CN1845852A - container - Google Patents

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Publication number
CN1845852A
CN1845852A CN 200480025553 CN200480025553A CN1845852A CN 1845852 A CN1845852 A CN 1845852A CN 200480025553 CN200480025553 CN 200480025553 CN 200480025553 A CN200480025553 A CN 200480025553A CN 1845852 A CN1845852 A CN 1845852A
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CN
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
container
preceding
container according
layer
material
Prior art date
Application number
CN 200480025553
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
詹弗兰科·达马托
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塞达有限公司
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D3/00Rigid or semi-rigid containers having bodies or peripheral walls of curved or partially-curved cross-section made by winding or bending paper without folding along defined lines
    • B65D3/22Rigid or semi-rigid containers having bodies or peripheral walls of curved or partially-curved cross-section made by winding or bending paper without folding along defined lines with double walls; with walls incorporating air-chambers; with walls made of laminated material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D3/00Rigid or semi-rigid containers having bodies or peripheral walls of curved or partially-curved cross-section made by winding or bending paper without folding along defined lines
    • B65D3/02Rigid or semi-rigid containers having bodies or peripheral walls of curved or partially-curved cross-section made by winding or bending paper without folding along defined lines characterised by shape
    • B65D3/06Rigid or semi-rigid containers having bodies or peripheral walls of curved or partially-curved cross-section made by winding or bending paper without folding along defined lines characterised by shape essentially conical or frusto-conical
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D3/00Rigid or semi-rigid containers having bodies or peripheral walls of curved or partially-curved cross-section made by winding or bending paper without folding along defined lines
    • B65D3/10Rigid or semi-rigid containers having bodies or peripheral walls of curved or partially-curved cross-section made by winding or bending paper without folding along defined lines characterised by form of integral or permanently secured end closure
    • B65D3/12Flanged discs permanently secured, e.g. by adhesives or by heat-sealing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2203/00Decoration means, markings, information elements, contents indicators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2577/00Packages formed by enclosing articles or materials in preformed containers, e.g. boxes, cartons, sacks, bags
    • B65D2577/10Container closures formed after filling
    • B65D2577/20Container closures formed after filling by applying separate lids or covers
    • B65D2577/2041Pull tabs
    • B65D2577/205Pull tabs integral with the closure
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D85/00Containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials
    • B65D85/70Containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials for materials not otherwise provided for
    • B65D85/72Containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials for materials not otherwise provided for for edible or potable liquids, semiliquids, or plastic or pasty materials

Abstract

The invention relates to a container, especially for receiving food, said container comprising a wall provided with at least one layer. The inventive container has an extraction opening with a rolled opening edge and is closed on the end thereof opposing the extraction opening. At least the container wall is formed from a two-dimensional blank that is joined to form a continuous container wall. The aim of the invention is to enable the interior of one such container to be inspected in a simple, constructive and cost-effective manner, maintaining previous advantageous of the known container. To this end, said container, and especially the container wall, is formed at least partially from a transparent or translucent, especially liquid-tight or fluid-tight material that can be deformed in order to form the container and is dimensionally stable following the shaping.

Description

容器 container

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及根据具有权利要求1的特征的一种容器,该容器尤其用于容纳食物,以及一个相应的用于制造这种容器的裁剪片。 The present invention relates to a container having the features of claim 1, the container in particular for receiving food, and a corresponding cut sheet for manufacturing such containers.

背景技术 Background technique

在实践中已公知了这种例如杯状或类似形状的容器,在其中注入食物,以便被保存及随后被取出或直接从容器中食用该食物。 In practice, this has been known, for example, cicada cup shaped container or the like, in which the food is injected so as to be subsequently removed or stored and eaten directly from the container to the food.

由EP 0 074 936 B1公知了一种挤压容器的例子。 Example from EP 0 074 936 B1 A1 discloses an extruded container. 该挤压容器具有一个管状体,该管状体具有由至少两个层组成的壁。 The squeeze container having a tubular body, the tubular body having a wall composed of at least two layers. 在其上端一个取出口既用于注入食物也用于食用注入的食物。 At its upper end an outlet for injecting both food consumption is also used to inject food. 该挤压容器在其下端被封闭。 The squeeze container is closed at its lower end. 为了制造该容器使用二维的裁剪片,该裁剪片首先被卷曲并随后自行地连接以形成一个连续的容器壁。 In order to produce a two-dimensional container the cut sheet, the sheet is first cut and then crimped themselves linked to form a continuous container wall.

容器壁的材料是一种相对可柔曲的且相对坚硬的材料,如防水纸或塑料。 It is a material of the container wall can flex relative and relatively stiff material, such as waterproof paper or plastic. 但此公知的容器却不能识别在该容器中是否注入了某种食物及可能注入了何物。 However, this known container can not identify whether the container may be injected into a food and what was injected.

由日本实用新型公开文献JP 56-156 777公知了另一种容器,它同样用于容纳食物。 Japanese Utility Model Publication JP 56-156 777 A1 discloses a further container for containing a food which likewise. 该容器由硬纸的叠层及在其两侧施加的聚乙烯层构成。 The container is made of cardboard laminated on both sides thereof and a polyethylene layer is applied. 封闭容器的盖由一个铝箔的叠层及在其两侧上施加的聚乙烯层组成。 A closed container is covered by an aluminum foil and a polyethylene laminate layer is applied on both sides of the composition. 该容器是不透明的,因此在视觉上不能看到容器的内部。 The container is opaque, and thus can not see the interior of the container visually.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明的任务在于,对具有权利要求1的前序部分的特征的容器作出如下的改进,即在保持公知容器所有优点的情况下以结构简单及成本合适的方式可以作到对容器内部的观察。 Object of the invention is to make the following improvements to the container having the features in the preamble of the 1, i.e., in the case where the holding well-known container for all the advantages of a simple structure and a cost suitable manner can be done observation of the interior of the container .

该任务通过权利要求1的特征来解决。 This object by the features as claimed in claim solved.

根据本发明,还提供一种用于制造这种容器的相应裁剪片。 The present invention also provides a corresponding method for producing cut pieces such containers.

根据本发明的容器的特征在于对于容器壁的至少一部分使用一种材料,该材料使表面看起来相互对立的性能以有利的方式彼此结合。 According to a feature of the container of the present invention is that at least a portion of the container wall for the use of a material that makes the surface appear contradictory properties in an advantageous manner to each other.

为了使食物能可靠地存放在容器中,根据本发明的材料最好是对液体或流体密封的。 In order to reliably store the food in the container, the materials according to the invention is preferably a liquid or fluid-tight. 由此可防止液态流体的渗入及渗出和/或气态流体的渗入及渗出。 Thereby preventing exudation and infiltration and infiltration bleeding and / or gaseous fluid liquid fluid. 在干燥的、尤其是松散状的食物的情况下,气密性在这方面已是足够的,其中如果该食物与一种气体如氧气或类似气体相接触对于与食用关系重大的特性无负面影响时,对此也可取消气密。 In the case of dry, fluffy, especially food, air tightness in this area is already sufficient, if the food and wherein one gas such as oxygen gas or the like into contact with the food without major negative effect on the characteristics of the relationship when, this also cancel airtight.

该材料同时是透明的。 The material is also transparent. 由此得到一系列的优点,例如在由相应的裁剪片制造容器后可用简单的方式在视觉上确定:是否容器内部包含异物且尤其是污物,或是否已损坏。 Thereby obtaining a series of advantages, for example, available in a simple manner from the container after manufacture of the respective cut sheet visually: if the inner container contains foreign matters and dirt in particular, or is damaged. 该挤压容器视觉上的透明性至少位于光谱的可见范围内(透光的),但也可在相邻的光谱范围内,例如至少在红外线和/或紫外线的方向上延伸。 On the transparency of the squeeze container located at least in visual range of the visible spectrum (transparent), but may also be, for example, extend at least in the direction of the infrared and / or ultraviolet light in the adjacent spectral range. 该透明性还可实现:在注入相应食物时以简单方式监视其装填程度。 The transparency may also be implemented: during injection of the respective food in a simple manner to monitor the extent of filling. 在此情况下,尤其可在与注入方向垂直的方向上进行监视。 In this case, in particular, can be monitored in a direction perpendicular to the injection direction.

除了容器装填时的优点外,材料的透明性还具有一系列对于使用者的优点,所述使用者将由该容器取出相应食物或直接从该容器食用它。 In addition to the advantages of the container when filled, the transparency of the material also has a series of advantages for the user, the user will be taken out of the respective food vessel or consume it straight from the container.

对于使用者重要的还在于,可以用简单的方式确定食物的装填程度。 For users important is, you can use a simple way to determine the extent of filling food. 除了注入食物的量外例如还可识别其浓度。 In addition to the injection amount of food, for example, recognizes its concentration. 这也类似地适用于食物可能的配色或着色的识别。 This similarly applies to the identification of possible color or food coloring. 这种配色例如可让人推断出食物的新鲜度,其中食物的有意着色可给予附加的视觉上的购买诱惑。 This color can make people infer such as freshness of the food, which food coloring may be given an intentional purchase of additional visual temptation.

材料透明性的另一优点是,在食用时不仅可通过取出孔确定出食物相对于取出孔位于何位置上,而且也可透过容器壁来确定该位置。 Another advantage of the transparency of the material is determined not only in the consumption of the food through the extraction hole with respect to the extraction hole located on any position, but this position may also be determined through the container wall. 由此例如可防止:当容器倾倒时食物意外地从取出孔排出。 Thus, for example, can be prevented: when the container is removed from the pouring hole accidentally discharged food.

原则上可以满足的是,仅是容器壁的一部分由透明或透光的且最好对液体和/或流体密封的材料构成。 Satisfy the principle that only a portion of the container wall is preferably made of a transparent or light transmissive and liquid and / or fluid-tight material. 容器壁的其余部分可由通常的方式由加强纸或类似材料构成。 The remainder of the container wall may be composed of the usual way by the reinforcing sheet or the like. 但根据本发明更有利的是,整个容器壁均由该材料构成,以便在任何位置上均可透过容器壁看到容器内部。 However, according to the present invention, more advantageously, the entire container wall by the material, so that the inner container are visible through the container wall at any position. 由此将不需要:为了寻找透明的容器区段,可能首先转动容器。 Whereby unwanted: In order to find a transparent container section, you may first rotating the container. 但如果容器壁仅在一个区段中是透明/透光的,则该区段以合适的方式在注入食物的整个高度上延伸,以便既可观察最大的装填度也可在食用时观察装填度的下降。 However, if only a section of the container wall is transparent / translucent, the section in a suitable manner extends over the entire height of the injection of the food, in order to observe the maximum filling degree can also be observed upon consumption of the filling Decline. 对此可满足的是,容器壁沿注入食物的高度设有由相应材料制成的一系列区段,这些区段可在容器纵向上彼此隔开及需要时附加地在容器圆周方向上彼此隔开。 This can be satisfied that the container wall is provided with a respective series of sections made of injected material in the height of the food, these longitudinal sections of the container may be additionally separated from each other in the circumferential direction of the container and spaced from each other when required open.

