CN1860378A - Partial almanac collection system - Google Patents

Partial almanac collection system Download PDF

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CN1860378A
CN1860378A CN 200480028456 CN200480028456A CN1860378A CN 1860378 A CN1860378 A CN 1860378A CN 200480028456 CN200480028456 CN 200480028456 CN 200480028456 A CN200480028456 A CN 200480028456A CN 1860378 A CN1860378 A CN 1860378A
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almanac
further
gps
call processor
pacs
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CN 200480028456
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Chinese (zh)
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莱昂内尔·J·加林
阿舒托什·潘德
史蒂夫.C.张
张更生
赫马利·维亚斯
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SiRF技术公司
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S19/00Satellite radio beacon positioning systems; Determining position, velocity or attitude using signals transmitted by such systems
    • G01S19/01Satellite radio beacon positioning systems transmitting time-stamped messages, e.g. GPS [Global Positioning System], GLONASS [Global Orbiting Navigation Satellite System] or GALILEO
    • G01S19/13Receivers
    • G01S19/24Acquisition or tracking or demodulation of signals transmitted by the system
    • G01S19/27Acquisition or tracking or demodulation of signals transmitted by the system creating, predicting or correcting ephemeris or almanac data within the receiver

Abstract

A partial almanac collection system is disclosed. The partial almanac collection system includes a global positioning system ('GPS') module, and a controller in signal communication with the GPS module and the call processor, the controller instructing the GPS module to collect piecewise almanac data in response to a request from the call processor.

Description

部分年历收集系统 Part of the almanac collection system

技术领域 FIELD

本发明一般涉及全球定位系统(“GPS”)。 The present invention relates generally to a global positioning system ( "GPS"). 特别地,本发明涉及用于收集来自GPS卫星的分段年历(almanac)信息的年历收集系统。 In particular, the present invention relates to a segment for collecting from a GPS satellite almanac almanac collection system (Almanac) information.

背景技术 Background technique

无线设备(也称作“移动设备”)的世界范围的利用正快速增长,该无线设备包括例如有双向无线电设备、便携式电视、个人数字助理(“PDA”)、蜂窝电话(也称作“无线电话机”、“无线电话”、“移动电话机”、“移动电话”、和/或“移动台”)、卫星无线电接收机和卫星定位系统(“SATPS”)诸如美国(“US”)全球定位系统(“GPS”)(也称作NAVSTAR)。 Wireless devices (also known as "mobile devices") use worldwide is growing rapidly, the wireless device includes, for example, two-way radios, portable televisions, personal digital assistant ( "PDA"), cellular phones (also referred to as "wireless telephone "," wireless telephone "," mobile phone "," mobile phone "and / or" mobile "), a satellite radio receiver and a satellite positioning system (" SATPS ") such as the United States (" US ") global positioning system ( "GPS") (also known as NAVSTAR). 随着使用无线设备的人数的增加,无线服务供应商所提供的功能(fatures)数目也增加,同样这些无线设备在其它产品中的集成也增加。 With the function (fatures) number increased use of wireless devices, wireless service providers has also increased the number provided, these same integrated wireless devices has also increased in other products.

自从20世纪70年代早期美国国防部(“DoD”)联合计划处(“JPO”)创建NAVSTAR以来,已出现了利用与GPS关联的新技术的许多民用参考。 Since the early 1970s, the United States Department of Defense ( "DoD") Joint Program Office ( "JPO") created NAVSTAR, already there have been many civilian applications and the use of new technologies associated with GPS. 作为示例,这些新技术包括允许用户确定其在地球表面上的位置的个人GPS接收机和利用GPS时钟基准来运行的众多通信网络,诸如码分多址(“DCMA”)和时分多址(“TDMA”)蜂窝网络。 By way of example, these new technologies allow a user comprises a GPS receiver to determine its individual position on the Earth's surface using a number of communication networks and a reference GPS clock operation, such as code division multiple access ( "DCMA") and time division multiple access ( " TDMA ") cellular network. 作为这些新技术的结果,存在对下述移动设备的日益增长的需求,该移动设备可以在紧急情况下发送其位置,将位置信息并入通信设备,定位并跟踪游客、儿童和老人,以及提供贵重财产的安全保障。 As a result of these new technologies, there is a growing demand for the following mobile device, the mobile device may transmit its position in case of emergency, the location information into the communication device, location and track tourists, children and the elderly, as well as providing safety and security of valuable property.

通常,GPS系统典型地是基于卫星(也称作“航天器”或“SV”)的导航系统。 Typically, GPS systems are typically satellite based (also referred to as "spacecraft" or "SV") navigation systems. GPS的示例包括但不限于美国(“US”)海军导航卫星系统(“NNSS”)(也称作TRANSIT)、LORAN(罗兰)、Shoran(肖兰)、Decca(台卡)、TACAN(塔康)、NAVSTAR(导航卫星定时和测距)、称作全球导航卫星系统的NAVSTAR的俄罗斯对应物、诸如提出的“伽利略”计划的任意未来的西欧GPS。 Examples include, but are not limited to GPS USA ( "US") Navy Navigation Satellite System ( "NNSS") (also known as TRANSIT), LORAN (Rowland), Shoran (shoran), Decca (Decca), TACAN (TACAN ), NAVSTAR (navigation satellite Timing and ranging), known as the NAVSTAR global navigation satellite system of the Russian counterparts, any future Western European GPS such as the proposed "Galileo" program.

NAVSTAR GPS(下文简称为“GPS”)最初是为满足美国军方的需要作为军用系统研发的;但是,美国国会后来指示DoD也促进GPS的民用。 NAVSTAR GPS (hereinafter referred to as "GPS") was originally developed for the needs of the US military as a military system development; however, the US Congress later instruct DoD also promote civilian GPS. 结果是,GPS现在是可由美国政府机构(诸如军方)和民间两者访问的两用系统。 As a result, GPS is now available from the American government agencies (such as the military) and civil dual-use access to both systems. 在GPS Theory and Practice,Fifth ed.,revised edition by Hofmann-Wellenhof,Lichtenegger and Collins,Springer-Verlag Wien New York,2001中描述了该GPS系统,该文通过引用被全部并入其中。 In GPS Theory and Practice, Fifth ed., Revised edition by Hofmann-Wellenhof, Lichtenegger and Collins, Springer-Verlag Wien New York, 2001 describes the GPS system, which is entirely incorporated herein by reference wherein.

典型地,GPS的应用包括标识地球上的精确定位、以及同步诸如军事通信网络的电信网络和例如CDMA和TDMA类型系统的蜂窝电话网络。 Typically, GPS applications include the identification of the precise positioning of the earth, and a synchronous telecommunications network, such as cellular telephone networks and military communication networks such as CDMA and TDMA type systems. 此外,随着美国国会通过联邦通信委员会(“FCC”)发出对能在紧急情况下(一般称为“增强911”服务或“E911”)提供50英尺之内的蜂窝电话用户地点的移动电话网的命令,正采用GPS用于许多蜂窝应用中的地点确定和同步。 In addition, as the US Congress sent a mobile telephone network of cellular telephone subscribers in the locations of energy in case of emergency (commonly referred to as "enhanced 911" service or "E911") offers 50 feet by the Federal Communications Commission ( "FCC") command, is the use of GPS for location determination of many cellular applications and synchronization.

通常,GPS卫星阵列(通称为“GPS星群”)发送高度准确的时间编码的信息,该信息允许GPS接收机计算其关于在地球上的纬度和经度以及海平面之上的海拔的地点。 Typically, an array of GPS satellites (generally known as "GPS constellation") transmit highly accurate time code information, which allows information about the location of the GPS receiver is calculated on the latitude and longitude on Earth as well as sea level altitude. 设计GPS为非军队用户提供具有大约100米之内的精度的基本导航系统并甚至为军队和其它授权用户提供更高的精度(将选择可用性“SA”设置为ON)。 Designed for non-military GPS navigation systems provide users with basic accuracy within about 100 meters and even provide greater precision for the military and other authorized users (the Selective Availability "SA" set to ON).

GPS典型地包括三个主要系统段:空间、控制和用户。 GPS comprises typically three major system segments: space, control and user. GPS的空间段是包括向地球上的GPS接收机发送高度精确的定时信息的发送器的、在地球上空沿轨道飞行的卫星星群。 Space segment of GPS is a highly accurate transmission timing information to the transmitter of the GPS receiver on Earth, in orbit above the earth in the satellite constellation. 目前,所实现的GPS星群包括21个主运行卫星加上3个活动备用卫星。 At present, the implemented GPS constellation includes 21 main operating satellites plus three active spare satellites. 这些卫星被安排在6个轨道中,每个轨道包含三个或四个卫星。 These satellites are arranged in six orbits, each orbit containing three or four satellites. 轨道平面与赤道形成55°的角。 Orbital planes form an angle of 55 ° with the equator. 这些卫星在地球上空近似10,898海里(20200千米)的高度处沿轨道飞行,每个卫星的轨道周期近似12个小时。 These satellites approximately 10,898 nautical miles (20,200 kilometers) above the Earth at a height along the orbit, each satellite orbital period of approximately 12 hours.

作为示例,在NAVSTAR中,每个沿轨道飞行的卫星包含4个高精度自动时钟(两个铷(rubidium),两个铯(cesium))。 By way of example, in the NAVSTAR, along the orbit of each satellite contains four high-precision automatic clocks (two rubidium (Rubidium), two cesium (cesium)). 这些自动时钟提供用于生成被发送到地球的唯一二进制码(也称作伪随机“PRN-码”或伪噪声“PN-码”)的精确定时脉冲。 These clocks provide precision timing pulses automatically used to generate a unique binary code is sent to earth (also known as pseudorandom "PRN- code" or pseudo noise "PN-code") is. 该PRN-码标识GPS星群中的特定卫星。 Particular satellite constellation PRN- code identifies the GPS. 卫星还发送一组数字编码的信息,其包括称作年历数据和星历(ephemeris)数据的、用于确定卫星的空间位置的两类轨道参数。 Satellite also transmits a set of digitally encoded information, which includes data called almanac and ephemeris (ephemeris) data, two types of orbital parameters for determining the spatial position of the satellite.

星历数据(也称作“星历表”)定义卫星的精确轨道。 Ephemeris data (also known as "ephemeris") define precise orbit satellite. 星历数据指示在任意给定时刻卫星在何处,并且可根据精确纬度和经度度量的卫星地面轨迹而标识其地点。 Ephemeris data indicates at any given time where the satellite, and its location may be identified depending on the exact latitude and longitude of the satellite ground track metrics. 星历数据中的信息被编码并在从卫星发送出去,以在任何给定时间提供地球上方的卫星位置的精确表示。 Information in the ephemeris data is coded and transmitted from the satellite, to provide above the earth at any given time indicates the exact position of the satellite. 通常,当前星历数据足够用于在当前SA的级别确定空间中几米或几十米的地点。 In general, the current ephemeris data is sufficient for the current level of SA determine the spatial location of a few meters or tens of meters. 地面控制站每小时更新一次星历数据以确保精度。 The ground control station is updated hourly ephemeris data to ensure accuracy. 然而,在大约两小时后,星历数据的精度开始降低。 However, after about two hours, the accuracy of the ephemeris data begins to decrease.

年历数据是星历数据的子集。 Almanac data is a subset of the ephemeris data. 年历数据包括关于星群中所有卫星地点的较低精度信息。 Almanac data includes less accurate information regarding the location of all satellites in the constellation. 年历数据包括相对少的参数并一般足以确定空间中几公里的地点。 Almanac data includes relatively few parameters and is generally sufficient to determine the spatial location of a few kilometers. 每一GPS卫星以十二点五(“12.5”)分钟的周期而向GPS星群中的所有GPS卫星广播该年历数据。 Each GPS satellite to twelve five ( "12.5") minute period and the almanac data broadcast to all GPS satellites in the GPS constellation. 所以,通过仅跟踪一颗卫星,可获得轨道中所有其他卫星的年历数据。 So, by tracking only one satellite in orbit almanac data available for all other satellites. 该年历数据每几天更新一次并在大约几个月中一直有用。 The almanac data is updated every few days and has been helpful in some months. 因为其相对长的寿命,已关闭超过几个小时的GPS接收机通常利用该年历数据来确定哪个GPS卫星是可见的(in-view)。 Because of its relatively long life, it has been closed more than a few hours, the GPS receiver typically utilize the almanac data to determine which GPS satellites are visible (in-view). 然而,年历和星历数据都仅在有限量时间中有效。 However, almanac and ephemeris data are valid only for a limited amount of time. 这样,随着年历和星历数据的老化,基于该信息的卫星地点越来越不精确,除非及时以适当的间隔更新该数据。 Thus, as the aging almanac and ephemeris data, satellite location based on the information more accurate, unless timely at appropriate intervals to update the data.

星历数据包括在任何时刻在陆地坐标系统中确定卫星的位置和速度向量可用的三个数据集。 Ephemeris data comprises determining at any moment in the terrestrial coordinate system of the satellite position and velocity vector of the three data sets are available. 这三个数据集包括年历数据(如前所述)、广播星历表、和精确星历表。 This almanac data includes three data sets (as described above), broadcast ephemeris, and precision ephemeris. 这些数据在精度上不同并实时可用或在事后(after the fact)可用。 These data differ in accuracy and available in real time or afterwards (after the fact) available. 通常,年历数据的目的在于为用户提供较少精确数据以便于接收机卫星搜索或用于例如能见度图表的计算的计划任务。 Typically, the purpose of the almanac data is to provide less precise data to facilitate receiver satellite search user or for planning tasks such as calculating the visibility graph. 年历数据至少每六天被更新一次并作为卫星消息的部分而广播。 Almanac data are updated at least once every six days, and as part of the satellite broadcast message. 卫星消息中的年历数据必要地包括用于所有卫星的卫星时钟校准项和轨道参数。 Satellite almanac data message necessarily include satellite orbital parameters and clock calibration items for all satellites. GPS年历数据在由Arlington,Va.的NavTech Seminars & NavTech Book and Software Store出版的1995年2月的重印本“GPS Interface Control Document ICD-GPS-200”for the“NAVSTARGPS Space Segment and Navigation User Interfaces”中进行了描述,通过引用而合并在这里。 GPS almanac data by the Arlington, Va of NavTech Seminars & amp;. NavTech Book and Software Store, published in February 1995 reprint of "GPS Interface Control Document ICD-GPS-200" for the "NAVSTARGPS Space Segment and Navigation User Interfaces" It is described, incorporated herein by reference.

在典型操作例子中,当GPS接收机首次开启(一般称作“冷启动”)或从超过几小时的长待令状态中醒来时,GPS接收机将扫描GPS频谱以获取从可用GPS卫星发送的GPS信号。 In a typical operation example, when the GPS receiver is first turned on (generally referred to as "cold start") or longer than a few hours from a standby state to wake up, the GPS receiver will scan the GPS spectrum to acquire a GPS satellite transmission is available from GPS signal. 一旦获取了GPS信号,GPS接收机将然后从所获取的GPS卫星下载GPS星群的GPS年历数据、星历数据和时钟校准信息。 Once the acquisition of GPS signals, GPS receivers will then download the GPS almanac data in the GPS constellation, the ephemeris data and clock calibration information acquired from the GPS satellites. 一旦下载了年历数据,GPS卫星将然后扫描GPS频谱以得到年历数据所示的可用(即“可见”)GPS卫星。 Once the almanac data is downloaded, GPS satellite will then scan the GPS spectrum to obtain the almanac data shown is available (i.e., "visible") GPS satellites. 理想地,给定充足时间并假定GPS接收机周围的环境状况允许GPS接收机获取两个或三个附加可见GPS卫星,则GPS接收机从这三到四个卫星接收距离和定时信息并计算其在地球上的位置。 Ideally, given sufficient time and assuming the environmental conditions surrounding the GPS receiver allow the GPS receiver to acquire two or three additional visible GPS satellites, the GPS receiver from three to four satellites and receiving timing information and distance calculated location on Earth.

不幸地是,在很多应用下,尤其在室内或有限天空能见状态下,时间和环境状况可限制GPS接收机下载GPS年历数据的能力。 Unfortunately, in many applications, particularly in the state, the ability to download GPS Receiver GPS almanac data may limit the time and environmental conditions in the indoor or limited sky visibility. 与时间关联的问题通常由首次定位时间(Time-to-First-Fix:“TTFF”)值进行描述。 The problem is usually associated with the time of the TTFF (Time-to-First-Fix: "TTFF") value will be described. 如果TTFF值高,则GPS接收机将具有有限的应用,因为它将花费太长时间而不能确定其初始地点。 If the TTFF is high, the GPS receiver will have limited application because it would take too long and can not determine its initial location.

作为一个例子,在无线或蜂窝电话应用中,具有集成GPS接收机的移动电话或个人数字助理(“PDA”)可能不得不在进行呼叫之前等待GPS接收机下载GPS年历大约12.5分钟(假设所有必要可见卫星可看得见的理想环境状况)。 As an example, in wireless or cellular telephone applications, with a mobile phone or personal digital assistant integrated GPS receiver ( "PDA") may have to wait before making a call Download GPS receiver GPS almanac about 12.5 minutes (assuming that all necessary visible satellite can see the ideal environmental conditions). 这对于多数应用是不能接受的。 For most applications this is not acceptable.

在蜂窝电话应用中,考虑到要求蜂窝电话在E911紧急呼叫中将其位置信息发送到应急人员的E911命令,该限制更是不可接受的。 In cellular telephone applications, taking into account the requirements in a cellular telephone transmits its location information E911 emergency call to emergency personnel to command E911, the limitation is not acceptable. 如果用户发现他们自己处于紧急情况中,并且带有的GPS的蜂窝电话关机或处于长待令状态,则这些用户在进行将用户地点发送到应急人员的紧急呼叫之前,将一般不得不首先等待大约12.5分钟,以保持连续不间断卫星可见性(因为GPS接收机通常需要强信号来可靠地获取年历和/或星历数据)。 If a user tries find themselves in an emergency situation, and the cell phone is off or in GPS with long standby state, these users during sends the user to place an emergency call emergency personnel, they will usually have to wait about first 12.5 minutes, in order to maintain continuous uninterrupted satellite visibility (because the GPS receiver typically needs a strong signal to acquire the almanac reliably and / or ephemeris data). 在典型城市或自然阻塞的环境中,该等待将长于12.5分钟,因为该环境状况使得获取第一卫星更困难。 In a typical city or blocking natural environment, the wait will be longer than 12.5 minutes because the environmental conditions makes it more difficult to obtain first satellite. 应注意这尤其在生死攸关的情况下是不可接受的。 This is especially to be noted that in the case of life or death is unacceptable.

