CN1911997A - Wear-resistant wood plastic floor and its production technology - Google Patents

Wear-resistant wood plastic floor and its production technology Download PDF

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CN1911997A
CN1911997A CN 200610041030 CN200610041030A CN1911997A CN 1911997 A CN1911997 A CN 1911997A CN 200610041030 CN200610041030 CN 200610041030 CN 200610041030 A CN200610041030 A CN 200610041030A CN 1911997 A CN1911997 A CN 1911997A
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wood
plastic
wear
substrate
powder
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CN 200610041030
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CN100419019C (en
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庄广盛
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庄广盛
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Abstract

The present invention is wear-resistant wood-plastic floor board and its production process, and belongs to the field of decoration material technology. Polyvinyl chloride resin or plastic material is added with waste wood powder or fiber material powder, active calcium carbonate, assistant, stuffer, etc, and the mixture is pelletized, and further treated through extruding, molding, vacuum cooling, settling, drawing and cutting to form the basic wood-plastic board. The basic wood-plastic board is polished, groove milled and covered with surface decoration layer to form the wear resistant wood-plastic floor board product. The wear resistant wood-plastic floor board is beautiful, wear resistant, fireproof, waterproof, non-skid, anticorrosive and environment friendly and has high strength, heat insulation, electrical insulation and other advantages.

Description

一种耐磨型木塑地板及其生产工艺 And a wear-resistant type of wood flooring manufacturing process

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种耐磨型木塑地板及其生产工艺,具体地说是用于家庭、办公用房的装饰,属于装饰装璜材料技术领域。 The present invention relates to a wear resistant wood flooring and its production process, particularly for home decoration, office space, belonging to the technical field decoration material decoration.

背景技术 Background technique

目前市场上用于家庭、办公用房装饰的地板通常是采用实木地板或复合地板。 Currently on the market for home, office space decorative flooring usually by solid wood flooring or laminate flooring. 实木地板需消耗大量的木材,且价格昂贵,其虽具有耐磨等优点,但铺设使用后耐水性较差,且易开裂、起翘。 Solid wood floor need to consume a lot of wood, and the price is expensive, although it has wear, etc., but after laying the use of poor water resistance, and easy to crack, warped. 复合地板是采用木屑、粘合剂经混合挤压而成。 Is the use of wood flooring, adhesive mixed extruded. 其虽具有轻便、价格便宜等优点,但耐水性、耐磨性较差,机械性能低,不稳定,迂水后同样会起翘,装饰效果差,使用寿命短,不易被人们所喜爱接收。 Although it has a lightweight, cheap, etc., but water resistance, poor wear resistance, low mechanical properties, instability, water will be the same after the roundabout warped, decorative effect is poor, life is short, easy to be loved by the people to receive.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明的目的在于克服上述不足之处,从而提供一种采用塑料原料和废旧木材或纤维材料及活性碳酸钙为主要原料,配以塑料增强剂、塑料助剂等其它辅料经混合制粒,再经高温挤出、模压成型、真空冷却定型、牵引、切割为木塑基板;木塑基板经砂磨铣槽,防水黏合剂将表面装饰层与基板复合为成品;其不但具有豪华美观性、耐磨耐火性、防水防滑性、耐用耐腐性、环保安全性、安装便捷性等特点,且还具有材料比重小、强度高,制造工艺简单的耐磨型木塑地板及其生产工艺。 Object of the present invention is to overcome the above disadvantages, thus providing the main material and one kind of plastic material and waste wood or fibrous material is calcium carbonate, together with the reinforcing plastic, plastic additives and other materials granulated by mixing, then high temperature extrusion, compression molding, vacuum cooling and sizing traction, cut wood substrate; wood board by sanding milling, the waterproofing adhesive layer and the substrate surface of the decorative composite is finished; luxurious appearance thereof having not only resistance, refractory wear, waterproof slip resistance, corrosion resistance and durability, environmental safety, ease of installation, etc., and also a material having a small specific gravity, high strength, a simple manufacturing process and wear resistant wood flooring manufacturing process.

