CN1828313A - Pole tower earthing resistance quick testing method without unfastening wire and device - Google Patents

Pole tower earthing resistance quick testing method without unfastening wire and device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1828313A
CN1828313A CN 200610018393 CN200610018393A CN1828313A CN 1828313 A CN1828313 A CN 1828313A CN 200610018393 CN200610018393 CN 200610018393 CN 200610018393 A CN200610018393 A CN 200610018393A CN 1828313 A CN1828313 A CN 1828313A
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centerdot
module
resistance
voltage
prime
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CN 200610018393
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CN100397087C (en
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李澍森
陈晓燕
陈绍英
韩芳
王亚军
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武汉高压研究所
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Abstract

Wherein, with embed-meter method, applying split-core current transformer (PT) and split-core current transformer (CT) with same wire number as the tower ground wire to clamp all tower ground wires; or applying strip-shape PT and CT to enclose whole tower; filtering and analyzing the measured data to obtain the real and imaginary parts of fundamental wave component of voltage and current signals; calculating with special voltage-drop algorithm to obtain the target resistance. This invention improves efficiency, and reduces cost.

Description

Pole tower earthing resistance quick testing method without unfastening wire and device

Technical field

The invention belongs to the High-Voltage Technology field of power science, relate to a kind of transmission tower ground resistance measurement method and device, particularly a kind of pole tower earthing resistance quick testing method without unfastening wire and device, it is used to lightning conducter is the security maintenance technical elements of the transmission tower of aerial earth wire.

Background technology

The transmission tower grounding resistance is significant for reducing lightning outage rate, reach in service before transmission tower comes into operation, its stake resistance of periodic measurement is particularly important, and power industry standard DL/T 596-1996 " power equipment preventive trial rules " once did this and appears explicit stipulation.Therefore the grounding resistance of measuring transmission tower accurately, quickly and easily is that whether qualified its earthed system of check is and propose the important channel and the means of corresponding rectification scheme.Known to the applicant, the measurement to the transmission tower stake resistance at present mainly contains two kinds of methods, promptly based on the three electrode method and the split-core type meter method of pressure drop principle.Wherein the typical instrument of split-core type meter method has French CA6411 type earth resistance tester, only need during test that jaw is clamped a down conductor and can obtain grounding resistance, but other down conductors of shaft tower must be untied, otherwise measured value is the loop resistance that downlead and grounding body form, in addition, because the mutual inductance of installation of dual lightning wires and the internal resistance that self can not ignore have brought error to actual measurement.Present pole tower ground resistance is measured, and maximum drawback is the Project Realization difficulty, situation about running into usually, and when two and above down conductor, the nut that in measurement, generally all must use the electric welding machine unsolder to be welded; Perhaps turn on nut.3~4 people's measurement group, can only survey 4~5 basic shaft towers a working day at most, and efficiency of measurement is extremely low, and labour intensity is big, also may twist off bolt, stripped thread, even can not recover drawbacks such as ground connection.According to " preventive trial rules " promulgated by the ministries or commissions of the Central Government regulation, powerline pole tower ground resistance was all measured once in per 4 years.By present test present situation, test 5 bases every group of every day, every group 3 people uses one of automobile machine-team, can calculate every basic testing expense thus and be 160 yuan ((100 yuan/people. sky * 3 people * 1 day+500 yuan/machine-team * 1 machine-team)/5 bases).If a 110kV that electric company has jurisdiction over and above electric power line pole tower amount to 5000 bases, all survey 1000 days/group of need, about 800,000 yuan of expense.

Summary of the invention

The objective of the invention is, at the defective on the existing pole tower ground resistance measurement method, pole tower earthing resistance quick testing method without unfastening wire and device are proposed, it be a kind of can be under the situation of not untiing many down conductors, correct method and the device of measuring the transmission tower grounding resistance apace, it can improve the work efficiency of measurement, reduces and measures cost.

Technical solution of the present invention is, a kind of pole tower earthing resistance quick testing method without unfastening wire, adopt the split-core type meter method, measured voltage, current signal is through Filtering Processing and data analysis, obtain the real part and the imaginary part of the fundametal compoment of current signal and voltage signal, adopt the specific pressure drop computing method to obtain the stake resistance of tested shaft tower, it is characterized in that: use the pincerlike voltage transformer (VT) identical to be called for short PT and split core type current transformer abbreviation CT with tower grounding downlead radical, do not understand the many down conductors of tower of starting, with pincerlike PT, CT clamps all down conductors respectively; Or, use band shape voltage transformer (VT) to be called for short PT and to be with the shape current transformer to be called for short CT, do not understand the tower down conductor of starting, will be with shape PT, CT to surround whole iron tower; The function of the measuring voltage of providing is provided pincerlike or band shape PT, pincerlike or band shape CT has the function of measuring electric current, sample respectively for measuring voltage U and electric current I signal, and simulate trap and bandpass filtering, remove power frequency and high-frequency interferencing signal, only allow measuring-signal to pass through, by the Frequency Synchronization of measurement mechanism to voltage and current signals sampling and power source, electric current, voltage signal done the spectrum analysis of widening window, fundametal compoment is wherein separated, further to remove interference components.

