CN1861199A - Biological deodorization and purification agent, and its use - Google Patents

Biological deodorization and purification agent, and its use Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1861199A
CN1861199A CNA2005100695158A CN200510069515A CN1861199A CN 1861199 A CN1861199 A CN 1861199A CN A2005100695158 A CNA2005100695158 A CN A2005100695158A CN 200510069515 A CN200510069515 A CN 200510069515A CN 1861199 A CN1861199 A CN 1861199A
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nitrogen
liquid
fermentation
rhodopseudomonas palustris
fixing bacteria
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CNA2005100695158A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN100375637C (en
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张日俊
李菊
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中国农业大学
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/30Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies
    • Y02W10/37Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies using solar energy

Abstract

A biologic deodoring and cleaning agent for treating the refuse to prepare fertilizer and cleaning and activating water area contains high-safety yeast, lactobacillus, nitrogen-fixing bacteria, functional bacillus, and photosynthetic bacteria.

Description

A kind of biological deodorization and purification agent and uses thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of biological deodorization and purification agent, specifically relate to a kind of by can handling house refuse, marine organisms processing waste and animal slaughtering processing waste, crop material, feces of livestock and poultry and sewage and aquaculture water quality and play the biological deodorization and purification agent that the multiple beneficial microorganism (yeast, lactobacillus, nitrogen-fixing bacteria, function bacillus cereus and photosynthetic bacteria etc.) of deodorization, purification and activation is formed, and uses thereof.
Background technology
Domestic waste is the garbage that people's daily life produces, along with Chinese economic development, and quickening of urbanization process, urban population is increasing, environmental pollution is more and more serious, and thing followed domestic waste increases at a high speed, average annual increasing velocity about 6~10%.Over year, China handles the method for house refuse based on landfill surplus in the of ten.The foul gas that refuse landfill produces more and more influences the live and work environment of refuse landfill, effectively handles the stench that house refuse produces, and reduces the influence of rubbish stench to ecological environment, and the protection people health has become an important content.
The development of livestock breeding industry, the processing of animal excrements such as chicken manure, pig manure, cattle manure, sheep stool and animal blood powder, feather powder, hoof-and-horn meal, visceral meal etc. are badly in need of solving.Annual about about 600,000,000 tons of the agricultural crop straw of producing of China, and the utilization rate of straw not enough half, a spot of straw is used for ensiling and yellow storage as feedstuff, and a large amount of straws is by on-site incineration, not only cause serious environmental to pollute and disaster hidden-trouble, but also caused the huge waste of resource.
Simultaneously, in aquaculture, the bait of aquatic animals such as fish shrimp crab eel is polluted water very easily, makes the cultivation water variation, and ammonia and hydrogen sulfide (stink) increase, dissolved oxygen reduces, cause the aquatic animal mortality rate to increase, speed of growth reduction etc., and then Aquatic product economy worked the mischief, be badly in need of a kind of novel biological deodorization cleanser, to adapt to the fast development of aquatic products industry.
Development along with the continuous development, particularly microbial technique of biotechnology has promoted the combination of traditional fertilizer technology of preparing and biotechnology.The expert is by discovering both at home and abroad, suitably be added with beneficial microorganism, human and animal excreta, crop straw, weathered coal (peat composed of rotten mosses), peat, marine organisms processing waste and poultry can be butchered fermentations such as processing waste and sewage, make liquid or solid fertilizer, i.e. novel biological fertilizer.
In publication number is the Chinese patent of CN 1355293A, disclose a kind of nitrogen-fixing bacteria and contained the bio-feritlizers of this nitrogen-fixing bacteria, but its used strain is single, in the composting process, need to add in addition deodorizer, and used the sulphuric acid of 5~10 weight portions, chemical attack is serious, destroys Organic substance, and is very dangerous as fertilizer.Equally, a kind of ecological organic fertilier and manufacture method thereof are disclosed in publication number is the Chinese patent of CN1327967A, this method had been carried out deodorization with deodorizer to fertilizer earlier in addition before handling fertilizer, high temperature drying or sunlight dry, pulverize fermentation then, the method production technology is loaded down with trivial details, the wasting manpower and material resources, and only handle at fertilizer, the target purposes is simple.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome and use burying method to handle house refuse, can produce the defective of the foul gas and the wasting of resources when marine organisms processing waste and animal slaughtering processing waste and feces of livestock and poultry, simultaneously crop material and sewage are made full use of, to reduce the harmful effect that this type of material causes ecological environment and people health, a kind of complexity of forming based on solid organic castoff is provided, can take into account the rubbish deodorization simultaneously, old rubbish is made biological organic fertilizer, the biological deodorization and purification agent of aquaculture of aquatic animal purification of water qualitys such as fish shrimp crab eel, and uses thereof.
The objective of the invention is to realize by the following technical solutions:
Biological deodorization and purification agent provided by the invention is to be formed by safety, efficient, useful yeast, lactobacillus, nitrogen-fixing bacteria, function bacillus cereus and photosynthetic bacteria reasonable compatibility, the feedstuff of announcing with China Ministry of Agriculture that these strains meet all that strain secure authentication layered directory is announced in China's " fertilizer data registration request " and Food and Drug Administration and U.S. feed management association announce is used microorganism fungus kind, meets GRAS (general regard as safety) standard.
Biological deodorization and purification agent provided by the invention, the mixed liquor of its liquor type for making by following parts by volume proportioning:
Candida utilis fermentation liquid 10~40
Streptococcus acidi lactici fermented solution 10~20
Function fermentation of bacillus liquid 10~40
Nitrogen-fixing bacteria fermentation liquid 10~20
Rhodopseudomonas palustris fermentation liquid 10~30
And viable bacteria summation 〉=109/ of 5 quasi-microorganisms milliliter (1,000,000,000), mixed liquor is the acidic liquid of pH≤5.0.
Described Candida utilis (Candida utilis) fermentation liquid is for using the Candida utilis kind, makes by the cultural method that is same as disclosed fermentation by saccharomyces cerevisiae liquid in the patent (application number is 200410031196.7) formerly.
Described lactobacillus fermentation liquid is for using lactobacillus (Lactobacillus sp.) R1 or streptococcus acidi lactici (Streptococcus lactis acidi) R2 strain, makes by the cultural method that is same as disclosed lactobacillus fermentation liquid in the patent (application number is 200410031196.7) formerly.
Described function fermentation of bacillus liquid is for using bacillus megaterium (Bacillus megaterium) Y 1, Bacillus cercus (Bacillus cereus) Y 2, colloid bacillus cereus (Bacillus mucilaginosus) Y 3With bacillus subtilis Y 4(Bacillus subtilis) strain, the cultural method of disclosed bacillus subtilis and Bacillus cercus fermentation liquid makes respectively in the patent (application number is 200410031196.7) formerly by being same as, and then by 3~5: 3~5: 3~5: 1~3 volume ratio mixes.
Described nitrogen-fixing bacteria fermentation liquid is cultivated as follows for using stem tumor nitrogen-fixing rhizobia (Azorhizobium caulinodans) G1, blown-ball Azotobacter (Azotobacter chroococcum) G2, azotobacter vinelandii (Azotobacter vinelandii) G3 or India Bei Shi nitrogen-fixing bacteria (Beijerinckia indica) G4 strain:
1) dull and stereotyped cultivation rejuvenation: with G 1, G 2, G 3Or G 4The nitrogen-fixing bacteria strain adopts method streak inoculation on the nitrogen-fixing bacteria plating medium of streak inoculation respectively, in 25~30 ℃ of cultivation 24~36h, makes its rejuvenation, and forms single bacterium colony;
Described nitrogen-fixing bacteria plating medium is the mixture in following ratio preparation: K 2HPO 40.05~0.1g, MgSO 47H 2O 0.02~0.05g, NaCl 0.01~0.03g, CaSO 4.2H 2O 0.01~0.02g, CaCO 30.3~0.6g, FeCl 30.001~0.002g, CaCl 20.01~0.02g, NaNO 30.04~0.07g, mannose 0.2~0.4g, agar powder 1.5~2.5g, 100ml water, pH6.5~7.4,121 ℃ sterilization 30 minutes is cooled off standby;
2) make shake-flask seed: from the G of step 1) cultivation 1, G 2, G 3, G 4Choose single bacterium colony in the nitrogen-fixing bacteria bacterium colony respectively, be inoculated in the nitrogen-fixing bacteria fluid medium,, obtain shake-flask seed liquid in 25~32 ℃ of cultivations 12~24 hours;
Described nitrogen-fixing bacteria fluid medium is in following ratio liquid mixture prepared: K 2HPO 40.05~0.1g, MgSO 47H 2O 0.02~0.05g, NaCl 0.01~0.03g, CaSO 4.2H 2O 0.01~0.02g, CaCO 30.3~0.6g, FeCl 30.001~0.002g, CaCl 20.01~0.02g, NaNO 30.04~0.07g, mannose 0.2~0.4g, 100ml water, pH7.0~7.5,121 ℃ sterilization 30 minutes is cooled off standby;
3) the nitrogen-fixing bacteria shake-flask seed liquid that production primary seed solution: with step 2) obtains is with the inoculum concentration of 2~5v%, be inoculated in respectively in the nitrogen-fixing bacteria first order seed liquid culture medium, cultivate 16~60h in 26~32 ℃, mixing speed 150~200rpm, ventilation is that 1~2vols/vol/min (is abbreviated as: vvm), obtain the primary seed solution of nitrogen-fixing bacteria;
Described nitrogen-fixing bacteria first order seed liquid culture medium is in following ratio liquid mixture prepared: molasses 2~4g, bean cake powder 0.1~0.4g, glucose 0.1~0.4g, K 2HPO 40.1~0.4g, Na 2HPO 40.1~0.3g, NaCl 0.1~0.3g, NaOH 0.1~0.30g, somatomedin A 0.05~0.2ml, defoamer 0.05~0.1g, 100ml water, pH=7.0~7.6,121 ℃ sterilization 30~45 minutes, be cooled to 32~37 ℃ standby;
Described somatomedin A is in following ratio liquid mixture prepared: MgSO 47H 2O 20~35g, CaCl 22H 2O 2.0~5.0g, ZnSO 47H 2O 0.5~1.5g, FeSO 47H 2O 0.1~0.8g, MnSO 4H 2O0.1~0.3g, CuSO 45H 2O 0.01~0.05g, Co (NO 3) 20.02~0.05g, Na 2B 4O 710H 2O 0.01~0.04g, (NH 4) 6MO 7O 244H 2O 0.01~0.03g, 1000ml water;
4) second order fermentation (produce fermentation): the G that step 3) is obtained 1, G 2, G 3, G 4The nitrogen-fixing bacteria primary seed solution, be inoculated in the fermentation culture with 5~10% volume ratio respectively, described fermentation culture is same as the nitrogen-fixing bacteria first order seed liquid culture medium of step 3), condition of culture is same as step 3), ferment after 18~60 hours, detection nitrogen-fixing bacteria number stops fermentation when reaching 3,000,000,000/ml.