作为相应的材料可使用聚丙烯(PP),聚氯乙烯(PVC),聚苯乙烯(Polystyren)(PS),聚酰胺(PA),聚对苯二甲酸乙二醇聚酯(PET),聚酯,聚乙烯或类似材料。 May be used polypropylene (PP) as a respective material, polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polystyrene (Polystyren) (PS), polyamide (PA), polyethylene polyethylene terephthalate (PET), poly esters, polyethylene or similar material.

为了在相应的层材料情况下可能地改善密封性,可在层的一侧或两侧上设有漆层。 To possibly improve the sealing material in the corresponding layer, the lacquer layer may be provided on one or both sides of the layer.

为了可由食用食物的使用者对容器施加一些压力,容器壁是可柔曲的。 Food consumption by a user to exert some pressure on the container, the container wall is of flex. 这也适用于相应的透明或透光的、最好是对液体或流体密封的材料。 This also applies to the respective transparent or clear, is preferably a liquid or fluid-tight material.

为了使制造连续容器壁的裁剪片可自行地连接,该裁剪片例如可被卷曲,直到其侧边缘彼此接缝。 In order to manufacture a continuous sheet cut container wall may itself be connected to the cutting piece may be crimped, for example, until the seam side edge thereof to each other. 然后沿该边缘接缝进行裁剪片的自行连接,其中需要时也可使用附加的连接剂。 Then cut sheet itself is connected along the joint edge, wherein when the need for additional linkers may also be used. 通常在这方面通过热量和/或压力进行连接。 Typically connected by heat and / or pressure in this regard.

同样存在这样的可能性,即在容器片卷曲或折褶后不仅沿相应的边缘接缝形成连接,而且通过彼此对置的边缘构成裁剪片的一个重叠区域,其中该重叠区域尤其在容器纵向上延伸且其中在该重叠区域中自行地形成裁剪片的连接。 The possibility also exists, i.e., curl or fold the container connecting piece is formed not only along the respective joint edges, and the edges opposite to each other by the overlap region constituting a cut sheet, wherein the longitudinal direction, especially in the overlapping area of ​​the container and wherein the connector is formed extending cut sheet itself in the overlap region.

当该透明的且对流体密封的材料一直延伸到相应裁剪片的、在制成的容器上在此构成取出口的上端时,或当全部由该材料制成的容器的情况下时,取出口的口边缘可在不改变材料特性的情况下被弯边或卷边。 When the transparent and fluid-tight material extends to the respective cut sheet, the container made in this configuration the upper end of the outlet, or when all of the containers made from this material, the outlet the rim may be crimped or crimped without changing the material properties. 由此可保证即使在口边缘也具有该材料的特性,如透明度、对流体的密封性及形状稳定性。 Whereby guaranteed even with the opening edge of the material properties, such as transparency, sealability and shape stability of the fluid.

因为相应的材料在成型后是形状稳定的,因此在口边缘上可保证:该材料在弯边或卷边后也可保持其相应的形状。 Because the corresponding material is dimensionally stable after molding, and thus at the rim ensures that: the material after crimping or curling can maintain their respective shapes.

通过根据本发明的容器相应的形状稳定性同样存在一种可能性,即口边缘仅由裁剪片的上边缘构成。 Also there is a possibility by the container according to the present invention corresponding to the shape stability, i.e. only the opening edge constituted by the upper edge of the cut sheet. 在该实施例中不进行口边缘的相应弯边、卷边或其它形式的造型。 Without bending the respective opening edge of the edge in this embodiment, curling or other forms of modeling. 还可看到在将裁剪片的自由上边缘作为口边缘方面的另一优点,就是相应的边缘是对流体密封的。 Can also be seen in the upper free edge of the cut sheet as aspects of the opening edge further advantage is that the corresponding edge is fluid-tight. 还存在一种可能性,即作为口边缘的自由上边缘与弯边、卷边或用其它方式造型的口边缘相结合。 There is also a possibility that, as the free edge of the rim flange, crimp or otherwise shape the edges of the opening combination.

此外该不改变材料特性的可成型性还用于避免例如所谓的白色折痕。 In addition, the material does not change the properties of formability is further configured to avoid, for example so-called white crease. 该白色折痕例如出现在这样的材料上:该材料虽然起初是透明的,但在成型或折起时使原来保持透明的材料带有通常为条状的白色变暗部分。 The white creases occur, for example in such a material: the material is transparent, although at first, but so that the original transparent material holding portion is typically darkened with a white stripe or folded during molding. 这种白色折痕另外也可出现在壁区域中,使用者在该壁区域上握持容器或为了取出食物而施加相应的压力,由此可能产生折痕或褶条。 Such additional crease white wall may also occur in the area, the user holds the container in order to take out the food or the wall region corresponding pressure exerted thereby may have creases or pleating bar. 虽然该特性改变在某部分上、如在口边缘上是可接受的,但避免它是特别有利的。 Although this change in the characteristics of a portion, as the rim is acceptable, but it is particularly advantageous to avoid.

尤其当整个容器壁由该材料构成时,则不仅整个容器是相应透明/透光及对液体/流体密封的,而且在成型后是形状稳定的。 In particular, when the whole constituted by the container wall material, not only the respective entire container is transparent / translucent and liquid / fluid-tight, and is dimensionally stable after molding. 该形状稳定性在制造地点与装填地点之间的储存或运输时尤为重要。 The shape stability is especially important in the storage or transportation between the loading place and the manufacturing site. 此外由于相应的形状稳定性,在装填食物时可不用附加措施至少在其取出口的区域上保持张开,由此可简单地注入食物。 Furthermore, since the respective shape stability when loading the food without additional measures may remain open at least at its outlet region, whereby the food can be easily injected. 该形状稳定性在食用食物时也是有助的,其中容器本身在食物被部分或完全取出后仍可保持其形状。 The shape stability is also help in the consumption of food, wherein the container itself still maintain its shape after the food is partially or completely removed. 如果为了食用食物通过施加压力来挤压容器,该形状稳定性将是有助的,以使在结束按压时可基本上取得其原始形状,由此食物又缩回到容器内部。 If the consumption of foods by applying pressure in order to squeeze container, which will be instrumental form stability, so that may be made substantially to its original shape at the end of the pressing, whereby the food is retracted into the interior of the container.

该形状稳定性也是一种不会改变的特性,以便例如使重叠区域保持足够的稳定性,如透明性及密封性。 The shape stability is also a property does not change, for example in order to maintain adequate stability of the overlapping region, such as transparency and sealability.

为了在需要时使不同特性的层在透明性及密封性方面可彼此相结合,容器壁可由相应的两层或多层的材料构成,其中每个层是透明的。 In order to make the required different characteristics when the transparent layer may be combined with each other and sealing terms, the material of the container wall by a corresponding configuration of two or more layers, wherein each layer is transparent. 在此处应指出,总是应这样来理解,“透明”仅用于透光,而“对流体密封”用于对液体密封或对气体密封。 It should be noted here, this is always understood to be "clear" only for light-transmitting, and "fluid seal" is used for a liquid-tight or gas tight.

在这方面,外层可由PP,定向的PP(共挤压或上漆的),PE,PET,PET(上漆的),PA,定向的PA(上漆的)或类似材料构成。 In this regard, the outer layer may be PP, oriented PP (co-extruded or lacquered), PE, PET, PET (painted), PA, oriented PA (painted) or a similar material. 对于内层可考虑以下的材料:PP,PVC,PS,PA,PET或类似材料。 For the inner layer may consider the following materials: PP, PVC, PS, PA, PET or the like.

对于不同的层有利的是,这些层例如为叠层。 Advantageously for different layers, these layers, for example laminated. 这种叠层可大面积地由相应的层来制造并且然后由该叠层冲压出裁剪片或用其它方式制造裁剪片。 Such a laminate can be produced by a large area of ​​the respective layers of the laminate and then punched out or cut sheet cut sheet manufactured in other ways. 通过这种叠层的使用可保证,在维持相应特性的情况下可靠地使各层彼此连接。 By using such a laminate can be guaranteed, the layers securely connected to each other while maintaining the respective characteristics.

制造这些层及使其彼此连接的另一可能性是这些层被共挤压。 Manufacture of these layers and connected to each other so that another possibility is that these layers are co-extruded.

为了使容器的相应裁剪片也可被迄今无论对于相似容器的制造还是装填所使用的设备来使用,未成型的裁剪片是严格二维的。 In order to cut a respective sheet containers may also be similar to the apparatus so far, whether the container manufacturing or filling used to use, unformed cut sheet is strictly two-dimensional. 由此使得这种裁剪片一方面对于运输易于叠放且另一方面可拉入相应的设备从而以简单的方式由裁剪片折褶或卷曲成容器。 Thereby making such cut sheets are stacked one hand and on the other for transport can be easily pulled into the corresponding device in a simple manner so as to fold or curl the cut pieces into a container.

在这方面有利的还在于,至少裁剪片的位于外侧的面具有一定的粗糙度或基本摩擦(Grundreibung),该粗糙度或基本摩擦可防止相应的拉入装置相对于裁剪片滑动。 In this respect also advantageous in that the surface located outside the cut sheet having a certain roughness or substantially friction (Grundreibung) at least, the roughness or the friction can be prevented substantially corresponding cutting retraction device relative to the slide plate.

无论是在未装填、已装填状态的容器的运输时还是在已装填的挤压容器的供货或由使用者使用时,均存在一个可能性,即挤压容器与尖角或锐边的物体形成接触。 Whether or supplied already filled in the squeeze container or used by a user, there is one possibility is not loaded during transport, the filled state of the container, i.e., squeeze container with sharp edges or sharp objects forming a contact. 在此方面有利的是,容器壁的相应材料具有相对这种物体的一定的机械抵抗强度,由此将防止可能对材料的透明度或对流体密封性有负面影响的损坏。 Advantageous in this respect that the respective container wall material such objects having a relatively constant mechanical strength against, thereby to prevent possible damage to the transparency material or adversely affect the fluid-tight.

为了避免在容器制造或以后的处理时尤其在壁区域中形成不良的视觉印象,在材料的两层或多层结构中相应的层持久不可拆地彼此连接。 In particular, in order to avoid undesirable visual impression formed in the wall region of the container during manufacture or subsequent processing, the respective layers persistent non-detachably connected to each other in two or more layers of structural material. 否则通过层彼此的按点分离形成气泡或类似的视觉印象,由此除视觉印象外还可能对材料的透明度产生负面影响。 Otherwise, by separation of layers to each other by the formation of bubbles or similar visual impression, whereby in addition to the visual impression may also adversely affect the transparency of the material.

这种持久不可拆连接的例子为上述的叠层或共挤压。 Such persistent non-detachable connection of the above-described example of a laminate or coextrusion.

