CN1945173A - Multiple heat source multifunction solar energy heat pump - Google Patents

Multiple heat source multifunction solar energy heat pump Download PDF

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CN1945173A
CN1945173A CN 200610114393 CN200610114393A CN1945173A CN 1945173 A CN1945173 A CN 1945173A CN 200610114393 CN200610114393 CN 200610114393 CN 200610114393 A CN200610114393 A CN 200610114393A CN 1945173 A CN1945173 A CN 1945173A
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heat
solenoid valve
heat exchanger
source
solar
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CN 200610114393
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CN100422663C (en
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季杰
阳季春
裴刚
蒋爱国
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中国科学技术大学
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B27/00Machines, plant, or systems, using particular sources of energy
    • F25B27/002Machines, plant, or systems, using particular sources of energy using solar energy
    • F25B27/005Machines, plant, or systems, using particular sources of energy using solar energy in compression type systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy

Abstract

The multiple heat source multifunctional solar energy heat pump consists of one solar heat collecting system and one multifunctional heat pump system. The solar heat collecting system includes full glass tube solar heat collector, large heat accumulating water tank, solenoid valve and high temperature circulating pump; and the multifunctional heat pump system includes variable frequency compressor, outdoor water cooling source heat exchanger, outdoor air cooling source heat exchanger, indoor air cooling source heat exchanger, indoor coil pipe water heating tank, condensing coil pipe, electronic expansion valve, liquid storage and two electromagnetic triple valves. The solar heat collecting system and the multifunctional heat pump system are connected through the variable frequency high temperature circulating pump and solenoid valve. The present invention can utilize both solar energy and air source as the heat source of the heat pump, and has several functions and raised COP value of heat pump system.

Description

多热源多功能太阳能热泵 Multi-source multi-functional solar heat pump

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种多热源多功能太阳能热泵。 The present invention relates to a multi-source multi-function solar heat.