Viable bacteria content to the nitrogen-fixing bacteria fermentation liquid carries out conventional plate count detection at last, according to count results, utilizes the sterilization tap water that fermentation liquid is diluted to viable bacteria content 10 9CFU/ml, standby.
Described Rhodopseudomonas palustris fermentation liquid is cultivated as follows for using Rhodopseudomonas palustris (Pseudomonas palustris) strain:
1) dull and stereotyped cultivation rejuvenation: Rhodopseudomonas palustris inclined-plane seed is adopted method streak inoculation on the Rhodopseudomonas palustris plating medium of streak inoculation, cultivated 24~36 hours down for 25~33 ℃ in anaerobic environment, make the Rhodopseudomonas palustris rejuvenation, and form single bacterium colony;
Described Rhodopseudomonas palustris plating medium is the mixture in following ratio preparation: NaCl 0.05~0.2g, CH 3COONa 0.1~0.3g, MgSO 47H 2O 0.05~0.1g, KH 2PO 40.05~0.1g, (NH 4) 2SO 40.05~0.2g, CaCl 20.005~0.01g, yeast powder 0.05~0.2g, agar powder 1.5~2.5g, 100ml water, pH=6.5~7.2,121 ℃ sterilization 30 minutes is cooled off standby;
2) make shake-flask seed: choose single bacterium colony in the Rhodopseudomonas palustris bacterium colony with the step 1) cultivation, be inoculated in the Rhodopseudomonas palustris fluid medium,, obtain the Rhodopseudomonas palustris shake-flask seed in 28~33 ℃ of cultivations 24~36 hours;
Described Rhodopseudomonas palustris fluid medium is in following ratio liquid mixture prepared: NaCl 0.05~0.2g, CH 3COONa 0.1~0.3g, MgSO 47H 2O 0.05~0.1g, KH 2PO 40.05~0.1g, (NH 4) 2SO 40.05~0.2g, CaCl 20.005~0.01g, yeast powder 0.05~0.2g, 100ml water, pH=6.5~7.2,121 ℃ sterilization 30 minutes is cooled off standby;
3) the Rhodopseudomonas palustris shake-flask seed that production primary seed solution: with step 2) obtains is with the inoculum concentration of 6~12v%, be inoculated in the Rhodopseudomonas palustris first order seed liquid culture medium, cultivate 17~60h for 28~33 ℃ in anaerobic environment, intensity of illumination is 2000lx (lux), reach 3,000,000,000 until the Rhodopseudomonas palustris number, obtain the primary seed solution of Rhodopseudomonas palustris;
Described Rhodopseudomonas palustris first order seed liquid culture medium is in following ratio liquid mixture prepared: NH 4Cl0.05~0.15g, NaHCO 30.05~0.15g, K 2HPO 40.01~0.04g, CH 3COONa 0.1~0.8g, MgSO 47H 2O 0.01~0.04g, NaCl 0.05~0.3g, trace element storage liquid 1ml, growth cofactor storage liquid 0.1ml, 100ml water, pH=6.5~7.2,121 ℃ sterilization 30 minutes, be cooled to 32~37 ℃ standby;
Described trace element storage liquid is FeCl 36H 2O 5mg, H 3BO 31mg, ZnSO 47H 2O 1mg, CuSO 45H 2O 0.05g, MnCl 24H 2O 0.05g, Co (NO 3) 26H 2O 0.5g, 1000ml water;
Described growth cofactor storage liquid is VB 15~20mg, nicotinic acid 5~10mg, auxin 0.5~2mg, peptone 0.5~2.0g, yeast extract 2~3g, 1000ml water;
4) second order fermentation (produce fermentation): the Rhodopseudomonas palustris primary seed solution that step 3) is obtained, be inoculated in the fermentation culture with 5~10% volume ratios, described fermentation culture is same as the Rhodopseudomonas palustris first order seed liquid culture medium of step 3), condition of culture is same as step 3), ferment after 17~60 hours, detection Rhodopseudomonas palustris number stops fermentation when having reached 3,000,000,000/ml fermentation liquid.
Viable bacteria content to the Rhodopseudomonas palustris fermentation liquid carries out conventional plate count detection at last, according to count results, utilizes the sterilization tap water that viable bacteria content is diluted to 10 9CFU/ml, standby.
Biological deodorization and purification agent provided by the invention, its powder-type is for to make dry powder with the fermentation liquid of above-mentioned yeast, lactobacillus, nitrogen-fixing bacteria, function bacillus cereus, Rhodopseudomonas palustris through different after-processing technologies, in the mixture of following weight portion ratio preparation:
Produce protein yeast dry powder 10~40
Lactobacillus dry powder 10~20
Function bacillus cereus dry powder 10~40
Nitrogen-fixing bacteria dry powder 10~20
Rhodopseudomonas palustris dry powder 10~30
And viable bacteria summation 〉=1,000,000,000 of 5 quasi-microorganisms/gram.
The middle disclosed method of patent (application number is 200410031196.7) makes by being same as formerly for described product protein yeast dry powder, lactobacillus dry powder and function bacillus cereus dry powder.
The preparation method of described nitrogen-fixing bacteria dry powder or Rhodopseudomonas palustris dry powder comprises following step:
1) fermentation liquid of above-mentioned nitrogen-fixing bacteria or Rhodopseudomonas palustris is dewatered through nanofiltration be concentrated to 40~60% of original volume respectively, obtain the concentrated solution of nitrogen-fixing bacteria or Rhodopseudomonas palustris;
2) concentrated solution adds in the carrier be pre-mixed, and the weight ratio of concentrated solution and carrier is 0.6~0.9: 1, fluid bed drying then, and 45~60 ℃ of baking temperatures, crushed after being dried becomes 60~80 order powder, obtains nitrogen-fixing bacteria dry powder or Rhodopseudomonas palustris dry powder.
Used carrier is one or more in precipitated calcium carbonate, maize cob meal, leather charcoal, Maifanitum powder, the agricultural byproducts leftover bits and pieces etc.
The purposes of biological deodorization and purification agent provided by the invention is as follows:
(1) biological deodorization and purification agent provided by the invention can be used for handling mineral and municipal waste deodorization composting.Use biological deodorization and purification agent provided by the invention can again old rubbish to be turned waste into wealth simultaneously so that rubbish is removed abnormal flavour on the one hand, make bio-organic fertilizer.When using biological deodorization and purification agent provided by the invention to handle old rubbish, (particle diameter<12mm) places fermentation vat with the organic higher old rubbish powder that contains that sieves, add liquor type provided by the invention or powder-type biological deodorization and purification agent in the ratio of 0.05~0.5wt%, and will be sprayed into behind its dilute with water in the old rubbish powder, make that the water content in the old rubbish is 35~50wt%, mix homogeneously, the method that for example can adopt the shop old rubbish of one deck to spray one deck biological deodorization and purification agent, the heap height of old rubbish is about 1~2m, the control initial temperature is about 20 ℃, fermentation through 3~4 days, if initial temperature is low, but proper extension fermentation time then, can make old waste odor disappear, and become good bio-organic fertilizer, its content of organic matter is greater than 30%, and every gram contains this product probiotics number and is not less than 100,000,000.
(2) biological deodorization and purification agent provided by the invention also can be used for handling feces of livestock and poultry deodorization composting.When using biological deodorization and purification agent provided by the invention to handle feces of livestock and poultry, powder of straw is broken into about 3~5cm, with the feces of livestock and poultry mix homogeneously, the weight ratio of straw and feces of livestock and poultry is 3~5: 2~5; Ratio in 0.05~0.5wt% is spread across liquor type provided by the invention or powder-type biological deodorization and purification agent on this mixture, and the heap height of mixture is 100~150cm, and adding water to water content is about 35~50%.Turning in per 2~3 days once activates through ripening in 7~10 days, and stink is eliminated and promptly be can be made into fertilizer.