与相应材料的层的数目无关地通常可以满足的是,仅是多个层中的一个层或所使用的多个层中的单个层、在多个层的情况下尤其是中间层是有弹性的,但持久可变形且在变形后形状稳定的层。 Corresponding to the number of material layers regardless usually sufficient that only a single layer of a plurality of layers or a plurality of layers used in, in a case where a plurality of layers, in particular an elastic intermediate layer is but persistence after deformation deformable and form-stable layer.

为了达到最佳的对流体的密封性,被证实有利的是,相对液体的密封性及相对气体的密封性通过分开的层来实现。 To achieve the best sealing fluid, and is proven to be advantageous, sealing opposing sealing and the liquid gas is relatively realized by a separate layer. 这例如可这样来达到,即至少一个内层是对液体密封的和/或其它层中的一个是对气体密封的。 This may be so, for example, be achieved in that the at least one inner layer is liquid-tight and / or other layers is a gas seal.

还存在这样的可能性,即在重叠区域中将相应的层通过附加的连接剂、例如粘剂或类似物彼此相连接。 There is also a possibility that the respective layers are connected via an additional agent, e.g. promoters or the like connected to one another in the overlap region. 在一个简单的实施例中,外层和/或内层至少在重叠区域中被构成连接层。 In a simple embodiment, the outer and / or inner layer constituting the connecting layer at least in the overlap region.

对于这些层的材料还应指出,例如对于冷冻或热的食物来说这些层中的一个具有阻热功能和/或存在这样的可能性,所有的层可透过微波,以便例如使容器中的食物被加热。 For the materials of these layers should also be noted, for example, freezing or hot foods for these layers having a thermal barrier function and / or there is a possibility that all of the microwave permeable layer, for example in the container so as to the food is heated.

当然还存在这样的可能性,即对液体及气体的流体密封性仅由一个层来实现。 Of course, there is also a possibility that is achieved by only a layer of liquid and gas fluid tightness.

尤其在取出口及其口边缘的区域上以及沿裁剪片的所有其它边缘、尤其在重叠区域中有时可能会出现问题,即相应材料的这些边缘或自由端部未充分地密封。 Especially in the area of ​​the outlet and its opening edge along the cutting edge and all other sheet, in particular, problems may sometimes occur in the overlapping area, i.e. the edge or free end portion of a respective material is not sufficiently sealed. 由此尤其是食物的液态组分或在挤压容器外部的液体、例如冷凝水渗入到材料中。 Whereby liquid components, especially in the food or liquid is squeezed outside of the container, for example, the condensed water penetrates into the material. 这种渗入通常改变了相应材料或至少材料一个层的厚度,以致使该材料出现鼓起,这对整体视觉印象产生不良影响。 Such changes are usually infiltrated material or the respective material thickness of at least one layer, the material appears to cause swelling, which adversely affect the overall visual impression. 液体通过层的自由端部或边缘的渗入也可导致容器总体不再密封或失去其性能、如形状稳定性。 Penetration of liquid through the free end or edge of the container layer may also result in an overall sealed or not lose their properties, such as shape stability. 这种尤其是液体的渗入还可导致挤压容器的表面变软及使材料脱离容器。 This particular liquid penetration may also result in the surface of the squeeze container and softens the material from the container. 该缺点可这样地避免,即层的边缘对液体密封。 This disadvantage can be avoided in such a way that the edge of the layer of liquid-tight.

为了使容器在视觉上有吸引人的构型或显示一些信息,至少一个层可以设有一个印刷图形。 In order to have an attractive container configuration or display some information, the at least one layer may be provided with a printed pattern visually.

无论在用于制造容器的相应裁剪片加工时还是在以后的装填或由使用者使用时有利的是,该印刷图形是抗擦抹的。 No matter when the corresponding cut sheet used to manufacture a container or during subsequent processing or use by the user filling it is advantageous that the printed pattern is resistant to wiping. 这就是说,该印刷图形既不能通过直接的接触也不能通过层的作用被擦掉。 That is, neither the role of the printed pattern by direct contact can not be erased by the layer.

在容器壁材料为单层结构的情况下印刷图形被印在容器的外侧面上。 In the case of the container wall material is a single-layer structure of a printed pattern is printed on the outer surface of the container. 这也适合于共挤压的层。 This also applies to co-extruded layers. 而在其它多层结构的情况下有利的是,印刷图形被设置在外层的内侧面和/或中间层的外侧面和/或中间层的内侧面和/或内层的外侧面上。 In the case of other multilayer structure it is advantageous printed pattern is disposed on the inner surface of the outer layer and / or the outer side surface of the intermediate layer and / or the inner side surface of the intermediate layer and / or the outer surface of the inner layer. 由此也可使多个印刷图形彼此相结合,其中这些图形可在图形或色彩构型上相区分。 This also allows a plurality of printed graphics combined with each other, wherein the pattern or color pattern distinguishable relative configuration.

为了以简单的方式对裁剪片自行的连接提供足够的热量,层中的至少一个层是吸收超声波的。 In order to connect in a simple manner to provide sufficient heat to cut the sheet itself, at least one layer is a layer absorbing the ultrasonic waves. 通过超声波的吸收得到相应层的加热,该加热应这样地强,以使层足够地软化,以便使一个与该层形成边缘接触或面接触的层在相应的冷却后达到紧密的且尤其是对流体密封的连接。 Obtained heating the respective layer by the absorption of ultrasonic waves, the heating is in this way strong, so that sufficiently softened layer, so that a contact with the layer forming an edge or surface of the contact layer to achieve a tight and after appropriate cooling especially fluid-tight connection. 这当然也适合于两个彼此在重叠区域中形成接触的层,尤其当这些层由同一材料构成时。 This of course is also suitable for two layers in contact with each other is formed in the overlapping region, especially when the layer is made of the same material. 但在这方面还应指出,相应材料通过超声波的加热不会导致在连接及冷却后对材料的透明度产生负面影响。 But it should also be noted in this regard, by heating the respective materials ultrasound does not result in a negative impact on the transparency of the material and cooling after the connection.

如果这些层由一个叠层构成,则可视为有利的是,印刷图形在制造层叠前被印刷。 If the layer consists of a laminate, may be regarded as advantageous that the printed pattern is printed are stacked prior to manufacturing. 由此一方面可避免印刷图形直接在容器外侧受到破坏性的影响,且另一方面不用担心对食物有损坏的影响。 On the one hand possible to avoid detrimentally affect the printed pattern directly on the outer container, and on the other hand have to worry about damage to the influence of food.

此外在材料的层结构上还存在一个可能性,即层中至少一个层本身是一个叠层。 There is also the possibility of a structural material in the layer, i.e., at least one layer is a laminate layer itself.

而且存在这样的可能性,即相应材料的仅两个层或更多个层是共挤压的。 And there is a possibility that only two layers or more layers of the corresponding material are coextruded.

为了使容器在其下端封闭,可有多个可能的方案。 To the container is closed at its lower end, there may be multiple possible solutions.

在一个实施例中,封闭的端部可通过壁的下端区段的连接构成。 In one embodiment, the closed end can be configured by connecting the lower end section of the wall. 由此该封闭的端部基本上也可通过容器壁及其材料构成并为透明的且尤其是对流体密封的。 Whereby the substantially closed end portion may be formed by the container wall material and its transparent and especially for fluid-tight.

在此情况下优选地壁的下端区段在连接前被相互地受压,由此也可通过相应的热作用实现壁区段的自行连接。 In this case, preferably the lower end of the wall segments are pressed to each other before the connection, thereby connecting the wall section itself may be realized by a corresponding action of heat.

同样存在一种可能性,即使用单独的部件来封闭容器,以使得例如封闭的端部具有一个底件。 Also there is a possibility that the use of a separate member to close the container, so that for example, a closed end portion having a bottom member. 该底件可由单独的裁剪片来制造。 The base member may be manufactured separate cut sheet.

对于底件来说,通常不需要它也是透明的。 For the base member is normally not necessary it is also transparent. 但也存在这样的可能性,即底件由与容器壁相同的材料制造且当底件与容器壁连接时也需要消耗热量或压力。 However, there is a possibility that the bottom member made from the same material and the container wall when the bottom wall of the connector member and the container also consumes heat or pressure.

为了在取出口的区域中封闭容器,可尤其在其口边缘上密封地封装一个盖。 In order to close the container in the region of the outlet may be in particular a sealing rim on which a package cover.

对于容器壁及可能对于底件所使用的材料尽管是透明的,但也可具有颜色。 Although the container walls and may be transparent, but may also have a color to the base member material used. 这就是说,该材料不是清澈透明的,而是红色、黄色、绿色或类似颜色地透明且可能是多色透明的。 This means that the material is not crystal clear, but red, yellow, green or similar color to transparent and may be multi-colored transparent.

为了避免由印刷图形对食物可能的不利影响,在单层材料的情况下该印刷图形可被印在容器的外侧面上。 In order to avoid the printed pattern on the possible adverse effects of food, in the case of the single layer of material printed pattern may be printed on the outer surface of the container. 这在多层的基于聚乙烯的材料的情况下也可类似地实现。 This can also be realized similarly in the case of polyethylene-based multilayer material. 这种材料在需要时也可通过共挤压来制造。 Such materials may also be needed when produced by co-extrusion. 当然由于容器密封性而不会产生由于容器的材料或流体的渗入或损失对食物的不利影响。 Of course, since the container does not adversely affect the sealing and food because of leaks or losses of material or fluid container.

为了即使在未装填或已装填状态下的容器掉下时也能防止它轻易地损坏,其材料可为具有抗冲击韧性和/或抗刺穿性。 For even if the container under the unloaded or loaded state can be prevented that fall easily damaged, which may have a material impact toughness and / or puncture resistance.

对于容器可考虑各种的横截面形状,该横截面形状也可在容器纵向上改变。 For containers contemplated that various cross-sectional shapes, the cross-sectional shape may also vary in the longitudinal direction of the container. 此改变不仅包括相同横截面的尺寸变化,而且也包括向其它横截面形状的改变。 This change includes not only change the size of the same cross section, but also other changes to the cross-sectional shape. 这些横截面形状的例子为圆形的,大致多边形的,大致四边形的及对此尤其是正方形的,椭圆形的,豆形的或类似形状的。 Examples of these cross-sectional shape is circular, substantially polygonal, substantially quadrangular and this particular square, oval, bean shaped, or similarly shaped.

印刷图形既可用通常方式通过相应介质如颜料等的印刷来产生;并且还存在一个可能性:印刷图形不仅通过这种颜料的印刷,而且也通过压入到相应层中或通过刻入或类似方式来产生。 The usual way either printed pattern printing pigment or the like is generated by the respective medium; and there is also a possibility: not only by printing a printed pattern such pigments, but also by pushing the respective layers, or by or the like inscribed to produce. 在此情况下印刷图形可具有三维效果或是一个全息图形或至少具有一个全息图形,其中印刷图形还可具有光泽效果。 In this case, the printed pattern may have a three-dimensional effect or at least having a hologram pattern or a hologram pattern, which printed pattern further has a gloss effect.