Above-mentioned pole tower earthing resistance quick testing method without unfastening wire, the specific pressure drop computing method of employing are to establish R gBe a certain pole tower ground resistance value, each down conductor has the connection resistance R 1, R 2... R n,, introduce measuring error and be made as Z for having only a down conductor or using the situation of being with shape PT and CT E=R E+ jX E, the stake resistance measured value is R g=R 1+ R g+ Z E, stake resistance calculates and adopts following formula:

R g ′ = Re ( U · 1 / I · 1 )

Wherein, Be down conductor test voltage value, Be the current value in down conductor loop, R g' for containing the grounding resistance measurement value of error, its error is by R 1And Z ETwo parts are formed, and Re represents plural number is got real part, and this moment is approximate thinks R g' be R gFor situation, introduce measuring error and be made as Z with two or two above down conductors E=R E+ jX E, the stake resistance measured value is R g'=R g+ Z E, its error only contains Z EPart connects resistance R 1, R 2..., R nAccurately solve from following equation, stake resistance calculates and adopts following formula:

Wherein Be each down conductor test voltage value, Be the current value by each down conductor loop, above-mentioned matrix does not have unique solution, need carry out the second time and measure, only to R 1Power supply is provided, obtains following additional equation:

U · 1 ′ - I · 1 ′ R 1 = ( I · 1 ′ + I · 2 ′ + · · · + I · n ′ ) R g ′

Get by above-mentioned two equations:

For obtaining above-mentioned equation unique solution,, must satisfy following formula according to the linear algebra theory:

I · 1 I · 1 ′ ≠ I · 1 + I · 2 + · · · I · n I · 1 ′ + I · 2 ′ + · · · I · n ′

For guaranteeing the following formula establishment, judge earlier whether the data that collect satisfy following formula, if be false, then will The value change, and

Measure once more, till following formula was set up, solving an equation then obtained R g'; The grounding resistance measurement value R that obtains under above-mentioned two kinds of situations g' all contain error Z ESo, need be revised, mainly be pure resistive characteristics at the pole tower ground resistance value, only need consider during correction pole tower ground resistance R g' real part correction get final product and Z EReal part be R E, correction formula is as follows:

R E=-6+0.95lnf+2.3R d+0.105(lnR gv) 2+1.75lnR gv

Wherein f is for measuring supply frequency, R GvBe the average stake resistance of test line shaft tower, R dBe the resistance value of every span lightning conducter, obtain revised grounding resistance thus and be:

R g=Re(R g′)-R E

The present invention adopts exempts to separate line pole tower ground resistance rapid measurement device, it is characterized in that: be made up of a plurality of pincerlike voltage transformer (VT) or a banded voltage transformer (VT) (being called for short PT) 14, a plurality of split core type current transformer or banded current transformer (being called for short CT) 15 and pole tower ground resistance tacheometer 16; The pole tower ground resistance tacheometer is by power source module 1, multi-way switch module 2, I/V modular converter 3, filtration module 4, program control amplification module 5, A/D modular converter 6, Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system 7, sinusoidal wave module 8, the Synchronous Sampling Pulse module 9 of taking place, and LCD MODULE 10, communication module 11, panel and Keyboard Control module 12, battery and charging module 13 are formed.Power supply is used in power source module 1 generator and test, by voltage output end mouth U NhAnd U NlVoltage signal is delivered to a plurality of pincerlike voltage transformer (VT) (being called for short PT) or a banded voltage transformer (VT) 14; The sinusoidal wave module 8 that takes place connects power source module 1 input, and battery and charging module 13 connect power source module 1 feeder ear; The input end of the output termination Synchronous Sampling Pulse module 9 of power source module 1, and an input end of multi-way switch module 2; A plurality of split core type current transformers (being called for short pincerlike CT) or a banded current transformer 15 are by electric current port I NhAnd I NlCurrent signal is sent into I/V modular converter 3, and the output of I/V modular converter 3 connects another input end of multi-way switch module 2; The output of multi-way switch module 2 connects filtration module 4 input ends, filtration module 4 outputs connect the input end of program control amplification module 5, the output of program control amplification module 5 connects A/D modular converter 6 one input ends, and the output of Synchronous Sampling Pulse module 9 connects A/D modular converter 6 another input ends; News module 11, Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system 7, panel and Keyboard Control module 12 are connected in the output of A/D modular converter 6; Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system 7 connects by control bus and address/data bus and Synchronous Sampling Pulse module 9 LCD MODULE 10, communication module 11, panel and Keyboard Control module 12, battery and charging module 13.