本发明的主要解决方案是这样实现的:本发明耐磨型木塑地板配方比例以重量百分数计:取PVC树脂粉或PE或PP或PET塑料原料为:30~60重量%,加入废旧木材粉或纤维材料粉为:20~40重量%、活性碳酸钙为:10~15重量%、塑料增强剂为:2~5重量%、塑料填充剂为:1~3重量%、塑料加工助剂为:4~7重量%、经混合挤成塑料粒,再经挤出混合料,模压成型、冷却、牵引为基板,将表面装饰层与基板复合为成品。 The main solution of the present invention is implemented as follows: the present invention is wear resistant wood flooring formulation ratio by weight percent: Take PVC resin powder or PE or PP or PET plastic material: 30 to 60% by weight of waste wood flour was added powder or fibrous material: 20 to 40 wt%, calcium carbonate: 10 to 15 wt%, of plastic enhancer: 2 to 5% by weight, of a plastic filler: from 1 to 3 wt%, the plastic processing aid is : 4 to 7% by weight, extruded plastic pellets mixed, then extruded mixture, molding, cooling, traction of the substrate, the surface of the decorative layer and the substrate for the finished composite.

本发明在表面装饰层上贴保护膜。 In the present invention, the protective film is pasted surface of the decorative layer.

本发明基板厚度为:5mm~12mm。 The present invention is a substrate thickness: 5mm ~ 12mm.

本发明耐磨型木塑地板的生产工艺步骤如下:1、木塑地板基板主辅材料混合造粒:(1)、先将废旧木材或纤维材料进行破碎、磨成废旧木材粉或纤维材料粉,细度达到200~500目;自然干燥,待用;(2)、取PVC树脂粉或PE或PP或PET塑料原料为:30~60重量%,加入废旧木材粉或纤维材料粉为:20~40重量%、活性碳酸钙为:10~15重量%、塑料增强剂为:2~5重量%、塑料填充剂为:1~3重量%、塑料加工助剂为:4~7重量%、经高速混合,温度:100~120℃,混合时间、10~15分钟,转速:100~120转/分钟;放出待用或挤出混炼机挤成木塑粒,温度为:160~220℃,螺杆转速为:20~50转/分钟,待用;2、木塑地板基板的制作:(1)、将上述混合的木塑粉料或木塑粒经双螺杆挤出机高温挤出,温度为:160~220℃,螺杆转速为:20~50转/分;(2)、将上述挤出物料经模具模压 Wear resistant wood flooring manufacturing process according to the present invention, the following steps: 1. Wood Flooring substrate main and auxiliary materials mixer granulator: (1), first waste wood or fibrous material is crushed, ground into powder or fibrous material waste wood flour , fineness of 200 to 500 mesh; natural drying stand; (2), take the PVC resin powder or PE or PP or PET plastic material: 30 to 60 wt%, was added waste wood powder or fibrous material powder is: 20 to 40% by weight, of calcium carbonate: 10 to 15 wt%, of plastic enhancer: 2 to 5% by weight, of a plastic filler: from 1 to 3 wt%, the plastic processing aid is: 4 to 7% by weight, by high speed mixing, temperature: 100-120 deg.] C, mixing time, 10 to 15 minutes, speed: 100 to 120 revolutions / min; stand discharged or extruded wood grain kneader extruder, temperature: 160 ~ 220 ℃ , screw speed: 20 to 50 revolutions / min, stand; 2, making wood flooring substrate: (1), the mixed powder of wood or wood grain by high temperature extrusion twin screw extruder, temperature: 160 ~ 220 ℃, screw speed: 20 to 50 rev / min; (2), the above-mentioned material through the extrusion molding die 型,温度为:160~220℃,压力为:5~20Mpa,再经真空冷却定型为基板,真空度为:0.6-0.95mpa,冷却水温度为:5~30℃;(3)、将上述定型木塑基板经牵引,定长切割待用;3、耐磨木塑地板表面装饰:(1)、将上述木塑基板经砂磨铣槽;(2)、采用防水黏合剂将表面装饰层与木塑基板复合;(3)、贴表面塑料保护膜为成品。 Type, temperature: 160 ~ 220 ℃, pressure: 5 ~ 20Mpa, and then by vacuum cooling and sizing a substrate, vacuum degree: 0.6-0.95mpa, cooling water temperature: 5 ~ 30 ℃; (3), above shaping wood substrate by traction, cutting to length stand; 3, wear-resistant decorative wood floor surface: (1) the above-mentioned substrate is sanded wood milling; (2), a waterproof adhesive decorative surface layer and composite wood substrate; (3), attached to the finished surface of the plastic protective film.

