CN1853741B - High-altitude slow-descending equipment - Google Patents

High-altitude slow-descending equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1853741B
CN1853741B CN200510066119XA CN200510066119A CN1853741B CN 1853741 B CN1853741 B CN 1853741B CN 200510066119X A CN200510066119X A CN 200510066119XA CN 200510066119 A CN200510066119 A CN 200510066119A CN 1853741 B CN1853741 B CN 1853741B
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China
Prior art keywords
gear
sheave
brake
pallet
steel wire
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN200510066119XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1853741A (en
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陈伟明
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Individual
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Abstract

A slow landing mechanism for high building in order to save life when fire accident or earthquake occurs is composed of a spiral steel wire cable and a slow falling unit which consists of slotted wheels, handle, brake handle, handle for pressing on wheel, speed varying gear train, spring, hanging ring, flywheel of speed limiter, braking block, and pull ring and fixing frame of brake.

Description

High-altitude slow-descending equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of high-altitude slow-descending equipment, belong to the height rescue apparatus field.
Background technology
Height rescue equipment mainly uses when high-rise field rescue or work high above the ground personnel fall and uses.When running into major accident such as fire or earthquake when high-rise, personnel have little time to withdraw in the building, or because of corridor, elevator are blocked, are ruined, when personnel can't withdraw in the building, use salvage device to flee from the scene of the accident from window.
Existing high-rise building rescue aid has only the employed high-altitude of fire department aerial ladder, nylon rope and inflatable packer, their maximum drawback is subjected to limitation in height exactly, can only succour the victim of height about floor rooms 10 at most, surpass this and highly just be difficult to succour.At present, in actual life, also do not see the high-altitude self-help apparatus and asked the city.
Summary of the invention
Purpose of the present invention is in order to provide a kind of high-rise building resident family the high-altitude slow-descending equipment of saving oneself and using in danger.At first, with one sufficient length is arranged, can be installed in the roof suitable position from the steel wire rope elevator device that roof arrives ground, the firing switch line of steel wire elevator case be drawn in the man of resident family that delivers to pairing each floor by roof, and switch handle is set on each household window limit.When running into emergency situation, resident family just can open steel wire elevator case switch, and the steel wire rope of roof will fall to ground by roof immediately.The survivor can open the window, and steel wire rope is pulled indoor, descending lifeline is dressed and is hung on the steel wire rope indoor, places outdoor again from window.At this moment, survivor's both hands are held the handle on the descending lifeline, clutch brake lever, just can drop on the ground stably from the speed of window with 1 meter of per second.Live in the people in the floor rooms 20, only need 1 fen clock time ground of just can arriving safe and sound.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention realizes by following technological means.
A kind of high-altitude slow-descending equipment, it is mainly combined by a screw steel wire rope and a descending lifeline, and critical piece comprises: 1. first fluted roller shaft, 2. first sheave, 3. screw steel wire rope, 4. brake lever axle, 5. second sheave, 6. second fluted roller shaft, 7. handle, 8. brake lever, 9. the 3rd fluted roller shaft, 10. the 3rd sheave, 11. pinch roller handle, 12. the 4th sheave, 13. the 4th fluted roller shaft, 14. first gear, 15. second gear, 16. the 3rd gear, 17. first gear shaft, 18. the 4th gear, 19. set bolt, 20. the 5th gear, 21. second gear shaft, 22. brake cable, 23. the 6th gear, 24. the 7th gear, 25. the 3rd gear shaft, 26. spring shaft, 27. spring, 28. bearing, 29. octadentate wheel, 30. the support of bearing, 31. the 9th gear, 32. the 4th gear shaft, 33. pressure handle axle, 34. the 5th gear shaft, 35. the tenth gear, 36. the 11 gear, 37. spring, 38. suspension ring axle, 39. suspension ring, 40. brake extension spring, 41. brake fixed screw, 42. limiter of speed flywheel, 43. brake fixed mount, 44. flyball, 45. slide bar, 46. slide block, 47. brake block, 48. brake draw ring, 49. flywheel fixed screw, 50. spring leaf.
With diameter is the peripheral finer wire that twines one deck 1-3 millimeter of steel wire rope of 5-10 millimeter, make the screw-like steel wire rope with play and first sheave, second sheave, the 3rd sheave, the 4th sheave between the anti-skidding effect of interlock, the length of screw steel wire rope can be set according to the actual height of building.
