CN1936190A - Impurifying ecological bank-protection combined system - Google Patents

Impurifying ecological bank-protection combined system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN1936190A
CN1936190A CN 200610096765 CN200610096765A CN1936190A CN 1936190 A CN1936190 A CN 1936190A CN 200610096765 CN200610096765 CN 200610096765 CN 200610096765 A CN200610096765 A CN 200610096765A CN 1936190 A CN1936190 A CN 1936190A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
bank
impurifying
ecological
domatic
rubble
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN 200610096765
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN100453740C (en
Inventor
王超
王沛芳
王艳颖
侯俊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hohai University HHU
Original Assignee
Hohai University HHU
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hohai University HHU filed Critical Hohai University HHU
Priority to CNB2006100967655A priority Critical patent/CN100453740C/en
Publication of CN1936190A publication Critical patent/CN1936190A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100453740C publication Critical patent/CN100453740C/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention relates to revetment combination system that has cutoff purifying function to the river rainfall runoff surface contaminating material. It sets non-sand concrete curbstone at the intersection of road and bank slope, a catch water channel is set at one side of intersection road, where coarse sand bedding is paved. Crushed stones are filled in the channel, and the top of channel is sealed by non-sand concrete. On the band slope toward water side paves coarse sand, crushed stone of different thickness, and ecology brick. Cement laid stone masonry breast wall is set at basal slope, and growing plant at the bank slope. It increases the residence time for runoff in the system and takes purification to it.

