom surface is the plate with curved surface net, and the recess of described plate with curved surface net is between two parallel lattice steel and to constitute the bottom surface with concrete be the floor slab structure of curved surface.
CNB2005101257095A 2005-12-01 2005-12-01 Concrete complex building of steel meshwork framework, and construction procedure Active CN100451257C (en)

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CN101654925B (en) * 2009-09-15 2011-03-16 清华大学建筑设计研究院 Space fixing truss concrete construction and construction method thereof
CN102011496A (en) * 2010-11-09 2011-04-13 夏昌 Assembled high-rise or super high-rise residential building with high safety and comfort
WO2011091767A1 (en) 2010-01-29 2011-08-04 清华大学建筑设计研究院有限公司 Space light steel frame concrete building and construction method thereof
CN101280580B (en) * 2008-05-06 2011-08-17 张晶廷 Load bearing screen plate and load bearing masonry composite building structure as well as construction method thereof
CN102979164A (en) * 2012-11-26 2013-03-20 北京工业大学 Multi-story high-rise assembled steel structure eccentrically-braced system
WO2018146536A1 (en) * 2017-02-08 2018-08-16 Schillinger Ervin Fast construction of energy-efficient buildings

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DE2503125C3 (en) * 1975-01-25 1978-06-08 Heinz 6340 Dillenburg Gross
CN1150986A (en) * 1995-11-17 1997-06-04 林火村 Construction method for wall
CN2374593Y (en) * 1999-04-27 2000-04-19 陈成阳 Concrete wall with steel net for steel frame building

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CN101280580B (en) * 2008-05-06 2011-08-17 张晶廷 Load bearing screen plate and load bearing masonry composite building structure as well as construction method thereof
CN101654925B (en) * 2009-09-15 2011-03-16 清华大学建筑设计研究院 Space fixing truss concrete construction and construction method thereof
WO2011091767A1 (en) 2010-01-29 2011-08-04 清华大学建筑设计研究院有限公司 Space light steel frame concrete building and construction method thereof
RU2506376C1 (en) * 2010-01-29 2014-02-10 Архитектурный Проектно-Исследовательский Институт Циньхуанского Университета Ко., Лтд Concrete building with light steel volume frame and method of its assembly
CN102011496A (en) * 2010-11-09 2011-04-13 夏昌 Assembled high-rise or super high-rise residential building with high safety and comfort
CN102011496B (en) * 2010-11-09 2012-08-15 夏昌 Assembled high-rise or super high-rise residential building with high safety and comfort
CN102979164A (en) * 2012-11-26 2013-03-20 北京工业大学 Multi-story high-rise assembled steel structure eccentrically-braced system
WO2018146536A1 (en) * 2017-02-08 2018-08-16 Schillinger Ervin Fast construction of energy-efficient buildings
US10132077B2 (en) 2017-02-08 2018-11-20 Ervin Schillinger Fast construction of energy-efficient buildings

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