This fertilizer is nontoxic, pollution-free, safe in utilization to people and animals, can fixed nitrogen, phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing, simultaneously can the chemical decomposition pesticide and the residuals of chemical fertilizer, and plant husbandry there are volume increase, the disease-resistant and effect that improves quality of agricultural product.Can shorten the fermentation period that causes fat, improve the efficient of microbial degradation, thereby increase the economic benefit of straw muck.
(3) sea leave deodorization composting.With the marine fishes processing waste is Fish head, fin, tail, internal organs (liver, pancreas, squid ink sac, intestinal) and peat composed of rotten mosses mix homogeneously, and the weight ratio of the marine fishes processing waste and the peat composed of rotten mosses is 3~5: 2~5; Add liquor type of the present invention or powder-type biological deodorization and purification agent in the ratio of 0.05~0.5wt%, making the water content in marine fishes processing waste and the peat composed of rotten mosses mixture is 35~50%.Turning in per 2~3 days once activates through ripening in 6~10 days, and abnormal flavour disappears, and promptly makes bio-feritlizer.
This fertilizer contains abundant nitrogenous source, phosphorus source and potassium source, simultaneously content of organic matter height.
(4) poultry are butchered processing waste deodorization composting.Mix homogeneously such as poultry skin, hair, blood, useless meat, internal organs and content thereof etc. and the peat composed of rotten mosses with depleted fragmentation, the weight ratio of the garbage and the peat composed of rotten mosses is 3~5: 2~5, add liquor type of the present invention or powder-type biological deodorization and purification agent in the ratio of 0.05~0.5wt%, the water content that poultry are butchered in processing waste and the peat composed of rotten mosses mixture is 35~50%.Turning in per 2~3 days once, ripening in 6~10 days activation, abnormal flavour disappears, and has made bio-feritlizer.
This fertilizer contains abundant nitrogenous source, phosphorus source and potassium source, simultaneously content of organic matter height.
(5) fresh and alive house refuse deodorization composting.Adding liquor type provided by the invention or powder-type biological deodorization and purification agent to the fresh and alive rubbish that sieves in the ratio of 0.1~0.5wt% (in the particle diameter<12mm), adopts dynamic fermentation technology, stirs continuously or intermittently stir.The control temperature is at 20 ℃, and water content 35~50% activates through 3~5 days fermentations and ripening, and waste odor disappears, and becomes good bio-organic fertilizer.
This fertilizer content of organic matter is very high, even reaches 50~70%.Every this product of gram contains the probiotics number and is not less than 100,000,000.Equally, except that the various nutrients that fertilizer contains, the nitrogen-fixing bacteria in the fertilizer can utilize airborne nitrogen, and microorganisms such as phosphorus decomposing and potassium solubilizing bacteria can discharge quick-acting available potassium and the phosphorus that is easily absorbed by crop in the soil, and the sustainable supply crop nutrition content increases crop yield.The a large amount of breedings of microorganism in soil have been built good soil micro-ecosystem environment to plant growth, alleviate and keep soil from packing together, and the increase of microorganisms great deal of bioactive substances and humic acid material simultaneously promotes the growth of crop.Yeast in this fertilizer can discharge polysaccharose substance, stimulates and improve immunity and the premunition of plant, can prevent crop pest.
The fertilizer that makes with (1)~(5) method has following advantage: the bio-organic fertilizer that uses biological deodorization and purification agent provided by the invention to make, except that the various nutrients that contain fertilizer, also contain the used various microorganisms of biological deodorant in the fertilizer, wherein contain microorganisms such as nitrogen-fixing bacteria, phosphorus decomposing, potassium solubilizing bacteria.On the one hand, these a large amount of breedings in soil of microorganism have been built good soil micro-ecosystem environment to plant growth, have activated soil; On the other hand, the microorganisms great deal of bioactive substances, can stimulate and improve immunity and the premunition of plant, prevent crop pest, can promote plant growth, make the crop root prosperity, the strong leaf of Seedling is green, improved crop drought resistance, resistance such as cold-resistant, disease-resistant, resistant to lodging, the organic acid of microorganisms can be eliminated the salinization of soil simultaneously, the control soil compaction; Have again, these microorganisms (as nitrogen-fixing bacteria) can utilize airborne nitrogen fixedly nitrogen enter soil, increase soil nitrogen, and transform by phosphate solubilizing bacteria and potassium solubilizing bacteria and to discharge the potassium and the phosphorus that are difficult in the soil being absorbed and become rapid available phosphorus and speed shovel potassium by crop, the sustainable supply crop nutrition content increases crop yield.This kind of chronic administration biological organic fertilizer can increase the content of organic matter in the soil, improves the physicochemical character of soil, increase the permeability of soil, give full play to the effect of resources such as soil Zhong Shui, fertilizer, gas, heat, make soil obtain the balance reasonable use, enter the sustainable development benign cycle.
(6) animal colony house deodorization, environment purification.Liquor type provided by the invention or powder-type biological deodorization and purification agent are diluted 500 times, spray deodorization by the amount of every cubic metre of 25ml.Poultry colony house stink alleviates behind about 6~12h, even almost completely disappears.
This biological deodorization and purification agent transforms irritative gass such as most ammonia, hydrogen sulfide and removes, and the colony house environmental quality is improved purified, and then can improve the fertility performance of poultry, and create good working environment to the keeper.
(7) sewage deodorizing purifies.Ratio in 0.1~0.5wt% is added liquor type provided by the invention or powder-type biological deodorization and purification agent in excrement sewage, poultry and the aquatic products processing field sewage of life effluent sewerage, soot sewage, livestock and poultry farm to, fermentation through 3~5 days, abnormal flavour disappears, and reaches deodorization and clean-up effect.
(8) aquaculture of aquatic animal water such as fish shrimp crab eel purifies and activation.Utilize biological deodorization and purification agent of the present invention, by the consumption of 5 kilograms of every mu of waters surface, use water as dilution in 1: 2 after, evenly splash to the water surface, after 24 hours, ammonia and hydrogen sulfide (stink) content reduces significantly in the water, dissolved oxygen increases, limpid, activation that water quality becomes.
Compared with prior art, at aspects such as fermentation technology, aftertreatment technology, viable bacteria content and stable effect, the advantage of composite bacteria agent capable provided by the invention is:
(1) biological deodorization and purification agent provided by the invention is that substrate prepares in the process of biological organic fertilizer butcher processing waste, feces of livestock and poultry and straw with rubbish, marine organisms and poultry, add yeast, lactobacillus, fixed nitrogen, dissolving phosphor and dissolving potassium bacterium, nitrite conversion bacterium and remove hydrogen sulfide, fall the functional microorganisms such as photosynthetic bacteria of ammonia, satisfied the functional requirement of fertilizer.Organic substance is behind yeast fermentation, and protein, vitamin and amino acid bio activity increase substantially, and improves via plant immunity and deodorization.Lactobacillus produces lactic acid, by biological antagonist, reduces pH value and increases volatile fatty acid, stops and suppresses field planting and the breeding of pathogenic bacterium, and can prevent and treat the salinization of soil.Root nodule bacteria can utilize airborne nitrogen synthetic ammonia, and then are converted into the absorbent high-quality nitrogens of plant such as glutamine and glutamic acid; The nitrogen-fixing bacteria decapacitation fixedly nitrogen in the atmosphere enters fertilizer and soil China and foreign countries, can also form vitamin and auxin, can not only stimulate crop growthing development, also can strengthen the vital movement of other rhizosphere microorganisms, promote the transformation of soil organic substance, affecting indirectly the mineral nitrogen effect of plant.Dissolving phosphor and dissolving potassium sporeformer (bacillus megaterium, Bacillus cercus, colloid bacillus cereus) can be converted into utilizable rapid available phosphorus of plant and potassium with the phosphorus and the potassium of indissoluble in the soil, has improved soil fertility.Transforming nitrite bacteria (bacillus subtilis) can be with the NH in the rubbish 4 +-N (ammoniacal nitrogen) is converted into NO 3-N (nitrate nitrogen), NO 2-N (nitrous acid nitrogen) is converted into NO 3-N, and small part NO 3-N is a nitrogen by denitrification then, and the overwhelming majority is formed tropina by nitrogen-fixing bacteria and photosynthetic bacteria utilization, becomes the organic nitrogen that can efficiently be utilized by plant, thereby reduces NH 4 +The volatilization of-N has reduced the content of ammonia.Photosynthetic bacteria can utilize H 2S (hydrogen sulfide) and NH 3(ammonia) forms the bacterium composition, thereby has strengthened the deodorizing effect of product of the present invention, and can promote the growth of root nodule bacteria and nitrogen-fixing bacteria.Above-mentioned advantage free list 1 is done more clearly to be illustrated:
Substrate that table 1, all kinds of bacterium utilize and main biological action
Mushroom The bacterium name Utilize substrate Main biological action
Chinese Western language
Yeast Candida utilis Candida utilis Utilize pentose and hexose; Carbamide and nitric acid are as nitrogenous source Increase bioactive substance contents such as protein, vitamin and aminoacid in the growing environment; Utilize ammoniacal nitrogen, deodorization; Improve via plant immunity; Promote other microbial growths.