同样存在这样的可能性,即印刷图形覆盖除一个视窗外的整个容器壁,及仅可通过该视窗看到容器内部。 The possibility also exists that the printed pattern covers the entire wall of the container except for a window, and only the interior of the container can be seen through the window. 在这方面也可考虑,在容器纵向上和/或容器圆周方向上设置多个这样的视窗。 In this respect also conceivable, provided a plurality of such windows in the longitudinal direction of the container and / or container in the circumferential direction. 由此可看到容器内部的多个区域。 Whereby a plurality of regions can be seen inside the container.

例如根据印刷图形的配色,还存在这样的可能性,即在至少部分地吃掉食物后才可看到印刷图形。 The printed pattern, for example color, there is also a possibility that in order to see the printed pattern at least partially eaten food. 这例如可这样来实现,即印刷图形具有与注入的食物相同的颜色。 This may for example be implemented so that the print pattern has the same color as the injected food. 在此情况下同样可以是,印刷图形的一个确定部分在食物被足够地取出及露出该部分后才可被看到,由此可得到一个变化的印刷图形。 In this case could equally be, to determine a portion of the printed pattern is exposed and sufficiently removed only after the portion to be seen, whereby the printed pattern to obtain a change in the food. 这种显现的或变化的印刷图形例如可用于实现某种对奖游戏或类似情况,其中当取出足够的食物时才可看到是否中奖。 In order to see whether winning or when this apparent change of printed graphics, for example, be used to implement some kind of prize games or the like, which, when taken enough food.

口边缘可被卷边,如以上所述。 Rim bead may be, as described above. 该卷边可以是单次卷边或多次卷边。 The curling can be single or multiple curling curling. 在翻边的口边缘上还可考虑,该口边缘相对于容器壁的其余部分在90°的角度上或更大的角度上被翻边。 Also conceivable on the rim flange of the rim with respect to the rest of the container wall is on the flange 90 ° angle or a greater angle. 由此例如在90°的角度时口边缘基本上径向地从取出口伸出。 Thus, for example, rim projecting substantially radially from the outlet at an angle of 90 °.

为了可在取出口的任何位置上喝到容器中的液体食物,口边缘有利地在取出口的整个圆周上延伸。 In order to drink the liquid food may be in any position of the container outlet on the opening edge advantageously extends over the entire circumference of the outlet. 但也可以是翻边的或卷边的口边缘仅部分地和/或有些地方环绕地构成。 But it may be beaded rim or cuff only partially and / or configured in some places circumferentially.

为了例如不仅对于室温可得到的容器的且尤其是其材料的上述特性,而且也可在大的温度范围上得到上述特性,被视为有利的是,容器且尤其是其材料至少在-50℃至+120℃的温度范围中是持久不变的,例如适用于消毒设备。 For example, not only for the available room above the container and in particular characteristics of the material, but also the characteristics described above can be obtained over a large temperature range, it is regarded as advantageous, and in particular the material container at least at -50 ℃ to + 120 deg.] C in a temperature range which are persistent, e.g. suitable for disinfection. 该持久性例如涉及形状稳定性、透明度、流体密封性等。 This example relates to a persistent shape stability, transparency, and other fluid-tightness. 这里结合印刷图形还可考虑,也具有根据本发明可使用的、对温度敏感的印刷图形。 Herein may also be considered in conjunction with printed pattern, also, a temperature sensitive print pattern can be used according to the present invention. 这种印刷图形例如在一定温度时可改变其颜色及由此也可能改变其信息内容。 Such printed pattern, for example, at a certain temperature changes its color and thus may change their information content. 对于使用者例如可用此方式来确定:对于冷冻的食物是否具有足够低的温度,或对于加温的食物是否足够热。 For example, a user in this manner can be used to determine: whether the frozen food to a sufficiently low temperature, or for warming foods if hot enough.

为了能以简单的方式存放多个容器以及由容器储存处取出容器,容器可被叠放及去叠放。 In order to store a plurality of containers in a simple manner and removing the container from the storage container, the containers to be stacked and superposed.

还应考虑对于容器的形状稳定性,这对重叠区域及口边缘中的连接是重要的,以便例如使容器形状在重叠区域能继续保持,这就是说,一个例如圆的或椭圆的容器也在重叠区域给出其相应的形状。 Should also consider the shape stability of the container, which is connected to the opening edge, and the overlap region is important, for example, continue to maintain the shape of the container in the overlap region, that is to say, for example, a round or oval containers are overlapping area which is given a corresponding shape. 此外通过形状稳定性可防止在这些区域中出现不密封性。 Further prevents leaks occur in these regions by the shape stability.

对于冷冻的或加温的食物至少在一定的时间段上尽可能不改变地保持相应的温度。 A refrigeration or heating food in a certain period of time as possible to maintain the appropriate temperature of at least unchanged. 为此至少一个层被构成阻热层。 For this purpose at least one layer of thermal barrier is configured. 这种阻热层一方面基于专门的材料可阻热。 This aspect of the thermal barrier material may be based on special thermal resistance. 另一方面也存在这样的可能性,即层例如包含如空气或类似物等的阻热材料,或在两个相邻的层之间构成一个空气间隙。 On the other hand there is a possibility that an air gap layer for example comprising a heat-resistant material such as air or the like, or formed between two adjacent layers.

在根据本发明的容器上还可能是,至少一个层、尤其是外层由不透明的材料构成,且其它一个或多个层、尤其是中间层和/或内层由一个透明或透光材料构成。 In the container of the invention may also, at least one layer, especially the outer layer of an opaque material, and one or more other layers, in particular intermediate layer and / or the inner layer consists of a transparent or translucent material . 由不透明材料制成的一个或多个层在此情况下仅部分地被施加在其它一个或多个层上,以致在未施加由不透明材料制成的层的地方相应地可看到容器的内部。 Where one or more layers made of an opaque material in this case is only partially applied on one or more other layers, such that the layer is made of an opaque material is not applied correspondingly interior of the container can be seen . 在此情况下,由不透明材料制成的层可由不同的、非连接的区段构成,这些区段形成了容器的构型。 In this case, the layer made of an opaque material may be different, non-connected sections configured, the configuration of the sections forming the container. 也可以是,由不透明材料制成的一个或多个层在容器内部被至少局部地施加到其它一个或多个层上。 May also be one or more layers made of an opaque material is applied at least locally to one or more other layers within the container.

对于由不透明材料制成的一个层及至少另一个由透明或透光材料制成的层可视为有利的是:相应的层相互这样连接,例如内层尤其在其整个内侧面上与该外层相连接。 For a layer made of an opaque material and a transparent or other light-transmissive of at least a layer of material it may be considered advantageous: respective layers are so connected, in particular over its entire inner surface of the inner side of the outer e.g. layer is connected. 这可在连接过程期间通过分开的粘剂也可通过一个层的熔化来实现。 This may be during the connection procedure by separate promoters may also be achieved by melting a layer.

为了提供一个良好的视觉外形,有利的是,一个层具有一个金属化的或至少局部金属化的侧面。 In order to provide a good visual appearance, it is advantageous that one of the side surfaces having a metallic or metallized layer at least partially. 在一个实施例中,外层的外侧面被金属化。 In one embodiment, the outer side surface of the outer layer is metallized. 在此情况下,一个由金属制成的薄层、例如铝层形成在容器的外侧上。 In this case, a thin layer made of metal such as an aluminum layer is formed on the outside of the container. 该金属层可被施加在例如外层上除视窗区域外的整个外侧面上。 The metallic layer may be applied over the entire outer surface except the window area, for example, on the outer layer.

为了使由一个相应的裁剪片制成的容器能简单及可靠地和/或使要卷边或翻边的容器的相应口边缘可简单地使用通常的机器来制造,容器壁在重叠区域和/或接缝边缘连接部分以外和/或相对口边缘隔开地具有尤其由仅一个或多个透明或透光的层构成的至少一个视窗。 To make a container from the respective cut sheet can be made simple and reliable and / or the respective opening edge of the container bead or flange can be easily manufactured using conventional machinery, and in the overlapping region of the container wall / or the edge of the seam portions other than the connection and / or spaced relative rim has at least one window consisting of only one or more layers, especially transparent or clear. 通过在这些区域以外设置这样的视窗可保证:通过尤其是相应视窗的边缘既不会在裁剪片粘接或连接时也不会在制造翻边或卷边时造成不利影响,因为这样的视窗仅在容器壁上构成具有很小高度的级区。 By providing such a window outside of these areas can be guaranteed: in particular, by corresponding edges of the window cut sheet when neither glued or connected to it will not adversely affect the burring or curling at time of manufacture, since only this window region constituting the wall of the container having a small height level.

在一个简单的实施例中,对于容器、尤其是容器壁仅是一个层(它可能也设有相应的印刷图形及部分金属化的区域)可设有一个漆涂层或类似涂层,亦可参见上述的实施例。 In a simple embodiment, the container, especially a container wall is only one layer (which may also be provided with respective printed region and partially metallized pattern) may be provided with a lacquer coating or a similar coating, also Referring to the embodiment described above. 在一个单层的结构中作为其材料最好使用聚丙烯或聚乙烯,尽管其它材料也可被考虑。 Polypropylene or polyethylene is preferably used as a material in a single layer structure, although other materials may also be considered.

对于由透明或透光材料制成的层可考虑,该层被构成与视窗在几何形状上基本相似且沿视窗的边缘被固定在不透明的层上。 For a transparent layer or a light-transmissive material may be considered, and the window layer being composed of substantially similar in geometry and is fixed to the opaque layer along the edge of the window. 在这方面几何形状上相似意味着,该层与该视窗基本上具有相同的几何形状但具有不同的尺寸,其中通常由透明或透光材料制成的层具有比视窗大的尺寸,以便沿其它一个或多个层的边缘来固定。 In this regard geometrically similar shape means that the window layer has substantially the same geometry but with different sizes, which typically has a larger size than the window made of transparent or translucent material layers to the other along the an edge of one or more layers are fixed. 当然,该固定不是沿所有的边缘,而是例如仅沿两个对置的边缘或部分地沿这些边缘来实现。 Of course, this is not fixed in all edges, for example, but only along two opposite edges or partially implemented along those edges.

另外出于生态学的原因特别有利的是,由不同材料制成的不同层可彼此分离地回收。 Further particularly advantageous for ecological reasons that different layers made of different materials can be recovered separately from each other.

如开始部分所述,本发明还涉及用于制造上述容器的一种裁剪片,其中裁剪片至少用于制造容器壁及需要时用于制造封闭的端部及口边缘。 The beginning of the portion, the present invention further concerns a cut sheet for producing the container, wherein at least a cut sheet for producing a closed end and the rim of the container wall and manufacturing needs.

