CN1826573B - Text input system and method - Google Patents

Text input system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1826573B
CN1826573B CN 200480021225 CN200480021225A CN1826573B CN 1826573 B CN1826573 B CN 1826573B CN 200480021225 CN200480021225 CN 200480021225 CN 200480021225 A CN200480021225 A CN 200480021225A CN 1826573 B CN1826573 B CN 1826573B
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text
symbol
classification
display
state
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CN 200480021225
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1826573A (en
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T·G·辛姆普森
W·邱
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字源加拿大公司
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Priority to US60/479,055 priority
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Priority to PCT/CA2004/000898 priority patent/WO2004111812A2/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/018Input/output arrangements for oriental characters
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F17/00Digital computing or data processing equipment or methods, specially adapted for specific functions
    • G06F17/20Handling natural language data
    • G06F17/21Text processing
    • G06F17/22Manipulating or registering by use of codes, e.g. in sequence of text characters
    • G06F17/2217Character encodings
    • G06F17/2223Handling non-latin characters, e.g. kana-to-kanji conversion
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F17/00Digital computing or data processing equipment or methods, specially adapted for specific functions
    • G06F17/20Handling natural language data
    • G06F17/27Automatic analysis, e.g. parsing
    • G06F17/276Stenotyping, code gives word, guess-ahead for partial word input
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/02Input arrangements using manually operated switches, e.g. using keyboards or dials
    • G06F3/023Arrangements for converting discrete items of information into a coded form, e.g. arrangements for interpreting keyboard generated codes as alphanumeric codes, operand codes or instruction codes
    • G06F3/0233Character input methods
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/02Input arrangements using manually operated switches, e.g. using keyboards or dials
    • G06F3/023Arrangements for converting discrete items of information into a coded form, e.g. arrangements for interpreting keyboard generated codes as alphanumeric codes, operand codes or instruction codes
    • G06F3/0233Character input methods
    • G06F3/0234Character input methods using switches operable in different directions
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/02Input arrangements using manually operated switches, e.g. using keyboards or dials
    • G06F3/023Arrangements for converting discrete items of information into a coded form, e.g. arrangements for interpreting keyboard generated codes as alphanumeric codes, operand codes or instruction codes
    • G06F3/0233Character input methods
    • G06F3/0236Character input methods using selection techniques to select from displayed items

Abstract

A system and a method for text entry is disclosed. Each may be practiced using a single finger or thumb to create, select and enter characters or character sequences. The invention may be broadly applicable to the entry of a text object or a text string which may be created or received, stored, edited or transmitted by a personal appliance having a limited user interface, such as a reduced keypador no keypad. The invention may be particularly useful in conjunction with an ideographic language.

Description

文本输入系统和方法 Text input system and method

[0001] 相关申请 [0001] RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0002] 本申请要求于2003年6月18日提交的临时专利申请序列号为60/479, 055的待批美国专利的优先权。 [0002] This application claims priority to provisional patent application serial number on June 18, 2003 filed 60/479, 055 priority of pending US patents.

技术领域 FIELD

[0003] 本发明涉及输入文本,尤其涉及在未提供物理键盘或者在对虚拟键盘的访问兼顾了用于创建文本的可用屏幕显示的装置上输入文本。 [0003] The present invention relates to an input text, in particular, it relates to an input device does not provide access to the physical keyboard or virtual keyboard is used to create both the available screen text display text. 这些装置包括移动个人设备,诸如蜂窝电话(移动电话)或者个人数字助理(PDA)。 These devices include a mobile personal devices, such as a cellular phone (mobile phone) or a personal digital assistant (PDA).

背景技术 Background technique

[0004] 能够以多种方式在移动个人设备上创建文本。 [0004] the ability to create text on a mobile personal devices in a variety of ways. 例如,业已出现布局非常类似于大键盘的小键盘。 For example, the keyboard layout is very similar to the large keypad has appeared. 它们中的某些已被装配以方便使用,诸如在Blackberry™个人消息装置上找到的那些。 Some of them have been assembled to facilitate use, such as those found in a personal message on a Blackberry ™ device.

[0005] 在PDA领域,已经使用虚拟键盘。 [0005] In the field of PDA, it has been using the virtual keyboard. 通常虚拟键盘使用触摸屏和输入笔来复现按键 Usually a virtual keyboard using the touch screen and stylus to reproduce the key

动作。 action. 在大多数PDA中,触摸屏的大小足以容纳显示虚拟键盘和创建的文本。 In most PDA, the size of the touch screen large enough to hold a virtual keyboard and text created.

[0006] 在移动电话领域,一般提供带有多个键的小键盘。 [0006] In the field of mobile phones, generally provided with a plurality of keys of the keypad. 通常,这些键都与文本字符相关 Typically, these keys are associated with text characters

联,诸如字母、标点符号和/或数字。 Joint, such as letters, punctuation marks and / or numbers. 例如在习惯的安排中,8个键中的每一个都与一组不同 For example, in customary arrangements, eight keys each with a different set of

的文本字符相关联,每个组都包括3或4个字母和1个数字。 Associated text characters, each group comprising three or four letters and a number. 例如,可以让一个键与数字2 For example, you can make a key and the number 2

和字母A、B和C相关联。 And the letters A, B and C are associated. 可使用消除多义性的算法和/或移动电话上的其他键盘用于区别 It can be used disambiguation algorithms and / or other keypad on the mobile phone used to distinguish

分配给一个键的文本字符,从而允许用户输入文本。 Text character assigned to a key, thereby allowing the user to enter text.

[0007] 在尤其涉及中文和日文的表意文字方面,0' Dell的专利(US 5, 109, 352)提供了一种分类用于组成字符的笔画的方法。 [0007] In a particularly relates to Japanese and Chinese ideographs aspect, 0 'Dell Patent (US 5, 109, 352) is provided a method for classification of the character strokes. 可使用一种算法确定用户想要输入的是多个字符中的哪个字符。 An algorithm can be used to determine the user wants to input multiple characters to which character. 在移动电话市场中,该技术存在多种实现,虽然最初的专利是围绕着更为传统的环境发明的。 In the mobile phone market, there are a variety of techniques to achieve this, although the original patent is built around more traditional environments invention. 一种商品是来自Zi公司的eZiTextTM,其中分类的笔画分组被标记并分配给组成传统电话按钮键盘的多个键。 EZiTextTM Zi is a commodity from the company, where the packet classification strokes are marked and assigned to a plurality of keys composed of a conventional telephone keypad buttons. 当处于文本创建模式时,按一个键可导致一笔画输入至存储器缓冲器,并且该笔画从笔画分类中选出。 When in text creation mode, pressing a key can cause a stroke input to the memory buffer, and the stroke from the stroke category selected. 在按下每个按钮之后,该笔画分类被添加至表示了笔画输入历史的显示行,并且第二字符候选行显示包括来自所选分类的笔画的字符。 After pressing each button, the stroke is added to the classification represents a stroke input history display line, and displaying a second character row candidates from the selected stroke character classification. 字符候选是以最优化显示的候选字符是用户所要字符的概率的方式显示。 Character candidate is optimized candidate character display is the probability that the user wants the character displayed. [0008] 输入表意文本的另一个实例可在Carmon的专利(US 4, 937, 745)中找出,他说明 [0008] Another example of input ideographic text may be located at Carmon patent (US 4, 937, 745), he described

了使用标准笔画书写次序来获取表意语言中的字符。 Use standard writing the strokes order to get the ideographic language characters. 因为该专利完全基于大的计算环境, Since the patent based entirely on a large computing environment,

则由于没有节省键和屏幕空间的基本要求使得该分类的使用相对较少。 As there are no basic requirements to save screen space and key so that the use of the classification is relatively small.

[0009] 在物理或虚拟键都不可用的情况下,单独使用前述方法是不够的。 [0009] In the case of a physical or a virtual key is not available, using the aforementioned method alone is not sufficient.