背景技术 Background technique

随着社会的发展和人民生活水平的提高,用于采暖、空调及制取生活用热水方面的能耗占能源总量的比例越来越大。 With the development of society and the improvement of living standards for heating, air conditioning and preparation of life to total energy consumption of hot water with increasing aspect ratio. 因此城市家庭都配备有冷暖两用空调(专业用语为热泵)及热水器(主要有电热水器、燃气热水器及太阳能热水器)。 Therefore, urban households are equipped with dual heating and air-conditioning (heat pump terminology) and water heaters (mainly electric water heaters, gas water heaters and solar water heaters). 这样将消耗大量的常规化石型能源(如电、煤、石油、天然气),为了解决常规化石型能源的不足及其带来的环境污染等问题,各国学者争相研究利用太阳能热泵来进行采暖、空调和制取生活用热水。 This will consume a large amount of conventional fossil energy sources (such as electricity, coal, oil, natural gas), in order to solve the shortage of conventional fossil energy sources and the environmental pollution and other issues, scholars from various countries compete on the use of solar energy to heat pump heating, Preparation air conditioning and domestic hot water. 根据太阳能集热器与热泵蒸发器的组合形式,太阳能热泵可分为直膨式和间接膨胀式两种。 The combination of a solar collector and a heat pump evaporator, a solar heat pumps can be divided into direct and indirect expansion expanding two. TLFreeman,JWMitchell,TEAudit.Performance of combinedsolar-heat pump systems,Solar energy,1979,22(2):125-135.、GLMorrison.Simulation of packaged solar heat-pump water heaters.SolarEnergy,1994,53(3):249-257、K.Kaygusuz,T.Ayhan.Experimental andtheoretical investigation of combined solar heat pump system forresidential heating.Energy conversion & Management,1999,40(13):1377-1396、旷玉辉,王如竹,于立强,太阳能热泵供热系统的实验研究,太阳能学报,2002,23(4)408-413等都从不同方面对间接膨胀式系统进行了研究。 TLFreeman, JWMitchell, TEAudit.Performance of combinedsolar-heat pump systems, Solar energy, 1979,22 (2): 125-135, GLMorrison.Simulation of packaged solar heat-pump water heaters.SolarEnergy, 1994,53 (3).: 249-257, K.Kaygusuz, T.Ayhan.Experimental andtheoretical investigation of combined solar heat pump system forresidential heating.Energy conversion & amp; Management, 1999,40 (13): 1377-1396, Kuang Yuhui, such as bamboo Wang, Li-Yu experimental study solar heat pump heating systems, solar Sinica, 2002,23 (4) 408-413 and so indirect expansion system is studied from various aspects. SKChaturvedi,DTChen,A.Kheireddine.Thermalperformance of a Variable capacity direct expansion solar-assisted heatpump,Energy Conversion and Management,1998,39(3-4):181-191、Sushil.K.Chaturvedi,James.Y.Shen.Thermal performance of a directexpansion solar-assisted heat pump,Solar energy,1984,33(2):155-162、JPChyng,CPLee and BJHuang.Performance analysis of asolar-assisted heat pump water heater,Solar Energy,2003,74(1):33-44、Kuang,YH,Sumathy,K.,Wang,RZ.Study on adirect-expansion solar-assisted heat pump water heating system.International Journal of Energy Research,2003,27,531-548、FBGorozabel Chata,SKChaturvedi,A.Almogbel.Analysis of a directexpansion solar assisted heat pump using different refrigerants.EnergyConversion and Management,2005,46(15-16):2614-2624等也都根据各国及地区的不同气候特点对直膨式太阳能热泵进行了广泛的理论和实验研究,也有相关的专利申请CN02219389.8公开了太 SKChaturvedi, DTChen, A.Kheireddine.Thermalperformance of a Variable capacity direct expansion solar-assisted heatpump, Energy Conversion and Management, 1998,39 (3-4): 181-191, Sushil.K.Chaturvedi, James.Y.Shen. Thermal performance of a directexpansion solar-assisted heat pump, Solar energy, 1984,33 (2): 155-162, JPChyng, CPLee and BJHuang.Performance analysis of asolar-assisted heat pump water heater, Solar Energy, 2003,74 (1 ): 33-44, Kuang, YH, Sumathy, K., Wang, RZ.Study on adirect-expansion solar-assisted heat pump water heating system.International Journal of Energy Research, 2003,27,531-548, FBGorozabel Chata, SKChaturvedi, A.Almogbel.Analysis of a directexpansion solar assisted heat pump using different refrigerants.EnergyConversion and Management, 2005,46 (15-16): 2614-2624, are also depending on the climatic characteristics of each country and region of the solar direct expansion heat conducted extensive theoretical and experimental studies, also related to the patent application discloses too CN02219389.8 能热泵冷暖空调器、CN02239555.5公开了太阳能热泵制冷热系统、CN03150625.9公开了直膨式太阳能热泵空调系统。 Heating and heat pump air conditioner, CN02239555.5 discloses a solar heat pump refrigeration system, CN03150625.9 discloses a solar direct-expansion heat pump system. 但上述各国及地区学者对太阳能热泵的研究及相关的专利申请都集中在太阳能与单一功能热泵技术的结合方面,并且都只利用太阳能这一单一热源,没有考虑多热源方案。 However, the above-mentioned countries and regions scholars solar heat pump research and related patent applications are concentrated in the combination of solar and heat pump technology single function, and only the single use of solar heat, the heat source is not considered a multi-program. 而太阳能是一种间歇性的能源,阴雨天及晚上无法直接利用,单一热源单一功能的太阳能热泵势必影响到太阳能热泵的使用效率。 The solar energy is an intermittent energy sources, rainy days and at night can not directly use, single source single-function solar heat pump is bound to affect the efficiency of the use of solar heat pump. 季杰,裴刚,何伟等,空调-热水器一体机制冷兼制热水模式的性能模拟和实验分析,暖通空调,2003,33(2):19-23和季杰,裴刚,何伟等,空调-热水器一体机单独制热水模式的性能模拟和实验分析,暖通空调,2004,34(12):96-98、Jie ji,Gang Pei,Tin-tai Chow,etal.Performance of multi-functional domestic heat-pump system[J].Applied energy,2005,80(3):307-326对家用多功能热泵系统进行了广泛而深入的研究,申请有专利CN00240603.9家用空调和热水器一体化装置,但这种多功能热泵中没有利用太阳能作为热泵的热源。 Ji Jie, Pei Gang, Wei and other air conditioning - water heater one of the mechanisms of cold and hot water supply mode of performance simulation and experimental analysis, HVAC, 2003,33 (2): 19-23 Jie and Ji, Pei Gang, HE Wei et al., Toilet - water heater separate machine system performance simulation and experimental analysis of the hot water mode, HVAC, 2004,34 (12): 96-98, Jie ji, Gang Pei, Tin-tai Chow, etal.Performance of multi-functional domestic heat-pump system [J] .Applied energy, 2005,80 (3): 307-326 the heat pump system of home-made extensive and intensive studies Patent application household air conditioners and water heaters integrally CN00240603.9 apparatus, but this is not versatile use of solar heat as a heat source for a heat pump.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明的技术解决问题:克服现有技术的不足,提供一种多热源多功能太阳能热泵,使其具有既能利用太阳能又能利用空气源作为热泵热源,并集制冷、制热和制取生活用热水多种功能于一体,以解决太阳能具有间歇性,阴雨天晚上无法直接利用的问题,并提高热泵系统的COP值。 The techniques of this invention to solve the problem: to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art, to provide a multifunctional multi-source solar heat, but also to have both the use of solar energy as a heat pump heat source with air, and the set cooling, heating and living Preparation with hot water in one of a variety of functions to solve the problem with intermittent solar night can not directly use rainy days, and improve the COP of the heat pump system.