以下将借助附图来详细描述本发明的有利实施例。 Hereinafter advantageous embodiments of the present invention are described in detail by means of drawings.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1:根据本发明的容器的第一实施例的一个侧视图;图2:沿图1中线II-II的一个截面;图3:沿图1中线III-III的一个截面;图4:根据本发明的容器的第二实施例的一个侧视图;图5:用于制造图1中根据本发明的容器的一个裁剪片的俯视图;图6-14:根据本发明的、具有至少一个视窗的容器的其它八个实施例的侧视图;图15:沿图14中线XV-XV的一个截面;及图16:用于制造图6至15中的一个根据本发明的、基本上圆锥形的容器的二维裁剪片的俯视图。 Figure 1: side view of a first embodiment according to one embodiment of the container of the present invention; Figure 2: a cross section of FIG. 1 along the line II-II; Figure 3: a section along the line III-III in FIG. 1; Figure 4: The a side view of a second embodiment of a container of the present invention; FIG. 5: FIG. 1 for manufacturing a top view of a cut sheet of the container of the present invention; Figure 6-14: according to the present invention, having at least one window other embodiments of the eight side view of a container; FIG. 15: a section along the line XV-XV of FIG. 14; and FIG. 16: a 6 to 15 of the present invention for manufacturing the substantially conical container according cut plan view of a two-dimensional sheet.

具体实施方式 detailed description

图1表示构成杯形的一个容器1的侧视图。 1 shows a side view of a container 1 cup configuration. 该容器1在其图1的上端具有一个取出口7,它由一个卷边的口边缘8镶边,亦参见图2。 The container 1 has an outlet 7 at its upper end in FIG. 1, which consists of a 8 striped opening edge bead, see also FIG. 2.

在口边缘8上密封地设有一个盖21。 On the sealing rim 8 provided with a cover 21. 至少在该盖的一个位置上尤其径向向外地伸出一个盖柄22,此盖柄用于从口边缘8上取下盖21。 In particular, a radially outwardly projecting handle 22 cover at least one position on the cover, this cover for the shank 8 from the upper rim cover 21 is removed.

在容器内部注有食物2,该食物可以是液状的、浆膏状的、粒状的或松散状的。 Note there is food inside the container 2, the food may be a liquid, paste-like, granular or loose form. 在该容器中食物2一直被注入到一个装填水准23为止。 The food in the container 2 has been injected up to a filling level of 23.

容器1具有一个容器壁6,该容器壁由一个根据图5的裁剪片构成。 A container having a container wall 6, the container wall is constituted by a sheet cut in accordance with FIG. 5. 容器壁6由一种透明的且对液体密封的材料制成。 Container wall 6 made of a transparent and liquid-tight material.

在根据图1的实施例中,容器1在其与取出口7对置的端部9上设有一个底件25。 In the embodiment of Figure 1, the container 1 is provided at its end opposite the outlet 7 takes a bottom member 9 of 25. 该底件至少部分地由外部推移到壁6上或推入到该壁内且对液体密封地与该壁连接。 The bottom transition at least partially from the outside to the upper wall 6 or pushed into a liquid-tight manner and connected to the inner wall of the wall.

底件25可由与容器壁6相同的材料制成。 25 may be made of the same material of the bottom wall 6 of the container member.

容器1在容器壁6的区域中具有一个印刷图形15。 Container 1 has a printed pattern 15 in the region of the vessel wall 6. 该相应的印刷图形尤其当对容器壁用单层材料制成的情况下在容器1的外侧面26上或在容器壁6的外侧面上实现。 The printed pattern corresponding to the case especially when the container wall is made of a single layer of material 26 on the outside surface of the container or implemented in the outer side wall 6 of the container 1. 在两层或多层结构中,尤其参见图3,该印刷图形可印在一个外层3的内侧面16和/或一个中间层4的外侧面17和/或一个中间层4的内侧面18和/或一个内层5的外侧面19上。 Two layers or multilayer structure, see especially FIG. 3, the printed pattern may be printed on the inner surface of an outer side surface 3 of the inner 16 and / or outer side surface of the intermediate layer 4, 17 and / or the intermediate layer 4 of a 18 and / or the outer side 5 of the inner layer 19 a. 根据所使用的材料确定通过印刷图形在一个层的侧面上的不同设置可得到不同的视觉显现图像,其中基于容器壁6的透明性,在不同层或层侧面上的多个印刷图形可相互组合。 Determined by the material used printed pattern disposed on the side of a different layer of different visual appearance of the image can be obtained, based on which the transparent container wall 6, a plurality of printed pattern on different sides of the layer or may be combined with each other in accordance with . 通过这种组合可得到一种视觉效果,例如印刷图形的一种表面三维效果。 Such a visual effect can be obtained through combination, for example, one surface of the three-dimensional effect of the print pattern. 此外通过不同印刷图形的组合,当使用者从外部观察该组合时可能得到不同色彩的印刷图形的色彩组合。 Further by combining different printing patterns, when the user viewing the composition from the outside is possible to obtain color combinations of different colors of the printed pattern.

图2表示沿图1中线II-II的一个截面图。 Figure 2 shows a sectional view taken along the line 1 II-II. 在该图中尤其可看出:容器壁6在上端以何种方式向外弯曲或卷曲以构成口边缘8。 In particular, it can be seen in this figure: the manner in which the vessel wall 6 to form a bent or crimped at the upper end opening edge 8 outwardly. 通过容器壁的相应层材料的选择,在构成口边缘的情况下可得到可变形性及变形后的形状稳定性。 By selecting the appropriate layer of the container wall material, shape stability can be obtained and the deformability of the deformation configuration in the case where the opening edge.

图3表示沿容器壁6的线III-III的一个截面或根据图5的裁剪片10的截面。 Figure 3 shows a cross section of the vessel wall 6 along the line III-III or a section of a cut sheet 10 in FIG. 5. 在所示实施例中容器壁由三个材料层构成。 In the embodiment shown embodiment the container wall is composed of three material layers.

如果仅使用一个材料层,则该材料层例如可由聚丙烯(PP),聚氯乙烯(PVC),聚苯乙烯(PS),聚酰胺(PA),聚对苯二甲酸乙二醇聚酯(PET),聚乙烯(PE)或类似材料构成。 If only one layer of material, the material layer may be formed of polypropylene (PP), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polystyrene (PS), polyamide (PA), polyethylene glycol, terephthalic acid ( PET), polyethylene (PE) or similar material. 这种单层材料可能在其对立表面上设置一个或两个漆层以达到相对液体的更好密封。 Such a single layer of material or may be provided on its two opposite surfaces of paint to achieve a better seal relatively liquid.

在两个或更多个层(见图3中标号3,4及5)的情况下,内层例如可由PP,PVC,PS,PA,PET或类似材料构成,而外层例如可由PP,定向的PP,聚乙烯(PE),PET,PA,定向的PA或类似材料构成,其中尤其是定向的PP,PET及OPA还可上漆。 Two or more layers in the case (see FIG. 3 reference numeral 3, 4 and 5), the inner layer may e.g. PP, PVC, PS, PA, PET or similar material, and the outer layer may be formed e.g. PP, oriented the PP, polyethylene (PE), PET, PA, oriented PA, or similar material, which is directed in particular PP, PET and OPA may also be paintable. 此外存在着定向的EP共挤压的可能性。 Furthermore there is a possibility EP oriented coextruded.

根据图3的不同层3、4及5,可作为构成容器壁6的各个层彼此连接。 The various layers of FIG. 3, 4 and 5, can be connected to one another as the various layers constituting the container wall 6. 还存在一个可能性,即这些层构成叠层、至少一个层是叠层或这些层被共挤压。 There is also a possibility that the laminate layer comprises at least one layer or a stack of layers are coextruded.

刚才已经指出,在对于容器壁6为单层材料的情况下相应印刷图形15被印在容器1的外侧面26上;而在多层结构的情况下使用不同层的相应内侧面及外侧面,而不会在外层的外侧面及内层的内侧面上设置印刷图形。 Have already pointed out, in a single layer for the material of the container wall 6 corresponding to the case where the printed pattern 15 is printed on the outer side of the container 1, 26; and using the corresponding inner surface and the outer side surface of the different layers in the multilayer structure, without a printed pattern on the inner surface of the outer side surface of the outer layer and the inner layer.

图4中表示出根据本发明的容器1的第二实施例。 Figure 4 shows a second embodiment of the container according to the present invention. 在该实施例中亦如在根据图1的容器1上那样,容器壁6是可柔曲的,由此可从外部在容器1上施加一个压力,以便食物2可向取出口8的方向上运动以被取出或吃掉。 In this embodiment, as also to be 2 on the container according to FIG. 1, the container wall 6 is flexing, whereby a pressure may be applied to the container 1 from the outside, the food in the direction of the outlet 8 movement so as to be taken or eaten. 尤其可能在冰冻食品、例如冰淇淋的情况下,通过使用者的手除传递压力外还传递热量,以致至少在该食品与容器壁6的内侧面之间构成一个液化食物2的层。 In particular, the frozen food may be, for example, when ice cream, in addition to passing through the user's hand also transfer heat outside pressure, such that a liquefied food 2 layer constituting the inner surface between the food and the container wall is at least 6. 在用于根据图3的不同层3、4、5的上述材料的情况下可得到容器壁6的可柔曲性。 It can be obtained in a flex container wall 6 of the case of the above-described materials of the different layers 3,4,5 of Fig. 尤其通过PET(聚酯)的使用就同时投入了一种层材料,该材料使根据图1或图4的容器1相应的形状得以稳定。 In particular, by using a PET (polyester) simultaneously put on a layer of material so that the material is stabilized according to the corresponding shape of the container 1 of FIG. 1 or FIG. 4. 这种层材料虽有可柔曲性,但也相对坚硬。 Although this layer material can flex resistance, but relatively stiff.

根据图4的容器1可以在其封闭的端部9具有一个手柄24,该手柄也由容器壁6的裁剪片10构成。 The container 1 of FIG. 4 may have a handle 24 at its closed end 9, the handle of the container wall be made of cut sheets 10 6. 为了构成手柄24,裁剪片10的下端区段20(见图5)在该裁剪片卷成相应的容器形状后通过施加热量使之相互紧密地且对液体密封地连接。 In order to form the handle 24, the lower end section 20 cut sheet 10 (see FIG. 5) by applying heat so close to each other and connected in a liquid-tight manner to the rear cut sheet rolled into a corresponding container shape. 也可不构成此手柄,而可通过下端区段20的连接构成封闭的端部9。 The handle may not be configured, and by connecting the lower end section 20 constituting the closed end 9.

为简化起见在根据图1的容器1上未表示出根据图1的相应印刷图形。 For simplicity in FIG. 1 in accordance with the corresponding print pattern in accordance with FIG. 1 of the container not shown.