本发明塑料增强剂采用氯化聚乙烯(CPE)或甲基丙烯酸甲酯共聚物(ACR)。 Enhancer of the invention uses plastic polyethylene (CPE) chloride or methyl methacrylate copolymer (ACR).

本发明塑料加工助剂采用AC发泡剂或发泡调节剂或硬脂酸钙或邻苯二甲酸二辛脂或硬脂酸。 Plastic processing additive of the invention uses AC blowing agent or foaming modifier or calcium stearate or dioctyl phthalate, aliphatic or stearic acid.

本发明塑料填充剂采用碳酸钙(石粉)或各种木粉纤维。 Plastic fillers of the present invention uses calcium carbonate (powder), or various wood fibers.

本发明表面装饰层采用三聚氰胺后成型防火卷材。 After the surface of the decorative layer of the present invention with melamine fireproof molded web.

本发明废旧木材采用木屑、木材枝杈等;纤维材料采用谷物秸秆、糠壳、花生壳。 The present invention uses waste wood chips, wood, twigs and the like; fibrous materials using cereal straw, bran shell, peanut shell.

本发明与已有技术相比具有以下优点:1、豪华美观性:豪华耐磨型木塑地板的表面装饰层美观大方,有各种各样的实木、大理石等花型和颜色的装饰膜供客户选择。 The present invention as compared with the prior art has the following advantages: 1, luxurious appearance: luxury wood flooring wear resistant surface decorative layer beautiful, decorative films for a variety of wood, marble pattern and color customer choice.

2、耐磨耐火性:豪华耐磨型木塑地板与目前普遍使用的实木地板和木质复合地板相比较具有超强的耐磨性和耐火性,豪华耐磨型木塑地板表面覆有一层硬度超过5000钻的耐磨、耐火装饰层;该耐磨、耐火装饰层能经受烟蒂的炙烤而无痕迹,这是实木地板和木质复合地板根本无法相比的。 2, the refractory wear: luxury wear resistant wood flooring and wood flooring and wood flooring current widespread use as compared with superior wear resistance and fire resistance, wear resistant luxury wood floor surface covered with a layer hardness more than 5,000 drill resistant, fire-resistant decorative layer; the wear-resistant, fire-resistant decorative layer can withstand without traces of burning cigarette butts, which is solid wood floors and wood laminate flooring can not be compared.

3、防水防滑性:豪华耐磨木塑地板采用进口防水型黏合剂进行表面装饰层(进口三聚氰胺后成型防火卷材)和木塑基板的复合,就是把地板长时间浸入水中,其木塑基板本身不吸水,并且表面装饰层在防水黏合剂的保护下也不会受到影响;其防水性大大优于目前普遍使用的实木地板和木质复合地板;豪华耐磨型木塑地板的表面装饰层在防水同时也带有防滑功能。 3, waterproof non-slip: Wood Flooring imported luxury wear waterproof adhesive composite surface of the decorative layer (rear inlet melamine web forming fire) and the wood substrate, the floor is immersed in water for a long time, which wood board itself does not absorb water, and the surface of the decorative layer is not affected under the protection of waterproof adhesives; its water resistance is much better than the current wood floors and wood laminate flooring commonly used; luxury wood flooring wear resistant surface decorative layer but also with non-slip waterproof function.