Macor(US5, 841, 849)及其他提供了使用操纵杆或定位装置从虚拟键盘中选择的方法。 Macor (US5, 841, 849), and other methods of using a joystick or the positioning device is selected from the virtual keyboard. 虚拟 virtual

键盘的内容是根据被操作装置的特定运算方式的情况并且是可变的。 It is a case where the content of the keyboard particular operation mode is operated device and is variable. 使用这一系统,移动 Using this system, mobile

电话或其他移动装置可完全由所述定位装置控制。 Phone or other mobile device may be controlled entirely by the positioning means. 发明内容 SUMMARY

[0010] 本发明的一个实施例是具有显示器、指示器系统、处理器和处理器控制程序的文 [0010] An embodiment of the present invention is a text display, indicator system, a processor and a control program of the processor

本输入系统。 This input system. 所述程序可以控制处理器使得文本可以响应于经由指示系统的用户选择的选项被输入并显示在显示器上。 The program may be such that the control processor in response to a text input and displayed on the display via the user-selected option indicator system.

[0011] 所述显示器在视觉上可被分隔为至少两个功能区。 The [0011] display can be visually divided into at least two functional areas. 第一功能区可用于显示对应于 First functional region may be used to display the corresponding

输入文本第一方面的消息,而第二功能区可用于显示对应于输入文本第二方面的消息。 The first aspect of the input message text, and corresponds to a second aspect of the text message input may be used to display the second functional region. 例如输入文本的第一方面可以是具有被用户识别特性的候选字符列表。 For example a first aspect of the input text may be a list of candidates having the user identification features. 输入文本的第二方面可以是用户已识别作为其输入的字符列表。 The second aspect of the input text may be recognized as a user input of the character list. 当用户结束识别字符时,结果可以是在第二功能区内出现字或句子。 When the user ends the character recognition result, the second functional region can be a word or phrase appears.

[0012] 指示器系统可由诸如手指或大拇指的单根手指操作。 [0012] indicator system such as a finger operation by a single finger or thumb. 指示器系统包括例如操纵杆的位置指示器。 Indicator system includes a position indicator such as a joystick. 可以使用其他指示器系统,其他中的一些将在此描述。 Other indicators may be used systems, other will be described herein.

[0013] 指示器系统可以至少具有第一基本状态、第二基本状态和第三基本状态。 [0013] The indicator system can have at least a first base state, the second state and the third base basic state. 在本发明的一个实施例中,第三基本状态没有文本意义与之相关联。 In one embodiment of the present invention, the third state substantially no sense text associated therewith. 可通过在第一位置施加压力激活所述第一基本状态并且通过在第二位置施加压力激活所述第二基本状态。 The first state may be activated by applying pressure substantially in the first position by applying a pressure and activating said second position substantially at a second state. 第三基本位置通过标识第三位置激活。 The third basic position activated by identifying a third location. 可通过不施加压力给指示器系统来识别第三位置,或者可通过在第三位置施加压力来识别所述第三位置。 No pressure is applied to the indicator system to identify a third position, or may be by applying pressure to a third position identified by the third position. 第三位置可位于第一位置和第二位置之间,使得第三位置位于中间。 The third position may be located between the first and second positions, such that the third position in the middle. 可以通过同时激活第一基本状态和第三基本状态来激活第四基本状态。 It may be activated by a fourth basic state substantially simultaneously activating a first state and a third state substantially.

[0014] 处理器可响应于每种基本状态。 [0014] The processor may be responsive to each base state. 在此方式下,指示器系统可用于选择在至少一个功能区内显示的选项。 In this manner, the indicator system may be used to select options in display region of the at least one function. 例如,用户可以选择在第一功能区内显示的文本字符,从而选择该组分在第二功能区内显示。 For example, the user may select a first text character in the function display region, whereby the selected component is displayed in the second functional zone. 此外,用户可在第二功能区内选择一文本字符用于编辑出现在第二功能区内的文本字符组。 Further, the user can select a character for editing text in the text area of ​​the second functional group of characters in the second functional zone.

[0015] 根据本发明的文本输入系统的一个实施例可具有第一模式和第二模式。 [0015] may have a first mode and a second mode in accordance with one embodiment of the text input system of the present invention. 可通过在第三位置上施加压力来完成从第一模式到第二模式的移动。 It may be accomplished moved from the first mode to the second mode by applying pressure on the third position. 当文本输入系统处于第一模式时,所述第一基本状态可具有与其相关联的特定文本意义。 When the text input system in a first mode, the first base state may have a particular significance text associated therewith. 当文本输入系统处于第二模式时,所述第一基本状态可具有与其相关联的不同的文本意义。 When the text input system in a second mode, the first state may be substantially different text meaning associated therewith. 不同的意义可以是不同的文本意义,或者不同的意义可以是没有文本意义。 Different meanings can be different meaning of the text, or a different meaning can be no meaning of the text. 例如,不同的意义可以是导航意义。 For example, different meanings can navigate sense. 这一导航意义可用于移动出现在显示器上的光标。 This navigation may be used to sense movement of a cursor appears on the display.

[0016] 在文本输入系统的一个实施例中,第一基本状态可用于选择文本的第一分类而第二基本状态可用于选择文本的第二分类。 [0016] In one embodiment a text input system in this embodiment, a first base state can be used to classify the first and second selecting text basic state classification may be used to select a second text. 文本的第一分类包括具有第一特征的文本符号(诸如笔画)而文本的第二分类包括具有第二特征的文本符号。 A first classification text comprises text symbol (such as stroke) and a second classification text comprises text symbols having a second feature of the first feature. 例如文本的第一分类可包括由手竖直运动所画出的笔画,而第二分类文本可以包括由手水平运动所画出的笔画。 For example, a first classification text may comprise a vertical motion by a hand drawn strokes, while the second classification text can include horizontal movement by a hand drawn strokes. 某些符号可具有多于一种分类的特征,在此情况下,该符号可与多于一种的分类相关联。 Certain symbols may have more than one classification characteristic, in this case, the symbol can be associated with more than one classification. [0017] 根据本发明的一种方法是一种输入文本的方法。 [0017] According to one method of the present invention is a method for input of text. 这一方法提供具有第一功能区和第二功能区的显示器(300),提供具有第一基本状态、第二基本状态和第三基本状态的指示器系统(303),并且还提供可操作地连接至指示器系统的处理器(306)。 This method provides a display (300) having a first functional region and the second functional region, providing a first base state, second base and third base state of the status indicator system (303), and further operable to provide a processor connected to an indicator system (306). 可激活第一基本状态(309)用于向所述处理器表示选择被输入的文本第一分类。 You can activate the first base state (309) indicates to the processor for selecting a first classification of the input text. 第一分类可包括用于创建多个文本字符的符号。 The first classification can include multiple text to create a symbolic character. 可显示对应于第一分类的代表性符号。 It may be displayed corresponding to a first symbol representative of the classification. 具有对应于所选第一分类的符号中的一个的文本字符可在第一功能区内示出。 Having text characters corresponding to the selected one of the first classification symbol may be shown in a first functional zone. [0018] 可激活第二基本状态用于向所述处理器表示选择被输入的文本第二分类。 [0018] The second base may be activated state for indicating to the processor a second selection input text classification. 结果是,同时具有对应于第一分类的符号中的一个以及对应于第二分类的符号中的一个的文本字符可在第一功能区内示出。 As a result, while the symbol corresponding to the first classification in a classification and a symbol corresponding to the second in a text character may be shown in a first functional zone.

[0019] —旦在第一功能区内显示了文本字符,则该用户可期望输入一个显示的候选文本字符。 [0019] - Once the first functional region display text character, the candidate text characters a user may enter a desired display. 用户可进入导航模式,并且自动地具有出现在第一功能区内的光标。 The user can enter the navigation mode, and automatically appear in the first functional region having a cursor. 可通过移动光标、通过激活一个或多个基本状态来完成对期望候选文本字符的选择,使得该期望的候选字符被识别。 By moving the cursor to select a desired completion candidate text characters by activating one or more basic state, so that a desired candidate character is identified. 一旦识别了候选字符,随后该用户就可选择该候选字符。 Once identified candidate characters, then the user can select the candidate character. 一旦从第一功能区中选取了候选文本字符,该所选的文本字符就显示在第二功能区内以向用户表示该文本字符已被输入。 Once the candidate text characters selected from the first functional zone, the characters of the selected text is displayed to the user indicates that the text characters have been entered in the second functional zone.