Above-mentionedly exempt to separate line pole tower ground resistance rapid measurement device, it is characterized in that, the measurement power supply of 0.5V~5V/1~5W is provided after described sinusoidal waveform generation module 8 output signals are amplified through power source module 1.

Above-mentionedly exempt to separate line pole tower ground resistance rapid measurement device, it is characterized in that filtration module 4 is composed in series by 50Hz quadravalence analogue notch 17 and quadravalence analog band-pass filter 18.

Adopt the present invention, can be under the situation of not untiing down conductor, to measure correctly, fast and have single, two and above down conductor pole tower ground resistance value, it can significantly improve efficiency of measurement, reduces and measures cost.Apparatus of the present invention degree of intelligence height, storage or transferring data are convenient; Low in energy consumption, but the working power recharge of outfit uses; Can also find simultaneously the contact conduction property problem of down conductor, when transmission line of electricity was normally maked an inspection tour, the tour personnel can carry apparatus and finish test assignment.If a 110kV that electric company has jurisdiction over and above electric power line pole tower amount to 5000 bases, use every group of the present invention can survey 100 bases at least in one day, every basic test fee is only with being 8 yuan, surveys one time need 50 days/organize, surplus the expense about 4 ten thousand yuan, can save surplus the testing expense 70 ten thousand yuan.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1, the transmission line of electricity synoptic diagram

Fig. 2 adopts pincerlike PT, CT instrumentation plan

Fig. 3 adopts band shape PT, CT instrumentation plan

Fig. 4 adopts pincerlike PT, CT measuring principle figure

Fig. 5 adopts pincerlike PT, CT, measures equivalent circuit diagram when having only a down conductor

Fig. 6 adopts pincerlike PT, CT, measures equivalent circuit diagram when two and above down conductor are arranged for the first time

Fig. 7 adopts pincerlike PT, CT, measures equivalent circuit diagram when two and above down conductor are arranged for the second time

Fig. 8 adopts band shape PT, CT to measure equivalent circuit diagram

Fig. 9, pole tower ground resistance tacheometer 16 circuit block diagrams

Figure 10, the circuit block diagram of filtration module 4

Figure 11 exempts to separate line pole tower ground resistance rapid measurement device field wiring figure

Among the figure, 1 power source module, 2 multi-way switch modules, the 3I/V modular converter, 4 filtration modules, 5 program control amplification modules, the 6A/D modular converter, 7 Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system, the 8 sinusoidal wave modules that take place, 9 Synchronous Sampling Pulse modules, 10 LCD MODULE, 11 communication modules, 12 panels and Keyboard Control module, 13 batteries and charging module, 14 pincerlike voltage transformer (VT) or banded voltage transformer (VT) (being called for short PT), 15 split core type current transformers or banded current transformer (being called for short CT), 16 pole tower ground resistance tacheometers, 17 50Hz quadravalence analogue notch, 18 quadravalence analog band-pass filters.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, elaborate implementation method of the present invention.

Fig. 1 is the transmission line of electricity synoptic diagram, is that the band lightning conducter is the transmission tower of aerial earth wire, according to basic conception of the present invention, adopts following two kinds of technical approach to measure:

1) Fig. 2 is for adopting pincerlike PT, CT instrumentation plan, use pincerlike voltage transformer (VT) (be called for short pincerlike PT) identical and split core type current transformer (being called for short pincerlike CT) with tower grounding downlead radical, do not understand the tower down conductor of starting, pincerlike PT, CT are clamped all down conductors respectively; Perhaps,

2) Fig. 3 uses band shape voltage transformer (VT) to be called for short (band shape PT) and band shape current transformer (being called for short band shape CT) for adopting band shape PT, CT instrumentation plan, does not understand the tower down conductor of starting, and will be with shape PT, CT to surround whole iron tower;

Use above-mentioned dual mode to measure, measured voltage, current signal is through Filtering Processing and data analysis, obtain the real part and the imaginary part of the fundametal compoment of current signal and voltage signal, adopt specific pressure drop to calculate the stake resistance of tested shaft tower, but the function of measuring voltage of providing and measuring voltage is provided pincerlike or band shape PT, pincerlike or band shape CT has the function of measuring electric current, sample respectively for measuring voltage U and electric current I signal, and simulate trap and bandpass filtering, remove power frequency and high-frequency interferencing signal, only allow measuring-signal to pass through, by the Frequency Synchronization of measurement mechanism to voltage and current signals sampling and power source, to electric current, the spectrum analysis that the voltage signal work is widened window is separated fundametal compoment wherein, further to remove interference components.