本发明的技术解决方案:多热源多功能太阳能热泵,其特征在于:由太阳能集热系统和多功能热泵系统组成,太阳能集热系统包括太阳能全玻璃真空管集热器及蓄热大水箱、第三电磁阀和高温循环泵,高温循环泵从蓄热大水箱上部出水口吸取蓄热大水箱中的水经第三电磁阀进入太阳能全玻璃真空管集热器,在太阳能全玻璃真空管集热器中被加热的热水再经蓄热大水箱的下部入水口回到蓄热大水箱,如此循环直到水温满足设计要求;多功能热泵系统主要包括变频压缩机、室外水冷源换热器、室外风冷源换热器、室内风冷源换热器、室内带盘管热水箱、冷凝盘管、电子膨胀阀、储液器和第一电磁三通阀和第二电磁三通阀,这两部分通过变频高温循环泵、第一电磁阀、第二电磁阀、第四电磁阀、第五电磁阀、第六电磁阀连接在一起,变频压缩机出口经四 Technical solutions of the present invention: a multi multifunction solar heat pump, comprising: a solar collector system and the multifunctional heat pump system components, the system comprises a solar collector all-glass vacuum tube solar collectors and heat storing large tank, the third high-temperature circulating pump and solenoid valve, the water outlet temperature from the upper portion of the circulation pump large heat storage tank draw large heat storage water tank via the third solenoid valve into the all-glass vacuum tube solar collectors, is the all-glass vacuum tube solar collector in then a lower portion of the hot water heated by the heat storage tank large regenerative large tank back to the inlet, and so on until the water temperature meet the design requirements; multifunctional heat pump system includes an inverter compressor, the outdoor heat exchanger cooled source, the outdoor air source heat exchanger, the indoor air heat source, indoor coil with hot water tank, a condenser coil, an electronic expansion valve, a first reservoir and a second electromagnetic three-way valve and three-way solenoid valve, two parts by frequency temperature circulating pump, a first solenoid valve, the second solenoid valve, the fourth solenoid valve, the solenoid valve fifth, sixth solenoid valves are connected together, the inverter compressor via the four outlet 换向阀、第一电磁三通阀与室外水冷源换热器和室外风冷源换热器组成的并联通路相连,再经过电子膨胀阀与室内风冷源换热器和室内带盘管热水箱组成的并联通路相连,并经过第二电磁三通阀与四通换向阀相连,再经储液器回到变频压缩机入口,组成闭式回路;室内带盘管热水箱一个出口经第六电磁阀再分成两路,一路经第二电磁阀与蓄热大水箱的一个出口相连,另一路直接与室外水冷源换热器的水测出口相连,室内带盘管热水箱另一个出口先分成两路,一路经第四电磁阀与高温循环泵的出口相连,另一路经第五电磁阀再分成两路,这两路中的其中一路通过第一电磁阀与蓄热大水箱另一出口相连,两路中的另一路经变频高温循环泵的入口再与室外水冷源换热器的水侧入口相连。 Valve, the first three-way solenoid valve and a source outside the water-cooled heat exchanger and the outdoor air heat exchanger consisting of a source path connected in parallel, and then through an electronic expansion valve and the indoor heat exchanger and an indoor air with a source coil parallel path consisting of the hot water tank is connected, via a second three-way solenoid valve and connected to the four-way valve, and then back to the inverter compressor accumulator inlet, a closed loop consisting of; indoor coil with the hot water tank an outlet through the sixth solenoid valves subdivided into two parts, one outlet is connected via a second solenoid valve with a large heat storage tank, another way to measure directly connected to the water outlet of the outdoor heat exchanger cooled source, the indoor coil with hot water another outlet of the first tank is divided into two parts, one outlet is connected via the fourth solenoid valve of the high-temperature circulating pump, and then another pass fifth solenoid valve is divided into two, two way by the way in which the first solenoid valve and the heat storage large tank connected to another outlet, the other two pass frequency of the high-temperature circulating pump inlet and then the inlet is connected to the source water side of the outdoor heat exchanger is cooled.

本发明的原理:本发明将室外水冷源换热器、室外风冷源换热器并联,根据不同的室外气象条件控制两者转换,以达到既能利用太阳能又能利用室外空气源中低温能源的目的;另外通过室内风冷源换热器、室内带盘管热水箱并联,根据用户不同用途来控制两者转换,以达到既能制冷又能制热并能制取热水等多功能的目的。 Principles of the invention: The present invention water-cooling source of the outdoor heat exchanger, the outdoor air heat exchanger in parallel to the source, depending on the conversion control both outdoor weather conditions, outdoor air source in order to achieve both low-temperature utilization of solar energy utilization can the object; additional source air passing through the indoor heat exchanger, an indoor coil with the hot water tank in parallel, according to different uses user to control both the conversion, but in order to achieve both heating and cooling can get hot water and other functions the goal of.

本发明与现有技术相比的优点在于: Advantages over the prior art in that the present invention:

(1)本发明能够充分利用低品质的太阳能源和空气源,当太阳能源不足时使用空气源而不用电加热为辅助热源,使系统能够获得稳定制热效果和稳定的热水,具有节能优点。 (1) The present invention can make full use of solar energy and low-quality air source, an air source used when there is insufficient solar energy is not electrically heated auxiliary heat source, enabling the system to obtain stable performance and stable heating hot water, with energy saving advantage.

(2)本发明使用蓄热大水箱中的水为介质吸收储存太阳能作为热泵的热源,并通过变频压缩机及变频高温循环泵变频运行,使热泵系统冬季供热时运行稳定,另外这种方式与直膨式太阳能热泵相比具有制冷剂线路短,泄漏可能性较小的特点;由于部分使用水源作为热泵冬季供热的热源,从而部分解决了空气源热泵冬季室外侧蒸发器外表面结霜的问题。 (2) the present invention uses a large heat storage water tank for storing solar energy as the heat medium absorbs heat source, and the inverter and the inverter compressor through the high-temperature circulating pump frequency operation, the heat pump system is stable winter heating, the other in this way direct expansion solar and heat pump compared to short refrigerant lines, the possibility of leakage of small features; as part of the water source as the heat source of the heat pump in the heating so as to partially solve the air source heat pump in the chamber outside the outer surface of the evaporator frosting The problem. 本发明集采暖制冷热水多功能于一体,避免了一户同时购买安装多个设备,最大限度节省了建筑空间。 The present invention is set-in-one heating and cooling and hot water, while avoiding a plurality of devices for later installation, the maximum space saving construction.