[0020] 在本发明的一个实施例中,所述第一功能区可不仅可用于显示文本字符,还可用于显示字符的部分。 [0020] In one embodiment of the present invention, the first functional region may not only be used to display text characters, a display portion of the character may also be used. 这些部分可与文本字符一致,也就是说一个特定的图标可包括相同的笔画并且在第一功能区内出现两次,一次是作为可被选的在第二功能区内显示的文本字符,而另一次是作为可被选的在一个不是第一功能区或第二功能区的区域内显示的字符的部分。 These portions may be consistent with the text characters, that is to say a specific icon may include the same strokes and appears twice in the first functional zone, it may be selected as one of the characters in the text display area of ​​the second function, and once as a character display area is not within the first or second functional region functional region it may be selected portion. 若选择在不是第一功能区或第二功能区的一区域内的显示,则可准许该用户识别同样对应于期望文本字符的另外的笔画。 If an area is not displayed in the first region or the second functional zone selection function, allow a further stroke of the same user identification corresponding to the desired text characters.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0021] 为了更完全的理解本发明的特性和目标,随后将结合附图对详细描述做出参考,所述附图包括: [0021] For a more complete understanding of the nature and objects of the invention, reference is made to the accompanying drawings subsequent detailed description, the accompanying drawings comprising:

[0022] 图l(a)示出了具有四个基本状态和一个中间状态的操纵杆。 [0022] FIG. L (a) shows a lever having four states and a substantially intermediate state. 因为图l(a)的操纵杆可移动,考虑到该操纵杆可移动到一特定位置的事实从而引发了相应的基本状态的出现,则这些状态在此通常被称作位置。 Since FIG. L (a) is a movable lever, the lever may be considered to move to a specific location to initiate the fact that a corresponding basic state, the state of these positions is commonly referred to herein. 操纵杆在四个基本位置之一的位移可具有赋予它的意义。 Joystick can have meaning assigned to it in the displacement of one of the four basic position. 在此实例中,这些意义可被分类。 In this example, these meanings can be classified. 由北方基本位置识别的分类112可以意指具有一个或多个明显拐点的所有笔画结构。 Northern classified by the basic position recognition means 112 may have one or all of the plurality of distinct inflection points stroke structure. 由南方基本位置识别的分类108可以意指具有垂直或接近垂直的所有笔画。 Classification identified by the basic position 108 South may mean having all vertical or near vertical strokes. 一般而言,此种情况还可包括在书写时在笔画底部呈现出小钩的垂直笔画。 In general, this situation may also include vertical stroke writing exhibits a small hook at the bottom of the stroke. 这是用笔刷书写的人为因素,并在表意结构中出现。 This is the human factor with a brush writing, and appear in ideographic structure.

[0023] 图l(b)示出了定位装置的电学机制。 [0023] FIG. L (b) shows a mechanism for positioning the electrical device. 开关105U09、113和117可响应于操纵杆的移动而关闭,并且具有对应于图l(a)中示出的分类的意义。 105U09,113 switches 117 and in response to the movement of the lever is closed, and has the meaning corresponding to the classification shown in (a) in FIG. L,. 在此称为"同轴开关"的一个附加开关可通过对操纵杆施加轴向压力来启动,这就能感知意义或模式的改变。 An additional switch is referred to herein as "coaxial switch" can be obtained by applying an axial pressure on the joystick to start, which can change the meaning or sensing mode. 可以通过对操纵杆施加与操纵杆主轴同轴的压力来施加轴向压力。 Axial pressure may be applied by applying pressure on the lever shaft lever coaxially. 这一压力在此有时被称为轴向压力或轴向应力等。 This pressure is sometimes referred to herein axial pressure or axial stress. 操纵杆的主轴可以是位于操纵杆中央并沿着其长度的轴。 The spindle may be located in the joystick lever center axis and along its length. 四个方向感知开关可结合该同轴开关一并使用。 Four direction detecting switch may be used together in connection with the coaxial switches.

[0024] 图2示出了与一个实例有关的显示信息。 [0024] FIG. 2 shows a display example of a related information. 窗口200示出了有关文本创建区,窗口212示出了对应于被输入笔画分类以及任何恰当的中间组合结果的输入缓冲的内容。 It shows a window 200 relating to the document creation area, window 212 shows the contents of the input buffer corresponding to the input stroke is classified and any appropriate combination of intermediate results. [0025] 图3是根据本发明的一种方法的示意流程图。 [0025] FIG. 3 is a schematic flowchart of a method according to the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0026] 本详细描述首先大致讨论本发明的某些方面。 [0026] The detailed description first briefly discuss some aspects of the invention. 该大致讨论之后是频繁参考附图的更为详细的描述。 The following discussion is generally described in more detail with frequent reference to the accompanying drawings.

7[0027] 可以通过使用可由一根手指操作的诸如操纵杆的指示器系统来实现本发明。 7 [0027] The present invention may be implemented by a system such as a joystick pointer operation by using a finger. 只要存在可用于代表按钮按下或其等效物的离散的位置,该指示器系统就包括多个多维的执行机构。 As long as the position can be used to represent discrete button press or its equivalent is present, the indicator system including a plurality of multi-dimensional actuator. 例如,一个连续的数字化仪可以连同软件或硬件阈值探测器一并用于确定用户期望的选择。 For example, a continuous digitizer can be collectively used to determine a user to select a desired software or hardware in conjunction with a threshold detector.

[0028] 在此通过描述操纵杆指示器系统说明本发明。 [0028] The present invention described herein is illustrated by the indicator system of the joystick. 操纵杆指示器系统被描述成具有四 Joystick indicator system is described as having four

个离散的基本位置,每个位置都具有分开的接触闭合的意义,并且具有其中没有接触闭合 Substantially discrete positions, each position having a significance divided contact closed and which has no contact closed

的中央部分除非在与操纵杆主轴基本上同轴的方向上按下操纵杆。 The central portion unless the lever is pressed in a direction substantially coaxial with the main shaft lever. 当操纵杆被轴向按下 When the lever is pressed axially

时,就得到了第五接触闭合意义。 When they got close contact with the fifth sense. 为了方便说明,所述四个基本位置在此被称为北、南、东和 For convenience, the four basic position is referred to herein north, south, east and

西,虽然该基本位置无需真的对着这些方向。 West, although the basic position without having to really facing these directions. 在图l(a)中,北由"N"指示、南由"S"指示、 In FIG. L (a) in the north "N" indicated by the South "S" indicates,

东由"E"指示而西由"W"指示。 East by the "E" indication west is indicated by "W". 本发明不限于此种安排也不限于这些位置的数目。 The present invention is not limited to such an arrangement is not limited to the number of these positions.

[0029] 每一基本位置都被赋予分类意义和导航意义。 [0029] The basic position is given for each category sense and sense of navigation. 当设置一装置处于第一模式时,就 When the apparatus is provided with a first mode, to

可通过将操纵杆移动到相应的基本位置来选择一个特定的分类意义。 By moving the joystick to a corresponding basic position to select a particular meaning classification. 第一模式有时被称为 The first mode is sometimes referred to as

"分类模式"。 "Classification mode." 当设置该装置处于第二模式时,就可通过将操纵杆移动到相同的基本位置来 When the apparatus is in the second setting mode, the lever can be moved by substantially the same position

选择那一相同位置的导航意义。 Select the location that same sense of navigation. 在此,有时第二模式可被称为"导航模式"。 Here, the second mode may be sometimes referred to as "navigation mode."

[0030] 例如,当处于第一模式并因此选择了分类意义时,将操纵杆移动至东基本位置可 [0030] For example, when in the first mode is selected and thus the significance of classification, the lever is moved to the basic position east

导致与东基本位置相关联的分类被输入至笔画输入存储器缓冲器。 East input lead to the basic position and classification associated to stroke input memory buffer. 然而当处于第二模式并 However, when in the second mode and

选择了导航意义时,将操纵杆移动至东基本位置可导致显示器上的光标移动至右方。 When selecting the navigation sense, the lever is moved to the basic position can result in East cursor movement on the display to the right.