4、耐用耐腐性:豪华耐磨型木塑地板具有非常优异的机械性能,其耐用性能相当实木或木质复合地板的8倍;豪华耐磨型木塑地板不怕虫蛀、不怕各种腐蚀物质的侵蚀,其耐侯耐腐性非常优秀;而且木塑地板不吸水分,不易变形,经久耐用。 4, corrosion resistance and durability: luxury wood flooring wear resistant has a very excellent mechanical properties, durability 8 times its considerable wood or wood flooring; luxury wear resistant wood flooring afraid of insects, various corrosive substances afraid erosion, weathering its excellent corrosion resistance; and non-absorbent wood flooring points, easily deformed, durable.

5、环保安全性:豪华耐磨型木塑地板把各种废旧木材或纤维材料进行有效利用,“以废变宝”,可节约材料资源;并具有材料比重小、强度高,制造工艺简单等特点;主辅材料采用无毒环保型,在平时或其他特殊环境下都不会产生有毒物质或气体,是真正意义上的绿色环保产品;6、安装便捷性:豪华耐磨木塑地板的安装,采用冷铺法,只需一些简单的手动工具就可以进行安装铺设。 5, environmental safety: the luxury wear resistant wood flooring various waste wood or fibrous material effective use, "In waste into treasure," resource saving material; and has a small specific gravity, high strength and simple manufacturing processes features; main and auxiliary materials using non-toxic and environmentally friendly, in peacetime or other special environment will not produce toxic substances or gases, are green products in the true sense; 6, ease of installation: luxury wear wood flooring installation , cold shop law, just a few simple hand tools can be installed laid.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1为本发明结构表面示意图。 1 a schematic view of the surface of the present invention.

图2为本发明结构A~A剖视图。 A ~ A sectional view of the structure of FIG. 2 of the present invention.

图3本发明结构I放大图。 FIG structure 3 is an enlarged view I of the present invention.

图4、图5为本发明生产工艺流程图。 FIG 4, FIG 5 production process of the present invention FIG.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

下面本发明将结合附图中的实施例作进一步描述:实施例一:本发明实施例中耐磨型木塑地板的生产工艺步骤如下:1、木塑地板基板主辅材料混合造粒:先将废旧木材采用锯木屑进行破碎、磨成废旧木材木屑粉,细度达到200目;自然干燥,待用; Example embodiments of the drawings The invention will be further described in conjunction with: Example a: The process steps embodiment wear resistant wood flooring of the present invention are as follows: 1, Wood Flooring substrate main and auxiliary materials, mixing granulation: first the use of waste wood sawdust is crushed, pulverized wood waste wood powder, fineness of 200 mesh; natural drying, stand;