The shell of high-altitude slow-descending equipment is made by the oval serving platter of two size shape unanimities, in the front of first pallet first sheave is installed, second sheave, the 3rd sheave, the 4th sheave; First sheave and the 3rd sheave be arranged in parallel, and second sheave and the 4th sheave be arranged in parallel, and screw steel wire rope epimere is clipped in the groove between first sheave and the 3rd sheave, and screw steel wire rope hypomere is clipped in the groove between second sheave and the 4th sheave; Front at second pallet of slow descending device is equipped with the change-speed gearing group, first gear is meshed with the octadentate wheel, second gear is meshed with the 5th gear, the 4th gear is meshed with the 3rd gear, the 4th gear is meshed with the 7th gear, the tenth gear is meshed with the 4th gear, and the 11 gear is meshed with the 9th gear; Be provided with suspension ring in the lower end, the back side of second pallet, middle part, the back side at second pallet is provided with the brake fixed mount, by the fixedly brake block of fixed mount that brakes, be provided with the limiter of speed flywheel at the middle part of ring-shaped brake sheet, the outer setting of limiter of speed flywheel has spring leaf; Be provided with the brake extension spring at brake block shell end, be provided with the brake draw ring in the junction of brake extension spring and brake block.
Left side at described second pallet is provided with handle, and handle is provided with brake lever, is provided with the pinch roller handle on second pallet right side of slow descending device.
Above-mentioned two pallets are connected synthetic integral body, with set bolt it is fastened, the high-altitude slow-descending device promptly completes.
During use, at first the screw steel wire wire clips is gone into first sheave, the 3rd sheave, between second sheave, the 4th sheave, make above-mentioned two groups of sheaves the tight interlock of steel wire rope by the pinch roller handle.Under the effect of gravity, sheave can be made downglide motion along steel wire rope, and will be because of rotatablely moving that downslide produces by first fluted roller shaft, the 3rd fluted roller shaft, second fluted roller shaft, the 4th fluted roller shaft passes to first gear simultaneously, the octadentate wheel, the 7th gear, the 11 gear, first gear, the octadentate wheel, the 7th gear, in the time of the rotation of the 11 gear, can drive the 4th gear, the 9th gear is rotated motion, (formed a mass motion of interlock mutually between above-mentioned each gear, thereby can reach the evenly stressed of each gear), meanwhile, the 4th gear will rotatablely move again and pass to the 3rd gear, finish first group of speed change, its speed increasing ratio is 1: 4; Because the 3rd gear and second gear are two in-line gears that vary in size, in the time of the rotation of the 3rd gear, second gear also can be towards equidirectional rotation, and at this moment, second gear will rotatablely move and pass to the 5th gear, finish second group of speed change, and speed increasing ratio is 1: 4; Because the 5th gear and the 6th gear are two in-line gears that vary in size, in the time of the rotation of the 5th gear, the 6th gear also can be towards equidirectional rotation, at this moment, the 6th gear will rotatablely move and pass to the tenth gear, finish the 3rd group of speed change, speed increasing ratio is 1: 4, at this moment, the said gear group is finished all speed-change processes, output power by the 5th gear shaft, and then be delivered on the limiter of speed, can reach the purpose of control descending lifeline decrease speed by the brake lever on the limiter of speed, brake cable, brake block.
The present invention mainly has following technical characterictic:
1, self-saving ability is strong.When running into the accident generation, under the situation without anyone assistance, a people just can operate freely, to reach the purpose of saving oneself;
2, bearing capacity is big, is not subjected to limitation in height.With any one interior height, this equipment can use (as long as length of steel wire rope is enough) freely at thousands of rice.The steel wire rope that this equipment uses can bear the pulling force of 1 ton of left and right sides weight;
3, the personnel that are not subjected to limit.On a steel wire rope that hangs down, can many people escape simultaneously;
4, equipment itself is without any need for energy source and power, and reliable in mechanical performance utilizes speed-limiting device can control decrease speed automatically, firm, steady, safety.
Description of drawings
(descending lifeline) of the present invention formed by two layers of tray combination
Accompanying drawing 1 is the front front view of first pallet of the present invention's (descending lifeline)
Accompanying drawing 2 is front front views of second pallet of the present invention's (descending lifeline)
Accompanying drawing 3 is back side front views of second pallet of the present invention's (descending lifeline)
As Fig. 1, Fig. 2, shown in Figure 3, following parts are represented by following Arabic numerals:
