CN1862226A - Dip direction apparatus - Google Patents

Dip direction apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1862226A
CN1862226A CN 200510126263 CN200510126263A CN1862226A CN 1862226 A CN1862226 A CN 1862226A CN 200510126263 CN200510126263 CN 200510126263 CN 200510126263 A CN200510126263 A CN 200510126263A CN 1862226 A CN1862226 A CN 1862226A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
dip
case
mark
scale
spheroid
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Granted
Application number
CN 200510126263
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Chinese (zh)
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CN100562709C (en
Inventor
王英博
王东
郭奕倩
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王东
王英博
郭奕倩
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Application filed by 王东, 王英博, 郭奕倩 filed Critical 王东
Priority to CNB2005101262638A priority Critical patent/CN100562709C/en
Publication of CN1862226A publication Critical patent/CN1862226A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100562709C publication Critical patent/CN100562709C/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The present invention provides a dip-angle direction instrument. It includes a base seat and a measurer. The described measure includes a ball-shaped transparent cover shell and a ball body contained in said cover shell interior, and the between of ball body and the cover shell is filled up with transparent anti-freeze fluid, in the described ball body interior a magnetic strip and a counterweight are fixed so as to make the ball body be formed into a freely floating gyro in the cover shell. Besides, said invention also provides the working principle of said dip-angle direction instrument and its concrete operation method.