Lactobacillus Lactobacillus R1 Lactobacillus sp. Utilize saccharide or carbohydrate Produce lactic acid, keep soil from packing together, optimize Soil structure; Lactic acid can promote to decompose lignin and cellulose; Synthetic several amino acids and vitamin.
Streptococcus acidi lactici R2 Streptococcus lactis acidi
Bacillus cereus Bacillus megaterium Y 1(phosphate solubilizing bacteria) Bacillus megaterium Utilize the phosphorus potassium element of indissoluble in the soil The phosphide that plant is difficult to utilize is converted into rapid available phosphorus, improves the plain utilization of phosphorus; Produce bioactive substance, the stimulating plant growth.
Bacillus cercus Y 2(phosphate solubilizing bacteria) Bacillus cereus
Colloid bacillus cereus Y 3(dissolving phosphor and dissolving potassium bacterium) Bacillus mucilaginosus Utilize the potassium of soil mesosilicic acid salt Non-available potassium is converted into the available available potassium of crop; Suppress crop pest, improve the disease resistance of crop; Decompose insoluble phosphorus in the soil.
Bacillus subtilis Y 4(nitrogen transformation bacterium) Bacillus subtilis Conversion nitrite and NH 4 + With the NH in the material 4 +-N is converted into NO 3 --N; Deleterious NO 2 -Be converted into harmless NO 3--N.
Nitrogen-fixing bacteria Stem tumor nitrogen-fixing rhizobia G 1 Azorhizobium caulinodans Utilize airborne nitrogen; And can utilize sugar, pure and mild organic acid and its esters; Nitrate and ammonia salt and some aminoacid are as nitrogenous source; Be converted into ammonia and then transform the high-quality nitrogen that plant can absorb; Can also form vitamin and auxin; Nitrogen-fixing bacteria can also the stimulating plant rhizosphere microorganism growth, strengthen the vital movement of rhizosphere microorganism, promote the decomposition of the soil organism; Phosphorus decomposing.
Blown-ball Azotobacter G 2 Azotobacter chroococcum
Azotobacter vinelandii G 3 Azotobacter vinelandii
India Bei Shi nitrogen-fixing bacteria G4 Beijerinckia indica
Photosynthetic bacteria Rhodopseudomonas palustris Pseudomonas palustris Utilize H 2S, NH 4 + Utilize H 2S, NH 4 +, and promote the root nodule bacteria in the soil, the growth of nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
(2) biological compound fungi agent of the present invention is 5 class probioticss, and microbe species is many, makes full use of the microecology principle, scientific combination, and the ratio collocation is proper rationally, and multiple functional, clear and definite, effect is strong.Microorganism is mainly by being made up of the antibacterial of functions such as fixed nitrogen, phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing, the disease-resistant and residual body of degrading plant, have, wide adaptability strong, characteristics that survival rate is high to Organic substance and nuisance decomposing force, can from soil, feces of livestock and poultry, marine organisms and poultry processing waste, crop material and peat, discharge elements such as nitrogen that plant can utilize, phosphorus, potassium effectively, activating soil, and airborne nitrogen is fixed in the processed material, have the characteristic that improves nitrogen content, provide sufficient, comprehensive, equilibrated nutrition to crop.Execute the base fertilizer of once handling when general crops only need be sowed, just can make crop fully grow increasing both production and income with biological deodorization and purification agent.
(3) on the preparation technology of biological deodorant, adopt deep liquid high density fermentation method (sterilization thoroughly, condition controllability strong) to replace extensive solid fermentation method, the viable bacteria content height, the production efficiency height, avoided the living contaminants that produces in the extensive solid fermentation process, or the assorted during the fermentation bacterium breeding that thoroughly do not cause of sterilization, cause harmful bacterium and object bacteria (probiotics) to be mixed together growth, problem such as product is impure.
(4) in the aftertreatment technology of powder product of the present invention, adopt sodium filtering water concentration technique, antibacterial is not had hot injury and mechanical damage, kept activity and the vigor of antibacterial.And to carrier or adsorbent earlier through fluidizing drying bed at 105 ℃, 1~2 minute dry sterilization is handled, and has killed the harmful bacterium of some in the support material, makes the object bacteria composition purity height of product, clear efficacy, stable can not influence the effect of product because of the existence of assorted bacterium.
(5) liquor of the present invention or powder product are novel deodorization composite bacteria agent capables, it uses object mainly is that old rubbish, feces of livestock and poultry, sewage, marine organisms and poultry are butchered processing waste etc., these rubbish or garbage are the primary pollution source of environment, make into fertilizer, turn waste into wealth, make changing rejected material to useful resource, solved environmental pollution problem.
(6) utilize product of the present invention with the straw composting,, can prevent crop straw burning, pollutant atmosphere for the utilization of straw stalk provides the important approach that utilizes; With straw stalk ripening, corruption, activation and organic materialization, make the green bio organic fertilizer, plant plant, can reduce using of chemical fertilizer, pesticide, and then improve the quality of agricultural product.
(7) utilize biological deodorization and purification agent of the present invention evenly to splash in aquaculture of aquatic animal water such as fish shrimp crab eel, can purify and activated water, can reduce ammonia and hydrogen sulfide (stink) in the water significantly, increase dissolved oxygen.
The specific embodiment
The cultivation of embodiment 1, Candida utilis (Candida utilis) fermentation liquid
1) dull and stereotyped cultivation rejuvenation:,, make the Candida utilis rejuvenation, and form single bacterium colony in 27 ℃ of cultivations 20~24 hours with method streak inoculation on the Candida utilis plating medium of Candida utilis inclined-plane seed employing streak inoculation; Described Candida utilis plating medium is the mixture in following ratio preparation: soy peptone 0.5g, glucose 1.0g, yeast soak powder 0.3g, malt extract 0.5g, agar powder 2g, pH=5.8, and 100ml water was sterilized 15 minutes for 121 ℃, and is standby;
2) make shake-flask seed: from the Candida utilis culture plate that step 1) is cultivated, choose single bacterium colony, be inoculated in the triangular flask liquid medium,, obtain the Candida utilis shake-flask seed liquid in 30 ℃ of cultivations about 30 hours; Described culture fluid is in following ratio liquid mixture prepared: soy peptone 0.5g, glucose 1.0g, yeast soak powder 0.3g, malt extract 0.5g, 100ml water, and pH=5.9 sterilized 15 minutes for 121 ℃, and is standby;
3) the Candida utilis shake-flask seed that production primary seed solution: with step 2) obtains is by the inoculum concentration of 5v%, be inoculated in the first order seed culture fluid of first class seed pot, cultivated 30 hours in 30 ℃, mixing speed 180rpm, ventilation is 2.0vols/vol/min (vvm), obtains the primary seed solution of Candida utilis; Described Candida utilis first order seed culture fluid is in following ratio liquid mixture prepared: 120 order bean cake powder 1.0g, 120 order fish flour 0.5g, 120 order Semen Maydis flour 0.5g, glucose 0.5g, NaCl 0.2g, Na 2HPO 40.3g, synergist 0.1g, defoamer 0.05g, pH=5.9, through 121 ℃ the sterilization 30 minutes, be cooled to 32~37 ℃; Described synergist is by MgSO 40.05~0.3g/L, CaCl 22.5~4g/L, ZnSO 40.6~1.5g/L, FeSO 40.1~1.0g/L, MnSO 40.4~0.8g/L, CuSO 40.02 the aqueous solution that~0.08g/L forms;
4) second order fermentation (produce fermentation): the Candida utilis first order seed that step 3) is obtained, be inoculated in the fermentation tank that the production fermentation culture is housed with 4~10% volume ratios, the prescription of fermentation culture and controlled condition are same as the first order seed culture fluid of step 3), ferment after 24~60 hours, detection Candida utilis number stops fermentation when reaching 1,000,000,000/ml;
At last according to dull and stereotyped used culture medium and the condition of culture of rejuvenation of cultivating of yeast, the viable bacteria content of yeast fermentation broth is carried out conventional plate count detect, according to count results, utilize the sterilization tap water that viable bacteria content is diluted to 10 respectively 9CFU/ml is standby.