取聚氯乙稀(PVC)树脂粉为:35重量%,加入废旧木材木屑粉为:40重量%、活性碳酸钙(石粉)为:11重量%、塑料增强剂选用氯化聚乙烯(CPE)为:5重量%、塑料填充剂选用碳酸钙(石粉)为:3重量%、塑料加工助剂选用AC发泡剂中偶氮二甲酰胺为:6重量%经高速混合,混合温度:100℃,混合时间、10分钟,转速:100转/分钟;经挤出混炼机挤成木塑粒,温度为:160℃,螺杆转速为:20转/分钟,待用;2、木塑地板基板的制作:将上述木塑粒经锥形双螺杆挤出机高温挤出,温度为:160℃,螺杆转速为:20转/分;将上述挤出物料经模具模压成型,温度为:160℃,压力为:10Mpa,再经真空冷却定型为木塑基板,真空度为:0.6mpa,冷却水温度为:10℃;将上述定型木塑基板经牵引,定长切割待用;基板厚度为:7mm3、耐磨木塑地板表面装饰:将上述木塑基板1经砂磨铣 Take polyvinyl chloride (PVC) resin powder is: 35 wt%, is added to the waste wood chips powder: 40 wt% calcium carbonate (stone dust) as follows: 11% by weight, chlorinated polyethylene plastic enhancer selected (CPE) is: 5% by weight, the choice of the plastic filler calcium carbonate (stone dust) as: 3 wt%, the plastic processing aid in the selection of AC foaming agent is an azodicarbonamide: 6 wt% by high speed mixing, the mixing temperature: 100 ℃ , mixing time 10 minutes, speed: 100 r / min; extruded wood grain extruded kneader, temperature: 160 ℃, screw speed: 20 rpm / min, stand; 2, wood flooring substrate production: the above granulated wood conical twin screw extruder through an extrusion temperature, temperature: 160 ℃, screw speed: 20 rpm / min; the material through the die in the extrusion molding, temperature: 160 ℃ , pressure: 10Mpa, and then by vacuum cooling and sizing the substrate is wood, degree of vacuum: 0.6MPa, the cooling water temperature: 10 deg.] C; wood substrate by setting the above-described traction, cutting to length stand; substrate thickness: 7mm3, wood flooring wear surface decoration: substrate 1 by the above-described sanding wood milling 5;采用进口防水黏合剂2将表面装饰层3与基板1复合;表面装饰层3选用高强度耐磨的三聚氰胺后成型防火卷材;最后在强度耐磨耐火卷材膜上贴表面塑料保护膜4为成品。 5; 2 imported waterproof adhesive layer 3 and the surface of the decorative composite substrate 1; Melamine 3 High strength wear-resistant surface layer of the decorative web forming fire; final protection film attached to the surface of plastic web film strength wear-resistant refractory 4 is finished.

本发明木塑地板的结构为三层,底层以塑料原料和旧木材或纤维材料粉制成木塑基板,中层为专用无毒防水的进口树酯黏合剂2将表面装饰层3与基板1牢固复合,装饰层为高强度、高硬度耐磨耐火膜。 Wood floor structure of the present invention is a three-layer, the bottom layer of plastic material and old fiber material powder made of wood or wood substrates, a non-toxic middle dedicated waterproof adhesive resin inlet 2 the surface decorative layer 3 and the substrate 1 firmly composite, the decorative layer is a high strength, high hardness and wear-resistant refractory film. 这种材料具有比重小、强度高、耐侯耐腐、隔热绝缘等优异性能,并且原料充足,品种多样,维修简单,尤其是社会效益显著,因此开发这种材料及其制品具有极其现实和深远的意义。 This material has a small specific gravity, high strength, weather resistant, heat insulation, excellent performance, and abundant raw materials, types, simple maintenance, especially social benefits significantly, and thus the development of such materials and articles having extremely realistic reaching meaning.

实施例二:1、木塑地板基板主辅材料混合造粒:先将废纤维材料采用谷物秸秆(含水量达到12~14%)进行破碎、磨成废谷物秸秆粉,细度达到350目;自然干燥,待用;本发明实施例中取塑料原料PE为:45重量%,加入废谷物秸秆粉为:30重量%、活性碳酸钙(石粉)为:13重量%、塑料增强剂选用甲基丙烯酸甲酯共聚物(ACR)为:4重量%、塑料填充剂选用碳酸钙(石粉)为:2重量%、塑料加工助剂选用发泡调节剂为:6重量%,经高速混合,混合温度:110℃,混合时间、13分钟,转速:110转/分钟;经挤出混炼机挤成木塑粒,温度为:190℃,螺杆转速为:35转/分钟; Example Two: 1, Wood Flooring substrate main and auxiliary materials, mixing granulation: fibrous materials using first waste cereal straw (moisture content of 12 to 14%) is crushed, ground into flour cereal straw waste, fineness of 350 mesh; Natural drying stand; PE plastic raw materials taken embodiment of the present invention: 45 wt%, is added to the waste cereal straw powder: 30 wt% calcium carbonate (stone dust) as follows: 13% by weight, the plastic enhancer is methyl acrylate copolymer (ACR) is: 4% by weight, the choice of the plastic filler calcium carbonate (stone dust) as follows: 2% by weight, processing aids plastic foam regulator is selected: 6% by weight, by high speed mixing, the mixing temperature : 110 deg.] C, mixing time 13 minutes, speed: 110 r / min; extruded wood grain extruded kneader, temperature: 190 deg.] C, screw speed: 35 revolutions / min;