Description

Dip direction apparatus
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of inclinator, relate in particular to a kind of angle of inclination of Measuring Object simultaneously and the dip direction apparatus of direction, with the object that this dip direction apparatus is applied to move, can also instant lateral attitude and variation thereof of measuring moving object.
Technical background
At present, in building, installation, all kinds of means of transport and daily life, whether known level meter, inclinator and attitude measurement instrument etc. generally are merely able to check level when measuring the inclination angle, perhaps are merely able to measure the size of inclination angle, the left and right sides or pitch angle.Because such measurement result lacks the direction reference system, so usually encountering difficulties aspect cognition, judgement and the use of measurement result.Direction of measurement generally wants equipment such as guide for use pin to measure separately if desired, and not only loaded down with trivial details but also precision also can be affected.
Invention CN87201170 discloses a kind of universal horizontal instrument, and it is provided with a transparent hemisphere face body of thin-walled that has scale mark, indicates bead and is filled in the dome-type level that the liquid in the inner chamber is formed for one.The sealing of dome-type level is assemblied on the base of an extendible, establishes the compass annex on the base.Above-mentioned universal horizontal instrument can be measured the angle of inclination on tested plane.But be subjected to the restriction of structure, direction of measurement under the generally only suitable level conditions of compass, have under the situation at inclination angle and inapplicable, so the inclinator of this class formation is accurately measured and the occasions such as attitude of definite moving object just can not satisfy request for utilization at needs.
Invention CN92237439 discloses a kind of compass ball, it has housing, be filled with liquid in the cavity of housing, the end, weighed down adrift on the liquid, the bottom that cavity is weighed down at the end is provided with counterbalance weight and magnet, the upper end and the sign dish of the sidewall that the end is weighed down are fixedly connected to form the sealing core body, though this device has orientating function, and energy measurement inclination angle not.
Therefore, the multifunctional measuring device of development a kind of measurement level simultaneously, inclination angle and direction is very significant.
Summary of the invention
At the problems referred to above, the object of the present invention is to provide and a kind ofly can measure the inclination angle of object and the dip direction apparatus of direction thereof simultaneously, have the function of level meter, inclinator and direction instrument simultaneously, can confirm and judge the state of object in the space uniquely.
According to purpose of the present invention, dip direction apparatus comprises a base and a measuring appliance, described measuring appliance comprises a spherical transparent casing and is placed in spheroid in this case, and be filled with transparent antifreezing liquid between spheroid and the case, described spheroid internal fixation is provided with magnetic stripe and mass, make spheroid in case, become the gyro of a unmanaged flexibility, be provided with mark at spherome surface by the limit place that gravity determines, the gravity axis of establishing with limit is that the polar coordinate system that is used for direction of measurement is set up at the center, promptly be provided with the deflection scale that is used to represent vergence direction along weft direction, with corresponding by the definite geographic direction of magnetic stripe institute of spheroid inside at described spherome surface; Set up spheric coordinate system on the case surface, it is the coordinate axis that described case surface is provided with two quadratures, described coordinate axis is to be the circle or the circular arc in the center of circle with the case centre of sphere, and coordinate axis is provided with the scale mark that is used to measure the inclination angle size, and described scale mark is to identify with sphere isogonism scale method.
Under gravity and telluric magnetic force acting in conjunction, the state of gyro remains unchanged, so when the base of dip direction apparatus and testee are in same plane, fixing case just can Measuring Object with respect to the change in location of gyro on observation base or the base inclination angle and direction.
During use, dip direction apparatus is lain on the testee, rotating dip direction apparatus makes certain bar on the case be used to measure the scale mark of inclination angle size and the mark coincidence at the spheroid limit place in the case, reading on the pairing scale mark of this mark this moment is exactly the size at object inclination angle, and the pairing deflection reading of this scale mark is exactly the orientation angle that testee tilts.
Wherein, the mark at described spheroid limit place can be provided in a side of the mark on the spherome surface, and as dot, little cross etc., and the mark at spheroid limit place can be one at this moment, or respectively establishes one up and down.Two limit marks are set on the surface at described spheroid, and set two in the case surface scale mark of measuring the inclination angle sizes is when being two complete circles, dip direction apparatus of the present invention can also be used to measure the tilt condition of end face such as ceiling.On the other hand, the mark at described spheroid limit place can also be a bubble that forms between spheroid and case,, stays a bubble when filling antifreezing liquid, because this bubble is consistent with the pole location of spheroid all the time that is.Optimized technical scheme is respectively to mark a mark at the place of limit up and down of spherome surface, it both can have been avoided because bubble has certain area or because the vibration of dip direction apparatus causes the reading out of true that bubble splitting etc. causes, also can be used to measure the tilt condition of end face simultaneously.