The cultivation of embodiment 2, lactobacillus (Lactobacillus sp.) fermentation liquid
With the Lactobacillus plantarum is example
1) dull and stereotyped cultivation rejuvenation:,, make the Lactobacillus plantarum rejuvenation, and form single bacterium colony in 35 ℃ of cultivations 36 hours with method streak inoculation on the Lactobacillus plantarum plating medium of Lactobacillus plantarum inclined-plane seed employing streak inoculation; Described Lactobacillus plantarum plating medium is the mixture in following ratio preparation: soy peptone 0.7g, glucose 1.5g, yeast soak powder 0.5g, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.4g, Carnis Bovis seu Bubali cream 1.0g, Triammonium citrate 2.0g, Tween-80 1.0ml, sodium acetate 0.4g, agar powder 2.0g, water 100ml, pH=5.6, sterilized 15 minutes for 121 ℃, standby;
2) make shake-flask seed: choose single bacterium colony in the Lactobacillus plantarum bacterium colony with the step 1) cultivation, be inoculated in the Lactobacillus plantarum fluid medium, the employing conventional method in 37 ℃ of cultivations 36 hours, obtains the Lactobacillus plantarum shake-flask seed on the triangular flask fluid medium; Described culture medium is in following ratio liquid mixture prepared: soy peptone 0.7g, glucose 1.5g, yeast soak powder 0.5g, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.4g, Carnis Bovis seu Bubali cream 1.0g, Triammonium citrate 2.0g, Tween-801.0ml, sodium acetate 0.4g, water 100ml, pH=5.6, sterilized 15 minutes for 121 ℃, standby;
3) the Lactobacillus plantarum shake-flask seed that production primary seed solution: with step 2) obtains is with the inoculum concentration of 8v%, be inoculated in the first order seed liquid culture medium of producing used first class seed pot, cultivate 40h in 37 ℃, mixing speed 200rpm, ventilation in 1 hour is 5 minutes at interval, ventilation is 2.0vols/vol/min (vvm), reaches about 1,000,000,000 until the Lactobacillus plantarum number, obtains the primary seed solution of Lactobacillus plantarum; Described first order seed liquid culture medium prescription is in following ratio liquid mixture prepared: 120 order bean cake powder 1.0g, 120 order fish flour 0.7g, fish peptone 1.0g, lactose 1.0g, 120 order Semen Maydis flour 0.7g, glucose 1.5g, NaCl 0.2g, Na 2HPO4 0.2g, synergist 0.2ml, defoamer 0.05g, water 100g, pH=5.7 through 121 ℃ of sterilizations 30 minutes, is cooled to 32 ℃; Described synergist is by CaCl 23g/L, ZnSO 41.0g/L, FeSO 40.5g/L, CuSO 40.05g/L, Co (NO 3) 20.04g/L, the aqueous solution that MgSO4 0.3g/L forms;
4) second order fermentation (produce fermentation): the Lactobacillus plantarum first order seed that step 3) is obtained, be inoculated in the fermentation tank that the production fermentation culture is housed with 5% volume ratio, the prescription of fermentation culture and controlled condition are same as the first order seed liquid culture medium of step 3), ferment after 40 hours, when the detection pH value drops to 5.0 left and right sides, stop fermentation;
At last according to dull and stereotyped used culture medium and the condition of culture of rejuvenation of cultivating of lactobacillus, the viable bacteria content of lactobacillus fermentation liquid is carried out conventional plate count detect, according to count results, utilize the sterilization tap water that viable bacteria content is diluted to 10 9CFU/ml is standby.
The cultivation of embodiment 3, streptococcus acidi lactici (Streptococcus lactis acidi)
Use the method cultivation streptococcus acidi lactici fermentation liquid identical with embodiment 2.
The cultivation of embodiment 4, bacillus megaterium (Bacillus megaterium) Y1, Bacillus cercus (Bacillus cereus) Y2, colloid bacillus cereus (Bacillus mucilaginosus) Y3, bacillus subtilis (Bacillus subtilis) Y4
1) dull and stereotyped cultivation rejuvenation: the method streak inoculation on the bacillus cereus plating medium respectively with Y1, Y2, Y3, Y4 bacillus cereus strain employing streak inoculation in 30 ℃ of cultivations 20 hours, makes the bacillus cereus rejuvenation, and forms single bacterium colony; Described bacillus cereus plating medium is the mixture in following ratio preparation: peptone 1.0g, glucose 1.0g, Carnis Bovis seu Bubali cream 1.0g, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5g, agar 3g, and pH=7.5 sterilized 30 minutes for 121 ℃, and is standby;
2) make shake-flask seed: from the bacillus cereus bacterium colony that step 1) is cultivated, choose single bacterium colony respectively, be inoculated in the bacillus cereus liquid culture medium,, obtain the bacillus cereus shake-flask seed liquid in 30 ℃ of cultivations 25 hours; Described bacillus cereus liquid culture medium is in following ratio liquid mixture prepared: peptone 1.0g, glucose 1.0g, Carnis Bovis seu Bubali cream 1.0g, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5g, 3.08% manganese sulfate solution 1.0ml, water 100ml, pH=7.5 sterilized 30 minutes for 121 ℃, and is standby;
3) the bacillus cereus shake-flask seed liquid that production primary seed solution: with step 2) obtains is with the inoculum concentration of 3v%, be inoculated in respectively in the first order seed liquid culture medium of producing used first class seed pot, cultivate 20h in 35 ℃, mixing speed 150rpm, ventilation is that 2vols/vol/min (is abbreviated as: vvm), obtain the primary seed solution of bacillus cereus respectively; Described first order seed liquid culture medium prescription is in following ratio liquid mixture prepared: 120 order bean cake powder 1.0g, 120 order fish flour 1.0g, 120 order Semen Maydis flour 0.5g, glucose 3.0g, NaCl 0.2g, NaOH 0.05g, Na 2HPO 40.3g, synergist 0.1ml, defoamer 0.05g, water 100ml, pH=7.5, through 121 ℃ the sterilization 30 minutes, be cooled to 32 ℃; Described synergist is by MgSO 40.3g/L, CaCl 22.0g/L, ZnSO 41.0g/L, FeSO 40.5g/L, CuSO 40.03g/L, Co (NO 3) 20.04g/L, MnSO 41.0g/L the aqueous solution of forming;
4) second order fermentation (produce fermentation): the bacillus cereus first order seed that step 3) is obtained, be inoculated into 5% volume ratio respectively and be equipped with in the fermentation tank of producing fermentation culture, the prescription of fermentation culture and controlled condition are same as the first order seed liquid culture medium of step 3), ferment after 20 hours, by microscopic examination, stop fermentation when having a large amount of spore to form;
At last according to dull and stereotyped used culture medium and the condition of culture of rejuvenation of cultivating of bacillus cereus, the viable bacteria content of fermentation of bacillus liquid is carried out conventional plate count detect, according to count results, utilize the sterilization tap water that viable bacteria content is diluted to 109CFU/ml, standby.
The cultivation of embodiment 5, stem tumor nitrogen-fixing rhizobia (Azorhizobium caulinodans) G1
1) dull and stereotyped cultivation rejuvenation: with G 1The nitrogen-fixing bacteria strain adopts method streak inoculation on the nitrogen-fixing bacteria plating medium of streak inoculation respectively, in 28 ℃ of cultivation 30h, makes its rejuvenation, and forms single bacterium colony;
Described nitrogen-fixing bacteria plating medium is the mixture in following ratio preparation: K 2HPO 40.1g, MgSO 47H 2O0.03g, NaCl 0.02g, CaSO 4.2H 2O 0.01g, CaCO 30.4g,, FeCl 30.001g, CaCl 20.01g, NaNO 30.05g, mannose 0.3g, agar powder 2.0g, 100ml water, pH7.0 sterilized 30 minutes, and cooled off standby for 121 ℃;
2) make shake-flask seed: from the G of step 1) cultivation 1Choose single bacterium colony in the nitrogen-fixing bacteria bacterium colony respectively, be inoculated in the nitrogen-fixing bacteria fluid medium,, obtain shake-flask seed liquid in 30 ℃ of cultivations 20 hours;
Described nitrogen-fixing bacteria fluid medium is in following ratio liquid mixture prepared: K 2HPO 40.1g, MgSO 47H 2O0.03g, NaCl 0.02g, CaSO 4.2H 2O 0.01g, CaCO 30.5g,, FeCl 30.001g, CaCl 20.01g, NaNO 30.05g, mannose 0.3g, 100ml water, pH7.2 sterilized 30 minutes, and cooled off standby for 121 ℃;
3) the nitrogen-fixing bacteria bacterium shake-flask seed liquid that production primary seed solution: with step 2) obtains is with the inoculum concentration of 5v%, be inoculated in respectively in the nitrogen-fixing bacteria first order seed liquid culture medium, cultivate 50h in 30 ℃, mixing speed 200rpm, ventilation is that 2vols/vol/min (is abbreviated as: vvm), obtain the primary seed solution of nitrogen-fixing bacteria;
Described nitrogen-fixing bacteria first order seed liquid culture medium is in following ratio liquid mixture prepared: molasses 3g, bean cake powder 0.3g, glucose 0.3g, K 2HPO 40.3g, Na 2HPO 40.2g, NaCl 0.2g, NaOH 0.2g, somatomedin A1.0ml, defoamer 0.1g, 100ml water, pH=7.3,121 ℃ the sterilization 30 minutes, be cooled to 32 ℃ standby;
Described somatomedin A is in following ratio liquid mixture prepared: MgSO 47H 2O 30g, CaCl 22H 2O3.0g, ZnSO 47H 2O 1.0g, FeSO 47H 2O 0.5g, MnSO 4H 2O 0.2g, CuSO 45H 2O 0.03g, Co (NO 3) 20.03g, Na 2B 4O 710H 2O 0.03g, (NH 4) 6MO 7O 244H 2O 0.02g, 1000ml water;
4) second order fermentation (produce fermentation): the G that step 3) is obtained 1The nitrogen-fixing bacteria primary seed solution, be inoculated in the fermentation culture with 5% volume ratio respectively, described fermentation culture is same as the nitrogen-fixing bacteria first order seed liquid culture medium of step 3), and condition of culture is same as step 3), ferment after 50 hours, detection nitrogen-fixing bacteria number stops fermentation when reaching 3,000,000,000/ml.