Description

Impurifying source ecological bank-protection combined system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of environment amity river croy, particularly the source pollution of rainfall runoff material that enters the river with different flow is had the Impurifying source ecological bank-protection combined system of holding back clean-up effect.
Background technology
Along with the development process of Chinese Urbanization level is accelerated, permeable area ratio is more and more littler, and the city surface source pollution paroxysmal, that impact is strong that is produced by storm runoff has become one of main source of receiving water body water environment pollution.The urban storm runoff contains a large amount of pollutants, and the pollution load that the initial stage runoff produces is far above city domestic sewage, and the water environment pollution that rainfall runoff face source causes has become one of subject matter that needs to be resolved hurrily in the current Urban Water Environment comprehensive regulation.
Before the present invention, existing have the slope type ecological revetment technology of holding back clean-up effect to source pollution of rainfall runoff and mainly by the ecomaterial that adopts geotechnological material aggregate species phytyl, wire gauze and rubble aggregate species phytyl, geotechnological material to consolidate suitable plant growings such as soil species phytyl, vegetation type eco-concrete, cement eco-species phytyl and ecological block the river bank slope carried out bank protection, utilizes effects such as plant absorbing, root system of plant and material surface biomembrane absorption degradation to hold back the purification source pollution of rainfall runoff.But these shore protection technology only have certain clean-up effect of holding back to the source pollution of rainfall runoff of low discharge, and when the rainfall runoff flow was big, the time of staying of flowing through when domatic was too short, and pollutant can't effectively be removed, and it is very limited to hold back clean-up effect.
Summary of the invention
Purpose of the present invention just is to overcome the defective separately of above-mentioned various ramp types river shore protection technology, develops the good ramp type river shore protection technology of a kind of comprehensive effect.
Technical scheme of the present invention is:
Impurifying source ecological bank-protection combined system, at road and bank slope intersection sand concrete free road tooth is set, road one side at road and bank slope intersection is provided with catch basin, be right-angled trapezium wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, its major technique is characterised in that bottom land laying coarse sand bed course, fill rubble in the groove, the groove top seals with sand concrete free; Lay rubble, the ecological brick of coarse sand, different-thickness successively in the bank slope side that meets water, toe is provided with the stone masonry retaining wall, plants plant on the bank slope.
Advantage of the present invention and effect are:
(1) meet principal mode one ramp type of river shore protection, combined system is stable, meets river bank slope safety requirements.
(2) system has and holds back clean-up effect preferably source pollution of rainfall runoff material (suspension, nitrogen, phosphorus etc.).Plantation has the plant of strong absorptive capacity in the system to nitrogen, P elements, coarse sand, rubble and root system of plant surface consor microorganism easily form biomembrane, can purify pollutants such as suspension, nitrogen, phosphorus in the rainfall runoff face source by effectively catching by approach such as physical absorption filtration, plant absorbing, microbial degradations.
(3) the present invention has good water permeability, and the rainfall runoff percolation path is clear, is applicable to the purification of holding back to different flow rainfall runoff face source.By road tooth and catch basin being set, make the rainfall runoff flow more even along domatic distribution at road and bank slope intersection.Rainfall runoff is along in the domatic process that enters river water, when the rainfall runoff flow hour, runoff flows in macadam in the mode of seepage flow, through entering the river after effects such as physical absorption filtration, plant absorbing, the microbial degradation purifications; When the rainfall runoff flow is big, a runoff then part is mobile in macadam in the mode of seepage flow, another part overflows macadam and flows domatic in the mode of surface stream, increased the time of staying of runoff in system by the mode that becomes seepage paths, guaranteed that system is to the clean-up effect of holding back of area source pollutants matter under the heavy traffic condition.
When (4) water in the river or groundwater feed water process is of the present invention, also can obtain the purification of certain degree by said process.
(5) the present invention has beautified river bank slope environment in domatic plantation green herbaceous plant, forms graceful green water bank view.
(6) plant of the present invention is not only held back the pollution of area source material, absorbed nitrogen, phosphorus nutrition element, but also can produce certain economic benefits.
(7) construction investment of the present invention is economized, construction, easy to maintenance, and ecological brick can be produced in enormous quantities on industry, forms prefabricated component.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1---sectional schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2---sand concrete free ecological brick structural representation.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, 2, in the bank slope 1 and 2 intersections, river bed in river stone masonry retaining wall 3 is set, meet water domatic compacting and 1/2 domatic place is provided with high 5cm more than ordinary water level chooses stream bank 5 of bank slope 1 is divided into three sections with domatic, raises successively from top to bottom; At first lay the thick coarse sands layer of 8cm 4 on domatic, on the coarse sands layer of each section, lay 10cm, 15cm, rubble pervious layer 6 that 20cm is thick successively respectively by domatic order from bottom to up then, its rubble diameter is 1.0~5.0cm, lays figure of eight sand concrete free ecological brick 7 at last on macadam; At the right-angled trapezium catch basin 9 of bank slope 1 with road 8 intersection roads 8 one sides excavation upper base 90cm, the 50cm that goes to the bottom, high 40cm, the thick coarse sand bed course 4 of 8cm is laid at 9 ends of catch basin, fill the rubble of diameter 1.0~5.0cm in the groove, the groove top is with thick sand concrete free 10 sealings of 8cm; The sand concrete free road tooth 11 of high 10cm, thick 10cm is set in bank slope 1 and road 8 intersections; Perennial anti-the flooding property herbaceous plant 12 of planting well developed root system in the domatic ecological brick 7 more than ordinary water level, nitrogen, P elements being had strong absorptive capacity is as Bermuda grass, Festuca Arundinacea, Korea lawn grass etc.; The water plant 13 that nitrogen, P elements is had strong absorptive capacity is planted for 2 kinds in the domatic ecological brick 7 and river bed below ordinary water level, as eel grass, hornwort, p.malaianus etc.Formed Impurifying source ecological bank-protection combined system.
Plant in the system of the present invention and be implanted with herbaceous plant 12 and the water plant 13 that nitrogen, P elements is had strong absorptive capacity, coarse sand 4, rubble 6 and root system of plant surface consor microorganism easily form biomembrane, can purify pollutants such as suspension, nitrogen, phosphorus in the rainfall runoff face source by effectively catching by approach such as physical absorption filtration, plant absorbing, microbial degradations.
When the source pollution of rainfall runoff material when the two sides, river flow to the river, at first be that the pollution of area source material flows into catch basin 9, the littoral slope 1 of rainfall runoff flow is evenly distributed, the part suspended material is also held back; Littoral slope 1 entered in the process of river water after rainfall runoff evenly distributed, when the rainfall runoff flow hour, runoff flows in rubble pervious layer 6 in the mode of seepage flow, enters the river after purifying through effects such as physical absorption filtration, plant absorbing, microbial degradations; When the rainfall runoff flow is big owing to choose the existence of stream bank 5, from the top down, rubble pervious layer 6 thickness be the cross section from large to small, the seepage flow of runoff is blocked and part is overflowed.Therefore, a runoff part flows in rubble pervious layer 6 in the mode of seepage flow, it is domatic mobile at bank slope 1 in the mode of surface stream that another part overflows rubble pervious layer 6, thereby increased the time of staying of runoff in system by the mode that becomes seepage paths, guaranteed that system is to the clean-up effect of holding back of area source pollutants matter under the heavy traffic condition.
Ecological brick 7 of the present invention can prefabricated production in factory, lays at the scene then get final product, and is very simple, make things convenient for.Catch basin 9 grooves among the present invention top, road tooth 11 adopt non-fine concretes to make, and be not only firm but also have a water permeability.