Fig. 4 adopts pincerlike PT, CT measuring principle figure, all is connected to a pair of pincerlike PT, CT on every down conductor on a certain shaft tower, and adopting the specific pressure drop computing method is to establish R gBe a pole tower ground resistance value, each down conductor of retinal rod tower is different with the earth mat method of attachment or connect appearance corrosion and other nonmetal situations that contacts, and equivalence is looked each down conductor and had the connection resistance R 1, R 2... R n

Fig. 5 measures equivalent circuit diagram when having only a down conductor, consider that the lightning conducter on the transmission tower is that aerial earth wire is to measuring the influence in loop, introducing measuring error Z E=R E+ jX E, simplify to be expressed as making R g'=R 1+ R g+ Z E, stake resistance calculates and adopts following formula,

R g ′ = Re ( U · 1 / I · 1 )

Wherein, Be down conductor test voltage value, Be the current value in down conductor loop, R g' for containing the grounding resistance measurement value of error, Re represents plural number is got real part.

Fig. 6 measures equivalent circuit diagram for the first time when two above down conductors are arranged, the lightning conducter on the same consideration transmission tower be aerial earth wire to measuring the influence in loop, introduce measuring error Z E=R E+ jX E,, make R for simplifying g'=R g+ Z E, can obtain by measuring equivalent circuit Fig. 6 structure:

U · 1 - I · 1 R 1 = ( I · 1 + I · 2 + · · · I · n ) R g ′ U · 2 - I · 2 R 2 = ( I · 1 + I · 2 + · · · I · n ) R g ′ · · · U · n - I · n R n = ( I · 1 + I · 2 + · · · I · n ) R g ′

Can get by following formula:

Above-mentioned matrix equation can't provide unique solution, therefore, must replenish an equation to it; Carrying out the second time measures.Fig. 7 measures equivalent circuit diagram when being two above down conductors for the second time, only to R 1Power supply is provided, obtains following additional equation:

U · 1 ′ - I · 1 ′ R 1 = ( I · 1 ′ + I · 2 ′ + · · · I · n ′ ) R g ′

Can get by above-mentioned two equations:

For obtaining above-mentioned equation unique solution,, must satisfy following formula according to the linear algebra theory:

I · 1 I · 1 ′ ≠ I · 1 + I · 2 + · · · I · n I · 1 ′ + I · 2 ′ + · · · I · n ′

For following formula is set up, should judge earlier whether the data that collect satisfy following formula, if be false, then will The value change, and measure once more, till following formula was set up, solving an equation then obtained R g', the invalid probability of following formula is minimum in the actual measurement.

For above-mentioned shaft tower with one or more down conductors, the actual R that records 1, R 2... R nAnd R g' and non-pure resistance, but for the tower grounding system, because grounding body is less, grounding resistance R gGenerally be pure resistive, reaction component can be ignored; Under the situation of not considering reactance, R 1, R 2... R n, measured value be accurately; And actual grounding resistance R gWith measured value R g' value of real part differ bigger, produce error R thus E, error R EBe corrected the convergence that key is that it has; At the situation of lightning conducter graded insulation, the higher measurement power supply of frequency surely belongs to first-selection; Lightning conducter electric conductivity is good more, and its steady-state error value is just little comparatively speaking, and steady-state error value and conductor resistance rate are approximated to direct ratio; Under the normal ground connection situation, the average stake resistance that is parallel to tested pole tower ground resistance also has influence to measured value, normal average stake resistance is relevant with the soil resistivity of design of transmission line of electricity grounding body and locality, and circuit integral ground level is good, and its steady-state error is just little.Measured value need be revised, and correction formula is as follows:

R E=-6+0.95lnf+2.3R d+0.105(lnR v) 2+1.75lnR v

Wherein f is for measuring supply frequency, R vBe the average stake resistance of test line shaft tower under the normal condition, R dBe every span lightning conducter resistance value.