[0031] 通过提供导航能力,用户能够从显示在屏幕上的候选字符组中进行选择。 [0031] By providing navigation capability, the user can select from the candidate characters displayed on the screen set. 当处于 When in

导航模式时,将操纵杆移动至东或西基本位置可使得光标在候选字符上移动直到期望字符 When the navigation mode, the joystick is moved to the basic position east or west may cause the cursor on the desired character candidate characters until

被加亮显示。 It is highlighted. 一旦被加亮,可施加操纵杆的轴向压力从而选择该字符到文本创建行。 Once highlighted, an axial pressure may be applied to the joystick to select the character to create a line of text.

[0032] 在本发明的一个实施例中,可在任何时刻进入导航模式。 [0032] In one embodiment of the present invention, may enter the navigation mode at any time. 即使当第一模式未被使 Even when the first mode is not so

用于识别期望的分类意义时,用户也可进入导航模式,虽然这不是找出期望字符的一种有 When used to classify the significance identify desired, the user can enter the navigation mode, although this is not expected to find out the character of a kind

效方法。 Effective way.

[0033] —旦一字符被选中,则处理器就执行预测用户接下来可能期望输入的算法,从而提供可供用户选择的相关候选字符列表。 [0033] - Once a character is selected, the processor executes the algorithm to predict the next user might expect input, providing user-selectable list of characters related to the candidate. 这些相关的候选字符可以是由算法预测可能跟随所选字符以组成一个词或短语的那些字符。 These characters can be related to the candidate by the prediction algorithm may follow the selected characters to form a word or phrase of those characters. 通过显示这些相关的候选字符,用户在仍处于导航模式下时就可选择一个相关候选字符,从而避免了必须回到分类模式以识别下一个分类意义。 By displaying these related candidate characters, the user can select still in a relevant candidate characters in navigation mode, thus avoiding the need to return to a classification model for recognizing the significance of classification.

[0034] 在本发明的一个实施例中,用户可通过指明中央基本位置(例如通过轴向按下操纵杆)从分类模式移动到导航模式。 [0034] In one embodiment of the present invention, the user may specify substantially central position (e.g., by axially pressing the lever) from the navigation mode to sort mode. 可以通过在不是东或西的方向上移动操纵杆(例如将操纵杆移向北)来完成从导航模式到分类模式的移动。 You can not move in the direction of the east or west of the joystick (such as the joystick toward the north) to complete the move from navigation mode to sort mode. 在此情况下,用户可在分类和导航模式之间移动直到该用户输入期望的文本。 In this case, the user can move the text until the user inputs a desired classification and between navigation mode.

[0035] 现在从大致描述过渡到更为详细的描述,应该注意到随后的描述阐述了将如何在装配有操纵杆作为指示器系统的移动电话上使用本发明。 [0035] From now generally described the transition to a more detailed description, it should be noted that the following description sets forth how the present invention is used as a joystick on a mobile telephone system, the indicator assembly. 然而应该认识到,本发明不限于移动电话并且本发明不限于操纵杆。 It should however be appreciated that the present invention is not limited to a mobile phone and the present invention is not limited to a joystick. 本发明可在除了移动电话之外的其他装置上实现,并且本发明可以在除了操纵杆之外的其他指示器系统上实现。 The present invention may be on another device other than the mobile phone implemented, and that the present invention may be implemented on other indicators in addition to the lever system. 例如,一个另外的指示器系统包括以四个键围绕着中央第五个键的方式排列的一组按键。 For example, an indicator system further comprises a set of four keys around the key central fifth key way arrangement. 周围的四个按键可用于选择北、南、东或西基本位置,并且第五个按键可用于指明与中央基本位置相关联的行动。 Around the four buttons can be used to select the basic position north, south, east or west, and fifth keys can be used to indicate the action with the central basic position is associated. 虽然本发明的这一实施例具有要求用户抬起手指用以输入文本的缺点,但是它代表了可用于实 Although this embodiment of the present invention have the disadvantage to require the user to enter text raised finger, but it may be used to represent the real

8践本发明的指示器系统。 8 practice indicator system of the present invention.

[0036] 图l(a)示出了带有在分类意义和位置之间多个可能映射中的一个映射的可能布局。 [0036] FIG. L (a) shows a plurality of positions between the classification and the possible significance of a map with a map of possible layout. 操纵杆100可以沿箭头方向上移动。 Joystick 100 can be moved in the direction of arrow. 在此实例中,参见图l(b),向东的移动闭合开关117、向南的移动闭合开关109、向西的移动闭合开关105而向北的移动闭合开关113。 In this example, referring to FIG. L (b), closing the switch 117 moves east, south movement closes the switch 109, moving west movement and closing switch 105 closes the switch 113 to the north. 未像在图l(b)中示意性地完全示出的是通过在操纵杆100上的轴向按压所启动的开关101。 Not as in FIG. L (b) schematically shows a fully initiated by axially pressing on the lever 100 of switch 101. 应该明确的是可以使用任何种类的方案来辨别用户的定位意图。 It should be clear that any kind of program can be used to identify the user's intention positioning. 例如,如果使用力传感器,则无需出现操纵杆100的物理移动,用户就可识别北、南、东和西的基本位置。 For example, if you use the force sensor, you do not need the physical movement of the joystick 100 appears, the user can identify the basic position north, south, east and west. [0037] 在示出的实例中,因为我们仅为定位装置定义了4个离散的位置,所以我们为了明晰将限制本描述并且仅为笔画要素定义4个分类。 [0037] In the illustrated example, since we only positioning means for defining four discrete positions, we will limit the description for clarity only and elements define four stroke classification. 应该认识到可以利用多于或少于四个基本位置,并且可使用任何特定的基本位置识别多于一个的笔画要素分类。 It should be appreciated that more or less than four basic position, and can be used to identify any particular basic position of more than one stroke feature classification. 每个分类都表示共享一个或多个字符的一组笔画。 Each category represents all share one or more characters of a group of strokes. 例如在图2中,笔画分类104可以包括在手写汉字过程中在书写区顶部开始并继续平滑地向左下的通常一笔写成的笔画形式。 In FIG. 2, the stroke 104 may include, for example, classification of handwritten Chinese characters beginning at the top of the course and to continue writing area generally in the form of a sum of strokes written in the left smoothly. 在此实例中,对书写时笔画的大小或长度、要素的倾斜程度及其在任何完成字符内的位置都不加以区别。 In this example, a size or length, inclination and position of the elements of the stroke in the completion of any written character when not distinguished.

[0038] 笔画分类108可包括大致垂直的笔画,所述笔画通常不考虑字符的大小和位置而从书写区顶部开始并被平滑地写到书写区底部。 [0038] 108 may include a classification of strokes substantially vertical stroke, the stroke is generally irrespective of the size and position of the character writing area from the top and the bottom of the writing area is written smoothly. 在本发明的一个实施例中,此分类108还包括被推断出是带有由于从纸上提笔而带起的小钩的笔画。 In one embodiment of the present invention, this category 108 further includes a stroke is inferred from the paper with the pen because the tape from a small hook.

[0039] 笔画分类112可包括书写时有明显转弯的笔画。 [0039] Strokes classification 112 may include writing strokes significant turn. 这些笔画具有单个或多个拐点并且看上去不那么平滑。 These strokes having single or multiple inflection points and look less smooth. 笔画分类116可包括基本水平的笔画。 Stroke classification 116 may include a substantially horizontal strokes. 在中文中,这些笔画通常是手从左写到右的。 In Chinese, these strokes are usually written from left to right hand. 笔画分类116还可包括稍向右上倾斜的特性。 Stroke classification 116 may also include a slightly inclined upper right characteristics. 分类116还包括可具有任何可察觉方向性特征的点。 Further comprising a classification point 116 may have any appreciable directivity characteristics.

[0040] 以上给出的实例仅用于示例,而非意图限制可使用的笔画分类类型。 Examples [0040] The examples given above only, not intended to limit the stroke of the category type may be used. 此外,某些笔画能够以多于一种的分类输入,例如当一笔画具有两种分类的特征时。 Moreover, certain strokes can be classified in more than one input, for example, when the feature having a stroke when two classifications. 另外还可以设置一种"灵活"分类使得选择该分类可允许计算机假设来自任何分类的一笔画已经被输入。 Further it may be provided a 'flexible' classification such that the classification may allow the computer to select a hypothesis from any classification of stroke has been input. 应该理解选择该"灵活"分类会扩大候选字符的列表。 It should be understood select the "flexible" category will expand the list of candidate characters.