Claims (9)

1. Impurifying source ecological bank-protection combined system, at road and bank slope intersection sand concrete free road tooth is set, road one side at road and bank slope intersection is provided with catch basin, be right-angled trapezium wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, it is characterized in that bottom land laying coarse sand bed course, fill rubble in the groove, the groove top seals with sand concrete free; Lay rubble, the ecological brick of coarse sand, different-thickness successively in the bank slope side that meets water, toe is provided with the stone masonry retaining wall, plants plant on the bank slope.
2. Impurifying according to claim 1 source ecological bank-protection combined system, it is characterized in that being divided into three sections that raise successively from top to bottom with domatic in meet water a side ordinary water level and 1/2 domatic place is provided with respectively more than the ordinary water level chooses the stream bank of bank slope.
3. according to claim 1,2 described Impurifying source ecological bank-protection combined systems, it is characterized in that on the domatic coarse sands layer of each section, laying the rubble of 10cm, 15cm, 20cm different-thickness successively respectively by toe to the order on slope top, form the rubble pervious layer in the bank slope side that meets water.
4. Impurifying according to claim 1 source ecological bank-protection combined system is characterized in that perennial anti-the flooding property herbaceous plant of planting well developed root system in the ecological brick domatic more than ordinary water level, nitrogen, P elements being had strong absorptive capacity.
5. Impurifying according to claim 1 source ecological bank-protection combined system, the water plant that it is characterized in that in the ecological brick domatic below ordinary water level, the river bed plantation has strong absorptive capacity to nitrogen, P elements.
6. Impurifying according to claim 1 source ecological bank-protection combined system is characterized in that the domatic ecological brick of going up laying is the sand concrete free ecological brick.
7. Impurifying according to claim 1 source ecological bank-protection combined system is characterized in that the rubble diameter is 1.0~5.0cm in the catch basin.
8. Impurifying according to claim 3 source ecological bank-protection combined system is characterized in that the domatic rubble diameter of going up laying rubble pervious layer is 1.0~5.0cm.
9. Impurifying according to claim 6 source ecological bank-protection combined system is characterized in that the sand concrete free ecological brick of laying is the figure of eight on the rubble pervious layer.
CNB2006100967655A 2006-10-13 2006-10-13 Impurifying ecological bank-protection combined system Expired - Fee Related CN100453740C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2006100967655A CN100453740C (en) 2006-10-13 2006-10-13 Impurifying ecological bank-protection combined system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2006100967655A CN100453740C (en) 2006-10-13 2006-10-13 Impurifying ecological bank-protection combined system

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1936190A true CN1936190A (en) 2007-03-28
CN100453740C CN100453740C (en) 2009-01-21

Family

ID=37953899

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNB2006100967655A Expired - Fee Related CN100453740C (en) 2006-10-13 2006-10-13 Impurifying ecological bank-protection combined system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN100453740C (en)