以往的降低下载年历数据所需的时间量的方案已包括在GPS接收机的存储单元(例如只读存储器“ROM”)中存储一些种类的年历(例如工厂安装的年历数据)。 The amount of time required for a conventional scheme to reduce download the almanac data have included storing some sort of almanac (such as factory installed almanac data) in the storage unit of a GPS receiver (e.g., read only memory "ROM") in. 通常,利用该预先存储的年历数据来降低冷启动状态下的TTFF。 Typically, using the pre-stored almanac data to reduce the TTFF in a cold start condition.

在该方案中,该冷启动状态一般由于与卫星位置关联的不确定性以及该预先存储年历的老化而仍然具有相对长的TTFF时间。 In this embodiment, the cold start state, and aging generally due to the uncertainty associated with the position of the satellite almanac stored in advance while still has a relatively long TTFF time. 一旦获取了第一定位点(fix),该GPS接收机可然后从该获取的卫星下载更新的年历数据并更新ROM(或随机存取存储器“RAM”)用于将来使用。 Upon obtaining the first anchor point (fix), the GPS receiver may then download the updated almanac data from the acquired satellite and update the ROM (or random access memory "RAM") for future use. 然而,该方案仍然要求该GPS接收机从用于未来获取的卫星接收更新的年历数据(即接收年历数据的“新鲜”拷贝)。 However, this solution still requires that the GPS receiver receives the updated almanac data for the satellite from the acquired next (i.e., receiving a "fresh" copy of the almanac data). 接收更新的年历数据将仍然需要非常大的时间量,这将影响GPS接收机的性能。 Receiving updated almanac data will still require a very large amount of time, this will affect the performance of the GPS receiver.

因而,存在对克服先前所述问题的、能够以更有效方式获得年历信息的系统的需要。 Accordingly, a need exists to overcome the previously described problems, the system can obtain almanac information in a more efficient manner.

响应于这些问题,已为移动电话开发了辅助方案,其为了例如获取、地点计算和/或灵敏度改善的目的通过从通信模块(也称为“呼叫处理机”或“CP”)提供辅助数据而帮助GPS接收机。 In response to these problems, solutions have been developed to assist a mobile telephone, for example to obtain its destination point is calculated and / or by improving the sensitivity from the communication module (also referred to as a "call processor" or "the CP") to provide assistance data help GPS receiver. 这些辅助方案的一些示例包括2002年8月13日授予发明人Krasner的题为“Method and apparatus for determiningtime for GPS receivers”的美国(“US”)专利6433734、2002年7月16日授予发明人Krasner的题为“GPS receriver utilizing a communication link”的美国专利6421002、2002年6月25日授予发明人Moeglein等的题为“Satellitepositioning reference system and method”的美国专利6411254、2002年6月4日授予发明人Krasner的题为“GPS receiver utilizing a communication link”的美国专利6400314、2001年11月6日授予发明人Sheynblat等的题为“Methodand apparatus for measurement processing of satellite positioning system(SPS)signals”的美国专利6313786、2001年7月10授予发明人Krasner的题为“GPSreceivers and garments containing GPS receivers and methods for using these GPSreceivers”的美国专利6259399、2001年4月10授予发明人Moeglein等的题为“Satellite positioning reference system and method” Some examples of these programs include assistance entitled "Method and apparatus for determiningtime for GPS receivers" August 13, 2002 granted to the inventor of Krasner US ( "US") patent 6,433,734, July 16, 2002 awarded the inventor Krasner entitled "GPS receriver utilizing a communication link" US Patent 6,421,002, June 25, 2002 granted to the inventor Moeglein et al, entitled "Satellitepositioning reference system and method", US Patent 6,411,254, June 4, 2002 granted for inventions people Krasner entitled "GPS receiver utilizing a communication link" US Patent 6,400,314, November 6, 2001 granted to the inventor Sheynblat et al, entitled "Methodand apparatus for measurement processing of satellite positioning system (SPS) signals" US Patent US Patent 6,313,786, granted July 10, 2001 the inventor Krasner entitled "GPSreceivers and garments containing GPS receivers and methods for using these GPSreceivers" of 6,259,399, granted April 10, 2001 Moeglein inventor et al, entitled "Satellite positioning reference system and method " 美国专利6215441、2001年3月27日授予发明人Krasner的题为“GPS receiver utilizing acommunication link”的美国专利6208290、2001年2月6日授予发明人Krasner等的题为“Distributed satellite position system processing and applicationnetwork”的美国专利6185427、2000年11月21日授予发明人Krasner的题为“Method and apparatus for determining time for GPS receivers”的美国专利6150980、2000年10月17日授予发明人Krasner的题为“Method and apparatusfor acquiring satellite positioning system signals”的美国专利6133874、2000年5月16日授予发明人Krasner的题为“GPS receiver utilizing a communicationlink”的美国专利6064336、1999年8月31日授予发明人Krasner的题为“Method and apparatus for determining time for GPS receivers”的美国专利5945944、1998年11月24日授予发明人Krasner的题为“GPS receiver utilizinga communication link”的美国专利5825327、1998年10月20日授予发明人Krasner US Patent 6,215,441, March 27, 2001 granted to the inventor Krasner entitled "GPS receiver utilizing acommunication link" US Patent 6,208,290, February 6, 2001 granted to the inventor Krasner et al, entitled "Distributed satellite position system processing and applicationnetwork "US Patent 6,185,427, November 21, 2000 granted to the inventor Krasner entitled" determining time for GPS receivers "of US Patent 6,150,980, October 17, 2000 granted to the inventor Krasner entitled" Method and apparatus for Method and apparatusfor acquiring satellite positioning system signals "US Patent 6,133,874, May 16, 2000 granted to the inventor Krasner entitled" GPS receiver utilizing a communicationlink "US Patent No. 6,064,336, August 31, 1999 granted to the inventor of Krasner entitled "Method and apparatus for determining time for GPS receivers" of US Patent 5,945,944, November 24, 1998 granted to the inventor Krasner entitled "GPS receiver utilizinga communication link" US Patent 5,825,327, October 20, 1998 awarded inventor Krasner 题为“GPS receivers and garments containing GPS receivers andmethods for using these GPS receivers”的美国专利5825327所描述的系统,这些专利通过引用被并入本发明。 The system described in U.S. Patent No. 5,825,327, entitled "GPS receivers and garments containing GPS receivers andmethods for using these GPS receivers", and these patents are incorporated herein by reference. 不幸地是,这些无线网络中的辅助方案通常是蜂窝网络(即例如TDMA、GSM、CDMA等的蜂窝平台)和销售商专用的,并由位于该蜂窝网络的地理定位服务站(Geolocation Server Station)提供。 Unfortunately, these auxiliary programs are typically wireless networks is a cellular network (i.e. e.g. TDMA, GSM, CDMA and other cellular platforms) and vendor specific, the cellular network is located by a geolocation service station (Geolocation Server Station) provide. 结果,移动电话(也称为“移动台”或“MS”)中的GPS接收机通常必须与该蜂窝网络的地理定位服务站兼容。 As a result, mobile phones (also referred to as "mobile station" or "MS") in the GPS receiver typically must be compatible with the cellular network geolocation service station.

但是,许多网络辅助系统还没有实现,以及对于已经实现的网络辅助系统,它们典型地并入了利用彼此不兼容的地理定位服务站协议的地理定位服务站。 However, many network-assisted system is not implemented, as well as for network-assisted system has been implemented, they typically incorporate incompatible with each other using geolocation service station agreement geolocation service station. 因而,还存在对于能够允许GPS接收机独立于地理定位服务站协议与许多地理定位服务站一起操作的系统的需要。 Accordingly, there is also a need for a GPS receiver capable of allowing a geolocation service independent protocol system with a number of stations a geolocation service station operation together.

发明内容 SUMMARY

公开了一种部分年历收集系统。 Discloses a part of almanac collection system. 该部分年历收集系统可以包括:全球定位系统(“GPS”)模块;以及与该GPS模块和呼叫处理机进行信号通信的控制器,该控制器响应于来自呼叫处理机的请求而指示GPS模块收集分段年历数据。 The collection system may include a portion of the calendar: a global positioning system ( "GPS") module; and a controller in signal communication with the GPS module and a call processor, the controller responds to a request from the call processor is instructed to collect GPS module almanac data segment.

在操作中,该部分年历收集系统通过接收对于从呼叫处理机下载GPS年历的请求而收集分段GPS年历,并且作为响应在分段处理中接收GPS年历。 In operation, the portion of almanac collection system for downloading GPS almanac by receiving the request from the call processor and the GPS almanac collection segment, and as a response to receiving the GPS almanac in the segmentation process. 该分段处理可以包括接收GPS年历的多个子集并且将所述多个GPS年历子集存储到存储器设备中。 The segmentation process may comprise a plurality of subsets of the received GPS almanac and GPS almanac the plurality of subsets stored in the memory device. 此外,该分段处理还可以包括确定何时已接收到所述多个GPS年历子集中的最后一个子集;以及组合所述多个GPS年历子集中的所有子集以创建完全GPS年历。 In addition, the fragmentation process may further include determining when it has received a last subset of the plurality of the subset of GPS almanac; and GPS Almanac to create a complete subset of all combinations of the plurality of the subset of GPS almanac.

通过检查下述附图和详细描述,对本领域技术人员而言,本发明的其它系统、方法、特征、优点将很清楚或将变得清楚。 By examining the following detailed description and the accompanying drawings, to those skilled in the art, other systems of the present invention, methods, features, and advantages will be apparent or will become apparent. 所有这些附加系统、方法、特征和优点都意欲被包括在本说明书中、落入本发明的范围中、并且受所附权利要求保护。 All such additional systems, methods, features, and advantages are intended to be included within this description, be within the scope of the present invention, and protected by the accompanying claims.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图中的组件不必要按照比例,其重点在于为了图示本发明的原理而放置。 Components in the figures have not necessarily to scale, emphasis purposes of illustrating the principles of the present invention is placed. 在附图中,类似的标号在不同的视图中始终指定对应的部件。 In the drawings, like reference numerals designate corresponding parts throughout the different views.

图1是运行中的典型公知GPS接收机的图示。 FIG 1 is an illustration of a typical known GPS receiver in operation.

图2是与无线(蜂窝和非蜂窝)和非无线网络通信的集成了GPS接收机的示例公知电子设备的图示。 FIG 2 is an example of an integrated electronic device illustrating a known GPS receiver radio (cellular and non-cellular) and non-wireless network communication with.

图3是接收来自GPS星群的GPS数据的公知无线移动定位系统架构的框图。 FIG 3 is a block to receive GPS data from the GPS constellation known wireless mobile positioning system architecture.

图4是包括与GPS模块进行信号通信的呼叫处理机的移动设备的示例性实现的框图。 FIG 4 is a block diagram of a call processor in signal communication with a GPS module of the mobile device an exemplary implementation.

图5是无线移动定位系统架构中的协议独立型接口的示例性实现的框图。 FIG 5 is a block diagram of a wireless mobile positioning system architecture of an exemplary protocol independent interface implementation.

图6是利用GSM环境中的FSM的、根据图5的移动设备的示例性实现的框图。 FIG 6 is a GSM environment FSM block diagram of an exemplary mobile device implemented in accordance with FIG. 5.

图7是利用CDMA环境中的FSM的、根据图5的移动设备的示例性实现的框图。 FIG 7 is an FSM in a CDMA environment, a block diagram of an exemplary mobile device implemented in accordance with FIG. 5.

图8示出了地理定位服务站、呼叫处理机和GPS模块之间的RRLP到协议独立型接口的消息流程图的示例。 FIG 8 shows a geolocation service station, between the RRLP exemplary call processor and the GPS module to the protocol independent interface message flow diagram.

图9示出了呼叫处理机、GPS模块和基站(“BS”)之间的协议独立型接口消息流程图的示例。 Figure 9 shows a call processor, Protocol Independent Interface exemplary message flow diagram between the GPS module and the base station ( "BS").

图10是与图2所示的GPS星群和网络进行信号通信的部分年历收集系统(“PACS”)的示例实现的框图。 FIG 10 is a partial almanac collection system ( "PACS") in signal communication with a GPS constellation and network shown in FIG. 2 is a block diagram of an example implementation.

图11示出了由图10中所示的PACS执行的示例处理的流程图。 FIG 11 shows a flowchart of an example process performed by the PACS shown in FIG. 10.

图12示出了由图10中所示的PACS执行的示例轮询处理的信号流程图。 FIG 12 shows an exemplary signal flow diagram of the polling process performed by the PACS shown in FIG. 10.

图13示出了由图10中所示的PACS执行的示例非轮询处理的信号流程图。 FIG 13 shows an example performed by the PACS shown in FIG. 10 of the non-signal flow diagram of the polling process.

图14示出了由图10中所示的PACS执行的另一示例非轮询处理的信号流程图。 FIG 14 shows a signal flow diagram of another example of a non-polling process performed by the PACS shown in FIG. 10.

图15示出了由图10中所示的PACS执行的另一示例非轮询处理的信号流程图。 FIG 15 shows a signal flow diagram of another example of a non-polling process performed by the PACS shown in FIG. 10.

图16示出了由图10中所示的PACS执行的另一示例非轮询处理的信号流程图。 FIG 16 shows a signal flow diagram of another example of a non-polling process performed by the PACS shown in FIG. 10.

具体实施方式 detailed description

首先转向图1。 Turning first to FIG. 在图1中,图示了公知全球定位系统(“GPS”)的示例实现的图100。 In Figure 1, an example of well-known global positioning system ( "GPS") 100 implemented in FIG. 在运行中,位于地球104上的GPS接收机102被设计成同时拾取来自几个GPS卫星114、116、118和120的信号106、108、110和112。 In operation, the GPS receiver located on earth 104. 102 is designed to simultaneously pick up signals from several GPS satellites 106, 108, 114, 116, 120 and 112. GPS接收机102解码该信息,并且利用时间和星历数据而计算GPS接收机102在地球104上的位置。 GPS receiver 102 decodes the information, and calculates the position of the GPS receiver 102 on the Earth 104 use time and ephemeris data. GPS接收机102通常包括浮点处理器(未示出),其执行必要的计算并且可以在显示器122上输出纬度、经度和海拔高度的十进制或图形显示。 GPS receiver 102 typically includes a floating point processor (not shown), which performs the necessary calculations and may output the latitude, longitude, and altitude decimal or graphical display on the display 122. 通常,对于纬度和经度信息需要来自至少三个卫星114、116和118的信号106、108和110。 Typically, the information required for the latitude and longitude signals from at least three satellites 114, 116, 118 and 106, 108 and 110. 需要来自卫星120的第四卫星信号112以计算海拔高度。 A fourth satellite signal 120 from satellites 112 need to calculate the altitude.

图2图示了GPS的许多不同公知应用的图200。 FIG 2 illustrates a number of different well-known application of the GPS 200. 在图2中,示出了接收并且利用来自卫星的GPS星群226(其中没有示出单个卫星)的GPS信号214、216、218、220、222和224的许多示例设备202、204、206、208、210和212。 In FIG. 2, is shown receiving and utilizing GPS satellite constellation 226 from a number of GPS signals 202,204,206 exemplary apparatus (not shown wherein the individual satellites) 214,216,218,220,222 and 224, 208, 210 and 212. 示例设备可以包括手持GPS接收机202、汽车GPS接收机204、集成蜂窝电话GPS接收机206、集成个人数字助理(PDA)GPS接收机208、集成移动计算机(诸如典型的“膝上型”或“笔记本”计算机)GPS接收机210、集成计算机(非移动)GPS接收机212、或者可以并入GPS接收机的任意其它近似类型设备。 Exemplary devices may include a hand-held GPS receiver 202, GPS receiver 204 automotive, integrated cellular telephone GPS receiver 206, an integrated personal digital assistant (a PDA) GPS receiver 208, an integrated mobile computer (such as a typical "laptop" or " notebook "computer) GPS receiver 210, an integrated computer (non-mobile) GPS receiver 212, the GPS receiver or may be incorporated in any other similar type of device.

本领域技术人员应该理解,在过去,GPS接收机典型地是在没有来自外部源的任何帮助下接收来自GPS星群226的GPS信号的单机设备。 Those skilled in the art will appreciate, stand-alone device receiving GPS signals from a GPS constellation 226 of any help in the past, GPS receivers typically are not from an external source. 然而,随着国会E911命令以及蜂窝和非蜂窝网中无线通信的持续增长,越来越多的通信装置开始将GPS接收机集成在通信装置中以满足E911命令和/或用于对GPS接收机的网络辅助帮助。 However, with the continued growth of Congress E911 command, and cellular and non-cellular wireless communication network, began more and more integrated GPS receiver communication device in a communication device to meet the E911 commands and / or for the GPS receiver the network-assisted help.