本发明主要用于别墅建筑、办公建筑,也可用于民用建筑。 The present invention is mainly used for building villas, office buildings, it can also be used for civil construction.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1为本发明的组成结构示意图。 Figure 1 is a structure diagram of the invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

如图1所示,本发明由太阳能集热系统和多功能热泵系统组成,太阳能集热系统包括太阳能全玻璃真空管集热器8及蓄热大水箱10、第三电磁阀16和高温循环泵20,太阳能全玻璃真空管集热器8和蓄热大水箱10根据用户的要求及具体安装条件可以置于屋顶或阳台,高温循环泵20从蓄热大水箱10上部出水口吸取蓄热大水箱10中的水经第三电磁阀16进入太阳能全玻璃真空管集热器8,在太阳能全玻璃真空管集热器8中被加热的热水再经蓄热大水箱10的下部入水口回到蓄热大水箱10,如此循环直到水温满足设计要求。 1, the present invention is a solar collector system and the multi-functional heat pump system components, the system comprises a solar collector all-glass vacuum tube solar collector 8 and heat storing large tank 10, the third solenoid valve 16 and the high-temperature circulating pump 20 , all-glass vacuum tube solar collector 8 and the large heat storage tank 10 according to the requirements and the specific installation conditions may be placed in a roof or terrace, high-temperature circulating pump 20 from the upper outlet 10 to draw the heat storage heat storage tank large water tanks 10 water enters through the third solenoid valves 16 all-glass vacuum tube solar collector 8, is heated in the all-glass vacuum tube solar collectors 8 and then the hot water through the lower large heat storage tank 10 back to the inlet of the heat storage tank large 10, and so on until the water temperature to meet the design requirements. 多功能热泵系统主要包括变频压缩机1、室外水冷源换热器3、室外风冷源换热器4、室内风冷源换热器5、室内带盘管热水箱6、冷凝盘管22、电子膨胀阀7、储液器11和第一电磁三通阀12和第二电磁三通阀13,这两部分通过变频高温循环泵21、第一电磁阀14、第二电磁阀15、第四电磁阀17、第五电磁阀18、第六电磁阀19连接在一起,变频压缩机1出口经四通换向阀2、第一电磁三通阀12与室外水冷源换热器3和室外风冷源换热器4组成的并联通路相连,再经过电子膨胀阀7与室内风冷源换热器5和室内带盘管热水箱6组成的并联通路相连,并经过第二电磁三通阀13与四通换向阀2相连,再经储液器11回到变频压缩机1入口组成闭式回路;室内带盘管热水箱6一个出口经第六电磁阀19再分成两路,一路经第二电磁阀15与蓄热大水箱10的一个出口相连,另一路直接与室外水冷源换热 Multifunctional heat pump system including a variable speed compressor, the outdoor heat exchanger 3 the water cooling source, source heat exchanger 4 outdoor air, indoor air source heat exchanger 5, the indoor coil with the hot water tank 6, a condenser coil 22 , an electronic expansion valve 7, accumulator 11 and the first three-way solenoid valve 12 and the second three-way solenoid valve 13, the two parts through the frequency temperature circulating pump 21, the first solenoid valve 14, the second solenoid valve 15, four solenoid valve 17, the fifth solenoid valve 18, the sixth solenoid valve 19 are connected together, the inverter compressor outlet via a four-way valve 2, the first three-way solenoid valve 12 and the outdoor heat exchanger 3 and cooled outdoor source 4 composed of air-cooled heat source path is connected in parallel, and then connected through the electronic expansion valve 7 and the indoor air source 5 and an indoor heat exchanger coil with the hot water tank 6 composed of parallel path, and through a second solenoid the three-way valve 13 is connected to the four-way valve 2, and then the accumulator 11 back to the inverter compressor 1 inlet closed circuit composed; indoor coil with the hot water tank 6 via a sixth solenoid valve outlet 19 and then split into two , all the way through the second solenoid valve 15 and the large heat storage tank 10 is connected to an outlet, the other way directly water-cooled heat exchanger and the outdoor source 3的水测出口相连,室内带盘管热水箱6另一个出口先分成两路,一路经第四电磁阀17与高温循环泵20的出口相连,另一路经第五电磁阀18再分成两路,这两路中的其中一路通过第一电磁阀14与蓄热大水箱10另一出口相连,两路中的另一路经变频高温循环泵21的入口再与室外水冷源换热器3的水侧入口相连。 Measuring the water outlet 3 is connected, with the indoor coil to the hot water tank 6 is divided into two other outlet, the outlet is connected all the way through the fourth solenoid valve 17 and the high-temperature circulating pump 20, the other passing fifth solenoid valve 18 and then split into two Road, wherein the two way passage 14 connected to the other outlet of the first solenoid valve 10 and the heat storage tank through a large, two other passing frequency of the high-temperature circulating pump 21 and then the inlet of the outdoor heat exchanger 3 is cooled source It is connected to the water inlet side.

太阳能全玻璃真空管8横置或竖置,通过联集管9连接在一起构成,其数量根据热泵功率大小和安装地域的气候条件确定。 All-glass vacuum tube solar transverse or vertical counter 8, connected together to form pipe 9 through the union, the number of which is determined according to the size of the pump power installation geographical and climatic conditions.