[0041] 图2示出了分成三个部分的显示器:(1)主文本区200,其中示出了已输入的文本字符,(2)笔画显示区212,其中示出了由用户输入的对应于所述分类或该分类一代表性笔画的符号,以及(3)候选字符区220,其中示出了具有与在笔画显示区212内识别分类相关联的笔画的完整字符。 [0041] FIG. 2 shows a portion of the display is divided into three: (1) the main text area 200, which shows a text character has been entered, (2) stroke display area 212, which shows a corresponding input by the user the classification in the classification or a symbol representative of the stroke, and (3) a candidate character area 220 is shown having the complete character stroke classification area 212 identifies the associated stroke display. 在图2中选择示出了具有代表性的笔画,而非在图l(a)中示出的分类符号。 In FIG 2 shows selected representative stroke, rather than in FIG. L (a) shows a classification code.

[0042] 显示区可能受到大小的限制无法在同一时刻显示所有的项。 [0042] display area may be limited by the size of the item can not be displayed all at the same time. 例如当候选字符列表很长时,在同一时刻只能示出部分的候选字符列表。 For example, when the candidate character list is very long, at the same time only shows part of the list of candidates. 在此情况下,考虑各区域作为允许查看部分列表的窗口是很有帮助的。 In this case, consider each area as a part of the window allows you to view a list of is helpful. 例如可以通过使用由该用户控制的光标来滚动经过列表来允许用户选择查看列表的那些部分。 For example, to scroll through the list by using the cursor controlled by the user to allow the user chooses to view a list of those portions.

[0043] 特征编号204识别已由用户输入并选至主文本区200的两个字符。 [0043] wherein the identification number 204 is selected by the user input and to the two characters in the main text area 200. 特征编号208示出了下一个被选字符将被输入在所述主文本区200上的位置。 No. 208 is shown wherein a selected next character to be input in the main text area 200 position. 用户可将操纵杆100移动至与图1A中与所述分类相关联的基本位置。 The user can move the joystick 100 to be associated with the basic position of FIG. 1A with the classification. 操纵杆100的这一移动闭合了开关105,并发信号通知处理器将分类104作为输入,并在笔画显示区212内显示代表性笔画216。 This movement of the lever 100 closes the switch 105, and signals the processor to classify 104 as input, and displayed in the area 212 shows representative stroke Strokes 216. [0044] —旦识别了分类104,处理器就搜索数据库寻找具有属于分类104的笔画的候选字符。 [0044] - Once identified classification 104, the processor searches the database for candidate character having a stroke of the class 104. 当处理器找出候选字符时,那些候选字符可显示在候选字符区220内。 When the processor to identify candidate characters that can be displayed in the candidate character of candidate character area 220. 特征编号222 Characteristics Number 222

9标识一个这样的候选字符。 9 identifies such a candidate character. 为了说明方便,仅在区域220内示出了一个候选字符。 For convenience of explanation, only in an area 220 shows a character candidate. 处理器可以按排序的成规依次来显示候选字符。 The processor may sequentially sorted conventions displayed candidate characters. 这一排序成规可在候选字符区220的左侧显示最常被选的字符,并且以普遍度的降序向右排序其他的候选字符。 This ordering conventions may display the most commonly selected character candidate characters in the left area 220, and sorted in descending order of the right common other candidate character.

[0045] 现在用户就可以通过移动操纵杆100输入下一个分类的笔画组,这样就重复了所述过程。 [0045] The user can now set at 100 strokes by moving the joystick inputs a classification, so that the process is repeated. 例如,可通过把操纵杆移动到东基本位置以闭合开关117来选择分类116。 For example, the lever may be moved to a position substantially East 117 to close the switch 116 to select a category. 这样做就可将对应于分类116的代表性笔画显示在笔画显示区212内。 This would make the classification corresponding to the representative stroke 116 is displayed in the display area 212 strokes.

[0046] 如果用户在区域220内发现匹配的候选字符,随后则有必要选择该候选字符。 [0046] If the user finds a match in the candidate character region 220, then it is necessary to select the candidate characters. 另外,该用户也可以期望开始查找部分显示在候选字符区220内的候选字符列表。 Further, the user may also be desirable to start looking for the partial display list of candidate characters in the candidate character area 220. 当在中央基本位置,轴向按下并在随后放开操纵杆IOO可以闭合开关IOI,这就可以发信号通知处理器,用户期望停止输入笔画分类,并且还可发信号通知处理器用户期望在导航模式下输入候选字符。 When the substantially central location axially pressing and subsequently releasing the lever switch may be closed IOI IOO, which may signal the processor, the user desires to stop the classified input strokes, and may also signal the user desires processor an input candidate character in navigation mode. 一旦放开操纵杆100,就断开所述开关101,处理器可以高亮显示候选字符区220内的一个候选字符。 Upon release of the lever 100, the switch 101 is disconnected, the processor may highlight a candidate character in the candidate character area 220. 这种高亮显示可以采取包括本领域内常见的形式在内的任何形式,诸如光标、下划线或反色显示,以将所标记的候选与其他候选区别开来。 Such highlighting may take any form including a form common in the art, including, such as a cursor, underline or anti-color display, the labeled candidate to be distinguished from other candidate apart. 在此描述中使用光标示出本发明,但应该认识到所述光标可以采取许多形式,其中大部分形式是本领域内常见的。 Used in this description, the optical mark of the present invention, it will be appreciated that the cursor may take many forms, most commonly in the form of art. 把操纵杆100移动到东位置就闭合了开关117并可使标记候选字符的光标移动到右边的相邻字符。 The lever 100 is moved to a position to the east of the switch 117 closes and allows the cursor to mark candidate characters of adjacent characters to the right. 如果保持该开关的闭合,则该光标可继续向右移动通过候选字符列表直到到达列表结尾。 If the switch remains closed, the cursor continues to move through the list of candidates to the right until the end of the list. 当光标到达字符区220的结尾时,就滚动所述列表。 When the cursor reaches the end of the character area 220, to scroll through the list. 类似地,如果把操纵杆100移动到西位置,则该光标随后就向左移动一个字符,并且如果保持开关105的闭合,则该光标就保持该方式直到到达列表开头。 Similarly, if the position of the lever 100 moves to the west, then the cursor is moved to the left one character, and if the switch 105 remains closed, the cursor remains that way until it reaches the beginning of the list. 如果光标到达期望字符,则该用户就可通过将操纵杆放置到中央基本位置并且轴向按下操纵杆100来选择该字符,从而闭合开关IOI,于是所选字符就移到文本区200内的下一个位置208。 If the cursor reaches the desired character, the user can by placing the lever into a central position and substantially axially press the joystick 100 to select the character, thereby closing the switch IOI, then moves to the selected character in the text area 200 208 the next position.

[0047] 在本发明的一个实施例中,当处于导航模式时,如果向南移动操纵杆100,则闭合开关109,其结果就可能是在文本区200内显示候选字符列表。 [0047] In one embodiment of the present invention, when in the navigation mode, if the lever 100 moves south, the switch 109 is closed, the result may be displayed in a list of candidate characters within the text region 200. 如果候选字符列表太长而无法在文本区200内显示,则随后就在文本区200内显示所述候选字符列表的部分以更好的适应对列表的查找。 If the candidate character list is too long to be displayed within the text area 200, and then on the part of the list of candidates to better adapt to the look of the list is displayed in the text area 200. 例如,在操纵杆100的第一移动是向南时,就在文本区200内显示候选字符列表的第一部分,并且随后移动在操纵杆100的第二移动是向南时,就在文本区200内显示候选字符列表的第二部分。 For example, the first lever 100 is moving to the south, the first portion of the candidate character displayed in the text area list 200, and then moves in a second lever 100 is moving southward, the text area 200 in the second part of the candidate list of characters. 当处于导航模式时进一步将操纵杆100向着南基本位置按下,就可用于以一个部分接着一个部分的方式显示候选字符列表顺序的各部分。 When in the navigation mode lever 100 is further pressed toward the basic position south, and then can be used for a portion of the displayed candidate characters each portion to a portion of the sequence listing. 例如,如果文本区200可以示出6个候选字符,则随后向南移动操纵杆100就可用第二批6个候选字符来代替第一批6个候选字符。 For example, if the text area 200 may show six candidate character, the lever 100 can move south and then with a second batch of six candidate character to replace the first six candidate characters. 操纵杆100向南基本位置的继续移动会导致候选字符列表的向下滚动直到列表的结尾。 100 continues to move southward basic position of the joystick will lead to scroll down the list of candidates until the end of the list. 如果操纵杆100向北基本位置移动,则闭合开关113,候选字符组就朝着候选字符列表的开头移动。 If the joystick 100 northward basic position, the switch 113 is closed, a candidate character group is moved toward the beginning of the list of candidates. 在此方式下,用户可朝这两个方向中的任意方向滚动通过列表。 In this manner, the user can scroll through a list in any direction in the two directions.