Viable bacteria content to the nitrogen-fixing bacteria fermentation liquid carries out conventional plate count detection at last, according to count results, utilizes the sterilization tap water that fermentation liquid is diluted to viable bacteria content 10 9CFU/ml, standby.
The cultivation of embodiment 6, blown-ball Azotobacter (Azotobacter chroococcum) G2
Use the method cultivation blown-ball Azotobacter fermentation liquid identical with embodiment 5.
The cultivation of embodiment 7, azotobacter vinelandii (Azotobacter vinelandii) G3
Use the method cultivation azotobacter vinelandii fermentation liquid identical with embodiment 5.
The cultivation of embodiment 8, India Bei Shi nitrogen-fixing bacteria (Beijerinckia indica) G4
Use the method cultivation India Bei Shi nitrogen-fixing bacteria fermentation liquid identical with embodiment 5.
The cultivation of embodiment 9, Rhodopseudomonas palustris (Pseudomonas palustris) fermentation liquid
1) dull and stereotyped cultivation rejuvenation: with method streak inoculation on the Rhodopseudomonas palustris plating medium of Rhodopseudomonas palustris inclined-plane seed employing streak inoculation, cultivated 30 hours down for 30 ℃, make the Rhodopseudomonas palustris rejuvenation, and form single bacterium colony in anaerobic environment;
Described Rhodopseudomonas palustris plating medium is the mixture in following ratio preparation: NaCl 0.1g, CH 3COONa 0.2g, MgSO 47H 2O 0.05g, KH 2PO 40.05g, (NH 4) 2SO 40.1g, CaCl 20.01g, yeast powder 0.1g, agar powder 2.0g, 100ml water, pH=6.8 sterilized 30 minutes, and cooled off standby for 121 ℃;
2) make shake-flask seed: choose single bacterium colony in the Rhodopseudomonas palustris bacterium colony with the step 1) cultivation, be inoculated in the Rhodopseudomonas palustris fluid medium,, obtain the Rhodopseudomonas palustris shake-flask seed in 30 ℃ of cultivations 30 hours;
Described Rhodopseudomonas palustris fluid medium is in following ratio liquid mixture prepared: NaCl 0.1g, CH 3COONa 0.2g, MgSO 47H 2O 0.1g, KH 2PO 40.05g, (NH 4) 2SO 40.1g, CaCl 20.01g, yeast powder 0.1g, 100ml water, pH=6.8 sterilized 30 minutes, and cooled off standby for 121 ℃;
3) the Rhodopseudomonas palustris shake-flask seed that production primary seed solution: with step 2) obtains is with the inoculum concentration of 10v%, be inoculated in the Rhodopseudomonas palustris first order seed liquid culture medium, cultivate 50h for 30 ℃ in anaerobic environment, intensity of illumination is 1000lx, reach 3,000,000,000 until the Rhodopseudomonas palustris number, obtain the primary seed solution of Rhodopseudomonas palustris;
Described Rhodopseudomonas palustris first order seed liquid culture medium is in following ratio liquid mixture prepared: NH 4Cl0.10g, NaHCO 30.10g, K 2HPO 40.03g, CH 3COONa 0.5g, MgSO 47H 2O 0.03g, NaCl 0.2g, trace element storage liquid 1ml, growth cofactor storage liquid 0.1ml, 100ml water, pH=6.8,121 ℃ of sterilizations 30 minutes, be cooled to 35 ℃ standby;
Described trace element storage liquid is FeCl 36H 2O 5mg, H 3BO 31mg, ZnSO 47H 2O 1mg, CuSO 45H 2O 0.05g, MnCl 24H 2O 0.05g, Co (NO 3) 26H 2O 0.5g, 1000ml water;
Described growth cofactor storage liquid is VB 110mg, nicotinic acid 10mg, auxin 1mg, peptone 1.0g, yeast extract 2g, 1000ml water;
4) second order fermentation (produce fermentation): the Rhodopseudomonas palustris primary seed solution that step 3) is obtained, be inoculated in the fermentation culture with 7% volume ratio, described fermentation culture is same as the Rhodopseudomonas palustris first order seed liquid culture medium of step 3), condition of culture is same as step 3), ferment after 60 hours, detection Rhodopseudomonas palustris number stops fermentation when having reached 3,000,000,000/ml fermentation liquid.
Viable bacteria content to the Rhodopseudomonas palustris fermentation liquid carries out conventional plate count detection at last, according to count results, utilizes the sterilization tap water that viable bacteria content is diluted to 10 9CFU/ml, standby.
The preparation of embodiment 10~20, liquor type biological cleaning deodorizer
The fermentation liquid of the various bacterium of embodiment 1~9 preparation is pressed the listed different volume ratio mix homogeneously of table 2, be mixed with liquor type biological cleaning deodorizer.
Table 2, liquor type biological cleaning deodorizer
Liquor Candida utilis Lactobacillus The function bacillus cereus Nitrogen-fixing bacteria Rhodopseudomonas palustris
??Y1∶Y2∶Y3∶Y4
Embodiment 10 ??10 ??R1 ??20 ??3∶3∶3∶1 ??20 ??G1 ??20 ??30
Embodiment 11 ??20 ??R2 ??20 ??3∶4∶2∶2 ??20 ??G2 ??20 ??20
Embodiment 12 ??20 ??R1 ??15 ??5∶4∶5∶3 ??40 ??G3 ??10 ??15
Embodiment 13 ??20 ??R2 ??10 ??3∶3∶4∶2 ??40 ??G4 ??15 ??15
Embodiment 14 ??40 ??R2 ??10 ??1∶1∶1∶1 ??30 ??G2 ??10 ??10
Embodiment 15 ??40 ??R1 ??15 ??5∶3∶5∶3 ??20 ??G3 ??15 ??10
Embodiment 16 ??30 ??R1 ??10 ??4∶3∶3∶2 ??15 ??G4 ??15 ??30
Embodiment 17 ??30 ??R2 ??15 ??4∶3∶4∶3 ??15 ??G1 ??10 ??30
Embodiment 18 ??25 ??R2 ??20 ??5∶5∶5∶2 ??10 ??G1 ??20 ??25
Embodiment 19 ??20 ??R1 ??20 ??5∶3∶4∶3 ??20 ??G3 ??20 ??30
Embodiment 20 ??30 ??R2 ??15 ??3∶5∶3∶1 ??25 ??G2 ??15 ??25
The preparation of embodiment 21, Candida utilis (Candida utilis) dry powder
1) fermentation liquid of the Candida utilis that respectively embodiment 1 is prepared dewaters through nanofiltration and is concentrated to 50% of original volume, obtains the concentrated solution of bacterium;
2) concentrated solution adds in the carrier be pre-mixed, and the weight ratio of concentrated solution and carrier is 0.7: 1, fluid bed drying then, and 50 ℃ of baking temperatures obtain each bacterium dry powder.Used carrier is precipitated calcium carbonate, maize cob meal, the peat composed of rotten mosses.
The preparation of embodiment 22, lactobacillus (Lactobacillus sp.) dry powder
Use and embodiment 21 similar methods, just used carrier is a maize cob meal, and the lactobacillus ferment liquid that embodiment 2 is prepared is prepared into dry powder.
The preparation of embodiment 23, streptococcus acidi lactici (Streptococcus lactis acidi) dry powder
Use and embodiment 21 similar methods, just used carrier is the peat composed of rotten mosses, and the streptococcus acidi lactici fermentation liquid that embodiment 3 is prepared is prepared into dry powder.
The preparation of embodiment 24, function bacillus cereus dry powder
Use and embodiment 21 similar methods, just used carrier is the Maifanitum powder, and the function fermentation of bacillus liquid that embodiment 4 is prepared is prepared into dry powder.
The preparation of embodiment 25, stem tumor nitrogen-fixing rhizobia (Azorhizobium caulinodans) G1 dry powder
Use and embodiment 21 similar methods, just used carrier is the peat composed of rotten mosses, and the stem tumor nitrogen-fixing root nodule fermented liquid that embodiment 5 is prepared is prepared into dry powder.
The preparation of embodiment 26, azotobacter chroococcum (Azotobacter chroococcum) G2 dry powder
Use and embodiment 21 similar methods, just used carrier is the Maifanitum powder, and the azotobacter chroococcum fermentation liquid that embodiment 6 is prepared is prepared into dry powder.
Embodiment 27, the azotobacter vinelandii (preparation of (Azotobacter vinelandii) G3 dry powder
Use and embodiment 21 similar methods, just used carrier is the agricultural byproducts leftover bits and pieces, and the azotobacter vinelandii fermentation liquid that embodiment 7 is prepared is prepared into dry powder.
The preparation of embodiment 28, India Bei Shi nitrogen-fixing bacteria (Beijerinckia indica) G4 dry powder
Use and embodiment 21 similar methods, just used carrier is the peat composed of rotten mosses, and the India Bei Shi nitrogen-fixing bacteria fermentation liquid that embodiment 8 is prepared is prepared into dry powder.
The preparation of embodiment 29, Rhodopseudomonas palustris (Pseudomonas palustris) dry powder
Use and embodiment 21 similar methods, just used carrier is the agricultural byproducts leftover bits and pieces, and the Rhodopseudomonas palustris fermentation liquid that embodiment 9 is prepared is prepared into dry powder.
The preparation of embodiment 30~39, powder-type biological deodorization and purification agent
The dry powder of the various bacterium of embodiment 21~29 preparation is pressed the listed different weight ratio mix homogeneously of table 3, be mixed with liquor type biological cleaning deodorizer.