1. first fluted roller shaft, 2. first sheave, 3. screw steel wire rope, 4. brake lever axle, 5. second sheave, 6. second fluted roller shaft, 7. handle, 8. brake lever, 9. the 3rd fluted roller shaft, 10. the 3rd sheave, 11. pinch roller handle, 12. the 4th sheave, 13. the 4th fluted roller shaft, 14. first gear, 15. second gear, 16. the 3rd gear, 17. first gear shaft, 18. the 4th gear, 19. set bolt, 20. the 5th gear, 21. second gear shaft, 22. brake cable, 23. the 6th gear, 24. the 7th gear, 25. the 3rd gear shaft, 26. spring shaft, 27. spring, 28. bearing, 29. octadentate wheel, 30. the support of bearing, 31. the 9th gear, 32. the 4th gear shaft, 33. pressure handle axle, 34. the 5th gear shaft, 35. the tenth gear, 36. the 11 gear, 37. spring, 38. suspension ring axle, 39. suspension ring, 40. brake extension spring, 41. brake fixed screw, 42. limiter of speed flywheel, 43. brake fixed mount, 44. flyball, 45. slide bar, 46. slide block, 47. brake block, 48. brake draw ring, 49. flywheel fixed screw, 50. spring leaf.
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing:
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, with diameter is the peripheral finer wire that twines one deck 1-3 millimeter of steel wire rope of 5-10 millimeter, make screw-like steel wire rope 3, with play and first sheave 2, second sheave 5, the 3rd sheave 10, the 4th sheave 12 between the anti-skidding effect of interlock, the length of screw steel wire rope 3 can be set according to the actual height of building.
As shown in Figure 1, the shell of high-altitude slow-descending equipment is made by the oval serving platter of two size shape unanimities, and first sheave, 2, the second sheaves, 5, the three sheaves, 10, the four sheaves 12 are installed in the front of first pallet; First sheave 2 and the 3rd sheave 10 be arranged in parallel, second sheave 5 and the 4th sheave 12 be arranged in parallel, screw steel wire rope 3 epimeres are clipped in the groove between first sheave 2 and the 3rd sheave 10, and screw steel wire rope 3 hypomeres are clipped in the groove between second sheave 5 and the 4th sheave 12.
As shown in Figure 2, front at second pallet of slow descending device is equipped with the change-speed gearing group, first gear 14 is meshed with octadentate wheel 29, second gear 15 is meshed with the 5th gear 20, the 4th gear 18 is meshed with the 3rd gear 16, the 4th gear 18 is meshed with the 7th gear 24, and the tenth gear 35 is meshed with the 4th gear 18, and the 11 gear 36 is meshed with the 9th gear 31; Be provided with suspension ring 39 in the lower end, the back side of second pallet, middle part, the back side at second pallet is provided with brake fixed mount 43, by the fixedly brake block 47 of fixed mount 43 that brakes, be provided with limiter of speed flywheel 42 at the middle part of ring-shaped brake sheet 47, the outer setting of limiter of speed flywheel 42 has spring leaf 50; Be provided with brake extension spring 40 at brake block 47 shell ends, be provided with brake draw ring 48 in the junction of brake extension spring 40 and brake block 47.
As shown in Figure 2, be provided with handle 7 in the left side of described second pallet, handle 7 is provided with brake lever 8, is provided with pinch roller handle 11 on second pallet right side of slow descending device.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, above-mentioned two pallets are connected synthetic integral body, with set bolt 19 it is fastened, the high-altitude slow-descending device promptly completes.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, during use, at first screw steel wire rope 3 is snapped between first sheave 2, the 3rd sheave 10, the second sheaves 5, the 4th sheave 12, make above-mentioned two groups of sheaves steel wire rope 3 tight interlocks by pinch roller handle 11.Under the effect of gravity, sheave can be made downglide motion along steel wire rope, and will pass to first gear 14, octadentate wheel the 29, the 7th gear the 24, the 11 gear 36 simultaneously by first fluted roller shaft 1, the 3rd fluted roller shaft 9, second fluted roller shaft 6, the 4th fluted roller shaft 13 because of rotatablely moving of producing of downslide; In the time of first gear 14,36 rotations of octadentate wheel the 29, the 7th gear the 24, the 11 gear, meeting drives the 4th gear 18, the 9th gear 31 is rotated motion, (formed a mass motion of interlock mutually between above-mentioned each gear, thereby can reach the evenly stressed of each gear), meanwhile, the 4th gear 18 will rotatablely move again and pass to the 3rd gear 16, finish first group of speed change, and its speed increasing ratio is 1: 4; Because the 3rd gear 16 and second gear 15 are two in-line gears that vary in size, in the time of 16 rotations of the 3rd gear, second gear 15 also can be towards equidirectional rotation, at this moment, second gear 15 will rotatablely move and pass to the 5th gear 20, finish second group of speed change, and speed increasing ratio is 1: 4; Because the 5th gear 20 and the 6th gear 23 are two in-line gears that vary in size, in the time of 20 rotations of the 5th gear, the 6th gear 23 also can be towards equidirectional rotation, at this moment, the 6th gear 23 will rotatablely move and pass to the tenth gear 35, finish the 3rd group of speed change, speed increasing ratio is 1: 4, at this moment, the said gear group is finished all speed-change processes, output power by the 5th gear shaft 34, and then be delivered to (see figure 3) on the limiter of speed, can reach the purpose of control descending lifeline decrease speed by the brake lever on the limiter of speed 8, brake cable 22, brake block 47.