2、木塑地板基板的制作:通过锥形双螺杆挤出机高温挤出,温度为:190℃,螺杆转速为:35转/分;将上述挤出物料经模具模压成型,温度为:190℃,压力为:15Mpa,真空度为:0.8mpa,冷却水温度为:15℃;基板厚度为:9mm3、耐磨木塑地板表面装饰:将上述木塑基板1经砂磨铣槽5;采用进口防水黏合剂2将表面装饰层3与基板1复合;表面装饰层3选用高强度耐磨的三聚氰胺后成型防火卷材;最后在强度耐磨耐火卷材膜上贴表面塑料保护膜4为成品。 2, making wood flooring substrate: extruded through a conical twin screw extrusion temperature, temperature: 190 deg.] C, screw speed: 35 rpm / min; the material through the die in the extrusion molding, temperature: 190 ℃, pressure: 15Mpa, degree of vacuum: 0.8MPa, the cooling water temperature: 15 deg.] C; substrate thickness: 9mm3, wood flooring wear surface decoration: substrate 1 through the above-described sanding wood milling 5; using 2 imported waterproof adhesive layer 3 and the surface of the decorative composite substrate 1; melamine 3 high strength wear-resistant surface layer of the decorative web forming fire; final protection film attached to the plastic surface of the refractory wear-resistant strength to the finished web film 4 .

实施例三:1、木塑地板基板主辅材料混合制粒:先将废旧木材采用木材枝杈(含水量达到12~14%)进行破碎、磨成废木材枝杈粉,细度达到500目;自然干燥,待用;本发明实施例中取塑料原料PP为:55重量%,加入木材枝杈粉为:20重量%、活性碳酸钙(石粉)为:15重量%、塑料增强剂选用氯化聚乙烯(CPE)为:3重量%、塑料填充剂选用木屑纤维粉为:1重量%、塑料加工助剂选用硬脂酸钙为:6重量%经高速混合,混合温度:120℃,混合时间、15分钟,转速:120转/分钟;经挤出混炼机挤成木塑粒,温度为:200℃,螺杆转速为:40转/分钟;2、木塑地板基板的制作:通过锥形双螺杆挤出机高温挤出,温度为:200℃,螺杆转速为:40转/分;将上述挤出物料经模具模压成型,温度为:200℃,压力为:20Mpa,真空度为:0.9mpa,冷却水温度为:20℃;基板厚度为:10mm3 Example Three: 1, Wood Flooring substrate main and auxiliary materials, mixing and granulating: first waste wood from wood branches (moisture content of 12 to 14%) is crushed, pulverized wood waste powder twigs, fineness of 500 mesh; NATURAL drying stand; taken embodiment of the present invention is a plastic material PP: 55 wt%, was added twig wood powder: 20 wt% calcium carbonate (stone dust) as follows: 15% by weight, the choice of a chlorinated polyethylene plastic enhancer (CPE) was: 3% by weight, the choice of wood fiber plastic filler powder: 1% by weight of calcium stearate as plastics processing aids selected: 6 wt% by high speed mixing, the mixing temperature: 120 deg.] C, mixing time 15 minutes, speed: 120 r / min; extruded wood grain extruded kneader, temperature: 200 ℃, screw speed: 40 revolutions / min; 2, making wood flooring substrate: through conical twin-screw extruder temperature extrusion temperature: 200 ℃, screw speed: 40 rpm / min; the material through the die in the extrusion molding, temperature: 200 ℃, pressure: 20Mpa, degree of vacuum: 0.9MPa, cooling water temperature: 20 ℃; substrate thickness: 10mm3 耐磨木塑地板表面装饰:将上述木塑基板1经砂磨铣槽5;采用进口防水黏合剂2将表面装饰层3与基板1复合;表面装饰层3选用高强度耐磨的三聚氰胺后成型防火卷材;最后在强度耐磨耐火卷材膜上贴表面塑料保护膜4为成品。 Wood Flooring wear surface decoration: substrate 1 through the above-described sanding wood milling 5; 2 imported waterproof adhesive layer 3 and the surface of the decorative composite substrate 1; Melamine 3 High strength wear-resistant surface layer of the decorative molding fire web; finally affixed surface of the plastic film strength wear-resistant refractory protective film web 4 is finished.