[0048] 当滚动通过候选字符列表时,高亮显示的候选字符可以是在光标最后一次被设立 [0048] When scrolling through the list of candidates, candidate characters may be highlighted cursor was last established in

位置上的候选字符。 Candidate characters on the location. 所以如果在操纵杆ioo朝南移动之前就高亮显示了第三候选字符,则 So if you highlight a third candidate character before ioo south joystick moves,

当该列表新的部分显示在文本区200内时,占据第三位置的候选字符将会被高亮显示。 When a new portion of the list is displayed within the text area 200, occupies the third position candidate character will be highlighted. to

西基本位置或向东基本位置移动操纵杆ioo可以在列表的显示部分内分别向左或向右索 East or west basic position substantially ioo lever position may each cable in the left or right of the displayed portion of the list

引光标。 Cited cursor. 如果到达了该候选字符列表的任意一端,该过程将停止直到用户放开操纵杆100,从而断开所有的开关。 If reaches either end of the list of candidates, the process will be stopped until the user releases the lever 100, thereby opening all of the switches. 如果用户现在对应于列表的开头或结尾选择北或南,则该系统就离开导航模式并且复位为分类模式。 If the user now corresponds to the beginning or end of the list to select north or south, the system left navigation mode and reset mode classification.

[0049] 如果用户持续轴向按压操纵杆100并随后在分类模式下向西移动操纵杆IOO,使得开关101和105同时闭合,则处理器将其解释为清除先前输入笔画分类的信号。 [0049] If the user continuously presses the axial direction of the joystick 100 and then moved westward in the sort mode IOO joystick, switches 101 and 105 that are simultaneously closed, then the processor interprets the signal to clear the previously input stroke classification. 如果这样做了,就从屏幕上移除先前输入的笔画分类。 If this is done, remove it from the stroke classification previously entered on the screen. 在这样做了之后,就允许用户输入一个替代的笔画分类。 After doing so, it allows the user to enter an alternate stroke classification.

[0050] 在本发明的某些实施例中,允许用户撤销操作将是很有利的。 [0050] In certain embodiments of the present invention, it allows the user to undo the operation would be very advantageous. 这可以通过轴向按压操纵杆100并且向东移动操纵杆100从而同时闭合开关101和117来实现。 This may be axially pressed by the lever 100 and the lever 100 moves eastward thereby simultaneously closing switches 101 and 117 is achieved. 这在此被称为"重做"命令。 This is referred to herein as "redo" command. 连续重做命令的总数受到为此分配的存储器大小所限制。 Total continuous redo command by the memory size allocated for this purpose is limited. 输入了重做命令之后,处理器就将显示返回到前一状态,并且允许用户执行代替操作。 After the redo command is input, the processor will return to the previous display state, and allow users to perform operations in place. 例如,这些操作可包括选择一个分类或字符。 For example, these operations may include selecting a category or character.

[0051] 在本发明的一个实施例中,当通过轴向按压操纵杆100并在保持轴向压力的同时向北基本位置移动操纵杆100从而同时闭合开关101和113以清除笔画显示区212时,用户可移动至文本区200。 [0051] In one embodiment of the present invention, when the lever 100 is pressed by the axial and axial pressure while maintaining the position of the lever 100 substantially northward thereby simultaneously closing switches 101 and 113 to clear the display region 212 strokes user may move 200 to the text area. 如果笔画已被输入并且用户希望移动至文本区200,则用户清除在显示区112内出现的笔画并在随后被允许移动至文本区200。 If the stroke has been entered and the user wishes to move the text area 200, the user clears the stroke appears in the display area 112 and then is allowed to move to the text area 200.

[0052] —旦进入文本区200,光标就被放置在文本行末尾并且用户可通过向北、向南、向东或向西的基本位置移动操纵杆IOO来移动光标直到高亮显示在文本区200内出现的特定字符。 [0052] - Once entering the text area 200, the cursor is placed at the end of a line of text can be moved by the user and the north, south, moving the joystick position substantially IOO east or west until the cursor is highlighted in the text region 200 specific character appears. 为了清除高亮显示的字符,用户可以轴向按下操纵杆IOO并将操纵杆IOO移动到向西的基本位置。 To clear the highlighted characters, the user may press the substantially axial position of the lever and the lever IOO IOO to move westward. 轴向压操纵杆100并将操纵杆移向东可以代替被清除的字符。 Axial pressure lever 100 and the lever toward the east instead of the characters can be cleared. 在施加同轴压力的同时把操纵杆IOO移动到南基本位置就可将所述字符索引至文本行的末端。 Coaxially while applying pressure to the lever can be moved IOO end of the character to the text line index position substantially the south. 如果用户期望开始输入笔画,他就可去除轴向压力并在随后将操纵杆IOO移动到南基本位置,于是处理器就返回到分类模式。 If the user desires to input stroke start, he can be removed and then the axial pressure lever is moved to the basic position IOO south, then the processor returns to the sort mode.

[0053] 显示在候选字符区220内的候选字符可以是完整的表意字符或者可以是表意字符的一部分,在此称之为"成分"。 [0053] The candidate character displayed in the candidate character area 220 may be a complete ideographic characters, or may be part of ideographic characters, referred to herein as "components." 成分是可在完整字符中找到的子结构。 Substructure components are found in the complete character. 因为某些字符也可以是更复杂字符的成分,所以可不同于完整字符形式和除了它们的完整字符形式之外的显示方式示出这些成分-字符。 Because certain characters may be a component of a more complex character, the character may be different in form and display a complete except for their intact character of these components are shown in the form of - characters. 如果候选字符和成分都显示在候选字符区220内,就有必要将成分从候选字符中区别出来。 If the candidate characters are displayed in the component and the candidate character area 220, it is necessary to distinguish the components from the candidate characters. 例如,可以用不同的颜色显示出现在候选字符区220内的成分,或者以小于可选择至主文本区200的字符的方式显示成分。 For example, different colors can appear in the candidate character display area 220 component, or alternatively less than a character mode to the main text display area 200 component.

[0054] 如果用户从候选字符列表中选择成分,则就无需将被选成分移动到文本区200。 [0054] If the user selects a character component from the candidate list, the selected components do not need to be moved into the text area 200. 代替地,可以更新候选字符列表以仅显示包括所选成分的那些字符。 Instead, the list of candidates may be updated to display only include those characters of the selected component. 如果用户选择了一个成分,就修改在显示区212内出现的笔画输入记录,以显示代替了先前显示的笔画记录的所选成分。 If the user selects a component, to modify the strokes appearing in an input display area 212 records, instead of the selected component to display the previously displayed recording strokes. 作为一个实例,特征编号214识别由顺序输入笔画分类108U12、116和116而得到的成分字符。 As an example, feature 214 is identified by the sequence number input stroke classification 108U12,116 116 and a component obtained by character. 输入了这四个笔画之后,候选字符区220内就出现所述成分并由用户选择该成分,这就导致了成分214被显示在笔画显示区212内。 After entering the four strokes, it occurs within the component area candidate characters selected by the user of the component 220, which led to component 214 is within the display area 212 in the stroke. 在笔画显示区212内显示了成分214之后,就从笔画显示区212内移除由输入分类108U12、116和116而得到笔画。 After the area 212 shows the display component 214 in the stroke, the stroke will be removed from the display area 212 by the input 116 and obtained classification 108U12,116 strokes. [0055] 例如,用户可在输入分类108之后就输入分类112。 [0055] For example, a user can input classification to classification 108 112 after the input. 候选字符区220可以显示包括具有对应于分类108和分类112两者的笔画的成分一字符的完整字符和成分。 Candidate character display area 220 may comprise a complete character strokes corresponding to the classification component 108 and 112 of both the classification of a character and composition. 例如,若用户选择了在候选字符区220内显示的一个成分,那么处理器就在笔画显示区212内显示该成分并且处理器还在候选字符区220内显示具有所选成分的候选字符。 For example, if the user selects a component in the candidate character display area 220, then the processor displays the component and also the candidate character area 220 with the selected candidate character display processor component 212 in the display area the stroke. 允许用户搜索新的候选字符列表并将其选择至文本区200或者返回笔画输入模式以附加当前在笔画显示区212 It allows users to search a new candidate list of characters and a text area 200 to select it, or additional return stroke input mode display area 212 currently in the stroke

11内显示的成分。 11 shows the component.