这些新集成通信设备可通过例如基站塔228的连接节点与蜂窝电话通信网通信或通过非蜂窝连接点230与非蜂窝通信网通信。 These new integrated communication devices may be connected, for example via the cellular telephone communication node network communication via a non-cellular or non-cellular communication node 230 network communication tower 228 and the base station. 该蜂窝通信网可为TDMA、CDMA、GSM、W-CDMA、CDMA 2000、UMTS、3G、GPRS、或AMPS类型蜂窝网络。 The cellular communication network may be a TDMA, CDMA, GSM, W-CDMA, CDMA 2000, UMTS, 3G, GPRS, AMPS, or type of cellular network. 非蜂窝通信网可包括例如蓝牙、基于IEEE 802.11的无线保真(“Wi-Fi”)网、或其他类似无线网的网络。 Non-cellular communication network may include a Bluetooth network, an IEEE 802.11 based wireless fidelity ( "Wi-Fi") network, or other similar wireless networks. 作为示例,手持GPS接收机202、集成汽车GPS接收机204、集成蜂窝电话GPS接收机206、PDA 208、和移动计算机210可分别经由信号通道232、234、236、238和240与蜂窝基站228进行通信。 By way of example, hand-held GPS receiver 202, integrated automobile GPS receiver 204, integrated cellular telephone GPS receiver 206, PDA 208, and mobile computer 210 may be respectively 232,234,236,238 and 240 via signal path 228 and the cellular base station communication. 类似地,手持GPS接收机202、PDA 208、和移动计算机210可分别经由信号通道242、244和246与非蜂窝连接点230进行通信。 Similarly, hand-held GPS receiver 202, PDA 208, and mobile computer 210 may be a communication signal channels respectively 242, 244 and 230 and the point 246 is connected via a non-cellular.

作为非无线通信环境中的集成GPS接收机的例子,非移动计算机212可包括通过内部添加的外围设备而内部集成在母板上的、或作为外部连接的外围设备的集成GPS接收机(未示出)。 Examples of non-wireless communication environment integrated GPS receiver, non-mobile computer 212 may include a peripheral device, and the inside by adding an internal integrated on the motherboard or as a peripheral device externally connected to the integrated GPS receiver (not shown out). 在该例中,集成GPS接收机(未示出)可经由网络250和调制解调器252而从网络服务器248接收帮助。 In this embodiment, the integrated GPS receiver (not shown) can receive help from the network server 248 via network 250 and modem 252. 网络250可为公知的普通旧式电话业务(“POTS”)、以太网、因特网或其他类似网络。 Network 250 may be a well-known plain old telephone service ( "POTS"), Ethernet, Internet or other similar networks. 应注意也可以与非移动计算机212相同的方式利用连接到POTS、以太网和因特网的其他设备(例如自动售货机、办公和商业器材、或其他重要器材)。 It is noted that other devices connected to the POTS, Ethernet and the Internet (such as vending machines, office and business equipment, or other important equipment) may also be used in the same manner as non-mobile computer 212.

图3示出了经由信号通道302和304从GPS星群226接收GPS数据的、具有网络辅助的已知无线移动定位系统架构300。 FIG 3 illustrates an architecture of 302 and 300 via signal path 304 receives the GPS data from the GPS constellation 226, having a known wireless mobile positioning system assistance network. 该架构300可包括移动设备306、基站308、无线网络基础设施310、地理定位服务站312、GPS基准接收机314和可选最终用户316。 The architecture 300 may include a mobile device 306, base station 308, wireless network infrastructure 310, a geolocation service Station 312, GPS reference receiver 314 and optional end user 316. 该GPS基准接收机314经由信号通道302从GPS星群226接收GPS信号。 The GPS reference receiver 314 receives GPS signals from the GPS constellation 226 via signal path 302. 该移动设备306经由信号通道304从GPS星群226接收GPS信号,并经由信号通道318与基站308进行信号通信。 The mobile device 306 receives GPS signals via signal path 304 from GPS constellation 226, and 318 in signal communication via signal path 308 and the base station. 一般来说,移动设备306包括呼叫处理机320和GPS模块322。 In general, the mobile device 306 comprises a call processor 320 and GPS module 322. 呼叫处理机320和GPS模块322经由信号通道324进行信号通信。 Call processor 320 and GPS Module 322 in signal communication via signal path 324. 本领域技术人员应注意,呼叫处理机320和GPS模块322的每个可以是在单独的半导体芯片中或者在一个共用半导体芯片或小片(die)中实现的功能单元。 Those skilled in the art to be noted, call processor 320 and GPS module may be a common functional unit of the semiconductor chip or die (Die) implemented in a single semiconductor chip 322, or in each.

一般来说,图3示出的架构300要求GPS模块322利用与地理定位服务站312所利用的协议相同的协议,以从地理定位服务站312接收任何GPS辅助信息。 Generally, the architecture 300 shown in FIG. 3 requires the GPS module 322 utilize the same protocol and protocol a geolocation service station 312 utilized to receive any GPS geolocation service station 312 from the auxiliary information.

图4示出了包括经由信号通道406与GPS模块404进行信号通信的呼叫处理机402的移动设备400的典型实现。 FIG 4 shows a call processor comprising a signal communication via signal path 406 and the GPS module 404 of the mobile device 402 is typically implemented 400. 该移动设备400可为图2所示的示例设备202、204、206、208、210、和212。 The mobile device 400 may be an example of the apparatus shown in FIG. 2 202,204,206,208,210, and 212. 该呼叫处理机402经由信号通道318与基站308进行信号通信,而GPS模块404经由信号通道304从GPS卫星星群226接收GPS数据。 The call processor 402 in signal communication via signal path 318 and base station 308, the GPS module 404 receives GPS data from the GPS satellite constellation 226 via signal path 304. 应该再次注意,呼叫处理机402和GPS模块404的每个可以是在单独的半导体芯片中或者在一个共用半导体芯片或小片中实现的功能单元。 It should be noted again, call processor 402 and GPS module may be a common functional unit of the semiconductor chip or implemented in a separate small sheet of semiconductor chip 404 or in each. 作为示例,如果呼叫处理机402和GPS模块404是物理上分开的设备,该信号通道406也可实现为RS232数据链路。 As an example, if the call processor 402 and GPS module 404 are physically separate devices, the signal path 406 may also be implemented as a RS232 data link.

在典型操作中,移动设备400如图3所示从GPS星群226接收GPS信号304,并通过基站塔308从蜂窝电话通信网基础设施310接收通信信号318,或如图2所示通过非蜂窝连接点230利用非蜂窝通信网(未示出)接收通信信号318。 In typical operation, the mobile device 400 shown in Figure 3 receives GPS signals from the GPS constellation 226 304, column 308 and base station through a cellular telephone communication network infrastructure 310 receives communication signals from 318, or as shown in Figure 2 by the non-cellular connection point 230 using the non-cellular communication network (not shown) receives a communication signal 318.

图4的呼叫处理机402可以是能与外部通信网(例如图3的蜂窝电话通信网基础设施310、或非蜂窝无线或非无线网(未示出))进行单向或双向通信的任何通信设备。 Call processor 402 of FIG. 4 may be able to communicate with an external network (e.g. a cellular telephone communication network of FIG. 3 infrastructure 310, a wireless or non-cellular radio network (not shown)), any communication is unidirectional or bidirectional communication equipment. 呼叫处理机402包括用于建立和管理电信连接的专用硬件(未示出)和软件(未示出)。 Call processor 402 includes dedicated hardware for establishing and managing a telecommunication connection (not shown) and software (not shown).

蜂窝电话类型的呼叫处理机402的例子可包括伊利诺斯州Schaumberg的摩托罗拉公司生产的蜂窝电话呼叫处理集成调度增强网络(“iDENTM”),芬兰的诺基亚、瑞典的索爱、加利福尼亚州圣地亚哥的高通公司利用的CDMA20001X类型芯片组,或能够与GPS模块308内的GPS接收机进行通信的任何类似类型的GSM/CDMA/TDMA/UMTS类通信设备。 Cellular telephone call processing integrated scheduling examples of cellular telephone type of call processor 402 may include Schaumberg, Illinois, Motorola company's Enhanced Network ( "iDENTM"), Finland's Nokia and Sweden's Ericsson, Qualcomm of San Diego, California use CDMA20001X chipset type, or the like can be any type of communication of GSM / CDMA / TDMA / UMTS type of communication device with a GPS receiver within GPS module 308. 非蜂窝电话类型通信设备的例子可包括由德国西门子SA生产的SX45 GPS辅助设备、能够与BlueTooth通信的任何通信设备、基于IEEE 802.11的无线保真(“Wi-Fi”)网络、或其他类似无线网。 Examples of non-cellular telephone type of communication device may comprise a Siemens SA SX45 GPS accessory produced, any communication device capable of communicating BlueTooth, based on an IEEE 802.11 wireless fidelity ( "Wi-Fi") network, or other similar wireless network. GPS模块404可包括能够与呼叫处理机402进行通信的任何GPS接收机。 The GPS module 404 may include any GPS receiver capable of communicating with the call processor 402.

在图5中,示出了协议独立无线移动定位系统架构500的示范实现。 In FIG. 5, there is shown a protocol independent wireless mobile positioning system architecture 500 in an exemplary implementation. 在图5中,架构500可包括移动设备506、基站508、无线网络基础设施510、地理定位服务站512、GPS基准接收机514、和可选最终用户516。 In FIG. 5, the architecture 500 may include a mobile device 506, base station 508, wireless network infrastructure 510, a geolocation service Station 512, GPS reference receiver 514 and optional end user 516. 移动设备506和GPS基准接收机514分别经由信号通道504和502从GPS卫星星群226接收GPS信号。 The mobile device 506 and GPS reference receiver 514 receives GPS signals from the GPS satellite constellation 226 via signal paths 504 and 502.

移动设备506可包括呼叫处理机520、GPS模块522和协议独立接口(这里称为“PI2”)524。 The mobile device 506 may include a call processor 520, GPS module 522 and protocol independent interface (herein known as "PI2") 524. 呼叫处理机520和GPS模块522的每个可以是在单独的半导体芯片中或者在一个共用半导体芯片或小片中实现的功能单元。 Call processor 520 and GPS module may each be a common functional unit 522 in a single semiconductor chip or a semiconductor chip or small sheets implemented. PI2524是允许GPS模块522从地理定位服务站512接收辅助数据的接口,而不要求GPS模块522利用与地理定位服务站512所利用的协议相同的协议。 PI2524 allow the GPS module 522 receives assistance data from the interface to a geolocation service station 512 without requiring the GPS module 522 utilize the same station 512 and a geolocation service agreement protocol utilized. 所以,PI2 524使得GPS模块522能够免于不同地理定位服务站的多协议的特定实现。 Therefore, PI2 524 so that the GPS module 522 can be a multi-protocol different from a geolocation service station particular implementation. PI2 524可为RS232链路、经由软件数据结构的内存共享的逻辑接口、或其他类型电气和/或逻辑接口。 PI2 524 may be a RS232 link, a logical interface via memory sharing of software data structures or other types of electrical and / or logical interfaces.

操作中,每一地理定位协议可经由PI2 524中的变换器来实现,该变换器将地理定位服务站512协议变换为GPS模块522使用的独立协议。 In operation, each of the geographic positioning protocol PI2 524 may be implemented via the variator to a geolocation service station 512 as a separate protocol conversion protocol used by the GPS module 522. 这允许随着移动设备506从一种无线通信标准切换到另一种无线通信标准,而实现地理定位信息的无缝可用性,从而改变移动设备506从呼叫处理机520接收辅助数据并向地理定位服务站512发送位置或其他地理定位结果的方式。 This allows the mobile device 506 as the switching from one wireless communication standard to another wireless communication standard, seamless availability of geolocation information, the mobile device 506 to change from the call processor 520 receives assistance data to a geolocation service station 512 transmits a location or other geographical positioning result manner. 结果,因为PI2 524能够将来自由移动设备506的用户(未示出)预订的通信系统的地理定位服务站512的GPS信息变换为GPS模块522所利用的协议,所以在全世界各地利用的所有不同空中接口的每一唯一地理定位协议(例如IS-817、IS-801等)可由GPS设备506提供,而无需复位或重新配置该GPS模块522。 As a result, because the PI2 524 is capable of freely mobile device 506 user (not shown) for future GPS positioning information into geographic communication system according to subscribed services station 512 to the GPS module 522 using a protocol, so the use of all the different throughout the world each unique geographical positioning protocol over the air interface (e.g., iS-817, iS-801, etc.) provided by the GPS device 506 without resetting or reconfiguring the GPS module 522. PI2 524的例子可以包括但不限于由加利福尼亚州圣何塞的SiRF科技公司开发和拥有的辅助独立互用性接口(“AI3”)。 Examples of PI2 524 may include, but are not limited to developed and owned by San Jose, California SiRF Technology, Inc. assisted independent interoperability interfaces ( "AI3").

本领域技术人员应注意存在为不同类型无线网络开发的不同地理定位标准。 Those skilled in the art should be noted that the presence of different geographic criterion different types of wireless networks developed. 作为示例,基站508和基础设施510之间的接口526可为任何空中接口。 By way of example, the interface 526 between the base station 508 and infrastructure 510 may be any air-interface. 该接口526典型地由呼叫处理机520制造商控制。 The interface 526 is typically controlled by the call processor 520 manufacturer. 通常,PI2 524包括统称为“F”接口(未示出)和“G”接口(未示出)的两种接口。 Typically, PI2 524 includes collectively "F" interface (not shown) and "G" interface (not shown) of the two interfaces.

作为GPS模块522和呼叫处理机520之间的客户机系统接口的F接口担当自举协议,该自举协议总是存在并允许呼叫处理机520在运行时选择如何将帮助传送到辅助封装层的GPS模块522。 F GPS module interface as the client system 520 between the interface 522 and call processor acts as a bootstrap protocol, there is always the Bootstrap Protocol call processor 520 and allows the selection of how to assist in the transfer to the secondary encapsulation layer at runtime GPS module 522. 呼叫处理机520可在空中接口(例如端对端系统架构情况下的接口526)或G接口之间选择。 Call processor 520 may be an air interface (e.g., interface 526 in the case-end system architecture) or the G interface to choose between. F接口可执行以下任务:来自呼叫处理机520的GPS模块522硬件管理(上电/断电、复位);如果可用,隐含辅助接口,即经由呼叫处理机520发送来自网络(或来自呼叫处理机520实时时钟)的时间和频率变换、以及移动设备506的大致位置(如果其存在,一般隐含在网络中);会话打开/关闭(即通知GPS模块522已打开/关闭空中接口连接);以及在双模移动设备506中,通知GPS模块522打开了哪个空中接口,由此通知GPS模块522使用哪组地理定位空中接口协议来与SLS对话。 F interface may perform the following tasks: GPS module 522 from a call processor 520 hardware management (power on / off, reset); if available, implicit auxiliary interface, i.e. transmission from the network via a call processor 520 (or from the call processing machine 520 real time clock) time and frequency conversion, and the approximate location of the mobile device 506 (if it is present, typically implicit in the network); session opening / closing (i.e., the GPS module 522 is notified opening / closing the air interface); as well as dual-mode mobile device 506, the notification opens the GPS module 522 which air interface, thereby notifying the GPS module 522 which set geopositioning air interface protocol to talk to SLS.

与F接口不同,利用G接口将从基站508接收的GPS辅助信息传送到GPS模块522。 And F are different, with the G of the interface from the base station 508 receives GPS assistance information to the GPS module 522. 由于通常存在许多现有地理定位协议,所以G接口可被设计为可在大范围地理定位标准和独立的空中接口上使用,即对于可应用空中接口是唯一的。 Since typically many existing geographic positioning protocol, the G interface may be designed to be used over a wide range and independent geographic positioning standard air interface, i.e. is unique for applicable air interface. PI2 524可实现为可应用地理定位标准的简化。 PI2 524 may be implemented to simplify the applicable geopositioning standards.

操作中,呼叫处理机520通过G接口而将PI2格式的位置请求信息和网络辅助信息发送到GPS模块522。 In operation, call processor 520 and the position of the interface G PI2 format request information and network assistance information to the GPS module 522. 反过来,GPS模块522通过同一接口将位置结果或误差通知发送到呼叫处理机520。 Conversely, GPS module 522 via the same interface location results or error notification to the call processor 520. 应注意包括SAMPS、GSM、和CDMA的所有地理定位协议工作在交互作用典范下。 It should be noted include SAMPS, GSM, CDMA and all geopositioning agreement to work under the interaction model. 基站508仅将移动设备506所请求的发回来。 The base station 508 will be sent back only the mobile device 506 requested. 一般来说,执行交互作用的对策高度依赖于GPS模块522处理的知识。 In general, the implementation of countermeasures interactions is highly dependent on the GPS module 522 knowledge processing.

另外,与许多协议堆栈级相反,地理定位协议是应用协议,这意味着它们处理消息的语义(含义)。 In addition, contrary to many protocol stack level, geopositioning protocol is an application protocol, which means they handle message semantics (meaning). 所以,它们并不仅将数据从一方运输到另一方,无需TCP-IP堆栈中交换或重复的误差校正和消除。 Therefore, they are not to transport data from one side to the other, without having to exchange TCP-IP stack or duplicate elimination and error correction. 这样,处理该协议(例如判决请求一些数据)的任何实体需要知道这些数据用于什么,以及在该协议上交换的每一参数的含义(即其需要知道GPS方发生了什么)。 Thus, any of the protocol processing entity (e.g. the decision request some data) needs to know what the data is used, and the meaning of each parameter in the protocol exchange (i.e., it needs to know what has arisen GPS). 这样,地理定位协议的实施者应为GPS“了解(savvy)”。 In this way, the perpetrators geopositioning protocol should be GPS "understand (savvy)".

所以,PI2 524利用空中接口有限状态机(“FSM”)(未示出)。 Therefore, PI2 524 over the air interface using a finite state machine ( "FSM") (not shown). 一般来说,这导致FSM当前处于的状态是由对GPS存储器(未示出)的内容的当前知识强加的,并导致发送请求消息以使某些不完整的GPS信息完整的判决被内建在FSM自身中。 Generally, this results in the current state of FSM is imposed by the current knowledge of the contents of the GPS memory (not shown) and led to send a request message to make certain incomplete GPS information being built into a complete sentence FSM itself.