Table 3, powder-type biological deodorization and purification agent
Powder Candida utilis Lactobacillus The function bacillus cereus Nitrogen-fixing bacteria Rhodopseudomonas palustris
??Y1∶Y2∶Y3∶Y4
Embodiment 30 ??10 ??R1 ??20 ??3∶3∶3∶1 ??20 ??G1 ??20 ??30
Embodiment 31 ??20 ??R2 ??20 ??3∶4∶2∶2 ??20 ??G2 ??20 ??20
Embodiment 32 ??20 ??R1 ??15 ??5∶4∶5∶3 ??40 ??G3 ??10 ??15
Embodiment 33 ??20 ??R2 ??10 ??3∶3∶4∶2 ??40 ??G4 ??15 ??15
Embodiment 34 ??40 ??R2 ??10 ??1∶1∶1∶1 ??30 ??G2 ??10 ??10
Embodiment 35 ??40 ??R1 ??15 ??5∶3∶5∶3 ??20 ??G3 ??15 ??10
Embodiment 36 ??30 ??R1 ??10 ??4∶3∶3∶2 ??15 ??G4 ??15 ??30
Embodiment 37 ??30 ??R2 ??15 ??4∶3∶4∶3 ??15 ??G1 ??10 ??30
Embodiment 38 ??25 ??R2 ??20 ??5∶5∶5∶2 ??10 ??G1 ??20 ??25
Embodiment 39 ??20 ??R1 ??20 ??5∶3∶4∶3 ??20 ??G3 ??20 ??30
Embodiment 40, the application of biological deodorization and purification agent provided by the invention in handling old rubbish deodorization composting
When using embodiment 13 or embodiment 33 prepared biological deodorization and purification agents to handle old rubbish, to sieve, (particle diameter<12mm) places fermentation vat to old rubbish, ratio in 0.3wt% is added, and old rubbish will be added behind its dilute with water, make that the water content in the old rubbish is 45wt%, mix homogeneously, the method that for example can adopt the shop old rubbish of one deck to spray one deck biological deodorization and purification agent, the heap height of old rubbish is about 1.5m, the control initial temperature is about 20 ℃, fermentation through 3~4 days, can make old waste odor disappear, and become good bio-organic fertilizer, its content of organic matter is greater than 30%, and every gram contains this product probiotics number and is not less than 100,000,000.
Embodiment 41, the application of biological deodorization and purification agent provided by the invention in handling feces of livestock and poultry deodorization composting
When using embodiment 15 or embodiment 35 biological deodorization and purification agents to handle feces of livestock and poultry, powder of straw is broken into about 3cm, with the feces of livestock and poultry mix homogeneously, the weight ratio of straw and feces of livestock and poultry is 1: 1; Ratio in 0.3wt% is spread across liquor type provided by the invention or powder-type biological deodorization and purification agent on this mixture, and the heap of mixture height is 150cm, and adding water to its water content is about 45%.Turning in per 2~3 days once, 7~10 days, stink was removed and ripening, promptly can be made into bio-organic fertilizer.
Embodiment 42, biological deodorization and purification agent provided by the invention butcher application in the processing waste deodorization composting marine organisms and poultry
With the marine fishes processing waste is fish head, fin, tail, internal organs (liver, pancreas, squid ink sac, intestinal) or poultry skin, hair, blood, useless meat, internal organs and content thereof etc. and peat composed of rotten mosses mix homogeneously, and the weight ratio of the garbage and the peat composed of rotten mosses is 3: 1; In the ratio interpolation embodiment 14 of 0.3wt% or the biological deodorant of embodiment 34, making the water content in marine fishes processing waste and the peat composed of rotten mosses mixture is 45%.Turning in per 2~3 days once, fermentation ripening in 6~10 days, abnormal flavour disappears, and has made bio-organic fertilizer.
Embodiment 43, biological deodorization and purification agent provided by the invention are in the deodorization of animal colony house, the application in the environment purification
Embodiment 17 or embodiment 37 biological deodorization and purification agents are diluted 500 times, spray deodorization by the amount of every cubic metre of 25ml.Poultry colony house stink alleviates behind about 8h, even almost completely disappears.This biological deodorization and purification agent transforms irritative gass such as most ammonia, hydrogen sulfide and removes, and reaches the effect that ammonia falls in deodorization, the colony house environmental quality is purified improve, and then can improve the fertility performance of poultry, and create good working environment to the keeper.
Embodiment 44, the application of biological deodorization and purification agent provided by the invention in fresh and alive house refuse deodorization composting
Adding embodiment 12 or embodiment 32 biological deodorization and purification agents to sieve fresh and alive rubbish in the ratio of 0.4wt% (in the particle diameter<12mm), adopts dynamic fermentation technology, stirs continuously or intermittently stir.Control temperature at 20 ℃, water content 40%, through 4 days fermentation, waste odor disappeared, and becomes good bio-organic fertilizer.
Embodiment 45, the application of biological deodorization and purification agent provided by the invention in sewage deodorizing purifies
Embodiment 19 or embodiment 39 biological deodorization and purification agents are added in excrement sewage, poultry and the aquatic products processing field sewage of life effluent sewerage, soot sewage, livestock and poultry farm in the ratio of 0.3wt%, and through 4 days fermentation, abnormal flavour can disappear.
Embodiment 46, the application of biological deodorization and purification agent provided by the invention in fishpond cultivation water deodorization purifies
In cultivation fish pond, with embodiment 19 or embodiment 39 biological deodorization and purification agents consumption by 5 kilograms of every mu of waters surface, after using water as dilution in 1: 2, evenly splash to the water surface, after 24 hours, ammonia and hydrogen sulfide (stink) content reduces approximately 50% in the water, and dissolved oxygen increases, limpid, activation that water quality becomes.
Embodiment 47, the application of biological deodorization and purification agent provided by the invention in the deodorization of shrimp Eriocheir sinensis cultivation water purifies
In grow shrimp Eriocheir sinensis pond, with embodiment 19 or embodiment 39 biological deodorization and purification agents consumption by 5 kilograms of every mu of waters surface, after using water as dilution in 1: 2, evenly splash to the water surface, after 24 hours, ammonia and hydrogen sulfide (stink) content reduces approximately 50% in the water, and dissolved oxygen increases, limpid, activation that water quality becomes.
Embodiment 48, the application of biological deodorization and purification agent provided by the invention in the deodorization of eel culture water quality purifies
In culturing the Anguillar japonica pond, with embodiment 19 or embodiment 39 biological deodorization and purification agents consumption by 6 kilograms of every mu of waters surface, after using water as dilution in 1: 2, evenly splash to the water surface, after 24 hours, ammonia and hydrogen sulfide (stink) content reduces approximately 50% in the water, and dissolved oxygen increases, limpid, activation that water quality becomes.

Claims (11)

1, a kind of biological deodorization and purification agent, it is that yeast, lactobacillus, nitrogen-fixing bacteria, function bacillus cereus and photosynthetic bacteria compatibility form.
2, biological deodorization and purification agent as claimed in claim 1, the mixed liquor of its liquor type for making by following parts by volume proportioning:
Candida utilis fermentation liquid 10~40
Streptococcus acidi lactici fermented solution 10~20
Function fermentation of bacillus liquid 10~40
Nitrogen-fixing bacteria fermentation liquid 10~20
Rhodopseudomonas palustris fermentation liquid 10~30
And viable bacteria summation 〉=109/ of 5 quasi-microorganisms milliliter, mixed liquor is the acidic liquid of pH≤5.0.
3, biological deodorization and purification agent as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: described Candida utilis fermentation liquid is for using the Candida utilis kind, is that the cultural method of disclosed fermentation by saccharomyces cerevisiae liquid in 200410031196.7 the patent makes by being same as application number; Described lactobacillus fermentation liquid is for using lactobacillus R1 or streptococcus acidi lactici R2 strain, is that the cultural method of disclosed lactobacillus fermentation liquid in 200410031196.7 the patent makes by being same as application number; Described function fermentation of bacillus liquid is for using bacillus megaterium Y 1, Bacillus cercus Y 2, colloid bacillus cereus Y 3With bacillus subtilis Y 4Strain is that the cultural method of disclosed bacillus subtilis and Bacillus cercus fermentation liquid makes respectively in 200410031196.7 the patent by being same as application number, and then by 3~5: 3~5: 3~5: 1~3 volume ratio mixes.