蓄热大水箱10及室内带盘管热水箱6均为圆柱型保温水箱。 Heat storage tank 10 and the chamber with a large coil 6 are both cylindrical hot water tank holding tank. 本发明系统有两个保温水箱,一个大水箱,夏季部分用来储存制冷用冷凝器的冷却水源,冬季主要用来储存热泵热源用水;另一个为小水箱,为闭式承压水箱,主要用来储存生活用热水。 The system of the present invention has two holding tanks, a large tank, for storing portion summer cooling water for cooling the condenser, the heat-source heat pump in winter primarily used to store water; the other is a small tank, pressure tank is closed, with the main to store domestic hot water.

室外水冷源换热器3为套管式水冷换热器,或铜制板式换热器;室外风冷源换热器4为普通翅片式换热器;室外水冷源换热器3和室外风冷源换热器4的制冷剂侧换热面积及容积相等。 Source cooled outdoor heat exchanger 3 is a water-cooled tube heat exchanger, plate heat exchanger or copper; outdoor air heat exchanger 4 is a common source finned heat exchanger; cooled outdoor heat exchanger 3 and the outdoor source cooled heat source-side refrigerant is equal to 4 and the volume of the heat transfer area.

室内风冷源换热器5为普通翅片式换热器,室内带盘管热水箱6中的冷凝盘管22由2-3根紫铜管并联盘制而成,且室内带盘管热水箱6中的冷凝盘管22制冷剂侧换热面积和容积应与室内风冷源换热器5相等。 Indoor air source heat exchanger 5 as an ordinary finned heat exchanger, the indoor coil with the hot water tank 6 by the condenser coil 22 made of 2-3 parallel plate made of copper, and with the indoor coil hot water tank 6 in the condenser coil 22 and the refrigerant side heat transfer area 5 should be equal to the volume of the indoor air heat source.

本发明的工作过程:在不同气候条件下的工作模式:(1)工作模式一:单独供热模式。 Operation of the present invention: working mode under different climatic conditions: (1) a mode of operation: single heating mode.

冬季系统按单独太阳能热水水源或空气源供热模式运行:部分电磁阀,即第四电磁阀17、第五电磁阀18和第六电磁阀19关闭,另外部分电磁阀,即第一电磁阀14、第二电磁阀15、第四电磁阀17开启,第一电磁三通阀12使室外水冷源换热器3导通或关闭,第二电磁三通阀13使室内风冷换热器冷凝器5导通,高温循环泵20按设定的程序间断性地开启或关闭,太阳能集热器8给蓄热大水箱10中的水加热。 Winter solar water heating system operates on a separate source of water or air heating mode: part of the electromagnetic valve, i.e., the fourth solenoid valve 17, the fifth solenoid valve 18 and the sixth solenoid valve 19 is closed, another portion of the electromagnetic valve, i.e. the first solenoid valve 14, the second solenoid valve 15, fourth solenoid valve 17 is turned on, the first electromagnetic three-way valve 12 of the outdoor heat exchanger 3 the water cooling source is turned on or off, the second three-way solenoid valve of the indoor air heat exchanger 13 is condensed 5 is turned on, the high-temperature circulating pump 20 according to the procedures set intermittently turned on or off, the solar collector 8 to the water in the heating tank 10 large heat storage. 变频高温循环泵21开启或关闭,该热泵按供热模式运行,室外水冷源换热器3吸收蓄热大水箱10中水的热量或通过室外风源换热器4吸收空气源中的热量,并通过室内风冷换热器5排到室内空气当中。 Frequency or high-temperature circulating pump 21 turned off, by heating the heat pump operation mode, a large heat storage tank 10 3 absorbs water in the water-cooled heat source heat exchanger or the outdoor heat absorbed by the outdoor air source in air source heat exchanger 4, and indoor air which is discharged through the indoor air heat exchanger 5.

(2)工作模式二:制冷兼制热水模式。 (2) two operating modes: cooling and hot water supply mode.

当夏天没有阳光,太阳能集热系统产生的热水温度不够时,系统按制冷兼制热水模式运行:第一电磁阀14、第二电磁阀15和第四电磁阀17关闭,第三电磁阀16、第五电磁阀18和第六电磁阀19开启,第二电磁三通阀13使室内风冷换热器5导通,第一电磁三通阀12使室外水冷源换热器3导通;高温循环泵20按设定的程序间断性地开启或关闭,太阳能集热器8给室内带盘管的热水箱6中的水加热,变频高温循环泵21开启,该热泵按制冷模式运行,室内风冷源换热器5吸收室内的热量,并通过室外水冷源换热器3通过强制对流循环排到室内带盘管的热水箱6中,给该热水箱中水加热。 Summer when there is no sunlight, the water temperature of the solar collector system produces insufficient cooling and hot water system according to mode: a first solenoid valve 14, the second solenoid valve 15 and the fourth solenoid valve 17 is closed, the third solenoid valve 16, the fifth solenoid valve 18 is opened and the sixth solenoid valve 19, a second three-way solenoid valve 13 of the indoor air heat exchanger 5 is turned on, the first electromagnetic three-way valve 12 of the outdoor heat exchanger 3 the water cooling source is turned on ; high-temperature circulating pump 20 according to the procedures set intermittently turned on or off, the hot water tank to the solar collector chamber 8 with a water heating coil 6, the circulation pump 21 is turned on conversion temperature, the heat pump operation by a cooling mode , the indoor air heat exchanger 5 absorbs heat source chamber, and discharged to the hot water tank 3 with the indoor coil 6 by forced convection is circulated through the water-cooled outdoor heat sources, to heat water in the hot water tank.