本发明实施例中使用的原材料为市场所购,采用的设备为常规设备。 Raw materials used in embodiments of the present invention is available for the market, the equipment used for the conventional apparatus.

Claims (10)

1.一种耐磨型木塑地板,其特征是配方比例以重量百分数计:取PVC树脂粉或PE或PP或PET塑料原料为:30~60重量%,加入废旧木材粉或纤维材料粉为:20~40重量%、活性碳酸钙为:10~15重量%、塑料增强剂为:2~5重量%、塑料填充剂为:1~3重量%、塑料加工助剂为:4~7重量%、经混合挤成塑料粒,再经挤出混合料,模压成型、冷却、牵引为基板,将表面装饰层与基板复合为成品。 A wear resistant wood floor, wherein the formulation ratio by weight percent: Take PVC resin powder or PE or PP or PET plastic material: 30 to 60 wt%, was added wood waste powder as powder or fibrous material : 20 to 40 wt%, calcium carbonate: 10 to 15 wt%, of plastic enhancer: 2 to 5% by weight, of a plastic filler: from 1 to 3 wt%, the plastic processing aid is: 4 to 7 wt. %, extruded plastic pellets mixed, then extruded mixture, molding, cooling, traction of the substrate, the surface of the decorative layer and the substrate for the finished composite.
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种耐磨型木塑地板,其特征在于所述的表面装饰层上贴保护膜。 The wood floor of a wear-resistant type according to claim 1, characterized in that the surface of the decorative layer is affixed to the protective film.
3.根据权利要求1所述的一种耐磨型木塑地板,其特征在于所述的基板厚度为:5mm~12mm。 A wear-resistant according to claim 1 of the type of wood floor, wherein the substrate thickness: 5mm ~ 12mm.
4.按权利要求1所述的一种耐磨型木塑地板的生产工艺,其特征是采用以下工艺步骤:(1)、木塑地板基板主辅材料混合造粒:(a)、先将废旧木材或纤维材料进行破碎、磨成废旧木材粉或纤维材料粉,细度达到200~500目;(b)、取PVC树脂粉或PE或PP或PET塑料原料为:30~60重量%,加入废旧木材粉或纤维材料粉为:20~40重量%、活性碳酸钙为:10~15重量%、塑料增强剂为:2~5重量%、塑料填充剂为:1~3重量%、塑料加工助剂为:4~7重量%、经高速混合,温度:100~120℃,混合时间、10~15分钟,转速:100~120转/分钟;放出待用或挤出混炼机挤成木塑粒,温度为:160~220℃,螺杆转速为:20~50转/分钟;(2)、木塑地板基板的制作:(a)、将上述混合的木塑粉料或木塑粒经双螺杆挤出机高温挤出,温度为:160~220℃,螺杆转速为:20~50转/分;(b)、将上述挤出 4. according to claim 1. A wear resistant wood flooring manufacturing process, which process is characterized by the following steps: (1), auxiliary materials Wood Flooring substrate main mixer granulator: (A), first waste wood or fibrous material is crushed, ground into powder or fibrous material waste wood powder, fineness of 200 to 500 mesh; (B), take the PVC resin powder or PE or PP or PET plastic material: 30 to 60 wt%, Add waste wood powder or fibrous material powder is: 20 to 40 wt%, calcium carbonate: 10 to 15 wt%, of plastic enhancer: 2 to 5% by weight, of a plastic filler: from 1 to 3 wt%, the plastic processing aid is: 4 to 7% by weight, by high speed mixing, temperature: 100-120 deg.] C, mixing time, 10 to 15 minutes, speed: 100 to 120 revolutions / min; stand discharged extruded or