这样,图6示出了利用FSM的基于IS-801的CDMA移动设备600的示例性框图。 Thus, FIG. 6 shows a block diagram of an exemplary CDMA mobile device utilizing a FSM based on IS-801 600. 移动设备600包括呼叫处理机602和GPS模块604。 Mobile device 600 comprises a call processor 602 and GPS module 604. 呼叫处理机602包括空中接口CP模块606、空中接口协议到GPS模块接口转换器608、GPS模块数据结构610、GPS模块空中接口汇编器/反汇编器612、GPS模块/CP系统消息协议汇编器/反汇编器614、和GPS模块接口模块616。 Call processor 602 includes air-interface CP module 606, air-interface protocol to GPS module interface converter 608, GPS module data structure 610, GPS module air-interface assembler / disassembler 612, GPS module / CP System Message protocol assembler / disassembler 614, and a GPS module interface module 616. GPS模块604包括CP接口模块618、PI2接口模块620、PI2数据结构622、CP系统接口FSM 624、和GPS内核626。 The GPS module 604 includes CP interface module 618, PI2 interface module 620, PI2 data structure 622, CP system interface FSM 624, and GPS core 626. GPS内核626经由信号通道632从GPS卫星星群226接收GPS信号,并且空中接口CP模块606经由信号通道630与基站(未示出)进行信号通信。 GPS core 626 receives via signal path 632 from a GPS satellite constellation 226 GPS signals, and the air-interface CP module 606 in signal communication via signal path 630 with a base station (not shown).

转向图7,图7示出了在CDMA环境下利用FSM的基于RRLP的手持(即,基于GSM的蜂窝电话)移动设备700的示例性框图。 Turning to FIG. 7, FIG. 7 shows the RRLP-based handset (i.e., GSM-based cellular telephone) is an exemplary block diagram using a FSM in a CDMA environment of the mobile device 700. 移动设备700包括经由信号通道706进行信号通信的呼叫处理机702和GPS模块704。 Mobile device 700 comprises a call processor 702 in signal communication and a GPS module 704 via signal path 706. 呼叫处理机702包括空中接口CP模块708、空中接口协议到GPS模块接口转换器710、GPS模块PI2数据结构712、PI2接口消息汇编器/反汇编器714、CP/GPS模块系统消息协议汇编器/反汇编器714、和GPS模块接口模块718。 Call processor 702 includes air-interface CP module 708, air-interface protocol to GPS module interface converter 710, GPS module PI2 data structure 712, PI2 interface messages assembler / disassembler 714, CP / GPS Module System Message protocol assembler / disassembler 714, and a GPS module interface module 718. GPS模块704包括CP接口模块720、PI2接口模块722、PI2数据结构724、CP系统接口FSM 726、和GPS内核728。 The GPS module 704 includes CP interface module 720, PI2 interface module 722, PI2 data structure 724, CP system interface FSM 726, and GPS core 728. GPS内核728经由信号通道732接收来自GPS卫星星群226的GPS信号,而空中接口CP模块708经由信号通道730与基站(未示出)进行信号通信。 Receiving GPS core 728 732 from the GPS satellite constellation 226 via signal path of the GPS signal, and the air interface CP module 708 in signal communication via signal path 730 with a base station (not shown).

图8示出了地理定位服务站802、呼叫处理机804和GPS模块806之间的RRLP到PI2消息流程图800的示例。 FIG 8 shows a geolocation service station 802, RRLP between the call processor 804 and GPS module 806 to PI2 message flow diagram 800 of an example. 图8用图形示出了早先所描述的处理。 Figure 8 graphically shows the process described earlier.

图9示出了呼叫处理机902、GPS模块904和基站(“BS”)906之间的PI2消息流程图900的示例。 Figure 9 shows a call processor 902, GPS module 904 and the base station ( "BS") PI2 message flow diagram 900 between the sample 906. 呼叫处理机902包括基站接口处理器908、PI2转换器910、F接口处理器912和G接口处理器914。 Call processor 902 includes a base station interface handler 908, PI2 converter 910, F interface handler 912 and G interface processor 914. 图9用图形示出了早先所描述的处理。 Figure 9 graphically shows the process described earlier.

图10示出了与图2所示的任一示例设备202、204、206、208、210和212类似的集成通信和GPS系统1000的示例实现。 FIG 10 shows an example of any of the examples shown in FIG. 2 apparatus 202,204,206,208,210 and 212 similar to integrated communication and GPS system 1000 implemented. 图10的集成通信和GPS系统1000将从图2的GPS星群226接收GPS信号1002、通过图2的基站塔228从蜂窝电话通信网络(未示出)或者通过非蜂窝连接点230利用非蜂窝通信网络(未示出)接收图10的通信信号1004。 Integrated GPS and communication system 1000 of FIG. 10 from FIG. GPS constellation 226 of GPS signals 1002 received from the cellular telephone communication network (not shown) via a base station tower 228 in FIG. 2, or non-cellular connection point 230 through the use of non-cellular communication network (not shown) receives the communication signal 1004 in FIG. 10. 集成通信和GPS系统1000可以包括通信模块1006(诸如呼叫处理机“CP”)、与呼叫处理机1006进行信号通信的GPS模块1008中的GPS内核1007、和部分年历收集系统(“PACS”)1010。 Integrated communication and GPS system 1000 may include a communications module 1006 (such as a call processor "CP"), GPS core 1007, and part of almanac collection system ( "PACS") 1010 GPS module 1008 in signal communication with the call processor 1006 .

呼叫处理机1006可以是能够与诸如蜂窝电话通信网络(未示出)或者非蜂窝式无线或非无线网络(未示出)的外部通信网络进行单向或双向通信的任意通信设备。 Call processor 1006 may be any communication device capable of unidirectional or bidirectional communication with external communication network such as a cellular telephone communication network (not shown) or a non-cellular wireless or non-wireless network (not shown). 通信模块1006的蜂窝式电话类型示例可以包括由伊利诺斯州,Schaumberg的摩托罗拉公司生产的蜂窝电话呼叫处理集成调度增强网络(“iDENTM”),由芬兰的诺基亚、瑞典的索爱、加利福尼亚州圣地亚哥的高通公司使用的CDMA20001X型芯片组、或者能够与GPS模块1008通信的任何类似类型的GSM/CDMA/TDMA/UMTS类通信设备。 Examples of types of cellular telephone communication module may include a 1006 Illinois, Schaumberg Motorola cellular phone company's call processing integrated dispatch enhanced network ( "iDENTM"), by Nokia, Sony Ericsson, Sweden, Finland, in San Diego, California CDMA20001X Qualcomm chipset used, or can be any similar type of GSM communication module 1008 with GPS / CDMA / TDMA / UMTS type of communication device. 非蜂窝电话类型通信设备的例子可包括由德国西门子SA生产的SX45 GPS辅助设备、能够与BlueTooth通信的任何通信设备、基于IEEE 802.11的无线保真(“Wi-Fi”)网络、或其他类似无线网。 Examples of non-cellular telephone type of communication device may comprise a Siemens SA SX45 GPS accessory produced, any communication device capable of communicating BlueTooth, based on an IEEE 802.11 wireless fidelity ( "Wi-Fi") network, or other similar wireless network. GPS模块1008可以包括能够与通信模块1006通信的任意GPS接收机。 Module 1008 may include a GPS receiver capable of communicating with any of the GPS communication module 1006. GPS内核1007是接收来自GPS卫星星群226的GPS信号以及从所接收的GPS信号提取GPS数据的GPS接收机中的典型GPS功能块。 GPS core 1007 from the GPS satellite constellation is received GPS signal 226 and function block extracting typical GPS GPS receiver GPS data from the GPS signals received.

PACS 1010可以包括控制器1012,用于存储数据的诸如非易失性存储器和/或存储设备的存储器设备1014,接口1018(诸如上述PI2接口),与控制器1012、存储设备1014、接口1018、呼叫处理机1006和GPS模块1008进行信号通信的PACS通信总线1016。 PACS 1010 may include a controller 1012, a memory device such as a nonvolatile memory for storing data and / or storage device 1014, an interface 1018 (such as the above PI2 interface), and the controller 1012, memory device 1014, an interface 1018, call processor and the GPS module 1006 1008 1016 PACS communication bus signal communication. PACS 1010可以被集成在呼叫处理机1006或GPS模块1008中(诸如被集成在同样的集成电路半导体小片上),或者可以是集成通信和GPS系统1000内的单独外部设备。 PACS 1010 in the call processor may be integrated in the GPS module 1006 or 1008 (such as are integrated on the same integrated circuit semiconductor die), or may be a separate integrated communications and GPS system 1000 in the external device. PACS 1010也可以是在集成通信和GPS系统1000外部的单独外部设备,诸如外部附加卡或设备。 PACS 1010 may also be a separate external device 1000 and external GPS integrated communications system, such as an external add-in card or device. 此外,PACS 1010可以被集成在包括呼叫处理机1006、GPS模块1008和PACS1010的单个集成电路半导体小片上。 Further, PACS 1010 may be integrated in 1006, GPS module 1008 and PACS1010 a single integrated circuit semiconductor die comprising a call processor.

控制器1012可以是任意处理器类型的控制器,包括呼叫处理机1006的处理器(未示出)、GPS模块1008的处理器(未示出)、或者能够控制如何由GPS模块1008收集年历数据以及如何将所收集的数据传递到呼叫处理机1006的外部处理器。 The controller 1012 may be any type of processor, controller, comprising a call processor a processor (not shown) 1006, the GPS module 1008 processor (not shown), or can control how to collect almanac data from the GPS module 1008 and to pass the collected data to the call processor 1006 of the external processor. 控制器1012可以是微处理器、数字信号处理器(“DSP”)、或者特定用途集成电路(“ASIC”)。 The controller 1012 may be a microprocessor, a digital signal processor ( "DSP"), or application specific integrated circuit ( "ASIC"). 在微处理器或者DSP的情况下,可以利用软件(未示出)来控制控制器1012的操作。 In the case of a microprocessor or DSP may be utilized software (not shown) to control operation of the controller 1012. 该软件可以驻留在控制器1012、呼叫处理机1006、GPS模块1008中,或者驻留在可拆卸存储器(未示出)中,诸如可拆卸存储盘(诸如软盘、CDROM、DVD或者其它类似类型的介质)或者卡(诸如MemoryStickTM、CompactFlashTM、xDTM、SmartMediaTM或者其它类似介质)。 The software may reside in the controller 1012, the call processor 1006, GPS module 1008, or reside in removable memory (not shown), such as a removable storage disk (such as a floppy disk, CDROM, DVD or other similar types medium), or card (such as MemoryStickTM, CompactFlashTM, xDTM, SmartMediaTM or other similar media).

作为操作的示例,PACS 1010允许GPS模块1008接收来自GPS星群226的部分(即,分段的或者逐段的)年历。 As an example of operation, PACS 1010 allows the GPS module 1008 receives from the GPS constellation portion 226 (i.e., a piecewise or segmented) calendar. 通过这种方式,集成通信和GPS系统1000不必要等待用于GPS模块1008下载年历数据的整个全部年历的显著时间量,同时保持连续不中断卫星可见性。 In this manner, integrated communication and GPS system 1000 necessary for a significant amount of time waiting for the entire GPS almanac all downloaded almanac data module 1008, while maintaining a continuous uninterrupted satellite visibility.

PACS 1010允许GPS模块1008接收年历数据以及为PACS 1010提供每个单个卫星的信息(当其变得可用时)。 PACS 1010 allows the GPS module 1008 receives the almanac data and providing information for each individual satellite PACS 1010 (when it becomes available). PACS 1010能够接收来自GPS模块1008的诸如年历星期和到达时间(“TOA”)的信息,并且将年历星期和TOA与GPS模块1008所提供的每个卫星数据相关联。 Each satellite data and information such as the PACS 1010 can be a GPS module 1008 calendar week time of arrival ( "TOA") is received from, and the GPS almanac week and TOA provided by module 1008 is associated. PACS 1010然后汇集从GPS模块1008接收的卫星信息,并且明了(keeps track of)年历中每个卫星的新鲜度。 PACS 1010 then pooled satellite information received from the GPS module 1008, and clear (keeps track of) Freshness almanac of each satellite. 结果是,PACS 1010能够对可以具有下述卫星混合的年历起作用,这些卫星具有不同年历星历和TOA信息。 As a result, PACS 1010 may be capable of following the satellite almanac mixing function, these satellites with ephemeris and almanac different TOA information.

通常,PACS 1010控制器1012能够经由PACS通信总线1016启动和终止与GPS模块1008的年历下载会话。 Typically, PACS 1010 can be almanac download session controller 1012 via bus 1016 PACS initiating and terminating communication with the GPS module 1008. PACS 1010控制器1012还能够确定其是否已经从GPS模块1008接收到足够的卫星信息以明了年历中每个卫星的状态。 PACS 1010 Controller 1012 can also determine whether each satellite almanac to clear the status module 1008 has been received from the GPS satellite information sufficient. 控制器1012然后经由PACS通信总线1016将年历存储在PACS 1010的非易失存储器1014中以供将来使用。 Then the controller 1012 via the communication bus PACS 1016 almanac stored in the nonvolatile memory 10141010 PACS in for future use. PACS 1010能够经由PACS通信总线1016将年历数据传递到呼叫处理机1006和/或GPS模块1008。 PACS PACS 1010 can be transmitted via a communications bus 1016 to the call processor 1006 almanac data and / or GPS module 1008.

通常,PACS 1010可以以两种方式操作。 Typically, PACS 1010 can be operated in two ways. 第一种方式可以被描述为轮询处理(即,方法),其中PACS 1010响应于接收到来自呼叫处理机1006的分段下载请求(如果PACS 1010是与呼叫处理机1006分离的设备的话)而向GPS模块1008请求分段年历下载。 The first embodiment may be described as polling processing (i.e., method), wherein the PACS 1010 in response to receiving a download request from the call handler segment 1006 (if the PACS 1010 is a call processor 1006 then a separate device) and segment download request to the GPS module 1008 almanac. PACS 1010继续向GPS模块1008提出周期性请求以收集年历状态,直到已完全接收(如完全年历接收标志所指示的)或者PACS在完成年历数据的完全下载之前决定关闭与GPS模块1008的会话为止。 PACS 1010 continue to present a periodic calendar request status collection until completely received (e.g., calendar completely received flag indicated) or PACS decided to close the session with the GPS module 1008 up until completion of the almanac data is completely downloaded to the GPS module 1008. PACS 1010可以出于多种不同原因而在年历数据完全下载之前关闭与GPS模块1008的会话,所述多种不同原因包括断电(即,当用户关断集成通信和GPS设备1000时)、节电考虑、已经接收到用于呼叫处理机1006的完全年历、或者因为呼叫处理机1006请求会话关闭以发出呼叫或者执行同与GPS模块1010的开启会话相冲突的另一功能。 PACS 1010 can be a variety of different reasons for closing the session with the GPS module 1008 before the almanac data is completely downloaded, the plurality of different reasons including power-off (i.e., when the user turns off the integrated communication and GPS device 1000), Section electrical considerations for the almanac has been completely received call processor 1006, processor 1006 or because the call session close request to place the call to another function or perform the same open session with the GPS module 1010 conflict.

第二种方式可以被描述为非轮询方法,其中PACS 1010同样可能响应于接收到来自呼叫处理机1006的请求而同样向GPS模块1008请求分段年历下载。 The second embodiment can be described as non-polling method, wherein the PACS 1010 is likewise possible response to receiving the request from the call processor 1006 and 1008 requesting the same segment to the GPS almanac download module. 但是,在该情况下,控制器1012判定GPS模块1008将如何响应来自呼叫处理机1006的请求。 However, in this case, the controller 1012 determines the GPS module 1008 how to request a response from the call processor 1006. 如果GPS模块1008接收到足以完成完全年历收集的时间,则PACS 1010向呼叫处理机1006应答:完全年历被下载存储在存储器1014中。 If the GPS module 1008 receives the time sufficient to complete the full almanac was collected, the PACS 1010 to answer the call processor 1006: almanac is downloaded completely stored in the memory 1014. 如果PACS 1010出于任一原因确定在GPS模块1008能够下载完全年历前执行与GPS模块1008的会话关闭,则PACS 1010向呼叫处理机1006应答:已下载了部分年历。 If for any reason, for PACS 1010 determines to perform a session with the GPS module 1008 to close before completely download the GPS almanac module 1008, the PACS 1010 answer to the call processor 1006: almanac is downloaded portion. 如果在GPS模块1008正收集年历数据时环境状况改变因而GPS模块仅能够下载部分年历,则PACS 1010向呼叫处理机1006应答已下载了部分年历。 If at the GPS almanac data module 1008 is collecting environmental conditions change so the GPS module to download only part of the calendar, the PACS 1010 is answering the call processor 1006 partially downloaded almanac. 此外,如果PACS 1010确定GPS模块1008在呼叫处理机1006所给定的时限内不能收集任何年历信息,则PACS 1010向呼叫处理机1006应答不能收集任何年历数据。 In addition, the GPS module determines if the PACS 1010 1008 almanac information can not collect any call processor 1006 within the given time, the PACS 1010 to answer any call processor 1006 can collect almanac data.

现在转向示出了流程图1100的图11,流程图1100图示了轮询和非轮询处理方式的PACS操作的示例方法。 Turning now to an example method 1100 illustrates a flowchart of FIG. 11, a flowchart 1100 illustrates the polling and non-polling mode PACS processing operation. 在示例性轮询处理中,处理开始于步骤1102并且继续通过决定步骤1104到步骤1106。 In an exemplary polling process, the process starts at step 1102 and continues through decision step 1104 to step 1106. 在步骤1106,呼叫处理机开启与PACS的会话,然后在步骤1108中,呼叫处理机请求PACS执行从卫星(也称作“航天器”或“SV”)的分段年历下载。 In step 1106, the call processor and the PACS open a session, then in step 1108, the PACS performs call processor request from a satellite (also referred to as "spacecraft" or "SV") segment download almanac. 作为响应,在步骤1110中PACS执行分段年历下载。 In response, the segmentation is performed in almanac downloading step 1110 PACS. 呼叫处理机然后轮询PACS以查看是否下载了完全年历。 PACS call processor then polling to see if the calendar is completely downloaded. 在决定步骤1112中,如果下载了完全年历,则处理继续到步骤1114并且PACS用完全年历状态向呼叫处理机作出应答。 In decision step 1112, if the calendar is completely downloaded, the process proceeds to step 1114 and PACS respond to the call processor with complete calendar status. 呼叫处理机然后在步骤1116中关闭与PACS的会话并且处理在1118结束。 Call processor then close the session with the PACS in step 1116 and process 1118 ends.