[0056] 前面的描述不是限制性的,并且应该认识到存在多种可用的指示器系统。 [0056] The foregoing description is not restrictive, and it should be appreciated that there are many indicator systems available. 例如,以上示出的动作可通过使用跟踪球、摇杆键、跟踪板、位置传感器或电位计被轻易地复现。 For example, the above operation can be illustrated by the use of a track ball, a joystick button, track pad, a position sensor or a potentiometer be easily reproduced. 此外,通过创建虚拟显示并在随后在显示器上物理地示出每个区域200、212和220或其任意组合就仍然能够使用因为太小而不适应同时显示区域200、212和220的显示器。 Further, by creating a virtual display and subsequently displayed on the display is physically shown 200, 212 and 220, or any combination of each region would remain too small to be able to use the display area simultaneously displayed suited 220 and 200, 212. [0057] 对本发明在此的描述是关于可由一个手指操作的指示器系统。 [0057] In this description of the present invention relates to a finger operation by the indicator system. 本发明的实施例也可以利用可由身体其他部分操作的指示器系统。 Embodiments of the invention may also be utilized by the rest of the body indicator system operation. 例如,如果能够跟踪眼部活动,就可通过朝特定方向移动瞳孔来表示一个基本状态。 For example, if able to track eye movements, it is possible to represent a basic state of the pupil by moving in a particular direction. 例如可以通过向右看来指明东基本状态。 For example, by indicating the right seems fundamental eastern state. 如果期望中央基本状态,就可以向前直视,而如果期望闭合开关101,就可眨眼。 If desired the central basic state, we can look forward, switch 101 is closed and if desired, can blink. 可以通过转动眼球或者从左向右快速移动眼球来实现从一个模式到另一个模式的转换。 Eye can move quickly from left to right by the rotation of the eye or to transition from one mode to another mode.

[0058] 虽然对本发明在此的描述参考了一个或多个特定实施例,但是应该理解可以做出本发明的其他实施例而不背离本发明的精神和范围。 [0058] Although the invention is described herein with reference to one or more specific embodiments, it should be understood that other embodiments may be made of the invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. 这样就可认为仅由所附权利要求以及合理解释来限定本发明的范围。 Such can be considered limited only by reasonable interpretation of the appended claims and to limit the scope of the present invention.

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Claims (28)