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101858068A (en) * 2010-06-11 2010-10-13 河北理工大学 Artificial lake full open type plant bank protection method
CN102071697A (en) * 2011-02-12 2011-05-25 河海大学 Hard reinforced concrete revetment slope biological repairing method
CN102677682A (en) * 2011-11-18 2012-09-19 浙江大地交通工程有限公司 Ecological slope protection structure and construction method thereof
CN102839633A (en) * 2012-09-24 2012-12-26 金丹越 Slope-type ecological embankment
CN103122622A (en) * 2013-02-27 2013-05-29 中国水电顾问集团华东勘测设计研究院 Pre-fabricated drainage type slope protection structure and construction method thereof
CN103243719A (en) * 2013-05-22 2013-08-14 黄河勘测规划设计有限公司 Rock-filled concrete slope structure using masonry stone template
CN103306294A (en) * 2013-07-08 2013-09-18 河海大学 Rain collection purification system for preventing water and soil loss caused by rain wash in mountains
CN103628449A (en) * 2013-11-15 2014-03-12 河海大学 Biochar grassed slope structure for coastal reclamation district channel
CN103696435A (en) * 2013-12-20 2014-04-02 杨文革 Water conservancy project retaining wall
CN104018463A (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-09-03 天津大学 Vertical multi-habitat ecological pond system adapting to large slope angle
CN104045161A (en) * 2014-06-20 2014-09-17 上海同瑞环保科技有限公司 Method and system for purifying water
CN105445212A (en) * 2015-12-18 2016-03-30 中国水利水电科学研究院 Method and system used for measuring influence contribution rate of forest litter on surface runoff element contents
CN105696606A (en) * 2016-01-22 2016-06-22 岭南新科生态科技研究院(北京)有限公司 Semi-arid area ecological slope protection structure and construction method thereof
CN106120651A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-11-16 北京顺景园林有限公司 A kind of colonnade formula stacked arrangement ecological revetment and construction method thereof
CN106219763A (en) * 2016-09-06 2016-12-14 东北师范大学 The prevention and cure of pollution method that lake, a kind of river ecological revetment combines with shoal floating bed reparation
CN106702957A (en) * 2017-01-16 2017-05-24 苏州望意阳环保科技有限公司 Ecological slope protection system produced by applying soil-retaining bricks
CN110078307A (en) * 2019-05-23 2019-08-02 山东省水利科学研究院 A kind of riparian buffer strips using biological carbon materials Control the Plan Pollution Sources

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0786214B2 (en) * 1992-09-10 1995-09-20 昌司 行本 Natural stone lining method
CN2386080Y (en) * 1998-07-27 2000-07-05 彭继源 Plastic anti-leakage slop protection plate for soil dam
JP2001234521A (en) * 2000-02-23 2001-08-31 Mitsugi Kishi Revetment repair construction method for river by using tuff
CN1584213B (en) * 2004-06-02 2013-01-16 昆明理工大学 Construction method of road surface and internal bridge and edge drainage structure using sand-free concrete
CN1298934C (en) * 2004-12-27 2007-02-07 河海大学 Landscape type multi-stage stepwise artificial wetland protection slope forming method
JP6088320B2 (en) * 2013-03-29 2017-03-01 日本光電工業株式会社 Sample analyzer