Obtaining revised measured value thus is:

R g=Re(R g′)-R E

Fig. 8 adopts band shape PT, CT to measure equivalent circuit diagram, adopts band shape CT, PT with shaft tower and some down conductors whole " blocking ".Do not open down conductor, do not increasing again under the condition of auxiliary electrode, can quick and precisely measure the stake resistance of shaft tower.Provide the function of voltage source because band shape PT has for measuring the loop, band shape CT has the function of measuring loop current.The multipoint earthing downlead of same earthed system surrounds by banded PT and CT, establishes R gBe the pole tower ground resistance value, because each down conductor is different with the earth mat method of attachment, perhaps corroding and other non-situations that fully contacts appears in the junction, can equivalence looks it and has the connection resistance R 1, R 2, R n, because the transmission tower lightning conducter is that aerial earth wire is to measuring the influence in loop, introducing measuring error Z E=R E+ jX E, generally connect resistance R 1, R 2..., R nLess than 0.1 Ω, can ignore, can directly obtain this moment R g ′ = Re ( U · / I · ) , Obtain final measured value R through aforementioned error correction formula then g=Re (R g')-R EDuring for the situation of having only a down conductor or use band shape PT and CT, if revise back R gBe worth excessively, it is defective to judge ground connection, or the down conductor loose contact, or grounding body is defective; For situation, if R with two or two above down conductors 1, R 2..., R nPromptly learn the down conductor loose contact greater than 0.1 Ω.

The present invention adopts exempts to separate line pole tower ground resistance rapid measurement device, by a plurality of pincerlike voltage transformer (VT) or a banded voltage transformer (VT) (being called for short PT) 14, a plurality of split core type current transformers or a banded current transformer (abbreviation CT) 15 and pole tower ground resistance tacheometer 16 compositions, Fig. 9 is pole tower ground resistance tacheometer 16 circuit block diagrams, pole tower ground resistance tacheometer 16 is by power source module 1, multi-way switch module 2, I/V modular converter 3, filtration module 4, program control amplification module 5, A/D modular converter 6, Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system 7, the sinusoidal wave module 8 that takes place, Synchronous Sampling Pulse module 9, LCD MODULE 10, communication module 11, panel and Keyboard Control module 12, battery and charging module 13 are formed, power source module 1 provides the system testing voltage source signal, by voltage output end mouth U NhAnd U NLVoltage signal is delivered to a plurality of pincerlike voltage transformer (VT) be called for short PT or a banded voltage transformer (VT) 14; The sinusoidal wave module 8 that takes place connects power source module 1 input, and battery and charging module 13 connect power source module 1 feeder ear, the input end of the output termination Synchronous Sampling Pulse module 9 of power source module 1, and an input end of multi-way switch module 2; A plurality of split core type current transformers are called for short CT or a banded current transformer 15 passes through electric current port I NhAnd I NlCurrent signal is sent into I/V modular converter 3, and the output of I/V modular converter 3 connects another input end of multi-way switch module 2; The output of multi-way switch module 2 connects filtration module 4 input ends, filtration module 4 outputs connect the input end of program control amplification module 5, the output of program control amplification module 5 connects A/D modular converter 6 one input ends, and the output of Synchronous Sampling Pulse module 9 connects A/D modular converter 6 another input ends; News module 11, Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system 7, panel and Keyboard Control module 12 are connected in the output of A/D modular converter 6; Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system 7 connects by control bus and address/data bus and Synchronous Sampling Pulse module 9 LCD MODULE 10, communication module 11, panel and Keyboard Control module 12, battery and charging module 13.

In the above-mentioned pole tower ground resistance tacheometer 16, power source adopts sinusoidal waveform generation module 8 to generate the sine wave of corresponding frequencies and amplitude, provides the measurement power supply after amplifying through power source module 1 then, and the supply voltage amplitude is 0.5V~5V, power is 1~5W, and survey frequency and amplitude are all adjustable.Built-in rechargeable battery and charging module 13.

Figure 10 is the circuit block diagram that connects filtration module 4, and filtration module 4 is composed in series by 50Hz quadravalence analogue notch 17 and bandpass filter 18.

Figure 11 exempts to separate line pole tower ground resistance rapid measurement device field wiring figure.In the concrete measuring process, at first determine the radical of tested tower grounding downlead, check whether down conductor has tangible disconnection and depredation, confirm whether tested head of mast has lightning conducter and whether be that metal directly is connected with the way of contact of shaft tower.If tested shaft tower has two down conductors, be measured as example to adopt pincerlike PT, CT, clamp two downleads simultaneously with two pincerlike PT and CT respectively, with the voltage port U on two pincerlike PT difference extension bar tower stake resistance tacheometers 16 1h(passage 1 height), U 1l(passage 1 is low) and U 2h, U 2l, the electrical lead of two pincerlike CT is connected to the current input terminal mouth I of corresponding unanimity respectively 1h, I 1lAnd I 2h, I 2lNotice that the lead sequence number must not make a mistake, and contact is good, confirms to carry out next step after errorless.Turn on the power switch, whether System self-test shows the current electric quantity abundance; By keyboard input average stake resistance of test line shaft tower and lightning conducter electric parameter.Relative parameters setting is finished and can be prepared to begin to measure.