(3)工作模式三:单独制热水模式。 (3) three operating modes: hot water alone mode.

此模式有两种运行方式:A.当冬季没有阳光,太阳能集热系统产生的热水温度不够时,系统按单独制热水模式运行:首先,一部分电磁阀,即第二电磁阀15、第四电磁阀17和第六电磁阀19开启,另一部分电磁阀,即第一电磁阀14、第三电磁阀16和第五电磁阀18关闭,先用蓄热大水箱10的水室内带盘管热水箱6灌满水,然后将第四电磁阀17、第五电磁阀18和第六电磁阀19关闭,第一电磁阀14、第二电磁阀15和第三电磁阀16开启,第二电磁三通阀13使室内带盘管的热水箱6导通,变频高温循环泵21按设定的程序间断性地开启或关闭,太阳能集热器8给蓄热大水箱10中的水加热,该热泵系统运行方式分两种情况:(a)当室内带盘管的热水箱6中水的温度低于室外空气温度时,第一电磁三通阀12使室外风冷源换热器4导通,变频高温循环水泵21关闭,室外风冷源换热器4从空气中 This mode of operation has two possibilities: A winter when there is no sunlight, the temperature of hot water generated by the solar collection system is not enough, according to a separate hot water system operation mode: First, a portion of the solenoid valve, i.e., the second solenoid valve 15, four solenoid valve 17 and the sixth solenoid valves 19 open, the other portion of the electromagnetic valve, i.e. the first solenoid valve 14, the third solenoid valve 16 and the fifth solenoid valve 18 is closed, the first heat storage chamber with a large water tank 10 coil hot water tank 6 filled with water, and then the fourth solenoid valve 17, the fifth solenoid valve 18 and the sixth solenoid valve 19 is closed, the first solenoid valve 14, the second solenoid valve 15 and the third solenoid valve 16 open, the second three-way solenoid valve 13 the hot water tank with the indoor coil 6 is turned on, the high-temperature circulating pump inverter 21 according to the procedures set intermittently turned on or off, the solar collector 8 to heat the water in the heat storage tank 10 large the heat pump system operation in two cases: (a) when the hot water tank with the indoor coil 6 is lower than the temperature of the water in the outdoor air temperature, the first three-way solenoid valve 12 of the outdoor air heat source 4 is turned on, the high-temperature circulating water pump inverter 21 is closed, the outdoor air source from the air heat exchanger 4 热,由室内带盘管的热水箱6中的冷凝盘管22通过自然对流给室内带盘管的热水箱6中的热水加热。 Heat from the condenser coil in the hot water tank 6 with the indoor coil of the heating tube 22 to the hot water tank with the indoor coil 6 by natural convection of hot water.

(b)当室内带盘管的热水箱6中水的温度高于室外空气温度时,第一电磁三通阀12使室外水冷源换热器3导通,变频高温循环水泵21开启,室外水冷源换热器3从室内带盘管的热水箱6中热水吸热,由冷凝盘管22通过自然对流循环给室内带盘管的热水箱6中的热水加热。 (B) when the hot water tank with the indoor coil 6 is higher than the temperature of the water in the outdoor air temperature, the first three-way solenoid valve 12 of the outdoor heat exchanger 3 the water cooling source is turned on, the high-temperature circulating pump inverter 21 is turned on, the outdoor source water cooled heat exchanger from the hot water tank 3 with the indoor coil 6 in the hot water absorbs heat from the condenser coil 22 with the indoor coil loop by natural convection of the hot water tank 6, hot water heating.

B.当春秋季没有阳光,太阳能集热器系统产生的热水温度不够时,系统按单独制热水模式运行:第四电磁阀17、第五电磁阀18和第六电磁阀19关闭,第一电磁阀14、第二电磁阀15和第三电磁阀16开启,第二电磁三通阀13使室内带盘管的热水箱6导通,第一电磁三通阀12使室外风冷源换热器4导通,高温循环泵20按设定的程序间断性地开启或关闭,太阳能集热器8给室内带盘管的热水箱6中的水加热,变频高温循环泵21关闭,室外风冷源换热器4从空气中吸热,由冷凝盘管22通过自然对流给室内带盘管的热水箱6中的热水加热。 B. spring and autumn when there is no sunlight, the temperature of the hot water generated by the solar energy collector system is not enough, a separate hot water system operates modes: a fourth solenoid valve 17, the fifth solenoid valve 18 and the sixth solenoid valve 19 is closed, the first a solenoid valve 14, the second solenoid valve 15 and the third solenoid valve 16 open, the second electromagnetic three-way valve 13 the hot water tank with the indoor coil 6 is turned on, the first electromagnetic three-way valve 12 of the outdoor air source the heat exchanger 4 is turned on, the high-temperature circulating pump 20 according to the procedures set intermittently turned on or off, in the solar collector 8 with the indoor coil to heat the water heating tank 6, a high temperature conversion circulation pump 21 is closed, source outdoor air heat exchanger 4 absorbs heat from air, heated by the condenser coil 22 by natural convection to the interior of the hot water tank 6 with a hot water coil.

(4)工作模式四:单独制冷模式。 (4) four operating modes: a cooling mode alone.