4, biological deodorization and purification agent as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: described nitrogen-fixing bacteria fermentation liquid is cultivated as follows for using stem tumor nitrogen-fixing rhizobia G1, blown-ball Azotobacter G2, azotobacter vinelandii G3 or India Bei Shi nitrogen-fixing bacteria G4 strain:
1) dull and stereotyped cultivation rejuvenation: with G 1, G 2, G 3Or G 4The nitrogen-fixing bacteria strain adopts method streak inoculation on the nitrogen-fixing bacteria plating medium of streak inoculation respectively, in 25~30 ℃ of cultivation 24~36h, makes its rejuvenation, and forms single bacterium colony;
Described nitrogen-fixing bacteria plating medium is the mixture in following ratio preparation: K 2HPO 40.05~0.1g, MgSO 47H 2O 0.02~0.05g, NaCl 0.01~0.03g, CaSO 4.2H 2O 0.01~0.02g, CaCO 30.3~0.6g, FeCl 30.001~0.002g, CaCl 20.01~0.02g, NaNO 30.04~0.07g, mannose 0.2~0.4g, agar powder 1.5~2.5g, 100ml water, pH6.5~7.4,121 ℃ sterilization 30 minutes is cooled off standby;
2) make shake-flask seed: from the G of step 1) cultivation 1, G 2, G 3, G 4Choose single bacterium colony in the nitrogen-fixing bacteria bacterium colony respectively, be inoculated in the nitrogen-fixing bacteria fluid medium,, obtain shake-flask seed liquid in 25~32 ℃ of cultivations 12~24 hours;
Described nitrogen-fixing bacteria fluid medium is in following ratio liquid mixture prepared: K 2HPO 40.05~0.1g, MgSO 47H 2O 0.02~0.05g, NaCl 0.01~0.03g, CaSO 4.2H 2O 0.01~0.02g, CaCO 30.3~0.6g, FeCl 30.001~0.002g, CaCl 20.01~0.02g, NaNO 30.04~0.07g, mannose 0.2~0.4g, 100ml water, pH7.0~7.5,121 ℃ sterilization 30 minutes is cooled off standby;
3) the nitrogen-fixing bacteria shake-flask seed liquid that production primary seed solution: with step 2) obtains is with the inoculum concentration of 2~5v%, be inoculated in respectively in the nitrogen-fixing bacteria first order seed liquid culture medium, cultivate 16~60h in 26~32 ℃, mixing speed 150~200rpm, ventilation is 1~2vvm, obtains the primary seed solution of nitrogen-fixing bacteria;
Described nitrogen-fixing bacteria first order seed liquid culture medium is in following ratio liquid mixture prepared: molasses 2~4g, bean cake powder 0.1~0.4g, glucose 0.1~0.4g, K 2HPO 40.1~0.4g, Na 2HPO 40.1~0.3g, NaCl 0.1~0.3g, NaOH 0.1~0.30g, somatomedin A 0.05~0.2ml, defoamer 0.05~0.1g, 100ml water, pH=7.0~7.6,121 ℃ sterilization 30~45 minutes, be cooled to 32~37 ℃ standby;
Described somatomedin A is in following ratio liquid mixture prepared: MgSO 47H 2O 20~35g, CaCl 22H 2O 2.0~5.0g, ZnSO 47H 2O 0.5~1.5g, FeSO 47H 2O 0.1~0.8g, MnSO 4H 2O0.1~0.3g, CuSO 45H 2O 0.01~0.05g, Co (NO 3) 20.02~0.05g, Na 2B 4O 710H 2O 0.01~0.04g, (NH 4) 6MO 7O 244H 2O 0.01~0.03g, 1000ml water;
4) second order fermentation: the G that step 3) is obtained 1, G 2, G 3, G 4The nitrogen-fixing bacteria primary seed solution, be inoculated in the fermentation culture with 5~10% volume ratio respectively, described fermentation culture is same as the nitrogen-fixing bacteria first order seed liquid culture medium of step 3), condition of culture is same as step 3), ferment after 18~60 hours, detection nitrogen-fixing bacteria number stops fermentation when reaching 3,000,000,000/ml.
5, biological deodorization and purification agent as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: described Rhodopseudomonas palustris fermentation liquid is cultivated as follows for using the Rhodopseudomonas palustris strain:
1) dull and stereotyped cultivation rejuvenation: Rhodopseudomonas palustris inclined-plane seed is adopted method streak inoculation on the Rhodopseudomonas palustris plating medium of streak inoculation, cultivated 24~36 hours down for 25~33 ℃ in anaerobic environment, make the Rhodopseudomonas palustris rejuvenation, and form single bacterium colony;
Described Rhodopseudomonas palustris plating medium is the mixture in following ratio preparation: NaCl 0.05~0.2g, CH 3COONa 0.1~0.3g, MgSO 47H 2O 0.05~0.1g, KH 2PO 40.05~0.1g, (NH 4) 2SO 40.05~0.2g, CaCl 20.005~0.01g, yeast powder 0.05~0.2g, agar powder 1.5~2.5g, 100ml water, pH=6.5~7.2,121 ℃ sterilization 30 minutes is cooled off standby;
2) make shake-flask seed: choose single bacterium colony in the Rhodopseudomonas palustris bacterium colony with the step 1) cultivation, be inoculated in the Rhodopseudomonas palustris fluid medium,, obtain the Rhodopseudomonas palustris shake-flask seed in 28~33 ℃ of cultivations 24~36 hours;
Described Rhodopseudomonas palustris fluid medium is in following ratio liquid mixture prepared: NaCl 0.05~0.2g, CH 3COONa 0.1~0.3g, MgSO 47H 2O 0.05~0.1g, KH 2PO 40.05~0.1g, (NH 4) 2SO 40.05~0.2g, CaCl 20.005~0.01g, yeast powder 0.05~0.2g, 100ml water, pH=6.5~7.2,121 ℃ sterilization 30 minutes is cooled off standby;
3) the Rhodopseudomonas palustris shake-flask seed that production primary seed solution: with step 2) obtains is with the inoculum concentration of 6~12v%, be inoculated in the Rhodopseudomonas palustris first order seed liquid culture medium, cultivate 17~60h for 28~33 ℃ in anaerobic environment, intensity of illumination is 2000lx, reach 3,000,000,000 until the Rhodopseudomonas palustris number, obtain the primary seed solution of Rhodopseudomonas palustris;
Described Rhodopseudomonas palustris first order seed liquid culture medium is in following ratio liquid mixture prepared: NH 4Cl0.05~0.15g, NaHCO 30.05~0.15g, K 2HPO 40.01~0.04g, CH 3COONa 0.1~0.8g, MgSO 47H 2O 0.01~0.04g, NaCl 0.05~0.3g, trace element storage liquid 1ml, growth cofactor storage liquid 0.1ml, 100ml water, pH=6.5~7.2,121 ℃ sterilization 30 minutes, be cooled to 32~37 ℃ standby;
Described trace element storage liquid is FeCl 36H 2O 5mg, H 3BO 31mg, ZnSO 47H 2O 1mg, CuSO 45H 2O 0.05g, MnCl 24H 2O 0.05g, Co (NO 3) 26H 2O 0.5g, 1000ml water;
Described growth cofactor storage liquid is VB 15~20mg, nicotinic acid 5~10mg, auxin 0.5~2mg, peptone 0.5~2.0g, yeast extract 2~3g, 1000ml water;
4) second order fermentation: the Rhodopseudomonas palustris primary seed solution that step 3) is obtained, be inoculated in the fermentation culture with 5~10% volume ratios, described fermentation culture is same as the Rhodopseudomonas palustris first order seed liquid culture medium of step 3), condition of culture is same as step 3), ferment after 17~60 hours, detection Rhodopseudomonas palustris number stops fermentation when having reached 3,000,000,000/ml fermentation liquid.
6, biological deodorization and purification agent as claimed in claim 1, its powder-type is for to make dry powder with the fermentation liquid of above-mentioned yeast, lactobacillus, nitrogen-fixing bacteria, function bacillus cereus, Rhodopseudomonas palustris through different after-processing technologies, in the mixture of following weight portion ratio preparation:
Produce protein yeast dry powder 10~40
Lactobacillus dry powder 10~20
Function bacillus cereus dry powder 10~40
Nitrogen-fixing bacteria dry powder 10~20
Rhodopseudomonas palustris dry powder 10~30
And viable bacteria summation 〉=1,000,000,000 of 5 quasi-microorganisms/gram.
7, biological deodorization and purification agent as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that: the preparation method of described nitrogen-fixing bacteria dry powder or Rhodopseudomonas palustris dry powder comprises following step:
1) fermentation liquid of above-mentioned nitrogen-fixing bacteria or Rhodopseudomonas palustris is dewatered through nanofiltration be concentrated to 40~60% of original volume respectively, obtain the concentrated solution of nitrogen-fixing bacteria or Rhodopseudomonas palustris;
2) concentrated solution adds in the carrier be pre-mixed, and the weight ratio of concentrated solution and carrier is 0.6~0.9: 1, fluid bed drying then, and 45~60 ℃ of baking temperatures, crushed after being dried becomes 60~80 order powder, obtains nitrogen-fixing bacteria dry powder or Rhodopseudomonas palustris dry powder.
8, biological deodorization and purification agent as claimed in claim 7 is characterized in that: described carrier is one or more in precipitated calcium carbonate, maize cob meal, the peat composed of rotten mosses, Maifanitum powder, the agricultural byproducts leftover bits and pieces.
9, butcher the application in processing waste deodorization composting, the fresh and alive house refuse deodorization composting as the described biological deodorization and purification agent of one of claim 1~8 processing mineral and municipal waste deodorization composting, processing feces of livestock and poultry deodorization composting, sea leave deodorization composting, poultry.
10, as the application of the described biological deodorization and purification agent of one of claim 1~8 in the deodorization of animal colony house, sewage deodorizing purify.
11, as biological cleaning and the activatory application of the described biological deodorization and purification agent of one of claim 1~8 in aquaculture of aquatic animal water quality.
CNB2005100695158A 2005-05-12 2005-05-12 Biological deodorization and purification agent, and its use CN100375637C (en)

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