相反,如果没有下载完全年历,则处理从决定步骤1112继续到决定步骤1120。 Conversely, if there is no download full calendar, then the process continues from decision step 1112 to step 1120 decision. 在决定步骤1120,如果呼叫处理机关闭了与PACS的会话,则处理在1118结束。 In decision step 1120, if the call processor closes the session with the PACS, then the process 1118 ends.

但是,如果呼叫处理机没有关闭与PACS的会话,则处理从决定步骤1120继续到步骤1122。 However, if no call processor closes the session with the PACS, from decision step 1120, the process continues to step 1122. 在步骤1122中,针对呼叫处理机的轮询请求,PACS用所收集的卫星年历状态向呼叫处理机作出应答。 In step 1122, the call processor for the polling request, PACS respond to the call processor state satellite almanac collected. 处理然后继续到步骤1124,呼叫处理机周期性地轮询PACS以收集分段年历。 The process then proceeds to step 1124, call processor periodically polls PACS segment to collect almanac. PACS在步骤1110中通过针对每个轮询执行分段年历下载而作出应答,并且处理重复步骤1112、1120、1122、1124、和1110直到下载了完全年历或者呼叫处理机关闭了会话为止,在该情况下,处理经由步骤1114、1116和1118或者经由步骤1120和1118结束。 PACS made in step 1110 by performing for each segment almanac download polling response, and the process repeats steps 1112,1120,1122,1124, and 1110 until the downloaded call processor or a complete calendar closed until the session, in which case, the processing through steps 1114, 1116 and 1118, or steps 1120 and 1118 via end.

在示例性非轮询处理中,处理同样开始于步骤1102并且继续通过决定步骤1104到步骤1126。 In an exemplary non-polling process, the same process begins at step 1102 and continues through decision step 1104 to step 1126. 在步骤1126中,呼叫处理机开启与PACS的会话,并且在步骤1128中呼叫处理机请求PACS执行从卫星的分段年历下载。 In step 1126, the call processor open a session with the PACS, PACS and requests the call processor performs in step 1128 downloads the satellite almanac from the segment. PACS在步骤1130中执行分段年历下载,并且在步骤1132中用所收集的年历状态向呼叫处理机作出应答。 PACS perform segmentation in step 1130 downloads almanac, and respond to the call processor state at step 1132 with the calendar collected. 在步骤1134,呼叫处理机请求年历的状态,以及在决定步骤1136,PACS确定PACS是否接收到足以完成完全年历下载的时间。 In 1134, the state of the almanac call processor request step, and decision step 1136, PACS PACS determine whether a sufficient time to complete the full almanac download. 应该理解,呼叫处理机也可以进行同样的确定。 It should be appreciated that the call processor can perform the same determination.

如果PACS确实接收到足以完成完全年历下载的时间,则处理从决定步骤1136继续到步骤1138。 If you do receive PACS enough to complete the full calendar download time, the process continues from decision step 1136 to step 1138. 在步骤1138,PACS向呼叫处理机报告完全年历的状态,作为响应呼叫处理机在步骤1140关闭与PACS的会话。 In 1138, the call processor PACS complete calendar status report to the step, as a response to a call handler closes the session at step 1140 and PACS. PACS然后在步骤1142中将年历数据存储到存储器(即,存储设备),并且然后在步骤1144向呼叫处理机发出确认。 PACS then in step 1142 the almanac data stored in the memory (i.e., storage devices), and then send a confirmation to the call processor 1144 in step. 处理然后在1118结束。 Processing then at the end of 1118.

如果PACS确实没有接收到足以完成完全下载的时间,则处理从决定步骤1136继续到决定步骤1146。 If the PACS does not receive enough to complete the full download time, the process continues from decision step 1136 to step 1146 decision. 在决定步骤1146中,如果呼叫处理机在PACS下载完全年历之前执行会话关闭操作,则处理继续到步骤1148。 In decision step 1146, if the call processor is performed before downloading the full almanac PACS session closing operation, the process proceeds to step 1148. 在步骤1148中,PACS向呼叫处理机报告部分年历下载的状态,作为响应呼叫处理机在步骤1140关闭与PACS的会话。 In step 1148, the call processor PACS downloading calendar status report section, as in step 1140 in response to a call handler closes the session with the PACS. PACS然后在步骤1142中将年历数据存储到存储器(即,存储设备),并且然后在步骤1144向呼叫处理机发出确认。 PACS then in step 1142 the almanac data stored in the memory (i.e., storage devices), and then send a confirmation to the call processor 1144 in step. 处理然后在1118结束。 Processing then at the end of 1118.

相反,如果在PACS下载完全年历之前呼叫处理机没有执行会话关闭操作,则处理从决定步骤1146继续到决定步骤1150。 Conversely, if the call processor is not performing a session closing operation before downloading the full PACS calendar, the process continues from decision step 1146 to decision step 1150. 在决定步骤1150中,如果呼叫处理机和/或PACS确定信号状况已经以使得PACS仅收集部分年历的方式改变,则PACS在步骤1148中向呼叫处理机报告部分年历的状态。 In decision step 1150, if the call processor and / or PACS have been determined so that the signal condition PACS collect only part of the calendar is changed, the status report to the call processor section almanac in step 1148 PACS. 作为响应,呼叫处理机在步骤1140关闭与PACS的会话。 In response, at step 1140 the call processor closes the session with the PACS. PACS然后在步骤1142中将年历数据存储到存储器(即,存储设备),并且然后在步骤1144向呼叫处理机发出确认。 PACS then in step 1142 the almanac data stored in the memory (i.e., storage devices), and then send a confirmation to the call processor 1144 in step. 处理然后在1118结束。 Processing then at the end of 1118.

或者,如果呼叫处理机和/或PACS确定信号状况没有以使得PACS仅收集部分年历的方式改变,则处理继续到决定步骤1152。 Alternatively, if the call processor and / or PACS None determination signal so that the portion of the calendar PACS collect only changed, the process continues to decision step 1152. 在决定步骤1152中,如果呼叫处理机和/或PACS确定在呼叫处理机和/或PACS所确定的某时间内PACS不能收集全部年历,则处理继续到步骤1154。 In decision step 1152, if the call processor and / or PACS PACS can not collect all determined within a certain time calendar call processor and / or PACS determined, the process proceeds to step 1154. 在步骤1154中,PACS用表示不能收集年历的状态向呼叫处理机作出应答。 In step 1154, PACS with collected almanac shows a state not respond to the call processor. 作为响应,呼叫处理机在步骤1140关闭与PACS的会话。 In response, at step 1140 the call processor closes the session with the PACS. PACS然后在步骤1142中将年历数据存储到存储器(即,存储设备),并且然后在步骤1144向呼叫处理机发出确认。 PACS then in step 1142 the almanac data stored in the memory (i.e., storage devices), and then send a confirmation to the call processor 1144 in step. 处理然后在1118结束。 Processing then at the end of 1118.

图12示出了PACS 1202所执行的示例轮询处理的信号流程图1200。 FIG 12 shows an exemplary signal flow diagram of the polling process performed PACS 1202 1200. 在该示例性处理中,呼叫处理机1204向PACS 1202请求分段年历下载。 In this exemplary process, the call processor 1204 to download the almanac request segment PACS 1202. 呼叫处理机1204可以承担向PACS 1202提出收集年历状态的周期性请求的责任,直到呼叫处理机1204接收到完全年历下载的状态或者呼叫处理机1204决定在完成完全年历之前关闭会话为止。 Call processor 1204 may be responsible for periodic collection of requests for status to the calendar PACS 1202, until the call processor 1204 receives the downloaded state or full almanac call processor 1204 determines closes the session before the completion of full almanac. 通常,该处理可以包括:呼叫处理机1204开启与PACS 1202的会话(可能通过PI2接口)、向PACS请求收集分段卫星(“SV”)年历下载、周期性轮询PACS 1202以收集分段年历、使得PACS 1202针对每个轮询请求用所收集的SV年历状态作出应答、以及一旦完成完全下载就使得呼叫处理机1204关闭与PACS 1202的会话。 Typically, the process may include: a call processor 1204 and the opening 1202 of the session PACS (possibly through PI2 interface) to request collection segment PACS satellite ( "SV") almanac download, periodic polling PACS segment 1202 to collect almanac such request respond PACS 1202, and upon completion of the full download call processor 1204 that can close the session with the PACS 1202 using the SV almanac state collected for each poll. PACS 1202然后在PACS1202和呼叫处理机1204之间的会话关闭之前将年历数据存储到存储器设备1260(诸如闪存)。 PACS 1202 is then closed before the session between the call processor 1204 and PACS1202 the almanac data stored in the memory device 1260 (such as flash memory). PACS 1202可以接收来自呼叫处理机1204的指示,其包括操作参数,诸如但不限于,当信号状况在某水平(诸如大于28dB-Hertz)之上时收集卫星年历的指示、以及呼叫处理机1204将提供还是将不提供任何年历辅助的表示。 It indicates PACS 1202 may receive an instruction from the call processor 1204, which includes operating parameters, such as, but not limited to, satellite almanac was collected when the condition signal is above a certain level (such as greater than 28dB-Hertz), and the call processor 1204 providing or will not provide any assistance the calendar indicates.

如图12所示,呼叫处理机1204经由接口1208(诸如PI2接口)向PACS1202发出会话开启请求1206。 As shown, call processor 121 204 1208 via an interface (such as a PI2 interface) issues a session open request to PACS1202 1206. PACS 1202发出对会话开启请求1206的确认1210。 PACS 1202 issues a session open request acknowledgment of 12,101,206. 呼叫处理机1204然后向PACS 1202发出分段年历请求1212。 Call processor 1204 and then sent to the PACS 1202 almanac request segment 1212. PACS 1202然后将分段年历请求1214从接口1208传递到控制器1216,控制器1216将请求1218传递到GPS模块(未示出)内的GPS内核1220并且向呼叫处理机1204发出确认1222。 PACS 1202 then requests 12141208 calendar segment transmitted from the interface to the controller 1216, the controller 1216 to request 1218 is transmitted to the GPS module (not shown) within the GPS core 1220 and send a confirmation to the call processor 1222 1204.

GPS内核1220然后接收来自GPS星群1226的GPS信号1224。 GPS core 1220 then receives GPS signals from the GPS constellation 1226 1224. GPS内核1220从所接收的GPS信号1224中提取所接收的年历数据并且将所接收的年历数据1228传递到控制器1216。 GPS almanac data received kernel 1220 1224 extracts from the received GPS signals and the received almanac data 1228 to the controller 1216. 控制器1216然后从年历数据确定伪随机噪声数(“PRN”)、到达时间(“TOA”)、和星期数,并且经由1230和1232将包括PRN、TOA和星期数的年历数据从PACS 1202传递到呼叫处理机1204。 The controller 1216 then determines the almanac data from the pseudo-random number ( "PRN") noise, time of arrival ( "TOA"), and the number of weeks, and via 1230 and 1232 include PRN, TOA and calendar day of the week data transfer from PACS 1202 the call processor 1204. 作为响应,呼叫处理机1204经由对年历更新状态请求的请求而提出对分段年历的周期性请求1234。 In response, the call processor 1204 via a request to update the calendar request status of the segment proposed periodic almanac request 1234. 应该理解,GPS内核1220恒定地接收来自GPS星群1226的GPS信号1224和1236,以及控制器1216周期性地请求1238、1240、和1242并且接收1244、1246和1248来自GPS内核1220的年历数据。 It should be appreciated, the kernel 1220 constantly GPS receives a GPS signal 12241226 and 1236, from a GPS constellation and a controller 1216 periodically requests 1238,1240, 1244,1246, and 1242 and 1248 and receives data from the GPS almanac 1220 kernel.

控制器1216用从PACS 1202传递1252到呼叫处理机1204的分段年历数据1250、对来自呼叫处理机1204的对分段年历的周期性请求作出应答。 Transmitted by the controller 1216 to the call processor 1252 1204 almanac data segment from PACS 1202 1250, a request for making periodic almanac segment 1204 from the call processor response. 控制器1216然后管理年历数据库并且施加任何混合年历处理。 The controller 1216 then manages the calendar database and application of any calendar mixing process. 在某时间点,响应于自PACS 1202接收的收集了完全年历的状态或者表示PACS不能收集年历的状态,呼叫处理机1204向PACS 1202发出会话关闭请求1254。 At any point in time, in response to receiving from the PACS 1202 is collected or a state showing a state of complete calendar can not collect PACS calendar, call processor 1204 issues a session close request 1254 to the PACS 1202. 当呼叫处理机1204向PACS 1202发出会话关闭请求1254时,会话关闭请求1256被传递到控制器1216。 When the call processor 1204 issues a session close request 1254 to the PACS 1202, session close request 1256 is transmitted to the controller 1216. 控制器1216然后传递1258年历数据到储存存储器1260。 The controller 1216 is then passed 1258 to the almanac data storage memory 1260. 控制器然后经由1262和1264用确认向呼叫处理机1204作出应答。 The controller then respond to the call processor 1204 and 1264 through 1262 with an acknowledgment.

或者,在非轮询示例处理中,呼叫处理机向PACS提出年历下载(诸如分段年历下载)的请求。 Alternatively, in the non-polling process example, the call processor to download the PACS made almanac (such as a segment almanac download) request. PACS然后基于下述情景对年历下载状态的报告做出判定:1)如果PACS接收到足以完成完全年历收集的时间,则PACS将报告完全年历下载的状态;2)在呼叫处理机在PACS完成完全年历下载之前出于任何原因执行会话关闭的情况下,PACS将报告部分年历下载的状态;3)如果在PACS正收集年历时信号状况改变并且PACS仅能够收集部分年历,则PACS将报告部分年历下载的状态;以及4)PACS将向呼叫处理机报告不能收集年历的状态,因为PACS在某预定时间如例如5分钟内不能收集年历(典型地在信号弱的状况下)。 PACS is then based on the report on the situations almanac download status determination is made: 1) If the received time sufficient to complete PACS calendar completely collected, the PACS will be reported full almanac download state; 2) in the call processor is fully completed PACS before downloading calendar without any reason for performing a session closing, PACS download the almanac state reporting section; 3) If the condition change signal when the positive PACS and PACS can only collect almanac collection portion almanac, the almanac PACS download the report section state; and. 4) PACS will not collect call reports the state machine calendar, because at a certain predetermined time, such as PACS, for example, can not collect almanac within 5 minutes (typically under weak signal conditions). PACS然后在PACS与呼叫处理机之间的会话关闭之前将年历数据存储到存储器设备(诸如闪存),然后向呼叫处理机发出确认。 PACS is then closed before the session between the call processor and the PACS the almanac data stored in the memory devices (such as flash memory), and a confirmation to the call processor.

作为示例,图13示出了PACS 1302所执行的示例非轮询处理的信号流程图1300。 As an example, FIG. 13 shows an example of a non-executed PACS 1302 1300 a signal flow diagram of the polling process. 在该示例性处理中,呼叫处理机1304启动与PACS 1302的会话并且向PACS 1302请求年历下载(诸如分段年历下载)。 In this exemplary process, the call processor 1304 starts a session with PACS 1302 and requests to download the almanac PACS 1302 (such as a segment almanac download). PACS 1302可以接收来自呼叫处理机1304的指示,其包括操作参数,诸如但不限于,当信号状况在某水平(诸如大于28dB-Hertz)之上时收集卫星年历的指示、以及呼叫处理机1304将提供还是将不提供任何年历辅助的表示。 It indicates PACS 1302 may receive an instruction from the call processor 1304, which includes operating parameters, such as, but not limited to, satellite almanac was collected when the condition signal is above a certain level (such as greater than 28dB-Hertz), and the call processor 1304 providing or will not provide any assistance the calendar indicates. PACS 1302然后用确认应答呼叫处理机1304的请求、开始年历收集、并用年历状态消息向呼叫处理机1304作出应答。 PACS 1302 followed by acknowledgment call processor 1304 of the request, starts to collect almanac, and respond to the call processor 1304 using calendar status message. 呼叫处理机1304然后经由消息请求而请求来自PACS 1302的年历更新状态。 Call processor 1304 then requests the almanac request message via the update state from the PACS 1302. PACS 1302用包括年历PRN、TOA、和年历星期数的为所有卫星收集的年历数据的年历状态消息向呼叫处理机1304的请求作出应答。 PACS 1302 comprises a calendar with calendar status PRN, TOA, and the number of calendar week collection for all the satellite almanac data request message respond to the call processor 1304. PACS 1302然后管理年历数据库并且施加任意混合年历处理。 PACS 1302 and then applied to any database management almanac almanac mixing process. 在某时间点,呼叫处理机1304通过发出关闭会话请求而关闭与PACS 1302的会话。 At any point in time, the call processor 1304 and PACS 1302 close a session by issuing a request to close the session. PACS1302然后将年历存储到存储器设备1360(诸如闪存),并向呼叫处理机1304发出确认。 PACS1302 calendar then stored in the memory device 1360 (such as flash memory), and a confirmation call processor 1304.

如图13所示,呼叫处理机1304经由接口1308(诸如PI2接口)向PACS1302发出会话开启请求1306。 13, call processor 1304 via an interface 1308 (such as a PI2 interface) 1306 issues a session open request to PACS1302. PACS 1302发出对会话开启请求1306的确认1310。 PACS 1302 issues a session open request acknowledgment of 13,101,306. 呼叫处理机1304然后向PACS 1302发出年历请求1312。 Calendar call processor 1304 then issues a request to the PACS 1302 1312. PACS 1302然后将年历请求1314从接口1308传递到控制器1316,控制器1316将请求1318传递到GPS模块(未示出)内的GPS内核1320,并且向呼叫处理机1304发出确认1322。 PACS 1302 is then transmitted from the calendar request 13141308 interfaces to the controller 1316, the controller 1316 to request 1318 is transmitted to the GPS module (not shown) within the GPS core 1320, and a confirmation to the call processor 1322 1304.