  1. 一种文本符号输入系统,包括:在视觉上分隔为至少两个功能区的显示器,第一功能区对应于输入文本符号的第一方面,而第二功能区对应于输入文本符号的第二方面;可由单根手指操作的指示器系统,所述指示器系统至少具有和第一笔画分类相对应的第一基本状态、和第二笔画分类相对应的第二基本状态和第三基本状态,其中所述第三基本状态没有与之相关联的文本意义;响应于每种基本状态的处理器,由此所述指示器系统可用于选择在至少一个功能区内显示的选项;控制所述处理器使得能够响应于用户选择的至少一个选项以输入文本符号的程序;以及其中第一功能区显示包括笔画与所述第一和第二笔画分类相关联的完整文本符号在内的文本符号,第二功能区显示所选择的文本符号;以及所述显示器还包括一笔画显示区,用于显示所述第一和第 A text-symbol input system, comprising: partitioning the visual display of the at least two functional regions, a first region corresponding to the functional aspect of the first symbol of the input text, and the second functional region corresponding to the inputted text symbol a second aspect of the ; indicator system operated by a single finger, the indicator system having at least a first state and a first stroke substantially corresponding to the classification, and the classification of the second stroke corresponding to the second base and third base state state, wherein the third state substantially no text significance associated therewith; each processor in response to the basic state, whereby the indicator system may be used to select options in display area of ​​the at least one function; the control processor It enables the response to user selection of at least an option to enter a program text symbol; and wherein the display comprises a first functional region and the complete stroke and the first stroke symbol of the second classification text associated with the text, including symbols, a second ribbon displaying the selected text symbols; and a stroke of said display further comprises a display area for displaying the first and second 笔画分类内的笔画,所述第一和第二笔画分类分别由第一和第二基本状态标识。 Strokes in stroke classification, the classification of the first and second strokes are identified by a first and a second base state.
  2. 2. 如权利要求1所述的文本符号输入系统,其特征在于, 通过在第一位置施加力激活所述第一基本状态; 通过在第二位置施加力激活所述第二基本状态;并且通过识别第三位置激活所述第三基本状态,其中所述第三位置位于第一位置和第二位置之间。 2. The text symbol entry system according to claim 1, wherein said first activation state by applying a force substantially in a first position; a second activated state by applying a force substantially in the second position; and by identifying a third position of said third activated basic state, wherein the third position is located between the first and second positions.
  3. 3. 如权利要求2所述的文本符号输入系统,其特征在于,通过激活所述第一基本状态和所述第三基本状态来激活第四基本状态。 Text symbol input system according to claim 2, characterized in that the fourth basic activated state by the activation state of said first base and said third base state.
  4. 4. 如权利要求2所述的文本符号输入系统,其特征在于,通过在所述第三位置上施加力识别所述第三位置。 4. The system of claim inputted text symbol claimed in claim 2, wherein said identifying by applying a force on the third position in the third position.
  5. 5. 如权利要求1所述的文本符号输入系统,其特征在于,所述文本符号输入系统具有第一模式和第二模式,其中:当文本输入系统处于第一模式时,所述第一基本状态具有与其相关联的文本意义,以及当文本输入系统处于第二模式时,所述第一基本状态具有与其相关联的不同的意义。 5. The text symbol entry system according to claim 1, wherein the text input system having a first symbol and second modes, wherein: when the text input system in a first mode, the first base significance text states having associated therewith, as well as different meanings when the text input system in a second mode, the first base state having associated therewith.
  6. 6. 如权利要求5所述的文本符号输入系统,其特征在于,不同的意义是不同的文本意义。 Text symbol entry system as claimed in claim 5, characterized in that the different meanings different meaning of the text.
  7. 7. 如权利要求5所述的文本符号输入系统,其特征在于,不同的意义不是文本意义。 7. The text symbol entry system as claimed in claim 5, characterized in that the text is not sense a different meaning.
  8. 8. 如权利要求7所述的文本符号输入系统,其特征在于,不同的意义是导航意义。 8. The system according to input text symbol claimed in claim 7, characterized in that the navigation meaning different meaning.
  9. 9. 如权利要求5所述的文本符号输入系统,其特征在于,通过在第三位置上施加力实现从第一模式到第二模式的移动。 Text symbol entry system as claimed in claim 5, characterized in that the implement moves from the first mode to the second mode by applying a force in a third position.
  10. 10. 如权利要求5所述的文本符号输入系统,其特征在于,当所述文本输入系统处于第一模式时,使用所述第一基本状态选择文本符号的第一分类并使用所述第二基本状态选择文本符号的第二分类。 10. The text symbol entry system as claimed in claim 5, wherein, when the text input system is in a first mode, the first base state selected text symbol using the second and first classification select the basic state of the second classification text symbol.
  11. 11. 如权利要求1所述的文本符号输入系统,其特征在于,所述第一基本状态用于选择文本符号的第一分类而所述第二基本状态用于选择文本符号的第二分类。 11. The text symbol entry system according to claim 1, wherein said first base state for selecting the first classification text symbol and said second base state for selecting the second classification text symbol.
  12. 12. 如权利要求11所述的文本符号输入系统,其特征在于,所述第一基本状态用于选择文本符号的第一分类而所述第二基本状态用于选择文本符号的第二分类,其中文本符号的所述第一分类包括具有第一特征的符号而文本符号的所述第二分类包括具有第二特征的符号。 12. The text symbol entry system as claimed in claim 11, wherein said first base state for selecting the first classification text symbol and said second base state is used to select a second text symbol classification, wherein the first classification text symbol comprises a symbol having a first characteristic and the second classification text symbols comprises symbols having a second characteristic.
  13. 13. 如权利要求12所述的文本符号输入系统,其特征在于,同时具有所述第一特征和所述第二特征的符号是被同时包括在所述第一分类和所述第二分类之内。 13. The text symbol entry system as claimed in claim 12, characterized in that, while having the first feature and the second feature is a symbol simultaneously comprises said first classification and said second classification of the Inside.
  14. 14. 如权利要求1所述的文本符号输入系统,其特征在于,所述指示器系统包括位置指示器并且通过检测该位置指示器的位置来完成对一个基本状态的选择。 14. The system of claim inputted text symbol claimed in claim 1, wherein said indicator system comprises a position indicator and to navigate in a basic state by detecting the position of the position indicator.
  15. 15. —种输入文本符号的方法,包括:提供具有第一功能区和第二功能区的显示器,第一功能区显示候选文本符号,而第二功能区显示所选择的文本符号,所述显示器还包括一笔画显示区,用于显示可由第一和第二基本状态标识的符号;提供可由单根手指操作的指示器系统,所述指示器系统具有和第一笔画分类相对应的第一基本状态、和第二笔画分类相对应的第二基本状态和第三基本状态;提供可操作地连接至指示器系统的处理器;激活所述第一基本状态用于向处理器指示将输入的所述文本符号第一分类的选择,所述第一分类包括用于创建文本的文本符号;以及在所述笔画显示区内显示第一分类的符号。 15. - types of input text symbols, comprising: providing a display having a first functional region and the second functional region, the first functional region candidate display text symbols, and the second functional region selected symbol display text, the display further comprising a stroke display area for displaying the first and second base state symbols may be identified; indicator system provided by a single finger operation, the indicator system having a first base and a first stroke corresponding to the classification state, and a second stroke corresponding to the classification of the second base and third base status state; operably providing a processor coupled to the indicator system; substantially activating said first state for indicating to the processor by the input said first selection in the text symbols, the first classification includes creating text for text symbol; and displaying the symbols in the first display region stroke classification.
  16. 16. 如权利要求15所述的方法,其特征在于,还包括显示代表性符号,所述代表性符号对应于所述第一分类。 16. The method according to claim 15, wherein further comprising displaying symbols representative, the representative symbol corresponding to said first classification.
  17. 17. 如权利要求15所述的方法,其特征在于,还包括在第一功能区内显示具有对应于所述第一分类的符号中的一个的文本。 17. The method according to claim 15, characterized in that, further comprising a display having a symbol corresponding to said first classification in the first functional zone text.
  18. 18. 如权利要求17所述的方法,其特征在于,还包括:激活第二基本状态用于向所述处理器指示将被输入的文本符号第二分类的选择,所述第二分类包括用于创建文本的符号,并且在第一功能区内显示具有对应于所述第一分类的符号中的一个以及对应于第二分类的符号中的一个的文本。 18. The method according to claim 17, characterized in that, further comprising: activating a second state for indicating selection of basic text symbol to be input to the second classification processor, the second classification comprises creating text to the symbol, and a display having a classification corresponding to the first symbol and a symbol corresponding to a second classification text in a first functional zone.
  19. 19. 如权利要求17所述的方法,其特征在于,还包括选择在所述第一功能区内显示的文本符号。 19. The method according to claim 17, wherein further comprising selecting text symbol displayed in the first functional zone.
  20. 20. 如权利要求18所述的方法,其特征在于,还包括在所述第二功能区内显示所选的文本符号。 20. The method according to claim 18, wherein further comprising displaying the selected text symbols in the second functional zone.
  21. 21. 如权利要求15所述的方法,其特征在于,还包括:在所述第一功能区内显示代表了具有对应于所述第一分类的符号中的一个的文本的第一图标;以及在所述第一功能区内显示代表了文本符号的一部分的第二图标,所述第一图标和第二图标具有相同的符号。 21. The method according to claim 15, characterized in that, further comprising: displaying the first function represents a first zone of a text icon corresponding to the symbol having the first classified; and in the first function represents a second icon display area a portion of the text symbol, the first and second icons have the same sign.
  22. 22. —种输入文本符号的方法,包括:提供具有第一功能区和第二功能区的显示器,第一功能区显示包括笔画与所述第一和第二笔画分类相关联的完整文本符号在内的文本符号,而第二功能区显示所选择的文本符3号,所述显示区还包括一笔画显示区,用于显示可由第一和第二基本状态标识的符号;提供可由人眼操作的指示器系统,所述指示器系统具有第一基本状态、第二基本状态和第三基本状态;提供可操作地连接至所述指示器系统的处理器;激活所述第一基本状态用于向所述处理器指示将被输入的第一笔画分类的选择,所述第一笔画分类包括用于创建多个文本的符号;以及在所述笔画显示区内显示第一分类的符号。 22. - enter text symbol method, comprising: providing a display having a first functional region and the second functional region, the first functional region comprises display the complete text of the first stroke and the second stroke symbol associated classification symbol in the text, the text display region and the second functional symbols 3 selected, the display region further comprises a stroke display area for displaying the first and second base state symbols may be identified; operation may be provided by the human eye the indicator system, said indicator system having a first base state, second base and third base state status; providing a processor operably connected to the indicator system; activating said first state for substantially indicating selection of the first classification of strokes to be input to the processor, the first stroke classification includes creating a plurality of text symbols; and displayed on the symbol display area a first stroke classification.
  23. 23. 如权利要求22所述的方法,其特征在于,还包括显示代表性符号,所述代表性符号对应于所述第一分类。 23. The method according to claim 22, wherein further comprising displaying symbols representative, the representative symbol corresponding to said first classification.
  24. 24. 如权利要求22所述的方法,其特征在于,还包括在所述第一功能区内显示具有对应于所述第一分类的符号中的一个的文本符号。 24. The method according to claim 22, characterized in that, further comprising a display having a classification corresponding to the first symbol in a symbol of text in the first functional zone.
  25. 25. 如权利要求24所述的方法,其特征在于,还包括:激活所述第二基本状态用于向所述处理器指示将被输入的第二笔画分类的选择,所述第二分类包括用于创建多个文本的符号;并且在所述第一功能区内显示具有对应于所述第一分类的符号中的一个以及对应于所述第二分类的符号中的一个的文本符号。 25. The method according to claim 24, characterized in that, further comprising: activating said second selection of the second base state is used to indicate the classification of strokes to be input to the processor, the second classification comprises for creating a plurality of text symbols; and a display having a classification corresponding to the first symbol and the second symbol corresponding to the classification of a text symbol in the first functional zone.
  26. 26. 如权利要求24所述的方法,其特征在于,还包括选择在所述第一功能区内显示的文本符号。 26. The method according to claim 24, wherein further comprising selecting text symbol displayed in the first functional zone.
  27. 27. 如权利要求26所述的方法,其特征在于,还包括在所述第二功能区内显示所选的文本符号。 27. The method according to claim 26, wherein further comprising displaying the selected text symbols in the second functional zone.
  28. 28. 如权利要求22所述的方法,其特征在于,还包括:在所述第一功能区内显示代表了具有对应于所述第一分类的符号中的一个的文本符号的第一图标;以及在所述第一功能区内显示代表了文本符号的一部分的第二图标,所述第一图标和第二图标具有相同的符号。 28. The method according to claim 22, characterized in that, further comprising: a display area in the first function icon representing the first symbol of the text corresponding to the classification of the first symbol of one of; and the first function in the display area of ​​the second icon representative of a portion of the text symbol, the first and second icons have the same sign.
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