Claims (5)

1, a kind of pole tower earthing resistance quick testing method without unfastening wire, adopt the split-core type meter method, measured voltage, current signal are through Filtering Processing and data analysis, obtain the real part and the imaginary part of the fundametal compoment of current signal and voltage signal, adopt the specific pressure drop computing method to obtain the stake resistance of tested shaft tower, it is characterized in that: use pincerlike voltage transformer (VT) (be called for short pincerlike PT) identical and split core type current transformer (being called for short pincerlike CT) with tower grounding downlead radical, do not understand the tower down conductor of starting, pincerlike PT, CT are clamped all down conductors respectively; Or, use band shape voltage transformer (VT) (being called for short band shape PT) and band shape current transformer (being called for short band shape CT), do not understand the tower down conductor of starting, will be with shape PT, CT to surround whole iron tower; But the function of measuring voltage of providing and measuring voltage is provided pincerlike or band shape PT, pincerlike or band shape CT has the function of measuring electric current, sample respectively for measuring voltage U and electric current I signal, and simulate trap and bandpass filtering, remove power frequency and high-frequency interferencing signal, only allow measuring-signal to pass through, by the Frequency Synchronization of measurement mechanism to voltage and current signals sampling and power source, electric current, voltage signal done the spectrum analysis of widening window, fundametal compoment is wherein separated, further to remove interference components.
2, pole tower earthing resistance quick testing method without unfastening wire as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the specific pressure drop computing method of employing are to establish R gBe a certain pole tower ground resistance value, each down conductor has the connection resistance R 1, R 2... R n,, introduce measuring error and be made as Z for having only a down conductor or using the situation of being with shape PT and CT E=R E+ jX E, the stake resistance measured value is R g'=R 1+ R g+ Z E, stake resistance calculates and adopts following formula:
R g ′ = Re ( U 1 · / I 1 · )
Wherein, Be down conductor test voltage value, Be the current value in down conductor loop, For containing the grounding resistance measurement value of error, its error is by R 1And Z ETwo parts are formed, and Re represents plural number is got real part, and this moment is approximate thinks R g' be R gFor situation, introduce measuring error and be made as Z with two or two above down conductors E=R E+ jX E, the stake resistance measured value is R g'=R g+ Z E, its error only contains Z EPart connects resistance R 1, R 2..., R nAccurately solve from following equation, stake resistance calculates and adopts following equation:
Wherein Be each down conductor test voltage value, Be the current value by each down conductor loop, above-mentioned matrix does not have unique solution, need carry out the second time and measure, only to R 1Power supply is provided, obtains following additional equation:
U 1 ′ · - I 1 ′ · R 1 = ( I 1 ′ · + I 2 ′ · + · · · + I n ′ · ) R g ′
Get by above-mentioned two equations:
For obtaining above-mentioned equation unique solution,, must satisfy following formula according to the linear algebra theory:
I 1 · I 1 ′ · ≠ I 1 · + I 2 · + · · · I n · I 1 ′ · + I 2 ′ · + · · · I n ′ ·
For guaranteeing the following formula establishment, judge earlier whether the data that collect satisfy following formula, if be false, then will The value change, and measure once more, till following formula was set up, solving an equation then obtained R g'; The grounding resistance measurement value R that obtains under above-mentioned two kinds of situations g' all contain error Z ESo, need be revised, mainly be pure resistive characteristics at the pole tower ground resistance value, only need consider during correction pole tower ground resistance R g' real part correction get final product and Z EReal part be R E, correction formula is as follows:
R E=-6+0.95lnf+2.3R d+0.105(lnR gv) 2+1.75lnR gv
Wherein f is for measuring supply frequency, R GvBe the average stake resistance of test line shaft tower, R dBe the resistance value of every span lightning conducter, obtain revised grounding resistance thus and be:
R g=R e(R g’)-R E
3, the present invention adopts exempts to separate line pole tower ground resistance rapid measurement device, it is characterized in that: be called for short PT (14) by a plurality of pincerlike voltage transformer (VT) or a banded voltage transformer (VT), a plurality of split core type current transformers or a banded current transformer are called for short CT (15) and pole tower ground resistance tacheometer (16) composition, pole tower ground resistance tacheometer (16) is by power source module (1), multi-way switch module (2), I/V modular converter (3), filtration module (4), program control amplification module (5), A/D modular converter (6), Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system (7), the sinusoidal wave module (8) that takes place, Synchronous Sampling Pulse module (9), LCD MODULE (10), communication module (11), panel and Keyboard Control module (12), battery and charging module (13) are formed, power source module (1) provides the system testing voltage signal, by voltage output end mouth U NhAnd U NLVoltage signal is delivered to a plurality of pincerlike voltage transformer (VT) be called for short a PT or a banded voltage transformer (VT) (14); The sinusoidal wave module (8) that takes place connects power source module (1) input, battery and charging module (13) connect power source module (1) feeder ear, the input end of the output termination Synchronous Sampling Pulse module (9) of power source module (1), and an input end of multi-way switch module (2); A plurality of split core type current transformers are called for short CT or a banded current transformer (15) passes through electric current port I NhAnd I NlCurrent signal is gone into I/V modular converter (3), and the output of I/V modular converter (3) connects another input end of multi-way switch module (2); The output of multi-way switch module (2) connects filtration module (4) input end, filtration module (4) output connects the input end of program control amplification module (5), the output of program control amplification module (5) connects A/D modular converter (6) one input ends, and the output of Synchronous Sampling Pulse module (9) connects another input end of A/D modular converter (6); News module (11), Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system (7), panel and Keyboard Control module (12) are connected in the output of A/D modular converter (6); Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system (7) connects by control bus and address/data bus and Synchronous Sampling Pulse module (9) LCD MODULE (10), communication module (11), panel and Keyboard Control module (12), battery and charging module (13).
4, as claimed in claim 3ly exempt to separate line pole tower ground resistance rapid measurement device, it is characterized in that: the measurement power supply that 0.5V~5V/1~5W is provided after described sinusoidal waveform generation module (8) output signal is amplified through power source module (1).
5, claim 4 is described exempts to separate line pole tower ground resistance rapid measurement device, and it is characterized in that: filtration module (4) is composed in series by 50Hz quadravalence analogue notch (17) and fourth-order band-pass wave filter (18).
CNB2006100183934A 2006-02-21 2006-02-21 Pole tower earthing resistance quick testing method without unfastening wire and device CN100397087C (en)