在根据图5的裁剪片10上还可看到,它具有一个环绕的边缘14。 It can also be seen in FIG. 5 in accordance with the cut sheet 10, which has a circumferential edge 14. 该边缘可以为了防止液体渗入而被封住或密封。 The edge may be to prevent penetration of liquid sealed or sealed. 在裁剪片10被卷曲后该卷曲状态例如可这样来固定,即彼此相对着的纵向边缘14被设置成一个接缝且彼此自行地或通过附加连接剂相连接。 The crimped state, for example, may be so fixed to the rear cut sheet 10 is crimped, i.e. opposite to each other longitudinal edge 14 is disposed and a joint themselves or through an additional linker connected to each other. 还存在着一种可能性,即为了构成基本上在容器纵向11上延伸的一个重叠区域12,使边缘14重叠并直接通过外层3与内层5的连接自行地进行裁剪片的固定。 There is also a possibility that in order to form a substantially longitudinally extending overlapped region 11 in the container 12, so that edge 14 overlaps and is connected directly to the inner layer 5 are fixed by self-cutting outer sheet 3. 也可以在重叠区域12中附加地施加一种粘剂。 12 may be one kind of adhesion promoter is additionally applied in the overlap region.

为了构成图4中相应的手柄24,可彼此紧靠地按压裁剪片10的下端区段20并使其彼此连接,其中该连接可同时用于重叠区域12中的连接。 FIG 4 in order to constitute the respective handle 24, can be pressed against each other to cut the sheet 20 and lower segment 10 are connected to each other so that, where the connection for connecting the overlapping region 12 simultaneously. 用“8”指示的裁剪片10的上端区段向外弯曲或卷曲后(见图1及2)被用作口边缘8。 After "8" indicates the upper end section of the cut sheet 10 is bent or curled outwardly (see FIGS. 1 and 2) is used as the rim 8.

根据图1及4的实施例仅是示范性的,并且也可考虑其它的容器形状,例如相对图4倒置地构成圆锥形的容器、管状地纵长延伸的容器或类似的容器。 According to the embodiment of FIGS. 1 and 4 are merely exemplary, and may also consider other container shapes, for example, a conical container, the tubular container to the longitudinal extension or length 4 similar container upside down relative to FIG. 还存在一个可能性,即用于容器壁6相应的透明的及对液体密封的材料仅被设置在容器纵向11上容器壁的一个外围区段,而容器壁6的其余区段是不透明的。 There is also a possibility that a transparent container wall 6 and the corresponding liquid-tight material is provided only in the container 11 a longitudinal section of the peripheral wall of the container, while the rest of the container wall section 6 is opaque. 在此情况下,该相应的透明区段也可由多个在容器纵向11上隔开布置的分段组成,这些分段也可能在容器1的圆周方向上彼此偏移。 In this case, the respective sections can also be more transparent to the container 11 spaced longitudinally disposed segment composition, these segments may be offset from each other in the circumferential direction of the container 1. 但为了简化相应容器1的制造通常有利的是,容器壁6整体地由相应的透明的及对液体密封的及可能多层的材料来构成。 But in order to simplify the manufacturing respective container 1 is generally advantageous that the vessel wall 6 is integrally constituted by the respective transparent and liquid-tight and may be a multilayer material. 这尤其使得印刷图形15设置在容器壁6材料的内部变得容易。 This is particularly so that the printed pattern 15 can be easily disposed in the interior of the container wall material 6.

图6至14表示根据本发明的容器的其它八个实施例。 6 to 14 shows eight containers according to other embodiments of the present invention. 虽然在这些实施例中均表示出一个基本上圆锥形的容器,但对于根据本发明的每个不同的容器可以设置一个或多个视窗。 Although in these embodiments are shown in a substantially conical container, but may be provided for each different container according to the present invention, one or more windows. 以下所述的容器尤其是通过视窗的形状、布置和/或数目来区分,因此在下面主要对此进行描述。 The said container in particular by the shape of the window arrangement and / or number to distinguish, thus mainly be described below. 这些容器1的其它细节则相应于以上的附图及其说明。 Further details of these containers 1 is corresponding to the above description and accompanying drawings.

在图6中,在容器壁6的外层3中构成一个基本上矩形的视窗27。 In FIG. 6, the outer layer 3 in the vessel wall 6 constitutes a substantially rectangular window 27. 该视窗在容器1的下端9与口边缘8之间的纵向上延伸。 The window 9 extends in the longitudinal direction between the lower edge 8 of the container 1. 在视窗27的侧向旁边用虚线表示出一些水准面标记28。 Laterally next to the window 27 shows some of the geoid marked by dashed lines 28.

图7表示一个其长轴在容器1的纵向上的椭圆形视窗。 FIG. 7 shows an elliptical shape the major axis in the longitudinal direction of the window of the container 1. 该视窗27相应地被外层3镶边并通过一个或多个由透明或透光材料制成的层构成。 The window 27 is correspondingly striped outer layer 3 made of a transparent and light-transmitting material or formed by one or more layers.

图8中设有一个其长轴与容器1的纵向垂直的椭圆形视窗27。 FIG 8 is provided with a container with its long axis perpendicular to a longitudinal direction of the oval window 27. 无论在该容器上还是在根据图7的容器上均设有一个盖21。 Whether or container in accordance with FIG. 7 are provided on a cover 21 of the container. 在这两例中此盖21被置入在相应的取出口7中且具有一个沿口边缘8环绕的盖边缘32。 In both embodiments the cover 21 is placed in the respective outlet 7 and 8 having a circumferential edge of the bead edges of the cover 32. 此盖边缘32可与容器壁6固定或至少靠近口边缘8被可拆地固定在容器1的其余部分上。 This edge of the lid 32 may be secured to the container wall 6 or at least close to the opening edge 8 is removably secured to the rest of the container 1. 由盖21可相应地伸出一个手柄,例如参见图1。 Accordingly, the cover 21 may be extended a handle, for example, see Figure 1.

在根据图8的实施例中,由相应裁剪片的上边缘构成的口边缘8向内折边(见图7),其中该折边区域33与容器壁之间设置盖边缘32并将其保持在那里。 In the embodiment according to FIG. 8, the inward flange rim 8 made of cut on the edge of the respective sheet (see FIG. 7), wherein the cover edge 32 is provided between the flange 33 and the region of the container wall and holding over there.

在图9中上下叠置地设有两个根据图8的椭圆视窗27。 In Figure 9 above the other with two oval window 27 of FIG. 8.

在图10中,相对容器1的纵向以一个锐角延伸着几个四边形的视窗27。 In FIG 10, at an acute angle relative to the longitudinal extension of the container with a few windows 271 of a quadrangle.

在图11上,在另一实施例中三个矩形的视窗27以其长轴(边)与容器1的纵向平行地定向。 In Figure 11, in another embodiment, three rectangular windows 27 long axis (side) oriented parallel to the longitudinal direction of the container 1 embodiment.

在上述的实施例及在下述的实施例中总是可以在容器的圆周方向上设置其它这样的视窗,并且可具有其它几何形状及其它的数目。 In the above embodiments, and always be provided such other windows in the circumferential direction of the container in the embodiment described below, and may have other geometries and other numbers. 作为例子根据图10的倾斜延伸的四边形视窗27可与根据图11的其它四边形视窗27相结合。 Examples of the tilt according to a square window 10 of FIG. 27 and 27 extending according to other combined quadrangular window 11 of FIG. 其它的视窗的不同几何形状及数目的组合也是显而易见的。 Combinations of different geometry and number of other windows is obvious.

图12及13以两个不同的侧视图表示另一实施例。 12 and FIG. 13 shows a further embodiment in two different side views. 在这里尤其可看到,相应的视窗27未一直延伸到重叠区域12或未一直延伸到口边缘8。 Here can be seen in particular, the corresponding window 27 does not extend into the overlap region 12 or extend up to the edge of the mouth 8. 由此能可靠地保证:一方面不会自行地在重叠区域12中也不会例如通过视窗的口边缘妨碍容器壁的连接且另一方面在相应的机器中可直接制出弯边的或卷边的口边缘8。 Thereby reliably guarantee: on the one hand does not itself be in the overlap region 12 is also connected to the container wall does not impede, for example, by opening edge in the respective window and on the other machine or a roll can be made directly in the flange 8 rim edge. 因此在其余的实施例中视窗也不会一直延伸到该区域中。 Thus in the remaining windows embodiment it does not extend up to the region.

图14中表示出一个视窗27的另一实施例,在该实施例中该视窗的纵向边与容器壁6的倾斜方向平行地延伸。 FIG 14 is shown in a window 27 of another embodiment, in an oblique direction extending parallel to the longitudinal edges of the window 6 of the container wall in this embodiment. 并且在这方面存在着一个可能性,即该视窗可与其它几何形状的视窗及与多个这样的视窗相组合。 And there is a possibility in this respect, i.e., the window may be combined with other geometries with a plurality of such windows and windows. 此外还存在这样的可能性,将另一与根据图14的视窗类似的视窗27设置在所示出的视窗下面。 In addition there is also a possibility, in accordance with another window similar to window 14 is provided in the window 27 shown below. 该另一视窗既可设置在所示视窗27的延长线上也可与其错开地设置。 The window can further disposed on an extension line of the window shown in FIG. 27 may also be arranged offset thereto. 图15中表示沿图14中线XV-XV的一个截面。 15 shows a cross section of FIG. 14 taken along line XV-XV in FIG. 这里尤其可以看到,由透明或透光材料制成的层4被设置在由不透明的材料制成的层3的内侧上。 Here can be seen in particular, made of transparent or translucent material layer 4 is disposed on the inside of an opaque material layer 3. 该设置不仅可在层3的整个内侧面上而且也可在相应视窗27的区域中实现。 This setting can only be achieved but also in the region of the respective window 27 in the entire inner surface of layer 3. 层3及4的固定例如可沿被边缘29镶边的视窗27的边缘30来进行。 The fixed layer 3 and 4, for example, may be carried out along the edge 29 edge 27 edge 30 of the window.

在图16中表示一个二维裁剪片10的另一例,它尤其用于根据图6至15的容器。 Shows another example of a two-dimensional sheet 10 is cut in FIG. 16, it is in particular for a container according to Fig 6-15. 视窗27的相应形状与根据图12及13的实施例相对应。 Correspondingly shaped window 27 corresponds to the embodiment according to FIGS. 12 and 13.

在该实施例中由透明或透光材料制成的层4也仅构成在视窗27的范围中,其中两者(层及视窗)具有基本上相似的几何形状且层4总是具有比相应的视窗27大一些的尺寸。 In this embodiment layer made of a transparent or translucent material of the embodiment 4 is also formed only within the scope of the window 27, wherein both the (layer and windows) having a substantially similar geometric shape and always have a layer 4 than the corresponding Some 27 large-size window. 由此可实现层4沿视窗27的边缘30的固定,其中该视窗27以层3的边缘29为界。 Layer 4 can be achieved thereby along the edge 27 of the fixed window 30, the window 27 wherein the edge 29 of the layer 3 is bounded.