GPS内核1320然后接收来自GPS星群1326的GPS信号1324。 GPS core 1320 then receives GPS signals from the GPS constellation 1326 1324. GPS内核1320从所接收的GPS信号1324中提取所接收的年历数据并且将所接收的年历数据1328传递到控制器1316。 GPS almanac data received kernel 1320 1324 extracts from the received GPS signals and the received almanac data 1328 to the controller 1316. 控制器1316然后确定年历下载的状态,并且经由1330和1332将年历数据状态从PACS 1302传递到呼叫处理机1304。 The controller 1316 then determines the status of downloading calendar, and to the PACS 1302 is transmitted from the call processor 1330 and 1304 via the 1332 almanac data state. 作为响应,呼叫处理机1304提出年历请求1334。 In response, the call processor 1304 almanac request 1334 made. 应该理解,GPS内核1320恒定地接收来自GPS星群1326的GPS信号1324和1336,以及控制器1316周期性地请求1338、1340和1342并且接收1344、1346和1348来自GPS内核1320的年历数据。 It should be appreciated, the kernel 1320 constantly GPS receives a GPS signal 13241326 and 1336, from a GPS constellation and a controller 1316 periodically requests and receives 1344,1346 1338,1340 and 1342 and 1348 almanac data from the GPS 1320 kernel.

控制器1316用从PACS 1302传递1352到呼叫处理机1304的分段年历数据1350来应答来自呼叫处理机1304的年历请求1334。 1316 is transmitted by the controller 1352 to the call processor almanac data segment from the PACS 1302 1304 1350 1304 almanac response from the call processor 1334 of the request. 控制器1316然后管理年历数据库并且施加任何混合年历处理。 The controller 1316 then manages the calendar database and application of any calendar mixing process. 在某时间点,响应于从PACS1202接收的收集了完全年历的状态或者表示PACS不能收集年历的状态,呼叫处理机1304向PACS 1302发出会话关闭请求1354。 At any point in time, in response to the state collection of PACS can not collect the state of the almanac calendar PACS1202 completely or received from said call processor 1304 issues a session close request 1354 to the PACS 1302. 当呼叫处理机1304向PACS 1302发出会话关闭请求1354时,会话关闭请求1356被传递到控制器1316。 When the call processor 1304 issues a session close request 1354 to the PACS 1302, session close request 1356 is transmitted to the controller 1316. 控制器1316然后传递1358年历数据到储存存储器1360。 The controller 1316 is then passed 1358 to the almanac data storage memory 1360. 控制器1316然后经由1362和1364用确认对呼叫处理机1302作出应答。 The controller 1316 then responds to the call processor 1302 and 1364 through 1362 with an acknowledgment.

图14示出了PACS 1402所执行的另一示例非轮询处理的信号流程图1400。 FIG 14 shows a signal flow diagram of another example of a non-polling process performed PACS 1402 1400. 在图14中,作为呼叫处理机1404在PACS 1404完成完全年历下载之前(出于某种原因)执行会话关闭的结果,PACS 1402报告部分年历下载的状态。 In FIG 14, a call processor before completion of the PACS 1404 almanac completely downloaded (for some reason) to perform session closing a result, PACS 1402 reporting section 1404 almanac download status. 在该示例性处理中,呼叫处理机1404启动与PACS 1402的会话并且向PACS 1402请求年历下载(诸如分段年历下载)。 In this exemplary process, the call processor 1404 starts a session with PACS 1402 and requests to download the almanac PACS 1402 (such as a segment almanac download). PACS 1402可以接收来自呼叫处理机1404的指示,其包括操作参数,诸如但不限于,当信号状况在某水平(诸如大于28dB-Hertz)之上时收集卫星年历的指示以及呼叫处理机1404将提供还是将不提供任何年历辅助的表示。 PACS 1402 may receive an instruction from the call processor 1404, which includes operating parameters, such as, but not limited to, when the condition signal is above a certain level (such as greater than 28dB-Hertz) to collect satellite almanac indication will be provided and the call processor 1404 or will not provide any assistance the calendar indicates. PACS 1402然后用确认对呼叫处理机1404的请求作出应答,开始年历收集,并用年历状态消息对呼叫处理机1404作出应答。 PACS 1402 then responds to the request with an acknowledgment of the call processor 1404, he began to collect almanac, and with the almanac status message processor 1404 to answer the call. 呼叫处理机1404然后经由消息请求而请求来自PACS 1402的年历更新状态。 Call processor 1404 then requests the almanac request message via the update state from the PACS 1402. PACS 1402用确认对呼叫处理机1404的请求作出应答并开始年历收集。 PACS 1402 respond to the request with an acknowledgment of the call processor 1404 and begin collecting calendar. 但是,在该示例中,在PACS 1402获得完成完全年历下载的机会之前,呼叫处理机1402就向PACS 1402发出关闭会话请求。 But before, in this example, the access to the PACS 1402 full almanac download completion, call processor 1402 issues a request to close the session PACS 1402. 结果是,PACS1402然后管理年历数据库并且施加任意混合年历处理,并且用表示PACS1402是否已收集了部分卫星年历的消息来应答呼叫处理机1404。 As a result, the calendar database management PACS1402 then mixed and applied to any calendar treatment, and indicates whether PACS1402 collected with a portion of the satellite almanac message handler 1404 to answer the call. 呼叫处理机1404然后请求年历更新状态并且PACS 1402通过用包括年历PRN、TOA、和年历星期数的字段报告部分年历数据的年历状态来做出应答。 Call processor 1404 then requests almanac and update state by treatment with PACS 1402 comprises a status field report almanac almanac PRN, TOA, and the number of calendar weeks part of almanac data to make a response. PACS 1402然后将年历存储到存储器设备1452(诸如闪存),并向呼叫处理机1404发出确认。 PACS 1402 is then stored in the memory device 1452 almanac (such as flash memory), send a confirmation to the call processor 1404. 在该时间点,呼叫处理机1404可以确定其想要完全年历状态还是仅想要部分收集的年历。 At this time point, call processor 1404 may determine the desired state of the almanac completely or only desired fractions were collected almanac.

如图14所示,呼叫处理机1404经由接口1408(诸如PI2接口)向PACS1402发出会话开启请求1406。 14, the call processor 1404 via an interface 1408 (such as a PI2 interface) 1406 issues a session open request to PACS1402. PACS 1402发出对会话开启请求1406的确认1410。 PACS 1402 issues a session open request acknowledgment of 14,101,406. 呼叫处理机1404然后向PACS 1402发出年历请求1412。 Calendar call processor 1404 then issues a request to the PACS 1402 1412. PACS 1402然后将年历请求1414从接口1408传递到控制器1416,控制器1416将请求1418传递到GPS模块(未示出)内的GPS内核1420并且向呼叫处理机1404发出确认1420。 PACS 1402 is then transmitted from the calendar request 14141408 interfaces to the controller 1416, the controller 1416 to request 1418 is transmitted to the GPS module (not shown) within the GPS core 1420 and send a confirmation to the call processor 1420 1404.

GPS内核1420然后接收来自GPS星群1426的GPS信号1424。 GPS core 1420 then receives GPS signals from the GPS constellation 1426 1424. GPS内核1420从所接收的GPS信号1424中提取所接收的年历数据并且将所接收的年历数据1428传递到控制器1416。 GPS almanac data received kernel 1420 1424 extracts from the received GPS signals and the received almanac data 1428 to the controller 1416. 应该理解,GPS内核1420恒定地接收来自GPS星群1426的GPS信号1424和1430,以及控制器1416周期性地请求1418和1432并且接收1428和1434来自GPS内核1420的年历数据。 It should be appreciated, the kernel 1420 constantly GPS receives a GPS signal 14241426 and 1430, 1428 and 1434 and receiving data from the GPS constellation almanac controller 1416 periodically requests 1418 and 1432 and 1420 from the GPS core. 通过这种方式,PACS 1402收集来自GPS星群1426的分段年历。 In this manner, PACS 1402 almanac collection segment from the GPS constellation 1426. 当呼叫处理机1404向PACS 1402发出会话关闭请求1436时,会话关闭请求1438被传递到控制器1416。 When the call processor 1404 issues a session close request 1436, the session close request 1438 is transmitted to the controller 1416 to the PACS 1402. 控制器1416然后管理年历数据库并且施加任何混合年历处理,并且经由接口1408用应答消息1442来应答呼叫处理机1404,该应答消息1442表示PACS 1402是否已收集了来自GPS星群1426的卫星的部分年历。 The controller 1416 then manages the almanac database mixing and application of any calendar processing, and the response message 1408 via the interface 1442 to answer the call processor 1404, the response message 1442 indicating whether the PACS 1402 collected from some of the GPS constellation almanac of satellite 1426 . 作为应答,呼叫处理机1404请求1444来自PACS1402的年历更新状态。 In response, the call processor 1404 1444 almanac update status request from the PACS1402. PACS 1402用包括年历PRN、TOA、和年历星期数的为一个卫星(或者多个卫星)收集的年历数据的年历状态消息1448来应答1446呼叫处理机1404的请求。 PACS 1402 comprises a calendar PRN, TOA, and a number of satellite almanac weeks (or more satellite) status message 1448 almanac almanac data collected to answer the call processor 1446 of the request 1404. PACS1402然后将年历数据传递1450到储存存储器1452。 PACS1402 almanac data is then transferred to the storage memory 1450 1452. 控制器1416然后经由1454和1456用确认来应答呼叫处理机1402。 1416 and 1454 and the controller 1456 via the processor 1402 to answer the call with an acknowledgment.

图15示出了PACS 1504所执行的另一示例非轮询处理的信号流程图1500。 FIG 15 shows a signal flow diagram of another example of a non-polling process performed PACS 1504 1500. 在图15中,作为在PACS 1504完成完全年历下载之前信号状况改变的结果,PACS 1502报告部分年历下载的状态。 In FIG 15, as a result completed before full download calendar changing signal conditions in the PACS 1504, PACS 1502 almanac download state reporting section. 在该示例性处理中,呼叫处理机1504启动与PACS 1502的会话,并且向PACS 1502请求年历下载(诸如分段年历下载)。 In this exemplary process, the call processor 1504 initiates a session with the PACS 1502, and requests to download the almanac PACS 1502 (such as a segment almanac download). PACS 1502可以接收来自呼叫处理机1504的指示,其包括操作参数,诸如但不限于,当信号状况在某水平(诸如大于28dB-Hertz)之上时收集卫星年历的指示以及呼叫处理机1504将提供还是将不提供任何年历辅助的表示。 PACS 1502 may receive an instruction from the call processor 1504, which includes operating parameters, such as, but not limited to, when the condition signal is above a certain level (such as greater than 28dB-Hertz) to collect satellite almanac indication will be provided and the call processor 1504 or will not provide any assistance the calendar indicates. PACS 1502向呼叫处理机1502发出确认并且开始收集年历。 Acknowledgment sent to the PACS 1502 and call processor 1502 begin collecting almanac. 在该示例中,在PACS 1502收集完全年历之前,信号改变。 In this example, the full almanac was collected before the PACS 1502, signal changes. PACS 1502然后向呼叫处理机1504发出消息,表示其是否已收集了部分年历。 PACS 1502 then issues a message to the call processor 1504, which indicates whether the section has been collected almanac. 作为响应,呼叫处理机1504请求年历更新状态,并且PACS 1504用年历状态做出应答,该年历状态包括含有年历PRN、TOA、和年历星期数的字段中的部分年历数据的年历状态。 In response, the call processor 1504 updates the calendar request status, and response made by the PACS 1504 almanac state, the state includes almanac containing almanac PRN, the TOA calendar status, and the number of fields in the calendar week almanac data portion. PACS 1504然后管理年历数据库,并且施加任意混合年历处理。 Then the calendar database management PACS 1504, and processing is applied to any mixture almanac. 呼叫处理机1502然后发出会话关闭请求。 Call processor 1502 then issues a request to close the session. PACS 1502然后存储年历到存储器设备1520(诸如闪存)并且向呼叫处理机1504发出确认。 PACS 1502 is then stored to a memory device 1520 almanac (such as flash memory) and sends an acknowledgment to the call processor 1504.

如图15所示,呼叫处理机1504经由接口1508(诸如PI2接口)向PACS1502发出会话开启请求1506。 15, the call processor 1504 issues a session open request to PACS1502 1506 via an interface 1508 (such as a PI2 interface). PACS 1502发出对会话开启请求1506的确认1510。 PACS 1502 issues a session open request acknowledgment of 15,101,506. 呼叫处理机1504然后向PACS 1502发出年历请求1512。 Calendar call processor 1504 then issues a request to the PACS 1502 1512. PACS 1502然后将年历请求1514从接口1508传递到控制器1516,控制器1516将请求1518传递到GPS模块(未示出)内的GPS内核1520并且向呼叫处理机1504发出确认1522。 PACS 1502 is then transmitted from the calendar request 15141508 interfaces to the controller 1516, the controller 1516 to request 1518 is transmitted to the GPS module (not shown) within the GPS core 1520 and send a confirmation to the call processor 1522 1504.

GPS内核1520然后接收来自GPS星群1526的GPS信号1524。 GPS core 1520 then receives GPS signals from the GPS constellation 1526 1524. GPS内核1520从所接收的GPS信号1524中提取所接收的年历数据并且将所接收的年历数据1528传递到控制器1516。 GPS almanac data received kernel 1520 1524 extracts from the received GPS signals and the received almanac data 1528 to the controller 1516. 应该理解,GPS内核1520恒定地接收来自GPS星群1526的GPS信号1524和1530,以及控制器1516周期性地请求1518和1532并且接收1528和1534来自GPS内核1520的年历数据。 It should be appreciated, the kernel 1520 constantly GPS receives a GPS signal 15241526 and 1530, 1528 and 1534 and receiving data from the GPS constellation almanac controller 1516 periodically requests 1518 and 1532 and 1520 from the GPS core. 通过这种方式,PACS 1502收集来自GPS星群1526的分段年历。 In this manner, PACS 1502 almanac collection segment from the GPS constellation 1526. PACS 1502然后向呼叫处理机1504发出应答消息1536、1538,其表示是否已收集了部分年历。 PACS 1502 then issues a response message to the call processor 1504 1536,1538, which indicates whether the part has been collected almanac. 作为应答,呼叫处理机1504请求年历更新状态1540、1542,并且PACS 1402以年历状态1544、1546应答,年历状态1544、1546包括含有年历PRN、TOA、和年历星期数的字段中的部分年历数据的年历状态。 In response, the call processor 1504 updates the calendar request status 1540, 1542, and the PACS 1402 almanac state in response 1544,1546, 1544,1546 includes a state containing calendar almanac PRN, TOA, and the number of fields in the calendar week portion of the almanac data calendar status. PACS 1502然后管理年历数据库并且施加任意混合年历处理。 PACS 1502 and then applied to any database management almanac almanac mixing process. 当呼叫处理机1504向PACS 1502发出会话关闭请求1548时,会话关闭请求1550被传递到控制器1516。 When the call processor 1504 issues a session close request 1548, the session close request 1550 is transmitted to the controller 1516 to the PACS 1502. PACS 1502然后将年历数据传递1552到储存存储器1554。 PACS 1502 is then passed 1552 to the almanac data storage memory 1554. 控制器1516然后经由1556和1558用确认来应答呼叫处理机1504。 1516 and 1556 and the controller 1558 via the processor 1504 to answer the call with an acknowledgment.

图16示出了PACS 1604所执行的另一示例非轮询处理的信号流程图1600。 FIG 16 shows a signal flow diagram of another example of a non-polling process performed PACS 1604 1600. 在图16中,作为在PACS 1604完成完全年历下载之前信号状况改变的结果,PACS 1602报告部分年历下载的状态。 In FIG. 16, as a result of the completion of download before complete calendar changing signal conditions in PACS 1604, PACS 1602 almanac download state reporting section. 在该示例性处理中,呼叫处理机1604启动与PACS 1602的会话并且向PACS 1602请求年历下载(诸如分段年历下载)。 In this exemplary process, the call processor 1604 starts a session with PACS 1602 and requests to download the almanac PACS 1602 (such as a segment almanac download). PACS 1602可以接收来自呼叫处理机1604的指示,其包括操作参数,诸如但不限于,当信号状况在某水平(诸如大于28dB-Hertz)之上时收集卫星年历的指示、以及呼叫处理机1604将提供还是将不提供任何年历辅助的表示。 It indicates PACS 1602 may receive an instruction from the call processor 1604, which includes operating parameters, such as, but not limited to, satellite almanac was collected when the condition signal is above a certain level (such as greater than 28dB-Hertz), and the call processor 1604 providing or will not provide any assistance the calendar indicates. PACS 1602然后向呼叫处理机1602发出确认并且开始以分段的方式收集年历。 The PACS 1602 is then sent to the call processor 1602 and to confirm the start of the segment to collect almanac. 在该示例中,如果PACS 1602在预定时间内不能收集年历(诸如在弱信号环境中),则PACS 1602向呼叫处理机1604发出不能收集年历的消息。 In this example, if the almanac PACS 1602 is not collected within a predetermined time (such as in a weak signal environment), the PACS 1602 can not collect almanac message sent to the call processor 1604. 呼叫处理机1604通过发出会话关闭请求而作出应答,并且PACS 1602信号在PACS 1602信号收集完全年历之前改变。 Call processor 1604 shutdown request respond by sending the session, and the PACS 1602 PACS 1602 before the signal changes full almanac was collected signal. 作为应答,PACS 1602向呼叫处理机1604返回确认。 As a response, PACS 1602 returns an acknowledgment to the call processor 1604.