夏季系统按单独风冷制冷模式运行,分两种情况:一种情况是,当室外气温小于35℃时或蓄热大水箱10中的水温超过40℃,第一电磁阀14、第二电磁阀15、第四电磁阀17、第五电磁阀18和第六电磁阀19关闭,第三电磁阀16开启,第二电磁三通阀13使室内风冷源换热器5导通,第一电磁三通阀12使室外风冷源换热器4导通,高温循环水泵20按设定的程序间断性地运行,太阳能集热器8给室内带盘管的热水箱6中的水加热,变频高温循环泵21关闭,该热泵按制冷模式运行,室内风冷源换热器5吸收室内的热量,并通过室外风冷源换热器4排到室外空气当中;另一种情况是,当室外气温大于35℃,且蓄热大水箱10中的水温低于35℃时,第四电磁阀17、第五电磁阀18和第六电磁阀19关闭,第一电磁阀14、第二电磁阀15、第三电磁阀16开启,第二电磁三通阀13使室内风冷源换热器5导 Summer air cooling system operates alone mode, two cases: In one case, when the outdoor temperature is less than 35 ℃ or large heat storage tank 10 the water temperature exceeds 40 ℃, the first solenoid valve 14, the second solenoid valve 15, the fourth solenoid valve 17, the fifth solenoid valve 18 and the sixth solenoid valve 19 is closed, the third solenoid valve 16 open, the second three-way solenoid valve 13 of the indoor heat exchanger 5 air source is turned on, the first electromagnetic three-way valve 12 of the outdoor air heat source 4 is turned on, the high-temperature circulating pump 20 according to the procedure set operation intermittently, the solar collector 8 with the indoor coil to heat the water heating tank 6, frequency temperature circulating pump 21 is closed, cooling by the heat pump operation mode, the indoor air heat exchanger 5 absorbs heat source indoor and outdoor air source through the heat exchanger 4 outdoor air which is discharged; another case, when the when the outdoor temperature is greater than 35 ℃, and the water temperature in the heat accumulator 10 water tanks below 35 ℃, the fourth solenoid valve 17, the fifth solenoid valve 18 and the sixth solenoid valve 19 is closed, the first solenoid valve 14, the second solenoid valve 15, the third solenoid valve 16 open, the second three-way solenoid valve 13 of the indoor heat exchanger 5 guides air source ,第一电磁三通阀12使室外水冷源换热器3导通,高温循环水泵20按设定的程序间断性地运行,太阳能集热器给室内带盘管的热水箱6中的水加热,变频高温循环泵21开启,该热泵按制冷模式运行,室内风冷源换热器5吸收室内的热量,并通过室外水冷源换热器3排到蓄热大水箱10储存的水中。 The first three-way solenoid valve 12 of the outdoor heat exchanger 3 the water cooling source is turned on, the high-temperature circulating pump 20 is programmed by intermittently running water in the hot water tank 6 to a solar collector with the indoor coil heating, high-temperature circulating pump inverter 21 is turned on, the heat pump operation by the cooling mode, the indoor air heat exchanger 5 absorbs heat source chamber, and discharged to the heat storage tank 10 stores a large water source through a water-cooled outdoor heat exchanger 3.

Claims (9)