Further, can also establish a horizontal scale line at the place, equator of spherome surface mark, it is the equatorial line on the spherome surface, surface level by the equatorial line decision is vertical mutually with the gravity axis that passes through limit, with this horizontal scale line as angle incidence indicator, and on base, establish the scale that is used to represent inclination angle, left and right sides size with case junction ring, then can immediately measure inclination angle, the left and right sides, inclination angle, front and back, vergence direction and the variation thereof of moving object.When inclination angle, the left and right sides scale value on the base was generally vertically placed with dip direction apparatus, the pairing scale of angle incidence indicator was respectively scale value 0 starting point, and the scope of scale value is generally 40 °~90 °.During use, be fixed on dip direction apparatus on the testee vertically, inclination angle scale value on the pairing base of angle incidence indicator this moment is the angle that object tilts, and the reading of the scale mark on the pairing case of angle incidence indicator is exactly the pitch angle size of object, also can generically be called the angle that tilts forward and back, the above the reading of the pairing deflection scale of line of two quadrature scale mark intersection points of the mark at spheroid limit place and case is exactly the direction of object tilt.This metering system especially is fit to be applied on the vehicles, the user can recognize easily vehicle or other vehicles about, the situation that tilts forward and back, and grasp the direction of its inclination simultaneously.
In addition, for reading numerical values more easily, dip direction apparatus can also be designed to be fixed on obliquely the form on the testee, can carry out level again to dip direction apparatus this moment demarcates, make the case of dip direction apparatus rotate adjustment relative to base, then when base is placed with the certain fixed angle of relative testee inclination, rotate case and make its lip-deep certain bar scale mark mutual corresponding, just can adopt aforesaid way to read the inclination angle, the left and right sides of testee with angle incidence indicator (being the horizontal scale line) on the spheroid, inclination angle, front and back and vergence direction.
In preferred embodiment of the present invention, described spheroid both can be a hollow ball, also can solid sphere, as long as magnetisable material and mass are set, make spheroid constitute the gyro of unmanaged flexibility in spheroid inside, and just can realize purpose of the present invention equally.
Further, dip direction apparatus of the present invention can also comprise a light fixture, is arranged in the base, and described light fixture can be one or more light emitting diodes, and external power supply or battery-powered provides illumination in the ambient light deficiency.
Technique effect of the present invention is, the measuring appliance that adopts spheroid, case and base to combine, and the inclination angle angle and direction of testee in the measurement space simultaneously Duo parameter of measurement than existing inclinator.Generalized case when dip direction apparatus of the present invention not only is applicable to static measurement, also be applicable to the special circumstances in the static measurements such as end face measurement, can also be used in simultaneously and measure moving object particularly on the travel conditions of the vehicles, by measuring inclination angle, the left and right sides, inclination angle, front and back and the vergence direction of moving object, can grasp its motion and equilibrium state at an easy rate.
Description of drawings
The present invention is further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and most preferred embodiment.
Vertical view when Fig. 1 is the dip direction apparatus horizontal positioned;
Fig. 2 is that the A-A of Fig. 1 is to cut-open view;
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of spheroid among Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the side view of spheroid among Fig. 1.
1-base 2-measuring appliance 3-spheroid 4-case 5-mass 6-magnetic stripe 7-antifreezing liquid 8-angle incidence indicator 9-concave-concave pad 10-calibration screw 11-light emitting diode 12-bubble
Embodiment
Further specify the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and most preferred embodiment, but be not construed as limiting the invention.
As shown in Figure 1, vertical view during for the present invention's one most preferred embodiment horizontal positioned, in conjunction with the A-A of Fig. 2 to cut-open view, dip direction apparatus shown in the figure comprises base 1 and measuring appliance 2, measuring appliance 2 is made up of hollow ball 3 and transparent case 4, case 4 can rotate adjustment relative to base, fills with transparent antifreezing liquid 7 between spheroid 3 and the case 4, and leaves a bubble 12.Case 4 is arranged in the base 1 that hollows out, be equipped with a calibration screw 10 on the base 1, the bottom of case 4 is provided with concave-concave pad 9 to position that should calibration screw 10, and nationality can be calibrated and the position of fixation measuring device 2 with respect to base 1 by the cooperation of calibration screw 10 and concave-concave pad 9.
As shown in Figure 2, be provided with mass 5 and magnetic stripe 6 to spheroid 3 internal fixation, make spheroid 3 in case 4, constitute one can unmanaged flexibility gyro, referring to Fig. 3, spheroid 3 lip-deep upper and lower two limit places A point that makes marks is as the reading cue mark.When the dip direction apparatus horizontal positioned, the limit mark A point on the spheroid 3 and the summit B point of case 4 and the center of circle of bubble 12 are on the same vertical curve.