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CN102353843A (en) * 2011-09-19 2012-02-15 清华大学 Frequency sweeping test method for measuring power frequency ground resistance of grounding device and test instrument for frequency sweeping test method
CN102508040A (en) * 2011-11-21 2012-06-20 湖北省防雷中心 Special grounded resistor detector
CN102680798A (en) * 2012-02-28 2012-09-19 山东建筑大学 Online measurement method and device for grounding resistor of rod tower
CN102944810A (en) * 2012-12-12 2013-02-27 湖南省电力公司科学研究院 Test device for secondary circuit zero line site of voltage transformer
CN103197152A (en) * 2013-03-14 2013-07-10 辽宁省电力有限公司抚顺供电公司 Flexible earth resistance tester
CN103954843A (en) * 2014-05-21 2014-07-30 重庆大学 Method for determining injection current frequency range in tower ground resistance measurement process without disconnecting ground lead
CN104502726A (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-04-08 国网辽宁省电力有限公司锦州供电公司 Method for measuring the power-frequency grounding resistance of tower and cement pole
CN104535844A (en) * 2015-01-20 2015-04-22 国网辽宁省电力有限公司抚顺供电公司 Method for testing grounding resistance of tower by using disassembly-free down conductor
CN104678182A (en) * 2015-01-30 2015-06-03 河海大学 Method for measuring tower grounding resistance without disassembling grounding wire
CN104749444A (en) * 2013-12-31 2015-07-01 孙巍巍 Grounding resistance measuring device
CN105116240A (en) * 2015-06-05 2015-12-02 国网辽宁省电力有限公司葫芦岛供电公司 Lightning-protection current discharge channel detection method for power transmission line tower and artificial earth electrode
CN105242112A (en) * 2015-09-02 2016-01-13 华北电力科学研究院有限责任公司 Wind power generator set lightning triggering channel resistance value test method
CN105717365A (en) * 2014-12-01 2016-06-29 国网辽宁省电力有限公司锦州供电公司 Method for measuring power frequency grounding resistance of iron pipe tower with double ground wires
CN105717364A (en) * 2014-12-01 2016-06-29 国网辽宁省电力有限公司锦州供电公司 Method for measuring power frequency grounding resistance of single ground wire iron pipe tower
CN105891606A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-08-24 国网甘肃省电力公司白银供电公司 Device for testing tower grounding resistance through disassembly-free ground lead
CN107064648A (en) * 2017-03-24 2017-08-18 华北电力大学 The detection device and method of the lightning-arrest lead resistance of blower fan pylon based on leakage cable
CN107656144A (en) * 2017-11-14 2018-02-02 国网山东省电力公司电力科学研究院 A kind of comprehensive detection system and method for transmission line of electricity earthed system
CN108181511A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-06-19 广东电网有限责任公司韶关供电局 A kind of insulating resistance measuring device and its detection method
CN108761260A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-11-06 浙江省星炬科技有限公司 A kind of DC System Grounding Fault Detecting Device and its detection method
CN109030951A (en) * 2018-08-27 2018-12-18 云南电网有限责任公司电力科学研究院 A kind of on-line measurement system and method for shared electric power tower ground resistance
CN109490635A (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-03-19 国网江苏省电力有限公司南京供电分公司 Pole tower ground resistance on-line monitoring system and on-line monitoring method
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CN102279334A (en) * 2011-08-30 2011-12-14 中国瑞林工程技术有限公司 Lightning resistance horizontal dynamic monitoring method for electric transmission line poles and towers
CN102353843A (en) * 2011-09-19 2012-02-15 清华大学 Frequency sweeping test method for measuring power frequency ground resistance of grounding device and test instrument for frequency sweeping test method
CN102508040B (en) * 2011-11-21 2014-05-14 湖北省防雷中心 Special grounded resistor detector