Claims (3)

1. high-altitude slow-descending equipment, it is characterized in that: it is mainly combined by a screw steel wire rope (3) and a descending lifeline, the shell of high-altitude slow-descending equipment is made by the oval serving platter of two size shape unanimities, first sheave (2) is installed in the front of first pallet, second sheave (5), the 3rd sheave (10), the 4th sheave (12); First sheave (2) be arranged in parallel with the 3rd sheave (10), second sheave (5) be arranged in parallel with the 4th sheave (12), screw steel wire rope (3) epimere is clipped in the groove between first sheave (2) and the 3rd sheave (10), and screw steel wire rope (3) hypomere is clipped in the groove between second sheave (5) and the 4th sheave (12); Front at second pallet of slow descending device is equipped with the change-speed gearing group, first gear (14) is meshed with octadentate wheel (29), second gear (15) is meshed with the 5th gear (20), the 4th gear (18) is meshed with the 3rd gear (16), the 4th gear (18) is meshed with the 7th gear (24), the tenth gear (35) is meshed with the 4th gear (18), and the 11 gear (36) is meshed with the 9th gear (31); Be provided with suspension ring (39) in the lower end, the back side of second pallet, middle part, the back side at second pallet is provided with brake fixed mount (43), by the fixedly brake block (47) of fixed mount (43) that brakes, be provided with limiter of speed flywheel (42) at the middle part of ring-shaped brake sheet (47), the outer setting of limiter of speed flywheel (42) has spring leaf (50); Be provided with brake extension spring (40) at brake block (47) shell end, be provided with brake draw ring (48) in the junction of brake extension spring (40) and brake block (47).
2. high-altitude slow-descending equipment according to claim 1 is characterized in that: it is the finer wire of 1-3 millimeter that one deck diameter is twined in the periphery of screw steel wire rope (3).
3. high-altitude slow-descending equipment according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the left side of second pallet is provided with handle (7), and handle (7) is provided with brake lever (8), is provided with pinch roller handle (11) on second pallet right side.
CN200510066119XA 2005-04-21 2005-04-21 High-altitude slow-descending equipment Expired - Fee Related CN1853741B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200510066119XA CN1853741B (en) 2005-04-21 2005-04-21 High-altitude slow-descending equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200510066119XA CN1853741B (en) 2005-04-21 2005-04-21 High-altitude slow-descending equipment

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CN1853741A CN1853741A (en) 2006-11-01
CN1853741B true CN1853741B (en) 2011-01-26

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103550871B (en) * 2013-10-26 2016-05-25 俞关清 High building lifesaving slow falling apparatus
CN107126640A (en) * 2017-02-23 2017-09-05 唐泉涌 A kind of high-rise life saving shares descending lifeline
CN110101983A (en) * 2019-05-21 2019-08-09 温州市王金虎新型搬运设备科技有限公司 A kind of high-rise escape apparatus

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2780249Y (en) * 2005-04-21 2006-05-17 陈伟明 High altitude slow falling device

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2780249Y (en) * 2005-04-21 2006-05-17 陈伟明 High altitude slow falling device

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
JP特开平11-57045A 1999.03.02

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Granted publication date: 20110126

Termination date: 20110421