On the surface of case 4, what be that initial point is provided with two quadratures with the B point is the limbus line in the center of circle with the case centre of sphere, the scale value scope is two 0 °~180 °, and promptly also there is scale at the back side of case among Fig. 1, and 90 °~180 ° of the scales at the back side are not shown in Fig. 1.Certainly, in other embodiment, aforesaid limbus line also can be a circular arc, and the size of its range can be set at the arbitrary value between 0 °~180 ° according to the needs of concrete application.Further, can also establish the scale mark that is used to represent the inclination angle size equally that one or more and aforementioned two quadratures circle scale mark form an angle at the surface of case 4 mark through B point, be called subsidiary scale mark, thereby can faster more accurately read the size at inclination angle.Further, can also be on the scale mark on case 4 surfaces 0 °, 90 °, 180 ° locate 0 °~5 ° of marks etc. corner mark (i.e. circle), when the limit mark A on the spheroid 3 or bubble 12 relatively near these etc. during corner mark, can faster more accurately carry out the reading of inclination angle size.
As shown in Figure 1, on base 1 and case 4 connecting places be equipped with 4 numerical ranges and be respectively 0 °~90 ° inclination angle, left and right sides scale value, this inclination angle, left and right sides scale value also can be two 0 °~90 °, two 0 °~-90 ° certainly.
As shown in Figure 3, the surface of spheroid 3 mark is established equatorial line, as angle incidence indicator 8.Surperficial subscript at spheroid 3 is understood by magnetic stripe 6 determined geographic direction east, south, west, north, northeast, northwest, the southeast, southwest also can also be marked certainly.Surface at spheroid 3 is provided with the deflection scale that is used to represent vergence direction along weft direction, is used to identify the vergence direction of testee.In the present embodiment, this deflection scale is initial 0 ° with direct north, and range is 360 °, and the deflection scale mark is that the center is symmetrical arranged with the equatorial line.
As shown in Figure 2, also be provided with light emitting diode in the base 1, dip direction apparatus also can normally be used in the environment of insufficient light, the number of described light emitting diode can be determined according to the illumination needs.
Above-mentioned dip direction apparatus uses flexibly, adopts the inclination direction of two kinds of different mode Measuring Object here.
When measuring stationary body, dip direction apparatus is placed horizontally at tested plane, rotating dip direction apparatus overlaps certain bar scale mark on case 4 surfaces and the limit mark A point on the spheroid 3, the pairing scale value of A point this moment is exactly the size that testee is faced upward the inclination angle of bowing, and the pairing deflection scale value of this scale mark is exactly the direction that testee tilts.More general situation is, need not rotate dip direction apparatus during measurement, can be according to the position of limit mark A in spheric coordinate system, read the size at inclination angle according to angle index such as spheres, vergence direction is exactly the pairing deflection reading of line between the scale mark intersection point on limit mark A and the case 4; Can also be directly the inclination angle, the left and right sides of object, the vector of facing upward the inclination angle of bowing, the such three-dimensional of vergence direction be read out by angle incidence indicator 8.It is pointed out that when using angle incidence indicator 8 to measure that because the dip direction apparatus level is different with the relative position between the testee, the inclination angle, the left and right sides of an object, to face upward the inclination angle of bowing, vergence direction may not be unique numerically.But, remain unique by inclination angle, the left and right sides, the tilt condition of facing upward the inclination angle of bowing, the so determined object of tri-vector of vergence direction.With the tilt condition of the vector representation object of such three-dimensional, may be very beneficial under some special environment for use, for example when can't adjusting to the relative position of dip direction apparatus and testee.
When measuring moving object, dip direction apparatus vertically or obliquely is fixed on the testee, with the automobile is example, for convenience of reading, the certain angle that dip direction apparatus can be tilted is fixed on the automobile, and when being in horizontality, calibrates by automobile, adjusting case 4 makes certain the bar scale mark on the case 4 parallel with the angle incidence indicator 8 on the spheroid 3, and make limit mark A point on the spheroid 3 be positioned at 90 ° of scale places on another scale mark of case 4, at this moment, the inclination angle of the initial position of the automobile of being read by the angle incidence indicator 8 of dip direction apparatus is: inclination angle, the left and right sides is 0 °, and pitch angle or anteversion and retroversion angle reading are 0 °; Direction is then by the pairing deflection scale decision of the scale mark at limit mark A point place.It is pointed out that in the driving process of automobile above-mentioned three numerical value change with the heeling condition of automobile, the angle that the driver can grasp vehicle right and left easily and tilt forward and back, and definite automobile direction of advancing, thereby control vehicle attitude in good time, guarantee safety traffic.
In the present embodiment, though leave bubble between spheroid and the case, in the process of measuring still with the limit mark A point on spheroid 3 surfaces as the reading indicator.It will be understood by those of skill in the art that in other embodiments of the present invention bubble also can be used as a kind of limit mark and carries out reading.
Dip direction apparatus provided by the invention, owing to added the direction reference system, thus established the uniqueness at object inclination angle, the difficulty that has overcome existing measurement of dip angle, record, cognition and judged.General structure of the present invention is simple and reliable, be applicable to the measurement under static and dynamic two kinds of situations simultaneously, after light fixture has been installed, had the function of under the faint environment of light, using again, can be widely used in industries such as building, installation, automobile, steamer, photography and mountain-climbing, travelling, exploration, deep ocean work, be a kind of desirable inclination direction determinator.