如图16所示,呼叫处理机1604经由接口1608(诸如PI2接口)向PACS1602发出会话开启请求1606。 16, the call processor 1604 issues a session open request to PACS1602 1606 via an interface 1608 (such as a PI2 interface). PACS 1602发出对会话开启请求1606的确认1610。 PACS 1602 issues a session open request acknowledgment of 16,101,606. 呼叫处理机1604然后向PACS 1602发出年历请求1612。 Calendar call processor 1604 then issues a request to the PACS 1602 1612. PACS 1602然后将年历请求1614从接口1608传递到控制器1616,控制器1616将请求1618传递到GPS模块(未示出)内的GPS内核1620并且向呼叫处理机1604发出确认1622。 PACS 1602 is then transmitted from the calendar request 16141608 interfaces to the controller 1616, the controller 1616 to request 1618 is transmitted to the GPS module (not shown) within the GPS core 1620 and send a confirmation to the call processor 1622 1604.

GPS内核1620然后接收来自GPS星群1626的GPS信号1624。 GPS core 1620 then receives GPS signals from the GPS constellation 1626 1624. GPS内核1620从所接收的GPS信号1624中提取所接收的年历数据并且将所接收的年历数据1628传递到控制器1616。 GPS almanac data received kernel 1620 1624 extracts from the received GPS signals and the received almanac data 1628 to the controller 1616. 应该理解,GPS内核1620恒定地接收来自GPS星群1626的GPS信号1624和1630,以及控制器1616周期性地请求1618和1630并且接收1628和1634来自GPS内核1620的年历数据。 It should be appreciated, the kernel 1620 constantly GPS receives a GPS signal 16241626 and 1630, from a GPS constellation and a controller 1616 periodically requests 1618 and 1630 and 1628 and 1634 receiving the almanac data from the GPS 1620 kernel. 通过这种方式,PACS 1602试图收集来自GPS星群1626的分段年历。 In this way, PACS 1602 trying to collect the segment from the GPS constellation almanac 1626.

如果PACS 1602在某预定时间例如5分钟内不能收集年历,则PACS 1602用表示PACS 1602不能收集年历的状态消息1636、1638来应答呼叫处理机1604。 If the PACS 1602 can not collect almanac e.g. within 5 minutes at a predetermined time, the PACS 1602 represented by 1636, 1638 to answer the call processor 1604 state PACS 1602 can not collect almanac message. 作为响应,呼叫处理机1604向PACS 1602发出会话关闭请求1640,会话关闭请求1640被传递1642到控制器1616。 In response, the call processor 1604 issues a session close request 1640, session close request 1640 is transmitted to the controller 1616 to 1642 PACS 1602. 控制器1616然后经由1644和1646用确认来应答呼叫处理机1604。 1616 and 1644 and the controller 1646 via the processor 1604 to answer the call with an acknowledgment.

图11到图16中所描述的处理可由硬件或软件执行。 Processing FIGS. 11 to 16 described by hardware or software. 如果处理由软件执行,则软件可以驻留于控制器1012、存储器设备1014、呼叫处理机1006、GPS模块1008、或可拆卸存储介质中的软件存储器(未示出)中。 If the processing is executed by software, the software may reside in the controller 1012, a memory device 1014, the call processor 1006, GPS module 1008, removable storage medium, or the software memory (not shown). 存储器中的软件可以包括用于实现逻辑功能(即,可以以诸如数字电路或源代码的数字形式或者以诸如模拟电路或者例如模拟电、声音或者视频信号的模拟源的模拟形式实现的“逻辑”)的可执行指令的有序列表,可以被选择性地包含在任何计算机可读(或信号承载)介质中以由指令执行系统、装置或设备(诸如基于计算机的系统、包含处理器的系统或者可以选择性地从指令执行系统、装置或设备获取指令并且执行这些指令的其它系统)使用或者与其关联使用。 The software in memory may include implementing logical functions (i.e., may be in digital form such as digital circuitry or source code or in analog circuits or, for example, such as a "logical" analog to analog form, the analog sound source or a video signal to achieve ) ordered listing of executable instructions, the system may be selectively contained in any computer-readable (or signal-bearing) medium to the instruction execution system, apparatus, or device (such as a computer-based system, processor-containing or It may be selectively from the instruction execution system, apparatus, or device and execute fetch the instructions of other system instructions) for use by or used in association therewith. 在本文档的上下文中,“计算机可读介质”和/或“信号承载介质”是可以容纳、存储、传达、传播或者传输程序的任何部件,以由指令执行系统、装置或设备使用或与其关联使用。 In the context of this document, a "computer-readable medium" and / or "signal-bearing medium" can contain, store, communicate, propagate, or transport the program of any member, to the instruction execution system, apparatus, or device associated therewith, or use. 计算机可读介质可以选择性地为,例如但不限于,电、磁、光、电磁、红外或半导体系统、装置、设备或传播介质。 The computer-readable medium may selectively be, for example but not limited to, an electronic, magnetic, optical, electromagnetic, infrared, or semiconductor system, apparatus, device, or propagation medium. 更具体地,计算机可读介质的“非穷尽式列表”将包括:具有一条或多条缆线的电连接(或者“电子的(electronic)”连接)、便携式计算机盘(磁)、RAM(电子的)、计算机只读存储器“ROM”(电子的)、可擦除可编程只读存储器(EPROM或闪存)(电子的)、光纤(光的)、以及便携式光盘只读存储器“CDROM”(光的)。 More specifically, computer readable media, "a non-exhaustive list" would include: an electrical connection (or "electronic (Electronic)"), can have one or more cables, a portable computer diskette (magnetic), RAM (electronic ), and computer read-only memory "ROM" (electronic), an erasable programmable read-only memory (EPROM or Flash memory) (electronic), an optical fiber (optical), and a portable compact disc read-only memory "CDROM" (optical of). 注意,计算机可读介质甚至可以是其上印有程序的纸或另一适当介质,因为程序可以经由诸如对纸或其它介质的光扫描而被电子捕捉、然后编译、解释或者必要时以适当方式进行其它处理、并然后被存储在计算机存储器中。 Note that the computer-readable medium could even be on which the program is printed paper or another suitable medium, as the program can, if necessary, in a suitable manner, such as via optical scanning of the paper or other medium be electronically captured, then compiled, interpreted or other processing, and then stored in a computer memory.

尽管已经描述了本申请的各种实施例,但是对本领域普通技术人员来说很清楚,在本发明的范围内的更多实施例和实现都是可能的。 While there have been described various embodiments of the present disclosure, it will be clear to those of ordinary skill in the art, the more embodiments and implementations within the scope of the present invention are possible. 因此,除了根据所附权利要求及其等同外,不应限制本发明。 Thus, in addition to according to the appended claims and their equivalents, the present invention should not be limited. 实现方式的前述描述是出于说明和描述目的给出的。 The foregoing description of implementations are for purposes of illustration and description given. 其不是穷尽式的并且不将所要求保护的发明限于所公开的确切形式。 It is not exhaustive and does not limit the claimed invention to the precise forms disclosed. 根据上述描述的修改和变化是可能的或者可以通过实践本发明而获取。 It is possible or may be acquired by practice of the invention described above variations and modifications. 例如,所描述的实现方式包括软件,但是本发明可以作为硬件和软件的结合或者单独通过硬件实现。 For example, the described implementation includes software but the present invention can be incorporated as hardware and software, or by hardware alone. 还应该注意,实现方式在各个系统之间可能变化。 It should also be noted that the implementation may vary between the various systems. 权利要求及其等同限定了本发明的范围。 Claims and their equivalents define the scope of the present invention.

相关申请的交叉引用本申请要求于2003年9月18日提交的题为“部分年历收集系统”的美国专利申请序列号10/666,551的优先权,该美国专利申请序列号10/666,551是于2003年8月15日提交的题为“GPS系统的接口”的PCT专利申请序列号PCT/US2003/025821的部分继续申请,该PCT专利申请序列号PCT/US2003/025821要求于2002年8月15日提交的题为“GPS系统的接口”的美国临时专利申请序列号60/403,836的权益,这些专利申请通过引用而被全文并入本申请中。 Cross-Reference to Related Applications This application claims entitled to September 18, 2003 filed "section of calendar collection system," US Patent Application Serial No. 10 / 666,551, which is US Patent Application Serial No. 10 / 666,551 is in 2003 PCT patent entitled "GPS system interface" of August 15 filed application serial No. PCT / US2003 / 025821 a continuation of the PCT Patent application serial No. PCT / US2003 / 025821 claims the August 15, 2002 US provisional Patent entitled "GPS system interface," the rights and interests filed serial No. 60 / 403,836, which patent applications are incorporated by reference herein.

Claims (112)