extrusion kneader wood grain, temperature: 160 ~ 220 ℃, screw speed: 20 to 50 revolutions / min; (2) prepare wood flooring substrate: (a), the mixed powder of wood or wood grain twin-screw extruder, extrusion temperature, temperature: 160 ~ 220 ℃, screw speed: 20 to 50 rev / min; (B), the above-described extruded 物料经模具模压成型,温度为:160~220℃,压力为:5~20Mpa,再经真空冷却定型为基板,真空度为:0.6-0.95mpa,冷却水温度为:5~30℃;(c)、将上述定型木塑基板经牵引,定长切割待用;(3)、耐磨木塑地板表面装饰:(a)、将上述木塑基板经砂磨铣槽;(b)、采用防水黏合剂将表面装饰层与木塑基板复合;(c)、贴表面塑料保护膜为成品。 Material by die press molding, temperature: 160 ~ 220 ℃, pressure: 5 ~ 20Mpa, and then by vacuum cooling and sizing a substrate, vacuum degree: 0.6-0.95mpa, cooling water temperature: 5 ~ 30 ℃; (c ), the wood substrate by setting the aforementioned traction, cutting to length stand; (3), wear-resistant decorative wood floor surface: (a), the above-described substrate is sanded wood milling; (B), waterproof the adhesive layer and the surface of the decorative wood composite substrate; (c), the protective film is affixed to the plastic surface of the finished product.
5.根据权利要求4所述的一种耐磨型木塑地板的生产工艺,其特征在于所述的塑料增强剂采用氯化聚乙烯或甲基丙烯酸甲酯共聚物。 The type of a wear-resistant wood flooring manufacturing process according to claim 4, wherein said chlorinated polyethylene plastic enhancer or methyl methacrylate copolymer.
6.根据权利要求4所述的一种耐磨型木塑地板的生产工艺,其特征在于所述的塑料加工助剂采用AC发泡剂或发泡调节剂或硬脂酸钙或邻苯二甲酸二辛脂或硬脂酸。 4 according to the type of a wear-resistant wood flooring manufacturing process as claimed in claim, wherein said plastics processing aids using AC foaming agent or foaming modifier or calcium stearate, or phthalimido oct-aliphatic carboxylic acid or stearic acid.
7.根据权利要求4所述的一种耐磨型木塑地板的生产工艺,其特征在于所述的塑料填充剂采用碳酸钙或木粉纤维。 According to claim 4, wherein a wear resistant wood flooring manufacturing process, wherein said filler is calcium carbonate is a plastic or wood fibers.
8.根据权利要求4所述的一种耐磨型木塑地板的生产工艺,其特征在于所述的表面装饰层采用三聚氰胺后成型防火卷材。 According to claim 4, wherein a wear resistant wood flooring manufacturing process, wherein said surface layer of the decorative web after forming fire with melamine.
9.根据权利要求4所述的一种耐磨型木塑地板的生产工艺,其特征在于所述的废旧木材采用木屑、木材枝杈。 According to claim 4, wherein a wear resistant wood flooring manufacturing process, characterized in that the waste wood using wood chips, wood branches.
10.根据权利要求4所述的一种耐磨型木塑地板的生产工艺,其特征在于所述的纤维材料采用谷物秸秆、糠壳、花生壳。 According to claim 4, wherein a wear resistant wood flooring manufacturing process, wherein said fibrous material using cereal straw, bran shell, peanut shell.
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