以下将再次简短地总结一下根据本发明的与使用者相关的及与加工相关的优点。 The following will briefly summarize it again and advantages associated with the process of the present invention is related to the user based on.

根据本发明的与使用者相关的优点在于,相应的容器以一些视觉上的特点为特征,例如可制造出具有不同形状的容器,例如椭圆形、圆形、大致方形或多边形及豆形等。 The advantages of the present invention is related to the user that the respective container with some of the characteristics of visual features, such as a container can be manufactured with different shapes, such as oval, round, square or generally polygonal shape and the like, and beans. 通过尤其在可视光谱范围内的透明度,即使在该容器未打开的情况下也能看到容器中所盛之物。 By in particular in the visible spectral range of the transparency, even when the container is not opened the container can be seen as Sheng thereof. 因此以简单的方式既可检验食物的装填程度也可检验食物的状态。 Therefore, in a simple manner can test the degree of filling of food can also verify the status of the food. 通过印刷图形的各种可能性可得到其它的视觉上的优点。 The possibility of printing graphics by various advantages can be obtained other visually. 印刷图形也可这样地制作,即产生一种光泽效果或光彩作用,它使印刷图形在视觉上尤为突出。 Printed pattern may be so produced, i.e., to produce a gloss or luster effect, so that especially printed pattern visually. 此外印刷图形也可具有三维(3D)效果。 Also printed pattern may also have a three-dimensional (3D) effect. 还存在一个可能性,即除了至少在一个视窗外,可在整个容器上印刷图形。 There is also a possibility that in addition to at least outside a window can be printed in a pattern over the entire container. 该印刷图形可由一个全息图形构成,它可提供另外的视觉上的优点。 The printed pattern may be a pattern constituting a hologram, which provides further advantages vision. 此外,印刷图形至少部分地在取出(吃掉)食物时才可被看到,因此例如可给予使用者一个有关中奖信息或类似情况的通告。 Further, in the printing pattern is at least partially removed (to eat) food saw is available, for example, thus giving the user a winning information about the advertisement or the like situations.

对于使用者来说还可得到一系列的关于根据本发明的容器的其它功能上的优点。 For the user may get a series of advantages with respect to other features of the container of the present invention.

其优点之一是该容器相对气态和/或液态流体的密封性。 One advantage is that the container relative gaseous and / or liquid fluid tightness. 该密封性既涉及相应流体的渗入也涉及其渗出。 This relates to both penetrate into the respective fluid sealing also involves bleeding thereof. 如果在容器中注入特别干燥的食物时,也可取消相应的流体密封度,对该食物例如不会通过透过容器壁的气态流体的交换对其与食物的食用关系重大的性能产生不良的影响。 Particularly if injected dried food in the container, also cancel the respective fluid sealing degree, does not adversely affect the food, for example, by exchanging the gaseous fluid through the container wall its relationship with the major edible food properties . 这就是说,该食物例如不会通过氧气、二氧化碳等侵蚀从而可继续地适于食用而无限制。 That is to say, the food does not pass through, for example, oxygen, carbon dioxide and other erosion so as to be suitable for consumption to continue without limitation.

根据本发明的容器的另一优点是该容器的可柔曲性,通过其柔曲可使相应的食物从容器中压出。 Another advantage of the container of the present invention is a flex of the container, through which the food can respective flex pressed out from the container. 但同时该容器相对外部的作用有一定抵抗能力,即它具有抗冲击韧性和抗刺穿强度。 The relative roles of the container but outside a certain resistance, i.e. it has a puncture resistance and impact toughness. 这就是说,当容器掉下时它不会损坏并且尖锐的物体也不能轻易地穿过它。 That is, when the container is dropped and it does not damage the sharp objects can not easily pass through it.

同时该容器具有弹性,由此在按压后可取得其原始形状。 Meanwhile, the container having resilient, whereby to obtain its original shape after pressing. 容器的密封性也有优点,因为流体既不可能渗入也不可能渗出。 Sealing the container also has the advantage, because the fluid can not penetrate neither bleeding.

容器的抵抗强度也在各个层的连接部分上延伸,由此可防止即使仅是一个层局部的剥落。 Resistance strength of the container also extend over the connecting portion of the respective layers, thereby preventing even if only a partial peeling layer. 总的来说该容器的特征是适合保存食物,而不会使该食物通过外部影响或通过容器材料在其食用方面的性能上产生不利影响。 General characteristics of the container is suitable for preserving food, the food will not affect adversely affected by external or in terms of its performance through the consumption of container material. 对于容器的形状稳定性应恰好选择到:它虽然是可柔曲的,但可自动地恢复到其原始形状并且尤其在其变形的区域中、如边缘或彼此粘接的层的区域中可保存预定形状以及其余的特性。 The shape stability of the container should be precisely selected to: Although it is flexed, but may be automatically restored to its original shape and in particular in the region of its deformation, as the region of the edge or the adhesive layer can be stored in another a predetermined shape and a balance of characteristics.

印刷图形也可被这样地构型及设置,即它对食物的性能无负面的影响或不可用任何简单的方式通过擦抹等从容器上被除去。 Printed pattern may also be arranged in such a manner and configuration, i.e., its food properties without negative effect unavailable or any simple manner from the container is removed by wiping and the like. 同时该容器可由一种材料组成,该材料即使在冷冻或热的食物的情况下也可给予舒适握持的感觉。 Meanwhile, the container can be composed of one material, the material even in the case of frozen or hot food may also be administered comfortable grip feeling.

除了与使用者相关的多个这样的优点外也可得到类似的多个与加工相关的优点。 In addition to the advantages associated with a plurality of such user can be obtained advantages associated with a plurality of similar processing.

根据本发明的容器的简单密封性在其制造时体现出一个优点,这对于裁剪片彼此粘接的部分尤其重要。 Embodied according to a simple sealing of the container of the present invention in the production thereof an advantage which is especially important for cutting the adhesive sheet portions to each other. 但容器不仅在彼此粘接的区域被密封,而且也基于容器的材料来密封。 However, the container is sealed only in the region bonded to each other, but also on the material of the container is sealed. 此外对于容器适合用简单的方式印刷或施加印刷图形,其中具有在一个或多个材料层上施加印刷图形的可能性。 In addition to the container in a simple manner suitable for printing print pattern is applied, which has one or more material layers of the possibility of applying a printed pattern.

由于裁剪片的平整度,这些裁剪片易于被加工或被运送。 Since the flatness of the cut sheet, the cut sheet is processed or transported easily.

尽管容器材料具有可柔曲性,但它可变形及在所需的变形区域中保持其形状,例如在取出口的边缘区域中,即使当该区域仅包括一个通过其裁剪片的上自由边构成的口边缘时也是如此。 Although the container material having flex resistance, it can retain its shape and deformable desired deformation zone, for example in the edge region of the outlet, even when the region comprises only one constituent thereof by the free cut edges of sheet the same is true when the rim. 该形状稳定性还对于彼此连接的或粘接的区域起作用,该区域在形状上也与容器的横截面相应地构成。 The shape stability is also connected to each other or to the area of ​​the adhesive function in the region in shape correspondingly with the cross-section of the vessel. 由此使再加工或容器的装填变得容易,因为该容器通过形状稳定性总可保持原来设有的形状并且例如不会使原始设计的圆形形状经过一段时间后改变成一个椭圆或扁平形状。 Whereby the reprocessing or container packed easily, because the overall stability of the container by the shape of the original shape can be maintained, for example, and not provided with the circular shape of the original design over time is changed to a flat shape or an elliptical .

此外基于该形状稳定性以及通过容器的相应变形得到一个良好的叠放性及去叠放性,这同样在生产技术上及运输技术上具有优点。 In addition to give a shape stability and deformation of the respective container based on a good stacking and de-stacking of the resistance, which is also in the production technology and transport technologies have advantages.

在装填相应的食物时容器的密封性是很重要的,这无论在装填还是事后运输时将不用担心相应的流体渗入及渗出。 When filling the respective sealing food containers is very important, both in loading or afterwards will have to worry about transportation when appropriate fluid infiltration and leakage.

此外它的优点是,该容器鉴于其特性及形状既可耐低温也可耐高温。 In addition, it has the advantage that the container in view of its low temperature properties and shape can also be high temperature. 这就是说,例如注入了一种食物并接着可被冷却,而不会使其性能,例如密封性、可柔曲性、形状稳定性、透明度等改变。 That is, for example, and then injected into a food can be cooled without its performance, for example, changing sealability, can flex resistance, shape stability, and transparency. 这也类似地适用于高温,该高温例如对于容器的消毒是有利的。 This similarly applies to a high temperature, for example, the high-temperature sterilizing container is advantageous. 此外当容器用于一种加热食物的食用时,也可以出现相应的高温。 Also when the container for heating a food when eaten, correspondingly high temperature may occur.

最后还有一个与加工相关的优点,即该容器能以简单的方式通过一个盖密封地关闭,其中此盖尤其可放置在取出口上且与相应的孔边缘密封地连接。 Finally, there is an advantage associated with the processing, i.e. the container in a simple manner by a cover sealingly closed, wherein in particular the cover may be placed over the outlet and sealingly connected to the respective hole edge.

视窗允许观察到容器内部且以视觉上有利的方式用不同的形状及不同的数目来设置。 Allows viewing window and the interior of the container in an advantageous manner be provided with a visually different shapes and a different number.