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101858068A (en) * 2010-06-11 2010-10-13 河北理工大学 Artificial lake full open type plant bank protection method
CN102071697A (en) * 2011-02-12 2011-05-25 河海大学 Hard reinforced concrete revetment slope biological repairing method
CN102677682A (en) * 2011-11-18 2012-09-19 浙江大地交通工程有限公司 Ecological slope protection structure and construction method thereof
CN102677682B (en) * 2011-11-18 2014-04-02 浙江大地交通工程有限公司 Ecological slope protection structure and construction method thereof
CN102839633A (en) * 2012-09-24 2012-12-26 金丹越 Slope-type ecological embankment
CN103122622B (en) * 2013-02-27 2015-06-03 中国水电顾问集团华东勘测设计研究院 Pre-fabricated drainage type slope protection structure and construction method thereof
CN103122622A (en) * 2013-02-27 2013-05-29 中国水电顾问集团华东勘测设计研究院 Pre-fabricated drainage type slope protection structure and construction method thereof
CN103243719A (en) * 2013-05-22 2013-08-14 黄河勘测规划设计有限公司 Rock-filled concrete slope structure using masonry stone template
CN103306294A (en) * 2013-07-08 2013-09-18 河海大学 Rain collection purification system for preventing water and soil loss caused by rain wash in mountains
CN103306294B (en) * 2013-07-08 2015-09-16 河海大学 A kind of intermountain prevents the collection rain cleaning system of rain drop erosion soil erosion
CN103628449A (en) * 2013-11-15 2014-03-12 河海大学 Biochar grassed slope structure for coastal reclamation district channel
CN103696435A (en) * 2013-12-20 2014-04-02 杨文革 Water conservancy project retaining wall
CN104018463A (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-09-03 天津大学 Vertical multi-habitat ecological pond system adapting to large slope angle
CN104045161A (en) * 2014-06-20 2014-09-17 上海同瑞环保科技有限公司 Method and system for purifying water
CN105445212A (en) * 2015-12-18 2016-03-30 中国水利水电科学研究院 Method and system used for measuring influence contribution rate of forest litter on surface runoff element contents
CN105696606A (en) * 2016-01-22 2016-06-22 岭南新科生态科技研究院(北京)有限公司 Semi-arid area ecological slope protection structure and construction method thereof
CN106120651A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-11-16 北京顺景园林有限公司 A kind of colonnade formula stacked arrangement ecological revetment and construction method thereof
CN106219763A (en) * 2016-09-06 2016-12-14 东北师范大学 The prevention and cure of pollution method that lake, a kind of river ecological revetment combines with shoal floating bed reparation
CN106219763B (en) * 2016-09-06 2019-08-30 东北师范大学 A kind of prevention and cure of pollution method that river and lake ecological slope protection is combined with shoal floating bed reparation
CN106702957A (en) * 2017-01-16 2017-05-24 苏州望意阳环保科技有限公司 Ecological slope protection system produced by applying soil-retaining bricks
CN110078307A (en) * 2019-05-23 2019-08-02 山东省水利科学研究院 A kind of riparian buffer strips using biological carbon materials Control the Plan Pollution Sources

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN100453740C (en) 2009-01-21

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN100453740C (en) Impurifying ecological bank-protection combined system
CN103215920B (en) Sectored multi-step ecological buffer revetment system
CN103669145B (en) A kind of paving method of permeable pavement structure
CN103132485A (en) External water interception and purification type urban river multi-element ecological embankment physical structural system
CN104631380A (en) Shore type ladder-grade two-dimensional surface flow water filtering riverbed in-situ ecological remediation method
CN208501416U (en) A kind of sponge urban water-through road structure
CN106917522B (en) A kind of Outdoor Parking position system based on sponge the idea of the city
CN105908588A (en) Permeable pavement system for weakly-permeable soil regions
CN104032793A (en) Garden type rainwater impact resistance system used for residential area road
CN109356225A (en) A kind of Multifunctional rain ecological utilization system
CN105803894A (en) Urban road rainwater regulation and storage system
CN207062672U (en) A kind of permeable pavement structure
CN206289491U (en) A kind of pavement, greenery patches harvest water system
CN110924255A (en) Gardens permeable pavement structure
CN205617188U (en) Urban road rainwater regulation system
CN110616615A (en) Town road paves road surface structure that permeates water
CN102260011A (en) Road surface runoff purification system
CN204875417U (en) Ecological way engineering system
CN206571217U (en) Outdoor Parking position system based on sponge the idea of the city
CN103669167B (en) A kind of permeable pavement structure
CN106677011A (en) Sidewalk and greenbelt water collecting and storing system
CN105421647B (en) A kind of step building block of Collection utilization rainwater
CN203977495U (en) The anti-rainwater impact system of garden type for residential quarter road
CN209338948U (en) A kind of water-permeable pavement structure
CN206752237U (en) Stealthy passageway for fire apparatus

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20090121

Termination date: 20111013

C17 Cessation of patent right