  1. 1.一种利用部分年历收集系统(“PACS”)收集全球定位系统(“GPS”)年历的方法,该方法包括:接收来自呼叫处理机的GPS年历下载请求;以及在PACS处通过分段处理接收GPS年历。 1. A method of partially almanac collection system ( "PACS") were collected using a global positioning system ( "GPS") calendar, the method comprising: receiving GPS almanac download request from the call processor; and by the segment processing PACS receiving GPS almanac.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的方法,其中该分段处理包括:接收多个GPS年历子集;以及将所述多个GPS年历子集存储到存储器设备中。 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the segmentation process comprising: receiving a subset of a plurality of GPS almanac; GPS almanac and the plurality of subsets stored in the memory device.
  3. 3.如权利要求2所述的方法,其中该分段处理还包括:确定何时已接收到所述多个GPS年历子集中的最后一个子集;以及组合所述多个GPS年历子集的所有子集,以创建完全GPS年历。 3. The method according to claim 2, wherein the segmentation process further comprising: determining when a last has been received GPS almanac subset of the plurality of subsets; and combinations of said plurality of subsets GPS almanac all subsets to create a complete GPS almanac.
  4. 4.如权利要求3所述的方法,其中接收多个GPS年历子集的步骤包括在GPS模块处接收所述多个GPS年历子集。 4. The method according to claim 3, wherein the step of receiving a plurality of sets of sub GPS almanac comprises receiving the plurality of GPS almanac at a subset of the GPS module.
  5. 5.一种利用部分年历收集系统(“PACS”)收集全球定位系统(“GPS”)年历的方法,该方法包括:从呼叫处理机接收利用PACS执行分段年历下载的请求;以及通过分段处理下载年历。 5. A method of partially almanac collection system ( "PACS") were collected using a global positioning system ( "GPS") calendar, the method comprising: receiving a use request from the call processor performs segmentation PACS calendar downloaded; and by segment calendar download process.
  6. 6.如权利要求5所述的方法,还包括确定是否下载了完全年历。 The method as claimed in claim 5, further comprising determining whether to download the full almanac.
  7. 7.如权利要求6所述的方法,还包括用完全年历的状态来应答呼叫处理机。 7. The method according to claim 6, further comprising a state full almanac processor to answer the call.
  8. 8.如权利要求7所述的方法,还包括从呼叫处理机接收开启会话请求。 8. The method according to claim 7, further comprising receiving a session open request from a call processor.
  9. 9.如权利要求7所述的方法,还包括从呼叫处理机接收关闭会话请求。 9. The method according to claim 7, further comprising receiving a request from a call processor to close a session.
  10. 10.如权利要求8所述的方法,还包括确定呼叫处理机是否请求了关闭会话。 10. The method as claimed in claim 8, further comprising determining whether a call processor request to close the session.
  11. 11.如权利要求6所述的方法,还包括:针对每个呼叫处理机请求,用所收集年历的状态来应答呼叫处理机;从呼叫处理机接收收集年历的周期性请求;下载分段年历;以及确定是否下载了完全年历。 11. The method of claim 6, further comprising: a call processor for each request, a state of the almanac collected to answer the call handler; receiving a periodic request from the call processor to collect almanac; segment downloaded Almanac ; and determining whether to download the complete calendar.
  12. 12.如权利要求11所述的方法,还包括用完全年历的状态来应答通信模块。 12. The method of claim 11, further comprising a state full almanac response to a communication module.
  13. 13.如权利要求12所述的方法,还包括从呼叫处理机接收开启会话请求。 13. The method of claim 12, further comprising receiving a session open request from a call processor.
  14. 14.如权利要求13所述的方法,还包括从呼叫处理机接收关闭会话请求。 14. The method according to claim 13, further comprising receiving a request from a call processor to close a session.
  15. 15.如权利要求5所述的方法,还包括确定是否有充足的时间可用于完成完全年历下载。 15. The method as claimed in claim 5, further comprising determining whether sufficient time is available for download to complete full almanac.
  16. 16.如权利要求15所述的方法,还包括向呼叫处理机报告完全年历的状态。 16. The method of claim 15, further comprising a call processor to report the status of full almanac.
  17. 17.如权利要求16所述的方法,还包括接收来自呼叫处理机的开启会话请求。 17. The method of claim 16, further comprising receiving a session open request from the call processor.
  18. 18.如权利要求17所述的方法,还包括接收来自呼叫处理机的关闭会话请求。 18. The method of claim 17, further comprising receiving a session close request from the call processor.
  19. 19.如权利要求17所述的方法,还包括将年历存储到存储器设备。 19. The method according to claim 17, further comprising a memory device to store calendar.
  20. 20.如权利要求19所述的方法,还包括向呼叫处理机发出确认。 20. The method according to claim 19, further comprising a confirmation to the call processor.
  21. 21.如权利要求15所述的方法,还包括确定呼叫处理机是否在下载完全年历之前执行了会话关闭。 21. The method according to claim 15, further comprising a call processor determines whether the session is closed completely before downloading calendar.
  22. 22.如权利要求21所述的方法,还包括用部分年历状态来应答呼叫处理机。 22. The method according to claim 21, further comprising a portion to answer the call state of the almanac processor.
  23. 23.如权利要求21所述的方法,还包括接收来自呼叫处理机的开启会话请求。 23. The method according to claim 21, further comprising receiving a session open request from the call processor.
  24. 24.如权利要求23所述的方法,还包括接收来自呼叫处理机的关闭会话请求。 24. The method according to claim 23, further comprising receiving a session close request from the call processor.
  25. 25.如权利要求23所述的方法,还包括将年历存储到存储器设备。 25. The method of claim 23, further comprising the calendar stored in the memory device.
  26. 26.如权利要求25所述的方法,还包括向呼叫处理机发出确认。 26. The method according to claim 25, further comprising a confirmation to the call processor.
  27. 27.如权利要求26所述的方法,还包括确定信号状况是否以使得PACS仅收集部分年历的方式改变。 27. The method according to claim 26, further comprising determining whether such signal conditions PACS collect only part of the calendar change.
  28. 28.如权利要求27所述的方法,还包括用部分年历的状态来应答呼叫处理机。 28. The method according to claim 27, further comprising a portion of a state of the almanac processor to answer the call.
  29. 29.如权利要求28所述的方法,还包括接收来自呼叫处理机的开启会话请求。 29. The method according to claim 28, further comprising receiving a session open request from the call processor.
  30. 30.如权利要求29所述的方法,还包括接收来自呼叫处理机的关闭会话请求。 30. The method of claim 29, further comprising receiving a session close request from the call processor.
  31. 31.如权利要求30所述的方法,还包括将年历存储到存储器设备。 31. The method of claim 30, further comprising the calendar stored in the memory device.
  32. 32.如权利要求31所述的方法,还包括向呼叫处理机发出确认。 32. The method according to claim 31, further comprising a confirmation to the call processor.
  33. 33.如权利要求27所述的方法,还包括确定PACS是否可以在某一时间内收集完整的年历。 33. The method as claimed in claim 27, further comprising determining whether a full calendar PACS can be collected within a certain time.
  34. 34.如权利要求33所述的方法,还包括向呼叫处理机应答不能收集年历。 34. The method of claim 33, further comprising a response to a call handler can not collect almanac.
  35. 35.如权利要求34所述的方法,还包括接收来自呼叫处理机的开启会话请求。 35. The method of claim 34, further comprising receiving a session open request from the call processor.
  36. 36.如权利要求35所述的方法,还包括接收来自呼叫处理机的关闭会话请求。 36. The method of claim 35, further comprising receiving a session close request from the call processor.
  37. 37.如权利要求35所述的方法,还包括将年历存储到存储器设备。 37. The method of claim 35, further comprising the calendar stored in the memory device.
  38. 38.如权利要求37所述的方法,还包括向呼叫处理机发出确认。 38. The method according to claim 37, further comprising a confirmation to the call processor.
  39. 39.一种与呼叫处理机进行信号通信的部分年历收集系统,该部分年历收集系统包括:全球定位系统(“GPS”)模块;以及与该GPS模块和呼叫处理机进行信号通信的控制器,该控制器响应于来自呼叫处理机的请求而指示GPS模块收集分段年历数据。 39. A portion of the almanac collection system in signal communication with the call processor, the portion of almanac collection system comprising: a global positioning system ( "GPS") module; and a controller in signal communication with the GPS module and a call processor, the controller, in response to a request from the call processor and the GPS module collects data indicating segment calendar.
  40. 40.如权利要求39所述的部分年历收集系统,还包括与GPS模块进行信号通信的存储器单元。 40. As part of almanac collection system according to claim 39, further comprising a memory means in signal communication with a GPS module.
  41. 41.如权利要求40所述的部分年历收集系统,其中,该GPS模块能够处理所接收的GPS信号。 41. As part of almanac collection system according to claim 40, wherein the GPS module is capable of processing the received GPS signals.
  42. 42.如权利要求41所述的部分年历收集系统,其中,该GPS模块能够接收多个GPS年历子集。 42. As part of almanac collection system according to claim 41, wherein the GPS module is capable of receiving a plurality of GPS almanac subsets.
  43. 43.如权利要求42所述的部分年历收集系统,还包括与该GPS模块进行信号通信的存储器单元。 43. As part of almanac collection system according to claim 42, further comprising a memory means in signal communication with the GPS module.
  44. 44.如权利要求43所述的部分年历收集系统,其中,该控制器能够将所述多个GPS年历子集存储到存储器单元中。 44. As part of almanac collection system according to claim 43, wherein the controller is capable of the subset of the plurality of GPS almanac stored in the memory unit.
  45. 45.如权利要求44所述的部分年历收集系统,其中,该控制器能够:确定何时已接收到所述多个GPS年历子集中的最后一个子集;以及组合所述多个GPS年历子集的所有子集,以创建完全GPS年历。 45. As part of almanac collection system according to claim 44, wherein the controller is configured to: determine when it has received a last subset of the plurality of the subset of GPS almanac; and combining the plurality of sub GPS almanac a subset of all sets, to create a complete GPS almanac.
  46. 46.一种用于收集全球定位系统(“GPS”)年历的部分年历收集系统(“PACS”),该PACS包括:用于接收来自呼叫处理机的GPS年历下载请求的部件;以及用于在PACS处通过分段处理接收GPS年历的部件。 Part almanac collection system ( "PACS"), the PACS 46. A method for collecting comprises a global positioning system ( "GPS") calendar: means for receiving GPS almanac download request from the call processor; and for means for receiving GPS almanac at the PACS by the segmentation process.
  47. 47.如权利要求46所述的PACS,其中,所述用于通过分段处理接收GPS年历的部件包括:用于接收多个GPS年历子集的部件;以及用于将所述多个GPS年历子集存储到存储器设备中的部件。 47. PACS according to claim 46, wherein the means for processing the received GPS almanac by segment member comprising: means for receiving a plurality of GPS almanac subset; and means for said plurality of GPS almanac It means to store a subset of the memory device.
  48. 48.如权利要求47所述的PACS,其中,所述用于通过分段处理接收GPS年历的部件还包括:用于确定何时已接收到所述多个GPS年历子集中的最后一个子集的部件;以及用于组合所述多个GPS年历子集的所有子集以创建完全GPS年历的部件。 48. PACS according to claim 47, wherein the means for processing the received GPS almanac by segment member further comprises: means for determining when it has received a last subset of the plurality of the subset of GPS almanac member; and it means a subset of all GPS almanac for combining the subset of the plurality to create a complete GPS almanac.
  49. 49.如权利要求48所述的PACS,其中,用于接收多个GPS年历子集的部件包括用于在GPS模块处接收多个GPS年历子集的部件。 49. PACS according to claim 48, wherein the means for receiving a plurality of GPS almanac subassembly includes means for receiving a set of a plurality of GPS almanac of the GPS module in the sub-set.
  50. 50.一种用于收集全球定位系统(“GPS”)年历的部分年历收集系统(“PACS”),该PACS包括:用于从呼叫处理机接收利用PACS执行分段年历下载的请求的部件;以及用于通过分段处理下载年历的部件。 50. A part of almanac collection system for collecting the Global Positioning System ( "GPS") of the calendar ( "PACS"), the PACS comprising: means for receiving from the call processor performs segmentation using PACS member almanac download request; and means for downloading calendar member segmentation process.
  51. 51.如权利要求50所述的PACS,还包括用于确定是否下载了完全年历的部件。 51. PACS according to claim 50, further comprising means for determining whether to download the full almanac member.
  52. 52.如权利要求51所述的PACS,还包括用完全年历状态来应答呼叫处理机的部件。 52. PACS according to claim 51, further comprising a member with full almanac processor state to answer the call.
  53. 53.如权利要求51所述的PACS,还包括:用于针对每个呼叫处理机请求而用所收集年历的状态来应答呼叫处理机的部件;用于从呼叫处理机接收收集年历的周期性请求的部件;用于下载分段年历的部件;以及用于确定是否下载了完全年历的部件。 53. PACS according to claim 51, further comprising: means for, for each call processor request status collected almanac to answer the call with the processor; means for periodically receiving from the call processor to collect almanac members request; means for downloading calendar segment; and means for determining whether to download the full almanac member.
  54. 54.如权利要求53所述的PACS,还包括用于用完全年历状态来应答通信模块的部件。 54. PACS according to claim 53, further comprising means for almanac with complete response status of the communication module.
  55. 55.如权利要求53所述的PACS,还包括用于确定是否有充足的时间可用于完成完全年历下载的部件。 55. PACS according to claim 53, further comprising means for determining whether sufficient time is available for download to complete full almanac member.
  56. 56.如权利要求55所述的PACS,还包括用于向呼叫处理机报告完全年历状态的部件。 56. PACS according to claim 55, further comprising means for reporting status to the full calendar call processor means.
  57. 57.如权利要求56所述的PACS,还包括用于接收来自呼叫处理机的开启会话请求的部件。 57. PACS according to claim 56, further comprising means for receiving a session open request from the call processor.
  58. 58.如权利要求56所述的PACS,还包括用于接收来自呼叫处理机的关闭会话请求的部件。 58. PACS according to claim 56, further comprising means for receiving a session close request from the call processor.
  59. 59.如权利要求56所述的PACS,还包括用于将年历存储到存储器设备的部件。 59. PACS according to claim 56, further comprising means for calendar stored in the memory device.
  60. 60.如权利要求59所述的PACS,还包括用于向呼叫处理机发出确认的部件。 60. PACS according to claim 59, further comprising means for issuing a confirmation to the call processor.
  61. 61.如权利要求55所述的PACS,还包括用于确定呼叫处理机是否在下载完全年历之前执行了会话关闭的部件。 61. PACS according to claim 55, further comprising a call processor for determining whether a session is closed and full almanac member before downloading.
  62. 62.如权利要求61所述的PACS,还包括用于用部分年历状态来应答呼叫处理机的部件。 62. PACS according to claim 61, further comprising a portion with a member to answer the call state of the almanac processor.
  63. 63.如权利要求61所述的PACS,还包括用于接收来自呼叫处理机的开启会话请求的部件。 63. PACS according to claim 61, further comprising means for receiving a session open request from the call processor.
  64. 64.如权利要求63所述的PACS,还包括用于接收来自呼叫处理机的关闭会话请求的部件。 64. PACS according to claim 63, further comprising means for receiving a session close request from the call processor.
  65. 65.如权利要求63所述的PACS,还包括用于将年历存储到存储器设备的部件。 65. PACS according to claim 63, further comprising means for calendar stored in the memory device.
  66. 66.如权利要求65所述的PACS,还包括用于向呼叫处理机发出确认的部件。 66. PACS according to claim 65, further comprising means for issuing a confirmation to the call processor.
  67. 67.如权利要求66所述的PACS,还包括用于确定信号状况是否以使得PACS仅收集部分年历的方式而改变的部件。 67. PACS according to claim 66, further comprising means for determining whether the signal condition so that the portion of the calendar PACS collect only the changed part.
  68. 68.一种与呼叫处理机进行信号通信的部分年历收集系统,该部分年历收集系统包括:全球定位系统(“GPS”)模块;以及用于响应于来自呼叫处理机的请求而指示GPS模块收集分段年历数据的部件,其中该指示部件与该GPS模块和呼叫处理机进行信号通信。 68. A portion of the almanac collection system in signal communication with the call processor, the portion of almanac collection system comprising: a global positioning system ( "GPS"); and means responsive to a request from the call processor is instructed to collect GPS module almanac data segment member, wherein the indicating means in signal communication with the GPS module and a call processor.
  69. 69.如权利要求68所述的部分年历收集系统,还包括与GPS模块进行信号通信的存储器单元。 Almanac collection section 69. The system according to claim 68, further comprising a memory means in signal communication with a GPS module.
  70. 70.如权利要求69所述的部分年历收集系统,其中,该GPS模块能够处理所接收的GPS信号。 70. As part of almanac collection system according to claim 69, wherein the GPS module is capable of processing the received GPS signals.
  71. 71.如权利要求70所述的部分年历收集系统,其中,该GPS模块能够接收多个GPS年历子集。 71. As part of almanac collection system according to claim 70, wherein the GPS module is capable of receiving a plurality of GPS almanac subsets.
  72. 72.如权利要求71所述的部分年历收集系统,还包括与该GPS模块进行信号通信的存储器单元。 72. As part of almanac collection system according to claim 71, further comprising a memory means in signal communication with the GPS module.
  73. 73.如权利要求72所述的部分年历收集系统,其中,该指示部件包括用于将所述多个GPS年历子集存储到存储器单元中的部件。 73. As part of almanac collection system according to claim 72, wherein the indicating means comprises a plurality of said subsets GPS almanac stored in the memory cell section.
  74. 74.如权利要求73所述的部分年历收集系统,其中,该指示部件包括:用于确定何时已接收到所述多个GPS年历子集中的最后一个子集的部件;以及用于组合所述多个GPS年历子集的所有子集以创建完全GPS年历的部件。 74. As part of almanac collection system according to claim 73, wherein the indicating means comprises: means for determining when said member has been received GPS almanac plurality of subsets last subset; and means for combining the GPS almanac said plurality of sub-sets of all subsets to create a complete GPS almanac member.
  75. 75.一种具有用于利用部分年历收集系统(“PACS”)收集全球定位系统(“GPS”)年历的软件的信号承载介质,该信号承载介质包括:被配置来接收来自呼叫处理机的GPS年历下载请求的逻辑;以及被配置来在PACS处通过分段处理接收GPS年历的逻辑。 75. A signal bearing medium having a collection system using a portion of the calendar ( "PACS") collecting the Global Positioning System ( "GPS") calendar software, the signal bearing medium comprising: configured to receive a call from a GPS processor logic almanac download request; and a logic PACS fragmentation process by the GPS receiver is configured to almanac.
  76. 76.如权利要求75所述的信号承载介质,其中,所述被配置来在PACS处通过分段处理接收GPS年历的逻辑包括:被配置来接收多个GPS年历子集的逻辑;以及被配置来将所述多个GPS年历子集存储到存储器设备中的逻辑。 76. The signal bearing medium according to claim 75, wherein, in the PACS is configured to process the received GPS almanac by segment logic comprises: logic configured to receive a plurality of subsets GPS almanac; and configured logic to the plurality of GPS almanac subsets stored in the memory device.
  77. 77.如权利要求76所述的信号承载介质,其中,所述被配置来在PACS处通过分段处理接收GPS年历的逻辑包括:被配置来确定何时已接收到所述多个GPS年历子集中的最后一个子集的逻辑;以及被配置来组合所述多个GPS年历子集中的所有子集以创建完全GPS年历的逻辑。 77. The signal bearing medium according to claim 76, wherein the segmentation logic is configured to process received by GPS Almanac included in the PACS: is configured to determine when it has received the plurality of sub GPS almanac set a logical last subset; and logic configured to combine a subset of all of the plurality of GPS almanac to create a subset of the complete GPS almanac.
  78. 78.如权利要求77所述的信号承载介质,其中,所述被配置来接收多个GPS年历子集的逻辑包括被配置来在GPS模块处接收多个GPS年历子集的逻辑。 78. The signal bearing medium according to claim 77, wherein the logic is configured to receive a plurality of GPS almanac subset comprises logic configured to receive a plurality of GPS almanac at a subset of the GPS module.
  79. 79.一种具有用于利用部分年历收集系统(“PACS”)收集全球定位系统(“GPS”)年历的软件的信号承载介质,该信号承载介质包括:被配置来从呼叫处理机接收利用PACS执行分段年历下载的请求的逻辑;以及被配置来通过分段处理下载年历的逻辑。 79. A portion having a calendar software for utilizing collection system ( "PACS") collecting the Global Positioning System ( "GPS") signal bearing medium of calendar, the signal bearing medium comprising: a receiving processor configured to use the call from PACS performing segmentation logic requests downloading calendar; logic configured to process and download the almanac by segments.
  80. 80.如权利要求79所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来确定是否下载了完全年历的逻辑。 Signal bearing medium of claim 79 as claimed in claim 80., comprising further configured to determine whether to download the full logical calendar.
  81. 81.如权利要求80所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来用完全年历状态来应答呼叫处理机的逻辑。 Signal bearing medium according to claim 81. 80, further comprising a fully configured to use the almanac logic state to answer the call processor.
  82. 82.如权利要求81所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来接收来自呼叫处理机的开启会话请求的逻辑。 Signal bearing medium according to claim 82. 81, further comprising logic configured to receive a session open request from the call processor.
  83. 83.如权利要求81所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来接收来自呼叫处理机的关闭会话请求的逻辑。 Signal bearing medium according to claim 83. 81, further comprising logic configured to receive a session close request from the call processor.
  84. 84.如权利要求82所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来确定呼叫处理机是否请求了关闭会话的逻辑。 84. The signal bearing medium according to claim 82, further comprising a call processor configured to determine whether a requested session is closed logic.
  85. 85.如权利要求80所述的信号承载介质,还包括:被配置来针对每个呼叫处理机请求而用所收集年历的状态来应答呼叫处理机的逻辑;被配置来从呼叫处理机接收收集年历的周期性请求的逻辑;被配置来下载分段年历的逻辑;以及被配置来确定是否下载了完全年历的逻辑。 85. The signal bearing medium according to claim 80, further comprising: a call processor configured to, for each request to answer the call processor with the logical state of the almanac collected; is configured to receive from the collect call processor periodic request of the logical calendar; segmentation logic is configured to download the almanac; and is configured to determine whether to download the full logical calendar.
  86. 86.如权利要求85所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来用完全年历状态来应答通信模块的逻辑。 Signal bearing medium according to claim 86. 85, further comprising logic configured to use the almanac complete status reply communication module.
  87. 87.如权利要求86所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来接收来自呼叫处理机的开启会话请求的逻辑。 Signal bearing medium according to claim 87. 86, further comprising logic configured to receive a session open request from the call processor.
  88. 88.如权利要求87所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来接收来自呼叫处理机的关闭会话请求的逻辑。 Signal bearing medium according to claim 88. 87, further comprising logic configured to receive a session close request from the call processor.
  89. 89.如权利要求79所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来确定是否有充足的时间可用于完成完全年历下载的逻辑。 Signal bearing medium of claim 79 as claimed in claim 89., comprising further configured to determine whether sufficient time is available for download logic to complete full almanac.
  90. 90.如权利要求89所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来向呼叫处理机报告完全年历状态的逻辑。 Signal bearing medium according to claim 90. 89, further comprising a full calendar configured to report status to the call processor logic.
  91. 91.如权利要求90所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来接收来自呼叫处理机的开启会话请求的逻辑。 Signal bearing medium according to claim 91. 90, further comprising logic configured to receive a session open request from the call processor.
  92. 92.如权利要求91所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来接收来自呼叫处理机的关闭会话请求的逻辑。 Signal bearing medium according to claim 92. 91, further comprising logic configured to receive a session close request from the call processor.
  93. 93.如权利要求91所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来将年历存储到存储器设备的逻辑。 Signal bearing medium according to claim 93. 91, further comprising logic configured to calendar stored in the memory device.
  94. 94.如权利要求93所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来向呼叫处理机发出确认的逻辑。 Signal bearing medium according to claim 94. 93, further comprising logic configured to send a confirmation to the call processor.
  95. 95.如权利要求89所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来确定呼叫处理机是否在下载完全年历之前执行了会话关闭的逻辑。 95. The signal bearing medium according to claim 89, further comprising a call processor is configured to determine whether the session is closed completely before downloading logic almanac.
  96. 96.如权利要求95所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来用部分年历状态来应答呼叫处理机的逻辑。 Signal bearing medium according to claim 96. 95, further comprising a portion configured to use the almanac logic state to answer the call processor.
  97. 97.如权利要求95所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来接收来自呼叫处理机的开启会话请求的逻辑。 Signal bearing medium according to claim 97. 95, further comprising logic configured to receive a session open request from the call processor.
  98. 98.如权利要求97所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来接收来自呼叫处理机的关闭会话请求的逻辑。 Signal bearing medium according to claim 98. 97, further comprising logic configured to receive a session close request from the call processor.
  99. 99.如权利要求97所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来将年历存储到存储器设备的逻辑。 Signal bearing medium according to claim 99. 97, further comprising logic configured to calendar stored in the memory device.
  100. 100.如权利要求99所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来向呼叫处理机发出确认的逻辑。 100. The signal bearing medium according to claim 99, further comprising logic configured to send a confirmation to the call processor.
  101. 101.如权利要求100所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来确定信号状况是否以使得PACS仅收集部分年历的方式而改变的逻辑。 101. The signal bearing medium according to claim 100, further comprising logic configured to determine whether the signal condition so that the PACS collect only part of the calendar is changed.
  102. 102.如权利要求101所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来用部分年历状态来应答呼叫处理机的逻辑。 102. The signal bearing medium according to claim 101, further comprising a portion configured to use the almanac logic state to answer the call processor.
  103. 103.如权利要求102所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来接收来自呼叫处理机的开启会话请求的逻辑。 103. The signal bearing medium according to claim 102, further comprising logic configured to receive a session open request from the call processor.
  104. 104.如权利要求103所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来接收来自呼叫处理机的关闭会话请求的逻辑。 104. The signal bearing medium according to claim 103, further comprising logic configured to receive a session close request from the call processor.
  105. 105.如权利要求104所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来将年历存储到存储器设备的逻辑。 105. The signal bearing medium according to claim 104, further comprising logic configured to calendar stored in the memory device.
  106. 106.如权利要求105所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来向呼叫处理机发出确认的逻辑。 106. The signal bearing medium according to claim 105, further comprising logic configured to send a confirmation to the call processor.
  107. 107.如权利要求101所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来确定PACS是否可以在某一时间内收集完整年历的逻辑。 107. The signal bearing medium according to claim 101, further comprising a PACS may be configured to determine whether a full almanac collection logic within a certain time.
  108. 108.如权利要求107所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来向呼叫处理机应答不能收集年历的逻辑。 108. The signal bearing medium according to claim 107, further comprising logic configured to not reply to the call processor collected almanac.
  109. 109.如权利要求108所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来接收来自呼叫处理机的开启会话请求的逻辑。 109. The signal bearing medium according to claim 108, further comprising logic configured to receive a session open request from the call processor.
  110. 110.如权利要求109所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来接收来自呼叫处理机的关闭会话请求的逻辑。 110. The signal bearing medium according to claim 109, further comprising logic configured to receive a session close request from the call processor.
  111. 111.如权利要求109所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来将年历存储到存储器设备的逻辑。 111. The signal bearing medium according to claim 109, further comprising a calendar configured to store the logical memory device.
  112. 112.如权利要求111所述的信号承载介质,还包括被配置来向呼叫处理机发出确认的逻辑。 112. The signal bearing medium according to claim 111, further comprising logic configured to send a confirmation to the call processor.
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