Claims (52)

  1. 1.一种容器(1),该容器尤其用于容纳食物(2),包括具有至少一个层(3,4,5)的壁(6),该容器具有一个带有口边缘(8)的取出口(7)并在其与取出口(7)对置的端部(9)上被封闭,其中至少容器壁(6)由一个二维的裁剪片(10)构成,该裁剪片为了构成一个连续的容器壁自行地连接,其特征在于:该容器且尤其是容器壁(6)至少部分地由一种透明或透光的,尤其对液体或流体密封的材料(13)构成,为了构成容器(1),该材料是可成型的且在成型后是形状稳定的。 1. A container (1), in particular for receiving the food container (2), comprising a wall having at least one layer (3,4,5) (6), the container having a mouth with an edge (8) outlet (7) and which is closed on the opposite end portion (9) and the outlet (7), wherein at least a container wall (6) consists of a two-dimensional configuration of the cut sheet (10), cutting the sheet in order to form a continuous self-connected to the container wall, characterized in that: the container and particularly a container wall (6) at least partially formed of a transparent or translucent, in particular material (13) to a liquid or fluid-tight, in order to form the container (1), the material is moldable and is dimensionally stable after molding.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的容器,其特征在于:该层由聚丙烯(PP),聚氯乙烯(PVC),聚苯乙烯(PS),聚酰胺(PA),聚对苯二甲酸乙二醇聚酯(PET)或类似材料构成。 2. The container according to claim 1, wherein: the layer made of polypropylene (PP), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polystyrene (PS), polyamide (PA), polyethylene terephthalate B diol polyester (PET) or similar material.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1或2所述的容器,其特征在于:层(4)在一侧或两侧上设有漆层(3,5)。 3. The container according to claim 12, wherein: layer (4) is provided with lacquer layer (3,5) on one or both sides.
  4. 4.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:容器壁(6)是可柔曲的。 4. The container according to the above claim in claim 1, wherein: the container wall (6) is the flex.
  5. 5.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:裁剪片(10)通过热量和/或压力自行地产生连接。 5. A container according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that: cutting plate (10) is generated via heat and / or pressure to itself.
  6. 6.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:裁剪片(10)沿一个尤其在容器纵向(11)上延伸的重叠区域(12)自行地形成连接。 6. A container according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that: cutting plate (10) itself is formed along overlapping connection region (12), especially a longitudinal direction on the container (11) extends.
  7. 7.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:裁剪片(10)至少沿设置在接缝上的边缘(14)自行地进行连接。 7. A container according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that: cutting plate (10) disposed along at least an edge on the seam (14) connected to itself.
  8. 8.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:口边缘(8)在不改变材料(13)特性的情况下被弯边或卷边。 8. The container of any one preceding in claim 1, wherein: opening edge (8) is bent or curled edges without changing the material (13) characteristics.
  9. 9.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:口边缘(8)由裁剪片(10)的上边缘(14)构成。 9. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: opening edge (8) by the cutting blade (10) of the upper edge (14).
  10. 10.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:容器壁(6)具有两个或更多个层(3,4,5),其中每个层是透明的。 10. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: the container wall (6) having two or more layers (3,4,5), wherein each layer is transparent.
  11. 11.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:外层由PP、定向的PP(共挤压或上漆)、聚乙烯(PE)、PET、PET(上漆)、PA、定向的PA(上漆)或类似材料构成。 11. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: an outer layer by the PP, oriented PP (co-extruded or lacquered), polyethylene (PE), PET, PET (painting), PA, oriented PA (painting) or similar material.
  12. 12.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:内层由PP、PVC、PS、PA、PET或类似材料构成。 12. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: the inner layer is made of PP, PVC, PS, PA, PET or the like.
  13. 13.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:这些层(3,4,5)相叠。 13. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: the layers (3,4,5) one above the other.
  14. 14.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:两个或更多个层(3,4,5)被共挤压。 14. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: two or more layers (3,4,5) are co-extruded.
  15. 15.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:为了易于加工,未成型的裁剪片(10)是严格二维的。 15. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: for ease of machining, cutting unformed sheet (10) is strictly two-dimensional.
  16. 16.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:材料(13)是机械稳定的。 16. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: the material (13) is mechanically stable.
  17. 17.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:两个或更多个层(3,4,5)持久不可拆地彼此连接。 17. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: two or more layers (3,4,5) non-detachably connected to one another persistent.
  18. 18.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:层(3,4,5)中的一个,尤其中间层(4)是一个弹性的、但持久可变形且在变形后形状稳定的层。 18. A container according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that: one of the layers (3,4,5), in particular the intermediate layer (4) is a flexible, but durable and deformable in the deformation a dimensionally stable layer.
  19. 19.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:至少一个内层(5)是对液体密封的且其它层(3,4)中的一个是对气体密封的。 19. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: the at least one inner layer (5) is sealed and a liquid (3, 4) and other layers of the sealing gas.
  20. 20.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:外层和/或内层(3,5)至少在重叠区域(12)中被构成连接层。 20. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: the outer and / or inner layer (3,5) at least in the overlap region constituting the connecting layer (12).
  21. 21.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:层(3,4,5)的边缘(14)是对液体密封的。 21. A container according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that: an edge (14) layer (3,4,5) is liquid tight.
  22. 22.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:至少一个层(3,4,5)设有一个印刷图形(15)。 22. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: the at least one layer (3,4,5) is provided with a printed pattern (15).
  23. 23.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:印刷图形(15)是抗擦抹的。 23. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: a printed pattern (15) of an anti-erasing.
  24. 24.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:印刷图形(15)设置在外层(3)的内侧面(16)和/或中间层(4)的外侧面(17)或内侧面(18)和/或内层(5)的外侧面(19)上。 24. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: a printed pattern (15) disposed on the outer side surface (16) and / or the intermediate layer (4) of the inner surface of the outer layer (3) (17) or (18) an outer side surface (19) and / or the inner layer (5) of the inner surface.
  25. 25.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:为了在重叠区域(14)中产生用于连接的热量,层(3,4,5)中的至少一个是吸收超声波的。 25. A container according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that: in order to generate heat for the connection in the overlap region (14), the layer (3,4,5) in at least one of the absorption of ultrasonic waves .
  26. 26.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:印刷图形(15)在层(3,4,5)叠置前被印刷。 26. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: a printed pattern (15) in the layer (3,4,5) are stacked before printing.
  27. 27.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:层(3,4,5)中至少一个是一个叠层。 27. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: layer (3,4,5) in at least one of a laminate.
  28. 28.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:封闭的端部(9)通过壁(6)的下端区段(20)的连接构成。 28. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: the closed end (9) is formed by a connecting wall (6) of the lower segment (20).
  29. 29.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:封闭的端部(9)具有一个底件(25)。 29. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: the closed end (9) having a bottom member (25).
  30. 30.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:底件(25)由透明材料构成。 30. A container according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that: the base member (25) made of a transparent material.
  31. 31.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:材料(13)是彩色透明的。 31. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: the material (13) is a transparent color.
  32. 32.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:在单层材料(13)的情况下,印刷图形(15)被印在容器(1)的外侧面(26)上。 32. A container according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that: in the case of single layer of material (13), the printed pattern (15) is printed on the outer side of the container (1) upper (26).
  33. 33.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:在多层的基于PE的材料(13)的情况下,印刷图形(15)被印在容器(1)的外侧面上,该材料在需要时通过共挤压来制造。 33. A container according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein: a material based on at (13) PE in the case of a multilayer printed pattern (15) is printed on the outer surface of the container (1) , when the material needs to be manufactured by co-extrusion.
  34. 34.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:材料(13)具有冲击韧性和/或抗刺穿性。 34. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: the material (13) having impact strength and / or puncture resistance.
  35. 35.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:容器(1)的横截面是圆形的,大致四边形的、对此尤其是正方形的,椭圆形的,豆形的或大致多边形的。 35. A container according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that: the container (1) is circular in cross section, substantially rectangular, for this particular square, oval, bean shaped, or substantially polygonal.
  36. 36.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:印刷图形(15)具有三维效果。 36. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: a printed pattern (15) having a three-dimensional effect.
  37. 37.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:印刷图形(15)是一个全息图形或具有一个全息图形。 37. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: a printed pattern (15) having a hologram pattern or a hologram pattern.
  38. 38.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:印刷图形(15)在壁(6)上露出一个视窗(27)。 38. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: a printed pattern (15) to expose a window (27) in the upper wall (6).
  39. 39.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:在至少部分地吃掉食物(2)后才可看到印刷图形(15)。 39. A container according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that: the food eaten in order to see at least part (2) a printed pattern (15).
  40. 40.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:口边缘(8)相对于容器壁(6)的其余部分在90°的角度上或更大的角度上被向外翻边。 40. A container according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein: opening edge (8) with respect to the rest of the container wall (6) is outwardly turned at an angle of 90 ° or larger angles side.
  41. 41.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:翻边的或卷边的口边缘(8)部分和/或有些地方环绕地构成。 41. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: the opening edge flange or bead (8) part and / or configured in some places circumferentially.
  42. 42.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:容器(1)且尤其是材料(13)至少在-50℃至+120℃的温度范围中是持久不变的。 42. A container according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that: the container (1) and in particular the material (13) at least in the temperature range of -50 ℃ to + 120 ℃ of which are persistent.
  43. 43.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:容器可被叠放及去叠放。 43. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: the container to be stacked and stacked.
  44. 44.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:至少一个层(3,4,5)被构成阻热层。 44. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: the at least one layer (3,4,5) is composed of a thermal barrier.
  45. 45.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:至少一个层(3,4,5)、尤其是外层(3)是不透明的,及至少一个另外的层(4,5)由一个透明或透光材料构成。 45. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: the at least one layer (3,4,5), especially the outer layer (3) is opaque, and at least one further layer (4, 5) consists of a transparent or translucent material.
  46. 46.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:由透明或透光材料制成的所述一个层或多个层与不透明的所述一个层或多个层在其尤其整个内侧面上相连接。 46. ​​A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: said transparent or translucent material a layer or a layer and the opaque layer or a plurality of layers in which in particular the entire inner surface is connected.
  47. 47.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:不透明层的一个侧面被金属化。 47. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: one side of the opaque layer is metallized.
  48. 48.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:容器壁(6)在重叠区域(12)和/或口边缘(8)以外具有尤其由仅所述一个或多个透明或透光的层构成的视窗(27),该视窗由所述一个或多个不透明的层镶边。 48. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: the container wall (6) has in the overlap region outside (12) and / or the opening edge (8) in particular from only the one or more transparent or window (27) transparent layer made of one or more layers of the window by the opaque chrome.
  49. 49.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:层(3,4,5)借助一种粘剂彼此相连接。 49. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: layer (3,4,5) connected to each other by means of a promoter.
  50. 50.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:由透明或透光材料制成的层(4)被构成与视窗(27)在几何形状上基本相似及沿视窗的边缘(30)被固定在不透明的层(3)上。 50. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: a layer of a transparent or translucent material (4) is configured with a window (27) is geometrically substantially similar to and along the edge of the window (30) is fixed to the opaque layer (3).
  51. 51.根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器,其特征在于:容器壁(6)基本上由一个层构成,该层尤其由聚丙烯或聚乙烯组成。 51. A container according to any of the preceding claims, wherein: the container wall (6) consists essentially of a layer which in particular made of polypropylene or polyethylene.
  52. 52.一种用于制造根据以上权利要求中任一项所述的容器(1)的裁剪片。 52. A method of manufacturing a cutting piece container according to any preceding claim (1) is used.
CN 200480025553 2003-07-10 2004-06-22 container CN1845852A (en)

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KR (2) KR20080085069A (en)
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CA (1) CA2436292A1 (en)
DE (1) DE20310622U1 (en)
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WO2005012115A1 (en) 2005-02-10 application
EP1495981A3 (en) 2005-02-23 application
DE20310622U1 (en) 2003-11-06 grant
US20050006449A1 (en) 2005-01-13 application
RU2337869C2 (en) 2008-11-10 grant
KR20060073923A (en) 2006-06-29 application
JP2005029255A (en) 2005-02-03 application
KR20080085069A (en) 2008-09-22 application
EP1495981A2 (en) 2005-01-12 application
RU2006101874A (en) 2006-07-10 application
CA2436292A1 (en) 2005-01-10 application

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