1.多热源多功能太阳能热泵,其特征在于:由太阳能集热系统和多功能热泵系统组成,太阳能集热系统包括太阳能全玻璃真空管集热器(8)、联集管(9)及蓄热大水箱(10)、第三电磁阀(16)和高温循环泵(20),高温循环泵(20)从蓄热大水箱(10)上部出水口吸取蓄热大水箱(10)中的水经第三电磁阀(16)进入太阳能全玻璃真空管集热器(8),在太阳能全玻璃真空管集热器(8)中被加热的热水再经蓄热大水箱(10)的下部入水口回到蓄热大水箱(10),如此循环直到水温满足设计要求;多功能热泵系统主要包括变频压缩机(1)、室外水冷源换热器(3)、室外风冷源换热器(4)、室内风冷源换热器(5)、室内带盘管热水箱(6)、冷凝盘管(22)、电子膨胀阀(7)、储液器(11)和第一电磁三通阀(12)和第二电磁三通阀(13),这两部分通过变频高温循环泵(21)、第一电磁阀(14)、第二电磁阀(15)、第四电磁阀(17)、 1. Multi multifunction solar heat pump, comprising: a solar collector system and the multifunctional heat pump system components, solar collector system comprising a solar collector all-glass vacuum tube (8), with the header (9) and the heat accumulator large tank (10), the third solenoid valve (16) and high-temperature circulating pump (20), the high-temperature circulating pump (20) (10) from an upper outlet of the heat storage tank large tank to draw water through large heat storage (10) third solenoid valve (16) into the all-glass vacuum tube solar collector (8), is heated in the solar collector all-glass vacuum tube (8) in the hot water tank and then through a lower portion of a large heat storage (10) back to the inlet large tank to the heat storage (10), and so on until the water temperature meet the design requirements; multifunctional heat pump system includes an inverter compressor (1), an outdoor heat exchanger cooled source (3), the outdoor air source heat exchanger (4) indoor air source heat exchanger (5), with the indoor coil hot water tank (6), a condenser coil (22), an electronic expansion valve (7), the reservoir (11) and the first three-way solenoid valve (12) and the second three-way solenoid valve (13), two parts by the high-temperature circulating pump inverter (21), the first solenoid valve (14), a second solenoid valve (15), the fourth solenoid valve (17), 第五电磁阀(18)、第六电磁阀(19)连接在一起,变频压缩机(1)出口经四通换向阀(2)、第一电磁三通阀(12)与室外水冷源换热器(3)和室外风冷源换热器(4)组成的并联通路相连,再经过电子膨胀阀(7)与室内风冷源换热器(5)和室内带盘管热水箱(6)组成的并联通路相连,并经过第二电磁三通阀(13)与四通换向阀(2)相连,再经储液器(11)回到变频压缩机(1)入口,组成闭式回路;室内带盘管热水箱(6)一个出口经第六电磁阀(19)再分成两路,一路经第二电磁阀(15)与蓄热大水箱(10)的一个出口相连,另一路直接与室外水冷源换热器(3)的水测出口相连,室内带盘管热水箱(6)另一个出口先分成两路,一路经第四电磁阀(17)与高温循环泵(20)的出口相连,另一路经第五电磁阀(18)再分成两路,这两路中的其中一路通过第一电磁阀(14)与蓄热大水箱(10)另一出口相连,两路中的另一路经变频 The fifth solenoid valve (18), the sixth solenoid valve (19) are connected together, the inverter compressor (1) four-way valve via the outlet (2), a first three-way solenoid valve (12) and the outdoor water cooling source converter heater (3) and outdoor air source heat exchanger (4) consisting of parallel path connected, through the electronic expansion valve (7) and the indoor air source heat exchanger (5) and the indoor coil with hot water tank (6) consisting of parallel path is connected, and through the three-way solenoid valve and a second four-way valve (2) is connected (13), then (11) returned to the accumulator via the inverter compressor (1) an inlet, composition closed circuit; indoor coil with the hot water tank (6) via a sixth solenoid valve outlet (19) is subdivided into two parts, one outlet via a second solenoid valve (15) with a large heat storage tank (10) connected to the other outlet passage is directly connected to the water measured with the outdoor heat exchanger cooled source (3) of the indoor coil with the hot water tank (6) to the other outlet is divided into two, all the way through the fourth solenoid valve (17) and the high-temperature an outlet connected to the circulation pump (20), and the other path fifth solenoid valve (18) is subdivided into two parts, wherein the other way by a first solenoid valve (14) with a large heat storage tank (10) of the two branches outlet connected to the other of the two frequency path 高温循环泵(21)的入口再与室外水冷源换热器(3)的水侧入口相连。 Inlet temperature circulating pump (21) re-cooled water source side of the outdoor heat exchanger (3) is connected to the inlet.
2.根据权利要求1所述的多热源多功能太阳能热泵,其特征在于:所述的太阳能全玻璃真空器(8)为多个太阳能全玻璃真空管横置或竖置,通过联集管(9)连接在一起构成。 The multi multifunction solar heat pump according to claim 1, wherein: said solar glass vacuum (8) is a plurality of all-glass vacuum tube solar transverse or vertical position, through the pipe union (9 ) connected together to form.
3.根据权利要求1所述的多热源多功能太阳能热泵,其特征在于:所述的蓄热大水箱(10)及室内带盘管热水箱(6)均为圆柱型保温水箱。 Multi-source according to claim 1 of the multi-function solar pump, wherein: said large heat storage tank (10) and the indoor coil with the hot water tank (6) are cylindrical holding tank.
4.根据权利要求1所述的多热源多功能太阳能热泵,其特征在于:所述的室外水冷源换热器(3)为套管式水冷换热器,或铜制板式换热器。 The multi multifunction solar heat pump according to claim 1, wherein: said source of cooled outdoor heat exchanger (3) is a water-cooled tube heat exchanger, plate heat exchanger or copper.
5.根据权利要求1所述的多热源多功能太阳能热泵,其特征在于:所述的室外风冷源换热器(4)为普通翅片式换热器。 The multi multifunction solar heat pump according to claim 1, wherein: said source outdoor air heat exchanger (4) is a finned heat exchanger common.
6.根据权利要求1所述的多热源多功能太阳能热泵,其特征在于:所述的室外水冷源换热器(3)和室外风冷源换热器(4)两种换热器制冷剂侧换热面积及容积相等。 The multi multifunction solar heat pump according to claim 1, wherein: said source of cooled outdoor heat exchanger (3) and outdoor air source heat exchanger (4) in two refrigerant heat exchanger side heat transfer area and is equal to the volume.
7.根据权利要求1所述的多热源多功能太阳能热泵,其特征在于:所述的室内带盘管热水箱(6)中的冷凝盘管(22)制冷剂侧换热面积和容积应与室内风冷源换热器(5)相等。 7. The multi-source multi-function solar heat pump according to claim 1, wherein: said chamber with the hot water tank coil condenser coil (22) (6) of the refrigerant-side heat transfer area and volume should (5) is equal to the source heat exchanger and the indoor air.
8.根据权利要求1所述的多热源多功能太阳能热泵,其特征在于:所述的室内风冷源换热器(5)为普通翅片式换热器。 The multi multifunction solar heat pump according to claim 1, wherein: said indoor air source heat exchanger (5) for the ordinary finned heat exchanger.
9.根据权利要求1或7所述的多热源多功能太阳能热泵,其特征在于:所述的室内带盘管热水箱(6)中的冷凝盘管(22)由2-3根紫铜管并联盘制而成。 The multi multifunction solar heat pump of claim 1 or claim 7, wherein: said indoor coil with the hot water tank (6) of the condenser coil (22) by the copper of 2-3 transistors in parallel from the system tray.
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