Claims (10)

1, a kind of dip direction apparatus, comprise a base and a measuring appliance, described measuring appliance comprises a spherical transparent casing and is placed in spheroid in this case, and be filled with transparent antifreezing liquid between spheroid and the case, described spheroid internal fixation is provided with magnetic stripe and mass, make spheroid become the gyro of a unmanaged flexibility in case, it is characterized in that, described spherome surface is provided with mark by the limit place of gravity decision; Described spherome surface is provided with the deflection scale that is used to represent vergence direction along weft direction, and this deflection scale is with corresponding by the definite geographic direction of magnetic stripe institute of spheroid inside; Described case surface is provided with the coordinate axis of two quadratures, and this coordinate axis is to be the circle or the circular arc in the center of circle with the case centre of sphere, and coordinate axis is provided with the scale mark that is used to measure the inclination angle size, and described scale mark is to identify with sphere isogonism scale method.
2, dip direction apparatus as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, place, described spherome surface equator mark is established a horizontal scale line as angle incidence indicator, and the surface level of this horizontal scale line decision is vertical mutually with the gravity axis by limit.
3, dip direction apparatus as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that, is being equipped with inclination angle, left and right sides scale with the case junction on the described base.
4, dip direction apparatus as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, the mark at described spheroid limit place can be provided in a side of the mark on the spherome surface, also can be a bubble that forms between spheroid and case, can also be that aforementioned mark and bubble have concurrently.
5, dip direction apparatus as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described case can rotate adjustment relative to base.
6, dip direction apparatus as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the scale mark that being used to of lip-deep two quadratures of described case measured the inclination angle size is two circles, and scale value is two 0 °~180 °, and locates to do 0 °~5 ° corner mark such as sphere at 0 °, 90 °, 180 °.
7, dip direction apparatus as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described spherome surface is provided with the geographic direction of being determined by described magnetic stripe.
8, dip direction apparatus as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, on the surface of described case, the point of crossing of described two the quadrature scale marks of process also is provided with at least one auxiliary coordinate axis and scale mark.
9, dip direction apparatus as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, is equipped with a calibration screw on the described base, and described case bottom is provided with the concave-concave pad to position that should calibration screw.
10, dip direction apparatus as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described base inside is provided with light fixture.
CNB2005101262638A 2005-12-02 2005-12-02 Dip direction apparatus Expired - Fee Related CN100562709C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2005101262638A CN100562709C (en) 2005-12-02 2005-12-02 Dip direction apparatus

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2005101262638A CN100562709C (en) 2005-12-02 2005-12-02 Dip direction apparatus

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CN1862226A true CN1862226A (en) 2006-11-15
CN100562709C CN100562709C (en) 2009-11-25

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101832768B (en) * 2009-03-12 2013-09-18 任首旺 High-precision shockproof all-side object balanced inductor
CN108665047A (en) * 2018-05-23 2018-10-16 北京智芯微电子科技有限公司 Single ball-type low-frequency electronic label

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2035871U (en) * 1988-08-16 1989-04-12 李秋山 Multiple angle measuring device in three dimension
CN1074534C (en) * 1998-02-24 2001-11-07 李秋山 Method and apparatus for inspecting by X, Y, Z coordinates
CN2876708Y (en) * 2005-12-02 2007-03-07 王东 Dipmeter

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101832768B (en) * 2009-03-12 2013-09-18 任首旺 High-precision shockproof all-side object balanced inductor
CN108665047A (en) * 2018-05-23 2018-10-16 北京智芯微电子科技有限公司 Single ball-type low-frequency electronic label

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