CN102508040A (en) * 2011-11-21 2012-06-20 湖北省防雷中心 Special grounded resistor detector
CN102680798A (en) * 2012-02-28 2012-09-19 山东建筑大学 Online measurement method and device for grounding resistor of rod tower
CN102680798B (en) * 2012-02-28 2015-07-22 山东建筑大学 Online measurement method and device for grounding resistor of rod tower
CN102944810A (en) * 2012-12-12 2013-02-27 湖南省电力公司科学研究院 Test device for secondary circuit zero line site of voltage transformer
CN103197152A (en) * 2013-03-14 2013-07-10 辽宁省电力有限公司抚顺供电公司 Flexible earth resistance tester
CN104749444A (en) * 2013-12-31 2015-07-01 孙巍巍 Grounding resistance measuring device
CN103954843A (en) * 2014-05-21 2014-07-30 重庆大学 Method for determining injection current frequency range in tower ground resistance measurement process without disconnecting ground lead
CN103954843B (en) * 2014-05-21 2016-06-15 重庆大学 One does not disconnect ground lead pole tower ground resistance and measures injection power frequency method of determining range
CN105717365A (en) * 2014-12-01 2016-06-29 国网辽宁省电力有限公司锦州供电公司 Method for measuring power frequency grounding resistance of iron pipe tower with double ground wires
CN105717364A (en) * 2014-12-01 2016-06-29 国网辽宁省电力有限公司锦州供电公司 Method for measuring power frequency grounding resistance of single ground wire iron pipe tower
CN104502726A (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-04-08 国网辽宁省电力有限公司锦州供电公司 Method for measuring the power-frequency grounding resistance of tower and cement pole
CN105717365B (en) * 2014-12-01 2019-08-13 国网辽宁省电力有限公司锦州供电公司 The measurement method of installation of dual lightning wires iron pipe tower power frequency earthing resistance
CN104535844A (en) * 2015-01-20 2015-04-22 国网辽宁省电力有限公司抚顺供电公司 Method for testing grounding resistance of tower by using disassembly-free down conductor
CN104678182B (en) * 2015-01-30 2017-05-03 河海大学 Method for measuring tower grounding resistance without disassembling grounding wire
CN104678182A (en) * 2015-01-30 2015-06-03 河海大学 Method for measuring tower grounding resistance without disassembling grounding wire
CN105116240A (en) * 2015-06-05 2015-12-02 国网辽宁省电力有限公司葫芦岛供电公司 Lightning-protection current discharge channel detection method for power transmission line tower and artificial earth electrode
CN105242112A (en) * 2015-09-02 2016-01-13 华北电力科学研究院有限责任公司 Wind power generator set lightning triggering channel resistance value test method
CN105891606A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-08-24 国网甘肃省电力公司白银供电公司 Device for testing tower grounding resistance through disassembly-free ground lead
CN107064648A (en) * 2017-03-24 2017-08-18 华北电力大学 The detection device and method of the lightning-arrest lead resistance of blower fan pylon based on leakage cable
CN107656144A (en) * 2017-11-14 2018-02-02 国网山东省电力公司电力科学研究院 A kind of comprehensive detection system and method for transmission line of electricity earthed system
CN108181511A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-06-19 广东电网有限责任公司韶关供电局 A kind of insulating resistance measuring device and its detection method
CN108761260A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-11-06 浙江省星炬科技有限公司 A kind of DC System Grounding Fault Detecting Device and its detection method
CN109030951A (en) * 2018-08-27 2018-12-18 云南电网有限责任公司电力科学研究院 A kind of on-line measurement system and method for shared electric power tower ground resistance
CN109490635A (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-03-19 国网江苏省电力有限公司南京供电分公司 Pole tower ground resistance on-line monitoring system and on-line monitoring method
CN109782071A (en) * 2019-03-11 2019-05-21 重庆大学 A kind of pole tower ground resistance measurement method based on Earth Surface voltage

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